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A Thesis Proposal
Presented to
The Faculty of the College of Engineering
Camarines Norte State College
Daet, Camarines Norte

In Partial Fulfilment
of the Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering


Karl Paulo S. Tagala
Mark Joseph M. Balce
Marianne C. Geromo


S.Y. 2017-2018, 2nd Semester

2016). Rice husk is the outermost layer of paddy-grain that is separated from the rice grain during the milling process (IRRI-RKB. more effective. Among various raw materials in the Philippines with continuous and sustainable supply that will satisfy this study is RHA (rice husk ash). Hence. This husk contains about 75 % organic volatile matter and the balance 25 % of the weight of this husk is converted into ash during the firing process. and steam generation). baking drying. But by the presence of moisture or seepage through a concrete structure is a major problem and it cause degradation of concrete structure and also the rate of corrosion is higher in presence of moisture in the reinforced concrete structures. is known as rice husk ash (RHA). . less expensive. Recently the Department of Agriculture promotes its own rice husk gasifier engine system that converts biomass into different applications such as thermal (cooking. and environmentally friendly. it has been properly labeled as the backbone to the infrastructure development of a nation. is the thorough research of natural pozzolans that is small in particle size. and electrical power (lighting and power supply infrastructures). One of the manifestations of this phenomena. high in silica. In the Philippines. rice husk is being develop as an alternative source of energy. CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Concrete is being widely used for the construction of most of the buildings. mechanical (irrigation pump and rice mill). bridges etc.

This reduces the strength and quality of the concrete. And that is why it can reduce the amount of cement in the concrete mix. A processing plant named La Suerte Copra Industries Corporation in Sto. the proponents gathered information and related research studies regarding the beneficiation of RHA (rice husk ash).e. Several studies shows that the ash produce after burning the rice husk contains a pozzolanic material. This RHA in turn contains around 85 % .90 % amorphous silica. Concrete on the other hand. With these knowledge and availability of raw materials in the province of Camarines Norte. There may be formation of void in the concrete mixes. composed of aggregate (i. The particle size of the cement is about 35 microns. For this. is a material used in construction. Background of the study This idea and concept emanate from what material can be used as partial cement replacement to reduce the seepage through concrete structure. Domingo. and water. RHA is finer than cement having very small particle size of 25 microns. so that it easily fills the interstices in between the cement in the aggregate. Vinzons. Camarines Norte utilized rice husk as an alternative fuel. if curing is not done properly. Researches have shown that it is possible to use recycled materials to replace some of the traditional mixture components in concrete products and produced more sustainable building material. This pozzolanic material contains fine amorphous silica that is needed in constructing building materials. Unaware of its importance in the construction industry. the researchers were inspired to determine the design mix of concrete with rice husk ash that may open the possibility to lessen the presence of moisture or seepage through a concrete structure. . different types of sand and gravel). cement. its by-product RHA is dumped as a waste product.

It is used in the production of many structures that make up the modern world including roads. It is also being utilized as a replacement of cement and silica fume or as a mineral admixture in manufacturing of low cost concrete blocks. buildings. This study presents benefits resulted from various ratios of rice husk ash (RHA) on concrete indicators through 5 mixture plans with proportions of 5. The ash produce is found to have a high source of amorphous reactive silica or silicon oxide. some Filipinos used it as a solid fuel. 2013). Rice husk was long considered a waste in the rice milling process and has often dumped or burned. bridges. According to S. When burnt completely the rice husk ash can have a Blaine number of as much as 3. The constant demand for all of these structures. On the other hand. 10. cement has been an extremely important construction material since then. means that cement is the second most consumed commodity in the world after water.800 and 3. Its fineness makes it a very good candidate for sealing fine cracks in civil structures where it can penetrate deeper than the conventional cement and mixture. Faiziev (2003). the manufacture of cement is widespread. Because it can be easily collected and is cheap. The remaining by-product after the combustion is the rice husk ash. It is also a very good thermal insulation material.600 compared to the Blaine number of cement between 2. the use of RHA as a highly reactive pozzolan contributes in making high strength concrete. runways and harbors.000 meaning it is finer than cement (Rice Husk. Because concrete is the most widely used of all construction materials in the world today. It is also used for facades and other decorative features on buildings. Each year almost one ton of concrete is poured per capita in the developed countries. increasingly from the developing world. 20 and 25% RHA by . 15.

What are the water permeability of concrete in different proportion of rice husk ash (RHA) by weight of cement? a) 5% b) 10% . this study will be conducted to determine the water permeability of concrete in different proportion of rice husk ash (RHA) by weight of cement.silica (MS) to be compared with a reference mixture with 100% Portland cement. What are the properties of the aggregates used in the study in terms of? a) Specific Gravity b) Unit Weight c) Fineness Modulus 2. To determine the proportions of the materials that will be used in the design mix. This research study is also aims to meet the following objectives: 1. What is the chemical composition of the rice husk ash (RHA)? 3. And it will be undergone permeability test. 2. sought to answer the following questions: 1.weight of cement in addition to 10% micro. Objective of the Study Generally. Specifically. To determine the chemical composition of the rice husk ash (RHA). To determine the properties of the aggregates that will be used in the study. Statement of the Problem This study aims to determine the water permeability of concrete in different proportion of rice husk ash (RHA) by weight of cement. 3.

For the use of rice husk will maximized not only for waste product of cultivation. thus motivating them to increase production due to increasing demand. The Farmers. . also. Since this study will guide them to continue the motive of this research. Significance of the study The result of this study will be significantly important particularly to the following: The public. this will serve as a basis for production and other construction material. especially as a partial replacement to cement. As this research observed issues and challenges of public importance like the green projects construction industry. Engineers and future researchers. human and environmental safety aspects of construction materials are under intensive study planning for sustainability of resources and contributing to efforts directed towards addressing global warming. The result of this study may serve as a reference for further studies to occur. c) 15% d) 20% e) 25% Hypothesis of the Study This study has the following hypothesis: 𝑯𝒂 : There is a significant difference between the water permeability of concrete with various rice husk ash RHA and cement ratio. but it may also be used as a construction material. Ho: There is no significant difference between the water permeability of concrete with various rice husk ash RHA and cement ratio.

Rice hull which is the outermost layer of the rice grain. Pertains to empirical figure obtained by adding the total percentage of the sample of an aggregate retained on each of a specified series of sieves. Blaine Number. Definition of Terms These terms are defined operationally for clarification of this study. To realize the study. Moreover. the proportioned materials available will be tested and compared. to introduce an effective material that can improve the water permeability of concrete. rather. Camarines Norte utilized rice husk as an alternative fuel.0 hectares of area harvested. Hence. Domingo. the process of determining whether rice husk ash (RHA) can be a partial cement replacement in concrete block depends on its properties and design compared to normal concrete. Rice husk ash will be obtain from the municipality of Vinzons since according to Philippine Information Authority (PIA) this town is the major rice grower in the province of Camarines Norte with 3.Scope and Delimitation In this study the researchers will compare the water permeability of concrete with different proportions of rice husk ash (RHA) and cement in the design mix of concrete. this study limits its purpose not to take over the components of cement. Vinzons. Likewise. Pertains to the measurement of the fineness of rice husk ash and cement. a processing plant named La Suerte Copra Industries Corporation in Sto. The study is limited in using only rice husk ash (RHA) which is composed of at least 85% of silica as a mixture in concrete block. Fineness Modulus.502. and dividing the sum by 100. Rice husk. .

Pertains to the powdery substance that is left when the rice husk was completely burned which is the source of silica in this study. Seepage. Rice hull which is the outermost layer of the rice grain.Rice husk. Water Permeability. . equivalently. per unit area and pre unit of transmembrane pressure. Rice husk ash. Also known as specific weight. Pertains to the weight per unit volume of a material. especially glass and concrete. Specific Gravity. Defined as the volume of water that passes through a membrane per unit time. Unit Weight. Pertains to the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance. Defined as a white or colorless crystalline compound which was used to manufacture a wide variety of materials. Silica. it is the ratio of the mass of a substance to the mass of a reference substance for the same given volume. Pertains to the process by which a liquid leaks through a porous substance.

Autumn 2004).php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-14392010000200011 . Retrieved from _RRI-Philippines. 55. Philippines. Habeeb. Zareei. Rice Husk Ash in Concrete – Properties. Rice Husk Retrieved from http://www. 13. (December 2017) Vol. A.7. Retrieved from http://www. (2013).com/UK%20-%20ICT%20News%2055%20-%20Nov%20Edition.pdf FAO Regional Rice Initiative Pilot Project.scielo. et al. No.fao. Advantages and Uses in Construction Retrieved from https://theconstructor. Civil Engineering Home. Case Studies in Construction Materials. (June 2010) Vol. Retrieved from http://www.ricehuskash.. End Notes S. ( concrete-construction/15725/ The Institute of Concrete Technology.pdf The Constructor. Study on Properties of rice husk ash and its use as cement replacement material. 2. al.