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Summative Assessment

I. Answer the following questions.
6. Which of the following increases with distance
1. In 1912, Alfred Wegener proposed a theory that from a mid-ocean ridge?
the Earth is once a single landmass. What is the a. the age of oceanic lithosphere
name of the Mesozoic supercontinent b. the thickness of the lithosphere
that consisted of all of the present continents? c. the depth to the sea floor
a. Eurasia b. Laurasia d. all of the above
c. Pangaea d. Gondwanaland 7. Which of the following can you infer from the
2. Who were the two scientists who proposed the continuous movement of the lithospheric plates
theory of seafloor spreading in the early 1960s? over the asthenosphere?
a. Charles Darwin and James Hutton a. All the continents will cease to exist
b. Harry Hess and Robert Dietz b. All the volcanoes in the Philippines will become
c. John Butler and Arthur Smite inactive.
d. F. Vine and D. Mathews c. The continents will not be located in the same
3. Which of the following diagram best illustrates place as they are now.
the convection occurring in the mantle? d. The islands of the Philippines will become
scattered all over the world
8. If all the inner layers of the Earth are firm solid,
what could have
happened to Pangaea?
a. It remained as a supercontinent.
b. It would have become as it is today.
c. It would have slowly disappeared in the ocean.
d. It would have stretched and covered the whole
world.
9. Why does the oceanic crust sink beneath the
continental crust at the subduction zone?
a. The oceanic crust has a greater density.
b. The oceanic crust is pulled downward by Earth’s
4. During the 1960s, scientists were already magnetic field.
equipped with gadgets needed to explore the deep c. The oceanic crust is pushed from the ridge.
ocean. What discovery about the ocean floor is d. The continental crust has a denser composition.
associated with the seafl0or spreading? 10. The lithospheric plates are believed to be
a. Mountains are denser than the mantle. moving slowly. What is the driving force that
b. The rotational poles of the Earth have migrated. facilitates this movement?
c. The crust of the continents is denser than the a. gravitational force of the moon
crust of the ocean. b. magnetic force at the poles
d. The crust of the ocean is very young relative to c. convection current in the mantle
the age of the crust of the continents. d. the force of the atmosphere
5. If the Atlantic Ocean is widening at a rate of 3 cm
per year, how far (in kilometers) will it spread in a II. Enumeration.
million years? 1-3. Types of plate boundaries
a. 3 kilometers b. 30 kilometers 4-5. Main Types of Seismic waves
c. 300 kilometers d. 3000 kilometers 6-9. Layers of the Earth.
10-12. Draw the types of plate boundaries.
13-15. Give 3 effects of earthquake.