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Bicol State College of Applied Sciences and Technology

Peñafrancia Avenue, Naga City
AY 2017 – 2018 || 2nd Semester

AC Machines:

Single Phase and Synchronous Motors
Problem Set

Camille Kaye D. Caceres

Engr. Jairus Jori John F. Luna

March 26, 2018

when connected to a 250 V.220 Ω R2 = 0. (b) power factor. when connected to a 250 V dc supply and loaded to take 0. Problem No.3 Single Phase Motors A fractional horse power universal motor has armature circuit resistance of 20 ohm and inductance of 0.6Ω. (c) developed power. 4 – pole single phase induction motor has the following equivalent circuit impedances: R1 = 2.Problem No. windage and core loss = 40 W. 5 Single Phase Motors A 208-V four-pole 60-Hz Y-connected wound-rotor induction motor is rated at 15 hp. Find the new speed and power factor when connected to a 220 V. X1 = 3. Xm = 80Ω. it runs at 2000 rpm. Problem No. it draws 1.03pu. the motor current is the same.4 H. Estimate the speed and power factor of the motor when connected to a 230 V. torque and power factor. (d) output power. calculation (a) input current.05. Determine the speed. Its equivalent circuit components are R1 = 0.1 H.430 Ω Pmech = 300 W Pmisc = 0 Pcore = 200 W For a slip of 0.5 H. 50 Hz ac supply and loaded to take the same current.8 A.430 Ω X2 = 0.2Ω. The motor has a total resistance of 1 ohm and inductance of 0. 50 hz supply. R2 = 4. 1 Single Phase Motors A 230 V.127 Ω X M = 15. 4 Single Phase Motors A universal series motor has a resistance of 30 ohm and an inductance of 0. 50 Hz. 2 Single Phase Motors A universal series motor operating at 220 V dc draws a 10 A and runs at 1400 rpm.0 A from the mains and runs at 2000 rpm. 50 Hz supply drawing the same amount of current. On being connected to a 220 V dc supply.0 Ω X1 = 0. find (a) The line current IL (e) The induced torque τind (b) The stator copper losses PSCL (f) The load torque τload (c) The air-gap power PAG (g) The overall machine efficiency (d) The power converted from electrical to mechanical form Pconv . For a slip of 0. Friction.1Ω. (e) efficiency Problem No. Problem No. X2 = 2.5Ω.

50 Hz.Problem No. At no-load. calculate the torque developed by the motor if the field excitation is so adjusted as to make the back emf twice the applied voltage and angle = 16 degrees. a. Armature current per phase b. 60 Hz. Power angle b. 2300 V. Rotor displacement in electrical degrees d. per drawn by the motor from the bus phase (e) The armature power loss. 3 Synchronous Motors A 3 phase. Power developed by armature c. in electrical degrees (d) The power per phase. 50 Hz. Neglecting losses.5 mechanical degree from its synchronous position. Armature emf / phase e. 1 Synchronous Motors A 75kW 3-phase. It has armature resistance per phase of 0 and synchronous reactance of 10 ohm. If the rotor is retarded by 0. 693 V. Power drawn by the motor Problem No. . Calculate: (a) The rotor shift from the synchronous position. Calulate a. synchronous motor is operating at no- load with its generated voltage per phase exactly equal to the phase voltage applied to its armature. and the effective armature resistance is 1 ohm per phase. Problem No. Back emf Problem No. Armature Current e. three-phase. 660 V. Compute. wye-connected. Torque c. Y connected. The motor efficiency excluding field and stator losses. 2 Synchronous Motors A 20 pole. The synchronous reactance is 10 ohms. 440 V cylindrical rotor synchronous motor operates at rated condition with 0. per phase horsepower. and the developed (c) The armature current. the rotor is retarded 0.5 degrees mechanical from its synchronous position. and the total power (b) The resultant emf across the armature. is 95% and Xs=2.5 Ohm.8 pf leading. 50 Hz. Mechanical Power Developed d. 150 kW. delta connected synchronous motor is operating at no load with normal excitation. 4 Synchronous Motors A 20 pole. 3 phase. 1000 rpm salient pole synchronous motor has Xd = 32 Ohm per phase and Xq = 20 Ohm per phase. 40 hp.

8 poles 60 cycles. 09333 . Xq = 0. Unity pf. 200 horsepower.Problem No.774 ohm per phase. Xd = 1. (a) determine the power input and power developed.0285 ohm per phase. and Full-load amperes = 210 amperes per terminal. 5 Synchronous Motors For the motor described below. (b) determine the maximum torque angle (pull-out point) and the stability factor.27 ohms per phase. 440 volts. three phase. Re = 0.