AC

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AC

© All Rights Reserved

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AY 2017 – 2018 || 2nd Semester

AC Machines:

Problem Set

BSEE 4A

Instructor

Problem No. 1 Single Phase Motors

A 230 V, 50 Hz, 4 – pole single phase induction motor has the following equivalent circuit impedances:

Friction, windage and core loss = 40 W. For a slip of 0.03pu, calculation (a) input current, (b) power

factor, (c) developed power, (d) output power, (e) efficiency

A universal series motor operating at 220 V dc draws a 10 A and runs at 1400 rpm. Find the new speed

and power factor when connected to a 220 V, 50 hz supply, the motor current is the same. The motor

has a total resistance of 1 ohm and inductance of 0.1 H.

A fractional horse power universal motor has armature circuit resistance of 20 ohm and inductance of

0.4 H. On being connected to a 220 V dc supply, it draws 1.0 A from the mains and runs at 2000 rpm.

Estimate the speed and power factor of the motor when connected to a 230 V, 50 Hz supply drawing

the same amount of current.

A universal series motor has a resistance of 30 ohm and an inductance of 0.5 H. when connected to a

250 V dc supply and loaded to take 0.8 A, it runs at 2000 rpm. Determine the speed, torque and power

factor, when connected to a 250 V, 50 Hz ac supply and loaded to take the same current.

A 208-V four-pole 60-Hz Y-connected wound-rotor induction motor is rated at 15 hp. Its equivalent

(b) The stator copper losses PSCL (f) The load torque τload

(c) The air-gap power PAG (g) The overall machine efficiency

mechanical form Pconv

Problem No. 1 Synchronous Motors

A 75kW 3-phase, Y connected, 50 Hz, 440 V cylindrical rotor synchronous motor operates at rated

condition with 0.8 pf leading. The motor efficiency excluding field and stator losses, is 95% and Xs=2.5

Ohm. Calulate

b. Armature Current e. Torque

c. Back emf

A 20 pole, 693 V, 50 Hz, 3 phase, delta connected synchronous motor is operating at no load with

normal excitation. It has armature resistance per phase of 0 and synchronous reactance of 10 ohm. If

the rotor is retarded by 0.5 degrees mechanical from its synchronous position. Compute,

b. Armature emf / phase e. Power developed by armature

c. Power drawn by the motor

A 3 phase, 150 kW, 2300 V, 50 Hz, 1000 rpm salient pole synchronous motor has Xd = 32 Ohm per

phase and Xq = 20 Ohm per phase. Neglecting losses, calculate the torque developed by the motor if

the field excitation is so adjusted as to make the back emf twice the applied voltage and angle = 16

degrees.

A 20 pole, 40 hp, 660 V, 60 Hz, three-phase, wye-connected, synchronous motor is operating at no-

load with its generated voltage per phase exactly equal to the phase voltage applied to its armature. At

no-load, the rotor is retarded 0.5 mechanical degree from its synchronous position. The synchronous

reactance is 10 ohms, and the effective armature resistance is 1 ohm per phase. Calculate:

position, in electrical degrees

(d) The power per phase, and the total power

(b) The resultant emf across the armature, per drawn by the motor from the bus

phase

(e) The armature power loss, and the developed

(c) The armature current, per phase horsepower.

Problem No. 5 Synchronous Motors

For the motor described below, (a) determine the power input and power developed, (b) determine the

maximum torque angle (pull-out point) and the stability factor. 200 horsepower, Unity pf, 8 poles

60 cycles, 440 volts, three phase, Re = 0.0285 ohm per phase, Xd = 1.27 ohms per phase, Xq = 0.774

ohm per phase, and Full-load amperes = 210 amperes per terminal.

09333

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