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English II
(Aswang, Tikbalang, Kapre, White Lady, and

Submitted by:
Arianne May Amosin

Submitted to:
Mr. Normandy Balasa

often appearing as a beautiful woman or an old man. It may also transform into an ugly beast. They prey on weaker victims like children and old people. An Aswang (also known as Asuwang) is a ghoul in Philippine Mythology which appears to be an ordinary human by day. but will also attack any single unguarded individual. and turns into a blood- sucking monster as darkness falls. bolos. long nails. unkempt hair. This gives her power of flight. blood-shot eyes. it will disguise itself as an animal until it finds an opportunity to attack and kill its victim. They feast on the guts or inner organs (heart and liver) of their victims. Elderly rural folks say that in order to detect an aswang one must look at it from an inverted position. etc. She has holes in her armpits which contain oil. or other monsters like the sigbin. usually taking the form of animals like pigs. An aswang lives as an ordinary person by day and prefers to take occupations related to meat. They are the most feared of supernatural creatures on the Philippines. such as butchery. wak-wak. and a long. dogs. Rural folk believe that they can be driven away with burnt animal horns or sharpened bamboo called bagacay. An aswang can look like ordinary human being. balbal. An aswang can be distinguished from a human by its bloodshot eyes. feathers and canes. They can enter the body of a person and through this person they inflict harm on those then they dislike. . Hunting its prey. Most common are the female variety who appear as an ugly old woman with long. They live in secluded areas of barrios far from the townsfolk. black tongue. appearing to be quiet and shy. Fear of the aswang leads many to seek means of warding them off. usually isolating themselves from the public. A crucifix will kill the aswang. Aswang are also afraid of bullets. Aswang are known as shape-shifters that transform into animals. and ever-trusted garlic hung on doors and windows or hung as necklaces.

bony. humanoid creature with disproportionately long limbs. It has the head and sometimes the feet of an animal. They like to lead travelers astray. in Bamboo or Banana groves. . and atop Kalumpang or Balete trees. A superstition popular with the Tagalog of Rizal Province is that Tikbalangs are benevolent guardians of elemental kingdoms. Tikbalang also dwell in swamps or in the deep woods. A common saying has it that rain from a clear sky means may kinakasal na tikbalang.(Filipino. the tikbalang is said to reside in big trees like the balete. Tikbalangs play tricks on travelers such that they keep on returning to an arbitrary path no matter how far he goes or where he turns. such that its knees tower over its head when it squats down. foliage- overgrown areas. Tikbalang are generally associated with dark.)This was most likely derived from a similar Spanish proverb that claimed a witch was getting married when there was rain on a sunny day. Tikbalangs are said to scare travelers and lead them astray.[3] Another countermeasure is to ask permission out loud to pass by or. It has been compared to the half-man. not to produce too much noise while in the woods in order not to offend or disturb the tikbalang. "a tikbalang is getting married". sparsely populated. They are usually found standing at the foot of large trees looking around for anyone who dare to bestow malignancy on their kingdom's territory. According to traditional folklore. and can be seen smoking tobacco near or on top of the tree. The Tikbalang is a monster in Philippine Mythology commonly described as a tall. most commonly a horse. half-horse centaur from Greek mythology. with legends variously identifying their abode as being beneath bridges. Like the kapre. Supposedly this is counteracted by wearing one's shirt inside out. the tikbalang can also transform itself into human form or turn invisible to humans.

long-legged. or mango). Kapres are also said to play pranks on people. or if it is attracted to a woman. even if the wind is not strong. Also. If a Kapre befriends any human. Some more examples would be hearing loud laughter coming from an unseen being. if one is a friend of the Kapre then that person has the ability to see it and if they were to sit on it then any other person could see it. and gambling. Kapres enjoy drinking. The Kapre (also known as Agta in the Visayan dialect) is a Philippine mythical creature with the appearance of an unnaturally tall. Kapres may make contact with people to offer friendship. to scare and cast spells on them. It is also believed that abundant fireflies in woody areas are the embers from the Kapre's lit tobacco pipe. the Kapre will consistently follow its "love interest" throughout life. bamboo. or in abandoned houses or ruins. Kapres are not necessarily considered to be evil. Kapres are said to live in large trees (such as balete. They are commonly seen sitting atop a tree. frequently making travelers become disoriented and lose their way in the mountains or in thewoods. for instance. They are also believe to have the ability to confuse people even in their own familiar surroundings. but with more human characteristics. black hairy man. especially because of love. It is often seen waiting for people as they walk through a path. Reports of experiencing Kapre enchantment include that of witnessing rustling tree branches. seeing big fiery eyes during night time from a tree. It has also been described as similar to the North American "bigfoot". usually an acacia. smoking. unlike the manananggal. It is believed that they appear only at night. as well as actually seeing a Kapre walking in forested areas. acacia. . banyan (known locally as balete) and mango trees while smoking a trunk-sized cigar that never burns out. witnessing lots of smoke from the top of a tree. Sometimes they can be seen sitting unmindfully under those trees as well. someone who forgets that they are in their own garden or home is said to have been tricked by a Kapre. narra. that sits in big trees and smokes.

The taxi driver escaped from the taxi from fear. Some accidents on this road are blamed on the White Lady. According to legend. Kapre and Wak-Wak. The taxi driver looks behind and the woman looks like her face was full of blood and bruises. Along with other Philippine mythological creatures and ghostly beings like theManananggal. . Sightings of white ladies are common among folk from around the country. and usually every townand barrio has its own "White Lady" story to tell. The most prominent one is the White Lady of Balete Drive. White Ladies are popular ghost story topics in the Philippines. They are often associated with an individual family line or said to be a harbinger of death similar to a banshee. in Quezon City. Many sources have declared this legend was actually manufactured by a reporter in the 1950s. White Ladies are often used as subjects that tend to convey horror and mystery usually aimed at young children for storytelling purposes. Common to many of them is the theme of losing or being betrayed by a husband or fiancé. White Lady legends are found around the world. and also possibly a combination of multiple stories from the area. they tend to see the face of a woman in white in the rear view mirror for a split second before the apparition disappears. she was driving in Balete Drive when she crashed her car resulting to her death. A White Lady is a type of female ghost reportedly seen in rural areas and associated with some local legend of tragedy. It is said that it is a ghost who appears as a long-haired woman in a white dress. Tiyanak. In other instances it is said that when solitary people drive by Balete Drive in the wee hours of the morning. Most of the stories that have come out about her were told by taxi drivers doing the graveyard shift. Another story tells about a taxi crossing the dreaded Balete Drive and a very beautiful woman was asking for a ride.

and even pierce a pregnant woman's belly to feed on the fetus inside. Like the aswang. A manananggal is described as being a hideous. proboscis-like tongue. There are also similar stories about these creatures in the neighboring countries of Indonesia and Malaysia. The victim usually dies as a result. residing on mountainsides or in deep woods. Its usual targets are pregnant women and children. causing hurricanes all over the globe. Sprinkling salt or smearing crushed garlic or ash on top of the standing torso is fatal to the creature. . It is known to whip its hair in urban forests. with the upper half then sprouting bat-like wings enabling it to fly in search of prey. searching out prospective prey. It is a saying that a manananggal's attack can be avoided by death. The upper torso then would not be able to rejoin and will die at daybreak. During the day. separates itself from its lower body). and it is said to be the more vulnerable of the two halves. it is able to suck the blood of sleeping people. which leads to it being compared to the Western vampire. thin. the manananggal isolates itself from the townsfolk. Manananggalthen means "the one who separates itself" (in this case. It feeds on human blood and viscera. A Manananggal is a ghoul in Philippine Mythology that resembles a woman with the ability to detach the two halves of its body at the waist. devouring the heart and inner organs. which means "to remove" or "to separate". a manananggal trails and kills its victim. At night. The name of the creature originates from sinalalala used for a severed torso: manananggal comes from the Tagalog tanggal (cognate of Malay tanggal). capable of severing its upper torso in order to fly into the night with huge bat-like wings to prey on unsuspecting. it flies to the roof of its victim's house and looks for holes where it can insert its long. using an elongated proboscis-like tongue. sleeping victim. pregnant women in their homes. it lives among people. With this tongue. it sucks the hearts of fetuses or the blood of an unsuspecting. The severed lower torso is left standing. scary vampire-like creature (as opposed to anaswang). In some stories.