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Abstraction: Showing the essential and hiding the non

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Essential is known as Abstraction.
Encapsulation: The Wrapping up of data and functions into
a
single unit is known as Encapsulation.
Encapsulation is the term given to the process of hiding the
implementation details of the object. Once an object is
encapsulated, its implementation details are not immediately
accessible any more. Instead they are packaged and are only
indirectly accessed via the reference of the object.
Inheritance: is the Process by which the Obj of one class
acquires the properties of Obj’s another Class.
A reference variable of a Super Class can be assign to any
Sub class derived from the Super class.
Inheritance is the method of creating the new class based on
already existing class, the new class derived is called Sub class
which has all the features of existing class and its own, i.e sub
class.
Adv: Reusability of code , accessibility of variables and
methods of the Base class by the Derived class.
Polymorphism: The ability to take more that one form, it
supports Method Overloading & Method Overriding.
Method overloading: When a method in a class having the
same method name with different arguments (diff
Parameters or Signatures) is said to be Method Overloading.
This is Compile time Polymorphism.
Using one identifier to refer to multiple items in the same
scope.
Method Overriding: When a method in a Class having
same method name with same arguments is said to be
Method overriding. This is Run time Polymorphism.
Providing a different implementation of a method in a
subclass of the class that originally defined the method.
1. In Over loading there is a relationship between the
methods available in the same class, where as in Over
riding there is relationship between the Super class
method and Sub class method.