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Autumn

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For other uses, see Autumn (disambiguation).
"Fall" redirects here. For other uses, see Fall (disambiguation).

Part of the nature series

Weather

Calendar seasons

 Winter
 Spring
 Summer
 Autumn

Tropical seasons

 Dry season
 Wet season

Storms

 Cloud  Cumulonimbus cloud  Arcus cloud  Downburst  Microburst  Heat burst  Dust storm  Simoom  Haboob  Monsoon  Gale  Sirocco  Firestorm  Lightning  Supercell  Thunderstorm  Severe thunderstorm  Thundersnow  Storm surge  Tornado  Cyclone  Mesocyclone  Anticyclone  Tropical cyclone (Hurricane)  Extratropical cyclone  European windstorm  Atlantic Hurricane  Typhoon  Derecho  Landspout  Dust devil  Fire whirl  Waterspout  Winter storm  Ice storm  Blizzard  Ground blizzard  Snowsquall Precipitation  Drizzle (Freezing drizzle) .

when the duration of daylight becomes . Autumn marks the transition from summer to winter. also known as fall in American and Canadian English. in September (Northern Hemisphere) or March (Southern Hemisphere).[1] is one of the four temperate seasons.  Graupel  Hail  Ice pellets (Diamond dust)  Rain(Freezing rain)  Cloudburst  Snow  Rain and snow mixed  Snow grains  Snow roller  Slush Topics  Air pollution  Atmosphere   Chemistry  Convection  Physics  River  Climate  Cloud  Physics  Fog  Cold wave  Heat wave  Jet stream  Meteorology  Severe weather  List  Extreme  Weather forecasting Glossaries  Glossary of meteorology Weather portal  v  t  e Autumn.

[10] In these countries. are September.2Melancholia o 2. September and October. with autumn being September.3Halloween o 2. In Australia and New Zealand. Contents  1Etymology  2Associations o 2. or possibly a few days later. according to the Irish Calendar. One of its main features is the shedding of leaves from deciduous trees. Some cultures regard the autumnal equinox as "mid-autumn". autumn lasts throughout the months of August. and May in the southern hemisphere. traditionally autumn is from September 21st and ends December 21st. autumn officially begins on 1 March and ends on 31 May.1Harvest o 2. trees shed their leaves. In North America. October. depending on tradition[citation needed]. [7] As daytime and nighttime temperatures decrease. while others with a longer temperature lag treat it as the start of autumn.[8] In traditional East Asian solar term. certain summer traditions. as the end of summer and the start of autumn. Met Éireann. the first Monday in September. and November in the northern hemisphere. [4] and March.[2] Meteorologists (and most of the temperate countries in the southern hemisphere)[3] use a definition based on Gregorian calendar months. noticeably shorter and the temperature cools down considerably. It is considered to start with the September equinox (21 to 24 September)[5] and end with the winter solstice (21 or 22 December). such as wearing white.[6] Popular culture in the USA associates Labor Day. April. [9] However. the autumn months according to the national meteorological service. Autumn is associated with events such as Easter and Anzac day. autumn starts on or around 8 August and ends on or about 7 November. which is based on ancient Gaelic traditions. October and November.4Other associations  3Tourism  4Paintings  5See also  6References  7External links Etymology[edit] . In Ireland. are discouraged after that date.

it became the more common term in North America. The name backend. German Herbst and Scots hairst). The term came to denote the season in 16th-century England. However.and has within it connotations of the passing of the year. and autumn. as it is common in other West Germanic languagesto this day (cf.[12] After the Roman era. orange and red leaves on trees and fallen on the ground The word autumn comes from the ancient Etruscan root autu. Before the 16th century. as more people gradually moved from working the land to living in towns. began to replace it as a reference to the season. and the new settlers took the English language with them.Autumnal scene with yellow. but by the 16th century.[17] . it was in common use. a contraction of Middle English expressions like "fall of the leaf" and "fall of the year". the word harvest lost its reference to the time of year and came to refer only to the actual activity of reaping.[13] and was later normalised to the original Latin. has today been largely replaced by the name autumn. English emigration to the British colonies in North America was at its peak. However.[11] It was borrowed by the neighbouring Romans. there are rare examples of its use as early as the 12th century. harvest was the term usually used to refer to the season. [14][15] The alternative word fall for the season traces its origins to old Germanic languages. these words all have the meaning "to fall from a height" and are clearly derived either from a common root or from each other.[16] During the 17th century. While the term fall gradually became obsolete in Britain. as well as fall. the word continued to be used as the Old French word autompne (automne in modern French) or autumpne in Middle English. with the Old English fiæll or feallan and the Old Norse fall all being possible candidates. a once common name for the season in Northern England. The exact derivation is unclear. and became the Latin word autumnus. Dutch herfst. In the Medieval period.