TRAINING REPORT

Basics of Livestock Management & Animal Husbandry

BY LIVESTOCK TRAINERS & CONSULTANTS IN COLLABORATION WITH DEPTT: OF LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT KP AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY PESHAWAR For UN-SKILLED LABOUR OF SWAT BY USAID PAKISTAN JOB PROJECT/PaRRSA

TRAINING REPORT

© 2010-Livestock Trainers & Consultants
All rights reserved All materials appearing in this report are copyrighted and may be reproduced with permission of LTC. Any reproduction in full or in part must credit LTC as the copyright© owner. Produced by: Reported by: Photography by: Pp: Dr. Zakir Hussain (Course Coordinator) Dr. Shaista Jan & Miss. Rehana Yasmeen (Female Trainers LTC) Dr. Shasta Jan & Miss Tafhim Bibi 33

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Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.ltc.org.pk)

August 10, 2010

TRAINING REPORT

ACRONYMES ............................................................................................................................................. 3 ACKNOWLEDGMENT .............................................................................................................................. 4 LIVESTOCK TRAINERS & CONSULTANTS ........................................................................................ 5 THE TRAINING PROGRAMME ............................................................................................................... 6 OBJECTIVES.......................................................................................................................................... 6 DESIGNING OF TRAINING CURRICULUM ..................................................................................... 6 TRAINING APPROACHES................................................................................................................... 7 TRAINING METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................................... 7 TRAINING SCHEDULE............................................................................................................................. 8 DAY -1.................................................................................................................................................... 10 DAY -2.................................................................................................................................................... 12 DAY -3.................................................................................................................................................... 13 DAY-4 ..................................................................................................................................................... 14 DAY-5 ..................................................................................................................................................... 16 DAY-6 ..................................................................................................................................................... 18 DAY-7 ..................................................................................................................................................... 20 DAY-8 ..................................................................................................................................................... 21 DAY-9 ..................................................................................................................................................... 23 DAY-10 .................................................................................................................................................. 24 DAY-11 .................................................................................................................................................. 26 DAY-12 .................................................................................................................................................. 28 ANNEX -1 LIST OF TRAINEES FOR THE TRAINING ON LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY .................................................................................................................. 29 ANNEX- 2 FINAL EXAMINATION ......................................................................................................... 31 ANNEX-3 TRAINING EVALUATION..................................................................................................... 33 August 10, 2010 2

TABLEOF CONTENTS

Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.ltc.org.pk)

pk) .ltc. 2010 UST Urea Straw Treatment 3 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.org.TRAINING REPORT ACRONYMES AUP BQ BQV CCPP ETV FAHVS Agricultural University Peshawar Black Quarter Black Quarter Vaccine Contagious Caprine Pleuro Pneumonia EnteroToxaemia Vaccine Faculty of Animal Husbandry &Veterinary Sciences HS HSV KP LM LTC PJP PPR USAID Hemorrhagic Septicemia Hemorrhagic Septicemia Vaccine Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Livestock Management Livestock Trainers &Consultants Pakistan Job Project Peste des Petits Ruminants United States Agency for International Development August 10.

overall supervision and successful arrangements of this training. 2010 . I applaud the remarkable efforts of Dr. Dr. Program Manager Planning. Hakim Khan Agriculture Sector Specialist Pakistan Job Project for his full support and cooperation. Shaista Jan. LTC has tried its best to provide quality training as per its commitment. a well reputed organization in Malakand division. Miss Hamida and Miss Tafhim Bibi. They have supported me and made the training a successful event.org.ltc. for his zeal. I am grateful to the Executive Director Lasoona Mr. Muhammad Subhan Qureshi for his technical support and cooperation in this regard. Livestock Specialist PJP Lasoona. I felt his presence and support whenever I needed. Dr. for their trust and confidence shown in LTC. Project Manager Pakistan Job Project Lasoona. Let me extend my gratitude to Mr. and LTC. Society for human and Natural Resources Development. Eng: Zia Ullah Khan. Saeed Ullah Khan. First of all I am Thankful to ALLAH ALMIGHTY for His Blessings and Help. Secondly I extend my sincere gratitude to the whole management of Lasoona in general and Mr. I extend my personal feelings of gratitude to the Chairman LTC Dr. By Grace of ALLAH ALMIGHTY. Miss Rehana Yasmeen. Asghar Khan. Azam Khan and Mr. Ihsan Ullah. Ihsan. effective coordination. in particular for his support. Nazir Ahmad.pk) August 10. The services and cooperation of the female staff of Lasoona. ACKNOWLEDGMENT Shaukat Khan Program Director LTC KP Peshawar 4 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. Training on the Basics of livestock Management and Animal Husbandry for female farmers of District Swat was first collaboration of Lasoona. The training was conducted with technical collaboration of Department of LM Agricultural University Peshawar. Zakir Hussain. I am grateful to the Chairman Department of LM Prof: Dr. Monitoring & Evaluation. Dr.TRAINING REPORT LTC works as Training Services Provider and is imparting training in various disciplines of livestock sector in collaboration with Faculty of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences KP Agricultural University Peshawar. best coordination and trust. The conduction of this training was a team work and I appreciate the efforts of my team members. I am highly thankful to him and expect his support in future also. involved in the said training is also highly commendable. In last but not the least.

pk) . August 10. 2010 5 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. creed or political affiliations. The organization is being run by highly qualified well energetic and devoted professionals while supervised by a panel of experts both at national and international level. feed milling and poultry farming. religion. Dairy Technology Center and Feed Technology Center for capacity building of Livestock Extension Workers and Livestock Farmers. To achieve the desired goals and objectives it is joining hands with the governmental and non-governmental organizations to seek monetary funds to benefit all its stakeholders in the country. Recently the organization has signed MoU with the Department of Livestock Management Faculty of Animal husbandry and Veterinary Sciences NWFP Agriculture University Peshawar to utilize their dairy farm. proposal writing and even to implement various projects in the said field. LTCis delivering quality services to the farming community. non-profitable organization dedicated to provide quality services to the farming community without discrimination & regardless of race.Introduction: Livestock Trainers & Consultants (LTC) is a provincial based registered non-governmental. conduct baseline surveys. feedlot farming. with the objective to uplift their socio-economic conditions via better animal health and production. LTC is utilizing these funds for the capacity building of the farming community and is providing consultancy services to the rest of the organizations in the field of veterinary and animal sciences to identify potential pockets.org. feasibility studies for individuals as well as organizations regarding dairy farming. LTC believes in quality and is therefore committed to deliver quality services to its stakeholders in the field of Livestock Trainings and Consultancies having all the capabilities as well as expertise in the mentioned field.ltc. Currently LTC is working on the following programmes: LIVESTOCK TRAINERS & CONSULTANTS TRAINING REPORT ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ Poverty Alleviation through skill Development Farmer’s linkages development with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Agricultural University Peshawar Women Empowerment through Layer farming in District Chitral Working as BDSP to conduct various baseline surveys.

To transfer modern animal husbandry practices for wider adoption and replication. there is still a vacuum that has to be filled from time to time with valuable inputs from the farmers and experts as well. To develop the abilities of target female regarding feeding management.1% more than the combined contribution of major and minor crops (Economic survey of Pakistan 2009). self-esteem. Timely suggestions and valuable inputs both from the farmers and experts have been incorporated for improvement. especially balance feeding. The contribution of livestock is 6. curiosity to learn and joy in learning” W.8% of the agriculture value added and 11. 6 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.3% of the total GDP.pk) August 10. DESIGNING OF TRAINING CURRICULUM The training curriculum contains most of the topics which were of crucial importance for the farmers that are involved in dairy. To skilled them regarding animal housing management. 2010 .ltc. Livestock Trainers & Consultants conducted a Training Need Assessment session to evaluate the participants and to address the problems faced by them in their real life so that to make the training programme more purposeful. fodder conservation and minerals supplementation. OBJECTIVES The objectives of the above training were as under: ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ ♣ To impart skills to the female farmers regarding general livestock management.“People are born with intrinsic motivation. having household holdings of 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 5-6 sheep/goat per family which help them to drive 30-40 % of their income from it. This curriculum has been developed for dairy farmers and tested with successful results in the farming community during the trainings. Edwards Deming THE TRAINING PROGRAMME TRAINING REPORT Livestock plays a vital role in the national economy which accounts 51. The role of livestock in the rural economy may be realized from the fact that 30-35 million of the rural population is involved in livestock raising. However for further improvement. and dignity. To create self-employment opportunities at rural level. But after the arrival of the trainees.org. To create awareness regarding prophylaxis of animal diseases.

Our training methodologies enable the trainees to feel the gap where they were and where they wanted to be. 7 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.TRAINING REPORT TRAINING APPROACHES LTC believes in quality and is therefore committed to conduct practical based trainings so as to equip the trainees with new skills and knowledge. The result of every training programme is the acquisition of knowledge. This training was more than 70% practical oriented with unique training methodologies of Trail Error and Learning by Doing. building of skill and change in the attitude of the participants. Our trainers are more person’s centered and less subject centered by exercising unique training approaches Participatory training approach Hands on training approach.pk) August 10. 2010 .org. TRAINING METHODOLOGY The most important thing in a training programme is its training methodology that can make the training programme more fruitful and result oriented.ltc.

Advantages of AI Disease signs. Training Need Assessment Introduction to livestock feeding Health signs Day-2 • • • Maintenance and production requirements of animals Pre-requisites of animal housing. Live weight estimation H.org. Feeding of dry animals Heat detection FMD & its control Day-5 • • • • Calf feeding Lighting in animal shed and its effect on fertility Cleaning of animal shed Urea straw treatment August 10. Official opening.TRAINING REPORT To achieve the desired objectives and outcomes following activities were scheduled in the 12 days training programme. TRAINING SCHEDULE Day-1 • • • • • Registration and distribution of the school items.ltc.pk) . • Day-3 • • • Feeding of dairy animals. 2010 Day-6 • • • • • Calving Management Feeding of young stock Flushing & fertility Management of sheep and goat Hay making Black Quarter Disease and its Control 8 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.S & its control Day-4 • • • • Hand milking.

pk) August 10.org.ltc. 2010 .TRAINING REPORT Day-7 • • • • Concentrates preparation from local ingredients Seasonal pneumonia Judging of dairy animal Sheep and goat housing & its effect on production Day-8 • • • • Mastitis and Surf test Management of pregnant animal Feeding of sheep & goat Watering and its effects on production Day-9 • • • • Restraining of animal Colostrum feeding Enterotoxaemia First Aid Day-10 • • • PPR CCPP Vaccination Schedule Day-11 • • • • • Vaccination of animals Feeding of pregnant animal Ventilation and its importance Ecto &endo parasites Deworming of animals Day-12 • • • • Record keeping Examination Evaluation Closing Ceremony & award of Certificates 9 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.

Miss Tafhim Bibi the Female trainer of LTC lauded the enthusiasm and role of female community in livestock keeping.org. Figure1. The ceremony was attended by the Agriculture Sector Specialist Pakistan Job Project Mr. a writing pad and a ball point. Hakim Khan briefed the participants regarding Pakistan Job Project. Mr. among the participants.1-Registration and distribution of the school items The registration of the trainees was conducted by Dr.1 Registration of the trainee 1.pk) August 10. Shaista Jan and Miss Tafhim Bibi for group A and Miss Rehana Yasmin and Miss Hamida for group B. Figure 1.TRAINING REPORT DAY -1 1. Hakim Khan Pakistan Job Project addressing the participants 10 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.2 Mr.ltc.Official opening The official opening was started with the name of Allah almighty. The participants were also told about the roles and regulations during the training so as to make the training more purposeful. They also distributed school items including a file bag. 2010 . Hakim Khan with male and female staff of Lasoona Organization Swat. He also stressed the need for the adoption of modern Animal Husbandry practices in order to get high production from their livestock.2.

ltc.org. 11 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. 2010 . As in our rural Community female members of the family interact with animals in their houses and they are the first observer of any deviation from health conditions of the animal. composition and role animal feed in livestock production.4-Introduction to livestock feeding The trainer for the session thoroughly discussed the importance.3 Problem census 1.pk) August 10. The participants were involved by asking telling technique to make the session more interactive. They were guided by the trainers to write down their problems that would be incorporated in the curriculum in order to fulfill their need.5. in which the participants were asked to point the signs of healthy animals. The session was practically demonstrated with the help of charts and leaflets designed especially for this training. functions. During the training charts& markers were distributed among the female participants. therefore no substantial changes have been made in the curriculum already designed for the said purpose. After the successful conduction of TNA.TRAINING REPORT 1.Health signs The objective of the session was to enable the participants to differentiate the healthy animals from diseased one.3-Training Need Assessment The aim of this session was to get inputs from the participants to make the training more need based and goal oriented. it was inferred that most of the female were worried about the low production and bad health conditions of their animals. The trainees were made aware regarding the need for high production and its direct relation with animal feed. The participants with great zeal carried out the practical and deficiencies were filled on the spot by the trainers. Besides this. 1. live animal practical was conducted in the nearby animal shed. They problems faced by them were already existed in the curriculum. Figure 1.

2. 2010 .org. the knowledge of the participants was extended by elaborating the signs & symptoms during a disease.3-Advantages of AI Artificial Insemination is one of the cheapest and reasonable ways in breed improvement.4-Disease signs In previous day the trainees were told about the health signs while in this session they were enabled to easily identify and could notice disease signs in their animals.pk) August 10. where participants took keen interest. There are also concerns of the community regarding Artificial Insemination. Figure2.1 trainees visiting Animal shed for practical demonstration how the manger should be and how and which type of animal Shed’s floor and roof should be constructed. The participants were also told about the proper timing of A. The session was totally interactive in nature.TRAINING REPORT DAY -2 2.1-Maintenance and production requirements of animals The objective of the session was to enable the trainees so that they can provide sufficient feed to their animals for maintenance of their bodies and production in form of milk and meat.I in order to get high conception rate. The session was demonstrated practically by visiting the nearest animal house. proper shed maintenance and cleaning of animal shed. In the session the trainees were told with help of A.I leaflets and messages posters about the advantages of A. 2. The participants were trained with the help of charts regarding proper feeding of their animals.2-Pre-requisites of animal housing A peaceful and comfortable animal housing is directly contributing to better health and production. They were made aware regarding the importance of proper site selection. They were told Figure 2.ltc. The target females ware told about the prerequisites for the construction of an animal house. 2. The trainers asked about various signs observed by the trainees during animal keeping.I.1 Observing response of animal 12 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.

There are various ways to estimate the live weight of an animal but the most practical and easy method (measuring weight with inch tape) was exercised here.2 Live weight Estimation Figure 3. The aim of the session was to sensitize the participants about proper feeding especially in dairy animals. Figure 3. Besides this economic aspects of the feed was highlighted. Early diagnosis and early treatment is the only mean to save animal life. Weight estimation was performed practically on live animal. The trainees were also told about the prophylactic measures regarding this fatal disease. They stressed the need for efficient utilization and minimum losses of the animal feed so as to reduce the cost of production. The participants were told about the visible signs and symptoms of the disease so that in case of breakout they could timely detect the disease. animal marketing and animal feeding.3-H.S & its control Hemorrhagic Septicemia is a very fatal highly contagious disease of large animals that is endemic in Swat and cause huge losses in the form of animal mortality. as the feed costs about 70-80% of the total costs of animals keeping. The learned trainers told the participants about the requirements of dairy animals on basis of their body weights and kg of milk production.pk) August 10.2 Learning by doing 3. 13 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.ltc.2-Live weight estimation Weight estimation is required for proper medication.1 Conventional feeding of straw & wheat bran to dairy animals 3.TRAINING REPORT DAY -3 3.1-Feeding of dairy animals Mostly people ignore proper feeding of dairy animals. Figure 3. 2010 . Learning by doing technique was applied during the session.org.

org. They also informed the participants about the supplementation of concentrates in the feeding of animals and its effects in the long run on animal production.2 Look at me how I do ---- and now do with your own hands 4.TRAINING REPORT DAY-4 4.1-Hand milking Improper and faulty hand milking practices prone the animal to mastitis that causes huge financial loss to the farmers.pk) August 10.1 Demonstration with the help of Message colored pictures Figure 4.2-Feeding of dry animals It is a usual practice in our farming community that they ignore proper feeding of dry animals. Learning by doing technique and hands on training approach was fully applied during the session. 2010 . Figure 4. The participants practiced proper hand milking on live animal. This practice leads to infertility. 14 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.ltc. The participants were sensitized about the proper feeding of dry animals. emaciation and low production in next lactation. They were told that minerals has significant role in fertility of animals that is why all animals in general and dry animals in particular should be provided with sufficient minerals like DCP and common salt. The participants of the training were guided in proper hand milking techniques.

The session was demonstrated with the help of message posters and charts.TRAINING REPORT 4.pk) August 10. The methods and timings of heat detection were discussed in very detail and emphasis was given to the in time inseminations of animals in order to get more animals in calf and shortened the calving interval.5-FMD & its control Foot & Mouth Disease locally called TABAQ causes huge financial losses to farmers. The whole sessions was based on asking telling techniques. The trainees were told about the signs & symptoms of the disease.org. 2010 . supportive therapy and preventive measures. The trainees were taught regarding proper heat detection. These practices will save them money and will result in profitable farming.ltc. Proper awareness regarding this disease is of utmost importance. 15 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.3-Heat detection Proper heat detection has a significant role in fertility management. The trainers emphasized on regular vaccination against the disease.3 heat detection and Insemination time 4. Figure 4.

Light that acts as a stimulating factor for the release of various reproductive hormones. Presence of light on one hand is important for dryness and cleaning of animal shed while on other hand it has a very significant role in fertility of an animal. During the session special attention was paid to colostrum. 5. The trainers’ demonstrated cleanliness practically in animal shed. It was quite a new discovery for the female farmers and they took keen interest. The aim of this session was to educate the female participants regarding proper calf feeding. 16 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.1-Calf feeding Improper calf feeding is one of the most important pre-disposing causes of early mortality in calves.1 lack of light in animal shed badly affect fertility 5. The learned trainers demonstrated calf feeding with the help of charts and leaflets.TRAINING REPORT DAY-5 5. which results in bringing animals into heat and to make strong the skeletal system of the animal as well. (the first milk after calving having a lot of antibodies) that provides maternal immunity to the calves in the inception of their life.2 Cleanness in animal shed control Ecto & endo .org.2-Lighting in animal shed and its effect on fertility The participants were told about the importance of light in animal shed. 2010 Figure 5. The activity was participatory where the trainees shared their experience and the trainers fully guided them on proper feeding. The session was demonstrated in nearby animal shed.3-Cleaning of animal shed The session was very important as clean and comfortable animal shed is important not only for high yield but also in control of Ecto and endo parasites.pk) August 10. Figure 5.ltc.

The session was practically demonstrated and the participants actively participated and successfully treated straw with Urea.4-Urea straw treatment Wheat straw is an integral part of animal feed especially in scarcity period during winter and early summer. Nutritive value of straw is very low and cannot provide sufficient energy for maintenance of animal body.org. TDN and DCP components of the feed are enhanced.TRAINING REPORT 5.e.ltc. Figure 5. Both theoretical and practical aspect of the subject was given due preference.pk) August 10.3 Urea Straw Treatment “Learning by doing” Figure 5. After treating wheat straw with urea it can fulfill at least maintenance requirement of the animal. Treating wheat straw urea has a profound impact on the nutritive value i.4 Air tight packing of Urea treated Straw for 3 weeks 17 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. 2010 .

1-Calving Management Care of mother and calf before. The session was interactive in nature incorporated with experiences and observations of the participants. 6.4-Hay making Hay making locally known as “Pashakale” is a local practice.ltc. 6. 6. during and after caving is highly significant.3-Flushing & fertility Management of sheep and goat Flushing is a practice which is carried out before the start of the breeding season and has great impact on the fertility especially in sheep& goat. The aim of the session was to educate the trainees regarding proper hay making and its storage to maintain its nutritive value. 2010 Figure 6. presence of an attendant etc.org. The trainers of the session with help of specially designed charts and leaflets demonstrated tools and techniques of proper feeding to the young stock. The trainees were guided about the practice of flushing and their proper seasons in the year. They were also guided regarding post parturition management including mother and new born care.delivery management.1 Hay Making Demonstration 18 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. During parturition assistance should be provided if there is any difficult birth or veterinary doctor should be called immediately. The session was practical oriented where the learned trainer demonstrated the whole mechanism practically and the trainees performed with their own hands.2-Feeding of young stock Today She calf of today is the she cow of tomorrow that is why proper feeding should be provided to them.pk) .TRAINING REPORT DAY-6 6. soft bedding. They were told the pre. The session was based on asking telling approach. August 10. The participants were properly educated about calving management. They were also told that how they can manage fertility in sheep and goats. They were told about the routine feed requirements of young stock and its impact on early puberty. but the farmers due to their unawareness are unable to maintain its nutritive value. including suitable place with enough space.

org. 2010 .5-Black Quarter Disease and its Control Black Quarter or Black Leg is a very fatal disease where mortality rate reaches to 100%. mechanism of communication and disease signs& symptoms.ltc. The disease is endemic in Swat and its usual out breaks occur causing huge animal losses.TRAINING REPORT 6. 19 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.pk) August 10. The participants of the training were also told about the treatment and prevention of the disease. The resource person discussed in detail its causes. The trainees were emphasized specially on regular vaccination against this disease.

breads. Wheat bran. They prepared concentrates (Vanda) with their own hands. The participants showed high level of participation in training session. The trainers with the help of charts and message posters thoroughly discussed all the requisites of sheep & goats housing. August 10.org.3-Judging of dairy animal In the third session of 7th day of the training the trainers demonstrated to the participants that how to judge an animal for dairy purpose. 7.ltc. The objective of this session was to guide and skill the trainees regarding concentrates preparation from locally available ingredients. They were also told about the treatment and preventive measures of seasonal pneumonia.1-Concentrates preparation from local ingredients Balance concentrates feeding is a very rare practice in our traditional farming system.1 Concentrates preparation: When I do my self I remember for whole of my life 7. People mostly provide cotton seed cake to their lactating animals. The aim of the session was to enable the participants to understand the pre-requisites of a proper housing of sheep and goats in order to get maximum benefits. The trainers discussed and showed practically the points of judging in dairy animals. The participants were provided with cotton seed cake.TRAINING REPORT DAY-7 7. The trainers discussed the signs and symptoms of the disease with the participants of the training.4-Sheep and goat housing & its effect on production This was the last session of the day. They were told about the important points of animal judging that they can easily differentiate a high producing animal from a low producing one. Figure 7. 20 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.pk) .2-Seasonal pneumonia Seasonal Pneumonia is a common disease of sheep. The discussion was mostly focused on the control of predisposing factors of the disease. goats and large animals as well. 2010 7. rice polish and minerals.

2010 . The session was composed on sharing of experiences. The participants took keen interest and performed the test with their own hands as LTC applies hands on training approach in its trainings. Surf test is a very easy and field applicable test which can be performed by every female at her home irrespective of her education. watering and housing.1-Mastitis and Surf test The objective of the session was to make aware the trainees from the hazards of mastitis and it’s after effects.org.TRAINING REPORT DAY-8 8. The objective of the session was to guide the trainees regarding management of pregnant animals.ltc.2 Demonstration followed by doing by themselves key to skill imparting 8. communication of new practices and ideas and demonstrations.pk) August 10. Special designed message posters were displayed in the class room.1 Trainer distributing Leaflets ---. Figure 8. Farmers usually ignore pregnant animals regarding their proper feeding.2-Management of pregnant animal Management of pregnant animal is of utmost importance. The participants were told that if they want to get high yield from their animals in the next lactation they should manage properly their animals during pregnancy. 21 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. Later on the learned trainer demonstrated surf test for detection of sub-clinical mastitis. The trainers demonstrated the condition with the help of charts and leaflets.Ingredients for Surf Test with Method in LTC Leaflet Figure 8.

The participants visited the nearby animal shed and observed and examined the source and type of drinking water for animals. Usually farmers provide one or two times water to their animals while according to animal Husbandry practices animals should be provided with free access to fresh water. 8. 2010 .pk) August 10. The trainees were told about the significance of water in Milk Production. Figure 8.3-Feeding of sheep & goat Sheep & goats are mostly kept by poor farming community and need proper feeding to get high yield. The trainees were told about feeding in general and during scarcity period in particular.3 Clean and fresh water is the right of our animals 22 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.ltc.TRAINING REPORT 8.4-Watering and its effects on production To get one liter of milk from an animal we should provide five liters water as a thumb rule. The training was based on asking telling technique and demonstration with the help of various charts and leaflets. The trainees were also told about the significance of fresh and clean water.org.

2-Colostrum feeding Colostrum is a special gift from Allah Almighty to the new born. 9.ltc. The objective of this session was to enable the participants to provide first aid to their ailing animals at their home.4-First Aid . The trainers discussed with participants signs and symptoms of the disease. The trainers demonstrated restraining techniques on live animals and the participants did with their own hands applying Learning by doing Methodology. Colostrum is the initial lacteal secretion just after parturition that is rich in anti-bodies against various diseases.1-Restraining of animal In this training session the aim of the activity was to skilled the trainees in proper restraining techniques. The participants took keen interest in the topic.pk) August 10. wound. There are various emergency conditions like tympani. The participants of the training were also told about the possible treatment and prevention of the disease.3-Enterotoxaemia Enterotoxaemia is a very fatal disease of sheep & goats and cause huge mortality in case of outbreak. impaction.TRAINING REPORT DAY-9 9.org. 23 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. Figure 9. shock. The trainers described in detail the significance of colostrum and its daily requirement for the new born.1 Restraining of Animal in practical 9. 2010 9. Various methods were taught to deal with such emergencies while utilizing the available resources before the arrival of the veterinarian. that needs first aid on emergency basis. bleeding and fracture etc.

They were also informed about the possible treatment and vaccination against the disease.TRAINING REPORT DAY-10 10. The disease is usually seen in hilly areas of KP and FATA. 2010 .1-PPR Peste des Petits Ruminants is a viral disease of sheep & goats with very high mortality rate. The trainer discussed about the signs and symptoms of the disease. The aim of the session was to make aware the trainees regarding vaccination Schedule against various contagious diseases both in small and large animals. Then as a thumb rule the participants were told that one month before each out break season the animals should be vaccinated.org. 10. In the session the trainers enlist all the endemic diseases and their expected outbreak timings. The participants were made aware about the signs and symptoms of the disease.2-CCPP Contagious Caprine Pleuro Pneumonia is the second very fatal disease which causes huge mortality in sheep & goats.3-Vaccination Schedule That was the 2nd last session of the training. The disease is endemic in most areas of Malakand Division. The session was quite interactive and participatory. She told the participants regarding supportive therapy and emphasized on vaccination against PPR.ltc. 24 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. The participants themselves put months in the vaccination schedule.pk) August 10. 10. The participants were also told about the significance of vaccination and following of vaccination schedule.

When they saw they did and learnt for whole life.TRAINING REPORT 10.1 Silage Making Step wise on Chart and in practical 25 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. The trainers practically demonstrated the whole procedure.ltc.org. The participants were eager to see the whole demonstration.Silage Making The objective of the session was to enable the participants so as to preserve green fodder in the form of silage that will be offered to the animals during green fodder scarcity period.pk) August 10. Figure 10. 2010 .4.

3-Ventilation and its importance Fresh air has same importance for human and animals. 2010 . The participants were told that what is feeding requirement of a pregnant animal and what type of feed should be given to the animal during pregnancy in general and in the last trimester of pregnancy in particular. The session was consisting on class room discussion followed by visit to nearby animal shed. The objective of the activity was to maintain circulation of fresh air in animal shed even in winter season. 11. The aim of the session was to demonstrate practically the vaccination technique.2 Ventilation in an Animal Shed 26 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. Figure 12. The participants observed the demonstration and actively participated in the activity.TRAINING REPORT DAY-11 11.2-Feeding of pregnant animal Proper feeding of pregnant animal is of utmost importance that was the main reason to give a separate class to the topic. The trainees were told the importance of the existing ways of ventilation and they were also guided in proper positioning of ventilators.1 Vaccinating of a goat against Enterotoxaemia 11. Figure 11.pk) August 10.1-Vaccination of animals Previous day in last session the participant were told about the vaccination schedule and on that day in first morning session the participants were going to practically vaccinate animal. when due to severe cold they block all the means of ventilation to the animal shed. Farmers ignore this especially in winter season. The session was based on asking telling technique. As the trainees were female and mass vaccination was not feasible for them keeping in view the local norms and values that is why the demonstration was done with goat available for that purpose.ltc.org.

4 LTC Chart showing Endo parasites Cycle and signs 11. The trainers tried their best to educate the participants regarding control of ecto and endo parasites to avoid losses in terms of money and animal lives. The trainers demonstrated with the help of charts and message posters of various types of ecto and endo parasites.TRAINING REPORT 11.4-Ecto-endo parasites The session was started in the training hall. Figure 11.g. Later on the participants also observed ecto parasites e.3 Ecto Parasites Infestation Figure 11. First the participants were told about the dewormers and their routes of administration and then practically they administered dewormers to a goat. Figure 11. They were also told the losses caused by these parasites to animals.5 Deworming of a goat Practical Demonstration 27 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.pk) August 10.ltc. The session was totally practical oriented. 2010 .org.5-Deworming of animals The previous session was followed by practical demonstration. ticks in live animals.

2010 . date of parturition and date of calf birth. skill and knowledge of the trainees. training methodology. The participants were provided with already designed proforma and were asked to tick mark honestly for our improvement. The participants were asked to evaluate training materials. trainers methodology and approach.org. list of expenditures and income etc. A specially designed proforma by LTC for the said training was provided to the participants. 28 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.pk) August 10. The proforma is annexed as annex-3. The result is annexed as annex-2 12. practical demonstrations and in last short comings in the training.1-Record keeping That was the last teaching session of the training.2-Examination Examination was the second last activity of the last day. They were told about the significance of record keeping especially in pregnancy and heat cycle.ltc. The participants who could not write were assisted by trainers and on the basis of that examination proforma a result was prepared to know the improvement in the approach. 12.TRAINING REPORT DAY-12 12.3-Evaluation The aim of this activity was to evaluate LTC trainers by participants. The proforma contained relevant questions about livestock management and animal health that were already taught to them during the training. The objective of the session was to enable the participants that they could keep record like date of Insemination.

19. Reg: No 296-LTC/2010 297-LTC/2010 298-LTC/2010 299-LTC/2010 300-LTC/2010 301-LTC/2010 302-LTC/2010 303-LTC/2010 304-LTC/2010 305-LTC/2010 306-LTC/2010 307-LTC/2010 308-LTC/2010 309-LTC/2010 310-LTC/2010 311-LTC/2010 312-LTC/2010 313-LTC/2010 314-LTC/2010 315-LTC/2010 316-LTC/2010 317-LTC/2010 318-LTC/2010 319-LTC/2010 320-LTC/2010 Name Bacha Sardara Bakth Rana Bakth Raja Amina Maraj Bibi Rohi Jawhar Begum Bibi Haleema Shtamana Ulfat Begum Nasreen Hameeda Begum Singa Janat Nazeera Salma Zenatbibi Shazia Amina Bibi Bakth Zenab Jawahir Bibi Bakth Haram Nadia Begum Lubna Muftah Saima Bakth Jehan Address Vill & P/o Bara Banda Tehsil & Distt Swat Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Azaz Bara Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Sarhad Colony No 20 P/o Bara Bandai Kabal Thesil & Distt Swat Dailay P/o Bara Bandai Kabal Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Sarhad Colony P/o Bara Bandai Kabal Tehsil & Distt Swat Mathra P/o Bara Bandai Kabal Tehsil & Distt Swat P/o Bara Bandai Kabal Tehsil & Distt Swat P/o koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Kass Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat P/o Bara Bandai Kabal Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Sarhad Colony Matra Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat MohallaAjukheil Bara Bandai KabalTehsil & Distt Swat Mathra P/o Bara Bandai Kabal Tehsil & Distt Swat Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Ajukheil Bara Bandai Kabal Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Chacho Masjid Bara Bara Bandai P/o Bara Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Kass Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Sheer Abad Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Ganucham Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Ganucham Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Bacho Kheil P/o Bara Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Ganucham Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Sheer Abad Koza Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Sarhad Colony street No 20 Bandai Tehsil & Distt Swat 29 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.TRAINING REPORT ANNEX -1 LIST OF TRAINEES FOR THE TRAINING ON LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY GROUP A: VENUE BARA BANDAI S. 15. 14. 25. 10. 3. 9. 11. 4. 8. 5. 17. 7.org. 12. 2010 . 16. 2. 20.# 1.ltc. 23. 24. 21. 18. 13. 6. 22.pk) August 10.

2010 . 25. 21. 5. 24. 10. 18.pk) August 10.# 1.TRAINING REPORT GROUP B: VENUE NIGUALAI S. 4. 23. 12. 3. 20. 14. 8. 11. 22.ltc. 15. 6. 7.org. 19. 16. 9. 2. 17. 13. Reg: No 337-LTC/2010 339-LTC/2010 323-LTC/2010 342-LTC/2010 338-LTC/2010 340-LTC/2010 343-LTC/2010 327-LTC/2010 329-LTC/2010 336-LTC/2010 325-LTC/2010 322-LTC/2010 324-LTC/2010 341-LTC/2010 331-LTC/2010 345-LTC/2010 326-LTC/2010 332-LTC/2010 330-LTC/2010 334-LTC/2010 344-LTC/2010 333-LTC/2010 328-LTC/2010 321-LTC/2010 335-LTC/2010 Name Bacha Izat Bibi Bakth Begum Bakth Haram Bakth Haram Bakth Raja Bakth Shahida Bibi Baktha Bibi Sajaiyna Chand Bibi Farhat Jehan Zeba Kishwar Sultan Mahall Bibi Mohammad Nazira Naseem Akthar Naseem Akthar Nehayt Bibi Qadar Mubeena Seema Shahi Bakth Shaista Shameem Akthar Sira Banu Sultan Begum Umar Zadgai Address Shahjahan Dari Nangoli P/o Nangolai Distt Swat Bakthi Nangolai Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Malalk Abad Nangolai P/o Nangolai Distt Swat Nangolai Bandai Kabal Swat Bakthi Nangolai P/o Nangolai Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Dari P/o dari Baba Jee Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Bakthi Nangolai P/o Nangolai Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Mohalla Bakthi Nangolai P/o Nangoli Distt Swat Village Nangoli Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat Village Nangolai Mohalla Banar Tehsil & Distt Swat 30 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.

24. 2. 22.TRAINING REPORT ANNEX. 14. 11. 23. 17.org. 2010 31 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.ltc. 6. 20. 15. 3. 4. 19. 10. 12.2 FINAL EXAMINATION GROUP A: VENUE BARA BANDAI S.pk) . 5. 8. 21. 7. Amina Amina Bibi Bacha Sardara Bakth Haram Bakth Raja Bakth Jehan Bakth Rana Bakth Zenab Bibi Haleema Hameeda Begum Janat Nazeera Jawahir Bibi Jawhar Begum Lubna Muftah Maraj Bibi Nadia Begum Nasreen Rohi Saima Salma Shazia Shtamana Singa Ulfat Begum Zenat bibi Name Marks 82 80 78 88 95 82 81 81 82 78 84 89 75 82 81 88 95 84 80 72 90 69 78 81 82 August 10. 16. 25. 13. 18. 9.# 1.

9. Bacha Izat Bibi Bakth Begum Bakth Haram Bakth Haram Bakth Raja Bakth Shahida Bibi Baktha Bibi Sajaiyna Chand Bibi Farhat Jehan Zeba Kishwar Sultan Mahall Bibi Mohammad Nazira Naseem Akthar Naseem Akthar Nehayt Bibi Qadar Mubeena Seema Shahi Bakth Shaista Shameem Akthar Saeeda Banu Sultan Begum Umar Zadgai Name Marks 65 68 69 69 59 68 65 64 64 63 64 71 60 67 71 68 67 64 75 64 71 67 73 63 63 32 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www. 22. 24. 18. 19. 2010 .TRAINING REPORT GROUP B: VENUE NIGUALAI S.# 1. 8.org. 21. 11. 20. 6. 16. 15. 12. 10. 13. 25. 23. 4.ltc. 2.pk) August 10. 5. 14. 3. 17. 7.

ltc. 2010 .TRAINING REPORT ANNEX-3 TRAINING EVALUATION 33 Livestock Trainers & Consultants (www.org.pk) August 10.

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