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½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔã

Ôãâ‡ãŠÊã¶ã : ¶ããØãñÍã Øãã¾ã‡ãŠÌãã¡

Nagesh Gaikwad
¹ãÆãÞããè¶ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È :
• ‡ãŠãõãä›Ê¾ããÞ¾ãã ‚ã©ãÃÍããԨ㠾ãã ØãÆâ©ãã½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãͽã‡ãŠ Ìã ‚ã¹ãÀãâ¦ã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ¹ããÌãÔããÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ããÞãã
„ÊÊãñŒã ‚ããÖñû
• ƒû Ôãû ¹ãîû ãä¦ãÔã-¾ãã Íã¦ã‡ãŠã¦ã Ôã½ãÆã› ‚ãÍããñ‡ãŠãÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ½ãÖãÀŸŸ ¹ãƪñÍãã¦ã £ã½ããñùãªñÍã‡ãŠãâ¶ãã
ºããõ£ª £ã½ããÃÞãã ¹ãÆÔããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¹ããŸÌãʾããÞãã „ÊÊãñŒã ãäÍãÊããÊãñŒãã¦ãî¶ã ¹ãÆ㹦ã Öãñ¦ããñû
• ƒûÔãû¹ãîû ªìÔã-¾ãã Íã¦ã‡ãŠã¦ããèÊã Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãã¥ãñÜãã›ã¦ããèÊã ÊãñŒãã¦ã ½ãÖãÀŸŸ ‚ãÔãã „ÊÊãñŒã
‚ãã¤ß¦ããñû
• ƒû Ôãû ¹ãîû 365 Þ¾ã㠽㣾㠹ãƪñÍãã¦ããèÊã ¹ãŠñÀ¥ã Ô¦ãâ¼ãÊãñŒãã¦ã Àã•ãã Ñããè£ãÀÌã½ããÃÞãã Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè Ô㦾ã¶ããØã
Öã ÔÌã¦ã:Êãã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈÌããªãè ½Ö¥ãÌã¦ããñû
• ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ã Àã•ãã ªìÔãÀã ¹ãìÊã‡ãŠñÍããè ¾ããÞ¾ãã †õÖãñß ¹ãÆÍãÔ¦ããè½ã£¾ãñ ÀãäÌããä‡ãŠ¦ããèà ¾ãã¶ãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãã
„ÊÊãñŒã ‡ãŠñʾããÞãñ ‚ãã¤ß¦ãñû

Ôãã¦ãÌããֶ㠇ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ ( ƒû Ôãû ¹ãîû 230 ¦ãñ ƒû Ôãû 230 )

• Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ããâÞ¾ãã 30 Àã•ããâ¶ããè †‡ãŠî¥ã 460 ÌãÓãñà ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÌãÀ À㕾㠇ãŠñÊãñû •ããØããä¦ã‡ãŠ ¶ã‡ãŠãÍããÌãÀ
½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÊãã ÔãÌãùãÆ©ã½ã ªÍãÃÌã¥ããÀñ Ìã ½ãÖ¦¦Ìã ¹ãÆ㹦㠇ãŠÀŠ¶ã ªñ¥ããÀñ Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ã ÖñÞã ¹ããäÖÊãñ
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã Àã•ãÜãÀã¥ãñ Öãñ¾ãû
• „¹ãÊ㺣㠆ñãä¦ãÖããäÔã‡ãŠ Ôãã£ã¶ããâÌãÀŠ¶ã Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ããâÞãñ ½ãîß Ô©ãã¶ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‚ãÔãî¶ã ¹ãõŸ¥ã
(¹ãÆãä¦ãÓŸã¥ã) Öãè ¦¾ããâÞããè Àã•ã£ãã¶ããè Öãñ¾ãû
• ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ, ¹ãõŸ¥ã, ‡ãŠ-Öã¡, ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ, ¼ããñ‡ãŠÀª¶ã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ¹ãìÀã¦ã¦Ìããè¾ã „¦Œã¶ããâÌãÀŠ¶ã
Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ããâÞãã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔã „ÊãØ㡦ããñû ‡ãŠãÊãñÃ, ¼ãã•ãñ, ºãñ¡Ôãñ, ãä¹ã¦ãߌããñÀñ, ‚ã•ãâŸã, ‡ãŠã¶ÖñÀãè
¾ãñ©ããèÊã Êãñ¥ããè, Þãõ¦¾ã, ãäÌãÖãÀ Ìã ãäÍãÊããÊãñŒã , Øãì¥ã㤾ããÞããè ºãðÖ¦‡ãŠ©ãã, Àã•ãã ÖãÊã ¾ããÞãã
Øãã©ãã Ô㹦ãÍã¦ããè ƒû ÔãããäÖ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ã Ìã ¹ãÀ‡ãŠãè¾ã ¹ãÆÌããÍããâÞ¾ãã ¹ãÆÌããÔãÌã¥ãöããÌãÀŠ¶ã Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ããâÞããè
½ãããäÖ¦ããè ãä½ãߦãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ã Àã•ãÌãâÍãã¦ããèÊã ¹ãƽãìŒã Àã•ãñ :
• ãäÔã½ãì‡ãŠ : Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ã Àã•ãÌãâÍããÞãã ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠû ªãäàã¥ã¹ã©ã¹ã¦ããè ‚ãÔãñ ãäºãÀŠªû
• ãäÔã½ãì‡ãŠ ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããÞãã ¼ãã„Š ‡ãŠðÓ¥ã ØããªãèÌãÀü 18 ÌãÓãñà û
• Ôãã¦ã‡ãŠ¥ããèà ¹ãÆ©ã½ã : ãäÔã½ãì‡ãŠÞãã ½ãìÊãØããû
• Àã•ãã ÖãÊã : Øãã©ãã Ô㹦ãÍã¦ããè Öã ‡ãŠã̾ã ÔãâØãÆÖû
• Øããõ¦ã½ããè¹ãì¨ã Ôãã¦ã‡ãŠ¥ããèà : ãä¨ãÔã½ãìªÆ¦ããñ¾ã ãä¹ã¦ãÌããÖ¶ãû ¶ããÌãã¹ãì¤ñ ‚ããƒÃÞãã „ÊÊãñŒãû
• ¾ã—ãÑããè Ôãã¦ã‡ãŠ¥ããèà : ÍãñÌã›Þãã Àã•ããû
• Íã‡ãŠãâÞããè ‚ãã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ã¥ãñ, Ôã¦ã¦ãÞããè ¾ã죪ñ, ªìºãÃÊã ÌããÀÔãªãÀ, ãäÌãÍããÊã Ôãã½ãÆ㕾㠾ãã½ãìßñ
Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ã Ô㦦ãñÞãã ¶ããÍãû
• Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ã Àã•ãñ Ìãõã䪇㊠£ã½ããÃÞãñ ‚ã¶ãì¾ãã¾ããè ‚ãããä¥ã ¹ãìÀԇ㊦ãñà Öãñ¦ãñû
• Ô¦ãî¹ããÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããèû ‚ã•ãâŸã, ‡ãŠãÊãñÃ, ¼ãã•ãñ, ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ Êãñ¥ããèû
• ãä¼ã¦¦ããèãäÞã¨ãñ : ‚ã•ãâŸã, ÌãñÀŠß, ‡ãŠãÊãñÃ, •ã춸ãÀ, ãä¹ã¦ãߌããñÀã

Ìãã‡ãŠã›‡ãŠ ÜãÀã¥ãñ :

• Ôãã¦ãÌããÖ¶ã Ôãã½ãÆ㕾ããÞ¾ãã ‚ãÔ¦ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ Ìãã‡ãŠã›‡ãŠ Þãã „ª¾ãû


• Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè : ãäÌã⣾ãÍã‡ã‹¦ããè Ìãã‡ãŠã›‡ãŠ ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠû
ãäÌ㣾ãÍã‡ã‹¦ããè Þãã ¹ãì¨ã ¹ãÆÌãÀÔãñ¶ã : ÔãÌããæ㠺ãÊãÍããÊããè Àã•ããû
¹ãÆÌãÀÔãñ¶ã Þ¾ãã ½ãð¦¾ãî¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããÞ¾ãã Ôãã½ãÆ㕾ããÞããè ãäÌã¼ããØã¥ããè Øããõ¦ã½ããè¹ãì¨ã Ìã ÔãÌãÃÔãñ¶ã
¾ãã ¹ãì¨ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ¢ããÊããèû •¾ãñÓŸ ÍããŒãã ‚ãããä¥ã Ìã¦ÔãØãìʽã ÍããŒãã
• ‡ãŠÌããè ‡ãŠãÊããèªãÔããÞãñ ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ÌãÓãñà Ìãã‡ãŠã›‡ãŠã‡ãŠ¡ñ ÌããÔ¦ã̾ãû ¾ãñ©ãñÞã ‡ãŠãÊããèªãÔãã¶ãñ ½ãñÜãªî¦ã ÀÞãÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ºãªã½ããèÞãñ ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ã :

• Ìãã‡ãŠã›‡ãŠã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞããè Ô㦦ãã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ãû


• ¹ããäÖÊãã Àã•ãã •ã¾ããäÔãâÖû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¹ããäÖÊãã ¹ãìÊã‡ãŠñÍããè, ‡ãŠãè¦ããèÃÌã½ãöã, ½ãâØãÊãñÍã, ªìÔãÀã ¹ãìÊã‡ãŠñÍããè
• ªìÔãÀã ¹ãìÊã‡ãŠñÍããè Öã ÔãÌããæ㠹ãÀã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ããè Àã•ããû ÖÓãÃÌã£ãö㠾ããÞãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌãû
• ¹ãÊÊãÌã Àã•ãã ¶ãÀñâªÆãäÔãâÖ Ìã½ãö㠾ãã¶ãñ ¹ãìÊã‡ãŠñÍããèÊãã ŸãÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¹ããäÖÊãã ãäÌã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ããã䪦¾ã,
ãäÌã¶ã¾ããã䪦¾ã, ãäÌã•ã¾ããã䪦¾ã ªìÔãÀã Ìã ‡ãŠãè¦ããèÃÌã½ãö㠪ìÔãÀã Öñ Àã•ãñû ‡ãŠãè¦ããèÃÌã½ãö㠪ìÔãÀã Öã
ÍãñÌã›Þãã Àã•ããû ÀãӛȇãŠî› Àã•ãã ‡ãŠðӥ㠹ãÆ©ã½ã ¾ãã¶ãñ ¾ããÞãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Öãè Ô㦦ãã Ôãâ¹ãìÓ›ã¦ã
‚ãã¥ãÊããèû

ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ããâÞãñ ¾ããñØãªã¶ã :
• ‡ãŠÌããè ãäºãÊÖ¶ã Þãñ ãäÌã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ããâ‡ãŠªñÌãÞããäÀ¦ã, ãäÌã—ãã¶ãñÍÌãÀãÞãñ, ãä½ã¦ããàãÀã, ¹ãâ¹ããÞãñ ¹ãâ¹ãÀã½ãã¾ã¥ã,
Ôããñ½ãñÍÌãÀãÞãñ ½ãã¶ãÔããñÊÊããÔã ‚ãÍãã ØãÆâ©ããâÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããèû
• ºãªã½ããè, Öâ¹ããè, †ñÖãñß, ¹ã››ª‡ãŠÊÊã, ÑãÌã¥ãºãñßØããñß ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ½ãâªãèÀñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¦¾ããÞããè ¹ãÆØã¦ããè
ªÍãÃÌã¦ãã¦ãû
• Öãè ÔãÌãà ½ãâªãèÀñ ªãäÌã¡ ÍãõÊããèÞããè ‚ããÖñ¦ãû
• ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ã Öñ ÌãõÓ¥ãÌã ¹ãâ©ããè Öãñ¦ãñû

ÀãӛȇãŠî› ÜãÀã¥ãñ :

• ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¹ã¦ã¶ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ƒû Ôãû 753 Þ¾ãã Ôãì½ããÀãÔã ÀãӛȇãŠî› Àã•ãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÌãÀ Ô㦦ããÀŠ¤ü
¹ãÆãÀâ¼ããè Öñ ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ããâÞãñ Ôãã½ãâ¦ã Öãñ¦ãñû ÀãӛȇãŠì›ãâÞããè ¶ãâãäªÌã£ãöã (‚ãÞãÊã¹ãîÀ), Ôãã¦ããÀã
ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ½ãã¥ã, Ìã ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ãã¦ããèÊã Êãã¦ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ Ô㦦ãã‡ãŠñâªÆ ãä¶ã½ããå㠢ããÊããèû
• ªâ¦ããèªìØãà Öã ¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠ Àã•ããû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããÞãã ÞãìÊã¦ãã ‡ãŠðӥ㠹ãÆ©ã½ã Öã
ØããªãèÌãÀü

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‡ãŠðӥ㠹ãÆ©ã½ã ¾ãã Àã•ãã¶ãñ •ãØã¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 ÌãñÀŠß ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ‡ãŠõÊããÔã ½ãâãäªÀ ºããâ£ãÊãñû
• ÀãӛȇãŠì› Àã•ãñ •ãõ¶ã £ã½ããÃÞãñ ‚ã¶ãì¾ãã¾ããèû

ãäÍãÊããÖãÀ ÜãÀã¥ãñ :

• ƒû Ôãû 765 ½ã£¾ãñ ÀãӛȇãŠì› Àã•ãã ‡ãŠðӥ㠹ãÆ©ã½ã ¾ãã¶ãñ ÞããâªãñÀ(ÞãâªÆ¹ãîÀ) Þãã ¼ããØã ãä•ãâ‡ãŠî¶ã ¾ãã
ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè ãäÍãÊããÖãÀãâ¶ãã Ôãã½ãâ¦ã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¶ãñ½ãÊãñû
• ãäÍãÊããÖãÀãâ¶ããè Øããñ½ãâ¦ã‡ãŠ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ÌãÊããè¹ã››¥ã½ã ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊããè Àã•ã£ãã¶ããè ÌãÔãÌãÊããèû
• ãäÍãÊããÖãÀãâÞããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ªãäàã¥ã ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ã, „¦¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ã ‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ ¾ãã ¦ããè¶ã ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè
Ô㦦ãã ‡ãŠñâªÆñ ãä¶ã½ããå㠢ããÊããèû
• ªãäàã¥ã ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ãÞãñ ãäÍãÊããÖãÀ : ¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã ½ãîß ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ãäÌ㪾ãã£ãÀ •ããè½ãì¦ãÌããÖ¶ãû
„Ô½ãã¶ããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ¦ãØãÀ Öñ ¾ããÞãñ ½ãîß Ô©ãã¶ãû Ôããñ¶ãñÀãè ØãÀŠ¡ ¹ãà¾ããÞãñ ãäÞã¶Ö
• „¦¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ãÞãñ ãäÍãÊããÖãÀ : ‡ãŠ¹ãªãèà Öã ¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã ½ãîß ¹ãìÀŠÓãû
• ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ Þãñ ãäÍãÊããÖãÀ : •ã¦ããèØã Öã ¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã ½ãîß ¹ãìÀŠÓãû ªìÔãÀã ¼ããñ•ã Öã ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 Àã•ããû
¾ãã¶ãñÞã ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã 15 ãä‡ãŠÊÊãñ ºããâ£ãÊãñ ‚ãÔãʾããÞãã „ÊÊãñŒã ‚ãâºããºããƒÃ ½ãâªãèÀã¦ããèÊã
ãäÍãÊããÊãñŒããÌãÀŠ¶ã Ôã½ã•ã¦ãñû
• ãäÍãÊããÖãÀ Àã•ãñ •ãõ¶ã £ã½ããÃÞãñ ‚ã¶ãì¾ãã¾ããèû

Øããñâ¡ ÜãÀã¥ãñ :

• ¹ãÆãÞããè¶ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ÍãñÌã›Þ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã Öî¥ã Ìã ½ãìÔÊããè½ã ‚ãã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ã¥ããâ½ãìßñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã½ã£¾ãñ Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã


‚ããäÔ©ãÀ¦ãã ãä¶ã½ããå㠢ããÊããèû ¾ããÌãñßãè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ¾ããªÌããâ¶ããè ªñÌããäØãÀãè ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊããè Ô㦦ãã
¹ãÆÔ©ãããä¹ã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¾ããÞã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ÞãâªÆ¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ Øããñâ¡ ÜãÀ㥾ãã¶ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊããè Ô㦦ãã ¹ãÆÔ©ãããä¹ã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‡ãŠãñÊã ¼ããèÊã Öã ¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ã£¾ã¾ãìØããè¶ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È
¾ããªÌã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ :
• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞ¾ãã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔãã¦ã ¾ããªÌã ‡ãŠãßãÊãã ‚ã¶ã¶¾ãÔãã£ããÀ¥ã ½ãÖ¦Ìãû
• ‡ãŠÊ¾ãã¥ããèÞ¾ãã ÞããÊãì‡ã‹¾ããÞ¾ãã ¹ãã¡ãÌãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ªãäàã¥ãñ¦ã ¦ããè¶ã ¹ãƺãß Ô㦦ããâÞãã „ª¾ãû ‡ãŠ¶ããÛ‡ãŠã¦ã
Öãñ¾ãÔãß Ô㦦ãã, ‚ããâ£ãÆã¦ã ‡ãŠã‡ãŠ¦ããè¾ã Ô㦦ãã ‚ãããä¥ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ¾ããªÌã Ô㦦ããû
• ÔãìºããÖî Þãã ¹ãì¨ã ªð¤¹ãÆÖÀ Öã ¾ããªÌããâÞ¾ãã ªñÌããäØãÀãèÞ¾ãã Àã•ããâÞ¾ãã ÌãâÍããÌãßãè¦ããèÊã ½ãîß
¹ãìÀŠÓã Öãñ¾ãû
• ãäÔãâÜã¥ã ãä´¦ããè¾ã Öã ¹ãÀã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ããè Àã•ããû ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ½ãã¾ã¥ããè ¾ãñ©ãñ ÔãâØã½ãñÍÌãÀãÞãñ Ìã ãäÍãŒãÀ ãäÍãâØã¥ãã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ
½ãÖãªñÌããÞãñ ½ãâªãèÀ ºããâ£ãÊãñû
• ãäÔãâÜã¥ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠðÓ¥ãªñÌã ¾ãã¶ãñ ‚ãã¹ãʾãã À㕾ããÞãã ãäÌãÔ¦ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ½ããß̾ããÞ¾ãã ¹ãÀ½ããÀãÞãã
¹ãÀã¼ãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ Ô㦦ãñÌãÀ ‚ããÊãã ½ãÖãªñÌã ¾ããªÌãû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ Àã½ãÞãâªÆ ¾ããªÌã ØããªãèÌãÀ ‚ããÊãã
û ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ªñÌããäØãÀãèÊãã Ìãõ¼ãÌããÞ¾ãã ãäÍãŒãÀãÌãÀ ¶ãñÊãñû ªñÌããäØãÀãèÞãñ Ìãõ¼ãÌã †ñ‡ãŠî¶ã ‚ãÊÊãㄪªãè¶ã ãäŒãÊã•ããè
¾ãã¶ãñ 1296 ½ã£¾ãñ ªñÌããäØãÀãèÌãÀ ÔÌããÀãè ‡ãŠñÊããèû ªñÌããäØãÀãèÌãÀ ƒÔÊãã½ãÞããè Ô㦦ãã ¹ãÆÔ©ãããä¹ã¦ãû Ôãâ¹ã¦¦ããè
Ìã Œãâ¡¥ããè Üãñ„Š¶ã ãäŒãÊã•ããè ½ããÜããÀãè ãä¹ãŠÀÊããû Àã½ãÞãâªÆ ¾ããªÌãã¶ãñ Œãâ¡¥ããè ªñ¥¾ããÞãñ ºã⪠‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ
½ããäÊã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¹ãŠìÀ ¶ãñ ªñÌããäØãÀãèÌãÀ ‚ãã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ã¥ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû Àã½ãÞãâªÆ ‡ãŠñõªû
• Íãâ‡ãŠÀªñÌã „Š¹ãŠÃ ãäÔãâÜã¥ã ¦ãð¦ããè¾ã Öã ¾ããªÌã ÜãÀ㥾ãã¦ããèÊã ÍãñÌã›Þãã Ôã½ãÆã›û ½ããäÊã‡ãŠ
‡ãŠã¹ãŠîÀ ¶ãñ 1312 ½ã£¾ãñ Íãâ‡ãŠÀªñÌããÞãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû Ìã ªñÌããäØãÀãè Öñ ªãäàã¥ãñ‡ãŠ¡ãèÊã ½ãìÔÊããè½ã
Ô㦦ãñÞãñ ¹ããäÖÊãñ ‡ãŠñâªÆ ºã¶ãÌãÊãñû
• ãäŒãÊã•ããè ÜãÀ㥾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ªñÌããäØãÀãèÌãÀ ¦ãìÜãÊã‡ãŠ ÜãÀ㥾ããÞããè Ô㦦ããû ½ãÖâ½ãª ãäºã¶ã ¦ãìÜãÊã‡ãŠã¶ãñ 1327
½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊããè Àã•ã£ãã¶ããè ãäªÊÊããèÌãÀŠ¶ã ªñÌããäØãÀãèÔã ‚ãã¥ãÊããèû ªñÌããäØãÀãèÔã ªãõÊã¦ããºã㪠‚ãÔãñ ¶ããÌãû

ºãÖã½ã¥ããè À㕾ã : ( 1347 ¦ãñ 1494)

½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÌãÀ ¦ãñÀã̾ãã Íã¦ã‡ãŠãÞ¾ãã ‚ãŒãñÀ¹ããÔãî¶ã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñÊããè ãäªÊÊããèÞ¾ãã ÔãìÊã¦ãã¶ããâÞããè ‚ãã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ã¥ãñ Ìã


¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¢ããÊãñÊããè ºãÖã½ã¥ããè À㕾ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ¾ãã ½ãÖ¦ÌããÞ¾ãã Ü㛶ãã ‚ããÖñ¦ãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ºãÖã½ã¥ããè À㕾ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ÖÔã¶ã ØãâØãî ºãÖã½ã¥ããè ¾ãã¶ãñ ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¦ããñ ¾ãã À㕾ããÞãã ½ãîß
ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠû ½ãÖâ½ãª ØãÌãã¥ã Öã ½ãì¦Ô㪪ãè ÔãÀªãÀü ¦¾ããÞ¾ãã ½ãð¦¾ãî¶ãâ¦ãÀ ºãÖã½ã¥ããè À㕾ããÞãñ ¹ããÞã ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡ñ :
1) Ìã-Öã¡ : ƒ½ããªÍããÖãè
2) ‚ãֽ㪶ãØãÀ : ãä¶ã•ãã½ãÍããÖãèû
3) ãäºãªÀ : ºããÀãèªÍããÖãè
4) ØããñÌã߇ãŠãñâ¡ã : ‡ãŠì¦ãîºãÍããÖãè
5) ãäÌã•ãã¹ãîÀ : ‚ãããäªÊãÍããÖãèû

½ãìÜãÊã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ :

• ªãäàã¥ã ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ããèÊã ãäÌãÍãñÓã¦ã: ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã Œãã¶ãªñÍã Ìã ‚ãֽ㪶ãØãÀ Öãè ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã À㕾ãñ ‚ãã¹ãʾãã
‚ããä£ã¹ã¦¾ããŒããÊããè ‚ãã¥ã¥¾ããÞããè ‚ã‡ãŠºãÀãÞããè ½ãÖ¦Ìãã‡ãŠãâàããû
• Œãã¶ãªñÍã¶ãñ ‚ã‡ãŠºãÀãÞãñ ÔããÌãüããõ½ã¦Ìã ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀÊãñû
• ½ãã¨ã Þããâªãäºãºããè¶ãñ ‚ã‡ãŠºãÀãÞãã ‚ããªñÍã £ã졇ãŠãÌãÊããû ÍãñÌã›ãè ¦ãÖû
• •ãÖãâØããèÀ Ìã ÍãÖã•ãÖã¶ã ¾ããâ¶ããèÖãè ‚ãֽ㪶ãØãÀÌãÀ ÔÌããÀãè ‡ãŠñÊããèû ½ããäÊã‡ãŠ ‚ãâºãÀ Öã ãä¶ã•ãã½ãÍããÖãèÞãã
‡ãŠãÀ¼ããÀ ¹ããÖ¦ã Öãñ¦ããû ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ½ãìÜãÊããâºãÀãñºãÀ ¦ãÖ ‡ãŠñÊããû ¹ãì¤ñ ÍãÖã•ããè Àã•ãñ ¼ããñÔãÊãñ ¾ãâã¶ããè ÍãÖã•ãÖã¶ã
ãäÌãÀŠ£ª ¾ã죪 ¹ãì‡ãŠãÀÊãñû
• ½ãã¨ã 1636 ½ã£¾ãñ ÍãÖã•ããèÀã•ããâÞãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌãû ãä¶ã•ãã½ãÍããÖãèÞãã ÍãñÌã›û
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‚ããõÀØã•ãñºãã¶ãñ œ¨ã¹ã¦ããè ãäÍãÌãã•ããè½ãÖãÀã•ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ªŒŒã¶ã ãäÌã•ã¾ããÞãñ ÔÌ㹶ã
¹ãããäÖÊãñû ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ãã¦ã ¦¾ããÊãã ¾ãÍã ‚ããÊãñ ¶ããÖãèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÀãŸã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ ( 1630 ¦ãñ 1818)
œ¨ã¹ã¦ããè ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ã (1630-80)

Ôãâ¼ãã•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ã (1680-87) Àã•ããÀã½ã ½ãÖãÀã•ã (1687-1700)

ÍããÖî ½ãÖãÀã•ã (¾ãñÔãîºããƒÃ) ªìÔãÀã ãäÍãÌãã•ããè (¦ããÀãºããƒÃ)


Àã•ã£ãã¶ããè Ôãã¦ããÀã Àã•ã£ãã¶ããè ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ

ºããßã•ããè ãäÌãÍÌã¶ãã©ã (1710-20)

¹ããäÖÊãã ºãã•ããèÀãÌã (1720-40) ãäÞã½ãã•ããè ‚ã¹¹ãã

¶ãã¶ããÔããÖñºã (1740-61) ÀÜãì¶ãã©ãÀãÌã ÔãªããäÍãÌãÀãÌã¼ãã„Š


(¹ãããä¶ã¹ã¦ã)

½ãã£ãÌãÀãÌã ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ãÀãÌã ãäÌãÍÌããÔãÀãÌã ªìÔãÀã ºãã•ããèÀãÌã


(1761-72) (1772-73) (¹ãããä¶ã¹ã¦ã) (1795-1818)

ÔãÌããƒÃ ½ãã£ãÌãÀãÌã £ããñâ¡ãñ¹ãâ¦ã „¹ãŠÃ ¶ãã¶ããÔããÖñºã


(1773-95) (1857 Þãã „ŸãÌã)

¹ãñÍãÌããƒÃÞãã ÍãñÌã›

Nagesh Gaikwad
19 ̾ãã Íã¦ã‡ãŠã¦ããèÊã ¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ã :

½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã £ãããä½ãÇ㊠•ããèÌã¶ã :


• 19 ̾ãã Íã¦ã‡ãŠã¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã Ôã½ãã•ã•ããèÌã¶ãã¦ã £ã½ããÃÊãã ¹ãŠãÀ ½ãÖ¦ÌããÞãñ Ô©ãã¶ãû
• Ôã½ãã•ã•ããèÌã¶ããÌãÀ £ã½ãÃÔãâÔ©ãñÞãã ¹ãØã¡ãü
• ãäÖâªî £ã½ããæ㠇㊽ãÇãŠãâ¡, ÌãƦãÌãõ‡ãŠÊ¾ãñ, ªã¶ãª½ãÃ, ‚ã¶ãìÓŸã¶ãñ ƒû Þãñ ½ãÖ¦Ìãû
• ‚ããßÍããè ¹ãìÀãñãäÖ¦ã ÌãØãÃ
• ‚ãâ£ãÑ㣪ã Ìã ÀŠ¤ãè ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀãâ¶ãã •ããԦ㠽ãÖ¦Ìãû
• £ã½ããæ㠺ãñºãâªÍããÖãèÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããèû

½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã Ôã½ãã•ã•ããèÌã¶ã :
• Ìã¥ãÃ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã, •ãããä¦ã̾ãÌãÔ©ãã, ÑãÆñÓŸ-‡ãŠãä¶ãÓŸ, Ô¹ãð;ã-‚ãÔ¹ãð;㠃û ºããºã¦ããè¦ã ‡ãŠ¡‡ãŠ
ãä¶ãºãÃâ£ãû
• Ôã½ãã•ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ •ãã¦ããè-„¹ã•ãã¦ããèâ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÌã¼ããØãÊãã ØãñÊãñÊããû
• ¹ãìÀŠÓã¹ãÆ£ãã¶ã Ôã½ãã•ã̾ãÌãÔ©ããû ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞããè ãäÔ©ã¦ããè ÖãÊããŒããèÞããèû
• ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâ¶ãã ãäÍãàã¥ããÞãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ¶ãÌÖ¦ããû
• Ôã¦ããè,ºããÊããäÌãÌããÖ, ãäÌã£ãÌãããäÌãÌããÖ ºãâªãè, ‡ãŠñÍãÌã¹ã¶ã, ºãÖì¹ã¦¶ããè‡ãŠ¦Ìã, ªñÌãªãÔããè ¾ãã ¹ãÆ©ããû

19 ̾ãã Íã¦ã‡ãŠãÞ¾ãã ¹ãÆãÀâ¼ããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ãäºãÆ›ãèÍãâãÞããè Ô㦦ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ¢ããÊããèû


ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã Àã•ãÌã›ãè½ãìßñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ÔãÌãÃÞã àãñ¨ãã¦ã ¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ããÞããè ÞãßÌãß ÔãìÀŠû

¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ã :
Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ã ¹ãÆÞããäÊã¦ã ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ‚ããÞããÀ-ãäÌãÞããÀ Ìã ̾ãÌãÖãÀã¦ã •ãñÌÖã •ãñÌÖã ªãñÓã „¦¹ã¶¶ã Öãñ¦ãã¦ã, ¦ãñÌÖã
Ôã½ãã•ããÊãã ¹ãì¶Öã ºãìã䣪ãä¶ãÓŸ Ìã ãäÌã—ãã¶ããä¶ãÓŸ ¹ã£ª¦ããè¶ãñ •ããØãð¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã ¹ãÆãä‡ã‹ÆŠ¾ãñÊãã ¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ã ½Ö¥ã¦ãã¦ãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ã ÞãßÌãßãèÞããè ‡ãŠãÀ¥ãñ :

1)¹ããÍÞã㦦¾ã ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ããèÞãã ¹ãƼããÌã :


ºã죪ãè¹ãÆã½ã㥾ãÌããª, ÀãÓ›ÈÌããª, ‚ããõª¾ããñãäØã‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã, „ªãÀ½ã¦ãÌããª, ̾ã‡ã‹¦ããè ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ã Ìã Ôã½ã¦ãã
¾ãã Ôãâ‡ãŠÊ¹ã¶ããâÞããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã •ã¶ã¦ãñÔã ‚ããñߌãû ¶ãÌããäÍããäàã¦ããâ½ã£¾ãñ •ãã¥ããèÌã •ããØãð¦ããèû
2) ¹ããÍÞã㦦¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ããÞãã ¹ãƼããÌã :
ãäŒãÔ¦ããè £ã½ããÃÞãã ¹ãÆÔããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠî¶ã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ƒâØãÆ•ããè ãäÍãàã¥ã ÔãìÀŠû
ãäÍãàã¥ã ÔãÌãà •ãã¦ããè£ã½ããÃâ¶ãã, ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâ¶ãã ŒãìÊãñ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
‚ãã¹ãʾãã Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ããèÊã ŒãìßÞã› ‡ãŠÊ¹ã¶ãã, ÞããÊããèÀãè¦ããè, ÀŠ¤ãè Ìã ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã ƒû ‚ãã¹ãʾãã
‚ã£ããñØã¦ããèÞããè ‡ãŠãÀ¥ãñ ‚ããÖñ¦ã Öñ Ôã½ã•ãÊãñû ¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã £ãããä½ãÇ㊠Ìã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã
ÞãßÌãßãè ÔãìÀŠû
3) ãäŒãÆÔ¦ããè ãä½ãÍã¶ãÀãèâÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà :
Ôã½ãã•ã̾ãÌãÔ©ãã Ìã ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀãØã¦ã £ã½ãà ¾ããâ¦ããèÊã ªãñÓã ªãŒããäÌ㥾ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ãû
Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ããä¶ãÓ› ÞããÊããèÀãè¦ããè, ÀŠ¤ãè Ìã ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã ¾ããÌãÀ ‡ãŠ¡ã¡î¶ã ›ãè‡ãŠãû
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã £ã½ãÃÔãì£ããÀ¥ãã ÞãßÌãßãèÔã Ìã ¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ããÔã ÞããÊã¶ããû
4) Ìãõ—ãããä¶ã‡ãŠ Ìã ¼ããõãä¦ã‡ãŠ Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã :
ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè Ìãõ—ãããä¶ã‡ãŠ ªðÓ›ãè‡ãŠãñ¶ã Ìã ¼ããõãä¦ã‡ãŠ Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã ¾ããâÞãã ‚ãÌãÊãâºã ‡ãŠñÊããû
‚ãã¹ãʾãã ½ããØããÔãÊãñ¹ã¥ããÞããè •ãã¥ããèÌã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ¦ãÀŠ¥ãâã¶ããû
5) £ã½ãà Ìã ãäÌãÞããÀ¹ãÆÔããÀãÞããè Ôãã£ã¶ãñ :
½ãìªÆ¥ã ‡ãŠÊãñÞãã Íããñ£ãû ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ¼ããÓããâ½ã£¾ãñ ºãã¾ãºãÊãÞãñ ¼ããÓããâ¦ãÀü œã¹ããèÊã ØãÆâ©ãû
Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ãããâ½ã£ãî¶ã •ããâ¼ãñ‡ãŠÀ, ¦ãŒãá‡ãŠÀ ºãâ£ãî, Êããñ‡ãŠãäÖ¦ãÌããªãè ¾ããâÞãñ ¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ã㦽ã‡ãŠ ÊãñŒã¶ãû
6) £ãããä½ãÇ㊠Ìã Ôã½ãã•ãÔãì£ããÀ¥ãã ÞãßÌãßãè :
Ôã•ãã•ãÔãì£ããÀ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã ÞãßÌãßãèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã Ôã½ãã•ãÔãì£ããÀ‡ãŠ :

1) •Ö÷Ö®ÖÖ£Ö ¿ÖӍú¸ü¿Öêšü (1803-1865) :-

10 ±êú²ÖÎã. 1803 ¸üÖê•Öß •Ö−´Ö. šüÖÖê וֻÊÖŸÖᯙ ´Öã¸ü²ÖÖ›ü Æêü ´Öæôû÷ÖÖ¾Ö. ´Öã¸üãú™êü Æêü ŸµÖÖÓ“Öê ˆ¯Ö−ÖÖ´Ö. »ÖÆüÖ−Ö¯ÖÖß
¾Ö×›ü»ÖÖÓ“ÖÖ ´Ö韵Öæ. ÃÖÓ¯Ö¢Öß“ÖÖ ˆ¯ÖµÖÖê÷Ö •Ö−ÖŸÖꓵÖÖ ú»µÖÖÖÖÃÖÖšüß êú»ÖÖ.
¿ÖîÖ×֍ú úÖµÖÔ :-
 ×¾ÖªÖ¤üÖ−Ö֏Öê¸üß•Ö †Ö´Ö“ÖÖ ˆ¨üÖ¸ü ÆüÖêÖÖ¸ü −ÖÖÆüß †ÃÖê ‹Û»±ú−Ùü−Ö»ÖÖ Ã¯Ö™ü¯ÖÖê ÃÖÖÓ×÷ÖŸÖ»Öê.
 1822 ÃÖÖ»Öß ²ÖÖò´²Öê −Öê×™ü¾Æü ‹•µÖãêú¿Ö−Ö ÃÖÖêÃÖÖµÖ™üß Æüß ÃÖÓãÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö. µÖÖ ¤êü¿ÖÖŸÖ ×¿ÖÖÖÖ“ÖÖ ¯ÖÏÃÖÖ¸ü
¾ÆüÖ¾ÖÖ µÖÖÃÖÖšüß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö —ÖÖ»Öê»Öß Æüß ¯Ö×Æü»Öß“Ö ÃÖÓãÖÖ. ´ÖÓã²Ö‡Ô ¾Ö ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô²ÖÖÆêü¸ü †−Öêú ¿ÖÖôûÖ ÃÖã¹ý êú»µÖÖ.
²ÖÖôû¿ÖÖáÖß •ÖÖÓ³Öêú¸ü, ÃÖ¤üÖ׿־ָüÖ¾Ö ”û¡Öê µÖÖÓ“Öê ±úÖ¸ü ´ÖÖêšêü ÃÖÆüúÖµÖÔ.
 ‹Û»±ú−Ùü−Ö “µÖÖ Ã´ÖÖ¸üúÖÃÖÖšüß •Ö´Ö¾Ö»Ö껵ÖÖ ±Óú›üÖŸÖæ−Ö ‹Û»±ú−Ùü−Ö úÖò»Öê•Ö ÃÖã¹ý êú»Öê.
 ÃÖ¸üúÖ¸üú›ãü−Ö ²ÖÖê›Ôü †Öò±ú ‹•µÖãêú¿Ö−Ö ¾Ö¸ü −ÖÖ−ÖÖÓ“Öß ×−ÖµÖ㌟Öß. µÖÖ“Ö ²ÖÖê›üÖÔ“Öê 1856 ÃÖÖ»Öß ×¾ÖªÖÖÖŸµÖÖŸÖ
¹ý¯ÖÖÓŸÖ¸ü.
 1845 ÃÖÖ»Öß ¤üÖ¤üÖ³ÖÖ‡Ô −ÖÖî¸üÖê•Öß, ›üÖò. ³ÖÖ‰ú ¤üÖ•Öß »ÖÖ›ü µÖÖÓ−Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö êú»Ö껵ÖÖ Ã™ãü›Óü™ü ×»Ö™ü¸ü¸üß †ò›ü
ÃÖÖµÖÓ×™ü×±úú ÃÖÖêÃÖÖµÖ™üß “Öß ´ÖÓã²Ö‡ÔŸÖ ãÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ êú»Öß. ŸµÖÖÃÖ −ÖÖ−ÖÖÓ−Öß ÃÖ¾ÖÔŸÖÖê¯Ö¸üß ÃÖÆüúÖµÖÔ êú»Öê.
 þ֟Ö:“µÖÖ •ÖÖ÷ÖêŸÖ •Ö÷Ö®ÖÖ£Ö ¿ÖӍú¸ü¿Öêšü ´Öã»Öà“Öß ¿ÖÖôûÖ úÖœü»Öß.
 ÷ÖÏÑ™ü ´Öê×›üú»Ö úÖò»Öê•Ö“Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ ú¸üµÖÖŸÖ ÃÖÆü³ÖÖ÷Ö.
 ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô ×¾ÖªÖ¯ÖßšüÖ“Öê ¯Ö×Æü»Öê ±êú»ÖÖê.
 •Öê •Öê Íæú»Ö †Öò±ú †Ö™Ôü “µÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Öê´ÖÖ÷Öê −ÖÖ−ÖÖÓ“Öê ¯Öϵ֟−Ö.

Nagesh Gaikwad
ÃÖÖ´ÖÖו֍ú úÖµÖÔ :-
 1846 ÃÖÖ»Öß ´µÖã×−Ö×ÃÖ¯Ö»Ö †òŒ™ü ÃÖÓ´ÖŸÖ ÆüÖêµÖÖ´ÖÖ÷Öê −ÖÖ−ÖÖÓ“Öê ¯Öϵ֟−Ö.
 †ò÷ÖÏß ÆòüÖÙ™üú»“Ö¸ü ÃÖÖêÃÖÖµÖ™üß ¾Ö וֆÖò÷ÖÏÖ×±úú»Ö ÃÖÖêÃÖÖµÖ™üß“µÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖêŸÖ −ÖÖ−ÖÖÓ“ÖÖ ØÃÖÆüÖ“ÖÖ ¾ÖÖ™üÖ.
 ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô ŸÖê šüÖÖê Æüß ¸îü»¾Öê ÃÖã¹ý ÆüÖêµÖÖ´ÖÖ÷Öê −ÖÖ−ÖÖÓ“Öê ¯Öϵ֟−Ö.

¸ü֕֍úßµÖ úÖµÖÔ :-
 1852 ÃÖÖ»Öß ¤üÖ¤üÖ³ÖÖ‡Ô −ÖÖî¸üÖê•Öß µÖÖÓ“µÖÖÃÖÆü ²ÖÖò´²Öê †ÃÖÖê׿֋¿Ö−Ö Æüß ÃÖÓãÖÖ ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡ÔŸÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö êú»Öß.
 1835 ´Ö¬µÖê •ÖÙüßÃÖ †Öò±ú ¯ÖßÃÖ µÖÖ ¯Ö¤üÖ¾Ö¸ü ×−ÖµÖ㌟Öß.

µÖÖê÷µÖŸÖÖ :
†Ö“ÖÖµÖÔ •ÖÖ¾Ö›êüú¸ü : »ÖÖêúÖÓ“µÖÖ ¾ÖŸÖß−Öê ÃÖ¸üúÖ¸ü¿Öß ²ÖÖê»ÖÖÖ¸êü ¾Ö ´Ö¬µÖãÖß ú¸üÖÖ¸êü ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡ÔŸÖᯙ ¯Ö×Æü»Öê ¯ÖãœüÖ¸üß
†Ö“ÖÖµÖÔ †¡Öê : ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô“ÖÖ †−Ö׳Ö×ÂÖŒŸÖ ÃÖ´ÖÏÖ™ü.

2) †Ö“ÖÖµÖÔ ²ÖÖôû¿ÖÖáÖß •ÖÖÓ³Öêú¸ü (1812-1846) :-

 †Ö¬Öã×−֍ú ´ÖÆüÖ¸üÖ™ÒüÖŸÖᯙ ¯Ö×Æü»Öê ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üú, ´Ö¸üÖšüß ¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡ÖÖ“Öê •Ö−֍ú, ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ ÃÖÓ¿ÖÖê¬Öú †Ö×Ö
×¾Ö“ÖÖ¸ü¾ÖÓŸÖ.
 •Ö−´Ö: ¯ÖÖë²Öã»Öì µÖÖ Öê›üµÖÖŸÖ ¸üŸ−ÖÖ×÷Ö¸üß ×•Ö»ÊÖŸÖ 6 1812 ÃÖÖ»Öß. ¿ÖÖôêûŸÖ ×¾ÖªÖ£Öá ´ÆüÖæ−Ö ×¿ÖúŸÖ
†ÃÖŸÖÖ−ÖÖ“Ö ÷Ö×ÖŸÖÖ“Öê ׿ց֍ú —ÖÖ»Öê. ÃÖÓÍéúŸÖ, ‡Ó÷ÖÏ•Öß, ´Ö¸üÖšüß, ÷Ö×ÖŸÖ, ³Öæ÷ÖÖê»Ö, ÷Öã•Ö¸üÖŸÖß, ²ÖÓ÷ÖÖ»Öß,
±úÖ¸ü¿Öß µÖÖ ³ÖÖÂÖÖÓ“Öê –ÖÖ−Ö.

¿ÖîÖ×֍ú úÖµÖÔ :-
 ²ÖÖò´²Öê −Öê×™ü¾Æü ‹•µÖãêú¿Ö−Ö ÃÖÖêÃÖÖµÖ™üß“Öê ›êü¯µÖã™üß ÃÖêÎêú™ü¸üß.

Nagesh Gaikwad
 ‹Û»±ú−Ùü−Ö úÖò»Öê•ÖÖŸÖ ¯ÖÏÖ¬µÖ֯֍ú ¾Ö ÃÖ¸üúÖ¸ü“µÖÖ ×¿ÖÖÖ ÖÖŸµÖÖŸÖ úÖ´Ö êú»Öê.
 ÷Ö×ÖŸÖ ¾Ö ×¾Ö–ÖÖ−ÖÖ¾Ö¸ü †Ö¬ÖÖ׸üŸÖ ¿Öæ−µÖ»Ö²¬Öß Æêü ¯Öãß֍ú ´Ö¸üÖšüßŸÖ ×»Ö×Æü»Öê.

¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡Öê ¾Ö ¾ÖÖ›ü.Ë´ÖµÖß−Ö Öê¡ÖÖŸÖᯙ úÖµÖÔ :-


 1832 ÃÖÖ»Öß ¤ü¯ÖÔÖ Æêü ´Ö¸üÖšüß ³ÖÖÂÖêŸÖᯙ ¯Ö×Æü»Öê ÃÖÖ¯ŸÖÖ×Æüú ÃÖã¹ý êú»Öê. ‡Ó÷ÖÏ•Öß ¾Ö ´Ö¸üÖšüß ³ÖÖÂÖêŸÖ ŸÖê ×−Ö‘ÖŸÖ
†ÃÖê.
 1840 ´Ö¬µÖê פü÷¤ü¿ÖÔ−Ö −ÖÖ¾ÖÖ“Öê ´Ö¸üÖšüß ´ÖÖ×Ã֍ú ÃÖã¹ý. ×¾Ö–ÖÖ−ÖÖ“ÖÖ ¯ÖÏÃÖÖ¸ü ú¸üÖê ÆüÖ ˆ¤Ëü¤êü¿Ö.
 ³ÖÖ¸üŸÖßµÖ ŸÖÖ´Öϯ֙ü ¾Ö ׿ֻÖÖ»ÖêÖ µÖÖÓ“Öê ÃÖÓ¿ÖÖê¬Ö−Ö ¾Ö ¾ÖÖ“Ö−Ö ú¹ý−Ö †−Öêú ×−Ö²ÖÓ¬Ö ×»Ö×Æü»Öê. ŸµÖÖ´Öãôêû ŸµÖÖÓ−ÖÖ
†Öª ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃ֍úÖ¸ü †ÃÖê ÃÖÓ²ÖÖÓê¬Ö»Öê •ÖÖŸÖê.
 ²ÖÖ»Ö ¾µÖ֍ú¸üÖ, −Ößן֍ú£ÖÖ, ÃÖÖ¸ü ÃÖÓ÷ÖÏÆü, ØÆü¤ãüãÖÖ−Ö“ÖÖ ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ, ÃÖÓ¬µÖê“Öê ³ÖÖÂÖÓÖŸÖ¸ü, ‡Ó÷»ÖÓ›ü“ÖÖ ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ,
ØÆü¤ãüãÖÖ−ÖÖŸÖᯙ ‡Ó÷ÖÏ•Öß ¸üÖ•µÖÖ“ÖÖ ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ, ØÆü¤ãüãÖÖ−Ö“ÖÖ ¯ÖÏÖ“Öß−Ö ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ ‡. ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö

ÃÖÖ´ÖÖו֍ú úÖµÖÔ :-

 ØÆü¤æü ¬Ö´ÖÖÔŸÖæ−Ö ¯Ö¸ü¬Ö´ÖÖÔŸÖ ÷Öê»Ö껵ÖÖÓ−ÖÖ ¯Ö¸üŸÖ ¿Öã¨ü ú¹ý−Ö Ã¾Ö¬Ö´ÖÖÔŸÖ ‘µÖÖ¾Öê †ÃÖê ïÖ™ü ×¾Ö“ÖÖ¸ü. ŸµÖÖŸÖæ−Ö“Ö
¿ÖêÂÖÖ¦üß ¯Öύú¸üÖ ‘Ö›ü»Öê.

µÖÖê÷µÖŸÖÖ :-
†ÖªÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üú, ´Ö¸üÖšüß ¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡ÖÖ“Öê •Ö−֍ú, †Öª ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ ÃÖÓ¿ÖÖê¬Öú, ÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üÖÖ¾ÖÖªÖÓ“Öê ¯ÖϾ֟Öԍú, ¾µÖÖÃÖÓ÷Öß ¯ÖÓ×›üŸÖ
Æü›üáú¸ü : ×−Ö¸ü¯ÖêÖ¯ÖÖê ÃÖÓ¯ÖæÖÔ †ÖµÖãµֳָü ÃÖ¾ÖÔ ¯ÖύúÖ¸ü“Öß —Öß•Ö ÃÖÖêÃÖæ−Ö »ÖÖêú׿ցÖÖ, ¾ÖÖ›Ëü.´ÖµÖ ¾Ö ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ
µÖÖÓ“Öß ‹ú×−Öšêü−Öê ÃÖê¾ÖÖ ú¸üÖÖ¸üÖ †ÃÖÖ ŸµÖÖ÷Öß úÖµÖԍúŸÖÖÔ ±úÖ¸ü ×¾Ö¸üôûÖ.

3) ¤üÖ¤üÖê²ÖÖ ¯ÖÖÓ›æü¸Óü÷Ö ŸÖÖÔ›üú¸ü (1814-1882) :-

 ´ÖÆüÖ¸üÖ™ÒüÖ“Öê ¯Ö×Æü»Öê ¬Ö´ÖÔÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üú, ¾µÖ֍ú¸üÖ ¾Ö ³ÖÖµ֍úÖ¸ü, þ֟ÖÓ¡Ö ¯ÖÏ–Öê“Öê ¯Ö×Æü»Öê ÷ÖÏӣ֍úÖ¸ü.


 ´Ö¸üÖšüß ³ÖÖÂÖê“Öê ¯ÖÖ×Ö−Öß.

Nagesh Gaikwad
 •Ö−´Ö : ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô µÖê£Öê 1814 ´Ö¬µÖê. ´Öæô ‘Ö¸üÖÖê ¾ÖÃÖ‡Ô •Ö¾Öôûᯙ ŸÖÖÔ›ü µÖê£Öß»Ö. ²ÖÖò´²Öê −Öê×™ü¾Æü ‹•µÖã.ÃÖÖêÃÖÖ.
´Ö¬µÖê ׿ցÖÖ. úÖÆüß úÖôû •ÖÖ¾Ö¸üÖ ÃÖÓãÖÖ−Ö“µÖÖ −Ö¾ÖÖ²ÖÖ“Öê ׿ց֍ú. 1840 »ÖÖ ‹Û»±ú−Ùü−Ö ‡Û−Ùü. ´Ö¬µÖê
†×ÃÖÙÓü™ü ×™ü“Ö¸ü ´ÆüÖæ−Ö ¤ü֏ֻÖ.
 1852 ´Ö¬µÖê †Æü´Ö¤ü−Ö÷Ö¸ü»ÖÖ ›êü¯µÖã™üß ú»Öꌙü¸ü ¯Ö¤üÖ¾Ö¸ü −Öê´ÖÖæú. ׳ֻ»ÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ²ÖÓ›üÖ“ÖÖ µÖ¿ÖþÖ߯ÖÖê
ÃÖÖ´Ö−ÖÖ êú»µÖÖ´Öãôêû ŸµÖÖÓ−ÖÖ ¸üÖ¾Ö²ÖÆüÖ¤æü¸ü Æüß ¯Ö¤ü¾Öß ×¤ü»Öß. 1862 ´Ö¬µÖê ×−Ö¾Öé¢Ö.

ÃÖÖ´ÖÖו֍ú ¾Ö ¬ÖÖٴ֍ú ÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üÖÖ :-

´ÖÖ−Ö¾Ö¬Ö´ÖÔÃÖ³ÖÖ :
ÃÖã¸üŸÖ µÖê£Öê ¤ãü÷ÖÖÔ¸üÖ´Ö ´ÖÓ”ûÖ¸üÖ´Ö, פü−Ö´ÖÖß ¿ÖӍú¸ü ¤ü»Ö¯ÖŸÖ¸üÖµÖ µÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ÃÖÆü 1844 ÃÖÖ»Öß ´ÖÖ−Ö¾Ö¬Ö´ÖÔÃÖ³ÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö.
´ÖæŸÖá¯Öæ•ÖÖ †´ÖÖ−µÖ. •ÖÖŸÖßÃÖÓãÖê»ÖÖ ×¾Ö¸üÖê¬Ö. ØÆü¤æü ¬Ö´ÖÖÔ»ÖÖ ¿Öã¨ü ¹ý¯Ö †ÖÖµÖÖÃÖÖšüß ¯Öϵ֟−Ö. µÖÖ ÃÖ³ÖꓵÖÖ
¯ÖÏ“ÖÖ¸üÖÃÖÖšüß“Ö ŸµÖÓÖ−Öß ¬Ö´ÖÔ×¾Ö¾Öê“Ö−Ö ÆüÖ ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö ×»Ö×Æü»ÖÖ.

¯Ö¸ü´ÖÆüÓÃÖÃÖ³ÖÖ :-
1849 ÃÖÖ»Öß ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô µÖê£Öê ´ÖÖ−Ö¾Ö¬Ö´ÖÔÃÖ³ÖêŸÖᯙ úÖÆüß †−ÖãµÖÖµÖÖÓÃÖÆü ¯Ö¸ü´ÖÆÓüÃÖ ÃÖ³ÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö.
´ÖÖ−Ö¾Ö¬Ö´ÖÔÃÖ³ÖêÃÖÖ¸üÖß“Ö ŸÖ¢¾Öê. †ÖŸ´ÖÖ¸Ö´Ö ¯ÖÖÓ›æü¸Óü÷Ö, ³ÖÖ‰ú ´ÖÆüÖ•Ö−Ö µÖÖÃÖÖ¸üÖß ´ÖÓ›üôûß ÃÖ³Öê´Ö¬µÖê. •ÖÖןֳÖê¤ü ´ÖÖê›æü−Ö
úÖœüµÖÖ“ÖÖ ×−Ö¬ÖÖÔ¸ü. ‹êúÀ¾Ö¸ü¾ÖÖ¤üÖ“ÖÖ ¯Öã¸üÍúÖ¸ü. ÃÖ¾ÖÔ ÃÖ³ÖÖÃÖ¤üÖÓ−ÖÖ ‹ú×¡ÖŸÖ ³ÖÖê•Ö−Ö ‘µÖÖ¾Öê »ÖÖ÷Öê. µÖÖ ÃÖ³ÖꓵÖÖ
´ÖÖ÷ÖÔ¤ü¿ÖÔ−ÖÖÃÖÖšüß ¤üÖ¤üÖê²ÖÖ ¯ÖÓÖ›æü¸Óü÷Ö µÖÖÓ−Öß ¯ÖÖ¸ü´ÖÆÓü×Ã֍ú ²ÖÎÖɬִÖÔ ÆüÖ úÖ¾µÖ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö ×»Ö×Æü»ÖÖ. 1860 ¯ÖµÖÕŸÖ ÃÖ³Öê“Öê
úִ֍úÖ•Ö ÃÖã¹ý. ŸµÖÖ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü ÃÖ¤üõÖÖÓ“Öß µÖÖ¤üß “ÖÖê¸üß»ÖÖ ÷Ö껵ÖÖ´Öãôêû ÃÖ³ÖÖ ±ãú™ü»Öß.

¿ÖêîÖ×֍ú úÖµÖÔ :-
 1848 ÃÖÖ»Öß –ÖÖ−Ö ¯ÖÏÃÖÖ¸üú ÃÖ³ÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö. –ÖÖ−Ö ¯ÖÏÃÖÖ¸ü ¾Ö ÃÖÖ´ÖÖו֍ú •ÖÖ÷ÖéŸÖß.

¾ÖÖ’Ëû´ÖµÖß−Ö Öê¡ÖÖŸÖᯙ úÖµÖÔ :-


 ´Ö¸üÖšüß ³ÖÖÂÖê“Öê ¾µÖ֍ú¸üÖ, ´Ö¸üÖšüß −֍úÖ¿ÖÖ“Öê ¯Öãß֍ú, ׾֪ꓵÖÖ »ÖÖ³ÖÖ×¾ÖÂÖµÖß, ×¾Ö¬Ö¾ÖÖÁÖã´ÖÖ•ÖÔ−Ö, µÖ¿ÖêÖ¤üÖ
¯ÖÖÓ›æü¸Óü÷Öß, ¯ÖÖ¸ü´ÖÆÓü×Ã֍ú ²ÖÎÖɬִÖÔ, †ÖŸ´Ö“Ö׸ü¡Ö, ׿ֿÖã²ÖÖê¬Ö ‡. ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö. µÖ´Öã−ÖÖ ¯ÖµÖÔ™ü−Ö µÖÖ ²ÖÖ²ÖÖ ¯Ö©−Ö•Öß
µÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ÷ÖÏÓ£ÖÖŸÖ ¤üÖ¤üÖê²ÖÖ ¯ÖÓÖ›ãü¸Óü÷Ö µÖÖÓ“ÖÖ ¯Öã−ÖÙ¾Ö¾ÖÖÆü×¾ÖÂֵ֍ú »ÖêÖ.
µÖÖê÷µÖŸÖÖ :-
´Ö¸üÖšüß ³ÖÖÂÖê“Öê ¯ÖÖ×Ö−Öß.

Nagesh Gaikwad
−µÖÖ. ¸üÖ−Ö›êü : ¬Ö´ÖÔ ×•Ö–ÖÖÃÖÖ ú¸üÖÖ·µÖÖ ŸÖŸ¾Öؓ֟֍úÖÓ“µÖÖ ÁÖêÖßŸÖ ¤üÖ¤üÖê²ÖÖ ¯ÖÓÖ›æü¸Óü÷Ö µÖÖÓ−ÖÖ †ŸµÖã““Ö Ã£ÖÖ−Ö ¤êüµÖÖŸÖ
µÖÖ¾Öê †¿Öß“Ö ŸµÖÖÓ“Öß µÖÖê÷µÖŸÖÖ †ÖÆêü.

4) ÷ÖÖê¯ÖÖôû Æü¸üß ¤êü¿Ö´ÖãÖ ‰ú±Ôú »ÖÖêú×ÆüŸÖ¾ÖÖ¤üß (1823-1892) :-


 ´ÖÆüÖ¸üÖ™ÒüÖŸÖᯙ ¸üÖ™Òü¾ÖÖ¤üß ×¾Ö“ÖÖ¸üÖÓ“Öê ¯ÖϾ֟Öԍú.
 •Ö−´Ö : ¯ÖãÖê µÖê£Öê 18 ±êú²ÖãË 1823. ˆ¯Ö−ÖÖ´Ö ×ÃÖ¬ÖµÖê. ׿ցÖÖÖ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü 1844 ´Ö¬µÖê ³ÖÖÂÖÖÓŸÖ¸üúÖ¸ü ´ÆüÖæ−Ö
−ÖÖêú¸üß. 1846 ´Ö¬µÖê ´Öã−ÃÖ±ú. 1852 ´Ö¬µÖê †×ÃÖÙÓü™ü ú×´Ö¿Ö−Ö¸ü. 1862 ´Ö¬µÖê †Æü´Ö¤üÖ²ÖÖ¤ü µÖê£Öê
†×ÃÖ. •Ö••Ö.
 •ÖÙüßÃÖ †Öò±ú ¯ÖßÃÖ ¾Ö ¸üÖ¾Ö²ÖÆüÖ¤æü¸ü µÖÖ ¯Ö¤ü¾µÖÖ.
 1880 ´Ö¬µÖê ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô ‡»Ö֏µÖÖ“µÖÖ ×¾Ö׬ִÖÓ›üôûÖ“Öê ÃÖ¤üõÖ.
 ×−Ö¾Öé¢Ö —ÖÖ»µÖÖ¾Ö¸ü »ÖÖêú×ÆüŸÖ¾ÖÖ¤üß Æêü ´ÖÖ×Ã֍ú ÃÖã¹ý êú»Öê.

¾ÖÖ’Ëû´ÖµÖß−Ö ¾Ö ¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡Ö Öê¡ÖÖŸÖᯙ úÖµÖÔ :-


 1848 ´Ö¬µÖê ³ÖÖ‰ú ´ÖÆüÖ•Ö−Ö µÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ¯ÖϳÖ֍ú¸ü µÖÖ ÃÖÖ¯ŸÖÖ×ÆüúÖŸÖ ŸµÖÖÓ−Öß »ÖÖêú×ÆüŸÖ¾ÖÖ¤üß µÖÖ −ÖÖ¾ÖÖ−Öê
×»ÖÆüÖµÖ»ÖÖ ÃÖã¹ý¾ÖÖŸÖ êú»Öß. ŸµÖÖÓ−Öß ¿ÖŸÖ¯Ö¡Öê ×»Ö×Æü»Öß. ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ»ÖÖ ˆ§êü¿Öæ−Ö ¯Ö¡Öê.
 ¾Öê÷Ö¾Öê÷ÖôûµÖÖ ×¾ÖÂÖµÖÖÓ¾Ö¸ü 36 ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö.
 »Ö´Öß–ÖÖ−Ö, ØÆü¤ãüãÖÖ−ÖÖÃÖ ¤üÖ׸ü¦ü¶ µÖêµÖÖ“Öß úÖ¸üÖê, ãÖÖ×−֍ú þָüÖ•µÖ ¾µÖ¾ÖãÖÖ, ÷ÖÏÖ´Ö¸ü“Ö−ÖÖ ‡.
´ÖÆüŸ¾ÖÖ“Öê ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö.
 ØÆü¤ãüãÖÖ−Ö“ÖÖ ‡×ŸÖÆüÖÃÖ, ÷Öã•Ö¸üÖŸÖ, »ÖӍúÖ, ¸üÖ•ÖãÖÖ−Ö, ¯ÖÖ×−Ö¯ÖŸÖ, ‡. ×¾ÖÂÖµÖÖÓ¾Ö¸ü »ÖêÖ−Ö.
 ¯Ö飾Ö߸üÖ•Ö “ÖÖîÆüÖ−Ö, þÖÖ´Öß ¤üµÖÖ−ÖÓ¤ü ÃÖ¸üþ֟Öß µÖÖÓ“Öß “Ö׸ü¡Öê.

µÖÖê÷µÖŸÖÖ :-
−ÖÖ.ØÃÖ.‡−ÖÖ´Ö¤üÖ¸ü : ¯Öê¿Ö¾ÖÖ‡Ô“µÖÖ †ÃŸÖÖ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü ÃÖÓ׬֍úÖôûÖŸÖ ¾Ö ÃÖӍÎú´ÖÖÖ¾ÖãÖêŸÖ •Öß ¾Öî“ÖÖ׸üú ÎúÖÓŸÖß µÖÖ ³ÖÖ÷ÖÖŸÖ —
ÖÖ»Öß, ן֓Öê −ÖêŸÖê¯Ö¤ü »ÖÖêú×ÆüŸÖ¾ÖÖ¤üà−ÖÖ ²ÖÆüÖ»Ö ú¸üµÖÖÃÖ ¯ÖÏŸµÖ¾ÖÖµÖ −ÖÖÆüß. ‡Ó÷ÖÏ•Öß úÖôûÖŸÖᯙ ²Öãרü¾ÖÖ¤üß −ÖêŸÖÖ †ÃÖê“Ö
ŸµÖÖÓ“Öê ¾ÖÖÔ−Ö ú¸üÖ¾Öê »ÖÖ÷Öê»Ö.

Nagesh Gaikwad
5) ›üÖò. ³ÖÖ‰ú ¤üÖ•Öß »ÖÖ›ü ( 1824-1874) :-

 ´Öæôû ÷ÖÖê¾µÖÖŸÖᯙ ¯Öê›üÖê ŸÖÖ»Ö㌵ÖÖŸÖᯙ ¯ÖÖÃÖì µÖÖ ÷ÖÖ¾Ö“Öê ¸ü×Æü¾ÖÖÃÖß. ´Öæôû −ÖÖ¾Ö ¸üÖ´Ö“ÖÓ¦ü ×¾Ö÷ü»Ö »ÖÖ›ü. •Ö−´Ö
: ´ÖÖÓ•Ö¸üß µÖê£Öê 1824 ÃÖÖ»Öß.
 1845 ÃÖÖ»Öß ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô µÖê£Öê ÷ÖÏò™ü ´Öê×›üú»Ö úÖò»Öê•Ö ÃÖã¹ý —ÖÖ»Öê. ³ÖÖ‰Óú−Öß µÖÖ úÖò»Öê•ÖÖŸÖ ¯ÖϾÖê¿Ö ‘ÖêŸÖ»ÖÖ.
1851 ´Ö¬µÖê ¾ÖúßµÖ ¯Ö¤ü¾Öß. ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡ÔŸÖᯙ ¬Ö−Ö¾ÖÖ−ÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ´Ö¤üŸÖß−Öê ÷Ö׸ü²ÖÖÓÃÖÖšüß ¤ü¾Ö֏ÖÖ−ÖÖ úÖœü»ÖÖ.
ãúšü¸üÖê÷ÖÖ¾Ö¸ü ‹ú ˆŸéú™ü †ÖîÂÖ¬Ö ¿ÖêÖ¬Öæã−Ö úÖœü»µÖÖ´Öãôêû ŸÖê ¬Ö−¾ÖÓŸÖ¸üß ´ÆüÖæ−Ö †ÖêôûÖ»Öê •ÖÖ‰ú »ÖÖ÷Ö»Öê.
¤êü¾Öß“Öß »ÖÃÖ »ÖÖêúׯÖ쵅 ú¸üµÖÖÃÖÖšüßÆüß ŸµÖÖÓ−Öß Öæ¯Ö ¯Ö׸üÁÖ´Ö ‘ÖêŸÖ»Öê.

¸ü֕֍úßµÖ úÖµÖÔ :-
 ײÖΙüß¿Ö †Ö´Ö¤üÖ−ÖßŸÖ ³ÖÖ¸üŸÖßµÖÖÓ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ−ÖŸÖê“Öß ¾ÖÖ÷ÖÖæú ×´Öôû¾ÖµÖÖÃÖÖšüß ÃÖÓ‘ÖÂÖÔ.
 1852 ÃÖÖ»Öß ÃÖã¹ý —ÖÖ»Ö껵ÖÖ ²ÖÖò´²Öê †ÃÖÖê׿֋¿Ö−Ö“Öê ¯Ö×Æü»Öê ד֙üÖßÃÖ.
 1845 ÃÖÖ»Öß Ã™ãü›Óü™ü ×»Ö™ü¸ü¸üß †ò›ü ÃÖÖµÖÓ×™ü×±úú ÃÖÖêÃÖÖµÖ™üß“Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ.

¾ÖÖ’Ëû´ÖµÖß−Ö ¾Ö ‹êןÖÆüÖ×Ã֍ú úÖµÖÔ :-


 •Öî−Ö¬Ö´ÖÖÔ“Öß ¯Ö¸Óü¯Ö¸üÖ, •Öî−Ö ¯Ö¼üÖ¾ÖŸÖß“ÖÖ úÖ»ÖÖ−ÖãÎú´Ö, Æêü´ÖÖ¦üß“ÖÖ úÖ»Ö ‡.²ÖÖ²ÖŸÖ ÃÖÓ¿ÖÖê¬Ö−Ö¯Ö¸ü ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö.
 ŸµÖÖÓ“Öê ¾ÖÖ’Ëû´ÖµÖ פü ×»Ö™ü¸ü¸üß ×¸ü´Öê−ÃÖ †Öò±ú ³ÖÖ‰ú ¤üÖ•Öß µÖÖ −ÖÖ¾Ö−Öê ¯ÖύúÖ×¿ÖŸÖ —ÖÖ»Öê»Öê †ÖÆêü.

µÖÖê÷µÖŸÖÖ :-
÷Ö.¡µÖÓ.´ÖÖ›üÖÖê»Öú¸ü : ›üÖò.³ÖÖ‰ú ¤üÖ•Öß Æêü −ÖãÃÖŸÖê ÃÖ−Ö¤ü¿Ö߸ü ¸ü֕֍úßµÖ “Öôû¾Öôûß“Öê ¯ÖϾ֟Öԍú †Ö×Ö ¯ÖϾ֌ŸÖê −Ö¾ÆüŸÖê
ŸÖ¸ü ³ÖÖ¸üŸÖßµÖ Ã¾ÖÖŸÖÓ¡µÖÖ“Öê †Öª ¦ü™êü †Ö×ÖÖ ˆ¤Ëü‘ÖÖêÂ֍úÆüß ÆüÖêŸÖê.
−µÖÖ.¸üÖ−Ö›êü : ŸµÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ´Ö−ÖÖ“Öß ÃÖÖ¾ÖÔ•Ö×−֍ú “Öôû¾Öôûߍú›êü ¯ÖϾÖé¢Öß ÆüÖêµÖÖÃÖ ›üÖò. »ÖÖ›ü, ¤üÖ¤üÖ³ÖÖ‡Ô ¾Ö÷Öî¸êü £ÖÖê¸ü
ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üúÖÓ“Öß ¯ÖÏŸµÖÖ ˆ¤üÖÆü¸üÖê“Ö úÖ¸üÖß³ÖæŸÖ šü¸ü»Öß. ›üÖò. »ÖÖ›ü µÖÖÓ−Öß ‡Ó÷ÖÏ•Öß ¸üÖ•Ö¾Ö™üß“µÖÖ úÖôûÖŸÖ ÷ÖןÖÆüß−Ö
ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ»ÖÖ •ÖÖ÷ÖéŸÖ ú¸üµÖÖ“Öê ´ÖÆüŸ¾ÖÖ“Öê úÖµÖÔ êú»Öê.

6) ×¾ÖÂ@Öã¿ÖÖáÖß ¯ÖÓ×›üŸÖ ( 1827-76) :-

 ´Öæôû ÷ÖÖ¾Ö ÃÖÖŸÖÖ¸üÖ ×•Ö»ÊÖŸÖᯙ ²ÖÖ¾Ö¬Ö−Ö. ׿ցÖÖÖ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü ŸµÖÖÓ−Öß −ÖÖêú¸üß ú¸üŸÖÖ ú¸üŸÖÖ ×¾Ö¬Ö¾ÖÖ ×¾Ö¾ÖÖÆüÖ“Öê
úÖµÖÔ ÆüÖŸÖß ‘ÖêŸÖ»Öê.

Nagesh Gaikwad
¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡Ö ¾ÖÖ’Ëû´ÖµÖß−Ö Öê¡ÖÖŸÖᯙ úÖµÖÔ :-
 ‡Ó¤ãü¯ÖύúÖ¿Ö µÖÖ ¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡ÖÖŸÖ 1864 ÃÖÖ»Öß ˆ¯ÖÃÖÓ¯ÖÖ¤üú ´ÆüÖæ−Ö úÖ´Ö ¯ÖÖÆüµÖÖÃÖ ¯ÖÏÖ¸Óü³Ö. Æêü ¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡Ö 1862
ÃÖÖ»Öß ÃÖã¹ý —ÖÖ»Öê ÆüÖêŸÖê.
 −ÖÖ−ÖÖ ±ú›üÖ¾ÖßÃÖ µÖÖÓ“Öß ²ÖÖ¸ü, ²ÖÎÖÉ֍ú−µÖÖ ×¾Ö¾ÖÖÆü, ‡Ó÷ÖÏ•Öß-´Ö¸üÖšüß úÖê¿Ö, ×¾Ö¬Ö¾ÖÖ ×¾Ö¾ÖÖÆü, ÃÖÓÍéúŸÖ
†Ö×Ö ´ÖÆüÖ¸üÖ™Òü ¬ÖÖŸÖæ úÖê¿Ö, ¿Öæ¦ü¬Ö´ÖÔ, ôÖéŸÖß¿ÖÖÃ¡Ö ‡. ¯Öãß֍êú.

ÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üÖÖ×¾ÖÂֵ֍ú ×¾Ö“ÖÖ¸ü ¾Ö úÖµÖÔ :-


 ÛáֵÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üÖê“ÖÖ ´Öã§üÖ ÆüÖŸÖß ‘ÖêŸÖ»ÖÖ.
 1865 ÃÖÖ»Öß ×¾Ö¬Ö¾ÖÖ ¯Öã−ÖÙ¾Ö¾ÖÖÆüÖê¢Öê•Öú ´ÖÓ›üôû “Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ.
1874 ´Ö¬µÖê ¯Ö×Æü»Öß ¯ÖŸ−Öß ¾ÖÖ¸ü»µÖÖ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü ŸµÖÖÓ−Öß ãúÃÖÖ²ÖÖ‡Ô µÖÖ ×¾Ö¬Ö¾Öê¿Öß ×¾Ö¾ÖÖÆü.

¼ãã„Š ½ãÖã•ã¶ã ( ƒû Ôãû 1815 ¦ãñ 1890) :


• ¼ãã„Š ½ãÖã•ã¶ã ‡ãŠâì›ñû
• •ã¶½ã : ‡ãŠìÊããºãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ã ¹ãñ¥ã ¾ãñ©ãñ 1815 ½ã£¾ãñû
• ºããßÍããÔ¨ããè •ããâ¼ãñ‡ãŠÀãâÞãñ ÌãØãÃãä½ã¨ãû ª¹ãÃ¥ã Ìã ãäªØªÍãö㠽㣾ãñ ÊãñŒã¶ãû
• ¹ãƼãã‡ãŠÀ ¶ããÌããÞãñ Ôã㹦ãããäև㊠ÔãìÀŠû
• £ãî½ã‡ãŠñ¦ãî Ìã —ãã¶ãªÍãö㠽ã£ãî¶ã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ ãäÌãÓã¾ããâÌãÀ ÊãñŒã¶ãû
• ¦¾ãâãÞ¾ãã ¹ãƼãã‡ãŠÀ ¾ãã Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ãã½ã£ãî¶ã Êããñ‡ãŠãäÖ¦ãÌããªãè ¾ããâ¶ããè Íã¦ã¹ã¨ãñ ãäÊããäÖÊããèû
• 1890 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãð¦¾ãîû

ãäÌãÓ¥ãìºãìÌãã ºãƽÖÞããÀãè ( ƒû Ôãû 1825 ¦ãñ 1871) :


• •ã¶½ã : ‡ãŠìÊããºãã (Àã¾ãØã¡) ãä•ãÊÖƾãã¦ã ãäÍãÀÌãÊããè ¾ãñ©ãñû
• ¶ããÌã : ãäÌãÓ¥ãî ãä¼ã‡ãŠã•ããè ØããñŒãÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ãäÌãÓ¥ãìºãìÌããâ¶ããè ãäŒãÆÍÞã¶ã £ã½ãùãÆÔããÀ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã „¦¦ãÀ ªñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ã •ããÖãèÀ ̾ã㌾ãã¶ãñ ãäªÊããèû
Ìãõã䪇㊠£ã½ãÃãÌãÀãèÊã ‚ããàãñ¹ã Þãì‡ãŠãèÞãñ ‚ãÔãʾããÞãñ ªãŒãÌãî¶ã Ìãõã䪇㊠£ã½ããÃÞããè ½ãÖã¶ã¦ãã ¹ã›Ìãî¶ã
ÔããâãäØã¦ãÊããèû
• Ìã¦ãýãã¶ãªãèãä¹ã‡ãŠã ¾ãã Ìã¦ãýãã¶ã¹ã¨ãã´ãÀñ Ìãõã䪇㊠£ã½ããÃÌãÀãèÊã ›ãè‡ãŠñÊãã ÞããñŒã ¹ãƦ¾ã즦ãÀü
• ¹ãÆãõ¤ãäÌãÌããÖ, ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖ, Üã›Ô¹ãŠãñ›, Íã죪ãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ¾ãã ãäÌãÓã¾ããè ¹ãìÀãñØãã½ããè ãäÌãÞããÀü
• ¼ããÌãã©ãà ãäÔãâ£ãî, Ìãñªãñ‡ã‹¦ã, £ã½ãùãƇãŠãÍã, ÔãìŒãªã¾ã‡ãŠ À㕾ã¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ããè ãä¶ãºãâ£ã, ÔãÖ•ããäÔ©ã¦ããèÞãã
ãä¶ãºãâ£ã, ºããñ£ãÔããØãÀ ÀÖÔ¾ã, Ôãñ¦ãìºãâ£ãã¶ããè ›ãè‡ãŠã ƒû ØãÆâ©ãû
• 18 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1871 Àãñ•ããè ½ãð¦¾ãîû

ÔãããäÌã¨ããèºããƒÃ ¹ãìŠÊãñ ( 1831 ¦ãñ 1897) :

• •ã¶½ã : 3 •ãã¶ãñ 1831û Ôãã¦ããÀã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã Œãâ¡ãßã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ¶ãã¾ãØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñû


• ½ãÖ㦽ãã ¹ãìŠÊãñ ¾ããâ¶ãã ãä¶ãÓŸñ¶ãñ Ôãã©ãû
• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ¹ããäÖʾãã Ô¨ããè ãäÍããäàã‡ãŠãû
• ½ãÖ㦽ãã•ããèâ¶ããè ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ºããÊãÖ¦¾ãã ¹ãÆãä¦ãºãâ£ã‡ãŠ ØãðÖã¦ããèÊã ‚ã¶ãã©ã ½ãìÊããâÞãñ ÔãâØããñ¹ã¶ãû
• 1897 Þ¾ãã ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ÊãñØã Þ¾ãã Ôãã©ããèÞ¾ãã Ìãñßãè ÀãñؾããâÞããè ÍãìÑãîÓããû ¹ÊãñØã ½ãìßñÞã ½ãð¦¾ãîû (10
½ããÞãÃ)
• ºããÌã¶ã‡ãŠÍããè Ôãìºããñ£ãÀ¦¶ãã‡ãŠÀ, ‡ãŠã̾ã¹ãŠìÊãñ Öñ ÔãããäÖ¦¾ãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ºããºã㠹㪽ã¶ã•ããè ( 1831 ¦ãñ 1906) :
• •ã¶½ã : ºãñßØããÌãû ‚ã㡶ããÌã : ½ãìßñû
• ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã ÔãîÀ¦ã½ã£¾ãñ •ã¡•ãÌãããäÖÀãâÞãã ̾ãã¹ããÀü ¦¾ããâÞãã ‚ããñ¤ã £ã½ããÃÞãÀ¥ã Ìã
£ã½ããü¾ããÔãã‡ãŠ¡ñû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ã ‚ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ƒâØãÆ•ããè, ½ãÀãŸãè, ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ã, ‡ãŠ¶¶ã¡, Øãì•ãÀã¦ããè ‚ãÍãã ¼ããÓããâÞãã ‚ã¼¾ããÔãû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ã ¦¾ãâã¶ããè ãäÌãÊÔã¶ã ¹ãÆŠãè ÞãÞãà ԇãŠîÊã½ã£¾ãñ ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ¦ãÊãñû
• ãäŒãÆÔ¦ããè £ã½ããæããèÊã ½ãã¶ãÌã¦ããÌããªã½ãìßñ ¦ãñ ãäŒãÆÔ¦ããè £ã½ããÇ㊡ñ ‚ãã‡ãŠðÓ›û
• 1854 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäŒãÆÔ¦ããè £ã½ãà ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀÊããû
• ¹ãì¥ãñ ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¹ãÆŠãè ÞãÞãà ޾ãã Íããßñ¦ã ãäÍãàã‡ãŠãÞããè ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãèû ¹ãì¤ñ ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÌãÀ ºãã¾ãºãÊã
‚ãããä¥ã ›ÈÔ› ÔããñÔãã¾ã›ãèÞ¾ãã Ôãâ¹ã㪇ãŠãÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ãû
• ½ãî¦ããèùãî•ãã Ìã •ãããä¦ã¼ãñªãÊãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãû
• ¹ãÀ½ãÖâÔã Ôã¼ãñÞãñ Ôããä‡ã‹ÆŠ¾ã ÔãªÔ¾ãû ãäÌã£ãÌãã ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖãÞãñ ¹ãìÀԇ㊦ãñÃû
• ¾ã½ãì¶ãã ¹ã¾ã۶㠾ãã ‡ãŠãªâºãÀãè¦ãî¶ã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞ¾ãã ªì:ŒããÊãã ÌããÞãã ¹ãŠãñ¡Êããèû
• ‚ãÀŠ¥ããñª¾ã ¶ããÌããÞãñ ‚ã㦽ãÞããäÀ¨ãû
• ƒâØãÆ•ããè-½ãÀãŸãè Ìã ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ã-½ãÀãŸãè ‚ãÔãñ Í㺪‡ãŠãñÍã ãäÊããäÖÊãñû

ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã‡ãŠã ( 1828 ¦ãñ 1880) :


• Øã¥ãñÍã ÌããÔãìªñÌã •ããñÍããè ½Ö¥ã•ãñÞã ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã‡ãŠãû
• 9 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1828 Àãñ•ããè Ôãã¦ããÀã ¾ãñ©ãñû
• ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ„Š¶ã Ìããä‡ãŠÊããèÞãã ̾ãÌãÔãã¾ã ÔãìÀŠû
• ÌããÔãìªñÌã ºãßÌãâ¦ã ¹ãŠ¡‡ã‹¾ãâãÞãñ Ìã‡ãŠãèÊã¹ã¨ãû
• 1870 ÔããÊããè Ñããè½ãâ¦ã Ñããèãä¶ãÌããÔãÀãÌã ¹ãâ¦ã¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ã£ããè ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ
Ôã¼ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
• 1876-77 ½ã£ããèÊã ªìÓ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ Ôã¼ãñ½ãã¹ãʦ㠪ìÓ‡ãŠãßØãÆÔ¦ã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ¼ãÀãèÌ㠽㪦ãû
• ªñÍããÞ¾ãã „¶¸ã¦ããèÔããŸãè ÊãÜã섪¾ããñØããÞãã ‚ããØãÆÖû ÔÌãªñÍããèÞãã ¹ãìÀÔ‡ãŠãÀü ÔÌãªñÍããè ½ããÊããÞããè ªì‡ãŠã¶ãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• •ãã¦ããè¼ãñªãÊãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãû Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ã ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ããÞãñ ¹ãìÀԇ㊦ãñÃû

¡ãùû Àãû Øããñû ¼ããâ¡ãÀ‡ãŠÀ ( 1837-1925) :

• ¹ãÆã©ãöãã Ôã½ãã•ããÞãñ ÔãÖÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠû •ã¶½ã : ½ããÊãÌã¥ã ¾ãñ©ãñ 6 •ãìÊãõ 1837 ½ã£¾ãñû ‚ã㡶ããÌã :
¹ã¦‡ãŠãèû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸã¦ãî¶ã †½ãû †û Þããè ¹ãªÌããèû •ã½ãöã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸãÞããè ¹ããè†Þãûû ¡ãèû ãä½ãßÌãÊããèû
• ¼ããÓãã¦ã•—ã Ìã ¹ãÆãÞããè¶ã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔããÞãñ ÔãâÍããñ£ã‡ãŠû ¹ãÆãÞÞããäÌ㪾ãã ÔãâÍããñ£ã‡ãŠû ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ã ¹ãâã䡦ãû
• ÔÌã¦ã:Þ¾ãã ãäÌã£ãÌãã ½ãìÊããèÞãã ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖ Üã¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã ãäÌãÞããÀãÊãã ‡ãŠð¦ããèÞããè •ããñ¡ ãäªÊãûãèû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¹ãÆãâ¦ããÞ¾ãã Êãñãä•ãÔÊãñãä›ÌÖ ‡ãŠãõãä¶ÔãÊãÞãñ ÔãªÔ¾ã, ‡ãŠñâªÆãè¾ã Êãñãä•ãÔÊãñãä›ÌÖ ‡ãŠãõãä¶ÔãÊãÞãñ ÔãªÔ¾ãû
• ‚ãÊããèà ãäÖÔ›Èãè ‚ããù¹ãŠ ¡ñ‡ã‹‡ãŠ¶ã, ÌãõÓ¥ããäÌã¢ã½ã, ÍãõãäÌã¢ã½ã ‚ãùâ¡ ‚ãªÀ ½ãã¾ã¶ãÀ ãäÀãäÊã•ã¶Ôã, ãäÖÔ›Èãè
‚ããù¹ãŠ ƒâã䡾ãã, ƒû ãäÌã¹ãìÊã ÊãñŒã¶ãû

ºãñÖÀã½ã•ããè ½ãÊãºããÀãè ( 1853- 1912) :


• Øãì•ãÀã¦ã½ã£ããèÊã ºã¡ãñªã ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ããÀÍããè ‡ãŠì›ìâºãã¦ã •ã¶½ãû ãäÍãàã¥ã ƒâØãÆ•ããè ãä½ãÍã¶ãÀãè Íããßñ¦ãû
• ºããÊããäÌãÌããÖãÞ¾ãã ¹ãÆ©ãñÊãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãû ãäÌã£ãÌãã ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖãÔããŸãè ¹ãƾ㦶ãû
• ƒâã䡾ã¶ã Ô¹ãñ‡ã‹›ù›À Öñ Ôã㹦ãããäÖ‡ãŠû
• ªãªã¼ããƒÃ ¶ããõÀãñ•ããè ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÌÖãùƒÃÔã ‚ããù¹ãŠ ƒâã䡾ãã ¾ãã ãä¶ã¾ã¦ã‡ãŠããäÊã‡ãŠã¦ã ÊãñŒã¶ãû
• ª¾ããÀã½ã ãäØã¡î½ãÊã ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠽㪦ããè¶ãñ ÔãñÌãã Ô㪶ã Öãè ÔãâÔ©ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã
• Øãì•ãÀã¦ã ‚ãù¥¡ Øãì•ãÀã©ããè•ã, ¶ããè¦ããè ãäÌã¶ããñª, ºããÊããäÌãÌããÖ Ìã ½ããäÖÊããâÌãÀ Ôã‡ã‹¦ããè¶ãñ Êã㪥¾ãã¦ã
‚ããÊãñÊãñ Ìãõ£ã̾㠃û ØãÆâ©ããâÞãñ ÊãñŒã¶ãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
¹ãâã䡦ãã À½ããºããƒÃ ( 1558-1922) :

• •ã¶½ã : ‡ãŠ¶ããÛ‡ãŠã¦ããèÊã ½ãâØãßîÀ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ØãâØãã½ãìßñ ¾ãã ØããÌããèû ‚ã㡶ããÌã : ¡ãñâØãÀñû


• Ìããä¡Êããâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ãÆãÞããè¶ã ãäÖâªî ÍããÔ¨ããâÞãñ ãäÍãàã¥ãû
• 16 ̾ãã ÌãÓããèà ‚ããƒÃ-Ìã¡ãèÊããâÞãã ½ãð¦¾ãîû ºãâ£ãî Ñããèãä¶ãÌããÔã ¾ããÞ¾ããÔãÖ ¦ããè©ãþãã¨ããû
• ‡ãŠÊã‡ãŠ¦¦ãã ¾ãñ©ãñ —ãã¶ããÞããè Þãî¥ãî‡ãŠ ªãŒãÌãî¶ã ãäªÊããèû
• Êããñ‡ãŠâã¶ããè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ÔãÀÔÌã¦ããè Ìã ¹ãâã䡦ãã ¾ãã ¹ãªÌ¾ãã ãäªÊ¾ããû
• ¹ã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ãä¶ã£ã¶ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ‚ããʾããû
• 1882 ÔããÊããè ‚ãã¾ãà ½ããäÖÊãã Ôã½ãã•ã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû Öâ›À ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã Ôã½ããñÀ Ôããàãû
• ãä½ãÍã¶ã-¾ããâÞ¾ã㠽㪦ããè¶ãñ ƒâØÊãâ¡ Ìã ‚ã½ãñãäÀ‡ãŠñÊãã Øãñʾããû
• ãäŒãÆÍÞã¶ã £ã½ããÃÞãã ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀü
• 1889 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ã ÍããÀªã Ô㪶㠾ãã ÔãâÔ©ãñÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû ãä¶ãÀãÑããè¦ã Ìã ãäÌã£ãÌãã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞ¾ãã
ÀãÖ¥¾ããÞããè ̾ãÌãÔ©ããû
• û1890 ½ã£¾ãñ ÍããÀªã Ô㪶ã ÔãâÔ©ãã ¹ã쥾ããÊãã ÖÊããäÌãÊããèû
• ‡ãŠñ¡ØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñ ½ãì‡ã‹¦ããèÔ㪶ã Öãè ÔãâÔ©ãã ÔãìÀŠû ¦¾ãã¦ã ‚ã¶ãã©ã Ìã ãäÌã£ãÌãã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÍãàã¥ããÞããè,
ãä¶ãÌããÔããÞããè ‚ãããä¥ã ¼ããñ•ã¶ããÞããè ½ããñ¹ãŠ¦ã Ôããñ¾ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ºãã¾ãºãÊãÞãñ ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ããÓããâ¦ãÀ, Ô¨ããè£ã½ãà ¶ããè¦ããè, ãäª Öã¾ã‡ãŠãÔ› ãäÖâªî Ìãî½ã¶ã, Öñ ØãÆâ©ãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
¶¾ããû ½ãÖãªñÌã ØããñãäÌã⪠Àã¶ã¡ñ ( 1842 ¦ãñ 1901) :

• •ã¶½ã : 18 •ãã¶ãñÌããÀãè 1842, ãä¶ã¹ãŠã¡ü


• ¹ãÆã©ãû ãäÍãàã¥ã ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãìÀã¦ãû ¹ãì¤ãèÊã ãäÍãàã¥ã ½ãìâºãƒÃû
• †ãäʹ㊶ԛ¶ã ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ã½ã£¾ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããè Ìã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔã ãäÌãÓã¾ããâÞãñ ¹ãÆ㣾ãã¹ã‡ãŠû
• ¹ãì¤ñ ¶¾ãã¾ãã£ããèÍã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¹ãÆã©ãöãã Ôã½ãã•ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû
• Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû1887û
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ãäÌã£ãÌãã ãäÌãÌããÖ Üã¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ãÊããû
• Ôã¶ãªÍããèÀ Àã•ã‡ãŠãÀ¥ãÞãã ¹ãã¾ãã Üãã¦ãÊããû ãäÖâªãè Àã•ã‡ãŠãÀ¥ããÊãã ‚ã©ãÃÍããÔ¨ããè¾ã ãäÌãÞããÀãâÞããè •ããñ¡ü
• ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ÌãÔãâ¦ã ̾ã㌾ãã¶ã½ããÊãã ÔãìÀŠû
• ª ÀãƒÃ•ã ‚ããù¹ãŠ ½ãÀãŸã ¹ããùÌãÀ Öñ ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠ Øãã•ãÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã £ãããä½ãÇ㊠Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã ÞãßÌãßãè :

†ÖµÖÔ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•Ö :-

þÖÖ´Öß ¤üµÖÖ−ÖÓ¤ü ÃÖ¸üþ֟Öß µÖÖÓ−Öß 1875 ÃÖÖ»Öß ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô µÖê£Öê †ÖµÖÔ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ êú»Öß. ¯Öãœêü 1877
ÃÖÖ»Öß †ÖµÖÔ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öß »ÖÖÆüÖê¸ü µÖê£Öê ¿Ö֏ÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö —ÖÖ»Öß ¾Ö ŸµÖÖ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü †ÖµÖÔ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê ´Ö㏵ÖÖ»ÖµÖ »ÖÖÆüÖê¸ü
Æêü“Ö ²Ö−Ö»Öê.
†ÖµÖÔ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê ŸÖŸ¾Ö–ÖÖ−Ö :
1) ¾Öê¤ü ¾Ö ŸµÖÖŸÖᯙ ŸÖŸ¾Ö–ÖÖ−Ö Æêü“Ö Ö¸êü ŸÖŸ¾Ö–ÖÖ−Ö.
2) ¾Öê¤ü †¯ÖÖî¹ýÂÖêµÖ †ÃÖæ−Ö ¾Öê¤ü Æêü“Ö ØÆü¤æÓü“Öê Ö¸êü ¬Ö´ÖÔ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö ¾Ö ¾Öê¤üúÖ»Öß−Ö ÃÖ´ÖÖ•Ö¾µÖ¾ÖãÖÖ Æüß †Ö¤ü¿ÖÔ
ÃÖ´ÖÖ•Ö¾µÖ¾ÖãÖÖ.
3) ¯Ö¸ü´ÖêÀ¾Ö¸ü ‹ú“Ö †ÃÖæ−Ö ŸÖÖê ×−Ö¸ü֍úÖ¸ü, ÃÖ¾ÖÔ¿ÖŒŸÖß´ÖÖ−Ö, éú¯ÖÖôæû, ¤üµÖÖôæû, ¾Ö ÃÖ¾ÖÔ ÃÖé™üß“ÖÖ ×−ÖµÖÓŸÖÖ ¾Ö ×−Ö´ÖÖÔŸÖÖ
†ÖÆêü.
4) ¾Öê¤ü †¬µÖµÖ−ÖÖ“ÖÖ ÆüŒú ÃÖ¾ÖÔ ´Ö−ÖãµִÖÖ¡ÖÖÓ−ÖÖ †ÖÆêü.
5) “ÖÖŸÖã¾ÖÔµÖÔ Æêü •Ö−´Ö×ÃÖ¨ü −ÖÃÖæ−Ö ÷Öã֍ú´ÖÖÔ¾Ö¸ü †¾Ö»ÖÓ²Öæ−Ö †ÃÖÖ¾ÖêŸÖ.
6) ¿Öã¨üߍú¸üÖÖ−Öê úÖêÖÖÃÖÆüß ØÆü¤æü ¬Ö´ÖÖÔŸÖ ¯ÖϾÖê¿Ö ‘ÖêŸÖÖ µÖê‡Ô»Ö.
7) †Ã¯Ö鿵֟ÖÖ, ú´ÖԍúÖÓ›ü ´ÖÖ−µÖ −ÖÖÆüß.

o ¾Öê¤üÖӍú›êü ¯Ö¸üŸÖ “Ö»ÖÖ: ¤üµÖÖ−ÖÓ¤üÖÓ“ÖÖ ¬Ö´ÖÔ²ÖÖÓ¬Ö¾ÖÖÓ−ÖÖ ÃÖÓ¤êü¿Ö.


o ¿Öã¨üߍú¸üÖ “Öôû¾Öôû.
o ³Ö×÷Ö−Öß ×−Ö¾ÖêפüŸÖÖ µÖÖÓ−Öß µÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê ¾ÖÖÔ−Ö »ÖœüÖ‰ú ØÆü¤æü ¬Ö´ÖÔ †ÃÖê êú»Öê †ÖÆêü.
o †−Öêú ךüúÖÖß ÃÖÓÍéúŸÖ ¯ÖÖšü¿ÖÖôûÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö êú»µÖÖ.

Nagesh Gaikwad
o ¯ÖÖ¿“ÖÖŸµÖ ¿ÖÖáÖê ¾Ö ÃÖÓÍéúŸÖß µÖÖÓ“ÖÖ †³µÖÖÃÖ ú¸üµÖÖÃÖÖšüß ŸµÖÖÓ−Öß »ÖÖÆüÖê¸ü»ÖÖ Indian
Academy Æüß ÃÖÓãÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö.
o †ÖµÖÔ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“µÖÖ ¯ÖÏÃÖÖ¸üÖÃÖÖšüß ÃÖŸµÖÖ£ÖÔ ¯ÖύúÖ¿Ö −ÖÖ¾ÖÖ“ÖÖ ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö ¤üµÖÖ−ÖÓ¤üÖÓ−Öß ×»Ö×Æü»ÖÖ.
1883 ÃÖÖ»Öß ¤üµÖÖ−ÖÓ¤ÓüÖ“ÖÖ ´Ö韵Öæ.
¤üµÖÖ−ÖÓ¤üÖÓ“µÖÖ ´Ö韵Öæ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü ŸµÖÖÓ“µÖÖ †−ÖãµÖÖµÖÖÓ´Ö¬µÖê ¤üÖê−Ö ÷Ö™ü ×−Ö´ÖÖÔÖ —ÖÖ»Öê. ŸµÖÖ¯Öîúß »ÖÖ»ÖÖ ÆÓüÃÖ¸üÖ•Ö µÖÖÓ−Öß
»ÖÖÆüÖê¸ü µÖê£Öê ¤üµÖÖ−ÖÓ¤ü †Ñ÷»ÖÖê ¾Öîפüú úÖò»Öê•Ö ãÖÖ¯Ö−Ö úºþ−Ö −ÖÓŸÖ¸ü µÖÖ úÖò»Öê•Ö“µÖÖ ¿Ö֏ÖÖ ¤êü¿Ö³Ö¸ü −Ö껵ÖÖ. ¤ãüÃÖ¸êü
׿ÖÂµÖ Ã¾ÖÖ´Öß ÁÖ¨üÖ−ÖÓ¤ü µÖÖÓ−Öß Æü׸ü«üÖ¸ü (úÖÓ÷Ö›üß) µÖê£Öê ÷Öã¹ýãú»Ö Æüß ×¿ÖÖÖÃÖÓãÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö êú»Öß. »ÖÖ»ÖÖ »Ö•Ö¯ÖŸÖ¸üÖµÖ
Æêü ¤êüÖᯙ †ÖµÖÔ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê ´ÖÆüŸ¾ÖÖ“Öê úÖµÖԍúŸÖì ÆüÖêŸÖê.

ÃÖŸµÖ¿ÖÖê¬Öú ÃÖ´ÖÖ•Ö

28 ÃÖ¯™ëü²Ö¸ü 1873 µÖÖ ×¤ü¾Ö¿Öß ´ÖÆüÖŸ´ÖÖ •µÖÖêŸÖ߸üÖ¾Ö ÷ÖÖêؾ֤ü¸üÖ¾Ö ±ãú»Öê µÖÖÓ−Öß ¯ÖãµÖÖŸÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ êú»Öß. ÃÖÖ´ÖÖו֍ú
×¾ÖÂÖ´ÖŸÖÖ ¾Ö ¤ü×»ÖŸÖÖÓ“Öß ¤ãü:Öê −ÖÖÆüß¿Öß ú¸üÖê, ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖŸÖᯙ ³Ö™ü׳ցÖãúÖÓ“µÖÖ ¾Ö ˆ““Ö¾ÖÖáµÖÖÓ“µÖÖ •Öæ»Öæ´ÖÖÓ“ÖÖ
¯ÖÏן֍úÖ¸ü ú¸üÖê, ŸµÖÖÃÖÖšüß †–ÖÖ−Öß ²ÖÆãü•Ö−Ö ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ»ÖÖ –ÖÖ−Öß ú¹ý−Ö ÃÖÖê›üÖê, ´ÖÖ−Ö¾Ö¬Ö´ÖÖÔ“Öê ¾Ö ‡ÔÀ¾Ö¸ü³ÖŒŸÖß“Öê ÃÖŸµÖ
þֺþ¯Ö ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖÃÖ´ÖÖê¸ü šêü¾ÖÖê, Æêü ˆ§êü¿Ö ÃÖŸµÖ¿ÖÖê¬Öú ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“µÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Öê´ÖÖ÷Öê ÆüÖêŸÖê.
ÃÖŸµÖ¿ÖÖê¬Öú ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê ŸÖŸ¾Ö–ÖÖ−Ö :
1) ‡ÔÀ¾Ö¸ü ‹ú †ÃÖæ−Ö ŸÖÖê ÃÖ¾ÖÔ¾µÖÖ¯Öß ¾Ö ×−Ö÷ÖãÔÖ, ×−Öپ֍úÖ¸üß, Ã֟þֹý¯Ö †ÖÆêü ¾Ö ÃÖ¾ÖÔ ´Ö−Öãµ֯ÖÏÖÖß ŸµÖÖ“Öß ×¯ÖϵÖ
»Öêú¸êü †ÖÆêüŸÖ.
2) ‡ÔÀ¾Ö¸ü³ÖŒŸÖß ú¸üµÖÖ“ÖÖ ¯ÖÏŸµÖêú ´ÖÖ−Ö¾ÖÖÃÖ ¯ÖæÖÔ †×¬ÖúÖ¸ü †ÖÆêü. †Ö‡ÔÃÖ ÃÖÓŸÖã™ü ú¸üµÖÖÃÖ †÷Ö¸ü ²ÖÖ¯ÖÖÃÖ
×¾Ö−Ö×¾ÖµÖÖÃÖ •Ö¿Öß ´Ö¬µÖÃ£Ö ¤ü»ÖÖ»ÖÖ“Öß •Öºþ¸üß −ÖÃÖŸÖê, ŸµÖÖ¯ÖÏ´ÖÖÖê ÃÖ¾ÖÔÃÖցÖß ¯Ö¸ü´ÖêÀ¾Ö¸üÖ“Öß ³ÖŒŸÖß ú¸üµÖÖÃÖ ³Ö™ü-
¤ü»ÖÖ»ÖÖÓ“Öß †Ö¾Ö¿µÖúŸÖÖ −ÖÖÆüß.
3) ´Ö−Öã嵅 •ÖÖŸÖß−Öê ÁÖêšü šü¸üŸÖ −ÖÃÖæ−Ö ŸÖÖê ÷ÖãÖÖ−Öê ÁÖêšü šü¸üŸÖÖê.

Nagesh Gaikwad
4) úÖêÖŸÖÖÆüß ÷ÖÏÓ£Ö ÃÖ¾ÖÔþÖß ¯ÖÏ´ÖÖÖ ¾Ö ‡ÔÀ¾Ö¸ü¯ÖÏÖßŸÖ −ÖÖÆüß.
5) ¯Öã−Ö•ÖÔ−´Ö, ú´ÖԍúÖÓ›ü, •Ö¯ÖŸÖ¯Ö µÖÖ ÷ÖÖê™üß †–ÖÖ−Ö´Öæ»Öú †ÖÆêüŸÖ.
´ÖÆüÖŸ´ÖÖ ±ãú»µÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ¯ÖÏê¸üÖê−Öê ãÖÖ¯Ö−Ö —ÖÖ»Ö껵ÖÖ ÃÖŸµÖ¿ÖÖê¬Öú ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ−Öê ¿ÖêŸÖú¸üß, ¸üµÖŸÖ, ÃÖ¸üúÖ¸üß
†×¬ÖúÖ¸üß ¾Ö ²ÖÎÖÉÖ¾Ö÷ÖÔ µÖÖÓ“µÖ֍ú›æü−Ö ×¯Öôû»Öß •ÖÖÖÖ¸üß ÃÖÖ´ÖÖ−µÖ ´ÖÖÖÃÖê, úÖ´Ö÷ÖÖ¸ü, ×ÄÖµÖÖ, †Ã¯Öé¿µÖ †¿ÖÖ
²ÖÆãü•Ö−Ö ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“µÖÖ ˆ¨üÖ¸üÖÃÖÖšüß •Öß ÃÖÖ´ÖÖו֍ú ÎúÖÓŸÖß“Öß “Öôû¾Öôû ÃÖã¹ý êú»Öß, ŸµÖÖ ÎúÖÓŸÖß´Öãôêû ¯Öãœêü ¸üÖ•ÖÂÖá ¿ÖÖÆæü
´ÖÆüÖ¸üÖ•Ö, ú´ÖÔ¾Ö߸ü ³ÖÖ‰ú¸üÖ¾Ö ¯ÖÖ™üᯙ ‡. ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üúÖÓ−ÖÖ ¯ÖÏê¸üÖÖ ×´ÖôûÖ»Öß.
†Ö¯Ö»µÖÖ ¾Ö ÃÖŸµÖ¿ÖÖê¬Öú ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“µÖÖ ×¾Ö“ÖÖ¸ÓüÖ“ÖÖ ¯ÖÏÃÖÖ¸ü ú¸üµÖÖÃÖÖšüß •µÖÖêŸÖß²ÖÖÓ−Öß 1877 ÃÖÖ»Öß
¤üß−Ö²ÖÓ¬Öæ −ÖÖ¾ÖÖ“Öê ¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡Ö ÃÖã¹ý êú»Öê. µÖÖ ¾Öé¢Ö¯Ö¡ÖÖ“Öê ÃÖÓ¯ÖÖ¤üú éúÂÖ¸üÖ¾Ö ³ÖÖ»Öêú¸ü ÆüÖêŸÖê.

¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•Ö :-
²ÖÎÖÉÖê ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê −ÖêŸÖê êú¿Ö¾Ö“ÖÓ¦ü ÃÖê−Ö µÖÖÓ“µÖÖ¯ÖÖÃÖæ−Ö ¯ÖϳÖÖ×¾ÖŸÖ ÆüÖê‰ú−Ö ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡ÔŸÖ †ÖŸ´ÖÖ¸üÖ´Ö ¯ÖÓÖ›æü¸Óü÷Ö ŸÖÖÔ›üú¸ü,
−µÖÖ.¸üÖ−Ö›êü, ›üÖò. ³ÖÖÓ›üÖ¸üú¸ü, ÷ÖÖê¯ÖÖôû Æü¸üß ¤êü¿Ö´ÖãÖ µÖÖÓ−Öß 1867 ÃÖÖ»Öß ¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ êú»Öß.
¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öß ŸÖ¢¾Öê :
1) ´ÖæŸÖá¯Öæ•ÖÖ ¾Ö †¾ÖŸÖÖ¸ü ú»¯Ö−ÖÖ ´ÖÖ−µÖ −ÖÖÆüß. ´ÖÖ¡Ö ‡ÔÀ¾Ö¸ü ÃÖ÷ÖãÖ †ÖÆêü Æêü ´ÖÖ−µÖ.
2) ¿ÖӍú¸üÖ“ÖÖµÖÖÕ“Öê ×−Ö÷ÖãÔÖ ¯Ö¸ü²ÖÎÉ ¾Ö ´ÖÖµÖÖ¾ÖÖ¤ü ¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•Ö †´ÖÖ−µÖ ú¸üŸÖÖê.
3) ‡ÔÀ¾Ö¸ü ³ÖŒŸÖß−Öê ¯ÖÏÃÖ®Ö ÆüÖêŸÖÖê.
4) •Öß¾ÖÖŸ´ÖÖ ¾Ö ¯Ö¸ü´ÖÖŸ´ÖÖ ‹ú −ÖÃÖæ−Ö ŸÖê ¤üÖê−Ö †ÖÆêüŸÖ.
5) †ÖÛŸ´Öú ˆ®ÖŸÖßÃÖÖšüß ¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ †Ö¾Ö¿µÖú †ÖÆêü.
¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê †−ÖãµÖÖµÖß †Ö¯Ö»Öê ú¼ü¸ü ØÆü¤ãüŸ¾Ö úÖµÖ´Ö šêü‰ú−Ö ¬Ö´ÖÖÔŸÖ ÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üÖÖ ú¹ý ‡Û“”ûŸÖ ÆüÖêŸÖê.
¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ−Öê ´ÖÆüÖ¸üÖ™ÒüÖŸÖᯙ ÃÖã׿Ö×ÖŸÖ ¾Ö÷ÖÖÔŸÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÃÖã¬ÖÖ¸üÖꓵÖÖ “Öôû¾Öôûß“Öß ¯ÖÖÀ¾ÖÔ³Öæ´Öß ŸÖµÖÖ¸ü êú»Öß. µÖÖ
ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“Öê −ÖêŸÖê ú´ÖÔ¾Ö߸ü ×¾Ö÷ü»Ö ¸üÖ´Ö•Öß Ø¿Ö¤êü µÖÖÓ−Öß ¤ü×»ÖŸÖÖê¨üÖ¸üÖÃÖÖšüß ×›ü¯ÖÏÛü Œ»ÖÖÃÖ ×´Ö¿Ö−Ö Æüß ÃÖÓãÖÖ Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö
êú»Öß. ›êüŒú−Ö ‹•µÖãêú¿Ö−Ö ÃÖÖêÃÖÖµÖ™üß ¾Ö −ÖÖ. ÷ÖÖê¯ÖÖôû éúÂÖ ÷ÖÖêÖ»Öê µÖÖÓ−Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−Ö êú»Öê»ÖÖ ³ÖÖ¸üŸÖ ÃÖê¾Öú ÃÖ´ÖÖ•Ö
µÖÖ ÃÖÓãÖÖ ¯ÖÏÖ£ÖÔ−ÖÖ ÃÖ´ÖÖ•ÖÖ“µÖÖ “Öôû¾ÖôûߟÖæ−Ö ×−Ö´ÖÖÔÖ —ÖÖ»µÖÖ ÆüÖꟵÖÖ.

¯Ö¸ü´ÖÆÓüÃÖ ´ÖÓ›üôûß :-
ÃÖæ¸üŸÖ µÖê£Öᯙ ´ÖÖ−Ö¾Ö¬Ö´ÖÔÃÖ³Öê“Öê úִ֍úÖ•Ö ²ÖÓ¤ü ¯Ö›ü»µÖÖ−ÖÓŸÖ¸ü ¤üÖ¤üÖê²ÖÖ ¯ÖÓÖ›æü¸Óü÷Ö ŸÖÖÔ›üú¸ü ¾Ö ²ÖÖôû¿ÖÖáÖß •ÖÖÓ³Öêú¸ü
µÖÖÓ−Öß 1849 ÃÖÖ»Öß ´ÖãÓ²Ö‡Ô µÖê£Öê µÖÖ ÃÖÓãÖê“Öß Ã£ÖÖ¯Ö−ÖÖ êú»Öß.
¯Ö¸ü´ÖÆÓüÃÖ ´ÖÓ›üôûà“Öß ŸÖ¢¾Öê :
1) ±úŒŸÖ ¯Ö¸ü´ÖêÀ¾Ö¸üÖ“Öß ¯Öæ•ÖÖ ú¸üÖ¾Öß.
2) Ö¸üÖ ¬Ö´ÖÔ ¯ÖÏê´Ö ¾Ö ÃÖ¤üÖ“ÖÖ¸ü µÖÖ¾Ö¸ü †Ö¬ÖÖ׸üŸÖ †ÃÖŸÖÖê.

Nagesh Gaikwad
3) †Ö¬µÖÖÛŸ´Öú ¬Ö´ÖÔ ‹ú“Ö †ÃÖŸÖÖê.
4) ¯ÖÏŸµÖêúÖÃÖ †×¾ÖúÖ¸üþÖÖŸÖÓ¡µÖ †ÃÖÖ¾Öê.
5) †Ö¯Ö»Öê ²ÖÖê»ÖÖê ¾Ö ¾ÖÖ÷ÖÖê ŸÖÔúÃÖÓ÷ÖŸÖ †ÃÖÖ¾Öê.
6) ´ÖÖ−Ö¾Ö•ÖÖŸÖ Æüß ‹ú“Ö •ÖÖŸÖ †ÖÆêü.
7) µÖÖê÷µÖ –ÖÖ−Ö ÃÖ¾ÖÖÕ−ÖÖ ×¤ü»Öê •ÖÖ¾Öê.
•ÖÖŸÖ¯ÖÖŸÖ −Ö™ü ú¸üß−Ö †Ö×Ö ¿Öæ¦üÖÓÃÖ´Ö¾ÖêŸÖ ´Öß ³ÖÖê•Ö−Ö ú¸üß−Ö †¿Öß ¿Ö¯Ö£Ö µÖÖ ÃÖÓã֓µÖÖ ÃÖ³ÖÖÃÖ¤üÖÓ−ÖÖ
‘µÖÖ¾Öß »ÖÖ÷ÖŸÖ †ÃÖê.ŸµÖÖÓ“µÖÖ ²ÖîšüúÖ ÷Ö㯟֯ÖÖê ‘ÖêŸÖ»µÖÖ •ÖÖŸÖ ÆüÖꟵÖÖ.ŸµÖÖÓ−ÖÖ ÃÖ−ÖÖŸÖ−Öß ØÆü¤æÓü−ÖÖ ˆ‘Ö›ü¯ÖÖê ×¾Ö¸üÖê¬Ö
ú¸üÖµÖ“ÖÖ −ÖÃÖÖ¾ÖÖ. 1860 −ÖÓŸÖ¸ü ¯Ö¸ü´ÖÆÓüÃÖ ´ÖÓ›üôûà“Öê úÖµÖÔ £ÖÖÓ²Ö»Öê.

Nagesh Gaikwad
ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã ÞãßÌãßãè¦ããèÊã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãñ ¾ããñØãªã¶ã

1818 ¦ãñ 1885

1) Àã½ããñÍããè, ‡ãŠãñßãè ‚ãããä¥ã ãä¼ãÊÊã ¾ããâÞãã „ŸãÌã

‚ã) „½ãã•ããè ¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ ¾ããâÞãã „ŸãÌã :

• Àã½ããñÍããè ÔÌã¦ã:Êãã Àã½ãÌãâÍããè Ôã½ã•ã¦ãû ÍãÀãèÀã¶ãñ ºã߇㊛, „âÞãñ¹ãìÀñ, ºããâ£ãñÔãîª Ìã Àã‡ãŠ›û


• ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÞ¾ãã ¹ãƪñÍãã¦ããèÊã ÍããñÀã¹ãîÀÞ¾ãã Àã•ããÔã ¦ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊãã ¹ãƽãìŒã ½ãã¶ã¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ã ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ãã¹ãʾãã
¶ããÌãã¹ãì¤ñ ¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ ‚ãÍããè Ôãâ—ãã ÊããÌã¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãû ¹ãì¥ãñ ¹ãÆâã¦ãã¦ã Àã½ããñÍããâ½ã£¾ãñ ÞãÌÖã¥ã ‚ãããä¥ã •ãã£ãÌã
‚ãÍãã ªãñ¶ã ‚ã㡶ããÌããâÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠ ãäªÔã¦ãã¦ãû
• Àã½ããñÍããè Êããñ‡ãŠ Íãñ¦ããè, ¹ãÍãì¹ããÊã¶ã, ãä‡ãŠÊʾããâÞãã ºãâªãñºãԦ㠂ãããä¥ã ½ããñŸ¾ãã Ìã㡾ããâÌãÀ ¹ãÖãÀñ‡ãŠÀãè ƒû
‡ãŠã½ãñ ‡ãŠÀ¦ãû ãä‡ãŠÊʾããÞ¾ãã Ààã¥ããÞ¾ãã ºãªÊ¾ãã¦ã ŸÀããäÌã‡ãŠ ØããÌããâ¦ã ½ãÖÔãîÊã Øããñßã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã
‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ¦¾ãâã¶ãã ‚ãÔãñû ½ãã¨ã ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã Àã•ãÌã›ãè¦ã ¦¾ãâã¶ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÌãÀŠ¶ã ‡ãŠ½ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
¦¾ããâÞããè ƒ¶ãã½ãñÖãè •ã¹¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ Öñ Êããñ‡ãŠ ªÀãñ¡ñ ÜããÊãî ÊããØãÊãñû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã
‡ãŠã¾ãªñ ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã £ããñ‡ã‹¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
„½ãã•ããè ¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ :
• •ã¶½ã : ¹ãìÀâªÀ½ã£ããèÊã ãä¼ãÌãÀãè ¾ãñ©ãñ 1791û
• ¹ãìÀâªÀ ãä‡ãŠÊʾããÞ¾ãã ºãâªãñºãÔ¦ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 1818 ÔããÊããè ¼ããñÀ •ãÌãß ãäÌãâØã ØããÌãã¦ã ªÀãñ¡ã ›ã‡ãŠ¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¶ãã „½ãã•ããè ¹ã‡ãŠ¡Êãã ØãñÊããû
• ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã ãäÍãàãã ¼ããñØã¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¶ãã „½ãã•ããè¶ãñ ‚ãàãÀ ‚ããñߌ㠇ãŠÀŠ¶ã Üãñ¦ãÊããèû
• Ôãâ¦ãî ¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ Þ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ¼ãâãºã졾ããÃÞãã ÊãÓ‡ãŠÀãè Œããä•ã¶ãã Êãì›Êãã ( 1824-25)
• ¹ãì¤ñ „½ãã•ããè‡ãŠ¡ñ Àã½ããñÍããâÞãñ ¹ãì¤ãÀ¹ã¥ã ‚ããÊãñû ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ªÀãñ¡ñ ›ã‡ãŠÊãñ, Ìã㛽ãã-¾ãã ‡ãŠñʾããû
• 1826 ½ã£¾ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè „½ãã•ããèãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¹ããäÖÊãã •ããÖãèÀ¶ãã½ãã ‡ãŠã¤Êããû 100 ÀŠ¹ã¾ããâÞãñ ºãàããèÔãû
• Êããñ‡ãŠ „½ãã•ããèÞ¾ãã ºãã•ãî¶ãñ ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ „½ãã•ããèÊãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ã¹ã¾ãÍãû
• ½ããñ‡ã‹¾ããÞ¾ãã •ããØããè Þããõ‡ã‹¾ãã ºãÔãÌãʾãã, Üããñ¡ªß ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¹ã¥ã „¹ã¾ããñØã ¢ããÊãã ¶ããÖãèû
• ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè „½ãã•ããèÊãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ªñ¥ãã-¾ããÔã ‚ãÔãÊãñÊããè ºãàããèÔããÞããè À‡ã‹‡ãŠ½ã 1200 ÀŠ¹ã¾ãñ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• „½ãã•ããè¶ãñ ÔÌã¦ã:Êãã Àã•ãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ܾãã¾ãÊãã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ‡ãŠìŸÊ¾ããÖãè ¡ãñâØãÀ‡ãŠ¹ããÀãè¦ã ªÀºããÀ
¼ãÀ¦ã ‚ãÔãñû
• ØããñÀØããäÀºããâ¶ãã ªãäàã¥ãã ªñ¥ãñ, ªã¶ã ªñ¥ãñ, ‚ãÍããè ¦ããñ ½ãª¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ã ‚ãÔãñû
• ¹ã쥾ããÞãã ‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À †Þãû ¡ãèû Àãùºã›ÃÔã¶ã Ìã „½ãã•ããè ¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãÀÔ¹ãÀãâãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã •ããÖãèÀ¶ãã½ãñ ‡ãŠã¤Êãñû
• ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè „½ãã•ããèÞ¾ãã ºãã¾ã‡ãŠãñ Ìã ½ãìÊããâ¶ããã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ‡ãŠõª ‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãñ ‚ãŒãñÀ „½ãã•ããè¶ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¹ãì¤ñ
ÍãÀ¥ããØã¦ããè ¹ã¦‡ãŠÀÊããèû ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè ¦¾ããÞãñ ÔãÌãà Øãì¶Öñ ½ãã¹ãŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀÊããèû
¹ãì¥ãñ Ìã Ôãã¦ããÀã ¾ãã ¼ããØãã¦ã Íããâ¦ã¦ãã ã䛇ãŠÌ㥾ããÞããè •ãºããºãªãÀãè ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ Ôããñ¹ãÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
½ãã¨ã ¼ããñÀ ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã 13 ØããÌããâÞ¾ãã ½ãÖÔãîÊããÌãÀŠ¶ã ¦¾ãâãÞãã ƒâØãÆ•ããâÍããè ÔãâÜãÓãà ¢ããÊããû „½ãã•ããè¶ãñ
¹ãì¶Öã ºãâ¡ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ¹ãì¶Öã Àã½ãñã;ããâÞ¾ãã ›ãñß¾ãã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠñʾããû
• „½ãã•ããèÊãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ããÞããè •ãºããºãªãÀãè ‡ãŠùû ‚ãÊãñ‡ã‹¢ããâ¡À Ìã ‡ãŠùû ½ãùãä‡ãŠ¶›ãùÍã ¾ããâÞ¾ããÌãÀ Ôããñ¹ããäÌãÊããèû
• ¹ã쥾ããÞãñ ¦ãñÌÖãÞãñ ‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À •ããù•ãà ãä•ãºã¶ãà Ìã „½ãã•ããè ¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãÀÔ¹ãÀãâãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã •ããÖãèÀ¶ãã½ãñ ‡ãŠã¤Êãñû
• 1831 ½ã£¾ãñ •ããÖãèÀ¶ãã½ãã ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ƒ¶ãã½ããÞããè À‡ã‹‡ãŠ½ã 10, 000 ÀŠ¹ã¾ãñ Ìã 400 ãäºãÜãã •ã½ããè¶ã
†Ìã¤ãè ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ºãã¦ã½ããè ¹ãìÀÌã¥ãã-¾ããÔã 5000 ÀŠ¹ã¾ãñ ÀãñŒã Ìã 200 ãäºãÜãã •ã½ããè¶ã
• „½ãã•ããèÞãñ •ãÌãßÞãñ ÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀãè ‡ãŠãßî Ìã ¶ãã¶ãã ¾ãã ‚ã½ããèÓããÊãã ºãßãè ¹ã¡Êãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‡ãŠãßî Ìã ¶ãã¶ãã ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÌãÍÌããÔãÜãã¦ãã¶ãñ „½ãã•ããèÊãã ¹ã쥾ããÞ¾ãã ½ãìßÍããè •ãÌãß ‚ããÌãßÔã ¾ãñ©ãñ
‚ãã¥ãÊãñû
• 25 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1831 Àãñ•ããè „½ãã•ããèÊãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã ÔÌãã£ããè¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¦¾ããÊãã Øãì¶ÖñØããÀ ŸÀÌãî¶ã 3 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1834 Êãã ¹ãŠãÍããè ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû

ºã) ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÞãñ „ŸãÌã :

• ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÞããè ½ã쌾ã¦ã: ÌãÔ¦ããè ½ã£¾ã ¹ãƪñÍã, ªãäàã¥ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È, Øãì•ãÀã¦ã Ìã ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ã ¾ãã ¼ããØãã¦ã ‚ããÖñû
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÞãñ Ôãã£ãñ ‡ãŠãñßãè Ìã ¡ãñâØãÀãè ‡ãŠãñßãè ‚ãÔãñ ¼ãñª ‚ãÔãî¶ã Ôããñ¶ã‡ãŠãñßãè, ½ãÖãªñÌã
‡ãŠãñßãè ƒû ¹ããñ›¼ãñª ‚ããÖñ¦ãû
o ãä‡ãŠÊʾããâÞ¾ãã ºãâªãñºãÔ¦ãã½ã£¾ãñ ¦¾ããâÞãñ ½ãÖ¦¦ÌããÞãñ Ô©ãã¶ã Öãñ¦ãñû ¹ãÀâ¦ãì ƒâØãÆ•ããè Àã•ãÌã›ãè¦ã
ãä‡ãŠÊʾããâÞããè ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã ¹ãî¥ãæã: ºãªÊãÊããè Øãñʾãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ããñ‡ãŠ-¾ãã Øãñʾãã û
Íãñ¦ããèÌãÀ „ªÀãä¶ãÌããÃÖ ‡ãŠÀãÌãã, ¦ãÀ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè •ã½ããè¶ããè ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã Üãñ¦ãʾããû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ
‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÌãÀ „¹ããÔã½ããÀãèÞããè ¹ããßãè ‚ããÊããèû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠãñßãè ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ØãñÊãñû
‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÞãñ „ŸãÌã ¦ããè¶ã ›¹¹¾ãã¦ã ¢ããÊãñ :
¹ããäÖÊãã ›¹¹ãã :
• 1824 Þ¾ãã ªÀ½¾ãã¶ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¼ããØãã¦ã ¶ãñãä›ÌÖ ƒ¶¹ãŠâ›Èãè¶ãñ „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¦ããñ „ŸãÌã ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâ¶ããè
ª¡¹ãÊãã Ìã ¦¾ãã ¼ããØãã¦ã Íããâ¦ã¦ãã ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠñÊããèû ¹ããñÊããèÔã ªÊãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠãñßãè •ã½ãã¦ããèÞãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè
Àã½ã•ããè ¼ããâØãã䡾ãã Ö㠂㦾ãâ¦ã ¶ããÀã•ã ¢ããÊããû ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ‚ãã¹ãʾãã ¹ãªãÞãã Àã•ããè¶ãã½ãã ªñ„Š¶ã •ã½ãã¦ããèÞãñ
¹ãÆͶã Ôããñ¡Ì㥾ããÔããŸãè ¹ãƾ㦶ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ÔããÀã ¼ãÀ¥¾ããÔã ¶ã‡ãŠãÀ ªñ„Š¶ã ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÞãñ ÔãâÜ㛶ã ÔãìÀŠû
ÍãÔ¨ããÔ¨ãñ •ã½ãÌãÊããèû
• 1828 ÔããÊããè Àã½ã•ããè ¼ããâØãã䡾ããÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâ¶ããè „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû Öã ÔãâÜãÓãà ªãñ¶ã ÌãÓãñÃ
ÔãìÀŠ Öãñ¦ããû ‡ãŠùû ‚ãÊãñ‡ã‹¢ããâ¡À Ìã ½ãùãä‡ãŠ¶›ãùÍã ¾ãâã¶ããè Öã „ŸãÌã ½ããñ¡î¶ã ‡ãŠã¤Êããû

ªìÔãÀã ›¹¹ãã :
• ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãì¶Öã „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ÍãÔ¨ããÔ¨ãñ Øããñßã ‡ãŠñÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 1839 Êãã ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã †‡ãŠª½ã „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• ¾ããÌãñßãè ªãñ¶ã ÜããñÓã¥ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããʾããû
• ªìÔã-¾ãã ºãã•ããèÀãÌããÔã ¹ãñÍãÌãñ¹ãª ªñ„Š¶ã ¹ãì¶Öã ½ãÀãŸãè À㕾ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ¢ããÊããè ‚ããÖñ, Ìã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãÃ
À㕾㠇ãŠãñß¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¦ã㺾ãã¦ã ‚ããÖñû
• Üããñ¡¶ãªãè ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Œããä•ã¶¾ããÊãã 150 ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâ¶ããè Ìãñ¤ã Üãã¦ãÊããû ½ãã¨ã Àãñ¢ã ¾ãã ‚ããäÔãÔ›â›
‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À ¶ãñ „ŸãÌã ½ããñ¡î¶ã ‡ãŠã¤¥¾ãã¦ã ¾ãÍã ãä½ãßÌãÊãñû 54 ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¹ãì¤ãèÊã 5 ÌãÓãñà ‡ãŠãñßãè Íããâ¦ã ÀããäÖÊãñû

ãä¦ãÔãÀã ›¹¹ãã :
• ÀÜãî ¼ããâØãã䡾ãã ‚ãããä¥ã ºãã¹ãî ¼ããâØãã䡾ãã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ¹ãì¥ãñ, ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ, ¶ãØãÀ ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã
„ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¹ãì¥ãñ Ìã Ôãã¦ããÀã ¾ãñ©ãñÖãè Êããñ¥ã ¹ãÔãÀÊãñû
• 1845 ½ã£¾ãñ ºãã¹ãî ¼ããâØãã䡾ãã Êãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ãã¦ã ¾ãÍã ‚ããÊãñû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâ½ã£ããèÊã ‚ãÔãâ¦ããñÓã
Ìãã¤Êããû
• ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâ¶ããè Êãì›ãÊãì›ãèÞãñ Ôã¨ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû „ŸãÌããÞãñ Êããñ¥ã ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ã Ìã ¹ãû ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ¹ãÔãÀÊãñû
• ‡ãŠùû •ãñÊã ¶ãñ „ŸãÌã ª¡¹ã¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû 1850 ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâÞ¾ãã „ŸãÌããÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ã½ãÞãã
ºãâªãñºãԦ㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû

‡ãŠ) ãä¼ãÊÊããâÞãñ „ŸãÌã :

• ãä¼ãÊÊããâÞããè ÌãÔ¦ããè ‚ãÀÌãÊããè, ãäÌã⣾ã, ÔãÖƾããªÆãè Ìã Ôãã¦ã¹ãì¡ã ¹ãÌãæã ÀãâØããâ½ã£¾ãñû


• Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ã •ããÔ¦ã ÌãÔ¦ããèû
• Íãñ¦ããè, ¹ãÍãì¹ããÊã¶ã, ½ããÔãñ½ããÀãè, ãäÍã‡ãŠãÀ Öñ ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã „¹ããä•ãÌããè‡ãŠñÞãñ Ôãã£ã¶ãû
• ºãÀ¡ã, ¡ãØãÞããè, ½ãã„ŠÞããè, ÌãÔããÌãã, ¦ã¡Ìããè ƒû •ãã¦ããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¹ãñÍãÌããƒÃÞ¾ãã ‚ãŒãñÀÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ã ½ãã•ãÊãñʾãã ‚ãÀã•ã‡ãŠãÞãã ¹ãŠã¾ãªã Üãñ¦ã ãä¼ãÊÊããâ¶ããè
1803 ½ã£¾ãñ „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¹ãñâ¤ãÀãè Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞãã ¹ãããäŸâºãã ãä½ãßãÊããû
• 1818 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ã•ãâŸã, Ôãã¦ã½ããßã ¼ããØãã¦ã „ŸãÌãû
• ‡ãŠùû ãäºãØ•ã ¾ãã ‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À ¶ãñ ¾ãã ¼ããØãã¦ã „ŸãÌã ½ããñ¡î¶ã ‡ãŠã¤¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊãñû
• ª¡¹ãÍããÖãè ¾ãÍãÔÌããè ¶ã ¢ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ãã¶ãñ Ôããõ½¾ã £ããñÀ¥ã ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀ¦ã ãä¼ãÊÊããâ¶ãã ¹ãñ¶Íã¶ã ªñ¥¾ããÔã
ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ÍãÀ¥ã ‚ããÊãñʾãã ãä¼ãÊÊããâ¶ãã ½ãã¹ãŠãè ªñ¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ãû
• ½ãã¨ã ¦ãÀãèÖãè „ŸãÌã ÔãìÀŠÞã ÀããäÖÊããû ¦¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ Ôãã¦ã½ããßÞ¾ãã ãäÞãÊã¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ ¾ããÞãã Ôã½ããÌãñÍã Öãñ¦ããû
¦¾ãã¶ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ãã ÖõÀã¥ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Ôããñ¡Êãñû ‡ãŠùû ãäºãØ•ã ¶ãñ ¦¾ããÊãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ãŠãÍããè ãäªÊãñû
• 1822 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ãì¶Öã ãäÖÀã ¶ããÌããÞ¾ãã ãä¼ãÊÊãâãÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè „ŸãÌãû
• 1825 ½ã£¾ãñ ÔãñÌããÀã½ã ãäÜãÔãã¡ãè ¾ããÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ¹ãì¶Öã „ŸãÌãûû ÔãñÌããÀã½ãÞ¾ãã „ŸãÌããÔã ªñÍããè
ÔãâÔ©ãããä¶ã‡ãŠ, ªñÍã½ãìŒã ¾ããâÞãã ¹ãããäŸâºãã ãä½ãߦã ØãñÊããû „ŸãÌããÞãñ ÔÌãÀŠ¹ã ̾ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ºã¶ãÊãñû
• Êãñû ‚ããù››È½ã ¶ãñ ÔãñÌããÀã½ãÊãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡Êãñû ¦¾ããÞ¾ããÔãÖ ¦¾ããÞ¾ãã Ôãã©ããèªãÀãâÞãñ Øãì¶Öñ ½ãã¹ãŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã •ã½ããè¶ããè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ãÀ¦ã ãäªÊ¾ããû ãä¼ãÊÊããâÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ã½ãÞãñ ¹ãì¶ãÌãÃÔã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè Ôãõ¶¾ã¼ãÀ¦ããè,
ºãâªãñºãÔ¦ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã , ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¦ã¹ãŠñà ºããè-ãäºã¾ãã¥ãñ ¹ãìÀÌã¥ãñ ‚ãÍããè ‡ãŠã½ãñ Ìã ‡ãŠãÖãè ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñʾããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
2) 1857 Þãã „ŸãÌã ‚ãããä¥ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È :

ÀâØããñ ºãã¹ãî•ããè Øã칦ãñ :


• Ôãã¦ããÀÞãñ œ¨ã¹ã¦ããè ¹ãƦãã¹ããäÔãâÖ ¾ããâÞãñ ØãñÊãñÊãñ À㕾㠹ãÀ¦ã ãä½ãßÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè ÀâØããñ ºãã¹ãî•ããè Øã칦ãñ ¾ããâ¶ããè
¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊãñû ¦¾ãããä¶ããä½ã¦¦ãã¶ãñ ¦ãñ ƒâØÊãâ¡Êãã ØãñÊãñû ½ãã¨ã Ö¦ããÍã Öãñ„Š¶ã ¹ãÀ¦ããÌãñ ÊããØãÊãñû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ
¦¾ãâã¶ããè 1857 Þ¾ãã „ŸãÌãã¦ã ¼ããØã Üãñ¦ãÊããû
• ¾ãìÀãñãä¹ã¾ã¶ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠã-¾ããâ¶ãã ŸãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ, ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Œããä¶ã•ãñ Êã웥ãñ, ‡ãŠõª¾ããâÞããè Ôã웇ãŠã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ,
¦¾ããÔããŸãè ¼ããñÀ¹ããÔãî¶ã ºãñßØããÌã¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ãäÖâ¡î¶ã ½ããâØã, Àã½ããñÍããè, ‡ãŠãñßãè ¾ããâ¶ãã †‡ãŠ¨ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Ôãõ¶¾ã
„¼ããÀÊãñû
• „ŸãÌããÔããŸãè ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ, ¹ãâ¤À¹ãîÀ, ¹ãŠÊ㛥ã, ÌããŸãÀ, ºãñßØããÌã, ‡ãŠßâºããè, ‡ãŠÀã¡, ‚ããÀßñ,
ªñ„ŠÀ ƒû ã䟇ãŠã¥ãñ ãä¶ãÌã¡Êããèû
• ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ãã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÖãÊãÞããÊããèâÞãã ÔãìØããÌãã ÊããØãʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦ãñ ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ¢ããÊãñû

‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ ½ã£ããèÊã „ŸãÌã :


• ¹ããäÖÊãã „ŸãÌã 31 •ãìÊãõ 1857 Þ¾ãã Àã¨ããè 27 ̾ãã Àñãä•ã½ãñ⛽ã£ããèÊã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã Ôãõãä¶ã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ
¹ãì¤ã‡ãŠãÀ Üãñ¦ãÊããû Àñãä•ã½ãñâ›Þããè ãä¦ã•ããñÀãè Êãî›î¶ã ¾ãìÀãñãä¹ã¾ã¶ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠã-¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÜãÀãÌãÀÖãè ÖÊÊãñ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
•ãñ‡ãŠºã ¶ããÌããÞ¾ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠã-¾ãã¶ãñ Öã „ŸãÌã ½ããñ¡î¶ã ›ã‡ãŠÊããû
• ªìÔãÀã „ŸãÌã 6 ãä¡ÔãâñºãÀ 1857 Àãñ•ããè Üã¡î¶ã ‚ããÊããû ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ, £ããÀÌãã¡, ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ãäÖâªãè
ãäÍã¹ãã¾ããâ¶ããè ºãâ¡ãÞããè ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã ‚ããŒãÊããèû ½ãã¨ã ãäºãÆ›ãèÍãâã¶ããè ÔããÌã£ã Öãñ„Š¶ã „ŸãÌã ½ããñ¡î¶ã ‡ãŠã¤Êããû

¹ãñŸ ½ã£ããèÊã „ŸãÌã :


• ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ã ¹ãñŸ ¾ãã ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè ‡ãŠãñß¾ããâ¶ããè „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¹ãñŸÞãã Àã•ãã ¼ãØãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã
ãä¶ã߇ãŠâŸÀãÌã ¾ããâ¶ããè ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ‡ãŠñÊãñû 6 ãä¡Ôãñâ 1857 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠãñßãè Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ÖÔãîÃÊãÞ¾ãã ºãã•ããÀã¦ã
‚ãÞãã¶ã‡ãŠ Êãî› ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¦¾ããÌãñßãè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ãä¼ãÊÊããâ¶ããè ½ãª¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Œããä•ã¶ãã Êãî›Êããû
• ØÊããÔã¹ãîÊã ¾ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠã-¾ãã¶ãñ ºãâ¡ ½ããñ¡î¶ã ‡ãŠã¤Êãñû ¹ãñŸÞ¾ãã Àã•ããÊãã ¹ãŠãÍããè ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
¶ãØãÀ-¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ ½ã£ããèÊã „ŸãÌã :
• 1857 Þ¾ãã ºãâ¡ã¦ã ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ-¶ãØãÀ ½ã£¾ãñ ãä¼ãÊÊããâ¶ããè „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû 21 •ãã¶ãñ 1857 Êãã ¶ããâªØããÌã
Êãã ãä¼ãÊÊã ‚ãããä¥ã ƒâØãÆ•ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ã •ããñÀãÞããè Þã‡ãŠ½ã‡ãŠ ¢ããÊããèû ãäºãÆ›ãèÍãâã¶ããè ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ºãâ¡ŒããñÀãâ¶ãã ŸãÀ
‡ãŠñÊãñû ‡ãŠãÖãèâ¶ãã ¹ãŠãÍããè Ìã ‡ãŠãÖãèâ¶ã㠕㶽ãŸñ¹ã ãäªÊããè ØãñÊããèû

•ã½ããäŒãâ¡ãè ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã „ŸãÌã :


• •ã½ããäŒãâ¡ãèÞãñ Àã•ãñ ‚ãã¹¹ããÔããÖñºã ¹ã›Ìã£ãöã Öãñ¦ãñû ¦ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã ½ã•ããèæããèÊã Öãñ¦ãñû ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãã¹ãʾãã
ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã „ŸãÌã Öãñ„Š ¶ã¾ãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ÍãÔ¨ããÔ¨ãñ Ìã ªãÀŠØããñßã ãä‡ãŠÊʾããÔã ÔããŸÌãÊããû ¹ãÀâ¦ãì ¦¾ããÞ¾ãã
¾ãã ÖãÊãÞããÊããèâºããºã¦ã ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞãã ØãõÀÔã½ã•ã ¢ããÊããû ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè ÔãâÍããä¾ã¦ããâ¶ãã ¦ã㺾ãã¦ã Üãñ¦ãÊãñû „ŸãÌã
Öãñ¥¾ãã¹ãîÌããèÃÞã ¦ãñ©ãñ ºãâªãñºãԦ㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû

½ãì£ããñß ½ã£ããèÊã ºãñÀ¡ •ã½ãã¦ããèÞãã „ŸãÌã :


• ƒâØãÆ•ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ 1857 ½ã£¾ãñ ÍãÔ¨ãºãâªãèÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ÊããØãî ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã Ö¦¾ããÀñ
‚ãã¹ãʾãã‡ãŠ¡ñ •ã½ãã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Üãñ¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû û ½ãì£ããñß½ã£ããèÊã ÖìÊãØã¡ãèÞ¾ãã ºãñÀ¡ãâ¶ãã Öã
‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ã㶾㠶ãÌÖ¦ããû ‡ãŠãñ¥ããèÖãè ÍãÔ¨ãñ •ã½ãã ‡ãŠÀŠ ¶ã¾ãñ¦ã, ‚ãÔãã ¹ãÆÞããÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããû ½ãì£ããñß
Þ¾ãã ÔãâÔ©ãããä¶ã‡ãŠã¶ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ãã ºãã¦ã½ããè ‡ãŠßÌãî¶ã Ôãõ¶¾ã ºããñÊããÌãî¶ã Üãñ¦ãÊãñû Ôãõ¶¾ã Ìã ºãñÀ¡ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ã
Þã‡ãŠ½ã‡ãŠ ¢ããÊããèû ÖìØãßãè ¾ãñ©ãñ †‡ãŠã Àã¨ããè¦ã ªãñ¶ãÍãñ ºãñÔããÌã£ã ºãñÀ¡ãâÞããè ‡ãŠ¦¦ãÊã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ½ã£ããèÊã „ŸãÌã :


• ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ 13 •ãî¶ã 1857 Öãè „ŸãÌããÞããè ¦ããÀãèŒã ŸÀÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû Àã¨ããè ‚ãã‡ãŠãÍãã¦ã Íããñ¼ãñÞ¾ãã
ªãÀŠÞãñ ¹ãŠìØãñ Ôããñ¡î¶ã ƒÍããÀã ª¾ãã¾ãÞãã Öãñ¦ãã Ìã ƒâØãÆ•ã ÀñãäÔã¡ñ¶Ôããè, Ôããè¦ããºã¡ãèÃÞãã ãä‡ãŠÊÊãã, ‡ãŠã½ãŸãè
ƒû ã䟇ãŠã¥ãñ ¦ã㺾ãã¦ã ܾãã¾ãÞããè Öãñ¦ããèû ½ãã¨ã ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ãã ¾ããÞãã ÔãìØããÌãã ÊããØãÊããû ‚ãã‡ãŠãÍãã¦ã ¹ãŠìØãñ
Ôã웥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè¦ã, ¾ããÞããè ‡ãŠãß•ããè Üãñ¦ãÊããèû ªìÔã-¾ãã ãäªÌãÍããè ¹ã‡ãŠ¡Êãñʾãã ¦ããè¶ã ºãâ¡ŒããñÀãâ¶ãã ¹ãŠãÍããè
ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñ ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠãâ¶ã㠕㶽ãŸñ¹ã Ôãì¶ããÌãÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
‚ããõÀâØããºã㪽ã£ããèÊã „ŸãÌã :
• 1857 Þ¾ãã „ŸãÌããÞ¾ãã Ìãñßãè ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä¶ã•ãã½ããè Àã•ãÌã›ãè¦ã Öãñ¦ãñû ÔãÌãè㠢ããÊãñʾãã ºãâ¡ã½ãìßñ
¦ãñ©ããèÊã ƒâØãÆ•ããè ¹ãŠãõ•ãñ¦ããèÊã ãäÖâªãè ãäÍã¹ãã¾ããâ¦ã ÞãÊããäºãÞãÊã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããèû ¦ãñ©ããèÊã Üããñ¡ªßãÞ¾ãã
¹ãÊ㛥ããè¦ã ½ãìÔÊããè½ã ãäÍã¹ãã¾ããâ¦ã ÞããÊãÊãñʾãã ÖãÊãÞããÊããèâºããºã¦ã ƒâØãÆ•ã ÔããÍãâ‡ãŠ ºã¶ãÊãñû „ŸãÌããÞãã
„ªÆñ‡ãŠ Öãñ¥¾ãã¹ãîÌããèÃÞã ÔãâÍããä¾ã¦ã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡Êãñ ØãñÊãñû ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã Ôãõ¶¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ºã¡¦ã¹ãŠÃà ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû

3) Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâÞãñ „ŸãÌã :

• ¹ããÌãÔããÞãñ ‡ãŠ½ããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã, Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâÞããè ª¾ã¶ããè¾ã ‚ãÌãÔ©ãã, ªìÓ‡ãŠãßã¦ãÖãè ‡ãŠÀÌãÔãìÊããè, Íãñ¦ã½ã•ãìÀãâ¶ãã


½ã•ãìÀãè ¶ããÖãè, Íãñ¦ããèÞãñ ‡ãŠ½ããè „¦¹ã¶¶ã ¾ãã½ãìßñ Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâ¶ããè „ŸãÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• 1874 ÔããÊããè ¹ãì¥ãñ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ãäÍãÀŠÀ ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊ㠇㊣ãñà ØããÌãã¹ããÔãî¶ã „ŸãÌã ÔãìÀŠû ÔããÀã
¼ãÀ¥¾ããÔã ¶ã‡ãŠãÀü ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÌãÀ ÖÊÊãñû
• 12 ½ãñ 1875 ½ã£¾ãñ Ôãì¹ãñ ¾ãñ©ãñ Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ããäÖÊãã „ŸãÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû ½ããÀÌãã¡ãè, Øãì•ãÀ Ìã
ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÌãÀ ÖÊÊãñ Þã¤ÌãÊãñû ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¶ãØãÀ, Ôãã¦ããÀã, ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀ, À¦¶ãããäØãÀãè ¾ãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ããâ¦ã „ŸãÌãû
¶ãØãÀ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ã ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÞ¾ãã ÜãÀãâÌãÀ ÖÊÊãñ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû ØãÖã¥ãŒã¦ãñ •ããßî¶ã ›ã‡ãŠ¥ãñ,
ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÞããè ½ããÊã½ã¦¦ãã Êã웥ãñ ‚ãÔãñ ¹ãƇãŠãÀ ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñû ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã Œãî¶ã, ÊãããÀ ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããèû

½ãìâºãƒÃ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ „ŸãÌãã½ããØãñ ‚ãÔãÊãñÊãñ ªìÓ‡ãŠãßãÞãñ ‡ãŠãÀ¥ã Êãàãã¦ã Üãñ„Š¶ã Ìã Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‚ãÔãâ¦ããñÓããÞ¾ãã
ƒ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãÀ¥ããâÞããè Þããõ‡ãŠÍããè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¡ñ‡ã‹‡ãŠ¶ã Àãù¾ã›Ôã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã ¶ãñ½ãÊãñû ¾ãã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã½ã£¾ãñ 4
ÔãªÔ¾ã Öãñ¦ãñû ¦¾ãâã¶ããè Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâºããºã¦ã ‚ãªîÀªÍããèùã¥ãã Öñ Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‚ãÔãâ¦ããñÓããÞãñ ‡ãŠãÀ¥ã ‚ãÔãʾããÞãñ
ÔãâããäØã¦ãÊãñû
ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ 1879 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäª ¡ñ‡ã‹‡ãŠ¶ã ‚ãùãäØãƇãŠÊÞãÀ ãäÀãäÊã¹ãŠ ‚ãù‡ã‹› Ôãâ½ã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¦¾ãã’ã¶Ìã¾ãñ
¦ãØããƒÃÞããè Ôããñ¾ã ‚ãÔããÌããè, Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠÀãè ºãùâ‡ãŠã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ, ‡ãŠ•ãúãã•ããÀãè¹ã¥ãã½ãìßñ Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâÞ¾ãã •ã½ããè¶ããè
ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ÊãØãñÞãÞã ÖÔ¦ããâ¦ããäÀ¦ã Öãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè¦ã, ‚ãÍãã ¹ãƇãŠãÀÞããè ¦ãÀ¦ãîªû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ÌããÔãìªñÌã ºãßÌãâ¦ã ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ ¾ããâÞãã „ŸãÌã :

• ‚ã㪾㠇ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããè‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠû 1857 Þ¾ãã „ŸãÌãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã •ããñ ¹ããäÖÊãã „ŸãÌã ¢ããÊãã,
¦ããñ ÌããÔãìªñÌã ºãßÌãâ¦ã ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊããû
• •ã¶½ã 4 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1846, Àã¾ãØã¡ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ãäÍãÀ¤ãñ¥ã ¾ãñ©ãñû ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ‡ãŠ¶ããÃßã
ãä‡ãŠÊʾããÞããè ãä‡ãŠÊÊãñªãÀãè Öãñ¦ããèû ½ãã¨ã ½ãÀãŸãè Ô㦦ãñÞ¾ãã –ÖãÔãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠì›ìâºããÞãñ
„ªÀãä¶ãÌããÃÖãÞãñ Ôãã£ã¶ã ¶ããÖãèÔãñ ¢ããÊãñû ãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ãî¥ãà ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã ‚ããÊãñ ¶ããÖãèû
• „ªÀãä¶ãÌããÃÖãÔããŸãè ¹ãÆ©ã½ã ÀñÊÌãñ Œã㦾ãã¦ã ãäÊã¹ããè‡ãŠ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‡ãŠã½ããÊãã ÊããØãÊãñû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÊãÓ‡ãŠÀãè
Œã㦾ãã¦ã ÊãñŒãããäÌã¼ããØãã¦ã ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãèÔã ÊããØãÊãñû
• ‚ããƒÃÞ¾ãã ‚ã⦾ããäÌã£ããèÔã „¹ããäÔ©ã¦ã ÀãÖ¦ã㠶㠂ããʾãã½ãìßñ ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè Ôããñ¡Êããèû
• ÍãÔ¨ãºãßãŒãñÀãè•ã ƒâØãÆ•ã ¼ããÀ¦ã Ôããñ¡î¶ã •ãã¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè¦ã, ‚ãÔãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã Ìãã›ñû
• ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ªñÍã¹ãÆñ½ã ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¦ãñ ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ Ôã¼ãñÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ããæ㠼ããØã
Üãñ¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¶¾ããû Àã¶ã¡â, ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã‡ãŠã ¾ããâÞãã ¹ãƼããÌãû
• 1873 ½ã£¾ãñ ÔÌãªñÍããè ÌãÔ¦ãî Ìãã¹ãÀ¥¾ããÞããè Íã¹ã©ã Üãñ¦ãÊããèû
• Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ †ñ‡ã‹¾ããÔããŸãè †ñ‡ã‹¾ãÌããä£ãöããè ÔãâÔ©ãã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 1874 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ãì¥ãñ ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ãî¶ãã ¶ãñãä›ÌÖ ƒãä¶Ô››¾ãìÍã¶ã Öãè Íããßã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ÔÌãªñÍããèÞãã ¹ãìÀÔ‡ãŠãÀ
‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶ãû ¹ã쥾ãã¦ãÞã ƒâØãÆ•ããâãäÌãÀŠ£ª ¼ããÓã¥ãñ ªñ¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ãäÊ㛶ã Þ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ãäÌև㋛ãñãäÀ¾ãã Àã¥ããèÊãã ãäÖâªìÔ©ãã¶ãÞããè Ôãã½ãÆã—ããè Öãè ¹ãªÌããè ãäªÊ¾ãã¶ãñ ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñâÞãã
ÀãØã ‚ã¶ããÌãÀû Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâÞããè •ã½ãÌãã•ã½ãÌãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 20 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1879 ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ãâã¶ããè Àã½ããñÍããè, ‡ãŠãñßãè, ½ããâØã, ½ãÖãÀ, ½ãìÔãÊã½ãã¶ã ƒû ÔãÖ‡ãŠã-¾ããâÞ¾ãã
½ãª¦ããè¶ãñ ¹ã쥾ããÞ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã ªÀãñ¡ñ ÜããÊ㥾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞãñ À㕾ã Ôã¶ãªÍããèÀ
½ããØããöãñ ¹ãÀã¼ãî¦ã Öãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè, ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããèÞãã ½ããØãà ‚ãÌãÊãâºãÊããû
• ª¦¦ã ½ãÖ㦽¾ã Öã Ôãã¦ã Ö•ããÀ ‚ããñ̾ããâÞãã ØãÆâ©ã ãäÊããäÖÊããû
• ªãõÊã¦ãÀãÌã ¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠãâÞ¾ã㠽㪦ããè¶ãñ Êããñ¥ããè•ãÌãß £ãã½ããÀãè ØããÌããÌãÀ ¹ããäÖÊãã ªÀãñ¡ãû
• ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Œããä•ã¶ãñ Êã웥¾ãã†ñÌã•ããè Œãñ¡¾ãã¹ã㡾ãã¦ããèÊã Ñããè½ãâ¦ããâÞããè ÜãÀñ Êã웥¾ããÌãÀ ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ ¾ããâÞãã
¼ãÀü
• •ãñ•ãìÀãè, Œãñ¡, Êããñ¥ããè, ¹ãìÀâªÀ, ÌããÊÖñ ¾ãã ØããÌããâÌãÀ ªÀãñ¡ñ û
• 1879 ½ã£¾ãñ •ããÖãèÀ¶ãã½ãã ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãã¦ãã¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ¹ãŠ‡ã‹¦ã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã Ñããè½ãâ¦ã Êããñ‡ãŠãâãäÌãÀŠ£ª
ÞããÊãÊãñÊããè ‚ãã½ãÞããè ½ããñÖãè½ã ¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‚ãã½Öãè ¾ãìÀãñãä¹ã¾ã¶ããâÔããŸãè ÔãÀŠ ‡ãŠÀŠû ¾ãìÀãñãä¹ã¾ã¶ããâÞããè ‡ãŠ¦¦ãÊã
‡ãŠÀŠû 1857 Þ¾ãã ºãâ¡ãÔããÀŒãñ ªìÔãÀñ ºãâ¡ „¼ããÀŠû ‚ãÔãã ƒÍããÀã ãäªÊããû
• Êãì›ãèÌãÀŠ¶ã Àã½ããñÍããâºãÀãñºãÀÞãñ Ôãâºãâ£ã ãäºãÜã¡Êãñû
• ¹ã쥾ããÞãã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ¹ãƽãìŒã ½ãñ•ãÀ ¡ùãä¶ã¾ãÊã ¾ãã¶ãñ ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ ¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ããÞããè ½ããñãäֽ㠄Üã¡Êããèû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ ¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ããÔããŸãè 4 Ö•ããÀ ÀŠ¹ã¾ããâÞãñ ÀãñŒã ºãàããèÔã ÊããÌãÊãñû ¦¾ããÔã
¹ãƦ¾ã즦ãÀ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ ¾ããâ¶ããè •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñ ‡ãŠãè, ½ãìâºãƒÃÞãñ ØãÌÖ¶ãÃÀ ãäÀÞã¡Ã ›ñâ¹ãÊã ¾ããâÞãñ ¡ãñ‡ãŠñ
‡ãŠã¹ãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã ªñ¥ãã-¾ããÔã ªÖã Ö•ããÀ ÀŠ¹ã¾ãñ ºãàããèÔã ãäªÊãñ •ããƒÃÊãû
• ¹ãŠ¡‡ã‹¾ããâ¶ããè ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ‚ãã¹ãÊãã ½ããñÞããà ÌãßÌãÊããû
• Àã½ããñÍãâã¶ããè Ôãã©ã Ôããñ¡Êããèû
• ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ãã¦ãî¶ã Øãã¥ãØãã¹ãîÀÊãã ØãñÊãñû ªÀ½¾ãã¶ã ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ãäÌãÑãã½ãºããØãÌãã¡ã ‚ãããä¥ã ºãì£ãÌããÀ Ìã㡾ããÊãã
‚ããØã ÊããÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ¹ããñÊããèÔãâã¶ã㠹㊡‡ã‹¾ããâÌãÀ ÔãâÍã¾ãû ½ãã¨ã Öãè ‚ããØã ‡ãŠðÓ¥ãã•ããè Àã¶ã¡ñ ¾ããâ¶ããè
ÊããÌãÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ Øãã¥ãØãã¹ãîÀÖî¶ã ÑããèÍãõʾã½ã Êãã ØãñÊãñû ¦ãñ©ãñ ÀÜãì¶ãã©ã ¼ã›ã¶ãñ ¦¾ããâÞããè ¼ãñ› Üãñ¦ãÊããèû
• ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠñ ¾ãâã¶ããè ªìÔãÀã •ããÖãèÀ¶ãã½ãã ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ØãÌÖ¶ãÃÀÊãã ŸãÀ ½ããÀ¥ãã-¾ããÔã ¹ããÞã Ö•ããÀ ÀŠû ºãàããèÔã
•ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 23 •ãìÊãõ 1879 Êãã ãäÌã•ãã¹ãîÀ •ãÌãßãèÊã ªñÌãÀ ¶ããÌã¡Øããè ¾ãã ØããÌããÞ¾ãã ºããÖñÀ †‡ãŠã ºããõ£ª
ãäÌãÖãÀã½ã£¾ãñ Øã㤠¢ããñ¹ãñ¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¶ãã ¦¾ããâ¶ã㠂㛇㊠‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÌãÀ Œã›Êãã ¼ãÀÊããû „ÞÞã ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ãã¦ã ¦¾ããâÞãñ Ìã‡ãŠãèÊã¹ã¨ã ½ãÖãªñÌã ãäÞã½ã¥ãã•ããè ‚ãã¹ã›ñ
¾ãâã¶ããè Üãñ¦ãÊãñû ½ãã¨ã •ã¶½ãŸñ¹ãû
• 3 •ãã¶ãñ 1880 Àãñ•ããè ¦ãñÖñÀã¶ã ºããñ›ãè¶ãñ ¦¾ãâã¶ãã ¾ãñ½ãñ¶ã½ã£ããèÊã †¡¶ã Êãã ¹ããŸãäÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã ‚ã¶ããä¶Ìã¦ã œßü ¹ãßî¶ã •ã㥾ããÞãã ‚ã¾ãÍãÔÌããè ¹ãƾ㦶ã
• 17 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1883 Àãñ•ããè ½ãð¦¾ãîû
• ‚ã½ãð¦ãºã¢ããÀ ¹ããä¨ã‡ãŠñ¶ãñ ¦¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㛇ãŠñ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1879 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÊããäÖÊãñʾãã ÊãñŒãã¦ã
ªñÍã¹ãÆñ½ãã¶ãñ ‚ããñ©ãâºãÊãñÊãã ãäÖ½ããÊã¾ããÔããÀŒãã „¦¦ãìâØã ½ãÖã¹ãìÀŠÓã ‚ãÔãã ¦¾ããâÞãã ØããõÀÌã¹ãî¥ãà „ÊÊãñŒã
‡ãŠñÊãã ‚ããÖñû

1885- 1920
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ÀãÓ›ÈÌããªãÞ¾ãã „ª¾ããÞããè ‡ãŠãÀ¥ãñ :
1) †ñãä¦ãÖããäÔã‡ãŠ ÌããÀÔãã :
œ¨ã¹ã¦ããè ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ããâ¶ããè ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠñÊãñʾãã ÔÌãÀ㕾ããÞãã ÌããÀÔãã, œ¨ã¹ã¦ããè ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ãâãÞãñ
Íããõ¾ãÃ, Êããûñ ãä›ß‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ãäÍãÌã•ã¾ãâ¦ããè Ìã Øã¥ãñÍããñ¦ÔãÌã Ôãã•ãÀã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ‡ãŠñÊãñÊããè ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ¾ãã½ãìßñ ½ãÀãŸãè
½ãã¥ãÔããâÞ¾ãã ½ã¶ãã¦ã ÀãÓ›ÈÌããªãÞããè ¼ããÌã¶ãã ãäÌã‡ãŠãäÔã¦ãû
2) ‚ãããä©ãÇ㊠ÍããñÓã¥ã :
ÖÔ¦ã̾ãÌãÔãã¾ã, ÊãÜã섪¾ããñØã Ìã ºãÊãì¦ãñªãÀãè ̾ãÌãÔãã¾ããÊãã „¦ãÀ¦ããè ‡ãŠßãû ̾ããÌãÔãããä¾ã‡ãŠ Ìã ‡ãŠãÀãØããèÀ ºãñ‡ãŠãÀü
ªìÓ‡ãŠãßã¦ãÖãè Ôã‡ã‹¦ããè¶ãñ ÔããÀãÌãÔãîÊã ‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãñ Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠÀãè ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÞ¾ãã ¹ããÍãã¦ã ‚㡇ãŠÊããû
3) ƒâØãÆ•ããè Àã•ãÌã›ãèÞãã ¹ããäÀ¥ãã½ã :
ƒâØãÆ•ããâ½ãìßñ ¹ããÍÞã㦦¾ã ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ããè, ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã, ãäÍãàã¥ã, ¹ãÆÍããÔã¶ã, ‡ãŠã¾ãªã, Ôãì£ããÀ¥ããÌããªãè ãäÌãÞããÀ ƒû
Ôãâ‡ãŠÊ¹ã¶ããâÞãã Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠÃ ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ããâÍããè ‚ããÊããû ÌãõÞãããäÀ‡ãŠ ‡ã‹ÆŠâã¦ããè½ãìßñ ÀãÓ›ÈÌããªãÞããè ¼ããÌã¶ãã Ìãã¤Êããèû
Ôã½ãã•ãÔãì£ããÀ‡ãŠãâÞãã ÌãØãà ¦ã¾ããÀ ¢ããÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
4) ƒâØãÆ•ããè ¼ããÓãñÞãã ¹ãÆÔããÀ :
1835 ½ã£¾ãñ Êããù¡Ã ãäÌãʾã½ã ºãñâãä›âØã ¾ãã¶ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããè ¼ããÓãñ¦ãî¶ã ãäÍãàã¥ã ªñ¥¾ããÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ‡ãŠñÊããû ‡ãŠñÌãß
‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠî¶ã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ Öã ¦¾ããâÞãã Öñ¦ãî ‚ãÔãÊãã ¦ãÀãè, ‚ãã¹ãʾãã ªðÓ›ãè¶ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããè ãäÍãàã¥ã ÌãÀªã¶ã ŸÀÊãñû
ãäÌããäÌã£ã ¼ããÓãã ºããñÊã¥ãã-¾ããâ¶ãã ƒâØãÆ•ããè¶ãñ †‡ãŠ¨ã ‚ãã¥ãÊãñû ¹ããÍÞã㦾ã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã ÌããÞãî¶ã ¦¾ããâÞãñ ¹ãÆãØããä¦ã‡ãŠ ãäÌãÞããÀ
•ãã¥ãî¶ã Üãñ¦ãã ‚ããÊãñû ‚ãã£ãìãä¶ã‡ãŠ ãäÌãÞããÀãâÞãã ¹ãÆÔããÀ ¢ããÊããû
5) ªß¥ãÌãߥã Ìã Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠÃ ¹ãÆØã¦ããè :
1853 ÔããÊããè ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñʾãã ÀñÊÌãñ½ãìßñ ¦ãÔãñÞã ¹ããñÔ›, ¦ããÀã¾ãâ¨ã ¾ãã½ãìßñ ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâºãÀãñºãÀÞã
¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ããâ¶ããÖãè ¹ãŠã¾ãªã ¢ããÊããû ãä¶ãÀãä¶ãÀãß¾ãã ¹ãÆãâ¦ãã¦ããèÊã •ã¶ã¦ãñÍããè Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠÃ ¹ãÆÔ©ãããä¹ã¦ã ¢ããÊããû ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ã
ÀãÓ›ÈÌããªãè ãäÌãÞããÀãâÞããè ªñÌãã¥ãÜãñÌãã¥ãû
6) ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã „ŸãÌã :
„½ãã•ããè ¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ, ÌããÔãìªñÌã ºãßÌãâ¦ã, ãä¼ãÊÊã, ‡ãŠãñßãè ¾ããâÞãñ „ŸãÌã ‚ã¾ãÍãÔÌããè ¢ããÊãñ ¦ãÀãè, ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ã
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ÀãÓ›ÈÌããªãè ¼ããÌã¶ãã ¦ãñÌã¦ã ÀããäÖÊããèû
7) ½ã£¾ã½ãÌãØããÃÞãã „ª¾ã :
ÔãìãäÍããäàã¦ã ½ã£¾ã½ãÌãØããèþããâ¶ããè ÞãßÌãßãèÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã ÀãÓ›ÈÌããªãè ¼ããÌã¶ãñÊãã ̾ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ÔÌãÀŠ¹ã ãäªÊãñû
8) ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ìã Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ãñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñÊããè Êããñ‡ãŠ•ããØãð¦ããè :
Êããñ‡ãŠãäÖ¦ãÌããªãè, ãäÞã¹ãßî¥ã‡ãŠÀ, ØããñŒãÊãñ, ªãªã¼ããƒÃ, ½ãû ¹ãŠìÊãñ, ¶¾ããû Àã¶ã¡ñ, Êããñû ãä›ß‡ãŠ ¾ããâ¶ããè
Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ããâÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã Êããñ‡ãŠ•ããØãð¦ããè ‡ãŠñÊããèû

½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã :

ºããù½ºãñ ‚ãÔããñãäÍã†Íã¶ã: •ãØ㶶ãã©ã Íãâ‡ãŠÀÍãñŸû ½ãìâºãƒÃû 1852û ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ¹ããäÖÊããè Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã


ÔãâÜ㛶ããû
ƒÃÔ› ƒâã䡾ãã ‚ãÔããñãäÍã†Íã¶ã : ªãªã¼ããƒÃ ¶ããõÀãñ•ããè, Êã⡶ãû 1866 û ½ãâºãƒÃ¦ã 1869 ½ã£¾ãñ ÍããŒããû
ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ Ôã¼ãã : Øãû Ìããû •ããñÍããè, 1877, ¹ãì¥ãñû
ºããù½ºãñ ¹ãÆãäÔã¡ñ¶Ôããè ‚ãÔããñãäÍã†Íã¶ã : ãä¹ãŠÀãñ•ãÍãÖã ½ãñÖ¦ãã, 1885, ½ãìâºãƒÃû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã :

‚ãùÊã¶ã Ö¾ãì½ã, Êããù¡Ã ãäÀ¹ã¶ã, ¶ãã¶ãã Íãâ‡ãŠÀÍãñŸ, ªãªã¼ããƒÃ, ̾ããñ½ãñÍãÞãâªÆ ºãù¶ã•ããèà ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¹ãƾ㦶ããâ¦ãî¶ã 28
ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1885 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ããèÊã Øããñ‡ãŠìߪãÔã ¦ãñ•ã¹ããÊã ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ã ÍããßñÞ¾ãã Ôã¼ããØãðÖã¦ã ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Ôã¼ãã
Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ¢ããÊããèû ãäÌããäÌã£ã ¹ãÆãâ¦ãã¦ãî¶ã 72 ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ã£ããè Ö•ãÀû Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ªñÍããÔããŸãè †‡ãŠ ̾ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ÞãßÌãß Ìã
̾ããÔã¹ããèŸ ¹ãÆ㹦ãû

ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞãñ ¦ããè¶ã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡


1) 1885 ¦ãñ 1905 : ½ãÌããß/¶ãñ½ãԦ㠇ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡
2) 1905 ¦ãñ 1920 : •ãÖãÊã/ãä›ß‡ãŠ ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡
3) 1920 ¦ãñ 1947 : Øããâ£ããè ¾ãìØãû

1) ½ãÌããß ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ :
• Ôã¶ãªÍããèÀ Àã•ã‡ãŠãÀ¥ãû ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã ¶¾ãã¾ãºã죪ãèÌãÀ ãäÌãÍÌããÔã, ‚ã•ãà ãäÌã¶ã⦾ããâÞãã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡,
ãäÍãÓ›½ãâ¡ßñû
• ªãªã¼ããƒÃ, ãä¹ãŠÀãñ•ãÍãÖã, ¶ããû ØããñŒãÊãñ, ¶¾ããû Àã¶ã¡ñ,¶¾ããû ¦ãñÊãâØã Öñ ½ãÌããß ¹ãì¤ãÀãèû ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÔã½ããñÀ
ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâÞãã ‚ããªÍãÃÌããªû ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâÞ¾ãã ¶¾ãã¾ããè Ìã „ªãÀ½ã¦ãÌããªãè ãäÌãÞããÀÔãÀ¥ããèÌãÀ ãäÌãÍÌããÔãû
• ãäÌ㦦ãÖã¶ããè ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‡ãŠãÖãèÖãè Ôã㣾ã Öãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâÍããè ÌãõÀ ¹ã¦‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‡ãŠãÖãè „¹ã¾ããñØã ¶ããÖãèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ã ªñ„Š¶ã À㕾ã‡ãŠãÀ¼ããÀ Ôã½ã©ãùã¥ãñ Ôããâ¼ããߥ¾ããÞããè ¹ãã¨ã¦ãã
ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ããÌãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¼ãÀ ãäªÊããû
• ½ãÌããßãâÞ¾ãã ½ããØ㥾ããâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâ¶ããè Øããâ¼ããè¾ããöãñ ¹ãããäÖÊãñ ¶ããÖãèû
• ©ããñ¡ñ ª¾ãã¾ãÞãñ Ìã ºãÀñÞã ¶ãã‡ãŠãÀã¾ãÞãñ, ‚ãÍããè ¶ããè¦ããèû
• ½ãÌããßãâÞ¾ãã ãäºãÆ›ãèÍãâã¶ããè ½ã㶾㠇ãŠñÊãñʾãã ½ããØ㥾ãã :
• ƒâã䡾ã¶ã ‡ãŠãõãä¶ÔãÊã ‚ãù‡ã‹› 1892 Öã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ãâ•ãîÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãª¾ãã¶ãñ ‡ãŠñâªÆãè¾ã ‚ãããä¥ã
‡ãŠã¾ãªñ½ãâ¡ßã¦ããèÊã ÔãªÔ¾ãÔã⌾ãã Ìãã¤Êããèû
• ÌãããäÓãÇ㊠‚ãâªã•ã¹ã¨ã‡ãŠãÌãÀ ÞãÞããà ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ½ãâ¡ßãÊãã ãäªÊããû ½ãã¨ã ½ã¦ãããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ
¶ããÖãèû
• ªãªã¼ããƒÃ¶ããè ¡Èñ¶ã ãä©ã’ãÀãè ½ããâ¡î¶ã Ôãâ¹ã¦¦ããèÞãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¢ããÊãñÊãñ ‚ã¹ãÖÀ¥ã •ããÖãèÀ¹ã¥ãñ ãäÌãÍãª
‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ¶ããû ØããñŒãÊãñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ¼ããÀ¦ããÔããŸãè ÌãÔããÖ¦ããèÞ¾ãã ÔÌãÀ㕾ããÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠñÊããèû

½ãîʾã½ãã¹ã¶ã : ¹ãî¥ãæã: ‚ã¾ãÍãÔÌããè ¶ããÖãèû ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ¼ããÌã¶ãã •ããØãð¦ã ŸñÌãÊããèû ‚ãã¹ã¥ã †‡ãŠã ÀãÓ›ÈãÞãñ
¶ããØããäÀ‡ãŠ ‚ããÖãñ¦ã Öãè ¼ããÌã¶ãã •ããØãð¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ããâ¶ãã Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ã ãäªÊãñû ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÞããè
Þãì‡ãŠãèÞããè £ããñÀ¥ãñ ãä¶ãªÍãöããÔã ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã ãäªÊããèû ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ãâã¶ãã ¼ããÀ¦ããÌãÀ À㕾㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ‚ããÖñ Öñ
•ã¶ã¦ãñÊãã ¹ã›Ìãî¶ã ãäªÊãñû

2) Êããñ‡ãŠ½ã㶾ã ãä›ß‡ãŠ Ìã •ãÖãÊã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ :

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¶ãñ½ãÔ¦ããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÔã ‚ã¹ãñãäàã¦ã ¾ãÍã ãä½ãߦ㠶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Ôã¼ãñ¦ããèÊã ¦ãÀŠ¥ãâãÞãã ¼ãƽããä¶ãÀãÔã
Öãñ„Š ÊããØãÊããû ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã£ãããä•ãÃ¥¾ãã £ããñÀ¥ããÞãã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã •ã¶ã¦ãñÔã ‡ãŠãÖãè „¹ã¾ããñØã ¶ããÖãè, ‚ãÍããè
ãäÌãÞããÀ£ããÀã ‚ãã‡ãŠãÀ Üãñ„Š ÊããØãÊããèû ÔÌãªñÍããèÞãã ¹ãìÀÔ‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¹ãÀªñÍããè ½ããÊããÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ
›ã‡ãŠ¥ãñ, ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ããÊãã ¹ãÆã£ã㶾㠪ñ„Š¶ã ¹ãÆŒãÀ ÀãÓ›ÈÌã㪠ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀãÌãã, ‚ãÔãñ ¦ãÀŠ¥ãâã¶ãã
Ìãã›î ÊããØãÊãñû ¦¾ãã¦ãÞã ºãâØããÊãÞããè ¹ãŠãߥããè ¢ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦ãÀ •ãÖãÊã ½ããØããÃãäÍãÌãã¾ã ¹ã¾ããþ㠶ããÖãè,
¾ããÌãÀ •ã¥ãî ãäÍã‡ã‹‡ãŠã½ããñ¦ãúãÞã ¢ããÊãñû Ôã¶ãªÍããèÀ Àã•ã‡ãŠãÀ¥ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ãÖãè ¹ãŠãߥããèÔããÀŒãñ ¹ãŠß
¹ãªÀã¦ã ¹ã¡¦ã ‚ãÔãñÊã, ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠÍããÊãã Öñ ‚ãÔãÊãñ Àã•ã‡ãŠãÀ¥ã, ‚ãÔãã ¹ãÆͶ㠦ãÀŠ¥ã ãäÌãÞããÀŠ ÊããØãÊãñû
‡ãŠ¢ãöãÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ª¡¹ãÍããÖãè½ãìßñ ¦ãÀŠ¥ãÖãè ‚ãã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ã‡ãŠ Öãñ„Š ÊããØãÊãñû
•ã¹ãã¶ãÔããÀŒ¾ãã ÊãÖã¶ã ÀãÓ›Èã¶ãñ ÀãäÍã¾ããÞãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌã ‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¼ããÀ¦ãÖãè ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâÞãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌã ‡ãŠÀŠ
Íã‡ãŠ¦ããñ, ‚ãÔãã ‚ã㦽ããäÌãÍÌããÔã ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâ¶ãã Ìãã›î ÊããØãÊããû

ãäÌãÞããÀÔãÀ¥ããè :
 ¹ãÆãä¦ã‡ãŠãÀ ,
 •ã¶ã’ããâªãñÊã¶ã,
 ãä¶ã:ÍãÔ¨ã ÔãâÜãÓãÃ,
 ÔÌãªñÍããèÞãã ¹ãìÀÔ‡ãŠãÀ, ¹ãÀªñÍããè ½ããÊããÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ
 ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã½ã£¾ãñ •ã¶ãÔãã½ã㶾ããâ¶ãã Ôãã½ããèÊã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Üãñ¥ãñû
 ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ ¶ãã‡ãŠ ªãºãʾãããäÍãÌãã¾ã ¦ããñâ¡ „Üã¡¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû
 ‚ãã¹ãʾãã ½ããØ㥾ãã ½ã㶾㠇ãŠÀÌãî¶ã Üãñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÌãÀ ªºããÌã ›ã‡ãŠ¥ãñû

ãä›ß‡ãŠ ¾ãìØã :
• ÊããÊã-ºããÊã-¹ããÊãû ãä›ß‡ãŠãâÔãÖ ãäºã¹ããè¶ãÞãâªÆ ¹ããÊã ‚ãããä¥ã ÊããÊãã Êã•ã¹ã¦ãÀã¾ã ‚ãÔãñ ¹ãì¤ãÀãèû
• ‡ãŠãÖãè ÌãÓãñà ‚ãÀãäÌã⪠ÜããñÓã ¾ããâÞãñÖãè ¾ããñØãªã¶ãû
• Êããñû ãä›ß‡ãŠ :
• 1906 Þ¾ãã ‡ãŠãùØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠÊã‡ãŠ¦¦ãã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã ÔÌãÀ㕾ã, ÔÌãªñÍããè, ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ã ‚ãããä¥ã
ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ ‚ãÍããè Þã¦ãì:Ôãî¨ããè ½ããâ¡î¶ã ½ãâ•ãîÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Üãñ¦ãÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ÌÖùÊãñâ›ãƒÃ¶ã ãäÞãÀãñÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ‚ãÔãâ¦ããñÓããÞãñ •ã¶ã‡ãŠ ‚ãÔãñ Ôãâºããñ£ãÊãñû
• 1880 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ¶¾ãî ƒâãäØÊãÍã Ô‡ãŠîÊã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
• 1881 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÔãÀãè ‚ãããä¥ã ½ãÀãŸã ‚ãÍããè ªãñ¶ã Ìã¦ãýãã¶ã¹ã¨ãñ ÔãìÀŠû
• 1884 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ¡ñ‡ã‹‡ãŠ¶ã †•¾ãì‡ãŠñÍã¶ã ÔããñÔãã¾ã›ãèÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû
• 1885 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ¹ãŠØ¾ãìÃÔã¶ã ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ãÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû
• 1887 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããØãÀ‡ãŠÀãâÍããè ½ã¦ã¼ãñªû ‚ããØãÀ‡ãŠÀ ‡ãŠñÔãÀãè¦ãî¶ã ºããÖñÀü
• 1893 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ Øã¥ãñÍããñ¦ÔãÌã
• 1895 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÍãÌã•ã¾ãâ¦ããè „¦ÔãÌã Ôãã•ãÀã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ãû
• 1898 ‚ãããä¥ã 1908 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÍãàããû 1908 ¦ãñ 1914 ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ½ãâ¡ãÊãñ ¾ãñ©ãñû (Øããè¦ããÀÖÔ¾ã)
• 1916 ¹ããÔãì¶ã Öãñ½ãÀŠÊã ÞãßÌãß

1916 Þãã ÊãŒã¶ããõ ‡ãŠÀãÀ :


• 1907 Þ¾ãã ÔãîÀ¦ã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã½ã£¾ãñ ¹ãŠî› ¹ã¡Êããè Öãñ¦ããèû •ãÖãÊã Ìã ½ãÌããß
¾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ½ã¦ã¼ãñª ãä½ã›Ì㥾ããÔãŸãè Êããñû ãä›ß‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ¹ãì¤ã‡ãŠãÀ Üãñ¦ãÊããû
• ¹ããäÖʾãã ½ãÖã¾ã죪ã¦ã ŒããäÊã¹ãŠãÞ¾ãã ¹ãÆͶããÌãÀŠ¶ã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ½ãìÔãÊã½ãã¶ã ªìŒããÌãÊãñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñÞãû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ
ƒâØãÆ•ã ½ãìÔÊããè½ããäÌãÀãñ£ããè ‚ããÖñ¦ã, ‚ãÔãñ Ìãã›Ê¾ãã¶ãñ ½ãìÔÊããè½ããâ¶ããÖãè ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ÞãßÌãß •ãÌãßÞããè Ìãã›î
ÊããØãÊããèû
• ÊãŒã¶ããõ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã •ãÖãÊã, ½ãÌããß,½ãìÔÊããè½ã ÊããèØã ¾ãâã¶ããè Ôã½ã¢ããñ¦¾ããÞãã ½ãÔãìªã
¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¦ããñ ½ãâ•ãîÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
1) ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Ôã¼ãñ¶ãñ ½ãìÔÊããè½ã ÊããèØãÞ¾ãã ÌãñØãß¾ãã ½ã¦ãªãÀÔãâÜããÊãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ Ôããñ¡î¶ã ãäªÊãñû
2) ½ãìÔÊããè½ã ÊããèØã ¶ãñ ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã Ôãã½ãÆ㕾ãã’ãâ¦ãØãæã ÔÌãÀ㕾ããÞ¾ãã ½ããØã¥ããèÔã ½ã㶾ã¦ãã ãäªÊããèû
3) ¹ãÀÔ¹ãÀãâ½ã£ããèÊã ½ã¦ã¼ãñªãÞãñ ½ã쪪ñ ºãã•ãîÊãã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã Ô㦦ãñãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã †‡ãŠ¨ã ¾ãñ„Š¶ã
‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè ¦ã¡•ããñ¡ ‡ãŠñÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 1 ‚ããùØãÔ›1920 Àãñ•ããè Êããñû ãä›ß‡ãŠãâÞãñ ãä¶ã£ã¶ã ¢ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã½ã£ããèÊã ãä›ß‡ãŠ
¾ãìØããÞããÖãè ‚ãԦ㠢ããÊããû ãä›ß‡ãŠãâ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãñ¥ããè ãäև㊽ã¦ããè •ãÖãÊãÌããªãè ¶ãÔãʾãã½ãìßñ Ìã ¦ããñ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã
ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Àã•ã‡ãŠãÀ¥ãã¦ã ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞãñ ‚ããØã½ã¶ã ¢ããʾãã½ãìßñ •ãÖãÊã ÞãßÌãß ½ããØãñ ¹ã¡Êããèû ½ãû
Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ‡ãŠãùâØãñÆÔãÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ¾ãã ½ãîÊã¦ã¦ÌããÌãÀ ‚ãã£ãããäÀ¦ã ‚ããäÖâÔã‡ãŠ
ÔãâÜãÓããÃÞãã ½ããØãà ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀÊããû ãä¹ãŠ•ããè ºãñ›ñ, Þãâ¹ããÀ¥¾ã , ‚ãÖ½ãªãºã㪠‚ãããä¥ã Œãñ¡ã ¾ãñ©ãñ Öã ¹ãƾããñØã
¾ãÍãÔÌããè ŸÀʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã½ã£¾ãñ ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞãã ¹ãƼããÌã Ìãã¤Êãã ‚ãããä¥ã ãä›ß‡ãŠãâÞãñ ãä¶ã£ã¶ã Öãñ¦ããÞã
Øããâ£ããè¾ãìØã ¾ãã ¶ã̾ãã ¹ãÌããÃÊãã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ¢ããÊããèû

1920 ¦ãñ 1947

ÔãÍãԨ㠇ã‹ÆŠâã¦ããè‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠ ÞãßÌãßãè :

• ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã •ãìÊã½ããè ª¡¹ãÍããÖãèãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ½ãÌããß½ã¦ãÌããªãè £ããñÀ¥ã ¹ãƼããÌããè ŸÀʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ


•ãÖãÊã½ã¦ãÌããªãè ãäÌãÞããÀÔãÀ¥ããè ¹ãƼããÌããè ŸÀÊããèû ¹ãÆŒãÀ ‡ã‹ÆŠâã¦ããè‡ãŠãÀãè ¦ãÀŠ¥ãâã¶ããè ÔÌã¦ã:Þã ‚ãã¹ãÊãã ½ããØãÃ
Íããñ£ãÊããû
• ¾ãìØããâ¦ãÀ ¾ã ºãâØããÊããè Ôã㹦ãããäÖ‡ãŠã¦ããèÊã 22 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1906 Þ¾ãã ‚ãâ‡ãŠã¦ã ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããè‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠãâÔããŸãè ‚ãÀãäÌãâª
ÜããñÓã ¾ããâÞãñ ºãâ£ãî ºãããäÀ⠪ƇãŠì½ããÀ ÜããñÓã ¾ããâ¶ããè ¦ã¹ãÍããèÊãÌããÀ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã ÔãìÞãÌãÊãã Öãñ¦ããû :
• ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã Àã•ãÌã›ãèãäÌãÓã¾ããè Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¦ã ´ñÓããÞããè ¼ããÌã¶ãã ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀ¥ãñû
• ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâ¶ãã ãäÍãÔ¦ã Ìã ÍãÔ¨ãñ ÞããÊãÌ㥾ããÞãñ ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ªñ¥ãñû
• ÍãÔ¨ãñ Íã‡ã‹¾ã¦ããñ ªñÍãã¦ãÞã Øã칦ã¹ã¥ãñ ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ãä‡ãŠâÌãã ØãÀ•ã ¹ã¡Ê¾ããÔã ¹ãÀªñÍãã¦ãî¶ã ¹ãÆ㹦㠇ãŠÀ¥ãñû
• ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ããÔããŸãè ÊããØã¥ããÀã ¹ãõÔãã Ñããè½ãâ¦ããâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã Ìã ÊãããÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãä½ãßÌã¥ãñû
• ªñÍã¼ã‡ã‹¦ããè¹ãÀ Øããè¦ãñ ‚ãããä¥ã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔãã¦ããèÊã ÍãîÀ, ÌããèÀ ¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã „••ÌãÊã ¹ãÀã‡ã‹ÆŠ½ããÞããè
½ãÖ¦ããè ÔããâØãî¶ã •ã¶ã¦ãñ¦ã ÔÌãããä¼ã½ãã¶ã ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀ¥ãñ Ìã ¦¾ãã¾ããñØãñ ºããäÊãªã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀãè ãä¹ã¤ãè ¦ã¾ããÀ
‡ãŠÀ¥ãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããè‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠ ÞãßÌãß :

Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ ºãâ£ãîâÞãñ ºããäÊãªã¶ã : È

• 22 •ãî¶ã 1897 Êã㠽㣾ãÀã¨ããè ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã Øã¥ãñÍã ãäŒãâ¡ãè¦ã ¹ÊãñØã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ãÀ Àù¥¡, Êãñ¹ã‹›¶ãâ› Öñ
ØãÌÖ¶ãÃÀ ÔããÖñºããâ‡ãŠ¡ãèÊã ½ãñ•ãÌãã¶ããè ‚ãã›ãñ¹ãî¶ã Üããñ¡ãØãã¡ãè¦ãî¶ã ¹ãÀ¦ã¦ãã¶ãã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÌãÀ ªã½ããñªÀ ÖÀãè
Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããä¥ã ºãã߇ãŠðÓ¥ã ÖÀãè Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè Øããñß¾ãã ¢ãã¡Ê¾ããû ªÆãäÌã¡ ºãâ£ãîâÞ¾ãã
ãäÌãÍÌããÔãÜãã¦ãã½ãìßñ ‚ãã¹ãÊãñ ªãñ¶ã ¼ãã„Š ¹ãŠãÍããè ØãñÊãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ÌããÔãìªñÌã ÖÀãè Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ªÆãäÌã¡
ºãâ£ãîâ¶ãã ŸãÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¦¾ããâ¶ããÖãè ¹ãŠãÍããè ¢ããÊããèû

‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀÞãã ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ‡ã‹Êãºã


• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã Ìã£ããà Ìã ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ‚ãã¾ãà ºããâ£ãÌã Ôã½ãã•ã, ¹ã쥾ãã¦ãÊãã Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ ‡ã‹Êãºã
¾ããâÞ¾ããÔãÖ ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ‡ã‹Êãºã ãä¶ã½ããå㠢ããÊããû
• ¾ãã ‡ã‹ÊãºãÞ¾ãã Ôã¼ããÔãªãâ¶ããè Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ ºãâ£ãîâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡Ê¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¾ãìÀãñãä¹ã¾ã¶ããâÞãñ Œãî¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ÞããâØãÊãñ,
Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀãâ¶ãã ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ãî¶ã ½ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñ ¹ãããäÖ•ãñ, ‚ãÔãã ¹ãÆÞããÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû
• ¾ããÌãñßãè ¾ãã ‡ã‹ÊãºãÞãñ 100 Ôã¼ããÔ㪠Öãñ¦ãñû
• ÍããÖî ½ãÖãÀã•ããâÞãñ ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ Ô¶ãñÖãè ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè ªñŒããèÊã ¾ãã ‡ã‹ÊãºãÞãñ ‚ãã£ããÀÔ¦ãâ¼ã Öãñ¦ãñû
• 19 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1899 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀÞ¾ãã ‚ãâºããºããƒÃÞ¾ãã ªñÌãßãÌãÀ †‡ãŠ ¹ã¨ã‡ãŠ Ê㛇ãŠÌãÊãñÊãñ
‚ãã¤ßÊãñû ¦¾ãã¦ã ½Ö›Êãñ Öãñ¦ãñ ‡ãŠãè, ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâ¶ããñ •ããØãñ ÌÖã, ÍãÔ¨ãñ Öã¦ãã¦ã ܾãã, •¾ããâ¶ããè Êããñû
ãä›ß‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ¦ãìÀâØãã¦ã ›ã‡ãŠÊãñ, ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãããäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¦ããè Ìãã¹ãÀãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ºããè¡ Þãã „ŸãÌã
• 1899 Êãã ºããè¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ ¢ããÊãñʾãã „ŸãÌããÞãñ ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ÔãªããäÍãÌã ¶ããè߇ãŠâŸ •ããñÍããè ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÌããäÌã£ã ¶ããÌãñ £ããÀ¥ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Öã „ŸãÌã ¾ãÍãÔÌããè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû
• ƒâØãÆ•ããâãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¹ãõÔãã „¼ããÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¹ãÆŠã¶Ôã Ìã ÀãäÍã¾ããÊãã ‚ãã¹ãÊãñ Êããñ‡ãŠ ¹ããŸãäÌ㥾ããÞããèÖãè ¦ã¾ããÀãè
¦¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû ½ãã¨ã ‡ãŠ› „Üã¡ ¢ããÊããû
• „ŸãÌã ¹ãŠÔãʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÔãªããäÍãÌã •ããñÍããè ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ¢ããÊãñ, ¦ãñ ‡ãŠã¾ã½ãÞãñÞãû

Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ããâÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè :

• ‚ãã¾ãà ºããâ£ãÌã Ôã½ãã•ã : Ìã£ããà Ìã ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ : Ñããè£ãÀ ¹ãÀãâ•ã¹ãñ, ºãìÌãã „¹ã㣾ãñ, ‚ã¼¾ãâ‡ãŠÀ
• ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããß ¾ãñ©ããèÊã Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã : ¡ãùû ãäÔ㣪¶ãã©ã ‡ãŠã¥ãñ, •ã¶ããªÃ¶ã ¹ãìÀŠÓããñ¦¦ã½ã Ìãã•ã¥ãñ,
• ‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããè¦ããèÊã Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã : ªãªãÔããÖñºã Œãã¹ã¡ñÃ
• ÖõªÆãºã㪠¾ãñ©ããèÊã Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã : ¶ãÀÖÀ¹ãâ¦ã ÜããÀ¹ãìÀñ, ºããñÀã½ã¥ããè‡ãŠÀ, Ôãã¦ãÌãßñ‡ãŠÀü
• ºãñßØããÌã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã : ØãâØããâ£ãÀ ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ (1924)
• ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ãä½ã¨ã½ãñßã ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ããä¼ã¶ãÌã ¼ããÀ¦ã : 1900 ‚ãããä¥ã 1904û ÔããÌãÀ‡ãŠÀ
ºãâ£ãîû

ºããù½ºã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã :


• ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀÞãñ ‡ãŠñû ¡ãèû‡ãŠìÊã‡ãŠ¥ããèà ºããù½ºã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè •ã¹ãã¶ãÊãã ØãñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀÞãñ ØããñãäÌã⪠¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã ¹ããñ¦ãªãÀ Öñ ªñŒããèÊã ºããù½ºã ºã¶ãÌ㥾ããÞãñ ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè
•ã¹ãã¶ãÊãã •ãã„Š¶ã ‚ããÊãñû ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãããäֽ㠾ãñ©ãñ ‡ãŠãÀŒãã¶ãã ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ºããù½ºã ºã¶ããäÌ㥾ããÞãñ
¦ãâ¨ã—ãã¶ã ãäÍã‡ãŠÌãÊãñû
• Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã›Öãè ºããù½ºã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ÀãäÍã¾ããÊãã •ãã„Š¶ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ãä›ß‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã ‚ã¶ãì½ã¦ããè¶ãñ ‡ãŠðÓ¥ãã•ããè ¹ãƼãã‡ãŠÀ Œãããä¡Êã‡ãŠÀ 1902 ¦ãñ 1904 ¾ãã ‡ãŠãÊããÌã£ããè¦ã
¶ãñ¹ããßÊãã ÌããÔ¦ã̾㠇ãŠÀŠ¶ã Öãñ¦ãñû ¦ãñ©ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ‡ã‹Êãºã Þãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñà ֥ã½ãâ¦ãÀãÌã ‡ãŠìÊã‡ãŠ¥ããèÃ

Nagesh Gaikwad
¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÔãÖ‡ãŠã¾ããöãñ ºãâªì‡ãŠã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ‡ãŠãÀŒãã¶ãã ‡ãŠã¤¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû ½ãã¨ã
ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâ¶ãã ¦¾ããÞãã ÔãìØããÌãã ÊããØãÊããû ¶ãñ¹ããßÞ¾ãã ¹ãâ¦ã¹ãÆ£ãã¶ããâÞ¾ã㠽㣾ãÔ©ããè½ãìßñ Œãããä¡Êã‡ãŠÀ
ÌããÞãÊãñû

ãäÔ㣪¶ãã©ã ‡ãŠã¥ãñ :
• ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããßÞ¾ãã ãä›ß‡ãŠÌããªãè Øã칦㠽ãâ¡ßã¦ããèÊã Ôã¼ããÔãªû ‡ãŠÊã‡ãŠ¦¦ãã ¾ãñ©ãñ Ìãõª¾ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ã
Üãñ¦ãã¶ãã ¦¾ããâÞãã ºãããäÀ⪇ãŠì½ããÀ ÜããñÓã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãñÍããè Ôãâºãâ£ã ‚ããÊããû ¶ãÀÖÀ ¼ããÌãñ, ¶ããØã¹ãîÀÞãñ
‚ããºãã•ããè ¹ãã¦ãîÀ‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÔãÖã¾¾ãã¶ãñ ¡ãùû ‡ãŠã¥¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãÆŠñâÞããâÞ¾ãã ¦ã㺾ãã¦ããèÊã ÞãâªÆ¶ãØãÀÖî¶ã ‚ããŸ
ãä¹ãÔ¦ãîÊãñ, †‡ãŠ ºãâªî‡ãŠ Ìã ºããù½ºã ºã¶ããäÌ㥾ããÞãñ ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Üãñ„Š¶ã ¦ãñ ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããßÊãã ‚ãã¥ãÊãñ Öã¦ãñû

Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã› :
• ¹ããâ¡îÀâØã ½ãÖãªñÌã ºãã¹ã› Öñ ‚ãֽ㪶ãØãÀ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ããÀ¶ãñÀ ¾ãã ØããÌãÞãñû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸãÞããè ãäÍãÓ¾ãÌãð¦¦ããè Üãñ„¶ã 1904 ½ã£¾ãñ Êã⡶ãÊãã ØãñÊãñû
• ½ã㢾ãã ¹ãÀ¦ãâ¨ã ½ãã¦ãð¼ãî½ããèÊãã ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ½ããè ‚ãã•ã¹ããÔãî¶ã ¾ããÌã••ããèÌã ‡ãŠã¾ããÌããÞãã½ã¶ãã¶ãñ
¢ã›ñ¶ã ‚ãããä¥ã ãä¦ãÞããè Öã‡ãŠ ¾ãñ¦ããÞã ãä¦ãÞ¾ãã ÔãñÌãñÔããŸãè £ããÌã¦ã ¾ãñƒÃ¶ã, ¾ãã ‡ãŠã½ããè ½ãÊãã ªñÖãÞãã Öãñ½ã
‡ãŠÀãÌãã ÊããØãÊãã ¦ãÀãè ½ããè ãä¹ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¾ããÞã ¼ããÀ¦ãŒãâ¡ã¦ã •ã¶½ã ÜãñƒÃ¶ã Ìã ‚ã¹ãìÀñ ÀããäÖÊãñÊãñ ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã
ªãŒããäÌã¶ãû ‚ãÍããè Íã¹ã©ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãÖããäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ãã¦ã ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¶ãã Üãñ¦ãÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• ;ãã½ã•ããè ‡ãŠðÓ¥ã Ìã½ããà ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ƒâã䡾ãã Öã„ŠÔã Þãñ ¦ãñ ÔãªÔ¾ã ºã¶ãÊãñû
• ;ãã½ã•ããèâÞ¾ãã ¹ãƾ㦶ãã¶ãñ ºããù½ºã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ¦ãâ¨ã ãäÍã‡ãŠ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¦ãñ ¹ãùãäÀÔãÊãã ØãñÊãñû
• ºããù½ºã ºã¶ããäÌ㥾ããÔãâºãâ£ããè ¹ãìãäÔ¦ã‡ãŠã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ¹ããŸãäÌãÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ¹ãÀ¦ãʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ã㠂㛇㊠‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãÖãè ãäªÌãÔããâ¶ããè ½ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• 1914 ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ÔãÍãԨ㠇ã‹ÆŠâã¦ããèÞãã ½ããØãà Ôããñ¡Êãã ‚ãããä¥ã ¦ãñ ãäÌã£ãã¾ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¾ããÇ㊡ñ ÌãßÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ÔÌããû ÔããÌãÀ‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ããä¼ã¶ãÌã ¼ããÀ¦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã :

• ÍããÊãñ¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¶ãã Þãã¹ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ ºãâ£ãîâ¶ãã ¢ããÊãñʾãã ¹ãŠãÍããèÞãã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÌãÀ ¹ãƼããÌã
• •ããñÔãñ¹ãŠ ½ãùãä¢ã¶ããè ¾ãã ƒ›ããäÊã¾ã¶ã ªñÍã¼ã‡ã‹¦ããÞããÖãè ¹ãƼããÌãû ¦¾ããÞãñ ÞããäÀ¨ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÊããäÖÊãñû
• ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèêñÍã¦ã ãä½ã¨ã½ãñßã Öãè ÔãâÔ©ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã 1900û
• ãä½ã¨ã½ãñßãÞãñ ¹ãì¤ñ 1904 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããä¼ã¶ãÌã ¼ããÀ¦ã ½ã£¾ãñ ÀŠ¹ããâ¦ãÀ
• ¦¾ããâÞãñ ºãâ£ãî Øã¥ãñÍã „¹ãŠÃ ºããºããÀãÌã ÔããÌãÀ‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ¾ãã ÔãâÔ©ããâÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã‡ãŠã•ã ÞããÊããäÌãÊãñû
• ¹ãÀªñÍãã¦ãî¶ã ÍãÔ¨ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ¹ããŸÌãî¶ã Ôãõãä¶ã‡ãŠãâ½ã£¾ãñ ãäºãÆ›ãèÍããâãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¹ãÆÞããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ‚ãããä¥ã Íã‡ã‹¾ã
¦¾ãã ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè Øããä¶ã½ããè ‡ãŠã̾ãã¶ãñ Êã¤ã ÞããÊããäÌã¥ãñ, „ŸãÌããÔããŸãè ¾ããñؾã Ôãâ£ããè Íããñ£ã¥ãñ ‚ãããä¥ã
ÔÌãªñÍããè, ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ, ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ã ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ãã´ãÀñ Êããñ‡ãŠ½ã¦ã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ Öãè ‚ããä¼ã¶ãÌã Þããè
„ã䪪ӛñ Öãñ¦ããèû
• 1906 ÔããÊããè ƒâã䡾ãã Öã„ŠÔãÞããè ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ãäÍãÓ¾ãÌãð¦¦ããè ãä½ãßÌãî¶ã ÔããÌãÀ‡ãŠÀ Êã⡶ãÊããû
• ¦ãñ©ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãùãä¢ã¶ããèÞãñ ÞããäÀ¨ã ‚ãããä¥ã ƒâã䡾ã¶ã ÌããùÀ ‚ããù¹ãŠ ƒâã䡹ãñ⡶Ôã-1857 Öã ØãÆâ©ã ãäÊããäÖÊããû
• ;ãã½ã•ããè ‡ãŠðÓ¥ã Ìã½ããà ¾ããâÞ¾ããºãÀãñºãÀ Øã칦ã¹ã¥ãñ ºããù½ºã ºã¶ãÌ㥾ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ãÖãè ÞããÊãî ŸñÌãÊãñû
• ƒâØÊã⡽ã£ãî¶ã ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ãä¹ãÔ¦ãîÊãñ ¹ããŸÌãÊãñû ¦¾ããâ¶ããèÞã ¹ããŸÌãÊãñʾãã ãä¹ãÔ¦ãîÊãã¶ãñ ‚ã¶ãâ¦ã ‡ãŠã¶ÖñÀñ ¾ããâ¶ããè
‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À •ãù‡ã‹Ôã¶ãÞãã Ìã£ã ‡ãŠñÊããû ½ãª¶ãÊããÊã ãä£ãâØãÆã ¾ãâã¶ããè ‡ãŠ¢ãöã Ìãã¾ãÊããèÞãã Ìã£ã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• ÔããÌãÀ‡ãŠÀãâÌãÀ ÔãâÍã¾ã ̾ã‡ã‹¦ã Öãñ„Š ÊããØãʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦ãñ 1910 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ãùãäÀÔã ¾ãñ©ãñ ØãñÊãñû
• ¹ãùãäÀÔãÖî¶ã Êã⡶ãÊãã ‚ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ½ããñãäÀ¾ãã ºããñ›ãè¶ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ‚ãã¥ãÊãñ •ãã¦ãã¶ãã ½ããÔãñÃãäÊãÔã ºãâªÀã•ãÌãß 8 •ãìÊãõ 1910 Àãñ•ããè ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪
„¡ãèû
• ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã Œã›Êãã ¼ãÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû ¦ãñ©ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã 25 ÌãÓãñà •ã¶½ãŸñ¹ã Ìã ‡ãŠãß¾ãã
¹ã㥾ããÞããè ãäÍãàãã Ôãì¶ããÌãÊããèû
• •ãù‡ã‹Ôã¶ãÞ¾ãã Œãî¶ã Œã›Ê¾ãã¦ãÖãè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã 25 ÌãÓãñà •ã¶½ãŸñ¹ãñÞããè ãäÍãàãã ¢ããÊããèû †‡ãŠî¥ã 50 ÌãÓãñà û

‚ã¶ãâ¦ã ‡ãŠã¶ÖñÀñ :
21 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1909û ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ ãäÌã•ã¾ãã¶ã⪠ãä©ã†›À, ÔãâØããè¦ã ÍããÀªã ¶ã㛇ãŠ, ‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À •ãù‡ã‹Ôã¶ãÞãã Ìã£ãû
¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ãŠãÍããèû ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‚ããä¼ã¶ãÌã Þ¾ãã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦¾ããÃÞããè £ãÀ¹ã‡ãŠ¡ü

Øããâ£ããè ¾ãìØã :

½ãÖ㦽ãã Øããâ£ããè 1869 ¦ãñ 1948 :


• ¹ãÆã©ããä½ã‡ãŠ Ìã ½ã㣾ããä½ã‡ãŠ ãäÍãàã¥ã : ¹ããñÀºãâªÀ
• „ÞÞã ãäÍãàã¥ã : ½ãìâºãƒÃû
• ºãùãäÀÔ›À : Êã⡶ã
• Ìã‡ãŠãèÊããè : ½ãâìºãƒÃû
• ªãªã ‚㺪ìÊÊãã ¾ããâÞãã Œã›Êãã Ê㤥¾ããÔããŸãè ªû ‚ãããä¹ãÆŠ‡ãŠñ¦ãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ãäÊã’ããñ ›ãùÊãÔ›ãù¾ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ª ãä‡ãŠâØ㡽㠂ããù¹ãŠ Øããù¡ ƒ•ã ãäÌãã䪶㠾ãî ¾ãã ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠãÞãã ‚ãããä¥ã •ããù¶ã
Àãäԇ㊶㠾ããâÞ¾ãã ‚ã¶ã ›î ãäª ÊããÔ› ¾ãã ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠãÞãã ¹ãƼããÌãû
• ªû ‚ãããä¹ãÆŠ‡ãŠñ¦ã ›ãùÊãÔ›ãù¾ã ¹ãŠã½ãà ‚ãããä¥ã ƒâã䡾ã¶ã ‚ããñãä¹ããä¶ã¾ã¶ã ¾ãã Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû
• ªû ‚ãããä¹ãÆŠ‡ãŠ¦ã 1906 ¦ãñ 1914 ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãâÞãñ ¾ãÍãÔÌããè ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìãû
• 1915 ½ã£¾ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ¹ãÀ¦ãû 25 ½ãñ 1915 Àãñ•ããè ÔããºãÀ½ã¦ããè ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ããÑã½ãû ÔãñÌããØãÆã½ã-1936
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ãä¹ãŠ•ããè ºãñ›ñ, Þãâ¹ããÀ¥¾ã, ‚ãÖ½ãªãºã㪠ãäØãÀ¥ããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ‚ãããä¥ã Œãñ¡ã ÔããÀãºãâªãè ‚ãÍãã
¾ãÍãÔÌããè ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããâÞãñ ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìãû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Àã•ã‡ãŠãÀ¥ãã¦ã ¹ãƼããÌããè ¶ãñ¦ãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã „ª¾ãû

‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀ ÞãßÌãß :
• 1 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1920 Àãñ•ããè ªñÍãã¦ã Öãè ‚ããäÖâÔã‡ãŠ ÞãßÌãß ¦¾ãâã¶ããè ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• Ôã¹›ñ 1920 Þ¾ãã ‡ãŠÊã‡ãŠ¦¦ãã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã ÞãßÌãßãèÞãã ‚ããÀãŒã¡ã ½ããâ¡Êããû
• 26 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1920 Þ¾ãã ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ Þ¾ãã ãäÌãÍãñÓã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀ ÞãßÌãßãèÊãã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã¶ãñ
½ã㶾ã¦ãã ãäªÊããèû
1) ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ¹ãªñ, ¹ãªÌ¾ãã, ½ãã¶ããÞ¾ãã •ããØããâÞãã ¦¾ããØã
2) ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Ôã¼ãã, ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ããÊãã ¶ããØããäÀ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè Ö•ãÀ ÀãÖî ¶ã¾ãñû
3) ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ÍããßãâÞ¾ãã †ñÌã•ããè ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ãäÍãàã¥ã ÔãâÔ©ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâ¶ããè ¹ãÆÌãñÍã ܾããÌããû
4) ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ããÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ ›ã‡ãŠãÌããû ªñÍããè ¶¾ãã¾ã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããè¦ã •ããÌãñû
5) ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ½ãâ¡ßãÞ¾ãã ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠãèÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ ÜããÊããÌããû
6) ½ãñÔããñ¹ããñ›ñãä½ã¾ãã¦ã ¹ããŸÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè ‡ãŠñʾãã •ãã¥ãã-¾ãã ½ãìÊã‡ãŠãè, ÊãÓ‡ãŠÀãè, ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀ ¼ãÀ¦ããèÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀü
7) ¹ãÀªñÍããè ½ããÊããÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ ÜããÊããÌãã Ìã ÔÌãªñÍããèÞãã ¹ãìÀÔ‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠÀãÌããû

½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã :


• ãäÍãÌãÀã½ã¹ãâ¦ã ¹ãÀãâ•ã¹ãñ, ‡ãŠã‡ãŠãÔããÖñºã Œãããä¡Êã‡ãŠÀ, ØãâØãã£ãÀÀãÌã ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ, ÌããÔãî‡ãŠã‡ãŠã •ããñÍããè ,
ÖãäÀ¼ãã„Š ¹ãŠã›‡ãŠ, ãäÞãâ¦ãã½ã¥ãÀãÌã Ìãõª¾ã Öñ ¹ãƽãìŒã ãä›ß‡ãŠÌããªãè ‚ã¶ãì¾ãã¾ããè ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞãñ ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ½ã㶾ã

Nagesh Gaikwad
‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ÞãßÌãßãè¦ã „¦ãÀÊãñû ½ãã¨ã ‚㥥ããÔããÖñºã ¼ããñ¹ã›‡ãŠÀ, ºãùû •ã¾ã‡ãŠÀ, ¶ãû ãäÞãâû ‡ãŠñ߇ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ãã
‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠããäÀ¦ã㠹㛦㠶ãÔã¦ãã¶ããÖãè ‡ãŠñÌãß ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã ¹ãÆãä¦ãÓŸñÔããŸãè ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãããäŸâºãã ãäªÊããû
• ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã¶ãñ ½ãâ•ãîÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ŸÀãÌãã¦ã ¶ã½ãîª ¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ¹ã¥ã ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ãã ¹ãÔãâ¦ã ‚ãÔã¥ãã-¾ãã
½ãª¾ã¹ãã¶ã ãä¶ãÓãñ£ã ÞãßÌãßãè¶ãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ¢ããÊããèû

½ãª¾ã¹ãã¶ã ãä¶ãÓãñ£ã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã :


• ¹ãì¥ãñ, Ÿã¥ãñ, £ããÀÌãã¡ ¾ãã ¼ããØãã¦ã •ããñÀü
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ãÖãè ÔãìÀŠû ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã Íããâ¦ã¦ãã½ã¾ã ½ããØããöãñ ÞãßÌãß ÔãìÀŠû
• £ããÀÌãã¡Þãñ ‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À ¹ãñâ›À ¾ããâ¶ããè 30 •ãî¶ã 1920 Àãñ•ããè •ã½ããÌããÌãÀ ØããñßãèºããÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû
• ¹ãñâ›ÀÞ¾ãã ª¡¹ãÍããÖãèÌãÀ ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞããè ›ãè‡ãŠãû
• ¾ãã ÞãßÌãßãèÔã £ããÀÌãã¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ ÊããØãÊãñÊãñ ãäÖâÔã‡ãŠ Ìãߥã Êãàãã¦ã Üãñ„Š¶ã ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞ¾ãã
ÔãÊʾãã¶ãìÔããÀ ½ãîìâºãƒ ‡ãŠãùØãÆñÔã¶ãñ ½ãâìºãƒÃ¦ããèÊã ãä¶ãªÍãöãñ ‚ããùØãÔ›¹ã¾ãæã Ô©ããäØã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã 89 Œã›Êãñ ¼ãÀŠ¶ã 60 ãä¶ãªÍãÇãŠãâ¶ã㠪⡠¢ããÊããû
• ªâ¡ ƒ¦ã‡ãŠñ ¼ãÀãÌãñ ÊããØãÊãñ ‡ãŠãè, ¹ãõÍããÞ¾ãã ŒãÞããÃÞ¾ãã ‚ã¼ããÌããè Öãè ÞãßÌãß ©ããâºãÌããÌããè ÊããØãÊããèû

¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ããâÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ :
• ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀãÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã ½ã㶾㠢ããÊãñʾããâ¹ãñõ‡ãŠãè ‡ãŠãÖãèâ¶ããè †‡ãŠ ÌãÓãüãÀ Ìã‡ãŠãèÊããè Ôããñ¡Êããèû
• ‡ãŠãÖãè •ã¥ããâ¶ããè ¶ãÌããè¶ã ‡ãŠã½ã Öã¦ããè Üãñ¥¾ããÔã ¶ã‡ãŠãÀ ãäªÊããû
• ¼ãìÔããÌãßÞãñ ÌããÔãìªñÌãÀãÌã ªãÔ¦ãã¶ãñ, ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀÞãñ Àã½ãÞãâªÆ Íãâ‡ãŠÀ Àã•ãÌãã¡ñ, Ôãã¦ããÀÞãñ ‚ãÓ›¹ãì¨ãñ,
„âºãÀØããÌãÞãñ ¶ãã¶ããÔããÖñºã ªñÌã£ãñ‡ãŠÀ, ƒû Þãã Ôã½ããÌãñÍã Öãñ¦ããû ½ãã¨ã •¾ããâÞ¾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ¹ãîÌããèÃÞãñÞã Œã›Êãñ
ºãÀñÞã Öãñ¦ãñ, ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¦ãñ ÞããÊãÌãÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ãã¦ã •ãã¥ãñ Ôããñ¡Êãñ ¶ããÖãèû ¦¾ãã¹ãõ‡ãŠãè
‚㥥ããÔããÖñºã ¼ããñ¹ã›‡ãŠÀ Ìã ºãùû •ã¾ã‡ãŠÀ Öñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãØãÆØ㥾ã Ìã‡ãŠãèÊã Öãñ¦ãñû

ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Íããßã ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ããâÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀ :


• ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ‚ã¶ãìªã¶ããÌãÀ/ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ÞããÊããäÌ㥾ãã¦ã ¾ãñ¥ãã-¾ãã ÍããßãâÌãÀ ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠãÀü
• ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Íããßã, ½ãÖããäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ããâÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 1920 Êãã ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã Êããñû ãä›ß‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã ¶ããÌãã¶ãñ ½ãÖããäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ã ÔãÀŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû 87 ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèÃ
• ‡ãŠãÖãèâ¶ããè ½ãÖããäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ããè¶ã ãäÍãàã¥ã Ôããñ¡î¶ã ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Íããßñ¦ã ‚㣾ãã¹ã¶ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
¦¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ ÔããâØãÊããèÞãñ ãäÌãû ¹ãÆû ãäÊã½ã¾ãñ, ºããû ãäÞãû ÊããØãî, ½ãÖã¡Þãñ ÔãŒããÀã½ã ¼ããØãÌã¦ã, ½ããÊãÌã¥ãÞãñ
‡ãŠã¶Öãñ•ããè ƒû Öãñ¦ãñû

½ã£¾ã ¹ãÆãâ¦ã Ìã Ìã-Öã¡ã¦ããèÊã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã :


• ½ã£¾ã¹ãÆãâ¦ã Ìã Ìã-Ö㡽ã£ããèÊã ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ÔãÖ¼ããØããè ¢ããÊãñÊãñ ¹ããäÖÊãñ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñÃ
½Ö¥ã•ãñ ¡ãùû Þããñ߇ãŠÀü ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãããäÍãÌãã¾ã ºããºããÔããÖñºã ¹ãÀãâ•ã¹ãñ, Ìãã½ã¶ãÀãÌã •ããñÍããè ¾ããâÞããÖãè Ôã½ããÌãñÍã
Öãñ¦ããû

½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ããèÊã Ôãã£ã‡ãŠãÑã½ã :
• 1921 ½ã£¾ãñ ºãùû ‡ãŠñÍãÌãÀãÌã ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ½ãâìºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ‚ãâ£ãñÀãèÞãñ ‚ããã¶ãâªãèÊããÊã
¹ããñ¦ãªãÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ìã㡾ãã¦ã Ôãã£ã‡ãŠãÑã½ã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ãÆÌãñÍã Üãñ¥ãã-¾ãã
ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃÊãã ½ããè ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè, ‚ãÍããè ¹ãÆãä¦ã—ãã ܾããÌããè ÊããØã¦ã ‚ãÔãñû
• ¾ãñ©ãñ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâ¶ãã Íãñ¦ããè, Ôãì¦ã‡ãŠ¦ããƒÃ, ªìØ£ãÍããßã ¾ããÔãâºãâ£ããè ãäÍãàã¥ã ãäªÊãñ •ããƒÃû

½ããÊãñØããÌã½ã£ããèÊã ãäÖâÔã‡ãŠ ¹ãƇãŠãÀ :


• ½ããÊãñØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ããñÊããèÔã „¹ããä¶ãÀãèàã‡ãŠã¶ãñ ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ÔãÖ¼ããØããè ¢ããÊãñʾãã •ã½ããÌããºããºã¦ã
‚ãÌã½ãã¶ã•ã¶ã‡ãŠ ã䛹¹ã¥¥ããè ‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãñ •ã½ããÌãã¶ãñ ãäÞã¡î¶ã ¦¾ããÊãã ŸãÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀãÞ¾ãã ¶ããÌããŒããÊããè ÞããÊãÊãñʾãã ¾ãã ãäÖâÔã‡ãŠ Ü㛶ãñÞãã ½ãÖ㦽ãã Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè ãä¶ãÓãñ£ã ‡ãŠñÊãã û

½ãìßÍããè Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :
• ½ãìßã-½ãìŸã ¾ã㠶㪾ããâÞ¾ãã ÔãâØã½ããÌãÀ ›ã›ã ‡ãŠâ¹ã¶ããè £ãÀ¥ã ‚ãããä¥ã •ãÊããäÌ㪾ãì¦ã ¹ãƇãŠÊ¹ã Öã¦ããè Üãñ¥ããÀ
Öãñ¦ããèû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ 54 ØããÌãñ ¹ã㥾ããŒããÊããè •ãã¥ããÀ Öã¦ããèû ¾ãã ‡ãŠâ¹ã¶ããè¶ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀºãÀãñºãÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã
‡ãŠÀãÀã½ã£¾ãñ ¾ãã ºããºããè‡ãŠ¡ñ ªìÊãÃàã ‡ãŠñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû •ã½ããè¶ããè ØãñÊãñʾãã Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâÞãã ‡ãŠÔãÊããÖãè ãäÌãÞããÀ
‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñÊãã ¶ãÌÖ¦ããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã, ãäÍãÌãÀã½ã¹ãâ¦ã ¹ãÀãâ•ã¹ãñ, ¡ãùû ¹ãŠã›‡ãŠ, ¼ããñ¹ã›‡ãŠÀ, ¦ã㦾ããÔããÖñºã ‡ãŠñ߇ãŠÀ ƒû ¶ããè Öñ
¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ã ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¶ããÌãÀ Üãã¦ãÊãñû
• Øããâ£ããè•ããèâ¶ããè Öñ ¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÞ¾ãã ½ããØããöãñ Ôããñ¡Ì㥾ããÞãñ ŸÀÌãÊãñû
• Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã Öñ ½ãìßÍããè Ô㦾ããØãÆÖã¦ããèÊã ¹ããäÖÊãñ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãè ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‚ããñߌãÊãñ •ãã¦ãã¦ãû
• Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã› ¾ããâ¶ããèÖãè ¾ãã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ¼ããØã Üãñ¦ãÊããû
• 16 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1921 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìßã ¶ãªãèÞ¾ãã ¹ãã¨ãã¦ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ãû
• 12 ãäªÌãÔããââ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããÊãã „ØãÆ Ìãߥãû
• 1921 ¦ãñ 24 ‚ãÍããè ¦ããè¶ã ÌãÓãñà Öã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ÔãìÀŠ Öãñ¦ããû
• Ö•ããÀãñ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãè ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã ¡ãâºã¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã›ãâ¶ãã ¹ãÆàããñ¼ã‡ãŠ ¼ããÓã¥ã ‡ãŠñʾãã¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ããè 1 ÌãÓããÃÞããè ãäÍãàãã ¢ããÊããèû

ÞããõÀãèÞããõÀã ¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ã :
• 5 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1922 Êãã ØããñÀŒã¹ãîÀ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ÞããõÀãèÞããõÀã ¾ãñ©ãñ ãä¶ãÜããÊãñʾãã †‡ãŠã ãä½ãÀÌã¥ãî‡ãŠãèÌãÀ
¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ããè ØããñßãèºããÀ ‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãñ Ôãâ¦ã¹¦ã •ã½ããÌãã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ¹ã©ã‡ãŠãÌãÀÞã ÖÊÊããû
• †‡ãŠÌããèÔã ¹ããñÊããèÔã Ìã †‡ãŠ Ôãºãƒ¶Ô¹ãñ‡ã‹›À ¾ããâÞãã ½ãð¦¾ãîû
• ½ãû Øããâ£ããè¶ããè ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ¦ãã¦ã¡ãè¶ãñ ºã⪠‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ¾ãã ‚ã¶ã¹ãñãäàã¦ã ãä¶ã¥ãþãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ¶ãñ¦ãñ Ìã •ã¶ã¦ãã ¶ããÀã•ã ¢ããÊããèû
• ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ 10 ½ããÞãà 1922 Êãã Àã•ãªÆãñÖãÞ¾ãã ‚ããÀãñ¹ããŒããÊããè Øããâ£ããè•ããèâ¶ã㠂㛇㊠‡ãŠñÊããèû

ÔããäÌã¶ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ÞãßÌãß : 1930

• ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè ‚ãÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ºã⪠‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãñ ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ¶ãñ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ½ã¶ãã¦ã ¶ããÀã•ããèû
• ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ãÞã 1922 ½ã£¾ãñ ÔÌãÀ㕾㠹ãàããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã Üã¡î¶ã ‚ããÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¹ãì¤ñ ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã Ôã¼ãñÌãÀ ÔÌãÀ㕾㠹ãàãã¦ããèÊã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâÞããÞã ¹ãƼããÌã ÀããäÖÊãã û ½ãã¨ã ÔÌãÀ㕾㠹ãàããÞãñ ‚㣾ãàã
Ôããèû ‚ããÀü ªãÔã ¾ããâÞãã ½ãð¦¾ãî ¢ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÔÌãÀ㕾㠹ãàã ½ããØãñ ¹ã¡Êããû ÔÌãÀ㕾㠹ãàãã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã •ã¶ã¦ãñÞãã
¼ãƽããä¶ãÀãÔã ¢ããÊããû
• 1927 ÔããÊããè Ôãã¾ã½ã¶ã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ãÞããè ãä¶ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ããèû ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ãã¦ã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ÔãªÔ¾ã ¶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ¦¾ããÔã
ãäÌãÀãñ£ãû
• 1928 ½ã£¾ãñ ¶ãñÖÀŠ ãäÀ¹ããñ›Ãû ¦¾ããÔã ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ºãùû ãä•ã¶ãã ¾ããâ¶ããè 14 ½ã쪪ñ ½ããâ¡Êãñû
• 1929 Þ¾ãã ÊããÖãñÀ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ÔÌãÀ㕾ããÞãã ŸÀãÌã Ôãâ½ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû ¾ãã
Ìãñßãè 26 •ãã¶ãñ 1930 Öã ÔÌãÀ㕾ã ã䪶㠽֥ãî¶ã Ôãã•ãÀã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ŸÀÊãñû
• ¾ãã¦ãî¶ãÞã ÔããäÌã¶ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããÞããè ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ¢ããÊããèû

ãä½ãŸãÞãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :

• ãä½ãŸãÌãÀãèÊã ‡ãŠÀãÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ããñ¡¥¾ããÔããŸãè Øããâ£ããè•ããèâ¶ããè ‚ãã¹ãʾãã ÔããºãÀ½ã¦ããè ‚ããÑã½ãã¦ããèÊã 79


‚ã¶ãì¾ãã¾ããâÞããè ¹ããäÖÊããè ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡ãè Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÔããŸãè ãä¶ãÌã¡Êããèû
• ¹ãâã䡦㠌ãÀñ, Øã¥ã¹ã¦ãÀãÌã Øããñ¡Ôãñ, ãäÌã¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠÀãÌã, ‡ãŠñÍãÌã ØããñãäÌã⪠ÖÀ‡ãŠãÀñ, ‚ãÌãâãä¦ã‡ãŠãºããƒÃ
ØããñŒãÊãñ, •ã½ã¶ããÊããÊã ºã•ãã•ã, ºããßãÔããÖñºã ŒãñÀ, ªû ¶ããû ºããâªñ‡ãŠÀ, Ôãû‡ãŠãû ¹ãã›ãèÊã ƒû ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã
¦¾ãã¦ã Öãñ¦ãñû
• 12 ½ããÞãÃÊãã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñÊããè ªãâ¡ãè ¾ãã¨ãã 5 †ãä¹ãÆÊã Àãñ•ããè Ôãâ¹ãÊããèû ‚ãâ¦ãÀ : 240 ½ãõÊãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 6 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 190 Àãñ•ããè ãä½ãŸãÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ããñ¡Êããû Øããâ£ããèâ•ããèâÔãÖ ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀãè ‚ã›‡ãŠ
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ £ããÀãÔã¶ãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÞãñ ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ÔãÀãñãä•ã¶ããè ¶ãã¾ã¡î ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñû

ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀã¦ã ÊãÓ‡ãŠÀãè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã :


• ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ 7 ½ãñ 1930 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâ¶ããè ‡ãŠã½ã ©ããâºãÌãÊãñû ªãÀŠÞãñ ‚ã¡¡ñ „£ÌãԦ㠇ãŠñÊãñû
¹ãÀªñÍããè ½ããÊããÞ¾ãã Öãñß¾ãã ‡ãŠñʾããû •ã½ããÌãã¶ãñ ½ãâØãßÌããÀ ¹ãñŸñ¦ããèÊã ½ã쌾㠹ããñÊããèÔã Þããõ‡ãŠãèÌãÀ ÖÊÊãã
Þã¤Ìãî¶ã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ãäÍã¹ãã¾ããÔã ºãñª½ã ½ããÀÖã¥ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¦¾ãã¦ã †‡ãŠ ãäÍã¹ããƒÃ ½ãÀ¥ã ¹ããÌãÊããû †‡ãŠ ãäÍã¹ããƒÃ
ãä•ãÌãâ¦ã •ããߥ¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
• ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ããÞããè ƒ½ããÀ¦ãÖãè ¹ãñ›Ì㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè ‚ãã›ãñ‡ã‹¾ãã¦ã ‚ãã¥ã¥¾ããÔããŸãè ÊãÓ‡ãŠÀãè ‡ãŠã¾ãª¾ããºããºã¦ãÞãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠð¦ã Ìã›Öî‡ãŠî½ã 15 ½ãñ
Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠã¤¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
• Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ÊãÓ‡ãŠÀãè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã Öãñ¦ããû
• ¹ããñÊããèÔããâÞ¾ãã Œãî¶ããÊãã •ãºããºãªãÀ ‚ãÔãʾããÞ¾ãã ‚ããÀãñ¹ããÌãÀŠ¶ã ½ãÊãã¹¹ãã £ã¶ãÍãñ››ãè, ‡ãŠìºããöã ÖìÔãñ¶ã,
•ãØ㶶ãã©ã ãäÍãâªñ ‚ãããä¥ã Ñããèãä‡ãŠÔã¶ã ÔããÀ¡ã ¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû ¦¾ããâ¶ãã 12 •ãã¶ãñ 1931
Àãñ•ããè ¾ãñÀÌ㡾ããÞ¾ãã ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã ¹ãŠãÍããè ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû Öã ãäªÌãÔã ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀ ½ã£¾ãñ Öì¦ã㦽ãã ã䪶ã
½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¹ããßÊãã •ãã¦ããñû

• ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀ ¶ãØãÀ¹ãããäÊã‡ãŠñÌãÀ ãä¦ãÀâØãã ¢ãñâ¡ã ÊããÌãʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè ª¡¹ãÍããÖãè ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀ
¼ããØãã¦ã Øããâ£ããè ›ãñ¹ããè Öñ †‡ãŠ ¹ãƼããÌããè ¹ãƦããè‡ãŠ Öãñ¦ãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ÔããñÊãã¹ãîÀ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞãñ ãäÞ㛥ããèÔã ¦ãìßÍããèªãÔã •ãã£ãÌã ¾ããâ¶ããè Øããâ£ããè ›ãñ¹ããè ‡ãŠã¤¥¾ããÞãñ
¶ãã‡ãŠãÀʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ½ããÀÖã¥ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

ãäÍãÀãñ¡ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :
• ãäÌãÊãñ¹ããÊãñà ¾ãñ©ããèÊã œãÌ㥾ããâ¦ãî¶ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãâÞ¾ãã ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡¾ãã ºããñ›ãè¶ãñ ÌãñâØãìʾããÃÔã ¹ããŸÌãʾãã •ãã¦ã
Öãñ¦¾ããû ÌãñâØãìʾããÃÔã „¦ãÀŠ¶ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãèâ¶ããè ãäÍãÀãñ¡¾ããÔã ¹ãã¾ããè ÞããÊã¦ã •ãã¾ãÞãñ ‚ãããä¥ã 12 ½ãñ Àãñ•ããè
Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠÀã¾ãÞããè ‚ãÔãñ ŸÀÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ãã¹ãîÌããèÃÞã Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã, ‚ãã¹¹ããÔããÖñºã ¹ã›Ìã£ãöã, ÌããÔãìªñÌãÀãÌã ªãÔ¦ãã¶ãñ, Øãû ãäÌãû ‡ãŠñ¦ã‡ãŠÀ,
¼ãã„ Àã¶ã¡ñ, ¶ãã©ã Üãã¥ãñ‡ãŠÀ ƒû ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÞããè Ôãî¨ãñ ¡ãùû Ìããû ãäÌãû
‚ããŸÊ¾ãñ, ‚ããÞãã¾ãà Íãâû ªãû •ããÌã¡ñ‡ãŠÀ, ãäÌã¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠÀãÌã ¼ãìÔ‡ãŠì›ñ ¾ããâ¶ããè Öã¦ããè Üãñ¦ãÊããèû †‡ãŠî¥ã 583
ÔÌã¾ãâÔãñÌã‡ãŠ ãäÍãÀãñ¡¾ããÔã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ‚ããÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû 12 ½ãñ Êãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããû
15 ½ãñ Êãã ¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ããè ÔÌã¾ãâÔãñÌã‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ½ããÀÖã¥ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ©ããâºããäÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû

Ìã¡ãßã ãä½ãŸãØããÀãÌãÀãèÊã œã¹ãã :


• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¹ãƪñÍã ‡ãŠãùØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã Ìã¦ããè¶ãñ Ìã¡ãßã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ãä½ãŸãØããÀãÌãÀ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã
ŸÀÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû 17 ½ãñ 1930 Àãñ•ããè Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãè¶ãã ¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ããè ¹ã‡ãŠ¡Êãñû 1 •ãî¶ã ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã Öãè
‡ãŠãÀÌããƒÃ ÔãìÀŠ Öãñ¦ããèû

Œãã¶ãªñÍãÞãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :
• ¹ãîÌãà ‚ãããä¥ã ¹ããäÍÞã½ã Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ããèÊã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ããâ¶ããèÖãè ¾ãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ½ããñãäÖ½ãñ¦ã ¼ããØã Üãñ¦ãÊããû
• ¹ãîÌãà Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ã 175 Ìã ¹ããäÍÞã½ã Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ãî¶ã 424 ÔÌã¾ãâÔãñÌã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè Ô㦾ããØãÆÖã¦ã ¼ããØã Üãñ¦ãÊããû

Ôãã¦ããÀã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :


• Ôãã¦ããÀã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ã ãäºãßãÍããè ØããÌãã¦ã •ãâØãÊã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖã¦ã Ô¨ããè ¹ãìÀŠÓããâ¶ããè Íããõ¾ãà Øãã•ãÌãÊãñû
• ¦ãñ©ãñ Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã •ãâØãÊãã¦ãî¶ã †‡ãŠ ¢ãã¡ ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã ¦ãñ ¼ãÀ Þããõ‡ãŠã¦ã Ÿñ„Š¶ã
¦¾ããÞ¾ããÌãÀ ¦ãÔãñÞã ªñÌãßãÌãÀ ÀãӛȣÌã•ã ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠãÌãÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 5 Ôã¹›ñâºãÀ 1930 Àãñ•ããè ãäºãßãÍããè ¾ãñ©ãñ ãäÍãÀŠ¶ã ¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ããè ¦ããñ ¢ãñâ¡ã ¦ã㺾ãã¦ã Üãñ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶ã
‡ãŠñÊããû ¦¾ããÌãñßãè Àã•ãî¦ããƒÃ ‡ãŠª½ã ¾ãã Ô¨ããè Êãã ÊããŸãèÞãã ½ããÀ ŒããÌãã ÊããØãÊããû 39 •ã¥ãâã¶ãã
¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ããè ¹ã‡ãŠ¡Êãñû
• ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããèãäÔãâÖ ¶ãã¶ãã ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãã¹ãʾãã ¼ããÓã¥ããâ¶ããè •ããØãð¦ããè Üã¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ãÊããèû

Ÿã¥ãñ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :
• Ÿã¥ãñ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã „âºãÀØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñ 5 ½ãñ Êãã ãä½ãŸãÞ¾ãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÞãñ ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ¶ãã¶ããÔããÖñºã ªñÌã£ãñ‡ãŠÀ
‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠ½ãÊããªñÌããè Þã››ãñ¹ã㣾ãã¾ã ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñû ãä½ãÀÌã¥ãî‡ãŠãè¦ããèÊã ªÖã Ö•ããÀ Êããñ‡ãŠ Öã¦ãã¦ã
¹ã㥾ããÞããè ½ã¡‡ãŠãè Üãñ„¶ã Ôã½ãìªÆ ãä‡ãŠ¶ãã-¾ããâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ØãñÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû ¡Öã¥ãî, ãäÞãâÞã¥ããè ºããñ¡ãèà ¾ãã ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè
ãä½ãÀÌã¥ãî‡ãŠã ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ãä½ãŸãÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ããñ¡Êããû ¾ãñ©ããèÊã Íãã½ãÀãÌã ¹ãã›ãèÊã Öñ ªãâ¡ãè
¾ãã¨ãñ¦ãÖãè ÔãÖ¼ããØããè ¢ããÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû

ãäÞãÀ¶ãñÀ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :
25 Ôã¹›ñ 1930 Êãã ¹ã¶ãÌãñÊã•ãÌãßãèÊã ãäÞãÀ¶ãñÀ ØããÌãã¦ããèÊã Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ããâ¶ããè ½ããñÞããà ‡ãŠã¤Êããû ¦¾ããÌãñßãè
¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ØããñßãèºããÀã¦ã 7 Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãè ½ããÀÊãñ ØãñÊãñû ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¢ããÊãñʾãã ÔãâÜãÓãÃã¦ã ½ãã½ãÊãñªãÀ, ¦ããè¶ã
¹ããñÊããèÔã ‚ãããä¥ã †‡ãŠ Ìã¶ãÔãâÀàã‡ãŠ ‚ãÔãñ ÞããõÜãñ ŸãÀ ¢ããÊãñû 47 •ã¥ãâãÌãÀ Œã›Êãã ¼ãÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû ‡ãŠñÍãÌã
Øã칦ãñ, ¹ãƼãã‡ãŠÀ ÀãÔ¦ãñ, ÌãÔãâ¦ã ºãñª‡ãŠ, ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã £ããñâ¡ãñ ŒãÀñ, ãä¨ãâºã‡ãŠ ºãñ¡ñ‡ãŠÀ, ƒû 11 •ã¥ããâÌãÀ Œã›Êãñ
¼ãÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû

ºããºãî Øãñ¥ãî :
• ‚ããâºãñØããÌã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ½ãÖãâ¡îßñ ¹ã¡Ìãß ¾ãã ØããÌãÞãã ½ãîß ÀãäÖÌããÔããè ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ºããºãî Øãñ¥ãî ¾ãã¶ãñ
Ô㦾ããØãÆÖã¦ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞãã ÔÌã¾ãâÔãñÌã‡ãŠ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ÔãÖ¼ããØã Üãñ¦ãÊãã Öãñ¦ããû
• 12 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1930 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ÍãÖÀã¦ã ¹ãÀªñÍããè ‡ãŠã¹ã¡ã¶ãñ ¼ãÀÊãñÊãã †‡ãŠ ›È‡ãŠ ‚ãã¡Ì㥾ããÞ¾ãã
¹ãƾ㦶ãã¦ã ¦ããñ ›È‡ãŠÔã½ããñÀ ‚ãã¡Ìãã ¢ããÊããû ›È‡ãŠ ‚ãâØããÌãÀŠ¶ã Øãñʾãã½ãìßñ ½ãð¦¾ãîû
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¹ãÆàã캣㠕ã½ããÌãã¶ãñ •ããèû ›ãèû ÖãùãäÔ¹ã›Êã Þ¾ãã ƒ½ããÀ¦ããèÌãÀ ‚ãÔãÊãñÊãã ¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã •ãù‡ãŠ •ããßî¶ã
›ã‡ãŠÊããû ¹ããñÊããèÔã ¹ã©ã‡ãŠãÌãÀÖãè ÖÊÊãã ‡ãŠñÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ºããºãî Øãñ¥ãîÞ¾ãã ºããäÊãªã¶ãã¶ãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâ¶ãã ¹ãÆñÀ¥ãã ãä½ãßãÊããèû

ªÖãèÖâ¡ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :
• ‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ªÖãèÖâ¡ã ØããÌãã½ã£¾ãñ Œãã-¾ãã ¹ã㥾ããÞ¾ãã ãäÌããäÖÀãè ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ¦ãñ©ãñ ½ããèŸ
¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã
• ½ãìßÍããè Ô㦾ããØãÆÖã¦ããèÊã ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããè‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠ ¶ãñ¦ãñ Ñããèû ºãã¹ãîÔããÖñºã ÔãÖÔ¨ãºã죪ñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè
ãäÌããäÖÀãè½ã£ãî¶ã ¹ãã¥ããè ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ½ããèŸ ºã¶ãÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ¢ããÊããû
• Ìã£ããà ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ãî¶ã Íãñ‡ãŠ¡ãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñà ªÖãèÖ⡾ããÊãã ØãñÊãñû
• ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ 13 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1930 Êãã ¶ãÀ‡ãŠñÔãÀãè ‚ã¼¾ãâ‡ãŠÀãâ¶ããè •ããÖãèÀ Ôã¼ãã Üãñ„Š¶ã ãä¦ã©ãñ ãä½ãŸãÞ¾ãã
¹ã졾ããâÞãã •ããÖãèÀ ãäÊãÊããÌã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
• ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããß ¾ãñ©ãñ Êããñ‡ãŠ¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠ ºãã¹ãî•ããè ‚ã¥ãñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ãä½ãŸãÞ¾ãã ¹ã졾ããâÞãã ãäÊãÊããÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• ‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ã ªìØããæããƒÃ •ããñÍããè, ªãªãÔããÖñºã Øããñßñ, ãäºãÆ•ãÊããÊã ãäºã¾ãã¥ããè, ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã
ÞãßÌãß ÀãºããäÌãÊããèû
• ºãìÊã¤ã¥ãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ãÖãè ØããÌããñØããÌããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãã¥ãÊãñʾãã ‚ãÌãõ£ã ãä½ãŸãÞããè ãäÌã‡ã‹ÆŠãè Öãñ„Š
ÊããØãÊããèû
• ‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããè ¾ãñ©ãñÖãè ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØãû ¡ãùû ¼ããñ•ãÀãÌã ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ, ¡ãùû ¹ãã¦ãîÀ‡ãŠÀ ½ããñÀñ, ƒû Þãã Ôããä‡ã‹ÆŠ¾ã ÔãÖ¼ããØãû

¹ãìÔãªÞãã •ãâØãÊã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ :


• ¹ãìÔ㪠޾ãã ‚ããÀãäàã¦ã •ãâØãÊãã¦ããèÊã ØãÌã¦ã 10 •ãìÊãõ 1930 Êãã ‡ãŠã¹ãî¶ã ºãã¹ãî•ããè ‚ã¥ãñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã
¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè 11 ÔÌã¾ãâÔãñÌã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ããñ¡Êããû
• ‚ã¥ãñ ¾ããâ¶ãã ÔãÖã ½ããäÖ¶¾ããâÞããè ãäÍãàããû
• 11 •ãìÊãõ Êãã ¡ãùû ½ãìâ•ãñ ¾ããâ¶ããèÖãè ‚ãÔããÞã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ‡ãŠñÊããû ¦¾ããâ¶ããÖãè ãäÍãàããû

• ¹ãì¤ñ ªìÔã-¾ãã ØããñÊã½ãñ•ã ¹ããäÀÓãªñ¦ã ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè ÔãÖ¼ããØããè ÌÖãÌãñ ¾ããÔããŸãè Êããù¡Ã ‚ãã¾ããäÌãö㠾ããâ¶ããè ½ãû
Øããâ£ããèâºãÀãñºãÀ ‡ãŠÀãÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû ¾ãã ‡ãŠÀãÀã¶ãìÔããÀ ÔããäÌã¶ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ÞãßÌãß Ô©ããäØã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã
‚ããÊããèû ªìÔã-¾ãã ØããñÊã½ãñ•ã ¹ããäÀÓãªñ¦ã „¹ããäÔ©ã¦ã ÀãÖî¶ãÖãè ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ãã ‚ããä¼ã¹ãÆñ¦ã ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ããØ㥾ãã ½ã㶾㠶㠢ããʾãã¶ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãì¶Öã ÔããäÌã¶ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØããÞããè Öã‡ãŠ ãäªÊããèû ªÀ½¾ãã¶ã Àù½Ôãñ
½ãù‡ã‹¡ãñ¶ããÊ¡ ¾ããâ¶ããè 16 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1932 Àãñ•ããè •ãã¦ããè¾ã ãä¶ãÌãã¡ã •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâ¶ããÖãè
ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ½ã¦ãªãÀÔãâÜã ºãÖãÊã ‡ãŠñÊãñû ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ãã Öãè ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞããè ãäÖâªìâ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ãŠî› ¹ãã¡¥¾ããÞããè À¥ããä¶ã¦ããè
Ìãã›Êããèû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ¦¾ãããäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¾ãñÀÌã¡ã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã „¹ããñÓã¥ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ‚ãŒãñÀ 25
Ôã¹›ñºãÀ 1932 Àãñ•ããè Øããâ£ããè-‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ã ¹ãì¥ãñ ‡ãŠÀãÀ Öãñ„Š¶ã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÔããŸãè ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã
½ã¦ãªãÀÔãâÜãã†ñ•ããè 148 ÀãŒããèÌã •ããØãã ŸñÌ㥾ããÔã ÔãÖ½ã¦ããè ¢ããÊããèû
• ÖßîÖßî ÔããäÌã¶ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ÞãßÌãßãè¦ããèÊã •ããñÀÖãè ‚ããñÔãÀÊããû
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ 1933 ¹ããÔãî¶ã ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÞ¾ãã „£ªãÀãÔããŸãè ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ¹ãÆã£ã㶾ã ãäªÊãñû

œãñ¡ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã

¹ããÍÌãüãî½ããè :
• 1935 Þ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãª¾ãã‚ã¶Ìã¾ãñ 1937 ÔããÊããè ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠãû ¹ãÆãâãä¦ã‡ãŠ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀñ Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
• 1939 Êãã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñʾãã ªìÔã-¾ãã ½ãÖã¾ã죪ã¦ã ¼ããÀ¦ã ƒâØÊãâ¡Þ¾ãã ºãã•ãî¶ãñ ¾ã죪ã¦ã „¦ãÀ¦ã
‚ãÔãʾããÞãñ Êããù¡Ã ãäÊã¶ããäÊã©ãØããñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãÀÔ¹ãÀ •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ›ã‡ãŠÊ¾ãã¶ãñ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãâÞãñ
Àã•ããè¶ãã½ãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¹ãì¤ñ 8 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1940 Êãã ‚ããùØãÔ› ÜããñÓã¥ãã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãäÖâªìÔ©ãã¶ãÊãã ÌãÔããÖ¦ããèÞãñ ÔÌãÀ㕾㠪ñ¥ãñ Öñ
ƒâØÊãâ¡Þãñ £ããñÀ¥ã ÀãÖãèÊã, ‚ãÍããè ÜããñÓã¥ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ½ãã¨ã ¹ãî¥ãà ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ããÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè ¡ãÌãÊãʾãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã¶ãñ ¾ã죪‡ãŠãßã¦ãÖãè ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ÔãìÀŠÞã
ŸñÌãÊãñû
• 15 Ìã 16 Ôã¹›ñºãÀ 1940 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞããè ºãõŸ‡ãŠ Öãñ„Š¶ã Ìãõ¾ããä‡ã‹¦ã‡ãŠ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ
‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã ‚ããŒã¥¾ããÞãñ ½ãû Øããâ£ããè¶ããè •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• 13 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñºãÀ 1940 Þ¾ãã Ìã£ããà ºãõŸ‡ãŠãè¦ã ãäÌã¶ããñºãã ¼ããÌãñ ¹ããäÖÊãñ Ìãõ¾ããä‡ã‹¦ã‡ãŠ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãè ãä¶ãÌã¡Êãñ
ØãñÊãñû
• ½ãã¨ã ¾ã죪ã¦ã •ã¹ãã¶ã¶ãñ ½ãìÔãâ¡ãè ½ããÀʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ƒâØãÆ•ãâãÞ¾ãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌããÞããè Íã‡ã‹¾ã¦ãã ãä¶ã½ããÃ¥ã Öãñ„Š
ÊããØãÊããèû ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã ¹ãÀã¼ãÌãã¦ãî¶ã ¼ããÀ¦ããÊãã ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã ¶ã‡ãŠãñ Öãñ¦ãñ, Ìã •ã¹ãã¶ãÞ¾ãã ãäÌã•ã¾ãã½ãìßñ
‡ãŠªããäÞã¦ã ¦ãñ ãä½ãßãÊãñÞã ¶ãÔã¦ãñû ½Ö¥ãî¶ã Øããâ£ããè•ããèâ¶ããè ÞãßÌãß ºã⪠‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‚ã½ãñãäÀ‡ãŠ¶ã ¹ãÆñãäÔã¡ñâ› ÀŠ¢ãÌãñÊ› Þ¾ãã ªºããÌãã½ãìßñ ƒâãäØÊãÍã ¹ãâ¦ã¹ãÆ£ãã¶ã ÞããäÞãÃÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè
ãä‡ã‹ÆŠ¹Ôã ãä½ãÍã¶ã ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ¹ããŸÌãÊãñû ½ãã¨ã ¾ãã ãä½ãÍã¶ã¶ãñ •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ãäÍã¹ãŠãÀÔããèâ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠñÌãß •ãÀ-
¦ãÀ Þããè ¼ããÓãã ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ããèÊã ÔãÌãÃÞã ¹ãàããâ¶ããè Öãè ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã ¹ãŠñ›ãßÊããèû
• ƒâØãÆ•ã ‚ãã¹ãʾããÊãã ½ãîŒãà ºã¶ãÌã¦ã ‚ãÔãʾããÞãñ Êãàãã¦ã Üãñ„Š¶ã †‡ãŠ ̾ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ÞãßÌãß „¼ããÀ¥¾ããÞããè
‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ¹ãàãã¶ãñ ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã ‚ããŒãÊããèû

œãñ¡ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ÔãìÀŠ :

• 8 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1942 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã ½ãâìºãƒÃ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã œãñ¡ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ã ‚ã©ãÌãã ÞãÊãñ •ããÌã Þãã
ŸÀãÌã ½ããâ¡¥¾ãã¦ã ¾ãñ„Š¶ã ½ãâ•ãîÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
• 9 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1942 Àãñ•ããè ½ãû Øããâ£ããè, ¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀŠ ¾ããâÞ¾ããÔãÖ ‡ãŠãùØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã ÔãÌãÃÞã ½ãÖ¦ÌããÞ¾ãã ¹ãì¤ã-
¾ããâ¶ã㠂㛇ãŠû
• ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã •ã¶ã¦ãñ¶ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã •ã½ãñÊã ¦¾ã㠹㣪¦ããè¶ãñ œãñ¡ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ã ÞãßÌãß Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ªñÍã¼ãÀ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ª¡¹ãÍããÖãè½ãìßñ ¾ãã ÞãßÌãßãèÊãã ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããÞãñ ÀŠ¹ã ãä½ãßãÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ããèÊã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã :
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ Öñ ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããèÞãñ ¹ãƽãìŒã ‡ãŠñâªÆ Æ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ‚ãÀŠ¥ãã ‚ãÔã¹ãŠ ‚ãÊããè, ‚ãÞ¾ãì¦ãÀãÌã Ìã ÀãÌãÔããÖñºã ¹ã›Ìã£ãöã, ¡ãùû Àã½ã½ã¶ããñÖÀ ÊããñãäÖ¾ãã,
‚㥥ããÔããÖñºã ÔãÖÔ¨ãºã죪ñ, Ôãã¶ãñ ØãìÀŠ•ããè, †Ôãû †½ãû •ããñÍããè, ¶ããû Øãû ØããñÀñ, ãäÍãÀŠ¼ãã„Š ãäÊã½ã¾ãñ ƒû
¶ãñ¦ãñ ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ¢ããÊãñû
• Ôãñâ›ÈÊã ¡ã¾ãÀñ‡ã‹›ãñÀñ› Öãè ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ããâÞããè ½ã£¾ãÌã¦ããèà ÔãâÔ©ãã ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããèû ¦ãñ©ãî¶ãÞã ÍãÔ¨ããÔ¨ããâÞãã
¹ãìÀÌãŸãû
• ½ãÖããäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ãñ ºã⪠¹ãã¡¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè Ô¹ãŠãñ› ¢ããÊãñû
• ºããù½ºã ¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ãã¦ããèÊã ÔãâÍããä¾ã¦ã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¡ãùû ÌãÔãâ¦ã ‚ãÌãÔãÀñ ¾ããâ¶ã㠂㛇㊠‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶ã
‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦ãñ ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ¢ããÊãñû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ããèÊã ¶ãß ºãã•ããÀã¦ããèÊã ƒ½ããÀ¦ããè¦ã œã¹ãã ›ã‡ãŠî¶ã †Ôãû †½ãû •ããñÍããè, ½ãÖãªñÌã ‡ãŠãÀñ‡ãŠÀ, ½ã£ãì
ãäÊã½ã¾ãñ, ãäÌã¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠì߇㊥ããèà ¾ããâ¶ãã ‡ãŠõªû
• „Óãã ½ãñÖ¦ãã, ãäÌ㟟Êã •ãÌÖñÀãè, ÞãâªÆ‡ãŠãâ¦ã •ãÌÖñÀãè ¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãââìºãƒÃ¦ã Øã칦ã Àñãä¡‚ããñ ‡ãŠñâªÆ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû

Àã¾ãØã¡ ãä•ãÊÖã ÞãßÌãß :


• ¶ãã¶ãã ¹ãìÀãñãäÖ¦ã, ½ããñֶ㠣ãããäÀ¾ãã ¾ããâ¶ããè Àã¾ãØã¡ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ½ãÖã¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ Öãè ÞãßÌãß ‡ãŠã¾ãÃÀ¦ã
ŸñÌãÊããèû
• ¹ããñÔ›ã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠãØ㪹ã¨ãñ •ããߥãñ, ¦ããÀã¾ãâ¨ãñ ¦ããñ¡¥ãñ, ¹ããñÊããèÔããâ‡ãŠ¡ãèÊã ºãâªì‡ãŠã ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã Üãñ¥ãñ ‚ãÔãñ
‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ãû
• ¶ãñÀß, ½ãã©ãñÀã¶ã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã ¼ããƒÃ ‡ãŠãñ¦ãÌããÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦¾ããÃâ¶ãã ÔãâÜãã䛦㠇ãŠÀŠ¶ã Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠ-¾ãâãÞããè
ÔãÍãÔ¨ã Ôãñ¶ãã „¼ããÀÊããèû
• ›ã›ãâÞ¾ãã Œããñ¹ããñÊããè ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ãäÌ㪾ãì¦ã ‡ãŠñâªÆã¦ãî¶ã ½ãìâºãƒÃÊãã Öãñ¥ããÀã Ìããè•ã¹ãìÀÌãŸã Œãâã䡦㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã
‚ããÊããû
• ¼ããƒÃ ‡ãŠãñ¦ãÌããÊã Ìã ¦¾ããâÞãñ ÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀãè Øããñ½ãã•ããè ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ªñ¥ãã-¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ããÞã Ö•ããÀãâÞãñ
ƒ¶ãã½ã •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
¹ããäÍÞã½ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ÞãßÌãß :
• ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ÌãñÔ›†â¡ ‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠùãä¹ã›Êã ¾ãã ªãñ¶ã ãäÞã¨ã¹ã›ØãðÖãâ¦ã ºããù½ºãÔ¹ãŠãñ› Üã¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ãÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ããñÔ› ‚ããùãä¹ãŠÔã Þããè Êãî›û
• Ôãã¦ããÀã ¾ãñ©ãñ ¶ãã¶ãã ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâÞãñ ¹ã¨ããèÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀü
• ¦ãì¹ãŠã¶ã Ôãñ¶ãã ‚ãããä¥ã ¶ããØã¶ãã©ã‚㥥ãã ¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠÌã¡ãè ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‚ãã¢ã㪠ªÊã ¾ãã Øã›ã¶ãñ Ôãã¦ããÀã, ÔããâØãÊããè
¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã ÔãÍãԨ㠇ãŠãÀÌãã¾ãã ‡ãŠñʾããû

¹ãƦããè ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ :

• ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããèãäÔãâÖ ¶ãã¶ãã ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè Ôãã¦ããÀã ãäÌã¼ããØãã¦ã Ôã½ããâ¦ãÀ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¦¾ããÊãã
¹ãÆãä¦ãÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ ½Ö›Êãñ •ãã¦ã ‚ãÔãñû ¾ããÊãã ¹ã¨ããèÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ ‚ãÔãñÖãè ¶ããÌã Öãñ¦ãñ, ‡ãŠãÀ¥ã ƒâØãÆ•ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè
‚ã©ãÌã㠇㊽ãÃÞããÀãè ¾ãâã¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¹ãã¾ãã¦ã ÊããñŒãâ¡ãè ¹ã¨ããè Ÿãñ‡ãŠÊããè •ãã¦ã ‚ãÔãñû
• 1 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1942 ¦ãñ 21 ½ãñ 1943 ¾ãã ÞãÊã•ããÌã Þ¾ãã ¹ããäÖʾãã ›¹¹¾ãã¦ã ½ããñÞãñÃ, ãä¶ãªÍãöãñ,
‚ãããä¥ã ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ÀãÖî¶ã Üãã¦ã¹ãã¦ããÞãñ ¹ãƇãŠãÀ Üã¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ãÊãñ ØãñÊãñû
• ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ã, ¡ãèû •ããèû ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ, ã䪶ã‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ãä¶ã‡ãŠ½ã, ¦ãã¶ãã•ããè ¹ãñâ¤ãÀ‡ãŠÀ ƒû
̾ã‡ã‹¦ããèâÞãñ ¾ããñØãªã¶ãÖãè ½ãÖ¦Ìã¹ãî¥ãÃû

Nagesh Gaikwad
¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ÞãßÌãß :
• ‡ãŠñÍãÌãÀãÌã •ãñ£ãñ, £ã¶ãâ•ã¾ãÀãÌã Øãã¡Øããèß, Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã ƒû ¹ãƽãìŒã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâ¶ã㠂㛇㊠‡ãŠñʾãã¶ãñ
¦¾ããÞãã ãä¶ãÓãñ£ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¹ãÆÞãâ¡ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ¢ããÊãñû
• 1 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1943 Þãã ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ½ããñÞããà Öù½ãââ¡ ¾ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠã-¾ãã¶ãñ ‚ã¡Ìãî¶ã ¦¾ããÌãÀ ØããñßãèºããÀ
‡ãŠñÊããû
• ¦¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã ªã¼ãã¡ñ ¾ããâÞãã ½ãð¦¾ãîû

Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ããèÊã ÞãßÌãß :
• Ôãã¶ãñØãìÀŠ•ããè Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãÔãî¶ãÖãè ¦¾ããÌãñßãè ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ÞãßÌãßãè¦ã Ôããä‡ã‹ÆŠ¾ã Öãñ¦ãñû
• ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÞã ÔãÊʾãã¶ãñ ‚ãâ½ã߶ãñÀ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã „¦¦ã½ãÀãÌã ¹ãã›ãèÊã, ÊããèÊãã¦ããƒÃ ¹ãã›ãèÊã,
ãäÍãÌãã•ããè¹ãã›ãèÊã, ªÍãÀ©ã ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè ÞãßÌãß „¼ããÀÊããèû
• ›¹ããÊã ‡ãŠÞãñÀãè, ÀñÊÌãñÔ›ñÍã¶ã, ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ã ¹ãñ›Ìãî¶ã ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¹ããñÊããèÔããâÞ¾ãã ØããñßãèºããÀã¦ã ½ãÖãªñÌã ªñÔããƒÃ ¾ããâÞãã ºãßãèû
• £ãìßñ ¶ãâªìÀºããÀ ÀÔ¦¾ããÌãÀãèÊã ãäÞã½ãŸã¥ãñ ØããÌãã•ãÌãß Ôãã¡ñ¹ããÞã ÊããŒããâÞãã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Œããä•ã¶ãã
‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããè‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè Êãì›Êããû ‚㺪ìÊã À••ãÌãã ¾ããÞ¾ããÍããè ÔãâØã¶ã½ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã •ã¶ã¦ãñ¶ãñ ÀñÊÌãñ „Êã©ãî¶ã
›ã‡ãŠÊ¾ããû
• ¶ãâªìÀºããÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ãäÍãÀãèÓã‡ãŠì½ããÀ ½ãñÖ¦ãã ¾ãã ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããöãñ ÍããßñÞ¾ãã ƒ½ããÀ¦ããèÌãÀ ãä¦ãÀâØãã
¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠãÌãʾãã½ãìßñ ¦¾ããÊããÖãè ÍãÖãèª ÌÖãÌãñ ÊããØãÊãñû

ãäÌ㪼ããæããèÊã ÞãßÌãß :
• 13 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1939 Àãñ•ããè ½ãª¶ãÊããÊã ºããØã¡ãè, ãäÌã¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠ ÔãŒããÀã½ã ªãâ¡ñ‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããä¥ã Íãã½ã ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã
‡ãŠãͽããèÀãè ¾ããâ¶ããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ãäÖâªìÔ©ãã¶ã ÊããÊã Ôãñ¶ãñ¶ãñ ¼ãØã¦ããäÔãâØã, Àã•ãØãìÀŠ, ÔãìŒãªñÌã,
ÞãâªÆÍãñŒãÀ ‚ãã¢ã㪠¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÖâªìÔ©ãã¶ã ÔããñÍãããäÊãÔ› ãäÀ¹ãºÊããè‡ãŠ¶ã ‚ãã½ããèà ¾ãã Øã칦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãñÞãã
ãä‡ãŠ¦¦ãã ãäØãÀÌ㥾ããÞãñ ŸÀÌãÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ãäÌ㪼ããæããèÊã 55 ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦¾ããÃâ¶ããè ÜãÀãºããÖñÀ ¹ã¡î¶ã ¼ãîãä½ãØã¦ã ÌÖãÌãñ ‚ãÍãã ÔãîÞã¶ã㠽㪶ãÊããÊã
ºããØã¡ãèâ¶ããè ãäªÊ¾ãã Öãñ¦¾ããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‚ããùØãÔ› 1942 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããè¦ããèÊã ãäÞ㛥ããèÔã ¹ãã‡ãŠÃ ½ã£¾ãñ •ããÖãèÀ Ôã¼ãã ‚ãã¾ããñãä•ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã
‚ããÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• ¾ãã Ôã¼ãñ¦ã ÀãÓ›ÈÔãâ¦ã ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡ãñ•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ã ¾ããâ¶ããè ªñÍã¼ã‡ã‹¦ããè¹ãÀ Øããè¦ãñ Øãã„Š¶ã •ã¶ã¦ãñÞ¾ãã ½ã¶ãã¦ã ‚ãâØãã¦ã
¹ãŠìÊãÌãÊããû ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡ãñ•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ããâ¶ã㠂㛇ãŠû
• ¾ãã Ü㛶ãñÞãñ ¹ã¡Ôã㪠¶ããØã¹ãîÀã¦ã „½ã›î¶ã ãäÖâÔã‡ãŠ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñû
• ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ½ãâ¡ßãÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñà ªã•ããèºãã ½ãÖãÊãñ ¹ããñÊããèÔã ØããñßãèºããÀã¦ã ½ãÀ¥ã ¹ããÌãÊãñû
¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã Íãâ‡ãŠÀ ½ãÖãÊãñ ¾ãã 18 ÌãÓããÃÞ¾ãã ½ãìÊãã¶ãñÖãè ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞãã •ã¾ã•ã¾ã‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¦ã ½ãð¦¾ãîÊãã
‡ãŠÌã›ãßÊãñû
• ‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ÍããßñÞãñ ãäÍãàã‡ãŠ ‚ãããä¥ã ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà ¦ãÔãñÞã ‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããèÞ¾ãã Ö¶ãì½ãã¶ã
̾ãã¾ãã½ã ½ãâ¡ßãÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñà Öñ ÞãÊãñ•ããÌã ÞãßÌãßãè¦ã ÔãÖ¼ããØããè Öãñ¦ãñû

ÀãÓ›ÈÔãâ¦ã ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡ãñ•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ã :

• •ã¶½ã : ¾ããÌãÊããè 1909û ½ãããä¥ã‡ãŠ ºãâ¡î•ããè ºãƽּã›


• ½ããñ¢ãÀãè ¾ã©ãñ ØãìÀŠ‡ãŠâì•ã ‚ããÑã½ãû
• 1930 Þ¾ãã ÔããäÌã¶ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ÞãßÌãßãè¹ããÔãî¶ãÞã ‡ãŠãè¦ãöã, ¼ã•ã¶ã, ¹ãÆÌãÞã¶ã ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã
Êããñ‡ãŠ¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ãû
• ãäÖâªãè Ìã ½ãÀãŸãè ‡ãŠã̾ããÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã ªñÍã¹ãÆñ½ããÞãã ÔãâªñÍãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¹ã¦©ãÀ ÔããÀñ ºããù½ºã ºã¶ãñâØãñ, ¼ã‡ã‹¦ã ºã¶ãñâØãñ Ôãñ¶ãã ‚ãÍãã Øããè¦ããâ¶ããè ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããèÞããè •¾ããñ¦ã
¹ãñ›ãäÌãÊããèû
• ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ, ‚ããÓ›ãè, ãäÞã½ãîÀ ¾ãã ØããÌãã¦ã ãäÞã©ããÌã¥ããè ªñ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã ‚ããÀãñ¹ããÌãÀŠ¶ã ¦¾ããâ¶ã㠂㛇ãŠû
• ¾ããÌãÊããè ¾ãã ØããÌãã¦ããèÊã ØãÆã½ãÔ©ãâã½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠÊãñ‡ã‹›À ½ãñʡȽ㠾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ã ÔãâÜãÓãÃû
• ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¼ããÀ¦ããÞãñ Àãӛȹã¦ããè ¡ãùû Àã•ãñâªÆ¹ãÆÔã㪠¾ããâ¶ããè ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡ãñ•ããè ½ãÖãÀã•ããâ¶ãã ÀãÓ›ÈÔãâ¦ã Öãè
„¹ãã£ããè ãäªÊããèû

ºãñ¶ããñ¡ã ØããÌããÞããè Íããõ¾ãÃØãã©ãã


• ½ããñÍããèÃ-ÌãÀŠ¡ ÀÔ¦¾ããÌãÀ ºã¶ãñã¡ã Öñ ØããÌã ÌãÔãÊãñÊãñ ‚ããÖñû 16 ‚ããùØãÔ›Êãã ºãñ¶ããñ¡ã, ƒ¦¦ã½ãØããÌã,
Êããñ¥ããè ƒû Œãñ¡¾ãã¦ããèÊã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè †‡ãŠ¨ã ¾ãñ„Š¶ã ¹ããñÊããèÔ㠟㥾ããÌãÀ ½ããñÞããà ¶ãñÊããû
• Ìãã½ã¶ãÀãÌã ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ½ããñÞãÃãÌãÀ ¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ãã ºãñœî› ØããñßãèºããÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû ¦¾ãã¦ã ½ãÖãªñÌã ¹ãŠâªã¡ñ, ½ãÖãªñÌã ÌããÜã½ããÀñ, ¹ããâ¡îÀâØã
½ããÊã¹ãñ, ½ãÖãªñÌã ºããÀ½ããÔãñ, ãäÌã¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠ ¾ããÌãÊãñ ¾ãã ÔãÖã •ã¥ããâ¶ããè ¹ãÆã¥ããÖî¦ããè ãäªÊããèû

‚ããÓ›ãè ‚ãããä¥ã ãäÞã½ãîÀ Þãñ Êã¤ñ :


• Ìã£ããà ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ããÓ›ãè ØããÌããè 16 ‚ããùØãÔ›Êãã 3000 Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞãã •ã½ããÌã ¹ããñÊããèÔ㠟㥾ããÌãÀ
ÞããÊã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ØãñÊããû ¦ãñÌÖã ¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ØããñßãèºããÀã¦ã Ôãã¦ã•ã¥ã ŸãÀ ¢ããÊãñû
• Ôãâ¦ã¹¦ã •ã½ããÌãã¶ãñ¹ããñÊããèÔãâãÌãÀ ÖÊÊãã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¹ããÞã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ½ããÀÊãñû
• ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÊã¾ãñ •ããßî¶ã ›ã‡ãŠ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ãäÞã½ãîÀ(ÞãâªÆ ¹ãìÀ ãä•ãÊÖã) ¾ãã ØããÌãã¦ãÖãè Ôãâ¦ã¹¦ã •ã½ããÌãã¶ãñ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè, ¶ãã¾ãºã ¦ãÖÔããèÊãªãÀ,
¹ããäÀ½ãâ¡Êã ãä¶ãÀãèàã‡ãŠ Ìã †‡ãŠ ãäÍã¹ããƒÃ ¾ããâ¶ãã Êã㟾ããâÞãñ ¹ãÆÖãÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ŸãÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ƒ½ããÀ¦ããè
•ããߥ¾ãã¦ã ‚ããʾããû
• ¦¾ããÔã ¹ãƦ¾ã즦ãÀ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ããè ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¾ãã ØããÌãã¦ããèÊã ºãã¾ã‡ãŠã-½ãìÊããâÌãÀ ‚㦾ããÞããÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
¼ã¶ÔããßãèâÞãñ „¹ããñÓã¥ã :
• ÔãñÌããØãÆã½ã ‚ããÑã½ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ãÆãû ¼ã¶Ôããßãè ¾ããâ¶ããè 1 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1942 Àãñ•ããè ãäªÊÊããè¦ããèÊã ºãã¹ãî•ããè ‚ã¥ãñ
¾ããâÞããè ¼ãñ› Üãñ„Š¶ã ãäÞã½ãîÀÞ¾ãã ½ããäÖÊããâ¶ãã ¶¾ãã¾ã ãä½ãßÌãî¶ã ª¾ããÌãã, ‚ãÔãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû
• ½ãã¨ã ¾ãã ¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ãã¦ã ‡ãŠãÖãèÞã ‡ãŠãÀÌããƒÃ Öãñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè, Öñ ¹ããÖî¶ã „¹ããñÓã¥ããÔã ¹ãÆãÀâ¼ã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¹ãÀâ¦ãì ¦¾ããÞãã
¹ãŠãÀÔãã „¹ã¾ããñØã ¢ããÊãã ¶ããÖãèû
• ¼ã¶Ôããßãèâ¶ããè ¾ãã ¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ããè 63 ãäªÌãÔã „¹ããñÓã¥ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• Ÿ‡ã‹‡ãŠÀ ºãã¹¹ãã ¶ã›ñÍã, ‚ã¹¹ãã•ããè ªÆãäÌã¡, †û ¡ãèû ½ã¥ããè, ¹ããèû ‡ãŠãñªâ¡ÀãÌã ƒû ¶ããè ¹ã¨ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ãäÞã½ãîÀ
¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ããÞããè ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ããè¶ã Þããõ‡ãŠÍããè ÌÖãÌããè ‚ãÔãã ‚ããØãÆÖ £ãÀÊããû
• 6 •ãã¶ãñ 1943 Àãñ•ããè ªñÍãã¦ããèÊã Íãâ¼ãÀÖî¶ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ããâ¶ããè †‡ãŠ ãäªÌãÔããÞãã ÖÀ¦ããß ¹ããßÊããû

½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌã¼ããØã :

• ÔÌãã½ããè Àã½ãã¶ã⪠¦ããè©ãà ¾ããâ¶ããè Øããâ£ããè•ããèâÞ¾ãã ‚ããªñÍãã¶ãìÔããÀ ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã ÞãßÌãß „¼ããè
‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ŸÀÌãÊãñû ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã 9 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1942 Àãñ•ããèÞã ÖõªÆãºããªÞ¾ãã ¶ãã½ã¹ãÊÊããè Ô›ñÍã¶ãÌãÀ
„¦ãÀ¦ããÞ㠂㛇㊠‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû 16 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1943 ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ¦ãñ •ãñÊã½ã£¾ãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ‚ãÞ¾ãì¦ã ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ, ½ãããä¥ã‡ãŠÞã⪠¹ãÖã¡ñ, ØãìÊããºãÞã⪠¶ããØããñÀãè, Øããñ¹ããßÍããÔ¨ããè ªñÌã, ½ããñ¦ããèÊããÊã
½ãâ¨ããè, ‚ããÀü ¡ãèû ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ ¾ããâÞ¾ããºãÀãñºãÀ ‚ãâºãã•ããñØããƒÃÞ¾ãã ¶ãî¦ã¶ã ãäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ããÞãñ Àã½ãÞãâªÆ ØããñãäÌãâª
¹ãÀãâ•ã¹ãñ Ìã ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ãÀãÌã •ããñÍããè ¾ããâ¶ããè ÞãßÌãß „¼ããÀÊããèû

½ããñ¡¦ããñ¡ãèÞ¾ãã Ü㛶ãã :
• 1942 Þ¾ãã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1942 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ããñ½ããè¶ããºã㪠(‚ãâºãã•ããñØããƒÃ) ØããÌãã¦ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè
¹ãÆÞããÀãÔããŸãè ŸñÌãÊãñÊãã Àñãä¡ ‚ããñ ‚ãããä¥ã ªãñ¶ã ›¹ããÊã ¹ãñ›¾ãã ¹ãßÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããʾããû
• ¾ããÞã ØããÌãã¦ããèÊã ¶ãî¦ã¶ã ãäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ã, ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè Íããßã, ¾ããñØãñÍÌãÀãè½ãâªãèÀ ‚ãÍãã ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã
Ôãã½ãÆ㕾ããÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ÜããñÓã¥ãã ãäÊããäÊãÊãñÊããè ¹ããñÔ›Ôãà ãäÞ㛇ãŠÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ¾ããñØãñÍÌãÀãè ¶ãî¦ã¶ã ãäÌ㪾ããÊã¾ããÞ¾ãã 14 ãäÍãàã‡ãŠãâãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¹ãÆãä¦ãºãâ£ã㦽ã‡ãŠ ‚ããªñÍã
• ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã ½ããñ¡¦ããñ¡ãèÞ¾ãã †‡ãŠî¥ã 13 Ü㛶ãã ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ãã¦ã Üã¡Ê¾ããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ãã¦ãî¶ã ÌãÀãèÊã Êããñ‡ãŠãâãäÍãÌãã¾ã ÀãÜãÌãñâªÆ ãäªÌãã¥ã Êãã¦ãîÀ, ‚㥥ããÔããÖñºã Ìããßîâ•ã‡ãŠÀ,
‚ãÞ¾ãì¦ã ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ, ¦ã㦾ããÔããÖñºã ½ãÖã•ã¶ã, Àã½ãØããñ¹ããÊã ¶ããÌãâªÀ, ¶ããØããñÀãÌã ¹ã㟇ãŠ, •ãû ¹ãû ½ãìßñ
(‚ããõÀâØããºããª), ãäÖÀãÊããÊã ‡ãŠãñ›ñÞãã, ½ããñ¦ããèÊããÊã ½ãâ¨ããè (ºããè¡), ̾ãâû ºããû •ããñÍããè, ªñÌãÀã½ã•ããè
ÞãÌÖã¥ã(„Ô½ãã¶ããºããª), ‚ãÞ¾ãì¦ãÀãÌã Œããñ¡Ìãñ(ãäÖâØããñÊããè), ƒû ¶ã㠂㛇㊠‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

œãñ¡ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ã ÞãßÌãß ªñÍããÊãã ÔÌãã¦ã¨ã¾ã ãä½ãßÌãî¶ã ªñ„Š Íã‡ãŠÊããè ¶ããÖãè, ½ãã¨ã ¦ãñ ªðÓ›ãè¹ã©ãã¦ã ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã
ŸñÌãÊãñû œãñ¡ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ã ÞãßÌãßãè¦ã ¢ããÊãñʾãã ãäÖâÔãñºããºã¦ã ƒâØãÆ•ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ Øããâ£ããè•ããèâ¶ããÞã ªãñÓããè ŸÀÌãÊãñû
½Ö¥ãî¶ã Øããâ£ããè•ããèâ¶ããè 21 ãäªÌãÔããâÞãñ „¹ããñÓã¥ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
¹ãì¤ñ ƒâØÊã⡽ã£ããèÊã Ô㦦ããºãªÊã, ƒ¦ãÀ ªñÍããâÞãã ªºããÌã, ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ããèÊã Êã¤ã, ÌãñÌÖñÊã, ‡ãŠùãäºã¶ãñ›,
½ãã„⛺ãù›¶ã ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã ¼ããÀ¦ããÞããè ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ Ìãã›ÞããÊã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããèû ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ããÞãÌãñßãè
½ãìÔÊããè½ã ÊããèØã Þ¾ãã Ö›Ìããªãè £ããñÀ¥ãã½ãìßñ ªñÍããÞããè ¹ãŠãߥããè Öãñ¥ããÀ Öñ ªñŒããèÊã Ô¹ãÓ› Öãñ„Š ÊããØãÊãñû
½ãìÔÊããè½ã ÊããèØã Þ¾ãã ãäÖâÔãñ½ãìßñ Ìã ãä•ã¶ããâÞ¾ãã Ö››ã½ãìßñ ªñÍããÞããè ¹ãŠãߥããè ¢ããÊããèû ªñÍã 15 ‚ããùØãÔ› Êãã
ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ¢ããÊãã, ½ãã¨ã ¹ãŠãߥããèÞããè ¼ãß¼ãߥããÀãè •ãŒã½ã Üãñ„Š¶ãÞãû û û û û û û û û û

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã Ôã½ã¦ãñÞ¾ãã ÞãßÌãßãè
‚ã) ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÞãßÌãß :
• ¾ãìÀãñ¹ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ããõª¾ããñãäØã‡ãŠ ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããèÞãã ¹ããäÀ¥ãã½ã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ¼ãî¹ãƪñÍããÌãÀÖãè ¢ããÊããû ãäºãÆ›ãèÍãâã¶ããè
ÔÌã¦ã:Þ¾ãã ØãÀ•ãñÔããŸãè ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã „ª¾ããñØã Ìã ‡ãŠãÀŒãã¶ãñ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû ‡ãŠãÀŒãã¶ãªãÀãèÞãã ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ¢ããÊããû
• 1853 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããØãØãã¡ãè ãä¶ããä½ãæããèÞãã ¹ããäÖÊãã ‡ãŠãÀŒãã¶ãã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããû
• 11 •ãìÊãõ 1851 Àãñ•ããè ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ¹ããäÖÊããè ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ½ããÊã‡ãŠãèÞããè ‡ãŠã¹ã¡ ãäØãÀ¥ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ(‡ãŠìÊããÃ) ¾ãñ©ãñ
¶ãã¶ãã¼ããƒÃ ‡ãŠãÌãÔã•ããè ªãÌãÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ›ã›ã ¾ããâ¶ããè ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ †½¹ãÆñÔã ãä½ãÊã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû

‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞ¾ãã Ôã½ãÔ¾ãã :
1) ‡ãŠ½ããè ½ã•ãîÀãè
2) Ôãì››¾ãã , À•ãã ¶ããÖãèû
3) ‡ãŠãÀŒã㶾ãã¦ã ½ãîÊã¼ãî¦ã ÔãìãäÌã£ããâÞããèÖãè ‡ãŠ½ã¦ãÀ¦ããû
4) ÔãâÀàã¥ã ¶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ‚㶾ãã¾ãããäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ‚ããÌãã•ã „ŸÌã¦ãã ¾ãñ¦ã ¶ãÌÖ¦ããû

‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÞãßÌãßãèÞãã „ª¾ã :


• 23 ½ããÞãà 1875 Àãñ•ããè ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã ÍããÔã¶ãã¶ãñ ½ãìâºãƒÃÞãñ ãä•ãÊÖããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè ‚ãºãìÛ ¶ããù› ¾ããâÞ¾ãã
‚㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ¹ããäÖÊãñ ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã ãä¶ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãûñ ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‚ãÖÌããÊããÊãã
ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ½ãâ•ãîÀãè ãäªÊããè ¶ããÖãèû
• ÔããñÀãºã•ããè Íãã¹ãîÀ•ããè ºãñâØããÊããè ¾ãâãÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ƒûÔãû 1875 ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞããè ãäÔ©ã¦ããè
Ôãì£ããÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ‡ãŠÀãÌãã ‚ãÍããè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ¾ããÞã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ½ãâªãè ‚ããʾãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞãñ ¹ãÆÞãâ¡ ÖãÊãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ããâ½ã£ãî¶ã ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹› ãäÌãÓã¾ããè ãäÌãÞããÀ ½ããâ¡î¶ã •ã¶ã•ããØãð¦ããè ¢ããʾãã½ãìßñ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÌãÀãèÊã
ªºããÌã Ìãã¤Êããû
• ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ 1881 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ããäÖÊãã ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹› ½ãâ•ãîÀ ‡ãŠñÊããûû
• ãäØãÀ¥ããè ½ããÊã‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã ªºããÌãã½ãìßñ ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ¦ãÀ¦ãîªãè Ôããõ½¾ã Ìã ½ã¾ããÃã䪦ã ÔÌãÀŠ¹ããÞ¾ãã ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ
‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãÔãâ¦ããñÓã ¹ãÔãÀÊããû
• ¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÞãßÌãßãèÞãã „ª¾ã ¢ããÊããû

‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÞãßÌãßãèÞãñ •ã¶ã‡ãŠ : ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã ½ãñÜãã•ããè ÊããñŒãâ¡ñ


• •ã¶½ã: 1848, Ÿã¥ãñ
• 1870 ¹ããÔãî¶ã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¾ãÃãÊãã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ãû
• ªãè¶ãºãâ£ãî Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ãã¦ãî¶ã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞãñ ¹ãÆͶã, ªì:Œã ½ããâ¡¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû
• ºããù½ºãñ ãä½ãÊã ‚ããñ¶ãÔãà ‚ãÔããñû Öãè ÔãâÜ㛶ãã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦ãñÖãè ãä¶ã¾ã½ã ¹ããߦ㠶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããèÞã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞãñ
¹ãÆͶã Öã¦ããè Üãñ¦ãÊãñû
• ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ 1881 ÔããÊããè ¹ããÔã ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹›½ã£ããèÊã ¦ãÀ¦ãîªãèâºããºã¦ã Ñããèû ÊããñŒãâ¡ñ ¾ããâ¶ããè
›ãè‡ãŠã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞ¾ãã ãäÖ¦ããÔããŸãè ¦¾ããâ¶ããè 1884 ÔããÊããè ºããù½ºãñ ãä½ãÊã Öù¥¡ ‚ãÔããñãäÍã†Íã¶ã Öãè ªñÍãã¦ããèÊã
¹ããäÖÊããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÔãâÜ㛶ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 23 Ôã¹›ñ 1884 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞããè ¹ããäÖÊããè Ôã¼ãã ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ããèÊã ¹ãÀß ¾ãñ©ãñ Üãñ¦ãÊããèû ¦¾ããÌãñßãè ÞããÀ
Ö•ããÀ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ Ö•ãÀ Öãñ¦ãñû
• 24 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1890 Àãñ•ããè ½ãÖãÊãà½ããè ÀñÔã ‡ãŠãñÔãà ½ãõªã¶ããÌãÀ 10 Ö•ããÀ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞããè Ôã¼ãã ¢ããÊããèû
¾ããÌãñßãè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâ¶ããè Ôãì››ãèÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 10 •ãî¶ã 1890 Àãñ•ããè ãäØãÀ¥ããè ½ããÊã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ÀãäÌãÌããÀÞ¾ãã Ôãì›ãèÊãã ½ã㶾ã¦ãã ãäªÊããèû Öã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ
ÞãßÌãßãèÞãã ½ããñŸã ãäÌã•ã¾ã ½ãã¶ãÊãã •ãã¦ããñû
• ¶ããû ½ãñû ÊããñŒãâ¡ñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÖâªì-½ãìÔÊããè½ã ªâؾããÞ¾ãã Ìãñßãè ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ‡ãŠã¾ããýãìßñ ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ
¦¾ããâ¶ãã ÀãÌãºãÖãªîÀ Öã ãä‡ãŠ¦ããºã ãäªÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¦¾ããâ¶ãã •ãÔ›ãèÔã ‚ããù¹ãŠ ¹ããèÔã ¾ãã ãä‡ãŠ¦ããºãã¶ãñÖãè Ô㶽ãããä¶ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ¹ÊãñØãÞ¾ãã ‚ãã•ããÀã¶ãñ ¦¾ããâÞãñ 1897 ½ã£¾ãñ Ñããèû ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã ÊããñŒãâ¡ñ ¾ããâÞãñ ãä¶ã£ã¶ã ¢ããÊãñû

ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¹ãîÌãà ‡ãŠãßã¦ããèÊã ƒ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÞãßÌãßãè :


• 1907 ½ã£¾ãñ ºããù½ºãñ ¹ããñÔ›Êã ¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã Öãè ¹ããñÔ› Œã㦾ãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞããè ÔãâÜ㛶ããû
• 1909 ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ãäÖ¦ãÌã£ãÇ㊠Ôã¼ãã : ãä¼ãÌãã•ããè ¶ãÀñ, Ôããè¦ããÀã ºããñÊãñ Ìã ÖãäÀÍÞãâªÆ ¦ããÊãÞãñÀ‡ãŠÀ
• 1909 ½ã£¾ãñ ÔããñÍãÊã ÔããäÌÖÃÔã ÊããèØã : ¶ããû ½ãû •ããñÍããè, Øããñ¹ããß ªñÌã£ãÀ, ¶ãÀñÍã ªÆãäÌã¡
• 1918 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãªÆãÔã ÊãñºãÀ ¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã : ºããèû ¹ããèû Ìããã䡾ããû
• 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ã•ãîÀ ½ãÖã•ã¶ã ÔãâÔ©ãã
• 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããùÊã ƒâã䡾ãã ›Èñ¡ ¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ( ‚ããäŒãÊã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ½ãÖãÔã¼ãã) :
ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠ : ¶ããû ½ãû •ããñÍããè, ¹ããäÖÊãñ ‚㣾ãàã : ÊããÊãã Êã•ã¹ã¦ãÀã¾ã
• 1931 : ½ã£¾ã ¹ãÆãâ¦ã Ìã-Öã¡ ãäÌã¡ãè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÔãâÜã : †Êãû †¶ãû ÖÀªãÔã
• 1937 : Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã Œãã¶ãªñÍã ½ã•ãîÀ ¹ãŠñ¡ÀñÍã¶ã
• 1938 : ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÔãâÜ㛶ãã ÔãâÜã
• 1936 : ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ½ã•ãîÀ ¹ãàã : ¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ

11 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1939 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ÍãÖÀã¦ããèÊã ãäºãÆ›ãè¾ãã ãäØãÀ¥ããèÞãã 7 ½ããäÖ¶ãñ Ôãâ¹ã Ñããè¹ã㪠‚ã½ãð¦ã ¡ãâØãñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã
¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ¢ããÊããû ½ããÊã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ½ããØ㥾ãã ½ã㶾㠇ãŠñʾãã½ãìßñ Ôãâ¹ã ½ããØãñ Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû

ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ããñ¦¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãßã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÞãßÌãß :


• ÔãÀªãÀ ÌãÊÊã¼ã¼ããƒÃ ¹ã›ñÊã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ƒâã䡾ã¶ã ¶ãùÍã¶ãÊã ›Èñ¡ ¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã
‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã (ƒâ›‡ãŠ) Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû
• ¾ãã ÔãâÜ㛶ãñÊãã ÍãÖ ªñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè Ôã½ãã•ãÌã㪾ããâ¶ããè 1948 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÖâªî ½ã•ãªîÀ Ôã¼ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 14 •ãã¶ãñ 1959 Àãñ•ããè Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ºãõŸ‡ãŠãè¦ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ¦ããèÊã ÔãÌãà ãäØãÀ¥ããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞããè †‡ãŠ
¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ãä¶ã¥ãþãû ½ãìâºãƒÃ ãäØãÀ¥ããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã ‚ãÔãñ ¶ããÌãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ‚ããÜãã¡ãè ( ª¦¦ãã Ôãã½ãâ¦ã)
• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ÊãñºãÀ ¾ãìãä¶ã¾ã¶ã( Àã•ã¶ã ¶ãã¾ãÀ)

¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹›

1) 1881 Þãã ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹› :


• ‚㦾ãâ¦ã Ôããõ½¾ã Ìã ½ã¾ããÃã䪦ãû
• 100 ¹ãñàãã •ããԦ㠇ãŠã½ãØããÀ ‚ãÔã¥ãã-¾ãã ãäØãÀ¥ããèÊãã ÊããØãî
• 7 ¦ãñ 12 ¾ãã Ìã¾ããñØã›ã¦ããèÊã ½ãìÊããâ¶ãã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ãä¶ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠÀŠ ¶ã¾ãñû
• 9 ¦ããÔããâ¹ãñàãã •ããÔ¦ã Ìãñß ½ãìÊããâ¶ãã ‡ãŠã½ã ªñ„Š ¶ã¾ãñû

2) 1892 Þãã ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹›


½ãñ•ãÀ Êãñ©ãºãÆãè•ã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ãÞ¾ãã ‚ãÖÌããÊããÌãÀ ‚ãã£ãããäÀ¦ãû
1) 50 ¹ãñàãã •ããԦ㠇ãŠã½ãØããÀ ÞããÀ ½ããäÖ¶¾ããâ¹ãñàãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠãß ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã¦ã ¦ããè •ããØãã ½Ö¥ã•ãñ ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãèû
2) ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÔããŸãè ‡ãŠã½ããÞãñ ¦ããÔã 11û ªì¹ããÀãè 1 ¦ãñ 1.30 Ôãì››ãèû Ôã‡ãŠãßãè 6 ¹ãîÌããèà Ìã Ôã⣾ãã‡ãŠãßãè
6.30 ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠã½ããÌãÀ ¶ã‡ãŠãñû
3) ‚ããŸÌ㡾ããÞããè Ôãì›ãè ÀãäÌãÌããÀãèû

3) 1911 Þãã ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹› :


ãäÔ½ã©ã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ãÞ¾ãã ‚ãÖÌããÊããÌãÀ ‚ãã£ãããäÀ¦ã
1) ½ãìÊããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÞãñ ¦ããÔã 6
2) ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÌãÀ Àã¨ã¹ããßãèÞããè ºãâªãè
3) ¹ãìÀŠÓããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÞãñ ¦ããÔã 12

4) 1938 Þãã ºããÊã½ã•ãìÀãè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã :


1) ÀñÊÌãñ Ìã Øããñªãè½ã£¾ãñ Ôãã½ãã¶ããÞããè ¶ãñ ‚ãã¥ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè 15 ÌãÓããÃâŒããÊããèÊã ½ãìÊããâ¶ãã ¶ãñ¦ãã ¾ãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
2) ¹ãì¤ñ 1939 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããØã¹ãñ›ãèÞ¾ãã ̾ãÌãÔãã¾ãã¦ã 12 ÌãÓããÃâŒããÊããèÊã ½ãìÊããâ¶ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÌãÀ Üãñ¥¾ããÔã ºãâªãè
ÜããÊ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

5) 1948 Þãã ¹ãùŠ‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹› :


¼ããÀ¦ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ̾ã㹦ããè Ìãã¤ãäÌãÊããèû
1) 10 ãä‡ãŠâÌãã ¦¾ãã¹ãñàãã •ããԦ㠇ãŠã½ãØããÀ ‚ãÔã¥ãã-¾ãã ‡ãŠãÀŒã㶾ããâ¶ãã ÊããØãîû
2) ¾ããâãä¨ã‡ãŠ Íã‡ã‹¦ããè ¶ãÔãÊãñʾãã ‡ãŠãÀŒã㶾ããâ¦ã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀãâÞããè ½ã¾ããêã 20
3) ÔãÌãà ‡ãŠãÀŒã㶾ããâ¦ã ªÀÀãñ•ã 8 ¦ããÔã ‡ãŠã½ãû ‚ããŸÌ㡾ãã¦ã 48 ¦ããÔã
4) 14 ÌãÓããÃâŒããÊããèÊã ½ãìÊããâ¶ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÌãÀ Ÿñ„Š ¶ã¾ãñû
5) ãäÔ¨ã¾ãã¶ãã 8 ¦ããÔããâ¹ãñàãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã½ã ¶ã‡ãŠñãû Ôã⣾ãã‡ãŠãßãè 7 ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ‡ãŠã½ã ¶ã‡ãŠãñû
6) 500 ¹ãñàãã •ããԦ㠇ãŠã½ãØããÀ ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ‡ãŠãÀŒã㶾ãã¦ã †‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ‡ãŠÊ¾ãã¥ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãèû

6) 1948 Þãã ãä‡ãŠ½ãã¶ã Ìãñ¦ã¶ã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã :


• 13 ‚ãÔãâÜãã䛦㠄ª¾ããñØããâÔããŸãè
• ‡ãŠñâªÆ Ìã À㕾ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãâ¶ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÞãñ Ìãñ¦ã¶ã ŸÀÌ㥾ããÞãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ¹ãÆ㹦ãû
• ¹ããÞã ÌãÓããöããè ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãª¾ãã¦ã ªìÀŠÔ¦ããèÞããè ¦ãÀ¦ãîª

ºã) ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããè ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß


¦ããè¶ã ›¹¹ãñ : ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ ¹ãîÌãà ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß
‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞããè ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß
‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãñ¦¦ãÀ ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß

Nagesh Gaikwad
‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ¹ãîÌãà ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß :
1) ½ãÖ㦽ãã ¹ãŠìÊãñ :
• 1851 ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÔããŸãè ¹ããäÖÊããè Íããßã
• 1868 ½ã£¾ãñ ÔÌã¦ã:Þ¾ãã ÜãÀã¦ããèÊã ãä¹ã¥¾ããÞ¾ãã ¹ã㥾ããÞãã Öãõª ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÔããŸãè ŒãìÊããû
• 1877 ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠðÓ¥ãÀãÌã ¼ããÊãñ‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠽㪦ããè¶ãñ ªãè¶ãºãâ£ãî Öñ Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ã ÔãìÀŠû
• ½ãÖãÀ ½ããâØã ƒû Êããñ‡ãŠãâÔã ãäÌ㪾ãã ãäÍã‡ãŠÌã¥ããÀãè ½ãâ¡ßãè ¶ããÌããÞããè ÔãâÔ©ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã
• 1873 : Ô㦾ãÍããñ£ã‡ãŠ Ôã½ãã•ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâ¶ããÖãè ƒÃÍÌãÀ¼ã‡ã‹¦ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã
‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ¹ãÆãä¦ã¹ããã䪦㠇ãŠñÊããû

2) Øããñ¹ããß ºããºãã ÌãÊãâØã‡ãŠÀ :


• ½ãû ¹ãŠÊãñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÞããÀãâÞãã ½ããñŸã ¹ãƼããÌã
• 1890 ½ã£¾ãñ ªã¹ããñÊããè ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ã¶ãã¾ãà ªãñÓã ¹ããäÀÖãÀ Ôã½ãã•ã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã
• ãäÌã›ãß ãäÌã£ÌãâÔã¶ã ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ªãäÊã¦ããâ½ã£ããèÊã ¹ããäÖÊãñ Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ã Ìãã¦ããÃÖÀü

3) ãäÍãÌãÀã½ã •ãã¶ãºãã ‡ãŠãâºãßñ :


• ÌãÊãâØã‡ãŠÀ, ½ãû ¹ãŠìÊãñ, ºããºã㠹㪽ã¶ã•ããè, ‚ããØãÀ‡ãŠÀ, Êããñ‡ãŠãäÖ¦ãÌããªãè ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÞããÀãâÞãã ¹ãƼããÌã
• ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ÀãäÖÌããÔããèû ½ãÀãŸã, ªãè¶ãºãâ£ãî ¾ãã Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ããâ½ã£¾ãñ 1902 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ããäÖÊãã ÊãñŒã ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪
‡ãŠñÊããû
• ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâ¶ãã ¹ããñÊããèÔã Ìã ÊãÓ‡ãŠÀã½ã£¾ãñ ¶ããñ‡ãŠ-¾ãã ãä½ãßã̾ãã¦ã Ìã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ½ãìÊããâÞãñ ãäÍãàã¥ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ
‡ãŠÀãÌãñ ¾ãã ÔããŸãè Íããßãã Ìã ÌããÞã¶ããÊã¾ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã „ªªñÍãã¶ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã½ã£¾ãñ 1904 ÔããÊããè
Ñããè Íãâ‡ãŠÀ ¹ãÆãÔããã䪇㊠Ôããñ½ãÌãâÍããè¾ã ãäÖ¦ããäÞãâ¦ã‡ãŠ ãä½ã¨ã Ôã½ãã•ã ¾ãã ÔãâÔ©ãñÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû

4) Àã•ãÓããèà ÍããÖî ½ãÖãÀã•ã :


• ½ãû ¹ãŠìÊãñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÞããÀãâÞãã ¹ãƼããÌã

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ÔãÌãùãÆ©ã½ã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ã¦ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ‚ãâ½ãÊãã¦ã ‚ãã¥ãÊããû
• 1902 ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠãñÊÖã¹ãîÀ ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ¶ããñ‡ãŠ-¾ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ½ããØããÔãÌãØããèþããâÔããŸãè 50 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ •ããØãã
ÀãŒããèÌã
• ½ãÖãÀ Ìã¦ã¶ãñ Àªª ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¦¾ãã •ã½ããè¶ããè ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ããÌãñ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãäªÊ¾ããû
• 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãã¥ãØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ããäÖÊããè ‚ãÔ¹ãð;㠹ããäÀÓ㪠¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâ¶ãã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÞãñ ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã
‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ¹ãÆãñ¦ÔããÖ¶ã ãäªÊãñ
• 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãî‡ãŠ¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠ ¾ãã ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞ¾ãã ¹ããäÖʾãã Ôã㹦ãããäÖ‡ãŠãÔããŸãè ‚ãããä©ãÇ㊠½ãª¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÞ¾ãã ½ãìÊããâÔããŸãè Íããßã Ìã ÌãÔã¦ããèØãðÖãâÞããè Ôããñ¾ãû

5) ½ãÖãÀã•ãã Ôã¾ãã•ããèÀãÌã Øãã¾ã‡ãŠÌãã¡ :


• ¹ããäÀÌã¦ãöãÌããªãè ãäÌãÞããÀãâÞãñ ‡ãŠ››À ¹ãìÀԇ㊦ãñÃ
• ¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâ¶ãã ãäÍãÓ¾ãÌãð¦¦ããè ªñ„Š¶ã ‚ã½ãñãäÀ‡ãŠñÊãã ãäÍãàã¥ããÔããŸãè ¹ããŸÌãÊãñû
• 23 ½ããÞãà 1918 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ã¦ãã ãä¶ãÌããÀ‡ãŠ ¹ããäÀÓ㪠¼ãÀãäÌãÊããèû ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞãñ ‚㣾ãàã
Ôã¾ãã•ããèÀãÌã Øãã¾ã‡ãŠÌãã¡ Öãñ¦ãñû

6) ½ãÖÓããèà ãäÌãû Àãû ãäÍãâªñ :


• ¹ãÆã©ãöãã Ôã½ãã•ããÞãñ ¹ãÆÞããÀ‡ãŠ
• 12 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñ 1906 Àãñ•ããè ã䡹ãÆñÔ¡ ‡ã‹ÊããÔãñÔã ãä½ãÍã¶ã ÔããñÔãã¾ã›ãè ‚ããù¹ãŠ ƒâã䡾ãã ¾ãã ÔãâÔ©ãñÞããè
½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû ¾ããÞã ãäªÌãÍããè †ãäʹ㊶ԛ¶ã Àãñ¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ããäÖÊããè Íããßã ÔãìÀŠû Ÿã¥ãñ, ½ããÊãÌã¥ã,
‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããè, ‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ƒû ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè Íããßã Ìã ÌãÔã¦ããèØãðÖ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• 1912 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ¹ãŠØ¾ãìÃÔã¶ã ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ã ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ã Ìã ºãÆã½Ö¥ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã †‡ãŠ¨ã ÔãÖ¼ããñ•ã¶ããÞãã
‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã Üãñ¦ãÊããû
• 1917 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã ÞãâªãÌãÀ‡ãŠÀ ¾ããýÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè •ããÖãèÀ Ôã¼ãã Üãñ„Š¶ã ¡ãùû
‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâ¶ãã ½ãã¶ã¹ã¨ã ª¾ããÌãñ ‚ãÍããè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠñÊããèû

7) ãä‡ãŠÔã¶ã ¹ãŠãØãî•ããè ºã¶ãÔããñ¡ñ :

Nagesh Gaikwad
• •ã¶½ã : ¶ããØã¹ãîÀü
• ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÞããè Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ, ‚ãããä©ãÇ㊠¹ãÆØã¦ããè ÌÖãÌããè ¾ããÔããŸãè Ô㶽ãã¶ãºããñ£ã‡ãŠ ãä¶ãÀããä¹ãƦãÔã½ãã•ã
Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
• ÔãÖ‡ãŠã-¾ããâÞ¾ã㠽㪦ããè¶ãñ ÞããñŒãã½ãñßã Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã ½ãâ¡ß Ìã ÌããÞã¶ããÊã¾ã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû

¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞããè ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß :

¡ãùùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ :
• •ã¶½ã : ½ãÖî 14 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1891û
• 1907 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãùãä›È‡ãŠ ¹ãÀãèàãã „¦¦ããè¥ãÃ
• ¹ãÆãÞããè¶ã ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ããèÊã ̾ãã¹ããÀ ¾ãã ãäÌãÓã¾ãã¦ã †½ãû †û
• ¼ããÀ¦ããÞ¾ãã ÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã ¶ã¹ã‹¾ããÞãã Ìãã›ã ¾ãã ¹ãƺãâ£ããºãªªÊã ‡ãŠãñÊãâãäºã¾ãã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ããè†Þãû ¡ãèû
• ¹ãÆãùºÊãñ½ã ‚ããù¹ãŠ ÀŠ¹ããè ¾ãã ãäÌãÓã¾ããÌãÀ Êã⡶ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸã¶ãñ ¡ãèû †ÔÔããè Öãè ¹ãªÌããè ãäªÊããèû
• 1923 ½ã£¾ãñ ºãùãäÀÔ›À Öãè ¹ããäÀàãã „¦¦ããè¥ãÃû

ªãäÊã¦ããâÔããŸãè ‡ãŠã¾ãà :
• ½ããÞãà 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãã¥ãØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãÔ¹ãð;㠹ããäÀÓãªñ¦ã ÍããÖî ½ãÖãÀã•ããâ¶ããè ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãßãèÞãñ
¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ãäªÊãñû
• 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãî‡ãŠ¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠ Ôã㹦ãããäÖ‡ãŠ
• 20 •ãìÊãõ 1924 Àãñ•ããè ºããäÖÓ‡ãŠð¦ã ãäÖ¦ã‡ãŠããäÀ¥ããè Ôã¼ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû ‚㣾ãàã ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ Ìã ÔããäÞãÌã
Ôããè¦ããÀã½ã ãäÍãÌã¦ãÀ‡ãŠÀü ¾ãã Ôã¼ãñÞãñ ºãÆãèªÌãã‡ã‹¾ã Öãñ¦ãñ : ãäÍã‡ãŠã, ÔãâÜãã䛦ã ÌÖã ‚ãããä¥ã ÔãâÜãÓãà ‡ãŠÀãû
• 19 Ìã 20 ½ããÞãà 1927 Àãñ•ããè ½ãÖã¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ ºãûû ãäÖû Ôã¼ãñÞãññ’ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ã ¼ãÀÌãî¶ã ÞãÌãªãÀ ¦ãß¾ããÌãÀ
•ãㄶ㠹ãã¥ããè ãä¹ã¥¾ããÞãñ ŸÀÊãñû ¦¾ãã¶ãìÔããÀ 25 ½ããÞãà Àãñ•ããè ÞãÌãªãÀ ¦ãß¾ããÌãÀ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 25 Ìã 26 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1927 Àãñ•ããè ½ãÖã¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ¹ããäÀÓãªû ¾ããÌãñßãè ½ã¶ãìÔ½ãð¦ããè ¾ãã ØãÆâ©ããÞãñ
ªÖ¶ãû
• 3 ½ããÞãà 1930 Àãñ•ããè ºããºããÔããÖñºããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßãÀã½ã ½ãâªãèÀã¦ã ¹ãÆÌãñÍã
Ô㦾ããØãÆÖû 1934 ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã Öã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ÔãìÀŠ ÀããäÖÊããû ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞããÖãè ÔãÖ¼ããØãû 1934 ½ã£¾ãñ
‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞ¾ãã ‚ããªñÍãã¶ãñÞã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ½ããØãñ Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãã

Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¾ãÃ
• 1928 ½ã£¾ãñ ªãäÊã¦ãâãÞ¾ãã ãäÍãàã¥ããÔããŸãè ã䡹ãÆñÔ¡ ‡ã‹ÊããÔãñÔã †•¾ãì‡ãŠñÍã¶ã ÔããñÔãã¾ã›ãè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
• 1945 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ãä¹ã¹ãÊÔã †•¾ãì‡ãŠñÍã¶ã ÔããñÔãã¾ã›ãèÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû ½ãâìºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ãäÔ㣪ã©ãÃ
‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ãû
• 1950 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠¾ãñ©ãñ ãä½ããäÊã⪠‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ãû
• 1945 ÔããÊããè 20 ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâ¶ãã „ÞÞã ãäÍãàã¥ããÔããŸãè ‚ã½ãñãäÀ‡ãŠã Ìã ƒâØâÊã¡Êãã ¹ããŸÌãÊãñû

Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ÞãßÌãß
• 1919 ½ã£¾ãñ ªãäÊã¦ããâ¶ãã Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã և㋇㊠ªñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¶ãñ½ãÊãñʾãã Ôãã„Š©ãºãÀãñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã
‚㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããèÊã ½ã¦ãªã¶ã ‡ãŠãä½ã›ãè ½ã£¾ãñ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ Ìã ãäÌãû Àãû ãäÍãâªñ ¾ããâÞããè ãä¶ãÌã¡
‡ãŠñÊããèû ºããºããÔããÖñºããâ¶ããè ½ã¦ãªã¶ããÞãã և㋇ãŠ, „½ãñªÌããÀãèÞãã և㋇ãŠ, ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÔããŸãè ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã
½ã¦ãªãÀÔãâÜã ƒ û ½ããØ㥾ãã ‡ãŠñʾããû
• 1927 Þ¾ãã Ôãã¾ã½ã¶ã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã‡ãŠ¡ñ ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâ¶ããè ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÞ¾ãã և㋇ãŠãÔãâºãâ£ããè Ìã ½ãìâºãƒÃ
¹ãÆãâ¦ãã¦ããèÊã Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã և㋇ãŠããäÌãÓã¾ããè ªãñ¶ã ŒããäÊã¦ãñ ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã‡ãŠ¡ñ ¹ããŸÌãÊãñû Ôãã¾ã½ã¶ã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã¶ãñ
‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâ¶ãã Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã և㋇㊠ª¾ããÌãñ¦ã ‚ãÍããè ãäÍã¹ãŠãÀÔã ‡ãŠñÊããè, ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠãÖãè ¦ãÀ¦ãîªãèâ¶ãã
‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâ¶ããè ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• 19½ããÞãà 1928 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ½ãâ¡ßã¦ã ½ãÖãÀ Ìã¦ã¶ã ãäºãÊã ½ããâ¡Êãñû ½ãÖãÀ Ìã¦ã¶ãñ ŒããÊãÔãã
‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ƒÞœñ¹ãƽãã¥ãñ ‡ãŠã½ã Ìã Ìãñ¦ã¶ã ŸÀÌ㥾ããÞãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ª¾ããÌãã ‚ãÍããè ½ããØã¥ããè
‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¦ããè¶ãÖãè ØããñÊã½ãñ•ã ¹ããäÀÓãªãâ¶ãã Ö•ãÀ ÀãÖî¶ã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ããâÔããŸãè ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ½ã¦ãªãÀÔãâÜã ªñ¥¾ããÞãã ‚ããØãÆÖ
£ãÀÊããû •ãã¦ããè¾ã ãä¶ãÌã㡾ãã¦ã ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ½ã¦ãªãÀÔãâÜã ãä½ãßãÊãñ, ½ãã¨ã Øããâ£ããè•ããèâÞ¾ãã „¹ããñÓã¥ãã½ãìßñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè
½ããÜããÀ Üãñ¦ã ¹ãì¥ãñ ‡ãŠÀãÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ½ã¦ãªãÀÔãâÜãã†ñÌã•ããè ÀãŒããèÌã •ããØãã 148 ( 18 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ)û
• 15 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1936 Àãñ•ããè ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ½ã•ãîÀ ¹ãàã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã 1937 Þ¾ãã ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠã Êã¤Ìãʾããû
13 •ããØãã ãä•ãâ‡ãŠÊ¾ãã
• 13 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñ 1935 Àãñ•ããè ¾ãñÌãÊãã ¾ãñ©ãñ •ããÖãèÀ Ôã¼ãñ¦ã ½ããè ãäÖâªî ½Ö¥ãî¶ã •ã¶½ããÊãã ‚ããÊããñ ‚ãÔãÊããñ
¦ãÀãè ãäÖâªî ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ½ãÀ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû ‚ãÍããè ÜããñÓã¥ããû
• 18 •ãìÊãõ 1942 Àãñ•ããè Íãñ¡¾ãìÊ¡ ‡ãŠãÔ› ¹ãŠ¡ÀñÍã¶ã ¾ãã ¶ã̾ãã ¹ãàããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû
• ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ãäÀ¹ãºÊããè‡ãŠ¶ã ¹ãã›ãèà Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀãÌã¾ããÞããè Öãñ¦ããèû ½ãã¨ã ¦¾ããâÞãñ ¦¾ãã¹ãîÌããèÃÞã ãä¶ã£ã¶ã ¢ããÊãñû
¦¾ããâÞãñ Öñ ÔÌ㹶㠦¾ããâÞ¾ãã †¶ãû ãäÍãÌãÀã•ã, ªãªãÔããÖñºã Øãã¾ã‡ãŠÌãã¡, ªãªãÔããÖñºã ÀŠ¹ãÌã¦ãñ ¾ãã ÔãÖ‡ãŠã-
¾ããâ¶ããè 1957 ½ã£¾ãñ Öã ¹ãàã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¹ãî¥ãà ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• À㕾ãÜ㛶ãã ãä¶ããä½ãÃæããè : ½ãÔãìªã Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞãñ ‚㣾ãàãû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñÞã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã Ü㛶ãñÞãñ ãäÍãʹã‡ãŠãÀü
• 14 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñºãÀ 1956 Àãñ•ããè ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ºããõ£ª £ã½ããÃÞããè ªãèàããû
• 6 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1956 Àãñ•ããè ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞãñ ½ãÖã¹ããäÀãä¶ãÌããÃ¥ãû

‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâ¶ãâ¦ãÀÞããè ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß :

• ªãªãÔããÖñºã Øãã¾ã‡ãŠÌãã¡, •ããèû ›ãèû ½ãñÑãã½ã, Ôããèû †¶ãû ãäÍãÌãÀã•ã, ºããèû Ôããèû ‡ãŠãâºãßñ, Àãû Ôãìáû ØãÌãƒÃ,
ºãÊãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÌãÀãßñ, ºããèû •ããèû ŒããñºãÆãØã¡ñ, ÖãäÀÖÀ Ôããñ¶ãìÊãñ ƒû ¶ããè ªãäÊã¦ã ÞãßÌãß ¹ãì¤ñ ¶ãñÊããèû
• 3 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñºãÀ 1957 Àãñ•ããè ãäÀ¹ãºÊããè‡ãŠ¶ã ¹ãã›ãèà ‚ããù¹ãŠ ƒâã䡾ãã Öã ¹ãàã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû

ªãäÊã¦ã ¹ãùâ©ãÀ Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã :


• 9 •ãìÊãõ 19772 Àãñ•ããè ªãäÊã¦ã ¹ãùâ©ãÀÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû: ¶ãã½ãªñÌã ¤Ôããß, •ãû ãäÌãû ¹ãÌããÀ, Àã•ãã ¤ãÊãñ,
Àã½ãªãÔã ÔããñÀ›ñ, Àã½ãªãÔã ‚ããŸÌãÊãñ, ‚ãÀŠ¥ã ‡ãŠãâºãßñ ƒû

½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸ ¶ãã½ããâ¦ãÀ ÞãßÌãß :

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠¾ãñ©ããèÊã ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸãÊãã ¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞãñ ¶ããÌã ª¾ããÌãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã 1977
¹ããÔãî¶ã ¶ãã½ããâ¦ãÀ ÞãßÌãß ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããèû ÔãÌãùãÆ©ã½ã ªãäÊã¦ã ¹ãùâ©ãÀÞãñ ÔãÀãäÞ㛥ããèÔã ØãâØãã£ãÀ Øãã¡ñ
¾ããâ¶ããè 7 •ãìÊãõ 1977 Àãñ•ããè Öãè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¹ãì¤ñ ¶ããû ÍãÀª ¹ãÌããÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ½ã쌾ã½ãâ¨ããè¹ãªãÞ¾ãã
‡ãŠãßã¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ãäÌã£ããè½ãâ¡ßã¶ãñ ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸãÊãã ¡ãùû ºããºããÔããÖñºã ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ
½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸ ‚ãÔãñ ¶ããÌã ªñ¥¾ããÞãã ŸÀãÌã Ôãâ½ã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããû ½ãã¨ã ¾ãã ŸÀãÌããÊãã ãäÍãÌãÔãñ¶ãã Ìã
ƒ¦ãÀ ãäÖâªì¦ÌãÌããªãè ÔãâÜ㛶ããâÞãã ãäÌãÀã£ã Öãñ¦ããû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ãäÖâÔã‡ãŠ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñû 1978 ¦ãñ
1994 ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã Öñ ‚ããâªñãÊã¶ã ÞããÊãÊãñû
• ÍãÀª ¹ãÌããÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè 13 •ãã¶ãñ 1994 Àãñ•ããè ªîÀªÍãöãÌãÀŠ¶ã ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸãÊãã ¡ãù û
ºããºããÔããÖñºã ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâÞãñ ¶ããÌã ãäªÊãñ ØãñʾããÞãñ •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû 14 •ãã¶ãñ ¹ããÔãî¶ã Öñ ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸ
¡ãùû ºããºããÔããÖñºã ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸ ¾ãã ¶ããÌãã¶ãñ ‚ããñߌãÊãñ •ãã„Š ÊããØãÊãñû
• ¾ããÞã ãäªÌãÍããè ¶ããâªñ¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ ÔÌãã½ããè Àã½ãã¶ã⪦ããè©ãà ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸ ¾ãã ¶ããÌãã¶ãñ ¶ãÌããè¶ã
ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè ÜããñÓã¥ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

‡ãŠ) Ô¨ããè ½ãì‡ã‹¦ããè ÞãßÌãß :

• 1813 Þ¾ãã Þãã›ÃÀ ‚ãù‡ã‹› ¶ãìÔããÀ ãäÍãàã¥ããÔããŸãè ªÀÌãÓããèà 1 ÊããŒã ÀŠ¹ã¾ãñ ‡ãŠâ¹ã¶ããè¶ãñ ŒãÞãà ‡ãŠÀãÌãñ¦ã,
‚ãÔãñ ºãâ£ã¶ã ÜããÊ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• Ô¨ããè ãäÍãàã¥ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ Ñãñ¾ã ãäŒãÆÔ¦ããè ãä½ãÍã¶ãÀãèâ‡ãŠ¡ñ •ãã¦ãñû
• 1824 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ã½ãñãäÀ‡ãŠ¶ã ½ãÀãŸãè ãä½ãÍã¶ã ¶ãñ ‚ãããä¥ã 1828 ½ã£¾ãñ ÞãÞãà ãä½ãÍã¶ã ÔããñÔãã¾ã›ãè ¶ãñ Ô¨ããè
ãäÍãàã¥ããÞããè ÞãßÌãß ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• •ããù¶ã ãäÌãÊÔã¶ã ¾ããâÞããè ¹ã¦¶ããè ½ããØããÃÀñ› ãäÖ¶ãñ ½ãâìºãƒÃ¦ã ƒû Ôãû 1839 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãìÊããèâÔããŸãè ¦ããè¶ã Íããßã ÔãìÀŠ
‡ãŠñʾããû
• ½ãñÀãè ‡ãŠãÀ¹ãñâ›À ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÔ¨ã¾ãã Ìã ªìºãÃÊã Ü㛇㊠¾ããâÞ¾ããÔããŸãè ãäÍãàã¥ã¹ãÆÔããÀãÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• •ããù¶ã ƒãäÊã¾ã› ãä¡Èâ ‡ãŠÌããù›À ºãù©¾ãî¶ã ¾ãã¶ãñÖãè ÔÌã¦ã:Þ¾ãã ŒãÞããöãñ ½ãìÊããèâÔããŸãè Íããßã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñʾããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
Ôãì£ããÀ‡ãŠãâÞãñ ¹ãƾ㦶ã :
1) Àã•ãã Àã½ã½ããñÖ¶ã Àãù¾ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¹ãƾ㦶ãã¦ãî¶ã ÔãÌãùãÆ©ã½ã Ôã¦ããèÞããè ÞããÊã ºã⪠ÌÖãÌããè ¾ããÔããŸãè ÞãßÌãßü
1828 ½ã£¾ãñ Ôã¦ããèºãâªãèÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã Ôãâ½ã¦ãû

2) Êããñ‡ãŠãäÖ¦ãÌããªãè ¾ããâ¶ããè Íã¦ã¹ã¨ããâÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã Ô¨ããè Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãããäÌãÓã¾ã‡ãŠ ãäÌãÞããÀ ½ããâ¡Êãñû

3) ½ãû ¹ãŠìÊãñ ¾ãâã¶ããè 1848 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ããèÊã ãä¼ã¡ñ Ìã㡾ãã¦ã ‡ãŠãä¶ãÓŸ ÌãØããæããèÊã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÔããŸãè Íããßã ÔãìÀŠ
‡ãŠñÊããèû ¹ã¦¶ããè ÔãããäÌã¨ããèºããƒÃ ¾ããâ¶ããÖãè ãäÍã‡ãŠÌãÊãñû 17 Ôã¹›ñâºãÀ 1851 Àãñ•ããè ÀãÔ¦ãã ¹ãñŸñ¦ã ½ãìÊããèâÞããè ªìÔãÀãè
‚ãããä¥ã 15 ½ããÞãà 1852 Àãñ•ããè Ìãñ¦ããß ¹ãñŸñ¦ã ãä¦ãÔãÀãè Íããßã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû 1864 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãã¹ãʾãã ÜãÀã¦ãÞã
ºããÊãÖ¦¾ãã¹ãÆãä¦ãºãâ£ã‡ãŠØãðÖ Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû

4) ¶¾ããû Àã¶ã¡ñ ¾ããâ¶ããè 1865 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÌã£ãÌãã ãäÌãÌããÖ „¦¦ãñ•ã‡ãŠ ½ãâ¡ß Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû ‚ãã¹ãÊããè ¹ã¦¶ããè À½ããºããƒÃ
Êãã ãäÍã‡ãŠÌãÊãñû

5) Øããñû Øãû ‚ããØãÀ‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâ¶ããè •ãã‡ãŠãè›ñ (ãäÍãàã¥ããÞããè) Üãã¦ãÊããèÞã ¹ãããäÖ•ãñ¦ã, ‚ãÔãã ½ãîÊã½ãâ¨ã ãäªÊããû

6) ãäÌãÓ¥ãìÍããÔ¨ããè ¹ãâã䡦㠾ããâ¶ããè ÔÌã¦ã: †‡ãŠã ãäÌã£ãÌãñÍããè ãäÌãÌããÖ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ããªÍãà ÜããÊãî¶ã ãäªÊããû ¦¾ããâ¶ããè
ƒâªî¹ãƇãŠãÍã ¾ãã Ìã¦ãýãã¶ã¹ã¨ãã¦ãî¶ã Ô¨ããè Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãñÔãâºãâ£ããè ÊãñŒã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖ „¦¦ãñ•ã‡ãŠ ½ãâ¡ß
Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã Ôã¶ãã¦ã¶ããè Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ãäÖâªî£ã½ãà ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠ Ôã¼ãã Öãè ÔãâÜ㛶ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã
‡ãŠñÊããèû
7) ½ãÖÓããèà £ããñâ¡ãñ ‡ãŠñÍãÌã ‡ãŠÌãñà ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÌã£ãÌãã ãäÌãÌããÖ „¦¦ãñ•ã‡ãŠ ½ãâ¡ßãè ¾ãã ¶ããÌããÞããè ÔãâÔ©ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
ÔÌã¦ã: †‡ãŠã ãäÌã£ãÌãñÍããè ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖ ‡ãŠñÊããû ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÔããŸãè ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ‚ã¶ãã©ã ºãããäÊã‡ãŠãÑã½ã ÔãâÔ©ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
1916 ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÖâØã¥ãñ ¾ãñ©ãñ ½ããäÖÊãã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸãÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ ¦¾ããÊãã Ñããè½ã¦ããè ¶ãã©ããèºããƒÃ
ªã½ããñªÀ Ÿã‡ãŠÀÔããè ‚ãÔãñ ¶ããÌãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ããäÖÊãã Ôã½ãã•ãÔãì£ããÀ‡ãŠ :

1) ÔãããäÌã¨ããèºããƒÃ ¹ãŠìÊãñ
• ¾ãã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ¹ããäÖʾãã Ô¨ããè ãäÍããäàã‡ãŠã, ½ã쌾ã㣾ãããä¹ã‡ãŠãû ¦¾ããâÞã㠕㶽ã ã䪶ã 3 •ãã¶ãñ Ô¨ããè
½ãì‡ã‹¦ããè ã䪶ã Ôãã•ãÀã ‡ãŠñÊãã •ãã¦ããñû ¹ã¦ããè ãä¶ã£ã¶ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè Ô㦾ãÍããñ£ã‡ãŠ Ôã½ãã•ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠñÊãñû
ãäÌã£ãÌãã ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖ Üã¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ã¥ããÀãè Ôã¼ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû

2) ¡ãùû ‚ã㦽ããÀã½ã ¹ããâ¡îÀâØã ¦ãŒãá‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãã¹ãʾãã ¦ããè¶ã ½ãìÊããèâ¶ãã ªìØããÃ, ‚㶶ã¹ãî¥ãÃã Ìã ½ãããä¥ã‡ãŠ
¾ããâ¶ãã ãäÍãàã¥ã ãäªÊãñû ‚㶶ã¹ãî¥ãÃã Öãè ãäÌãÊãã¾ã¦ãñ¦ã ãäÍãàã¥ããÔããŸãè •ãã¥ããÀãè ¹ããäÖÊããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èãè¾ã¶ã ½ããäÖÊãã
Öãñ¦ããèû ãä¦ãÞãã ãäÌãÌããÖ ‚ãã¾ããäÀÍã ¹ãìÀŠÓããºãÀãñºãÀ ¢ããÊããû

3) ¹ãâã䡦ãã À½ããºããƒÃ
• ¾ããâ¶ããè 1882 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ¶¾ããû Àã¶ã¡ñ Ìã À½ããºããƒÃ Àã¶ã¡ñ ¾ãâãÞ¾ã㠽㪦ããè¶ãñ ‚ãã¾ãà ½ããäÖÊãã Ôã½ãã•ã
Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ããèÊã ãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ã£ª¦ããè¦ã ¹ãì¶ãÀÃÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè 1883 ½ã£¾ãñ ¶ãñ½ã¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñʾãã Öâ›À
‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ãÔã½ããñÀ À½ããºããƒÃ¶ããè Ôããàã ¶ããñâªãäÌãÊããèû ½ãìÊããèâÞ¾ãã Íããßñ¦ã Ô¨ããè ãäÍããäàã‡ãŠãâ¹ãƽãã¥ãñÞã ƒ¶Ô¹ãñ‡ã‹›À
Ôã죪ã Ô¨ããè ‚ãÔããÌããè, ‚ãÔãñ ¦¾ããâÞãñ ½ã¦ã Öãñ¦ãñû
• ÌÖãùƒÆÔãÀãù¾ã ¡¹ãŠÀãè¶ã Þããè ¹ã¦¶ããè Êãñ¡ãè ¡¹ãŠÀãè¶ã Þ¾ãã ¶ããÌãã¶ãñ ¹ãŠâ¡ Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè
ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÔããŸãè Ìãõª¾ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ÔãñÌãã „¹ãÊ㺣㠇ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãäªÊããèû
• 1889 ½ã£¾ãñ ªãñ¶ã ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèöããè Üãñ„Š¶ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ÍããÀªã Ô㪶ã Íããßã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû 1891 ½ã£¾ãñ
ãäÌã£ãÌããâÔããŸãè ÍããÀªã Ô㪶ãÞããè ÍããŒãã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 1896 ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠñ¡ØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñ ½ãì‡ã‹¦ããè Ô㪶㠾ãã ãäŒãÆÔ¦ããè ÔãâÔ©ãñÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‚ãâ£ããâÔããŸãè ¹ããäÖÊããè Íããßã ºãã¦ã½ããè Ô㪶ã Ìã ‚ã¶ãã©ã ½ãìÊããâÔããŸãè Ôãªã¶ã⪠Ô㪶ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 1919 ½ã£¾ãñ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ¦¾ããâÞãã ‡ãŠõÔãÀ ƒ ãäÖ⪠Öñ ÔãìÌã¥ãù㪇㊠ªñ„Š¶ã ØããõÀÌã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• äÔ¨ã¾ããâÞ¾ãã ½ãì‡ã‹¦ããèÞããè ‚ã㪾㠹ãÆÌã¦ãÇ㊠½ãÖ¥ãî¶ã À½ããºããƒÃÞãã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ØããõÀÌã ‡ãŠñÊãã •ãã¦ããñû
• 5 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1922 Àãñ•ããè ½ãð¦¾ãîû

4) À½ããºããƒÃ Àã¶ã¡ñ
1882 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ãâû À½ããºããƒÃ, ‡ãŠããäÍã¦ããƒÃ ‡ãŠããä¶ã›‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããä¥ã À½ããºããƒÃ Àã¶ã¡ñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãã¾ãà ½ããäÖÊãã Ôã½ãã•ã Þããè
Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
1894 ÔããÊããè ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ãäÖâªî Êãñãä¡•ã ÔããñÍãÊã ‡ã‹Êãºã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Ô¨ããè ãäÍãàã¥ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠñÊãñû
1904 ½ã£¾ãñ ¾ãñÀÌã¡ã ¦ãìÀŠâØããÞ¾ãã ½ãã¶ãª ‚ã£ããèãäàã‡ãŠã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ãä¶ãÌã¡ü
1908 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ÔãñÌããÔ㪶ã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ããû
1909 ½ã£¾ãñ ¹ã쥾ãã¦ã ÔãñÌããÔ㪶ã Þããè ÍããŒããû
1918 ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãìÊããèâ¶ãã ¹ãÆã©ããä½ã‡ãŠ ãäÍãàã¥ã Ôã‡ã‹¦ããèÞãñ Ìã ½ããñ¹ãŠ¦ã ª¾ããÌãñ ¾ããÔããŸãè ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊãñû

5) ‚ãã¶ãâªãèºããƒÃ •ããñÍããè :
‚ã½ãñãäÀ‡ãŠñ¦ã •ãã„Š¶ã Ìãõª¾ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ÍããÔ¨ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ãªÌããè ãä½ãßÌã¥ããÀãè ªñÍãã¦ããèÊã ¹ããäÖÊããè ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ½ããäÖÊãã Öãñ¾ãû
ãä½ãÔãñÔã ›ãèû ‡ãŠãÀ¹ãñâ›À ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠽㪦ããè¶ãñ ãä¹ãŠÊãã¡ñãäʹ㊾ãã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã Ìãî½ã¶Ôã ½ãñã䡇ãŠÊã ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ã½ã£¾ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè
¹ãÆÌãñÍã Üãñ¦ãÊããû ¦ãñ©ãî¶ã 1896 ÔããÊããè ¦¾ãã †½ãû ¡ãèû ¢ããʾããû
1897 ÔããÊããè ¼ããÀ¦ãã¦ã ‚ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããâÞãã ½ãð¦¾ãî ¢ããÊããû

• ¦ããÀãºããƒÃ ãäÍãâªñ ¾ãâã¶ããè 1882 ½ã£¾ãñ Ô¨ããè ¹ãìÀŠÓã ¦ãìÊã¶ãã ¾ãã ãäÌãÓã¾ããÌãÀ ØãÆâ©ã ãäÊããäÖÊããû
• ¡ãùû ÀŒã½ããºããƒÃ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠð¦ããèÍããèÊã ‚ãããä¥ã Ô¨ããè ¹ãÆͶããâÞ¾ãã ªðÓ›ãè¶ãññ ‚ãã¹ãÊãñ ãäÌãÞããÀ ãäÖâªî Êãñ¡ãè ¾ãã
¶ããÌãã¶ãñ ›ãƒÃ½Ôã ¹ã¨ãã¦ãî¶ã ½ããâ¡Êãñû
• ãäÌãû Àãû ãäÍãâªñ ¾ããâÞããè ºãÖãè¥ã •ã¶ãã‡ã‹‡ãŠã ãäÍãâªñ ¾ããâ¶ããè Ô¹ãð;㠂ãããä¥ã ‚ãÔ¹ãð;ã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâ¶ãã †‡ãŠãä¨ã¦ã
‚ãã¥ã¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû 1907 ½ã£¾ãñ ãä¶ãÀããäÑã¦ã ÔãñÌããÔ㪶ã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÔãâºãâ£ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ

• 1856 : ãäÌã£ãÌãã ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖ ‡ãŠã¾ãªã


• 1872 : Ô¹ãñÍãÊã ½ãùÀñ•ã ‚ãù‡ã‹› : ÔãÌãùãÆ©ã½ã ãäÔããäÌÖÊã ½ãùÀñ•ã „¹ãÊ㺣㠇ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãäªÊãñû
• 1938 : ãäÖâªî ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞãñ ¹ãÆãù¹ã›ãèà և㋇㊠¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãª¾ãã¶ãñ ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞãñ ½ããÊã½ã¦¦ãñ¦ããèÊã և㋇㊠Ìãã¤ãäÌãÊãñû
• 1946 : ãäÖâªî ãäÌãÌãããäÖ¦ã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞãã ãäÌã¼ã‡ã‹¦ã ÀãÖî¶ã ¹ããñ›Øããè ½ããØ㥾ããÞãã և㋇㊠‡ãŠã¾ãªãû
• 1929 : ¹ãŠù‡ã‹›Àãè ‚ãù‡ã‹› ‚ã¶Ìã¾ãñ ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ãÆÔãî¦ããè À•ããû
• 1939 Ìã 1948 : Üãã¦ã‡ãŠ Ìã ¦ãã¥ã ¹ã¡¥ãã-¾ãã ‡ãŠã½ããÌãÀ ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâ¶ãã ãä¶ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠÀŠ ¶ã¾ãñ, ‚ãÍããè
¦ãÀ¦ãîªû

ãäÖâªî ‡ãŠãñ¡ ãäºãÊã :


• 1930 ¹ããÔãî¶ã ãäÖâªî ‡ãŠã¾ãª¾ããÞããè ¹ãì¶ãÀÃÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè ØãÀ•ã Öãñ¦ããèû
• ¦¾ããÔããŸãè 1941 ½ã£¾ãñ ÀãÌã Ôããä½ã¦ããè ¶ãñ ãäÖâªì ‡ãŠã¾ãª¾ããâÞãñ ÔãìÔãî¨ããè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãäÖâªî ‡ãŠãñ¡ ãäºãÊã
¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã À㕾ãÜ㛶ãñÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¹ãî¥ãà ¢ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÖâªî ‡ãŠãñ¡ ãäºãÊã ¾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ Êãàã
ãäªÊãñû
• ¹ãÀâ¦ãì ¾ãã ãäºãÊããÊãã ½ããñŸã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãû ãäÖâªî Ôã½ãã•ã „£ÌãÔ¦ã ÖãñƒÃÊã, ‚ãÍããè ãä¼ã¦ããèû
• ãäÖâªî ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞ¾ãã և㋇ãŠãÔããŸãè ¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâ¶ããè ‚ããØãÆÖ £ãÀÊããû
• ÍãñÌã›ãè ¾ãã ãäºãÊããÞãñ ÞããÀ ãä¶ãÀãä¶ãÀãßñ ¼ããØã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ÞããÀ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ ‡ãŠñÊãñ :
1) ãäÖâªî ãäÌãÌããÖ ‡ãŠã¾ãªã
2) ãäÖâªî ÌããÀÔãã և㋇㊠‡ãŠã¾ãªã
3) ãäÖâªî ‚ã—ãã¶ã Ìã ¹ããÊã‡ãŠ¦Ìã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã
4) ãäÖâªî ª¦¦ã‡ãŠ Ìã ¹ããñ›Øããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã
‚ãÔãñ ÞããÀ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ 1955-58 ½ã£¾ãñ Ôãâ½ã¦ã ¢ããÊãñû ¾ããÊãã ãäÖâªî ‡ãŠãñ¡ ãäºãÊã ‚ãÔãñ ½Ö¥ã¦ãã¦ãû
1961 ½ã£¾ãñ Öâì¡ã ãäÌãÀãñ£ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ãâ•ãîÀ û 1884 ÔããÊããè ¦¾ãã¦ã Ôãì£ããÀ¥ããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
¡) ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ôãì£ããÀ¥ãã ÞãßÌãß :

• ÔãÖƾããªÆãè ãäÌã¼ããØãã¦ã Ÿã¥ãñ , Àã¾ãØã¡, ¹ãì¥ãñ, ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ, ¶ãØãÀ ¾ãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ããâ¦ã Ÿã‡ãŠÀ, ‡ãŠã¦ã‡ãŠÀãè,
ÌããÀÊããè, ½ãÖãªñÌã ‡ãŠãñßãè, ‡ãŠã©ããñ¡ãè, ½ãÊÖãÀ ‡ãŠãñßãè, ¤ãñÀ‡ãŠãñßãè ƒû •ã½ãã¦ããèû
• Ôãã¦ã¹ãì¡ã ãäÌã¼ããØãã½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããõÀâØããºããª, •ãßØããÌã, £ãìßñ, ‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããè ¾ãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ããâ¦ã Üãã¦ã‡ãŠã,
¹ããÌãÀã, Öìºãßã, ãä¼ã¡, ØããÌããè¦ã, ‡ãŠãñÀ‡ãŠî, ½ããÌãÞããè, ‡ãŠãñÊã½ã, ¦ããñ¡Ìããè ¾ãã •ã½ãã¦ããèû
• Øããñâ¡Ìã¶ãã ãäÌã¼ããØãã½ã£¾ãñ ¶ããâªñ¡, ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããß, ¼ãâ¡ãÀã, ÞãâªÆ¹ãîÀ, Øã¡ãäÞãÀãñÊããè ¾ãã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ããâ¦ã
ÖÊãºãã, ‡ãŠãñÊãã, ‡ãŠãñ¾ãã, ½ããã䡾ãã, Øããñâ¡, ‚ããâ£ã, ‡ãŠÌãÀ, ¹ãÀ£ãã¶ã, ãä¼ãÊÊã ƒû •ã½ãã¦ããèÞãñ Êããñ‡ãŠ
‚ãã¤ß¦ãã¦ãû

‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ÞãßÌãßãèÞãñ ÔÌãÀŠ¹ã :


• ãäŒãÆÔ¦ããè ãä½ãÍã¶ãÀãèâ¶ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¹ãÆ©ã½ã Öã¦ããè Üãñ¦ãÊãñ
• ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâÞ¾ãã ÔãîÞã¶ãñÌãÀŠ¶ã Ÿ‡ã‹‡ãŠÀ ºãã¹¹ããâ¶ããè ãä¼ãÊÊã •ã½ãã¦ããèÞ¾ãã Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ Ìã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ
„¶¶ã¦ããèÔããŸãè ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠñÊãñû ½ãû Øããâ£ããè•ããèâ¶ããè Ÿ‡ã‹‡ãŠÀ ºãã¹¹ããâ¶ãã ãä¼ãÊÊããâÞãñ £ã½ãÃØãìÀŠ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã Ôãâºããñ£ãÊãñ
Öãñ¦ãñû ºãã¹¹ãã¶ããè ªñÍãã¦ã 21 ÔãâÔ©ãã ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠÊ¾ãã¥ããÔããŸãè ãäÌãÍãñÓã ¹ãƾ㦶ã
‡ãŠñÊãñû

ºããßãÔããÖñºã ŒãñÀ ¾ããâÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà :


• Ÿã¥ãñ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ÌããÀÊããè •ã½ãã¦ããèºããºã¦ã ºããßãÔããÖñºã ŒãñÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ÔãÖã¶ãî¼ãî¦ããè¹ãî¥ãà ªðÓ›ãè‡ãŠãñ¶ã
ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀÊãã Öãñ¦ããû ãä•ãÊÖããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè ¡ãèû ãäÔããä½ãâØ›¶ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã
ãäÔ©ã¦ããèÞããè ¹ããÖ¥ããè ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãÖÌããÊã ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
Íãã½ãÀãÌã Ìã ØããñªãÌãÀãè ¹ãÀŠßñ‡ãŠÀ :

• ¾ããâ¶ããè ãä‡ãŠÔãã¶ã Ôã¼ãñÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã ÌããÀÊããè Ôã½ãã•ãã½ã£¾ãñ •ããØãð¦ããè, ÔãâÜ㛶㠂ãããä¥ã և㋇ãŠãâÔããŸãè
ÔãâÜãÓãà ¾ã㠹㣪¦ããè¶ãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû „âºãÀØããÌã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ¢ãÀãè ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¹ããäÀÓãªñ¦ã
ÌãñŸãäºãØããÀãè ¶ãÓ› ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ‚ããÌããֶ㠇ãŠñÊãñû ØããñªãÌãÀãè ¹ãÀŠßñ‡ãŠÀãâÞããè Ôã¼ãã ¦ãßÌã¡ãè¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¶ãã
¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãä•ãÌããÊãã £ããñ‡ãŠã ‚ãÔãʾããÞããè Œããñ›ãè ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪ãè •ã½ããè¶ã ½ããÊã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ãäªÊããèû ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ 10
Ö•ããÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÔãâÜãÓããÃÞ¾ãã ¦ã¾ããÀãè¶ãñ ‚ããÊãñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû ¾ããÌãñßãè •ã½ããè¶ã ½ããÊã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ¹ããñÊããèÔããâ¶ãã
ºããñÊããÌãî¶ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÌãÀ ØããñßãèºããÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû Öãè Ü㛶ãã ¦ãßÌã¡ãè ØããñßãèºããÀ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 ‚ããÖñû
• ØããñªãÌãÀãè ¹ãÀŠßñ‡ãŠÀãâÞãñ •ãñÌÖã ½ãã¥ãîÔã •ããØãã Öãñ¦ããñ Öñ ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠ ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 ‚ããÖñû

¦ããÀãºããƒÃ ½ããñ¡‡ãŠ :
• ¦ããÀãºããƒÃâ¶ããè ºããñ¡ãèà Ìã ¶ãâ¦ãÀ Ÿã¥ãñ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠãñÔãºãã¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã
‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ½ãìÊããâÔããŸãè ‚ãâØã¥ãÌã㡾ãã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñʾããû
• ‡ãŠìÀ¥ãÍããßã, ¦ããâãä¨ã‡ãŠ, ̾ããÌãÔãããä¾ã‡ãŠ ãäÍãàã¥ã ¾ããÔããŸãè ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ããäÀÑã½ã Üãñ¦ãÊãñû

‚ã¶ãì¦ããƒÃ ÌããÜã :

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‚ã¶ãì¦ããƒÃâ¶ããè ¦ããÀãºããƒÃ ½ããñ¡‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ãÆñÀ¥ãã Üãñ¦ãÊããèû
• ‡ãŠãñÔãºãã¡Þ¾ãã ›ñ‡ãŠ¡ãèÌãÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã „¶¶ã¦ããèÔããŸãè †‡ãŠ ÔãâÔ©ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ¾ããÊããÞã
‡ãŠãñÔãºãã¡ ¹ãƇãŠÊ¹ã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‚ããñߌãÊãñ •ãã¦ãñû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ãäÍãàã¥ããÔããŸãè ‚ã¶ãì¦ããƒÃ¶ããè ¹ããߥããÜãÀñ, ºããÊãÌã㡾ãã, ¹ãÆã©ããä½ã‡ãŠ Íããßã, ¹ãÆãõ¤
ãäÍãàã¥ã ÌãØãÃ, ºããÊãÔãñãäÌã‡ãŠã ›Èñãä¶ãâØã ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ã ƒû Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ ÔãâÔ©ãã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠõʾããû
• ‚ã¶ãì¦ããƒÃâ¶ãã ¼ããÀ¦ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ¹ãª½ãÑããè ¹ãìÀÔ‡ãŠãÀ ãäªÊãñÊãã ‚ããÖñû
• ‡ãŠãñÔãºãã¡ Þ¾ãã ›ñ‡ãŠ¡ãèÌãÀŠ¶ã Öã ¦¾ããâÞãã ØãÆâ©ã ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 ‚ããÖñû

ªã½ãî‚㥥ãã ›ãñ‡ãŠñ‡ãŠÀ :
• ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÖâªî ÔãñÌãã ÔãâÜã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ºããè¡ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ¡ãñ½ãÀãè ¾ãñ©ãñ Ôããñ¶ãªÀã ØãìÀŠ‡ãŠìÊã ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã, ªñÌãºããâ£ã ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ºãÖìãäÌã£ã
ÔãñÌãã ÔãâÜããÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞããè ÔãÌããÃâØããè¥ã ¹ãÆØã¦ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû

‡ãŠãùû ÀñÌã•ããè ¹ããâ¡îÀâØã Þããõ£ãÀãè :


• ÀñÌã•ããè Þããõ£ãÀãè „Š¹ãŠÃà ªñÌã•ããè¼ããƒÃ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÔããŸãè Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ, Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ Ìã ‚ãããä©ãÇãŠ
ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ÔãÌãùãÆ©ã½ã •ãÌÖãÀ ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã½ã£ããèÊã ÌãñŸãäºãØããÀãè ¹ã£ª¦ã ºã⪠‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÊãã
ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ‚ããÑã½ãÍããßã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‡ãŠãñ‡ãŠ¥ããè, ÌããÀÊããè, Ÿã‡ãŠîÀ , ‡ãŠã¦ã‡ãŠÀãè ¾ãã Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ããèÊã
½ãìÊãã-½ãìÊããèâ¶ãã ãäÍãàã¥ã ãäªÊãñû
• •ãÌÖãÀ½ã£¾ãñ ŒãÀñªãè ãäÌã‡ã‹ÆŠãè ÔãâÜã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞããè ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè Ôãì£ããÀ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶ã
‡ãŠñÊããû
• ¦ãÊããÔãÀãèÞ¾ãã Ìã¶ãÌããÔããè ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããè ¹ãƇãŠÊ¹ãã´ãÀñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞãã ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû

¹ããâ¡ìÀâØã ¤Ìãßã Ôããºãßñ :


• ¾ããâ¶ããè 1951 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããñ½ã ‚ãããäªÍã‡ã‹¦ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÔãñÌãã ÔãâÜã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ½ãâìºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã
ãäÔã½ãñâ› ‡ãŠâ¹ã¶ããè¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ Ìã ½ãìÊãîâ¡ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¾ããâ¶ãã †‡ãŠ¨ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ¶ããñ‡ãŠ-¾ããâ¦ã Ôãã½ããÌãî¶ã ܾããÌãñ ‚ãããä¥ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÔããŸãè ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã À㕾ã ãä¶ã½ããÃ¥ã
‡ãŠÀãÌãñ ‚ãÍããè ½ããØã¥ããè ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ã쌾ã½ãâ¨ããè ºããßãÔããÖñºã ŒãñÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÔãñÌãã ½ãâ¡ß Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ½ãìÊããÔããŸãè Àã¨ããèÞ¾ãã Íããßã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñʾããû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‡ãŠÊ¾ãã¥ã ‡ãŠñâªÆ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Öãè ÔãâÜ㛶ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû

ºãã¹ãîÀãÌã ‡ãŠðÓ¥ãã•ããè ªñÍã½ãìŒã :


• ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ããèÊã ¼ãØã¦ã ‚ãããä¥ã ¼ããñâªîãäØãÀãèÌãÀ ÔãÌãùãÆ©ã½ã ‚ããÌãã•ã „ŸÌ㥾ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã
‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ̾ãÔã¶ãã£ããè¶ã¦ãã ‚ãããä¥ã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ ¹ãÆ©ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ÞãßÌãß „¼ããÀÊããèû
• ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÞã ¹ãÆñÀ¥ãñ¦ãî¶ã ‚ããäŒãÊã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¹ããäÀÓ㪠ԩãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ¾ãÍã ‚ããÊãñû

½ããÀŠ¦ããè ãäÍãÌãÀã½ã ºããñâ¡ñ :


• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ããèÊã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ‚ããÑã¾ã ñª¥ãñ, ‚ãããä©ãÇ㊠½ãª¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ, ¦¾ããâÞãñ ½ã¶ããñºãÊã Ìãã¤Ìã¥ãñ
ƒû ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñû

¡ãùû Àã½ãÀãÌã Ìãããä¡Ìãñ :


• ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ôãì£ããÀ ÔãñÌãã Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ºããÊã½ãâãäªÀ, ¹ãÆãõ¤ ãäÍãàã¥ã ÌããÞã¶ããÊã¾ãñ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¦ãÀŠ¥ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÍãàã¥ããÞããè Ìã
ÌããÞã¶ããÞããè ‚ããÌã¡ ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠñÊããèû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÔãñÌãã ½ãâ¡ß ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• Øããñâ¡Ìãã¶ãã ¾ãã ãä¶ã¾ã¦ã‡ãŠããäÊã‡ãŠãÞ¾ãã Ôãâ¹ã㪇㊹ãªãÞããè £ãìÀã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè Ôããâ¼ããßÊããèû

ºããºãîÀãÌã ¶ããÀã¾ã¥ã ½ã¡ãÌããè :


• ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔããÔããŸãè ½ãÖ¦Ìã¹ãî¥ãà ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠñÊãñû ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ôã½ãã•ããÊãã ÔãâÜãã䛦ã Ìã
•ããØãð¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã և㋇ãŠãÔããŸãè Êã¤ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ½ãñßãÌãñ ‚ãã¾ããñãä•ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ÔãâÔ©ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñʾããû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ½ãÖã½ãâ¡ßãÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ½ã¡ãÌããè ‚ããÜãã¡ãèÌãÀ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâ¶ãã ÀãÔ¦ã ÔãÌãÊã¦ããè ãä½ãßã̾ãã¦ã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‚ããÀàã¥ããÞããè ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ãäÌã£ãã¶ãÔã¼ãñ¦ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ããä£ã¦Ìã ãä½ãßãÌãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ÍããÔã¶ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ¹ã㟹ãìÀãÌãã ‡ãŠñÊããû

½ãÖãªñÌã Øããñ¹ããß ‡ãŠ¡î :


• ¾ããâ¶ããè Ÿã¥ãñ ãä•ãÊÖã ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ¹ãÆÔããÀ‡ãŠ ½ãâ¡ßã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ôã½ãã•ããñ¶¶ã¦ããè ÔãâÜããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû

ƒ¦ãÀ :
ÔãìŒãªñÌã ºããºãìÀãÌã „ƒÃ‡ãŠñ : •ãâØãÊã ºãÞããÌã ½ãã¶ãÌã ºãÞããÌã , ‚ãã½Öãè ‚ãã½ãÞ¾ãã ‚ããÀãñؾããÔããŸãè Öãè
ÔãâÔ©ããû
‡ãŠãßîÀã½ã ‡ãŠã‡ãŠ¡¾ãã ªãñ£ã¡ñ : ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã •ããä½ã¶ããè ¹ãì¶Öã ãä½ãßÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè ¹ãƾ㦶ã
‡ãŠãùû ¶ã•ãîºããƒÃ ‚ã㛾ãã ØãããäÌã¦ã : Ñããä½ã‡ãŠ ½ããäÖÊãã ÔãâÜã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
Àã½ãÞãâªÆ ãäÞã½ãã•ããè •ãâØãÊãñ : ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¾ãìÌã‡ãŠ ‡ã‹ÆŠãâ¦ããè ªÊãû
ªñÌãã•ããè ¦ããñ¹ãŠã : ½ãñâ¤ã-ÊãñŒãã ØããÌããÞ¾ãã ½ã㣾ã½ãã¦ãî¶ã ‚ãã½ãÞ¾ãã ØããÌãã¦ã ‚ãã½ÖãèÞã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ ‚ãÍããè ÜããñÓã¥ãã
ªñ„Š¶ã •ãâØãÊããÌãÀãèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞãã ¹ããÀâ¹ãããäÀ‡ãŠ և㋇㊠ãäÔ㣪 ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠñÊããû

‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã :

• 1972 : ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ÔãâÞãÊã¶ããÊã¾ã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû ÔãÖ¾ããªÆãè ãäÌã¼ããØããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¶ãããäÍã‡ãŠ ‚ãããä¥ã
Øããñâ¡Ìãã¶ãã ãäÌã¼ããØããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ÔãÀŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû ¦¾ããâÞããè 21 ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÊã¾ãñ
ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• 1983 : ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ãäÌã¼ããØã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
• 1992 : ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ÔãâÞãÊã¶ããÊã¾ããÞããè ¹ãì¶ãÀÃÞã¶ããû 23 ¹ãƇãŠÊ¹ã ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÊã¾ãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
ÔÌãã¦ãâ-ƾããñ¦¦ãÀ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È
Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã :

• 1947 ½ã£¾ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ã ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ¢ããÊãã ¦ãÀãè, ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¼ããÓããÌãÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãñÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè •ããñÀ £ãÀŠ
ÊããØãÊããèû
• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ãÖãè ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ À㕾ããÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀãè Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ÞãßÌãß 1946
¹ããÔãî¶ã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããèû
• ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ãäԩ㦾ãâ¦ãÀã¦ãî¶ã ¾ãã ÞãßÌãßãèÞããè Ìãã›ÞããÊã Öãñ„Š¶ã ÍãñÌã›ãè 1 ½ãñ 1960 Àãñ•ããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È
À㕾ããÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ¢ããÊããèû

Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È : †ñãä¦ãÖããäÔã‡ãŠ ¹ããÍÌãüãî½ããè

• 1908 : ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ããÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàããè¾ã ¼ããÓã¥ãã¦ãî¶ã ãäÞãâ¦ãã½ã¥ãÀãÌã Ìãõª¾ã ¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãÀãŸãè


¼ããÓã‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã †‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ããÞããè ØãÀ•ã ¹ãÆãä¦ã¹ã㪶㠇ãŠñÊããèû
• 1911 : ¶ãû ãäÞãâ ‡ãŠñ߇ãŠÀ ‡ãŠñÔãÀãè ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÊããäÖ¦ãã¦ã : ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ããÓãã ºããñÊã¥ãã-¾ããâÞããè ÔãÌãÃ
Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã †‡ãŠã ‚ãâ½ãÊããŒããÊããè ‚ãÔããÌããèû
• 1915 : Êããñû ãä›ß‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÔãÀãè¦ãî¶ã ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãñÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 1938 : Àã½ãÀãÌã ªñÍã½ãìŒãâã¶ããè ŸÀãÌã ½ããâ¡Êãã ‡ãŠãè, Ìã-Öã¡ Þãã ÌãñØãßã ¹ãÆãâ¦ã ‡ãŠÀãÌããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 1939 : ‚ãֽ㪶ãØãÀ ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ããÓã‡ãŠãâÞãã †‡ãŠ ¹ãÆãâ¦ã ºã¶ãÌããÌãã ‚ãããä¥ã
¦¾ããÊãã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‚ãÔãñ ¶ããÌã ª¾ããÌãñ ‚ãÔãã ŸÀãÌã Ôãâ½ã¦ãû
• 1941 : Àã½ãÀãÌã ªñÍã½ãìŒã ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôã¼ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãû
• 1942 : ¡ãùû ›ãèû •ãñû ‡ãŠñªãÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È †‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ¹ããäÀÓ㪠¼ãÀÌ㥾ãã¦ã
‚ããÊããèû

• ½ãÖããäÌ㪼ãà ÌÖãÌãã ‚ãÔãñ Êããñ‡ãŠ¶ãã¾ã‡ãŠ ºãã¹ãî•ããè ‚ã¥ãñ ¾ããâ¶ãã Ìã㛦ã Öãñ¦ãñû


• Øãû ãä¨ãû ½ãã¡ŒããñÊã‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ªõû ¦ãÀŠ¥ã ¼ããÀ¦ã ½ã£ãî¶ã ‚ããâ£ãƹãƪñÍãÔããŸãè •ãÔãñ ¹ã››ããä¼ã Ôããè¦ããÀã½ã¾¾ãã
Êã¤Êãñ ¦ãÔãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÔããŸãè ‚ãã¹ãÊãñ ¹ãì¤ãÀãè ‡ãŠã Ê㤦㠶ããÖãè¦ã, ‚ãÔãã ÔãÌããÊã ‡ãŠñÊããû ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãû
Øããâ£ããè•ããèâÍããè 12 •ãìÊãõ 1942 Àãñ•ããè ¹ã¨ã̾ãÌãÖãÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‡ãŠÊ¹ã¶ãñÊãã
¹ãããäŸâºãã ãäªÊãã ½ãã¨ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã Ôãã½ããèÊã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• 1946 ÔããÊããè ºãñßØããÌãÞ¾ãã ½ãÀãŸãè ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ãã¦ã Øãû ãä¨ãû ½ãã¡ŒããñÊã‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãã¹ãʾãã
¼ããÓã¥ãã¦ã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÌãÀÞã ¼ãÀ ãäªÊããû

1946 Þãñ ºãñßØããÌã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ã :


12 ½ãñ 1946 Àãñ•ããè ºãñßØããÌã ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ¢ããÊãñÊãñ ŸÀãÌã :
1) Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ãä¶ã½ããÃ¥ã ÖãñƒÃ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ãÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ, Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ Ìã ÔããâÔ‡ãŠðãä¦ã‡ãŠ „¶¶ã¦ããè
Öãñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã Ìã Øããñ½ãâ¦ã‡ãŠ ¾ãã ¹ãƪñÍããâ¶ãã Ôãâ¹ãî¥Ãã ¹ãÆãªñãäÍã‡ãŠ ÔÌãã¾ã¦¦ã¦ãã
‚ãÔããÌããèû
2) Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãñ Ôãâ¾ãñã•ã¶ã Ìã ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã¶ãã ¦¾ããÞ¾ãã Þã¦ãì:Ôããè½ãñÌãÀãèÊã ºãñßØããÌã, ‡ãŠãÀÌããÀ,
ØãìÊãºãØããÃ, ‚ãããäªÊããºããª, ãäºãªÀ, ºããÊããÜãã›, ãäœâªÌãã¡ã, ºãõ¦ãìÊã, ãä¶ã½ãã¡ ƒû ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ã ãä½ãÑãÌãÔ¦ããè ‚ããÖñû
¦¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠã¾ã½ã ÀãäÖÌããÔããè ‚ãÔã¥ãã-¾ãã •ã¶ã¦ãñÞãã ‡ãŠãõÊã ¹ãÆãõ¤ Ìã Øã칦㠽ã¦ãªã¶ã ¹ã£ª¦ããè¶ãñ Üãñ„Š¶ã ¦ãñ ¼ããØã
‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ãã ¹ãÆãâ¦ãã¦ã ÜããÊããÌã¾ããÞãñ ¦ãñ ŸÀÌããÌãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¾ãããäÍãÌãã¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ãã¦ã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôããä½ã¦ããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ¾ãñ©ãî¶ã Œã-¾ãã ‚ã©ããöãñ
Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈÔãâÜãÓããÃÊãã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ¢ããÊããèû

Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôããä½ã¦ããè :


ºãñßØããÌã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ãã¦ã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôããä½ã¦ããè Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã 12 ½ãñ1946 Àãñ•ããè ¢ããÊããèû ãä¦ãÞãñ
ÔãªÔ¾ã ¹ãì¤ãèÊã¹ãƽãã¥ãñ :
‡ãŠñÍãÌãÀãÌã •ãñ£ãñ
Øãû ãä¨ãû ½ãã¡ŒããñÊã‡ãŠÀ
ªû Ìããû ¹ããñ¦ãªãÀ
Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã
Ñããèû Íãâû ¶ãÌãÀñû

„ªªñÍã :
1) ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãñÞ¾ãã ¦ã¦Ìãã¶ãìÔããÀ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È À㕾ãã¦ã ‚ã•ãî¶ã Ôã½ãããäÌãÓ› ¶ã ¢ããÊãñÊãñ ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ããÓã‡ãŠãâÞãñ
ÔãÊãØã ¹ãƪñÍã ¾ãã À㕾ããÔã •ããñ¡¥ãñû
2) Êããñ‡ãŠÔ㦦ãã‡ãŠ Ìã Ôã½ãã•ãÌããªãè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñû
3) Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ, ‚ãããä©ãÇ㊠Ìã Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã Ôã½ã¦ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞ¾ãã •ããèÌã¶ããÞããè ÔãÖ‡ãŠãÀãè ¦ã¦¦ÌããÌãÀ
„¼ããÀ¥ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñû
4) Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ ¹ãìÀÔ‡ãŠð¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñÊãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã ÀãºãÌã¥ãñû

Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓ㪠:


• ¹ã쥾ããÞ¾ãã ºãõŸ‡ãŠãè¦ã ŸÀʾãã¹ãƽãã¥ãñ 28 •ãìÊãõ 1946 Àãñ•ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã
‚㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È †‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ¹ããäÀÓ㪠¼ãÀÊããèû
• ¾ãã †‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ¹ããäÀÓãªñ¦ã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ¹ãÆãâ¦ããÞ¾ãã ãä¶ããä½ãæããèÔããŸãè ‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠÀ¥ãã-¾ãã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã
½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 14 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1947 Àãñ•ããè •ãßØããÌã ¾ãñ©ãñ ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞãñ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ã ¢ããÊãñû ¾ãã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã
¹ããäÀÓãªñÞããè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇãŠããäÀ¥ããè ãä¶ããäÍÞã¦ã ¢ããÊããèû
• Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà •ããñ½ãã¶ãñ ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñû
• Øãû ¨ãâû ½ãã¡ŒããñÊã‡ãŠÀ, ‡ãŠñÍãÌãÀãÌã •ãñ£ãñ, ªû Ìããû ¹ããñ¦ãªãÀ, Ñããèû Íãâû ¶ãÌãÀñ, ªãû ãäÌãû ØããñŒãÊãñ, ÌãÔãâ¦ãÀãÌã
¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ, Ôããõû ¹ãÆãä½ãÊãã ‚ããñ‡ãŠ, ¹ãî¶ã½ãÞã⪠Àã‡ãŠã ƒû ¶ããè Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããÞãñ ¶ãñ¦ãð¦Ìã ‡ãŠñÊãñû

ªãÀ ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã : 1947 :


• Ü㛶ããÔããä½ã¦ããè‡ãŠ¡ñ ¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÔãÖ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãñÞãã ¹ãÆͶã
Ü㛶ãã Ôããä½ã¦ããè‡ãŠ¡ñ ¶ãñʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ‚㣾ãàã ¡ãùû Àã•ãñâªÆ¹ãÆÔã㪠¾ããâ¶ãã ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãñÞãññ ½ãÖ¦¦Ìã
Ìãã›î¶ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè 17 •ãî¶ã 1947 ½ã£¾ãñ ¶¾ãã¾ãã£ããèÍã †Ôãû ‡ãŠñû ªãÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè
¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀãÌããè ‡ãŠãè ¶ããÖãè, ¾ããÞãã ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ‚ãã¾ããñØã ¶ãñ½ãÊããû
o ªãÀ ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã¶ãñ 20 ¹ãÆͶããâÞããè ¹ãÆͶããÌãÊããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ãäªÊããèû 10 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ
1948 Àãñ•ããè ªãÀ ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã ¶ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊãã ‚ãÖÌããÊã •ããÖãèÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû ¾ãã ‚ãÖÌããÊãã¦ã ½Ö›Êãñ
Öãñ¦ãñ ‡ãŠãè,
• ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ À㕾ãñ ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè ¾ããñؾã Ìãñß ‚㪾ãã¹ã ‚ããÊãñÊããè ¶ããÖãèû ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãã Öãè
¼ããÀ¦ããÞ¾ãã †ñ‡ã‹¾ããÔã Ìã †‡ãŠã¦½ã¦ãñÔã ½ããÀ‡ãŠ ŸÀñÊãûû
o ¾ãã ‚ãÖÌããÊãããäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ¹ãÆàããñ¼ãû

‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ‡ãŠÀãÀ 8 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1947 :


• ªãÀ ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã¹ãì¤ñ ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãñÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè †‡ãŠ½ãìŒãã¶ãñ Ô¹ãÓ› Ìã ¶ãñ½ã‡ãŠñ¹ã¥ãã¶ãñ
½ããâ¡¥¾ããÔããŸãè ãä¶ãÌ㡇㊠‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦¾ããÃâÞããè ‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ¾ãñ©ãñ ºãõŸ‡ãŠ ¢ããÊããèû
• ¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã, ½ããÀãñ¦ãÀãÌ㠇㊶¶ã½ãÌããÀ, Àã½ãÀãÌã ªñÍã½ãìŒã, £ã¶ãâ•ã¾ãÀãÌã Øãã¡Øããèß,
¹ãî¶ã½ãÞã⪠Àãâ‡ãŠã, ½ãÖã½ãÖãñ¹ã㣾ãã¾ã ªû Ìããû ¹ããñ¦ãªãÀ, ½ãã¡ŒããñÊã‡ãŠÀ, ¹ãÆãä½ãÊãã ‚ããñ‡ãŠ, ƒû ¶ãñ¦¾ããâ¶ããè
½ãÖ¦Ìã¹ãî¥ãà ¼ãîãä½ã‡ãŠã ºã•ããÌãÊããèû
• ãäÌ㪼ããæããèÊã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ½ã¶ãã¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È †‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ããºããºã¦ã ãäÌãÍÌããÔã ãä¶ã½ããÃ¥ã ÌÖãÌãã, ¾ãÞããè
‡ãŠãß•ããè Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 8 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1947 Àãñ•ããè ‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ‡ãŠÀãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
1) Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‚ãÔãã †‡ãŠ ¹ãÆãâ¦ã ‚ãÔããÌãã ¦¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ ½ã£¾ã ¹ãÆãâ¦ã Ìã-Öã¡ ½ã£ããèÊã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâÞãã Ìã
½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãã ‚ãÔãñ „¹ã¹ãÆãâ¦ã ŸñÌããÌãñ¦ãû
2) ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ „¹ã¹ãÆãâ¦ããÊãã ‚ãÊãØã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ½ãâ¡ß Ìã ½ãâãä¨ã½ãâ¡ß ‚ãÔããÌãñû
3) ÔãÌãà ¹ãÆãâ¦ããÔããŸãè †‡ãŠ ØãÌÖ¶ãÃÀ Ìã †‡ãŠ ¡ñ¹¾ãì›ãè ØãÌÖ¶ãÃÀ ‚ãÔããÌããû ¦¾ããâÞããè ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãã¦ãî¶ã ܾããÌããèû
4) ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ½ãâ¡ßã¦ã Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ã£ããè ‚ãÔããÌãñ¦ãû
5) „¹ã¹ãÆãâ¦ããÞ¾ãã ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠã ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã¹ã¥ãñ ܾãã̾ãã¦ãû
6) „¹ã¹ãÆãâ¦ããÞããè „ÞÞã ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ãñ ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ‚ãÔã¦ããèÊãû
7) ãäÌããäÍãÓ› ºããºããèÔããŸãè Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ¹ãÆãâ¦ããÞãñ ŒããÔã ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ã ‚ãÔããÌãñû
8) ¹ãÆãâ¦ããÔããŸãè †‡ãŠ ¹ããäºÊã‡ãŠ ÔããäÌÖÃÔã ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã ‚ãÔããÌãñû

• ‚ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ºãõŸ‡ãŠãè¦ã ‚ãÔãñÖãè ŸÀÊãñ ‡ãŠãè, Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ‚ãÍã‡ã‹¾ã ‚ãÔãʾããÔã
½ãÖããäÌ㪼ãà Öã ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ¹ãÆãâ¦ã ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ¹ãƾ㦶㠇ãŠÀãÌãñ¦ãû

•ãñû ÌÖãèû ¹ããèû Ôããä½ã¦ããè :


• 29 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1948 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã •ã¾ã¹ãîÀ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã ªãÀ ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ãÞãã ‚ãÖÌããÊã
¶ãã‡ãŠãÀÊããû
• ¹ãì¶Öã ¶ãÌããè¶ã Ôããä½ã¦ããè ¶ãñ½ãÊããèû ¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ •ãÌããÖÀÊããÊã ¶ãñÖÀŠ, ÌãÊÊã¼ã¼ããƒÃ ¹ã›ñÊã ‚ãããä¥ã ¹ã››ã¼ããè
Ôããè¦ããÀã½ã¾¾ãã ¾ããâÞãã Ôã½ããÌãñÍã Öãñ¦ããû
• Öñ ãä¦ãÜãñÖãè Ôãââ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞ¾ãã ½ããØã¥ããèÊãã ‚ã¶ãî‡ãŠîÊã ¶ãÌÖ¦ãñû
• Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ 5 †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1949 Àãñ•ããè ‚ãã¹ãÊãã ‚ãÖÌããÊã ¹ãÆãäÔ㣪 ‡ãŠñÊããû
Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ãäÍã¹ãŠãÀÍããè :
1) ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠãùâØãñÆÔãÊãã ½ã㶾ãû ¹ã¥ã Öãè ¾ããñؾã Ìãñß ¶ããÖãèû
2) ¾ããñؾã Ìãñß ¾ãñ¦ããÞã ‚ããâ£ãÆ ¹ãÆãâ¦ã ºã¶ããäÌãÊãã •ããƒÃÊãû
3) ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâÞãã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¾ã©ããÌã‡ãŠãÍã ºã¶ãñÊã, ¹ã¥ã ¦¾ãã¦ã ½ãâìºãƒÃ ¶ãÔãñÊãû
4) ‡ãŠñÌãß Ìã-Öã¡ ¹ãÆãâ¦ã ÌãñØãßã Öãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû
5) ‡ãŠ¶ããۇ㊽ã£ããèÊã ‚ã¡Þã¥ããè Ôãâ¹ã¦ããÞã ¦¾ãã ¹ãÆãâ¦ããÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ‡ãŠñÊããè •ããƒÃÊãû

Nagesh Gaikwad
6) ¨ããÌã¥ã‡ãŠãñÀ Ìã ‡ãŠãñÞããè¶ã †‡ãŠ¨ã ¾ãñ¥¾ããÔã ¦ã¾ããÀ ‚ãÔã¦ããèÊã ¦ãÀ, ‡ãŠñÀß ¹ãÆãâ¦ããÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ÖãñƒÃÊãû

• ãäÍã¹ãŠãÀÍããèâ½ã£¾ãñ ½ãìâºãƒÃ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ¶ãÔãñÊã Öñ Ô¹ãÓ›¹ã¥ãñ ¶ã½ãîª ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ¾ãã ‚ãÖÌããÊãããäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã


½ãÖãÀã›Ó›È¼ãÀ ¦ããèÌãÆ ¹ãÆãä¦ããä‡ã‹ÆŠ¾ãã „½ã›Ê¾ããû •ã¶ã•ããØãð¦ããèÔããŸãè Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã› ¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãƼãã¦ã¹ãŠñ-¾ãã
ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñʾããû
• ‚ããÞãã¾ãà ‚ã¨ãññ ¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ½ãÖã¹ãããäÊã‡ãŠñ¦ã ½ãìâºãƒÃÔãÖ Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãã ŸÀãÌã ½ããâ¡Êããû ¦ããñ 50
ãäÌãÀŠ£ª 35 ½ã¦ããâ¶ããè ½ãâ•ãîÀ ¢ããÊããû ½Ö¥ã•ãñ •ã¶ã¦ãñÞãã ‡ãŠãõÊã Ô¹ãÓ› ¢ããÊããû
• 1952 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããâ£ãÆ À㕾ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ¢ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâ¶ããÖãè ‚ããÍãã Ìãã›î ÊããØãÊããèû
• 1953 ½ã£¾ãñ ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ½ããñãäÖ¦ãñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÌã£ãã¶ãÔã¼ãñ¦ã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞ¾ãã †‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ããÞãã
ŸÀãÌã ½ããâ¡Êããû ¹ã¥ã ½ããñÀãÀ•ããè ªñÔããƒÃ ¾ããâ¶ããè ¾ãã ŸÀãÌããÊãã Ÿã½ã ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ‡ãŠñÊããû

¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ‡ãŠÀãÀ 28 Ôã¹›ñ 1953 :

Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È, ãäÌ㪼ãà ‚ãããä¥ã ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ¾ãã ãä¦ã¶Öãè ãäÌã¼ããØããâ¦ããèÊã ¹ãƽãìŒã ¶ãñ¦ãñ ¶ããØã¹ãîÀÊãã †‡ãŠ¨ã ‚ããÊãñ
‚ãããä¥ã ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ‡ãŠÀãÀ ¢ããÊããû
1) ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ½ãìÊãìŒããÞ¾ãã ãä¶ãÀãä¶ãÀãß¾ãã ãäÌã¼ããØããâ¦ã ÀãÖ¥ãã-¾ãã Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞãñ †‡ãŠ À㕾ã ÌÖãÌãñû
2) ½ãâìºãƒÃ, ½ã£¾ã¹ãƪñÍã, ÖõªÆãºã㪠À㕾ãã¦ããèÊã ÔãÌãà ÔãÊãØã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ¹ãƪñÍããÞãñ Öñ À㕾㠺ã¶ããÌãñû ½ãâìºãƒÃ
¦¾ããÞããè Àã•ã£ãã¶ããè ‚ãÔãñÊãû
3) ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ Ü㛇ãŠãÌãÀãèÊã ŒãÞãà Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã ÖãñƒÃÊãû ‚ããäÌã‡ãŠãäÔã¦ã ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ãäÌãÍãñÓã
Êãàã ãäªÊãñ •ããƒÃÊãû
4) Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñ¶ãìÔããÀ ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ ãäÌã¼ããØããÊãã ÍããÔã¶ãã¦ã Ô©ãã¶ã ‚ãÔãñÊãû
5) „ÞÞã ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ Ìã ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ‚ãÔããÌãñû
6) ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀ¼ãÀ¦ããè¦ã ãäÌ㪼ãà Ìã ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ããÊãã ¾ããñؾ㠹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ããä£ã¦Ìãû
7) ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ Öãè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞããè „¹ãÀã•ã£ãã¶ããèû ªÀÌãÓããèà ãä‡ãŠ½ãã¶ã †‡ãŠ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ã ¾ãñ©ãñ Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ¾ããÌãñû

¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ‡ãŠÀãÀã¦ã ¼ãã„ŠÔããÖñºã ãäÖÀñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãÖ¦ÌããÞããè ¼ãîãä½ã‡ãŠã ºã•ããÌãÊããèû


‡ãŠÀãÀãÌãÀ ãäÌã¼ããØããä¶ãÖã¾ã ÔãÖƾãã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀñ ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ã£ããè :

Nagesh Gaikwad
‚ã) ½ãÖããäÌ㪼ãà : Àã½ãÀãÌã ªñÍã½ãìŒã, Øããñ¹ããßÀãÌã Œãñ¡‡ãŠÀ, Àãû ‡ãŠðû ¹ãã›ãèÊã, ¹ãâ•ããºãÀãÌã ªñÍã½ãìŒã Ìã
ÍãñÓãÀãÌã Ìãã¶ãŒãñ¡ñ
ºã) ¹ããäÍÞã½ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È : ¼ãã„ŠÔããÖñºã ãäÖÀñ, ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ã, ªñÌã‡ãŠãè¶ã⪶㠶ããÀã¾ã¥ã Ìã ¶ãã¶ãã ‡ãŠìâ›ñû
‡ãŠ) ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã : ªñÌããèãäÔãâÖ ÞããõÖã¶ã, Êãà½ã¥ãÀãÌã ¼ã㛇ãŠÀ, ¹ãƼããÌã¦ããèªñÌããè •ã‡ãŠã¦ãªãÀü

À㕾㠹ãì¶ãÀÃÞã¶ãã ‚ãã¾ããñØã ( †Ôãû ¹ãŠã•ãÊã‚ãÊããè ‡ãŠãä½ãÍã¶ã)


• 29 ãä¡ÔãñâºãÀ 1953 Àãñ•ããè À㕾㠹ãì¶ãÀÃÞã¶ãã ‚ãã¾ããñØã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• ‚㣾ãàã : †Ôãû ¹ãŠã•ãÊã‚ãÊããèû
• ÔãªÔ¾ã : Öƪ¾ã¶ãã©ã ‡ãŠìâ¢ãÀŠ, ÔãÀªãÀ ¹ã¥¥ããè‡ãŠÀü
• ÔãÌãà ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ãäÌã¼ããØããâ¶ããè ‚ãã¾ããñØãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ‚ãã¹ãã¹ãÊãñ ½Ö¥ã¥ãñ ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• Øããñ½ãâ¦ã‡ãŠ ½ãÀãŸãè ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ã ‡ãŠãÀÌããÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ¶ããû Øãû ØããñÀñû ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ¢ããÊãñû
¦¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ ŸÀãÌã Ôãâ½ã¦ã ¢ããÊãã ‡ãŠãè, ‡ãŠãÀÌããÀ, Öʾããß, Ôãì¹ãñ, ºãñßØããÌã, Œãã¶ãã¹ãîÀ, ÞãâªØã¡ ¾ããâÞãã
†‡ãŠ ãä•ãÊÖã ºã¶ãÌãî¶ã ¦ããñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã Ôãã½ããèÊã ‡ãŠÀãÌããû

‚ãÖÌããÊã :
10 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñ 1955û
• ãäÌ㪼ããÃÞãñ ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã À㕾㠂ãÔããÌãñû
• Øãì•ãÀã¦ã, ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ããÔãÖ ½ãìâºãƒÃÞãñ ãä´¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ À㕾ã ÌÖãÌãñû

• Öã ‚ãÖÌããÊã ½Ö¥ã•ãñ ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâÌãÀãèÊã Ìã•ãÆãÜãã¦ã ŸÀÊããû Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ½ãÖãÀãӛȼãÀ Ôãâ¦ãã¹ããÞããè Êãã›û
¦ããèÌãÆ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ãñû ½ãâìºãƒÃ¦ã ãä¶ãªÍãöãñû

ãä¨ãÀ㕾ããÞãã ¹ãÆÔ¦ããÌã
• ½ãÀãŸãè Êãã‡ãŠãâÞãã ¦ããèÌãÆ ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ¹ããÖî¶ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Ìããä‡ãŠÃâØã ‡ãŠãä½ã›ãè¶ãñ ãäªû 8 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1955 Àãñ•ããè
¶ãÌããè¶ã ãä¨ãÀ㕾ããÞãã ŸÀãÌã ¹ããÔã ‡ãŠñÊããû
‚ã) Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà Øãì•ãÀã¦ããè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâÞãñ †‡ãŠãä•ã¶ãÔããè À㕾㠂ãÔããÌãñ

Nagesh Gaikwad
ºã) ½ãâìºãƒÃ ÍãÖÀ Ìã „¹ã¶ãØãÀñ ¾ããâÞãñ 160 Þããõãä‡ãŠ½ããè ãäÌãÔ¦ããÀãÞãñ ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã À㕾㠂ãÔããÌãñû
‡ãŠ) ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ããÔãÖ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È À㕾㠂ãÔããÌãñû

• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã •ã¶ã¦ãñ¶ãñ Öã ¹ãÆÔ¦ããÌã Ôãã¹ãŠ ¶ãã‡ãŠãÀÊããû


• ¾ãã ¹ãÆÔ¦ããÌãã¶ãñ ½ããñÀãÀ•ããè ªñÔããƒÃ ‚ãããä¥ã ¦¾ããâÞãñ Ôã½ã©ãÇ㊠‚ãã¶ãâã䪦㠢ããÊãñû
• ½ã쌾ã½ãâ¨ããè ¾ãã ¶ã㦾ãã¶ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¾ãã ŸÀãÌããÊãã ½ãìâºãƒÃ ÍããÔã¶ããÞããè Ôãâ½ã¦ããè Üãñ¥¾ããÞããè ÜããƒÃ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè
ÞããÊããäÌãÊããèû
• 18 ¶ããñÌÖñ 1955 Àãñ•ããè ãä¨ãÀ㕾㠾ããñ•ã¶ãã ½ãâ•ãîÀãèÔããŸãè ãäÌã£ãã¶ãÔã¼ãñ¦ã ŸÀãÌã ½ããâ¡¥ããÀ Öãñ¦ãñû ½ãã¨ã
¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã› ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ½ãìâ ºãƒÃ¦ã ½ããñÞããà ãä¶ãÜããÊããû ¦¾ããÞããè ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã
‚ããñÌÖÊã ½ãõªã¶ããÌãÀŠ¶ã ¢ããÊããèû 500 ãä¶ãªÍãÇãŠãâ¶ãã ‡ãŠõªû
• ¦¾ããÞã ãäªÌãÍããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ½ãõªã¶ããÌãÀ Ôãì½ããÀñ 50 Ö•ããÀ Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã „¹ããäÔ©ã¦ããè¦ã •ããÖãèÀ Ôã¼ãã ¢ããÊããèû
‡ãŠãù½ãÆñ› Ñããè¹ã㪠‚ã½ãð¦ã ¡ãâØãñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ½ããØãêÍãö㠇ãŠñÊãñû ¾ãã Ôã¼ãñ¦ã ãä¨ãÀ㕾㠾ããñ•ã¶ãã ¹ãŠñ›ãߥ¾ãã¦ã
‚ããÊããèû
• Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãã Êã¤ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ Øããä¦ã½ãã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ãäªû 21 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1955 Àãñ•ããè †‡ãŠ
ãäªÌãÔããÞãã Êããàããä¥ã‡ãŠ Ôãâ¹ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ãä¶ã¥ãþã Üãñ¦ãÊãã ØãñÊããû

½ããñÀãÀ•ããè ªñÔããƒÃ Ìã Ôãû ‡ãŠãû ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ôã¼ãã (20 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1955 ) :
• ãä¶ã¾ããñãä•ã¦ã Ôãâ¹ããÞ¾ãã †‡ãŠ ãäªÌãÔã ‚ãØããñªÀÞã ½ããñÀãÀ•ããè Ìã Ôãû ‡ãŠãû ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè Þããõ¹ãã›ãèÌãÀ Ôã¼ãã
Üãñ¦ãÊããèû
• Ôãû ‡ãŠãû ¹ãã›ãèÊã ½Ö¥ããÊãñ : ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÊãã 5000 ÌãÓããÃâ¦ãÖãè ½ãìâºãƒÃ ãä½ãߥããÀ ¶ããÖãèû
• ½ããñÀãÀ•ããè ½Ö¥ããÊãñ : ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ãä•ãÌãâ¦ã ‚ãÔãñ¹ã¾ãæ㠽ãìâºãƒÃÞããè •ã¶ã¦ãã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã Ôã½ããèÊã Öãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû
‚ãã‡ãŠãÍãã¦ã ÞãâªÆ, Ôãî¾ãà ‚ãÔãñ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÊãã ãä½ãߥããÀ ¶ããÖãèû
• ¾ãã ªãñÜããâÞ¾ãã ½ãì‡ã‹¦ãã¹ãŠßã¶ãâ¦ãÀ •ã¶ã¦ãã Ôãâ¦ãã¹ãÊããèû Ôã¼ãñ¦ãî¶ã Ô›ñ•ãÌãÀ ªØ㡹ãŠñ‡ãŠ ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊããèû Ôã¼ãã
„£ãßÊããè ØãñÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¹ãîÌããèà ŸÀʾãã¹ãƽãã¥ãñ 21 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1955 Àãñ•ããè ÔãÌãà ºãã•ãîâ ¶ããè Êããñ‡ãŠ ‚ããñÌÖÊã ½ãõªã¶ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ •ãã„Š
ÊããØãÊãñû
• ½ããñÀãÀ•ããè ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ •ã½ããÌãºãâªãè ‚ããªñÍã •ããÀãè ‡ãŠñÊããû
• ÞããÀ ¦ãñ ¹ããÞã ÊããŒã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã› ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ãñ¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ºãâªãè ‚ããªñÍã ½ããñ¡Êããû
• ¹ããñÊããèÔããâÞãã ØããñßãèºããÀü 15 ‚ããâªãñÊã‡ãŠ Öì¦ã㦽ãã Ìã 300 Êããñ‡ãŠ •ãŒã½ããèû 400 ¹ãñàãã •ããԦ㠂㛇ãŠû
• ¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÔãÌãà À㕾ã¼ãÀ ‚ããªãñÊã¶ãñ ÔãìÀŠû

¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀâŠÞãã ãä¶ã¥ãþã : 16 •ãã¶ãñ 1956


„ØãÆ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ¹ããÖî¶ã ¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀŠâ¶ããè ¹ãì¤ãèÊã¹ãƽãã¥ãñ ãä¶ã¥ãþã ÜããñãäÓã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
1) ½ãâìºãƒÃ ÍãÖÀ ‡ãŠñâªÆÍãããäÔã¦ã ÀãÖãèÊãû
2) ãäÌ㪼ããÃÔãÖ Ôãâ¹ãî¥Ãã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‚ãããä¥ã ÔããõÀãÓ›È ‡ãŠÞœ ÔãÖ Øãì•ãÀã¦ã ‚ãÍããè ªãñ¶ã ÌãñØãßãè
À㕾ãñ ‚ãÔã¦ããèÊãû
3) Ôãâºãâãä£ã¦ã ¹ãàããâÞ¾ãã ½ã¦ãñõ‡ã‹¾ãã¶ãñ Ôããè½ããÌã㪠Ôããñ¡ÌãÊãã •ããƒÃÊãû
4) ‡ãŠã¶ã¡ãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâÞãñ ½ÖõÔãîÀ À㕾ã ÖãñƒÃÊãû
5) ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ‚ãʹãÔã⌾ããâ‡ãŠãÞ¾ãã ÔãâÀàã¥ããºããºã¦ãÞ¾ãã ãäÍã¹ãŠãÀÍããè ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ½ã㶾㠇ãŠñʾããû

• ¹ãÀâ¦ãì ¾ãã ãä¶ã¥ãþãã½ãìßñ ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâÞãñ Ôã½ãã£ãã¶ã Öãñ¥ãñ Íã‡ã‹¾ã ¶ãÌÖ¦ãñû ½ãìâºãƒÃ ÌãñØãßãè Öãñ¥ããÀ
‚ãÔãñ Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã ãäªÊ¾ãã½ãìßñ ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¹ãñ›î¶ã „ŸÊããèû ªãñ¶ã-¦ããè¶ã ãäªÌãÔã ‚ããâªãñÊã‡ãŠãâÌãÀ ØããñßãèºããÀü 90
Êããñ‡ãŠ ½ãð¦¾ãî½ãìŒããè ¹ã¡Êãñû ¾ãã ‡ãŠð¦ããèÞãñ Ìã¥ãöã ÊããÊã•ããè ¹ãñâ¡Ôãñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ¶ãÀ½ãñ£ã¾ã—ã ‚ãÔãñ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ‚ãã¦ãã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà À㕾ã¼ãÀ ¹ããñÖãñÞãÊãñû
• ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ‚ã©ãýãâ¨ããè ãäÞãâ¦ãã½ã¥ãÀãÌã ªñÍã½ãìŒã ¾ãâã¶ããè ‚ã©ãýãâ¨ããè¹ãªãÞãã Àã•ããè¶ãã½ãã ãäªÊããû ¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀŠâÌãÀ
›ãè‡ãŠã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ½ããñÀãÀ•ããè ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÞ¾ãã ØããñßãèºããÀã¦ã †‡ãŠî¥ã 106 •ã¥ã Öì¦ã㦽ãñ ¢ããÊãñû
• 6 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1956 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠñÍãÌãÀãÌã •ãñ£ãñ ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ¹ã쥾ããÞ¾ãã ãä›ß‡ãŠ Ô½ããÀ‡ãŠ
½ãâªãèÀã¦ã Ôã¼ãã ¢ããÊããèû ¦¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ 11 ãäºãØãÀ ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ¹ãàã Ôãã½ããèÊã ¢ããÊãñû
• ÔãÌããöããè †‡ãŠ½ã¦ãã¶ãñ Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôããä½ã¦ããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌã ªñÌã ¾ããâÞãã „¹ããñÓã¥ããÞãã ½ããØãà ƒ¦ãÀãâ¶ãã ½ãâ•ãîÀ ¶ã ¢ããʾãã¶ãñ Íãâ‡ãŠÀÀãÌããâ¶ããè 10 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè
Àãñ•ããè ‚ã£¾ãàã ¾ãã ¶ã㦾ãã¶ãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È †‡ãŠãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ¹ããäÀÓ㪠ºãÀŒããԦ㠇ãŠñÊããèû
• Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ Ñããè¹ã㪠‚ã½ãð¦ã ¡ãâØãñ ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇãŠããäÀ¥ããè •ããÖãèÀ
‡ãŠñÊããèû

½ãÀãŸãè Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ãñ ‚ãããä¥ã ÍãããäÖÀãâÞããè ‡ãŠã½ããäØãÀãè :

ªõû ½ãÀãŸã : ‚ããÞãã¾ãà ‚ã¨ãñ


¹ãƺããñ£ã¶ã : ‡ãŠñÍãÌã Ôããè¦ããÀã½ã Ÿã‡ãŠÀñ
Ôã‡ãŠãß : ¶ãã¶ããÔããÖñºã ¹ãÀŠßñ‡ãŠÀ
¶ãÌãã‡ãŠãß: ¶ããè߇ãŠâŸ Œãããä¡Êã‡ãŠÀ

• ‚㥥ãã¼ãã„Š ÔããŸñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ãäÊããäÖÊãñÊããè œ‡ã‹‡ãŠ¡ (ÊããÌã¥ããèÞãã ¹ãƇãŠãÀ) Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È


‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããÞãñ ¹ãÆñÀ¥ããØããè¦ã ŸÀÊãñû (½ãã¢ããè ½ãõ¶ãã ØããÌããÌãÀ ÀããäÖÊããèû û û û û û) ÍããÖãèÀ ‚ã½ãÀ ÍãñŒã ¾ããâ¶ããè
¦ããè Øãããä¾ãÊããèû

• ½ãìâºãƒÃ, ãäÌ㪼ãÃ, ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã, ºãñßØããÌã, ‡ãŠãÀÌããÀ, ãä¶ã¹ãã¥ããèÔãÖ Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È


¢ããÊããÞã ¹ãããäÖ•ãñ ‚ãÍããè Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞããè ÜããñÓã¥ãã Öãñ¦ããèû

¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞããè ¼ãîãä½ã‡ãŠã :


• ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ¡ãùû ºããºããÔããÖñºã ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ ¹ãŠãÀÔãñ „¦Ôãì‡ãŠ ¶ãÌÖ¦ãñû
• ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãñ½ãìßñ †ñ‡ã‹¾ã¼ããÌã¶ãã Ìãã¤ãèÔã ÊããØ㥾ãã†õÌã•ããè ãäÖâªìÔ©ãã¶ãÞãñ ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡ñ
¹ã¡¦ããèÊã, ‚ãÔãñ ºããºããÔããÖñºããâ¶ãã Ìã㛦ã Öãñ¦ãñû
• ¼ããÓããÌããÀ ¹ãÆãâ¦ãÀÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀãÌã¾ããÞããè ¢ããʾããÔã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã „¹ã¹ãÆãâ¦ã ãä¶ã½ããå㠶㠇ãŠÀ¦ãã †‡ãŠ
¼ããÓãã †‡ãŠÞã ¹ãÆãâ¦ã ‡ãŠÀãÌãã ‚ãÔãñ ¦¾ããâÞãñ ½Ö¥ã¥ãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃÞãã Ôã½ããÌãñÍã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ãÞã ÌÖãÌããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ªãÀ ‚ãã¾ããñØããÔã½ããñÀ ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ãä¶ãÌãñª¶ãã¦ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè Öãè ¼ãîãä½ã‡ãŠã ½ããâ¡Êããè Öãñ¦ããèû

ãä´¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ À㕾ããÞãã ¹ãƾããñØã (1956 ¦ãñ 1960) :

• 7 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1956 Àãñ•ããè ÔãâÔãªñ¶ãñ ½ãÖããä´¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ À㕾ããÞãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ¹ããÔã ‡ãŠñÊããû


• ½ãÀãŸãè Ìã Øãì•ãÀã¦ããè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã †‡ãŠ¨ã ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ¾ãã À㕾ããÞãã ¹ããäÍÞã½ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã
½ãìâºãƒÃÔãÖ 10 ãä•ãÊÖñ, ãäÌ㪼ããÃÞãñ 8, ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ããÞãñ 5, Øãì•ãÀã¦ã ÔããõÀãÓ›ÈãÞãñ 16 ãä•ãÊÖñ
Ôã½ãããäÌãÓ› ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ½ããñÀãÀ•ããèâ¶ããè ¾ãã À㕾ããÞãñ ÔÌããØã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‡ãŠãùØãÆñÔã¶ãñ ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ã ¾ããâÞããè „½ãñªÌããÀãè ãä¶ããäÍÞã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 1 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1956 Àãñ•ããè ÔãÌããæ㠽ããñŸ¾ãã À㕾ããÞãñ Ìã¾ãã¶ãñ ÊãÖã¶ã ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ã
¾ããâ¶ããè ½ã쌾ã½ãâ¨ããè¹ãª ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀÊãñû
• Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈÔããä½ã¦ããèÞãñ ‚ã¨ãñ, ‡ãŠãñŸãÀãè, ½ãã£ãÌãÀãÌã ºããØãÊã ¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãã¨ã ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã
ÞãÌÖã¥ããâÌãÀ ›ãè‡ãŠã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• Öã ãä¶ã¥ãþã Øãì•ãÀã¦ããè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâ¶ããÖãè ½ã㶾㠶ãÌÖ¦ããû ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀŠâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ½ãÖãØãì•ãÀã¦ã Þããè ½ããØã¥ããè
‡ãŠñÊããèû

1957 Þããè ÔããÌãÃãä¨ã‡ãŠ ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠ :

• Êããñ‡ãŠÔã¼ãã, ãäÌã£ãã¶ãÔã¼ãã Ìã ½ãìâºãƒÃ ½ãÖã¶ãØãÀ¹ãããäÊã‡ãŠã ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠã ¢ããʾããû


• ¾ãã½ã£¾ãñ Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈÔããä½ã¦ããèÊãã ½ããñŸñ ¾ãÍã ãä½ãßãÊãñû ¹ãû ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÊãã •ãºãÀ
£ã‡ã‹‡ãŠãû
• ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ãÖãè ‚ãØãªãè ‚ãʹã½ã¦ãã¶ãñ ãä¶ãÌã¡î¶ã ‚ããÊãûñ
• ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞããè Ô㦦ãã ã䛇ãŠÊããè, ½ãã¨ã Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã •ãºãÀ £ã‡ã‹‡ãŠã ãäªÊ¾ãã½ãìßñ ‡ãŠãùØãÆñÔã ¶ãñ¦ãñ
•ã½ããè¶ããèÌãÀ ‚ããÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ½ã¶ã¹ã㠽㣾ãñ Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ 71 •ããØãã ãä•ãâ‡ãŠÊ¾ãã
• ¾ãã ãä¶ã‡ãŠãÊããÌãÀŠ¶ã Öñ Ô¹ãÓ› ¢ããÊãñ ‡ãŠãè, ½ã¦ãªãÀ ãä´¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ À㕾ããÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ‚ãããä¥ã Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã
½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞ¾ãã ºãã•ãîÞãñ ‚ããÖñ¦ãû

ãäÍãÌã œ¨ã¹ã¦ããè ¹ãì¦ãßã ‚ã¶ããÌãÀ¥ã Ìã ¹ãƦãã¹ãØã¡Þãã ½ããñÞããà :


• 30 ¶ããñÌÖñºãÀ 1957 Àãñ•ããè ¹ãâ¦ã¹ãÆ£ãã¶ã ¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀŠ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÖÔ¦ãñ ¹ãƦãã¹ãØã¡ãÌãÀãèÊã ãäÍãÌãã•ããè
½ãÖãÀã•ããâÞ¾ãã ¹ãì¦ãß¾ããÞãñ „ªÜã㛶㠢ããÊãñû
• ¾ããÌãñßãè Ôãâ¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ ½ãã£ãÌãÀãÌã ºããØãÊã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ã¦ãð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ¹ãƦãã¹ãØã¡ãÌãÀ
¹ãÆÞãâ¡ ½ããñÞããà ‡ãŠã¤Êããû ¹ãÔãÀ¥ããè Üãã› Ìã ¹ããñÊã㪹ãîÀ •ãÌãß ¦ããèÌãÆ ãä¶ãªÍãöãñ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ¶ãñÖÀŠâ¶ãã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã ¼ããÌã¶ããâÞããè Ìã †‡ãŠî¥ã ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããèÞããè •ãã¥ããèÌã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã Ôããä½ã¦ããè
¾ãÍãÔÌããè ¢ããÊããèû
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀÖãè Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊãñ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ã ÔãìÀŠÞã ŸñÌãÊãñû
• 18 •ãã¶ãñ 1959 ¹ããÔãî¶ã Ôããè½ãã Êã¤ã Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ ‡ãŠÀºãâªãè ÞãßÌãß ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ¶ããñÌÖñ 1959 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâ¶ããè ½ããñÀãÀ•ããè ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ½ããñÞããà ‡ãŠã¤Êããû

1960 ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ãä¶ããä½ãæããèÞ¾ãã ÖãÊãÞããÊããè

• ¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀŠâ¶ãã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ããäÓã‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã ¼ããÌã¶ãã Ôã½ã•ãʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¾ãã ãäÌãÓã¾ããÌãÀ Øãâ¼ããèÀ¹ã¥ãñ ÖãÊãÞããÊããè ÔãìÀŠ
¢ããʾããû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¾ãñ©ãñ ¢ããÊãñʾãã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã ‚㣾ãàãÔ©ãã¶ããÌãÀŠ¶ã ºããñÊã¦ãã¶ãã ƒâãäªÀã Øããâ£ããè ¾ããâ¶ããè
½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ãä¶ããä½ãæããèÞãñ ‚ããÍÌããÔã¶ã ãäªÊãñû
• ÞãâªãèØã¡ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã¦ã ØããñãäÌã⪠ÌãÊÊã¼ã ¹ãâ¦ã, ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ã, Ôãû ‡ãŠãû ¹ãã›ãèÊã Ìã •ããèÌãÀã•ã
½ãñÖ¦ãã ¾ããâÞããè Ôããä½ã¦ããè ¶ãñ½ãÊããèû ¾ãã Ôããä½ã¦ããè¶ãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èãä¶ããä½ãæããèÊãã ‚ã¶ãî‡ãŠîÊã ‚ãÖÌããÊã ãäªÊããû
• Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ‚ããØãÆÖãÌãÀŠ¶ã ½ãìâºãƒÃ †ñÌã•ããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ‚ãÔãñ ¶ããÌã ½ã㶾㠢ããÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• †ãä¹ãÆÊã 1960 ½ã£¾ãñ ÔãâÔãªñ¶ãñ ½ãìâºãƒÃ ¹ãì¶ãÀÃÞã¶ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªã ½ãâ•ãîÀ ‡ãŠñÊãã ‚ãããä¥ã 1 ½ãñ 1960 Àãñ•ããè
½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ¢ããÊããèû

½ãÖãÀãÓ›È À㕾ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã :

• 1 ½ãñ 1960 Àãñ•ããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È À㕾ããÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ¢ããÊããèû


• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ìã Øãì•ãÀã¦ã ‚ãÔãñ ªãñ¶ã ¼ããØã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ºã¶ãã¦ãÌãã¡ã, ½ãñÖÔãã¶ãã, ÔããâºãÀ‡ãŠãŸã, ‚ãÖ½ãªãºããª, ‡ãŠõÀã, ¹ãâÞã½ãÖãÊã, ºã¡ãñªã, ¼ã¡ãñÞã, ÔãìÀ¦ã,
¡ãâØã, ‚ã½ãÀñÊããè, ÔãìÀñ¶ªÆ¶ãØãÀ, Àã•ã‡ãŠãñ›,•ãã½ã¶ãØãÀ, •ãì¶ããØã¡, ¼ããÌã¶ãØãÀ Ìã ‡ãŠÞœ Öñ ãä•ãÊÖñ
Øãì•ãÀã¦ã½ã£¾ãñû
• Ÿã¥ãñ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã „âºãÀØããÌã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã Œãñ¡ãè, ¹ãû Œãã¶ãªñÍãã¦ããèÊã ¶ãâªîÀºããÀ Ìã ¶ãÌãã¹ãîÀ
¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã Œãñ¡ãè ¦ãÔãñÞã ¹ãû Œãã¶ãªñÍã ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ã‡ã‹‡ãŠÊã‡ãŠìÌãã Ìã ¦ãßãñªñ ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã
Œãñ¡ãè Öã ¹ãƪñÍã ½ãìâºãƒÃ À㕾ããÞãã ¼ããØã ‚ãÔã¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû
• ‡ãŠñâªÆ Æ ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ÀâØããÞããÀãè ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¦ããñ¡Ø¾ãã¶ãìÔããÀ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È Ìã Øãì•ãÀã¦ã ¾ãã ªãñ¶Öãè À㕾ããâ¶ãã ¦ãî›
¼ãÀŠ¶ã ‡ãŠã¤¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠãè 50 ‡ãŠãñ›ãè ÀŠ¹ã¾ãñ ª¾ããÌãñ¦ãû

• 1 ½ãñ 1960 Àãñ•ããè 26 ãä•ãÊÖñ ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È À㕾ããÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ¢ããÊããèû


• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È À㕾ããÞãã ½ãâØãÊã ‡ãŠÊãÍã ¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ÖÔ¦ãñ ‚ãã¥ã¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
• ½ãìâºãƒÃÞ¾ãã ãäÍãÌãã•ããè ¹ãã‡ãŠÃÌãÀ ¹ãâû ¶ãñÖÀŠâÞ¾ãã ÖÔ¦ãñ 1 ½ãñ 1960 Àãñ•ããè ‡ãŠã½ãØããÀ ã䪶ããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È
À㕾ããÞããè ÜããñÓã¥ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞãñ ¹ããäÖÊãñ ½ã쌾ã½ãâ¨ããè ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¦¾ãã¹ãîÌããèÃÞ¾ãã ãä´¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ½ãìâºãƒÃ À㕾ããÞãñ ½ã쌾ã½ãâ¨ããè
¾ãÍãÌãâ¦ãÀãÌã ÞãÌÖã¥ã ¾ããâ¶ããè •ãºããºãªãÀãè ÔÌããè‡ãŠãÀÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã ½ãì‡ã‹¦ããèÔãâØãÆã½ã
½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã : ãä¶ã•ãã½ã‡ãŠãß

• ‚ããñÀâØãñ•ãºãÞãã 20 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1707 Àãñ•ããè ‚ãֽ㪶ãØãÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ ½ãð¦¾ãîû ¦¾ããÞ¾ãã ½ãð¦¾ãî¶ãâ¦ãÀ 1682 ¦ãñ
1707 ‚ãÔãã ÔãìÀŠ ‚ãÔãÊãñÊãã ½ããñØãÊã ½ãÀãŸã ÔãâÜãÓããÃÞãã ÍãñÌã›û
• ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ½ããñØãÊããâÞãñ Ôãã½ãÆ㕾㠪ìºãßñ ºã¶ãÊãñû ½ããñØãÊããâÞãñ Íã¨ãî ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ½ãÀãŸñ, •ãã›, Àã•ã¹ãî¦ã,
ÍããèŒã, ¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ãã¹ãã¹ãʾãã ¹ãƪñÍããÌãÀ ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ¹ãÆÔ©ãããä¹ã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ½ããñØãÊããâÞ¾ãã ½ãÖ¦Ìãã‡ãŠãâàããè Ìã ÔÌãã©ããèà ÔãÀªãÀãâ¶ããè ‚ãÌã£ã, ÀãñãäÖÊãŒãâ¡ Ìã ÖõªÆãºã㪠‚ãÍããè ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã
À㕾ãñ ãä¶ã½ããå㠇ãŠñÊããèû
• ÖõªÆãºããªÞ¾ãã ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã À㕾ããÞãã ÔãâÔ©ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ½ããèÀ ‡ãŠ½ãÀŠªªãè¶ã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã-„Êã-½ãìʇ㊠Öãñ¾ãû
• ¹ããäÖʾãã ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÞããè ‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠãèªÃ 1724 ¦ãñ 1748 ‚ãÍããè 24 ÌãÓãñà ÀããäÖÊããèû ¦¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÞ¾ãã
ÌããÀÔãªãÀãâ½ã£¾ãñ 1748 ¦ãñ 1762 ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ÌããÀÔãã¾ã죪 Üã¡î¶ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ãä¶ã•ãã½ã „Êã ½ãìʇ㊠¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦¾ããÞãã ½ãìÊãØãã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ‚ãÊããè Öã ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãÞãã Àã•ãã ¢ããÊããû
• ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ÔÌã¦ã:Êãã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ‚ãÍããè ¹ãªÌããè £ããÀ¥ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¶ãâ¦ãÀÞ¾ãã ÔãÌãà Àã•ããâ¶ãã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ‚ãÔãñ
Ôãâºããñ£ã¥¾ãã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ãñû
• ãä¶ã•ãã½ã-„Êã-½ãìʇ㊠Êãã ½ããñØãÊã Ôã½ãÆã›ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ‚ããÔã¹ãŠ•ãÖã ‚ãÔãã ãä‡ãŠ¦ããºã ãä½ãßãÊãã Öãñ¦ããû ½Ö¥ãî¶ã
¾ãã ÜãÀ㥾ããÞãã „ÊÊãñŒã ‚ããÔã¹ãŠ•ããÖãè ÜãÀã¥ãñ ‚ãÔãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ããñû
• ‚ããÔã¹ãŠ•ããÖãè ÜãÀ㥾ãã¦ã †‡ãŠî¥ã Ôãã¦ã Àã•ãñ Öãñ„Š¶ã ØãñÊãñû ¦¾ããâÞãã †‡ãŠî¥ã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ 224 ÌãÓããÃâÞãã
Öãñ¦ããû
• ÍãñÌã›Þãã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ½ããèÀ-„Ô½ãã¶ã-‚ãÊããè (1911 ¦ãñ 1948) ¾ããÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã
½ãì‡ã‹¦ããèÔãâØãÆã½ã Üã¡î¶ã ‚ããÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
½ããèÀ „Ô½ãã¶ã ‚ãÊããè Þããè ‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠãèªÃ :

• ¹ããäÖʾãã ½ãÖã¾ã죪ã¦ã ãä¶ã•ãã½ãã¶ãñ ƒâØãÆ•ããâ¶ãã ¹ãõÔãã, Ôãõ¶¾ã, ÌãÔ¦ãî ¾ããâÞããè ¼ãÀ¹ãîÀ ½ãª¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
¾ã죪ã¦ããèÊ㠽㪦ããèÞãñ ºãàããèÔã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ãäºãÆ›ãèÍã Ôã½ãÆã› ¹ããÞãÌãã •ããù•ãà ¾ãã¶ãñ ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÊãã ãäÖ•ã
†‡ã‹¢ããÊ›ñ¡ Öã¾ã¶ãñÔã ‚ãÔãã ãä‡ãŠ¦ããºã ãäªÊãã Öãñ¦ããû
• ½ãÖ¦Ìãã‡ãŠãâàããè ãä¶ã•ãã½ãã¶ãñ ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ƒÔÊãã½ããè À㕾ã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ÔÌ㹶㠹ãããäÖÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ÖõªÆãºã㪠À㕾ãã¦ã Àã•ã¼ããÓãã ¹ãŠãÀÍããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• 1917 ½ã£¾ãñ ÖõªÆãºã㪠Êãã „Ô½ãããä¶ã¾ãã ãäÌ㪾ãã¹ããèŸ Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ¢ããÊãñû
• 1927 ÔããÊããè ‚ããõÀâ ØããºããªÊãã ƒâ›Àãä½ããä•ã†› ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ¢ããÊãñû
• ÖõªÆãºã㪠À㕾ãã¦ã 11 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ½ãìÔãÊã½ãã¶ã Öãñ¦ãñ, ¹ãÀâ¦ãì ¶ããñ‡ãŠ-¾ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ¦¾ããâÞãñ ¹ãƽãã¥ã 75 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ
†Ìã¤ñ Öãñ¦ãñû ¾ããÌãÀŠ¶ã ÍããÔã¶ããÞãñ ¹ãàã¹ãã¦ããè £ããñÀ¥ã Êãàãã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ãñû

Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ Ìã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ããäÌãÓã¾ã‡ãŠ •ããØãð¦ããè :


• 1914-15 ½ã£¾ãñ ÖõªÆãºã㪽㣾ãñ ªãäàã¥ã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã ÔãâÜã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ¢ããÊããû ¾ãã ‡ãŠã½ãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÍãÌãÀãÌã
‡ãŠãñÀ›‡ãŠÀ Ìã Ìãã½ã¶ãÀãÌã ¶ããƒÃ‡ãŠ ¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãì¤ã‡ãŠãÀ Üãñ¦ãÊããû ¾ãã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã ÔãâÜãã¦ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ½ãÀãŸãè
¦ãÀŠ¥ãâã¶ããè ÔãÖ¼ããØã Üãñ¦ãÊããûû
• 1931 ½ã£¾ãñ ÖõªÆãºããªñ¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã Ôãâ½ãñÊã¶ã Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû ¡ãùû Ñããè£ãÀ ̾ãâ‡ãŠ›ñÍã
‡ãŠñ¦ã‡ãŠÀ Öñ ‚㣾ãàã Öãñ¦ãñû
• ‚ããû ‡ãŠðû ÌããÜã½ããÀñ ¾ããâ¶ããè Ôãâ•ããèÌã¶ããè Ôã㹦ãããäÖ‡ãŠã¦ã ½ãÀãŸãè ¼ããÓãñÞ¾ãã ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔããºãªªÊã ãäÞãâ¦ãã ̾ã‡ã‹¦ã
‡ãŠñÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• 1920 ½ã£¾ãñ Êãà½ã¥ãÀãÌã ¹ãŠã›‡ãŠ ¾ããâ¶ããè ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ãäÌã•ã¾ã Öñ Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ã ÖõªÆãºããªñ¦ãî¶ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû
• ‚ããû ‡ãŠðû ÌããÜã½ããÀñ ¾ããâ¶ããè 10 ¹ãŠñºãÆìÌããÀãè 1937 Àãñ•ããè ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã Ôã㹦ãããäÖ‡ãŠãÞããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• 1937 ½ã£¾ãñ ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ¹ãÆãâ¦ããè¾ã ½ãÀãŸãè ÔãããäÖ¦¾ã ¹ããäÀÓ㪠ԩãã¹ã¶ã ¢ããÊããèû ãä¦ãÞãñ ¹ããäÖÊãñ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ã
‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñºãÀ 1937 ½ã£¾ãñ ªãªãÔããÖñºã Œãã¹ã¡ñà ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ÖõªÆãºã㪠¾ãñ©ãñ ¢ããÊãñû ªìÔãÀñ
‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ã ¶ããâªñ¡ ¾ãñ©ãñ Ôã¹›ñ 1973 ½ã£¾ãñ ª¦¦ããñ Ìãã½ã¶ã ¹ããñ¦ãªãÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè ¢ããÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• 1944 ½ã£¾ãñ ãä¦ãÔãÀñ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠¾ãñ©ãñ Øãû ¨ãâû ½ãã¡ŒããñÊã‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè
Ôãâ¹ã¶¶ãû

ÖñõªÆãºã㪠ԛñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Þããè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ãã :

• 1938 ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ã½ã£ããèÊã ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè ºãªÊãî ÊããØãÊããèû ‚ããâ£ãÆ ½ãÖãÔã¼ãã, ‡ãŠ¶ããۇ㊠¹ããäÀÓãª
‚ãããä¥ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓ㪠¾ãã ãä¦ã¶Öãè ¼ãããäÓã‡ãŠ ¹ãƪñÍãã¦ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã Öãñ„Š¶ã Êããñ‡ãŠ•ããØãð¦ããèÞãñ
¹ãƾ㦶ã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñû
• ¾ããÞã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÍãÖÀã¦ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã ‡ãŠãä½ã›ãè Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ½ãã¨ã ØãÔ¦ããè ãä¶ãÍãã¥ã
53 ‚ã¶Ìã¾ãñ ¶ããØãÀãè ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ããÞãã Ôãâ‡ãŠãñÞã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãã Öãñ¦ããû
• £ãîß¹ãñŸ ªâØãÊããè¶ãâ¦ãÀ Ìãã¦ããÌãÀ¥ã ¦ãã¹ãÊãñû ÍããÔã¶ã Ìã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ¹ãàã¹ãã¦ããè¹ã¥ãñ ÌããØãÊãñû
• £ãîß¹ãñŸ ªâØãÊããèÞãñ ¹ã¡Ôã㪠½ãÀãŸÌãã¡ã Ì㠇㊶ããۇ㊽㣾ãñ „½ã›Êãñû
• ãä¶ã•ãã½ãã¶ãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓãªñÔã •ãã¦ããè¾ãÌããªãè ŸÀÌãÊãñû
• ÖõªÆãºã㪽㣾ãñ ºããÖñÀŠ¶ã ¾ãñ¥ãã-¾ãã 21 Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ããâÌãÀ ºãâªãè ÜããÊ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ÔÌãã½ããè Àã½ãã¶ã⪠¦ããè©ãà Öñ 1938 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãâºãã•ããñØããƒÃ Ôããñ¡î¶ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞããè ÔãâÜ㛶ãã
ºã߇㊛ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ÖõªÆãºã㪠¾ãñ©ãñ ÌããÔ¦ã̾ããÔã ØãñÊãñû
• ‚ãÍããâ¦ã ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ¹ããÍÌãüãî½ããèÌãÀ 29 •ãî¶ã 1938 Àãñ•ããè ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã
Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ãä¶ã¥ãþã Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
• ¹ãÆãÀâ¼ãã¹ããÔãî¶ãÞã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÞ¾ãã ½ã¶ãã¦ã Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã½ã£ããèÊã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Öñ Í㺪 Œã›‡ãŠ¦ã Öãñ¦ãñû
¦ãÔãñÞã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã Àã½ãã¶ã⪠¦ããè©ãÃ, ØããñãäÌã⪼ããƒÃ Ñããù¹ãŠ ¾ããâ¶ãã ªÖÍã¦ãÌããªãè ½ãã¶ã¦ãû
• Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùØãÆñÔã Öãè ãäÌã£ÌãâÔã‡ãŠ ÔãâÜ㛶ãã ‚ããÖñ, ‚ãÔãñ ½ãã¶ãî¶ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÌãÀ 7 Ôã¹›ñºãÀ
1938 Àãñ•ããè ºãâªãè Üãã¦ãÊããèû
• Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ÞãßÌãß ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ÔÌãã½ããè Àã½ãã¶ã⪦ããè©ãà ¾ããâ¶ãã 1938 ½ã£¾ãñ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ‡ãŠñʾããºãªªÊã ªãè¡ ÌãÓãñà Ôã‡ã‹¦ã½ã•ãìÀãèÞããè
ãäÍãàãã ŸãñŸãÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔ㣾ãñ ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã •ãÖãÊã ‚ãããä¥ã ½ãÌããß ¾ãã Øã›ãâ¹ãñõ‡ãŠãè ÔÌãã½ããè Àã½ãã¶ã⪠¦ããè©ãà •ãÖãÊã
Øã›ãÞãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ÔãâÜãÓãà ‡ãŠÀã ¶ããÖãè ¦ãÀ ŒãìÞ¾ããà ŒããÊããè ‡ãŠÀã ‚ãÔãã •ãÖãÊããâÞãã ‚ããÆØãÖ Öãñ¦ããû
• Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãèÞãñ ØããñãäÌã⪼ããƒÃ Ñããù¹ãŠ, ½ãããä¥ã‡ãŠÞã⪠¹ãÖã¡ñ ¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠìÍãÊã¹ã¥ãñ ÔãâÜ㛶㠇ãŠñÊãñû
¦¾ããâÞ¾ããºãÀãñºãÀ ºããºããÔããÖñºã ¹ãÀãâ•ã¹ãñ, ¹ãìÀŠÓããñ¦¦ã½ã Þã¹ãßØããÌã‡ãŠÀ, ‡ãŠÌãñÃ, ¾ããâ¶ããè ½ããñÊããÞãñ ¾ããñØãªã¶ã
ãäªÊãñû
• Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Ìã •ãã¦ããè¾ãÌããªãè ÔãâÜ㛶ãã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãâ½ã£¾ãñ ØãÊÊã¦ã Öãñ„Š¶ã Ô›õñ›
‡ãŠãùØãñÆñÔãºãªªÊã ØãõÀÔã½ã•ã Ìãã¤î ÊããØãÊãñû ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ½ãû Øããâ£ããè•ããèÞ¾ãã ‚ããªñÍããÌãÀŠ¶ã Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞãã
Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ Ô©ããäØã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû

ãäÖâªî ½ãÖãÔã¼ãñÞãã ÔãÖ¼ããØã


• Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã›ãâ¶ããè ¶ãã½ã¹ãÊÊããè ¾ãñ©ãñ •ãã„Š¶ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè ÜããñÓã¥ãã ‡ãŠñÊããèû ½ãã¨ã Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè
ºãã¹ã›ãâ¶ãã ¶ãã½ã¹ãÊÊããè Ô›ñÍã¶ãÌãÀ ‚㛇㊠‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¹ã쥾ããÔã ¹ããŸÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¹ã쥾ããÔã ãäÖâªî ¹ãÆãä¦ã‡ãŠãÀ ½ãâ¡ß Ìã ¼ããØãã¶ãØãÀ ãä¶ã:ÍãԨ㠹ãÆãä¦ã‡ãŠãÀ ½ãâ¡ß Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ÔÌããû
ÔããÌãÀ‡ãŠÀ Ìã Ôãñ¶ãã¹ã¦ããè ºãã¹ã› ¾ãâã¶ããè Íããä¶ãÌããÀÌã㡾ããÌãÀ Ôã¼ãã Üãñ¦ãÊããèû
• ãäÖâªî ½ãÖãÔã¼ãã ãä¶ã:ÍãԨ㠹ãÆãä¦ã‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã Ê㤾ãã¦ã ¹ãì¤ñ ‚ããÊããèû
• ãäÖâªî ½ãÖãÔã¼ãñÞ¾ãã ÔãÖã ¦ãì‡ãŠ¡¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã Øãñʾãã
• ÌããèÀ Ìãã½ã¶ãÀãÌã •ããñÍããè ¾ããâ¶ããèÖãè Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ‚ãã¹ãÊãã ÔãÖ¼ããØã ¶ããñâªãäÌãÊããû

‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà :


• ‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ãã¶ãñ 24 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñ 1938 ¹ããÔãî¶ã ¹ãì¤ñ •ãÌãß¹ããÔã ªÖã ½ããäÖ¶ãñ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÞãã Êã¤ã
ÞããÊããäÌãÊããû
• ãäÖâªî ÔãâÜ㛶㠇ãŠÀ¥ãã-¾ãã ‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ããÌãÀ ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÞãã ÀãñÓã Öãñ¦ããû
• ‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ãã¶ãñ Íã죪ãè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ½ããñãäÖ½ãÖãè ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ãã¶ãñ Ôã‡ã‹¦ããèÞ¾ãã £ã½ããÃâ¦ãÀãÔã ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ‡ãŠñÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ããÞ¾ãã ‚ã¶ãì¾ãã¾ããâÌãÀ ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ãã¦ã ‚㶾ãã¾ã ÔãìÀŠ ¢ããÊãñû
• Øãìâ•ããñ›ãè ¾ãñ©ããèÊã ¦ãÀŠ¥ã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ããà Ìãñª¹ãƇãŠãÍã ¾ããÞããè ‡ã‹Æ ŠîÀ Ö¦¾ãã ¢ããÊããèû Öã ÖõªÆãºããª
ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ããäÖÊãã Öì¦ã㦽ããû
• „ªØããèÀÞ¾ãã ¼ããƒÃ Íãã½ãÊããÊã ¾ããâÞããè ãäºãªÀÞ¾ãã ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã Ö¦¾ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÞ¾ã㠂㦾ããÞããÀã½ãìßñ ‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ããÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠãä¹ãƾã¦ãã Ìãã¤î ÊããØãÊããèû
• ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã ‚ãã¾ãà Ôã½ãã•ããÞ¾ãã Ìã¦ããè¶ãñ 31 •ãã¶ãñ 1939 Àãñ•ããè ¹ããäÖÊãã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ¢ããÊããû
• ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÔãÌãà ãä•ãÊÖƾããâ¦ã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ¢ããÊãñû

‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀãâÞãñ ãäÌãÞããÀ :
• ¡ãùû ‚ããâºãñ¡‡ãŠÀ ¾ããâÞãñ ÖõªÆãºã㪠½ãì‡ã‹¦ããè ÔãâØãÆã½ããºããºã¦ã ‚ãØãªãè Ô¹ãÓ› ãäÌãÞããÀ Öãñ¦ãñû ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã
•ã¶ã¦ãñÊãã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ‚ããÌããֶ㠇ãŠñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñ ‡ãŠãè, ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ÔãâÜãÀ㕾ãã¦ã Ôãã½ããèÊã ÌÖãÌãñû ÖõªÆãºããª
ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ã ÔÌã¦ãâ¨ã ½Ö¥ã•ãñ ¼ããÀ¦ããÞ¾ãã ãäÌã¼ãã•ã¶ããÞããè ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ŸÀñÊã ‚ãÔãñ ¦¾ããâÞãñ ½ã¦ã Öãñ¦ãñû

Ìãâªñ ½ãã¦ãÀ½ã ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà ÞãßÌãß :


• ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã ãäÍãàã¥ã ÔãâÔ©ããâ½ã£¾ãñ Ìãâªñ ½ãã¦ãÀ½ã ½Ö¥ã¥¾ããÔã ºãâªãè Öãñ¦ããèû
• 1938 Öñ ¹ãÆãä¦ã‡ãŠãÀãÞãñ ÌãÓãà Öãñ¦ãñû ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ã½ã£ããèÊã ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà ºãñÞãõ¶ã Öãñ¦ãñû ØããñãäÌã⪼ããƒÃ
Ñããù¹ãŠ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ãÃãâ¶ãã ãäÞã©ããÌã¥ããè ªñ¦ãã¦ã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè¦ãî¶ã ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ›ã‡ãŠ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• 14 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1938 Àãñ•ããè ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ãÃãâ¶ããè ÌãÔããä¦ãØãðÖã¦ã Ìãâªñ ½ãã¦ãÀ½ã ½Ö¥ã¥¾ããÔã ÔãìÀŠÌãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããèû
• ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ºãâªãè ‚ãã¥ãî¶ãÖãè ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããèà †ñ‡ãŠ¥¾ããÔã ¦ã¾ããÀ ¶ãÌÖ¦ãñû
• 16 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ Êãã ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããöããè ‚ã¶¶ã¦¾ããØã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ‡ãŠñÊããû
• 20 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ Àãñ•ããè ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ãÃãâ¶ããè Ôãâ¹ã ¹ãì‡ãŠãÀÊããû
• ¾ãã Ü㛶ãñÞã ¹ã¡Ôã㪠ÖõªÆãºã㪽㣾ãñÖãè „½ã›Êãñû
• ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâ¶ãã Øã¥ãÌãñÍã Ôã‡ã‹¦ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ¦¾ããÔã ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ãÃâã¶ããè ãäÌãÀãñ£ã ‡ãŠñÊããû
• Ìãâªñ ½ãã¦ãÀ½ã ¹ãÆͶããÌãÀ 1200 ãäÌ㪾ãã©ããè ÃÔãâ¹ããÌãÀ ØãñÊãñû ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ‡ãŠãùÊãñ•ã½ã£ãî¶ã ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ›ã‡ãŠÊãñ
ØãñÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ¹ãì¤ñ Öãè ÞãßÌãß Ì¾ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ºã¶ãÊããèû 1938 ¦ãñ 1948 ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ÖõªÆãºã㪠½ãì‡ã‹¦ããèÔãâØãÆã½ãã¦ããèÊã
ºãÖì¦ãñ‡ãŠ ‚ããÜã㡾ããâÌãÀ Ìãâªñ½ãã¦ãÀ½ã ÞãßÌãßãè¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñà Öãñ¦ãñû

Øã칦㠂ããâªãñÊã¶ããâÞãñ ¹ãÌãà :

• ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÌãÀ ºãâªãè ÞããÊãîÞã Öãñ¦ããèû Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã Þãñ ¶ããÌã ºãªÊãÊãñ ¦ãÀ ºãâªãè „ŸÌãî
‚ãÔãñ ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÞãñ ½Ö¥ã¥ãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• •ãÖãÊããâ¶ããè ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããÞããè ½ããØã¥ããè ‡ãŠñÊããèû ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè Ìãõ¾ããä‡ã‹¦ã‡ãŠ Ô㦾ããØãÆÖãÊãã
½ã㶾ã¦ãã ãäªÊããèû
• ½ãû Øããâ£ããèâ¶ããè ÔÌã¦ã: ¹ããÞã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâÞããè ãä¶ãÌã¡ ‡ãŠñÊããèû
1) ÔÌãã½ããè Àã½ãã¶ã⪠¦ããè©ãÃ
2) ãäÖÀãÊããÊã ‡ãŠãñ›ñÞãã (ºããè¡),
3) ªñÌãÀã½ã•ããè ÞãÌÖã¥ã („Ô½ãã¶ããºããª),
4) ‚ãÞ¾ãì¦ã¼ããƒÃ ªñÍã¹ããâ¡ñ (‚ããõÀâØããºããª),
5) ½ããñ¦ããèÊããÊã ½ãâ¨ããè (ºããè¡)

• 1943 ¹ããÔãî¶ã •ãÖãÊã Øã› ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓãªñ¦ã ¹ãƼããÌããè ºã¶ãÊããû

Êããñ‡ãŠÔãÖ¼ããØã ‚ãããä¥ã ÔãÍãԨ㠂ããâªãñÊã¶ã :


• 3 •ãìÊãõ 1946 Àãñ•ããè Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÌãÀãèÊã ºãâªãè „ŸÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû
• ‚ããäŒãÊã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ãÆͶããºããºã¦ã ÔããäÌãÔ¦ãÀ
ÞãÞããà Öãñ„Š ÊããØãÊããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• 1946 ¦ãñ 1948 Þ¾ãã ‡ãŠãÊãŒãâ¡ã¦ã ÖõªÆãºããªÞãã Êã¤ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ ¦ããèÌãÆ ºã¶ã¦ã ØãñÊããû
• 1946 Þ¾ãã ‚ãŒãñÀãèÔã ¹ãÀ¼ã¥ããè ¾ãñ©ãñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞ¾ãã Ô©ãã¾ããè Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞããè ºãõŸ‡ãŠ Öãñ„Š¶ã
¦¾ãã¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ¹ããäÀÓãªñÞãñ Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã½ã£¾ãñ ãäÌãÊããè¶ããè‡ãŠÀ¥ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãã ãä¶ã¥ãþã Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀ ÔãâÜ㛶ããâÞããè Ìã㤠‡ãŠãÔããè½ã ãäÀ¢ãÌããè Öã ƒ¦¦ãñÖãªîÊã ½ãìÔãÊã½ããè¶ã ¾ãã ÔãâÜ㛶ãñÞãã
‚㣾ãàã ¢ããʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¢ããÊããèû
• À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀ Öãè ãä¶ã½ãÊãÓ‡ãŠÀãè ÔãâÜ㛶ãã Öãñ¦ããèû ¾ãã ÔãâÜ㛶ãñÔã ãä¶ã•ãã½ãã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ÔãÖã¾¾ã ãä½ãߦã Öãñ¦ãñû
• ‡ãŠãÔããè½ã ãäÀ¢ãÌããè Ôããñºã¦ãÞã ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã ‚ããä¦ãÀñ‡ã‹¾ããâÞãñ Øã›Öãè „ª¾ããÔã ‚ããÊãñû
• ‡ãŠãÔããè½ã ãäÀ¢ãÌããè ¶ãñ À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀãâÞãã Ìãã¹ãÀ ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ã ªÖÍã¦ã Ìã Öî‡ãŠî½ãÍããÖãè Ìãã¦ããÌãÀ¥ã ¦ã¾ããÀ
‡ãŠñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ãÆ•ãã Ìã À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ã Ôãã¦ã¦¾ãã¶ãñ ÔãâÜãÓãà Öãñ¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãû ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ãÞã ‚ã•ããùãîÀ (ãä•ãû
¶ããâªñ¡) ØããÌãã•ãÌãß ØããñãäÌãââªÀãÌã ¹ãã¶ãÔãÀñ ¾ããâÞãã 21 ‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñºãÀ 1946 Àãñ•ããè À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀã¶ãñ Œãî¶ã
‡ãŠñÊããû ¹ãã¶ãÔãÀñ Öñ ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞãñ ¹ããäÖÊãñ Öì¦ã㦽ãã ŸÀÊãñû ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÔããñºã¦ãÞã
‚ãã¥ãŒããè 4 •ã¥ã ¹ãÆã¥ããÊãã ½ãì‡ãŠÊãñû

• Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÌãÀãèÊã ºãâªãè „ŸÊ¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã •ãÖãÊã ‚ãããä¥ã ½ãÌããß Øã›ã¦ããèÊã
ÔãâÜãÓãà Ìã㤦ã ØãñÊããû ãäºãªÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ 1 •ãã¶ãñ 1947 Àãñ•ããè ¢ããÊãñÊããè Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞããè ºãõŸ‡ãŠ Øãã•ãÊããèû
½ãÌããß Ìã •ãÖãÊã ¶ãñ¦¾ããâ¶ããè †‡ãŠ½ãñ‡ãŠãâÌãÀ ‚ããÀãñ¹ã ¹ãƦ¾ããÀãñ¹ã ‡ãŠñÊãñû ¹ãì¶Öã ¶ãÌããè¶ã Ô©ãã¾ããè Ôããä½ã¦ããè
‚ããäÔ¦ã¦Ìãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ãä¦ãÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¹ãªãè ÔÌãã½ããè Àã½ãã¶ã⪠¦ããè©ãà ¾ãâãÞããèÞã ãä¶ãÌã¡ ¢ããÊããèû

• •ãî¶ã 1947 ½ã£¾ãñ ÖõªÆãºã㪠ԛñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞãñ ¹ããäÖÊãñ ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ã ÖñõªÆãºã㪠Ìã ãäÔã‡ãŠâªÀãºã㪠¾ãã
ÍãÖÀãâ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ãÔãÊãñʾ㠽ãìãäÍãÀãºã㪠¾ãã ¼ããØãã¦ã ¢ããÊãñû
• ÖõªÆãºããªÞãñ ØãðÖ½ãâ¨ããè ‚ããäÊã¾ããÌãÀ •ãâØã ¾ããâ¶ããè ÔÌãã½ããè•ããèâ¶ãã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¶ã ºããñÊ㥾ããÔãâºãâ£ããè
ºã•ããÌãÊãñû ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãºããÖñÀŠ¶ã ‚ããÊãñʾããâ¶ããè ¼ããÓã¥ãñ ‡ãŠÀŠ ¶ã¾ãñ, ‚ãÔãñÖãè ºã•ããÌãÊãñû ½ãã¨ã ÔÌãã½ããè•ããèâ¶ããè
¦¾ããÔã ¶ã ÜããºãÀ¦ãã ‚ããä£ãÌãñÍã¶ãã½ã£¾ãñ Ôã¡ñ¦ããñ¡ ¼ããÓã¥ã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ÔãâÜãÀ㕾ãã¦ã ÖõªÆãºã㪠À㕾ã
ãäÌãÊããè¶ã ¢ããÊãñÞã ¹ãããäÖ•ãñ ‚ãÔãã ‚ããØãÆÖ £ãÀÊããû

• ‡ãŠãÔããè½ã ãäÀ¢ãÌããè Þ¾ãã ¶ãñð¦ÌããŒããÊããè ¦ã¾ããÀ ¢ããÊãñʾãã À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀãâÞ¾ãã ÔãÍãÔ¨ã ÔãâÜ㛶ãñÊãã „¦¦ãÀ
ªñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔã¶ãñÖãè ŸÀÌãÊãñ ‡ãŠãè, ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãÊãã ÊããØãî¶ã Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã ÔãÍãÔ¨ã

Nagesh Gaikwad
Ê㤾ããÞããè ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÊã¾ãñ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠÀã¾ãÞããèû À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀãâÞãã ¹ãÆãä¦ã‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ãä¶ãÌ㡇㊠Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã
ÍãÔ¨ããÔ¨ããâÞãñ ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¾ãã ÔãÌãà ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ããÞãñ ½ããØãêÍãÇ㊠ãäªØãâºãÀÀãÌã ãäºãâªî ¾ããâÞ¾ã㠂㣾ãàã¦ãñŒããÊããè †‡ãŠ ‡ãŠð¦ããè Ôããä½ã¦ããè
Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããèû ÔÌãã½ããè•ããèâ¶ã㠂㛇㊠¢ããʾããÔã ÞãßÌãß ÞããÊãÌ㥾ããÞãñ ÔãÌããÃãä£ã‡ãŠãÀ ¾ãã
‡ãŠð¦ããè Ôããä½ã¦ããèÊãã Öãñ¦ãñû

½ãìãä‡ã‹¦ãÔãâØãÆã½ããÞãã ¹ãƦ¾ãàã ¹ãÆãÀâ¼ã `

• Ô›ñ› ‡ãŠãùâØãÆñÔãÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇãŠããäÀ¥ããèÞããè ºãõŸ‡ãŠ •ãìÊãñõ 1947 ½ã£¾ãñ ÖõªÆãºã㪠¾ãñ©ãñ ¢ããÊããèû ¾ãã ºãõŸ‡ãŠãè¦ã
Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ¹ãì¤ãèÊã ªãñ¶ã ½ããäÖ¶¾ããâÔããŸãè ¹ãƦ¾ãàã Ê㤾ãã¦ã ¼ããØã Üãñ¥¾ããÞãñ ‚ããÌããֶ㠇ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãûñ
¦¾ãã¦ã ¹ãÆã½ã쌾ãã¶ãñ ªãñ¶ã ã䪶㠹ããߥ¾ããÞãñ ‚ããªñÍã ªñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
1) 7 ‚ããùØãÔ› Êãã ÔãâÜãÀ㕾ãã¦ã Ôãã½ããèÊã Öãñ¥¾ããÞãã ãäªÌãÔã Ôãã•ãÀã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ
2) 15 ‚ããùØãÔ›Êãã ¼ããÀ¦ããÞ¾ãã ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ããÞãã ãäªÌãÔã Ôãã•ãÀã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñû
‚ã©ããæã Öñ ã䪶ã Ôãã•ãÀñ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ½Ö¥ã•ãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ¼ãâØã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ã •ãã¥ãñ ‚ãÔããÞã ‚ã©ãà Öãñ¦ããû

• 7 ‚ããùØãÔ› Öã ãäªÌãÔã ½ãÀãŸÌã㡾ãã¦ããèÊã ÔãÌãà ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ããâ¦ã ÔãâÜãÀ㕾ãã¦ã Ôãã½ããèÊã Öãñ¥¾ããÞãã ã䪶ã


½Ö¥ãî¶ã Ôãã•ãÀã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ª¡¹ãÍããÖãè ‡ãŠñÊããèû ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñà ¦ãìÀŠâØãã¦ãû
• 7 ‚ããùØãÔ› ã䪶ããÞãã ‚ã¶ãì¼ãÌã Êãàãã¦ã Üãñ„Š¶ã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ 13 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1947 ¹ãîÌããèÃÞã †‡ãŠ
¹ãŠ½ããö㠇ãŠã¤Êãñ ‡ãŠãè, ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ããÖãè ¹ãÀÀãÓ›ÈãÞãã £Ìã•ã ÔããÌãÕããä¶ã‡ãŠ Ôã¼ãñ¦ã ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠãÌã¦ãã ¾ãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãèû
Öî‡ãŠî½ã ½ããñ¡¥ãã-¾ããÔã 3 ÌãÓãñà ¦ãìÀŠâØãÌããÔã ‚ã©ãÌãã ½ãð¦¾ãîªâ¡ ÖãñƒÃÊãû
• ½ãã¨ã ÔÌãã½ããè•ããèâ¶ããè ¹ãŠ½ããöããÞããè ¹ãÌãÃ㠶㠇ãŠÀ¦ãã £Ìã•ã ¹ãŠ¡‡ãŠãÌ㥾ããÞãã ãä¶ã£ããÃÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû
• 15 ‚ããùØãÔ› Àãñ•ããè ÔÌãã½ããè•ããè, ‡ãŠðÓ¥ããÞãã¾ãà •ããñÍããè, ¡ãùû •ããèû †Ôãû ½ãñÊã‡ãŠãñ›ñ ¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ôããñºã¦ã
ÔãìÊã¦ãã¶ã ºãã•ããÀã¦ã Œãã⪾ããÌãÀ £Ìã•ã Üãñ„Š¶ã ØãñÊãñ ‚ãÔã¦ãã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ¹ã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ÞãâÞãÊãØãì¡ã •ãñÊã½ã£¾ãñ
›ã‡ãŠ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ¾ããÌãñßãè ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÍãÖÀã¦ã ‚ã㟠֕ããÀ ãäÌ㪾ã㩾ããÃâ¶ããè •ã½ããÌãºãâªãèÞãã ¼ãâØã ‡ãŠÀŠ¶ã Œãã⪾ããÌãÀ ¢ãñâ¡ã
Üãñ„Š¶ã ãä½ãÀÌã¥ãî‡ãŠ ‡ãŠã¤Êããèû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ÜãÀãÜãÀãÌãÀ ãä¦ãÀâØã㠹㊡‡ãŠÊããû

• 29 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ 1947 Àãñ•ããè ÔãÀªãÀ ¹ã›ñÊããâ¶ããè Ü㛶ãã Ôããä½ã¦ããè½ã£¾ãñ •ãõÔãñ ©ãñ ‡ãŠÀãÀ ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠñÊããû
ÖõªÆãºã㪠ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ã ‚ãããä¥ã ƒâØãÆ•ã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã¦ã ¹ãîÌããèà •ãÔãñ Ôãâºãâ£ã Öãñ¦ãñ, ¦ãÔãñÞã Ôãâºãâ£ã ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ
¼ããÀ¦ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ Ìã ãä¶ã•ãã½ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀÞãñ ÀãÖ¦ããèÊã ‚ãÔãã ¾ãã ‡ãŠÀãÀãÞãã ‚ã©ãà Öãñ¦ããû ½ãã¨ã ãä¶ã•ãã½ãã¶ãñ
‡ãŠÀãÀãÞãñ Øããâ¼ããè¾ãÃà ½ãìßãèÞã ¹ããßÊãñ ¶ããÖãèû

‡ãŠð¦ããè Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞãã ‡ã‹ÆŠâã¦ããè‡ãŠãÀãè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã

• 1 ¦ãñ 30 Ôã¹›ñºãÀ 1947 Þ¾ãã ªÀ½¾ãã¶ã ÔãÌãè㠢ãñâ¡ãÌã⪶ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã Öã¦ããè Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû 2
‚ããù‡ã‹›ãñ ¦ãñ 30 ¶ããñÌÖñâºãÀ ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀãè ¾ãâ¨ã¥ãã ºã⪠¹ãã¡¥¾ããÞãñ ¦ãâ¨ã Ìãã¹ãÀ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ÀñÊÌãñ ÀŠß „Œã¡¥ãñ, ¦ããÀã ¦ããñ¡¥ãñ, ¾ããÔããÀŒãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇã‹ÆŠ½ã Öã¦ããè Üãñ¥¾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñû
• ÔãÌãà ãä•ãÊÖ¾ããâ¦ã •ãâØãÊã Ô㦾ããØãÆÖ ÀãºããäÌ㥾ãã¦ã ‚ããÊããû
• ÔÌãã½ããè•ããè 26 •ãã¶ãñÌããÀãè ¦ãñ 17 Ôã¹›ñºãÀ 1948 ¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã •ãñÊã½ã£¾ãñ Öãñ¦ãñû ¾ããªÀ½¾ãã¶ãÞã Ê㤾ããÞãñ
ÀŠ¹ããâ¦ãÀ ¦ããèÌãÆÆ ‚ããâªãñÊã¶ãã¦ã ¢ããÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñû
• •ããØããñ•ããØããè Öãñ¥ããÀñ ÔãÍãÔ¨ã Êã¤ñ ‚ãããä¥ã ¶ããâªñ¡ ãä•ãÊÖ¾ãã¦ããèÊã „½ãÀãè ºãùâ‡ãŠ ¹ãƇãŠÀ¥ã ¾ãã¦ã
ÔÌãã½ããè•ããèâ¶ãã Œãî¹ã ½ã¶ãÔ¦ãã¹ã ¢ããÊããû ¦ãÀãèÖãè ÔÌãã½ããè•ããè ‡ãŠð¦ããè Ôããä½ã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ¹ããŸãèÍããè ÀããäÖÊãñû
• ÔãâÔ©ãã¶ãã¦ããèÊã ÔãÌãà ãä•ãÊÖƾããâ¦ã ̾ãã¹ã‡ãŠ ÔÌãÀŠ¹ããÞãã Êã¤ã ãäªÊãã ØãñÊãã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ãä¶ã•ãã½ããè Ô㦦ãñÞããè
¹ããßñ½ãìßñ ¹ããñŒãÀÊããè ØãñÊããè Ìã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ‚ãù‡ã‹Íã¶ãÞ¾ãã Ìãñßãè ãä¶ã•ãã½ããè Ô㦦ãñÊãã ¹ããÞã ãäªÌãÔããâ¦ã
ÍãÀ¥ããØã¦ããè ¹ã¦‡ãŠÀãÌããè ÊããØãÊããèû

1948 ½ã£ããèÊã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ‚ãù‡ã‹Íã¶ã (‚ããù¹ãÀñÍã¶ã ¹ããñÊããñ)

• •ãõÔãñ ©ãñ ‡ãŠÀãÀãÞãã ãä¶ã•ãã½ãã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ØãõÀÌãã¹ãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ, ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ¦ãÀ¦ãîªãèâÞãã ¼ãâØã ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ‚ãÔãñ „ª¾ããñØã
¹ãâ¦ã¹ãÆ£ãã¶ã ãä½ãÀ Êãã¾ã‡ãŠ ‚ãÊããèÞ¾ãã ÔãÀ‡ãŠãÀ¶ãñ ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊãñû

Nagesh Gaikwad
• ‡ãŠãÔããè½ã ãäÀ¢ãÌããè ¶ãñ À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀãâÞããè Ôã⌾ãã Ìã ºãß Ìãã¹ãÀŠ¶ã ÔãÌãè㠂㦾ããÞããÀãÞãñ †‡ãŠ ¶ãÌãñ ¹ãÌãà ÔãìÀŠ
‡ãŠñÊãñû
• À¢ãã‡ãŠãÀãâ¶ããè ÔãÌãèã ãäÌã£ÌãâÔã Ìã ¹ãÆÞãâ¡ À‡ã‹¦ã¹ãã¦ã ÔãìÀŠ ‡ãŠñÊããû ¾ãã ÔãÌãà ‚㦾ããÞããÀãâ¶ãã ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÞããè
½ãî‡ãŠ Ôãâ½ã¦ããè Öãñ¦ããèû
• ¾ãã½ãìßñ ¼ããÀ¦ããÞ¾ãã ØãÌÖ¶ãÃÀ •ã¶ãÀÊã ¶ãñ 31 ‚ããùØãÔ› 1948 Àãñ•ããè ãä¶ã•ãã½ããÊãã ¹ã¨ã ¹ããŸÌãî¶ã
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Nagesh Gaikwad
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Nagesh Gaikwad