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LOAD SENSING/PRESSURE COMPENSATED

HYDRAULICS (LS/PC)
BASIC SYSTEM
TANK CYLINDER

LOAD

ENGINE
FIXED
DISPLACEMENT
PUMP

PRESSURE
GAUGE

OPEN CENTER
CONTROL VALVE
BASIC SYSTEM
RELIEF VALVE ADDED
TANK CYLINDER

LOAD
ENGINE
FIXED
DISPLACEMENT
PUMP

PRESSURE
GAUGE

2700 PSI
SPRING
OPEN CENTER
CONTROL VALVE
MAIN
RELIEF VALVE
FLOW FORCES

SUPPLY

WORKPORT

FORCE

RESULTANT
FORCE
BASIC SYSTEM
CENTERING SPRING ADDED
CYLINDER

LOAD

ENGINE
FIXED
DISPLACEMENT
PUMP

2700 PSI
SPRING

OPEN CENTER
MAIN CONTROL VALVE
RELIEF VALVE
CENTERING
SPRING
FLOW CONTROL VALVE
PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE
ORIFICE
PRESSURE COMPENSATED FLOW CONTROL SYSTEM
SIGNAL
PASSAGE

PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE

PUMP

DOUBLE MAIN CONTROL


CHECK VALVE SPOOL
SIGNAL NETWORK

BOOM
ENGINE SWING LEFT RIGHT BUCKET STICK
STABILIZER STABILIZER

PRIMARY
RESOLVER

SECONDARY
RESOLVER

200 PSI
SPRING

FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE

TO IMPLEMENT
2700 PSI CONTROL VALVES
SPRING
PRESSURE COMPENSATION

LOAD

ENGINE
FIXED
DISPLACEMENT
PUMP
DOUBLE
CHECK VALVE

50 PSI
SPRING

2700 PSI
SPRING
PRESSURE CLOSED CENTER
REDUCING VALVE CONTROL VALVE
A control system that maintains a
pump supply pressure at a fixed
value above the highest system
pressure requirement.
LOAD SENSING / PRESSURE COMPENSATION

LOAD

ENGINE FIXED
DISPLACEMENT
PUMP

DOUBLE
200 PSI CHECK VALVE
SPRING

FLOW
CONTROL
VALVE
50 PSI
SPRING

2700 PSI
SPRING
PRESSURE CLOSED CENTER
REDUCING VALVE CONTROL VALVE
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT PUMP
PUMP OUTPUT
LARGE ACTUATOR
YOKE PAD

SWASH PLATE

DRIVE
FLOW COMPENSATOR SHAFT
( MARGIN SPOOL) PRESSURE
COMPENSATOR SMALL ACTUATOR
(PRESSURE CUT-OFF) & BIAS SPRING
LOAD SENSING / PRESSURE COMPENSATION
PUMP
CONTROL
VALVE LOAD

ENGINE

VARIABLE
DISPLACEMENT
DOUBLE
PUMP
CHECK VALVE

50 PSI
SPRING

PRESSURE CLOSED CENTER


REDUCING VALVE CONTROL VALVE
LOAD SENSING
TWO VALVE OPERATION

MOTOR

LOAD

LOAD

200 PSI
SPRING

2700 PSI
SPRING

B
LOAD SENSING / PRESSURE COMPENSATION
TWO VALVE OPERATION

ENGINE

LOAD

200 PSI
SPRING

LOAD

50 PSI
SPRING

2700 PSI
SPRING

A 50 PSI
SPRING

B
LOAD SENSING
TWO VALVE OPERATION
PUMP
CONTROL
VALVE

ENGINE

LOAD

LOAD

B
LOAD SENSING / PRESSURE COMPENSATION
TWO VALVE OPERATION
PUMP
CONTROL
VALVE

ENGINE

LOAD

LOAD

50 PSI
SPRING

A 50 PSI
SPRING

B
PPPC HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
TWO VALVE OPERATION / FLOW NEEDS MET

2000 1000
PSI PSI
10 GPM 10 GPM
FLOW FLOW
REQ'D REQ'D

VALVE B
VALVE A

PRESSURE
COMPENSATING
CHECK VALVE FEEDER
PASSAGE

BRIDGE
PASSAGE

50 PSI 50 PSI
SPRING SPRING

DIRECTIONAL
PILOT OIL SPOOL PILOT OIL SIGNAL
400 PSI PRESSURE
MARGIN LIMITER
SPRING
PUMP
3200 PSI
30 GPM SPRING
MAXIMUM
FLOW
PPPC HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
TWO VALVE OPERATION / FLOW NEEDS MET

2000 1000
PSI PSI
10 GPM 10 GPM
FLOW FLOW
REQ'D REQ'D

VALVE B
VALVE A

PRESSURE
COMPENSATING
CHECK VALVE FEEDER
PASSAGE

BRIDGE
PASSAGE

50 PSI 50 PSI
SPRING SPRING

DIRECTIONAL
PILOT OIL SPOOL PILOT OIL SIGNAL
400 PSI PRESSURE
MARGIN LIMITER
SPRING
PUMP
3200 PSI
30 GPM SPRING
MAXIMUM
FLOW
PPPC HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
TWO VALVE OPERATION / HIGH FLOW DEMAND

2000 1000
PSI PSI
20 GPM 20 GPM
FLOW FLOW
REQ'D REQ'D

VALVE B
VALVE A

PRESSURE
COMPENSATING
CHECK VALVE FEEDER
PASSAGE

BRIDGE
PASSAGE

50 PSI 50 PSI
SPRING SPRING

DIRECTIONAL
PILOT OIL SPOOL PILOT OIL SIGNAL
400 PSI PRESSURE
MARGIN LIMITER
SPRING
PUMP
3200 PSI
30 GPM SPRING
MAXIMUM
FLOW