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Regional Mass Training of Teachers (MTOT) on K to 10 Critical Content

in English Grade - 7

Semi-Detailed Lesson Plan Grade 7-A

June 25, 2018
9:00-10:00 AM

Content Standard:
The learner demonstrate understanding of; pre-colonial Philippine literature as means of
connecting to the past; various reading styles; ways of determining word meaning; the sounds of English
and the prosodic features of speech; and correct subject-verb agreement.

Performance Standard:
The learner transfers learning by: showing appreciation for the literature of the past;
comprehending texts using appropriate reading styles; participating in conversations using appropriate
context-dependent expressions; producing English sounds correctly and using the prosodic features of
speech effectively in various situations; and observing correct subject-verb agreement.

I. Objectives:
At the end of the lesson the students are expected to:
a. Identify the Elements of the Short Story; (EN4RC-Id-2.1.4)
b. Demonstrate appreciation of the story of the creation and
c. Participate actively in all the activities.

II. Subject Matter: How the World Was Created (Panayan)

Content: Elements of the Short Story
Materials: Cartolina, marker, Power point presentation, pictures, colors, scotch tape, play money, rubrics,
copy of the text, How the World was Created (Panayan)
1. Learner’s Module p. 23-24, Teacher’s Guide
2. 5 Elements of a Short story: Retrieved on June 23, 2018:
3. Differentiated Instructions:
Retrieved on June 23, 2018
4. Rubrics: Retrieved on June 23, 2018

III. Procedures:

A. Preliminaries:
*Greeting to the class
*Checking of attendance
*Review on Figure of Speech using the fact and bluff game.
The teacher will direct the groups to the Fact and Bluff game as a form of review. He will
give a board containing the words Fact and Bluff back to back to each group. Flash a statement. The
group will identify whether the statement is a Fact or a Bluff. They will be given five seconds to decide
whether the statement is a Fact or a Bluff. Each group who can get the correct answer will be given 1
Her sister is a Johan is as The sea wave is She has such a
beautiful as flower.
You were as
thorn in her throat dancing. is an bubbly personality.
is an example of a brave as a lion.
is an example of a example of is a personification.
simile. simile. personification. is a simile.


B. Presentation of the Lesson Objectives:
a. Identify the Elements of the Short Story;
b. Participate actively in all the engaging activities: Role play; Pantomime; Rap; Illustration;
Simulation, Portrayal
c. Demonstrate appreciation of the story of the creation.
Before Reading

C. Motivation:
1. Picture Analysis
Instructions: Pictures will be presented. Each group will be represented a member to analyze the
picture. Guess what it is all about. If he/she cannot infer correctly the picture additional clue will be
given- the initial letter of the term to be unlocked is flashed and the succeeding letters will follow until the
complete word will be revealed. The member who can provide the correct word will be awarded a 5 peso.

D. Presentation:
1. Content: Elements of Short Story

5 Important Elements of a Short Character

Short Story is a brief work of
fiction usually written in Story • A character is a person, or sometimes an
Characters animal, who takes part in the action of a • Setting is the time and
prose. short story or other literary work. place that a story occurs.
Setting • Characters and how we get to know them:
– Through the author’s physical description of
• Authors often use
descriptions of
The literary roots of the story Conflict them
– Through their actions landscape, scenery,
can be found in oral storytelling
traditions, such as fables, fairy Theme – Through their words (dialogue)
– Through their inner thoughts
buildings, seasons or
weather to provide a
tales, and story of creation. Plot 17 – Through what other characters say and think
about them 18
strong sense of setting.

Theme Conflict Plot

• Conflict is any of the problems that a character
• Theme is the meaning behind events and encounters in a story. • Plot is a pattern of events that develop
• The conflict is a struggle between two people or from the interactions between characters.
characters’ actions in a story. things in a short story. • A plot is a series of events and character
• The theme is the central idea, message, or • The main character is on one side of the main actions that relate to the central conflict.
purpose in a short story. • Conflicts can be: • There are 5 elements of plot:
• A theme can be expressed as a general – 1. External – conflict with others and with nature – Exposition
– 2. Internal – conflict within themselves – Rising Action
statement about people or life. • The main character may struggle:
– Climax
• It is NOT plot summary. –

against another important character
against the forces of nature – Falling Action
• It can be either directly or indirectly stated – against society – Conclusion
– against something inside21 himself or herself (feelings,
by the author. Most likely indirectly. emotions, illness). 22


2. Text: How the World Was Created by (Panayan)

Before you finally engage yourselves to our Differentiated activities let’s guess first the title of
the text which you are going to read later. For 100 pesos, guess the title of the text through the following



Processing Questions:
1. How did you know the title?
2. What inferences did you make?
3. What is your evidence by saying so?

E. Activities:
I know that you are excited to be engaged more on activities which you can receive more cash,
right? But before that let me discuss you first the RUBRICS which will be the basis of grading your
5- All members cooperate actively.
4- At least 80% of the members cooperate.
At least 50% of the members cooperate.
At least 40% of the members cooperate.
The leader works all the tasks.
5- The group finishes the task on time.
AWESOME 16-20 4- 2 seconds late
TIME ON TASK 3- 3 seconds late
2- 4 seconds late
1- 5 seconds late
5- Output is clear and comprehensive.
WOW 11-15 CLEAR AND 4- Output is slightly clear and

3- Output is clean but not comprehensive.
2- Output is not clear and comprehensive.
6-10 1- Output has many erasures and dirty.
9-10 Presentation and discussion are clear.
7-8 Presentation is clear but not comprehensive.

NGEEK!!! 1-5
5-6 Discussion is less substantial .
3-4 Discussion is misleading.
1-2 Presentation and discussion are not

(No Presentation)
0 Highest Points 25

During Reading

The teacher-facilitator provides copy of the short story How The world Was Created (Panayan)
individually. Encourage the students to read the story silently for 5 minutes.

How the World Was Created (Panayan)

1One of the stories about the creation of the world, which the old folks of Panay, especially those living near the mountain, do not tire relating, tells us that in the beginning there
was no heaven or earth—only a bottomless deep and a world of mist. Everything was shapeless and formless—the earth, the sky, the sea, and the air were almost all mixed up.

2Then from the depth of this formless void, there appeared two gods, —Tungkung Langit and Alunsina. Just where the two deities came from it was not known. However, it is
related that Tungkung Langit fell in love with Alunsina and, after so many years of courtship, they got married and had their abode in the highest realm of the eternal space where
the water was constantly warm and the breeze was forever cool. It was in this place where order and regularity first took place.

3Tungkung Langit was an industrious, loving, and kind god whose chief concern was how to impose order over the whole confused set-up of things. He assumed responsibility for
the regular cosmic movement. On the other hand, Alunsina was a lazy, jealous, and selfish goddess whose only work was to sit by the window of their heavenly home, and amuse
herself with her pointless thoughts. Sometimes, she would go down from the house, sit down by a pool near their doorstep and comb her long, jet-black hair all day long.

4One day Tungkung Langit told his wife that he would be away from home for sometime to put an end to the chaotic disturbances in the flow of time and in the position of things.
The jealous Alunsina, however, sent the sea breeze to spy on Tungkung Langit. This made the latter very angry upon knowing about it.

5Immediately after his return from the trip, he called this act to her attention saying that it was ungodly of her to be jealous, there being no other creature living in the world
except the two of them. This reproach was resented by Alunsina, and a quarrel between them followed.

6Tungkung Langit lost his temper. In this rage, he divested his wife of powers and drove her away. No one knew where Alunsina went; she merely disappeared.

7Several days after Alunsina left, however, Tungkung Langit felt very lonely. He realized what he had done. Somehow, it was too late even to be sorry about the whole matter. The
whole place once vibrant with Alunsina‘s sweet voice, suddenly became cold and desolate. In the morning, when he woke up he would find himself alone and in the afternoon
when he came home, he would feel the same loneliness creeping deep in his heart because there was no one to meet him at the doorstep or soothe the aching muscles of his arms.

8For months, Tungkung Langit lived in utter desolation. He could not find Alunsina, try hard as he would. And so, in his desperation, he decided to do something in order to forget
his sorrows. For months and months he thought. His mind seemed pointless, his heart, weary, and sick. But he must have to do something about his loneliness.

9One day, while he was sailing across the regions of the clouds, a thought came to him. He would make a big basin of water below the sky so that he can see the image of his wife,
if she were just somewhere in the regions above. And lo! The sea appeared. However, Alunsina was never seen.

10After a long time, the somber sight of the lonely sea irritated Tungkung Langit. So he came down to the Middleworld and created the land; then he planted this with grasses,
trees, and flowers. He took his wife‘s treasured jewels and scattered them in the sky, hoping that when Alunsina would see them she might be induced to return home. The
goddess‘ necklace became the stars, her comb the moon, and her crown the sun. However, despite all these Alunsina did not come back.

11And up to this time, the folks in Panay say that Tungkung Langit is alone in his palace in the skies. Sometimes, he would cry out of his pent-up emotions and his tears would fall
down upon the earth. The people say that rain is Tungkung Langit‘s tears and that is why in some localities in the island of Panay, the first rain in May is received with much
rejoicing and sacrifice. Incidentally, when it thunders hard, the old folks also say that it is Tungkung Langit sobbing, calling for his beloved Alunsina to come back – entreating her so
hard that his voice thunders across the fields and countryside.

After Reading

Processing Question:
1. How do you find the story?

You’ll be engaged now to more activities full of learning and fun. WELCOME to world of Alunsina and
Tungkung Langit.

Differentiated Activities: (The students are encouraged to perform the task in most creative and artistic
way not limited to reporting).

Group 1 Portray the Characters:

Instruction: There are major characters in the story. Portray the role of the characters in your most
creative way.

Group 2 Pantomime the Setting:

Instruction: The setting of the story is clear and comprehensive. Perform a pantomime (voiceless
act) that shows the setting of the story.

Group 3 Role play the Conflict

Instruction: The conflict of the story is quite dramatic. Role play that conflict that story shows.
Group 4 Do Me Visual
Instruction: The story depicts a meaningful, colourful and vibrant illustration. Draw the
illustration that the story depicts.

Group 5 Rap the theme:

Instruction: The theme of the story is clear. Create a RAP that tells about the theme of the story.

Group 6 What’s Happening on that Plot:

Instruction: The plot of the story is arranged in perfect consistency that you are almost drifted to
each chronological order. State what happened in each of the elements of plot.

F. Analysis:

1. Which part of the activity is challenging?

2. What makes the activity challenging?
3. How did you come up with your presentation?
4. If you were to chance the ending of the story, what would it be and why?

G. Abstraction:
Redirection of the prior knowledge of the students and correcting the misconceptions regarding
the subject matter.

Processing Questions:
1. How do you know the characters in the story?
2. How was conflict being portrayed in the story? Why do you say so?
3. How did you know the theme? What is/are your evidence/s?
4. How was the climax of the story presented?
5. How do you describe the Setting? Does it give a clear background of what the story of creation
is all about?

H. Application:
1. If you were Tungkung Langit would you do the same to Alunsina? Why? Why not?
2. If you were Alunsina, how would you react to Tungkung Langit’s words?
3. Based on the story, what lesson did you learn?
4. How would you apply that lesson to your real life encounters?

Now that you have answered all the queries. I’m sure that you are ready for the quiz, aren’t you?

IV. Evaluation:
In a ¼ sheet of paper, Identify the elements of the Short Story based on the given description
flashed on the screen. Write your answers only.

The meaning behind The time and place

Any of the problems events and
that a character that a story occurs.
encounters in a story. characters’ actions in
a story.

A person, or Answers:
A series of events and 1. Conflict
sometimes an animal,
character actions that 2. Theme
who takes part in the
relate to the central 3. Setting
action of a short story conflict. 4. Character
or other literary work. 5. Plot
V. Assignment:

Look for a story and identify the elements of the Short Story in it.


Title of the Short Story






Prepared by:


Demonstrator Demonstrator

Observed by:


(Name of Supervisor) (Name of Supervisor) (Name of Supervisor)


Class 7 Adviser Class 7 Adviser


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