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Legend of the Ten Bornean Datus

The Ten Bornean Datus Epic refers to the ten chieftains who
allegedly ventured to the Island of Panay boarding a boat called
balangay (or barangay) to evade the tyrannical ruler of
Borneo, Datu Makatunaw. The datus, believed to be the fathers
of precolonial Philippines, were the following: Datu Puti (and
wife, Piangpangan), Datu Sumakwel (and
wife, Kapinangan), Datu Bangkaya (and wife, Katurong), Datu
Paiborong (and wife, Pabilaan), Datu Paduhinogan (and
wife, Tibongsapay), Datu Dumangsol, Datu Libay, Datu
Dumangsil, Datu Domalogdog, and Datu Balensuela.
According to the legend, upon the arrival of the datus, the local
inhabitants of the islands, the Aeta, grew terrified but the
diplomatic Datu Puti said to Marikudo, the chief of the
natives, that they had peaceful intentions. Later both parties
entered into a trade alliance. Marikudo invited the datus to a
feast, during which the ten chiefs negotiated the purchase of
Panay Island for a golden salakot. Since the Aetas found the
land overwhelmingly vast for them, they retreated to the
forest, leaving the Datus with the land which they divided
among themselves (namely Aklan, Irong Irong and
Hamtik), leading to the birth of Philippine population and culture.

However, recent studies discovered the irregularities of the said

legend, and thus, it must not be believed as a reliable source of
facts on precolonial Philippines.
Arguments of Authenticity

But still, these studies are contested, though History per

se is limited to "written" historical accounts, the legend is
is considered "spoken" historical account and part and
parcel of Filipino Culture. The legend is important part of
the life, culture and identity of Ilonggo people and
inhabitants of Panay Island. There is no argument that
the roots of the word "Barangay" came from "Balangay"
the boat used by the Ten Bornen Datu and their families.
Until now, the head of the Barangay is a "Barangay
Captain" the only head of a government unit in the world
named after a captain of a boat.
Visayas Region
Central Visayas
Eastern Visayas
Western Visayas
Western Visayas
(Region VI)
Province Capital Festival
Aklan Kalibo Ati-Atihan

Antique San Jose de Buenavista Binirayan (biray-sailboat)

Capiz Roxas City Sinadya sa Halaran, Diwal

Guimaras Jordan Manggahan

Iloilo Iloilo City Dinagyang

Negros Occidental Bacolod MassKara

Bacolod —

Iloilo City —

Antique-Land Where the Mountains Meet the

Capiz-Seafood Capital of the Philippines
Negros Occidental- Sugarbowl of the
The languages native to the inhabitants of Western Visayas
Hiligaynon, spoken in Iloilo, Negros
Occidental, Guimaras, and Capiz.
Capiznon, spoken in Capiz
Kinaray-a, spoken in Antique and parts of Iloilo, Capiz
and Aklan.
Akeanon, spoken in Aklan.
Malaynon, spoken in Aklan.
Cebuano, spoken in the northern parts of Negros
Occidental and its municipalities and cities which are
facing Tañon Strait towardsCebu.
Other regional languages
used include;
• Ati
• Hiligaynon
• Kinaray-a
• Capiznon
Panay Island- composed
of the provinces of
Iloilo, Aklan. Antique Capiz
and island of Guimaras. The
name of Panay was given by
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi
which literally “there is food”
in Spanish.
Aklan- It is the oldest
province in the Philippines.
Aklan is famous for
Boracay, a resort island one
kilometre north from the tip of
Ethnic groups
• Aklananon-The main inhabitants of the
• Negrito- locally known as the Ati
• Sulod, a lesser known tribal group living in
the hinterlands of Panay.
• Karay-a
• Hiligaynon
• Capiznon.
Akeanon -spoken by a majority
of the people
Malaynon- spoken in Malay
Buruanganon - spoken in
Buruanga, Aklan .
Ati-Atihan Festival – it is originally celebrates
the treaty between the Ati and the Malayan tribes who
settled in the Island but when the Spaniards settled in
the region. It is converted to honor the Santo Niño
(Infant Jesus), concluding on the third Sunday, in the
island and town of Kalibo, Aklan in the Philippines. The
name "Ati-Atihan" means "to be like Aetas" or "make
believe Ati's." Aetas were the primary settlers in the
islands according to history books. They too are the
earliest settlers of Panay Island where the province of
Aklan is situated.
Arts and crafts
Aklan- known for weaving cloth made from pinya fibers.

Bastos- the first set of pinya fibers.

Linawan- the finer set of pinya fibers.

Sangget- cutting instrument similar to kawit or harabas

used for gathering bariw leaves.

Kulhadan- simple machine with blades used for stripping

bariw leaves .
Antique- The province's capital, San
Jose, is located in the western portion of
Panay Island Before the coming of the
Spaniards it is called as ―Hantik‖", -a large
red ants found on the island.The Spanish
chroniclers, however, were influenced by the
French when they recorded the name as
"Hantique," and later established the formal
name "Antique" after removing the "h."
Binirayan festival- is an
event celebrated in the province of
Antique in the Philippines.
"Binirayan" literally means "where
they sailed to".It commemorates the
legend of the arrival of the ten
Bornean datus on the island of
Aninipay now known as Panay.
Capiz -is a 1st class province of the
Philippines located in the Western Visayas
region. It is known as the Seafood Capital of
the Philippines.Its capital is Roxas City and is
located at the northeastern portion of Panay
Island. Capiz is known for the Placuna
placenta oyster shell that has the same name
locally and is used for decoration, and for
making lampshades, trays, window doors.
Sinadya sa Halaran Festival
-is the joint festival of the City of Roxas and
the Province of Capiz. It is a mixed festival in
that it is celebrated for both cultural and
religious reasons. It is celebrated every first
weekend of December in commemoration of
the Feast of the Virgin of the Immaculate
Concepcion who also happens to be the
patroness of the City of Roxas
Arts and Crafts
Capiz is known for the brilliant
Capiz shell produced here, it is
used in making
windows, lanterns, decorations,
vases, etc. The Capiz shell has
a luster similar to mother of
Guimaras [ɡimaˈɾas] is a fourth
class island province of the Philippines
located in the Western Visayas region.
Among the smallest provinces, its capital
is jordan. It is formerly known as Himal-
us, was a sub-province of Iloilo until it
was made an independent province on
May 22, 1992.
The Manggahan Festival (the
Mango Festival).[Guimaras' largest
event of the year is The variety of
mangoes produced are also best
for making dried mangoes, jam and
other delicacies.
Iloilo is a province of the Philippines
located in the Western Visayas
region.. Iloilo's capital is Iloilo City
though the city itself is independent
and not governed by the provincial
government of Iloilo.
People from Iloilo are called Ilonggos.
Dinagyang - is a religious and
cultural festival in Iloilo City, Philippines
held on the fourth Sunday of January, or
right after the Sinulog In Cebu and the
Ati-Atihan in Aklan. It is held both to
honor the Santo Niño and to celebrate
the arrival on Panay of Malay settlers
and the subsequent selling of the island
to them by the Atis.
Arts and Crafts
Patadyong- important industry in Iloilo.
-Wrap- around piece of cloth
worn by women features linear
and geometric designs.
Paghahabol- a term used for weaving
in Badiangan, Iloilo.
Negros Occidental Its capital is
Bacolod City and it occupies the northwestern
half of Negros Island. Known as the
"Sugarbowl of the Philippines", Negros
Occidental produces more than half the
nation's sugar output. Negros Island was
originally known to the natives as "Buglas".
When the Spaniards arrived in April
1565, they named it "Negros" because of the
dark-skinned natives they found.
Masskara Festival - is a
festival held each year in
Bacolod, Philippines, every third
weekend of October nearest
October 19, the city's Charter
Arts and Crafts
Negros Island- it is called ―buglas‖ during the pre-
Hispanic times.

Buglas- type of grass similar to sugar cane that

grows abundantly in the island of Negros

Maskara festival- one of the famous festival in

Central Visayas
(Region VI)
Province Capital Festival
Bohol Tagbilaran City Sandugo , Sinulog
Cebu Cebu City Sinulog
Negros Oriental Dumaguete City Buglasan
Siquijor Siquijor _
Cebu City¹ —
Lapu-Lapu City¹ —
Mandaue City¹ —
Cebu City - Queen City of the South
Mandaue City¹ —Furniture Capital of the
Industrial Capital of Southern
is a first income class island province of the
Philippines. Consisting of Bohol Island and 75
minor surrounding islands.Its capital is
Tagbilaran City. Bohol is the tenth largest
island of the Philippines. It is the home
province of Carlos P. Garcia, the eighth
president of the Republic of the Philippines
(1957–1961) who was born in Talibon, Bohol.

Chocolate Hills- numerous

mounds of limestone
formations, is the most
popular attraction.
Panglao Island -located just
southwest of Tagbilaran City, is
famous for its diving locations
and routinely listed as one of the
top ten diving locations in the
Philippine Tarsier- is
considered the second-
smallest primate in the
world, is indigenous to
the island.
is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu
Island and 167 surrounding islands. Its capital is Cebu
City, the oldest city in the Philippines,

Cebu is one of the most developed provinces in the

Philippines, with Cebu City as the main center of
commerce, trade, education and industry in the
Visayas. Condé Nast Traveler Magazine named Cebu
the 7th best island destination in the Indian Ocean-Asia
region in 2007, 8th best Asian-Pacific island destination
in 2005, 7th in 2004 and in 2009.
Cebu International
Airport, located in Mactan
island- is the second busiest
airport in the Philippines
Sinulog is an annual festival held on the third
Sunday of January in Cebu City, Maasin
City, Southern Leyte, and Balingasag, Misamis
Oriental in Philippines[1] The festival
commemorates the Filipino people's pagan
origin, and their acceptance of Roman
Catholicism.The word Sinulog comes from the
Cebuano adverb sulog which roughly means "like
water current movement;" it describes the forward-
backward movement of the Sinulog dance.
Negros Oriental also called Oriental Negros
or "Eastern Negros
is a province of the Philippines located in
the Central Visayas region.
Dumaguete City -is the capital, seat of
government, and most populous city.
Cebuano-The primary spoken language.
Apo Island — a popular dive site for both
local and foreign tourists.
is an island province of the Philippines located in
the Central Visayas region. Its capital is the
municipality also named Siquijor.
Siquijor is the third smallest province in the
country, in terms of population as well as land
area (after Camiguin and Batanes). For a time it
was part of Negros Oriental.
Cebuano-The main spoken language in the island
province. Meanwhile such as English, Spanish
and Tagalog languages are also spoken and
understandable by the native Siquijodnons.
Eastern Visayas
(Region VI)
Province Capital Festival
Biliran Naval
Eastern Samar Tacloban City
Northern Samar Catarman
Samar Catbalogan City
Southern Leyte Maasin
Tacloban City ----- Sangyaw
During the early Spanish era, what is now called Biliran Island was known
as Isla de Panamao. The term refers to an ethnic fishing net.The present
name, believed to be adopted sometime between the late 17th century
and the early 18th century, was, according to many publications, derived
from a native grass called borobiliran which once grew abundantly on the
island's plains. A contending theory states that the name came from the
word bilir, which was defined in an old Visayan dictionary to be the ―corner
or edge of a boat, vase or anything protruding, like veins, or the furrow
made by the plow.‖ The dictionary also gives biliran as an alternate
spelling for bilir. This theory is supported by the fact that Biliran was site of
the first large-scale shipyard, built in the 17th century. Galleons were built
to support the Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco in Mexico.
The first town, named Biliran, was founded in 1712. During this time, the
island was a part Cebu Province. Biliran, together with the islands of
Samar and Leyte were constituted into a separate province in 1735. Later
when Samar and Leyte were split into two provinces in 1768, Biliran
became part of Leyte Province.
Eastern Samar
is a province of the Philippines
located in the Eastern Visayas
region. Its capital is the city of
The common language is Waray.
Northern Samar
is a province of the Philippines located in
the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is
Catarman and is located at the northern
portion of the island of Samar.
is a province of the Philippines
located in the Eastern Visayas
region. Its capital is Tacloban
City and occupies the northern
three-quarters of the Leyte
Name the
provinces of
Visayas region
11 11 13
2 12

6 8

3 14

4 15

5 Central Visayas
7 10
Eastern Visayas
Western Visayas
Name the
festival and
where it is
Discuss the legend of
the ten Bornean datus.
What is the importance
of this legend to the
lives of Visayan people?

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