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Sotheby's

Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie


London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 1
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A TRUMPETER PIGEON
CIRCA 1732
modelled by J. J. Kändler, facing to the right, its plumage and elaborate feathered feet
picked out in grey, brown and black, perched astride a mossy rock, crossed swords mark
in underglaze-blue (some restoration)

23.5cm., 9¼in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 7th July 1997, lot 349

CATALOGUE NOTE
This figure, variously described as either a pigeon or a dove, is featured in Kändler's Taxa for September 1732: '
Hingegen der Modellmeister Kaentler zu einigen Modellen...8 Eine Trommel Taube poussiert und gefertiget' [for
his part, Chief Modeller Kändler, several models...8 A Trumpeter Pigeon, modelled and completed]. Although initially
modelled in response to an order from Augustus II for the Japanese Palace, completed figures were not delivered
there exclusively.
The figure and that of a pigeon on its nest, which was modelled by Kändler in October of the same year, seem to be
traditionally described as a pair, and were included in early collections such as that formed by the Elector Clemens
Augustus of Cologne around 1745, and which is now in the Kunstgewerbemuseum Cologne. Examples of these
pigeons are listed in the inventory of his collection as standing in the Coronation Hall of Schloss Poppelsdorf, 'Ein
Paar Tauben, der Vogel hat Federn an den Füßen, ist hoch 9 Zoll, das Weibgen sitzet auf dem Nest' [A pair of
pigeons, the bird has feathers on the feet is 9 Zoll high, the female sits on the nest], see Erich Köllmann, "Kurfürst
Clemens August von Köln Ein Porzellansammler des 18. Jahrhunderts", Keramos 13 (1961), p. 26. Another is
illustrated by Röbbig (2008), cat. no. 4. See also Albiker (1935), no. 109, for the example in the Dresden State Art
Collections and Rückert (1966), no. 1102, for the example in the Kunstgewerbemuseum Cologne. A similar example
of this rare early figure was sold, with a nesting example, at Christie's London, 17th October 1977, lot 196.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 2
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PIGEON ON A NEST
CIRCA 1732-35
modelled by J. J. Kändler, the plumage with crisply incised detail and picked out with blue
and black bands of feathers, on a nest of tightly woven pale brown twigs and loose feathers
(some restoration)
30.5cm., 12in. wide

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 9th July 1997, lot 350

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work report for October 1732 lists 'Eine Taube Welche auf einen Nest sitzet und brütet' [A dove who sits and
broods on her nest].
The Royal Orders for the Japanese Palace for 26th November 1733 include 'Vögel, so in das Königli. Japanische
Palais in die obere Etage der fördern Gallerie...An Vögeln 24 Tauben' [Birds, intended for the upper floor of the Front
Gallery of the Royal Japanese Palace... Birds: 24 Doves]. Subsequently, two were delivered in 1733 (described as '
nach dem leben bemahlte' [painted from life]), four in 1734 and four more in 1735. Two of this model of the bird on a
nest are recorded as still present in the 1770 and 1779 inventories of the Tower Room; and six enamelled examples
are listed as in the Royal Collection in 1900.
See the note to the preceding lot.
A figure of this model, together with one of the trumpeter pigeon, was included in the Maurice de Rothschild and
Edmond de Rothschild collections as a pair, see Röbbig (2008), cat. no. 4.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 3
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A GREEN WOODPECKER
CIRCA 1733-34, LATER DECORATED
modelled by J. J. Kändler, decorated as a golden oriole, perched on a cherry stump with a
beetle and fungi, with bright yellow plumage and brown wings picked out in black, the
fruiting branches and the beetle picked out in naturalistic colours crossed swords mark in
underglaze-blue (small losses and restoration to applied flowers and leaves, beak restored,
chips to edge of base)
27.5cm., 10 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 5,000-8,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Nyffeler Collection, Christie's London, 9th June 1986, lot 101 (catalogued as a golden oriole)
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 4
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A WAXWING
CIRCA 1741-45
modelled by J. J. Kändler and J. G. Ehder, preening an outstretched wing, naturalistically
painted with russet plumage and black wings edged in yellow, red and white, perched on
an oak stump with a large speckled green caterpillar (some losses and restoration to
leaves)
24cm., 9 1/2 in. high

ESTIMATE 10,000-15,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Collections of the Earls Beauchamp, Madresfield Court, Worcestershire, bearing black enamel inventory number
50734
Arthur S. Vernay, New York
The Garbisch Collection, Sotheby's New York, 17th May 1980, lot 193

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records list his modelling of a waxwing in January 1741: 'Einen Vogel in Ziemlicher Größe, Ein Seyden
Schwanz genannt Welcher auf enen Starcken Aste aufs Sauberste nach der Natur Vorgestellet und nach poußiret ist.'
[A bird of moderate size, known as a waxwing, which is on a strong branch, cleanly depicted and modelled after
nature]. The model was subsequently worked on by J. G. Edher later in the same year as noted in the work
records for July and August: '1 Vogel, den Seyden-Schwantz genannt, rein bossirt' [1 bird, called the waxwing, cleanly
modelled]. Kändler also returned to the model again in 1774, and examples of that period are known bearing crossed
swords and dot marks. The bird is technically a 'Bohemian waxwing', although it is often erroneously described as a
cedar waxwing, a similar bird, prevalent in North America, but lacking the distinctive yellow and black striped markings
on the folded wings.
A pair of waxwings is illustrated by Hackenbroch (1956), pl. 15, fig. 21. Another pair, formerly the property of the Earl
of Shelburne, was sold at Christie's London, 9th October 1995, lot 118; and a third pair sold in the Rockefeller sale,
Sotheby's New York, 2005, lot 197.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 5
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SPARROWHAWK WITH ITS PREY
CIRCA 1739
modelled by J. J. Kändler, leaning forward to devour the bloody lark in its talons, perched
on a tree among foliage and a clump of bright yellow fungi (restoration to wing tips and
prey bird)
28cm., 11in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's Geneva, 10th May 1988, lot 33

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 6B (Exhibited together with the pendent figure from lot 22 in this sale, in error as a pair)

CATALOGUE NOTE
See the note to lot 22.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 6
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A STARLING
CIRCA 1740-50
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, standing with one wing raised, the brown body with
yellow wing edges and yellow-tipped tail, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue, incised
974 (some restoration)
15.5cm., 6 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 25th June 1979, lot 209

CATALOGUE NOTE
The only example of this model to have appeared at auction, certainly in recent times, was unidentified, and
catalogued as a 'bird of prey'. The colouration is certainly fanciful, but the incised '974' enables us to trace the model
in the factory Catalogue of 1904, where it is still listed in production, with the model number 974, as a 'staar'; see pl.
57, no. 974. The model is also found illustrated in Albiker (1935), no. 140, where it is attributed to Kändler.
The starling which forms the pair to this model, no. 973 in the 1904 catalogue, has also appeared only once at auction
in recent years; see Christie's London, 4th July 1988, lot 80.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 7
TWO MEISSEN FIGURES OF GREEN WOODPECKERS
CIRCA 1734-40
modelled by J. J. Kändler, with green, red and black plumage, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue (some restoration)
27.5cm., 10 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1937

CATALOGUE NOTE
Green woodpeckers are mentioned in Kändler's work records in February 1733 and again in 1734: 'Im monath Febrarii
1733 Sind an Neuen Modellen gefertiget Worden folgende...Ein Grunsprecht, Kändler...Im Monath Martio 1734 sind
auf hiesiger Königl. Pohl. und Churfürstl. Sächs. Porcellain Fabrique an Neuen Modellen gefertiget worden...Einen
Grünsprecht auch in Lebens Größe und ruhet auf Einem verzierten Postament, Johan Joachim Kändler' [In the month
of February 1733 the following new models were completed...a green woodpecker, Kändler...In the month of March
1734 new models were finished here, at the Royal Polish and Electoral Saxon Porcelain Factory...a green
woodpecker, life-sized and resting on an ornate pedestal, Johan Joachim Kändler]. The present models are of the
1734 type, with a beetle, caterpillar and fruit added to the bases.
An example of the plainer and slightly larger 1733 model, bearing a Japanese Palace inventory number, was sold at
Sotheby's London, 2nd June 2005, lot 28, where the note comments on the differences between the original figures
ordered for the Japanese Palace and the slighly smaller examples of the present type.
Similar examples were sold from the Rovensky collection, Sotheby's New York, 18th January 1957, lot 718; at
Christie's London, 5th December 1983, lot 147; from the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 11th October 2005, lot
196; and from the Antique Company of New York sale, Sotheby's New York, 10th-11th October 2006, lot 329.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 8
A RARE MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PIED WAGTAIL
CIRCA 1733
modelled by J. G. Kirchner for the Japanese Palace, the black head with a dramatic broad
white stripe, the plumage in tones of grey and black, perched on a tall undecorated tree
stump, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue, black-painted Japanese Palace inventory
no. N=284W (tail and beak repaired)
27.5cm., 10 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Royal Collections of Saxony, Japanese Palace, Dresden
Christie's London, 30th June 1986, lot 19

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kirchner's workbook for February 1733 records 'In der Monath Februar 1733 sind von mir Modelle verfertiget...Eine
Bachstelze auf einem Baum sitzend, Lebensgröße...Gottlieb Kirchner' [In the month of February 1733 I completed the
following models...a life-sized wagtail seated on a tree...Gottlieb Kirchner]. Four wagtails were delivered to the
Japanese Palace on 29th November 1733, followed by four more in 1734 and a final pair in 1735.
By the time of the 1770 inventory, six remained in the collection; two were sold at the Johanneum sale in 1919. No
wagtails now remain in the Dresden State Art Collections. Two of these earliest models of the wagtail were sold from
the Guttmann Collection, Christie's, 5th July 2004, lots 166 and 167; see Röbbig (2008), cat. no. 1.
A slightly smaller version of the same figure was created with the help of J. G. Ehder in 1740 (see the following lot).
Another pied wagtail, this time on a shorter, mossy stump, was also produced, probably a few years later; see
Christie's London, 7th July 1977, lot 358 and Hackenbroch (1956), pl. 7, fig. 20.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 9
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF PIED WAGTAILS
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. G. Kirchner and J. G. Ehder, the black heads with a dramatic broad white
stripe, the plumage in broad patches of grey and black, each perched on a tree stump
picked out in brown and applied with leaves in green, inventory numbers '11' in black
(some restoration)
23cm., 9in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Hermann Ball and Paul Graupe, Berlin, 15th March 1933, lot 32
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1937

CATALOGUE NOTE
See the note to the preceding lot.
This is a slightly smaller version of the Pied Wagtail modelled in 1733 by Kirchner for the Japanese Palace. Albiker
(1935), no. 33, notes that the work records for 1740 show Ehder working on a model of the wagtail, and it seems likely
that this smaller version was the model being prepared.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 10
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A ROLLER
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler and J. G. Ehder, with green body and russet back, its wings
edged in blue and black, perched on a gnarled tree-trunk applied with flowering branches, a
beetle and a caterpillar, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
33cm., 13in. high

ESTIMATE 4,500-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 7th October 1986, lot 249

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's Work Records for August 1735 read: '10. Eine Mandel Krähe angefangen Welche ins Königl. Balläis gehörig
an Welcher aber noch etwas zu fertigen übrig Verblieben' [10. Began a roller which is to go to the Royal Palace but
there remains some work to do to finish it]. J. G. Ehder records in October 1739: 'In Thon poussiert: 1 Mandel Grahen
Kopf' [modelled in clay: 1 roller head].
The work records for October 1739-January 1740 then show: 'Spezificaztion Derjenigen Model, welche à 1ten Oct
1739 bis ult January 1740 von mir Endes unterschiebenen nebst einen Gesellen, nach Feyerabende verfertiget, und
zur Königl. Porcellain-Fabrique zu Meissengeliefert werden...1 Mandel Grehe, so auch auff einen grossen Ast sitze
und die flügel von sich streckert, modelliert' [Specification of the mentioned model, which between 1st October 1739
and the end of January 1740 was ultimately imposed upon an apprentice, has been completed after the Feyer-
evening and delivered to the Royal Porcelain Factory in Meissen...1 roller, modelled perched on a large stump and
wings outstretched].
Kändler's Taxa then duly records '1 Mandel Krähe auf einen grossen Aste sitzend und die Flügel von sich
streckened...3 Thlr.16g' [1. A roller perched on a large branch and with wings spread...3 Thlr.16g].
Interestingly, this and most other examples of the bird are painted (though not entirely accurately) with dramatic
plumage much closer to that of the Lilac-Breasted Roller of sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian peninsular, than
that of the less exotically-coloured European Roller.
For similar models, see Hackenbroch (1956), pl. 14, fig.16; Albiker (1959), no. 131, and Rückert (1966), nos. 1110
and 1111.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 11
TWO MEISSEN FIGURES OF KINGFISHERS
ONE CIRCA 1735, THE OTHER PROBABLY LATER
modelled by J. J. Kändler and F. Eberlein, their heads turned down and to left or up and to
the right, their plumage in tones of green and blue with brown markings, perched on tall
rocky outcrops applied with fungi and foliage, the rockwork of one with patches of brown
and yellow, both with crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue, one impressed 57 (some
restoration)
22.5cm., 8 3/4 in. and 21cm., 8 1/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1937

CATALOGUE NOTE
One of the pair was modelled by Kändler in September 1735 for the Japanese Palace, the Workbooks recording '12.
Ein Eis Vogel poussiret Wie er auf einem kleinen Stein Klipgen sitzet daran etwas Blätter Werk gewachsen ist' [12.
Modelled a kingfisher sitting on a small rocky crag on which some foliage has grown].
The companion model was created by Eberlein in May 1739; his records read 'Eis Vogel auf einen Felsen sitzend von
Doone gemacht' [a Kingfisher perched on a rock, made in clay].
Always a rare figure, only four kingfishers in all were delivered to the Japanese Palace, in 1736, and of these only two
remained in the 1770 inventory; even that entry was subsequently crossed out, with the added note 'broken during
cleaning' ; see Wittwer (2006), p. 342.
Other examples of the model were sold from the collection of Lord Hastings, Sotheby's London, 6th June 1950, lots
130 and 131; and at Sotheby's London, 17th October 1989, lot 320 (a pair, mounted in ormolu). A pair was also
offered at Christie's, 7th July 2003, lot 118, and a single example was offered at Sotheby's London, 7th June 1999, lot
79.
By contrast with their predominance on useful wares after 1738, impressed numerals are rarely found on early
Meissen figures. They were said by W. B. Honey to be based upon an inventory started in 1763, but their occasional
appearance on figures which are clearly earlier in date leaves the matter for debate.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 12
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF BITTERNS
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each standing with head turned facing to the left or right, their
plumage finely detailed in tones of brown and black, standing before reeds on a grassy
mound base, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
36cm., 14¼in and 37cm., 14½in. high

ESTIMATE 40,000-60,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Possibly from the Collection of Siegfried Salz, Cassirer & Helbing, Berlin, 26-27th March 1929, lots 40 and 41
Possibly Hermann Ball and Paul Graupe, Berlin, 15th March 1933, lot 42, pl. 9
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1937

CATALOGUE NOTE
In March 1735, Kändler created a figure of a bittern for the Japanese Palace as follows : '11. Ein Balläis (Japanisches
Palais) Stück den Vogel Rohr Tummel (Rohrdommel) genannt ist in seiner größe dem Fisch Reiher gleich, und
Wegen seines starck befederten Halßes und andern an sich habenden Eigen schafften wunderlich anzusehen, Ist
vorgestellet Wie er im Schilffe Rohr, Binsen und Graß Wie es in Teigen zu Wachsen pfleget sitzet.' [A Japanese
Palace piece called a bittern, as big as a heron, and because of its heavily plumed neck and other intrinsic
characteristics, it is a marvel to behold, the bittern is presented set in the bulrushes, reeds and grasses, as cultivated
to grow in the wetland.]. For an example of this pair, see den Blaauwen (2000), fig. 299.
The present examples, however, are smaller than the above-mentioned model and have considerable variations in the
appearance of the birds and the reeds on the base. No records have been found as yet, but Carl Albiker dates this
model around 1753 on the basis of the model number 2015; see Albiker (1959), p.15 and plate 90. Abraham den
Blaauwen illustrates the pair of the Rijksmuseum and notes that this argument is "highly unreliable because their
sequence is by no means always chronological. Yet a date in the middle of the 18th century seems plausible in view
of their greater elegance when compared with the early birds" ; see den Blaauwen (2000), fig. 302. The author also
lists the other examples known which number around eleven, including the present example, a pair sold in the
Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 2005, lot 200, and a single model sold in the Safra sale, Sotheby's New York,
2011, lot 762.
In addition, single examples are in the museum collections at Dresden, Frankfurt, New York (Metropolitan Museum of
Art) and a pair mounted in ormolu are in the Huntington Library, San Marino.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 13
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A BULLFINCH
CIRCA 1747-50
modelled by J. J. Kändler, its head turned slightly to the right, naturalistically painted with
russet-red breast, grey body plumage and black head and tail feathers, on a crisply-cast
tree stump applied with berried branches, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor
restoration)
15cm., 5 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Flahaut Collection, Christie's London, 12th June 1995, lot 593

CATALOGUE NOTE
See the note to lot 35, the pair of bullfinches. Interestingly, this model differs a little from the right-turned example in
that lot, having a somewhat different angle to the head and greater detail in the tree bark.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 14
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF CANARIES
CIRCA 1745
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, their plumage picked out in tones of yellow with black
and brown markings, perched on short tree stumps with flowering or foliate branches, one
with traces of crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor restoration to beaks and
foliage)
11cm., 4 3/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The paler example: Christies, 5th December 1983, lot 128
The yellow example: The Collections of the Earls Beauchamp, Madresfield Court, Worcestershire, with 50734 in black
enamel and bearing paper label inscribed 2530
Sotheby's New York, 17th May 1980, lot 196
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 15
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A GOLDFINCH
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, with distinctive red face before a white flash, brown plumage and
yellow-edged wings, his head turned to the right, perched on a short stump with simple oak
foliage (typical chips and losses to leaves)
14cm., 5 1/2 in. high

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Collections of the Earls Beauchamp, Madresfield Court, Worcestershire, with 50734 in black enamel and bearing
paper label inscribed 254
Sotheby's New York, 17th May 1980, lot 194

CATALOGUE NOTE
There is no doubt that the bird represented here is a European goldfinch, Carduelis Carduelis, but it seems that both
English and German languages had two words for the bird in the eighteenth century, Distelfink (Thistle finch) and
Stieglitz (Goldfinch), and that Kändler modelled examples of both. It is hard to disentangle what difference he saw
between them.
Kändler's workbooks record his modelling of what he refers to as Distelfinken in September/October of 1740, in
September of 1741 and again, with Reinecke, in October 1747.
Meanwhile, also in October 1747, Kändler records '14. Einen Stieglitz nach dem Leben poussiert...15. Noch einen
darzu gehörigen Stieglitz gegen diesen zu setzen Welcher eine andere action hat' [14. A Goldfinch modelled from the
life...15. Another Goldfinch as a pair, performing a different action].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 16
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF SWALLOWS
CIRCA 1732-35
modelled by J. J. Kändler, perhaps for the Japanese Palace, one looking to the right, with
russet head and throat, white breast and black-brown plumage, the other to the left, with
light and dark brown plumage, each standing on undecorated rockwork (tails and beaks
restored)
10cm., 3 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 5,000-8,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 9th July 1997, lot 355

CATALOGUE NOTE
A model of a swallow is recorded in Kändler's work records for September 1732, see Albiker (1959), pl. 31, no. 121.
Traditionally described as a pair of swallows (Schwalbe), the brown-headed bird here has been painted in the colours
of the similar-looking (but unrelated) swift.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 17
TWO MEISSEN FIGURES OF BLUE TITS
CIRCA 1741
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, looking to the right, with bright blue, green and yellow
plumage and grey markings, astride a tree-stump applied with leaves, the other with
crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
13.5cm., 5 1/4 in. and 14.5cm., 5 3/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The first: Christie's London, 7th July 1997, lot 360

CATALOGUE NOTE
The model seems to be rare; apart from a pair mounted in ormolu at Christie's London on 28th October 1963, lot 143,
only two other blue tits seem to have appeared at auction in the last thirty years; a pair sold at Christie's London, 3rd
December 1984, lot 152.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 18
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SANDPIPER
CIRCA 1745
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, with head turned to the left, the plumage finely incised,
with black breast, brown head and wings, and white rump and neck, standing astride a
green tree-stump applied with foliage, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue and
inventory mark W385 in red (some restoration)
25.5cm., 10in. high

ESTIMATE 6,000-10,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 9th July 1997, lot 346

CATALOGUE NOTE
This rare model, catalogued simply as a 'water bird' when it last appeared at auction, is in fact to be found, still listed
in the Meissen Price Lists of 1903, as a Teichuferläufer [Pond Sandpiper]; see the Catalogue, Blatt 57, no. 2083
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 19
A RARE PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF BLACK WOODPECKERS
CIRCA 1756
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, with rich black plumage and pale grey beaks, perched
on low mossy tree-stump bases, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue and indistinct
black inventory numbers, perhaps IP3278(?) (minor restoration)
19cm., 7 1/2 in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1937

CATALOGUE NOTE
The black woodpecker (Specht) is native to Saxony. For the model, see Albiker (1959), no. 140; the author attributes
the figures to Kändler and dates them to around 1756. Only one other example of this rare model seems to have
appeared at auction in recent times; see Sotheby's London, 10th July 1973, lot 115.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 20
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF THRUSHES
CIRCA 1745-50
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, with black-marked grey heads, the yellow breasts and
brown plumage with black markings, on short stump bases overgrown with flowering
foliage, one also with a beetle, a fly and a clump of fungi on the base, one with crossed
swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
20cm., 7 3/4 in. and 20.5cm., 8in high

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Bird with head turned left: Sotheby's Geneva, 10th May 1988, lot 32
Bird with head turned right: Christie's London, 4th July 1988, lot 65

CATALOGUE NOTE
For the model see Albiker (1959), nos. 133 and 134, and Röbbig (2008), p. 248, where the author notes that no
sources have yet been traced, but attributes the models to Kändler and dates the figure to around 1745 or 1746.
Other examples of the thrushes are in the Ernst Schneider collection at Schloss Lustheim; also in the Wrightsman
collection, Dauterman (1970), Vol. IV, no. 7 and the collection of Irwin Untermyer, Hackenbroch (1956), no. 7, both at
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 21
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF JAYS
CIRCA 1740-45
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each bird with bold blue, black, red and white markings, perched
on a high stump applied with oak leaves and acorns, one with a red squirrel balanced on a
lower branch, the other with a beetle and three juicy caterpillars approaching, the squirrel
example with crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some chips and restoration)
39cm., 15 3/8 in. and 43cm., 17in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
William Redford, London, 5th July 1982

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's Jays and Rollers are closely similar birds, with the main differences expressed in the tree settings and, of
course, the colouration of the birds. The models also differ in size, with the larger figures usually coloured as Jays.
Both were first modelled in examples for the Japanese Palace in 1735, with further entries for both types in Kändler's
work records for 1739 and 1740. For all these later entries, see Albiker (1959), pp. 14 and 15.
A pair of jays was displayed in Clemens August's Crönungs-Saal according to the Schloss Poppelsdorf inventory: '
Noch ein paar Markolfen aufm Baum mit einem Eichhörngen' [Another pair of jays on a tree with a squirrel], see Erich
Köllmann, 'Kurfürst Clemens August von Köln Ein Porzellansammler des 18. Jahrhunderts', Keramos 13 (1961), p.
26.
Similar large pairs of jays were offered at Sotheby's, 15th April 1997, lot 85; from the Engelhard collection, Christie's
New York, 18th March 2005, lot 38; and in the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 11th October 2005, lot 112.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 22
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF SPARROWHAWKS
CIRCA 1739
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each naturalistically coloured and craned over and devouring
prey, one with a mouse, the other with a lark picked out in delicate colours, each perched
on a tree with flowering creepers, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (some
restoration to both, one with haircrack)
28cm., 11in. and 27cm., 10 5/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1929

EXHIBITED
The figure with mouse: London, Asprey, no.6A (Exhibited together with the pendant figure lot 5 in this sale, in error,
as a pair)

CATALOGUE NOTE
The models were created by Kändler in 1734 and 1739; the Taxa for 1734 reads 'Ein Rittelweibgen oder Lerchen
Geyer welches vorgestellet in Lebens Größe wie es eine Lerche frißt ruhet auf einem verzierten Postament.' [1 kestrel
or lark vulture, depicted life-size, devouring a lark, resting on an ornate pedestal].
The models are illustrated by Albiker (1959), pls. 86 and 87; other pairs were in the Gustav von Gerhardt collection,
sold at Lepke, Berlin, 7th November 1911, lot 87; the collection of the Right Hon. Lord Hastings, Sotheby's London,
6th June 1950, lot 139; the Collection of Nelson A. Rockefeller, Sotheby's New York 11th April 1980, lot 181; the
Guttmann collection, Christie's London, 5th July 2004, lots 169 and 170; the Engelhard collection, Christie's New York,
March 18th 2005, lot 34; and in the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 11th October 2005, lot 205.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 23
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PARTRIDGE
CIRCA 1741-45
modelled by J. J. Kändler, its head turned to the right and with russet markings on a brown
ground, the plumage delicately coloured in tones of brown and black, on a stump base
applied with ears of corn (minor chips to applied corn)
15cm., 5 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1937

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's Taxa for 1740-48 records '1 Rebhuhn in Lebens Größe, als ein Gegner gegen ein schon gefertigtes
Rephuhn. 3 Thlr' [One life-size partridge, as a pair to a partridge already completed. 3 Thlr.]
A figure of a partridge adapted to serve as a knop on the cover of a soup tureen in the 'Hanbury-Williams' service in
the collection of the Duke of Northumberland, Alnwick Castle, is illustrated Cassidy-Geiger (2007), p. 281, no. 12-
5. Similar examples are illustrated by Rückert (1966), pl. 280, no. 1141; by Albiker (1959), pl. 128; and by
Hackenbroch (1956), pl. 10, fig. 12, where it is indicated that this model was first executed in February 1741.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 24
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PARTRIDGE
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, its head turned to the right and with bright russet markings on a
brown ground, the plumage picked out in black and tones of brown and white, on a stump
base applied with flowers, leaves and ears of corn, faint crossed swords mark in
underglaze-blue and impressed number 57 (beak restored)
15cm., 5 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 1,200-1,800 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 25th June 1979, lot 208

CATALOGUE NOTE
See the note to the preceding lot.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 25
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PARTRIDGE
CIRCA 1741-45
modelled by J. J. Kändler, its head turned to the right and with red markings on a yellow
ground, the plumage delicately coloured in tones of brown and black with touches of
yellow and red, on a stump base applied with ears of corn (beak restored)
15cm., 5 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Charles de Pauw Collection, Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 125 (illustrated as lot 127)

CATALOGUE NOTE
See the note to lot 23.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 26
A SMALL MEISSEN FIGURE OF A COCK PHEASANT
CIRCA 1750-60
modelled by J. J. Kändler, leaning forward, with blue face and green head, its brown
plumage picked out in black, standing on a mossy short stump (some restoration)
12cm., 4 3/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 14th June 1994, lot 154

CATALOGUE NOTE
For the model, see Albiker (1959), no.127. The first version was created by Kändler in 1735 wih the bird modelled
among ears of corn; see the pair sold at Christie's, 7th July 1997, lot 361.
For this somewhat later version, see the pair sold at Sotheby's London, 9th October 1984, lot 224; and an ormolu
confection incorporating the pair, sold from the Henry Ford collection at Sotheby's New York, 23rd February 1978, lot
53.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 27
TWO SMALL MEISSEN FIGURES OF PHEASANTS
CIRCA 1745
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, standing amongst corn with their tails held high, the
male with brightly-cloloured head and dark brown plumage, the female with soft brown
plumage and surrounded by three chicks, both with traces of crossed swords marks and
impressed '50', the female also with inventory number 445 (both tails restored)
15.5cm., 6 1/8 in. and 19cm., 7 1/2 in. high

ESTIMATE 4,500-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 9th July 1997, lot 361

CATALOGUE NOTE
See Röbbig (2008), cat. no. 42, p. 249 for two similar examples. A figure of a pheasant was also adapted to serve as
a knop on the cover of a soup tureen in the 'Hanbury-Williams' service in the collection of the Duke of
Northumberland, Alnwick Castle, see Cassidy-Geiger (2007), p. 273, no. 12-12.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 28
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF CROUCHING HARES
CIRCA 1746
probably modelled by P. Reinicke, realistically modelled with black and brown markings
and pink-tinged noses, their eyes picked out in iron-red, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue (some restoration)
10cm., 4in. long

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 249

CATALOGUE NOTE
Reinicke's work records lists in October 1746: '2 kleine Haasen in Thon zu bousiren angefangen' [started to model 2
small hares in clay]. Figures of hares or rabbits appear in the Brühl inventory (1753) and were probably incorporated
in hunting groups designed as table decoration. Similar examples are illustrated by Albiker (1959), nos. 214 and 215;
and Rückert (1966), pl. 288, no. 1177.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 29
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF HARES
CIRCA 1750
seated on their haunches with ears pricked up, their coats finely detailed in brown, crossed
swords marks in underglaze-blue (one with restoration)

each approx. 15.2cm., 6in. high

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Jacques Kugel, Paris
Olive, Lady Baillie, acquired from the above, 14th January 1971

CATALOGUE NOTE
See Rückert (1966), no. 1176 and Charleston (1971), p. 174, no. 60. Another pair, from the Axel Guttmann collection,
is illustrated by Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no. 6.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 30
A RARE MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURE OF AN EAGLE
CIRCA 1745-50
with wings outstretched, its plumage picked out in patches of dark brown, its beak and
claws detailed in yellow, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (restored break to each
wing)

7.5cm., 3in. high

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 2nd March, 1994, lot 83

CATALOGUE NOTE
Similar but differing figures of eagles are incorporated in mythological and allegorical groups, such as 'Ganymede''
and 'Sight'.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 31
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF OWLS
CIRCA 1745
facing to the left or right, each with brown and black plumage, one mound base painted
with grass (restoration to ears, minor chip to one)
each approx. 5cm., 2in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 29th November, 1976, lot 213
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 32
A MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURE OF AN OWL
CIRCA 1745
facing to the left, with brown and black plumage, on a grassy mound base (ears restored)
6cm., 2¼in. high

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Amsterdam, 3rd December 1991, lot 189
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 33
FOUR MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF PHEASANTS
CIRCA 1750
each naturalistically coloured and modelled standing on a grassy mound base, one with
crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)

tallest 6.5cm., 2½in. high

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
This model was made in large quantities to be displayed on a table; three polychrome figures are listed in the Warsaw
Conditorei inventory (1750) together with three even smaller (1¾ inches high).
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 34
A MEISSEN GROUP OF BILLING DOVES
CIRCA 1740-50
modelled by J. J. Kändler, their plumage enriched in shades of purple, grey and black, on
an oval mound base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-
blue (minor restoration)

9.5cm., 3¾in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Nelson Rockefeller Collection, Sotheby's New York, 11th April 1980, lot 177

CATALOGUE NOTE
This is presumably the group modelled by Kändler between April and June 1738: '1 paar kleine Täubgen, so einander
schnäbeln.' [1 pair of small doves, billing together.] Similar models are illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 114; and
Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no. 114, though the heads of the birds seem to differ considerably, with the present
examples having longer beaks and more elegantly shaped wings than some, notably the Albiker group.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 35
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF BULLFINCHES
1747-55
modelled by J. J. Kändler, their heads turned slightly left and right, naturalistically painted
with russet-red breasts, grey body plumage and black heads and tail feathers (some
restoration)
15.5cm., 6 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 5,000-8,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 11th March 1996, lot 187

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records for October 1747 report: '5. Einen Vogel Giempel genannt nach dem Leben aufs Natürlichste
modelliret Wie selbiger auf einem Wie natürlich gewachsenen aste sietzet.' [5. Modelled most naturally from life a bird
called a Bullfinch perched on a branch, modelled as it grows in nature.]; '6. Annoch einen dergleichen Giempel in
einer anderen Wendung gegen Ersteren zu setzen, auf Vorige Weise nach dem Leben modelliret' [6. Modelled
another Bullfinch of the same kind in a different pose, to stand turning towards the other, done from life like the one
before].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 36
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A DOVE
CIRCA 1740
with head turned to the left, with bands of black, brown and grey plumage and iron-red
beak, legs and feet, on a mound base applied with leaves, crossed swords mark in
underglaze-blue, twice impressed 45, (minor restoration)
19cm., 7½in. long

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 24th February 1997, lot 284

CATALOGUE NOTE
For the pair, see Albiker (1959), pl. 24, no. 77; another pair was in the C. H. Fischer collection, see the Catalogue, pl.
V, nos. 219 and 220.
A pair of these doves was sold at Christie's Geneva, 13th November 1989, lot 85. Of single doves from this pair sold
at auction, almost all are examples of the pendent to this figure; see Sotheby's Monaco, 27th June 1984, lots 3580 to
3583, and Christie's, 25th November 1991, lot 308. The only other example of this left-turning model in recent years
was at Sotheby's London, 5th May 1970, lot 97.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 37
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A MALLARD DUCK
CIRCA 1750
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, facing left and with head turned, with yellow beak and
purple head, grey breast and black and brown wing and tail feathers, resting on water
weeds on a circular mossy base, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor damage
and repair to weeds)

28cm., 11in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Anderson Collection, Christie's London, 1st June 1992, lot 78

EXHIBITED
Orlando Museum of Art, Catalogue no.89.
CATALOGUE NOTE
Rückert (1966), p. 273, no. 1112, illustrates an example of this model and suggests, on p. 196, that it was probably
modelled by Kändler. A second pair, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, is illustrated in Dauterman (1970),
p. 86, nos. 39 A and B. Another pair sold in the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's, New York, 11th October, 2005, lot 206.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 38
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A MALLARD DUCK
CIRCA 1740
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, with soft brown head, a blaze of purple on his chest,
the wings edged in purple and black, standing amongst colourful reeds on a mound base,
crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (cracked and some repairs)
28cm., 11in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Silvio Ferrara, Rome, bearing paper collection label
Christie's London, 17th October 1985, lot 117

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 9.

CATALOGUE NOTE
Rückert (1966), p. 273, no. 1112, illustrates an example and suggests that it was probably modelled by Kändler. A
pair of these rare figures sold in the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 11th October 2005, lot 206, and another
pair, now in the Metropolitan Museum New York, is illustrated in Dauterman (1970), p. 86, nos. 39A and B. Single
examples were sold at Christie's, 7th October 1985, lot 117; and at Christie's, 1st June 1992, lot 78.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 39
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SWAN WITH TWO CYGNETS
CIRCA 1747
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, the adult female standing on a mound base
moulded with reeds, one cygnet on her back, the other seated at her side, crossed swords
mark in underglaze-blue
12cm., 4¾in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 7th October 1985, lot 119

CATALOGUE NOTE
Small swans were delivered in July 1734 to the Japanese Palace and are listed as follows: 'an etwas defekten
Porzellan / 16. St kleine Schwaane a 8gr' [somewhat defective porcelain / 16 small swans at 8 gr], but no examples
are known today. In 1742-1743, Ehder and Reinicke also modelled or repaired several figures of swans (see Kunze-
Köllensperger, 1999, cat. 115). The models with cygnets, the present example and lot 41, are listed in Kändler's work
records for November 1747 : 'Zwey Models zu kleinen Schwanen mit Jungen ausgestellet und in gehörige positur
gesetzet' [Made two models of small swans with their young and set them in appropriate pose]. Reinicke's work
records for November 1747 lists: '1 Schwahn mit 2 jungen zu vorhergehenden in Thon rein bouhsirt' [modelled in clay
1 swan with 2 cygnets to go with the above]. For the model see Albiker (1959), no. 230. Swans were modelled in
various sizes according to their decorative purpose. The Brühl inventory (1753) lists thirty-one swans of various sizes:
'24 Große, 4 Kleine, 5 Ganz kleine' [24 large, 4 small, 5 very small], which were most likely for display as table
decoration.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 40
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SWAN
CIRCA 1747
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, with right wing outstretched, resting on a grassy
mound base moulded with reeds
14cm., 5½in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 9th December 1984, lot 150 (part)

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no.14A
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 41
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SWAN WITH TWO CYGNETS
CIRCA 1747
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, the mother standing on a mound base moulded
with turquoise reeds, one cygnet on her back, the other sheltering under her breast (some
restoration)
13.3cm., 5¼in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 9th December 1984, part lot 150
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 42
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SWAN
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, with wings outstretched and beak open,
standing on a mound base moulded with reeds, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue
(some restoration)
12cm., 4¾in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 187

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no.14B
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 43
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF SWANS
CIRCA 1747
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, facing to the left or right, each resting on a
grassy mound base, traces of crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue, one with
impressed numeral 53
13cm., 5 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 2nd July 1984, lot 135
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 44
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SWAN
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, with outstretched wings and beak open,
standing on a mound base moulded with reeds, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue

12cm., 4¾in. high

ESTIMATE 5,000-7,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 30th March 1987, lot 128
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 45
A RARE MEISSEN LARGE SWAN TUREEN AND COVER
CIRCA 1773
modelled by J. J. Kändler, with finely incised white plumage, the wings picked out in brown
and grey, holding a trail of weeds in its open beak, the details of the eyes and beak picked
out in strong tones of red and black, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor chips)
37cm., 14½in. high

ESTIMATE 30,000-40,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Property of H. J. Joel Esq. removed from Childwickbury, Hertfordshire, Christie's London, 3rd July 1978, lot 72

CATALOGUE NOTE
One of the last entries in Kändler's work records from December 1773 reads: 'Eine große Terrine in Gestalt eines
Schwanes inventiret and modelliert. Est ist diese Terrine von zierlicher Größe, der Schwan sitzet, und siehet sich mit
vieler Lebhaftigkeit um, sperret seine Flügel ein wenig vom Leibe abwärts, welche den Durchschnitt des Deckels sehr
fein bedeken, darbey... daß solche paarweise auf einer Tafel einer gegen den anderen aussehen, indem zweyerley
Hälße darzu modelliert werden.' [A large tureen in the form of a swan created and modelled. It is this tureen of modest
size that the swan is seated and is looking around with much liveliness, slightly closing his wings from his body
downwards, which finely covers the junction of the vessel, at the manufactory... a similar pair on a table facing each
other, both necks modelled thereto.]
Similar examples were sold in these rooms on 24th November 1998, lot 305, and on 15th April 1997, lot 91.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 46
A PAIR OF MEISSEN DUCK TUREENS AND COVERS
CIRCA 1785
facing to the left or right, the details of their plumage delicately picked out in tones of
brown, purple, blue and black, the male's salmon pink beak open, his partner's demurely
closed (both with some restoration), with later French ormolu mounts
each approx. 29cm., 11½in. length

ESTIMATE 30,000-50,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Botibol, 28th June 1948; the ormolu mounts
acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 28th June 1948

CATALOGUE NOTE
An example of the male duck is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 150. According to Albiker, the model was created by
Lück (presumably J. F. Lück) in September 1781. A similar smaller pair, described by Kändler in his 1741 after-hours
work report as butter tureens, is illustrated by Röbbig (2008), no. 60 page 256; and perhaps formed the basis for
Lück's re-working.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 47
A GILT-BRONZE-MOUNTED BRASS BANDED AND STAINED FRUITWOOD
BUREAU PLAT PROBABLY BY THE WORKSHOP OF ANDRÉ-CHARLES
BOULLE (1642-1732)
LOUIS XIV, EARLY 18TH CENTURY
the leather-lined top within a moulded brass border above a recessed shaped frieze drawer,
the escutcheon cast with the grinning mask of Democritus flanked by two drawers within
canted corners applied with the masks of Diana and pendant vines opposing dummy
drawers, each side with a mask of Daphne with sprays of laurel in her hair, on eight
cabriole legs with ram's head knees on pied de bîche, the whole inlaid with brass stringing;
mounts lacquered
77cm. high, 184cm. wide, 83cm. deep; 2ft. 6¼in., 6ft. ½in., 2ft. 8¾in.

ESTIMATE 200,000-300,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Purchased from Etienne Levy, Paris, 9th November 1962:
Olive, Lady Baillie, recorded in the Furniture Inventory, Leeds Castle, Turret Bedroom:
Bureau plat en marqueterie de Boulle un tiroir cintre, en retrait au centre et trois de chauqecote
Le dessus en marqueterie de Boulle
Le Bureau repose sur huit pieds relies par deux entrejambes
Epoque Louis XIV, circa 1680
This bureau plat undoubtedly features in Etienne Drian's 1947 portrait of Olive, Lady Baillie with her daughters Susan
and Pauline (see inside cover)

CATALOGUE NOTE
Comparative Literature:
Peter Hughes, The Wallace Collection, Catalogue of Furniture, Vol. II, London, 1996, p. 639, p. 671, p. 742, p.
745.
Alexandre Pradère, French Furniture Makers, The Art of the Ebéniste from Louis XIV to the Revolution, Tours,
1989, pp. 67-107.
Ed. Jean Néré Ronfort, André-Charles Boulle, 1642-1732, Un nouveau style pour l’Europe, Paris, 2009, p. 77,
pp 236-237, p. 328, p. 329, p. 360.
Ed. Sheely M. Bennett and Carolyn Sargentson, French Art of the Eighteenth Century at The Huntington,
2008, The Huntington Library, Art Collections, pp. 51-53, no 1.
This highly unusual and supremely elegant bureau plat is intriguing, as to date, no other strikingly similar
example has been found. Its rarity is due to the presence of eight legs and it being veneered in plain wood,
the latter a feature that one would not initially normally associate with the production of Boulle or his
workshop. This bureau plat does however, bear all the hallmarks of the oeuvre of the celebrated ébéniste
André–Charles Boulle (1642-1742) and his workshop, in both decoration and design. Boulle and his workshop
never stamped their production, so attributions must be based upon archival sources eg. the inventory after
his death, inventories of his clients and the collection of his models engraved by Mariette after 1707, as in the
present case, together with stylistic similarities and in particular the distinctive gilt-bronze mounts so
distinctive of Boulle and his workshop.
The gilt-bronze mounts
The mounts on this impressive bureau plat are typical of those produced in the Boulle atelier and according
to Pradère op. cit., p. 90, `Boulle’s mounts were original creations modelled by the greatest sculptors of the
time who were often Boulle’s neighbours in the Galeries du Louvre or colleagues working with him in the
Bâtiments du Roi'. As well as Desjardins or Girardon and Coustou, one should not forget Jean Varin, Daniel
Bouthemy, Van Opstal, Louis Lecomte and François Flamand whose models in terracotta or wax were found
in Boulle’s possession. Furthermore, Boulle's third son André-Charles II, was a talented sculptor who was
awarded the second Prix de Rome in 1709.
M. Samoyault published the 1732 inventory of Boulle’s bronzes which illustrates that Boulle was inspired in
their design by classical mythology, and the treatment of animals was very naturalistic such as rams’ heads
and hooves as on the present bureau plat. The most frequent ornamental motifs are male or female fauns’
heads, their hair plaited or wreathed in fruiting vines, see for example, the female mask with plaits at the
angles of this bureau plat.
The grinning mask on the central drawer is a decorative device often used by Boulle, and according to
Hughes op. cit., p. 745, is probably Democritus, the laughing philosopher, the model for which was listed in
Boulle's inventory in 1732. An example of this mount is illustrated by the same author, op. cit., p. 742, on a
drawer of a bureau plat in the Wallace Collection, no. 158, (F427). A variant of this can be seen in a drawing
for a bureau plat by André-Charles Boulle, circa 1710, illustrated by Ronfort, op. cit., p. 329, no. 66, now in the
Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, reproduced here in fig.1.
The female mask mount of Daphne can also be seen on another drawing by Boulle of a table, circa 1701,
illustrated by Ronfort, op. cit., p. 75, (Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris). A slight variation in the mask of
Daphne with laurel leaves in her hair can be found on the stand to a coffer attributed to the workshop of
Boulle, in the Wallace collection, illustrated by Hughes, op. cit., p. 671, no. 143 (F412).
The rams' mask mounts at the top of the legs on the offered bureau plat can be seen on various designs by
Boulle from Mariette's Nouveaux Desseins, see Ronfort, op. cit., p. 360, plate c, for a commode with a ram's
mask at the top of the legs, reproduced here in fig. 2.
Finally, one should also consider a commode in the Wallace Collection, no. 137 (F39), illustrated by Hughes,
op. cit., p. 639, with similar female mask mounts at the angles, with foliate head-dress with vine and flower
pendant below as on the offered bureau and on hoof feet, which Hughes tentatively states is possibly by
Nicholas Sageot, op. cit., p. 671 no. 143 (F412).
The Form
This form of bureau with eight legs is rarely found, however, it is worthwhile considering a design now in the
Musée des Arts décoratifs, inv. 723 D7, illustrated by Ronfort, op. cit., p. 328, no. 65, by André-Charles Boulle,
circa 1715-20, for a bureau with eight legs, reproduced in fig. 3. It is described as `Projet pour un bureau à
huit pieds' and depicts a bureau with seven drawers and eight legs which bears similarities to the offered
bureau plat, for example, the recessed central drawer with the satyr mask mount. Furthermore, these bureaux
with six or more legs would seem to be an innovation of Boulle and his workshop. See Ronfort, op. cit., p. 77,
where he illustrates an eight legged bureau by André-Charles Boulle for the Duchesse de Bourgogne, circa
1711, (Private collection). It is also worth noting a boulle marquetry bureau plat with six legs corresponding
to the left half of the bureau depicted in Plate III of the Boulle folio, (formerly in the Earl of Ashburton's
Collection, then subsequently the Patino collection). Also see Ronfort op. cit., pp. 236-237, no. 20, for a
similar mask mount on the central drawer and side of a bureau for the Prince de Condé by Boulle and his
sons.
Another bureau plat attributed to André-Charles Boulle, circa 1700-1705, with later alterations can be found in
the Huntington Collection. Veneered in purplewood, although of different form, with three frieze drawer and
four legs, this bureau shares some similarities to the offered bureau is illustrated by Bennett and Sargentson,
op. cit., pp. 51-53, no 1. The drawer fronts are in walnut veneered onto an oak carcass. The rectangular form
and recessed front drawer suggest an early date. The canted sections flanking the drawer can also been seen
on the offered desk.The Huntington desk also has brass stringing and hoof feet as on the offered bureau and
the former originally had six legs so characteristic of early bureau plats and commodes such as those
illustrated in Nouveaux deisseins de meubles et ouvrage de bronze et de marqueterie inventés et gravés par
André-Charles Boulle, printed and distributed by Jean Mariette (1660-1742) from 1709.
In the first decade of the 18th century, when Boulle was supplying furniture to the Crown more regularly, the
accounts of the Bâtiments du Roi almost exclusively record pieces veneered in tortoiseshell and brass
marquetry. Pradère states, op. cit., p. 96, `Furniture produced in plain wood represents a large part of their
production, the Deed of 1715 mentions many of them `a bureau in amaranth ready for gilding, made for M.
de Cotte'. The accounts of the Bâtiments du Roi record an armoire in bois violet supplied to Marly in 1700 as
well as a commode supplied in amaranth in 1714 for Fontainebleau. Finally, there are numerous mentions in
inventories of Boulle's principal clients of pieces in palisander or in `bois de violette' woods which were
frequently confused with amaranth.
Furthermore, the authors of the Huntington catalogue op. cit., p. 53, state that `it may be that Boulle's more
simply decorated pieces were made for the Paris market, rather than for the Crown' and `the maker of the
bureau plat in the Huntington Collection was probably André-Charles Boulle, that it may have been one of the
first desks he produced, and that it was commissioned or purchased by an aristocratic patron or newly rising
financier rather than by the French court.'
Therefore, the inevitable conclusion would seem to be that this rare and impressive bureau plat in terms of its
size, form and decoration together with the innovative feature of eight legs is most probably the production of
the Boulle workshop in the early years of the 18th century made for the Paris market rather than the Crown.
A related bureau plat on eight legs in boulle marquetry although unattributed, was offered for sale Sotheby's,
Monaco, 18th June 1994, lot 190.
André-Charles Boulle (1642-1732):
He was born in Paris in 1642, trained under his father, a carpenter and was gifted in many fields and is
described in contemporary documents variously as a painter, architect, bronze-worker, engraver, designer of
monograms and mosaicist. From 1664, he was attached to the college de Reims, Paris, as a painter and
marqueteur. At the age of thirty he was appointed ébéniste du Roi and subsequently supplied furniture and
decorative objects for Versailles and other royal palaces as well as carrying out commissions for various
clients including members of the French Court and foreign Royalty. He became the most celebrated furniture-
maker of the Louis XIV period, supplying many pieces decorated with brass and tortoiseshell marquetry, a
technique which has subsequently borne his name. He remained in overall charge of his workshop in the
Louvre until his death in 1732, though passed on the day to day running of it to his sons.
In 1720, there was a disastrous fire in Boulle's workshops, after which an inventory was drawn up of items
damaged or destroyed. The first section of the inventory is taken up by furniture made for Duc Louis Henry
Bourbon, great grandson of the Grand Condé, all of which was fortunately saved from the fire. The first piece
on the list is a desk covered in leather, approximately six foot long. Amongst the items of furniture destroyed
there are listed five desks of five or six feet in length, of shell and brass marquetry, and later in the list, twelve
desks, six feet long, more or less finished. The most celebrated marchand-mercier of the mid 18th century
was Lazare Duvaux and in his Livre Journal for 1748-58, we find him selling many pieces of furniture inlaid
with tortoiseshell and brass which he lists specifically as being made by Boulle. His clients for these pieces
included Mme de Pompadour, who bought from him a commode of the same model as those made for the
Trianon to give to her brother, the Marquis de Marigny. Other clients for Boulle furniture were the Marquis de
Voyer and Lalive de Jully. In 1742, Piganiol de Force published his Description de Paris, in which he enthuses
over the cabinet of M. de Julienne with its furniture by the famous Boulle. Dezailler Dargenville in his
Voyages de Paris, in 1745 talks of the collection of Blondel de Gagny where tables, commodes and other fine
works were to be found again by the famous Boulle.
Boulle's Assistants and the extension of his workshop:
In addition to his four sons, Philippe (1678-1744), Pierre Benoît (1680-1741), André-Charles II (1685-1745) and
Charles-Joseph (1688-1754), he was assisted by one of his cousins, Pierre Boulle. The name of other
ébénistes are known due to the various legal proceedings by his workforce for unpaid wages, such as Girard,
Cieppe and Gaspard to name but a few. Jean-Paul Mariette worked as a caster in Boulle's workshop between
1725-31. In 1685, the workshop comprised fifteen strong and by 1720 had risen to nearly thirty workers. There
was at that time twenty workbenches for ébénistes as well as equipment for six workers in bronze, a foundry
and a printing press.

Fig. 1

André-Charles Boulle design for a bureau plat showing detail of


mask © Photo Les Arts Décoratifs, Paris/ Jean Tholance

Fig. 2

André-Charles Boulle design for a commode. © Photo Les Arts


Décoratifs, Paris

Fig. 3

André-Charles Boulle design for a bureau plat with eight legs. ©


Photo Les Arts Décoratifs, Paris/ Jean Tholance
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 48
THREE CREAM PAINTED CHAIRS
LOUIS XVI, CIRCA 1780
the padded oblong backs and stuffed seats on fluted turned tapering legs with reeded
collars, all three with an inventory number in black ink S120R2; re-painted; reblocked

ESTIMATE 900-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London
Possibly part of the set recorded in Lady Baillie's Bedroom
Set of 4 Louis XVI chairs, painted white
Purchased from Camerons 4.12.53 £200
Seats covered tapisserie au points petits paves noir et creme sur fond bleu en soir @ £25 Jansen -.4.55 £100
Re-upholstering and recovering Jansen, London 22.5.56 £16
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 49
A MEISSEN PORCELAIN-MOUNTED GILT-BRONZE INKSTAND OF THE
WRITING CAVALIER
19TH CENTURY
after the model by J.J. Kändler, surmounted by a Meissen porcelain figure of a cavalier
wearing a gilt-edged coat painted with flowers, a purple waistcoat and purple breeches,
seated at a table, penning the following, "Madamoiselle votre beaute adorable me fait un
devoir", the top of the table with a watch, gold box and writing set flanked by a celestial
and astrological globe applied on the covers of the inkwells (flat chip on hair bow,
restoration to the writing feather); crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue incised
numerals 79
approx 19cm. high, 35cm. wide, 23cm. deep; 7½in., 1ft. 1¾in., 9in.

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's, London, 8th July 2008, lot 271.

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler took inspiration from an engraving by Pierre Filloeul (1696-after 1754) with the title “Le Château de Carte”
after a painting by Jean-Baptiste Simeon Chardin (1699-1779). The model is referred in Kändler's Taxa for 1740-1744
as follows: '1 Figur. einen Monsieur, der einen Liebas-Brieff schreibt, vorstellend, mit der Feder in der Hand am Tische
sizend' [One figure, a monsieur writing a love-letter, while he sits at a desk and holding a feather in his hand].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 50
A GILT-BRONZE-MOUNTED MAHOGANY TABLE À OUVRAGE
EMPIRE, CIRCA 1810
the moulded oblong hinged quarter-veneered top enclosing a mirror and fitted interior, one
flap with a candle-nozzle and drip-pan, the other with a velvet covered pin cushion, above a
frieze applied with anthemion and mask-cast mounts over a drawer fitted with a leather-
lined writing slide for inkpot and sander, on split columnar front supports with swan and
wreath-cast headers and with an ogee X-stretcher, on brass castors
76cm. high, 51cm. wide, 35.5cm deep; 2ft 6in. high, 1ft 8in. wide, 1ft 2in. deep

ESTIMATE 5,000-8,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 51
A VICTORIAN EBONISED AND PARCEL-GILT OCCASIONAL TABLE
the square Chinese lacquer inset top decorated with courtly figures on a Chinese style
lappeted baluster stem and circular platform carved with shells, slight damage
65cm. high, 50cm. square; 2ft. 1½in., 1ft. 7½in.

ESTIMATE 400-600 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 52
A PAIR OF REGENCY GREEN AND GILT-PAINTED TORCHÈRES
CIRCA 1820
the cushion-moulded circular tops on three double-scrolled supports painted with foliage
joined by a circular stretcher on bell shaped feet
each 114cm. high; 3ft. 9in.

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 53
A BRONZE AND GILT-BRONZE MAHOGANY AND EBONY INKSTAND
RESTAURATION, CIRCA 1825
in the form of a kneeling Blackamoor with ewer and basin against a palm tree, on an ebony
and mahogany plinth with an end drawer with lion mask ring pull handles
24cm. high, 29cm. wide, 15.5cm. deep; 9½in., 11½in., 6¼in.

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Harbourside, Nassau, The Butterfly Room
Acquired from Lenygon and Morant, 4 December 1951, £22.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 54
A FRENCH PALAIS ROYALE MOTHER-OF-PEARL AND GILT-BRONZE
MUSICAL BOX/AUTOMATON
CHARLES X, CIRCA 1830
in the form of a seated monkey conducting at a music stand in front of a harp, with four
hooks for rings, on a galleried base with scroll-incised cavetto sides; with key
24cm. high, 14.5cm. width, 10.5cm. depth; 9¼in., 5¾in., 4¼in.

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Purchased for Sir Gawaine by his wife Lady Baillie at Malletts, Bourdon House, London.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 55
A GILT-BRONZE MONKEY, IN THE MANNER OF CAFFIERI
18TH CENTURY
wearing a ruff and frock coat with a tricorn hat and presenting as if on stage, on a later
rouge griotte marble oblong plinth; sword lacking,
23cm. high, base 18.5cm.x 10cm.; 9in., 7¼in by 4in

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
Comparative Literature:
Daniel Alcouffe, Anne Dion Tenenbaum, Gérard Mabille, Gilt bronzes in the Louvre, Dijon, 2004, pp. 62-63, no. 25,
(inv. OA 10533), for a pair of 18th century gilt-bronze monkey musician chenets, the monkeys conceived in a similar
vein to the present one.The monkeys are reminiscent of the liveliness of the animal chenets produced by Caffieri's
workshop and described in the inventory drawn up after Jacques Caffieri's death in 1755 (Alcouffe). One should also
not discount the influence of the porcelain monkeys produced by J.J. Kändler for the Meissen manufactory.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 56
A DIRECTOIRE ORMOLU AND PATINATED BRONZE PENDULE AU NEGRE,
CIRCA 1795
5¼-inch enamel dial signed Deverberie, Rue Barbet au Marais, bell striking movement with
star cut count wheel and later Brocot suspension, the case surmounted by the figure of
Africa seated on a tasselled cushion with a dog to the side, carried on a draped palanquin
supported by four young boys standing on a rectangular plinth inset on the front and sides
with a frieze depicting putti engaged in various pursuits
56cm. 22in. high

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Leeds Castle, Kent (The Butterfly Room)
Acquired from Pearson, 1st June 1951
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 57
A CARVED WALNUT CHILD'S FAUTEUIL
LOUIS XV, CIRCA 1760
with a moulded frame, padded cartouche shaped back, arms and stuffed seat, on cabriole
legs

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 58
A CARVED STAINED BEECHWOOD CHILD'S CANAPÉ STAMPED R.C. FLEURY
LOUIS XVI, CIRCA 1780
with a moulded frame, the padded, curved back and cushioned seat on six fluted turned
tapering legs
56.5cm. high, 76.5cm. wide; 27cm. deep; 1ft. 10¼in., 2ft. 6¼in., 10¾in.

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
René Charles Fleury received Master 1755.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 59
A LOUIS XVI STYLE IVORY AND PALE PINK PAINTED CHILD'S FAUTEUIL
with a moulded frame, the padded oval back, padded downscrolled arms and stuffed seat
on fluted turned tapering legs
81cm. high, 47cm. wide, 38cm. deep; 2ft. 7¾in., 1ft. 6½in., 1ft. 3in.

ESTIMATE 600-800 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London, recorded in Lady Baillie's Bedroom
This could be one of:
Two Petits fauteuils Epoque Louis XVI dossier forme coeur, bois laque nombreaux motifs sculptes (feuillages rubans)
upholstered moire turquoise Wagner 20.7.64 £662 (see also lot 62).
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 60
A CARVED STAINED BEECHWOOD CHILD'S BERGÈRE STAMPED BOSSON
LOUIS XVI, CIRCA 1780
with a moulded frame, the padded spade-shaped back, padded arms and cushioned seat
on fluted turned tapering legs with squared patera headers
60cm. high, 40cm. wide, 32.5cm. deep; 1ft.11¾in., 1ft. 3¾in., 1ft. ¾in.

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
Bosson is recorded by Pierre Kjellberg, Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 1998, p. 84.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 61
A GEORGE I CHILD`S WALNUT ARMCHAIR
CIRCA 1725
the dished top rail and solid vase splat above a drop-in seat, within shepherd's crook arms,
on cabriole front legs and pad feet (currently covered in floral needlework)
72cm. high, 53cm. wide, 41cm. deep; 2ft. 4½in., 1ft. 9in., 1ft. 4in.

ESTIMATE 5,000-7,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 62
A LOUIS XVI STYLE CREAM PAINTED CHILD'S FAUTEUIL
with a ribbon-carved and moulded frame, the padded oval back, padded arms and stuffed
seat on fluted turned tapering legs
62cm. high. 43cm. wide, 31cm. deep; 2ft ½in., 1ft. 5in., 1ft ¼in.

ESTIMATE 500-700 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London, recorded in Lady Baillie's Bedroom
This could be one of:
Two Petits fauteuils Epoque Louis XVI dossier forme coeur, bois laque nombreaux motifs sculptes (feuillages rubans)
upholstered moire turquoise Wagner 20.7.64 £662 (see also lot 59).
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 63
AN ITALIAN RED AND GILT CHINOISERIE LACQUERED CHAIR, VENETIAN
CIRCA 1735
with a rectangular pierced back with baluster splats decorated with a chinoiserie figure
above a padded seat on cabriole legs joined by a H-form stretcher terminating in squared
feet, the whole painted with foliage and flowers

ESTIMATE 800-1,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 64
A CARVED BEECHWOOD AND CANED DUCHESSE
LOUIS XV, CIRCA 1750
with a scroll-carved frame, the shaped end and arms over a cushioned seat, on six cabriole
legs
96cm. high, 77cm. wide. 148cm. length; 3ft. 1¾in., 2ft. 6¼in., 4ft. 10¼in.

ESTIMATE 2,500-3,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Furniture Inventory, Leeds Castle
Possibly the one recorded in the Library
Grande Bergere confortable avec bout de pied formant chaise longue; bois moulures peint, ornes de clouterie Jansen
11.7.39 £65.3.90
re-covered dark green stamped velvet Jansen £41.13.0
Recovered & supplying extra cushion Lehmann -.6.53 £24.8.0
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 65
A CREAM PAINTED AND PARCEL-GILT BERGÈRE
LATE 18TH CENTURY
with a piastre and guilloche carved frame, the padded back above a cushioned seat within
padded arms with lion's head terminals on stop-fluted turned tapering supports on twist-
fluted turned tapering legs; redecorated

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London
Recorded in Lady Baillie's Dressing Room:
White and gold English Bergere 18th century,with Gold Lions masks on arms; fluted white and gold columns
purchased from Cook 18.4.62 £600
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 66
A RÉGENCE STYLE CARVED WALNUT DAY BED
the stuffed seat within padded out-scrolled arms, on a shell and diaper-incised rail and six
cabriole legs with scrolled feet together with two bolsters, one rectangular and two square
cushions
84cm. high, 224cm. length, 93cm. wide; 2ft. 9in., 7ft. 4¼in. 3ft. ½in.

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Furniture Inventory, Leeds Castle
Recorded in the Blue Bedroom
Bed: Lit de repos, style Louis XV
hetre sculpte; including spring and mattress Decour 1.5.30 £69.14.9
Re-painted white and blue Lehmann -.1.50 £4.0.0.
Re-covering in white honeycomb artificial silk lined and inter-lined; trimmed own blue and white gimp Jansen London
30.11.56 £61.6.10
Making bedspread in white honeycomb artificial silk, lined and inter-lined; trimmed own blue and white gimp
All blue and white gimp Jansen 5.4.38 £3.0.0.
Making two cushions from own 4 cushions and covering
in pale blue satin trimmed own 8 blue and white rosettes on corners Jansen London 20.11.56 £15.8.0
8 blue and white rosettes Jansen 5.4.38 £2.0.0.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 67
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF A MONKEY AND A SQUIRREL
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each seated holding a fruit or nut, the squirrel wearing a puce
collar, each on a mound base picked out in green and yellow, squirrel with crossed swords
mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration to monkey)
tallest 4.5cm., 1¾in. high

ESTIMATE 1,200-1,800 GBP

PROVENANCE
The monkey: Christie's London, 24th February 1997, lot 298
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 69
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF MONKEYS
CIRCA 1740-50
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each modelled facing to the left holding a red fruit, seated on a
mound base picked out in green and yellow (one with restoration to arm)
3.7cm., 1½in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 133

CATALOGUE NOTE
A miniature monkey of this model is illustrated by Rückert (1966), pl. 264, no. 1063, who cites Kändler's work records
for July 1735: 'Einen Tobacks Stopffer in Gestalt eines kleinen Affens, wie er auf einem Postament sitzet' [A pipe
tamper in the form of a small monkey seated on a pedestal].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 70
A MEISSEN MONKEY TEAPOT
CIRCA 1735
modelled by J. J. Kändler, as a female monkey, each with brownish grey coats, the mother
seated wearing a gilt-buckled black belt, holding one of her young before her to form the
spout, another young monkey forming the handle and holding a white fruit (lacking cover,
some restoration)
18.5cm., 7¼in. high

ESTIMATE 6,000-9,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Anderson Collection, Christie's London, 1st June 1992, lot 77

CATALOGUE NOTE
For another example see Albiker (1959), no. 225. This version exists with or without chain; for an example of the
former, see Bonham's London, 16th November 2005, lot 65.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 71
A MEISSEN GROUP OF TWO MONKEYS
CIRCA 1750
the mother modelled seated chained to a tree, holding a piece of fruit in one paw, a young
monkey crouching by her side, the mound base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed
swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor restoration)
16.5cm., 6½in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 23rd May 1967, lot 13
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room)

CATALOGUE NOTE
Similar models are illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 165; and Rückert (1966), pl. 264, no. 1062.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 72
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A MONKEY
CIRCA 1750
modelled squatting and chained to a tree, the mound base applied with flowers and leaves,
crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
18.5cm., 7¼in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 18th November 1983, lot 96 (part)

CATALOGUE NOTE
Similar models are illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 167; and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no. 91.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 73
A MEISSEN GROUP OF TWO MONKEYS
CIRCA 1750
the mother modelled seated chained to a tree, holding a yellow fruit in one paw, a young
monkey crouching by her side, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue and various inked
inventory numbers (minor restoration, haircrack to base)
18cm., 7 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 18th November 1983, lot 96 (part)

Fig. 1

Artist unknown, after Gerard van Groeningen. Pattern-book sheet


with monkeys, ca. 1580-1600. Published by Joos de Bosscher,
Amsterdam
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 74
A MEISSEN SQUIRREL TEAPOT
CIRCA 1735-37
modelled by J. J. Kändler, naturalistically modelled with brown markings, wearing a blue
and gilt collar, crouching on its hind legs, its bushy tail forming the handle, holding a nut in
its mouth which forms the spout, faint crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue, incised
110 (some restoration)
13.5cm., 5¼in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 28th February 1994, lot 226

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler recorded 'a small squirrel' as early as 1733, and in May, 1735: '1 Eich Hörngen ingestalt eines Thee Krügels
mit zweierlei Schwänzen gefertiget, in das eine giesst man oben den Thee zum Schwantze hinein, in das andere aber
zu der Band Schleife welche am Halsband mit Schellen befindlich' [1 squirrel completed in the form of a teapot with
two different tails, in the first one the tea is poured from above through the tail, in the other through the ribbon tie
which is found on the collar with bells]. The present example is of the latter model. Teapots with tail apertures are
illustrated by Rückert (1966), no. 1147; and Albiker (1959), no. 223.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 75
A MEISSEN SQUIRREL TEAPOT
CIRCA 1735-37
modelled by J. J. Kändler, as a seated brown and white squirrel, nibbling an acorn which
forms the spout, wearing a gilt-edged puce collar applied wth gilt bells terminating in a
yellow flower, its curved tail forming the handle, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue
(some restoration)

15.2cm., 6in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's New York, 23rd April 1998, lot 229

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler recorded 'a small squirrel' as early as 1733, and in May, 1735: '1 Eich Hörngen ingestalt eines Thee Krügels
mit zweierlei Schwänzen gefertiget, in das eine giesst man oben den Thee zum Schwantze hinein, in das andere aber
zu der Band Schleife welche am Halsband mit Schellen befindlich' [1 squirrel completed in the form of a teapot with
two different tails, in the first one the tea is poured from above through the tail, in the other through the ribbon tie
which is found on the collar with bells]. The present example is of the latter model. Teapots with tail apertures are
illustrated by Rückert (1966), no. 1147; and Albiker (1959), no. 223.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 76
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A RED SQUIRREL
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated holding a nut in its paws, a collar around its neck with
attached chain, the oval mound base applied with flowers and foliage, crossed swords
mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
20.5cm., 8in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Partridge, London, 26th March 1948

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 10B

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler first modelled a pair of squirrels in 1732, his work records for August of that year listing: 'Zwei Eichhörnigen
' [two squirrels] and in September 1733, 'Ein kleines Eichhörngen' [a small squirrel].
Similar examples of this model are illustrated by Albiker (1935), no. 164; Charleston (1971), p. 165, no. 56; and by
Kunze-Köllensberger (1999), no. 1.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 77
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SQUIRREL
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, in black and white seated on its haunches with a chain attached
to its collar, holding a nut in its mouth, the oval mound base applied with flowers and
leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
21cm., 8¼in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Partridge, London, 26th March 1948

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 10A
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 78
AN IMPORTANT AND RARE MEISSEN WHITE FIGURE OF A MONKEY
CIRCA 1732
modelled by J. J. Kändler for the Japanese Palace, Dresden, wearing a belt and seated on a
tree stump taking a pinch of snuff from the oval box held in his left paw
48.6cm., 19 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 200,000-400,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Royal Collections of Saxony, Japanese Palace, Dresden
Probably sold, 17th March 1849, to Johann Carl Friedrich Teichert, Meissen
The Property of the Rt. Hon. Lord Hastings, Sotheby’s London, 27th June 1947, lot 5
Olive, Lady Baillie, Harbourside, Nassau, Bahamas, acquired from Bowden, 3rd January 1948

CATALOGUE NOTE
The use of monkeys as pets and trained performers is recorded in Europe as early as the thirteenth century. In the
1759 edition of Essais Historiques sur Paris, Germain-François Poullain de Saint-Foix relates, on pp. 39-40, instances
of the method by which tolls were to be paid at the entrance to Paris during the reign of Louis IX: "In a tariff by St.
Louis to settle the tolls that were due at the entrance to Paris, in the Petit Châtelet, we read that the merchant
transporting a monkey for sale, pays four deniers; if the monkey belongs to a joculator and they play and dance before
the toll-collector, then the toll is paid. From this comes the proverb, 'pay in money, the monkey in romps'." There are
also numerous examples of performing monkeys appearing as illustrative details in medieval illuminated manuscripts,
such as those in the Harleian Collection in the British Library, where they are depicted dressed as a jester, balancing
on stilts, playing a lute, with a trained bear or engaged in various other human activities.

Interest in monkeys imitating human behavior extended into the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, particularly in
France among the aristocracy, where the genre known as singerie is reflected in the decorative motifs of Jean Bérain
(1640-1711), the paintings of elegantly dressed monkeys by Claude Audran III (1658-1734) and the wall paintings of
Christophe Huet (1700-1759) at Chateau Chantilly. The 1727 book, Fables, by John Gay, features, in Fable XIV, 'The
Monkey who has seen the World', an engraving by Gerard Vandergucht, after a drawing by John Wootton (1682-
1764), depicting a fashionably attired pigtailed monkey taking snuff. It is not surprising, then, that Kändler might
choose to create an anthropormorphic monkey for the porcelain menagerie of Augustus the Strong, possibly modelled
from life after examples at court or based on contemporary engravings.
Kändler's work report of February 1732, as cited by Wittwer (2004), p. 291, records: 'So hat auch der Modellirer
Kenntler...einen großen Affen von besonderer Arth...poussiret' [Modeller Kändler also...modelled...a large monkey of a
special kind], which could refer to either the figure taking snuff or equally to the similar figure with grapes or chain.
Among the deliveries of 1731-32 there is one that includes three large white monkeys but there is no clear indication
as to which of the models by Kändler either the work report or the delivery records refers. The 1770 and 1779
inventories list four large white monkeys, "without young, all damaged". On 17th March 1849, the sale of one monkey
taking snuff to Teichert in Meissen is recorded; and in 1900, there are only two monkeys remaining in the Royal
Collection, one, white, and one, enamelled, both taking snuff. Therefore, of the four monkeys listed in the 1770 and
1779 inventories, at least three were snuff-taking figures, two of which were still in the Royal Collection in 1900. It
follows then, that it may reasonably be assumed the present example was sold either in 1849 or at a slightly later date
from the Collection of the Japanese Palace, possibly directly to Jacob Astley, 16th Baron Hastings (1797-1859),
himself an avid collector of porcelain at the time.

In addition to the present example, there are two other monkeys of the same model known: an enamelled figure from
the Dr. Fritz Mannheimer collection in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (inv. no. BK-17494), illustrated by den Blaauwen
(2000), p. 402, cat. no. 293; and a white figure in the porcelain collection of the Dresden State Art Collections (inv. no.
PE 974), illustrated by Wittwer, op. cit., p. 218, fig. 215 and Albiker (1935), pl. X, no. 26.
Sotheby's would like to thank Prof. Dr. Ulrich Pietsch for his kind assistance with the cataloguing and research of this
lot.

Fig. 1

Sir Jacob Astley 6th Bt and 16th Lord Hastings wearing a red lined
coat by H W Pickersgill, painting at Seaton Delaval Hall,
Northumberland © National Trust Images/John Hammond
Fig. 2

‘The Monkey Who Has Seen The World’ from Fables by John Gay,
1727

Fig. 3
The White Monkey in the Dining room at Harbourside in Nassau, by
Hunloke for Maison Jensen ?with thanks to Leeds Castle
Foundation
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 79
A VERY RARE EARLY MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PARROT
CIRCA 1725-30
probably modelled by G. Fritzsche, perched on the end of an oblong rockwork base, its
breast washed in green with stripes in gilding, the blue and green plumage picked out in
black enamel and edged in gilding, the base streaked in black, brown and ochre on a pale
brown ground, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
28cm., 11in. long

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Ole Olsen Collection, Copenhagen
Christie's London, 13th March 1989, lot 98

LITERATURE
Ole Olsen's Collections. Reproductions of a selection of objects of art and paintings from the collections in
Stengaarden at Hellerup, Copenhagen, 1933, p. 76
CATALOGUE NOTE
Although this rare model more closely resembles a Japanese Arita hawk than a parrot, it is almost always referred to
as a 'Papagei' in the available literature, including the Catalogueof the sale of Porcelain and Weapons from the Saxon
Royal collections at Rudolph Lepke, Berlin, October 1919, in which a pair of these birds was offered as lots 110 and
111.
For a pair of parrots of this model in the Ailsa Mellon Bruce Collection, see the cover illustration and the article 'The
Mastery of Meissen' by C. C. Dauterman in Apollo, August 1973. Both figures of that pair bear the repairer's mark of
Andreas Schiefer, who worked with Fritzsche and was himself highly regarded by Kändler, see Rückert (1990), p. 126.
One also bears a painted inventory number which the author relates to the Japanese Palace. The pair is decorated in
pastel colours, as is a single example sold at Christie's London, 18th December 2006, lot 50.
An ormolu-mounted pair of these figures, from the Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, Erich von Goldschmidt-Rothschild
(his sale, Hermann Ball and Paul Graupe, Berlin, 24th March 1931, lot 198), Alfred de Rothschild and Lionel de
Rothschild (his sale, Christie's, 4th July 1946, lot 98) collections, was in the Untermyer Collection, see Hackenbroch
(1956), fig. 11; one of this pair is also illustrated by Albiker (1935), no. 245.
Another pair, also mounted in ormolu and similarly decorated, was in the collections of Baron Ferdinand von
Rothschild, Baronin Mathilde von Rothschild, Baronin Phillip von Schey and in the von Pannwitz collection, and was
sold at Sotheby's New York, 10th October 1985, lot 237.
The figure appears to be part of a small group of early attempts at figure modelling, presumably under the direction of
Georg Fritzsche, before the appointment of Kirchner and the first attempts at modelling figures for the Japanese
Palace. Most of these figures are very much influenced by Japanese or Chinese originals. These include the group of
a Chinaman with a large bird, Albiker (1935), no. 243, and various Guanyin and buddha figures moulded directly from
the oriental originals.
It is also interesting to make comparisons with a pair of miniature parrots (from the Goldschmidt-Rothschild, Kramarski
and Kler collections), sold at Christie's 7th July 2003, lot 85. These are also very early in date, and again stiffly
modelled after Oriental (in this case Chinese) originals, perhaps also by Fritzsche.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 80
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF PARROTS
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler, one facing right, the other facing left, each with brightly painted
plumage in shade of green, red, yellow, blue and turquoise, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue
19cm., 7 1/2 in. high

ESTIMATE 12,000-18,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Rosenberg, 1st January 1959

CATALOGUE NOTE
Parrots were a symbol of the exotic par excellence and Kändler's models were among the factory's most frequently
produced bird figures. When a large quantity of porcelain from the Meissen manufactory fell into Frederick the Great's
hands, the inventory of the depository reveals that around one third of these were parrots, precisely 61 out of a total of
173 birds. While other species of birds were usually only of a single size, parrots were modelled in different sizes:
soon after the life-size parrots for the Japanese Palace, Kändler created, in July 1735, two small parrots (12cm tall).
Then, in spite of no further mention in his records, the following pieces are noted in the Dresden stockroom listing of
porcelain for Count von Brühl dated July 13, 1737: '1 Pappagey groß / 3 ditto mittle. / 1 D. keiner' [1 parrot large / 1
ditto medium / 1 ditto small], Röbbig (2008), p. 128.
In May-October 1740, Kändler modelled new figures of parrots to match the ones already in the warehouse, 'in
considerable size', ie. 19cm, the size of the present models:
'1: Einen Pappagoy in Thon poußiret große Sorte Vor Mons. Huiet. Daß solcher gegen den ehemals Von mir
gefertigeten Pappagoy siehet.' [Modelled a large parrot in clay for Mons. Huet (Jean-Charles Huet, marchand-mercier
). That this one is looking against the former model completed by me.]
'3: Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe auf einem großen Ast sietzend in Thon Poußiret Vor Mons. Huiet. Zwar
daß solche gegen einander sehen.' [3: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size, seated on a big branch for Mons.
Huet. Namely, they are facing each other.]
'2. Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe aufs Waaren Laager in Thon poußiret und Sauberes Belege Zu deßen
postamente gefertiget. Von zweyerley Arth.' [2: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size for the warehouse and
completed clean supports for their pedestals. Of two types.]
The lack of description seems to indicate that these birds were a generic type of parrot modelled by Kändler, as
opposed to the Indian parrots or cockatoos modelled after life (see lots 84 and 86-88). As the three following pairs
show - the model is identical, only the enamelling differs - these birds were most likely meant to be cabinet pieces.
Only their sizes and painting would differ to please clients' expectations, especially French clients, like the Parisian
marchand-mercier Monsieur Huët, who could then fit them with ormolu mounts.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 81
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF PARROTS
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler, painted in grey, their wings and beak picked out in black, with a
red tail (some restoration)
19cm, 7 1/2 in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Rosenberg, 3rd October 1958

CATALOGUE NOTE
Parrots were a symbol of the exotic par excellence and Kändler's models were among the factory's most frequently
produced bird figures. When a large quantity of porcelain from the Meissen manufactory fell into Frederick the Great's
hands, the inventory of the depository reveals that around one third of these were parrots, precisely 61 out of a total of
173 birds. While other species of birds were usually only of a single size, parrots were modelled in different sizes:
soon after the life-size parrots for the Japanese Palace, Kändler created, in July 1735, two small parrots (12cm tall).
Then, in spite of no further mention in his records, the following pieces are noted in the Dresden stockroom listing of
porcelain for Count von Brühl dated July 13, 1737: '1 Pappagey groß / 3 ditto mittle. / 1 D. keiner' [1 parrot large / 1
ditto medium / 1 ditto small], Röbbig (2008), p. 128.
In May-October 1740, Kändler modelled new figures of parrots to match the ones already in the warehouse, 'in
considerable size', ie. 19cm, the size of the present models:
'1: Einen Pappagoy in Thon poußiret große Sorte Vor Mons. Huiet. Daß solcher gegen den ehemals Von mir
gefertigeten Pappagoy siehet.' [Modelled a large parrot in clay for Mons. Huet (Jean-Charles Huet, marchand-mercier
). That this one is looking against the former model completed by me.]
'3: Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe auf einem großen Ast sietzend in Thon Poußiret Vor Mons. Huiet. Zwar
daß solche gegen einander sehen.' [3: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size, seated on a big branch for Mons.
Huet. Namely, they are facing each other.]
'2. Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe aufs Waaren Laager in Thon poußiret und Sauberes Belege Zu deßen
postamente gefertiget. Von zweyerley Arth.' [2: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size for the warehouse and
completed clean supports for their pedestals. Of two types.]
The lack of description seems to indicate that these birds were a generic type of parrot modelled by Kändler, as
opposed to the Indian parrots or cockatoos modelled after life (see lots 84 and 86-88). As the three following pairs
show - the model is identical, only the enamelling differs - these birds were most likely meant to be cabinet pieces.
Only their sizes and painting would differ to please clients' expectations, especially French clients, like the Parisian
marchand-mercier Monsieur Huët, who could then fit them with ormolu mounts.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 82
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF PARROTS
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler, one turning left, his plumage painted in shades of green, blue,
red and yellow, with red claws, the other turning right, his plumage painted in shades of
purple, puce, blue, yellow, green and red, on grey claws, one impressed number 26 twice
19.8cm., 7 3/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Rosenberg,1st January 1959

CATALOGUE NOTE
Parrots were a symbol of the exotic par excellence and Kändler's models were among the factory's most frequently
produced bird figures. When a large quantity of porcelain from the Meissen manufactory fell into Frederick the Great's
hands, the inventory of the depository reveals that around one third of these were parrots, precisely 61 out of a total of
173 birds. While other species of birds were usually only of a single size, parrots were modelled in different sizes:
soon after the life-size parrots for the Japanese Palace, Kändler created, in July 1735, two small parrots (12cm tall).
Then, in spite of no further mention in his records, the following pieces are noted in the Dresden stockroom listing of
porcelain for Count von Brühl dated July 13, 1737: '1 Pappagey groß / 3 ditto mittle. / 1 D. keiner' [1 parrot large / 1
ditto medium / 1 ditto small], Röbbig (2008), p. 128.
In May-October 1740, Kändler modelled new figures of parrots to match the ones already in the warehouse, 'in
considerable size', ie. 19cm, the size of the present models:
'1: Einen Pappagoy in Thon poußiret große Sorte Vor Mons. Huiet. Daß solcher gegen den ehemals Von mir
gefertigeten Pappagoy siehet.' [Modelled a large parrot in clay for Mons. Huet (Jean-Charles Huet, marchand-mercier
). That this one is looking against the former model completed by me.]
'3: Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe auf einem großen Ast sietzend in Thon Poußiret Vor Mons. Huiet. Zwar
daß solche gegen einander sehen.' [3: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size, seated on a big branch for Mons.
Huet. Namely, they are facing each other.]
'2. Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe aufs Waaren Laager in Thon poußiret und Sauberes Belege Zu deßen
postamente gefertiget. Von zweyerley Arth.' [2: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size for the warehouse and
completed clean supports for their pedestals. Of two types.]
The lack of description seems to indicate that these birds were a generic type of parrot modelled by Kändler, as
opposed to the Indian parrots or cockatoos modelled after life (see lots 84 and 86-88). As the three following pairs
show - the model is identical, only the enamelling differs - these birds were most likely meant to be cabinet pieces.
Only their sizes and painting would differ to please clients' expectations, especially French clients, like the Parisian
marchand-mercier Monsieur Huët, who could then fit them with ormolu mounts.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 83
A PAIR OF MEISSEN MODELS OF PARROTS
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each with head turned slightly, holding a bright red cherry in its
beak, each with green heads and body, pale yellow chest, blue and turquoise wings and red
tail, each peched on a short tree stump applied with fruiting cherry branches and leaves
(some restoration)
19cm., 7½in. high

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Rosenberg, 3rd October 1958

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 2A and B

CATALOGUE NOTE
Parrots were a symbol of the exotic par excellence and Kändler's models were among the factory's most frequently
produced bird figures. When a large quantity of porcelain from the Meissen manufactory fell into Frederick the Great's
hands, the inventory of the depository reveals that around one third of these were parrots, precisely 61 out of a total of
173 birds. While other species of birds were usually only of a single size, parrots were modelled in different sizes:
soon after the life-size parrots for the Japanese Palace, Kändler created, in July 1735, two small parrots (12cm tall).
Then, in spite of no further mention in his records, the following pieces are noted in the Dresden stockroom listing of
porcelain for Count von Brühl dated July 13, 1737: '1 Pappagey groß / 3 ditto mittle. / 1 D. keiner' [1 parrot large / 1
ditto medium / 1 ditto small], Röbbig (2008), p. 128.
In May-October 1740, Kändler modelled new figures of parrots to match the ones already in the warehouse, 'in
considerable size', ie. 19cm, the size of the present models:
'1: Einen Pappagoy in Thon poußiret große Sorte Vor Mons. Huiet. Daß solcher gegen den ehemals Von mir
gefertigeten Pappagoy siehet.' [Modelled a large parrot in clay for Mons. Huet (Jean-Charles Huet, marchand-mercier
). That this one is looking against the former model completed by me.]
'3: Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe auf einem großen Ast sietzend in Thon Poußiret Vor Mons. Huiet. Zwar
daß solche gegen einander sehen.' [3: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size, seated on a big branch for Mons.
Huet. Namely, they are facing each other.]
'2. Zwey Pappagoyen Von Ziemlicher Größe aufs Waaren Laager in Thon poußiret und Sauberes Belege Zu deßen
postamente gefertiget. Von zweyerley Arth.' [2: modelled in clay two parrots of suitable size for the warehouse and
completed clean supports for their pedestals. Of two types.]
The lack of description seems to indicate that these birds were a generic type of parrot modelled by Kändler, as
opposed to the Indian parrots or cockatoos modelled after life (see lots 84 and 86-88). As the three following pairs
show - the model is identical, only the enamelling differs - these birds were most likely meant to be cabinet pieces.
Only their sizes and painting would differ to please clients' expectations, especially French clients, like the Parisian
marchand-mercier Monsieur Huët, who could then fit them with ormolu mounts.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 84
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF INDIAN ROSE-RINGED
PARROTS
CIRCA 1740-45
perched on tree stumps with heads turned to left or right, with green heads and bodies and
yellow, blue and purple wings and tail feathers (some restoration)
33cm., 13in. and 35cm., 13½in. high

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Rosenberg, 3rd October 1958

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 1A and B

CATALOGUE NOTE
No specific description has been identified yet for these models of Indian Rose-Ringed parrots, larger than the 1741
model (see lot 86). They could be associated however with Kändler's reference in April 1745 to: 'Vor Ihro Majt. Die
Königin Zwey Indianische bunde Vögel in Dreßden Poußiret Wie solche nebeneinander sitzen darbey Bäume mit
Kirschen und anderen Früchten befindl.' [For her majesty the Queen (Maria Josepha, 1699-1757, wife of King
Augustus III.), two Indian colourful birds, modelled in Dresden sitting next to each other thereby with trees and
cherries and other fruits.]. The models (32cm and 35cm) were created as a pair, and are illustrated in '77 Meissner
Pozellanvögel und Franzosisches Kunstgewerbe aus einer Bekannten Privatsammlung', sold by Herman Ball and
Paul Graupe in Berlin on March 15, 1933, lots 52 and 57, pls. 11 and 13.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 85
A LOUIS XV ORMOLU TIMEPIECE MOUNTED WITH A FIGURE OF A MEISSEN
PARROT
FIRST HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY
the Meissen parrot, circa 1740, modelled by J. J. Kändler, painted in yellow and green, its
wings and tail picked out in two shades of blue, seated among fine rococo ormolu mounts,
the branches and leaves to imitate tôle peinte and set with contemporary Meissen roses,
the clock case fitted with a white enamel dial and an earlier watch movement signed Quare
London, circa 1700, each rose with underglaze-blue crossed swords mark, foot mount and
clock case stamped with a C couronné (1745-1749)
the parrot: 14cm., 5 1/2in. high; 29cm, 11 1/2 in. high overall

ESTIMATE 25,000-35,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Baroness Renée de Becker Collection, Sotheby's London, 24th February 1978, lot 142

CATALOGUE NOTE
The Meissen parrot is of the 'medium sort' modelled by Kändler in 1740, most likely designed to suit perfectly the
ormolu mounts commissioned by Parisian marchand-merciers.
The crowned C mark on the ormolu was a French tax mark used between March 5, 1745 and February 4, 1749 on
works made of bronze. Daniel Quare (1649-1724) was a celebrated maker of watches and clocks who became a
master clockmaker in 1671 and was free of the Clockmakers' Company in 1708, see G. H Baillie, Watchmakers &
Clockmakers of the World, p. 261.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 86
A PAIR OF MEISSEN INDIAN ROSE-RINGED PARROTS
CIRCA 1741
modelled by J. J. Kändler, one with a lump of sugar held in its raised claw, the other with a
cherry in its beak, on tall rock and tree-stump bases (base of one reduced, some
restoration)
27cm., 10 ½ in. and 31cm., 12 1/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 30,000-45,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Collection of Baroness Renée de Becker, bearing a paper label inscribed Mrs. R. de Becker, S.L.4337.4
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Rosenberg, 13th October 1958

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records, June 1741 : '17. Vor Ihro Excellenz die Frau Gräfin Von Moschinska einen Indianischen Vogel
in Ziemlicher Größ in dero Logis nach dem Leben in Thon poussiret, und solche gestalt vorgestellet wie er auf einem
Kirsch ast seitzet und ein Stücklein Zucker aus der Pfote frißt' [For her Excellency, the Countess von Moschinska
modelled an Indian bird of suitable size in clay after life at her residence, and this figure is presented as if he is
perched on a cherry branch and is eating a lump of sugar from his claw].
Similar pairs are illustrated by Dauterman (1970) Vol. IV, pp. 45, 47 and 49, cat nos. 16A, B and 17A, B, the first pair,
later sold in the Safra sale, Sotheby's New York, 19th October 2011, lot 758. Another similar pair was sold at
Sotheby's New York, 26th October 2012, lot 248
Examples of the parakeet with the lump of sugar are illustrated by Albiker (1959 edition), no. 101; by Karl Berling,
Meissen China, An Illustrated History, Table 4, no. 2; and by Hackebroch (1966), pl. 8, fig. 7.
Interestingly, the pair most commonly appearing includes a parrot without a cherry in its beak. However, figures with a
cherry, similar to the present example, are illustrated in '77 Meissner Pozellanvögel und Franzosisches Kunstgewerbe
aus einer Bekannten Privatsammlung', sold by Herman Ball and Paul Graupe in Berlin 15th March 1933, lot 24, pl. 11,
and by Albiker (1935), pl. XXVI, no. 89; another example is in the Dresden State Art Collections, see Pietsch (2006),
fig. 300.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 87
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A COCKATOO
CIRCA 1737
modelled by J. F. Eberlein, with multi-coloured crest and plumage, red inked collection no.
I-16-a (some restoration)
21cm., 8 1/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Property from the Estate of Henry Ford II, Sotheby's Henley, 5th December 1988, lot 219

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 4B

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler first made a life-size model of a cockatoo for the Japanese palace in June and September 1734, beautifully
described as follows: 'Noch einen Vogel von Ziemlicher Größe, Nahmens Kackedu hat eine sonderliche Von Natur
gewachsene Haube auf seinem Kopfe Wes Wegen er sehr artig anzusehen und ruhet auf einem mit Ästen und Laub
bewachsenen Postamente' [Another bird of suitable size called Cockatoo has a special cap on his head which is
grown by nature. Therefore he is magnificent to behold and rests on a pedestal covered with grass and foliage]. An
example is in the Dresden State Art Collections, see Pietsch (2006), fig. 279.
The present model is the smaller version and was modelled by J. F. Eberlein in June 1737 'Eine Cactu, eine halbe
Ellen groß von Thon neugemacht' [A cockatoo, half an Elle high, newly made in clay]. This was most probably realised
to create models for the factory to sell on the open market. A pair for instance with contemporary ormolu mounts was
sold at Sotheby's London, 20 May 1958, lot 144, and most recently at the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 2005,
lot 195.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 88
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A COCKATOO
CIRCA 1737, LATER DECORATED
modelled by J. F. Eberlein, his chest and tail brightly painted in red, his plumage in yellow,
blue and purple, red inked collection no. I-16-a
22cm., 8 3/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Property from the Estate of Henry Ford II, Sotheby's Henley, 5th December 1988, lot 220

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 4 A

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler first made a life-size model of a cockatoo for the Japanese palace in June and September 1734, beautifully
described as follows: 'Noch einen Vogel von Ziemlicher Größe, Nahmens Kackedu hat eine sonderliche Von Natur
gewachsene Haube auf seinem Kopfe Wes Wegen er sehr artig anzusehen und ruhet auf einem mit Ästen und Laub
bewachsenen Postamente' [Another bird of suitable size called Cockatoo has a special cap on his head which is
grown by nature. Therefore he is magnificent to behold and rests on a pedestal covered with grass and foliage]. An
example is in the Dresden State Art Collections, see Pietsch (2006), fig. 279.
The present model is the smaller version and was modelled by J. F. Eberlein in June 1737 'Eine Cactu, eine halbe
Ellen groß von Thon neugemacht' [A cockatoo, half an Elle high, newly made in clay]. This was most probably realised
to create models for the factory to sell on the open market. A pair for instance with contemporary ormolu mounts was
sold at Sotheby's London, 20 May 1958, lot 144, and most recently at the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 2005,
lot 195.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 89
TWO MEISSEN FIGURES OF ELEPHANTS
SECOND HALF 18TH CENTURY
modelled by P. Reinicke, each standing, one wearing a turquoise saddle cloth with puce
tassels, the other with a purple saddle cloth edged in gilding, one with crossed swords
mark in underglaze-blue (one with some restoration)
15.2cm., 6in. length

ESTIMATE 6,000-9,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Michel Beiny Inc, New York

CATALOGUE NOTE
Reinicke's work records for February 1746 list: 'Elephanten, 4 ½ Zoll hoch in Thon bossirt' [modelled in clay 1
elephant, 4 1/2 Zoll high]. Kändler also modelled in May 1746 one elephant for the warehouse: '1 Modell zu einem
Elephanten zum Laager poußiret' [modelled 1 figure of an elephant for the warehouse.], and corrected another
example in September 1747. This model was most likely part of the exotic animal menagerie to be displayed as table
decoration, together with rhinoceros (lot 90), leopards (lots 93-99) and lions (lots 100-103). Many models were listed
in the various Conditorei inventories: thirteen white examples in the Dresden Conditorei inventory (1733-48), eighteen
coloured and white examples in the Dresden Conditorei inventory (1752) and twelve white examples in the Warsaw
Conditorei inventory (1750). The Brühl inventory (1753) also lists twenty elephants in sizes.
A similar model without the saddle cloth is illustrated by Rückert (1966), pl. 258, no. 1051; and another version by
Albiker (1959), no. 177.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 90
A RARE MEISSEN FIGURE OF A RHINOCEROS
CIRCA 1745
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, standing open-mouthed, its coat painted in shades of
brown (some restoration)
16.5cm., 6½in. length

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 103

CATALOGUE NOTE
A similar smaller example is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no.176. This figure exists in various sizes: the earliest and
largest one was modelled by Gottlieb Kirchner in 1731 after an engraving by Albrecht Dürer. For examples of this
early model see Pietsch (2006), pp. 126-127, no. 177. It also exists in a medium size with a sultan on its back, forming
a pair with a figure of an elephant, (see lot 91). The same print source was also used for the rhinoceros painted on
two serving pieces in the Duke of Northumberland service, circa 1745, at Alnwick Castle, one of which was a tureen
stand exhibited in Washington, D. C. at the National Gallery of Art, Treasure Houses of Britain, 3rd November 1985-
13th April 1986, and illustrated, with its tureen and cover, by T. H. Clarke, 'Pachyderms Among Peonies, The
Northumberland Service at Alnwick Castle', Country Life, 24th October 1985, p. 1178, and by Cassidy-Geiger (2007),
p. 284, fig. 12-14.

Fig. 1
Artist unknown, after Gerard van Groeningen. Pattern-book sheet
with rhinoceros and elephants, ca. 1580-1600. Published by Joos
de Bosscher, Amsterdam.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 91
A MEISSEN GROUP OF A SULTAN RIDING AN ELEPHANT
LATE 18TH CENTURY
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, the elephant standing to the right with trunk
curled, the Sultan seated on a turquoise cushion, wearing a jewelled white turban, short
sleeved puce coat over a yellow tunic with purple dots, orange pantaloons and shoes, a
moor seated on the elephants neck holding a driving stick, inked inventory number 923
twice (minor restoration)
26.5cm., 10½in. high

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Property of the late Ivan Traugott of Stockholm, Sotheby’s London, 3rd December 1957, lot 154
Sotheby's London, 23rd June 1992, lot 144

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records of March 1741 record: 'Einem großen Elphanten' [one large elephant]; and Reinicke's of
November 1743 list: '1 Elephanten 9 Zoll hoch mit einer verzeiten Decke uberhanged, in Thon bossirt.' [modelled in
clay 1 elephant 9 Zoll high with an ornate blanket overhanging.] Lazare-Duvaux provided an example on 4th January
1752 to Mgr Le Duc de Beauvilliers (Lazare-Duvaux, no. 1007). A similar example is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no.
255, and for the two in the Ansbach Residenz, see Rückert (1966), pl. 263, nos. 1060 and 1061.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 92
A PAIR OF MEISSEN MODELS OF A LION AND LIONESS
CIRCA 1748
modelled by J. J. Kändler, in recumbent poses to the left and right, looking upwards with
mouths open to reveal fangs and protruding red tongues, each with a finely detailed light
brown coat, black nose and eyes, later giltwood bases, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue (minor damage)
29cm., 11½in. and 32.5cm., 12¾in. long

ESTIMATE 40,000-60,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 29th November 1976, lot 231

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, nos. 12A and B

CATALOGUE NOTE
Several figures of lions in various poses and in different sizes were modelled at the factory, many after pattern-book
sheets held by the factory (see fig. 2). A figure of a lion was modelled as a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anna-
Fest held at Schloss Moritzburg in July 1738 (see fig. 2). Kirchner modelled a large figure of a lion and lioness in
porcelain for the Japanese Palace in 1732-1733, see Albiker (1959), figs. 8 and 9. Kändler then modelled in January
1741 '1 Löwen von mittelmäßiger Größe mit offenem Rachen' [1 lion of medium size with open jaws], probably the
model he made for the King listed in his Taxa, 1740-1744, '1 Löwe, mittelmäßiger Größe, liegend mit offenen
Rachen, vor Ihre Konigl. Maj.' [1 lion, medium size, recumbent with open jaws, for his Royal Majesty]. In November
1748 he modelled another pair for the Queen after Nature, listed in his work records as follows: '2. Vor Ihro Majt. die
Königin Einen großen Löwen Modelliret. Es ist selbiger liegend Zugleich prillend nach der Natur aufs beste
Vorgestellet' [2. For her Royal Majesty, the Queen, modelled a large lionness. It is similarly recumbent and splendidly
represented after nature.] and '3. Eine Löwin Welche dar Zu gehörest Von Eben solcher größe Welche gleichsam
prillend und ligend aufs beste nach der Natur Vorgestellet est.' [3. 1 lion belonging to the preceding, of comparable
size, similarly recumbent and splendidly represented after nature.]. These two 1748 entries relate directly to the
present examples.
At the same time, Eberlein made other models of lions November 1744 and December 1744, as follows: '2 Löwen
zum Uhren-Gehäuse für Ihro Königl. Majt. verfertiget.' [Completed 2 lions for clockcases for his Royal Majesty.] and '1
Löwen und Löwin auf das Waaren Lager angefangen' [Started 1 lion and lioness for the warehouse].
A large number of lions in various sizes are recorded in the various Conditorei inventories: twenty-one white and
painted models in the Dresden Conditorei inventory (1733-48); three in the Dresden Conditorei inventory (1752), and
twelve in the Warsaw Conditorei inventory (1750); the Brühl's inventory (1753), also included seventeen models. See
Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), cat. 83, 84 and 87.
Pairs similar to the present examples are illustrated by Albiker (1959), nos 159 and 160, and by Charleston (1971),
pp. 170-73, no. 59.

Fig. 1

Drawing for a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anna-Fest held


at Schloss Moritzburg in July 1738 © HStA, Dresden, 10006,
OHMA, N, I, 23a, fol. 314

Fig. 2

Artist unknown, after Gerard van Groeningen. Pattern-book sheet


with LIONS, ca. 1580-1600. Published by Joos de Bosscher,
Amsterdam
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 93
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A LEOPARD
CIRCA 1750
modelled seated to the right with snarling expression revealing its teeth, its coat with black
spots, on a shaped oval base applied with flowers and foliage, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue (minor chips)
13.5cm., 5¼in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 16th October 1989, lot 316

CATALOGUE NOTE
Leopards are mentioned in the Brühl inventory (1753): '6 Leoparden' [6 leopards]. For similar examples see Rückert
(1966), pl. 264, nos. 1055 and 1056: and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), p. 70, no. 79.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 94
TWO MEISSEN FIGURES OF LEOPARDS
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each seated facing to the right with right paw resting on a piece
of meat, the shaped oval bases applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue (minor restoration)
6.3cm., 2½in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 100

CATALOGUE NOTE
Leopards are mentioned in the Brühl inventory (1753): '6 Leoparden' [6 leopards]. For similar examples see Rückert
(1966), pl. 264, nos. 1055 and 1056: and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), p. 70, no. 79
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 95
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF LEOPARDS
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated facing to the left and right, one snarling, the other with
one paw resting on a piece of meat, on shaped oval mounds applied with flowers and
leaves, rectangular gilt-metal bases, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (minor
restoration)
leopards 6.3cm., 2½in. high

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 183

CATALOGUE NOTE
Leopards are mentioned in the Brühl inventory (1753): '6 Leoparden' [6 leopards]. For similar examples see Rückert
(1966), pl. 264, nos. 1055 and 1056: and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), p. 70, no. 79
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 96
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SEATED LEOPARD
CIRCA 1740
modelled with right forepaw raised and the tail curled forward, his coat with black spots,
impressed 50 to the underside of one paw (some repair)
13cm., 5 1/8 in.long

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's Geneva, 10th May 1988, lot 28

CATALOGUE NOTE
Leopards are mentioned in the Brühl inventory (1753): '6 Leoparden' [6 leopards]. For similar examples see Rückert
(1966), pl. 264, nos. 1055 and 1056: and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), p. 70, no. 79

Fig. 1

Drawing for a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anna-Fest held


at Schloss Moritzburg in July 1738 © HStA, Dresden, 10006,
OHMA, N, I, 23a
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 97
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A LEOPARD
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, modelled standing facing to the right with mouth open, its coat
spotted in brown and black, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (tail restored)

18.5cm., 7¼in. long

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 7th October 1985, lot 105

CATALOGUE NOTE
Leopards are mentioned in the Brühl inventory (1753): '6 Leoparden' [6 leopards]. For similar examples see Rückert
(1966), pl. 264, nos. 1055 and 1056: and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), p. 70, no. 79
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 98
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF RECUMBENT LEOPARDS
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, facing to the left and right, their white coats lightly shaded in
light brown and spotted in black (some restoration)
14.5cm., 5¾in. and 16cm., 6¼in. long

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 251

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, nos. 18A and B

CATALOGUE NOTE
Leopards are mentioned in the Brühl inventory (1753): '6 Leoparden' [6 leopards]. For similar examples see Rückert
(1966), pl. 264, nos. 1055 and 1056: and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), p. 70, no. 79
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 99
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A LEOPARD
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated to the right with right paw resting on a piece of meat, the
shaped oval base applied with leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some
restoration)
6.3cm., 2½in. high

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 101
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 100
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF A LION AND LIONESS
CIRCA 1745-50
each modelled facing to the left or right and standing with one foreleg raised, their fur in
tones of brown, both animals with short tree-stump supports on oval mound bases applied
with flowers, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (some restoration to lioness)
7.6cm., 3in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The lion: Michel Beiny Inc, New York, 15th June 1989
The lioness: Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 181

CATALOGUE NOTE
The Brühl inventory (1753) lists '2 kleine Loewen und 1 noch kleinerer Loewe' [2 small lions and 1 even smaller lion].
A similar pair is illustrated by Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no. 83.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 101
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A LIONESS
SECOND HALF 18TH CENTURY
modelled facing to the right with right foreleg raised, the oval mound base applied with
leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue

7.7cm., 3in. high

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 182
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 103
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A LION
CIRCA 1750
its fur covered in light brown, seated with his left paw raised and mouth open to reveal his
teeth and tongue, raised on a mound base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords
mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
15.2cm., 6in. long

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 24th February 1997, lot 294
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 104
A GERMAN PORCELAIN FIGURE OF A LION
3RD QUARTER 18TH CENTURY
freestanding with head turned slightly to the left and jaws open to reveal his teeth and red
tongue (minor chips)
10.2cm., 4in. length

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Antique Porcelain Company, New York, 17th April 1986

Fig. 1
Artist unknown, after Gerard van Groeningen. Pattern-book sheet
with lions, ca. 1580-1600. Published by Joos de Bosscher,
Amsterdam.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 105
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF AN AMAZON PARROT
CIRCA 1735-40
possibly modelled by J. J. Kändler or J. F. Eberlein, perched on a tree stump with green,
blue, yellow and puce plumage, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue, incised 110
(minor chips and restoration to leaves)
15cm., 5 7/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 5,000-8,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 3rd March 1986, lot 89

CATALOGUE NOTE
The large number of entries related to parrot figures, with no specific mention of an Amazon parrot, in Kändler's
records between 1735 and 1740 and the additional fact that some models were worked over by Eberlein make it
difficult to precisely date and attribute the modeller of the present example. The incised modeller number remains
unknown but can be considered as early.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 106
A MEISSEN SMALL FIGURE OF A PARROT
CIRCA 1740-45
facing right, painted in turquoise, the wings in puce and the tail in yellow, crossed swords
mark in underglaze-blue (some firing cracks)
7.5cm., 3in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Property from the Estate of the Baron Erich Von Goldschmidt-Rothschild, Christie's Geneva, 10th May 1988, lot 150
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 107
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF PARROTS
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler, one facing right, the other facing left, painted in shades of green,
their tail and wings in yellow and red, faint crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue, now
concealed beneath exhibition labels (some restoration)
14cm., 5 1/2 in. high

ESTIMATE 6,000-10,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 10th May 1988, lot 143

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 8A and B
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 108
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PARROT
CIRCA 1770
modelled by J. J. Kändler, painted in shades of yellow and green, his wings outstretched,
on a rocky base, holding a cherry in its claw, crossed swords and dot mark in underglaze-
blue
44.5cm., 17½in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 7th July 1997, lot 351

CATALOGUE NOTE
This model is listed in Kändler's work records in June 1765 as follows: 'Vor Ihro des Herrn Administratoris Königl.
Hoheit ein Modell zu einem Pappagoy fast von einer Ellen hoch Poußiret, es ist selbiges auf einen mit Felßen
umgebenen Stock oder asth sietzend wie er schreyet mit etwas aus gebreiteten Flügeln aufs Natürlichste und
Sauberste Vorgestellet, in seiner lincken Klauen hält er ein Kirsch ästlein mit Kirschen, und Blättern.' [For his
Administrator Royal Highness (Franz Xaver Prince of Saxony and Poland), modelled a parrot, which is nearly one Elle
high, it is sitting on a branch or on a stick, which is surrounded by rocks, as if he is screaming with slightly
outstretched wings, presented in the most naturalistic and tidiest way, in his left claw he holds a cherry-branch with
cherries and leaves.].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 109
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF COCKATOOS
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each perched on a tree stump, one with brightly coloured
plumage, the other with yellow and black markings, crossed swords marks in underglaze-
blue (minor restoration); together with a smaller Vienna figure of a cockatoo
Meissen cockatoos 7cm., 2¾in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The first: Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 77
The second: Property from the Estate of Baron Erich Von Goldschmidt-Rothschild, Christie's Geneva, 10th May 1988,
lot 98
Vienna cockatoo: Christie's London, 7th October 1996, lot 442
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 110
FOUR MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF PARROTS
CIRCA 1745
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, each with brightly coloured plumage and modelled
perched on a tree stump, two with crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (minor
restoration)
tallest 5.5cm., 2¼in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 16th May 1994, lots 31 and 32

CATALOGUE NOTE
The Warsaw Conditorei inventory (1750) lists "8 polychrome parrots, 2½ in high".
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 111
A PAIR OF CARVED GILTWOOD NEO-CLASSICAL BRACKETS
IN LOUIS XVI STYLE
each with a bowed top above an egg and dart frieze and fluted inward curved stem with
stylised Greek-key handles suspending a berried laurel swag above a gadrooned border
and berried leaf carved finial
each 30cm. high, 16.5cm. wide, 14.5cm. deep; 11¾in., 6½in., 5¾in.

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 112
A SET OF EIGHT CARVED GILTWOOD BRACKETS
IN NEO-CLASSICAL STYLE
the shaped bowed top above a scrolled corbel carved with roses, flowers and leaves above
gadrooning and berried foliate finial
each 24cm. high, 12.5cm. wide, 10.5cm. deep; 9½in., 4¾in., 4¼in.

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 113
A SET OF FOUR CARVED GILTWOOD BRACKETS
IN 18TH CENTURY STYLE
with a bowed beaded top above a scalloped frieze and reeded support terminating in
acanthus and berried finial together with another larger one on a support carved with fluted
foliage and laurel leaves
smaller pair 14cm. high, 13.5cm. wide 7.5cm. deep; 5½in. 5¼in., 3in., larger pair 19.5cm.
high, 19.5cm. wide, 11cm. deep; 7¾in., 7¾in., 4¼in.

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 114
A SET OF EIGHT CARVED GILTWOOD BRACKETS
IN LOUIS XV STYLE
each with a serpentine top above an acanthus leave carved support centred by graduated
piastras terminating in a berried foliate finial
each 20cm. high, 14cm. wide, 10cm. deep; 7¾in., 5½in., 3¾in.

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 115
A PAIR OF CARVED GILTWOOD BRACKETS
IN LOUIS XV STYLE
each with a shaped top above a pierced scrolled acanthus leaf carved frieze and tapering
stem, the whole carved with cross hatching and foliage, the reverse of one with printed
paper label “LEBRUN cadres anciens et moderns, Depuis 1847, sculpture Dorure, 155
Faub., Sainte-Honore, Paris, BAL 14-66” with an inventory number in red 9.726
each 17cm. high, 20cm. wide, 10.5cm. deep; 6¾in., 7¾in., 4¼in.

ESTIMATE 600-800 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 116
A PAIR OF CARVED GILTWOOD AND GESSOED BRACKETS
SECOND QUARTER 19TH CENTURY
each with a shaped top above a support carved with boldly scrolling acanthus leaves and
flowers; regilt
each 29.5cm. high, 24cm. wide, 16cm. deep; 11¾in., 9½in., 6¼in.

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 117
A PAIR OF CARVED GILTWOOD BRACKETS
IN LOUIS XV STYLE
each with a bowed top above a lambrequin frieze, the scrolled support carved with an
acanthus leaf and a berried finial
each 28cm. high, 18cm. wide, 16.5cm. deep; 11in., 7in., 6½in.

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 118
A PAIR OF GILTWOOD BRACKETS
LOUIS XV, MID 18TH CENTURY
each in the form of a stylised acanthus, scallopshell and flower carved cornucopia
supporting a gadrooned circular top; re-gilt
each 24cm. high, 14cm. wide, 13.5cm. deep; 9½in., 5½in., 5¼in.

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 119
TWO PAIRS OF SMALL CARVED GILTWOOD BRACKETS
LOUIS XV, MID 18TH CENTURY
each with a shaped top above a pierced acanthus leaf support; regilt
Larger each 15cm. high, 11cm. wide, 7.5cm. deep; 5¾in., 4¼in., 3in. ; Smaller each 10cm.
high, 8cm. wide, 6cm. deep; 3¾in., 3¼in., 2½in.

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 120
THREE PAIRS OF CARVED GILTWOOD BRACKETS
IN LOUIS XV STYLE
comprising a pair with bowed tops above an acanthus leaf carved support terminating in a
berried foliate finial together with a pair with rectangular tops with boldly carved acanthus
supports and berried laurel finial together with a small pair each with a bowed top on an
acanthus leaf carved support
20cm. high, 19cm. wide, 10cm. deep; 7¾in., 7½in., 3¾in. (first pair); 15.5cm. high, 18.5cm.
wide, 11.5cm. deep; 6¼in., 7¼in., 4½in., (second pair); 9.5cm. high, 10.5cm. wide, 8.5cm.
deep; 3¾in., 4¼in., 3¼in., (third pair)

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 121
AN ANGLO-INDIAN IVORY AND PORCUPINE QUILL INKSTAND
VIZAGAPATAM, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
of complex tempietto form, panelled with porcupine quills and bordered with foliate
engraved ivory, the superstructure flanked by carved and incised buffalo horn letter
holders in the form of scrolls, concealed drawer to the right,
46cm. high, 35cm. wide, 28cm. deep; 1ft. 5½in., 1ft. 1½in., 11in.

ESTIMATE 5,000-8,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie for Harbourside, Nassau
Acquired from Lennox Money, 13th June 1967, £100

LITERATURE
Recorded in the Inventory of Harbourside, Nassau:
'Indian Writing Stand made of Porcupine quills banded with engraved ivory. Comprising inkwells, paper weights,
pentrays and a drawer. The back with a letter press flanked by horn letter racks in the form of cobras.Concealed
drawer to the right. Silver Key. Early 19th century.'
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 122
AN ITALIAN CARVED GILTWOOD FRAME, FLORENTINE
of rectangular form with a leaf carved edge with a grotesque mask at each corner flanking
acanthus and scrolls on a stippled ground, the pierced inner frame carved with ribbons, the
reverse with a printed paper label Fratelli Pacetti, Firenze, with an iron hook at the rear;
rebacked; regessoed and regilded
138cm. high, 116cm. wide; 4ft. 6¼in., 3ft. 9¾in.

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Bonhams, London, 30 June 1988, lot 52.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 123
AN ALABASTRO FIORITO CABINET
18TH CENTURY, REMOUNTED
the galleried top with an concave centre above three galleried conforming shelves flanked
by doors with foliate-cast mouldings and with oval button-incised tablet headers; possibly
the superstructure of a larger piece
35cm. high, 47.5cm. wide, 18cm. deep; 1ft. 1¾in., 1ft. 6¾in., 7in.

ESTIMATE 6,000-9,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 124
A PAIR OF ITALIAN CARVED GILTWOOD EBONISED AND PAINTED FIGURES
OF KNEELING BLACKAMOORS
VENETIAN, FIRST HALF 18TH CENTURY
each wearing a feathered headdress and holding tasselled cushions, resting on tree trunk
bases; re-decorated
each 118cm. high; 3ft. 10½in.

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London
Recorded in the Hall and Dining Room:
Pair of Nubian figures with head dress of feathers, & skirt in carved and decorated wood Venetian mid eighteenth
Century,1750 purchased from Cook, 28.5. 1954 £510.0.0
or possibly those Recorded on the Staircase:
Pair of Louis XV carved figures of Negro boys, kneeling; bodies painted black, each with feathered head-dress and
flowing loin cloth in giltwood holding a tasselled cushion painted and gilded. Figures supported on a carved wood
base in the form of a tree trunk purchased Blairman 20.1.55 £450
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 125
A FRENCH LANDSCAPE TAPESTRY, AUBUSSON OR FELLETIN
woven in wool with a woodland setting and foreground perched bird, within a wide four-
sided floral border, partly associated, incorporating birds
Approximately 181cm. high, 128cm. wide; 5ft. 11in., 4ft. 2in.
18th century and later,

ESTIMATE 3,500-4,500 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 126
A ZIEGLER MAHAL CARPET, WEST PERSIA
the indigo field with overall palmettes, joined by scrolling vines, within a madder border
with rosettes alternating with stylised flowering plants, and ivory coloured inner and outer
bands
Approximately 384 by 374cm.; 12ft. 7in., 12ft. 3in.
circa 1880

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Purchased Sotheby's, London, Arts of the Islamic World, 8th October 2008, lot 363

CATALOGUE NOTE
Ziegler & Co, was an Anglo-Swiss carpet manufactory which was set up in 1883 in Manchester. This Mahal carpet is a
modifed classical Persian Sultanabad design, with colouration that was softened to appeal to the Western market and
the sizes could also be adapted accordingly. The blue/green fields and madder borders were colours that were also
taken up by Morris & Co, for the Arts and Crafts Movement carpets which were produced in England at the end of the
19th/early 20th century, having been inspired by Persian, Indian and Chinese designs. For comparable Mahal carpets
of similar colouration and design to the present carpet, see Sotheby's, London, Islamic Works of Art, Carpets and
Textiles, 11th October 1989, lot 595, and Sotheby's, New York, 25th November 2008, lot 367.
EMBARGO ON IMPORTATION OF PERSIAN/IRANIAN WORKS OF ART TO THE USA.

Due to recent changes in the U.S. law, carpets and rugs of Iranian/Persian origin can no longer be imported into the
U.S. Please check with the sale administrator if you are uncertain as to whether a lot is subject to these or any other
restrictions or if you need assistance with such enquiries.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 126A
A QUANTITY OF AUCTION CATALOGUES
many marked up and with notes from Sir Gawaine and/or Lady Baillie, together with a
further quantity of books on porcelain, as follows:
Box 1: Sotheby’s, Fine Continental Porcelain, November, 1965; Sotheby’s, Important
Continental Porcelain, March, 1971; Christies, English and Continental Ceramics, January,
1980; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, February, 1980; Christies, Samson Porcelain,
March, 1980; Christies, Important Continental Porcelain, December, 1980; Christies,
Important Continental Porcelain, October, 1979; Christies, English and Continental
Ceramics, May, 1980; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, June, 1980; Christies, English
and Continental Ceramics, July, 1979; Christies, English and Continental Ceramics, July,
1980; Christies, English and Continental Ceramics, November, 1977; Christies, Important
Continental Porcelain, December, 1979; Christies, Samson Porcelain, December, 1979;
Christies, Samson Porcelain, September, 1979; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain,
February, 1977; Sotheby’s, Continental Pottery, April, 1981; Christies, Samson Porcelain,
June, 1980; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, October, 1980; Sotheby’s, Europaisches
Porzellan, Zurich, June, 1980; Sotheby’s, English Pottery & Porcelain, July, 1980;
Sotheby’s, Important Continental Pottery & Porcelain, May, 1982; Sotheby’s, Important
Continental Porcelain, June, 1978; Sotheby’s, English Pottery & Porcelain, January, 1980;
Sotheby’s, Important English & Continental Porcelain, May, 1958; Sotheby’s, Continental
Pottery & Porcelain, December, 1980; Sotheby’s, Continental Pottery & Porcelain, July,
1980; Sotheby’s, Important Worcester Porcelain, October, 1974; Sotheby’s, European
Ceramics, September, 1980; Sotheby’s, Fine Continental Porcelain, July, 1972; Sotheby’s,
Important Continental Pottery & Porcelain, October, 19?; Sotheby’s, Continental Pottery &
Porcelain, April, 1980; Sotheby’s, English Pottery & Porcelain, July, 1981; Sotheby’s,
European Ceramics, March, 1982; Sotheby’s, Important Continental Pottery, April, 1974;
Sotheby’s, Important Continental Pottery, April, 1980; Sotheby’s, Tres Importantes
Porcelaines Europeennes Monaco x 2, May, 1980; Puttick & Simpson, Porcelain, April,
1968; P&S, Porcelain, October, 1968; P&S, Porcelain, February, 1968; Sotheby’s, Important
German Porcelain, December, 1981; Sotheby’s, Important Collection German Porcelain,
October, 1980; Sotheby’s, European Ceramics, July, 1981; Sotheby’s, European Ceramics,
November, 1980; Christies, European Porcelain & Pottery, October, 1978; Sotheby’s,
Important Continental Porcelain, February, 1978; P&S, Porcelain, January, 1968; P&S,
Porcelain, October, 1967; P&S, Porcelain, February, 1970; P&S, Porcelain, June, 1968; P&S,
Porcelain, May, 1968; P&S, Porcelain, July, 1970; P&S, Porcelain, November, 1967; P&S,
Porcelain, June, 1970; P&S, Porcelain, November, 1967; P&S, Porcelain, October, 1967;
Sotheby’s, Early English & Continental Ceramics, June, 1989; Christies, Continental
Ceramics & Galenterie 2003, May, 1990; Sotheby’s, British & European Ceramics,
December, 2003; Sotheby’s, Fine British & European Ceramics, July, 2004; Christies, Dr
Sali Guggenheim, German Porcelain, May, 1995; Christies, Continental & British Ceramics,
May, 1991; Christies, European Ceramics, February, 1991; Christies, Continental Ceramics,
March, 1991; Christies, Early European Porcelain, October, 1989

Box 2: Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, June, 1996; Christies, European Ceramics
& Galauterie, May, 1994; Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, March, 1996; Christies,
Porcelain, October, 1995; Christies, Jorg Nelte Meissen Porcelain, October, 1995; Christies,
British & Continental Ceramics, October, 1995; Christies, Flahaut Collection European,
June, 1995; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, March, 1980; Christies, Weitnauer
Collection, November, 1985; Christies, Important Continental Ceramics, October, 1985;
Christies, English & Continental Ceramics, July, 1985; Christies, Important Continental
Ceramics, July, 1985; Christies, Important Continental Ceramics, July, 1985; Christies,
Important Continental Ceramics, March, 1985; Christies, Important Continental Ceramics,
December, 1984; Christies, Continental Ceramics, July, 1988; Christies, Important
European Porcelain, May, 1980; Christies, Continental Ceramics, November, 1987;
Christies, Continental Ceramics, June, 1987; Christies, European Faience & Porcelain, May,
1987; Christies, Continental Ceramics, March, 1987; Christies, Important Continental
Ceramics, December, 1986; Christies, Fine Continental Ceramics, July, 1984; Christies, Fine
Continental Ceramics, March, 1984; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, December, 1983;
Christies, H.J. Joel Collection, April, 1980; Christies, English & Continental Ceramics,
November, 1979; Christies, Important Continental Porcelain, October, 1979; Christies,
Important Continental Porcelain, June, 1979; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, October,
1978; Christies, Important Continental Porcelain, July, 1978; Christies, Important
Continental Porcelain, October, 1986; Christies, Continental Ceramics, June, 1986;
Christies, Nuffeler German Porcelain, June, 1986; Christies, Continental Porcelain, March,
1986; Christies, Continental Porcelain, December, 1985; Christies, Important European
Porcelain, November, 1985; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, April, 1981; Christies,
Highly Important Early Continental Porcelain, October, 1977; Christies, Highly Important
Early Continental Porcelain, March, 1977; Christies, Fine Continental Porcelain, November,
1976; Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, June, 1984; Sotheby’s, Porcelaines et Faiences
Europeenes, June, 1984; Sotheby’s, Important Continental Pottery & Porcelain, November,
1983; Sotheby’s, Continental Pottery & Porcelain, November, 1982; Sotheby’s,
Distinguished Collection German Porcelain, June, 1982

Box 3: Sotheby’s, Important Continental Porcelain, March, 1982; Sotheby’s, European &
Oriental Ceramics, December, 1980; Sotheby’s, Fine Continental Porcelain, July, 1972;
Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, April, 1998; Christies, Meissen & other
Continental Porcelain, April, 1998; Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, November,
1997; Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, July, 1997; Christies, British & Continental
Ceramics, October, 1996; Christies, Important European Ceramics, November, 1999;
Sotheby’s, Later Continental Ceramics, October, 1991; Sotheby’s, English & Continental
Ceramics, October, 1991; Sotheby’s, European Ceramics, November, 1987; Sotheby’s,
Continental Ceramics, June, 1992; Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, March, 1993;
Sotheby’s, Continental Pottery & Porcelain, October, 1986; Christies, Important European
Porcelain, December, 2001; Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, June, 1992; Christies,
Important European Porcelain, July, 2003; Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, November,
1985; Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, March, 1986; Sotheby’s, Early English &
Continental Ceramics, June, 1988; Sotheby’s, Important Continental Porcelain, September,
1989; Lempertz, Meissen Porzellan (x2), March, 1991; Sotheby’s, English & Continental
Ceramics, February, 1996; Sotheby’s, Fine European Ceramics, July, 1997; Sotheby’s,
Meissen Porcelain, March, 1994; Sotheby’s, Fine Continental Ceramics, June, 1994;
Sotheby’s, Neo-Classical Porcelain, November, 1993; Sotheby’s, Important European
Porcelain, April, 1980; Sotheby’s, English & Continental Porcelain, October, 1993;
Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, November, 1993; Sotheby’s, Fine Early & Later European
Ceramics, November, 1998; Sotheby’s, Fine Decorative Arts, June, 1999; Phillips, Good
European Ceramics, March, 1988; Sotheby’s, European Ceramics, October, 2003

Box 4: Sotheby’s, British & European Ceramics, July, 2003; Sotheby’s, Fine British &
Continental Ceramics, December, 2003; Sotheby’s, Distinguished Collection of a Lady,
December, 1997; Sotheby’s, Fine European Ceramics, November, 1997; Sotheby’s, Fine
European Ceramics, April, 1997; Sotheby’s, English & continental Ceramics, October, 1996;
Sotheby’s, English & continental Ceramics, October, 1995; Sotheby’s, Fine Ceramics, June,
1996; Sotheby’s, English & Continental Ceramics, November, 1995; Sotheby’s, English &
Continental Ceramics, June, 1995; Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, November, 1994;
Sotheby’s, English & Continental Ceramics, November, 1994; Sotheby’s, English &
Continental Ceramics, October, 1990; Sotheby’s, Early English & Continental Ceramics,
February, 1991; Sotheby’s, Early English & Continental Ceramics, February, 1988;
Sotheby’s, European Ceramics, May, 1988; Sotheby’s, Important Continental Pottery &
Porcelain, March, 1987; Sotheby’s, Continental Ceramics, June, 1993; Christies, Important
European Ceramics, May, 1997; Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, February, 1997;
Christies, Continental Ceramics, March, 1989; Christies, Important European Porcelain,
November, 1988; Sotheby’s, Early English & Continental Ceramics, June, 1989; Sotheby’s,
Continental Porcelain, May, 1989; Sotheby’s, Early English & Continental Ceramics,
October, 1988; Sotheby’s, Early English & Continental Ceramics, October, 1990; Sotheby’s,
Early English & Continental Ceramics, March, 1990; Sotheby’s, Early Continental Porcelain,
November, 1989; Sotheby’s, Early English & Continental Ceramics, October, 1989;
Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, February, 1994; Christies, European Ceramics,
November, 1993; Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, October, 1993; Christies,
Continental & British Ceramics, March, 1993; Christies, European Ceramics, November,
1992; Christies, Continental Ceramics, September, 1992; Christies, Continental Ceramics,
June, 1992; Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, December, 1994; Christies,
Continental Ceramics, June, 1994; Christies, Meissen Porcelain (Anderson), June, 1992;
Christies, European Ceramics, December, 1991; Christies, European Ceramics, June, 1991;
Christies, British & Continental Ceramics, June, 1995; Bonhams, Fine European Ceramics,
May, 2009; Sotheby’s, European Ceramics, March, 2001; Sotheby’s, Early English &
Continental Ceramics, July, 1991; Bonhams, Fine European Ceramics, December, 2008;
Lempertz, Meissen, June, 1990; Sotheby’s, Arcade Sales, September, 2001
Books:
Meissen – Porcelain for Gentlemen, Angela Grafin von Wallwitz, Munich, 2004; Caughley &
Worcester, Porcelain 1775-1800, Geoffrey A Godden, London, 1991; Illustrated
Encyclopaedia of British Pottery & Porcelain, Geoffrey A. Godden, London, 1969; Die
Meissner Porzellantiere, Karl Albiker, Berlin, 1959; Meissen 1993, Hermann Ball & Paul
Graupe, Berlin, 1931; European Ceramic Art, W.B. Honey, London, 1949; Early Meissen
Porcelain in Dresden, Ingelove Menzhausen, London, 1990; Meissen Porcelain in Colour,
Hugo Morley Fletcher, London, 1979; Meissner Porzellan, Hirmer, Munich, 1997; Meissen
Oriental Porcelain, R.J. Charleston, Switzlerland, 1971; Meissen & Other Continental
Porcelain, Yovonne Hackenbroch, Harvard, 1956; Les Porcelainiers du XVIII siècle Francais,
Serge Gauthier, Paris, 1964; The Book of Meissen, Robert E. Rontgen, Atglen, 2000;
Meissen Portrait Figures, Len & Yvonne Adams, London, 1987; Early Meissen Porcelain at
Grosvenor Fine Art & Antiques Fair, London, 2013; Meissen Porcelain Dogs, 1875-1925,
Hugh Davies & Hans Sonntag, London, 1997; The Arcanum: The Extraordinary True Story
of the Invention of European Porcelain, Janet Gleeson, New York, 1999; The Rene Fribourg
Collection, Part One, London, 1963; Ceramics Journal, Feb/Mar 1986; Histoire de la
Ceramique, Albert Jacquemart, Paris, 1873; Porcelain, Hugh Tait, London, 1972; China
Trade Porcelain: Patterns of Exchange, Clare Le Corbeiller, New York, 1974; French
Porcelain, Hubert Landais, Michigan, 1961; Chinese Porcelain, Anthony du Boulay, London,
1963; Alexanders Tiere, Melitta Kunze-Kollensperger, Berlin, 1999; The Geldermalson
History & Porcelain, C.J. A. Jorg, Den Haag, 1986; The Wrightsman Collection, Volume IV
Porcelain, Charles B. Wrightsman, New York, 1970.
20th Century

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 127
AFTER PIERRE-JULES MÊNE (1810-1879)
FRENCH, LATE 19TH/ EARLY 20TH CENTURY

L'ACCOLADE (THE EMBRACE)


grey veined marble, on a grey veined marble column
group: 46 by 76cm., 18 1/8 by 30in.column: 109.5cm., 43 1/8 in.

ESTIMATE 6,000-8,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Bought by Sir Gawaine for Lady Baillie, Sotheby's, Summers Place, late 1990s

CATALOGUE NOTE
RELATED LITERATURE
M. Poletti and A. Richarme, Pierre-Jules Mêne: Catalogue raisonné, Paris, 2007, pp. 76-9
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 128
JOSEPH GOTT (1785-1860)
BRITISH, EARLY 19TH CENTURY

HOUND PLAYING WITH A CAT


Signed: J. GOTT. FT
white marble
20cm by 44cm., 7 7/8 by 17¼in.

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
RELATED LITERATURE
T. Friedman and T. Stevens (eds.), Joseph Gott, 1786–1860, Sculptor, exhib. cat. Leeds City Art Gallery and Walker
Art Gallery, Liverpool, Leeds, 1972
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 129
JOHN SMART
1742-1811
PORTRAIT OF JAMES TAYLOR
Wearing a dark brown coat, with a white waistcoat and jabot secured with a jewelled pin,
gold frame, glazed hair reserve with initials: JT
Watercolour on ivory;signed with initials l.r.: JS. / 1787 / I
Watercolour on ivory
5.7 by 4.2 cm; 2 1/4 by 1 5/8 in.

ESTIMATE 25,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Anonymous sale, London, Sotheby's, 24 July 1978, lot 268;
Anonymous sale, London, Sotheby's, 16 April 2008, lot 53 (£22,000)

LITERATURE
D. Foskett, John Smart, The Man and his Miniatures, 1964, p. 74
CATALOGUE NOTE
When Lord Cornwallis was appointed Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in India in 1786 he set about
endeavouring to eliminate corruption in the East India Company. One person subject to his scrutiny was James
Taylor. Taylor had arrived in India in 1764. He gradually rose through the ranks of the Civil Service, from writer in
1771, to junior merchant in 1776 and ultimately senior merchant in 1790. In 1792 however he was suspended from
the Service, along with Mr Holland, for arranging unofficial loans to the Nawab of Arcot. In judgement Cornwallis
summarised that 'he [Taylor] allowed consideration of private interests to interfere with his public duty' (British Library,
IOR/H/£^&, p. 168). Taylor returned to England the same year although he was not listed as 'out of service' of the East
India Company until 1800.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 130
RICHARD COSWAY R.A.
1742-1821
PORTRAIT OF THOMAS AUGUSTUS HERVEY
Wearing a dove grey coat and white cravat, gold frame, with blue glass reverse and central
hair reserve
watercolour on ivory;signed and inscribed verso: R.dus Cosway / RA / Primarius Pictor /
Sereniffimi Walliae / Principis / Pinxit / 1799
7.7 by 6.2cm; 3 1/16 by 2 1/2 in.

ESTIMATE 12,000-18,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Alison Uttley, her sale, London, Sotheby's, 11 December 1978, lot 114 (as Portrait of a 'youth';
Anonymous sale, London, Sotheby's, 16 April 2008, lot 75

CATALOGUE NOTE
We are grateful to Dr Stephen Lloyd, Curator of the Derby Collection, Knowsley Hall, Merseyside, for his assistance in
catalouging this lot. Upon studying this miniature he discribed it as 'certainly one of Cosway's most distinctive and
successful portraits of a male adolescent from the 1790s.'
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 131
SAMUEL COOPER
1607 - 1672
PORTRAIT OF A GENTLEMAN, PROBABLY SIDNEY GODOLPHIN (1610-1643)
with flowing fair hair, wearing full armour and a lawn collar,
watercolour and bodycolour on vellum, held in a gold frame enamelled in pale turquoise,
the reserve decorated in white, black and rust with a raised central rosette and dentelle
border, the suspension loop set with a ruby, the clasp holder with a diamond, later red
leather and gold tooled case
7.1 by 5.7cm; 2 7/8 by 2 1/4 in.

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Anonymous sale, London, Bonhams, The Connoisseur's Cabinet, 7 November 2001, lot 317;
Anonymous sale, London, Sotheby's, 14 April 2011, lot 65
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 132
ANTOINETTE LOUISE DAMARCY
1788 - 1859
PORTRAIT OF A LADY
3.0
Watercolour and bodycolour on ivory;signed l.c.: Mll Demarcy;together with a Portrait of a
Gentleman (French School), and a Portrait of three children by a follower of Richard
Cosway R.A.
various sizes

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 133
NICOLAS-TOUSSAINT CHARLET
1792-1845
A WARRIOR ON HORSEBACK
Pen and brown ink and wash and touches of pink wash heightened with white, signed l.l.:
Charlet
410 by 330mm

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,500 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 134
A PAIR OF FAMILLE-ROSE TUREENS AND COVERS
QING DYNASTY, QIANLONG PERIOD
each with deep rounded sides supported on a short foot, flanked by a pair of gilt iron-red
bovine handles, the exterior brightly enamelled with large floral blooms borne on leafy
stems, encircled at the foot with a spearhead border, the domed cover similarly decorated
and surmounted by a pierced knop, on carved wooden stands(6)
29.5cm. diameter; 11½in.

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 135
BRITISH, 19TH CENTURY

GENTLEMAN IN FANTASY JACOBEAN DRESS


polychromed terracotta
62cm., 24 3/8 in. overall.

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie from Blairman, 15th July 1958 for Sir Gawaine's bedroom (described as the Duke of Kent, 1815)
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 136
A NEAR PAIR OF CALAMANDER SOFA TABLES
PROBABLY CEYLON, 2ND QUARTER 19TH CENTURY
the rounded oblong drop leaf tops above two channel-moulded drawers opposed by
dummies, on baluster end supports and out-splayed sabre legs with pole stretchers,
drawers altered, minor differences to dimensions
75.5cm., 105cm. extended, 67cm. deep; 2ft. 5¾in., 3ft. 5½in., 2ft. 2½in.

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie
Acquired from Pratt, 22nd September 1955, £300 for Sir Gawaine's Bedroom

CATALOGUE NOTE
A related example is illustrated in Amin Jaffer, Furniture from British India and Ceylon, A Catalogue of the Collections
in the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Peabody Essex Museum, 2001, p.367. Jaffer records that calamander was
by no means as common as ebony, satinwood, jackwood or nedun, due to its scarcity and high price.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 137
A GEORGE IV ROSEWOOD AND PARCEL-GILT CONSOLE TABLE
CIRCA 1825
the oblong white marble top with a reeded edge above a moulded frieze, on lion headed
monopodia carved with winged medallions,
83 cm. high, 109 cm. wide; 2ft 8½ in., 3ft 7 in.

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's, New York, 16th October 2008, lot 169
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 138
A GEORGE II STYLE WALNUT X-FRAME ARMCHAIR
the padded back and seat covered with needlework, with scroll arms, on leaf-carved scroll
supports joined by a stretcher

ESTIMATE 3,000-5,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 139
A GEORGE II GILTWOOD MIRROR
CIRCA 1755
the later plate within a rustic carved frame, formed of crossed oak boughs, re-gilded
81cm. high, 66cm. wide; 2ft. 8in., 2ft. 2in.

ESTIMATE 5,000-7,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 140
A GEORGE II MAHOGANY STOOL
CIRCA 1740
with a drop-in associated but contemporary needlework seat, on leaf-carved cabriole legs
with pad feet
45cm. high, 57cm. wide, 45cm. deep; 1ft. 5¾in., 1ft. 10½in.,

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 141
A REGENCY EBONISED CENTRE TABLE
EARLY 19TH CENTURY, AFTER A DESIGN BY THOMAS HOPE
the Swedish porphyry top above a brass moulded front on shaped end supports applied
with brass anthemia and wreaths with an in-curved oblong stretcher, on short turned
tapering feet,
74cm. high, 132cm. wide, 65cm.; 2ft. 5½in., 4ft. 4in., 2ft. 1½in.

ESTIMATE 25,000-35,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
The present table very closely follows a published design by Thomas Hope, illustrated in Household Furniture and
Interior Decoration, 1807, pl. XXII, p.62-3 and described as 'tea table', (see illustration). Hope was of wealthy
Amsterdam banking stock and was a great collector and patron. He became a great promoter of the 'Gout Grec' '
following his grand tour of 1787-1795 which imbued him with the 'Spirit of Corinth and Athens'. His house in Duchess
Street open to serious art collectors was witness to this passion and was much admired and a great influence on taste
in 19th century.
As well as the art of the Antique which he studied while visiting Greece, Italy and Asia Minor, a second source for his
designs, which Hope fully acknowledged, was the work of the French Empire designers, Percier and Fontaine, whose
Recueil de Décorations Intérieurs, 1800, likewise owes a debt to the art of classical civilisation.

Fig. 1
untitled
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 142
A PAIR OF REGENCY MAHOGANY X-FRAME STOOLS
EARLY 19TH CENTURY, IN THE MANNER OF THOMAS HOPE
the oblong drop in seats within lion head carved finials, the frames with pole stretchers and
button moulded terminals, on lion's paw feet, possibly French, restorations
51cm. high, 63cm. wide, 43cm. deep; 1ft. 8in., 2ft. ¾in., 1ft. 5in.

ESTIMATE 20,000-40,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Leeds Castle, Kent
Recorded in Sir Gawaine`s Bedroom, Leeds Castle;
Pair of mahogany X-framed/ stools with lion head terminals/and claw feet in the style of/ Thomas Hope English 1810

Purchased from: Cook, 16.1.56, £200

Seats covered green leather/ tooled gold

Covered by: Jansen/London 7.6.56, £24

CATALOGUE NOTE
The present pair of stools in the Roman style, is based on a design for an X-framed stool by Thomas Hope, originally
in his collection in Duchess Street, illustrated in Household Furniture and Interior Decoration, 1807, pl.12, (see
illustration). For further information about Thomas Hope, see footnote to lot 141. Designed in the 'Antique' style,
the design of these 'Curule-form' stools is derived from a model reserved for the use of the highest officials in ancient
Rome.
For comparison, another stool of related design is recorded in the collection of Viscount Allendale at Bretton Park,
Yorkshire, illustated in Margaret Jourdain, Regency Furniture 1795-1820, rev. ed. 1948, p.101, fig. 85, and Clifford
Musgrave, Regency Furniture 1800-1830, 1961, fig. 15a. Two further examples are recorded in Percy Macquoid and
Ralph Edwards, The Dictionary of English Furniture, rev.ed., 3 vols., 1954, vol. III, p.182, fig. 68, and Frances Collard,
Regency Furniture, 1985, p.98.

Fig. 1
untitled
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 143
A GEORGE III MAHOGANY KIDNEY WRITING TABLE
CIRCA 1790
banded with ebony and strung with boxwood, the moulded top with a hinged writing flap
flanked by hinged compartments above a drawer, on square tapering legs
70cm. high, 118cm. wide, 77cm. deep; 2ft. 3in., 3ft. 9in., 2ft. 3½in.

ESTIMATE 5,000-7,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Classic English Furniture, The Norman Adams Legacy 1923-2009, Sotheby's London, 21st April 2009, lot 35.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 144
A GEORGE III CREAM AND GREEN PAINTED BERGÈRE
CIRCA 1800
with a moulded frame, the padded square back over a cushioned seat within padded arms
with baluster uprights, on fluted turned tapering legs (currently covered in blue ribbed
fabric), re-decorated

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 145
A SET OF SIX GEORGE III MAHOGANY CHAIRS
CIRCA 1790
including an armchair, with arched top rails above triple rail backs, on square tapering legs

ESTIMATE 2,500-3,500 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 146
A PAIR OF GEORGE IV GILT-BRASS MOUNTED ROSEWOOD DISPLAY
CABINETS
with a moulded cornices above a pair of glazed doors enclosing adjustable shelves, on
plinths, minor differences to dimensions
214cm. high, 129cm. wide, 46cm. deep; 7ft. ¼in., 4ft. 2¾in., 1ft. 6in.

ESTIMATE 10,000-15,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 147
AN ENGLISH PORCELAIN YELLOW-GROUND PART TEA SERVICE, CIRCA
1805
comprising: a teapot and cover, a slop bowl, a sugar bowl and cover, a milk jug and cover,
five coffee cans and saucers, five cups and saucers
14.0
ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 148
A LARGE GEORGE II GILT WOOD BRACKET
CIRCA 1760
the leaf-carved cushion moulded shelf on a gadrooned giltwood corbel, with Ho-Ho bird
and acanthus ornament
46cm. high, 36cm. wide, 24cm. deep; 1ft. 6in., 1ft. 2¼in., 9½in.

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,500 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 149
A FRENCH MAHOGANY COMMODE
CHARLES X, CIRCA 1830
with a grey marble top above a moulded frieze drawer, three long drawers and a drawer to
the plinth
92cm. high, 133cm. wide, 60cm. deep; 3ft. ¼in., 4ft. 2½in., 1ft. 11¾in.

ESTIMATE 1,800-2,200 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 150
A SEVRES AND SEVRES-STYLE COMPOSITE PART SERVICE, 'LE SERVICE
DE CHASSE DE FONTAINEBLEAU'
CIRCA 1838-1845 AND LATER
printed and painted with game animals and birds among arabesques reserved with trophies
and Louis-Philippe's cypher, between gilt lines and key-pattern borders, comprising: two
teapots and covers, a hot-water jug and cover, two milk-jugs, two two-handled sugar-bowls
and covers, nine large teacups and saucers, printed blue crowned LP within double circle
marks, printed iron-red Château de Fontainebleau marks, various incised painters' and
gilders' marks
25.0
ESTIMATE 5,000-8,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 10th June 2010, lot 197

CATALOGUE NOTE
Le Service de Chasse de Fontainebleau was purchased by Louis-Philippe I King of the French between 1839-1841,
having been ordered on 26 June 1835. The original service consisted of over 2,000 pieces, and the decoration was
based on drawings by Jean-Charles François Leloy. For a discussion of the service, see Gérard Barbe, Le Service du
Roi Louis Philippe au Château de Fontainebleau (Paris, 1988), pls. V, X, XIII, XIV, XVI and the drawings by Leloy;
also Tamara Préaud, ed., The Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory, Alexandre Brogniart and the Triumph of Art and
Industry, 1800-1847, The Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, New Haven, Exhibition Catalogue
(1997), pp. 378-380, no. 154 a-c.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 151
AN EXTENSIVE COMPOSITE PORCELAIN TABLE SERVICE
LATE 18TH -20TH CENTURY
painted with various patterns of scattered and formally arranged corn flowers, various
factories including Vienna, Paris (Duc d'Angoulême, Nast), Derby and later factories,
including a pair of wine coolers, a chocolate pot, ten tureens and covers, three pierced
baskets and stands, two stands with six pots à bouchées and covers, and other tableware
of various forms and sizes
238.0
ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 152
A GEORGE I HARDWOOD KNEEHOLE DESK
EARLY 18TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY COLONIAL
the moulded top with a replaced leather inset above a frieze drawer and two banks of four
drawers and a recessed kneehole cupboard, on bun feet
75cm. high, 99.5cm. wide, 56cm. deep; 2ft. 5½in., 3ft. 3in., 1ft. 10in.

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 153
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF STANDING DEER
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each standing, the doe with her head bent down to eat, the stag
with head slightly turned, each supported on a tree stump and shaped rectangular mound
base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor
restoration and chips)
the stag 18cm., 7in. high

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler worked on this model in October 1736: '1 Hirschgen mit geweydern, wiederum eines ohne Gehörne auch aufs
Lager Beyde wiederum verbeßert u.z. abformen tüchtig gemacht.' [1 deer grazing, another one without horns, also for
the warehouse, both then again improved etc. the forms refined]. The Brühl inventory (1753) lists '6 stehende Hirsche
und 6 fressende Hirsche' [6 standing and 6 grazing deers]. Similar models are illustrated by Kunze-Köllensperger
(1999), no. 21 (part); and a similar model of a stag in the Hans Syz Collection is illustrated by Miller and Rückert
(1979), no. 326.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 154
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF RECUMBENT DEER
CIRCA 1745
facing to the left or right, with brown coats and black hooves (stag with some restoration)
11cm., 4¼in. and 8.5cm., 3¼in. long

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 106

CATALOGUE NOTE
For similar models see Albiker (1959), no. 202.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 155
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A RECUMBENT DOE
CIRCA 1745-50
probably modelled by J. F. Eberlein, facing to the right, naturalistically painted in tones of
brown (some restoration)
9cm., 3½in. long

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 12th March 1990, lot 86

CATALOGUE NOTE
Similar models are illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 202 and Rückert (1959), pl. 282, no. 1150. There are several
entries for stags and does in Kändler's work records, but the most likely reference to this model seems to be in J. F.
Eberlein's work records in Janaury 1745: '1 liegender Hirsch auf das Waarenlager' [A recumbent stag for the
warehouse], which could also refer to the male version. For an example, see Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), cat.
22. The Warsaw Conditorei inventory (1750) lists "6 sitting deer and 6 sitting stags".
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 156
A MEISSEN GROUP OF A DOE AND HOUNDS
CIRCA 1758
the doe being run to earth by three hounds, raised on an oval mound base applied with
flowers and leaves (minor restoration)
23cm., 9in. long

ESTIMATE 4,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Count Alcario Palmieri Collection, Christie's London, 28th March 1996, lot 86

CATALOGUE NOTE
This model probably started life as a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anne-Fest held at Schloss Moritzburg, for
which the Meissen factory made a drawing, in July 1738 (see fig. 1). It is, however, as late as 1758 that the group
was modelled in porcelain, commissioned by the Parisian marchand-mercier Michel-Joseph Lair in 1758 (see fig. 2).
In the meantime, Kändler had developed a slightly different version in April-May 1740, where the doe is dragged down
to the ground by the dogs, as listed in his Taxa and work records: 'Einen gejagt, und von Hunden zu Boden
gerissenen Hirsch.' [One deer hunted, and pulled in the back by dogs.] Two white models are listed in the Warsaw
Conditorei inventory (1750), no. 90.
Another example is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 200.

Fig. 1
Drawing of a Par-Force hunting group commissioned by the French
marchand-mercier Michel-Joseph Lair in 1758, to be modeled in
porcelain, for export to France © Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur
Meissen, Unternehmensarchiv, VA 386.

Fig. 2

Drawing for a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anna-Fest held


at Schloss Moritzburg in July 1738 © HStA, Dresden, 10006,
OHMA, N, I, 23a, fol. 316.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 157
A PAIR OF MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF FOXES
CIRCA 1750
each standing alertly with its head turned, the coats shaded in brown, on a rocky base
applied with leaves, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (minor restoration)
5.7cm., 2¼in. and 6.5cm., 2½in. length

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 3rd December 1984, lot 149
Sotheby's London, 15th April 1997, lot 87
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 158
A MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURE OF A HARE
CIRCA 1750
standing facing to the right on a flower encrusted base, its fur painted in brown and black
(some restoration)
4cm., 1½in. long

ESTIMATE 400-600 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 140 (part)
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 159
A MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURE OF A FOX CUB
CIRCA 1750
with brown fur markings, seated on an oval grassy base; together with a Meissen
miniature pug dog, 19th century, modelled seated scratching its neck with a hind leg,
crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue

4cm., 1½in. high

ESTIMATE 600-900 GBP

PROVENANCE
Fox: Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 172
Pug: Sotheby's London, 17th March 1986, lot 143 (part)
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 160
FOUR MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF RABBITS
CIRCA 1750
one modelled sitting, the other three crouching, their fur markings in shades of brown and
black (minor restoration)
largest 5cm., 2in. long

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lots 89 and 94
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 161
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A WILD BOAR
CIRCA 1746
modelled by J. J. Kändler, the sow standing with head lowered, its coat painted in light
brown (minor restoration)
14.5cm., 5¾in. long

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 8th June 1999, lot 114
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 162
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A WILD BOAR
CIRCA 1746
modelled by J. J. Kändler, standing with head lowered, its coat in tones of dark brown
(some restoration)
13.5cm., 5¼in. long

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 104

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records for August 1746 records '1 wildes Schwein poussiret, ohngefähr 3 Zoll hoch' [modelled 1 wild
boar, approximately 3 Zoll high]. A similar example is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 222. A similar figure of a boar
was modelled as a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anna-Fest held at Schloss Moritzburg in July 1738.

Fig. 1

Drawing for a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anna-Fest held


at Schloss Moritzburg in July 1738. © HStA, Dresden, 10006,
OHMA, N, I, 23a, fol. 318.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 163
A MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURE OF A WILD BOAR
CIRCA 1750
modelled seated with head turned and mouth open, his coat marked in light brown, the
shaped oval base applied with flowers, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor
restoration and chips)
5.5cm., 2¼in. high

ESTIMATE 1,200-1,800 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 131

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 21

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records for August 1746 records '1 wildes Schwein poussiret, ohngefähr 3 Zoll hoch' [modelled 1 wild
boar, approximately 3 Zoll high]. A similar example is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 222. A similar figure of a boar
was modelled as a sugar-paste table decoration for the Anna-Fest held at Schloss Moritzburg in July 1738.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 164
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF BEARS
CIRCA 1740-45
modelled by J. J. Kändler, free-standing, one with head slightly raised and with brown fur,
the other with head lowered and with brown markings, impressed 47 to both (minor
restoration)
12.5cm., 5in. long

ESTIMATE 6,000-10,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 109

CATALOGUE NOTE
Several models of bears are mentioned in Kändler's work records, of which the earliest is 1741; see Albiker (1959),
no. 172. A similar pair on gilt-metal bases was sold at Sotheby's London, 22nd November 2005, lot 15.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 165
A MEISSEN SMALL FIGURE OF A BEAR
CIRCA 1750
probably modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated on its haunches with its front legs raised and its
head turned to the right, on a shaped oval mound base applied with flowers and foliage,
crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue

7.5cm., 3in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 24th February 2003, lot 114

CATALOGUE NOTE
This model is probably after a larger version made of a pair of playing bears, referred to in Kändler's Taxa as follows: '
2 Bäre nach der Natur in Thom boussirt, wie solche gegen einander spielen, vor die Printzeßin von Herfordt' [2 bears
modelled in clay, as they play with one another, for the Princess of Herford (Henriette Amalie von Anhalt-Dessau
[1720-1793])]. The model of this size was made for table decoration and produced in larger quantity: seven models
(four white and three polychromed) are listed in the Warsaw Conditorei inventory (1750).
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 166
TWO MEISSEN SMALL ANIMAL GROUPS
CIRCA 1770
modelled by Carl Christoph Prunct, the first modelled as a fox attacking a hen, the second
with a hound attacking a hare, each on a grassy mound raised on a pierced and scroll
moulded base, crossed swords and dot mark in underglaze-blue (minor restoration)

7cm., 2¾in. long

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 14th November 1988, lot 54
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 167
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF BEARS
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, crouching and snarling, their fur finely detailed in tones of brown
or grey, the oval mound bases applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue (some restoration and chips)

19cm., 71/2 in. and 18cm., 7in. high

ESTIMATE 10,000-15,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Nicolier, 4th August 1965

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, nos. 11A and B

CATALOGUE NOTE
A similar example of the righthand bear is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 221.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 168
A MEISSEN GROUP OF A LIONESS ATTACKED BY THREE HOUNDS
CIRCA 1758
the lioness with brown fur markings, the dogs with grey patches, raised on a mound base
applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some
restoration)
24cm., 9½in. long

ESTIMATE 6,000-10,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 6th October 1986, lot 157

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 16

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler modelled several hunting groups with various animals (see lots 156 and 172) but this hunting group with a
lioness seems to have been designed, together with one of a lion, circa 1758 for the French market, see the
watercolour commissioned by the marchand-mercier Michel-Joseph Lair. The companion group of three dogs
attacking a lion is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 194, and a pair was sold at Sotheby's London, 28th November
1967, lot 179.

Fig. 1

Watercolor and ink design for a Meissen model of a lioness hunted


by dogs © Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH,
Unternehmensarchiv, VA386
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 169
FOUR MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF SEATED HOUNDS
CIRCA 1750
each seated on its haunches wearing a collar, with a coat painted with brown and black
markings, one with crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor damage and
restoration)
tallest 5.75cm., 2¼in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
From top left clockwise in the catalogue illustration:
Christie's London, 25th June 1979, lot 198
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 175
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 174
The Antique Porcelain Company, New York, 1986
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 170
THREE MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF HOUNDS
CIRCA 1750
each with a brown coat and on a grassy base, one holding a bone in its mouth, another
yapping, the third example scratching its nose with a hind paw (minor restoration)
largest 5.75cm., 2¼in. long

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The yapping dog: Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 98
The dog with a bone: Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 250
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 171
A MEISSEN GROUP OF A BISON ATTACKED BY THREE HOUNDS
CIRCA 1758
modelled by J. J. Kändler, the grey and white bison standing with head lowered, being
attacked bty three savage dogs, their fur picked out in brown and shades of grey, raised on
an oval mound base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-
blue (some restoration)
17.25cm., 6¾in. long

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 7th October 1986, lot 258

CATALOGUE NOTE
This model exists in another version and the two have been often offered for sale as a pair together, see Sotheby's
New York, 16 November 1984, lot 122; Sotheby's London, 24 May 2006, lot 26; and Sotheby's London, 5 June 2007,
lot 29. These models are referred to in Kändler's work records for April and May 1741, as follows: 'Ein mit 3 Hunden
kämpfender Auer Ochße' [One bison fighting with 3 dogs], and in his Taxa, 1740-1748: 'mit 3 Hunden kämpffender
Stier oder Ochse, in grimminger action vorgestellet' [1 bull or ox fighting with 3 dogs, depicted in furious action]. Count
von Brühl also owned all the various hunting groups modelled by Kändler, including three examples of this model,
which are lised in the 1753 inventory.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 172
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A BISON
CIRCA 1745
modelled by P. Reinicke, standing to the right with head turned, his coat with brown
markings, supported on a tree stump and sahped oval mound base applied with flowers
and leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor restoration)

14cm., 5½in. long

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 13th March 1989, lot 96

CATALOGUE NOTE
Reinicke's work records for October 1746 list: '2 Auer-Ochsen in Thon zu bousiren angefangenen' [started to model 2
bisons in clay]; and in December 1747: '1 bereits angefangenen Auer-Ochsen, auf der Flucht vorgestellet, vollends
verfertiget' [1 bison, which had already been started, depicted on the run, fully completed]. Similar models are
illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 174; and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no. 51 (part).
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 173
A PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF GREYHOUNDS
CIRCA 1745-50
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each with brown markings, running to right or left, supported on
a tree stump and mound base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords mark in
underglaze-blue (minor restoration)
25cm., 9¾in. long

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Edward Shepard, New York, 17th June 1987

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's Taxa for 1740-44 lists 'Hund auff einem Rasen sehr dürre, dass alle Knocken zu sehen, ein Wind-Spiel
vorstelland, vor den Herrn von Bilow.2.Thlr. 8 g' [Dog on grass, so emaciated that all the bones can be seen, depicting
a greyhound for Herrn von Bilow. 2 Thlr. 8 g.] Two similar examples are illustrated by Albiker (1959), nos. 190 and
191. Also see Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no. 27.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 174
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A HOUND
CIRCA 1745-50
modelled seated to the left with head turned towards his tail, his coat pencilled with grey
and brown patches, the oval base applied with blue flowers and leaves, traces of crosssed
swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
14.5cm., 5¾in. high

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,500 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
For a similar model see Albiker (1959), no. 183.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 175
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF HOUNDS
CIRCA 1750
one scratching its nose with a hind paw, the other crouching with a bone its mouth, each
raised on a grassy base, one with faint crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some
restoration)
4cm., 1 5/8 in. and 4.5cm., 1 3/4 in. high

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
The scratching dog: Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 173
The dog with a bone: Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 250 (part)
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 176
A MEISSEN GROUP OF A REARING HORSE AND TURKISH GROOM
CIRCA 1753
modelled by J. J. Kändler, the horse dappled in grey, the groom wearing a red and white
turban, yellow coat and shoes and red trousers, raised on an oval base applied with
flowers, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)

26cm., 10¼in. high

ESTIMATE 6,000-10,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's Zurich, 24th November 1993, lot 42

CATALOGUE NOTE
Four examples of this model are illustrated by Albiker (1959), nos. 245-248, where the author links the modelling of
the group to an entry in Kändler's work records of 1765. That the model was created at this late date cannot be
correct. A 'Mohr mit Pferd' is mentioned in the Brühl inventory (1753), and in June 1753 'un cheval de porcelaine de
Saxe avec une figure à côté' is listed in Lazare-Duvaux's journal. The same year, the group was illustrated in a
painting of the Dutch banker Thomas Hope (1704-1779) and two other merchants studying a variety of works of art,
probably in pursuit of a new, costly and exotic purchase. Later, in the mid 1750s, it was the inspiration for groups
produced by the English porcelain factory of Longton Hall.

Fig. 1

Detail of Aert Schouman (1710 -1792), Thomas Hope and two


dealers, seated around a table on which there are objects of art, in
an interior, 1753 © The Blair Charitable Trust collection, Blair
Castle.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 177
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PRANCING HORSE
CIRCA 1750
modelled with its coat pencilled in grey, with a liac saddle and gilt-edged yellow
saddlecloth, rearing on an oval mound base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed
swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor damage)
11.5cm., 4½in. high

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 2nd March 1994, lot 111
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 178
A MEISSEN CHESS PIECE OF A KNIGHT
CIRCA 1745
modelled as a horse's head on a baluster stem and lobed circular base, painted with puce
flowers inside a gilt border, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (restored through
stem)
6.8cm., 2¾in. high

ESTIMATE 500-800 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 60

CATALOGUE NOTE
For a complete chess-set incorporating this form, see Rückert (1966), no. 798.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 179
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF GOATS
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each standing facing to the left or right, supported by tree-
stumps on oval mound bases appplied with flowers (minor restoration)
14.5cm., 5¾in. and 12.75cm., 5in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The billy goat: Lempertz Cologne, 23th March 1991, lot 23
The nanny goat: Sotheby's London, 2nd March 1994, lot 103

CATALOGUE NOTE
A billy goat of this model is illustrated by Rückert (1966), no. 1168, where on page 202 an entry in Kändler's work
records for September 1742 is noted: '1 Ziegen Bock, 6 Zoll hoch aufs Waaren Lager in Thon poussiret, und ist
solcher sehr mit großen Hörnern gehend vorgestellet' [1 billy goat, 6 Zoll high, modelled in clay for the warehouse and
presented with large horns in motion].

Fig. 1

Artist unknown, after Gerard van Groeningen. Pattern-book sheet


with goats, ca. 1580-1600. Published by Joos de Bosscher,
Amsterdam. © Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH,
Unternehmensarchiv, VA240-5
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 180
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF RARE MEISSEN FIGURES OF A COCK AND HEN
CIRCA 1742-50
modelled by J. J. Kändler, facing to the right or left, the cock with iron-red comb and
wattles, the body, wings and tail picked out in pale brown and grey, the hen with iron-red
wattles, brown crest and markings, each standing astride a rocky mound base applied with
flowers and leaves, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (cock with some restoration
to tail feathers, some chips)
2.0
25cm., 9¾in. and 21cm., 8¼in. high

ESTIMATE 10,000-15,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 6th October 1996, lot 470

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's after-hours work report for July and August 1741 records: '11. Einen Hauss Hahn. 12. Eine Henne.' [11. A
domestic cockerel. 12. A hen.]. His work records for December 1742 then list 'Einen Hahn und eine Henne Von feiner
Größe, Welche Vor die Gräfin Heerfort bestellet Worden, gehöriger masen Zerschnitten und Zum abformen gegeben'
[One cockerel and one hen of fine size, which were ordered for the Countess of Hertford, cut to the appropriate size
and given over for casting.].
The Taxa for 1740-48 lists '1 ordentlicher Hausshahn, Krähender vorgestellert'...3Thlr' [1 proper domestic cockerel,
presented crowing...3Thlr]
A pair of these rare models was sold at Sotheby's 5th December 1950, lot 41, while a single figure of the cockerel,
mounted in ormolu with a clock, from the von Pannwitz and Budge collections, was sold at Sotheby's, 28th February
1961, lot 79.
Pairs were also sold from the collection of Mr and Mrs Claus von Bülow, Sotheby's New York, 28th October 1988, lot
137; at Christie's London, 7th October 1996, lot 470; and from the Rockefeller sale, Sotheby's New York, 11th
October, 2005, lot 202.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 181
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A CART HORSE
CIRCA 1755
modelled standing supported by rockwork, the harnessed animal with left foreleg raised,
tthe shaped oval base mouded with gilt-edged srollwork and applied with flowers and
leaves (some restoration)
12cm., 4¾in. high

ESTIMATE 1,200-1,800 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 253
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 182
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF GOATS
CIRCA 1750
each recumbent animal modelled facing to the left or right, their coats coloured with brown
and grey markings, billy goat with crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor
restoration)
6cm., 2¼in. and 6.5cm., 2½in. long

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The brown goat: Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 134
The grey goat: Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 107
Similar models are illustrated by Albiker (1959), nos. 206 and 207; and Rückert (1966), no. 1153.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 183
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A STANDING MULE
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, with light brown markings, supported on a tree stump and oval
mound base applied with flowers and leaves, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue
(some restoration)
12.5cm., 5in. long

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 24th February 1997, lot 295
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 184
A GERMAN PORCELAIN FIGURE OF A TURKEY COCK
CIRCA 1770
possibly Fürstenberg, standing astride rockwork, with blue and red wattle and comb, its
plumage and tail feathers picked out in brown and black, crossed swords mark in
underglaze-blue (minor chip and restoration)
10cm., 4in. high

ESTIMATE 900-1,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 186

CATALOGUE NOTE
For a similar model ascribed to Meissen see Pietsch (2006), p. 203, no. 317; and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no.
106.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 185
A MEISSEN MINIATURE FARMYARD GROUP
CIRCA 1765
modelled as a hen and seven chicks pecking grain from the ground, crossed swords and
dot mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
9cm., 3½in. long

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's Geneva, 11th May 1987, lot 204
Brian Haughton Antiques, London, 15th June 1987
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 186
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF RECUMBENT SHEEP
CIRCA 1750
possibly modelled by P. Reinicke, each facing to the left or right, painted with grey and
brown markings, one with crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
4cm., 1½in. and 4.5cm., 1¾in. long

ESTIMATE 600-900 GBP


Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 187
A PAIR OF MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF RECUMBENT SHEEP
CIRCA 1750
probably modelled by P. Reinicke, each realistically modelled facing to the left and right,
their coats painted with brown patches (minor restoration)
6cm., 2½in. and 7cm., 2¾in. long

ESTIMATE 600-900 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 25th November 1997, lot 112
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 188
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF TURKEY HENS
CIRCA 1745
each standing on a green mound base, with a red comb and wattle and brown and black
plumage (some restoration)
5cm., 2in. high

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 29th November 1976, lot 205
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 189
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A RECUMBENT COW
CIRCA 1745
its coat with brown markings (some restoration)
11cm., 4¼in. long

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 198

CATALOGUE NOTE
Similar examples are illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 218 and Kunze-Köllensperger (1999), no. 48.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 190
A MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURE OF A GUINEA FOWL
CIRCA 1745
with red wattle and comb, purple neck and black plumage with white spots, standing
amongst reeds on a mound base (small chip to beak)
5.5cm., 2¼in. high

ESTIMATE 500-800 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
For a similar model see Rückert (1966), no. 1136.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 191
FIVE MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF CHICKENS
CIRCA 1745-50
comprising: a cockerel, three hens and a crested cockerel, crossed swords marks in
underglaze-blue and inked inventory number 1674 (minor chips and restoration)

tallest 6.5cm., 2½in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Two hens: Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 81
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 192
A PAIR OF CONTINENTAL PORCELAIN MINIATURE FIGURES OF TURKEY
HENS
POSSIBLY MEISSEN, 19TH CENTURY
with blue heads and red wattles, their plumage picked out in tones of brown, each standing
on a mound base, crossed swords marks in underglaze-blue (repair to one neck)
5.5cm., 2¼in. high

ESTIMATE 600-900 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 143 (part)
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 193
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A RECUMBENT SHEEP
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler and P. Reinicke, facing to the right with her head turned towards
her tail, his fleece with brown markings, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some
restoration)
16.5cm., 6½in. long

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 8th July 1997, lot 68 (part)

CATALOGUE NOTE
A similar figure of a sheep modelled facing in the opposite direction is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 209, and by
Rückert (1966), no. 1166.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 194
TEN MEISSEN MINIATURE BIRDS
THE MAJORITY CIRCA 1750
including; a cockerel, two hens, a pigeon, three partridges, a duck and two other birds
(minor restoration)
tallest 4cm., 1½in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
One hen: Sotheby's London, 23rd February 1988, lot 393; Pecking hen: Christie's London, 3rd December 1984, lot
145; Pigeon: Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 75; One partridge: Christie's London, 25th June 1979, lot
203; One partridge: Christie's London, 29th November 1976, lot 207
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 195
TWO IMPORTANT AND RARE MEISSEN FIGURES OF GUINEA FOWL
1735
modelled by J. J. Kändler for the Japanese Palace, Dresden, each bird standing on a rocky
mound base amongst various grasses and flowering leafy branches, with white-speckled
black plumage, long purple necks curving to the left and red combs and wattles (minor
restoration and chips)
43.5cm., 17 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 150,000-200,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Royal Collections of Saxony, Japanese Palace, Dresden
The Ole Olsen Collection, Copenhagen
Ole Olsens Collection, Part I, Winkel and Magnussen, Copenhagen, January 1944, lot 295
Curt Berndorf, Copenhagen
Angela Gräfin von Wallwitz, Munich

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 3A and B

CATALOGUE NOTE
As recorded by Wittwer (2006), p. 339, of the twenty-eight figures of guinea fowl ordered between 1732 and 1736,
only seven were completed and delivered to the Japanese Palace in 1735.
Kändler's work report of March 1735 records his working on the model: 'Eine Berel Henne ebenfalls ins Ballåis gehörig
Nach ihrer sonderbaren Arth Vorgebildetan Welcher aber noch etwas Weniges zu thun.' [one guinea fowl also for the
Palace, duly representing its strange characteristics, to which there is a little something more to do]; and the following
month he reports that the model is completed, 'Die Berel Henne folgends fertig gemacht' [The guinea fowl has been
made ready]. During June and July of the same year there are two deliveries to the Palace, of one and six enamelled
figures, respectively.

In 1769, the Tower Room inventory lists two guinea fowl in the Royal Residence but the inventories of 1770 and 1779
each mention only bird, presumably same one that is recorded in the Royal Collection in 1900 and which remained
there at least up to 1935, when it is illustrated by Albiker (1935), pl. XXII, figs. 68 and 69. In addition to the present
examples, there were two other birds of this model in the collection of Walter von Pannwitz, one of which is illustrated
by Brüning (1904), Color Plate XIII, no. 409. Both were subsequently sold at Galerie Helbing, Munich, October 24 and
25, 1905, lots 401 and 402, as part of the larger sale of the von Pannwitz collection, and are illustrated in at least two
contemporary publications reporting on the auction: R. Freih. von Seydlitz, 'Die Sammlung V. Pannwitz (München)',
Kunst und Kunsthandwerk, 1905, Vol. VIII, pp. 302-03, and Karl Voll, 'Die Sammlung v. Pannwitz in München', Kunst
und Künstler, 1906, Vol. IV, p. 31. The upcoming sale was also reported in 'The von Pannwitz Collection at Munich',
The Athenæum Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts and the Drama, October 14, 1905, no. 4068, p. 510,
where, interestingly, the article cites two other similar examples, one in the "Palace at Dresden" and another in the "
Johanneum at Dresden" (where the Japanese Palace collection was moved in 1876). The same publication reports
the sale results on page 618 of its November 4, 1905, no. 4071, issue: "The Pannwitz collection, dispersed at Munich
on October 24th and 25th, realized a total of 1,150,000 marks, very high prices being paid for rare examples of
Meissen china. A pair of life-sized guinea fowl fetched 38,000m....", an extraordinary price paid for the time. The
whereabouts of the von Pannwitz birds and the other three guinea fowl made for the Japanese Palace remain
unknown.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 196
FOUR MEISSEN FIGURES OF GUINEA FOWL
CIRCA 1741
modelled by J. J. Kändler, the first two with white speckled markings and white patches to
their backs, the other two with white speckled markings, each bird standing astride a tree
stump applied with leaves (some restoration)
16cm., 6¼in. high

ESTIMATE 10,000-15,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
First pair: Christie's London, 3rd July 1978, lot 68
Second pair: Christie's London, 31st March 1980, lot 210

CATALOGUE NOTE
The September 1741 entry in Kändler's Taxa records 'Eine Perl Henn in Thon poussirt von mittelmässiger Größe,
welche ebens falls Compagnon eine andere Perhenne abgeben soll, damit solche Stüke allzeit gegeneinander sehen'
[Modelled in clay a guinea fowl of medium size, which will build the groundwork for another companion so that these
pieces will always face each other]. A similar pair are listed and illustrated by Rückert (1966), p. 198, nos. 1129-30
and p. 201; another is illustrated by Albiker (1935), pl. XXXIII, no. 136.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 197
FOUR MEISSEN FIGURES OF GUINEA FOWL
CIRCA 1741
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each bird facing to the left, the first two with white speckling and
white patches to their backs, the other two with white speckling only, each standing astride
a tree stump, three applied with leaves, one with crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue,
the first two with pencilled numbers 12458 and 12459 (some restoration and chips)
16cm., 6¼in. high

ESTIMATE 10,000-15,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 29th June 1937

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, nos. 5A and B (the latter two)

CATALOGUE NOTE
The September 1741 entry in Kändler's Taxa records 'Eine Perl Henn in Thon poussirt von mittelmässiger Größe,
welche ebens falls Compagnon eine andere Perhenne abgeben soll, damit solche Stüke allzeit gegeneinander sehen'
[Modelled in clay a guinea fowl of medium size, which will build the groundwork for another companion so that these
pieces will always face each other]. A similar pair are listed and illustrated by Rückert (1966), p. 198, nos. 1129-30
and p. 201; another is illustrated by Albiker (1935), pl. XXXIII, no. 136.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 198
A MEISSEN DOG KENNEL GROUP
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler, with a pug dog lying on the brick-red roof of a kennel, a chained
terrier looking out from the circular opening below, a small feeding trough with bones on
one side, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor damage)
13cm., 5 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-5,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 17th June 1986, lot 248
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 199
A RARE MEISSEN GROUP OF A TERRIER ON A KENNEL
CIRCA 1735-40
modelled by J. J. Kändler, the barking dog with brown markings, standing wearing a chain
attached to the blue-grey tiled roof, the sides simulating wood and with a circular aperture
(minor losses to chain)
10.5cm., 4 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 1st December 1986, lot 137

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 19

CATALOGUE NOTE
No mention exactly correlating to this specific model has been found in Kändler's work records, but a model of a dog-
kennel is listed in May 1734: 'Auch ist eine Hunde Hütte, welche so inventiret ist als wen selbige von Steinen gebauet
und mit Dach Ziegeln gedecket wäre' [Also there is a dog-kennel, which is so inventive that it seems as if it was built
by stones and the roof tiled with bricks]. Two versions seem to have been modelled, see Kunze-Köllensperger (1996)
, ill. 24 for the alternative (illustrated alongside a Du Paquier copy, ill. 23). These seem to have been quite popular as
several examples are listed in the various inventories: two in the Dresden Conditorei inventory (1733-48), one in the
Warsaw Conditorei inventory (1750) and three in the Brühl inventory (1753).
A similar example was sold in the Antique Company of New York sale, Sotheby's New York, 2006, lot 542.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 200
A RARE MEISSEN GROUP OF DOGS ON A KENNEL
CIRCA 1734
modelled by J. J. Kändler, with two pug dogs fighting on the red tiled roof of the kennel,
another dog observing from the aperture below and attached to the rectangular kennel by a
chain, a small feeding trough to one side, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor
losses)
13.5cm., 5¼in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 1st July 1985, lot 132

CATALOGUE NOTE
This model is listed in Kändler's work records in May 1734 as follows: 'Oben auf dieser Hunde Hütte befinden sich 2
Mops hündgen, wie sie sich auf der Hütte herum beißen, der alte Budel Hund aber welcher mit seiner anhabenden
Kette aus dem Hunde Haus herraus gekrochen kömbt, siehet auf seine Hütte was passiret mit aufgesperrtem Maule
als bellete er, Neben der Hunde Hütte befindet sich ein Freß Tröglein, worin allerley Knochen liegen' [On top of this
dog kennel are 2 pugs playing, the old poodle which has crawled out of the dog house with its tied chain watches with
an open mouth, as if he is barking, next to the dog kennel is a small bowl with all sorts of bones].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 201
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A CAT
CIRCA 1740
modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated on its haunches with its right paw raised to its head, its
coat finely pencilled in tones of grey, raised on a grassy base, crossed sword mark in
underglaze-blue (some restoration)
18cm., 7in. high

ESTIMATE 6,000-8,000 GBP

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records for September 1736 mention '2 Stück Kleine Katzgen aufs Lager in Thon poussiert, davon eine
sitzend, die andere aber, wie sie eine Maus im Moule hat, vorgestelit ist.' [2 small cats modelled in clay for the
warehouse, of which one is seated, but the other, presented as if it has a mouse in its mouth]. The model of the cat
with the mouse is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 216. While universally popular, cat figures seem to have been
particularly fashionable on the French market, a watercolour having been designed by the factory for the Parisian
marchand-mercier Michel-Joseph Lair and the other marchand-mercier Lazare-Duvaux provided to 'Monsieur Le
Premier' [Principle equerry to the King] in December 1752 'deux chats de Saxe' (entry no. 1284).
A similar pair of cats, one holding a mouse and with the same striped grey coat as the present example, was sold in
the Antique Company of New York sale, Sotheby's New York, 2006, lot 548.

Fig. 1

Watercolor and ink design for a Meissen model of a cat on a


cushion © Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH,
Unternehmensarchiv, VA386
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 202
A PAIR OF MEISSEN MODELS OF CATS
CIRCA 1736
modelled by J. J. Kändler, one facing right with black markings, holding a mouse to its
mouth, the other with brown markings and with right paw raised to its eye, each seated on
an oval mound base applied with flowers, mounted on later German gilt-bronze foliate
bases (minor restoration)
Cats: 19cm., 7 1/2 in. high; 23cm., 9in. high overall

ESTIMATE 20,000-30,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
William Redford, London, 28th July 1982

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, nos. 7A and B

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records for September 1736 mention '2 Stück Kleine Katzgen aufs Lager in Thon poussiert, davon eine
sitzend, die andere aber, wie sie eine Maus im Moule hat, vorgestelit ist.' [2 small cats modelled in clay for the
warehouse, of which one is seated, but the other, presented as if it has a mouse in its mouth]. The model of the cat
with the mouse is illustrated by Albiker (1959), no. 216. While universally popular, cat figures seem to have been
particularly fashionable on the French market, a watercolour having been designed by the factory for the Parisian
marchand-mercier Michel-Joseph Lair and the other marchand-mercier Lazare-Duvaux provided to 'Monsieur Le
Premier' [Principle equerry to the King] in December 1752 'deux chats de Saxe' (entry no. 1284).
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 203
AN ASSEMBLED PAIR OF MEISSEN FIGURES OF PUG DOGS
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated to the left or right on later giltwood stands, with black
muzzles and brown fur, the bitch suckling her puppy, wearing a puce collar with gilt bells
and a blue bow at the back, the dog wearing a gilt collar, the oval mound bases applied
with flowers and leaves, the bitch suckling her puppy with faint crossed swords mark in
underglaze-blue (some restoration and small chips)
each approx. 15.2cm., 6in. high; with stand 19cm, 7 1/2 in.

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Landsborough, 23rd June 1950; the
giltwood stands acquired from Jansen, 13th January 1958

CATALOGUE NOTE
As early as the late-sixteenth century pugs were being brought from China to Europe as exotic pets and references to
them were documented in various European sources. It is, however, from the early eighteenth century onwards that
they existed as popular companions of the European aristocracy and were immortalized in numerous contemporary
paintings of the time.
Pugs, as loyal and reliable animals, were chosen as the symbol of the secret society, 'Order of the Pugs' (
Mopsorden), formed by the elector of Cologne, Clemens Augustus, in 1738 as a response to the Papal ban on
freemasonry. Augustus III, who was an active member of the Mopsorden, commissioned Johann Joachim Kändler to
model porcelain figures or groups of pugs in the 1740s. Often referred as the Mopsmorden groups, Meissen models
incorporated pugs in various compositions including ladies holding pugs or pugs appearing from beneath their
dresses, which served as satirical allusions to this society. The 'Order of the Pugs' unlike other fraternities, such as the
freemasons, accepted female members and was intended for entertainment rather than encouragement of ethical
deeds.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 204
A MEISSEN GROUP OF A PUG BITCH AND PUPPY
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each dog with black markings on a pale tan coat, the mother's
left forepaw raised, her puppy suckling beneath, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue,
giltwood stand (some restoration)
22.3cm., 8¾in. high

ESTIMATE 6,000-10,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Olive, Lady Baillie, Lowndes House, London (dining room), acquired from Landsborough, 3rd May 1957; the giltwood
stand acquired from Maison Jansen, Paris, 13th January 1958

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's work records list in February-May 1741: 'Ein Mopß Hündigen, wie er an dem alten säugt' [A pug dog as he
suckles at the old] and in his Taxa: '1 Mittelmäßiger Möpßhund mit einem jungen Möpßgen natürl. vorgestellet, vor
Ihro Maj. den König.' [A medium-size pug dog with a young pug naturally depicted, for his Majesty the King].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 205
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF RECUMBENT PUG DOGS
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler, each naturalistically coloured in tones of brown and black, the
smaller dog wearing a gilt-edged blue collar with yellow rosette (minor restoration and
repair)
7cm., 2¾in. and 6.5cm., 2½in. long

ESTIMATE 1,000-1,800 GBP

PROVENANCE
The larger dog: Sotheby's Olympia, 26th November 2002, lot 69
The smaller dog: Christie's London, 6th February 1978, lot 145
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 206
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A DANISH HOUND
CIRCA 1740-45
modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated on his haunches facing to the right, with black markings
and wearing a gilt-edged green collar with puce bow, crossed swords mark in underglaze-
blue

10.3cm., 4 1/8 in. high

ESTIMATE 2,000-3,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 7th October 1996, lot 439
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 207
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF STANDING PUG DOGS
CIRCA 1750
modelled by J. J. Kändler or P. Reinicke, each standing facing to the right, one wearing a
blue and gilt collar with one gilt bell and puce rosette, the other wearing a puce and gilt
collar with green rosette, one with crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (one with
restoration)
5cm., 2in. long

ESTIMATE 1,200-2,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The first: Christie's London, 22nd June 1992, lot 182

CATALOGUE NOTE
Standing pug dogs are recorded in the work records of both Kändler and Reinicke. The earliest mention is in May
1734, when Kändler records: 'Erstlich 9 Stück kleine Mopshunde, ein jeder hatte eine andere Action...Noch sind zwei
kleine stehende Mopshunde gefertigt worden' [Firstly 9 small pug dogs, each having a different action...Two small
standing pug dogs were also completed]. There are further mentions in Kändler's work records of August 1742, and in
April 1774, when he repaired a worn model. Reinicke records models of small standing pug dogs in November 1744
and March 1745.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 208
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PUG DOG
CIRCA 1745
modelled by J. J. Kändler, facing to the right wearing a puce and gilt collar, seated on a
sea-green rectangular cushion with gilt tassels, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue

11.5cm., 4¾in. high

ESTIMATE 4,000-6,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 4th March 1986, lot 213

CATALOGUE NOTE
A similar example is illustrated by Rückert (1966), no. 1093.
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 209
A MEISSEN PIPE-BOWL
CIRCA 1750
modelled as a recumbent dog with gilt-metal hinged collar, its coat with brown markings,
crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)

7.5cm., 3in. long

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 7th October 1985, lot 113
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 210
A MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURE OF A PUG DOG
CIRCA 1745, PROBABLY LATER DECORATED
facing to the left wearing a puce collar with gilt bells, seated on a rectangular cushion
painted with a puce waved band, blue flowers and gilt tassels at the corners, crossed
swords mark in underglaze-blue to one side, inventory mark Nro:189 in iron-red (tail
restored)
5.5cm., 2½ in. high

ESTIMATE 800-1,200 GBP

PROVENANCE
Christie's London, 22nd June 1992, lot 178
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 211
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A PUG DOG
CIRCA 1743
modelled by J. J. Kändler, seated to the left with naturally coloured brown coat and black
muzzle, wearing a green collar with gilt bells and a rosette, on a rectangular gilt-tasselled
puce cushion with puce and gilt foliate scrolls (minor chips and restoration)
12cm., 4¾in. high

ESTIMATE 3,000-4,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 4th March 1986, lot 213

CATALOGUE NOTE
Kändler's Taxa from 1740-48 lists: '2 Mops Hunde gegen einander sitzend von ziemlicher Größe, auf einem Küssen, 6
Thlr.' [2 pug dogs of proper size seated facing each other, on a pillow, 6.Thlr.].
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 212
TWO MEISSEN MINIATURE FIGURES OF A HOUND AND A CAT
CIRCA 1745
each seated with brown markings, the dog scratching a floppy ear with a hind leg, cat with
faint crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (minor restoration to cat)
7cm., 2¾in. and 5.5cm., 2¼in. high

ESTIMATE 1,500-2,500 GBP

PROVENANCE
The dog: Christie's London, 25th June 1979, lot 197
The cat: Christie's Geneva, 16th November 1992, lot 93
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 213
A MEISSEN GROUP OF TWO SPANIELS AND A PUG DOG
CIRCA 1750-55
modelled by J. J. Kändler, the spaniels with black markings to their coats, one scratching
its chin, the pug dog wearing a puce collar gilt with the initials 'S.D.', raised on a shaped
base applied with flowers and moulded wth gilt scrolls, crossed swords mark in
underglaze-blue, Russian inventory numbers and labels (minor chips, haircracks to base)
14.5cm., 5¾in. high

ESTIMATE 8,000-12,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Empress Alexandra Fedeorovna, wife of Nicholas I (1789-1860), bearing inventory label for Alexandria Cottage at
Peterhof
Bearing another Russian inventory label, circa 1880-1890
Christie's London, 7th October 1996, lot 443
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 214
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SPANIEL
CIRCA 1743
modelled by J. J. Kändler, free-standing, modelled seated, scratching under its chin with its
hind leg (restoration to right foreleg)
19cm., 7½in. high

ESTIMATE 5,000-7,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
The Count Alcario Palmieri Collection, Christie's London, 28th March 1996, lot 7

CATALOGUE NOTE
The present model was created to form a pair and is recorded in Kändler's Taxa for 1740-1744 as follows: “2.
Pologneser oder Zottligte Hunde, gegen einan der sehend auff Camine zu sezen, davon einer sich krazet, der andere
aber auffrecht sizet, pro 1. Stück...4. Thlr.” [2 Bolognese or shaggy dogs, to set on a chimney looking at each other,
one of which scratching itself, the other sitting upright...4. Thlr.]. For a figure similar to the present example, see
Albiker (1959), no. 187 and 188
Property from the Collection of Sir Gawaine and Lady Baillie
London | 01 May 2013, 02:00 PM | L13310

LOT 215
A MEISSEN FIGURE OF A SPANIEL
CIRCA 1745
seated to the left with its long-haired coat marked in dark grey, its open mouth revealing a
flesh-coloured tongue, raised on a rectangular puce cushions painted with purple and gilt
flowers and foliage, crossed swords mark in underglaze-blue (some restoration)
24cm., 9½in. high

ESTIMATE 15,000-20,000 GBP

PROVENANCE
Sotheby's London, 27th November 1979, lot 112
Lempertz Cologne, 23rd March 1991, lot 164

EXHIBITED
London, Asprey, no. 13
CATALOGUE NOTE
Spaniels were favourite ladies' companions in the 16th and 17th centuries before being replaced in popularity by the
pug, and are often depicted seated on their laps in portraits (see illustration). A figure of a spaniel was modelled in
October - November 1734 for the Japanese Palace and attributed to Kändler, see Pietsch (2006), pp. 305-306. Two
watercolours of dogs on cushion were executed for the French market circa 1758, one for the widow of the marchand-
mercier Michel-Joseph Lair.

Fig. 1
Portrait of a Lady holding her pet King Charles Spaniel, Johannes
Verkolije (1650-1693)