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Economics on Greenhouse production of Capsicum

Colour Capsicum ( Capsicum annuum)

The genus Capsicum belongs to the family Solanaceae.


Bell pepper has attained a status of high value crop in India in
recent years and occupies a pride of place among vegetables in
Indian cuisine because of its delicacy and pleasant flavour
coupled with rich content of ascorbic acid and other vitamins
and minerals.

Soil and climate


- It can be grown in many types of soils but well drained loamy
soils rich in lime yields more.
- Crop is very sensitive to cold. 15 to 35 C is suitable

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Crop cycle

Stage Duration

Nursery 30 Days

Planting to First flower 25 days after Trans planting.

First flower to first picking 60 to 70 days after the flowering.

Harvesting period 5 to 6 months

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Nursery and Selection of Verities

- Unless you are experienced in growing seedlings, it is better to


purchase the seedling from the reputed nursery.

- Around 12000 seedlings/Acr.

- Select the variety suitable to the season, good yielding and better shape,
suitable to the Green house production.

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Land preparation and Planting
- MB ploughing fallowed by cultivation.

- Application of compost, Neemcake, basal


dose of fertilizer and biological.

- Rotavation , bed making, mulching,


marking and trans planting.

- Spacing 1.5m Furrow to furrow, row to row


is 50cm and plant to plant 40 to 45cm.

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Pinching and Pruning
- Pinching operation was carried out at one month after transplanting
according to different methods like two shoot or three shoot system.

Irrigation

- Approximately 80 per cent of water used by capsicums is extracted from


the upper 30 cm of soil. Dry down of the 30-60 cm zone is an indicator
of stress in capsicums and leads to small fruit, poor fruit set and
blossom end rot.

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Production Expenses for capsicum grown under Greenhouse

Area of Expenses Rs./unit Amount (Rs.)


1 Land preparation and other operation
a Sterilization and Land preparation. 13 ₹ 52,611.00
b Plastic replacement (once in three years) 40 ₹ 93,333
c String 3 ₹ 36,000
₹ 1,81,944
Percentage of the total 30.0

2 Cost of seedlings (12000 seedlings) 10 ₹ 1,20,000


Percentage of the total 19.8

3 Cost of fertilizer ₹ 1,40,000


Percentage of the total 23.1

4 Cost of Chemicals ₹ 50,000


Percentage of the total 8.3

5 Man Power ₹ 1,08,000


Percentage of the total 17.8

6 Misalanius ₹ 5,639
Percentage of the total 0.93

Total Cost ₹ 6,05,584

Total Yield (Kg) 80000

Production Cost (Rs./Kg) ₹8

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Income

Grade Percent Price/kg Yield ( Kg) Amount

Total Yield A Grade 75% ₹ 40.00 60000 ₹ 24,00,000.00

B Grade 25% ₹ 15.00 20000 ₹ 3,00,000.00

Total 80000 ₹ 27,00,000.00

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Total Investment for one Acre of Greenhouse
Return of
Investment Area Cost /sq.m Total Cost Dep. Year Interest Capital

Greenhouse Structure 4040 ₹ 980.00 ₹ 39,59,200.00 5 14.00% ₹ 11,53,249.82

Irrigation system 4040 ₹ 60.00 ₹ 2,42,400.00 5 14.00% ₹ 70,607.13

Misting System Cool Net 4040 ₹ 40.00 ₹ 1,61,600.00 5 14.00% ₹ 47,071.42

Civil work 4040 ₹ 35.00 ₹ 1,41,400.00 5 14.00% ₹ 41,187.49

Total Investment ₹ 1,115.00 ₹ 45,04,600.00 ₹ 13,12,115.86

With subsidy ₹ 21,04,600.00 5 14.00% ₹ 6,13,035.35

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With Subsidy With out subsidy

Income from the Crop ₹ 27,00,000.00 ₹ 27,00,000.00

Operation Cost ₹ 6,05,583.78 ₹ 6,05,583.78

Retarun of Capital first year ₹ 6,13,035 ₹ 13,12,116

Profit without capital investment first year ₹ 20,94,416 ₹ 20,94,416

Cash flow first year ₹ 14,81,381 ₹ 7,82,300

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Thank You

Dep. Of Agronomy, Netafim Greenhouse.