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DLP No.: 2 Learning Area: Science Grade Level: Quarter: 1 Duration:1 hr

Learning Describe the distribution of active volcanoes, earthquake epicenters, Code:
Competency/ies: and major mountain belts S9ES –Ia-j-36.1

Key In order to locate the epicenter of an earthquake, you need to determine the time interval
concepts/Understa between the arrival of the P and S waves on the seismograms from at least three different
nding to be stations.
1. Objectives
Knowledge Describe the types of seismic waves

Skills Generate the location of an earthquake epicenter through triangulation method

Attitude Display cooperation in doing group task

Values Propose ways regarding disaster risk management

2. Content/Topic Plate Tectonics

3. Learning LM, TG, Internet, Hand outs, laptop, TV/LCD projector

4. Procedures
4.1 Introductory Simulate the speed of S and P wave by walking – running activities. Just a short exercise
Activity (minutes) inside the class.
Let the students recall the differences between the three types of seismic waves, especially
in the difference of their arrival time.
4.2 Activity Group activity
Refer to Activity 1 in the Learners Manual pages 8 – 10.
Answer to Activity, please refer to the Teacher’s Guide pages 8 – 9.
4.3 Analysis Presentation of the group output to the whole class.
Guide Questions:
1. Where is the center of the hypothetical earthquake?
2. What difficulty will you encounter if you only have data from two recording stations?
3. What is the distance of the epicenter from the seismic station?
4. What do you think is the importance of determining the epicenter of an earthquake?
4.4 Abstraction Earthquake releasesthree types of seismic waves; Primary (P-waves), Secondary (S-
waves), andLong surface waves (L-waves). The first two travel into the Earth’s interior while
the last one on the surface. These waves travel at different velocities;thus, do not arrive at a
seismic recording station at the same time. The fartherthe recording instrument is from the
focus, the greater the difference in arrivaltimes of the first P-wave compared to the first S-
wave. The difference in thearrival time will tell us the distance of the earthquake’s focus
from the seismicrecording station.
4.5 Application Prepare a disaster readiness plan of your family where you can use when there is a
5. Assessment
Refer to the attached sheet for assessment. (May be individual or group activity)

6. Assignment Where can you usually found active volcanoes?

7/ Wrap
r Activity
e ______minutes
ared by:

Name: Maria Virginia B. Teh Pahkiat School: Ramon M. Durano Sr. Foundation – STEC
Position/Designation: Teacher III Division:Danao City
Contact Number: 09224476914 Email

Triangulation Method

How to find an Epicenter using Triangulation method

Locating Earthquakes

1. Difference between arrival times of P and S waves is determined. This gives distance to the epicenter from the seismograph.
2. Three seismographs are triangulated to give actual location of the epicenter (Figure above).