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The technological developments had a negative affect on the war for all sides of World

War One, such as having a slow-moving pace, many men were killed, and it made soldiers

miserable. The developments did not have the positive advances they expected. World War One

was the first time in history that war involved the use of new technology such as airplanes, tanks,

and submarines. The conditions in the war for the soldiers were miserable due to the new

technological advances of their enemies. In this war, all sides used trench warfare. This was a

combat style of fighting along the West Front to the North Sea. The new weapons in the war

improved as the war progressed. Throughout the war, poison gas, machine guns, and tanks

evolved in World War One, which effective aspects of war.

Life at war for soldiers was miserable due to new technological advances. The

trenches main purpose was to defend their side and attack the enemy at the same time. Later in

the war, they also served as a place for the soldiers to eat and sleep. The soldiers had to not just

fight the enemy, but they had to fight off the diseases as well. The trenches were filthy, which

caused poor hygiene. The weather, with the mud and dirt the soldiers had to sleep in caused

diseases which slowly killed the soldiers. The trenches were so intense, ten percent of fighting

soldiers were killed and fifty percent were wounded. 1 In the trenches, there was nothing to

protect them from the cold or noise. Lice were a miserable aspect of trench warfare. Trench foot

also infected the soldiers. After being in the mud, this infection was disgusting and even crippled

men. The trenches were built near the no man’s land. To make 250m of trenches; approximately

2,700 of man hours at night were required.2

In World War One, new weapons and forms of technology were produced. The weapons

did not have the fast-moving war they had expected. All the new technology did was, kill huge

numbers of people more effectively. Many of the deadliest battles were fought in the First World
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War. 3 The First World War saw the use of chemical warfare. The soldiers invented gad masks to

protect themselves from the horrible new, poison gas. The machine gun improved by World War

I. Therefore, it saw a lot of use in combat fighting. The submarines and U-Boats were first used

in world war one. They weakened the British Empire by sinking any of their ships, which

affected the Americans to join the war. Airplanes were first used in combat fighting in world war

one. Both sides started to drop bombs and soon guns were attached, so the pilots could fight each

other. These new weapons brought the death toll up. In the trenches, no sides were losing or

gaining any land, they were only losing men.

The new technological advances affected the world socially, politically, and

economically. Some countries, such as Europe and Germany were forced to pay war costs and

reparations. They fell into debt due to these costs. The size of Germany reduced, as the size of

Italy and France was enlarged. As technology experienced a great boost, the factory production

and use of machinery increased. Unfortunately, most all sides suffered a physical loss of physical

property and finances. People who had witnessed the horror and destruction that the war had

brought, began to distrust their government. The loss of loved ones on the battlefield was

especially disturbing. Altogether, the war killed ten to thirteen million people, with nearly a third

of them civilians.4 Two main political changes affected the war after the war: a greater number of

countries began to adopt more liberal forms of government, and an angered Germany tried to

cope with the punitions doled out to them by the victors, as its hostilities rose to the point where

it provoked the world war two; two decades later.5 Despite the advantages brought forth by

developing technologies, the war mainly had a damaging effect on the economies of European

countries.6
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World War One technology developments changed people’s lives. The soldiers had

health and psychological problems, such as shell shock and many other diseases from living in

the trenches. Also, many families lost their loved ones from all the deaths throughout this war.

Many men fought and lost their lives fighting for their countries. This was the first major war in

many years. It was one of the most deadly battles fought. It was the first war involved in the use

of new technology. This war created new territory and new government ways. For example, the

most popular type of government to gain influence after World War One was the republic.7 The

developments did not have the positive advances they expected and affected the soldiers

drastically.
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Endnotes

Parulekar, Bhushan, Buzzle, World War I: Causes, Trenches, and Timeline Buzzlehttp://www.buzzle.com/articles/world-
war-1-causes-trenches-and-timeline.html, (Accessed January 5, 2010)
2
Parulekar, Bhushan, Buzzle, World War I: Causes, Trenches, and Timeline Buzzlehttp://www.buzzle.com/articles/world-
war-1-causes-trenches-and-timeline.html, (Accessed January 5, 2010)
3
World War One – Technology, GNU Free Documentation License,
http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/world-war-i/technology.html (Accessed January 3,2010)
4
World War One – Technology, GNU Free Documentation License,
http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/world-war-i/technology.html (Accessed January 3,2010)
5
World War One – Technology, GNU Free Documentation License,
http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/world-war-i/technology.html (Accessed January 3,2010)
6
World War One – Technology, GNU Free Documentation License,
http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/world-war-i/technology.html (Accessed January 3,2010)
7
World War One – Technology, GNU Free Documentation License,
http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/world-war-i/technology.html (Accessed January 3,2010)
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Mr. Higgins, “Trench Foot.” www.SchoolHistory.co.uk (Accessed January 3, 2010)

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