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Instruction: Answer all the questions in the smart scan paper.

This paper consist of 21 printed paper.

1. Study the following statements.

Which organelle is best describe by above statement?


A mitochondrion.
B ribosome.
C Golgi apparatus.
D rough endoplasmic reticulum.

2. Among the following tissues, which one is different from the other three?

3.
It is a specialised cell which transmits
electrical impulses from one part of the
body to another.

Which of the following cells is referred to in the above information?


4. Diagram 4 shows a flaccid plant cell.

Diagram 4

Which of the following will cause the plant cell to undergo deplasmolysis?
A Distilled water
B Salt solution
C Sucrose solution
D Vinegar

5. A drop of chicken blood is placed on a slide. A drop of 0.15 M sodium chloride solution
is then placed on it. The initial condition of the red blood cells is observed under a
microscope. After 30 minutes, the condition of the red blood cells in the chicken blood
appears to be unchanged. Which of the following statements explains this phenomenon?

A The red blood cells have cell walls to prevent them from rupturing.
B Water flows out of the red blood cells.
C The sodium chloride solution is hypotonic to the cell sap in the red blood cells.
D The concentration of the sodium chloride solution is the same as that of the cell sap in
the red blood cells.

6. Diagram 6 shows the change in the condition of a plant cell which has been taken out
of a 17% sucrose solution and immersed in solution R.
The plant cell in a The plant cell in
17% sucrose solution solution R

Diagram 6

Which of the following is solution R?


I Distilled water
II 10% sucrose solution
III 20% sucrose solution
IV 25% sucrose solution
A I and II B I and III
C II and III D III and IV

7. Diagram 7 shows spermatogenesis which occurs in the human male testes.

Diagram 7

Are the numbers of chromosomes in the primary spermatocyte, secondary


spermatocyte and spermatid diploid (2n) or haploid (n)?

Primary Secondary
Spermatid
spermatocyte spermatocyte
A n n 2n
B 2n n n
C 2n 2n n
D 2n n 2n
8. Diagram 8 shows an enzymatic reaction.

Diagram 8

Which substance is the enzyme?

A J
B K
C L
D M

9. Diagram 9 shows the effect of pH on the rate of activity of two enzymes, X and Y.

Diagram /Rajah

In which organs of the human digestive system are X and Y produced?

X Y
A Stomach Pancreas
B Pancreas Liver
C Stomach Duodenum
D Liver Duodenum

10. The following information describes a compound, Y.


What is Y?
A Protein B Carbohydrate
C Fat D Minerals

11. Which of the following statements about mitosis is true?

A The process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chromosomes to half of
the parent cell
B The process of nuclear division that results in the formation of two genetically
identical daughter nuclei
C The process of growth in a multicellular organism
D The process where the cytoplasm divides to form two daughter cells

12. Diagram 12 shows the number of cells produced after a cell has undergone mitosis twice.

Diagram 12
What will be the number of cells produced if mitosis occurs once more?
A 8 B 12
C 16 D 20

13.
• The centromeres of all the chromosomes
line up at the equator

• The spindle fibres are fully formed

Which of the following stages in mitosis has the above characteristics?


14. Which of the following are hydrolysis reactions?

I Starch + water maltose


II Protein + water polypeptides
III Lipid + water fatty acids + glycerol
IV Amino acids peptide + water

A I and II B I and IV
C II and III D I, II and III

15. Diagram 15 shows the structure of a villus.

Diagram 15

What is the function of the part labelled P?


A Absorption of fatty acids and glycerol
B Absorption of amino acids
C Absorption of glucose
D Absorption of minerals
16. What is the chewed food which is rolled into a mass in preparation for swallowing
known as ?
A bolus. B chyme.
C peristalsis. D casein.

17. Which enzyme and function are correctly matched?

18. What mineral can help to prevent rickets and osteoporosis among the elderly ?

A calcium. B magnesium.
C phosphorus. D potassium.

19. The diagram 19 shows the stomach of a cow.

Diagram 19

Which of the labelled parts, A, B, C or D is known as the reticulum?

20. Where does gaseous exchange in plants occurs mainly ?

A stomata only.
B stomata and lenticels.
C lenticels and cuticle.
D stomata and epidermis.

21. Diagram 21 shows a section through the alveoli and a blood capillary.
Diagram 21

What are the oxygen concentrations in T, U and V?

22. Diagram 22 shows the human respiratory system during exhalation.

Diagram 22

Which of the following statements describe what happens during exhalation?

I The diaphragm curves upwards.


II The diaphragm is lowered and flattens.
III The volume of the thoracic cavity increases.
IV The volume of the thoracic cavity decreases.
A I and III B I and IV
C II and III D II and IV

23. The population of a plant species is estimated by using the quadrat sampling technique
and the results are shown in table below. Each quadrat measures 1 m × 1 m.

Quadrat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Number
3 8 0 7 9 4 5 0 6 0
of plants

Table 23

What is the frequency of this plant?


A 30% B 40%
C 70% D 80%

24. Diagram 24 shows three types of roots of mangrove plants, J, K and L.

Diagram 24

Which of the following is the correct sequence of the plants, J, K and L, in succession in
a mangrove swamp?

A J, K, L C J, L, K
B K, J, L D K, L, J

25. Diagram 25 shows part of the nitrogen cycle.


Diagram 25

What is the name of bacteria P?


A Rhizobium sp.
B Nitrobacter sp.
C Nitrosomonas sp.
D Denitrifying bacteria

26. A group of students carry out an investigation to study the percentage coverage of
Pleurococcus sp. on the bark of trees. They place four quadrats randomly, each
measuring 0.1 m × 0.1 m, in four different places of the bark.
Table below shows the results of their investigation.

Table 26

What is the percentage coverage of Pleurococcus sp. on the bark?


A 30%
B 36%
C 44%
D 50%

27. Which of the following is an effect of deforestation?


A Acid rain
B Soil erosion
C Eutrophication
D Water pollution

28. Diagram 28 shows a few factories in an industrial area.


Diagram 28
What should be done to reduce air pollution in this area?

A Install filters in the chimneys of the factories


B Ban the use of chemicals in the factories
C Raise the chimneys of the factories
D Stop the factories from operating during daytime

29. Four samples of water are collected from different sources as shown below.

100 ml of these four samples of water are poured into separate reagent bottles. A syringe
is used to add 1 ml of methylene blue solution to each sample of water. Th e reagent
bottles are kept in a dark cupboard.
In which sample of water is the methylene blue solution not decolourised?

A W B X
C Y D Z

30. Diagram 30 shows the types of blood circulatory system.

Diagram 30

Which of the following organisms have the type of blood circulatory system represented
by P?
A Fish B Insects
C Mammals D Amphibians
31. Which of the following statements about thrombocytes is correct?
A It is a yellowish liquid.
B They are tiny fragments of megakaryocytes.
C They are produced in the bone marrow.
D They have granular cytoplasm.

32. Diagram 32 shows a longitudinal section of the human heart.

Diagram 32

What is the function of X?


A Sends deoxygenated blood to the lungs
B Sends oxygenated blood to all parts of the body
C Sends oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart
D Sends deoxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart

33. Which of the following vertebrae is the cervical vertebra?

A B

C D

34. Which of the following animals have the same type of skeleton?
Diagram 24

A P and Q B R and S
C Q dan R D P and S

35.Diagram 35 shows the muscles attached to the bones of the human leg.

Diagram 35

What are the correct functions of the muscles labelled P, Q, R and S?

36. Diagram 36 shows a human joint. Which of the labelled parts, A, B, C or D, lubricates
the joint?

Diagram 36

37. In which organ does hormones destroyed ?


A liver. B kidney.
C pancreas. D adrenal glands.

38. Diagram 38 shows a transverse section of the spinal cord.

Diagram 38

Which of the following regions, A, B, C or D, contains synapses?

39. Which of the following are the functions of the kidneys?

I Digestion
II Excretion
III Defecation
IV Osmoregulation

A I and III B II and III


C II and IV D III and IV

40. Which of the following is a voluntary action?


A Coughing
B Breathing
C Kicking a ball
D Heartbeat

41. Which of the following is true about the formation of male gametes and female gametes
in human beings?
42. Diagram 42 shows the growth curve of an organism.

Diagram 42

What happens at R?
A The organism is dying.
B The growth rate is zero.
C Cell division occurs to repair any damaged cells.
D Cell division and cell elongation still occur.

43. Which of the following hormones stimulate the uterine lining to thicken and become
highly vascular?
A Oxytocin
B Progesterone
C Luteinising hormone
D Follicle-stimulating hormone
44. What are the components of DNA?

A Sugars, bases, proteins


B Sugars, phosphates, bases
C Phosphates, bases, polypeptides
D Phosphates, proteins, polypeptides

45. Diagram 45 shows a schematic diagram used for determining the sex of the offspring of
a couple.

Diagram 45

What are the genotypes of cells P, Q and R?


P Q R
A 44 + X 44 +Y 44 + Y
B 44 + XX 44 + XY 44 + XX
C 22 + X 22 + Y 22 + X
D 22 + X 22 + X 22 + Y

46. Diagram 46 shows the karyotype of individual Q.


Diagram 46

How many chromosomes does individual Q have?

A 44 B 44 + XY
C 45 + XY D 48 + X0

47. Diagram 47 shows a type of variation in humans.

Diagram 47

Which of the following does not show a normal distribution as shown above?
A Height
B Weight
C Skin colour
D Fingerprint

48. Which of the following causes gene mutation?


A The change in the phenotype
B The change in the number of chromosomes
C The change in the structure of chromosomes
D The change in the sequence of DNA
nucleotide in certain genes

49. Which statement below regarding the character of types of hair of a human is correct?
A It is controlled by one or a small number of genes.

B It has variation represented by a continuous distribution.


C It is not influenced by environmental factors such as diet.
D It exhibits a spectrum of phenotypes with intermediate characters.

50. Which of the following variations is influenced by both of genetic and environmental
factors?

A Hair colour B Blood group


C Fingerprint D Colour blindness
SMK ST. MARY (M) Jawapan

SPM Biology Tingkatan 4,5 - P1 BIO-SET 9 Kertas 1


No. Soalan Jawapan No. Soalan Jawapan No. Soalan Jawapan
1 C 11 B 21 D
2 D 12 A 22 B
3 C 13 B 23 C
4 A 14 D 24 B
5 D 15 A 25 A
6 A 16 A 26 B
7 B 17 C 27 B
8 D 18 A 28 A
9 A 19 C 29 D
10 C 20 B 30 B
No. Soalan Jawapan No. Soalan Jawapan No. Soalan Jawapan
31 B 41 A 51 -
32 B 42 C 52 -
33 D 43 B 53 -
34 A 44 B 54 -
35 A 45 C 55 -
36 B 46 C 56 -
37 A 47 D 57 -
38 C 48 D 58 -
39 C 49 A 59 -
40 C 50 A 60 -
SEKOLAH: SMK ST. MARY (M)
CIKGU: Chieng Leh Zing
NAMA KERTAS PENTAKSIRAN: Peperiksaan Percubaan SPM
SUBJEK: SPM Biology Tingkatan 5-Kertas 1

Tahun Soalan
Tingkatan 4 Tingkatan 5 Mudah Sederhana Sukar
Lepas Sendiri
58% 42% 34% 32% 34% - -
29 soalan 21 soalan 17 17
16 soalan - -
soalan soalan

SPM Biology Tingkatan 4,5 Kertas 1 → (50 Soalan Diperlukan)


50
Jumlah Soalan:
Tahun Soalan
Topik Mudah Sederhana Sukar
Lepas Sendiri
Tingkatan 4 - 4.02 Cell Structure
1 1 1 - -
and Cell Organisation
Tingkatan 4 - 4.03 Movement of
Substances across the Plasma 1 1 1 - -
Membrane
Tingkatan 4 - 4.04 Chemical
2 1 1 - -
Composition of the Cell
Tingkatan 4 - 4.05 Cell Division 1 1 1 - -
Tingkatan 4 - 4.06 Nutrition 2 1 3 - -
Tingkatan 4 - 4.07 Respiration 1 1 1 - -
Tingkatan 4 - 4.08 Dynamic
1 1 2 - -
Ecosystem
Tingkatan 4 - 4.09 Endangered
1 1 1 - -
Ecosystem
Tingkatan 5 - 5.01 Transport 1 1 1 - -
Tingkatan 5 - 5.02 Support and
1 2 1 - -
Locomotion
Tingkatan 5 - 5.03 Coordination and
2 1 1 - -
Response
Tingkatan 5 - 5.04 Reproduction
1 1 1 - -
and Growth
Tingkatan 5 - 5.05 Inheritance 1 1 1 - -
Tingkatan 5 - 5.06 Variation 1 2 1 - -