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RETAINING WAL OF 3 m high wall

Height of Retaining Wall will be 6.4m from HPP.

0.00
0.3 q=0 Deg.

g= 10.4
6.4
W3 8.80 8.80 8.4 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
F= 35 #DIV/0!
HPP W2 COKE
2.0 W4
2.4 8.40 0.4
W1
Toe (a) Heel(b)
0 0.3 2.00

2.30
CANTILEVER RETAINING WALL WITH HORIZONTAL COKEFILL

INPUT DATA REQUIRED:


HEIGHT OF THE RETAINING COKE (H)= 3m
DENSITY OF CONCRETE(gconc) 25 KN/m3
DENSITY OF COKE (gsoil) 10.4 KN/m3
INTERNAL FRICTION OF THE SOIL(F) = 34 Deg
GROSS ALLOWABLE BEARING PRESSURE (Pa) = 20 KN/m2
Grade of Concrete 30 N/Sqmm
Grade of Steel 500 N/Sqmm
Coefficient of friction between soil and concrete 0.5
Surcharge Pressure is assumed Zero as no Surcharge Effect will come on the Retaining wall

TENTATIVE DIMENSIONS

TRIAL SECTION PROVIDE


Base Width ( W) 2.3 m 2/3*h
Toe Width (TW) 0.00 m W/3
Heel Width (HW) 2.00 m 2/3*W
Stem Width @ Top 0.3 m h/24
Stem Width @ Bottom 0.3 m h/12
Thicknees of base slab at the Face of Stem 0.4 m h/12

BASE WIDTH (B) = 2.3 m TOE WIDTH (BT) = 0m

HEEL WIDTH (BH) = 2 m


TOP (TS) = 0.3 m
STEM WIDTH @ BASE HEIGHT (HB) = 0.4 m
BOTTOM (BS) = 0.3 m

COKE PRESSURE COEFFICIENTS

Ka=active pressure coefficient


Ka=[(cosq - Öcos2q - cos2f) / (cosq + Öcos2q - cos2f)] x cosq]

Ka = 0.271
Kp = 3.537
ACTIVE COKE PRESSURES

Pressure at the base due to coke 24.8 KN/m2 / m Length


0.271x10.4x8.8
Force due to coke 109.12 KN / m Length
1/2x24.8x8.8x Cos0
Moment at the base due to coke 320.09 KNm / m Length
109.12x8.8/3
Total Moment at base 320.09 KNm / m Length

CALCULATION OF WEIGHTS

Point of application of Resultant Vertical Load

Descrption Load CG from (a) Moment


(KN) (m) (KNm)
Weight of Base Slab (W1) 23.00 1.15 26
2.3x0.4x25
Weight of Base Stem (W2) 63.00 0.15 9
1/2x(0.3+0.3) x8.4x25
Weight of coke on heel (W3) 174.72 1.30 227
1/2x(8.4+8.4) x2x10.4
Weight of coke on Toe (W4) 0.00 0.00 0 0

105.94

TOTAL = 260.72 263.04

Net Moment 263.04-320.0853333333 -57.05 Knm

Centre of gravity of loads from point a (in m) -0.22 m -57.05/260.72

Eccentricity e (in m) = 1.37 revise section 2.3/2 --0.22

Pressure Distribution under base


Pmax 260.72/2.3x(1+6x1.37/2. 518.48 KN/Sqm REVISE SECTION
Pmin 260.72/2.3x(1-6x1.37/2.3 -291.80 KN/Sqm
2.3

0 0.3 2

A B
0.4

2.3

-291.8
518.48287
412.793803
518.48287
DESIGN OF HEEL

1) Due to upward forces (Anti Clockwise Moments -ve)


Load CG from B Moment
(KN) (m) (KNm)

Trapezoidal Pressure 120.9938 -0.94 113.87

2) Due to Downward forces ( Clockwise Moments +ve)

coke fill 174.72 1.00 174.72


Self weight 20.00 1.00 20
Back fill soil Component 0.00 2.00 0
Total 194.72 194.72
Net Bending Moment @ B 308.59

DESIGN OF TOE

1) Due to upward forces ( Clockwise Moments +ve)


Load CG from B Moment
(KN) (m) (KNm)

Trapezoidal Pressure 0.00 0.000 0.000

2) Due to Downward forces ( Anti Clockwise Moments -ve)

Soil above Toe 0 0 0


Self weight 0 0 0
Total 0 0
Net Bending Moment at A 0.00

Calculation of Thickness of Base slab

BM Depth d Depth (D) Effective


KNm Reqd.(mm) Provi.(mm) depth (mm)
HEEL B 308.59 334.38 400 340
TOE A 0.00 0.00 400 340

Calculation of main Steel

Bar Dia. Main Steel Spacing Provide Area


(mm) (mm2) (mm) Spacing Prov.

HEEL B 16 3862.67 52.05 125 1608.50


TOE A 16 0.00 #DIV/0! 125 1608.50
Minimum Steel 0.06% on one face

Bar Dia. Min Steel Spacing Provide Area


(mm) (mm) (mm) Spacing Prov.

TOE A 12 240 471.24 150 753.982


HEEL B 12 240 471.24 150 753.982

DESIGN OF STEM

Moments for Triangular Loading ( = 1/2xKayhxhxh/3

278.413 KNm

Total Moment 278.413 KNm

Clear Cover to Reiforcement 50 mm


Assume Bar Diameter 20 mm

Depth of wall at top (in mm) = 300


Depth of wall at bottom (in mm) 300

Depth required = 347.92116


Depth provided = 300
Effective depth = 240

Main steel
Mu/bd2 = 7.25
% of steel = 0.2 %
Ast = 600 mm2
Bar dia = 20 mm
Area = 314 mm2

Spacing required = 523.33 mm c/c

Spacing provided = 125 mm c/c OK

Minimum steel on other face


Minimum Steel 0.06% on one face
= 180 mm2
Bar size = 16 mm
Area = 200.96 mm2
Spacing required = 1116.44 mm c/c

Spacing provided = 200 mm c/c OK

CHECK FOR SHEAR

A) Base Slab Heel

SF due to base pressure 120.994 KN/m


SF due to Vertical Load 194.720 KN/m
Net Shear Force 73.726 KN/m
Shear Stress 0.325 N/Sqmm 0.49
Precentage of steel 0.473 7.36
Shear Strength of concrete 0.485 N/Sqmm OK
B) Base SlabToe

Sf due to base pressure 0.000 KN/m


SF due to Vertical Load( self wt of To 0.000 KN/m
Net Shear Force 0.000 KN/m
Shear Stress 0.000 N/Sqmm 0.49
Precentage of steel 0.473 7.36
Shear Strength of concrete 0.49 N/Sqmm OK

C) Stem Wall

Shear Force at d from B 149.15 KN/m


Shear Stress 0.62 N/Sqmm 0.33
Precentage of steel 0.20 17.42
Shear Strength of concr 0.33 N/Sqmm INCREASE BASE THICK

STABILITY AGAINST OVERTURNING & SLIDING

Hori. Force Cg Moment


(KN) (m) (KNm)
Tringular Pr. 109.12 2.93 320.09

Total Overturning Moment 320.09


Stabilizing Moment 263.0

Factor of Safety 0.8 Which is < 2.0. Hence, UNSAFE

SAFETY AGAINST SLIDING (Considering Pass 40.997 Which is >1.75. Hence, SAFE
RETAINING WAL OF 3 m high wall

Height of Retaining Wall will be 3m from HPP.

0.00
0.3 q=0 Deg.

g= 17
3
W3 4.50 4.50 4.1 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
F= 35 #DIV/0!
HPP W2 earth
1.1 W4
1.5 4.10 0.4
W1
Toe (a) Heel(b)
0 0.3 2.30

2.60
CANTILEVER RETAINING WALL WITH HORIZONTAL earthFILL

INPUT DATA REQUIRED:


HEIGHT OF THE RETAINING earth (H)= 3m
DENSITY OF CONCRETE(gconc) 25 KN/m3
DENSITY OF earth(gsoil) 17 KN/m3
INTERNAL FRICTION OF THE SOIL(F) = 34 Deg
GROSS ALLOWABLE BEARING PRESSURE (Pa) = 200 KN/m2
Grade of Concrete 30 N/Sqmm
Grade of Steel 500 N/Sqmm
Coefficient of friction between soil and concrete 0.5
Surcharge Pressure is assumed Zero as no Surcharge Effect will come on the Retaining wall

TENTATIVE DIMENSIONS

TRIAL SECTION PROVIDE


Base Width ( W) 2.6 m 2/3*h
Toe Width (TW) 0.00 m W/3
Heel Width (HW) 2.30 m 2/3*W
Stem Width @ Top 0.3 m h/24
Stem Width @ Bottom 0.3 m h/12
Thicknees of base slab at the Face of Stem 0.4 m h/12

BASE WIDTH (B) = 2.6 m TOE WIDTH (BT) = 0m

HEEL WIDTH (BH) = 2.3 m


TOP (TS) = 0.3 m
STEM WIDTH @ BASE HEIGHT (HB) = 0.4 m
BOTTOM (BS) = 0.3 m

earth PRESSURE COEFFICIENTS

Ka = 0.28
Kp = 3.57
ACTIVE earth PRESSURES

Pressure at the base due to eart 21.42 KN/m2 / m Length


0.28x17x4.5
Force due to earth 48.20 KN / m Length
1/2x21.42x4.5x Cos0
Moment at the base due to earth 72.30 KNm / m Length
48.2x4.5/3
Total Moment at base 72.30 KNm / m Length

CALCULATION OF WEIGHTS

Point of application of Resultant Vertical Load

Descrption Load CG from (a) Moment


(KN) (m) (KNm)
Weight of Base Slab (W1) 26.00 1.30 34
2.6x0.4x25
Weight of Base Stem (W2) 30.75 0.15 5
1/2x(0.3+0.3) x4.1x25
Weight of earth on heel (W3) 160.31 1.45 232
1/2x(4.1+4.1) x2.3x17
Weight of earth on Toe (W4) 0.00 0.00 0 0

TOTAL = 217.06 270.86

Net Moment 270.86-72.3 198.56 Knm

Centre of gravity of loads from point a (in m) 0.91 m 198.56/217.06

Eccentricity e (in m) = 0.39 no tension 2.6/2 -0.91

Pressure Distribution under base


Pmax 217.06/2.6x(1+6x0.39/2. 158.62 KN/Sqm OK
Pmin 217.06/2.6x(1-6x0.39/2.6 8.30 KN/Sqm
2.6

0 0.3 2.3

A B
0.4

2.6

8.3
158.62077
141.276065
158.62077
DESIGN OF HEEL

1) Due to upward forces (Anti Clockwise Moments -ve)


Load CG from B Moment
(KN) (m) (KNm)

Trapezoidal Pressure 172.01247 0.81 -139.19

2) Due to Downward forces ( Clockwise Moments +ve)

earth fill 160.31 1.15 184.36


Self weight 23.00 1.15 26.45
Back fill soil Component #REF! 2.30 #REF!
Total #REF! #REF!
Net Bending Moment @ B #REF!

DESIGN OF TOE

1) Due to upward forces ( Clockwise Moments +ve)


Load CG from B Moment
(KN) (m) (KNm)

Trapezoidal Pressure 0.00 0.000 0.000

2) Due to Downward forces ( Anti Clockwise Moments -ve)

Soil above Toe 0 0 0


Self weight 0 0 0
Total 0 0
Net Bending Moment at A 0.00

Calculation of Thickness of Base slab

BM Depth d Depth (D) Effective


KNm Reqd.(mm) Provi.(mm) depth (mm)
HEEL B #REF! #REF! 400 340
TOE A 0.00 0.00 400 340

DESIGN OF STEM

Moments for Triangular Loading ( = 1/2xKayhxhxh/3

54.677 KNm

Total Moment 54.677 KNm

Clear Cover to Reiforcement 50 mm


Assume Bar Diameter 20 mm

Depth of wall at top (in mm) = 300


Depth of wall at bottom (in mm) 300

Depth required = 154.18368


Depth provided = 300
Effective depth = 240
STABILITY AGAINST OVERTURNING & SLIDING

Hori. Force Cg Moment


(KN) (m) (KNm)
Tringular Pr. 48.20 1.50 72.30

Total Overturning Moment 72.30


Stabilizing Moment 270.9

Factor of Safety 3.7 Which is >2.0. Hence, SAFE

SAFETY AGAINST SLIDING (Considering Pass 5.406 Which is >1.75. Hence, SAFE
Era 21500
khelgaon 26500
rent 24000
school 8000
net 1000
SIP 5000
petrol 2000
grocery 5000

93000