K431 - ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS Unit - I Components and Diodes

Components (Construction details not required) – Electronic components – Passive components – Resistors – Fixed and variable – Colour codingEffect of temperature on resistance – Uses – Capacitors – Fixed and Variable – Uses. Inductors – Fixed and Variable – Factors affecting the inductance – Applications – Switch – Switch function – Types – On/Off – Push to ON – Push to Off – SPST – SPDT – Relay, Limit Switch Semi conductor Theory Atomic theory – atomic structure of silicon and germanium – energy band diagram of conductors - semi conductors –insulators – electron hole pair generation – intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors – majority and minority carriers. PN Junction Diode: PN Junction diode – Forward and Reverse bias characteristics – Specifications Rectifier – Introduction – Classification of Rectifiers – Half Wave Rectifier – Full Wave Rectifier – Bridge Rectifier – Efficiency – Ripple factor (definition and values only)– Applications – Filters – C, LC and PI Filters. Unit – II Bipolar Junction Transistor Transistor – Transistor as an amplifier – CB, CE, CC Configurations – Characteristics – cut off and saturation – Comparison between three configurations in terms of input impedance, output impedance, current gain, voltage gain Transistor Biasing – Fixed bias, Collector base bias, Self bias – RC coupled amplifier – Load characteristic analysis – Transistor as a switch - Emitter follower and its applications – Darlington pair –– classification of power amplifiers - Working principle of Class B push pull amplifier Unit – III Oscillator, UJT, FET and Feedback amplifiers

Feedback amplifiers: Types of feedback- Principle of negative feedback – gain of negative feedback – Advantages Oscillator – Classifications – Condition for Oscillation (Barkhausen critierion) – General form of LC Oscillator – Hartley Oscillator – Colpitts Oscillator – RC Phase shift Oscillator, Crystal oscillator. Field Effect Transistor– Construction – Working principle of FET – Difference between FET and BJT – Characteristics of FET – Specifications – FET amplifier (Common source Amplifier) UJT – Construction – Equivalent circuit – Operation – characteristics – UJT as a relaxation oscillator Unit – IV SCR, DIAC, TRIAC, MOSFET SCR – Introduction – Working – Two transistor analogy of SCR – VI characteristics – S CR as a Switch, Controlled rectifier – Specifications.

DIAC – Construction – Working – Characteristics – Diac as bi-directional switch. TRIAC – Basic working principle – Characteristics – Speed control of fan using Diac and Triac MOSFET – Construction – Characteristics – MOSFET as a Switch – CMOS basic concept Unit – V Opto Electronics Devices and Application of Diodes Regulator: Zener diode - Construction & working principle – Characteristics – Zener break down – Avalanche break down – Zener diode as a voltage regulator – Applications Transistor regulators – Series and shunt Opto Devices: LDR, LED, 7 segment LED, LCD, Opto coupler, Opto interrupter – Infrared transmitter and Receiver – Laser diode (simple treatment) – Solar cell – Avalanche Photodiode – Photo transistor. Applications of Diode: Diode clipper – Types (positive and negative only) – clamper circuits using diode – Voltage doubler Text books: 1. Principle of Electronics - V.K. Mehta

Reference Books: 1. Electronics principles - Malvino Tata McGraw Publication 2. Electronics Devices and Circuits - Allen Mottershed Tata McGraw – Hill Publication 3. Electronics Devices and Circuits - Jacob Millman and Halkies Tata McGraw – Hill Publication 4. Optical Fiber Communication - Gerd Keiser.


K432 - DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Unit I Number system and Logic gates

Number systems – Representation of data in Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexadecimal, and BCD – Convertion from one to another. Excess 3 code - Gray code – Alpha numeric codes – ASCII and EBCDIC Codes – Concept only Binary Arithmetic: 1’s Complement and 2’s complement representation – Binary addition – Binary subtraction (unsigned only) Logical Representation – Definition of logic state – Positive and negative logic Logic gates – Definition, symbol, truth table, logic equation and operation of AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR and EX- OR gates Realization of basic gates using universal gates. Tristate and Bi directional buffers. Unit II: Boolean Algebra

Boolean Algebra: Concepts – Basic Boolean laws Demorgan’s Theorems – Logic equation, proof and circuit implementation Simplification of Boolean expressions using Boolean laws Simplification of Boolean expressions using Karnaugh Map ( Problems in 3 and 4 variables only in SOP and POS forms) – Quine McCluskey method (Principle only – No problems) Construction of logic circuits for the Boolean expressions. Unit III: Arithmetic and Combinational Logic

Arithmetic circuits: Circuit, symbol, truth table and working principle of Half adder,Full adder, Half subtractor, and Full subtractor – 4 bit binary adder / subtractor – BCD adder – 2 x 2 Array Multiplier – Magnitude comparator Combinational circuits: Definition, Circuit diagram, symbol, truth table and working principle and application for Multiplexor, Decoder, Encoder, Demultiplexor Parity Generator and checker – circuit diagram and working principle.. Unit IV: Sequential Logic

Flip-flops: Circuit, symbol, truth table and working principle of RS , D , T , JK, JK Master Slave Flip Flops. Triggering – Edge triggering and level triggering – setup time and hold time (Definition only) Counters: Block diagram, operation, truth table, working principle and waveform of 4 bit Binary Ripple asynchronous up, down, up –down

Counters – 4 bit binary synchronous counter - Decade counter – Mod N counters – Ring counter and Johnson counter –presettable counter Unit V: IC Fabrication, Logic Families and display circuits

IC fabrication: Classification of ICs – Advantages – fabrication process of Monolithic ICs – Fabrication of monolithic transistors (NPN and PNP) – IC packages Logic families – Characteristics of Digital ICs – Types of Digital IC families TTL ICs – Basic gate operation – open collector – pull up resistor – Types – CMOS ICs – principle – Interfacing between TTL and CMOS Digital displays: Seven segment display – BCD to Seven segment decoder –latched display – multiplexed displays Reference books: 1. V.K.Puri – Digital Electronics circuits and systems – TMH 2. R.P. Jain – Modern Digital Electronics – TMH 2003. 3. Albert Paul Malvino and Donold P. Leach – Digital Principles and applications – TMH – 1991. 4. William H.Goth Mann – Digital Electronics – An introduction to theory and practice – PHI 1998.


Impedance and Admittance in series and parallel RL. Thevenin’s.Kirchoff’s laws .Three phase supply – star and delta connection diagrams – Relation between line and phase & voltages and currents.Block diagram of Electronic Weighing machine – Thermistor and Thermocouples – Construction . resonant frequency. Transducers Basic force for indicating instrument –Constructional Features of Permanent magnet moving coil Instrument –Shunts and MultipliersDC Ammeters circuit –DC Voltmeters circuit. Circuits and Resonance Voltage and Current relationship in the resistance.C.C. RC and RLC circuits . Displacement transducers. inductive. Series and parallel resonance circuits – condition for resonance. susceptance. types and applications – D. photo electric.K433 . AC voltage – Bridges – Wheat stone bridge–Maxwell’s bridge – Wein bridge Recorders: Classification of Recorders.Types and applications. Vibrating Sensor Load cell. Single phase induction motor – Construction. AC current. Velocity. Power and energy – statement and explanation of superposition Theorem. principle of operation and types – stepper motor – uses (qualitative treatment only).ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION UNIT I : D. DC voltage. Circuits and Theorems Ohm’s law . inductance and capacitance – Energy stored in Inductor and capacitor – Concept of reactance.Statement of KCL and KVL – simple problems in series and parallel circuits – Relationship between Current. conductance. Norton’s and Maximum power theorems – simple problems. -5- . Q factor and bandwidth – simple problems.C Motor working principle and types and uses. principles of operation of capacitive. UNIT III : Transformers And Machines Ideal transformer working principle – EMF equation – core and copper losses – Efficiency and regulation – OC and SC test on transformer. D. Voltage. UNIT IV: Measuring Instruments And Recorders.-Voltmeter sensitivity – Schematic Diagram of a Multi meter for DC current. LVDT.Working principle.X-Y recorder-Strip Chart Recorder Transducers: Classification of Transducers-Strain Gauges -Types & Applications -Construction.C generator . UNIT II : A.

M.refresh rate – dot pitch – data projectors – touch screens. Electronic Instrumentation. Electronic Devices and Circuit theory-Boylestead and Nashelsley.K.Measurements & Instrumentation –Sawheney. Electrical &Electronic .Need for Time Base Voltage – Types of CRO –Applications of CRO –Block diagram of Dual trace-Dual beam CRO –Comparison –Digital storage oscilloscope Displays: Video basics – anatomy of LCD and TFT displays resolution –interlacing . Helfrick and William David Cooper-PHI 4.Umesh Sinha. Electric Circuit theory – Dr. Dhanpatrai & son 3.Mithal-Khanna Publishers.Measurements & Instrumentation.UNIT V: CRO & Display Instruments Principle of operation and Block diagram of CRO –CRT operationElectrostatic focusing Electrostatic deflection (No derivation)-Vertical Deflection system block diagram. Premkumaran 2. Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements Techniques – Albert d. Electrical &Electronic . 3. Arumugam and N.G. Theraja 2. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. TEXT BOOKS: 1. -6- .L. A Text book of Electrical Technology – B. Sathyaprakashan Tech.

6. FW with and without filter. FET characteristics. HW. DIAC characteristics 15. 11. Photo diode and Photo transistor characteristics. 3. SCR characteristics. 10. Input/output characteristics of CE Transistor. Frequency response of RC coupled amplifier. RC phase shift oscillator 12. Bridge Rectifier with and without filters. Emitter follower.ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND COMPONENTS LAB Exercises 1. 5. LED and LDR Characteristics 19. 7. 13. 8. Darlington pair.K434 . Triac Characteristics 16. VI Characteristics of PN Junction Diode 2. 4. Postive and negative Clamper 18. 20. VI Characteristics of Zener diode. Regulation characteristics of Zener voltage Regulator. Regulation characteristics of Transistor regulator -7- . Positive and negative Clipper 17. 9. 14. UJT relaxation oscillator.

Realization of basic gates using NAND and NOR gates.Construction of 4 bit binary asynchronous ripple counter 18.DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB Exercises 1. NOT. 2. 13.Construct and test the performance of Mod N Counter 21.Construct and test the performance of a magnitude comparator using IC 7485 22.Construction and verification of truth table for JK Flipflop using IC 7473 17. 11. Demultiplexer using CMOS 4051. Construction and verification of truth table for encoder.Construction and verification of truth table for SR flipflop using discrete ICs. Construction of full adder.K435 .Construction and verification of truth table for 3 to 8 Decoder.Parity generator and checker using discrete ICs. 3. Verification of Demorgan’s theorems 6. 8. 15. 14. 12. Realization of logic circuit for a given Boolean expression.Construction and verification of truth table for D Flipflop using IC 7474 16. Verification of Truth table of OR.Construct and test the performance of ring counter -8- . AND. Verification of basic Boolean laws 5.Construction of Decade counter using IC 7490 19. Construction of Half adder and half subtractor 7. 4. Construction of full subtractor 9.Binary to seven segment decoder using IC 7447 and seven segment LED 20. Multiplexer. Construction of 4 bit adder / subtractor using IC 7483 10. NOR NAND and XOR gate.

To Conduct OC and SC test to determine the efficiency of transformer 8. To Calibrate of ammeter and Voltmeter 9. L and C 1 11. Verification of Superposition theorem 4. Verification of Thevenin’s theorem 5. To measure frequency and phase angle using CRO by Lissajous Figure 14. Verification of maximum Power transfer theorem 7. To measure the strain using strain gauge 19 To measure the temperature using thermistor 1 20. Conversion of Galvanometer to Ammeter and voltmeter 15. To Construct RLC bridge to measure R . To Construct and test the performance of Wheatstone bridge 10. Extension of Ammeter and Voltmeter 16. To measure displacement using LVDT 17.K436 – ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION LAB Exercises 1. To measure the strain using load cell 18. Verification of Ohm’s Law 2. Verification of Norton’s Theorem 6. To Construct and test the performance of Wien bridge 12. To Construct and test the performance of photoelectric transducer -9- . To measure the amplitude and frequency using dual trace CRO 13. Verification of Kirchoff’s Voltage and current Law 3.

wave forms. Equalizer – types. primary and secondary constants. superheterodyne radio receiverexplanations of individual stages – AGC types – SSB receiver. Antenna and Propagation Network – Symmetrical and asymmetrical networks. Block diagram . characteristic impedance and propagation constant – Derivation of characteristic impedance for T and Pi networks using Zoc and Zsc – image and iterative impedances – Derivation of Zi1 and Z i2 for asymmetrical T and L networks using Zoc and Zsc – Derivation of iterative impedances for asymmetrical T network. types of modulation. applications: constant resistance equalizer. Direct and Indirect methods. broad-side and end-fire array. Unit II Amplitude Modulation Modulation – Electromagnetic Frequency spectrum. and HPF only. varactor diode modulator FM detectors – slope detector. phase discriminator. Propagation (Short theory only) – Ground wave propagation. ICW and MCW principles AM Receiver – TRF receiver. types of AM. ratio detector (no Derivation) FM Transmitters – transmitter. – Need for modulation. effects of noise in FM.K441 COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING Unit I Networks. frequency spectrum. Yagi antenna. Transmission lines concept – (No equations and derivations): Transmission line equivalent circuit. Filters: types and definitions – derivations for circuit elements and cutoff frequencies of LPF. space waves. Antennas – Basic antenna principle.-derivations for elements of symmetrical T and Pi networks – Application. advantages and disadvantages of SSB – AM VSB system AM Detector – Diode detector AM Transmitter – Types of transmitters.Wave guides: types.10 - . UNIT III Angle and Pulse Modulation Frequency modulation – Expression. radiation pattern. ionospheric propagation. (No derivations) Attenuator – types. travlling and standing waves.stereophonic FM . Amplitude modulation – expression. AM spectrum and side bands.balanced modulator – SSB generation – phase shift and filter methods. comparison of AM and FM. SWR . advantages. directivity. directive gain.high level AM transmitter and low level AM transmitter – SSB transmitter.

Electronic communication Systems – Kennedy – TMH 3. piezoelectric. PHI 2. condenser.Compact disc system – MP3 system – DVD system – stereophonic system – Hi-Fi system principles – Dolby – DTS UNIT V Telegraph and TV fundamentals Telegraphy – Basic principle – Morse code (concept only) – Radio Telegraph transmitter Monochrome Television – Scanning principles – aspect ratio – composite video signal – TV standards – TV transmitter – TV receiver. 6. Loud speakers – Constructional details of dynamic cone type. Surround – sound systems Audio recording and reproduction – Magnetic system. 8. midrange and tweeter – cross-over network. Electronic Communication – Dennis Roddy and John colen – PHI 4. Radio engineering – G. Fundamentals of Acoustics – Kingsler & frey – Wiley Eastern ltd.Mithal – Khanna publishers. Colour TV – Principles of colour transmission and reception. Reference books 1. moving coil and velocity ribbon. TV and Video engineering – Arvind M.K. .FM receiver – Block diagram – AFC-stereophonic FM receiver.Dhake – TMH. UNIT IV Audio systems Microphones (Qualitative treatment only) – Construction and performance of the following microphones: carbon.11 - . Horn type and electro-static loud speakers. Networks lines and fields – John D.Ryder. Transmission lines & Networks – Umesh sinha – Sathya prakashan publications 7. Radio Engineering – Terman – MGH 5. woofer.principle of Handycam – LCD projector – Principles of CCTV and cable TV.color CCD camera – PAL colour TV receiver ( IC details not required) – Digital Colour TV receiver – LCD display unit – plasma display .

Circuits using OP-AMPs: Inverting amplifier – Non inverting amplifiers – Voltage follower – summing amplifier – Differential amplifier – sign changer – Integrator – Differentiator –Comparator – Zero crossing detector – Bar graph display Instrumentation Amplifier – Precision rectifier – Clipper – Clamper Active Filters: Low pass – High pass – Band pass – Band stop – Circuit and Principle.K442 . ADC – Dual slope – Successive Approximation ADC . IC 555 Timer: Functional Block diagram – working principle – Applications of IC 555 (oscillator and timer) IC Amplifiers: Audio Power Amplifier using IC CA 810 – Darlington pair Amplifier using IC ULN 2003. Fixed . Memory: Types of Memories – ROM – PROM – EPROM – UVEPROM – Flash memory – Organization of ROM RAM: Addressing – READ and WRITE operations – Types – Static RAM – Dynamic RAM – Circuit diagram and working principle – Organization of a RAM cell – Expanding memory( 8K and 16 K). Unit IV ADC and DAC DAC – Weighted resistor and – 2R ladder DAC.MICRO ELECTRONICS Unit I: Operational amplifiers Operational amplifier: Definition and related terms – Ideal Characteristics of Op-Amp – IC 741 Pin details and specifications.78 xx. Unit III: Registers and Memory Shift registers: Definition – types – Block diagram – Working principle of 4 bit shift register. 79 xx. Variable -317. 337 PLL : Basic principle – IC 565 PLL – block diagram and working principle – Applications of PLL Wave shaping Circuits: Astable. Monostable and Bistable multivibrator using Transistor – Principle of Operation and waveform. Operational Amplifiers in analog computers – Solution of differential equations (Principle only) Unit II: IC Voltage regulators and other IC Circuits IC voltage regulators: Positive and negative – High and low – Fixed and variable voltage regulators – 3 terminal voltage regulators – ICs 723.12 - . Associate memory – Cache memory and virtual memory (concepts only) PLA – CCD – Block diagram and working principle.

Bus Standards: PC BUS – ISA .Prentice Hall. Op Amps and linear Integrated Circuits – Ramakant A. incrementer – Arithmetic circuit – block diagram and working principle Logical micro operations – circuit and principle of 16 function logic circuit Shifter circuits using combinational logic – Block diagram and working of one stage Arithmetic Logic and Shift unit.13 - . Gayakwad. important signals – comparison chart. Balasubramanian . 5. 7.Mithal 4. D.K. 6. Electronics principles .Malvino – Tata McGraw Publication 3. subtractor.D. Applications of ADC and DAC: DVM –Listing the types of DVM Block diagram of DVM (Successive approximation type only) – Auto ranging and Auto polarity – Auto zeroing – Digital Frequency counter Block diagram and principle of a PC Based Data Acquisition system Unit V CPU design and Bus Standard Concept of Micro operations – Register transfer language – Register transfer – Bus and memory transfer Arithmetic micro operations – Binary adder. Electronic Devices and Circuits – G.Knowledge of other Busses – PCI – AGP – USB Architectures.ADC 0809 – DAC 1408 – Block diagram and working principle. . Introduction to system design using integrated circuits – B.Computer Installation and Servicing . Sample and hold circuit using LF 398A – Acquisition time – Aperture time.Sonde. Morris Mono .TMH .. Block diagram of Register organization with ALU and buses. Linear Integrated circuits . Computer System Architecture (Third Edition). Reference Books: 1. Roy Choudhury & Shail Jain 2.

AC Triggering. SMPS & UPS Inverters – Single phase inverters using thyristors with R. Unit – III Inverters. NAND & EX-OR) – Ladder programming Bit instruction – Timer / counter – Program control instruction – Data handling instruction math instruction – Simple ladder diagrams for DOL. Star-Delta starter .K443 – INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS Unit – I Power Devices and Phase Control Circuits Working Principles of SCR. SMPS – Types – Circuit description – Working principles – Control circuits for SMPS – Application. UPS – Types – Comparison – Circuit description of on line & off line UPS – Working principles. RL loads – Output voltage control in inverter – Methods of obtaining sine wave output from an inverter – Typical inverter circuit – Three phase inverter circuit – Inverter characteristics through pass inverter circuit – Applications of inverters – DC transmission – Block diagram – Parallel inverter using MOSFET & IGBT’s – Advantages. Gate Trigger Circuits – DC triggering.14 - . Input and output characteristics of bridge circuit – Effect of source inductance – Discontinuous current operation – Line commutation. MOSFET. SIT and GTO – Switching Characteristics – Specification of above power devices. IGBT. Unit – II only) Converters and Choppers (Qualitative treatment Single phase half converters with R. Pulse gate triggering – Pulse transformer in trigger circuit – Electrical isolation by opto isolator – Resistance fixing circuit and waveform – Resistance capacitor fixing circuit and waveform. synchronized UJT triggering (ramp triggering) – Ramp and pedestal trigger circuit for ac load. AND. RL and fly wheel diode. RL and fly wheel diode – Single phase full converters with R. Unit – IV PLC and Programming Introduction to PLC – Relays – Parts of PLC – Processor – Memory – Input and Output modules – Digital and Analog I/O’s – Communication with PLC – Logic functions (OR. Forced Commutation Poly phase converters with resistive load only – 3 phase Half and full converters – Control circuit and Power circuit – Dual converter – DC Chopper and DC Drives – Principles of chopper operation – Types – Typical Chopper – Circuit Diagram – Working Principle – Applications – Rotor ON – OFF control – Control of DC Motors – AC Chopper – Chopper using MOSFET – PWM control circuit for driving MOSFET in chopper.

H. Programmable Logic Controller – Pradeep Kumar & S rivashtava – BPB Publications. Reference Books: 1. Bimbhra. Ltd. 7.Unit – V CNC & Robotics Basic concept of numerical control – driving devices hydraulic systems – DC motors – Stepping motors – Data processing unit – Photoelectric type – Programming – Part programming – General information – Post processor elements – APT – syntax only (no programming exercise) – ADAPT/EXAPT. P.D. .15 - . Power Electronics – M. Power Electronics – M.. 2nd edition – 1998 3. TMH. Power Electronics – Dr. Singh & K. PHI Publication Pvt. 1998. Rashid. Rai Umesh Publication – 5th edition – 1994 2. Industrial and Power Electronics – Harish C. Auto spot – Characteristics of N/C system – CNC / DNC – CNC typical s ystem – Block diagram – Interfacing of CNC Machines – Programming of CNC – Adaptive control systems – ACC – ACO – Basic concepts of Robotics.B. 3rd edition – New Delhi – 2005.S. Programmable Contollers – Richard A. 4. 5. 6. Khanna Publications.. Cox Vikas Publishing Houses – 2001.Numerical Control of Machines Yoram Korean and Joseph Ben. Khan Cahndani.

Astable multivibrator using IC 555 9. Summing amplifier and Differential amplifier using OP-AMP 4 Voltage comparator using OP-AMP 5 Sign changer and voltage follower using OP-AMP 6. . Test the performance of Darlington ULN 2003 15. 18. Integrator using OP-AMP 7. Precision rectifier using OP .Construct and test digital data generator using parallel to serial shift register 2. 19. Construct a bar graph display using IC 1415 20.Inverting Amplifier and Non inverting amplifier using OP-AMP 3. and IC 7912 12. Construct and test the various arithmetic and logical functions using IC 74181. Voltage regulator using IC 7805. DAC using R-2R ladder Network. 17.16 - . Voltage regulator using IC 317 and 337 14. Test the performance of Audio Power Amplifier using IC CA 810 16.K444 .MICRO ELECTRONICS LAB 1. Voltage regulator using IC 723 13. D/A converter using DAC 1408 IC. Monostable multivibrator using IC 555 10. A/D converter using ADC 0809 IC. Astable and Monostable multivibrators using Transistor 8.AMP 11.

6. 2. Construct a biased controlled half rectifier using SCR.INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS LAB 1. 5. 20. Construct a biased controlled half rectifier using SCR. Write and implement a simple ladder logic program using digital inputs and outputs for PLC. Write the implement a simple ladder logic program using timer and counter with branching and subroutines with PLC. Construct A. Construct and test a single phase inverter. K446 .K445 . Construct and test an IC based buck converter using PWM. 15.R 16.17 - . 14.C timer circuit using transistor to operate a switching circuit after a time delay. Plot the firing angle output current graph for resistive load. Test its performance with a standard stop watch. 13. Construct and test a multiple pulse sine wave inverter. 10.D. 3. Plot the firing angle output current graph for resistive load. Construct and test lamp dimmer using Triac. 9. Construct a sequence timer using 555 Timer chip. Construct and test a MOSFET based PWM chopper circuit. Test its performance with a standard stop watch. Write and implement a program for CNC milling for a simple component involving linear position and interpolation. Construct and test SCR regulated DC power supply.ENGLISH COMMUNICATION LAB ( Common To All Branches ) . 19. 17. Construct and test commutation circuits of SCR.C timer circuit using transistor to operate a switching circuit after a time delay. 18. circular interpolation and repeat cycle. Construct and test Tube light emergency light. 4. 7. Determine the phase control characteristics of SCR. 12. Write and implement a simple ladder logic program for interfacing a conveyor control with PLC. Construct D. Write and implement a program for CNC lathe involving linear position. 8. Construct and test the performance of the photo relay using L. 11.

18 - .cell splitting – sectoring .Automatic target detection.facsimile receiversynchronization – phasing-Index of cooperation (IOC) – Photographic recording – Direct recording Cellular telephone – Evolution .Pulsed systems – Basic Pulsed Radar System – Block Diagram – Display methods – PPI Display . Unit III Digital communication Fundamental block diagram and basic elements of digital communication system-Advantages.fundamental concepts – Simplified Cellular telephone system . Facsimile communication system – Introduction – facsimile sendercylindrical scanning – Tape scanning.Instrument landing system – Ground controlled approach system.Electronic Switching System . disadvantages of digital communicationcharacteristics of data transmission circuits-Bandwidth requirement – speed-Baud rateNoisecrosstalk-Distortion – Equalizers – Echo compressors Digital codes – Baudot code – Error detection codes – Parity check .frequency reuse – Interference – Co – Channel Interference – Adjacent Channel Interference – Improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems .cordless Phone Block diagram–– Video phone – Block diagram – ISDN – Architecture Features.Roaming and Handoff Unit – II Microwave.Block diagram . Radio aids to navigation – Direction finding – Radio ranges – Radio compass – Radio telemetry . FAX and Mobile Communication Telephony and fax Telephone system – Public Telephone network – Private Telephone Network . Microwave Antennas: Parabolic– cassegrain -Horn – Lens Antenna Radar – Fundamentals – Basic Radar System– Applications – Radar range equation (No derivation) – factors influencing maximum range – Target properties . Radar And Navigational Aids Microwave Devices: Magnetron – IMPATT diode – PIN diode – Working principle and Applications.K451 ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SYSTEM Unit I Telephone.

PCM – transmitter.multimode fibers – step index fibers – graded index fibers – (Fabrication details not required) Attenuation in optical fibers – Absorption losses.Couplers – optical transmitter – Block diagram using laser feedback control circuit – optical receiver .connectors and splices – Optical cables . Unit V Satellite Communication Satellite system – Kepler’s I. Intermodal dispersion optical sources – LED.19 - . Unit-IV Optical communication Optical communication system – Block diagram – Need and advantages of optical fibers – principles of light transmission in a fiber using Ray Theory – Single mode fibers .II. Industry and Military application (With Descriptive block diagram). PWM and PPM.Error correction codes – Retransmission. MEO – Advantages Apogee Perigee-Active and passive satellite-Earth Eclipse of satelliteLaunching orbitParabolic reflector antenna –antenna Space segment-power supply-Attitude control-station keeping – Transponders – TT and C subsystem – Thermal control – Antenna subsystem Earth segment-Receive only Home TV system – Block diagram – Transmit receive earth station-Block Diagram.GPS . Satellite services – INTELSAT . bending losses. Pulse modulation – types.II laws – orbits – types-Geostationary synchronous satellites-Advantages – LEO.semiconductor LASER – Principles – optical detectors – PIN and APD diodes . Digital modulation techniques – ASK modulation / demodulation – FSK modulation / demodulation – PSK modulation / demodulation – only block diagram and operation. scattering losses. quantizing noise – Companding. forward error correcting code – Hamming code.Block diagram using APD Applications of optical fibers – civil. receiver. core and cladding lossesDispersion – material Dispersion.codes – Redundant codes – Constant ratio codes . waveguide dispersion.MSAT . sampling theorem – Generation and detection of PAM.

Dr.Gerd Keiser .Davis .Khanna publishers 1995 6.1995 5. Mobile communication . Electronic Communications systems . Optical fiber communication .Reference Books 1. multiplication. Satellite communication .2001 7.John Gower . Memory READ. Schiller . Rappaport . smallest and largest. Satellite communication .Theodore S.Jochen H.State.2000 4. 2. Wireless communication .. subtraction.1999.Fundamentals through Advanced .C.Tata McGraw Hill .PHI . memory WRITE. code .fourth Edition .Wayne Tomasi .PHI 1988 3. Machine cycle.20 - . Simple programs in assembly language using 8085 – 8 bit addition. D.Kennedy . Agarwal . I/O READ. Fetch cycle) – Timing Diagram for Opcode FETCH. and I/O WRITE and INTA Timing diagram for MOV instruction and LDA only – Ready and Wait state – concept. PUSH and POP instructions Unit II Timing Diagram and Simple Programs Processor cycles – Definition of Processor cycles (T.Pearson Education 2005.Fifth Edition . 8.McGraw Hill .second edition .-Pearson Education -2004. Electronic communication systems .McGraw Hill . Optical communication system .Principles and practice .pearson education – 2002 9. division. Execution cycle. Electronics communication . K452 .Dennis Roddy . RET.MICROPROCESSORS Unit I Organization of 8085 Microprocessor Block diagram and operation of a general Microprocessor system – Evolution Of Microprocessors – Advantages – 8085 Microprocessor – Architecture – Pin details of 8085 – Bus structure of 8085 – Flag register – clock circuit – Control and Status signals Instruction set of 8085 – Instruction formats – Addressing modes – Classification of instructions – Stack and Subroutine – Significance of CALL.Dennis Roddy and John coolen .

Unit III Interrupts and Data transfer Methods Interrupts – Hardware and software interrupts in 8085 – Interrupt vector table of 8085 – Polling – Software and hardware polling – Interfacing with Programmable Interrupt controller IC 8259A – Block diagram – Signal diagram – Working principle Memory mapped I/O and I/O mapped I/O – Data transfer schemes in 8085– synchronous data transfer – asynchronous data transfer – Interrupt driven data transfer – DMA data transfer – – Interfacing of 8257 with 8085 microprocessor – working principle..Microprocessor and Applications – R. Coprocessors: Introduction to coprocessors . 2. Charles.Microprocessors – Principles and Applications...Block diagram – Pipeline structure – PIV Concepts only.21 - .. Unit IV needed) Memory and peripherals interfacing(No programs Interfacing of memory: Organization of ROM IC 2764 and RAM IC 6264 – Interfacing 8085 Microprocessor with IC 6264 Interfacing with Programmable Peripheral Interface IC 8255 – Block diagram – Signal diagram – Working principle – Different Modes – Control word format Interfacing with UART IC 8250 – Block diagram – Signal diagram – Working principle Interfacing with Keyboard and display controller IC 8279 – Block diagram – Working principle Unit V Applications of 8085 and Advanced Microprocessors Applications of Microprocessors: Seven segment display interface – Stepper motor controller – Traffic light controller (using 8085 only) CISC Processors: Introduction to x86 processor – Architecture – The register set – Data format – Segmentation and Paging.conversion ( Hexa decimal to Decimal and vice versa). M. Gilmore. McGrawhill . Wiley Eastern Ltd.CISC Versus RISC Pentium Processor: Features . References: 1. S. 3. Goankar. TMH 4.TMS320F24x DSP Controller – Architecture – Memory and IO spaces RISC Processors: Introduction to MC 88110 – Block diagram and features – Properties of RISC . Thiyagarajan.Advanced Microprocessors .Microprocessor Architechture Programming and Applications – Ramesh.Daniel Tabak.

Bitwise Operator. getchar() and putchar() functions. .h> . Variables and Data types: Character Set – Constants – Integer Constants – Character Constants – String Constants. Functions: Predefined functions – isdigit.h>. strcmp and strcat in header file <string. ceil. Variables – Declaration of Variables. isupper. Strlen. Assigning value to Variables.22 - . tan. exp. Decrement. Constants. Arithmetic Expressions. pow and sqrt functions in header file <math. Operations and Expressions: Arithmetic. abs. floor.K453 a – C PROGRAMMING & OOPs Unit I Fundamentals and I/O statements Keywords. Relational. I/O Statements: Printf() and Scanf() functions (Unformat and formatted).h>. Assignment. islower and ispunct functions in header file<ctype. Evaluation of Expression. Logical. cos. Conditional. Increment. strcpy.

Accessing a variable through its pointer. Approach to Organization. User defined functions.Unit II Decision Making. closing a file. Error handling during I/O operation. Polymorphism. Structure Initialization. Unit III Character String and Functions Character Strings: Introduction – declaring & initializing string variables. break & continue statement. putw. Unions. String handling functions. for statement. Two Dimensional Arrays – Initializing One dimensional & Two-Dimensional Arrays. function – definition. Appending items to a file. return statement. Random Access files. Nesting of if-else statement. Decision Making & Branching: The if-else statement. Reusability. Command line arguments. Unit V Object oriented programming Introduction to OOPS: Limitation of Procedural Languages. Structures within structures. Object Oriented approach – Analogy. Pointer Expressions. Multidimensional Arrays. fprintf and fscanf functions).getw. Unit IV Pointers and File Management Pointers: Understanding Pointers: Accessing the address of Variables. Functions: Function – declaration. Arrays: One Dimensional Arrays. Pointer and functions. Pointers and Structures. else-if ladder. Creating New Data types. goto statement. Branching and Looping and Arrays Introduction: Simple if statement.23 - . Structures & Unions: Structure definition. Defining and Opening a file. returning values. switch case statement. Arrays of Structures. Pointer Increments. Declaring and Initializing Pointers. putc. function call. Input / Output Operations on files (getc. Inheritance. passing arguments. Classes. characteristics of Object Oriented Languages – Objects. Writing Strings. Pointers and Arrays. Reading Strings. Inheritance and Overloading (Simple Programs) – . do-while statement. Looping: While statement. File Management: Introduction. Comparison of two Strings. Structure of C++ Programs. Pointer and character Strings.

Application of OOPs.. 2 Object Oriented Programming with C++ – Balagurusamy E. 3 Computer Programming in C. Tata McGrow Hill Publishing Company. New Delhi .24 - . Rajaraman V. New Delhi. Prentice Hall of India (P) Ltd. Tata McGrow Hill Publishing Company. New Delhi. Reference Books : 1 Programming in ‘C ’– Balagurusamy E.

Error Correction and Detection .Octal Number System .Storage Elements .Process Declarative Region .Configuration Statements .AND and OR gates MUX and XOR gates .Karnaugh Maps .Mealy and Moore Machines .VLSI Unit – I Number System & Logic Gates Number Systems .K453 b .Logic Value System – Transistors CMOS Inverter .NOR Implementation Distributed Gates .Architecture Selection .CMOS NAND .One-Hot Realization .Process Execution Sequential Statements .Sequential Circuit Design .Binary / BCD Adders and Binary Subtractors – Comparators .Macrocells Programmable Interconnect Array I/O Control Blocks CoolRunner-II CPLDs.Basic Gates .Registered Outputs – Macrocells .Enable / Disable Inputs .Unsigned and Signed Binary Numbers .Memory View .Don't Care Values .Event Scheduling .Bi-directional IO Unit .Three-State Gates Unit – II Combinational & Sequential Logic design Designing Combinational Circuits .Iterative Hardware .Programmable Registers .Output Enable / Clock Select Unit – IV VHDL Programming Brief History of HDL .Basic ROM Structure .Hexadecimal Number System .Design of Synchronous Sequential Circuits .Sequential Processing .PAL Logic Structure .Generic PLD Architecture .CMOS NOR .Sequential Packages – Memories .Process Statements .Product Term Expansion .Flip-Flops – Registers .ROM Variations – PROM – EPROM – EEPROM Flash Memory Programmable Logic Arrays .25 - .Behavioral Modeling .Three-State Outputs .Design of Counters .Gray Code – Unicode Fixed-Point and Floating-Point Representations Arithmetic Operations .BCD Arithmetic .Multiplexers and Decoders .CoolRunner-II CPLD Architecture Description .General Number Representation .Introduction to VHDL – Entity – Architectures Concurrent Signal Assignment .Alphanumeric Codes .Boolean Algebra .Data Types .Array Programmability .Sequential Behavior .Complex Programmable Logic Devices .Finite State Machines Designing State Machines .Excess-3 Code .Converting Numbers from One Base to Another .VHDL Subprograms and Packages Unit – V CPLD & FPGA Architecture CPLDs and FPGAs .Logic Array Blocks .Binary Number System .Structural Designs .DataFlow Description .Decimal Number System .III Programmable Logic Devices Read Only Memories .Process Statement Part .BinaryCoded-Decimal Code .Static RAM Structure .

and Programmable Logic Solutions by Amit Dhir. Digital Electronics with PLD Integration by Nigel P. Fundamentals of Digital Logic and Microcomputer Design by M.Wiley-interscienc 2. CPLDs. VHDL Programming by Example “ by Douglas L.Advanced Interconnect Matrix (AIM) .A Comprehensive Guide to Devices.26 - . The Digital Consumer Technology Handbook . 2000. Botros 6. “ Fundamentals of Digital Logic Design with VHDL “. Kim Goldblatt.I/O Block . Future Directions. and FPGAs by Ashok K.Function Block –Macrocell . Inc. Digital Design and Implementation with Field Programmable Devices by Zainalabedin Navabi 4. Stephen Brown and Zvonko Vranesic. References: 1. Xilinx. .Design Entry – Simulation – Compilation .Output Banking – DataGATE .Device Programming Text Book: 1. Rafiquzzaman .Spartan-3 FPGA Attributes Architectural Overview – Configuration . Programmable Logic Handbook: PLDs.Generic FPGA Architecture .Spartan-3 FPGAs . Singapore.I/O Capabilities – Program design flow . Perry – Fourth Edition 3. Digital Logic Simulation and CPLD Programming with VHDL by Steve Waterman 5. Standards. Sharma 4. Second Edition McGraw Hill International. Programmable Logic Design Quick Start Hand Book By Karen Parnell & Nick Mehta 3.I/O Block . Spartan-3 Platform FPGA Handbook by Marc Baker. Cook 2. Steven Knapp 7. HDL Programming Fundamentals: VHDL and Verilog by Nazeih M.

sensors – m echanical arm – degrees of freedom – links and joints – construction of links.motion interpolation . horizontal articulated (SCARA). vertical articulated – structural characteristics of robots – mechanical rigidity – effects of structure on – control . end effectors.robot language structure – basic commands – . Unit III Robot Motion Analysis Robot motion analysis – robot kinematics – robot dynamics . cylindrical.basic robot languages – generating of robot programming languages – On-Line & Off-Line programm ing .gripper design – mechanical gripper – vacuum gripper – magnetic grippers – sensors – transducers – tactile sensors – proximity sensors and range sensors – force and moment sensors and its applications and problems . belts.end effectors – grippers and tools . Servo Systems Robot controller – level of controller – open loop and closed loop controller – servo system s – microprocessor based control system – robot path control – point to point – continuous path control – sensor based path control – controller programming – actuators – dc servo motors – stepper motors – hydraulic and pneumatic drives . Unit II Robot Controller.work envelope and work volume . pulleys. gears.K 453 c– ROBOTICS AND AUTO ELECTRONICS Unit I Basic Configuration of Robotics and its Working Introduction – definition – basic configuration of robotics and its working – robot components – manipulator.feedback devices – potentiometers – optical encoders – dc tachometers. controller. Unit IV Robot Programming Robot programming – lead through methods and textual robot languages – motion specification . spherical. drive system.robot work volumes and comparison – wrist rotations –mechanical transmission. types of joint – classification of robots – cartesian.photoelectric sensors – vision system – image processing and analysis – robotic applications – robot operation aids – teach pendent – MDI and computer control. harmonic drive – conversion between linear and rotary motion and its devices.27 - .

Robotics – An Introduction – Doughales – R.28 - . F GOINGS – Automotive Electric Systems .requisite and non – requisite robot characteristics – stages in selecting robot for individual application – precaution for robot –future of robotics. 3. Walter E Billet & Leslie. 2.artificial intelligence and robotics. AW – Modern Electric Equipments for Automobile – Chapman & Hall London 1975 4. Reference Books: 1. JUDGE. Groover. Sensors for fuel level in tank. Roger Negal and Nicholes G.Engine cooling water temperature sensor – engine oil pressure sensor – Speed sensor – Air pressure sensor – Engine oil temperature sensor – Oil pressure warning system – Engine over heat warning system – Air pressure warning system – Speed warning system – Door Lock Indicators. Industrial Robotics – Technology – Program ming and Applications Mikell P. Halconnjr. Unit V Robot Application in Manufacturing and Auto Electronics Robot application in manufacturing – material handling – assembly finishing – adopting robots to work station . Odress. Mite chell weiss.

Construct and test PWM generation and detection circuits. 4. Construct and test an amplitude modulator and a detector circuit.To measure the bending loss and propagation loss in fiber optics. Observe and measure the outputs at different stages of a super heterodyne receiver. Construct and test symmetrical T and Pi attenuators. 20.Setting up a fiber optic digital link. 22. 18. 13. Construct and test an FM modulator circuit. 3.PSK demodulation – Trace the output waveform.TDM of signals 17. Construct and test an FM transmitter and an FM receiver circuit.Construct and test PAM generation and detection circuits.Construct and test the performance of series and shunt equalizer. . 21. 10.Trace the output waveform. 15. 5.K 454 . 7.PSK modulation – Trace the output waveform. 19.Setting up a fiber optic analog link. Construct and test a three way crossover network. 16. 11. Determine the frequency response of the microphone 9. Determine the frequency response of the loudspeaker 8. 6. 14.FSK transmitter and receiver. 2.Analog transmitter and receiver. Construct and test constant K active and passive LPF and HPF. 12.COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS LAB 1.Construct and test PCM transmitter and receiver circuits.ASK modulation .29 - .

Multi-byte addition 4. down and up-down counters 18. Block transfer of data in forward / reverse order 12. Moving Display control 20. 13. 8 bit division 6.30 - . Finding the smallest and largest value in an array 7. Simple I/O operations (switches and LEDs) 15. 7408. . 8 BCD to Hex conversion 9.‘C’ PROGRAMMING LAB. 5. Traffic light controller ELECTIVE PRACTICAL – I K 456 a . 7402. 7432 and 7486 only) 17. To fill a given data in 50 Locations in memory.K455 MICROPROCESSOR LAB. Sum of data in a given array Interfacing experiments: 14. Verification of Digital ICs (Basic ICs like 7400. Hex to ASCII and ASCII to Hex 11. Ring counter 19. Arranging the given data in ascending order and descending order. Binary up. Interfacing of seven segment display with 8255 16. 1. Introduction of 8085 Microprocessor Kit 2. 7404. Addition. Subtraction 3. Hex to BCD conversion 10. 8 bit and 16 bit multiplication.

13. . negative number or zero. 7. Program to implement Matrix addition & multiplication. 15. write a program to add five numbers by getting the values through command line argument . 1. Program to compute sum of series using While loop. Program for Pay bill calculation. Program to sort the strings. Program to develop a pattern (eg. 14. 9. 11. 5. Program to sort a list of numbers 8. write a function to swap the values of to variables to illustrate the concept of pass by reference. Program to tabulate a survey data. Program to count number of characters. square) 17. Printing of multiplication table using Do…While loop. Program to find whether the given number is a positive number. Program to implement Fibonacci series. 18. 10. Preparation of the rank list of a class of students. 4. Program to find factorial of given N numbers with recursion. 16. Program to find factorial of given N numbers with out recursion. 12. words & lines in a text. 2. 6. Solution of a Quadratic Equation.: pyramid.31 - . 3. Program to calculate simple and compound interest.On completion of the experiment students should be able to write programs in C and execute it.

32 - . 3.K 456 b . c. 4. a. Write a VHDL code for LCD display to display a text message. d. Relay interface b. Write a VHDL Code for 8 Bit Digital output using LEDs 8 Bit Digital inputs using Write VHDL C ode for 4 x 4 matrix keyp ad interface. 10. Write a VHDL code for Stepper motor interface 7. b. Buzzer Interface 5. Write a VHDL code for Traffic light control 8. Write simple VHDL Codes for Addition.Write a VHDL code to generator PW M signals for DC Motor control 11.Write a VHDL code & implement on FPGA kit for MUX & DEMUX 12. Write a VHDL code for 4 bit binary counter an study all signals using simulation software 9. .VLSI LAB 1. Subtraction Multiplication Division and implement on FPGA kit. Decod er & Shift Register. Write a VHDL Code for a. a. b. 2.Write a VHDL Program & implement on FPGA k it for Encoder. Write a VHDL code for 7 Segment LED display interface 6.

ROBOTICS LAB 1. Use of Vision system for pick and place programming.33 - . 5. Practicals connected with stepper motor K 461.K 456 c . Homing operation b. Measurement of Repeatability 9. Continue writing programs off-line with score base levels. Programs using XYZ Coordinates. 3. Measurement of Robot of motion c. Robot operation. moving the various axis continuous and intermittent motion. Recording positions c. Measurement of Robot characteristics a. Teaching positions via XYZ co-ordinates 8. Practicals connected with Photo sensor 14. Measurement of Robot work envelope b.DIGITAL COMMUNICATION Unit I Computer Networks and Fundamentals . Study of Vision system in Robot 10. Use of loops and subroutines with program 6. Robot system connection and component recognition 2. 11. Practicals connected with various solenoid 13. Writing programs off-line a. Practicals connected with proximity switch 15. Writing programs for pick and place at least five programs 4. 7. Practicals connected with various Transducer 12.

Data sets and interconnection requirements – classification of modems – serial interface standard – RS 232.Encoding and decoding – Static Versus Dynamic Dictionary Audio Compression: Digital Audio Concepts – Fundamentals – Lossy and Lossless compression – Silence compression – PC based sound .Fano Algorithm – Huffman code. Unit II Wireless LAN Introduction to Wireless LANs: Definition – Need – Advantages and Disadvantages of WLAN – Applications of WLAN – Components of Wireless LAN – Types of Wireless LAN – Infrared versus radio transmission – Protocols used in WLAN – Digital Cellular System – GSM – Services and Architecture – Radio Subsystem – CDPD – CDMA – Uses of WLAN HIPERLAN: Introduction – Protocol Architecture. RARP Concept only). Introduction to VSAT: VSAT Technology – VSAT bands.Adaptive Huffman coding – updating – swapping – Overflow – Escape Code – Dictionary based Compression .Network Layers Protocol – IP – Interior Gateway Protocols (IGMP. WAN) – Network topology – Star – Ring –Mesh – Bus – Tree – Internet and Intranet. IP Addressing – Subnetting & Supernetting – Dotted Decimal Notation. Unit III Bluetooth Technology. Wireless Access Protocol: Advantages – Services – WAP architecture –Applications. ICMP. MAN. Media of Transmission: Open wire – Twisted pair – Coaxial cable – Fiber optic cable Network Hardware: Hub – Ethernet – Bridges –Routers (Principle only) .Components of a VSAT System – Access schemes of VSAT – TDMA – FDMA – CDMA – DAMA – VSAT topology – Advantages and pitfalls .Classification of Network (LAN. WAP & VSAT Bluetooth: Introduction – Evolution – Need – Bluetooth Radio: Vertical Antenna – Dipole Antenna – Antenna parameters – Ad hoc network – Bluetooth Protocol Architecture – Advantages – Applications – Comparison of wireless LAN and Bluetooth technology. OSI Model: Block diagram of OSI Model – Layers – Functions of each layer.34 - .Applications Unit IV: Compression Techniques Data Compression: Coding – Shannon . TCP / IP: Overview of TCP/IP – OSI & TCP/IP – Transport Layers Protocol– TCP & UDP.Introduction to LAN network: Network fundamentals – Applications – Advantages of Networks . ARP.

2. R.Jochen Schiller Pearson Education. Psycho visual redundancies (Definition only) Image compression models .Rajesh.35 - . Eswara kumar. New Delhi. 6. K. Computer Networks: Fundamentals and Applications – R.second edition – Rafael c.Image sampling and quantization – Fundamentals of Image Enhancement – Image Restoration – Basics Of Color Image Processing – Color Transformation Image compression .S. BlueTooth .Unit V: Digital Image Processing (No derivation and Problems – Qualitative treatment only) Digital Image processing – Definition .William Stallings .PHI 3. Ltd. Wireless Communication of Networks .redundancy – Coding.Image acquisition .Simple image fundamentals . Mobile Communications . The Data Compression Book. second edition – Mark Nelson and Jean Loup Gailly – BPB publications 5. Gonzalez and Richard E Woods – Pearson education pvt.Muller Tata McGraw – Hill 4. Balasubramanian K462 – EMBEDDED SYSTEM .Demystified Nathan J. new delhi.the source encoder and decoder – JPEG & MPEG Compression References: 1. Inter pixel. Digital image processing .S.Fundamental steps in digital image processing Components of image processing system .

Peripherals: General Purpose Input/Output Ports (GPIO) .Power Control .36 - .On Chip ADC .Memory Acceleration Module .RTC .Processor operating states.Data Timed Signals .Debug interface .The ARM Architecture Overview .Block Diagram .Memory Interface .ARM7 TDMI Core and system state About Embedded ICE-RT Logic – Instruction Set.Unit I Architecture Of 8051 Block diagram of Microcontroller – Comparison with Microprocessor and Microcontroller – Pin details of 8051 – ALU – Special function registers – ROM – RAM – RAM Memory Map (including registers and register banks) – Program Counter – PSW register –Stack I/O Ports – Timer – Interrupt – Serial Port – External memory – Clock – Reset – Clock Cycle – Machine Cycle – Instruction cycle – Instruction fetching and execution – Overview of 8051 family Unit II Instruction Set And Programming Assembling and running an 8051 program – Instruction set of 8051 – Different addressing modes – Data transfer instructions –Arithmetic Instructions – Signed number concepts and arithmetic operations – Logic and Compare instructions – Rotate instruction and data serialization – BCD. UNIT – ARM CPU & Peripherals CPU: Introduction: .PWM .Addressing signals Addressing timing . Timer.On Chip DAC. Interrupt and Serial Programming Bit addresses for I/O and RAM – I/O programming – I/O bit manipulation programming – Programming 8051 Timers – Counter programming – Basics of Serial programming – 8051 connection to RS 232 – 8051 Serial Port Programming – 8051 interrupt – Programming Timer Interrupt – Programming external hardware interrupts – Programming the serial communication interrupt – Interrupt priority in 8051 Unit IV ARM Concepts Introduction .Memory formats .Debug systems Debug interface signals .I2 C Interface – SPI Interface .Reset . Unit III I/O.VPB Divider Wakeup Timer .Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Trasmitter (UART) . ASCII – Loop and jump instructions – Call instructions – Time delay routines – Program control – Assembler directives – Sample programs.Instruction set Summary .Timer0 and Timer1.Bus interface signals .System control block functions: PLL .Architectural Overview .

8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems using Assembly and C by Mazidi.References: 1. Microprocessor and Microcontroller by R.Theagarajan. 4. LPC 2148 User Manual . 2. Mazidi and D.MacKinlay. Sci Tech Publication.37 - . 8051 Microcontroller by Kenneth J. 2006 Pearson Education Low Price Edition.Ayala.Sloss 6.Tammy Noergaard 5 ARM System Developer’s Guide – Andrew N. ARM System-on-Chip Architecture (2nd Edition) by Steve Furbe 8. Chennai 3. ARM Architecture Reference Manual . Embedded Systems Architecture .David Seal 7.

38 - .(Principle and concept only) Unit II Therapeutic Instruments Cardiac pacemaker – classification – Comparison between External pace makers and implantable pacemaker – Mode of operation of Ventricular asynchronous and Ventricular synchronous pacemakers – programmable pacemaker Cardiac defibrillators – types – AC – DC defibrillators Nerve and muscle stimulators – Electrotherapy – Waveforms used in stimulators – Working principle of Versatile Electro Diagnostic Stimulator and External Bladder Stimulator. Surgical Diathermy – Waveforms used in surgical diathermy – Block diagram – operation.Types and principle of working.BIO – MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION Unit I Bio Potential Electrodes And Recorders Bio Electric Potential – resting and action potential – Components of Bio Medical Instrument System Electrodes – Electrode potential – Types of electrodes – Micro – Surface – Depth and Needle electrodes Electrocardiograph (ECG) – ECG Lead configuration – ECG recording set up – Artifacts – Specifications of ECG recorder – clinical uses of ECG – Phonocardiography (concepts only)Electroencephalography (ECG) – Origin of EEG – Brain waves – 10-20 lead system – recording Set up – Clinical uses of EEG Electromyography (EMG) . indirect) – Working principle and applications of Electro magnetic blood flow meter – blood pH – Digital thermometer Unit IV Bio – Telemetry And Patient Safety Introduction – Elements of Bio Telemetry system – Design – Radio Telemetry system – Block diagram and working principle – Limitations and Applications. Ventilators – types – block diagram and working principle.K 463 a .Blood pumps – Characteristics of ideal blood pump . . Blood Cell counter – Working principle Electron microscope – construction and working principle – Comparison between optical microscope and electron microscope.Measurement of Blood pressure (direct.Dialysis – Hemo dialysis – peritoneal dialysis. Heart lung machine – Oxygenators – types – working principle of Bubble Oxygenator. Unit III Clinical And Specialized Medical Instruments Audiometer – Principle – Automatic Bekesy audiometer working.

Anuradha agencies. Klin – Introduction to Medical E lectronics. Ultrasonic imaging techniques – Echocardiography – Magnetic Resonance Imaging Techniques. X ray apparatus – block diagram – Working Principle – Comparison between Radiography and Fluoroscopy – Image intensifiers . Khandpur – Handbook of Bio – Medical Instrum entation. II edition. M. 2. 4.P Feither – Biomedical Instrumentation and measurement. Text Book: Dr. Endoscopy – principle of working and applications – Gamma ray tube Bio feedback instrumentation – Block diagram and principle. 5. Leslie Crom well – Fred. Publishers.Ray Examination. Erich A. B.Clinical uses of X. Reference Books 1. Computer Tomography – Block diagram and operation – Applications. Jacobson and Webstar – Medicine and Clinical Engineering. Explosion hazards Telemedicine – Introduction – working – applications Unit V Modern Imaging Techniques LASER beam properties – Principle of Operation – Applications of LAS ER in medicine.J.Radiation safety Instrumentation – effect of radiation exposure – Radiation monitoring equipment – Packet dosimeter and Packet type radiation alarm – film dosimeter (Principle only) Physiological efforts of electric current – Micro and macro shock – leakage current – shock hazards from electrical equipment.R. high frequency current hazards. Arumugam – Bio Medical Instrumentation .39 - . S. Weibell. Safely aspects in electro surgical units – burns. . Methods of Accident Prevention – Grounding – Isolated power distribution system – Ground fault interrupter – Hospital Architecture. R. 3. Kumara doss – Medical Electronics.

VIA SAMUEL II).Evolution .Boot record . FDD & Special Devices: Introduction – disk construction – types .HDC block diagram – working principle – IDE. DURON) – VIA Cyrix CPUs(6X86MX. RIMM) – extended – expanded – cache – virtual Memories.PC through Pentium core2 Duo – comparison chart .refresh rate – dot pitch – data projectors – touch screens. Mother Board: Evolution – Mother Board components .Directory structure. SCSI. Core2 DUO) – AMD CPUs(K6. HDD: introduction – HDD construction – parameters – operation.principle operation of Mouse – optical mouse – wireless mouse – mouse signals – Mouse Installation – track pads. Bus Standards: PC BUS – ISA and Knowledge of other Busses – PCI – AGP – USB Architectures.specification parameters . CD &DVD: Introduction – construction – operation – formats – Technology DVD writer combo drive construction – read/write operation – DVD drive installation. important signals – comparison chart. Chip sets: Introduction – Intel chipset 945 series and knowledge of other chip sets – AMD chipset series. EIDE. Dual core. DIMM. switches and indicators . ultra ATA.K 463 B . LCD and TFT displays resolution –interlacing . and SATA series – installation – partitioning– partition table – formatting – FAT –data reading – data writing (FM. Unit III Video Capture Board: Introduction – block diagram of an integrated video capture/ VGA card – connectors – capture process – audio and video capture and play back sequence – compression and de-compression techniques.FDD construction – drive operation – types – FDC operation – pen drives – flash drives – I pods. Displays: Video basics – anatomy of CRT.BIOS – CMOS RAM – Form Factor – Riser Architecture – Main Memory – memory chips (SIMM.COMPUTER HARDWARE AND NETWORKING Unit I Introduction .Lap top PCs – Palm top PCs.40 - . VIA/CYRIX III. . Processors: Introduction – CISC Basic structure – RISC basic structure – evolution – Intel CPUs(P IV.PC system units – Front Panel / Rear side connectors. ATHLON. Unit II Keyboard & Mouse: introduction – keyboard operation – key board signals – keyboard interface logic – wireless keyboard function – Mouse construction . Core DUO. MFM) .

Installing and configuring Network (Windows NT 2003): Network Components and Connectors – Installing NIC – Installing Cables – Hub – Setting up NIC – Network Setup Wizard – Working with Network resources – Sharing resources on Network – New Connection Wizard. New Delhi.Computer Installation and Servicing TMH Publishing Company. Text Books: 1.network types – LAN. Scanner: Introduction – operation – scan resolution – color scanners – scan modes – file formats.WAN – CAN – MAN – HAN – internet – intranet – extranet – uses – Blue tooth Technology. Printer: introduction – types – dot matrix – inkjet – laser – operation – construction – features – installation – troubleshooting. Unit IV PC Assembly: Power supplies .passive hub – wireless network – blue tooth dongle.Configuring mother board/jumper setting – connectors – cables . Balasubramanian . Local Area Network: LAN topologies – star – ring – mesh – bus – Client/Server – peer to peer. Unit V Computer Network Basics: Introduction – OSI layer model . Network Media & Hardware: Twisted wire .Group Membership Profiles – Working with Groups – Granting Permissions – Managing Shares – Switching Between Users. Network Administration(Windows NT 2003): User Accounts and Groups – Working with User Accounts & security – passwords . . D.parallel port . CMOS setup program & POST: CMOS setup program . Digital Camera: introduction – construction – operation – SLR camera– features. Diagnostic Software & Viruses: PC latest diagnostic software – bench mark programs – computer viruses – Precautions – Anti-virus software – signature of viruses – Fire walls.fiber optic cable – flow control – Ethernet – Arc net – Router – active hub .various setup options – POST definition – IPL hardware – POST test sequence – beep codes – error messages.game port – controllers (Block Diagram) – operation – signals – SMPS – working – block diagram – AT & ATX connectors Modem: Introduction – functional block of modem – working principle – types – installation. I/O Ports & SMPS: serial .41 - .Adding memory modules – assembling a computer – upgrading a PC.Sound Blaster Card: Basics of digital sound – audio compression and decompression – sound blaster card – installation – MIDI – 3D audio – EAX – MP3 – SDMI.Coaxial cable .

Peter Norton .TV broadcast channel allocation – Different TV standards – CCIR – B system in details.42 - . K 463 c– TELEVISION ENGINEERING Unit I TV Fundamentals Simple block diagram of TV transmission and reception – Scanning process .constructional details and principle of operation – CCD image sensors – target – constructional details of saticon. Radhakrishnan & D. New Delhi.TMH Publishing Company.Reference books: 1.chromaticity diagram – Luminance and Chrominance signal – I & Q signal – their polarity – Bandwidth for color transm ission. Inter carried sound system . Block diagram of color TV camera tube and explanation. New Delhi.Computer Installation & Troubleshooting – ISTE Learning Material. Maintaining & Repairing PCs TMH Publishing Company.IBM PC and Clones . M. P ositive and negative transmission – VSB transmission of video signal – merits and demerits. Bigelow . Unit II Camera And Picture Tubes Ideal characteristics of a camera tube – construction. 2. precision inline and Trinitron color picture tubes – color convergence – static and . Picture tubes – specification – working principle of monochrome picture tubes – phosphor screen – screen burns – aluminium layer –picture tube mounting for picture tubes – including yoke. Stephen J. 3. Types of color picture tubes – working principle of delta gun. blanking and equalizing pulses and their details. 4. Govindarajulu . Composite video signal – serrated vertical symmetrical pulse.Troubleshooting. Balasubramanian .Introduction to Computers .TMH Publishing Company. Aspect ratio – vertical resolution and video Bandwidth – Relationship among them.sequential – Horizontal and vertical scanning – flicker and interlaced scanning – Need for synchronization. working principle and characteristics of vidicon and plumbicon – Multidiode vidicon . Additive mixing of colors – color perception . newvicon and chalnicon – comparison of different camera tubes. Camera tube deflection and focusing methods – processing of camera signal.

43 - .aural exciter .Block diagram of color TV transmission – color compatibility – color synchronization – colorplexed composite video signal and weighting factor – TV transmitter layout – PA L color coder – functional blocks and working of each block – output waveforms.Block diagram of PAL color receiver. horizontal ATC block diagram with anti hunt network – A typical horizontal output circuit with EHT – various controls in vertical and horizontal output stage block diagrams of PAL chroma Decoder IC TA7699 and IC TA 7680 functions only.Block diagram of horizontal output stage .visual modulator and CIN diplexer working principle . . Modern cable TV system schematic diagram – scram bling – descrambling – basic block diagram of descrambler – Digital CCD telecine system – steps involved in VCD making process – Block diagram of VCD player in play back mode – Advantages of DVD over laser disc and video tape.Plasma display – Block diagram of a digital color TV receiver – schematic diagram of a remote control IR Transmitter and IR receiver – synthesis of remote control signals – synchronization of receiver – Functions of remote transm itter and receiver IC – M 50463p and M 50142p – function of system control IC MN15287. Unit V Miscellaneous Topics Flat panel display – Large screen display methods .dynamic – color purity – pincushion distortion – Automatic degaussing. Unit IV Television Receivers Block diagram s of monochrome TV receiver function of each block – Types of RF tuner – Block diagram of frequency synthesized Electronic tuner Requirements of video IF amplifier and AGC – keyed AGC circuit operaion – video am plifier circuit operation with HF and LF compensation – Block diagrams of IC TA 7611 – and IC LA1190 – function alone .VCD – DVD player block diagram in play mode. Unit III Television Transmitter Block diagram of a low level IF modulated TV transmitter – visual exciter . Need for sync pulse separator – sync separator circuit with noise gate need for trapezoidal voltage for deflection coils.

Dhake . Least Common Multiple 6.Aravind M. Subtraction of 8 and 16 bits) 2.A. servicing and trouble shooting . 8 bit ADC and 8 bit DAC 16.R. Greatest Common Divisor 7. Multiplication and division of two 8 bit numbers 3.K. LCD Displays . Modern V CD – video CD player Introduction.R. Program for search a given string in a word.44 - . 8. Arithmetic operations (Addition. Maini 2.EMBEDDED SYSTEM LAB Experiments using 8051 only 1. Program using interrupt Interfacing with application boards 13.TEXT BOOKS: 1. Digital I/O 14. Square Root of a given data 5. 9. BCD to Hex conversion & Hex to BCD conversion 4.Manohar Lotia pradeep Nair. K 464 . Check given string is palindrome or not 10. color television and video technology . Gulati REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Counter using timer 12. Modern TV practice principles of Technology and servicing . Square wave generator 17. Stepper Motor Control 15. Program to find the number of characters. words in sentence. TV and video E ngg 2. Parity bit generation 11.

Study and Implement Priority Scheduling and OS Time Delay Functions by writing 3 different UART Transmitting Tasks. Construct and test an electronic thermo meter 12. 24. K465 – A BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION LAB 1. Implement OS Real Time Multitasking by Implementing three tasks a. DC Motor 19 Temperature control 20. Construct and test a thermistor thermo meter .18. Interface ADC and Display on LCD second line Continuously. Relay Interface 21. Read the ADC Analog input and Plot the Corresponding signal on a graphical LCD. 8. Construction and testing of AC high gain amplifier 4. Construct and test a phonocardiograph amplifier 6. b. 4 X 4 Matrix Keypad Interface b. Construction and testing of Instrumentation Amplifier 3. Implement OS Real Time Multitasking by writing a multitasking program with the tasks. Construct and test an ECG pre amplifier 5. Serial EEPROM b. Real Time Clock Hands on Exercise Based on RTOS. Read the Key input and display on seven segment LED b. 22 To Study and Implement Multitasking .45 - . 23. Seven Segment LED Display Interface c. Construct and test a pacemaker circuit 11. Construction and testing of differential amplifier 2. a. Write a Programs for a. 7.Write a Simple Program with Two Separate LED Blinking Tasks. Interface RTC and Display on LCD First Line Continuously. Construct a wein bridge oscillator 14. Buzzer Interface c. 25. Measurement of Blood Pressure 9. Construct a precision rectifier circuit for medical instrument power supplies. Measurement of pH of given solution. c. Generate a PWM signal with Xon Time and Yoff Time. Measurement of body and skin temperature 10. Write a Programs for I2C Device Interface: a. Construct and test a missing pulse detector 13.

and CD-Drive/DVD-Drive add on cards in table top / tower model systems. . handle and use the following equipments a. Connect and enable a pen drive or I-pod in a PC. Mother Board. FDD. Installation of FDD: 1. Changing advanced settings (BIOS and Chipset features) 5.b COMPUTER HARDWARE & NETWORK LAB 1. Switches. Construct an active high pass filter 18. Changing the Standard settings 2. Floppy drive diagnostics/servicing. CMOS Setup Program: 1. Construct an active low pass filter 17. PC system layout: Draw a Computer system layout and Mark the positions of SMPS. HDD. 2. Cache. 1. 4. Indicators and connectors of PC: Identification of front panel indicators and switches in a computer system of table top/ tower case model and also identification of rear side connectors. cooling fan. Format the pen drive or I-pod. 2. Study. USB pen drives and I-pods. 6. Chip set ICs. EMG stimulator c. Install and configure an FDD in a computer system. 3. Mother Board Layout: Draw the layout of Pentium IV or Pentium Dual core or Pentium Core2 DUO mother board and mark Processor. EEG Stimulator K465 . 2.46 - . ECG stimulator b. Xtal. I/O slots and I/O ports and various jumper settings.15. Measurement of ECG waveform 16. RAM.

11. Modem Installation: 1. Partition the HDD using fdisk. 2. 4. Install a DVD Multi-recorder drive in a PC. Installing and checking a Dot-Matrix Printer. 7. Install and configure a Modem in a windows PC. Copy files and folders from pen drive I-pod to HDD. 4. 2. Configure the network for an Internet server. Configure the scanner with driver.47 - . 3. Copy files and folders from HDD to pen drive or I-pod. 8. 10. Installation of Scanner: 1. recent Anti-virus software and recent PC Diagnostic software. Format the Partitions. Check the working condition of modem with PC. Connect the given scanner with a PC. Assembling a PC: Assemble a Pentium IV or Pentium Dual Core Pentium Core2 Duo system with necessary peripherals and check the working condition of the PC. Installing and checking an Ink jet / Laser Printer. Check the scanner by scanning a page / a portion in a page. 3. 16.Possible problems and troubleshooting. Add / Remove devices using Hardware Wizard. HDD Installation: 1. Printer Installation & Troubleshooting: 1.3. 15. 12. Familiarize : Scandisk. Check the read / write operation using a cd / dvd. 2. Configure in CMOS-Setup program. 3. 3. 14. . Install the given HDD. 2. To configure TCP / IP configuration and test it in a network. 2 Configure using device driver. DVD Multi-recorder drive installation: 1. 9. 13.

Construct and test a saw tooth generator for 3 different time constant 6. To construct a transistor video amplifier and to find its frequency response characteristics. Construct and test a Dish antenna system for DTH reception. Study of a composite video signal. Observe and measure the outputs at different stages of a color TV .K465 . To measure the output at various points in sound section. 11. 10. Test the deflection sensitivity of a picture tube 7.48 - . 3. To measure the output at various points in video section. 5. 9. Assembling and testing of Yagi antenna 2. 4.c TELEVISION ENGINEERING LAB 1. Construct a sync separator circuit and test its performance. 12. Observe and measure the outputs at different stages of a DVD player. Aligning Video IF section 8.

49 - . 15. Construct and test a CCTV system using color CCD video camera and color TV.system. 13. Construct and test a cable TV distribution system. 14. . Construct and test a TV projection system using plasma display and LCD projector.

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