12 views

Uploaded by DelfinManuel

Laboratory Manual "Moment's of Inertia of Different Bodies - Steine's Theorem with Cobra4"

Laboratory Manual "Moment's of Inertia of Different Bodies - Steine's Theorem with Cobra4"

© All Rights Reserved

- Mass Moment of Inertia
- Moment of Inertia
- Phys1111.Exam3.Solutions
- Agri
- Altitude Controller designer
- Wolfson Eup3 Ch10 Test Bank
- Angular Concept Review
- New Microsoft Office Excel Worksheet.xlsx
- Exp Det Mom Inertia
- docc1988
- 41stissue
- sdgdg07c
- is.3908.1986
- Mechanics
- em2mid
- Meirovitch - The Lure of the Mean Axes - ASME J.applied Mechanics Vol 74 May 2007
- engineering mechanics nov 2012
- MIT2 003SCF11 Quiz2 Sol
- Formulas
- Question (3)

You are on page 1of 6

Related topics

Rigid body, moment of inertia, centre of gravity, axis of rotation, torsional vibration, spring constant, an-

gular restoring force.

Principle

The moment of inertia of a solid body depends on its mass distribution and the axis of rotation. Steiner’s

theorem elucidates this relationship.

Equipment

1 Cobra4 Wireless Manager 12600-00

1 Cobra4 Wireless-Link 12601-00

1 Movement sensor with cable 12004-10

1 Cobra4 Sensor-Unit Timer/Counter 12651-00

1 Angular oscillation apparatus 02415-88

1 Support rod, stainless steel, d = 10 mm, l = 400 mm 02039-00

1 Right angle clamp PHYWE 02040-55

3 Weight holder, 1 g 02407-00

1 Slotted weight, 1 g 03915-00

1 Barrel base -PASS- 02006-55

1 Tripod base -PASS- 02002-55

Portable Balance, OHAUS CS2000 - AC adapter in-

1 48917-93

cluded

1 Flat cell battery, 9 V 07496-10

1 Measuring tape, l = 2 m 09936-00

1 Software measure Cobra4 multi-user licence 14550-61

Additionally required

1 PC with USB interface, Windows XP or higher

www.phywe.com

P2132860 PHYWE Systeme GmbH & Co. KG © All rights reserved 1

Moments of inertia of different bodies/

TEP Steiner´s theorem with Cobra4

Task

The moments of inertia of different bodies are determined by oscillation measurements. Steiner’s theo-

rem is verified.

The experimental set-up is shown in Fig. 1.

Ensure that the thread that connects the axis of rotation with the wheel of the movement sensor is hori-

zontal. Wind the thread approximately 7 times around the rotation axis of the angular oscillation appa-

ratus below the fixing screw.

Set the measuring configuration “movement of inertia of different bodies/ Steiner´s Theorem with Co-

bra4”. Lay the silk thread across the wheel of the movement sensor and adjust the setup in such a man-

ner that the 1-g weight holder hangs freely and is located approximately in the middle of the silk thread.

In any case, the thread must be long enough to not block the oscillation.

Deflect the body that is fitted on the spring by approximately 360°, release it and start recording the

measured values by clicking on the ”Start measurement” icon.

After approximately 10 to 15 s, click on the ”Stop measurement” icon.

The 1-g weight holder tautens the connecting thread between the rotational axis of the angular oscillation

apparatus and the compact light barrier. If the thread bulges too easily during the movement of the body

on the light barrier, load additional 1-g mass pieces onto the weight holder.

Progressively mount the following bodies on the rotary axis: disc without holes, hollow cylinder, solid cyl-

inder, sphere, rod, disc with holes. Fix the masses symmetrically and successively at varying distances

from the rotational axis on the rod. Beginning in the centre, rotate the disc with holes around all bores

which lie on a radius.

After the evaluation, an image similar to Figure 2 appears on the screen. Determine the period T with the

aid of the freely movable cursor lines.

Moments of inertia of different bodies/

Steiner´s theorem with Cobra4 TEP

For small oscillation amplitudes, the angle of rotation and the corresponding returning momentum are

proportional; one obtains harmonic circular oscillations with the frequency

The angular directive force is given through the restoring spring (the spiral spring in our case). The

duration of oscillation

of the circular oscillation is determined through the measurement. The unknown momentum of inertia

can be calculated from the values for the angular directive force and the period of oscillation by

means of the following equation;

Theoretical considerations yield the following relations for the moments of inertia J of the used test bod-

ies:

Circular disk:

The moment of inertia of a circular disk depends on its mass and its radius according to

The moment of inertia Jv of a massive cylinder depends on its mass mv and its radius r. The following re-

lation is valid:

For a hollow cylinder of comparable mass and exterior radius, the moment of inertia must be larger. It

depends both on the mass mH of the hollow cylinder and on the radii ri and ra:

For a density r and a height h, the mass of the hollow cylinder can be expressed through

www.phywe.com

P2132860 PHYWE Systeme GmbH & Co. KG © All rights reserved 3

Moments of inertia of different bodies/

TEP Steiner´s theorem with Cobra4

Which yields:

This equation expresses that the moment of inertia of the hollow cylinder can be expressed as moment

of inertia of two massive cylinders of the same density. The mass of the larger massive cylinder of radius

ra is:

Sphere:

The moment of inertia JK of a homogeneous spherical body related to an axis passing through its central

point is:

Thus, the moment of inertia of a cylinder with the same radius r and the same mass m is larger than that

of a comparable sphere.

Next to the dimensions and masses of the test bodies, Table 1 also contains the measured and theoreti-

cally calculated moments of inertia.

The moment of inertia of a rod with masses which can be shifted depends on the distance between the

masses and the rotating axis. The measured moments of inertia of the rod without masses and with the

masses set at different points are listed in Table 2. The table also gives the calculated moments of iner-

tia of the rod without masses:

The moment of inertia measured every time corresponds to the sum of the single moments of inertia.

Moments of inertia of different bodies/

Steiner´s theorem with Cobra4 TEP

The following parameters are valid for the measurement examples described here:

Steiner’s theorem:

According to Steiner’s theorem, the total moment of inertia J of a body rotated about an arbitrary axis is

composed of two parts according to

is the moment of inertia related to an axis running parallel to the rotation axis and passing through the

centre of gravity (axis of gravity). The expression is the moment of inertia of the mass of the body

concentrated at the centre of gravity, related to the rotation axis. Table 3 compares the measured mo-

ment of inertia J measured with the sum of the single moments of inertia and shows the validi-

ty of Steiner’s theorem.

Body Formula

Radius

0.760

Sphere 14.9

7

0.500

Thin circular disc 56.3

15

0.300

Thick circular disc 18.2

11

0.380

Massive cylinder 4.8

5

0.380

Hollow cylinder 9.4

10 9.6

0.21

Dumbbell 31.5

30

Table 1

- 42.14 - 51.45

5 53.18 10.58 62.03

10 86.28 42.3 93.75

15 144.52 95.18 146.63

20 223.77 169.2 220.65

25 322.75 264.38 315.83

Table 2

0 50.44 - -

3 55.25 4.09 54.53

6 68.91 16.34 66.78

9 106.47 36.77 87.21

12 119.00 65.38 115.82

Table 3

www.phywe.com

P2132860 PHYWE Systeme GmbH & Co. KG © All rights reserved 5

Moments of inertia of different bodies/

TEP Steiner´s theorem with Cobra4

- Mass Moment of InertiaUploaded byradityaak
- Moment of InertiaUploaded byerkarnan
- Phys1111.Exam3.SolutionsUploaded byJohn
- AgriUploaded bysudarsancivil
- Altitude Controller designerUploaded byBárbara Brandão
- Wolfson Eup3 Ch10 Test BankUploaded byifghelpdesk
- Angular Concept ReviewUploaded byRobert Casey
- New Microsoft Office Excel Worksheet.xlsxUploaded byM.Saravana Kumar..M.E
- Exp Det Mom InertiaUploaded byrajeevsangam
- docc1988Uploaded byswchen
- 41stissueUploaded bymarini
- sdgdg07cUploaded bygowthamAG07
- is.3908.1986Uploaded bynihar
- MechanicsUploaded byVenkataramanan Suresh
- em2midUploaded bymba trrit
- Meirovitch - The Lure of the Mean Axes - ASME J.applied Mechanics Vol 74 May 2007Uploaded byFrancesco B
- engineering mechanics nov 2012Uploaded byapi-248483124
- MIT2 003SCF11 Quiz2 SolUploaded byJanatan Choi
- FormulasUploaded byavishek_ganguly_gm
- Question (3)Uploaded byMeet Shah
- RR Kane ImpactUploaded bycrennydane
- Bell Everman Direct Drive Theta Tech Specs v2Uploaded byElectromate
- Sample+QuestionsUploaded byaanbalan
- Teaching Undergraduate Kinetics Using a Lego Mindstorms Race Car CompetitionUploaded bySam Bochlin
- 5903_1Uploaded byVestineo
- Principles and Working of DC MachinesUploaded byJames Adrian Abalde Sabo
- tccUploaded byDaniel Pereira
- b.ing-1.docxUploaded byM Farhan
- edward k12 statics dataUploaded byapi-254586275
- 2Uploaded byaziz1297

- EEIT2012_Experiment 6_Stationary Ultrasonic WavesUploaded byanhufriend
- Velocity of molecules and the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function (wu).pdfUploaded byDelfinManuel
- p2340100eUploaded byLeelaSree
- Compton Effect- Energy-dispersive Direct Measurment (Wu)Uploaded byDelfinManuel
- Viscosity of Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Liquids (Rotary Viscometer) (Wu)Uploaded byDelfinManuel
- Viscosity Measurments With the Fallig Ball Viscometer (Wu)Uploaded byDelfinManuel
- Laws of Flow (wu)Uploaded byDelfinManuel
- Flow Measurments - Ultrasonics Doppler Effect (Wu)Uploaded byDelfinManuel
- Newton's RingsUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Ap2Uploaded byMuhammad Bilal
- Dispersion and Resolving Power of the Pism and Granting SpectroscopeUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Laws of Lenses and Optical InstrumentsUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Moment of Inertial and Angular AccelerationUploaded byDelfinManuel
- PC-Based Measurment of the Velocity of LightUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Velocity of Sound in Air With Cobra4Uploaded byDelfinManuel
- Ultrasonic Diffraction by a Straight EdgeUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Ultrasonic Michelson InterferometerUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Interference of Ultrasonic Waves by Lloyd MirrorUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Interference of Two Identical Ultrasonic TransmittersUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Diffraction of Ultrasound at a Fresnel Zone Plate - Fresnel's Zone ConstructionUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Diffraction of ultrasonic waves at a pin hole and a circular obstacle.pdfUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Ultrasonic Diffraction at Different Multiple Slit SystemsUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Ultrasonic Diffraction at Different Single and Double Slit SystemsUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Absorption of Ultrasound in AirUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Optical Determination of Velocity of Sound in LiquidsUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Resonance Frequencies of Helmholtz Resonators With Cobra4 Xpert-LinkUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Wavelength and Frequencies With a Quincke TubeUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Velocity of Sound Using Kundt's Tube With the Digital Function GeneratorUploaded byDelfinManuel
- Chladni FiguresUploaded byDelfinManuel

- Chapter Bad GraphsUploaded byJose
- BallEtAl(2011)Uploaded byBen James
- MUNEEBUploaded bySafalsha Babu
- Nota Computer SecurityUploaded byWan Mohd Noor Azan
- Ec2307 Cs Lab ManualUploaded byrameshdurairaj
- db_en_flm_bt_dio_8_8_m12_7293_en_01_IOs.pdfUploaded byWillianSilva
- Binary RelationsUploaded byflipper2727
- A Report On SSDsUploaded byRaj Baraiya
- Posobie Teplovoj Raschet 1 1Uploaded byabbey
- AS4041 ASME B31_3 Pipe Wall ThicknessUploaded byamini_mohi
- Shotcrete Boiled Water AbsorptionUploaded bydjajadjaja
- 267_MS10_ABS_1954Uploaded byCristi Budau
- Teknik Jwb Maths Spm-PANGUploaded byhidayah
- Have-IFRS-made-a-difference-to-intra-country-financial-reporting-diversity-_2011_The-British-Accounting-Review.pdfUploaded byDiana Istrate
- Respon Surface Methodology for the Optimum Production of BiodieselUploaded byrentas
- What is Data Mining in HealthcareUploaded bysavvy_as_98-1
- ppabUploaded byhabb
- MBAUploaded byRufino Gerard Moreno
- Compact air Drive IIUploaded byManuel Flores
- JRC Design of Floor091203Uploaded byricardo_santos_280
- Unsaturated Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice-2(A1 4pages)Uploaded bylogarwall
- Programmable Logic DevicesUploaded byanon_463330020
- 1976433_copy3Uploaded byhorsebook
- Second-Order OTA-C Filters Using a Single OTAUploaded byatmprabu
- Accuracy and Precision in Micropipettor Measurement (2)Uploaded byMARIA CARMELA GUERRA
- Steel plate shear wallsUploaded byMainak Mallik
- 76920244 Yamaha XS650 XS 650 Service Repair ManualUploaded byandy miller
- 137518997 Air TransportationUploaded byNarendra Vaidya
- TSX input moduleUploaded bySahidahHaryanto
- Freight Packaging GuidelinesUploaded byangga