# LESSON 7

Element Selection Study

P

Objectives:
s Small/Large displacement analyses s Compare performance of various element types s Compare CPU time to solve the cantilever beam problem using a 1-D, 2-D and 3-D models

PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook

7-1

P A A L a Data for basic case: L=100.8mm) Linear elastic.we will delete .if tort to your rights. Young’s modulus=30. Suggested Exercise Steps: s Re-run the cantilever model in Lesson 1 with various elements.54m) a=1.0 in (50.4mm) b=2.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.3 P=6000 lb (27200 N) Section A-A b PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook 7-3 www. 2-D and 3-D elements in linear as well as non-linear analysis.0 in (2.LESSON 7 Element Selection Study Model Description: In this problem. you will re-run the cantilever beam you analyzed in Lesson 1 with different Finite Elements.0 in (25. You will study the effectiveness of various1-D.cadfamily. s Use the mesh density suggested in Table 1.0 x 106 lb/in2 (207 GPa) Poisson’s ratio =0.please inform us.com The document is for study only.

com The document is for study only. Read them over and be prepared to discuss them in class. There are questions at the end of this exercise. 2. Repeat exercise 1 and try different elements for Linear and Nonlinear analysis and use the elements suggested in the tables below.3 Define the Tip_Load to sum to 6000 lbs in all cases.cadfamily. 3. Note: Use the following linear elastic material properties in all models: E = 30.Exercise Procedure: 1.if tort to your rights. Fill out the tables for deflection and total cpu time. Note: CPU time for each run can be obtained from the end of the “.msg” file.we will delete .com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.0E+06 psi Poisson’s Ratio = 0. Note: 50x2 mesh means 50 elements long and 2 elements deep.please inform us. 7-4 PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook www.

PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook 7-5 www.0 Type Beam in XY Plane 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid Solid Solid Solid Solid Option 1 Rectangular Section Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Standard Formulation Standard Formulation Standard Formulation Standard Formulation.we will delete .cadfamily.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.0 1.please inform us.com The document is for study only.if tort to your rights. Option 2 Cubic Interpolation Standard Formulation Standard Formulation Reduced Integration Reduced Integration Incompatible Modes Reduced Integration ------------------------------------- Tip Displacement CPU Time Note: Mesh the models using Tet4 and Tet10 elements with the isomesher and a global edge length of 1.0.LESSON 7 Element Selection Study Table 1: Linear Analysis for Maximum Y-Displacement Finite Elements ABAQUS ELEMENT B23 CPS4 CPS4 CPS4R CPS4R CPS4I CPS8R C3D8 C3D20 C3D4 C3D10 Element Properties Dimension 1D 2D 2D 2D 2D 2D 2D 3D 3D 3D 3D Element Type BAR2 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD8 HEX8 HEX20 TET4 TET10 Mesh 5x1 50x2 50x4 50x2 50x4 50x1 50x1 50x2x1 50x1x1 1.

com The document is for study only.if tort to your rights.cadfamily.0 1.Table 2: Nonlinear Analysis for Maximum Y-Displacement Finite Elements ABAQUS ELEMENT B23 Element Properties Dimension 1D Element Type BAR2 Mesh 5x1 Type Beam in XY Plane 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid 2D Solid Solid Solid Solid Solid Option 1 Rectangular Section Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Plane Stress Standard Formulation Standard Formulation Standard Formulation Standard Formulation Option 2 Cubic Interpolation Standard Formulation Standard Formulation Reduced Integration Reduced Integration Incompatible Modes Reduced Integration ------------------------------------- Tip Displacement CPU Time CPS4 CPS4 CPS4R CPS4R CPS4I CPS8R C3D8 C3D20 C3D4 C3D10 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD4 QUAD8 HEX8 HEX20 TET4 TET10 50x2 50x4 50x2 50x4 50x1 50x1 50x2x1 50x1x1 1.we will delete .0 2D 2D 2D 2D 2D 2D 3D 3D 3D 3D 7-6 PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook www.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail.please inform us.

1.35 15. 606 nodes C3D10 Mesh had 1000 elements.cadfamily.85 CPU Time 0.46 -62.71 CPU Time 1.18 23.we will delete .0 Tip Displacement -100 -70.5 Notes: 1.19 2.66 1.com EMail:cadserv21@hotmail. CPU Time is based on a HP 710 running HPUX 9.LESSON 7 Element Selection Study Note: Mesh the models using Tet4 and Tet10 elements with the isomesher and a global edge length of 1.72 -59.87 -53.com The document is for study only.16 1675.84 -121.09 -100.37 17. 2815 nodes PATRAN 322 Exercise Workbook 7-7 www.69 0.33 -51.26 346.37 -76.72 -99.93 20.46 72.07 35.38 -51.51 10.59 -67.0 1.09 0.0.97 ABAQUS ELEMENT B23 CPS4 CPS4 CPS4R CPS4R CPS4I CPS8R C3D8 C3D20 C3D4 C3D10 Mesh 5x1 50x2 50x4 50x2 50x4 50x1 50x1 50x2x1 50x1x1 1.19 0.64 -50.07 1.if tort to your rights.please inform us.91 -71.31 -60.02 -98.55 -60.70 -68. Table 3: Linear/Nonlinear Analysis for Maximum Y-Displacements (Answers) Linear Analysis Nonlinear Analysis Tip Displacement -60. 2.47 -62.67 9.0.00 6.89 10. Tetrahedron Mesh Information: C3D4 Mesh had 1000 elements.73 117.73 2. CPU time will vary depending platform analysis is performed on.54 -99.09 -100.