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Technical Handbook

®

Worldwide Level and Flow SolutionsSM

This Technical Table of Contents
Handbook is the Conversions
Metric Values................................................................................1
result of a combined Metric Prefixes..............................................................................1
effort by the Temperature .................................................................................2
Flow Rate .....................................................................................3
Engineering, Sales, Miscellaneous...............................................................................5
and Marketing Equivalents
Departments. Liquid Measures and Weights....................................................12
Kinematic Viscosity ....................................................................12
Absolute Viscosity ......................................................................13
Electrical Units............................................................................13
Degrees API and Degrees Baumé.............................................14
Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity ................................................15
Pressure and Head ....................................................................16

Properties
Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Liquids ......................17
Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Gases .......................18
Density and Specific Gravity of Saturated Water.......................19
Density of Superheated Steam and Compressed Water ...........20
Specific Gravity of Petroleum Products .....................................21
All reasonable efforts have Density of Air ..............................................................................22
been made to accurately Speed of Sound .........................................................................22
compile the information Dielectric Constants of Liquids...................................................23
contained in this handbook. Dielectric Constants of Solids ....................................................29
However, no warranty is made Viscosity of Gases and Vapors ..................................................30
with regard to any such Viscosity of Water and Steam ....................................................31
information, and Magnetrol
Viscosity of Various Liquids........................................................31
cannot assume responsibility
Viscosity of Petroleum Products ................................................32
for any possible errors or any
direct or indirect result of the Pipe Data
use of such information. Dimensions of Blind Flanges......................................................33
Flange Ratings by Class ............................................................35
Cast Iron Pipe ............................................................................38
Steel Pipe ...................................................................................39

Conversions: Metric Values

The table below provides a fast and easy means of Example: Convert 0.15 kilowatts to watts. Starting at the
conversion from one metric notation to another. The value “Kilo-” box in the left-hand column, move horizontally to the
labeled “Unit” represents a basic unit of measurement, such column headed by “Unit” (since watt is a basic unit of
as meter, gram, ohm, erg, etc. First, locate the original value measurement), and read 3 . Thus 0.15 kilowatts is the
in the left-hand column. Follow the row horizontally to the equivalent of 150 watts.
vertical column headed by the prefix of the desired value. The Example: Convert 4,500 kilohertz to megahertz, read in the
arrow and figure at this intersection represent the direction in box horizontal to “Kilo-” and under “Mega-” the notation
which the decimal point should be moved and the number of 3, which means a shift of the decimal point three places
places to move it. to the left. Thus, 4,500 kilohertz is the equivalent of 4.5
megahertz.

Original Desired Value
Value Tera- Giga- Mega- Myria- Kilo- Hecto- Deka- Unit Deci- Centi- Milli- Micro- Nano- Pico-
Tera- 3 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 21 24
Giga- 3 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 15 18 21
Mega- 6 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 12 15 18
Myria- 8 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 13 16
Kilo- 9 6 3 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 9 12 15
Hecto- 10 7 4 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 8 11 14
Deka- 11 8 5 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 7 10 13
Unit 12 9 6 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 6 9 12
Deci- 13 10 7 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 5 8 11
Centi- 14 11 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 4 7 10
Milli- 15 12 9 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3 6 9
Micro- 18 15 12 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 3 6
Nano- 21 18 15 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 3 3
Pico- 24 21 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 6 3

Conversions: Metric Prefixes

atto. . . . . . . . . . . . . a . . . . . . . one-quintillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 000 000 000 001 ..............................10–18
femto . . . . . . . . . . . f. . . . . . . . one-quadrillionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 000 000 001 ......................................10–15
pico . . . . . . . . . . . . p . . . . . . . one-trillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 000 001 ..............................................10–12
nano. . . . . . . . . . . . n . . . . . . . one-billionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 001.......................................................10–9
micro . . . . . . . . . . . µ . . . . . . . one-millionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 001...............................................................10–6
milli. . . . . . . . . . . . . m. . . . . . . one-thousandth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.001 .......................................................................10–3
centi . . . . . . . . . . . . c . . . . . . . one-hundredth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.01 .........................................................................10–2
deci . . . . . . . . . . . . d . . . . . . . one-tenth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 ...........................................................................10–1
uni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 ...........................................................................100
deka . . . . . . . . . . . . da . . . . . . ten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0 ...........................................................................101
hecto . . . . . . . . . . . h. . . . . . . one hundred. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100.0 ...........................................................................102
kilo . . . . . . . . . . . . . k . . . . . . . one thousand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000.0 ...........................................................................103
mega . . . . . . . . . . . M. . . . . . . one million . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000.0 ...........................................................................106
giga . . . . . . . . . . . . G. . . . . . . one billion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000.0 ...........................................................................109
tera. . . . . . . . . . . . . T. . . . . . . one trillion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000 000.0 ...........................................................................1012

1

Conversions: Temperature

Locate temperature in middle column. If in degrees Celsius, read Fahrenheit equivalent in right hand column; if in degrees
Fahrenheit, read Celsius equivalent in left hand column.

–459.4° to 0° 1 to 60° 61° to 290° 300° to 890° 900° to 3000°
C C C C C
C F C F C F C F C F
F F F F F
–273.1 –459.7 –17.2 1 33.8 16.1 61 141.8 149 300 572 482 900 1652
–268 –450 –16.7 2 35.6 16.7 62 143.6 154 310 590 488 910 1670
–262 –440 –16.1 3 37.4 17.2 63 145.4 160 320 608 493 920 1688
–257 –430 –15.6 4 39.2 17.8 64 147.2 166 330 626 499 930 1706
–251 –420 –15.0 5 41.0 18.3 65 149.0 171 340 644 504 940 1724
–246 –410 –14.4 6 42.8 18.9 66 150.8 177 350 662 510 950 1742
–240 –400 –13.9 7 44.6 19.4 67 152.6 182 360 680 516 960 1760
–234 –390 –13.3 8 46.4 20.0 68 154.4 188 370 698 521 970 1778
–229 –380 –12.8 9 48.2 20.6 69 156.2 193 380 716 527 980 1796
–223 –370 –12.2 10 50.0 21.1 70 158.0 199 390 734 532 990 1814
–218 –360 –11.7 11 51.8 21.7 71 159.8 204 400 752 538 1000 1832
–212 –350 –11.1 12 53.6 22.2 72 161.6 210 410 770 549 1020 1868
–207 –340 –10.6 13 55.4 22.8 73 163.4 216 420 788 560 1040 1904
–201 –330 –10.0 14 57.2 23.3 74 165.2 221 430 806 571 1060 1940
–196 –320 – 9.4 15 59.0 23.9 75 167.0 227 440 824 582 1080 1976
–190 –310 – 8.9 16 60.8 24.4 76 168.8 232 450 842 593 1100 2012
–184 –300 – 8.3 17 62.6 25.0 77 170.6 238 460 860 604 1120 2048
–179 –290 – 7.8 18 64.4 25.6 78 172.4 243 470 878 616 1140 2084
–173 –280 – 7.2 19 66.2 26.1 79 174.2 249 480 896 627 1160 2120
–169 –273.1 –459.7 – 6.7 20 68.0 26.7 80 176.0 254 490 914 638 1180 2156
–168 –270 –454 – 6.1 21 69.8 27.2 81 177.8 260 500 932 649 1200 2192
–162 –260 –436 – 5.6 22 71.6 27.8 82 179.6 266 510 940 660 1220 2228
–157 –250 –418 – 5.0 23 73.4 28.3 83 181.4 271 520 968 671 1240 2264
–151 –240 –400 – 4.4 24 75.2 28.9 84 183.2 277 530 986 682 1260 2300
–146 –230 –382 – 3.9 25 77.0 29.4 85 185.0 282 540 1004 693 1280 2336
–140 –220 –364 – 3.3 26 78.8 30.0 86 186.8 288 550 1022 704 1300 2372
–134 –210 –346 – 2.8 27 80.6 30.6 87 188.6 293 560 1040 732 1350 2462
–129 –200 –328 – 2.2 28 82.4 31.1 88 190.4 299 570 1058 760 1400 2552
–123 –190 –310 – 1.7 29 84.2 31.7 89 192.2 304 580 1076 788 1450 2642
–118 –180 –292 – 1.1 30 86.0 32.2 90 194.0 310 590 1094 816 1500 2732

–112 –170 –274 – 0.6 31 87.8 32.8 91 195.8 316 600 1112 843 1550 2822
–107 –160 –256 0.0 32 89.6 33.3 92 197.6 321 610 1130 871 1600 2912
–101 –150 –238 0.6 33 91.4 33.9 93 199.4 327 620 1148 899 1650 3002
– 96 –140 –220 1.1 34 93.2 34.4 94 201.2 332 630 1166 927 1700 3092
– 90 –130 –202 1.7 35 95.0 35.0 95 203.0 338 640 1184 954 1750 3182
– 84 –120 –184 2.2 36 96.8 35.6 96 204.8 343 650 1202 982 1800 3272
– 79 –110 –166 2.8 37 98.6 36.1 97 206.6 349 660 1220 1010 1850 3362
– 73 –100 –148 3.3 38 100.4 36.7 98 208.4 354 670 1238 1038 1900 3452
– 68 – 90 –130 3.9 39 102.2 37.2 99 210.2 360 680 1256 1066 1950 3542
– 62 – 80 –112 4.4 40 104.0 37.8 100 212.0 366 690 1274 1093 2000 3632
– 57 – 70 – 94 5.0 41 105.8 43 110 230 371 700 1292 1121 2050 3722
– 51 – 60 – 76 5.6 42 107.6 49 120 248 377 710 1310 1149 2100 3812
– 46 – 50 – 58 6.1 43 109.4 54 130 266 382 720 1328 1177 2150 3902
– 40 – 40 – 40 6.7 44 111.2 60 140 284 388 730 1346 1204 2200 3992
– 34 – 30 – 22 7.2 45 113.0 66 150 302 393 740 1364 1232 2250 4082

– 29 – 20 – 4 7.8 46 114.8 71 160 320 399 750 1382 1260 2300 4172
– 23 – 10 14 8.3 47 116.6 77 170 338 404 760 1400 1288 2350 4262
– 17.8 0 32 8.9 48 118.4 82 180 356 410 770 1418 1316 2400 4352
9.4 49 120.2 88 190 374 416 780 1436 1343 2450 4442
10.0 50 122.0 92 200 392 421 790 1454 1371 2500 4532

10.6 51 123.8 99 210 410 427 800 1472 1399 2550 4622
11.1 62 125.6 100 212 413.6 432 810 1490 1427 2600 4712
11.7 53 127.4 104 220 428 438 820 1508 1454 2650 4802
12.2 54 129.2 110 230 446 443 830 1526 1482 2700 4892
12.8 55 131.0 116 240 464 449 840 1544 1510 2750 4982
13.3 56 132.8 121 250 482 454 850 1562 1538 2800 5072
13.9 57 134.6 127 260 500 460 860 1580 1566 2850 5162
14.4 58 136.4 132 270 518 466 870 1598 1593 2900 5252
15.0 59 138.2 138 280 536 471 880 1616 1621 2950 5342
15.6 60 140.0 143 290 554 477 890 1634 1649 3000 5432

2

695 3.301 4.820 2.666 0.012 6" 8" 1 0.046 1.712 7.151 1.206 2.341 0.816 6.737 1.086 0.979 5.016 0.245 1.764 1.004 1.05 0.252 0.916 250 10.0122 35 7.114 0.444 0.777 1.427 4.071 0.174 0.041 3.600 4.200 7.024 8 2.998 2.801 0.551 6.096 0.032 0.261 6.118 0.371 0.10 0.883 1.165 2.402 0.429 3.432 1.160 0.726 1.848 2.067 0.285 80 7.100 7.061 20 7.630 0.814 225 9.054 0.955 0.022 0.520 0.443 2.278 0.064 0.764 1.743 0.160 0.697 1.050 0.020 6 2. read the velocity flow rate (feet per second) for a specific line size in the right hand column.128 0.000 6.102 30 6.016 5 1.606 1.651 0.161 0.081 25 9.282 0.384 5.343 2.332 1.111 0.321 0.365 3.25 0.485 0.093 3.389 0.109 3.012 1. (Based on Schedule 40 pipe.857 0.228 1.411 2.451 3.037 0.026 0.427 4.174 3 .067 0.183 50 10.240 0.610 2.971 1.640 5.401 0.561 4.509 150 10.933 500 8.671 3.038 0.388 0.335 0.617 6.290 1.069 1.238 600 9. Find the volume flow rate (gallons per minute) in the left hand column.677 1.033 0.056 0.696 4.387 1.080 0.451 6.428 0.016 1.017 0.011 1 1/4" 1 1/2" Line Size 0.035 550 8.122 0.865 2.553 3.134 0.775 3.219 4.857 1.163 45 9.561 0.104 1.025 0.945 0.666 0.217 0.412 4.442 650 10.537 0.007 3" Line Size 0.043 0.342 2.809 3.683 1.151 0.685 4.641 0.283 5.276 3.081 6.620 6.944 1.060 6.476 1.565 1.079 0.142 1.111 0.024 0.297 3.764 0.962 0.000 8.713 2.285 0.671 0.805 1.573 0.016 0.772 3.011 0.576 0.610 3.886 1.300 8.645 700 7.019 0.720 2.413 4.021 0.325 2.385 0.126 0.889 0.008 0.640 7.878 4.333 0.454 5.044 0.504 0.606 2.630 0.330 4.011 4" Line Size 5" Line Size 0.603 1.268 0.477 0.954 1.315 0.013 3 1.107 0.337 5.014 5.0050 0.643 0.008 2" 2 1/2" Line Size 0.513 0.962 0.931 4.072 .024 2.130 0.084 1.261 0.011 10" 2 0.054 1.286 0.730 4.131 3.213 4.221 1.600 10.489 2.279 0.781 2.364 1.191 0.727 2.404 1.910 1.048 0.441 5.022 0.006 0.802 0.498 5.303 3.772 5.034 0.) Line Size Line Size Line Size GPM 1" Line Size Line Size 0.443 0.887 2.244 70 11.018 1.030 6.214 0.810 3.712 6.261 0.03 0.526 400 10.882 0.527 2.821 5.076 0.610 175 11.019 0.474 2.515 3.224 0.520 1.407 125 8.499 1.033 10 3.788 0.353 2.134 0.051 0.191 5.064 0.285 3.812 4.019 0.303 0.939 2.172 1.800 7.010 0.512 0.400 8.Conversions: Flow Rate Velocity in Feet per Second.283 0.569 6.500 10.256 850 9.730 450 7.996 5.686 5.707 4.500 0.207 2.186 0.326 100 9.434 0.128 0.555 0.203 60 9.101 0.405 1.378 0.356 3.119 300 7.055 4.662 950 10.221 325 8.603 1.382 0.75 0.321 0.570 3.858 6.408 3.347 0.347 1.017 275 11.096 0.777 0.158 0.628 425 10.289 0.831 475 7.885 5.756 0.209 3.515 3.150 2.033 0.087 0.849 750 8.869 0.449 0.260 0.511 1.048 0.721 0.167 0.459 900 9.142 40 8.866 1.737 7.093 0.775 4.257 0.213 2.323 350 8.550 6.041 15 5.089 0.122 0.924 1.169 2.032 0.50 0.011 4.095 0.222 0.052 800 8.473 0.139 2.039 0.712 200 8.714 1.614 5.013 Line Size 0.040 1.424 375 9.012 4 1.481 0.201 0.641 0.007 2.500 9.192 .664 3.202 0.091 4.419 7.944 6.

057 0.634 0.022 0.575 0. (Based on Schedule 40 pipe.100 0.047 0.997 0.0 0.993 1.262 0.015 0.030 6.516 0.025 0.086 0.242 1.025 5.044 0.355 70 2.023 0.238 0.748 1.075 0.25 0.406 0.009 4" Line Size 5" Line Size 0.125 0.563 1.042 0.0 2.720 0.010 1 1/4" 1 1/2" Line Size 0.559 0.006 0.076 16 2.004 0.048 0.152 0.101 0.969 0.936 1.032 0.142 28 2.022 4.250 0.317 0.011 0.246 50 2.030 0.540 0.417 0.315 0.327 0.423 0.118 0.741 1.151 1.700 1.875 2.051 0.287 0.009 3" Line Size 0.405 0.120 0.010 0.774 0.341 0.025 0.103 0.491 100 2.549 0.218 0.537 1.275 0.0 2.812 0.5 2.861 0.026 0.233 0.5 1.258 0.052 0.034 0.559 0.015 0.676 0.15 0.065 0.006 0.340 1. read the velocity flow rate (meters per second) for a specific line size in the right hand column.447 0.730 4 .055 12 2.017 0.087 1.671 0.096 0.705 0.069 0.075 0.623 1.012 0.186 0.865 1.007 0.268 0.719 0.581 1.179 0.014 3.350 0.328 65 2.183 0.008 0.5 2.044 1.293 0.449 0.005 1.05 0.186 36 2.082 0.160 1.016 0.982 1.135 0.387 0.064 0.009 0.038 0.353 0.155 0.897 0.744 0.20 0.495 0.224 0.706 1.054 0.053 0.013 0.388 0.338 0.058 0.466 0.911 400 2.016 3.003 0.011 2.307 1.006 0.474 0.377 0.029 1.039 0.0 1.894 0.900 0.086 0.092 250 2.775 0.602 0.285 0.5 0. Conversions: Flow Rate (cont.204 0.014 0.025 0.068 0.492 1.320 0.082 0.131 26 2.360 0.980 1.602 0.037 0.051 0.691 1.052 0.860 0.862 0.582 1.310 0.005 6" 8" 0.273 55 3.216 0.215 0.800 1.128 0.0 1.430 0.098 20 2.699 0.506 1.291 0.050 0.529 0.218 45 2.057 0.044 10 2.086 0.725 1.017 0.106 0.060 0.198 1.) Line Size m3/hr Line Size Line Size 1" Line Size Line Size 0.205 1.477 0.192 0.596 0.0 0.199 0.983 200 1.398 0.207 0.050 1.117 0.02 0.300 60 2.879 0.933 0.211 0.034 0.060 0.689 0.118 0.744 1.430 0.012 1.382 75 2.026 0.149 0.513 0.344 0.012 1.175 0.184 450 2.087 0.269 0.282 0.815 0.498 0.115 0.480 0.450 0.440 0.043 0.045 0.007 Line Size 0.620 1.645 0.495 0.638 350 3.473 0.018 0.101 0.0 2.688 0.641 0.109 22 2.008 2.011 2" 2 1/2" Line Size 0.197 38 2.683 1.019 4.015 0.098 1.258 0.004 10" 0.027 0.952 0.692 1.331 1.246 0.208 40 2.066 14 1.789 1.817 0.043 0.645 0.374 0.301 0.437 90 3.613 1.819 1.163 0.032 0.270 0.40 0.009 0.968 0.085 0.0 1.520 1.014 0.032 0.021 0.075 0.358 0.036 0.209 0.180 0.080 0.581 1.294 0.271 0.241 0.50 0.038 8.874 180 2.249 0.747 0.655 140 3.630 0.30 0.880 1.006 0.175 34 3.538 1.765 160 2.721 1.) Velocity in Meters per Second Find the volume flow rate (cubic meters per hour) in the left hand column.365 300 2.029 0.159 0.151 0.029 0.045 0.537 0.023 0.10 0.153 30 2.282 0.387 0.846 0.298 0.089 0.566 0.368 1.860 1.011 2.104 0.085 0.063 0.043 0.321 0.192 0.146 0.033 0.108 0.068 0.020 0.75 0.577 0.002 0.914 1.166 0.033 7.225 0.114 1.721 1.515 0.740 0.172 0.087 18 2.027 5.537 1.075 0.060 1.794 1.164 32 2.022 0.138 0.507 0.135 0.820 0.129 0.384 0.072 0.032 0.256 0.149 0.609 0.150 0.546 120 2.005 0.541 0.011 0.119 0.049 0.745 0.490 0.522 0.947 0.237 0.731 0.120 24 2.35 0.118 0.169 0.045 0.043 0.189 0.144 0.074 0.205 0.012 0.300 1.013 0.5 1.399 0.030 0.583 0.067 0.632 0.004 1.473 0.008 0.203 0.328 0.457 500 2.437 1.410 80 2.174 0.150 0.215 1.014 0.516 0.022 0.152 1.003 0.385 1.344 0.431 0.019 0.291 0.017 0.097 0.003 0.172 0.769 0.090 0.

cms. meters 0./sec. 0. in. 3.0 " millimeters 10. 472.57 " cu. inches 7. 0.92 " meters/min.728. 5. cm. ft.057 x 10-³ " watts 0. amp-turns/in./sq. in. liq. 0.90 " knots 0.376 x 10-⁸ ampere-turns/cm.0 Centigrade Fahrenheit (C° x 9/5) + 32 " sq.840. cm. 0.02471 centimeters/sec. 0. in. 1.047.0 centiliters liters 0.0254 " pounds/sq./sec. meter 1.531 x 10-⁵ " joules 1./sec.50 Btu ergs 1.01 amperes/sq.S.01 acre-feet cu.642 x 10-⁴ Btu/hr.3 coulombs/sq. in.0 " kilometers/hr. feet 43.01 " kgs.452 x 10-⁴ " horsepower-hrs. 27.214 x 10-⁶ " amps/sq. 0.3937 amperes/sq.0 " liters 35.0700 " pints (U.020 x 10-⁸ ampere-turns gilberts 1. meters 1. of water (at 4°C) 33. cm.1969 " sq. 6.85 " gilberts/cm. liq. meter amps/sq.) 2.03281 " tons/sq.01310 " gilberts/cm.96 " cu. cms. 0. 0.2520 " cu.02237 B circular mils sq.03524 cubic feet/min.0 amperes/sq.01257 " pounds/sq. 64. in.257 " pound-feet 7. feet/min.02237 " kgs. 10-⁴ " mils 393. in. 6. in. 14.1221 " liters 28.067 x 10-⁶ " sq.2931 cubic feet bushels (dry) 0.7 " amps/sq. mils 0. coulombs/sq. watts/sq. 10-⁵ " gilberts/cm. 0. 2.) 2.0 " meters 0.540 centimeter-grams cm.500. 28. of mercury 76.928 x 10-⁴ " gallons (U.84 " cu.036 " ft.4720 " pints (dry) 64. 0.1550 " miles 6.0 " coulombs/sq.054./sq.8036 Btu/min.01 " sq. 14./sec.0 5 .308 x 10-⁶ " kilowatt-hrs.0333 " miles/hr.S. 10-⁴ " gram-calories 252.001 " gram-cal.9869 coulombs faradays 1. of mercury (at 0°C) 29. 1. 0.-dynes 980.6 " kgs.S.0 " miles/min.) 7.32 bushels cu. 778.0 " amp-turns/in. 0.1550 " pounds/sq. 1. ft. meter 10⁴ " pounds/sq. yards 0.058 " kms.02832 " watts 17./sec.S./sec.0 " foot-lbs.452 x 10-⁴ " yards 1. meters 10-⁶ " kilogram-meters 107.Conversions: Miscellaneous TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY A C acres sq. 6. amps.562 x 10-³ centigrams grams 0.0 " feet/sec.0 centimeter-dynes cm.281 x 10-² " inches 0.600.8 " cu. meter 1.1943 " in. meters 0.550. 0.01 " miles/hr. in.728 x 10-⁴ " pounds/sq. 62.452 " kilometers 10-⁵ " amps/sq. ft.52 " kgs.4401 ampere-turns/meter amp-turns/cm.0 " sq.) 59.4 " quarts (U.92 " cu.70 centimeters/sec. 10⁶ coulombs/sq.0 " liters/sec.257 " pound-feet 7. liq. 1. cu.0 coulombs/sq./sq.4950 " feet of water 0.094 x 10-² ampere-hours coulombs 3. 0./sec.48052 Btu/sq. 0. 2. meters 100.3937 centimeters " amp-turns/meter 39. ft. foot-pounds/sec. 1. miles 1.0 " sq.S. liq.854 x 10-⁷ bars atmospheres 0.7 " amp-turns/meter 100.37 of mercury atmospheres 0.020 x 10-³ " faradays 0. in. yards 4. ft.550.0 centares (centiares) sq. foot-lbs.931 x 10-⁴ cubic centimeters cu.332.036 " meters/sec./min. meter 10./sq. in. amps/sq.) 29.03704 " gallons (U. meter 136. 0.03281 atmospheres cms. amp-turns/cm. 0.) 1.0 " kilowatts 0.01757 " cu. cms.06102 " kilogram-calories 0. meter 10.-grams 1. 0. 12. yards 1.5 " cu./sq.0 " pounds of water/min. cm. 2. feet 3. inches 0. cm.929 x 10-⁴ " quarts (U.036 x 10-⁵ " dynes/sq. 3.020 x 10⁴ " coulombs/sq./hr.2445 " pints (U. meter 1.089.113 x 10-³ " horsepower-hrs. liq. feet/sec. inches 1. coulombs/sq. cm.24 " gallons/sec. 3. liq.2162 " liters 0. 2. 0.S.1247 " pecks 4./sec.233 x 10-⁵ ampere-turns/in.1934 ares acres 0. 0. cm.0 " gallons 3. feet 43. meter coulombs/sq.259 x 10⁵ centimeters feet 3.560.02356 " cu.320.0 " meter-kgs. 1.0 " horsepower 0.150. cm. meters 4.7854 barrels (oil) gallons (oil) 42.03731 " meter-kgs.43 " quarts (dry) 32. 0. in.0550 x 10¹⁰ " coulombs/sq.

0 " kms.0 " miles/hr.020 x 10-⁸ " cu. Btu/min.233 x 10-⁵ " horsepower 3./sec. liq.787 x 10-⁴ " kg./sq.31 F " cu.5080 " feet/sec.3048 " revolutions/min.0 " gram-calories 0.) 807. 3. of mercury 0. 0.389 x 10-¹¹ " cu.0 " miles (naut.248 x 10-⁶ " kg.-calories/min.7250 x 10-¹⁴ cubic inches cu.S.-lbs.329 x 10-³ " watt-hours 0.0625 " kg.01667 days hours 24.-meters 0. 30.S.113.023. 1.639 x 10-⁵ " kg.S. 0. cms.2778 x 10-¹³ " gallons (U.80 " liters 10³ " coulombs 9.39 " joules 10-⁷ " cu.0 " quarts (U.1 " meters/min.480 x 10-¹¹ " dyne-centimeters 1.020 x 10-³ " gallons/min.656. liq.) 0. 5. yards 2.0 6 .01732 " horsepower 1. 0.-calories/min.057.020 x 10-⁶ " foot-pounds/sec. million gals.9 feet of water atmospheres 0.6818 " revolutions/sec. 1.0 fathoms feet 6.1667 " miles/hr. 0.0 " meters/min.050 x 10-⁷ " grains 27.030 x 10-⁵ " pounds 2.646317 ergs (continued) gram-cms.0 " ergs 1.688.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont. feet 5.01745 feet/sec. 1. inches 61.43 " pounds/sq. 0.48 cubic yards cu.440. 448. feet 35.03048 " gallons/sec.0 " kilowatts 1.) 1. cms. 10⁶ " kilowatts 10-¹⁰ " cu.8 " liters/sec.8826 cubic yards/min.0 foot-pounds Btu 1.6263 " Btu/min.S.) 1./sec. liq./sec.615.-calories 2.01667 " poundals 7./hr.) E (cont.48 " seconds 3. 0.S.818 x 10-³ " kg.2389 x 10-⁷ " feet 660. 3.3437 " joules 1. 5./sec. 62. 0.0 x 10-⁹ " mil. cm. meters 0.2 x 10⁴ " pints (U.367 " kgs. radians/sec.356 " ounces 0.0 feet centimeters 30.8 " liters 764.29 degress (angle) minutes 60. ft.097 degrees/sec. meters 1.38 " kg. Btu/hr. in. Btu/min. cubic ft.48 deciliters liters 0.341 x 10-¹⁰ cubic meters bushels (dry) 28.286 x 10-³ dekaliters liters 10.01136 decigrams grams 0./sec./day 0.894 x 10-⁴ " gallons (U. 1. 30. liq. 0.356 x 10-³ " foot-pounds 7.) cubic feet/sec.427 x 10-⁶ " pints (U.) 0.600. cms.645 x 10-⁴ " cu.308 farads microfarads 10⁶ " gallons (U./hr.01745 " meters/sec.S.-calories/min.6818 " quadrants 0. liq.1 " kms./hr. liq.2 faradays ampere-hours 26.) 1.1383 dynes grams 1.5921 decimeters meters 0.143 x 10-⁵ " kilowatt-hrs. 3.S./sec.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY C (cont. 0.01639 ergs/sec.7646 " miles (stat. 1.0 " millimeters 304. 1. 10⁷ " joules/meter (newtons) 10-⁵ foot-pounds/min./sec.367 x 10-⁸ furlongs rods 40.2778 x 10-¹⁰ " liters 0.9 " in.02950 " quarts (U.048 x 10-⁴ " cu. 0.7718 " hp-hrs. 4.01829 " minutes 1. 18. 12.400./sec.) 202.45 " kgs.-calories 3.01136 " radians 0.) 1. yards 1. meter 304.020 x 10-³ " kilowatt-hrs.01945 ergs Btu 9. 0. 16.649 x 10⁴ " pints (U. cms. feet 27.01111 " miles/min.4335 D feet/min. liq./min.260 x 10-⁵ dynes/sq.0 dekagrams grams 10.03463 " ft./sec./sq.-lbs. 3.) 4.S.24 x 10-⁴ " kilowatts 2.S. 0. liq. 2.3048 " seconds 86.356 x 10⁷ dekameters meters 10.0 " miles/hr.3048 " cu. cms.0 " meters 0.-meters 1.3756 x 10-⁸ " quarts (U. 4.061 x 10⁵ " ft. liq. 0.766 x 10-⁷ " joules/cm.07717 E " horsepower 1./sec.286 x 10-³ " kilograms 1.0 " grams-calories 0.) 2.3238 drams grams 1. bars 10-⁴ foot-pounds/sec.1 feet/sec. 0.0 " cu. cms. inches 46. 0. 7.778 x 10-³ feet/100 feet per cent grade 1.6 " mils 1.0 " kms.646 x 10⁵ " kilometers 3.-ft.433 x 10-⁹ " cu.74 " pounds/sq. 0.) 264. 0. 0. 7.831 " horsepower-hrs. cm.097 " knots 0.24 x 10-⁴ " kg.

7457 " pennyweight (troy) 0.0 " weeks 5.9863 " liters/sec. 10-⁸ " kilowatts 0.-meters 2. parts/million 17.03215 " yards 2.) 1.014 gausses lines/sq.286 " kg. 0. 1.5596 x 10-⁶ " ergs 10⁷ " kilowatt-hrs.540 " joules/cm 9. pounds/inch 5. 2.0 hectograms grams 100.-calories/min.228 x 10-³ (542.333 x 10-² " joules/meter (newtons) 9. liq.06308 horsepower horsepower (metric) " cu. 62.5 ft. in. feet 0. 0. 58./sq.807 x 10-³ " meters 2. 8. 2. ft.06480 " kg.020 x 10-⁴ " joules 9. pounds/cu.118 " minutes 60.5 ft. amp-turns/cm.) 0. 42.417 (at 4°C) atmospheres 2.389 x 10-⁴ gram-calories/sec.7958 " kilowatts 9.785.43 inches centimeters 2.785 hectowatts watts 100.7 joules/cm.778 x 10-⁴ " ergs 980. lb.205 x 10-³ " feet of water 1.952 x 10-³ grains/Imp. grams 1.000.778 x 10-² " poundals 0. Imp.03342 " pounds 2. lb. Br.0 " pounds/sq.737 x 10⁵ " ounces (avdp. 550.S. 33.694 x 10⁶ grains (troy) grains (avdp.062427 " kgs./sec. ft. in.471 " cu./sec.) 0.452 horsepower kg. cu.20095 " foot-lbs.07093 inches of mercury atmospheres 0.0 " liters 3.68 " webers/sq.07355 " pounds/cu. gal.807 x 10-⁵ " feet 8. 0.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont.1630 x 10-⁶ " foot-pounds 0.0 henries millihenries 10³ " quarts 4.0 " pints 8. 0. 10.0 gallons of water pounds of water 8.345 " inches of mercury 0. meters 3.133 " kgs.43 " pounds/sq.-foot 3./sec. 2.58 " foot-lbs.951 x 10-³ hectometers meters 100.0 " cu. 5. 0.5781 " parts/million 1.803 gilberts/cm. in./sec.021 " ergs 2. 0.0 " pints (liq.1183 " gram-calories 641.480 x 10-⁴ " horsepower-hrs.000.) 2. 33.) gallons (Imp.1020 gram-centimeters Btu 9./hr.-meters 0.0880 joules Btu 9.204 grams/sq.04167 hours days 4.9683 x 10-³ " ergs 4. 3.S.7 " webers/sq. inches 231. 2.0 " cu. yards 4.807 x 10-⁵ " dynes 10⁷ " kg.190.0 " pounds/million gal. foot 1.0208 (550 ft./sq. 0. in. Btu 2.0 horsepower Btu/min. parts/million 14.343 x 10-⁸ " joules/meter (newtons) 100. lb. 1.3 " pounds 22./sq.600 x 10-³ " kgs.479 gilberts ampere-turns 0.48 7 .) (542.98 x 10⁶ gils liters 0.452 x 10-⁸ " watts 745.4912 " pounds/mil.86 " seconds 3. 0.03613 " pounds/sq.7376 " watt-hrs. in.3453 horsepower (metric) horsepower gallons/min.7 " grains 15. 2.458 x 10-³ " pounds/1.0 hectares acres 2.297 x 10-⁸ " watt-hrs.540 x 10-³ " ounces/sq.0 gallons (U. 2.03527 " mils 10³ " ounces (troy) 0. cm.1868 x 10⁷ J " foot-pounds 3. cm. ft.785 x 10-³ hectoliters liters 100. cms. 0.1 " grams 0.1337 " sq.40 " ounces (avdp.600.167 x 10-² grains/U. ft. meter 345.-calories 2. lb.286 I grams dynes 980. cm.03453 grams/cm.) 0. ft.6845 x 10¹³ " amp-turns/meter 79.076 x 10⁵ " cu. 1.) 1./sec.) gallons (U.) (550 ft. ft.547.25 " joules 2.0 " kg-meters 10-⁵ " poundals 723./sec.000 gal.540 x 10-² " kilograms 10-³ " miles 1. 1.44 gallons (liq.0481 " pounds/sq. cm.) 1.0833 x 10-³ " kilowatt-hrs.0 " kg.3 grams/cu. cm.73 " pounds/cu.) 0.1630 x 10-³ " kg. gal. 14.03613 gram-calories Btu 3.7958 horsepower-hrs. 142.0 " amp-turns/in./min. 8.7457 " webers/sq. pounds/sq.578 x 10-⁵ " milligrams 10³ " millimeters 25.83267 " foot-lbs. meter 10-⁴ horsepower (boiler) Btu/hr. 6. in.-cal.S. ft. Btu/hr. 70.405 x 10-⁷ inches of water grams/liter grains/gal.-calories 641. 6.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY G H gallons cu.

gausses 0.0 " webers/sq.5396 megalines maxwells 10⁶ " meters/min.0929 " yards 1.281.001 " kilowatt-hrs. 2. feet 0.550 x 10-⁵ " kilojoules 4./sec. 1./sq.0 kilowatts (cont. 2.96 " pounds/sq.678 x 10-⁵ " statute miles/hr. 0.S. liq. cm.842 x 10-⁴ " gram-calories 859. mm.02x102 " yards 1.81 from 62° to 212°F 22. 1.5 " pounds/cu.057 " feet 3. 20.) 3. ft.560 x 10-⁷ " webers/sq.2048 " pounds/sq.2778 " inches 39.413. ft.807 kilowatt-hrs. ft.396 x 10-⁴ " feet of water 0.281 " meters/sec.296 " millimeters 10³ " kgs/sq.) 0. Btu 3.667 " torr 7.0 " tons (short) 1. meter grams/cu.-meters 426. yards 1.151 " bars 98.09807 " watts 10³ " joules/meter (newtons) 9. liq.) 5.53 kilograms/sq.186 links (engineer’s) inches 12.S. cms./sec. 2.186.68 maxwells kilolines 10-³ " feet/sec. 0.0 " foot-pounds 3.-calories 860. 0.92 " feet/sec.0 " poundals 70. in. meters 0.094.804 x 10⁷ liters bushels (U. gausses 1./sec.8532 " nautical miles/hr. meter 10⁶ league miles (approx. meter atmospheres 9. in.214 x 10-⁴ " inches of Hg 0. 0.5468 " foot-lbs.0 " feet of water 32./sec./sec. 10-⁸ " kg.2642 kiloliters liters 10³ " pints (U. 1.094 " pounds/sq./sec. ft.03531 " kg.048./sec. 5. cms. 1.S. in.0 " kilowatt-hrs.0 " pounds/sq. 1./hr.) kilograms dynes 980.850.600 x 10¹³ " pounds 2. 3.6720 evaporated from and at 212°F 3. 3. 0.804 " cu. cms.233 " cu.) 6.6214 " kilometers 0. 6.281 kilowatts Btu/min. 0. ft.896 x 10-³ " pounds/sq.342 x 10-³ " cu./min. cm.22 " kilometers/hr. cm.03238 8 .0 kilograms/sq.308 x 10-³ kilolines maxwells 10³ " gallons (U.06243 " kg.665. atmospheres 0.9 " webers/sq. 0.6214 " ohms 10⁶ kilometers/hrs.426 x 10⁴ " kms.S./sec. cm./sec.9678 " pounds of water raised " feet of water 32.) 2.06 " foot-lbs.723 x 10-⁶ " cu. 27. 0. 4./sec. foot-candles 1.294 x 10-³ " ergs 9.937 x 10⁴ " gals.179 " pounds/sq.75 " inches of mercury 28.0 knots feet/hr. 1. 737.405 x 10-¹⁰ " pounds of water kilograms/meter pounds/ft.9113 " webers 10-⁸ " knots 0.81 x 10-³ " feet/sec.613 x 10-⁵ " kg.886 x 10-⁴ " inches 3.9 " varas 1.02838 " foot-pounds 7. 1.67 megohms microhms 10¹² " miles/hr.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont. kgs.-foot 3.-calories/min. cu.145 meters/min.) 1.341 " grams 10³ " kg.1550 " hp-hrs.968 lines/sq.0 lines/sq.-calories 2. 1.027. 0. 14.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY K K (cont. 16. 54.113 kilometers centimeters 10⁵ " quarts (U.6214 " millimeters 10⁶ lux foot-candles 0.102 x 10-³ " horsepower-hrs. in. ft.78 " feet/min.080. 56. 0.550 x 10-⁹ " joules 4.9113 " feet 3. 2.07 x 10-⁶ " yards/hr.02 " cu. in.671 x 10⁵ " pounds/mil. 10³ " joules 9.78 meters centimeters 10² " ft.163 x 10-³ links (surveyor’s) inches 7. 27.87x10-3 " miles (naut.0 liters/min.92 kilogram meters Btu 9./sec.205 " foot-lbs. 4.34 " joules/cm. dry) 0. meter 1.0 M kilometers/hr. meter 1.001 " joules 3. inches 61.689 " inches of mercury 2. 0. cm.403 x 10-³ " meters 10³ lumens/sq.001 kilopascals atmospheres 9.088.655 x 10⁶ " tons (long) 9.0 kilogram-calories Btu 3. 1.37 " miles/hr./sec.0 " miles 0.93 " ergs 3.5 " feet/min. 0.6 x 10⁶ " pounds/cu. 0.) horsepower 1. in. 1.-meters 3.335 " miles (stat. 14.6 " knots 0.341 kilograms/cu. liq.422 x 10-³ L kilograms/sq.

0 ounces (troy) grains 480. in.760.03937 " joules/cm.10 " inches 0. 3.682.01667 " pounds/sq.103481 " kilometers 1.5 " feet/sec.) miles/hr.2957 " feet 5.70 ounces/sq.686 microfarad farads 10-⁶ O micrograms grams 10-⁶ microhms megohms 10-¹² ohms megohms 10-⁶ " ohms 10-⁶ ohms microhms 10⁶ microliters liters 10-⁶ ounces drams 16./hr.609 " ounces (avdp. inches 28. 1.336 x 10⁴ " grams 31. feet 0.1516 " tons (metric) 2. 2. 88.448 9 . 26. 88. 0. 0./sec./sec.)/min. 0.4823 x 10⁴ mils centimeters 2.4470 pennyweights (troy) grains 24.) M (cont. yards 6.0 " ft. ft.01671 milliers kilograms 10³ " cu.345 " meters/min.54723 " dynes 44./sec. 473.70 " pounds/sq.909 x 10-⁴ " miles/min.349527 miles (naut.08333 " yards 1.281 minutes (angles) degrees 0./min.) 0.0 ounces (fluid) cu.0 " kms.07016 " knots 0.805 miles (statute) centimeters 1./hr.281 myriameters kilometers 10.1667 x 10-³ " miles (naut.125 millihenries henries 10-³ " liters 0.853.8684 pints (dry) cu./sec.) 0.425 x 10-⁶ " cu.82 pascals millibar 10-2 " miles/min.01410 " mils 39. in.280./hr.609 x 10⁵ " liters 0. 0.609.09 x 10-2 miles/hr.8 miner’s inches cu. inches 1./sec.826.0 " grams 1. inches 9.0 " ounces (troy) 0.807 x 10⁷ N " cm.237 myriawatts kilowatts 10.0 " miles (naut.0 miles/min./sec.45 x 10-4 " feet/sec.8684 " pounds/million gal.027.383 x 10-³ " meters 0. 1.03108 " yards 1.853 " ounces (troy) 0./sec.37 " pounds 0.0 miles/hr./sec.000. inches 33./sec.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY M (cont. 0.02682 " grains/Imp. 10² kilograms 10.834 x 10-⁵ " yards 2.87 milligrams grams 10-³ " cu.0584 " kms. in.03728 mils (cont./min. cms. cms.8684 " pounds (troy) 0.1 poundals dynes 13.790 x 10-⁵ " miles (statute) 1. 2.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont. 44.05 " feet/sec. 0.) 1.01667 " kilometers/hr./sec.0 pints (liq. 0.0 " cu.5 millimeters centimeters 0.6 " quadrants 1.0625 " feet/min. 1./sec. 44.540 x 10-⁸ " joules/meter (newton) 4./sec. 0.1383 " miles 6.) meters/min.609 " in.0 " grains 437.60 " miles/hr.852 x 10-⁴ " miles/hr.237 " radians 2.0 " pennyweights (troy) 20. 1. 0.080. 196.0 myriagrams meters/sec.001 " joules/cm.609 " pounds (troy) 4.-dynes 9.Hg 2.2 mil-feet cu.) yards 2. 2. 3. 1.0 P " feet/sec.5924 " inches 0. cm./sec.9115 " meters 1.96 x 10-4 " meters/sec.001 " joules/meter (newtons) 0. 3./sec. pounds/sq.6 " miles/hr.189 x 10-⁴ " gallons 0. 1.0625 " kilometers 1./sec.732 x 10-⁴ milligrams/liter parts/million 1.0 meter-kilograms cm.233 nepers decibels 8.-grams 10⁵ " pound-feet 7.5 microns meters 10-⁶ " grams 28.4732 milliliters liters 10-³ " quarts (liq. cms. cms. feet/min.0 " inches 6. gal.00 " tons (long) 2.04448 " kilometers 2./day cu.281 x 10-³ " grams 14.) feet 6.333 x 10-⁵ " grams 453./min.55517 " kms./sec. 8. (cont.5 x 10-3 " kms.467 " kms. 3. 1.27 " pounds 0. ft.09714 " meters 1. 1.540 x 10-³ " grains 7.094 x 10-³ pounds drams 256. meters 4. 2.214 x 10-⁷ " kilograms 0.467 " torr 7. 1. 60.609 parts/million grains/U.0 million gals. 0. gal.03728 " seconds 60.) cu.S.0 " feet 8. ft.778 x 10-⁵ meters/sec.0 " feet 3.

ft. inches 0./cu.5833 " revs./sec.283 " revs. 10⁴ " gallons 0. 178.196 " minutes 3.1 " sq. meters 0.0 " ounces (avdp.833 x 10⁸ " kgs. gms.-foot gms.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont./cu. feet 1.1592 " pounds (troy) 1.196 x 10⁶ " cu.571 square kilometers acres 247.68 " quadrants 3. ft.036 " sq. grams/cu.4 " sq.098 x 10⁶ 10 .549 " poundals 32.30 " sq. feet 10./sec. 360. cms.01667 " revs./min.0 " radians 1.) pounds (cont.973 x 10⁵ " pounds/mil.590 x 10⁶ " revolutions/min.20 " sq.1111 " pounds/sq. cms.0 " pounds (avdp.787 x 10-⁴ seconds (angle) degrees 2. feet 6.488 " sq. 6./sec.0 " quadrants 4.1143 x 10-⁴ revolutions/sec.88 x 10⁶ " seconds 2. ft.356 x 10⁷ " cm. inches 1. 6.550. yards 1.30 " sq.8948 " sq. 144. degrees/sec./min.0 " cu. millimeters 100.75 " sq.0 pounds-feet cm. mils 10⁶ quadrants (angle) degrees 90.02 " pounds/cu. miles 3.944 x 10-³ Q " sq.1 " seconds 3. 0.716 x 10-⁴ " minutes 5. 0. 0.0 pounds/sq. yards 3.) cu.456 x 10-⁹ " minutes 0.1383 S pounds/cu.) 13. in./min.0 pounds of water cu. atmospheres 0. 3. revs. atmospheres 4. cms. inches 27. 2. 5. yards 1. 0./meter 1./sq. 57. 929. miles 0./sec. inches 1. 9.25 " sq. ft.0 rods feet 16. 10¹⁰ " sq. 10.273 x 10⁶ " kilopascal 6. cm.7324 x 10-⁴ " tons (short) 4. radians/sec. radians/sec. 9.1550 " sq. 573./sec. millimeters 645. 2. meters 9./sec.438.0 square miles acres 640.) revolutions/sec. 0.76 " liters 0.944 x 10-³ " sq.6735 x 10-⁴ " revs.00 pounds (troy) grains 5.471 x 10-⁴ " cu. yards 1.-foot 9.5 " meter-kgs. 0.290 x 10⁴ " kgs.861 x 10-¹¹ pounds/mil.600./cu.17 " revs.yards 1.768 x 10⁴ " radians 4. meter 16.550 x 10⁹ quarts (liq.778 x 10-⁴ " tons (metric) 3. feet 0. 0. yards 7. (cont.0 " ounces (troy) 14. millimeters 9.587 x 10-⁸ " inches of mercury 2.68 " gallons 0.2 " sq./min.549 " sq. 6.) kilograms 0./sec. 1. kgs. 2.01602 square feet acre 2. inches 67. meters 2.01602 " kgs. miles 3.822857 revolutions/min. in.0 square centimeters circular mils 1. in.0 " quadrants 0. degrees sec.778 x 10-⁴ " pounds/mil./sec. 1.0 radians/sec./min.4536 radians/sec.0 pounds (troy) " revs.760. ft. kms.238 x 10-³ " sq.03342 " sq.-grams 13. 6.9463 " sq.0 " sq./min./sec. meter 2.464 x 10-⁴ square meters acres 2. 6. 27.1198 revolutions/sec.848 x 10-⁶ " pounds/cu.01667 pounds/cu.063 x 10⁵ " sq./sq. millimeters 10⁶ radians degrees 57.1592 " ounces 16.882 " sq.825.283 " revs.728.725 x 10-⁴ " sq. yards 0. feet 27. cms./cm.06804 " sq.1657 " radians/sec. meter 703.01602 " radians/sec.296 x 10-⁵ " inches of mercury 0.3861 " cu.670 x 10-⁴ " revs. meters 0.0 pounds/sq.0 " pounds/sq. 60. in.307 " sq./sec.-ft. gms. inches 144. meter 4. cm. inches 57./min.590 radians/sec./sec. meters 10⁶ " cu.24177 revolutions/min.425 x 10-⁶ " sq.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY P (cont.-dynes 1.0 square inches circular mils 1.400.) R (cont.0 " sq. cu.76 x 10⁶ quarts (dry) cu. 946./sec.21528 " tons (short) 0.0 " radians 6.09290 " feet of water 2.306 x 10⁶ " sq. 60.01414 " circular mils 1.01667 " pennyweights (troy) 240.0 pounds of water/min. 2. degrees/sec./cu.1047 " ounces (troy) 12. miles 3.745 x 10-³ " tons (long) 3./min. cm.283 " grams 373.) 0. feet 0.087 x 10-⁶ " kgs.0005 revolutions degrees 360./sec.452 " sq. 5.076 x 10-³ pounds/ft.0001 pounds/in. cms.6 " sq.196 x 10-⁴ " feet of water 0.861 x 10-⁷ R " sq. ft.6366 " sq./min.24 x 10⁵ " sq.

430.8 " kilolines 10⁵ (°C) + 17.0 " kilometers 9.144 x 10-⁴ " pounds (troy) 2. 0. 10⁸ temperature absolute temperature 1.56 " meters 0. 6.550./min.Conversions: Miscellaneous (cont.341 x 10-³ " sq.973. cm. pounds of water/hr.0 " ergs 3.9078 " miles (stat.765. millimeters 8.000.0 " webers/sq.120 tons (metric) kilograms 1. cms. meters 0.89287 " miles (naut.361 x 10⁵ " horsepower-hrs. in.4192 " sq. 9.360 x 10-³ square yards acres 2.550 x 10-C " foot-lbs.01433 " sq. 0.361.16643 " cu.0 watts Btu/hr. inches 10-⁶ " horsepower (metric) 1.555 webers/sq. ft. 8. 0. cms. meter gausses 10⁴ (°F) .413 " sq.000.66 " inches 36. miles 3.452 x 10-⁴ " tons (short) 1.27 square mils circular mils 1.0 " sq.44 " ounces 32. 83.8361 " foot-pounds 2.934 x 10-⁴ " tons (metric) 0.1848 yards centimeters 91. meter 9.) W square millimeters circular mils 1.452 x 10⁴ tons (long) kilograms 1. 0.0 " millimeters 914.0 tons (short) kilograms 907.000. 0. gausses 1.1550 (°F) + 460 (°F) " webers/sq.85 " sq.656.273 " foot-lbs. 107. 10-⁴ " pounds 2./sec. kgs.0 " feet 3. 44. 0.0 " sq.066 x 10-⁴ " kg.333 " gallons/min. inches 1.) TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY TO CONVERT INTO MULTIPLY BY S (cont.2 temperature absolute temperature 1.205.0 " webers/sq.452 x 10-⁶ " horsepower 1. in.0 " kilowatts 0. ft. cms.8605 T " kilogram-meters 367. in.0 tons of water/24 hrs.32 " lines/sq.001 " sq.0 " pounds 2./hr.0 temperature temperature (°C) 0. in.3349 11 .550 x 10⁷ " lines/sq.341 x 10-³ " kilogram-calories 0.78 webers/sq.000. 3.7378 " sq. inches 1.0 " kilowatt-hrs.-calories/min. 0.682 x 10-⁴ tons (short)/sq.) 5.0 watt-hours Btu 3. meter 1. 2.240. ft.01 " Btu/min.60 x 10¹⁰ " sq.0 " ounces (troy) 29.001 (°C) + 273 (°C) webers maxwells 10⁸ temperature temperature (°F) 1. 6. in.) 4. 1.228 x 10-⁷ " gram-calories 859. feet 1.05688 " sq. cm. 1.076 x 10-⁵ " ergs/sec.4 " pounds/sq.296. 6.0 Y " pounds 2./sq.016.166.9144 " tons (long) 0.0 " webers/sq.

473166 0.0 0.042 0.000454 U.38 999.5 (sq ft/sec) times 92. U. under the set of units desired.708 0.S.900 929 1 sec 12 .02509 1 0.13368 231.S.8442 62.01671 28.170 219.54596 0. Imperial U. Pound U.9596 1 0.337 0.1 0.0 35. Pint 0.11995 0.16054 277.004329 0. U.969 2113.0 28.S.42 4. ring to the table.31446 61023.900 = 46.833 8.003785 Imperial Gallon 1.202 0.22888 59.34 2202. Then.00361 0.028317 U.0005787 1 0.0000164 Liter 0.48052 6.6°C) EXAMPLE: 1 Barrel = 42 gallons (petroleum measure) (8 Imperial gallons) (4. Cubic MULTIPLY Liter Gallon Gallon Pint Water* Cubic Foot Cubic Inch Meter BY U. Equivalents: Liquid Measures and Weights TO OBTAIN U.016035 27.45405 0.2641779 0. Cubic Foot 7.1041 1 1.5 locate the given set of units in the left hand column and multiply square foot/second is to be converted to centistokes.78533 0.01 1.S. By refer- the numerical value by the factor shown horizontally to the right.36768 liters Equivalents: Kinematic Viscosity To convert kinematic viscosity from one set of units to another.076 (10–5) stokes cm2 (100 v) 100 1 1.31702 0.972 1 *Water at 60°F (15.004546 U.0 3.900.365 1 1728.03609 0.54596) = 36.113423 2.034632 0. Gallon 1 0.2009 1 9.S. centistokes stokes ft2 sec cm2 sec Kinematic Viscosity (v) (100 v) (v') centistokes (v) 1 0.001000 Cubic Meter 264.875 0.S.0 8. 0.0353154 61. Pound Water* 0.000473 U.076 (10–3) sec ft2 (v') 92.S.60762 10. suppose a given kinematic viscosity of 0.016387 0.S.2199756 2. As an example. Cubic Inch 0.125 0.S. we find the conversion factor to be 92.450 centistokes.S.

) Emf volt = 3. sec (µe) 1.3 x 10–11 abampere coulomb = 10–1 abcoulomb abcoulomb = 10 coulombs statcoulomb = 3. locate the given set of units in the left hand column to be converted to slugs/foot second. times 2. Then. 2 (poise) horizontally to the right under the set of units desired.1 x 10–21 stathenries stathenry = 9 x 1020 abhenries Energy joule = 107 ergs erg = 10-7 joule erg = 10–7 joule watt = 10 ____ ergs 7 erg = 10–7 watt erg = 10–7 watt Power ––– ––– sec sec sec 13 .900 479 1 g or 32.09 (10–3) 0. centipoise poise slugs †poundsm ft sec ft sec Absolute gram or cm sec pounds f poundal sec Dynamic ft2 ft2 Viscosity dyne sec cm2 (µ) (100 µ) (µ' e) (µ e) centipoise (µ) 1 0.0311 1 poundal sec g ft2 *Poundf = Pound of Force †Poundm = Pound of Mass Equivalents: Electrical Units Practical Unit Cgs Electromagnetic Unit Cgs Electrostatic Unit volt = 108 abvolts abvolt = 10–8 volt statvolt = 300 volts (approx.2 *poundsf sec ft2 †pounds m ft.01 2. and multiply the numerical value by the factor shown we find the conversion factor to be 2. By referring to the table.3 x 10–11 abcoulombs farad = 10–9 abfarads abfarad = 109 farads statfarad = 1.72 (10–4) poise gram cm sec (100 µ) 100 1 2. suppose a given absolute viscosity of 2 poise is to another. Equivalents: Absolute Viscosity To convert absolute or dynamic viscosity from one set of units As an example.1 x 10–12 farads Capacitance farad = 9 x 1011 statfarads abfarad = 9 x 1020 statfarads statfarad = 1.3 x 10–10 coulomb Quantity coulomb = 3 x 109 statcoulombs abcoulomb = 3 x 1010 statcoulombs statcoulomb = 3.09 (10–³) = 4.1 x 10–21 statohm statohm = 9 x 1020 abohms ampere = 10–1 abampere abampere = 10 amperes statampere = 3.1 x 10–21 abfarads henry = 109 abhenries abhenry = 10–9 henry stathenry = 9 x 1011 henries Inductance henry = 1.18 (10–³) = 0.3 x 10–3 statvolt abvolt = 3.00418 slugs/foot second.87 1 or .3 x 10–11 statvolt statvolt = 3 x 1010 abvolts ohm = 109 abohms abohm = 10–9 ohm statohm = 9 x 1011 ohms Resistance ohm = 1.1 x 10–12 statohm abohm = 1. sec (µ'e) 47.3 x 10–10 ampere Current ampere = 3 x 109 statamperes abampere = 3 x 1010 statamperes statampere = 3.1 x 10–12 stathenry abhenry = 1.09 (10–³).09 (10 ) –5 6.0672 dyne sec cm2 slugs ft.487 14.

6690 41.38 5.7143 44.9722 60.225 0.6166 38.55 5.10 9.9333 120.53 7.25 7.960 0.9459 58.583 58 0.99 9.90 7.03 10.72 5.45 6.297 40 0.9340 58.8654 53.143 1.76 6.722 0.518 20 0.205 1.1417 71.292 0.671 22 0.95 6.97 6.6112 38.6931 43.7292 45.75 7.632 1.722 – – – 76 0.118 72 0.565 64 0.57 6.119 – – – 100 0.404 – – – 88 0.587 0.7628 47.39 14.0140 63.089 14 0.354 – – – 90 0.48 5.8861 55.7711 48.990 26 0.895 60 0.36 8.9100 56.231 0.80 5.7972 49.612 – – – 80 0.6140 38.63 5.4356 89.666 – – – 78 0.128 0.12 5.159 28 0.7470 108.016 1.955 12 0.49 8.99 10.513 42 0.62 6.797 0.52 9.228 16 0.708 1.07 6.9589 59.95 5.6604 41.998 0.306 – – – 92 0.23 12.429 0.24 8.42 5.80 5.160 0.973 0.44 6.80 7.36 8.6220 38.33 5.7865 49.8974 55.0432 65.969 46 0.69 7.8831 117.33 5.80 11.7165 44.05 6.305 0.98 5.20 7.737 44 0.1789 73.557 1.8354 114.6364 39.6331 39.1600 72.824 10 1.7609 47.454 – – – 86 0.8537 53.424 0.165 – – – 98 0.836 1.646 0.0000 62.8348 52.48 6.6292 101.096 0.034 0.0902 67.679 1.787 0.574 6 – – – – – – 1.5263 95.924 66 0.697 8 – – – – – – 1.06 8.79 5.9333 58.84 5.57 7.23 5.886 1.359 0.6667 41.6628 41.484 1.19 12.8984 56.579 1.117 1.7901 111.631 0.9465 59.9211 57.6819 42.26 7.06 6.0284 64.698 34 0.275 1.786 1.14 6.8750 54.6250 38.5591 97.7692 47.3810 86.86 6.9218 57.09 6.257 – – – 94 0.7238 45.65 8.53 11.6275 39.22 5.8140 50.2609 78.7022 43.295 1.7000 43.03 7.57 6.558 – – – 82 0.7467 46.6796 42.03 7.70 7.60 13.8235 51.47 10.12 5.50 8.6953 43.13 11.61 6.209 1.854 0.337 1.7093 44.994 1.4948 93.97 7.99 7.10 5.2832 80.6754 42.572 0.29 10.337 1.7313 45.7368 45.Equivalents: Degrees API and Degrees Baumé Values for API Scale Values for Baumé Scale Oil Liquids Lighter Than Water Liquids Heavier Than Water Degrees on API Weight Pounds Weight Pounds Weight Pounds or Baumé Scale Specific Density per Specific Density per Specific Density per Gravity Lb/Ft3 Gallon Gravity Lb/Ft3 Gallon Gravity Lb/Ft3 Gallon S p S p S p 0 – – – – – – 1.278 0.998 54 0.7389 46.219 1.2185 75.828 24 0.3063 81.7447 46.44 15.51 6.526 0.9859 61.7527 46.222 62 0.97 6.7059 106.28 6.44 7.499 0.031 1.8871 55.37 13.94 13.99 8.788 – – – 74 0.474 0.799 0.5934 99.490 0.374 0.9091 56.781 1.6306 39.4646 91.091 38 0.94 6.211 – – – 96 0.108 0.7547 47.097 0.577 0.865 1.87 7.8434 52.4078 87.8046 50.08 6.36 5.32 7.913 0.20 5.7071 44.0000 62.22 12.36 8.302 68 0.685 0.210 48 0.725 52 0.51 11.61 6.32 7.60 7.6446 40.64 7.105 1.3303 82.699 70 0.19 5.326 0.1983 74.8251 51.1069 69.58 5.454 4 – – – – – – 1.8642 53.6482 40.736 0.46 15.891 36 0.6195 38.14 8.895 1.6886 42.8155 50.05 5.8063 50.947 1.29 5.0741 66.9861 61.462 50 0.98 5.34 12.079 1.3551 84.075 – – – 14 .6506 40.0000 62.344 1.1240 70.6087 37.64 14.46 6.95 14.387 1.7796 48.66 5.8448 52.96 5.64 10.955 1.00 6.7778 48.284 56 0.34 9.043 0.24 7.45 5.9593 59.879 0.53 5.7883 49.13 5.97 7.186 0.94 5.506 – – – 84 0.8550 53.741 0.03 9.6422 40.6667 103.57 5.72 6.18 6.96 11.141 0.0584 66.413 1.01 8.891 0.8762 54.6731 41.20 9.482 1.371 18 0.2393 77.8333 51.221 0.63 8.9724 60.396 0.16 6.68 5.69 5.512 32 0.7955 49.36 6.6863 42.6388 39.337 2 – – – – – – 1.6542 40.79 5.57 16.215 0.332 30 0.6566 40.73 9.7216 45.

2 625 294. 1200 566.45 90 44.14 39.0 278. Equivalents: Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity Equivalents of Kinematic and Equivalents of Kinematic and Saybolt Furol Viscosity Saybolt Universal Viscosity Kinematic Equivalent Saybolt Kinematic Equivalent Saybolt Viscosity.5 466.4 160.1 462.0 32.0 2224.2 338.1 200.2 = 875 412.0 141.0 347.0 255.3 450.7 1000 471.5 265.9 412.4 775 365.8 300 141.0 440.1 20.0 8.1 60.0 370.8 143.D2161-63T.1 800 377.9 225 106.0 179.0 39.6 155.6 48.7 by 1.1 420.8 100.01 32.0 648.0 45.3975 15 .0 58.0 556.83 32.9 612.4 6.0 163.0 186.6 204.7 550 259.91 59.3 700 330.2 574.39 77.0 280.1 43.0 1112.0 834.6 350.8 363.7 164.3 200 95.6 240.1 85.4 1024 483.1 25.4 450 212.1 575 271.2 257.3 950 448.5 180.0 1853.3 Centistokes 400.6 925 436.3 15.0 393.56 45.7 71.100) 0.5 360.6 39. Furol Viscosity.7 314.0 77.0 119.8°C) Basic Values At 210°F (99°C) Basic Values At 210°F (99°C) v v 48 25.7 400 188.7 420.1 175 83.0 324.7 30.0 95.6 35.1 233.2 1275 601.1 440.5 437.4 326.0 975 459.0 463.23 50 26.8 373.4 388.6 65.0 1483.0070 or 59.4 326.1 228.8 25.3 443.7 252.2 512.0 95.0 232. 1250 589.3 = 1075 507.1 637.6347 1125 530.4 562.0 1390.2 560. Universal Viscosity.7 475 224.4 500 235.9 380.0 1297.8 83.7 70. The table at the left was abstracted from Over 1300 Saybolt Furol Log (Saybolt Furol Table 1.9 301.5 375 177.2 400. 10 v at 210°F (99°C) are equivalent to 58.0 80.5 275 130.4 216.5 Saybolt Seconds 850 400.09 52.1 34.0 926.8 Centistokes 1100 518.000 064.9 675 318.0 301.3 142.0 524.6 549.88 80 39.0 351.62 32. multiply the equivalent Saybolt 1175 554.0 741.3 167.5 40.32 100 48.7 425. Seconds = Seconds .7 10.3 90.0 1575.0 52.8 These tables are reprinted with the permission of the American Society 1300 613.0 1946.5 460.9 474.1 340.9 x 4.85 60 30.5 525 247.3 1.8 599.0 725 342.5 60.7 300.8 75.41 70 35.2 For example.0 325 153.4 119.0 425 200.91 multiplied 1225 577.7 Note: To obtain the Saybolt Universal viscosity equivalent to a 1150 542.8 191.4 500.1 289.45 150 71.0 1668.0 1761.3 120.9 396. Centistokes x 1.0 209. The table at the right was abstracted from Table 3.6 250 118.0276 [Log 0.7 750 353.8 650 306.0 2317.5 55.0 2132.3 for Testing Materials (ASTM).4 320.3 277.6673 900 424.3 624.87) = D2161-63T.3 187.2 2.9 480.4 50.4 220.7 107.8 825 389.2 x 4.3 280.77 98.4717 (Centistokes)] - 0.93 125 60. Sec Centistokes At 122°F (50°C) Centistokes At 100°F (37.2 350 165.32 sec Saybolt Universal at 210°F (99°C).2.4 303.8 4.6 29.1 131.7 Universal viscosity at 100°F (37.7 487.0 1205.5 375.0 1019.0 120.0 97.4 45.0 587.8 537.2 140.6 600 283.9 653.5 499.7 250.0 2039.2 kinematic viscosity determined at t.9 240.8°C) by 1+(t .8 Over 500 Saybolt Seconds 1050 495.1 210. Sec Viscosity.0 417.

000488 4.3864 345.7149 0.02190 0. mm Atmospheres water water mercury mercury Bars Pascals water MULTIPLY lb/in2 lb/ft2 kg/cm2 kg/m2 kPa (68°F)* (68°F)* (32°F)† (32°F)† ‡ (MPa)‡ (68°F) BY lb/in.002486 0.1972 101972.0332 10332.001 1 102.61 10.50061 0.002891 .319 13. and multiply the numerical value by the factor shown horizontally to the right.0 4021. locate the given unit in the left hand column.0000098 .001422 0.070307 703.061 1 0. under the set of units desired.1 2 kg/m 0.99819 .0069444 1 0.003287 0.036062 5.00 1.868 28.2 1 144.03937 1 0.0013595 13.4 ft.520 33.0000098 0.98066 0.33516 0.014139 0.325 10351.0 1 1000.002896 0.9837 304.068948 0.01 0.10 100.0 10215.0 102156.558 0.03944 0.04788 4.001333 0.0 1 0.0 kPa 0.073556 0.033864 0.3793 0.342 2 lb/ft.22 1 1.24864 25.16 To convert from one set of units to another.000 N/m2 (Newtons/meter2) EXAMPLE: (5 kg/cm2) (2048./ft.240.01325 0.0097889 1 *Water at 68°F (20°C) †mercury at 32°F (0°C) ‡MPa (MegaPascal) = 10 Bars = 1.044684 0.88243 0.8 lb.98692 1.0004788 0.5158 29.190 33.800 in.88108 22.41 32.000098 0.5038 2088./water* 0.030425 304. mm Mega.1929 0.038 20885.204816 0.1350 1 25./water* 0.972 4.54 0.158 295.039370 .0000966 .9600 29.5300 750.2953 7.08333 0.8948 704.595 0.0000479 0.003281 .53621 0.01972 10197. TO OBTAIN in.073423 .0000998 .4 0.0013158 0.0098692 0.0193368 2.0 407.90 335.070 27.491154 70.4 9.2 .03602 51.89127 Equivalents: Pressure and Head Atmospheres 14.315 0.0 2 kg/cm 14.3108 2.0 0. in.96784 1 10000.000473 0.066 10018.0001333 0.000249 0.000.016048 0.6197 Bars‡ 14.0000979 .7300 2.6 MPa‡ 145.696 2116.0098 1.2233 2048.8854 0.0101972 101.20445 .959 735.8649 0.78450 0.249 12.0001 1 0.101325 101.156 mm water column .03453 345.098066 98. ft.073423 1.13332 13.145038 20. 0.8692 10.068046 0.029446 0.921 760.35913 0.00253 25.0068948 6.29837 0.0033864 3.0029837 2.432744 62.019257 0.6197 1.0014198 .300 7500.7262 0.033420 0.002454 0.354 1 0.0 394.16) = 10.94 mm mercury† 0.00181 in.0000968 0. mercury† 0.16 0.2 402.

1 0.9 1.6 0.6 36.3 1.0 56.9 Heptane-n 60 15.9 Helium 60 15.6 Chloroform 68 20.0 99.9 0.3 Diesel Fuel grade 2-D 60 15. printers 60 15. Road RT-12 60 15.6 0.6 49.1 0.0 1.6 87.6 86.8 Jet Fuel.9 Hexanol 77 25.9 Glycol 68 20. Boil.9 1.1 Naphtha.5 1.5 0.6 63.8 1.1 1.5 Acid.9 0.6 53. 68 20.9 Ether 77 25.9 1.1 Naphtha. 10% CaCl 32 0.0 0.0 1. spar 60 15.3 1. grade JP-4 60 15.6 51.0 Hydrogen Chloride 60 15.5% 64 17.1 45.8 Carbon Disulphide 32 0.3 1.7 Starch 60 15.8 Water 60 15.4 0.0 0.0 0.6 Acid.7 SAE 70 Lube 60 15. Hydrochloric.2 1.0 49. Isopropyl Alcohol 68 20.8 Carbon Monoxide 60 15.3 0.9 0.9 Distallate 60 15.3 Ocimene 77 25.1 1.0 0.1 Sucrose 76 Brix 60 15.0 67.1 1.8 Fuel 6 Min 60 15.3 0.0 56.4 848.0 SAE 10 Lube 60 15.0 Methylene Chloride 68 20.9 Sorbaldehyde 77 25.0 50.9 0.6 57.0 Butane-n 60 15.9 1.0 40° API Crude 60 15.6 49.0 0.5 Acid.3 1.9 Formic Acid 100 37.3 114. Kerosene 60 15.7 58.7 844. 10% NaCl 32 0.0 116.5 Propanol 77 25.9 Sulphuric Acid 60 15. Ortho-phosphoric 65 18. Distilled 70 21.7 0.1 54.6 56.6 63.4 0.1 0.3 0.6 67.6 Chlorobenzene 68 20.0 44.9 0.6 49.0 49. Wood 77 25.1 1.8 Salt Creek Crude 60 15.6 45.7 0.7 0.9 Sucrose 60 Brix 60 15.6 49.6 58. Petroleum 59 15.0 49.8 0.0 49.0 91.6 46.6 1.0 Decane-n 60 15.6 61.0 58.6 61.9 Fuel 5 Max 60 15.8 0.8 Water.4 1. Benzoic 59 15.6 846.9 0.0 51.6 Oil.0 56.7 30.2 Tar.6 0.1 1.3 29.7 1. Butyric.9 Sabiname 77 25.8 93.7 1. Conc.0 60.4 1.0 35.6 114.6 0.1 1.2 49.1 1.9 Acid.0 Hydrofluoric Acid 60 15.0 50.1 119.4 Ethylamine 61 16.9 0.5 1.1 Petroleum Ether 60 15.9 Isobutyl Alcohol 68 20.4 0.8 61.8 Sulphuric Acid 68 20.0 79.3 1.6° API Crude 60 15.6 87.4 Propyl Alcohol 77 25.0 Bunkers C Fuel Max 60 15.9 1.0 41.9 Chloride 77 25.3 0.1 M.9 Sulphur Trioxide 70 21.2 1.0 Ink.5 1.6 51.1 0.5 1.0 61.6 70.6 53.5 Ethyl Benzene 68 20.0 65.3 1.0 50.8 Linolenic Acid 77 25.8 0.6 62.8 Beer 60 15.8 0.9 1.0 0.0 83.5 Phenol 77 25.6 93.6 57.7 Methyl Alcohol 77 25.9 Rosin Oil 60 15.1 Propylene 77 25.8 Creosote 60 15.6 62.5 0.7 Brine.0 0.0 17 .1 0.7 Methyl Ethyl Ketone 72 22.1 0.8 Mercury 80 26.9 Water.6 80.6 86.0 80.9 Acetone 60 15.1 Trichloroethylene 68 20.0 Diesel Fuel grade 1-D 60 15. C.7 0. Hydrocyanic 64 17.4 Brix 60 15.0 0.0 Methyl Propyl 58 14.8 92.9 Glycerol (Glycerine) 122 50.9 Stearic Acid 77 25.3 0.9 Ethyl Chloride 68 20.2 Phosgene 32 0 86.8 842.8 Resorcinol 77 25.9 Acid.0 79.8 Fuel Oil (Bunker C) 59 15.8 0.5 Ammonia.7 Silane 77 25.1 1.7 3.5 0.0 64.8 61.7 Pyridine 68 20.3 0.6 8.0 48.6 1.7 Carbon Tetrachloride 68 20.8 Diphenyl 163 72.4 1.8 Asphalt 75 23.1 0.0 60.8 1.Properties: Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Liquids Temperature Density➀ Specific➁ Temperature Density➀ Specific➁ Liquid Liquid °F °C lb/ft3 Gravity °F °C lb/ft3 Gravity Acetaldehyde 64 17.0 0.6 0.0 68.3 Argon 60 15.8 0.0 Hydrogen Sulfide 60 15.3 Styrene 77 25. Acetic Conc.4 Citric Acid 60 15.1 42.9 13.0 72.9 0.6 0.8 38.9 Ionene 77 25.4 1.7 Turpentine 60 15.1 Gasoline.7 Ethyl Acetate 68 20. Conc.0 13.9 Hexane-n 60 15.6 42.4 0.6 Pentane 59 15.6 53.5 1.0 57.0 89.0 69. sea 60 15.6 Nonanol 77 25.9 Dowtherm A 700 371. Olive 69 15.0 56.6 63.7 1.0 ➁ Specific gravity uses water at 60°F as base conditions.0 Palmitic Acid 77 25.6 70.7 0.6 41.0 53.6 56.0 53.6 56.6° API Crude 60 15.8 0.0 42.6 39.0 32.0 92.0 1.2 1.5 Cresol.4 Formaldehyde 113 45.6 54.9 Ethanol 77 25.1 0.0 66.6 53.8 Corn syrup 78.7 Tar.9 Brine.9 Ethyl Oxide 30 -1.0 50.8 Octane-n 60 15.0 32.9 Ethyl Alcohol 77 25.6 64.9 Water 100 37.6 96.6 61.8 Aniline 68 20.0 69.8 Fuell 3 Max 60 15.0 Nonane-n 60 15.6 57. Road RT-8 60 15.9 Propane 0 -17.5 1.8 1.3 Toluene (Toluol) 68 20.7 Bromine 60 15.1 Transmission Oil 80 26.6 13.5 1.2 1.5 1.6 50.6 Acid. Nitric. Saturated 10 -12.3 0.7 Cocoanut Oil 60 15.1 0.9 1.3 Ethylene Glycol 60 15. 42.0 78.9 108.6 69.3 0.0 63.6 91.9 1.6 66.9 0.8 56.0 67.6 56.7 1.6 44.8 1.8 Lard 60 15.0 48° API Crude 60 15.8 Sperm Oil 60 15.9 Xylol (Xylene) 68 20.8 43.9 Fuel 5 Min 60 15. 68 20. 64 17.8 Lard Oil 60 15.0 50.6 0.7 56.7 1.6 64.4 Brix 60 15.6 57.6 64.4 50.6 74.8 0.2 0.0 43.6 1.9 Acetic Anhydride 68 20.6 59.2 1.0 Diesel Fuel grade 4-D 60 15.7 1.0 50.5 Heptane 68 20.6 Acid.9 0.0 58.6 75. Road RT-4 60 15.6 54.9 Mineral Oil 80 26. Residuum 60 15.6 182.8 Methane -2.1 0.1 Linseed Oil 60 15.0 1.3 Mercury 20 -6.8 1.6 60.0 Milk 60 15.4 1.7 0.5 Phosphorus 93 33.0 Mercury 40 4.4 Fluorine 60 15.8 1.1 Chromic Acid 60 15.7 Vegetable Oil 60 15.5 Mercury 100 37.6 53.2 Whale Oil 60 15.2 0.0 60.8 1.2 0.9 61.6 57.66 -16.5 0.0 97.0 54.9 0.7 0. Meta 68 20.2 1.7 1.5 0.0 0.6 102.5 0.6 71.0 38.3 1.4 0.9 China Wood Oil 60 15.4 0.8 Furfural 68 20.5 Corn syrup 86.3 13.1 Gasoline 60 15.8 0.0 Naphthalene 77 25.5 1.1 61.8 ➀ Density is shown for the temperature listed.4 Mercury 60 15.2 0.2 40.7 Varnish.7 13.0 78.1 Sulphur Dioxide 32 0.1 1.4 Terpinene 212 100.9 0.8 Tar.6 1.0 44.0 Benzene 32 0.5 0.9 SAE 30 Lube 60 15.0 53. Natural 60 15.6 57.0 55.6 58.0 Propylene Glycol 77 25.2 Glucose 60 15.6 52.6 42.0 56.3 1.7 849.1 0.4 0.6 58.

11 .523 Propylene C3H6 42.9397 1.1205 2.10 .1833 3.499 Ethane C2H6 30.007 Butylene C4H8 56.0827 1.1502 2.01 .01 .4997 2.0052 0.0776 1.04 .1459 0.976 Hydrogen H2 2.0668 1.12 .213 ➀ Density is given for gas at 14.7057 0.08 .Properties: Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Gases Gas Chemical Molecular Density➀ Density➁ Specific➁ Formula Weight lb/ft3 kg/m3 Gravity Acetylene C2H2 26.138 Hextane.1656 2.969 Helium He 4.1088 1.2340 0.00 .2321 0.892 Butane-N C4H10 58.1032 1.5567 2.91 .937 Carbon Dioxide CO2 44.11 .0881 1.0415 0.453 Sulphur Dioxide SO2 64.0887 0.03 .7908 2.00 .08 .967 Nitrous Oxide N2O 44.83 . ➁ Density is given for gas at 1 bar @ +0° C.0724 1.9359 1.1137 1.1738 2.0103 0.18 .070 Hydrogen Sulfide H2S 34.7572 1.376 Oxygen O2 32.1865 3.125 Methane CH4 16.3227 1.4076 1.02 .7 psia @ +70° F.2323 0. Average C6H14 86.520 Carbon Monoxide CO 28.01 .0725 1.071 Nitrogen N2 28.1761 0.588 Argon Ar 39.04 .899 Air – 28.967 Chlorine Cl2 70.0748 1.95 .9367 1.4681 1.00 .06 .554 Nitric Oxide NO 30.000 Ammonia NH3 17.038 Ethylene C2H4 28.2227 3. 18 .379 Bio Gas (65% Methane. 35% CO2) – 25.15 .1450 2.96 .3202 1.8510 1.1140 1.2740 1.105 Pentane C5H12 72.1363 0.0777 1.07 .491 Propane C3H8 44.0673 1.0440 0.1138 1.0724 1.8191 2.7491 0.05 .

99 450 232 422.91 66 19 0.30 43.34 1.57 0.50 52.72 61.97 620 327 1784.85 86 30 0.79 62.20 0.00 56.22 0.80 45.05 0.94 54 12 0.54 0.50 50.20 51.00 290 143 57.66 62.00 280 138 49.20 54.42 1.00 390 199 220.31 1.00 212 100 14.23 1.00 27.42 1.98 560 293 1131.42 62.89 61.50 53.77 130 54 2.70 160 71 4.34 0.85 0.98 0.83 58.19 1.00 430 221 343.32 0.79 0.32 19 .03 0.00 410 210 276.00 36.99 540 282 961.97 59.63 0.19 62.35 0.40 40.34 1.42 1.00 230 110 20.27 1.00 210 99 14.98 0.90 0.50 46. S.30 62.18 62.94 0.00 250 121 29.82 0.00 60.95 0.96 0.15 1.53 57.07 0.84 90 32 0.31 0.59 0.64 56.21 62.79 110 43 1.99 480 249 565.58 62.64 0.62 0.53 700 371 3090.92 62 17 0.82 0.78 120 49 1.27 1.23 54.68 170 77 6.31 1.80 0.00 380 193 195.66 0.99 0.98 0.18 57.44 705 374 3204.47 0.75 140 61 2.11 1.36 62.15 1.98 580 304 1324.62 62.14 0.81 0.13 59.96 680 360 2705.28 0.10 0.00 270 132 41.48 0.51 0.57 0.99 520 271 811.88 78 26 0.00 240 116 24.12 62.30 52.65 180 82 7.00 48.40 47.89 62.00 320 160 89.57 0.87 82 28 0.32 62. °F °C PSI lbs/ft3 °F °C PSI lbs/ft3 32 0 0.26 62.38 1.74 60.92 0.00 340 171 117.00 19.52 60.38 1.34 1.55 0.74 62.88 76 24 0.31 0.42 1.96 45 7 0.54 62.89 74 23 0.94 56 13 0.27 1.96 40 4 0.00 400 204 247.38 1.00 0.93 60 16 0.15 62.90 70 21 0.28 62.70 59.84 0.85 88 31 0.58 200 92 11.82 96 36 0.G.98 57.09 62.00 330 166 103.62 190 88 9.24 62.96 35 2 0.47 0.79 0.90 72 22 0.39 0.10 38.35 0.42 58.39 62.00 0.97 640 338 2057.00 260 127 65.91 68 20 0.00 420 216 308.34 62.00 360 182 152.60 56.13 0.28 61.82 94 34 0.98 600 316 1541.78 59.00 42.34 60.70 61.34 1.73 150 66 3.95 52 11 0.95 50 10 0.30 50.Properties: Density and Specific Gravity of Saturated Water Temperature Pressure Density Temperature Pressure Density S.23 1.70 62.87 80 27 0.19 1.22 62.92 55.53 55.97 660 349 2362.81 98 37 0.48 62.88 0.92 64 18 0.G.10 62.38 1.00 220 104 17.99 460 238 466.93 58 14 0.10 51.65 0.80 100 38 0.23 61.19 59.24 0.83 92 33 0.25 0.03 0.00 350 177 134.00 370 188 173.45 62.51 62.00 32.95 62.42 1.69 0.70 49.00 440 227 381.00 300 149 66.07 0.93 55.99 470 243 514.99 490 254 620.10 50.38 0.84 62.00 310 154 77.10 53.99 500 260 680.53 60.82 58.86 84 29 0.60 54.

007000 .02509 .03240 .002548 .01254 .004545 .005101 .340 900 482 .004950 .10 59.7359 1.001400 .01334 .42 62.01617 .46 61.1301 .1438 .39 61.07 58.02758 .03304 .6584 1.007780 .005998 .2960 .02334 .001376 .00 62.05928 .9075 1.06690 .05 56.01830 .82 56.005832 .001473 .00 62.54 62.58 20 .1413 .00 62.226 1000 538 .33 46.72 280 138 .04 62.20 180 82 .6366 .468 2.51 58.06013 .13 60.2664 .002399 .001235 .01401 .004002 .97 53.40 55.219 1.02628 .24 59.01139 .004672 .41 57.9537 1.002896 .003230 .00 62.001253 .007501 .005263 .37 62.50 62.42 62.08845 .693 700 371 .70 59.07152 .80 467.39 61.09042 .142 580 304 .96 281.5885 .69 58.01960 .242 Saturated Water 61.8633 1.1366 .004311 .23 62.3870 50.9728 1.09 61.73 61.04738 58.003294 .2579 .002434 .006885 .08 50.006175 .08140 .06584 .07982 .065 1.02713 .001182 .54 62.2389 .01313 .32 Tsat °F 101.01273 .46 62.1518 .315 920 493 .43 61.002300 .007119 .008944 .81 61.01 510.002901 61.08305 .31 55.003908 .61 60.15 62.4372 1.002154 .64 560 293 .03670 .006562 .008080 .001527 .001647 .001954 .66 56.20 500 260 .2084 54.37 62.2804 .03178 .46 62.1642 .00 62.07278 .02804 .39 61.07030 .04239 .09249 .002211 .57 60.04131 .009139 .23 62.3017 .02472 .02 327.9877 1.01914 .189 1.88 52.23 480 249 .7671 1.002334 .002998 .002999 .81 240 116 .72 60.71 400 204 .035 600 316 .03006 .55 58.1547 .03119 .6946 1.2462 .88 340 171 .004425 .006363 .002470 .08 440 227 .2500 .746 680 360 .94 57.7215 1.05764 .002624 .325 1.01 61.8019 1.002709 .01205 .4104 52.8413 1.96 61.3137 .94 60.03841 .01 61.1019 .01871 .02007 .13 61.13 60.1187 .98 52.03371 .47 54.008 48.9703 1.001499 .21 60.01183 .001585 .9413 1.1242 .73 61.001150 .08477 .1973 .99 51.002799 .7077 1.91 420 216 .1609 .603 47.42 62.2621 .31 220 104 .001354 .07683 .42 62.247 980 527 .2026 .13 51.01355 .04 58.002049 .8933 1.007242 .291 940 504 .025 1.57 57.02548 .1832 .3580 .3766 1.002472 .59 59.269 960 516 .02351 .002332 .008576 .003169 .07 162.02436 .01167 .001423 .004807 .14 300 149 .1107 56.002100 .007369 .1577 .13 60.01002 .42 62.84 61.37 62.60 59.01587 .367 880 471 .46 380 193 .82 53.2906 .02587 .37 62.003111 .1344 .23 62.1261 .01753 .88 140 60 .1750 .009343 .73 61.001555 .02902 .530 46.02223 .01378 .42 62.001750 .42 62.1047 .135 1.01557 .2709 .002847 .37 62.08 52.9128 1.006 1.28 59.02165 .03514 .06482 .01717 03441 .9377 1.02575 60.2755 .55 58.001826 .1876 .42 62.61 60.98 60.94 540 282 .002271 .871 640 338 .367 1.01791 .50 61.001333 .001787 .006086 .06800 .07408 .09696 .1923 .02953 .3202 .006774 .57 60.84 544.2257 .42 62.804 660 349 .01217 .58 62.97 58.001714 .01 61.9223 1.90 56.12 56.39 61.002713 .37 62.74 126.1155 .01529 .23 62.1464 .55 60.6263 .02420 .01449 .74 53.005755 .04352 .01151 .7840 1.07543 .002666 .31 62.39 61.006461 .63 56.3982 51.009781 .394 860 460 .02852 .001166 .5976 .003819 .42 62.001217 .12 520 271 .01235 .2355 .04885 59.01321 60.01079 .009557 .6820 1.6163 .287 1.42 62.003360 .75 200 93 .1676 .94 57.42 62.1224 .002545 .23 62.02057 .8870 1.003500 .6700 1.97 49.6068 .01649 .001866 .007927 .1172 .23 62.31 57.206 Saturated Steam .2425 .006666 .09938 .01280 .005435 60.58 160 71 .65 54.17 460 238 .01425 .008239 .01171 .002365 .002804 .3341 .42 100 38 62.2539 .56 54.01052 .04473 .02495 59.1790 .01108 .06101 .007638 .252 1.73 61.1140 57.27 62.161 1.1322 .06192 .2321 .488 800 427 .01 61.62 58.00 62.008756 .01682 .46 62.005752 .38 62.01293 .77 61.67 59.006268 .6473 .004203 .28 260 127 .73 61.82 381.005914 .02285 .8209 1.98 61.003054 .001312 .04978 .003653 .04602 57.58 62.001292 002584 .01360 .73 61.24 193.22 55.1490 .002628 .645 720 382 .42 62.02302 .04029 .7510 1.003575 .62 40 4 62.01475 .05845 .10 60.641 2.601 740 393 .24 60.002000 .1389 .62 60 16 62.415 2.17 59.2146 55.06382 .10 59.75 56.1175 .3496 .68 60.03061 .003429 .10 59.947 620 327 .42 57.1712 .01200 .54 320 160 .03590 .38 50.07830 .455 820 438 .02367 .001680 .002507 .08657 .37 62.078 1.001199 .01026 .34 57.4238 53.03933 .001448 .03753 09466 .2854 .01501 .1281 .01241 .3270 .06913 .02670 .002753 .002947 .63 48.21 227.001909 .1076 .19 120 49 .002402 .58 80 27 62.Properties: Density of Superheated Steam and Compressed Water Temperature Superheated Steam and Compressed Water Density lbm/ft3 1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 750 1000 °F °C PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA 32 0 62.77 59.3076 .37 54.02109 .087 1.2213 55.23 62.045 1.3670 1.424 840 449 .1206 .001615 .18 360 182 .111 1.02401 .42 62.008405 .001272 .00 62.523 780 416 .560 760 404 .57 60.42 62.3416 .003734 .02603 .07 62.004100 .005619 61.60 59.06286 .049 50.96 56.

7 45 .9 .7 22. 0 .5 0.3 C 2H 6 CRITICAL TEMPERATURE 0. the density of water at 60°F.80 0.8 .5 4 6 65 .80 29 .3 .00 .85.7 2 49 .86 0.1 .0 70 .0 .5 G 0. 82 .37 C 3H 8 8 0.6 8 6 59 4.88 1 5 19.4 .6 .90 Specific Gravity 0.9 .83.6 0.94 7 . The C₃H₈ = Propane specific gravity at 100°F = 0.7 8 37 0.6 58 76 .4.5 4 89 H 12 C5 0.92 10 .0 S – Specific Gravity of Oil at any Temperature (Referred to water at 60° F) Specific Gravity 0. Specific Gravity versus API Gravity (for hydrocarbon based products and water gravity °A.Properties: Specific Gravity of Petroleum Products Temperature Relationship for Petroleum Oils (Reproduced by permission from the Oil and Gas Journal) 1.04 API Gravity 1.7 33.74 6 41 .90 12.2 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Temp.7 0.I.7 .9 60/60 1. iC₅H₁₂ = Isopentane multiply the specific gravity of the oil at flowing temperature (see chart above) by 62. C₄H₁₀ = Butane To find the weight density of a petroleum oil at its flowing iC₄H₁₀ = Isobutane temperature when the specific gravity at 60°F is known.6 0 5 .60 141.00 0.7 . 564 .1 . *Reprinted from Crane Company’s Technical Paper 410.P.3 .5 °API = – 131.70 0.82 .96 .4 09 C4 C4 H 10 H 10 0.98 at 60° F 0.50 150 130 110 90 70 50 30 10 0 21 .0 .9 0. (°F) C₂H₆ = Ethane Example: The specific gravity of an oil at 60°F is 0.84 25.9 . 0. 6 24 .) °API 1. 0 .

8295 4.7997 3.9093 3.5905 1.1432 3.3853 0.1811 0 –18 0.2805 5.8805 5.0485 3.245 1.8171 1.6347 5.6368 2.3087 1.6184 Properties: Speed of Sound Gases m/sec ft/sec Vapors m/sec ft/sec air.7684 20 – 7 0.1728 3.2511 2.9608 3.4567 4.8088 2.0830 0.5567 100 38 0.7480 1.8174 320 160 0.0391 3.8464 5.4695 3.1744 2.0765 0.5652 1.4089 0. hydrogen iodide 157 515 hydrogen sulfide 289 948 illuminating (coal gas) 453 1486 methane 430 1411 neon 435 1427 nitric oxide 324 1063 nitrogen 334 1096 nitrous oxide 263 863 oxygen 316 1037 sulfur dioxide 213 699 22 .9144 4.4845 4.1078 2.059 3.0568 0.4234 2.3637 4.8798 4.3967 0.3654 2.8799 2.3529 3.8175 6.3949 3.71 2.4107 1.0641 0.6725 3.8432 1.6879 4.5231 2.9264 300 149 0.3013 3.7256 3.6898 1.7429 3.4405 2.8711 3.9265 160 71 0.8098 80 27 0.6321 4.7697 1.6553 2.6553 2.9156 2.1184 140 60 0.3547 0.4497 1.1529 1.092 60 16 0.5296 3.8432 3.4218 0.0529 5.5951 4.2547 4.9748 5.9327 1.3525 4.1202 1.7406 2.1424 3.0602 0.7509 180 82 0.4157 4.4803 3.4375 220 104 0.7502 5.0063 1.0417 4.5208 1.2191 4.1886 2.7906 2.1353 1.0949 0.6073 3.0497 0.5086 6.98 3.1875 1.3061 1.0974 2.Properties: Density of Air Temperature Air Density lbm/ft3 14.0510 0.7316 4.5815 1.1877 1.684 2.9375 2.4228 3.6488 1.9997 2.3274 120 49 0.3369 0.2288 2.0364 2.5347 4.4519 1.7599 2.4768 6.1954 4.9796 2.0523 2.409 40 4 0.5205 3.3339 2.264 1.4356 0.3897 2.0523 0.0041 1.0406 4.4503 0.3997 1.6577 5.5085 2.8985 4.7001 3.7665 4.5882 200 93 0.1658 260 127 0.4911 1.2992 3.7147 340 171 0.661 3.1569 3.5478 5.1382 6. hydrogen bromide 200 656 The speed of sound in vapors is measured at 206°F (97°C) except hydrogen chloride 206 676 water which is measured at 270°F (134°C).8308 6.0664 0.7953 4.3257 4.1594 5.857 4.6182 1.103 2.2258 5.0878 1.9315 7.2972 240 116 0.3456 0.0275 3.5227 3.5338 6.2666 3.2887 2.3745 0.3995 3.6266 3.7628 5.0325 1.5421 1.8006 3.9741 2.6698 2.0601 1.0866 0.0442 1.6311 2.1482 3.7136 1.5956 2.0621 0. dry 331 1086 acetone 230 755 ammonia 415 1362 benzene 202 663 argon 308 1010 carbon tetrachloride 145 476 carbon dioxide 259 850 chloroform 171 561 carbon monoxide 338 1109 ethanol 269 883 chlorine 206 676 ethyl ether 206 676 deuterium 890 2920 methanol 335 1099 ethane 308 1010 water 494 1621 ethylene 317 1040 helium 965 3166 hydrogen 1284 4213 Note: the speed of sound in gases is measured at 32°F (0°C) except ethane and nitric oxide which is measured at 50°F (10°C).0905 0.2948 2.6724 1.4829 0.0533 4.521 2.5349 1.3644 0.1666 2.0424 280 138 0.8013 2.0135 3.4546 2.6846 4.3388 1.0447 4.73 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 °F °C PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA –40 –40 0.871 1.1783 4.8668 2.0552 0.7081 1.2246 1.3737 1.8606 2.0687 0.2306 3.2444 3.4660 0.3511 1.5012 1.0893 1.7275 1.938 3.389 3.0737 0.9670 1.7551 3.0711 0.6439 4.5699 2.492 5.5051 7.9007 1.8779 3.4819 3.3239 3.0585 0.0797 0.0416 4.2031 6.0141 2.0537 0.7927 1.6632 –20 –29 0.

0 Benzoyl Chloride 75 24 19.0 Benzonitrile 68 20 26.9 Anisole 68 20 4.4 Ammonia -30 -34 22.0 Beef Talo 70 21 2.7 Bromodocosane 130 54 3.2 Amyl Acetate 68 20 5.8 Acetone 75 24 20.5 Amyl Nitrate 62 17 9.9 Azoxybenzene 104 40 5.3 Bromoproplonic Acid 68 20 11. Aqueous 70 21 16.7 Antimony Tricodide 347 175 13.4 Benzyl Salicylate 68 20 4.9 Boron Bromide 32 0 2.3 Benzil 202 95 13.5 Aniline 212 100 5.2 Bromotoluene 68 20 5. or determine the effect of a coating on the probe.8 Bromohexane 76 24 5.9 Bromotridecone 50 10 4.6 Ammonia 75 24 16.1 Benzylamine 68 20 4.0 Arsenic Trichloride 70 21 12.0 Acetylchloride 68 20 15.6 Bromobenzene 68 20 5.5 Benzene 68 20 2. This information can be used to help select a than 10.1 Amyl Chloride 52 11 6.4 Benzyl Cyanide 68 20 18.1 Ammonia -104 -75 25.6 Bromobutyric Acid 68 20 7. Temperature Dielectric Temperature Dielectric Liquids Liquids Constant °F °C Constant °F °C Acenaphthene 70 21 3.1 Amylmercapton 68 20 4.4 Benzyl Chloride 68 20 6.0 Amyl Bromide 50 10 6.8 Aliphatic Amine 195 90 7.1 Bromoform 68 20 4.3 Aniline 32 0 7.1 Allyl Alcohol 70 21 21.5 Benzyl Benzoate 68 20 4.8 Amylene Bromide 58 14 5.4 Amylene 70 21 2.4 Amyl Formate 66 19 5.1 Bromodecane 76 24 4.1 Acetic Acid 65 18 6.8 Bromohexadecane 76 24 3.7 Amyl Alcohol 140 60 11.0 Acetaldehyde 50 10 22.0 Bornyl Acetate 70 21 4.2 Bromine 68 20 3.0 Benzoylacetone 68 20 3.3 Alox 600 130 54 4.1 Antimony Tribromide 212 100 20.0 Bromoundecone 15 –9 4.8 Aniline 68 20 7.4 Alluminum Oleate 68 20 2.4 Acetal 70 21 3.5 Bromonaphtholene 66 19 5.3 Bromolsovoleric Acid 68 20 6.9 Acetone 80 27 20.2 Benzyl Alcohol 68 20 13.7 Bromo-2-Othoxypentane 76 24 6.0 Allyl Iodide 66 19 6.6 Amyl Alcohol 68 20 15.4 Acetylmethyl Hexyl Ketone 66 19 27.2 Amyl Ether 60 16 3.3 Bromoanisole 86 30 7. establish how much capacitance information your greater than 10.3 Aminox 275 135 2.9 Bromododocane 76 24 4.0 Allyl Bromide 66 19 7.5 Bromocotyl Bromide 68 20 12.1 BPA 68 20 5.7 Benzaldoxime 68 20 3.1 Benzonitrile 160 71 22.1 Benzyl Ethylamine 68 20 4.1 Amyl Iodide 62 17 6.6 Arsenic Triiodide 302 150 7. particular application will develop.5 Benzophenone 68 20 13.1 Amylamine 72 22 4.4 Arsenic Tribromide 98 37 9.6 Bromo-2-Ethoxyheptane 68 20 5.5 Amyl Benzoate 68 20 5.4 Bromoheptane 76 24 5.0 Acetic Anhydride 70 21 22.6 Ammonia.8 Acetonitrile 70 21 37.2 Bromopentaeocane 68 20 3.7 Benzaldehyde 68 20 17.7 Benzal Chloride 68 20 6.0 Bromobutylene 68 20 5.5 Anisoldoxine 145 63 9.3 Acetanilide 71 22 2.8 Bromooctodecane 86 30 3.7 Acetamide 68 20 4.8 Alluminum Bromide 212 100 3.8 Boronyl Chloride 202 95 5.0 Bromal 70 21 7.0 Acetylbromide 68 20 16. Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids This listing contains dielectric values for the most commonly Non-conductive materials are those with dielectric values less used materials.0 Benzyl Acetate 70 21 5.4 Acrylic Resin 70 20 3.6 Allyl Isothiocyanate 64 18 17.4 Amyl Thiocyanate 68 20 17. Conductive materials are those with dielectric values probe.3 Acetophenone 75 24 17.4 Benzyl Methylamine 67 19 4.0 Antimony Pentachloride 68 20 3.1 Bromoaniline 66 19 13.8 Benzophenone 122 50 11.9 Butane 30 –1 1.0 Acetoxime 75 24 3.2 Arsine -58 -50 2.4 Asphalt 75 24 2.0 Allyl Chloride 68 20 8.6 Amyl Alcohol -180 -118 35.2 Benzoyl Chloride 158 70 22.1 Anisaldehyde 68 20 15.0 N-Butylacetate 66 19 5.2 Antimony Trichloride 166 74 33.0 Acetylacetone 68 20 23.7 Acetaldoxime 70 21 3.0 Acetone 130 54 17.0 Azoxyanisole 122 50 2.9 Benzotrichloride 68 20 7.1 23 .

8 P-Cymene 63 17 2.7 Cyclopentane 68 20 2.2 Butyric Acid 68 20 2.6 Dibutyl tartrote 109 43 9.9 Diethyloniline 66 19 5.8 Caprylic Acid 65 18 3.7 Cholestrol 80 27 2.5 Dichlorocetic Acid 68 20 10.3 Butyl Chloride 68 20 9.8 Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acid 88 31 2.7 Cumaldehyde 59 15 11.) Temperature Dielectric Temperature Dielectric Liquids Constant Liquids Constant °F °C °F °C Iso-Butylacetate 68 20 5.7 Butyroldehyda 79 26 13.0 Chlorohydrate 68 20 3.1 Cyclohexane 68 20 2.2 Decylene 62 17 2.6 N-Butyl Formate 317 158 2.8 Dibromopropyl Alcohol 70 21 9.0 Diethyl-L-malate 68 20 9.7 Butylomine 70 21 5.1 Diethyl Di-malmate 64 18 10.5 Chlorohexanone oxime 192 89 3.1 Chlorobenzene 68 20 5.3 Dibromoethylene 32 0 7.6 Carveol 64 18 11.2 Camphene 68 20 2.0 Iso-Butylamine 70 21 4.2 Iso-Butyronitrile 75 24 20.8 Cinnamaldehyde 75 24 16.3 Carvenone 68 20 18.7 Chlorotoluene 68 20 4.0 Iso-Butyl Iodide 68 20 5.3 Carbon Tetrachloride 68 20 2.5 Crisco Oil 130 54 2.6 Castor Oil 58 14 4.8 Chlorocetic Acid 140 60 12.9 Creosol 62 17 10.8 Diethyl Ketone 58 14 17.1 1-Diethoxyethane 76 24 3.5 Cumene 68 20 2.0 Cyclohexanemethanol 140 60 9.5 Citranconic Anhydride 68 20 40.0 Cyanoethyl Acetate 68 20 19.3 O-Dichlorobenzone 77 25 7.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.3 M-Cresol 75 24 5.6 Cresol 75 24 5.0 Iso-Butyl Alcohol 112 45 31.9 Dibenzylomine 68 20 3.0 Butyronitrile 70 21 20.3 P-Dibromobenzene 190 88 4.8 Chlorooctane 76 24 5.1 Decane 340 171 1.4 Cyclohedane 68 20 2.8 Camphene 104 40 2.2 Deuterium Oxide 76 24 78.0 Dibenzyl Sebacate 68 20 4.5 P-Cresol 75 24 5.2 N-Butyl Alcohol 66 19 7.5 Camphorpinacane 68 20 3.1 1.7 O-Cresol 75 24 5.9 Chromyl Chloride 68 20 2.3 Dibromoheptane 76 24 5.0 Butyric Anhydride 68 20 12.2 Cymene 62 17 2.7 Cetyl Iodide 68 20 3.0 P-Dichlorobenzone 68 20 2.6 Diethyl Malanate 70 21 7.5 Chloronophtholene 76 24 5.1 Castor Oil 75 24 2.6 Cyanoacetic Acid 40 4 33.6 Deuterium 68 20 1.7 Dichloroethane 68 20 16. Dihydroxprone 68 20 31.5 Dibromobutane 68 20 5.5 3-Chloro-1.0 Iso-Butyric Acid 68 20 2.0 Butyl Chlorol 64 18 10.5 Dibutyl sebacote 86 30 4.0 Iso-Butyl Alochol 32 0 20.4 Chloroheptane 71 22 5.3 N-Butyricacid 68 20 2.1 N-Butyl Bromide 68 20 6.7 Dibutyl phtolote 86 30 6.3 Diethyl Benzalmalamate 32 0 8.6 Chlorobenzene 212 100 4.9 Carvone 71 22 11.8 Diethyl Disulfide 64 18 15.0 Dichlorobenzene 127 53 2.3 Chloroacetone 68 20 29.8 Cyclohexylomine –5 –21 5.7 Cumicaldehyde 58 14 10.6 Decamethyltetrasiloxane 68 20 2.7 Chloral Hydrate 59 15 5.5 Camphoric Imide 480 249 5.4 Caproic Acid 160 71 2.8 Dibroheptane 24 -4 5.6 Dicyclohexyladipate 95 35 4.7 Dichlorotoluene 68 20 6.9 24 .1 Chlorine 32 0 2.2 Carbon Dioxide -110 -80 2.6 Cyanogen 73 23 2.4 Iso-Butyl Alcohol 68 20 18.6 Dibromobenzene 68 20 8.4 Cyclohexanone 68 20 18.3 Camphanedione 398 203 16.2 Diallyl Sufide 68 20 4.6 Decyne 68 20 2.4 Cupric Oxide 60 16 18.2 O-Dichlorobenzene 68 20 7.9 Cyclohexanol 77 25 15.9 Cyclohexanone oxime 192 89 3.0 Dibromohexane 76 24 5.0 N-Butyl Iodide 77 25 6.7 Cyclohexyltrifluoromethane -120 -84 11.0 Decahydronaphthalene 68 20 2.9 O-Chlorophenol 66 19 8.8 Crotonic Nitrice 68 20 28.7 Carbon Dioxide 32 0 1.9 Cyclohexylphenol 130 54 4.0 Dibromopropane 68 20 4.4 Chlorocyclohexane 76 24 7.6 Iso-Butyl Nitrate 66 19 11.0 Butyric Anhydride 68 20 12.0 Caprolactum 180 82 13.5 Dibromomethane 50 10 7.4 Diacetoxybutane 76 24 6.0 Chloroocelle Acid 68 20 21.0 Dichlorocotone 68 20 14. 2-Dichloroethane 77 25 10.2 Copper Oleate 68 20 2.7 Chloroform 32 0 5.0 Cocaine 68 20 3.1 Decanol 68 20 8.6 Diethyl Glutarate 86 30 6.6 Decane 68 20 2.6 Chorine 170 77 1.3 Cable Oil 75 24 2.7 Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane 68 20 2.1 Carbon Disulfide 68 20 2.9 Dichlorostyrene 76 24 2.8 Cis-3-Hexene 76 24 2.

1 Ethyl Acetoneoxalate 66 19 16.0 Ferrous Sulfate 58 14 14.6 Ethyl Polmitate 68 20 3.1 Dimethylbromoethylene 68 20 6.6 Dodecamethylpentasiloxane 68 20 2.5 Dioxane 1.4 Diethyl Oxalate 70 21 8.1 Diphenylethane 230 110 2.6 Diimylamine 64 18 2.3 Ethyl Iso-Thioconate 68 20 19.5 Ethyl Benzene 68 0 5.2 Ethyl Acetoacetate 71 22 15.7 Ethyl Chloracetate 68 20 11.7 Ethyl Benzoylacetate 68 20 12.6 Ferric Oleate 68 20 2.2 Ethyl Undeconoate 68 20 3.0 Dimethyl Ethyl Carbinol 68 20 11.7 Diethyl Succinosuccinate 66 19 2.9 Ethyloniline 68 20 5.6 Ethyl Solicylate 70 21 8.1 Dodecyne 76 24 2.7 Dodecamethylcyclohexisolox 68 20 2.4 Dimethyl-2-hexane 68 20 2.1 Diethyl Racemote 68 20 4.4 Ethyl Cinnamate 66 19 5.0 Ethyl Benzene 76 24 3.8 Dihydrocorvane 66 19 8.6 Ethoxypentane 73 23 3.2 Ethyl Stearate 104 40 3.0 Ethyl Alcohol 77 25 24.2 Ethyl Amyl Ether 68 20 4.7 Diproppylomine 70 21 2.5 Ethyl Silicate 68 20 4.9 Docosane 122 50 2.5 Ethyl Benzoylacetoacetate 70 21 8.9 Flexol 75 24 5.0 Dihydrocoroane 66 19 8.5 Ethyl Propionate 68 20 5.3 Ethoxynaphthalene 66 19 3.7 Diphenylomine 125 52 3.3 Ethyl Levulinate 70 21 12.7 Diphenyl 166 74 2.6 Ethonediomine 68 20 14.0 Ethyl Ether –40 –40 5.0 Ethyl Phenylacetate 70 21 5.2 Ethoxy-3-metylbutane 68 20 4.3 Ethyl Bromoisobutyrate 68 20 7.9 Ethyl Volerate 68 20 4.0 Dimethyl Malanate 68 20 10.4 Ethyl Toluene 76 24 2.0 Diphenylmethane 62 17 2.1 Dimethyl Sulfate 68 20 55.6 Dimethyldichloro Silane 68 20 12.8 Diioomylene 62 17 2.) Temperature Dielectric Temperature Dielectric Liquids Constant Liquids Constant °F °C °F °C Diethylamine 68 20 3.0 Ethyl Bromoproprionate 68 20 9.6 Ethanethiol 58 14 6.3 Diethyl Sulfide 68 20 7.3 M-Dinitro Benzene 68 20 2.5 Ethyl Benzyl Ether 68 20 3.1 Dimethoxybenzene 73 23 4.8 Dipentene 68 20.5 Ethyl Formylphenylacetate 68 20 3.1 Ethoxybenzene 68 20 4.7 D imethyltoluidine 68 20 3.9 Ethyl Oleate 80 27 3.3 Diethyl Succinate 86 30 6.9 Ethyl Dodeconoate 68 20 3.9 Ethyl Mercoptan 68 20 8.0 Dimethylquinoxaline 76 24 2.5 Ethyl Isothiocyanate 68 20 19.4 Diisobutylomine 71 22 2.0 Ethanol 77 25 24.5 Ethylamine 70 21 6.8 Ethyl Ethoxybenzoate 70 21 7.6 Ethyl Formate 66 19 8.7 Ethanethiolic Acid 68 20 13.4 Ethylene Cyanide 136 58 58.5 Ethyl Carbonate 68 20 3.4 Ethyl Maleate 73 23 8.4 Dinitrogen Tetroxide 58 14 2.3 Dimethyleyclohexyomine 180 82 4.4 Dipolmitin 161 72 3.2 Ethyl Iodide 68 20 7.3 Dimethyl Oxalate 68 20 3.2 Fenchone 68 20 12.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.0 Dimethylpentane 68 20 1.9 Ethyl Benzoate 68 20 6.5 Ethyl Acetophenoneoxalate 66 19 3.3 Ethyl Pentane 68 20 1.3 Flourine -332 -20 1.7 Ethyl Cyanoacetate 68 20 27.3 Ethyl Chloroformate 68 20 11.8 Epon Resin 75 24 13.7 Ethyl Butyrate 68 20 5.3 Ethyl Ether 68 20 4.5 Dimethyl-1-Hydroxybenzene 62 17 4.8 Ethylene Chlorohydrin 75 24 25.4 Ethylene Chloride 68 20 10.2 Distearin 172 78 3.1 Ethyl Fumorate 73 23 6.3 Diethyl Sebacate 86 30 5.2 Ethoxytoluene 68 20 3.3 Ethyl Ether –148 –100 8.3 Dimethyl Ethyl 68 20 11.9 Diethyl Tortrate 68 20 4.4 Ethyl Chloropropionate 68 20 10.5 Ethyl 2-Iodoproprionate 68 20 8.2 Epichlorohydrin 68 20 22.5 25 .9 Diiodomethane 76 24 5.9 Ethyl Trichloroacetate 68 20 7.3 Ethylene Oxide 30 –1 13.9 Dimethyl Sulfide 68 20 6. 2.3 Ethyl Thiocyanate 68 20 29.4 Ethyl 1-Brombutyrate 68 20 8.0 Ethylenediamine 64 18 16.5 Ether 75 25 4.0 Dimethylheptane 68 20 1.6 Ethyl Nitrate 68 20 19.6 Ferrous Oxide 60 16 14.4 Dodeanol 76 24 6.5 Diphenyl Ether 82 28 3.0 Dowtherm 70 21 3.2 Dipropyl Ketone 62 17 12.0 Ethyl Bromide 64 18 4.0 Ethoxyethyl Acetate 86 30 7.0 Dioctyl phthalate 76 24 5.7 Ethyl Cyclobutane 68 20 2.7 Ethyl Acetate 68 20 6.0 Diethyl Sulfite 68 20 15.6 Ethyl Acrylate 257 125 11.1 Dimethyloniline 68 20 4.9 Diisoomyl 62 17 2.5 Diethyl Disulfide 66 19 15.3 Etibine –58 –50 2.4 77 25 2.9 Ethylene Glycol 68 20 37.1 Dinitrogen Oxide 32 0 1.3 Eugenol 64 18 6.9 Diethyl Oxalacetate 66 19 6.0 Diiodoethylene 180 82 4.

6 Lead Tetrachloride 68 20 2.1 Isoamyl Propionate 68 20 4.6 Iodoheptane 71 22 4.3 Lead Carbonate 60 16 18.3 Hydrofluoric Acid 32 0 83.0 Hydrogen Iodide 72 22 2.7 Isoamyl Chloride 64 18 6.0 Mannitol 71 22 3.2 Methallmine 77 25 9.4 Methane 32 0 1.3 Freon 113 70 21 2.5 Freon 11 70 21 3.5 Isobutyl Alcohol 68 20 18.7 Hexamethylene Diamine 150 66 6.0 Lemon Oil 70 21 2.7 Glycerol Triacetate 70 21 6.6 Methyl Alcohol 68 20 33.9 Isobutyl Bromide 68 20 6.0 Hydrogen Chloride 82 28 4.2 Mandenitrile 73 23 17.3 Isoamyl Butyrate 68 20 3.4 Maleic Anhydride 140 60 51.6 Formamide 68 20 84.3 Hagemannic Ester 68 20 10.4 Heptyl Alcohol 70 21 6.6 Isobutryic Anhydride 68 20 13.2 Isobutryic Acid 68 20 2.9 Heptane 68 20 1.0 Isobutyronitrila 75 24 20.0 Isocopronitrilo 68 20 15.8 Methylal 68 20 2.9 Lactonitrilla 68 20 38.4 Isobutyl Chloride 68 20 7.0 Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) 68 20 18.0 Isobutyl Nitrate 66 19 11.1 Jet Fuel (Military—JP4) 70 21 1.9 Hexdecamethylcyloheptasiloxane 68 20 2.3 Isoamyl Alcohol 74 23 15.4 Iodine 284 140 11.) Temperature Dielectric Temperature Dielectric Liquids Constant Liquids Constant °F °C °F °C Fluorotoluene 86 30 4.2 Isobutyl Rininoleate 70 21 4.4 Indanol 140 60 7.4 Hydroxymethylene Camphor 86 30 5.8 Glycerol 68 20 43.4 Methyl Benzoate 68 20 6.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.4 Hexanol 76 24 13.4 Methyl Alcohol –112 –80 56.7 Lead Oleate 64 18 3.3 Hydrazine 68 20 52.8 Lonone 65 18 10.9 Glycerol 32 0 47.8 Menthenol 110 43 2.6 Iodotoluene 68 20 6.8 Hexomethyldisiloxane 68 20 2.2 Methylamine 70 21 10.0 Furmanium Tetrachloride 76 24 2.9 Hydrogen Bromide 76 24 3.3 Gasoline 70 21 2.9 Mandelic Nitrile 73 23 18.6 Isonofrol 70 21 3.5 Iodooctane 76 24 4.0 Isobutyl Acetate 68 20 5.6 Linseed Oil 55 13 3.6 Lead Nomoxide 60 16 25.1 Methyl Acetate 68 20 7.2 Linoleic Acid 32 0 2.0 Hydrogen Cyanide 70 21 95.6 26 .3 Hydrocyanic Acid 70 21 2.9 Isobutylene Bromide 68 20 4.6 Furfuraldehyde 68 20 41.4 Iodohexane 68 20 5.9 Isoquinoline 76 24 10.9 Isopropyl Nitrate 66 19 11.8 Hexylene 62 17 2.5 Helium-3 58 14 1.4 Hydroxymethylenebenzyl Cyanide 68 20 6 Mercury Diethyl 68 20 2.7 Heptanoic Acid 160 71 2.5 Grapeseed Oil 60 16 2.6 Isobutyl Benzoate 68 20 5.9 Methyl Acetopheononoaxalate 64 18 2.3 Menthol 107 42 4.1 Isopropyl Benzene 68 20 2.3 Methoxytoluene 68 20 3.2 Methoxyethyl Stearate 140 60 3.4 Isobutylamine 70 21 4.0 Hydrogen Sulfide 48 9 5.2 Isoamyl Volerate 66 20 3.5 Isoamyl Iodide 65 18 5.0 Methanol 77 25 33.3 Isopropylether 77 25 3.1 Isobutyl Benzene 62 17 2.7 Iodomethane 68 20 7.4 Hexane 68 20 1.1 Furfural 70 21 42.0 Glycerine 68 20 47.8 Isoamyl Chlorocetate 68 20 7.0 Methal Cyanacetate 69 21 29.7 IsoValeric Acid 68 20 2.8 Methyl Alcohol 32 0 37.7 Glucohepititol 248 120 27.2 Germanium Tetrachloride 77 25 2.3 Limonene 68 20 2.9 Furan 76 24 2.6 Isoamyl Chloroformate 68 20 7.5 Heptanone 68 20 11.2 Lactic Acid 66 19 19.0 Isobutyl Volerate 66 19 3.7 Hexamethylene 75 24 14.0 Isobutyl Chloroformate 68 20 9.4 Hydrogen -423 -253 1.9 Isobutyl Bulyrate 68 20 4.9 Mesitylene 68 20 2.0 Isobutyl Iodide 68 20 5.4 Heptadecconome 140 60 5.0 Hydrogen Sulfide –120 –84 9.6 Isopropylamine 68 20 5.6 Malonic Nitrate 97 36 47.1 Hexanone 59 15 14.6 Glycol 122 50 35.0 Isoamyl Bromide 76 24 6.4 Ido-Iedohexodecane 68 20 3.6 Methoxy-4-Methylphenol 60 16 11.0 Hydrogen Fluoride 32 0 84.0 Isobutyl Cyanide 74 23 13.5 Isoamyl Solicylate 68 20 5.0 Kerosene 70 21 1.8 Glycol 68 20 42.5 Mesityl Oxide 68 20 15.8 Mesitylene 68 20 3.9 Glycolic Nitrile 68 20 27.2 Hexyl Iodide 68 20 6.8 Guaiacol 0 –18 11.7 Freon 12 70 21 2.1 Methoxybenzene 76 24 4.1 Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2-Pentanone 76 24 18.1 Hydrogen Peroxide 32 0 84.9 Methane -280 -173 1.6 Formic Acid 60 16 58.4 Isobutyl Formate 66 18 6.

3 Octylene 65 18 4.7 Monopalmitin 152 67 5.7 Methyl O-Methoxybenzoate 70 21 7.3 Methylene Iodide 70 21 5.5 Mineral Oil 80 27 2.1 27 . Peanut 52 11 3.7 Octane 76 24 2. Lemon 70 21 2.2 O-Chlorophenol 66 19 8.3 Nitromethane 68 20 39.8 Phenetidine 70 21 7.3 Phenol Ether 85 29 9.3 Nitrosyl Chloride 10 -12 18. 4-Pentonddiol 86 30 24.5 Methyl Iodide 68 20 7.9 Nonane 68 20 2.1 Phenylisocyanate 68 20 8.6 Propyl Formate 66 19 7.0 Oil.1 Quinoline 77 25 9.9 Nitrobenzene 68 20 36. Sesame 55 13 3.3 Propionic Acid 66 19 3.2 Methyl Ethyl Ketone 72 22 18. Cottonseed 57 14 3.4 Nitroenisole 68 20 24.3 Pseudocumene 60 16 2.6 Nitrobenzene 77 25 34.7 Nitrobenzol Doxime 248 120 48. Pyranol 68 20 5.5 Propyl Acetate 68 20 6. Olive 68 20 3.6 Oil.9 Palmitic Acid 160 71 2.0 Pinane 68 20 2.2 Propyl Propionate 68 20 4.0 Phenenthrene 230 110 2.1 Piperidine 68 20 5.0 Oil.4 Propyl Alcohol 68 20 21.8 Nitric Acid 57 14 40.9 Oil.5 Phenylsolicylate 122 50 6.3 Oil.4 Propyl Butyrate 68 20 4. Paraffin 68 20 2.0 Phenethiene 68 20 2.0 Pentane 68 20 1.0 Methyl Ether 78 26 5. Petroleum 68 20 2.0 Nitroethane 68 20 19.3 Phenylacetaldehyde 68 20. Almond 68 20 2.0 Propyl Bromide 68 20 7.4 Oil. Terpentine 68 20 2.0 Phenylacetanitrile 80 27 18.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.9 Propionoldehyde 62 17 18.3 Pulegone 68 20 9.2 Methyl Ethyl Ketoxime 68 20 3.5 Octane 68 20 2.9 Monomyristin 158 70 6.0 Pulezone 66 19 9.0 Propyl Benzene 68 20 2.2 Nitrosyl Bromide 4 -16 13.7 Nanene 50 10 2.1 Napthalene 68 20 2.0 Octyl Iodide 68 20 4. 4.5 Methyl Hexane 68 20 1.2 Nitrotoluene 68 20 25.9 Quinoline 460 238 5.0 Methyl Volorate 66 19 4.5 Methyl-2-Pentoene 68 21 13.0 Propionic Anhydride 60 16 18.1 Propane 32 0 1.4 Pyroanol Oil 68 20 5.7 Monostearin 170 77 4.4 Nitrosodimethylamine 68 20 54.2–4.9 Oil.2 Propyl Cholorformate 68 20 11.5 Phenylethyl Acetate 58 14 4.4 Phtholide 166 75 36.3 Napthonitrile 70 21 6.9 Nitrobenzene 176 80 26.0 Octamethyltrisiloxane 68 20 2.4 Methyl Cyclohexonal 68 20 13.8 Phenoxyacetylene 76 24 4.0 Pentochloroethane 60 16 3.7 Methyl Cyclopentane 68 20 2.4 Nitrous Oxide 32 0 1.8 Methyl p-toluate 91 33 4.0 Propyl Ether 78 26 3.9 Oil.8 Oil.0 Oil.8 Methylphenyl Hydrazin 66 19 7.5 Octyl Alcohol 64 18 3.8 Methyl Butyl Ketone 62 17 12.1 Nitrobenzyl Alcohol 68 20 22.5 Methyl Butane 68 20 1.4 Oil.1 Phenyliso-Thiocyanate 68 20 10.1 Methyl Cyclohexanone 192 89 18.0 Methyl-1-Cyclopentanol 95 35 6.0 Pinocone 75 24 7.4 Phenol Isobuthyl 85 29 14.7 Paraldehyde 68 20 14. Sperm 68 20 3.7 Propionitrile 68 20 27.1 Oil.0 Metilox 160 71 4.8 Nitroglycerin 68 20 19.3 Phenylethanol 68 20 13.7 Octadecanol 136 58 3.7 Methyl Nitrobenzoate 80 27 27.3 Oleic Acid 68 20 2.3 Methyl-2.0 Propyl Nitrate 64 18 14.4 Octanone 68 20 10.1 Peanut Oil 110 43 3.7 Nitrogen -203 -130 1.2 Methyl Heptanol 68 20 5.0 Methyl Thiocyanate 68 20 35.3 Methyl Chloride 77 25 12.3 Methyl Kezyl Ketone 62 17 10. Transformer 68 20 2.0 Napthtyl Ethyl Ether 67 19 3.8 Methyl Octane 69 21 30.8 Methyl Salicylate 68 20 9.1 Methyl Butyrate 68 20 5. Grapeseed 61 16 2.9 Phenyl-1-Iropane 68 20 2.4 Oil.9 Methyl Propyl Ketone 58 14 16.9 Methyl Chloracetate 68 20 12.8 Phenylacetic 68 20 3.4 Propyl Volerate 65 18 4.0 Phosphine –76 –60 2.3 Phosgene 32 0 4.5 Methyl-5 Ketocyclohexylene 68 20 24.9 Phenylacetate 68 20 6.8 Methoxyphenol 82 28 11.4 Phenetole 70 21 4.0 Oil.8 Methyl Propionate 66 19 5.3 Phosphorus 93 34 4.1 Phenol 130 54 8.2 Pinocolin 62 17 12.1 Pyridine 68 20 12.5 Napthalene 185 85 2.9 Methyl Trichloro Silane 68 20 6.1 Methylene Chloride 70 20 9.4 Octic Acid 68 20 2.) Temperature Dielectric Temperature Dielectric Liquids Constant Liquids Constant °F °C °F °C Methyl Benzylamine 65 18 4. Linseed 55 13 3.

0 Vanadium Tetrachloride 78 26 3.6 Triethylamine 75 24 2.0 Toluene 68 20 2.2 Tetraethyl Propane Tetracarboxylate 66 19 5.0 Sulfuric Oxychloride 72 22 9.4 Tricosyl Phosphate 104 40 6.2 Tetradecamethylcycloheptas 68 20 2.9 28 .4 Thioacetic Acid 68 20 13.5 Tallowamine 108 42 2.9 Tin Tetrochloride 68 20 2.5 Xylidine 68 20 5.0 Wax 100 38 7.0 Thionyl Chloride 68 20 9.5 Xylenol 62 17 3.0 Santowax 70 21 2.9 Terpinene 70 21 2.0 Tartaric Acid 58 14 35.5 Thiophosphoryl Chloride 70 21 5.1 Vegetable Oil 100 38 4.4 Triethylamine 39 4 2.2 Vanadium Oxychloride 78 26 3.4 Trimethyl-3-Heptane 68 20 2.9 Sulfur 752 400 3.7 Tetratriocontadiene 70 21 2.5 Trimethylborate 68 20 8.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Liquids (cont.9 Succinamide 72 22 2.9 Tolyl Methyl Ether 68 20 3.8 Water 68 20 80. DI) 68 20 12–15 Toluidine 68 20 6.2 Valeric Acid 62 17 2.0 Triethylomine 39 4 2.0 Sulfur Trioxide 70 21 3.6 Triethyl Aluminum 68 20 2.8 Xylene 68 20 2.4 Tetradecanal 100 38 4.9 Sulfurous Oxychloride 72 22 9.5 Tolunitrile 73 23 18.0 Sodium Hydroxide 70 20 80.4 Stannic Chloride 72 22 3.7 Trichlorotoluene 70 21 6.9 Trinitrotoluene 68 20 22.0 Trimethylpentane 68 20 2.0 Valeronitrile 70 21 17.2 Transmission Oil 80 27 2.2 Tetrachloroethylene 70 21 2.1 Trifluorotoluene 86 30 9.3 Triethyl Ethanetricarbox 66 19 6.9 Tripolmitin 140 60 2.0 Thujone 32 0 10.5 Trichloroethylene 61 16 3.6 Trinitrobenzene 68 20 2.8 Trifluoroactic Acid 68 20 39.1 Trifluoroacetic Acid 68 20 39.4 Urethane 74 23 3.4 Totane 111 44 5.0 Trans-3-Hexane 76 24 2.8 Veratrol 73 23 4.6 Tetrahydro-B-Naphthol 68 20 11.2 Sesame Oil 55 13 3.1 Triolein 76 24 3.8 Tetraethyl Propylene Tetracarboxylate 66 19 5.9 Sulfuric Acid 68 20 84.9 Water 32 0 88.4 Triethylamine 70 21 3.2 Sulfuryl Chloride 72 22 10.2 Trichloropropane 76 24 2.4 Silicon Tetrachloride 60 16 2.2 Sulfur Dioxide -4 -20 17.5 Terpineol 68 20 2.2 Sulfur Dioxide 32 0 15.0 Salicyladehyde 68 20 13.4 Stearic Acid 71 160 2.3 Vegetable Oil 230 110 3.6 Tetronitrimethane 68 20 2.7 Triphenylmethane 212 100 2.3 Sulfur 245 118 3.5 Selenium 482 250 5.2 Trimethylsulfanilic Acid 64 18 89.2 Sulfur Monochloride 58 14 4.5 Turpentine 68 20 2.5 Tetraethyl Amylenetetrarar 66 189 4.2 Trichloroethane 68 20 7.2 Valaraldehyde 58 14 11.4 Tributylphosphate 86 30 8.) Temperature Dielectric Temperature Dielectric Liquids Constant Liquids Constant °F °C °F °C Safrol 70 21 3.0 Styrene (phenylethene) 77 25 2.7 Undecane 68 20 2.0 Trinitrotoluene 69 21 22.0 Water 212 100 48.4 Succinic Acid 78 26 2.6 Trimethylbutane 68 20 1.4 Trimethylbenzene 68 20 2.0 Tetraethyl Silicate 68 20 4.0 Titanium Tetrochloride 68 20 2.9 Sorbitol 176 80 33.0 Sulfur Trioxide 64 18 3.8 Tetrobromiethone 68 20 7.8 Vinyl Ether 68 20 3.7 Urea 71 22 3.8 Vanadium Oxybromide 78 26 3.5 Sodium Oleate 68 20 2.3 Tricosanane 176 80 4.1 Undecanone 58 14 8.2 Tartaric Acid 68 20 6.0 Thionyl Bromide 68 20 9.0 Transformer Oil 68 20 2.8 Tistearin 158 70 2.3 Thiophene 68 20 2.1 Triethyl Isoaconitate 68 20 7.0 Trichloroacetic Acid 141 61 4.9 Triethyl Aconitate 68 20 6.4 Water (Ultra-Clean.0 Tribomopropane 68 20 6.

3 Ammonium Chloride 7.7 Thorium Oxide 10.8 Rubber 3.4 Cement 1.9 Cellulose Acetate 3.4 Lead Nomoxide 25.5 Bakelite 5.2 Slate 7.5–2.0–5.8 Ammonium Bromide 7.9 Tantalum Oxide 11.6 Barium Nitrate 5.4 Potassium Carbonate 5.3 Iodine 4.7 Silver Chloride 11.2 Cereals 3.6 Lead Sulfate 14.0 Calcium Carbonate 9.6 Malachite 7.0 Potassium Aluminum Sulphate 3.1 Paraffin 2.4 Zinc Sulfide 8.0–5.3 Shellac 3.1 Potassium Chloronate 7.9 Magnesium Oxide 9.0 Barium Chloride 11.0 Zirconium Oxide 12.2 Sodium Carbonate 5.8 Lead Chloride 4.5 Teflon 2.0 Fly Ash 1.2 Lead Carbonate 18.2 Diphenylethane 2.3 Thallium Chloride 46.1 Barium Sulfate 11.0 Cupric Sulfate 10.2 Mica 7.6 Potassium Nitrate 5.5 Sodium Nitrate 5.1 Selinium 11.2 Urea 3.0–5.5 Charcoal 1.3 Phosphorus.0 Phosphorus.0 Asphalt 2.1 Antimony Trichloride 5.7–4.6 Sodium Carbonate 8.0 Acetic Acid 4.8 Paper 2.4 Glass 3. Red 4.3 Lead Oxide 25.7 Polypropylene 1.8 Barium Chloride 9.4 Potassium Chloride 5.1 Sodium Oleate 2.4 Lead Nitrate 37.0 Nylon 3.8 Potassium Chlorate 5.2 Dolomite 8.3 Sucrose 3.8 Polyethylene 4.7 Sugar 3.0 Phenonthrene 2.2 Aluminum Phosphate 6.1 Resorcinol 3.4 Potassium Iodide 5.0 Cupric Oleafe 2.6 Asbestos 4.Properties: Dielectric Constants of Solids Dielectric Dielectric Material Constant Material Constant Acetamide 41.5 Napthalane 2.0 29 .6 Ferrous Oxide 14.1 Lead Acetate 2.8 Sand 3.0 Cellulose 4.2 Sodium Perchlorate 5.0 Mercuric Chloride 3.0 Silver Cyanide 5.5 Quartz 4.2 P-Toluidine 3.2 Phenol 4.3 Calcium Fluoride 7.6 Calcium Sulfate 5.6–7.5 Mercurous Chloride 9.0 Porcelain 5.0 Silver Bromide 12.7 Acetanilide 2.0 Lead Oleate 3.0 Rice 3.0–7.0 Potassium Sulfate 5.5 Diamond 10. Yellow 3.9 Sulfur 3.2–1.0 Sodium Chloride 6.0 Cupric Oxide 18.9–2.

015 centipoise.555 T + C )( )T To .012 Fluid Values of “C” O2 127 Air 120 .015 . in centipoise at temperature T.010 . the curves for all other gases (except helium) in the chart are based upon Sutherland’s formula. in degrees Rankine (460 + deg.007 -40 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit 30 . in degrees Rankine. .011 . .016 centipoise.016 SO µ – Viscosity in Centipoise 2 . T = absolute temperature. in centipoise at temperature To.008 N2 111 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 CO2 240 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit CO 118 SO2 416 NH3 370 H2 72 Viscosity of Refrigerant Vapors Upper chart example: The viscosity of sulphur dioxide gas (saturated and superheated vapors) (SO2) at 200°F (93°C) is 0. For gases given on this page.032 µo = viscosity. SO2 .013 F-11 I C CH 3 .Properties: Viscosity of Gases and Vapors The curves for hydrocarbon vapors and natural gases in the Viscosity of various gases chart at the upper right are taken from Maxwell.028 Sg = .019 CO 2 . the correction of viscosi- ty for pressure is less than 10% for pressures up to 500 pounds H2 per square inch.012 F -114 -1 1 3 F . .00 GASES C = Sutherland’s constant.018 Lower chart example: The viscosity of carbon dioxide gas (CO2) at about 80°F (26.75 AND NATURAL viscosity is known.020 gases. . .009 .5 HYDRO CARBON NH3 VAPOR To = absolute temperature. Note: The variation of viscosity with pressure is small for most .014 F-12 . for which CO Sg = .036 where: N2 CO2 µ = viscosity.008 NH 3 .024 Sg =1. F) µ – Viscosity in Centipose for which viscosity is desired.555 To + C 0.017 .040 Helium Air . as follows: Viscosity of Various Gases O2 ³⁄₂ µ = µo (0.7°) is 0.016 Approximate .

..013 .......131 .026 ..132 350 (177) .....300 ...........0 3.......018 ..015 ..C₂H₅OH .299 1......09 .... 10% Calcium Chloride Brine . Ammonia .............012 ...184 250 (121) ..05 .....017 ........013 ......299 1.......015 .300 ..CH₃CI 15 4...028 ..299 1..023 ..025 ..029 .028 ....753 1......012 .........680 ..014 ......299 1.....024 .300 ......013 .........014 .680 ...021 .... Freon 12 ..228 ..029 .....022 .011 ....524 ........010 .010 .300 ..021 ................018 ..10% NaCl . 10 6....021 . Freon 11 .029 ...024 ..030 ..030 . Freon 113 .111 .....9 µ – Viscosity in Centipoise ......025 .024 ..255 ...025 .016 .....183 ..182 ................030 ...427 ..153 ..011 ...299 1.....020 .016 .......20% NaCl ...680 ..030 ..028 850 (454) ....197 .026 .015 .....019 .152 ..022 ...026 ..08 17.............07 18.019 .......427 .028 ....024 ..014 .....7 6 7....680 .....023 .028 .....023 600 (316) ......022 ..018 .299 ....015 ....024 650 (343) ....030 900 (482) .....025 .....018 .....025 700 (371) .....019 ..........301 150 ( 66) ..753 1..667 .154 300 (149) .019 ..0 9 2.....014 .019 ....8) .... Methyl Chloride .......138 .229 200 ( 93) .....763 1.. Freon 114 .....014 .03 -40 0 40 80 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit 31 .015 .............016 ...... Mercury ...029 .....300 .....020 .....0 7 5.015 .025 ....Hg ...4 3 10.022 ....015 .024 ....228 .021 ..027 800 (427) . Ethyl Alcohol...116 400 (204) .. Dowtherm A 14. 20% Sodium Chloride Brine . Dowtherm E .752 1.030 ......... 10% Sodium Chloride Brine ....F-11 .....Properties: Viscosity of Water and Steam Viscosity of Water and Steam – in Centipoise (µ) Temperature °F (°C) 1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000 PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA PSIA Saturated Water ....CO₂ 2.1299 1..013 .014 ........017 ..024 ..... 20% Calcium Chloride Brine ..............013 ...............021 ...028 ............020 .....04 Example: The viscosity of ammonia at 40°F is 0..20% H₂SO₄ 12.427 .030 ..228 ....012 ..............751 1..388 ....... Isopropyl Alcohol ...............026 750 (399) .....427 .........3 2 11.........F-12 ..021 ...023 .680 .027 ..023 ............027 .028 ......228 ...029 .019 1000 (538) ..024 .753 1...025 ........017 .....0 18 11 16 1....094 Saturated Steam ..029 ....026 .....8 6....1 16.017 .20% CaCl₂ .........6 .680 .............023 ....753 1..753 1..........NH₃ 8 3..753 1....021 550 (288) ....030 ..........023 .. Carbon Dioxide .....031 950 (510) .115 ...016 ............020 .F-113 5 9.749 Values below the line are for water.......025 . Sulphur Dioxide ................011 ....022 ...20% NaOH 1 15....427 ...164 ......10% CaCl₂ .......018 .680 ...026 ..029 .020 ..2 13..015 ..029 .. .....103 450 (232) ...F-114 ...020 ........022 ...019 500 (260) .029 ...5 4 8...016 .........018 ...023 ..024 ..021 ...030 .022 ....012 .022 ...680 ..030 .....021 .....028 .......025 .020 ...028 .016 ..427 ....020 .......428 100 (37...020 ....026 .027 .....023 .019 ..298 32 ( 0) 1...14 centipoise.016 .............012 ..680 ........(CH₃)₂ CH₂0 ....0 19 13 14 5.023 .427 ..025 .028 .012 ........014 ....313 ............016 ......013 .... 20% Sodium Hydroxide.....0 17 Properties: Viscosity of Various Liquids 4.023 .. 20% Sulphuric Acid .........017 ............SO₂ 12 1.026 .....680 50 ( 10) 1.....183 .299 1..021 ...06 19.......019 .....299 1.............

) and M.) 9 3 7 20. API Crude 60 11. API Crude 80 10. Water 200 7. Kerosene 8.8 5 .I.52 centipoise (Curve No.) 10 10 17.4 .0 .2 2 . Fuel 5 (Min. 48 Deg. SAE 10 Lube (100 V.I. 32 .1 .8 1 . SAE 70 Lube (100 V. 32.) 4 19. Butane (C₄H₁₀) 400 4. SAE 30 Lube (100 V.6 Deg. Bunker C Fuel (Max. Distillate 13 100 9. Fuel 3 (Max.) 8 18.I. Ethane (C₂H₆) 800 2.) 16. Residuum 2 6 21.6 .Properties: Viscosity of Liquid Petroleum Products 4000 20 3000 21 19 2000 18 17 1000 1. 6). Gasoline 16 6.6 .3 10 20 30 40 60 80 100 200 300 400 600 800 1000 t – Temperature in Degrees Fahrenheit Example: The viscosity of water at 125°F is 0.3 3 . API Crude 30 13. Note: Consult factory whenever viscosity of fluid exceeds 300 centipoise.6 Deg. Salt Creek Crude 11 µ – Viscosity in Centipoise 20 15 14.) 14 15. 40 Deg. Fuel 5 (Max.C.4 4 . Natural Gasoline 300 5. 35.) or 6 8 Fuel 6 (Min. API Crude 12 40 12. Propane (C₃H₈) 600 3. Asphalt 1.

of Bolt Holes Size Flange “O. of Dia. of Bolt Holes Pipe Dia.D. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Dia. of Nominal Outside Dia. of Bolt Holes Size Flange “O.” “T” “BC” Holes “D” Size Flange “O. of Dia. of Pipe Dia. of Pipe Dia.D” “T” “BC” Holes “D” Size Flange “O.” “T” “BC” Holes “D” ¹⁄₂" 3¹⁄₂" ⁷⁄₁₆" 2³⁄₈" 4 ⁵⁄₈" ¹⁄₂" 3³⁄₄" ⁹⁄₁₆" 2⁵⁄₈" 4 ⁵⁄₈" ³⁄₄" 3⁷⁄₈" ¹⁄₂" 2³⁄₄" 4 ⁵⁄₈" ³⁄₄" 4⁵⁄₈" ⁵⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 4 ³⁄₄" 1" 4¹⁄₄" ⁹⁄₁₆" 3¹⁄₈" 4 ⁵⁄₈" 1" 4⁷⁄₈" ¹¹⁄₁₆" 3¹⁄₂" 4 ³⁄₄" 1¹⁄₂" 5" ¹¹⁄₁₆" 3⁷⁄₈" 4 ⁵⁄₈" 1¹⁄₂" 6¹⁄₈" ¹³⁄₁₆" 4¹⁄₂" 4 ⁷⁄₈" 2" 6" ³⁄₄" 4³⁄₄" 4 ³⁄₄" 2" 6¹⁄₂" ⁷⁄₈" 5" 8 ³⁄₄" 2¹⁄₂" 7" ⁷⁄₈" 5¹⁄₂" 4 ³⁄₄" 2¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 1" 5⁷⁄₈" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 3" 7¹⁄₂" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 6" 4 ³⁄₄" 3" 8¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₈" 6⁵⁄₈"" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 3¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₂" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 7" 8 ³⁄₄" 3¹⁄₂" 9" 1³⁄₁₆" 7¹⁄₄"" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 4" 9" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 7¹⁄₂" 8 ³⁄₄" 4" 10" 1¹⁄₄" 7⁷⁄₈" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 5" 10" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 8¹⁄₂" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 5" 11" 1³⁄₈" 9¹⁄₄" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 6" 11" 1" 9¹⁄₂" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 6" 12¹⁄₂" 1⁷⁄₁₆" 10⁵⁄₈" 12 ⁷⁄₈" 8" 13¹⁄₂" 1¹⁄₈" 11³⁄₄" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 8" 15" 1⁵⁄₈" 13" 12 1" 33 .D. of Bolt Holes Pipe Dia.D" "B. Cast Iron–125# Cast Iron–250# Nominal Outside Dia. Pipe Data: Dimensions of Blind Flanges "O.C" "D" "T" NOTE: Pressure ratings shown for forged steel flanges apply to all ASA/ANSI standard flanges. of Nominal Outside Dia.D” “T” “BC” Holes “D” 1" 4¹⁄₄" ⁷⁄₁₆" 3¹⁄₈" 4 ⁵⁄₈" 1" 4⁷⁄₈" ¹¹⁄₁₆" 3¹⁄₂" 4 ³⁄₄" 1¹⁄₂" 5" ⁹⁄₁₆" 3⁷⁄₈" 4 ⁵⁄₈" 1¹⁄₂" 6¹⁄₈" ¹³⁄₁₆" 4¹⁄₂" 4 ⁷⁄₈" 2" 6" ⁵⁄₈" 4³⁄₄" 4 ³⁄₄" 2" 6¹⁄₂" ⁷⁄₈" 5" 8 ³⁄₄" 2¹⁄₂" 7" ¹¹⁄₁₆" 5¹⁄₂" 4 ³⁄₄" 2¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 1" 5⁷⁄₈" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 3" 7¹⁄₂" ³⁄₄" 6" 4 ³⁄₄" 3" 8¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₈" 6⁵⁄₈" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 3¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₂" ¹³⁄₁₆" 7" 8 ³⁄₄" 3¹⁄₂" 9" 1³⁄₁₆" 7¹⁄₄" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 4" 9" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 7¹⁄₂" 8 ³⁄₄" 4" 10" 1¹⁄₄" 7⁷⁄₈" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 5" 10" ¹⁵⁄₁₆" 8¹⁄₂" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 5" 11" 1³⁄₈" 9¹⁄₄" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 6" 11" 1" 9¹⁄₂" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 6" 12¹⁄₂" 1⁷⁄₁₆" 10⁵⁄₈" 12 ⁷⁄₈" 8" 13¹⁄₂" 1¹⁄₈" 11³⁄₄" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 8" 15" 1⁵⁄₈" 13" 12 1" Forged Steel – 150# Forged Steel – 300# Nominal Outside Dia. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Dia.

of Bolt Holes Size Flange “O. of Nominal Outside Dia. of Bolt Holes Size Flange “O. of Dia.D.” “T” “BC” Holes “D” Size Flange “O.D. of Bolt Holes Pipe Dia.” “T” “BC” Holes “D” ¹⁄₂" 3³⁄₄" ⁹⁄₁₆" 2⁵⁄₈" 4 ⁵⁄₈" ¹⁄₂" 4³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 4 ⁷⁄₈" ³⁄₄" 4⁵⁄₈" ⁵⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 4 ³⁄₄" ³⁄₄" 5¹⁄₈" 1" 3¹⁄₂" 4 ⁷⁄₈" 1" 4⁷⁄₈" ¹¹⁄₁₆" 3¹⁄₂" 4 ³⁄₄" 1" 5⁷⁄₈" 1¹⁄₈" 4" 4 1" 1¹⁄₂" 6¹⁄₈" ⁷⁄₈" 4¹⁄₂" 4 ⁷⁄₈" 1¹⁄₂" 7" 1¹⁄₄" 4⁷⁄₈" 4 1¹⁄₈" 2" 6¹⁄₂" 1" 5" 8 ³⁄₄" 2" 8¹⁄₂" 1¹⁄₂" 6¹⁄₂" 8 1" 2¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 1¹⁄₈" 5⁷⁄₈" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 2¹⁄₂" 9⁵⁄₈" 1⁵⁄₈" 7¹⁄₂" 8 1¹⁄₈" 3" 8¹⁄₄" 1¹⁄₄" 6⁵⁄₈" 8 ⁷⁄₈" 3" 9¹⁄₂" 1¹⁄₂" 7¹⁄₂" 8 1" 3¹⁄₂" 9" 1³⁄₁₆" 7¹⁄₄" 8 1" 4" 11¹⁄₂" 1³⁄₄" 9¹⁄₄" 8 1¹⁄₄" 4" 10³⁄₄" 1¹⁄₂" 8¹⁄₂" 8 1" 5" 13³⁄₄" 2" 11" 8 1¹⁄₄" 5" 13" 1³⁄₄" 10¹⁄₂" 8 1¹⁄₈" 6" 15" 2³⁄₁₆" 12¹⁄₂" 12 1¹⁄₄" 6" 14" 1⁷⁄₈" 11¹⁄₂" 12 1¹⁄₈" 8" 18¹⁄₂" 2¹⁄₂" 15¹⁄₂" 12 1¹⁄₂" 8" 16¹⁄₂" 2³⁄₁₆" 13³⁄₄" 12 1¹⁄₄" Forged Steel – 1500# Forged Steel – 2500# Nominal Outside Dia. of Dia.” “T” “BC” Holes “D” ¹⁄₂" 4³⁄₄" ⁷⁄₈" 3¹⁄₄" 4 ⁷⁄₈" ¹⁄₂" 5¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₁₆" 3¹⁄₂" 4 ⁷⁄₈" ³⁄₄" 5¹⁄₈" 1" 3¹⁄₂" 4 ⁷⁄₈" ³⁄₄" 5¹⁄₂" 1¹⁄₄" 3³⁄₄" 4 ⁷⁄₈" 1" 5⁷⁄₈" 1¹⁄₈" 4" 4 1" 1" 6¹⁄₄" 1³⁄₈" 4¹⁄₄" 4 1" 1¹⁄₂" 7" 1¹⁄₄" 4⁷⁄₈" 4 1¹⁄₈" 1¹⁄₂" 8" 1³⁄₄" 5³⁄₄" 4 1¹⁄₄" 2" 8¹⁄₂" 1¹⁄₂" 6¹⁄₂" 8 1" 2" 9¹⁄₄" 2" 6³⁄₄" 8 1¹⁄₈" 2¹⁄₂" 9⁵⁄₈" 1⁵⁄₈" 7¹⁄₂" 8 1¹⁄₈" 2¹⁄₂" 10¹⁄₂" 2¹⁄₄" 7³⁄₄" 8 1¹⁄₄" 3" 10¹⁄₂" 1⁷⁄₈" 8" 8 1¹⁄₄" 3" 12" 2⁵⁄₈" 9" 8 1³⁄₈" 4" 12¹⁄₄" 2¹⁄₈" 9¹⁄₂" 8 1³⁄₈" 4" 14" 3" 10³⁄₄" 8 1⁵⁄₈" 5" 14³⁄₄" 2⁷⁄₈" 11¹⁄₂" 8 1⁵⁄₈" 5" 16¹⁄₂" 3⁵⁄₈" 12³⁄₄" 8 1⁷⁄₈" 6" 15¹⁄₂" 3¹⁄₄" 12¹⁄₂" 12 1¹⁄₂" 6" 19" 4¹⁄₄" 14¹⁄₂" 8 2¹⁄₈" 8" 19" 3⁵⁄₈" 15¹⁄₂" 12 1³⁄₄" 8" 21³⁄₄" 5" 17¹⁄₄" 12 2¹⁄₈" 34 .Pipe Data: Dimensions of Blind Flanges Forged Steel – 600# Forged Steel – 900# Nominal Outside Dia.D. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Pipe Dia. of Bolt Holes Pipe Dia. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Dia.D.” “T” “BC” Holes “D” Size Flange “O. of Dia. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Thickness Bolt Circle No. of Pipe Dia. of Nominal Outside Dia.

. 30 . 1300 1350 60 . F11 F22 F91 Hast. . . 345 350 355 365 50 . . PN 320 / PN 400 6" DN 150 table refers to the German DIN standard. PN 250 5" DN 125 increments differ from country to country. . 110 60 . 65 65 65 65 . 40 40 145 . 35 35 35 . 700 750 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 95 . 35 35 35 35 35 . . 60 95 85 70 . 25 . 385 385 385 385 105 . Incoloy 405 SS ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 -20 to 100 275 230 260 275 275 275 285 290 265 290 290 290 290 290 275 290 230 140 -20 to 100 200 230 195 235 235 245 255 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 260 255 260 200 140 200 300 205 175 220 215 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 230 190 140 300 400 190 160 200 195 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 185 140 400 500 170 145 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 140 500 600 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 600 650 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 . 365 365 215 . DIN 1500 lbs. . . . 750 800 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 . . . . 900 950 380 . 35 . . 280 320 375 385 . 650 700 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 . . 20 20 20 20 . 260 305 270 325 . 325 325 95 . 20 20 20 .9 Cr. 360 360 140 . Inconel Incoloy Inconel 400 & Nickel 348 Carbon F1 C. 420 415 440 450 170 . 35 60 50 40 . . . 50 50 50 50 50 . °F 304 304L/ 310 316 321 Carp. . 1200 1250 115 . . Inconel Incoloy Inconel 400 & Nickel 348 Carbon F1 C. 1000 Class 300 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Hast. 450 450 450 450 . 135 185 186 170 . 1000 1050 310 . 105 145 140 125 . 385 385 325 . °F. 186 205 60 . . . . PN 16 1¹⁄₂" DN 40 Ring Joint Flange = Only for ANSI flanges 300 lbs.Pipe Data: Flange Ratings Flanges DIN versus ANSI Pressure Rating Sizes Type Flat Face = Form B flange ANSI DIN ANSI DIN Raised Face = Form C flange (Form E is 125 lbs. . 1400 1450 35 . PN 25 / PN 40 2" DN 50 400 lbs. 190 235 235 275 . 850 900 50 . . °F 304 304L/ 310 316 321 Carp. 900 950 35 . . . . . . 950 1000 320 . 50 . . . 1050 1100 255 . 75 115 110 95 . SS 316L SS SS SS 20SS B2 625 & 800 600 200 SS Steel ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. the table at left is a guideline to find 900 lbs. . 50 50 50 50 . . . 347/ A105 Grade Grade Grade Grade & Monel Temp. 485 485 485 485 . . the 2500 lbs.2¹⁄₄ Cr. . 800 850 395 320 425 420 445 485 270 . Class 150 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Hast. 20 20 20 20 20 . 95 110 300 . PN 150 4" DN 100 the most equivalent ANSI/DIN flange. . PN 6 / PN 10 1" DN 25 smoother facing finish) 150 lbs. . 850 900 390 . . 275 275 70 . 60 70 225 . . PN 64 2¹⁄₂" DN 65 A DIN flange is never identical to an ANSI 600 lbs.2¹⁄₄ Cr. . 45 75 65 66 . . 1500 35 . 1250 1300 85 . 650 700 425 345 455 430 465 495 535 570 570 570 570 570 570 570 565 570 475 . . 450 450 450 245 . . 485 485 485 340 . 65 65 65 65 . . C Temp. °F. . 700 750 415 335 450 425 460 490 505 530 530 530 530 530 530 530 530 530 470 . 1150 1200 155 . . F11 F22 F91 Hast. 1450 1500 25 . 800 850 65 65 65 65 65 65 65 . 750 800 405 330 435 420 450 485 410 510 510 510 510 510 510 510 505 510 460 . . SS 316L SS SS SS 20SS B2 625 & 800 600 200 SS Steel ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr.9 Cr. . . . . . 25 40 40 35 . . . . . . 165 215 260 365 . 1350 1400 50 . 950 1000 20 . 35 35 35 35 . . 335 345 315 360 . Incoloy 405 SS ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 -20 to 100 720 600 670 720 720 720 740 750 695 750 750 750 750 750 720 750 600 360 -20 to 100 200 600 505 605 620 645 660 675 720 680 750 750 750 750 750 660 750 530 360 200 300 540 455 570 560 595 615 655 715 655 720 730 730 730 730 625 730 495 360 300 400 495 415 535 515 550 575 635 675 640 695 705 705 705 705 600 705 480 360 400 500 465 380 505 480 515 540 600 655 620 665 665 665 665 665 580 665 475 360 500 600 435 360 480 450 485 515 550 605 605 605 605 605 605 605 575 605 475 360 600 650 430 350 470 445 480 505 535 590 590 590 590 590 590 590 570 590 475 . 146 130 . PN 100 3" DN 80 flange. 145 175 360 . . 347/ A105 Grade Grade Grade Grade & Monel Temp. . . C Temp. . . . . . 50 50 50 50 . . . 1100 1150 200 .

. . 1100 1150 400 . . 845 955 1130 1160 . . 495 650 780 1090 . . . 290 350 720 . . . . 1160 1160 1160 1160 310 . . . 700 750 830 670 900 855 915 985 1010 1065 1065 1065 1065 1065 1065 1065 1065 1065 935 . 1160 1160 980 . 900 950 1145 . . 1500 36 . . . . 1450 1500 55 . . 190 220 605 . SS 316L SS SS SS 20SS B2 625 & 800 600 200 SS Steel ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. 375 475 475 550 . . . . 1400 1450 70 . . . . . 125 135 445 . . 725 725 430 . SS 316L SS SS SS 20SS 1¹⁄₄ Cr. Inconel Incoloy Inconel °F 316 348 Carbon F1 C. . . . . 1050 1100 770 . 900 950 765 . 1050 1100 515 . . 310 440 420 370 . 75 125 115 105 . . . . . 90 150 130 110 . . . 825 825 205 . 50 85 75 70 . 225 350 330 280 . 1010 1030 940 1080 . . 304 304L/ 310 321 Carp. 950 1000 965 . . 650 700 850 685 910 870 930 990 1065 1135 1135 1135 1135 1135 1135 1135 1130 1135 950 . . 835 830 885 900 345 .2¹⁄₄ Cr. . 70 . 1500 Class 900 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Hast. . . 900 900 900 900 . . . . 347/ A105 Grade Grade Grade Grade & Monel Temp. Hast. . . . 1460 1460 1460 1460 . 800 850 1190 985 1280 1255 1340 1455 805 . 975 975 975 975 . 370 405 125 . 650 700 1275 1030 1370 1305 1395 1485 1600 1705 1705 1705 1705 1705 1705 1705 1690 1705 1435 . 850 900 780 . . 1150 1200 465 . . . 1250 1300 170 . . 347/ A105 Grade Grade Grade Grade & Monel Temp. . 1100 1150 595 . 295 260 . C Temp. . . 685 700 715 725 105 . . . 1250 1300 255 . . 95 . 440 390 . . . 1090 1090 965 . . 150 . . . 60 . . 1255 1245 1325 1350 515 . 1150 1200 310 . . 1080 1080 415 . 565 710 710 825 . . 645 645 185 . 520 610 545 645 . .2¹⁄₄ Cr. 1200 1250 340 . 290 330 905 . 560 640 755 775 . . . . 75 80 290 . 1350 1350 1350 1350 . . . . . Inconel Incoloy Inconel °F 316 348 Carbon F1 C. . . 185 205 670 . . 205 295 280 245 . 1350 1350 1350 740 . . 175 290 255 205 . 700 750 1245 1010 1345 1280 1375 1475 1510 1595 1595 1595 1595 1595 1595 1595 1595 1595 1405 . . . 100 175 155 125 . . C Temp. 1200 1250 225 . 950 1000 640 . .9 Cr. 215 125 . Incoloy 405 SS ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 -20 to 100 2160 1800 2015 2160 2160 2160 2220 2250 2085 2250 2250 2250 2250 2250 2160 2250 1800 1080 -20 to 100 200 1800 1520 1820 1860 1935 1980 2025 2160 2035 2250 2250 2250 2250 2250 1990 2250 1585 1080 200 300 1620 1360 1705 1680 1785 1845 1970 2140 1955 2165 2185 2185 2185 2185 1870 2185 1485 1080 300 400 1490 1240 1605 1540 1655 1720 1900 2020 1920 2080 2115 2115 2115 2115 1800 2115 1435 1080 400 500 1395 1145 1520 1435 1545 1620 1795 1965 1865 1995 1995 1995 1995 1995 1735 1995 1435 1080 500 600 1310 1080 1440 1355 1460 1540 1640 1815 1815 1815 1815 1815 1815 1815 1720 1815 1435 1080 600 650 1290 1050 1405 1330 1435 1510 1610 1765 1765 1765 1765 1765 1765 1765 1705 1765 1435 . 1400 1450 105 . . . 1350 1400 90 . 555 610 185 . . 410 555 555 515 . 775 775 775 775 205 . . 75 . 550 550 135 . . .9 Cr. F11 F22 F91 400 & Nickel °F. 670 685 625 720 . 430 525 1080 . 65 115 105 80 . 1350 1400 145 . 900 900 900 495 . . 800 850 790 645 855 835 895 970 535 . 1030 1050 1070 1090 155 . . 115 190 170 135 . . . . F11 F22 F91 400 & Nickel °F. 1450 1500 80 .) Class 600 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Hast. 100 . 1300 1350 185 . 150 235 220 185 . . . . . 850 900 1165 . . . . . . . . 304 304L/ 310 321 Carp. . . . 1460 1460 1460 1020 . . 275 370 320 345 . 135 225 195 165 . . 780 915 815 985 . . . . 325 185 . . . 1000 1050 925 . . . . 115 125 430 . 775 775 655 . . . . . . 1300 1350 125 . 975 975 975 680 . . 720 720 280 . 750 800 805 660 875 845 900 975 825 1015 1015 1015 1015 1015 1015 1015 1015 1015 915 . B2 625 & 800 600 200 SS Steel ¹⁄₂ Mo Incoloy 405 SS ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 -20 to 100 1440 1200 1345 1440 1440 1440 1480 1500 1390 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1440 1500 1200 720 -20 to 100 200 1200 1015 1215 1240 1290 1320 1350 1440 1360 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1325 1500 1055 720 200 300 1080 910 1140 1120 1190 1230 1315 1425 1305 1445 1455 1455 1455 1455 1250 1455 990 720 300 400 995 825 1070 1025 1105 1145 1270 1345 1280 1385 1410 1410 1410 1410 1200 1410 955 720 400 500 930 765 1015 955 1030 1080 1200 1310 1245 1330 1330 1330 1330 1330 1155 1330 950 720 500 600 875 720 960 900 975 1025 1095 1210 1210 1210 1210 1210 1210 1210 1145 1210 950 720 600 650 860 700 935 890 955 1010 1075 1175 1175 1175 1175 1175 1175 1175 1140 1175 950 . . . .Pipe Data: Flange Ratings (cont. . Hast. 750 800 1210 985 1310 1265 1355 1460 1235 1525 1525 1525 1525 1525 1520 1520 1520 1520 1375 . . . 100 . . . 965 965 280 . . 330 430 520 725 . 50 . 1000 1050 615 . .

. 735 650 . 2245 2245 2245 1235 . 650 700 2125 1715 2280 2170 2330 2470 2665 2840 2840 2840 2840 2840 2840 2840 2840 2840 2375 . 1350 1400 240 . . . . 3745 3745 3745 3745 . 515 735 705 615 . . °F 304 304L/ 310 316 321 Carp. 4060 4060 4060 4060 . . 1930 1930 1635 . . . 900 950 3180 . . . 4060 4060 4060 2830 . 1610 1610 465 . . . F11 F22 F91 400 & Nickel °F. . . 1500 Class 2500 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Hast. . 850 900 1945 . 630 970 915 710 . . 640 310 . . 255 . . . . . 800 850 3300 2680 3560 3480 3720 4040 2230 . . 2245 2245 2245 2245 . 275 485 430 345 . . 3480 3460 3680 3745 1430 . 2435 2435 2435 1695 . 1100 1150 1655 . 170 . 1370 1370 340 . 285 . Inconel Incoloy Inconel °F 316 348 Carbon F1 C. 190 205 720 .2¹⁄₄ Cr. 650 700 3540 2860 3800 3620 3880 4120 4440 4730 4730 4730 4730 4730 4730 4730 4700 4730 3960 . 2170 2545 2255 2685 . 3745 3745 3745 2055 . . . . . . 2800 2865 2605 3000 . 2435 2435 2435 2435 . 1570 1970 1970 2285 . . . 950 1000 1605 . C Temp. . . 720 875 1800 . . 165 290 255 205 . . 934 1185 1185 1370 . 3220 3220 2725 . 1350 1400 400 .2¹⁄₄ Cr. 245 . . 370 630 545 455 . . SS 316L SS SS SS 20SS B2 625 & 800 600 200 SS Steel ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. . 215 345 315 285 . 700 750 3460 2800 3740 3560 3820 4100 4200 4430 4430 4430 4430 4430 4430 4430 4430 4430 3900 . . 1150 1200 1285 . . . . . 1250 1300 430 . 1100 1150 995 . 347/ A105 Grade Grade Grade Grade & Monel Temp. 347/ A105 Grade Grade Grade Grade & Monel Temp. . . 1400 1450 170 . . . . . . .9 Cr. 1000 1050 1545 . 2285 2285 565 . 1720 1740 1785 1820 260 . Inconel Incoloy Inconel 400 & Nickel 348 Carbon F1 C. 950 1000 2675 . . 130 205 190 170 . . . . . 1450 1500 230 . 1050 1100 2145 . 1820 1820 1080 . . . 1220 1080 . 2090 2075 2210 2245 860 . . 290 480 430 345 . . . 125 . . .) Class 1500 pressure-temperature ratings (pressure-PSIG) Materials Hast. . 2345 2655 3145 3220 . . . 515 570 1855 . . . . . . 700 750 2075 1680 2245 2135 2290 2460 2520 2660 2660 3660 2660 2660 2660 2660 2650 2660 2340 . . . 750 800 3360 2740 3640 3520 3760 4060 3430 4230 4230 4230 4230 4230 4230 4230 4230 4230 3820 . . 3220 3220 3220 3220 860 . . . . 1200 1250 565 . 1405 1595 1885 1930 . . . . . . . . 855 1230 1170 1030 . . 1450 1500 135 . 800 850 1980 1810 2135 2090 2230 2425 1340 . . 1800 1800 695 . 1305 1525 1360 1610 . 1150 1200 770 . . 1050 1100 1285 . 1145 1545 1545 1430 . . . . 205 . 1500 37 . . . . . . .9 Cr. 1930 1930 1930 1930 515 . . . 2865 2915 2970 3030 430 . 3000 3000 1155 . . 1200 1250 945 . . . 485 800 715 570 . Hast. 1300 1350 515 . °F. 304 304L/ 310 321 Carp. . 750 800 2015 1645 2185 2110 2255 2435 2060 2540 2540 2540 2540 2540 2540 2540 2535 2540 2290 . . . . . 1200 1455 3000 . . . 900 515 . F11 F22 F91 Hast. 480 550 1510 . SS 316L SS SS SS 20SS B2 625 & 800 600 200 SS Steel ¹⁄₂ Mo 1¹⁄₄ Cr. . 1680 1720 1580 1800 . . . 1300 1350 310 .Pipe Data: Flange Ratings (cont. . . 410 . 2685 2685 770 . 850 900 3240 . Incoloy 405 SS ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 -20 to 100 6000 5000 5600 6000 6000 6000 6170 6250 5785 6250 6250 6250 6250 6250 6000 6250 5000 3000 -20 to 100 200 5000 4220 5060 5160 5380 5500 5625 6000 5660 6250 6250 6250 6250 6250 5520 6250 4400 3000 200 300 4500 3780 4740 4660 4960 5120 5470 5940 5435 6015 6070 6070 6070 6070 5200 6070 4120 3000 300 400 4140 3440 4460 4280 4600 4780 5280 5610 5330 5775 5880 5880 5880 5880 5000 5880 3980 3000 400 500 3880 3180 4220 3980 4285 4500 4990 5460 5180 5540 5540 5540 5540 5540 4820 5540 3960 3000 500 600 3640 3000 4000 3760 4060 4280 4560 5040 5040 5040 5040 5040 5040 5040 4780 5040 3960 3000 600 650 3580 2920 3900 3700 3980 4200 4475 4905 4905 4905 4905 4905 4905 4905 4740 4905 3960 . 3030 3030 1800 . C Temp. . 900 950 1910 . . 1370 1800 2170 3030 . . . . 375 585 660 465 . . . 310 345 1115 . . 825 1080 1305 1820 . . 315 345 1200 . . 925 1020 310 . . 1000 1050 2570 . . Incoloy 405 SS ¹⁄₂ Mo 1 Mo 1 Mo-V 825 -20 to 100 3600 3000 3360 3600 3600 3600 3705 3750 3470 3750 3750 3750 3750 3750 3600 3750 3000 1800 -20 to 200 200 3000 2530 3035 3095 3230 3300 3375 3600 3395 3750 3750 3750 3750 3750 3310 3750 2640 1800 200 300 2700 2270 2845 2795 2975 3070 3280 3565 3260 3610 3640 3640 3640 3640 3120 3640 2740 1800 300 400 2485 2065 2675 2570 2760 2870 3170 3365 3200 3465 3530 3530 3530 3530 3000 3530 2390 1800 400 500 2330 1910 2530 2390 2570 2570 2700 3275 3105 3325 3325 3325 3325 3325 2890 3325 2375 1800 500 600 2185 1800 2400 2255 2435 2570 2735 3025 3025 3025 3025 3025 3025 3025 2870 3025 2375 1800 600 650 2150 1750 2340 2220 2390 2520 2685 2940 2940 2940 2940 2940 2940 2940 2845 2940 2375 . . . 800 915 2515 . . 1545 1695 515 . 225 380 325 275 . 1400 1450 285 . . . . 685 925 925 855 . . 155 . 1250 1300 715 . .

64 18.92 20 21.12 0.51 12.87 18.74 0.02 3.10 0.24 0.24 22.54 2.34 0.20 30. WALL I.10 0.06 7. WALL I.03 9.02 26.20 0.23 0.00 14 15.35 4.59 14.00 19. WALL I.41 8.10 1.00 18 20.17 15. 173 PSIG Size O.42 0.14 0.76 1.10 0.22 26.D.D.07 14.10 76.71 8.42 0.60 0.06 54 56.34 1.32 3.32 3.48 12.D.04 2.61 6.00 0.74 10.10 1.26 27.46 1.32 0.00 8 9.90 54.34 0.41 8.57 14.55 14.89 12.06 64. WALL I.27 16.78 1.92 24 25. WALL I. 130 PSIG 400 Ft.60 16.64 14.38 0.96 0.85 24.75 18.68 24.39 60.10 0.02 7.51 14.80 20.20 0.02 16 17.70 16.18 16.40 1.32 0. WALL I.05 0.10 – – – – – – Class E Class F Class G Class H Pipe 500 Ft.96 11.60 0.D.54 1.41 8.63 18. WALL I.80 0.23 0.74 1.08 0.10 0. 347 PSIG Size O.02 63.14 7.04 5.10 0.00 30 31.08 1.18 9.98 16.55 30.94 60 62.18 15.45 4.38 6.32 1.23 0. WALL I.80 0.D.67 60.10 0.35 4.42 0.62 11.44 6.00 1.80 0.38 6.02 36.40 2.50 1.50 0.38 6.00 0.35 4.10 0.58 18.18 18.13 9.00 14.40 0.50 0.98 0.39 18.26 47.60 1.D.59 14.24 0.48 3.54 42.15 36.14 13.00 38.96 18.10 42.89 24.03 29.50 1.41 8. O.22 20.24 0.38 6.22 0.22 0.45 3. WALL I.52 12.80 36.38 6.08 7.99 35.55 54.54 16.30 0.00 23.01 16 17.32 0. 260 PSIG 700 Ft.54 18.89 16.78 20.92 0.07 18.Pipe Data: Cast Iron Pipe Cast Iron Pipe–ASA Standard Class 50 Class 100 Class 150 Class 200 Class 250 Class 300 Class 350 Pipe Pipe 50 PSIG 100 PSIG 150 PSIG 200 PSIG 250 PSIG 300 PSIG 350 PSIG Size O.63 24.36 0.00 22.12 11. WALL I.96 48.44 10.51 6.80 0.10 0. WALL I.20 1.62 10.D.54 0.18 16.24 0.00 32.06 72 75.22 0.67 20.54 1.D.78 42.06 1.84 19.D.78 0.00 42 44.62 20.73 24.58 18.12 3.20 0.51 14.05 0.00 24 26.98 0.38 60.40 0.80 0.94 32.41 8.05 0.03 20.36 39. 86 PSIG 300 Ft.32 4 4.65 6.02 48 50.04 24.00 16 18.99 14.34 0.60 0.32 3.14 0.32 0.D.54 16. WALL I.00 33.80 10.79 24.10 88.39 20.12 11.16 1.58 16.90 1.00 10 11.28 25.30 1.00 4 4.42 3.96 Cast Iron Pipe–AWWA Standard Class A Class B Class C Class D Pipe 100 Ft.62 72. 217 PSIG 600 Ft.D.35 4.56 8.10 75.00 1.14 0.88 24.44 0.65 0.98 15.16 0.D.30 0.20 0.48 10.22 0.50 0.00 58. 43 PSIG 200 Ft.08 7.42 3.32 0.28 0.58 36.32 3.80 1.28 0.46 0.60 0.75 12.32 0. WALL I.48 4.00 11.54 1.48 14.D.10 5.12 0.98 51.54 16.38 6.52 10.35 4.96 0.54 1.88 29.39 72.D.51 20.95 72.42 47.D.98 32.40 0. 3 3.66 13.46 8.00 27.72 20.16 14. 3 3.D. O.00 60. O.66 1.48 12.79 17.26 21.40 0.06 3.60 8.23 0.80 16.00 17.96 6 6.66 8.14 0.39 3.76 1.79 24.72 84.24 23.96 5.20 64.00 – – – – – – 36 39.62 20.90 0.82 2.36 0.00 9.84 0.22 22.90 1.98 50.16 24.92 20.44 10. O.68 16.38 6.68 12.98 38.00 20 22.28 26.44 10.54 12.00 7.32 1.16 0.76 24.04 0.96 0.32 3.16 11.10 0.78 1.10 0.51 8.30 0.44 10.D.D.48 12.22 0.34 0.63 16.20 17.32 0.88 2.41 8.96 13.02 1.32 3.80 0.00 30 33.52 3.74 14.00 18.57 20.20 2.90 0.96 0.00 16.38 0.14 13. 6 7.60 0.10 11.14 0.58 1.50 0.80 0.40 1.00 0.08 16.16 0.92 10.96 0.D.40 1.45 24.92 0.27 20.00 24 25. O.04 0.71 47. WALL I.78 0.30 0.32 0.82 14.23 0.35 4.20 20.96 57.23 0.02 45.26 0.14 14.44 10. 304 PSIG 800 Ft.15 20.00 40.22 0.14 0.10 0.68 10.02 1.65 0.22 0.50 0.17 18.75 24.80 1.32 1.40 0.10 10 11.16 15.73 30.73 18.10 9.00 44.D.97 12.06 12 13.35 53.56 12.30 0.22 0.10 – – – 84 87.00 57.10 0.48 6.22 0.34 1.16 1.82 12.48 12.50 10.14 0.D.84 0.98 39.68 16.28 18.28 41.80 8.32 1.D.75 8.98 1.90 14.60 0.00 14 15.86 10.55 6.10 1.96 51.04 0.32 3.06 0.94 45.23 10 11.80 0.14 8 9.14 0.22 84.58 6.20 17.57 9.80 1.41 8.22 19.02 18 19.D.24 0.04 12.34 1.00 20 21.31 24.04 12 13.00 36 37.08 14 15.00 12 13.D.67 20.00 20.12 13.70 1. WALL I.18 19.92 23.69 6.20 18.23 53.16 0.14 0.10 6 6.00 – – – – – – 38 .24 0.37 30.32 0.04 18 19.68 18.00 8 9. O.54 1.35 4.60 0.10 9.

0 .5 2. 80S .946 1473 1.435 .141 .141 .709 0.40 40ST.083 .113 56.900 5S .344 .02885 .878 439.072 .674 3.534 .57 80XS.09898 1.608 13.8 17.088 .275 .815 .405 10S .06870 1.069 .42 40ST.178 0.093 .01709 .86 XX .049 .109 2.916 .04003 .231 115.177 .949 32.13 80XS.61 10S . 40S . lb/ft Size. 40S .03322 .01040 .300 5.29 1645 3. 80S .275 .881 27.900 28.0 0.00660 .177 .133 1.20 6600 7.00426 .753 .58 .900 3.00 8500 3.86 40ST.320 .464 . in2 Flow.836 .065 1.0 .651 .572 .04587 .157 0.41 2 2.039 .96 1480 6. 80S .497 .86 8430 14.97 8985 2. gal/ lb/h water pipe.0804 .191 1.423 .240 1120 2.109 1.143 .050 5S .338 1.541 10.275 10.252 .065 .160 0.896 1.344 .00103 .00734 .186 1.00051 .275 2. 40S .753 .047 1.255 .11 80XS.334 0.440 220. 80S .358 0.393 5.083 4.122 0.157 0.220 .92 10S .99 1995 3.152 8.217 .710 .753 . 40S . 80S .80 15.100 1.163 0.310 3.004 35.54 10S .06063 .803 23.197 .Pipe Data: Steel Pipe Outside Cross-sectional Area Circumference.344 .00 160 .03787 .07711 1. 80S .220 .079 .759 20.0 23.178 1.687 16.440 6.548 2. ft2 Outside Inside min ¹⁄₈ 0.438 3.228 .97 3485 7.472 .06647 1.126 .6 19.494 .00196 .111 .5 .203 2.463 7.624 4.09 40ST.552 1.5 1.46 XX .00362 .31 ¹⁄₄ 0.333 .5 5S .635 1.65 80ST.984 34.76 XX .066 0.438 2.106 .235 1.10 . 80S .622 .461 230.145 1.771 4.00248 .413 .800 10.350 4.307 .364 3.344 .361 4.160 1.318 3.01 XX .213 1.107 .07170 1.412 206.660 5S .545 .01711 .237 4.305 4.727 363.154 2.150 27. 80S .308 .63 160 .00133 .678 .00976 .097 .497 .85 80XS.120 3.497 .668 .68 3840 13.753 .429 .275 .682 0.436 6.624 5.614 .4 22.98 17.260 1.5 1.00211 .375 .047 0.2 16.010 4.178 1.47 160 .393 5.939 1. ft.049 .49 2745 3.275 .497 .112 556.188 .00117 .01225 .28 10S .269 .68 80XS.622 .125 .065 .5 .047 0. 40S .213 . in.375 2.178 1.5 .853 26.00275 .083 2.421 6.92 7460 5.260 1.00163 .622 .945 .216 3.5 .179 89.79 80XS.55 10.03 2¹⁄₂ 2.140 1.612 .065 1.276 2. 40S .334 1.98 120 .656 . 40S . Metal.02330 .742 .410 .3 12.147 .234 617.900 14.800 .378 5.94 3465 2.03 10S .53 40ST.068 2.674 .34 6170 1.323 2. Diameter.770 0.065 .021 .157 .435 .220 .97 985 5.477 .220 .107 .64 40ST.916 . 40S .5 2.639 .840 5S .54 39 .302 .84 XX .596 298.250 1.17 .119 .195 . in.02 160 .687 2. in. in.00035 .753 .0 .834 1.917 458. 40S .00098 .337 3.19 40ST.610 0.20 4600 5.03755 .125 .00025 .083 3.068 .178 0.62 . 80S .100 19.81 40ST.44 1 1.70 13.903 951.0 .72 80XS.08840 1.32 XX .095 .323 161.730 365.345 672.546 .07 5535 10.097 .0 1.503 2.884 .873 27.01277 .0 3.500 7.00499 .002 35.17 160 . 40S . plain-end No.05419 1.5 .065 1.176 1.38 2190 4.143 0.61 17.34 3170 2.08017 1.05796 .0 5S .02538 .304 3.00050 .916 .01543 .464 7.58 3¹⁄₂ 4.200 1.380 0.434 . 80S .42 80XS.21 1¹⁄₂ 1.315 5S .680 .114 0.00162 .028 .215 .287 2.531 3.226 3.622 .776 .728 .27 80XS.0705 . U. 40S .25 160 .016 .00461 .178 0.00204 .091 .00040 .055 .00656 .067 1.02749 .065 2.047 0.106 .66 160 .74 ¹⁄₂ 0.00300 .48 10S .200 5.58 80XS.881 .497 . 80S .588 12.S.9 14.400 9.602 12.435 .500 5S .0563 .690 1345 1.152 . ft2/ft of length velocity Pipe Diameter.05130 . 40S .158 .94 XX .375 5S .625 812.69 10S .154 .01414 .599 1.224 112.109 1.02050 .344 .51 XX .54 ³⁄₈ 0.600 2. 80S .178 1.753 .565 11.076 .41 .675 10S .115 44.709 17.24 80XS.435 .0 .000 3.326 .220 ..00768 .5 0. or Capacity at 1-ft/s Weight of Nominal Schedule Wall Inside surface.00 160 .79 80XS.09 2545 1.33 40ST.508 9.647 14.02463 .155 77.06170 1.167 .466 .67 40ST.201 .5 1.141 .21 13.072 1036.02 13.875 5S .556 11.990 3.916 .69 3 3.250 2.891 .09 160 .129 .920 .97 40ST.690 17.01232 .945 472.71 ³⁄₄ 1.254 .527 263.760 1.219 .5 .45 5225 3.825 24.179 0.250 .07986 1.120 3.109 .73 2865 1.344 1.00438 .493 .083 3.665 832.125 2.39 5695 2.400 1.113 .275 .504 .10245 1.11 10S .344 .00092 .120 4.364 .57 2285 2.442 0.61 40ST.622 .241 2.278 0.500 1.00600 .054 39.87 10S .435 .095 .850 12.530 0.824 .622 .450 22.497 .385 . 40S .274 .288 2.275 .463 .01552 .95 6475 18.250 0.177 .540 10S .382 0.065 .026 3.826 4.281 1.0 .120 2.50 4 4.469 1.929 30.294 .106 .957 .335 3.109 1.5 1.00 11.33 40ST.401 5.605 3.300 2.436 1.885 .31 XX .083 .00891 .185 .218 1.220 .02942 .66 1¹⁄₄ 1.5 1. Thickness.48 10S .916 .194 1.00371 .00072 .01134 .704 .252 .075 .435 .53 2765 9.718 .245 0.231 1.438 6.449 1725 0.67 3835 1.531 .216 1. 80S .135 46.622 .916 .433 .

665 3.372 201.814 2.125 8.677 100.482 4.99 568 284.189 3.74 80 .047 4.784 113.95 120 .814 2.307 10.7 29.719 9.2680 4.300 7.79 140 1.665 3. Pipe Data: Steel Pipe (cont.000 21.189 4.9940 3. U.39 160 .864 4.814 2.27 14 14 5S 0.000 107.16 8 8.688 6.73 .500 115.1 40.88 .950 6.04 331.58 459 229.76 .685 257.32 120.814 2.82 .24 .6 34.665 3.090 12.180 169.665 3.655 252.3 71.374 26.1467 1.500 27.7773 3.0 126.665 3.07 .450 9.000 65.625 5S . Metal. or Capacity at 1-ft/s Weight of Nominal Schedule Wall Inside surface.500 160. 40S .03 120 .5 50.136 10.13 349.0900 1.734 1.594 12.338 2.563 7.14 352.1529 1. in.2673 2.93 550 275.64 12 12.0 116.338 3.40 414 207. ft2 Outside Inside min 5 5.69 10 10.700 35.578 .000 54.17 20 0.000 27.43 100 .500 34.258 2.0 60.24 375. 40S .2272 4.71 140 .000 170.40 20 .77 40ST.500 54.109 8.562 5.225 177.148 8.000 18.500 15.000 34.6303 3.588 90.357 2.41 1.16 1.7372 3.74 .550 233.8017 3.156 13.562 11.915 .56 40 0. plain-end No.0 123.165 10.000 10.47 430 215.1810 1.329 3.656 14.390 7.4 20.0 128.93 10S .8522 3.250 7.39 100 .124 18.98 10S 0.875 6.10 601 300.500 9.258 1.500 89.4 63.126 47.49 .938 12.201 173.49 140 1.350 53.29 140.071 7.906 6.188 13.0 125.189 4. 80S .36 0.13 160 1.000 139.63 100 0.750 19.65 20 .58 40.57 454 227.8 84.407 2.67 160 1.833 120.750 74.258 1.7 189.5 56.500 73.900 24.665 3.000 24.844 9.625 4.3 31.814 2.350 20.3941 2.500 27.08 338.95 .438 6.76 XX .000 36.06 587 293.7 158.734 1.000 43.29 40ST.950 45.312 22.9397 3.882 126. 80S .4176 2.665 2.996 142.250 49.322 7. ST 0.312 13.250 8.813 21.53 446 223.62 80SX.07 .500 50.21 367.195 51. in.000 62.812 7.7 57.456 1.950 36.456 1.062 26.7854 3.38 1.456 1.4479 2.0 179.000 130.86 .3104 4.109 5.440 73.620 246.338 2.0 25.665 3.399 69.501 10.734 1.95 .850 28.626 21. 60XS .1308 1.750 30.500 53.21 160 1.365 10.814 2.594 9.81 283.500 7.250 15.338 3.57 40 0.19 10S . XS 0.91 .665 3.200 60.258 2.7 77.96 XX .000 106.624 9.6013 3.376 15.338 3.5922 2.34 .670 8.250 12.1650 1.089 155.52 .688 11.98 316..36 30 .1558 1.64 .65 251.094 11.77 60 0.91 .09 342 171.85 528 264.38 30 0.734 1.8373 3.09 .399 .000 85.5185 2.500 9.375 13.734 1.71 20 0.9 34.045 149.250 16.665 3.6674 3.05 80 0.3017 2.345 1.165 15.063 11.99 .48 80S.109 6.17 358. 80S 0.9 49.60 10S .78 1.812 25.4729 2.75 5S .55 6 6.05 0.42 0.291 188.250 9.064 40.09 598 299.90 10S 0. Thickness.814 2.150 43.2578 2.02 .58 .938 15.258 1.4 79.258 2.2239 1.27 .900 13.700 64.189 4.1766 4.9 36.719 5.000 31.000 8.0 141.0 94.338 2.09 60 0.813 6.0 100.01 324 162.34 1.75 5S 0.200 38.17 360 180.21 1.42 60 0.8 132.020 11.814 2.406 11.44 422 211.30 . XX 1.500 33.52 XS.05 20 0.22 0.187 13.000 72.3474 2.0 86.665 3.34 XX .35 402 201.29 .26 378.062 31.258 5.000 14.40 .5731 2.113 159.188 15.63 .93 .456 1.338 3.625 12.665 3.500 13.189 4.5475 2.250 18.0 165.0 134.375 4.456 1. XX 1.500 125.000 63.800 107.50 40 .500 12.217 161.625 5S .562 18.500 15.125 10.42 160 .814 2.258 1.594 7.21 0.750 4.15 80 0.4 111. 40S .800 115.688 31.129 45.57 120 .744 269.2985 4.5592 3.78 120 .813 10.70 .0 135.8957 3.406 11.27 30.1390 1.312 15.664 98.63 0.3855 2.124 38.900 18.258 2.750 22.456 1.282 58.93 306 153. ft.150 14.260 57.250 13. lb/ft Size.761 8.13 100 0.734 1.338 2.66 .7213 3.4 74.48 .295 2.24 40ST.03 578 289.75 270.500 11.50 438 219.2006 1.70 .250 8.75 10 0.134 5.07 0.330 12.35 1.338 3.814 2.700 24.734 1.947 135.7056 3.188 55.61 30.4987 2.30 .0 88.2204 1.000 189.27 382 191.7972 3.25 .258 1.500 41.321 62.87 .065 5.313 9.189 3.07 10S 0.180 12.000 40.1015 1.001 19.850 20.11 16 16 5S 0.80 0.90 299.3 106.437 14.000 52.11 .97 .750 12.11 .9218 3.73 10 0.700 50.3601 2.338 2.23 .500 10.2532 2.406 7.3329 2.941 .5603 2.5 176.338 3.7530 3.14 .) Outside Cross-sectional Area Circumference.728 265. gal/ lb/h water pipe.5 80.47 .7 28.503 223.8438 3.187 17.000 104.8185 3.5993 2.258 1.1136 1.981 8. 40S 0. in2 Flow.57 .812 44.750 16.850 72.17 .8 187.665 3.897 15.150 77.156 12.358 65.420 5.875 21.500 23.3393 4.125 6.500 4.386 68.44 XS 0.624 8.02 0.9 32.258 2.563 5S .375 12.000 82.04 160 .258 2.1263 1.719 7.189 3.500 31.10 .3314 4.407 2.508 81.64 80XS.S.000 45.9750 3.134 6.97 80XS.0219 3.77 ST.66 0.250 11.70 40ST. 40S .3553 2.34 .04 30 .250 10.55 60 .0 174.456 1.0 169.3171 2.6827 3.280 6.0 183. 80S .500 28.7610 3. Diameter.438 13.550 28.376 13.62 1. in.277 8.750 32.375 15.85 120 1.36 10S .350 88.58 .500 42.49 0.134 10.6 149.432 5.9575 3.844 11.338 3.814 2.5 22.265 .4 67.750 36.3784 2.000 67.2817 2. ST 0.000 150.0 45.312 10. ft2/ft of length velocity Pipe Diameter. in.37 1.0125 3.338 3.438 212.

969 22.6585 5.97 883 441.010.000 46. Decimal thicknesses for respective pipe sizes represent their nominal or average wall dimensions. 41 .000 192.92 1253 626.062 111.236 4.250 20.508 7.283 5.64 1138 569.938 61.22 160 1. and Schedules 10 through 160 are extracted from Wrought-Steel and Wrought-Iron Pipe.14 0.0032 4.2684 4.712 4.188 17. 10S 0.44 1.500 40.000 308.8417 5.236 4.45 707 353.4180 4.376 29.124 50.854 7. ANSI B36.11 930 465.5763 4.750 16.712 4.06 913 456.90 2. Thickness.1 2.21 1.39 120 1.500 94.02 1295 642.375 17.712 4.236 4.264 6.24 2.812 72.08 5S.655 6.312 17.812 18.8953 4.32 665 332.283 5.52 728 364.281 17.09 160 1.500 100.876 30.712 4.034 6.5 2.876 80.72 2130 1.19 1.219 21.13 40 0.3 1.73 20.283 5.95 1.53 2020 1.12 2.500 39.876 41.7029 4.11 602 301.376 126.29 3.236 4.48 1.000 196.89 540 270.562 14.35 80 1.2070 4.55 2.500 296.9689 5.000 47.854 7.19–1976.500 19.000 164.10 4.500 157.438 17. XS 0.670 9.712 4.500 140.236 4.6468 4.6230 4.000 429.83 2. the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.587 7.031 13.688 61.15 XS 0.500 29.000 118. in.712 3.10 120 1.000 78.68 4.68 40 0.062 70.500 18.500 367.1171 4.376 17.250 23.688 22.500 136.42 697 348..000 79.65 474 237.712 4.000 207.82 1. Diameter.250 29.812 36.52 1.344 19.000 30.45 40 0. ST 0.17 1.43 140 1.18 1.70 2.375 15.06 10 0.59 2055 1.236 4.04 902 451.12 937 467. XS = extra strong wall.37 4.33 1016 508.Pipe Data: Steel Pipe (cont.96 120 1.65 3.66 2094 1.938 48.39 2.70 787 393.64 1.78 1192 596.500 93.55 450 225.236 4.6703 4.0596 4. 10S 0.712 4. U.712 3.92 866 433.93 ST 0.969 16.055.37 140 1.4071 5.156 15.22 636 318.312 29.63 1.712 4.11 2.283 5.000 170.69 2110 1.44 422 211.21 632 316. ANSI B36.250 19.45 707 353.065.236 5.51 2.236 5.375 23.438 75.707 7.012 6.624 50.40 80 1.746 7.250 17.000 82.5763 5.283 6.312 40.29 60 0.79 1.17 80 0.13 30 30 5S 0. ST = standard wall.3423 4.189 3.10–1975.564 13. lb/ft Size.189 3.712 3.283 5.49 30 0.82 120 1.189 3.376 48.531 20.236 4. Mill tolerances as high as ± 12¹⁄₂ percent are permitted.32 666 333.500 244.312 159.562 87.000 166.5533 4.218 19.78 510 255.000 87. in2 Flow. in.500 13.0211 5.000 256.14 943 471.4849 4.712 4.14 140 1.438 90.948 6.75 1.17 24 24 5S 0.400 35.66 1.000 70.750 57. and 40S are extracted from Stainless Steel Pipe.76 1.812 20.16 1. gal/ lb/h water pipe.0285 6. Metal.000 63.90 4.48 718 359.92 100 1.781 14.000 238.500 23.189 3.283 5. ft.048.155 6.750 16.594 12.5 1.81 826 413.500 341.844 14.250 23.65 20. XS 0.500 104.124 24.34 4. ft2 Outside Inside min 80 0.6941 4.624 11.500 15.564 16.250 27.78 10S 0.854 7.219 13.854 6. New York.33 1.938 16.500 208.500 46.48 1073 536.99 569 284.391 6.53 30 0.1004 5.500 542.876 142. in.55 739 369.624 10.562 56.283 6.15 1350 675.51 760 379.218 23.000 27.11 60 0.188 19.9394 4.500 171.41 20.562 22.25 18 18 5S 0.124 65.57 744 372.000 31.37 10.39 140 2.59 30 0.792 6.1370 4.259 34.165 17.000 36.000 138.000 223.500 17.000 397.75 501 250.236 5.25 1.236 5.64 160 1.3 2.283 6. ST 0.94 1.027.7550 5.283 5.594 18.712 4.60 30.500 55.500 483.61 100 1.87 100 1.34 1.9302 5.79 0.500 23.49 1.0878 5.000 245.283 5.43 10.062 19.625 28.94 ST 0.58 100 1.) Outside Cross-sectional Area Circumference.938 108.43 10S 0.58 750 375.12 160 2.35 402 201.000 52.000 123.854 7.61 1.000 98.536 6.50 20 20 5S 0.283 6.000 296. in.99 1281 640.500 104.189 3.39 20 0.375 19.4849 5.S. XX = double extra strong wall.76 10 0.17 1359 679. plain-end No.5993 4.09 1325 662.250 71.63 764 382.0740 5.20 965 482.28 1.712 4.000 274.500 58.500 17.67 60 0.375 29.562 16. ft2/ft of length velocity Pipe Diameter.854 7.62 XS 0.031 17. 10S.500 125.885 6. or Capacity at 1-ft/s Weight of Nominal Schedule Wall Inside surface.438 13.666 7.1 2.39 2.

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