Homeomorphism Hashimoto Topologies

© All Rights Reserved

8 views

Homeomorphism Hashimoto Topologies

© All Rights Reserved

- tut12s
- Measure Theory
- Lebesgue Measure
- Problems
- Measure and Integration Notes
- PSET1+-+Answers
- Problems and Exercises in Integral Equations-krasnov-kiselev-makarenko
- Analysis in Banach Spaces - Volume I - Martingales and Littlewood-Paley Theory ( Tuomas Hytonen ; Jan van Neerven ; Mark Veraar ).pdf
- L2b
- _expectation_and_Fubini_s_theorem.pdf
- MA Real Analysis
- Probability Axioms
- MATH_F244_1468
- Calculo vectorial
- measurezero.pdf
- #6ans
- Measure Notes Ch2
- An Real
- HW1-Sol
- HW2-Sol

You are on page 1of 10

PII: S0166-8641(18)30248-7

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.topol.2018.08.003

Reference: TOPOL 6516

Revised date: 6 August 2018

Accepted date: 7 August 2018

Please cite this article in press as: M. Filipczak, G. Horbaczewska, Homeomorphisms of Hashimoto Topologies, Topol. Appl.

(2018), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.topol.2018.08.003

This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are

providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting

proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could

affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain.

HOMEOMORPHISMS OF HASHIMOTO TOPOLOGIES

topologies based on the Euclidean topology on the real line and classic

σ−ideals.

1. Introduction

Let us start with a notion of Hashimoto topologies introduced indepen-

dently by Martin in [12] and by Hashimoto in [4].

Let (X, T ) be a T1 topological space and let I be an ideal of subsets of

X, containing all singletons and such that I ∩ T = {∅}. We say that such

an ideal is admissible. Then the family

{U \ P : U ∈ T , P ∈ I}

is a base of a topology.

Under additional assumptions that (X, T ) is a second-countable topolog-

ical space and I is a σ−ideal, the considered family is a topology, denoted

by TI .

This kind of topologies was considered by Lukeš, Malý, Zajíček [11] as

’ideal topologies’, by Jankovic and Hamlet [8] and by other authors (Lindner

[10], Hejduk [5], Terepeta [14], Bingham and Ostaszewski [3] ) as ’Hashimoto

topologies’.

Note that such topologies have some common properties.

Theorem 1. (compare [12],[4]) Let (X, T ) be a second-countable topological

space and let I be an admissible σ−ideal. Then

(1) (X, TI ) is T1 .

(2) The families of connected sets in (X, T ) and in (X, TI ) coincide.

(3) (X, TI ) does not satisfy the ﬁrst axiom of countability at any point.

(4) (X, TI ) is not regular.

2010 Mathematics Subject Classiﬁcation. 54A10, 54A05,54C05.

Key words and phrases. homeomorphism, σ-ideal, Hashimoto topology.

1

2 MAŁGORZATA FILIPCZAK AND GRAŻYNA HORBACZEWSKA

(6) The family of TI -nowhere dense sets contains I and the family of

T -nowhere dense sets.

Let us mention a straightforward consequence of the property (3) from

the last theorem.

Corollary 2. If (X, T ) is second-countable and I is an admissible σ−ideal,

then (X, T ) is not homeomorphic to (X, TI ).

The most common Hashimoto topology is the one on the real line consist-

ing of sets U \ P , where U is open in the Euclidean topology and P belongs

to the family of all Lebesgue null sets (denoted here by N ).

In this paper we study possibilities of existence of homeomorphisms be-

tween Hashimoto topologies TI , where T is the Euclidean topology on R

(or on the interval [0, 1]) and I is a certain admissible σ−ideal of subsets

of R (or of [0, 1]). We are interested in classic σ−ideals. Some of results

obtained here are rather suprising.

As we stated in the last corollary, none of Hashimoto topologies is home-

omorphic to the Euclidean one, but we can observe even more.

Corollary 3. For any admissible σ−ideal I every continuous function f :

(R, T ) → (R, TI ) is constant.

Proof. If f is continuous, then the image f (I) of any closed interval I is

TI -connected and TI -compact. Then, by Theorem 1 (2) and (5), it is a

singleton.

Assume that F is a distribution function, i.e. nondecreasing, continuous

from the right and such that 0 = limx→−∞ F (x) ≤ limx→+∞ F (x) = 1. It is

well known (see, for example, [2]) that there exists a unique regular measure

μF on the Borel subsets of [0,1] for which μF ((a, b]) = F (b) − F (a) .

Denote IF := {A ⊂ R : μF (A) = 0}.

If F were not continuous, IF wouldn’t contain all singletons, and conse-

quently it wouldn’t be admissible. We would have an analogous case (not

admissible σ-ideal) if F were constant on an interval. Hence from now on

we assume that F is continuous and strictly increasing.

Theorem 4. The topological spaces ([0, 1], TIF ) and ([0, 1], TN ) are homeo-

morphic.

HOMEOMORPHISMS OF HASHIMOTO TOPOLOGIES 3

F is a bijection to show that it is also a homeomorphism ([0, 1], TIF ) →

([0, 1], TN ) it is enough to prove that image of any set from IF is a Lebesgue

null set. Let A ∈ IF and ﬁx ε > 0. Byregularity of μF there exists an open

set U such that μF (U ) < and U = n∈N (an , bn ), where intervals (an , bn )

are pairwise disjoint. Then F (U ) is open and, denoting by λ the Lebesgue

measure, we have

⎛ ⎛ ⎞⎞ ⎛ ⎞

λ(F (U )) = λ ⎝F ⎝ (an , bn )⎠⎠ = λ ⎝ F ((an , bn ))⎠ =

n∈N n∈N

⎛ ⎞

= λ⎝ (F (an ), F (bn ))⎠ = (F (bn )−F (an )) = μF ((an , bn )) = μF (U ) < ε,

n∈N n∈N n∈N

so A ∈ N .

is trivial.

If F is singular, i.e. λ({x ∈ [0, 1] : F (x) = 0}) = 1, then μF and λ have

disjoint supports (see [2]) and consequently, IF and N are incomparable.

In this case the last theorem gives a really interesting result. It is worth

mentioning that if we consider two Borel probability measures μ, ν with

strictly increasing continuous distributions and diﬀerent σ-ideals of null sets,

both orthogonal to the Lebesgue measure, then corresponding Hashimoto

topologies are homeomorphic.

Classic examples of such measures are measures "generated by throwing

a coin". For a ﬁxed p ∈ (0, 1) let X1 , X2 , ... be independent, identically

distributed random variables such that P {Xn = 0} = p and P {Xn = 1} =

∞

1−p. Let X := Xn /2n . We denote by Fp (x) = P {X ≤ x} a distribution

n=1

function of X.

The function Fp is everywhere continuous, strictly increasing on [0, 1]

singular

and (see

[2]). Therefore

for p, q ∈ (0, 1) the topological spaces

[0, 1], TIFp and [0, 1], TIFq are homeomorphic. It is worth underlying

that only one of the σ−ideals concerned here is shift invariant (if p = 1/2),

whereas the others are not. It makes this homeomorphism unexpected.

4 MAŁGORZATA FILIPCZAK AND GRAŻYNA HORBACZEWSKA

In this section we will show that for classic shift invariant σ-ideals we get

Hashimoto topologies not homeomorphic to TN .

We begin with two lemmas.

Lemma 5. Assume that A is a family of subsets of R such that for any

nonempty open interval J there exists a set A ⊂ J belonging to A \ N .

Let h : ([0, 1] , T ) → ([0, 1] , T ) be an increasing homeomorphism.

If there exists a ﬁnite positive derivative of the function h at a point

x0 ∈ (0, 1), then there exists a set A ∈ A such that h (A) ∈ / N.

Proof. If h (x0 ) > 0 then there exist positive numbers a, b, δ such that for

any numbers x, y ∈ (x0 − δ, x0 + δ) , x > y we have

h (x) − h (y)

a< < b,

x−y

so

(1) a (x − y) < h (x) − h (y) < b (x − y) .

By the assumption there exists a set A ⊂ (x0 − δ, x0 + δ) belonging to A\N .

Since A ∈/ N then there exists ε0 > 0 such that for any sequence of intervals

{In } covering A we have

∞

(λ(In )) ≥ ε0 .

n=0

Consider now h (A) and any sequence of intervals {Jn } such that Jn ⊂

h ((x0 − δ, x0 + δ)) for every n ∈ N and ∞ n=0 Jn ⊃ h (A). For any n ∈ N

−1 −1

the

∞ set h (J n ) is connected, open and h (Jn ) ⊂ (x0 − δ, x0 + δ). Hence

−1

n=0 (λ(h (Jn ))) ≥ ε0 . By (1) we have

aλ(h−1 (Jn )) < λ(Jn ).

Therefore

∞

∞

∞

(λ(Jn )) > aλ(h−1 (Jn )) = a (λ(h−1 (Jn ))) ≥ aε0 ,

n=0 n=0 n=0

i.e. h (A) ∈

/ N.

We need also a classic result.

Lemma 6. ([13]) If f : [0, 1] → [0, 1] is a strictly increasing function, then

the set f ({x ∈ [0, 1] : f (x) = 0}) has the Lebesgue measure zero.

HOMEOMORPHISMS OF HASHIMOTO TOPOLOGIES 5

plication by positive constants σ-ideal contained in N . Assume that for any

nonempty interval P there exists a set B ⊂ P belonging to N \ I. Then the

topological spaces (R, TN ) and (R, TI ) are not homeomorphic.

Proof. Assume, on the contrary, that there exists a homeomorphism h :

(R, TN ) → (R, TI ). We can assume that h is a homeomorphism ([0, 1] , TN ) →

([0, 1] , TI ).

By property (2) from Theorem 1, h is also a homeomorphism ([0, 1] , T ) →

([0, 1] , T ). Then h is invertible and h and h−1 are continuous. Hence h is

strictly monotonous (assume - increasing), so it has almost everywhere a

ﬁnite derivative. As a homeomorphism, h changes sets from N into sets from

I. Observe that the family A := {h−1 (I) : I ∈ N } fulﬁls the assumptions

of Lemma 5. Indeed, for any nonempty open interval J the set h(J), being

also a nonempty open interval, contains (by the assumption of the theorem)

a set B belonging to N \ I. Hence h−1 (B) is contained in J and belongs to

A \ N . By the deﬁnition of A there is no set A ∈ A such that h(A) ∈ / N.

Therefore, by Lemma 5, there is no point x for which h (x) is positive.

Then E := {x ∈ [0, 1] : h (x) = 0} has Lebesgue measure 1.

Moreover, by Lemma 6, λ (h (E)) = 0.

The set C := [0, 1] \ E, as a null set, is closed in ([0, 1], TN ). Moreover,

every subset of the set C is TN -closed. Since λ(h (C)) = 1 there exists a

nonmeasurable subset D of the set h(C). As TI -open and TI -closed sets

are measurable, the set D is not TI -closed. However h−1 (D) ⊂ C, so the

set D should be TI -closed - a contradiction.

the last theorem. For a given α ∈ (0, 1) it can be the σ-ideal of null sets

for α-dimensional Hausdorﬀ measure or the σ-ideal of sets of σ-ﬁnite α-

dimensional Hausdorﬀ measure or the σ-ideal of sets with Hausdorﬀ dimen-

sion not greater than α ([6]). Other examples are a σ-ideal of microscopic

sets ([7]) and a σ-ideal of strong measure zero sets ([1]).

We would like to focus our attention on the smallest σ-ideal satisfying the

assumptions of Theorem 7 - the σ-ideal of countable sets, denoted here by

Iω . Of course (R, TN ) and (R, TIω ) are not homeomorphic, but it is possible

to prove a stronger result.

6 MAŁGORZATA FILIPCZAK AND GRAŻYNA HORBACZEWSKA

for any nonempty interval J there exists a set C ⊂ J belonging to I \ Iω .

Then every continuous function f : (R, TIω ) → (R, TI ) is constant.

Proof. Our proof starts with two remarks about the topology TIω .

Firstly, it is easily seen that every TIω -closed set is the union of a closed

set and a countable set. Hence, by Cantor-Bendixon Theorem ([9]), every

TIω -closed set may be written uniquely as a disjoint union of a perfect set

and a countable set.

Secondly, if every interval centered at a point x contains an uncountable

number of points from a certain set A, then x belongs to the TIω -closure

of A (denoted by clTIω (A)). Indeed, if x ∈ / clTIω (A), then there exists a set

B ∈ TIω containing x such that A ∩ B = ∅. Hence there exist an open set

C and a countable set D such that B = C \ D, so (A ∩ C) \ D = ∅. This

contradicts our assumption.

Now assume that there exists a continuous function f : (R, TIω ) →

(R, TI ), for which there exist points a, b ∈ R, a < b such that f (a)

= f (b).

By Theorem 1 (2), the sets [a, b] and f ([a, b]) are connected in TIω and

TI , respectively. Hence f ([a, b]), as a connected set, is an interval with a

nonempty interior.

Let C be a set contained in f ([a, b]) and belonging to I \ Iω . Then the

set C is closed in TI , so f −1 (C) as a closed set in TIω can be represented as

F ∪ P , where F is perfect and P ∈ Iω .

Put C1 := {y ∈ C : f −1 ({y}) ∩ P

= ∅}. Of course C1 ∈ Iω and C \ C1 ∈

I \ Iω .

Fix y ∈ C \ C1 . Then f −1 ({y}) ⊂ F and, since {y} and C \ {y} are

TI -closed, the sets f −1 ({y}) and f −1 (C \ {y}) are TIω -closed. Moreover

f −1 ({y}) ∩ f −1 (C \ {y}) = ∅.

Observe that for every x ∈ f −1 ({y}) there exists ε > 0 such that

(F \ f −1 ({y})) ∩ (x − ε, x + ε) ∈ Iω .

Indeed, in the opposite case by the remark from the beginning of the proof,

x ∈ clTIω (F \ f −1 ({y})), which is impossible, since F \ f −1 ({y}) ⊂ f −1 (C \

{y}).

Therefore, since F is perfect, for every x ∈ f −1 ({y}) ⊂ F there exist

points ax , bx such that ax < x < bx and ax , bx are two-sided condensation

points of F and (F \f −1 ({y}))∩(ax , bx ) ∈ Iω . Obviously for every y ∈ C \C1

there exists an x ∈ f −1 ({y}), and so for every y ∈ C \ C1 there exist

HOMEOMORPHISMS OF HASHIMOTO TOPOLOGIES 7

(F \ f −1 ({y})) ∩ (ay , by ) ∈ Iω .

Moreover, for diﬀerent y1 , y2 ∈ C\C1 we get disjoint intervals (ay1 , by1 ), (ay2 , by2 ),

because if (ay1 , by1 ) ∩ (ay2 , by2 ) = (c, d)

= ∅, then (c, d) ∩ F

= ∅, which is

impossible, since (c, d) ∩ F ∈ Iω and F is perfect.

Therefore we have an uncountable number of disjoint intervals, a contra-

diction.

Corollary 9. The Hashimoto topology (R, TIω ) is not homeomorphic to

(R, TI ) if I is

- the σ-ideal of Lebesgue null sets,

- the σ-ideals of α-dimensional Hausdorﬀ measure,

- the σ-ideals of sets of σ-ﬁnite α-dimensional Hausdorﬀ measure,

- the σ-ideals of sets with Hausdorﬀ dimension not greater than α for

α ∈ (0, 1)

- the σ-ideal of microscopic sets,

- the σ-ideal of strong measure zero sets (under CH),

- the σ-ideal of meager sets.

We consider now σ-ideals orthogonal to the σ-ideal of meager sets, de-

noted by K. It means σ-ideals I for which there exist sets I ∈ I and J ∈ K

such that R = I ∪ J.

Theorem 10. If J is an admissible σ-ideal orthogonal to K, then the topo-

logical spaces (R, TJ ) and (R, TK ) are not homeomorphic.

Proof. Theorem 4 from [4] says that for an admissible ideal I if every

nowhere dense set belongs to I, then I is equal to the family of TI -nowhere

dense sets, so the σ-ideal K is equal to the family of TK -nowhere dense

sets and, consequently, to the family of TK -meager sets. Hence R is not

TK -meager.

However, by orthogonality of K and J the space R is a union of two sets:

A ∈ K and B ∈ J . By Theorem 1 (6) the family of TJ -meager sets contains

K ∪ J , so R is TJ -meager.

Therefore (R, TJ ) and (R, TK ) are not homeomorphic.

Corollary 11. The Hashimoto topology (R, TK ) is not homeomorphic to

(R, TI ) if I is

- the σ-ideal of Lebesgue null sets,

8 MAŁGORZATA FILIPCZAK AND GRAŻYNA HORBACZEWSKA

- the σ-ideals of sets of σ-ﬁnite α-dimensional Hausdorﬀ measure,

- the σ-ideals of sets with Hausdorﬀ dimension not greater than α for

α ∈ (0, 1)

- the σ-ideal of microscopic sets.

Observe that despite of the fact that the σ-ideal of countable sets is not

orthogonal to the σ-ideal of meager sets we concluded in Corollary 9 that

(R, TIω ) and (R, TK ) are not homeomorphic.

References

[1] T. Bartoszyński, H. Judah, Set theory: On the structure of the real line, A. K.

Peters, Ltd., Wellesley, MA, 1995.

[2] P. Billingsley, Probability and Measure, A Wiley-Interscience publication, 1995.

[3] N. H. Bingham, A. J. Ostaszewski, Beyond Lebesgue and Baire IV: density topologies

and a converse Steinhaus-Weil theorem, Topology Appl., available online 31 January

2018.

[4] H. Hashimoto, On the *-topology and its applications, Fund. Math. 91, 1976, 5-10.

[5] J. Hejduk, S. Lindner, On the Hashimoto topology with respect to an extension of

the Lebesgue measure, Tatra Mt. Math. Publ. 24 (2002), part II, 147–151.

[6] G. Horbaczewska On topologies connected with Hausdorﬀ measures, Real Anal. Ex-

change 33 (1), 2007/2008, 151-158.

[7] G. Horbaczewska, A. Karasińska, E. Wagner-Bojakowska, Properties of the σ-ideal of

microscopic sets, Traditional and present-day topics in real analysis, Łódź University

Press, 2013.

[8] D. Jankovic, T.R. Hamlet, New topologies from old via ideals, Amer. Math. Monthly,

Vol. 97, No. 4, 1990, 295-310.

[9] A.S. Kechris, Classical Descriptive Set Theory, Berlin, New York, Springer-Verlag,

1995.

[10] S. Lindner, Topologies of Hashimoto type with respect to σ-ideal of countable sets,

Folia Math. 10 (2003), no. 1, 55–58.

[11] J. Lukeš, J. Malý, L. Zajíček, Fine topology methods in real analysis and potential

theory, Lecture Notes in Math. 1189, Springer, 1986.

[12] N.F.G. Martin, Generalized condensation points, Duke Math. Journal, 28(4), 1961,

507-514.

[13] I.P. Natanson, Theory of Functions of a Real Variable, Dover Books on Mathematics,

2016.

[14] M.Terepeta, On Hashimoto type topologies, Tatra Mt. Math., Publ. 52, 2012, 19-28.

HOMEOMORPHISMS OF HASHIMOTO TOPOLOGIES 9

University of Łódź,

Banacha 22, 90 238 Łódź, Poland

E-mail address: malfil@math.uni.lodz.pl grhorb@math.uni.lodz.pl

- tut12sUploaded byTom Davis
- Measure TheoryUploaded bysfcooper
- Lebesgue MeasureUploaded byItzala Mendoza
- ProblemsUploaded bybrooklinbook
- Measure and Integration NotesUploaded bysebastianavina
- PSET1+-+AnswersUploaded byjimwozhou
- Problems and Exercises in Integral Equations-krasnov-kiselev-makarenkoUploaded byVictor Augusto Virgilio Fernandes
- Analysis in Banach Spaces - Volume I - Martingales and Littlewood-Paley Theory ( Tuomas Hytonen ; Jan van Neerven ; Mark Veraar ).pdfUploaded byAnonymous bZtJlFvPtp
- L2bUploaded byajaykumarKBS
- _expectation_and_Fubini_s_theorem.pdfUploaded byTing-Hui Kuo
- MA Real AnalysisUploaded byNikhilSharma
- Probability AxiomsUploaded bymeetwithsanjay
- MATH_F244_1468Uploaded byViral Jain
- Calculo vectorialUploaded byjorge100693
- measurezero.pdfUploaded byPuoya
- #6ansUploaded bykush_punk
- Measure Notes Ch2Uploaded byFLORENTIN
- An RealUploaded byyahyaharun48
- HW1-SolUploaded byDiego Leonardo Lugo Ojeda
- HW2-SolUploaded byDiego Leonardo Lugo Ojeda
- Measure Theory LiskevichUploaded byDan Glinski
- real_01f.pdfUploaded byAnonymous Rr4j4Fb
- S. V. Astashkin and F. A. Sukochev- Series of Independent, Mean Zero Random Variables in Rearrangement-Invariant Spaces Having the Kruglov PropertyUploaded byLekkell
- Ca07 RgIto TextUploaded byTerwal Aandrés Oortiz Vargas
- 1206.2459.pdfUploaded bystellasll
- Meas.integrUploaded byqwerty
- Measure Theory (3)Uploaded byUpasana Devi
- INTEGRACIONUploaded byElisabeth Espinoza Canales
- mit6 450f09 slide07Uploaded byapi-246008426
- mit6 450f09 slide07Uploaded byapi-246008426

- Extreme Violence in MexicoUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Wnt b catenin pathway in human fibrioman-like diseasesUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Information technology telecommunications and information exchangeUploaded byscribd4tavo
- diffraction modeling.pdfUploaded byscribd4tavo
- engineers as problem-solvers.pdfUploaded byscribd4tavo
- hith10695.pdfUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Modal Gain Analysis of Transverse Bragg ResonanceUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Experiential learning in soil sciencesUploaded byscribd4tavo
- roflv02i02_Chartier_060111_0Uploaded byZenón Deviagge
- Coalbed MethaneUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Spin Interaction Under the Collision of Two-Kerr (-Anti) de Sitter Black HolesUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Thermodynamics Properties of a Regular Black HoleUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Fibroblast growth factor 9 regulation by microRNASUploaded byscribd4tavo
- hith10707.pdfUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Brain DevelopmentUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Early Determinants of DevelopmentUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Focus on DomesdayUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Multiagent Based AlgorithmUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Efficient Charging of SupercapacitorsUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Identification of criteria and indicators for sustainable community forest managementUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Riessman Narrative Analysis Cap1Uploaded byPansho Peña Vitali
- Transport and Structure in Semimetallic PolymersUploaded byscribd4tavo
- HaitiUploaded byscribd4tavo
- The Theory and Practice of Welfare PartershipUploaded byscribd4tavo
- hith10694.pdfUploaded byscribd4tavo
- hith10709.pdfUploaded byscribd4tavo
- CVKP-52-version1-Hartog.pdfUploaded byenlacesboston
- On Dead CertaintiesUploaded byscribd4tavo
- Escuela de París GreimasUploaded byscribd4tavo

- 数学分析习题课讲义（复旦大学.pdfUploaded byradioheaddddd
- Spivak Calculus of Manifolds SolutionsUploaded bycweeks2
- Diamond, P. a., & Mirrlees, J. a. (1971). Optimal Taxation and Public Production I, Production EfficiencyUploaded byGerald Hartman
- CalculusUploaded bypuerto_arnaldo
- CH7m.pdfUploaded byQa Sim
- War of AttritionUploaded byionutmf
- Handbook 2011-2012Uploaded byHarapan Afiq
- Domingos, Geometrical Properties of Vectors and Covectors9812700447Uploaded byBarbara Yaeggy
- Topological Spaces GarlingUploaded byKhmer Cham
- Alan Bain - Stochastic CalculusUploaded byMoti Levy
- notes100-ch3Uploaded bysfluk2
- AN OLYMPIAD PROBLEM: ZEROES OF FUNCTIONS IN THE IMAGE OF A VOLTERRA OPERATOR RADU GOLOGAN, CEZAR LUPUUploaded byallysonmgabriel
- 530mtmUploaded byJuwanda
- Limits.pdfUploaded byavijit_dasbihari1266
- 02_MathreviewUploaded bymushahid980
- A User-friendly Introduction to Lebesgue Measure and IntegrationUploaded bygomson
- Continuity and InfinitesimalsUploaded byricardoangis
- Vector Calculus SupplementUploaded bytrashcanxtx
- Solution Manual for Brownian Motion 1ndUploaded byAnonymous bZtJlFvPtp
- 21Uploaded byVivek Srivastav
- Semántica de dominio y semántica denotacionalUploaded byelias
- ET3.pdfUploaded byMarcus Vinicius Sousa Sousa
- demelo-strienUploaded byYeltsin Acahuana
- Mass Volume CurveUploaded byDeepakGujraniya
- 2_AnalyticFunctionsUploaded byPichika Sathish
- Functional equations.pdfUploaded byrikabe70
- CMU SCS 2012 Scheduling BookletUploaded byAbhinav
- MAT194_CourseSummary(2013F)Uploaded byEric Rogers
- Programa analitica materii Cibernetica in englezaUploaded byIoana Roxana Bob
- SEMFE_EnglGuid_CourseDescriptionUploaded byChris Nikolopoulos