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Professional Education – January 2014

1. With R.A. 9155, to which body were all the functions, programs, and activities of the Department of Education related to
Sports competition transferred?
a. Technical Education Services Department Authority
b. Philippine Sports Commission
c. National Commission for Culture and the Arts
d. Commission on Higher Education

2. Parenting style influences children’s development. Read the following parent’s remarks for their children then, answer the
Parent C – Tells her child: “You should do it my way or else. There is no discussion.”
Parent D – Tells her husband: “It is 10:00 PM, do you know where your child is?”
Parent E – Tells her child: “You know, you should have not done that. Let’s talk about it so you can handle the situation
better next time.”
Parent F – Tells her child: “You may do what you want. We will always be here for you, no matter what you do.”
Which Parenting style is Authoritarian?
a. D b. F c. E d. C

3. Two identical beakers A and B are presented to the child. Teacher Sonny pours the liquid from B to C which is taller and
thinner than A and B but has equal capacity with B. The teacher asks if the beakers A and C have the same amount of
liquid. The child says “NO” and points to C as the beaker that has more liquid. In which cognitive developmental stage is the
a. Sensorimotor stage
b. Concrete operational stage
c. Pre-operational stage
d. Formal Operational stage

4. To determine her students’ level of moral development, Teacher Evangeline presents to her class a morally ambiguous
situation and asks them what they would do in such a situation. On whose theory is Teacher Evangeline’s technique based?
a. Bruner
b. Kohlberg
c. Freud
d. Piaget

5. According to R.A. 9155, which among the following is considered the “heart of the formal education system”?
a. The pupil
b. The teacher
c. The classroom
d. The school

6. You arrange the rows of blocks in such a way that a row of 5 blocks is longer than a row of 7 blocks. If you ask which row
has more, Grade 1 pupils will say that it is the row that makes the longer line. Based on Piaget’s cognitive development
theory, what problem is illustrated?
a. Assimilation problem
b. Accommodation problem
c. Conservation problem
d. Egocentrism problem
7. According to R.A. 9155, a school head has two roles, namely administrative manager and ____.
a. Health officer
b. Instructional leader
c. Facilitator
d. Guidance counselor
8. After reading and paraphrasing Robert Frost’s Stopping by the Woods on Snowy Evening, Teacher Marko asked the class
to share any insight derived from the poem. In which domain in Bloom’s taxonomy of objectives is the term paraphrase?
a. Analysis c. Comprehension
b. Application d. Synthesis
9. Which characterizes a constructivist teaching-learning process?
a. Conceptual interrelatedness
b. Multiple perspectives
c. Authentic assessment
d. Passive acceptance of information
10. On what theory is the sequencing of instruction anchored?
a. Gagne’s hierarchical theory
b. B.F. Skinner’s operant conditioning theory
c. Bandura’s social learning theory
d. Thorndike’s law of effect
11. A common complaint of teachers about pupils is this: “You give them assignment, the following day they come without any.
You teach them this today, asks them tomorrow and they don’t know. It is as if there is nothing that you taught them at all.”
Based on the theory of information processing, what must teachers do to counteract pupil’s forgetting?
I. Punish every child who can’t give correct answers to questions.
II. Work for meaningful learning by connecting lesson to what pupils know.
III. Reward every child who remembers past lessons.
a. III only c. II and III
b. I and III d. II only

12. When small children call all animals “dogs”, what process is illustrated, based on Piaget’s cognitive development theory?
a. Assimilation c. Reversion
b. Conservation d. Accommodation

13. Based on Bandura’s theory, which conditions must be present for a student to learn from a model?
I. Attention III. Motor reproduction
II. Retention IV. Motivation
a. I and II c. I, II, III and IV
b. I, II and III d. III and IV

14. According to Tolman’s theory on purposive behaviorism, learning is goal-directed. What is its implication to teaching?
a. Evaluate lessons based on your objective/s
b. Set as many objectives as you can
c. Stick to your objectives/s no matter what happens
d. Make the objective/s of your lesson clear and specific

15. Which is the ideal stage of moral development? Stage of _____.

a. Social contract
b. Universal ethical principle
c. Law and order
d. Good boy/good girl

16. Cristina’s family had a family picture when she was not yet born. Unable to see herself in the family picture, she cried
despite her mother’s explanation that she was not yet born when the family picture was taken. What does Cristina’s
behavior show?
a. Limited social cognition
b. Egocentrism
c. Semi-logical reasoning
d. Rigidity of thought

17. To help a student learn to the optimum, Vygotsky advises us to bridge the student’s present skill level and the desired skill
level by ______.
a. Challenging c. Inspiring
b. Scaffolding d. Motivating
18. Based on Piaget’s theory, what should a teacher provide in the formal operational stage?
a. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with
b. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skills
c. Activities for hypothesis formulation
d. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering

19. “Do not cheat. Cheating does not pay. If you do, you cheat yourself” says the voiceless voice from within you. In the context
of Freud’s theory, which is/are at work?
a. Id c. Ego
b. Id and Superego d. Superego

20. Here are comments from School Head Carmen regarding her observations on teacher’s practice in lesson planning:
The words “identify,” “tell” and “enumerate” are overused. Many times they make use of non-behavioral terms. Often their
lesson objectives do not include value formation and inculcation.
What can be inferred from the School Head’s comments regarding teacher formulated lesson objectives?
a. Often lesson objectives are in the low level
b. Very often lesson objectives are in the cognitive domain
c. Quite often lesson objectives describe teacher’s behavior
d. Often lesson objectives are in the psychomotor domain

21. Sassi, a Grade I pupil is asked, “Why do you pray everyday?” Sassi answered, “Mommy said so.” Based on Kohlberg’s
theory, in which moral development stage is Sassi?
a. Pre-convention level
b. Conventional level
c. In between conventional and post-conventional levels
d. In between pre- and post-conventional levels

22. Teacher Fatima tells her students: “You must be honest at all times not only because you are afraid of the punishment but
more because you yourselves are convinced of the value of honesty.” Based on Kohlberg’s theory, which level of moral
development does the teacher want her students to reach?
a. Conventional level
b. Between conventional and post-conventional levels
c. Between pre-conventional and post-conventional levels
d. Post-conventional level

23. Why is babyhood referred to as a “critical period” in personality development? Because:

a. At this time the baby is exposed to many physical and psychological hazards
b. Changes in the personality pattern take place
c. At this time the foundations are laid upon which the adult personality structure will be built
d. The brain grows and develops at such an accelerated rate during babyhood

24. It is good to give students creative learning tasks because ______.

a. Development is affected by cultural changes
b. The development of individuals is unique
c. Development is the individual’s choice
d. Development is aided by stimulation

25. According to Havighurst’s development tasks, reaching and maintaining satisfactory performance in one’s occupational
career is supposed to have been attained during ____.
a. Middle age and Early adulthood
b. Middle age
c. Old age
d. Early adulthood
26. Student Deina says: “I have to go to school on time. This is what the rule says.” In what level of moral development is the
a. Pre-conventional
b. Post-conventional
c. Conventional
d. Cannot be specifically determined

27. In planning for instruction, can a teacher begin with assessment?

a. No, it may discourage and scare the learners
b. Yes, determine entry knowledge or skill
c. Yes, to make the class pay attention
d. No, assessment is only at the end of a lesson

28. Which among the following is closest to the real human digestive system for study in the classroom?
a. Drawing of the human digestive system on the board
b. Model of the human digestive system
c. The human digestive system projected on an OHP
d. Drawing of the human digestive system on a page of a textbook

29. Here is a question: “Is the paragraph a good one?” Evaluate. If broken down to simplify, which is the best simplification?
a. Why is the paragraph a good one? Prove
b. Is the paragraph a good one? Why or Why not?
c. If you asked to evaluate something, what do you do? Evaluate the paragraph?
d. What are the qualities of a good paragraph? Does the paragraph have these qualities?

30. Which one is in support of greater interaction?

a. Probing
b. Repeating the question
c. Not allowing a student to complete a response
d. Selecting the same student respondents

31. With this specific objective, to reduce fractions to their lowest terms, this is how the teacher developed the lesson.
Step 1 – Teacher stated the rule on how to reduce fractions to their lowest term
Step 2 – Teacher wrote 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6
4 6 8 10 12
and showed how to reduce them to 1
Step 3 – Teacher wrote 3 , 6 , 4 and
9 9 12
showed how to reduce them to their lowest term.
Step 4 – Teacher gave this written exercise to the class.
Reduce the following fractions to their lowest terms: 3 , 7 , 5 , 8 , 5 , 4
12 14 10 16 15 6
Did the lesson begin with concrete experience then developed into the abstract?
a. No
b. Yes, a little
c. Yes, by way of the examples given by the teacher
d. Yes, the pupils were involved in arriving at the rule on reducing fractions to their lowest terms
32. I want to compare two concepts. Which technique is most appropriate?
a. Attribute wheel
b. K-W-L techniques
c. Venn diagram
d. Spider web organizer
33. Which activity should a teacher have more for his students if he wants them to develop logical-mathematical thinking?
a. Focus group discussion
b. Problem solving
c. Games
d. Small group discussion

34. I want to use a pre-teaching strategy that will immediately engage my students in the content and will enable me to get an
insight into how students think and feel about the topic. Which is most appropriate?
a. K-W-L chart c. Graphic organizer
b. Story boarding d. Document analysis
35. For a discussion of a topic from various perspectives, it is best to hold a ______.
a. Debate c. Panel discussion
b. Brainstorming d. Symposium
36. After establishing my learning objectives, what should I do to find out what my students already know and what they do not
yet know in relation to my lesson objectives in the cognitive domain?
a. Give a pretest
b. Study the least learned competencies in the National Achievement Test
c. Analyze my students’ grades last year
d. Interview a sample of my students
37. What characterizes genuine change? Change in _____.
a. Appearance c. Substance
b. Form d. Physical attribute
38. In which strategy, can students acquire information from various perspectives, and led to reflective thinking and group
a. Debate
b. Small group discussion
c. Panel discussion
d. Symposium
39. At the end of my lesson on the role of a teacher in learning, I asked the class: “In what way is a teacher an enzyme?” With
this question, it engaged the class in _______.
a. Allegorical thinking
b. Concrete thinking
c. Metaphorical thinking
d. Symbolical thinking
40. Which must be primarily considered in the choice of instructional aide?
a. Must stimulate and maintain student interest
b. Must be updated and relevant to Filipino setting
c. Must be suited to the lesson objective
d. Must be new and skillfully made
41. For lesson clarity and effective retention, which should a teacher observe, according to Bruner’s theory?
a. Begin teaching at the concrete level but go beyond it by reaching the abstract
b. Use purely verbal symbols in teaching
c. Start at the concrete level and end there
d. End teaching with verbal symbols
42. Is it advisable to use realias all the time?
a. No, for the sake of variety of instructional materials
b. No, only when feasible
c. Yes, because there is no substitute for realias
d. Yes, because it is the real thing
43. I want my students to look at the issues on the call for President Arroyo to step down from several perspectives. Which
activity is most fitting?
a. Cross examination c. Symposium
b. Panel discussion d. Debate
44. I intended to inculcate in my students the value of order and cleanliness. I begin my lesson by asking them to share their
experiences about the dirtiest and the cleanest place they have seen and how they felt about them. From there I lead them
to the consequences of dirty and clean home of surroundings. In my lesson development plan, how do I proceed?
a. Transductively c. Deductively
b. Inductively d. Concretely
45. Teacher Neri wants to develop the ability of sound judgment in his students. Which of the following questions should he
a. What is the essayist saying about judging other people?
b. With the elements of a good paragraph in mind, which one is best written?
c. Why is there so much poverty in a country where there is plenty of natural resources?
d. Of the characters in the story, with whom do you identify yourself?

46. The teacher is the first audio-visual aid in the classroom. What does this imply?
a. You take care that you follow the fashion or else students won’t listen to you
b. Your physical appearance and voice should be such that students are helped to learn
c. Make good use of the radio and TV in the classroom
d. Include singing in your teaching method

47. I used the gumamela flower, a complete flower, to teach the parts of a flower. Which method did I use?
a. Demonstration method
b. Type-study method
c. Drill method
d. Laboratory method

48. A teacher would use a standardized test ______.

a. To serve as a unit test
b. To serve as a final examination
c. To engage in easy scoring
d. To compare her students to national norms
49. Other than finding out how well the course competencies were met, Teacher Kathy also wants to know her students’
performance when compared with other students in the country. What is Teacher Kathy interested to do?
a. Formative evaluation
b. Authentic evaluation
c. Norm-referenced evaluation
d. Criterion-referenced evaluation
50. I want to help my students retain new information. Which one will I use?
a. Questions c. Games
b. Mnemonics d. Simulations
51. I want to use a diagram to compare the traditional and authentic modes of assessment. Which one is most fit?
a. Affinity diagram
b. Tree diagram
c. Venn diagram
d. Fishbone diagram

52. A big story in your local newspaper. You want to use the headlines as an inquiry device. To increase student participation,
you might begin by ____.
a. Asking one to read the news story and interpret what he read after
b. Asking the class to infer connotations and denotations from the headline
c. Explaining what you believe to be the underlying causes
d. Describing the background of the story as you know it
53. If a triadic interaction includes three (3) persons, how many persons are included in a dyadic interaction?
a. Two
b. Two groups composed of two persons each
c. One, the person and himself
d. Four
54. When I teach skills that are critical to the learning of the next topics, what should I employ?
a. Direct instruction
b. Mastery learning
c. Socratic method
d. Cooperative learning
55. I want my students to have mastery learning of a basic topic. Which can help?
a. Drill
b. Socratic method and drill
c. Morrisonian technique and drill
d. Socratic method
56. Teacher Feng wanted to teach the pupils the skill of cross stretching. Her check-up quiz was a written test on the steps of
cross stitching. What characteristic of a good test does it lack?
a. Predictive validity
b. Objectivity
c. Reliability
d. Content validity
57. In the parlance of test construction, what does TOS mean?
a. Table of Specification
b. Team of Specifications
c. Table of Specifics
d. Terms of Specifications
58. If I favor “assessment for learning,” which will I do most likely?
I. Conduct a pre-test results
II. Teach based on pre-test results
III. Give specific feedback to students
IV. Conduct peer tutoring for students in need of help
a. I, II and IV c. I, II and III
b. II, III and IV d. I, II, III and IV
59. After a lesson on the atom, the students were asked to work on a physical model of the atom to determine learning. For
which group of students is building an atom model intended?
a. Interpersonality intelligent
b. Kinesthetically intelligent
c. Mathematically intelligent
d. Linguistically intelligent
60. If I want to develop creative thinking in my students, which one/s should I use?
I. Problem solving
II. Brainstorming
III. Dramatics
a. I and II c. III only
b. II only d. I, II and II

61. Which is/are effective method/s in teaching students critical reading skills?
a. Read and interpret three different movie reviews
b. Interpret editorials about a particular subject from three different newspaper
c. Distinguish fiction from non-fiction materials
d. Interpret editorials and read and interpret three different movie reviews

62. I want to present the characteristics features of a constructivist approach. What should I use?
a. Fishbone diagram
b. Venn diagram
c. Narrative frame
d. Attribute wheel
63. If all of your students in your class passed the pretest, what should you do?
a. Administer the posttest
b. Go through the unit as usual because it is part of the syllabus
c. Go through the lesson quickly in order not to skip any
d. Go on to the next unit
64. Teacher Vicky shows her students a picture of people in thick jackets. Then she asks them to tell her the kind of climate
when the picture was taken. If she asks 5 questions of this kind and her students do not get them, it is safe to conclude that
pupils are quite weak in the skill of _______.
a. Analyzing c. Synthesizing
b. Inferring d. Generalizing
65. Which must go with self-assessment for it to be effective?
a. Scoring rubric
b. Consensus of evaluation results from teacher and student
c. External monitor
d. Public display of results of self-evaluation
66. Which group of scores is most varied? The group with ________.
a. 0.90 SD c. 0.10 SD
b. 0.50 SD d. 0.75 SD
67. The main purpose in administering a pretest and a posttest to students is to _____.
a. Measure gains in learning
b. Measure the value of the material taught
c. Keep adequate records
d. Accustom the students to frequent testing
68. Assessment is said to be authentic when the teacher ________.
a. Consider students’ suggestion in teaching
b. Gives valid and reliable paper-and-pencil test
c. Gives students real-life task to accomplish
d. Includes parents in the determination of assessment procedures
69. The following are computed means of a hundred-item test: Physical science, 38; Math, 52; English, 33. Based on the data,
which is true?
a. The examinees seem to be very good in Physical Science
b. The Math test appears to be the easiest among the three
c. The examinees seem to excel in English
d. The English test appears to be the easiest among the three
70. An examinee whose score is within x + 1 SD belongs to which of the following groups?
a. Above average
b. Average
c. Below average
d. Needs improvement
71. Which is true of a bimodal distribution?
a. The scores are neither high nor low
b. The group has two different groups
c. The score are high
d. The score are low
72. When you reach the “plateau of learning”, what should you do?
a. Forget about learning
b. Reflect what caused it
c. Force yourself to learn
d. Rest
73. What can be said if student performance in a positively skewed scores distribution?
a. Most students performed well
b. Most students performed poorly
c. Almost all students had averaged performance
d. A few students performed excellently
74. A number of test items in a test are said to be non-discriminating? What conclusion/s can be drawn?
I. Teaching or learning was very good.
II. The item is so easy that anyone could get it right.
III. The item is so difficult that nobody could get it.
a. II only c. III only
b. I and II d. II and III
75. A test item has a difficulty index of 0.51 and a discrimination index of 0.25. What should the teacher do?
a. Revise the item
b. Retain the item
c. Make it a bonus item
d. Reject the item
76. The difficulty index of a test item is 1. This means that _____________.
a. The test item is a quality item
b. The test is very difficult
c. The test is very easy
d. Nobody got the item correctly
77. If the compound range is low, this means that _____________.
a. The students performed very well in the test
b. The difference between the highest and the lowest score is low
c. The difference between the highest and the lowest score is high
d. The students performed very poorly in the test
78. What is the mastery level of a school division in a 100-item test with a mean of 55?
a. 42% b. 55% c. 45% d. 50%
79. A negative discrimination index means that ____________.
a. The test item has low reliability
b. More from the lower group answered the test item correctly
c. The test item could not discriminate between the lower and upper groups
d. More from the upper group got the item correctly
80. In an entrance examination, student Anna’s Percentile is 25 (P25). Based on this Percentile rank, which is likely to happen?
a. Student Anna will be admitted
b. Student Anna will not be admitted
c. Student Anna has 50-50 percent chance to be admitted
d. Student Anna has 75 percent chance to be admitted
81. What does a percentile rank of 62 mean?
a. It is the student’s score in the test
b. The student answered sixty-two (62%) of the items correctly
c. The student’s score is higher than 62 percent of all students who took the test
d. Sixty-two percent (62%) of those who took the test scored higher than the individual
82. What does the computer have in common with the TV?
a. Key board c. Screen
b. File d. Disk drive
83. Which depicts in graphic form the social relations present in a group?
a. Interest inventory
b. Sociogram
c. Anecdotal record
d. Johari’s window
84. Planned ignoring, signal interference, and proximity control are techniques used in _____.
a. Managing temper tantrums
b. Managing surface behavior
c. Operant conditioning
d. Life-space interviewing
85. What should you do to get the child’s attention when she/he is distracted by an object in the room?
I. Call him by his name and tell him to pay attention
II. Put away the distracting influence
III. Involve him in helping with an activity
a. I and II c. II and III
b. I and III d. I, II and III
86. Which practice in our present educational system is in line with Plato’s thought that “nothing learned under compulsion stays
with the mind”?
a. Clarification of school policies and classroom rules on Day 1
b. Presentation of standards of performance in the learner
c. Making the teaching-learning process interesting
d. Involving the learner in the determination of learning goals
87. In Values Education, faith, hope, and love are believed to be permanent values whether they be valued by people or not.
Upon what philosophy is this anchored?
a. Realism c. Idealism
b. Existentialism d. Pragmatism
88. In the schools, we teach realities that cannot be verified by the senses like an Invisible God or Allah. Whose beliefs does
this practice negate?
a. Stoicists’ c. Skeptics’
b. Rationalists’ d. Empiricists’
89. Which emphasized on non-violence as the path to true peace as discussed in peace education?
a. Taoism c. Hinduism
b. Buddhism d. Shintoism
90. I make full use of the question-and-answer as a model for discussion. From whom is this question-and-answer method?
a. Socrates c. Aristotle
b. Kant d. Plato

91. A wife who loves her husband dearly becomes so jealous that in a moment of savage rage, kills him. Is the wife morally
responsible and why?
a. Not necessarily. Antecedent passion may completely destroy freedom and consequently moral responsibility
b. Yes, she killed her husband simply because of jealousy
c. It depends on the case of the wife’s jealousy
d. It depends on the mental health of the wife

92. Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “Man may understand all about the rotation of the earth but he may still miss the radiance
of the sunset.” Which type of education should be emphasized as implied by Martin Luther King Jr.?
a. Science and education
b. Vocational education
c. Liberal education
d. Technical education

93. Computer-assisted instruction is an offshoot of the theory of _____.

a. J. Piaget c. B.F. Skinner
b. J. Brunner d. J. Watson
94. The use of varied teaching and testing strategies on account of students’ multiple intelligences is in line with the thoughts of
a. Daniel Goleman
b. Jean Piaget
c. Howard Gardner
d. Benjamin Bloom

95. Applying Confucius’s teachings, how would hiring personnel select the most fit in government positions?
a. By record evaluation done by an accrediting body
b. By government examinations
c. By accreditation
d. By merit system
96. “Moral example has a greater effect on pupils’ discipline than laws and codes of punishment” is an advice of teachers from
a. Confucius c. Lao tzu
b. Mohammed d. Mencius
97. “The principle of spontaneity against artificiality will make you accomplish something. Leave nature to itself and you will
have harmony” is an active advice from the _____.
a. Hindu c. Shintoist
b. Taoist d. Buddhist
98. The significance of liberal education in holistic development of students is supported by _____.
a. Perennialism
b. Pragmatism
c. Confucian teaching
d. Perennialism and Confucian philosophy

99. Is a sick teacher, the only one assigned in a remote school, excused from her teaching duty?
a. No, she is the only one assigned in that school
b. Yes, teaching is a demanding job
c. Yes, she is sick
d. No, she must abide by her contract
100. What is a demonstration of your authority as a professional teacher?
a. You make your pupils run errands for you
b. You decide on how to teach a particular lesson
c. You absent from class to enjoy your leave even without prior notice
d. You select to teach only those lessons which you have mastered
101. Which statement on true authority is wrong?
a. It sets an example
b. It seeks its own satisfaction and privilege
c. It acts in the best interest of others
d. Its goal is to help, form, and guide others
102. When a teacher teaches the idea that it is wrong to think that Filipino lifestyle, products and ideas are inferior to those of
other nationalities, he fights against ______.
a. Acculturation c. Ethnocentrism
b. Xenocentrism d. Culture shock
103. Teacher Lolita, a teacher for forty years, refuses to attend seminars. She claims that her forty years of teaching is more
than all the seminars she is asked to attend. Is her actuation and thinking in accordance with the Code of Ethics for
Professional Teachers?
a. No, a professional teacher, regardless of teaching experience, ought to go through continuing professional
b. No, non-attendance to seminars means no professional growth
c. Yes, because she has taught for forty years and may have mastered the trade
d. Yes, provided she has an excellent performance rating

104. A principal asked her good teachers to write modular lessons in Science, and then she had them published with her
name printed as author. Which is unethical in this case?
a. She was the exclusive beneficiary of the royalty from the modules
b. She burdened her teachers with work not related to teaching
c. She had the modular lessons published when they were worth publishing
d. She got the merit which was due for her teacher-writers

105. Is it ethical on the part of the teacher to proselyte in her classroom every Friday?
a. Yes, that strengthens values education
b. Yes, that is religious instruction which is allowed by the Constitution
c. No, a teacher shall not engage in the promotion of his/her religious interest in the classroom
d. No, proselyting is no longer necessary in this age

106. Which can promote national pride among pupils/students?

I. Studying the lives of outstanding Filipinos here and abroad
II. Reading the lives of saints of the Church
III. Studying Philippine history with emphasis on the victories and greatness of the Filipino people
a. I, II, III c. I & II
b. III only d. I only
107. Why is the exodus of Filipino professionals described as “brain drain”?
I. Those who go abroad are usually the better
II. Filipino professionals serve other countries instead
III. They contribute to nation building through their dollar remittances
a. I, II, III b. I only c. II only d. I & II
108. You want to report on a colleague's act of immorality. You don't have the courage to confront her. To end her illicit affair
with a married man you write and secretly distribute copies of your anonymous letter against your fellow teacher. What
should have been done instead?
a. If the charge is valid; present such charge under oath before your school head
b. Ask a third party to write the anonymous letter to prevent yourself from being involved
c. Talk to the married man with whom she is having illicit affair
d. Secretly give the anonymous letter only to the two people concerned
109. Teachers often complain of numerous non-teaching assignments that adversely affect their teaching. Does this mean that
teachers must be pre-occupied only with their teaching?
a. Yes, because teaching is enough full time job
b. Yes, if they are given other assignments, justice demands that they be properly compensated
c. No, because every teacher is expected to provide leadership in activities for the betterment of the communities
where they live and work
d. No, they are also baby sitters especially in the pre-school
110. My right ends where the rights of others begin. What does this mean?
a. Rights are not absolute
b. Rights are alienable
c. Rights are inalienable
d. Rights are absolute
111. History books used in the schools are replete with events portraying defeats and weaknesses of the Filipino people. In
the spirit of nationalism, how should you tackle them in the classroom?
a. Present them as they are and tell the class to accept reality
b. Present the facts and use them as means to teach and inspire your class
c. Present the facts and express your feelings of regret
d. Present the facts including those people responsible for the failures or for those who contributed
112. Should an association of teachers obey a Supreme Court’s decision even if it conflict with its interest and opinions?
a. No
b. Yes
c. Yes, provided they can make a bargain
d. No, as a minority group they have the right to express their rejection
113. A teacher does not agree with the selective retention policy of the school and she openly talks against it in her classes. Is
her behavior ethical?
a. Yes, provided she got the permission from her superior to talk against the policy
b. No, it is her duty to faithfully carry it out even if she does not agree
c. No, in fact she is quite confused and passes on her confusion to others
d. Yes, she is entitled to her opinion just as everybody is
114. If you have a problem with another teacher, the first step towards resolution should be for you to:
a. Talk directly with the teacher involved
b. Ask your fellow teachers to intercede on your behalf
c. Ask your fellow teachers for their suggestions
d. Discuss it with your principal
115. What is ethical for you to do if deep within your heart you do not agree with the school policy on student absences?
a. Be vocal about your feeling and opinion against the policy
b. Understand the policy and support the school in its implementation
c. Argue with your superior to convince him to change the policy
d. Keep your feeling to yourself but make insinuations that you are against it while you teach
CASE #1 – Mrs. Domingo developed a lesson on the concept of fraction this way: First, she presented one pizza, and then
asked a pupil to cut it into two. She called one part of the pizza 1/2 and the two parts of 2/2. Then she wrote 1/2 and 2/2 on the
board. She proceeded to ask another pupil to divide the half parts of the cake into two again, and then wrote 1/2, 2/4 and 3/4. Then
she used the model of fractions (wooden circles) divided into 2, 3 and 4 show 1/2, 1/4, 1/3, 2/4. Then she went back to the fractions
she wrote on the board. She asked her pupils for the meaning of 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 2/4.
116. Did Mrs. Domingo follow Bruner's three stage development of knowledge?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only in the first stage
d. Cannot be determined because the lesson was not developed fully
117. In the context of Bruner's principle of knowledge representation, which is the enactive phase of the lesson on fractions?
a. Presenting the pizza and cutting it into two and four
b. Using the model of fractions
c. Writing the fractions 1/2, 1/4 and 1/3 on the board
d. Asking the meaning of 1/2, 1/4 and 1/3
118. Would it be easier to understand and retain the concept of fractions if Mrs. Domingo began the lesson on fractions with
the meaning of 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, etc.?
a. Yes, provided we proceed to the concrete
b. No, for better learning we proceed from the concrete to the abstract
c. It depends on the teaching skills of the teacher
d. Yes, provided we include a concrete application of the abstract
119. Which part of the lesson is the symbolic stage?
a. Using the model of fractions
b. Dividing the pizza further into four
c. Dividing the pizza into two
d. Writing the fractions 1/2, 1/4, 1/3, 2/4 on the board
120. Does the development of the lesson on fraction conform to the bottom-up arrangement of the learning experiences in
Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience?
a. No
b. Cannot be determined
c. Yes
d. Up to the second phase of the lesson only
CASE #2 – In a faculty recollection, the teachers were asked to share their thoughts of the learner, their primary customer. What
follow is the gist of what were shared:
Teacher A - “The learner is a product of his environment. Sometimes he has no choice. He is determined by his environment.”
Teacher B - “The learner can choose what he can become despite his environment.”
Teacher C - “The learner is a social being who learns well through an active interplay with other.”
Teacher D - “The learner is a rational being. Schools should develop his rational and moral powers.”
121. Whose philosophical concept is that of Teacher A?
a. Rationalist c. Existentialist
b. Behaviorist d. Progressivist
122. Teacher B's response comes from the mouth of a/an:
a. Behaviorist c. Essentialist
b. Existentialist d. Perennialist
123. If you agree with Teacher C, you are more of a/an:
a. Perennialist c. Essentialist
b. Rationalist d. Progressivist
124. If you identify yourself with Teacher D, you adhere to what philosophy?
a. Progressivist c. Existentialist
b. Behaviorist d. Perennialist
125. Whose response denies man's free will?
a. Teacher A c. Teacher D
b. Teacher C d. Teacher B
CASE #3 – School Head Amilia wants her teachers to be constructivist in their teaching orientation.
126. Which material will her teachers most likely use?
a. Facts c. Time-tested principles
b. Hypotheses d. Laws
127. Which material will her teachers most likely avoid?
a. Unquestionable laws
b. Open-ended topics
c. Problems or cases
d. Controversial issues
128. On which assumption/s is/are the principal's action anchored?
I. Students learn by personally constructing meaning of what is taught
II. Students construct and reconstruct meanings based on experiences
III. Students derive meaning from the meaning that teacher gives
a. I only c. I and II
b. I and III d. II only
129. Which does School Head Amilia want her teachers to do?
a. Require their students to come up with a construct of the lesson
b. Make their students derive meaning from what is presented
c. Let their students construct meaningful sentences based on the lesson
d. Give the meaning of what they present in class
130. Which one should her teachers then avoid? Students':
a. Reflection
b. Self-directed learning
c. Memorization of facts for testing
d. Inquiry

CASE #4 – On the first day of school, Teacher Yveta oriented her class on procedures to be observed in passing papers, getting
textbooks from and returning the same on the bookshelf, leaving the room for necessity, and conducting group work. She
arranged the chairs in such a way that students can interact and can move around without unnecessarily distracting those
seated. She involved the class in the formulation of rules to ensure punctuality, order and cleanliness in the classroom.
131. On what belief is Teacher Yveta's management practice anchored?
a. Classroom rules need to be imposed for order's sake
b. The classroom environment affects learning
c. A teacher must lord her power over her students to be an effective classroom manager
d. A reactive classroom management style is effective
132. Teacher Yveta involved her students in the formulation of class rules. Which describes her classroom management style?
a. Benevolent c. Democratic
b. Authoritarian d. Laissez-faire
133. Which adjective appropriately describes Teacher Yveta as a classroom manager?
a. Proactive c. Reactive
b. Modern d. Traditional
134. Was it sound classroom management practice for Teacher Yveta to have involved the students in the formulation of class
a. No, it weakens the teacher's authority over her students
b. Yes, it makes students feel a sense of ownership of the rules
c. Yes, it lessens a teacher's work
d. No, it is a students' act of usurpation of teacher’s power
135. Which assumption underlies Teacher Yveta's classroom management practice?
a. Classroom routines are boring and will work when imposed
b. Classroom routines leave more time for class instruction
c. Students need to be treated like adults to learn responsibility
d. Teacher's personality is a critical factor in classroom discipline

CASE #5 – Mr. Santo's lesson was on water conservation. He presented a graph that compared water consumption of small and
big families. Before he asked any of the questions, he asked someone to stand up to give an answer. He called only on those
who raised their hands. The questions he asked were:
1. What do you see in the graph?
2. How do you compare the water consumption of small and big families?
3. Why do most of the big families consume more water than the smaller families?
4. Do all the small families consume less water than the big families? Explain your answer.
5. In your opinion, why does one small family consume more water than one big family?
6. In what ways is water wasted?
7. What are ways of conserving water?
8. Are the families presented well at water conservation? Why or why not?
9. What generalization can you draw about water consumption and size of families?
136. Is there any convergent question from #1 to #8?
a. Yes, question #4
b. Yes, question #7
c. Yes, question #8
d. None
137. Which question technique/s of Mr. Santo do(es) not enhance interaction?
I. Asking high-level questions
II. Calling only on those who raised their hands
III. Calling on someone before asking the question
a. II and III c. III only
b. I and II d. I and III
138. Which statement on “wait time” is correct?
a. The higher the level of the question, the longer the wait time
b. Wait time turns off slow thinking students
c. For quality response, “what” and “why” questions require equal wait time
d. Wait time discourages the brighter group of students
139. To connect the lesson on water conservation to the life of the students, which question is most appropriate?
a. How can you help conserve water?
b. Based on you observations, in what ways for people contribute to water wastage?
c. What maybe the reason why even if Family B is not as big as Family C, it consumes much more water than
Family C?
d. Among the families, who contributes most to water conservation?
140. Were all the questions of Mr. Santo divergent?
a. Yes c. No
b. No, except #4 d. Yes, except #1

CASE #6 – With a topic on the human circulatory system, Teacher Jan formulated the following lesson objectives:
1. Given a model of the human circulatory system, the student must be able to understand the route of blood circulation
2. After discussing the process of blood circulation, the teacher must be able to lead the pupils in enumerating circulatory
system-related diseases and in citing the causes and prevention of such diseases.
141. Is objective #1 in accordance with the principles of lesson objective formulation?
a. No, the word “understand” is not a behavioral term
b. No, it is not attainable
c. Yes, “understand” is an action word
d. Yes, it is very specific
142. How can you improve objective #2?
a. Remove the phrase “After discussing the process of blood circulation.”
b. Formulate it from the learner's point of view
c. Cut it short; the statement is quite long
d. No need to improve on it
143. Do both objectives include a criterion of success, an element of a lesson objective cited by Robert Mager?
a. Only objective #1 has
b. Only objective #2 has
c. No, they don't
d. Yes, they do
144. Is objective #2 in accordance with the principles of lesson objective formulation?
a. No, it does not describe pupils' learning behavior
b. Yes, it is formulated from the point of view of the teacher
c. No, it is very broad
d. Yes, it describes teacher's teaching activity
145. Which one is the measurable learning behavior in objective #1?
a. Able to understand
b. Route of blood circulation
c. To understand
d. None

CASE #7 – Teacher Fantina has a hard time getting the attention of her class. When she checks for understanding of the lesson
after a usual forty-five minute lecture, she finds out that only one or two can answer her questions. This has become a pattern so
one time, when the class could not answer, she gave a test.
146. What does the inattentiveness of most of Teacher Fantina's students confirm?
a. The “ripple effect” of behavior
b. The lack of academic preparation of some teachers
c. The strange behaviors of today's students
d. The stubbornness of student groups
147. Which method in dealing with classroom management problem is better than that of Teacher Fantina?
a. Low level force and private communication
b. Low level force and public communication
c. High level force and private communication
d. High level force and public communication
148. Can the inattentiveness of Teacher Fantina's class be attributed to her use of the lecture method?
a. Yes, if the lecture was not interactive
b. Yes, if Teacher Fantina is an experienced teacher
c. No, if the students are intelligent
d. Cannot be determined
149. With the principles of learning in mind, which one can help Teacher Fantina solve her student disciplinary problem?
a. Call on their first names
b. Do interactive teaching
c. Change seat plan of the class
d. Assign monitors in class
150. Which act of Teacher Fantina is contrary to the principles of teaching?
a. Asking questions to check for understanding
b. Giving a lecture
c. Checking for understanding of the lesson in the process of teaching
d. Giving a test to discipline the class
151. Teacher Leon gives his students opportunities to be creative because of his conviction that much learning results from the
need to express creativity. On which theory is Teacher Leon’s conviction anchored? ______ theory
a. Behaviorist c. Cognitive
b. Associationist d. Humanist
152. Which philosophy approves of a teacher who lectures most of the time and requires his students to memorize the rules of
a. Existentialism c. Pragmatism
b. Realism d. Idealism
153. Teacher Nikka wants to check prior knowledge of her pupils about water pollution. She writes the main topic water pollution
in the center of the chalkboard and encircles it. Then, she ask the pupils to provide information that can be clustered around
the main topic. Which technique did the teacher employ?
a. Vocabulary building
b. Semantic mapping
c. Demonstration
d. Deductive teaching
154. The current emphasis on the development of critical thinking by the use of philosophic methods that emphasize debate and
discussion began with:
a. Aristotle c. Confucius
b. Socrates d. Plato
155. Which refers to a single word or phrase that tells the computer to do something with a program or file?
a. Computer program c. Computer language
b. Password d. Command
156. In instructional planning, which among these three; unit plan, course plan, lesson plan is most specific? _________ plan.
a. Course c. Resources
b. Unit d. Lesson
157. The first American teachers on the Philippines were:
a. Missionaries
b. Soldiers
c. Graduates of the normal school
d. Elementary graduates
158. By which process do children become participating and functioning members of society by fitting into an organized way to
a. Socialization c. Accommodation
b. Acculturation d. Assimilation
159. What is the mean of this score distribution 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10?
a. 7.5 b. 8.5 c. 6 d. 7
160. Which is a teaching approach for kindergartens that makes real world experiences of the child the focal point of educational
a. Situation approach
b. Traditional approach
c. Montessori approach
d. Eclectic approach
161. Which among the following graphic organizers used helps to show events in chronological order?
a. Time line and story map
b. Time line and cycle
c. Series of events chart and story map
d. Time line and series of events chart

162. Which schools are subject to supervision, regulation and control by the state?
a. Public, private sectarian and non-sectarian schools
b. Public schools
c. Sectarian and non-sectarian schools
d. Private schools

163. Which among following can help student development the habit of critical thinking?
a. Blind obedience of authority
b. A willingness to suspend judgment until sufficient evidence is presented
c. Asking convergent questions
d. Asking low level questions

164. Teacher Nelda wants to develop in her pupils comprehension skills. What order of skills will she develop?
I. Literal comprehension
II. Interpretation
III. Critical evaluation
IV. Integration
165. An integrative, conceptual approach introduced by Roldan that has as its highest levels in the development of _____
thinking skills.
a. Interpretative c. Critical
b. Creative d. Literal
166. If a student thinks about thinking, he is involved in the process called ________.
a. Higher order thinking
b. Metacognition
c. Critical thinking
d. Creative thinking
167. The use of drills in the classroom is rooted on Thorndike’s law of:
a. Readiness c. Exercise
b. Effect d. Belongingness
168. The following are some drill techniques, except:
a. Challenging students to be above the level of the class
b. Asking pupils to repeat answers
c. Giving short quiz and having students grade papers
d. Assigning exercises from a workbook
169. The process of task analysis ends up in the formulation of:
a. Instructional objectives
b. Enabling objectives
c. Goals of learning
d. Behavioral objectives

170. For city-bred students to think that their culture is better than those from the province is a concrete example of ____.
a. Ethical relativism c. Cultural relativism
b. Ethnocentrism d. Xenocentrism
171. Who were the Thomasites?
a. The first American teachers that help in establishing the public educational system in the Philippines
b. The soldiers who doubted the success of the public educational system to be set in the Philippines
c. The first religious group who came to the Philippines on board the US transports Thomas
d. The devotees to St. Thomas Aquinas who came to evangelize
172. Which teaching activity is founded on Bandura's social learning theory?
a. Questioning
b. Inductive reasoning
c. Modeling
d. Interactive teaching
173. Which program is DepEd’s vehicle in mobilizing support from the private and non-government sectors to support programs
based on DepEd’s menu of assistance packages?
a. Chili-Friendly-School System
b. Adopt-A-School-Program
c. Every Child A Reader Program
d. Brigada Eskwela
174. Researchers gave rats a dose of 3-m butyl phthalide and measured changes in the rats blood pressure. This statement is
best classified as
a. Experiment c. Hypothesis
b. Prediction d. Finding

175. The right hemisphere of the brain is involved with the following functions except:
a. Visual functions
b. Nonverbal functions
c. Intuitive functions
d. Detail-oriented functions
176. To build a sense of pride among Filipino youth, which should be done?
a. Re-study our history from the perspective of our colonizer
b. Re-study our history and stress on our achievements as a people
c. Replace the study of folklores and myths with technical subjects
d. Set aside the study of local history

177. Which is in accordance with the “with-it-ness” principle of classroom management of Kounin?
a. Students agree to disagree in class discussions
b. Teacher is fully aware of what is happening in his classroom
c. Student is with his teacher in everything he teaches
d. Both parents and teachers are involved in the education of children

178. Below are questions that must be considered in developing appropriate learning activity experiences except one. Which is
a. Can experiences benefit the pupils?
b. Do the experiences save the pupils from learning difficulties?
c. Are the experiences in accordance with the patterns of pupils?
d. Do the experiences encourage pupils to inquire further?
179. Which is a characteristic of an imperfect type of matching test?
a. An item may have no answer at all
b. An answer may be repeated
c. There are two or more distracters
d. The items in the right and left columns are equal in number
180. Which is a proactive management practice?
a. Tell them that you enforce the rules on everyone, no exception
b. Set and clarify your rules and expectation on Day 1
c. Punish the misbehaving pupils in the presence of their classmates
d. Stress on penalty for every violation
181. “Specialization is knowing more and more about less and less. Then it is better to be a generalist,” claims Teacher Patty. On
which philosophy does Teacher Patty learn?
a. Essentialism c. Perennialism
b. Progressivism d. Existentialism
182. I like to develop the synthesizing skills of my students. Which one should I do?
a. Ask my students to formulate a generalization from the data shown in the graphs
b. Direct my students to point out which part of the graph are right and which part is wrong
c. Ask my students to answer the questions beginning with “what if”
d. Tell my students to state data presented in the graph
183. To reach out to clientele who cannot be in the classroom for one reason or another, which of the following was established?
a. Informal
b. Special education (SPED)
c. Pre-school education
d. Alternative learning delivery system
184. Tira enjoys games like scrabble, anagrams and password. Which type of intelligence is strong in Tira?
a. Interpersonal intelligence
b. Linguistic intelligence
c. Logical and mathematical intelligence
d. Spatial intelligence
185. Teacher Milla observes cleanliness and order in the classroom to create a conducive atmosphere for learning. On which
theory is her practice based?
a. Psychoanalysis
b. Gestalt psychology
c. Behaviorism
d. Humanistic psychology
186. Which learning principles is the essence of Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences?
a. Almost all learners are linguistically intelligent
b. Intelligence is not measured on one form
c. Learners have different IQ level
d. Learners have static IQ
187. Who asserted that children must be given the opportunity to explore and work on different materials so that they will develop
the sense of initiative instead of guilt?
a. Kohlberg c. Maslow
b. Erickson d. Gardner
188. Teacher Ada uses direct instruction strategy. Which will she first do?
a. Presenting and structuring
b. Independent practice
c. Guided student practice
d. Reviewing the previous day’s work
189. The free public elementary and secondary educations in the country are in the line with the government effort to address
educational problems of _________.
a. Productivity
b. Relevance and quality
c. Access and quality
d. Effectiveness and efficiency
190. Here are raw scores in a quiz 97, 95, 85, 83, 77, 75, 50, 10, 5, 2, 1. To get a picture of the group’s performance which
measure of central tendency is most reliable?
a. Median
b. Mode
c. Mean
d. None, it is best to look at the individual scores

191. Which objective in the affective domain is the lowest level?

a. To accumulate examples of authenticity
b. To support viewpoints against abortion
c. To respond positively to a comment
d. To formulate criteria for honestly
192. “Using the six descriptions of elements of good short story, IDENTIFY IN WRITING THE SHORT STORY BY O. HENRY,
with complete accuracy.” The words in capital letters are referred to as the ____________.
a. Criterion of success
b. Condition
c. Performance statement
d. Minimum acceptable performance

193. You have presented a lesson on animal protective coloration. At the end, you ask if there are any questions. There are
none. You can take this to mean that ______.
a. The students are not interested in the lesson
b. You need to ask specific questions to elicit responses
c. The students did not understand what you were talking about
d. The students understood everything you presented
194. Teacher Vina feels offended by her supervisor’s unfavorable comments after a classroom supervision. She concludes that
her supervisor does not like her. Which Filipino trait is demonstrated by Teacher Vina?
a. Extreme family-centeredness
b. Extreme personalism
c. “Kanya-kanya” syndrome
d. Superficial religiously
195. Teachers are encouraged to make use of authentic assessments such as:
a. De-contextualized drills
b. Unrealistic performances
c. Answering multiple choices test items
d. Real world application of lessons learned
196. What does the principle of individual difference require teachers to do?
a. Give less attention to gifted learners
b. Provide for a variety of learning activities
c. Treat all learners alike while teaching
d. Prepare modules for slow learners in class

197. The source of energy responsible for life on earth is the ______.
a. Moon c. Star
b. Wind d. Sun
198. Which quotation goes with a proactive approach to discipline?
a. “An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure.”
b. “Do not make a mountain out of a molehill.”
c. “Walk your talk.”
d. “Do not smile until Christmas.”

199. I’d like to test whether a student knows what a particular word means. What should I ask the student to do?
a. Give the word a tune then sing it
b. Define the word
c. Spell the word and identify its part of speech
d. Give the etymology of the word

200. Study this matching type of test. Then answer the question below.
1. Measure of relationship a. Mean
2. Measure of central b. Standard Deviation
tendency c. Rho
3. Binet-Simon d. T-ratio
4. Statistical test of mean e. Intelligence testing
difference movement
5. Measure of variability
Which among the following is a way to improve the above matching test?
a. Add five items in both columns
b. Add one or two items in the right column
c. Add ten items in both columns to make the test more comprehensive
d. Add one or two items in the left column