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FALL 2002

Reaching for the future:


The Evolution of Humane
A PUBLICATION OF Science Education
THE AMERICAN

ANTI-VIVISECTION

SOCIETY
CONTENTS
Volume CX, Number 4 ISSN 0274-7774

FEATU R E S

2 ANIMALEARN: ANIMALS, ETHICS, AND EDUCATION IN ACTION


By Katherine Lewis, AAVS Education Director & Nicole Green, AAVS Programs Coordinator
As a leader in promoting humane science education, Animalearn, the education division of AAVS, takes an active
Editor-In-Chief
role in not only touting non-animal dissection alternatives, but also in taking a hands-on approach by creating
Tina Nelson
relationships with both students and educators.
Managing Editor
Crystal Schaeffer 3 WHAT THE HECK IS A DIGITAL FROG?
Copy Editor By Celia Clark, President, Digital Frog International, Inc.
Julie Cooper-Fratrik A frog in a symbiotic relationship with a mouse? This seemingly odd pairing has given rise to an innovative computer
program that has educators excited about teaching and students excited about learning.
Staff 4 A MEDICAL SCHOOL PHYSICIAN PROFESSOR’S CASE AGAINST VIVISECTION IN MEDICAL EDUCATION
Tina Nelson, Executive Director By Lawrence A. Hansen, M.D., University of California San Diego Medical School
Mary Beth Armitage, Assistant Director The use of animals in medical school education has drastically declined in recent years. Dr. Hansen offers his candid
of Programs & Administration expert opinion as to why medical students who are trained without animals will become qualified, empathetic
Jeanne Borden, Administrative Assistant physicians.
Sara Chenoweth, Assistant Director of 8 COMPASSION AND INTELLECT: THE GOALS
Development & Member Services By Lara Rasmussen, D.V.M., Director, Surgery and Clinical Skills,
Nicole Green, Program Coordinator Western University of Health Sciences, College of Veternary Medicine
Katherine Lewis, Education Director Educators at Western University are revolutionizing veterinary medical education. Dr. Rasmussen shares her
Crystal Miller-Spiegel, Outreach Director insights into teaching and inspiring impressionable students to become qualified, caring veterinarians who are
Jennifer Peirson-Winterle, Membership instilled with a respect for and appreciation of their animal patients.
Coordinator
13 SCIENCE FAIRS: NO FUN FOR ANIMALS
Crystal Schaeffer, Communications
By Crystal Miller-Spiegel, AAVS Outreach Director
Coordinator While some may think that science fairs bring out the best in young people, the reality is that these events often
Jessica Sterner, Office Assistant bring out the worst in science, encouraging students to create duplicative projects that can involve painful animal
Lauren Zaprala, Technology experiments.
Coordinator
14 ALTERNATIVES IN THE TEACHING OF BIOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY LEVELS:
GRAPHIC DESIGN/ILLUSTRATION: AN ONGOING SUCCESS STORY
© Copyright 2002 Orbit Integrated By George K. Russell, Professor of Biology, Adelphi University
A pioneer in the field of humane science education, George Russell shares his thoughts on the importance of
The AV Magazine (USPS 002-660) is instilling in students a reverence for life in the study of the biological sciences.
published quarterly under the auspices of
the American Anti-Vivisection Society, 18 HIGH SCHOOL DISSECTION: EVOLUTION BUT NOT YET REVOLUTION
Sue Leary, President. Annual membership By Jonathan Balcombe, Ph.D.
While there has been some change in the methodology of teaching the biological sciences, there is still much more
dues: $20.00. Third-class postage paid at
that needs to be done before this area of education is revolutionized and humane alternatives to dissection become
Lancaster, Pa. Office of Publication:
the norm.
801 Old York Road #204
Jenkintown, PA 19046-1685
Telephone: 215-887-0816
Fax: 215-887-2088 FEATU R E S
E-mail: aavs@aavs.org
Web Site: www.aavs.org 24 MEDIAWATCH
By Mary Armitage, AAVS Assistant Director of Programs & Administration
Articles published in the AV Magazine may
Through the media, AAVS speaks out on behalf of animals used in experimentation, expressing outrage at the
be reproduced with written permission treatment of animals in laboratories and discussing the ethics of utilizing them as ‘research tools.’
and with credit given to AAVS. Also, we
appreciate receiving pertinent newspaper 27 NEWSNET
and magazine clippings, including their By Crystal Schaeffer, AAVS Communications Coordinator
sources and dates of publication. NCAA Scores One for Cows; Purdue Study Exposes GMO Ecological Risks; Virtual Rat Reality; Virtuality Finds Life in
the CAVE; Second Hand Smoke Linked to Feline Lymphoma.
When sending funds or making bequests,
30 ARDF UPDATE
please use our legal title:
The Alternatives Research & Development Foundation (ARDF) proudly announces the recipients of its 2002
The American Anti-Vivisection Society Alternatives Research Grant Program.
801 Old York Road #204 32 MEMBERSHIP
Jenkintown, PA 19046-1685 There are a number of new ways to give a donation to your favorite charity. Making tax-deductible contributions to
Organized and established in 1883. AAVS has never been easier!

The individual views expressed in the 32 TRIBUTES


AV Magazine do not necessarily reflect the Special friends honored and remembered.
policy of the American Anti-Vivisection
Society.

Printed on recycled paper.


animals harmed: zero

www.animalearn.org
A teacher-focused online resource for
alternatives to dissection information!

“As a teacher looking for This site gives teachers and


professors information on:
alternative projects,
• A new way to teach anatomy
www.animalearn.org was and physiology
all that I needed. The site • What educators who use alternatives
provided me with information have to say
as well as a free program to • Alternative lending information
try out with my students.” • Where to find online alternatives
• And much much more!
Jennifer Walker,
10th grade Biology teacher For more information on ordering
alternatives for your classroom, please
call us at (800)729-2287 or e-mail
info@animalearn.org.

www.humanestudent.org
A student-focused online resource for
alternatives to dissection information!

“Being a student opposed to This site gives students and


activists information on:
dissection, I found rescources
• Animals used in education
on alternative projects hard to • Students’ rights
find....www.humanestudent.org • Other students’ testimonials
saved me from having to dissect • Alternative lending information
in my class. It also helped other • And much more!
students in my class who didn’t
For more information on ordering
want to dissect animals.”
alternatives for your class or advice
on implementing a students’ choice 1-800-729-2287
Kevin
policy at your school, please call info@animalearn.org
11th grade
us at (800)729-2287 or e-mail
info@animalearn.org.
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MEDICAL EDUCATION

about the patient, which requires empa- It is humbling for a physician to ad-
thy. Teaching medical students to sup- mit it, but probably the best defini-
press their natural empathy for the ani- tion of empathy comes from a lawyer,
mals they are instructed to vivisect runs not a doctor. The lawyer was Abraham
contrary to the highest motivation stu- Lincoln. Once, when discussing a fel- Medical school faculty aren’t
dents have for entering medicine in the low politician’s lukewarm enthusi- the only doctors opposed to dog
first place, the desire to relieve suffer- asm for outlawing slavery, Lincoln re- vivisection laboratories. Regular
ing, not to cause it. Physicians, of course, marked that some men feel the lash doctors in private practice also
cannot be immobilized by their empa- pretty well when it is applied to their oppose wasting animals’ lives
thy: they must develop a capacity for own backs but feel nothing when see- for repetitive teaching exercises.
objectivity in the midst of emotional- ing it applied to the backs of others. Some local doctors who were
ly charged circumstances. Some vivi- Empathy is the ability to feel the lash especially troubled by unnecessary
section proponents go so far as to cele- applied to another’s back. Students’ vivisection set out to discover
brate the tough-minded obliteration of capacity for empathy should be en- if their medical peers would
empathy necessary to vivisect a dog you couraged, strengthened, and rein- join them in trying to end the
would, under other circumstances, play forced by their medical education, not University of California San
with or pet. They equate treating a dog destroyed by it. Diego (UCSD) dog vivisection
as a ‘physiologic preparation’ with de- Enlightened Buddhist insights laboratories.
veloping a capacity for objectivity. But about the near enemies of virtue and
These doctors against dog labs
this mistakes a vice for a virtue, as de- Lincolnesque empathy for the suffer-
wrote a petition expressing the
scribed in the Tibetan Buddhist con- ing of others are probably too much to
simple sentiment that killing
cept of the near enemy. All virtues have expect of medical students being told
dogs is not necessary to teach
cousin vices, termed ‘near enemies,’ to vivisect by their revered professors.
physiology and pharmacology, nor
which superficially resemble them but It is more realistic for physician facul-
is it a necessary step to becoming
are really distinctly different if not op- ty members opposed to vivisection to
a good doctor. Would surgeons
posite in nature. Jealousy looks like hope for the attitude of John Updike’s
and emergency room doctors,
love but is not, just as apathy resembles Harry (Rabbit) Angstrom. Harry once
internists, and pediatricians sign
equanimity but is not. So too, the cal- recalled that when he was a boy, he
this petition? Yes, indeed!
lousness required for vivisection appears sometimes saw other kids amus-
similar to the scientific virtue of objec- ing themselves by using a magnify- Many mature physicians
tivity but is actually the vice of indiffer- ing lens to burn ants. Harry, although expressed surprise that such
ence to the suffering of others. hardly a paragon of virtue, never par- archaic labs were still in existence.
ticipated in this recreation because, Some medical senior practitioners
even as a child, he recognized that had been so unimpressed by
people were cruel enough without dog labs that now, years later,
working at it. We hope that medical they had to strain to remember
students, once informed that vivisec- if they’d even participated.
tion is unnecessary in their education, Other physicians retold horror
will conclude that it represents anoth- stories of dogs surfacing from
er example of people working at cruel- inadequate anesthesia midway
ty and decide, like Harry, not to work through vivisection. Others
at it with them.  remembered that their dogs
died prematurely, just part way
Dr. Hansen is professor of pathology and the
into the ‘demonstration.’ Many
neurosciences at the University of California
San Diego. He is also the Director of the younger physicians, graduates of
Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center Brain schools that no longer vivisect,
Bank. were incredulous upon hearing
the descriptions of dog labs.
The opinions expressed in this article are my own,
and should not be interpreted as expressing any offi-
cial positions by the University of California San Diego Nearly every doctor who was
Medical School or its Departments of Pathology and the
Neurosciences. asked, in every specialty, from
hospitals all over town, readily
signed the petition. Only a few—a
very few—doctors felt the one-
day teaching labs during the
first year of medical school had

(mm7)inside_fall_2002.idd 6 10/11/02, 2:44 PM


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PP LQVLGHBIDOOBLGG  30


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*)

PP LQVLGHBIDOOBLGG  30


“I touch the future,
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Christa McAuliffe

The American Anti-Vivisection Society


801 Old York Road #204 NONPROFIT ORG.
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Dedicated to the Abolition of Vivisection PERMIT NO. 53