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winter 2006

Humane Science
Education:
Making the Grade

A P U B L I C AT I O N O F
THE AMERICAN
ANTI-VIVISECTION
SOCIETY
Who Are We?

Contents
VOLUME CXIV, NUMBER 1 ISSN 0274-7774

F ounded in 1883, the American Anti-


Vivisection Society (AAVS) is the oldest
non-profit animal advocacy and educational
FIRST WORD
organization in the United States dedicated
to ending experimentation on animals in A VICTORY FOR THE NEXT GENERATION
research, testing, and education. AAVS also
opposes and works to end other forms of
FEAT U R E S cruelty to animals. We work with students,
grassroots groups, individuals, teachers, the Talk about perfect timing. In January
Managing Editor
Crystal Schaeffer 2 Humane Education – 16 A Happy Convert: Introducing
media, other national organizations, govern-
ment officials, members of the scientific
community, and advocates in other coun-
2006, the New Jersey Student Dissection
Copy Editor One Perspective from the Field Alternatives into My Classroom Choice Bill was signed into law, just in time
By Nicole Green, AAVS Assistant By Sharon Maselli, Biology Teacher, tries to legally and effectively end the use of for the dreaded spring season of dissection
Julie Cooper-Fratrik animals in science through education, advo-
Director of Education Westerly Learning Center, New Jersey in schools and just in time to have some
cacy, and the development of alternative
Since its establishment 15 years ago, Although a bit skeptical at first, after methods to animal use. wonderful news to start off this issue of the
Animalearn remains a leader in trying some dissection alternatives,
AAVS has two main divisions, each involved AV Magazine.
STAFF promoting humane education, dissection this New Jersey teacher is happy to
alternatives, and student choice policies. include them in her classroom. in specific activities. Animalearn is the
Jeanne Borden, education program of AAVS, which focuses In the AAVS office, we applauded the
Administration Assistant
Laura Ducceschi, Education Director 4 The Animalearn Intern Program & 20 Keeping Animal Biology Alive in
on ending vivisection and dissection in the
classroom. From elementary through college
New Jersey bill’s success as another decisive
endorsement of students’ rights to stand up
Heather Gaghan, Assistant Director Student Perspectives Secondary Schools levels, Animalearn helps countless individu-
of Development & Member Services Over the past several years, AAVS has By Lynette Hart and Mary Wood, als make their classrooms more humane. for what they believe, following the lead by
UC Center for Animal Alternatives, Animalearn operates the most aggressive other states such as Pennsylvania, California,
Nicole Green, Assistant Director of enjoyed working with a number of
University of California, Davis dissection alternatives lending library in
Education student interns. It’s our great pleasure the country, The Science Bank; it provides and Illinois. Staff from AAVS’s education
Nicole Perry, Membership Coordinator to introduce a few to our readers. Bringing advanced technology to high school alternatives to using animals, from basic division, Animalearn, had provided expert

7By Siri
Jennifer Raila, Office Assistant biology classrooms paves the way for better dissection, through psychology experiments.
quality education for future scientists. Animalearn also participates in national testimony to the legislature in our neighboring state of New Jersey. We also provided
Crystal Schaeffer, Outreach Director Time to learn something new…
22
teacher conferences and hosts workshops local activists with the resources they needed to make their case, including dissection
Julie Sinnamon, Executive Assistant Martinsen, Veterinarian, Director
to help teachers learn ways of educating
Vivisection Hurts: Too Much alternatives from Animalearn’s lending library, The Science Bank. As The Science Bank
for Programs & Administration of NOAH – for Animal Rights, Norway, without harming other living creatures.
Animal Use in Research and Education
Lauren Zaprala, IT Manager & and Representative, InterNICHE Animalearn’s National Humane Educators celebrates its 10th anniversary, we are happy to report to our members and friends that
is Unnecessary and Inhumane Network links interested parties with speak-
Graphic Designer Finding shared ideals and visions, By Lawrence A. Hansen, MD, University our resources are proven to make a difference, not just in persuading legislators, but in
InterNICHE has created a network of humane ers across the country, bringing the message
GRAPHIC DESIGN/ILLUSTRATION:
of California, San Diego of humane education to thousands. helping students and educators every day.
education, connecting cultures, generations,
© Copyright 2006 eureka, Highly respected in the medical community, In these pages, AAVS is offering you a remarkable range of articles on the benefits
and the people welcoming change. The Outreach division of AAVS educates the

9
www.abouteureka.com Dr. Hansen offers his frank reasoning as to general public about animal issues through of humane science education that we hope will not only inform, but inspire. We
The AV Magazine (USPS 002-660) is Vivisection NOT! Alternatives, The why the use of animals in medical education one of the top-rated literature collections
published quarterly under the auspices of and research is wholly unnecessary. in the animal advocacy movement and the were fortunate to enlist the writing skills of some wonderfully accomplished medical
Best of Animals & Science
24 informative AAVS website. Our quarterly
the American Anti-Vivisection Society, By Vets Care Organization, Pakistan professionals and educators who have been in the forefront of improving education by
Sue Leary, President. Annual membership Ongoing Renovation—Animals in publication, AV Magazine, and bi-monthly
Inspiring and courageous, learn about the newsletter, Activate For Animals, provide steering away from the traditional uses of animals for vivisection and dissection in the
dues: $25 .00. Third-class postage paid at Veterinary Medical Education
Lancaster, Pa. start of a new revolution in Pakistan. By Lara Marie Rasmussen, DVM, MS, comprehensive up-to-date information on classroom. They agreed to share with you their perspectives on how even advanced

10 Diplomate, American College of Veterinary the scientific and ethical dimensions of science and medical education can be both a better learning experience for students
Office of Publication: Creating Caring: animal experiments and alternatives. Both
Surgeons Member, Program Committee for publications encourage AAVS members and and better for animals when alternative methods are employed.
801 Old York Rd., #204 A Compassionate  Curriculum
Jenkintown, PA 19046-1685
the AAVMC Educational Symposium 2006 supporters to become actively involved in
By Rachel Fouts-Carrico, Education our campaigns. Outreach staff also travel to I only wish these innovators had been in charge when I was a university biology
Telephone: (215) 887-0816 Specialist, Friends of Washoe Open communication, sharing, and choice
Fax: (215) 887-2088 of veterinarians, professors, students, speaking engagements and conferences and student in the 1970s. Instead, I had to turn away from a career in the biological sciences
E-mail: aavs@aavs.org A specially designed curriculum on place advertisements in national publica-
and institutions have led to a proactive tions to spread the AAVS message across the because there was no choice except to harm animals, and that, I would not do. I have
Website: www.aavs.org chimpanzees that helps to foster compassion approach to teaching veterinary medicine. country. always wondered how many students like me were lost to science because they did not
and empathy for all living beings.

14
Articles published in the AV Magazine may The Alternatives Research & Development succumb to pressure from instructors and peers to desensitize themselves and repress
be reproduced with written permission and Virtual Dissection: Foundation (ARDF), an affiliate of AAVS, their aversion to causing pain. Today I see colorful public relations programs aimed
with credit given to AAVS. Also, we appreciate awards grants to scientists and educators
A Step-by-Step Tutorial at encouraging girls to pursue careers in science and I think, “How disingenuous!”
receiving pertinent newspaper and magazine
By Laura Ducceschi, AAVS Education Director working to develop non-animal methods
clippings, including their sources and dates of of investigation. ARDF’s unique program Science professions don’t deserve the smart and sincere young people they seek unless
publication. Get a firsthand look at one common provides the necessary resources for the they are willing to make science education a study worthy of them, and make biology in
dissection alternative! development of alternatives to the use of
When sending funds or making bequests, animals, and it advocates the use of alterna- particular a life-affirming study rather than something tainted with unnecessary cruelty
please use our legal title: tives through the internet and by participat- and death.
CO LUM N S ing in conferences and seminars. Through
The American Anti-Vivisection Society these endeavors, ARDF works to promote At AAVS, it has always been one of our values to work with young people who care
801 Old York Rd., #204
Jenkintown, PA 19046-1685 18 MediaWatch 31 Message to our Members
scientific solutions for today with humane
visions for the future.
about animals. Our “Miss B’Kind Club” flourished in the early years of the 1900s and
it may sound quaint, but in fact, it was ahead of its time in encouraging children to
AAVS speaks out on behalf of humane When you support AAVS, you also support
education and animals used in cloning our work as a leader in the promotion We ask you to become a member of AAVS examine and embrace positive values about animals.
Organized and established in 1883.
and genetic engineering research. and development of humane education. and help us to end the use of animals in
science through education, advocacy, and If it is a cliché to say that children are the future, it is also undeniably true. They are
28 31
The individual views expressed in the the development of alternative methods.
AV Magazine do not necessarily reflect the NewsNet TRIBUTES It is only through the support of members entitled to the best we can give them, and the animals are entitled to the best we can do
policy of the American Anti-Vivisection USDA Bans Certain Antibiotic Use in Special friends honored and remembered. and other individuals that we are able to for them as well. AAVS will continue to make high quality humane science education
Society. continue our vital and successful programs.
32
Chickens, U.S. Corporation Develops a priority. As the next generation of children enjoys the opportunity to develop into
Human Organ Testing Alternative, Scientists ARDF Update
to do Primate Research in Kenya, Fossey caring, thoughtful citizens and enlightened scientists, it seems likely that we will all
The Alternatives Development & Research
Fund Making Great Strides for Gorillas, Foundation stands among the leaders of benefit, not only the animals.
Printed on recycled paper. FDA Falls Short with Mad Cow Testing the alternatives development movement.
Procedures, and Mexico Takes Measures
to Prepare for Monarch Migration.
Humane Education: be so accommodating to us. I know this
because I speak to parents from all over
for the animals who are being used in the
classroom, since these materials are so
in California, Florida, Illinois, New York,
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia,

One Perspective from the Field


the country who face teachers who are readily available through free loan pro- Oregon and, most recently, New Jersey
adamantly opposed to the idea of stu- grams like The Science Bank. A highly have the legal right to choose a humane
dents using alternatives to dissection. recommended and beneficial resource alternative to dissection. Louisiana,
Since its inception 15 years ago, for parents and students who are opposed Maine, and Maryland offer informal poli-
Animalearn has made significant prog- to dissection to give to teachers is the cies, while similar legislation is pend-
ress for animals used in education, Animalearn Resource Kit. This compre- ing in Massachusetts and Michigan.
especially in the realm of dissection. hensive Kit includes a copy of The Those students who live in states that
Most recently, as technology has rap- Science Bank catalog, in addition to a do not have a legal student choice policy
idly advanced, so has the development plethora of dissection related materials in place still have the right to object to
of humane science education products. such as a cost comparison sheet, which dissection. In many cases, students liv-
In 1996, Animalearn launched its free breaks down the cost effectiveness of ing in states without protective policies
alternative to dissection loan program alternatives compared to dissection have been successful in encouraging their
called The Science Bank, which today specimens over a three-year time period. teachers and/or school districts to al-
includes over 250 innovative CD-ROMs, Also inside the Kit is a list of comparative low them to use dissection alternatives.
Student choice policies are important
in assisting those students who do not
want to dissect, but in many cases stu-
dents are unaware that these policies
are even in place. Therefore, humane
educators need to make schools and
school districts aware that these poli-
cies exist and request that their students
By Nicole Green, are also made aware of these options.
AAVS Assistant College and university students need
Director of Education to follow a different path to obtain stu-
dent choice, since in most cases they
do not have an overriding school code
that is dictated by a state or overarching
governing body. As a result, individual
attribute my admi- sion from my family members school bringing in animals my son with a styrofoam studies of student performance, which institutions prescribe their own guide-

I
ration and respect solidified who I am today, a who are exploited in zoos and or wooden egg instead of a shows through a list of scientific studies lines on issues such as dissection and
for animals to the person who strives to end aquaria. I make sure to tell real egg. The teacher was that students trained using humane teach- vivisection in the classroom. Fortunately,
first humane edu- injustice towards all crea- my son’s teacher to take him fine with this idea. She even ing methods perform at least at well as many students and student animal pro-
cators in my life tures through education as out of these activities, and she suggested that if I wanted or better than those who utilize animals. tection groups have successfully been
—my grandmother and my a humane educator. There is complies with no hesitation. to, I could supply the entire able to secure student choice policies
Animalearn representatives travel
mother. My now deceased nothing more fulfilling for me Before enrolling our son in class with styrofoam eggs. I at their colleges/universities, includ-
worldwide to showcase the alterna-
grandmother, a first grade than enlightening students, preschool, my husband and I was elated and seized this ing Harvard University, Sarah Lawrence
tives available in The Science Bank
teacher, was always kind to from elementary through had to explain that we were opportunity to make this College, the University of Illinois, and
and to give presentations to educators,
animals and opened my eyes college, about the many dif- vegans (strict vegetarians activity cruelty-free for all of Vassar University, to name a few.
who are interested in knowing more
to nature and all of its beauty. ferent plights of animals. who do not eat, meat, dairy, my son’s classmates instead
about the digital classroom or the vi- Since my start here at AAVS and
Every morning she fed the In most cases, students are eggs) and do not support ani- of utilizing eggs derived
realistic animal models, charts, posters, able and cutting-edge technological Animalearn, I have had the privilege to
squirrels on her small porch. completely unaware that mal exploitation of any kind, from egg laying hens who
videos, and more to assist students and methods that are available to them and meet a number of students who work
What amazed me was that the animals are still used in un- meaning our son would not are subjected to deplorable
educators who prefer to learn about the their students. It is rewarding when we hard to make a difference for animals
squirrels somehow knew that necessary experiments or cut attend zoo or aquaria visits conditions in factory farms!
life sciences without killing animals in meet a high school biology teacher like used in education. Some of their inspira-
she was a human they could up for dissection purposes in and/or participate in activities The use of animals is en- the process. Over 500 alternatives ex- Sharon Maselli who was once skeptical tional writings are featured in this issue,
trust, because they would schools. Students need to be which involve using prod- trenched in our society, so ist not only for anatomy but also for of dissection alternatives and now em- and I urge readers to follow their lead
frequently choose to sit and taught that they can be com- ucts that are animal derived. small victories like this one anesthesia and critical care, biochem- braces this new teaching methodology and educate young and old about how
munch quietly in her pres- passionate consumers, can I am happy to report that are gratifying. However, as istry and cell biology, clinical skills and wholeheartedly. (Please see page 16.) they can make changes for the animals
ence. My mother, who loves purchase products that are my son’s teacher has been the days, weeks, and years surgery, embryology and developmental with whom we share our world.
and appreciates wildlife, also not tested on animals, and can wonderful about complying Students tend to have a more diffi-
pass by, the more we real- biology, histology, pathology, pharma-
regularly welcomed stray cats use alternatives to dissection with our needs and wishes. cult time influencing their teachers and
ize that situations will arise cology, physiology, and psychology.
into our home and cared for if facing this ethical dilemma professors to allow them to use dissec-
One example of a project which will force us to stand
them, which is something she in their biology classes. Due to the wealth of alternate methods tion alternatives. Animalearn receives For more information about Animalearn
that the kids were to do in our ground and present a
continues to do to this day. available to help teach and learn sci- numerous calls from students who want and its humane education materials,
As a mother of a pre- class was to paint eggs. I sug- differing opinion or more
ence, Animalearn representatives advise to know how to approach a teacher with please visit www.Animalearn.org.
Witnessing these simple schooler, I have already faced gested to the teacher that I compassionate point of
parents and students that they have the their concerns on this sensitive topic.
acts of kindness and compas- situations which involve the would be happy to provide view. Not all teachers will
power to make a significant difference Fortunately, students from K-12 who live

 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 


Hofstra University student Laura Lungarelli, medical schools do not see dissection we thought it was a good idea to first then we go to the school board and
Laura Lungarelli who interned for Hofstra University as necessary at the undergraduate level meet with Mr. Doviak, our Principal. do not stop fighting until the end.
Animalearn in 2004 writes the first and assume that their students have no We scheduled a meeting with him for What’s next? We are planning to talk
The Animalearn article. Laura has been working
I disagree with using animals as part of
education for many reasons. The primary skills for cutting flesh. This assumption Monday. Going into the meeting, we to other schools in our area. Maybe,
tirelessly to try and implement a reason is because I feel it is unethical. It is based on the fact that undergraduate were really nervous. What if he just having made a difference in our own
Intern Program student choice policy at Hofstra is not ethical to use another being for schools use animals that are treated with
formaldehyde and/or other chemicals
dismissed what we had to say? Our
doubts evaporated as the meeting
school, we can expand and change
for the past few years, with any reason. I had entered my college things for others as well. Making a
& Student Animalearn’s help. Fortunately, education as a biology major, but when I that cause their flesh to look and feel
different than if they were alive.
went forth. His initial response was,
“We still have dissection?” When we
difference is not always as hard as it
she has been able to bring a lot learned that biology majors at my school may seem. All we had to do was ask.
Perspectives of attention to the matter but
continues to struggle to change the
are mandated to dissect animals, I quickly
changed majors and began to work on
Another point that we thought would
be extremely helpful was pointing out
proposed getting rid of dissection
in our anatomy class (the last one to
still have it), he said, “I was a biology Asja Sever, University of
minds of Hofstra administrators a campaign to create a choice policy that using alternatives, which can be
Delaware - Follow up
teacher, and I don’t see why not.”
who remain unconvinced that to allow students the freedom of being reused, would, in fact, save Hofstra an
biology majors and not hurting animals. amazing amount of funding each year. He also told us that it was unnecessary Last May as a senior project, I
For the past several years, dissection alternatives are as
to go to the board meeting, because it volunteered at Animalearn for a month.
Animalearn has had the valid as dissecting specimens. I do think it is a large problem for I currently work with the Hofstra
would be up to him and the Director Little did I know how big of an impact
opportunity to educate many Following Laura’s piece is a universities to not provide alternatives Student Organization for Animal Rights,
that experience was going to have on
of Curriculum, Dr. Hausman, who
high school and college students collaborative article written
to dissection to those who feel it is trying to find a suitable choice policy for
the rest of my life. Learning about
Hofstra’s biology curriculum. We have happened to walk in at that moment.
about the use of animals in by Genai Odhner and Asja
unethical. It represents a university’s
She gave her enthusiastic support to animal testing and other forms of cruelty
disregard for a student to maintain his done a great amount of research; we have
research, testing, and education Sever, high school seniors from our cause, having seen an undercover made me realize many things that were
or her own personal values. At Hofstra, done polls and educated the students
through its internship program, Lower Moreland High School in report on biological supply companies hypocritical in my own life, and in the
when the University had failed to see and faculty on numerous occasions in
which is structured around Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania on CNN. We scheduled a second lives of other vegetarians. I became more
our complaints as an ethical objection, numerous ways; we have had letters
each student’s schedule. When who interned at Animalearn meeting for Wednesday with both conscious of what I was buying, whether
we had the University’s Christian from many other schools given to our
a student decides to intern at in May and June of 2005. Both of them, then basically frolicked all is was food, clothing, or even shampoo.
Pastor write a letter for us, supporting administration and faculty supporting
Animalearn, that student is Genai and Asja were extremely us; we have brought alternatives to our the way back to Jenkintown, where Oftentimes I was in the grocery
our contention that the decision to not
given projects such as reading dedicated to making a difference dissect is a sound and ethical objection. biology department for them to try; Animalearn’s office is located. store with some friends, and they were
animal rights literature, watching for animals, so we asked them, and we continue to meet with deans, Our second meeting was perhaps looking at different brands of shampoo
Along with proving to our school that
videos, giving presentations to as one of their projects for professors, and, most recently, the a little sobering. They challenged or toothpaste. I quickly rattled off which
our unwillingness to dissect animals is
fellow classmates, researching Animalearn, to compose a letter provost logically arguing our case. us to defend our proposal, point by brands tested on animals and which ones
a sound ethical decision which should
for possible future Animalearn for other student advocates point. Having done research, we were did not, which affected their purchase.
be respected, we researched and proved
projects, in addition to writing that would inspire them to get prepared to argue. In fact, going into I would think back to my days at
a number of different things to faculty Genai Odhner and Asja Sever,
articles for our publications. Below active for animals. Asja Sever’s our first meeting, we were ready for Animalearn, sending letters to companies
and administration. One point we Lower Moreland High School
is a collection of articles from three follow–up article explains how were clear to make is that allowing intense opposition, and now was our who tested on animals, with my co-intern
recent interns who have done a she has continued to enlighten alternatives does not disrupt a teacher’s
We achieved something that even chance to really make our case. Genai Odhner, and smile, knowing that
tremendous amount of work for others about animal cruelty as academic freedom; the instructor is still
we thought almost impossible. We
The meeting ended on a positive note,
this is where the difference is made—in
Animalearn and for animals. a freshman college student. allowed to use whichever alternatives
are Asja Sever and Genai Odhner, two
leaving us a little shaken but optimistic.
the supermarket or in the restaurant.
seniors at Lower Moreland High School. After meals was usually when the
and teach whichever material s/he They told us they were going to speak to
For our senior project, we interned at vegetarian questions started. “That’s not
deems necessary to the course. There the anatomy teacher, then get back to us.
Asja Sever (left) and Genai Odhner (right) Animalearn. Learning about dissection healthy. People need meat” is the most
are a wide variety of alternatives, and it We called the school at least five or six
work together on their Animalearn project. made us realize how hypocritical it would common comment I received. “On the
is likely that there is one to suit every times. Finally, we got an answer, which
be to stand by while dissection still took contrary,” I would say as I cleared my
academic need. We have also shown turned out to be much less of an answer
place at our school. We quickly decided throat and prepared them for a fifteen-
our faculty and administration proof than we had anticipated. They wanted
to go beyond our projects and try to make minute speech filled with perfectly
that students learn just as well using to take a survey of the students, and said
a difference by eliminating dissection prepared facts and arguments, something
alternatives, and we even offered to stand that they would test out the alternatives.
in our school. We went on our school’s I picked up from volunteering at
as subjects for our biology department It was a reasonable step to take,
website and found out when the school Animalearn. Knowing how to support the
to do their own research. We offered to although we were a little disappointed
board meetings would be. Working various counter-arguments people would
take a class using alternatives and take at the lack of immediate change. We
furiously, we collaborated on an outline use came in handy at times like those.
all the same quizzes and tests as students were anxious to make a difference but
of what we wanted to say, covering
using dissection. The faculty refused realized that these things take time. Now that I’m in college, I face the same
all the different aspects of dissection
our offer and still blindly insists that Mr. Doviak thanked us for “getting situations all over again—new friends
alternatives. Then we obtained Humane
students cannot learn using alternatives. the wheels turning,” and we felt proud and new trips to the supermarket and
Educator Packs from Animalearn,
Our faculty explicitly emphasizes that but perhaps a little vulnerable. This dinner. I have chances to influence more
and Nicole Green, Animalearn’s
students using alternatives would not issue that is so important to us was no and more people with whom I come
Assistant Director of Education,
learn the “art” of dissection. This claim longer in our hands. We had done our into contact. Recently, I have attended
wrote a letter that we included.
is actually rather silly, because most part and made a significant difference, the Students of Holistic Living Meeting
It was Friday, May 13, and the board and proposed an idea to the President. I
biology majors will never go to medical but the ultimate decision would not
meeting was scheduled for Tuesday suggested to her that we have a concert
or veterinary school after Hofstra. be ours. If they cut out dissection, we
evening. In order to have a stronger face with local bands to draw awareness to
Furthermore, we learned that most celebrate, and our job is done. If not,
during our presentation to the board,

 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 


The Animalearn Intern Program & Student Perspectives continued

Time to learn something new…


the fact that the University of Delaware,
which I attend, has animal tests and/or The Science Bank
dissection in some of their programs. Celebrates 10 Years of
Although my major, international Providing Education
relations, does not pertain to biological
for the Future
science and I would never need to
dissect or test on animals, I feel it is
inhumane and must be stopped. April,
the Students of Holistic Living President, By Siri Martinsen, Veterinarian, a client donation program for ethically
told me that this would be a good idea, Director of NOAH – for Animal Rights, sourced animal cadavers. In Russia,
and that we will concentrate more on Norway, and Representative, change has come about even the last RUSSIA

it when the spring comes around. InterNICHE few months following an InterNICHE
speaking tour that addressed over 500
Ever since Genai and I took a stand
teachers and students, resulting in
to eliminate dissection in our high
eing the first veterinarian agreements at two institutes to replace

B
school, I feel like I could do anything. SWEDEN FINLAND

in Norway to complete harmful animal use in education across a


What seemed like such a monumental
my studies without animal whole department and faculty.
task was all in our minds. I learned
experiments, I have
people are reluctant to change if the At the time of my own graduation
experienced a process that
change is not initiated. By taking the last summer, resulting in the Norwegian
I believe is the start of a new tradition
first step, the wheels start turning. Veterinary School implementing a
This year, Animalearn’s The Science Bank marks a milestone. After 10 within life science education: a tradition NORWAY
student choice policy and moving
Recently, I have also spoken to years of providing humane science alternatives to students and educators of respect for animals.
towards replacement of all animal
April about getting better vegan/ of all ages and capacities, The Science Bank has reached a record number All over the world students work
experiments, colleagues in Romania
vegetarian food in the dining halls of borrowers, and has a continually growing number and range of products hard to promote alternatives to animal ESTONIA

available free to the educational community. were completing their veterinary course
and in the small university-operated experiments and to be able to learn
with substantial replacement of harmful
‘marts’ around campus. I walked into without compromising their ethics.
my local Rodney-Mart the other day do A free lending program of humane science education products that allows animal use. Last fall, an InterNICHE/ his initial resistance towards student
parents, students, teachers, and administrators the ability to access the Representatives of these students
World Society for the Protection of demands for change was transformed into
find microwavable organic vegetarian
latest in science teaching tools, The Science Bank has over 250 modern non- from 32 countries gathered at the 2nd
Animals outreach tour succeeded in
food! It amazed me what I did by just a keen interest for developing alternatives
animal alternatives available. The latest in models, CD-ROMS, manikins, InterNICHE Conference “Alternatives
training nearly 500 teachers across India,
asking. April said it was a long process, charts, and videos can be accessed easily through The Science Bank. These when he realized the possibilities of
in the Mainstream: Innovations in Life
again resulting in direct replacement.
which was initiated a few months ago, non-animal alternatives are perfect for biology, anatomy, physiology, Science Education and Training” in
modern technology in this field, as well
genetics, and psychology classes and labs. For a sampling of what is And the InterNICHE Humane Education as for scientific research. Dr. Amarendhra
and that demands from the vegetarian Norway this year, together with teachers
residents in my building have helped available at The Science Bank, log on to www.animalearn.org, or call Award has supported the development Kumar from Tufts University in Boston,
(800)SAY-AAVS to request a free full-color The Science Bank catalog. and researchers who shared their interest
and implementation of freeware MA explained how he saw students
quicken the pace of the developments. in creating a learning environment where
alternatives, bringing replacement in develop more mature behaviour towards
All around, Animalearn has motivated CD-ROMS the quality of education and ethical
Romania, India, and elsewhere.   animals in the veterinary course by
me to be active for animals beyond my The best dissections are done with a computer mouse, not a scalpel. The considerations are equally important.
Science Bank’s collection of CD-ROM dissection software allows teachers to In short, the interest in humane using cadavers from the client donation
internship. I am much more aware of This conference was one of several recent
the things going on around me, and I move dissection out of an expensive wet lab and onto a more modern and events which prove that the time has education is growing rapidly and is not program rather than purpose-killed dogs.
educationally effective computer screen, complete with anatomy lessons limited to only certain parts of the world. Dr. Marc Bekoff shared his experiences
have certainly wanted to show others come for humane education worldwide.
and in many cases, assessment tools. There are many CD-ROMS available Indeed, countries where alternatives as a researcher and teacher in ethology,
the things I’ve learned. There are many which focus on everything ranging from human anatomy to in-classroom
Alternatives create connections represent a relatively new issue are and made a strong case for non-invasive
more things I would like to do in college cardiac muscle experiments and operant conditioning to genetics lab. field studies, including their advantages
among cultures seen as making big steps forward in a
as well. Our Vegan Club here is not
Models very short time. Countries like Egypt, for gaining new knowledge. Producers
that well organized, and I would like The student panel at the InterNICHE
to maybe get in touch with someone Life-size dissection models with impeccable detail, enlarged replica models Syria, and Pakistan were represented of advanced virtual reality (VR) tools for
Conference showed the impact that
and help make it more active and bring
with accompanying keys, raised-relief models, and model activity sets are at the InterNICHE Conference and had education, such as the ovary palpation
all available for loan through The Science Bank. Regardless of the animal the campaign for humane education simulator from Glasgow University in
important contributions, and recently
those people together. Being vegetarian
who is being studied, The Science Bank probably has a suitable model. The has brought about in the last five
new InterNICHE connections have been Scotland and the Norwegian SimSurgery
is an important part of my life, and I’m Science Bank also has models for human anatomy labs. years: students and professionals from
made in ex-Soviet countries. model for surgery training, presented
pretty sure if the right foods were made Russia, Japan, Australia, Brazil, and Iran exciting new possibilities that may
available to me, being vegan would be Mannikins presented their experiences of successful Alternatives create connections transform the educational experience
a choice for me. Also, I am involved The Science Bank has recently added a new veterinary and pre-veterinary campaigning. Biologist Thales Trèz from
in Amnesty International and the Civil suite, featuring Mannikins, to its loan program. Perfect for teaching among generations completely.
Brazil reported a significant increase in
anatomy and microsurgical techniques at colleges, veterinary/medical Not only students initiate progressive Likewise, the book from Guinea Pig
Liberties Union, which has exposed student awareness about the issue, and
schools, or veterinary technical schools, Mannikins are realistic and to Computer Mouse (InterNICHE 2003),
me to people with many of the same change. Many teachers, who as students
full-sized animal models with realistic representations of systemic and he has made several nationwide speaking
themselves did not complete their co-sponsored by Animalearn, presents
interests as I have, and helped me build anatomical functioning. Mannikins feature mouth to snout resuscitation, tours. Veterinary student Eriko Gotoh
a future network for when we do have a working lungs, an artificial pulse, the ability to aspirate air and fluid from courses without the harmful use of practical case studies by teachers from
from Japan has co-organized speaking
benefit concert in spring, hopefully! the thoracic cavity to simulate trauma, and the ability for IV draw and events at 16 veterinary universities and animals, have started reflecting on the across the world. Humane education is a
injections. helped create student groups for the benefits—educational, ethical, and platform where generations can meet to
economic—of implementing alternatives. discuss and create an ethical and effective
ethical treatment of animals in just two
At the InterNICHE conference, Dr. Hans learning environment.
years. Currently, she is helping to set up
Braun from Germany described how

 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 


Time to learn something new…. continued

Different opportunities in different animal use to humane education is often   example of change comprising approach
parts of the world dependent on the availability of
resources. Bearing this in mind,
rather than technological tool is the
teaching of Dr. M. A. Akbarsha in India,
InterNICHE in developed by teachers themselves, has been
complemented by the availability of resources
Against Painful Experiments on Animals, the
department agreed not to use any animals at all
Campaigning for humane education
worldwide shows that there are always
InterNICHE has put substantial effort
into creating new and often multi-
who also presented at the InterNICHE
Conference. Dr. Akbarsha emphasized
Global Exchange to facilitate this replacement. Information
resources, libraries of alternatives, and outreach
for students or postgraduates. With 1,000 animals
originally used in education every year, the total
possibilities for change, even though the By Nick Jukes, Coordinator, and training are all playing a role; and teachers has now been successfully reduced to zero.
language resources. The Humane the importance of modernizing biology, are increasingly willing to share their positive
difficulties met may not be expected. InterNICHE The second institute to replace 100 percent
Education Award has also targeted creating more focus on cell biology, experiences of implementing alternatives. of experiments and to implement donated
A group of students at the Veterinary
areas where language is an obstacle to genetics, and conservation biology and, One example of this progress is the alternatives as part of a broader process of
University of Copenhagen, Denmark,
implementing alternatives, and supported thereby. making dissections irrelevant. InterNICHE outreach in Russia and Ukraine held reform and modernisation is the Agricultural
is currently making progress towards
projects that make translated or locally Work to replace harmful animal use and during October 2005. With presentations and Academy at Velikie Luki. The whole Faculty
a student’s right to object to animal
developed alternatives available.   Different interests, same goal to implement alternatives has been gaining training in alternatives to over 500 teachers of Animal Production Technology agreed to
experiments. However, in the neighboring momentum across the world through the and students, it culminated in guaranteed drop animal experiments from its courses.
country Sweden, such rights have been in The concept of “reusable learning The campaign for humane education commitment of many volunteers from the replacement of animal experiments at a number These successes are rooted in the InterNICHE-
existence for many years. Pharmacology objects,” as presented by Dr. David is an area of intersection among a range International Network for Humane Education of departments and huge media coverage Russia library of alternatives that allows free
student Sepher Shafiezadeh, from Iran, Dewhurst at the 5th World Congress on of different interests. Perhaps this is (InterNICHE) and its collaborators such as across the whole of the former Soviet Union. borrowing of items by teachers and the availability
has also recently managed to convince Animal Use and Alternatives last year, is one explanation for the success this Animalearn. Working closely with teachers In St. Petersburg, the State Academy of of freeware alternatives that can be distributed
another way to support the development campaign has had in different countries interested in modernising university life science Veterinary Medicine is introducing alternatives at cost price. Together they illustrate how much
his teachers to use several alternatives,
and cultures. Humane education is about practical classes and supporting students who for economic as well as pedagogical and ethical can be done with seed funding to support small-
the same alternatives that my physiology of alternatives by sharing elements of
conscientiously object to dissections and animal reasons. The Department of Pharmacology has scale but highly effective and sustainable projects
teachers in Norway were reluctant computer programs. The distribution modernizing education by optimizing
experiments, campaigners have an increasing halved animal use in recent years through audio- that are designed to facilitate real replacement.
to even review. Resistance from the of secondhand computers may also learning tools and keeping education number of success stories on which to report. visual aids and clinical learning opportunities. They also remind us that despite the huge
establishment can sometimes be harder support rapid implementation, supported on the cutting-edge of technological
The availability of so much excellent software And in exchange for donations of computers from challenges facing campaigners for an ethical
in western countries, which we imagine by global databases on alternatives for development. This attracts teachers and other alternative learning tools, mostly InterNICHE and the International Association science, there are in fact many open doors.
might be more open-minded to the effective information retrieval. interested in technology, computer

Vivisection NOT! and the chief guest of the event was Professor the seminar. In organizing the team, Dr. Fariha
A world united for a common cause: the creation of a generation of biologists, veterinarians, Alternatives, The Best of Dr. Khalid Pervaiz (Dean, Faculty of Veterinary Akhter, Shahid Mehmood, Sabira Nazir, Waqas
and doctors worldwide who are devoted to their profession and grounded on a basis of respect Animals & Science Sciences, UVAS Lahore). Three lectures were Tahir, Shoaib Karim, Tanveer Ahmed, Waseem
By Vets Care Organization, delivered in the 1st session: 1) “Idea of Vivisection, Abbas, Kamran Latif, Shaista Gul Bukhari, Bushra
for living beings, human and animals alike.
Pakistan What are Alternatives and their Use in Education,” Ijaz, Irum Ayesha, Mirza Usman Baig, Waqas
presented by Professor Dr. Zafar Iqbal (Chairman, Azeem, M. Asad, Asif Awan, Waseem Shaukat,
Department of Pathology and Director, ICE&E and Rohaib Aslam performed their duties at
critical thinking of their students, than in specialists, and others to the issue. UVAS Lahore); 2) “Use of Animal Alternatives in their best level with a number of volunteers.
Libraries of alternatives, or ‘loan
countries where the virtue of free speech Humane education is also about creating Microbiological Research,” presented by Dr. Irshad
systems,’ also play a major role, as they In the seminar, the president VCO, Dr. Mohsin
is not thoroughly established. an environment where students can focus Hussain (Associate Professor, Department of
enable small  student groups and animal Ali Bhatti came especially from Islamabad after
on the learning rather than fighting for Microbiology, UVAS Lahore); and 3) “Concept of
Western students may have the welfare groups to present directly postponing his tour to Sindh province. The honorable
their beliefs, and so it attracts teachers Animal Welfare in Pakistan,” presented by Dr. Noor-
right to protest and, indeed, some to students and teachers a range of guest shared his views about alternatives and
who are committed to their role as ul-Zaman Rafique (Veterinary Officer, SPCA). The two
have taken their university to court, alternatives that they could otherwise not emphasized the issue of their practical use in
educators. Of course humane education alternatives, Physiology Simulator and Prodissection
for example in the U.S. and Germany. afford. The InterNICHE Loan System, Pakistan. The Souvenir was also presented to
is also about human rights, or the right to of Frog, were demonstrated in the 2nd session.
Students in Eastern European and ex- for example, enables items to be used in the Chief Guest. After the Chief Guest’s speech,
freedom of conscience. Finally, humane
Soviet countries, however, may have the Japan one week, and the U.S. the next; The exhibition of alternatives was also Professor Dr. H. A. Hashmi (Patron VCO) presented
education is about respecting animals’ Pakistan is a country where one veterinary
advantage of presenting the alternatives and after lending Critical Care Jerry arranged after the first session, and a number of a vote of thanks and praised the work of the young
lives, an issue that is becoming important university and 3 veterinary faculties are awarding
as the technological innovations and mannikin to the University of Florida, the alternatives, including CD-ROMs, videos, mannikins, team on organizing such a wonderful seminar for the
to an increasing number of professionals, graduate degrees to 500-600 students every
tools of modernisation that they actually veterinary college bought five. and models, were exhibited. The guests were first time. He also admired the practical work of Vets
as well as the general public. It also year. Hundreds of animals have been killed behind
are. Teachers in some western countries the closed doors of laboratories. Similarly, all served with tea and snacks. The American Anti- Care Club in the UVAS, working under the umbrella
Replacement, not only technology binds together a wide variety of different
may, according to my own experience, over Pakistan thousands of animals are killed by Vivisection Society (AAVS) and the New England of Vets Care Organization. At the end of the seminar,
people with different backgrounds
be less willing to change their habits Even if technology-based alternatives harmful methods in the name of education and Anti-Vivisection Society (NEAVS) sent literature gift hampers were distributed among the audience.
and cultures, and the quality of this
and approach modern learning tools have certainly helped bring about research without admiring the death and life for distribution, and alternatives were sent by
campaign was very much reflected in VCO also thanks all the volunteers who
with the interest seen in countries with change, it is also important to realize of those animals. The researchers haven’t any the International Network for Humane Education
the InterNICHE Conference through the participated in organizing the event, and also
fewer financial means. Availability that sometimes just a different approach awareness about the harms of vivisection and no (InterNICHE) for exhibition. The seminar was
philosophers, computer scientists, animal announces the appreciation certificates which
of cost-price alternatives such as the is needed to create a fully humane idea about alternatives because there is no interest. sponsored by the International Association against
rights activists, students, teachers, and will be distributed in the next activity.
InterNICHE supported freeware may learning environment. Dr. Garry Scroop In this critical situation, Vets Care Organization Painful Experiments on Animals (IAAPEA). At the
producers of alternatives from all parts of
be enough to bring about replacement, from Australia brought about change (VCO) took the initiative to make noise in favor of conclusion of the seminar, shields were presented
the world who were united for a common
as Dr. Ramasamy Raveendran from in his physiology classes simply by laboratory animals for the first time in Pakistan. to all the speakers by Vets Care Organization.
cause: the creation of a generation of
India explains concerning the ongoing emphasizing critical thinking and
biologists, veterinarians, and doctors “Vivisection Not! Alternatives, the Best of More than 150 people including microbiologists,
replacement in his country: “If you give problem-solving. This made him create
worldwide who are devoted to their Animals & Science” was conducted by Vets Care zoologists, veterinarians, researchers, and the
an alternative to a university, they will animal-free physiology classes where
profession and grounded on a basis of Organization in the auditorium hall of UVAS on students of the concerned fields attended the
use it.”   the students used themselves as the
respect for living beings, human and October 4, 2005. The chief organizer of the seminar seminar. The Dean, Faculty of Biosciences,
experimental tool, a method identified and a number of UVAS teachers also attended
Resources make change possible animals alike. was Rana Shaukat Hussain (General Secretary),
as a best teaching practice by the Higher
Worldwide change from harmful Education Council of Australia. Another

 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 


he chimpanzees at the
CHCI influenced many
of my life decisions, for
example, what my career
was to be and what
grade level I wanted to
teach. Washoe, Loulis, Tatu, Dar, and
Moja greatly influenced how I viewed
life in and out of my classroom. As a
middle school teacher, I found what my
parents taught me to be very helpful:
“to know and to take each individual
on their own terms.” Middle school
students are in a class of their own. To
be successful with them, you have to
understand and embrace their unique
way of being. I grew up watching my
parents live this philosophy as they
worked with the chimpanzees. They
would take each chimpanzee on his or
her own terms and build a relationship.
As a teacher, I tried to do the same. I
would try to get to know my students
and use what I learned to help make the
classroom a safe, positive, and successful
learning environment for them.
My family upbringing was definitely
unique, and as I dialogued with my
students and later experienced student
visits to the CHCI for its Chimposiums, humanity of all species to develop a one- • Free-Living Chimpanzees
of-a-kind humane science curriculum. Explores the different cultures of chimpanzee
an educational program available to the
With synchronicity on our side, a groups in Africa, and discusses issues that are
public, I became increasingly aware just affecting their populations;
how different it had been. I started talking collaborative project with the CHCI and
NEAVS/ESEC began. By December 1999, • Captive Chimpanzees
with people at the CHCI about ideas to
I was beginning to develop a unique and Examines the use of chimpanzees in biomedical
meet the needs of school-age visitors, research, zoos, and the importance of
and to help prepare students before they comprehensive science curriculum.
permanent-retirement sanctuaries; and
By Rachel Fouts-Carrico, Education Specialist, Friends of Washoe came for a Chimposium. Many students
• CHCI
Next of Kin, A Compassionate
who have attended Chimposiums at Introduces students to the history behind

Creating Caring: A Compassionate Curriculum


Interdisciplinary Science Curriculum
the CHCI often come expecting to be chimpanzee sign language and the chimpanzees
entertained instead of gaining a greater The Next of Kin curriculum, which can at CHCI.
understanding of chimpanzees and the be ordered at www.cwu.edu/~cwuchci or
The first section of the elementary
concerns surrounding them. Many are www.neavs.org and is also available for
curriculum follows the same issues.
As a child, I had a second family. They were the chimpanzees we cared for at the Chimpanzee and unaware of the dire issues that face free to teachers from Animalearn (www.
The restructured units include:
Human Communication Institute (CHCI) (www.cwu.edu/~cwuchci), a sanctuary housed on the campus captive and free-living chimpanzees. Animalearn.org), is for middle level
These discussions formulated the idea of students (grades 6-9) and elementary • General Chimpanzee Information
of Central Washington University. When I was in grade school, I would walk up to the sanctuary after • Chimpanzee Issues
developing a curriculum to meet these students (grades 2-6). (The overlap of the
school and spend a few hours with my parents and the chimpanzees until it was time for them to go to needs as well as help students understand two curricula is to facilitate the different • Chimpanzees and Language

bed and for us to go home. I would play chase games with Loulis, the youngest chimpanzee. His adopted more about chimpanzees in general and organization of schools: for example, • Animal Issues

the issues that threaten the well-being middle schools vs. junior high schools).
mother Washoe preferred to sign to me and inquire about what I might have in my pockets. Our human The second section and final unit
of free-living and captive chimpanzees. These two curricula consist of two
family’s dinner conversations would include stories of my day at school and of the chimpanzees’ day. of both curricula:
Thanks to the generous support of the sections. The first section deals with free-
For those who have read Next of Kin by Roger Fouts and Stephen Tukel Mills, this story may sound famil- New England Anti-Vivisection Society living and captive chimpanzees. The unit • A Humane Community
(NEAVS) and the Ethical Science and titles from the middle level curricula are: Expands the students’ awareness to all our
iar. The book chronicles 30 years of my family’s life with Washoe and her family. It introduces the reader to the fellow animals by focusing on the ethical
Education Coalition (ESEC), a 110-year-
cross-fostering project where Washoe, and then later Moja, Tatu, and Dar, were immersed in sign language old Boston-based animal advocacy
• Our Fellow Animals problems surrounding vivisection (the use of
Discusses scientific classification, the genetic animals in experiments, testing, and surgical
and, as a result, acquired this human language. It describes how Washoe adopted Loulis and how he acquired organization also interested in developing relationship between species, and the similarities training and other education) and the importance
his signs from her. The book also enlightens the reader to many issues surrounding captive chimpanzees. a humane science curriculum for grades and differences between humans and of having respect for all living creatures.
K-12, I was given the opportunity to apply chimpanzees;
my skills as a teacher and my belief in the

10 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 11


Creating Caring: A Compassionate  Curriculum continued

Both curricula have teacher Next of Kin Teacher Feedback: Colleges/Universities with
introduction sections, lessons Dissection Choice Policies
I have taught for over 20 years. When
appropriate for the unit, a glossary, a
it comes to the life sciences and topics
bibliography, and a unit assessment.
such as habitat destruction and ethical Dedicated college/university students around the
Like all curricula, the Next of Kin issues that naturally emerge from United States are continually making a difference
curriculum has an agenda. For example, studying a sanctuary such as the CHCI, for animals used in their educational institutions.
environmental curricula focus on saving I have not run across a curriculum Due to their efforts, several individual students and
the environment, and curricula from that helps explain the subject as well student animal protection groups have been able to
groups like the Massachusetts Society as the Next of Kin curriculum. It is urge their schools to enact student choice policies
for Medical Research’s “People and on their campuses. The following are a list of those
balanced yet honest. It doesn’t preach.
colleges/universities that have created policies allowing
Animals United for Health” supports
The most important message a college student to pursue a degree humanely.
the use of animals in research. The
embedded in the curriculum is respect
Next of Kin curriculum’s agenda is
for life. Nurturing life and developing Barry University, Florida
one that is new. It is to allow teachers
respect for the incredible variety of
to give their students information on Brigham Young University, Utah
living things is one of the highest human
chimpanzees and animal research that Bryn Mawr College, Pennsylvania
values we hope to instill in our students
they have not previously received, and California State University, Bakersfield, California
and the Next of Kin does just that.
to educate students on the ethical issues The College of William and Mary, Virginia
surrounding captive and free-living I would be very happy to carry on
Cornell University, New York
chimpanzees and those animals used and on with more specifics if you would
like me to! Thanks for contributing Georgia Military College, Georgia (Eliminated all animal
in experimentation. Next of Kin offers dissections in its anatomy and physiology courses)
insight that will help students understand toward helping our children become
more aware of what effect their Lehigh University, Pennsylvania
some of the reasons why replacing
actions can make on the world. Loyola Marymount University, California
exploitation with compassion can benefit
Marist College, New York
all of life. It is extremely important that Julie Blystad, 4th grade teacher
at Seattle’s Bertschi School Oberlin College, Ohio
both sides of this ethically, scientifically,
economically important social issue Oregon State University, Oregon
be offered so that informed decisions Penn State, Pennsylvania
Very easy to use & interesting.
can be made. The goal of developing Portland Community College, Oregon
Teacher friendly. The kids loved it.
the Next of Kin curricula was to open Quinnipac College, Connecticut
students’ eyes to new information that Sarah Ard, 7th/8th grade teacher Radford University, Virginia
will enable them to make compassion- Rice University, Texas
based decisions now and throughout life. Very informative, enough Sarah Lawrence College, New York

Virtual Frog Guts


background for teachers with little State University of NY, Albany, New York
Educational Environment
previous background on the issues Texas Woman’s University, Texas
Teachers find the flexibility of the to use effectively. Very thorough The University of Texas-Health Science
curriculum refreshing. If a teacher wants treatment of the issues and interesting/ Center at Houston, Texas By David Hughs, Froguts
to use it as a theme for the year, the motivating for students. Insightful, University of California, Berkeley, California
curriculum has that capacity. If a teacher inspirational, well thought out.
University of Houston, Texas Froguts Inc. is a unique developer of biology simulation There is so much to say about our software, but we
wishes to use it as a supplement or for
Richard Grant, 6th-8th grade teacher software. We are proud that our passion to provide think the best way to experience it is by viewing a
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
those spontaneous teachable moments, alternatives to dissection and our software now reaches demo on our website, www.froguts.com, or subscribing
(Created their own website www.dissectionchoice.org)
it works for that as well! Moreover, an expanding international community. Over the years, to our service. We have been fortunate this year to be
many teachers who use the curriculum I’ve come away with more than University of New Mexico, New Mexico we have evolved into a one-stop supplier to many honored with the inclusion of our software in ISTE’s
find that the subject is one that truly just [a] curriculum for my students University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania schools, districts, and institutions for their standalone (International Society of Education and Technology)
captures the students’ interests. but much to contemplate for my own Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia and supplemental biology software. Science Units for Grades 9-12 (National Educational
self [and] of animals and research. Virginia Tech, Virginia Technology Standards for Students Curriculum Series).
Much thought was given to the
Wright State University, Ohio Why are we unique? Froguts employs a one of a Additionally, we have enjoyed wonderful press coverage
expectations and teaching standards Anonymous middle level teacher
kind, immersive, and comprehensive pedagogical like our October 2005 New York Times article, and
found in education. The Next of Kin Several additional college/university students and profes- approach to engage students and enhance their content awards such as last year’s Technology and Learning
curriculum aligned to the Washington sors have used alternatives to animal dissection. How- retention. We accomplish this with virtual tools such Magazine’s Award of Excellence.
State Essential Academic Learning ever, they do not have specific written policies in place. as microscopes, CT machines, standard dissection
Requirements is available at the CHCI Fortunately, a growing number of students and student tools, assessments, and amazing 3-D engines. Froguts We look forward to your review of our software
website www.cwu.edu/~cwuchci/ groups are working to implement student choice polices software integrates accessibility and ease of use with and hope you will share with us the excitement that
curriculum_ealrs.html. This alignment at their institutions. its intuitive interface. Our modules follow a systems our virtual simulations bring to evolving biology
information is a resource for teachers based approach in a simulation that is virtually classrooms.
If you are interested in spearheading a campaign to indistinguishable from the actual experience. We do of
across the United States as they take the
implement student choice on your campus, please
curriculum into their classroom. course use animation and graphics where appropriate
contact Animalearn for assistance via e-mail at info@
but not as a substitute.
animalearn.org or by phone at (800)729-2287!

12 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 13


While you are performing the dissection,
By Laura Ducceschi,
there are full color videos showing the
AAVS Education Director
cut and stages of a dissection.
The Anatomy component provides a
complete reference to all of the major
body systems of the frog, using both
text diagrams and animation. The
major systems can be studied first at
a system level and then on an organ-
by-organ basis. This section includes
the Respiratory system, where the
diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide
across the respiratory membrane can be
viewed; Musculoskeletal system, where
joints can be manipulated; Circulatory
system, where the path of oxygenated
A Step-by-Step Tutorial and non-oxygenated blood through a
Given the number of students who three-chambered heart is followed and
ethically object to dissection, and compared with two and four chambered 5
the growing number of educators
who are switching from wet labs to By choosing the Dissection Module,
dissection alternatives because of the you will be asked to identify the parts
educational effectiveness they offer, of the frog. This is done by using your
CD-ROM dissection programs have computer mouse to point to each of the
become quite popular. There are frog’s external features, which highlights
hundreds of choices that educators and/ each in red with a flashing checkmark.
or students have when selecting the Moving the mouse over the video
right dissection alternative for their window allows you to rotate the frog to
classrooms, and Animalearn’s The 3 see external features from all angles.
Science Bank free loan program has over First, select a part of the frog to
250 of these alternatives available. hearts; and Cellular division with meiosis dissect. To begin the dissection, point
Changing your classroom from one and mitosis animations. (see image 3) In to one of the white dots, which changes
where students dissect with a scalpel the section titled Interacting Systems, the cursor into a scalpel, allowing you
to one where students dissect with a you can study each system’s role in to make the first cut. If the incisions are
computer mouse requires nothing more basic body functions. The Compare to not made correctly, the program does not 6

than an available computer, a CD-ROM, 1 Human section highlights the differences register the cuts until they are correctly The Anatomy screen allows you to
and, of course, the computer mouse between frog and human anatomy. performed. On the left hand side of the learn more about the function of the
itself. What it offers, however, is the The Ecology component looks at the screen, there is a video that demonstrates frog’s organ and body systems, showing
The Frog in Digital
promise of an exciting, innovative, and life cycle of frogs, their behavior, and the incisions. (see image 6) things you would not be able to see in an
stimulating educational experience. The Digital Frog II, a product of Digital their biodiversity, with information on 18 actual dissection. (see image 7)
Continue the dissection by cutting
It doesn’t take long for both students Frog International, is a software program frogs native to North and South America. through the layer of muscle on the
and educators who try CD-ROM that combines full-color photography, vi- (see image 4) Information about the frog’s abdomen, which takes you to a
dissection software to swear that they deos, three-dimensional animations, and plight of declining frog populations and full-screen picture of the frog’s internal
will never return to the old-fashioned text to teach frog dissection, anatomy, and why this is happening is discussed. This organs. To simulate an actual dissection,
out-of-date wet labs again. Once ecology. (see image 1) Inside the program section also includes common behaviors you must dissect in the correct order. If
they familiarize themselves with is a workbook, including assessment and external pressures and environmental you click on the wrong organ, such as the
how computerized dissection works, materials. This program is a great way to concerns relating to frog populations. stomach, there will be a message which
they feel very comfortable using learn about frogs without the health (see image 5) directs you to dissect the overlaying
the software, and are very satisfied hazards associated with formaldehyde. organs. Similar to the first step in the
with the educational results. 2
dissection, you need to identify each of
Digital Frog II is suitable for both 7
What follows is a tutorial for Digital Windows and Macintosh platforms. The Dissection component contains the visible structures and then make the
Frog II, one of our most popular loan appropriate cuts. Then, a video will play,
The opening screen leads to the main both full-screen color photographs and
requests through The Science Bank. showing the removal of the particular The buttons on each of the anatomy
menu, which allows you to choose Quick video clips to lead students through a
Digital Frog II is used in classrooms organ. Following the video, you can view screens link to related screens, showing
Tour, a description of how to navigate traditional frog dissection, including
at the middle school, high school, and a close-up of the organ and identify the how one organ works in relation to the
the program, Dissection, Anatomy, or the body cavity organs, head structures,
college level, and offers a computerized internal structures or a function, which system as a whole or giving more detailed
Ecology. (see image 2) and leg muscles. There are instructions
dissection of the frog. The CD-ROM takes you to a corresponding anatomy information on important aspects of an
that inform you which cuts to make, and
offers more in terms of education screen. organ. (see images 8 and 9, next page)
then you identify the organs themselves. 4
than dissection ever could.

14 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 15


Virtual Dissection continued

A Happy Convert: supplying the materials I needed to


ensure my students fulfilled their
A Student Making an Elephant Meeting a Virtual Reality
Introducing requirements. The drylabs on CDs
came quickly and were easily returned
Perspective
The area of humane education is a growing field that continues to develop and
Alternatives into in the provided mailing envelopes. adopt technology that it utilizes in new and exciting ways. A perfect example of this is

My Classroom Our dissections included the worm, By Daniel Gray, 9th grade the electronic field trips offered by The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee, a haven to
crayfish, frog, perch, fetal pig, and home schooled student old, sick, and needy elephants formally used in zoos and circuses. As a true sanctuary,
cat. I previewed the drylabs before The Elephant Sanctuary is not intended to provide entertainment, and it is closed to
By Sharon Maselli, Biology Teacher, class each week, finding them very the public. Instead, it fosters a humane education outreach program that has taught
There are two main reasons
Westerly Learning Center, New Jersey impressive and helpful to my lab thousands of students around the globe to respect wildlife while learning about the
I found this software to be a
8 planning. At times, I had the whole endangered Asian and African elephants who live at The Sanctuary.
wonderful alternative to an actual
This past year I taught an Honors class join in on the drylab before The electronic field trips are made possible through distance-learning
dissection of an animal. First of all,
High School Biology class to home dissecting specimens. Everyone, teleconferencing and Project DIANE (Diversified Information and Assistance
when dissecting an animal, if you
taught students at Westerly Learning including me, laughed over the NEtwork). Using interactive telephone, video, and multimedia computer technology,
cut the wrong thing, there is no way
Center, a resource center located sound of the cutting scissors and The Sanctuary teleconferences live with schools, libraries, community centers, etc.,
to repair your mistake. The software
in Princeton, New Jersey. After enjoyed ‘cutting’ the specimen. I both nationally and internationally. Surveillance type cameras are setup in and around
version makes sure you cut in the
dissecting a worm and a crayfish, I was particularly grateful for the the elephant barns and throughout The Sanctuary grounds, allowing visitors to listen
right place with the right amount of
had two students who stated they drylabs when dissecting the cat, and view the elephants in real time during their daily activities. This non-intrusive
force. You see what you’re supposed
could no longer continue dissecting since a few more students chose not observation allows viewers to experience natural elephant behavior in a wild setting,
to see inside the animal. Second,
specimens. Given that the lab was to participate in that dissection. and enables them to become familiar with each elephant—her history, habits, and how
everything on the computer was
mandatory and represented 25 I began the school year stressing the well marked. You don’t have to poke moving to The Sanctuary has changed her life.
percent of the students’ grade, I usefulness of dissection and requiring through things trying to find an The electronic field trips are flexible and run approximately 45 minutes. There is a
had to find alternatives. A friend all of my students to complete all the organ based on a bad description nominal fee for the program; however, it is tax-deductible. Additionally, a trip can be
forwarded Animalearn’s website to dissections. However, after trying in a little booklet. You click on supplemented with free down-loadable curriculum that is suitable for grades K-8, and
me, and my problems were solved. alternatives, I have changed my mind. something, and the program tells a free introductory video entitled The Asian Elephant is also included.
Animalearn’s Nicole Green was I found the drylab to be an acceptable you what it is and what it does,
option, finding the drylab students
This powerful program is an excellent and unique teaching tool, and The Elephant
very supportive and helpful in and gives you cross references to
did as well as the other students.
Sanctuary has received much praise regarding its electronic visits from both students
9 other related organs and tissues.
On several occasions, the wetlab
and teachers alike. For more information about electronic field trips to The Elephant
Furthermore, it is nice that you
Conclusion students checked their work with Sanctuary, please visit www.elephants.com.
don’t have to cut up an animal in the
One of our most popular CD- the Animalearn CDs. I found the name of ‘science.’ This seems more
ROM dissection programs available, dry lab students did not experience ethical.
Digital Frog II allows you to repeat the usual dissection frustrations,
a dissection without harming frogs. e.g.: “Gross, I have fish eggs on
Having this ability to repeat and me!” “Is this the gall bladder????”
reinforce your learning experience and “I cleaned up last time!”
and become highly skilled and As a teacher, I am confident
knowledgeable is something that CD- that alternatives are an acceptable
ROM dissections can offer, but not learning tool, and I believe they
traditional wet lab dissections. should be offered to students who
With the quality of CD-ROM sincerely object to dissection. I am
dissection alternatives available, grateful to Animalearn for providing
we are likely to see the numbers of a high quality alternative
students requesting an alternative to and for making this product
dissection increase significantly. accessible to educators.

For more information on the Digital


Frog II and the many other dissection
alternatives available through
The Science Bank, please contact
Animalearn at (800)SAY-AAVS or
info@Animalearn.org. You can also
learn more by visiting us online at
www.Animalearn.org.

16 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 17


Dog is No Invention implants failed to develop into a full pregnancy and

MediaWatch Much Needed Exposure for


Mice and Rats in Research
Time’s designation of the Afghan hound puppy
named Snuppy as “Invention of the Year” is short-
one of the puppies who was born by caesarian died
after struggling with health problems for weeks. Did
anyone ask about where all these dogs come from and
sighted and exploitive. Toasters are ‘inventions,’
What is not considered news, however, is the how they are treated and where they are now?
animals aren’t.
daily plight of millions upon millions of mice and
rats, who languish and die in research laboratories Korean researchers who announced last August the And Hwang, as we now know, is not a science
across the country without any legal protection first successful cloning of a dog in the journal Nature ‘hero’ for engaging in research beyond the boundaries
801 Old York Road, Suite 204
whatever. For in 2002 President Bush signed made a media hype of what should be a matter of of ethical oversight. He is a media hound, an invention
Jenkintown, PA 19046-1685
into law a farm bill containing an amendment grave concern to society. There was serious animal of our time.
Tel: 215.887.0816
proposed by then-Senator Jesse Helms to exclude suffering involved in this research—100 “donor” Sue A. Leary, AAVS President
Fax: 215.887.2088
most such creatures from the definition of dogs and 123 “surrogate mothers” translates into Time
“animal” under the Animal Welfare Act. major multiple surgeries. All but three of the 1,095 Submitted December 2005
According to Sue Leary, President of the
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEA
SE: Alternatives Research & Development Foundation,
Animalearn
them from the
this makes the United States the only country
Contact: Sue Leary, Presiden wild, enclosing
t, sleary@aavs.org
Crystal Schaeffer, Dir. of Outr
in the world, among those that regulate animal
research, to formally exclude some of them. Director Reaches them in artificial
each, cschaeffer@aavs.org
(215)887-0816 This reaches the level of absurdity when you Out to Elephants settings, and
putting them on
consider, as was pointed out to me by Dr. Barbara I remember Toni from when I was a child who
display.
Orlans, a faculty affiliate at the Kennedy Institute
visited the Nay Aug Zoo back in the 1980s. At the While the
of Ethics, that, as a result of the exclusion, only
time, I always felt compassion for her when I saw
American Anti-Vivisect 1 percent of the animals used in research are educational
ion Society Challenges US the small confines with which she was kept, but I
DA’s actually protected by the Animal Welfare Act. No argument is that
Refusal to Regulate Pet was much too young to understand the ramifications
Cloning matter how friendly to humans may be the intent zoos have become a way for people to enjoy the
Argues animals are har that such unnatural confinement can cause to an sights and sounds of many animal species they
med in cloning of this forced labor and imprisonment of our fellow
mammals—and also birds, who are similarly elephant’s psychological, social, and physical well- might not have the opportunity to see, that is not
unprotected—how can we justly or humanely being. While I enjoyed an afternoon of entertainment reason enough to imprison them in a cage. We
deny them the legal guarantee of relief from pain visiting the zoo, animals such as Toni languished. can learn much more about these same animals
Jenkintown, PA— The America and distress? I am the Director of Education for the American by watching them on television, the internet, in
n Anti-Vivisection Society (AA
(USDA) to reverse its position VS) has called on the U.S. Dep
refusing to regulate the pet clon artment of Agriculture But only the United States Department of Anti-Vivisection Society, a non-profit organization educational documentaries, or in reading about
on November 9, 2005, expand ing industry. AAVS presented
ing on documents presented in its arguments to USDA Agriculture (USDA), which is governed by the in Jenkintown, PA, where I oversee a program called them. We can also teach our children an important
round, AAVS cites additional lega its petition submitted last Feb
l and scientific evidence that, ruary. In this latest Helms Amendment, can close down a lab. Animalearn. My job is to work with students and value by doing this: Compassion toward animals is
of research that is subject to by all measures, pet cloning mee educators to promote respect for animals, and the
regulation by the Animal Welf ts the definition Furthermore, says Leary, of most immediate more valuable than a trip to the zoo.
serious harm to the animals invo are Act (AWA). In addition, AAVS dem
lved, particularly the surrogat onstrates the practical concern is the need for public opportunity to treat Toni with care and compassion Research shows that teaching children to have
e mothers and the clones them accountability, which, again, only the USDA can is a wonderful way to set a positive example for our
selves. compassion towards animals has a profound effect
In the letter to USDA, attorney
Tracie Letterman, of Kimbrell supply. The basic tool of measurement of pain and children.
that pet cloning companies are & Mendelson, asserted, “The on their treatment of other human beings.
not covered by the AWA is arbi USDA’s determination distress is needed to gauge progress in this area.
agency’s decision is not support trary and capricious and an abu Along with many activists, I hope that Toni is At Animalearn, we give away a free humane
ed by the AWA’s text and purp se of discretion. The
ose of regulating the use of anim As it happens, a friend of mine has a pet allowed to live out her life at The Elephant Sanctuary.
experimentation.” Considering als in research and education curriculum to educators in grades 2-5 and
the extremely high failure rate rat. That rat is clearly intelligent, certainly has While the long-term benefits to Toni’s health if placed
involved, AAVS has made a case s of pet cloning and the invasive 6-9, called Next of Kin, which focuses on building
that there are few procedures multiple surgeries that are emotions, and flaunts her distinctive personality.
that are more experimental in in The Elephant Sanctuary are obvious, we also respect for animals to create a kinder world. If any
nature than pet cloning. We can all support efforts to ameliorate the
AAVS also refuted the Agency need to look at the message that we are sending
’s characterization of pet clon effects of the Helms Amendment on her less readers would like a free copy of this curriculum, I
Sue Leary commented: “USDA ing as bein g outside the animal welfare regu our children by treating animals such as Toni as ‘our
is trying to shirk its responsibili lations. AAVS President can be contacted at (800)SAY-AAVS.
of pet clones involves ‘standa ties under the law with the absu fortunate cousins by joining an organization such
rd veterinary medical procedu rd claim that the novel creation entertainment.’ Toni is a living being that deserves to
surgeries, commonly done in res.’ But even standard procedu as the American Anti-Vivisection Society. live out her life in a natural habitat, and children will
research and experimentation res, like blood draws and cert
ain Laura Ducceschi, AAVS Director of Education
, are unquestionably subject to gain more educationally by learning that the proper
regulation. USDA should know New Haven Register The Scranton Times-Tribune
USDA is expected to respond better.”
to the new evidence after Jan treatment of these majestic creatures includes Submitted November, 2005
uary 1, 2006. January 4, 2006
In 2004, AAVS launched its No appreciating them in their natural habitat, not taking
Pet Cloning campaign and sinc
genetically engineered and clon e then has become a trusted reso
ed animals sold as pets. AAVS urce in the issue of
an investigative report, entitled hos ts the website www.NoPetClonin
“Pet Cloning: Separating Facts g.or g and has published
AAVS found that 80% of peop from Fluff.” Additionally, a 200
le in the U.S. are opposed to clon 4 surv ey sponsored by Ethics of Cloning Debated “When we’re talking about the dog that was cloned, there were
ing companion animals such as
cats and dogs. 123 dogs used to produce one puppy. There were three pregnancies,
AAVS is a non-profit animal adv
ocacy and educational organiza
tion that has been monitoring …Crystal Miller-Spiegel of the American Anti-Vivisection Society only two of which came to term. One puppy, in addition to the one
laboratories since 1883. AAV the use of animals in
S pursues its objectives through acknowledges that the creation of Snuppy makes human cloning
support of non-animal alterna legal and effective advocacy, pub
lic education, and the that was in the news, died after three weeks of life from respiratory
tive methods. For more informa appear more certain because of the knowledge gained in the
tion, please visit www.NoPetCl
oning.org or www.AAVS.org. problems. So the technology is extremely inefficient. It results in a
### process. But she stresses that it should not be attempted. Because lot of suffering on the side of the surrogate animals and then also
the DNA used in cloning is often old and imperfect, Mrs. Spiegel the cloned animals themselves tend to suffer quite severely.”
says cloned animals develop the same health problems and suffer
Voice of America
the same high mortality rates as the donor.
October 6, 2005

18 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 19


Keeping Animal Biology efficiently review what is available from
NORINA, and three other databases,

Alive in Secondary Schools


can search in a user-friendly, point-and-
click webpage, preparation of which was
partially supported by Animalearn:
http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/
By Lynette Hart and that dissection is effective in reusable and could be stored extensive software array Animal_Alternatives/altsearch.htm
Mary Wood, UC Center for this respect. in a drawer or cupboard of images complemented If they had the time and money,
Animal Alternatives, At the University of between uses. For each of the laboratory, which were educators then could order some
University of California, California, Davis School the 10 weeks of the quarter, available for study 24 hours teaching resources.
Davis of Veterinary Medicine, a body system was the focus a day. The undergraduate
The major incentive for teaching is to
faculty members and now a of the laboratory, including, course is remarkable,
excite and inspire students. Dissection
strong software team have skeletal, muscular, digestive, since many colleges and
does effectively rivet students’ attention.
been creating videos, and nervous, respiratory, and universities no longer attempt
This motivational aspect is the feature
then software, producing circulatory systems. A large to offer anything along
that accounts for teachers using
and improving teaching laboratory room was set up these lines due to the cost
dissection in biology laboratories: it
materials for our veterinary each week with about 30 of materials and difficulty in
is exciting for the students. And the
students for the past 30 unique laboratory stations, obtaining suitable materials. Two students working with a bone box.
teachers have no similarly effective, easily
years. A talented group of each featuring microscope Our undergraduates also
ew computer accessible alternative teaching resources

N
technology is programmers, artists, and that would be motivating and also
website designers, Computer- An undergraduate comparative anatomy lab.
transforming the informative to students.
possibilities for Assisted Learning Facility People may ask, why is
Coming back, then, to the question
learning human (CALF) creates authoritative this improved and exciting of why the improved technology is not
and animal biology. Unlike instructional materials for
courses, and some of these technology not being delivered yet available to our high school biology
formalin specimens, realistic students, the answer is that there has not
3-dimensional images, are available for purchase. effectively to high school
yet been the will and support to produce
The Virtual Heart is one
annotated with pop-up biology? these materials. Creating them would
labels and texts, have no spiffy example of its work.
need to be a priority, and substantial
odor and can be accessed When it was introduced to
funding would have to be assigned to
24 hours a day. Thus, it 16 Sacramento secondary
People may ask, why is this improved to enhance their laboratories and what that task. Building on the capabilities
may seem perplexing at schools for biology several
and exciting technology not being they can offer to motivate and interest of the UC Davis veterinary curricula,
times that this revolutionary years ago, the teachers were
delivered effectively to high school their students. production could be accomplished
technology seemingly has not enthusiastic and asked for
biology? Experiencing teaching science relatively economically, not like a Pixar or
coverage of more body parts Many teaching resources are
revolutionized instructional in three different California districts Disney production.
and systems. With recent available in the marketplace, and these
presentations in pre-college Examples of plastinated specimens. years ago, and then meeting with focus
advances in the technology, are effectively cataloged and updated Providing a basic supply of high
biology classrooms, even groups of biology teachers during the
it would be feasible to offer regularly by NORINA (a website resource quality teaching materials for virtual
though it pervades veterinary past decade has informed and provided
3-dimensional views that center), currently numbering about 4,000. biology laboratories everywhere
medical education. motivation to consider this question.
could be rotated, and users However, as I learned in meeting with would be one step toward rebuilding
Based on our discussions When one of us was teaching science
could interactively highlight teachers in focus groups, these resources confidence in public schools in the
with teachers, dissection of decades ago, school districts maintained
structures of particular are not well-tailored to teachers’ needs United States. People and organizations
animal specimens persists in audiovisual curriculum centers where
interest within the brain, for in high school biology and physiology, committed to animal welfare and
classrooms for at least three teachers could borrow laboratory
example, using just a typical and do not provide a well-integrated and childhood education could get behind
reasons. First, no dialog materials, including film strips, slides,
desktop computer. accessible array of materials that teachers creating a groundswell of interest in an
takes place in the educational films, and models, as well as curricular
could easily draw from to meet their initiative to create superlative software
profession concerning Veterinary faculty and guides and texts. School districts often
teaching needs, technology capabilities, materials that are freely available. The
dissection, nor is it mentioned staff also sought to offer assigned mentors to assist new science
and schedule constraints. Despite so pattern of our students falling behind
in educational standards or similar learning tools to teachers in ordering up their laboratory
many resources being available, some in science could be reversed, and all
frameworks. Thus, there is no undergraduates in a course resources and materials, thereby
materials are very expensive, and others students could gain a greater knowledge
venue to consider the various on comparative anatomy; providing good support. Although
slides, plastinated organs, are able to take a course in do not fit the curricular needs and fall of human and animal biology. Such
issues related to dissection this effort was spearheaded computers are available at virtually all
dissected plastinated human anatomy, one featuring short of the capabilities available with understanding is essential for assuring
of animals Second, teachers by Mike Guinan, with strong schools, the targeted delivery of biology
specimens called prosections, human bodies that have been current imaging and software techniques. good health and managing appropriate
have little support in their support from the anatomy teaching resources to classrooms has
with labeled parts, diagrams, willed to the University of As a stopgap, zealous and energetic
All Photos by Lynette Hart at UC Davis.

medical care throughout life.


districts by way of teaching faculty members. Guinan been abandoned as the resource centers
molds, and appropriate text at California to be used for teachers can assemble a patchwork of
resources or budgets for laid out a course plan and curricular libraries have been
each station. A comparative education. These are optimal materials from among these resources,
purchases. Third, teachers for laboratories that was closed. At the same time, the teachers’
course, the materials featured educational opportunities for and supplement them with their own
seek to motivate their modeled on Montessori annual budgets to purchase supplies in
included fish, birds, and students who are preparing to cupboard collection of materials that
students, and commonly find nursery school classrooms, laboratories have shrunk to a pittance.
mammals. For the lecture enter biomedical professions they acquire over the years, plus do some
where all of the materials Teachers commonly use their own money
portion of the course, an or research. shopping as well. Teachers wanting to
for each laboratory were

20 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 21


pharmacology without killing any in a henhouse at heart. The IACUC’s It is the obligation of those who care
animals, let alone dogs, and 82 percent theoretical emphasis on humane research deeply about animals to watch-dog the
of physiology courses were similarly is itself something of an oxymoron, researchers and let the public know
cruelty-free, both groups recommended since the word humane means to treat that what might be necessary for an
that dog labs not be included as part of with kindness, mercy, or consideration, individual scientist’s prestige and career
the core curriculum, and, accordingly, and if humane treatment was a priority, may be insufficient justification for
that recommendation was honored, the monkeys, dogs, cats, etc. would not intense animal suffering. At a primate
effective fall 2003. The pharmacology be experimented on in the first place. sanctuary in Newcastle, Oklahoma, a
department still offers a separate elective The Animal Welfare Act and other sweet tempered rhesus macaque named
dog-vivisection and euthanasia lab so legislation controlling animal use in Indigo, who loved a good back scratch
students determined to kill dogs will not research and teaching endorse the and caused no trouble and never hurt
miss the opportunity, but happily only 3 Rs of replacement, reduction, and a single human in his short life, died
7 out of 125 medical students made that refinement. Implicit in this endorsement on January 13th. Indigo arrived at the
lethal choice this year, and while it is sad is the sentiment that it would be better sanctuary on June 24, 2002 from the Salk
to report that 5 dogs were killed, that is if we could avoid animal use altogether. Institute for Biological Studies where
Too Much Animal Use a far cry from the 50 to 60 which had But to a man with a hammer, every he had been intentionally crippled.
in Research and Education is previously been routinely destroyed. problem looks like a nail, and scientists Although Indigo couldn’t walk, he
Unnecessary and Inhumane
In order to study the neural control of eye movements,
rhesus monkeys at the University of California,

Animal rights activists “work ethic” so that they will that most experiments San Francisco (UCSF) for the last 20 years have

have to live with the reality visually track moving objects. involve rats or mice, and that, undergone coil implantations in both eyes, multiple

that public opinion surveys for example at the University craniotomies for in-depth electrode placement,
Most of us cannot even
indicate that 70 percent of of California, San Diego head immobilization surgeries where screws,
bear to look at a picture of
Americans are supportive of (UCSD), less than 1 percent bolts, and plates are directly attached to the skull,
these monkeys with their
the use of animals in research, of animals used in teaching or and water deprivation to produce a “work ethic”
By Lawrence A. Hansen, MD, electrode-implanted brains
as long as the animals do research are monkeys, dogs, so that they will visually track moving objects.
University of California, and bolted heads struggling to
not suffer unnecessarily. perform their eye exercises in or cats. But monkey research
San Diego The good news for animal is big business at San Diego’s
a desperate effect to get water.
advocates in that statistic is Disingenuous rationalization Salk Institute for Biological
the qualifying clause “do for inflicting such suffering Research, where this goes on
not suffer unnecessarily,” invariably evokes the literally underground, out of
which means most people possibility that someday sight, and away from public
do care whether or not the somehow the results will scrutiny. And at UCSD it
research needs to be going lead to a cure for Alzheimer’s took a major public protest,
on in the first place, and disease, or some other human articles and editorials in the
they are concerned about affliction. But such blank- Union Tribune, and years
the animals’ suffering. check justification is a cruel of internal dissent to get
For most people, necessary hoax, since funding for highly the medical school to stop
research is directed to finding invasive primate research in killing purpose bred dogs
cures for human diseases. But basic neurophysiology can in its freshman physiology
and pharmacology courses. Some minimal safeguards for research trained to use animals are unlikely to used his hands and arms to lift his lower
much of the most ethically only diminish the resources
Those dogs endured lifetimes animals exist, at least in theory, since the seek alternatives. That is why it took body, and he could climb to get to the
disquieting animal research available for clinical trials,
of caged confinement prior federal Animal Welfare Act mandates the broader perspective of hundreds of top of his house during the summer
has no direct applicability to epidemiology, and human
to their vivisection and that Institutional Animal Care and Use protesting physicians and the faculty months. He liked to sit and watch his
human disease. For example, pathology based research,
death, and none of this Committees (IACUC) must approve council, etc., to eliminate routine dog fellow primates and caregivers as they
in order to study the neural which has been the source
suffering had anything to all use of animals in research and vivisection at UCSD over the protests went about their chores of caring for and
control of eye movements, of all significant insights
do with research; they were teaching. Animal researchers themselves of non-physician animal research- comforting the sanctuary animals. People
rhesus monkeys at the into Alzheimer’s disease.
all being killed for mere sometimes grudgingly admit that such oriented basic scientists. Similarly, remarked that he looked depressed,
University of California, San Since the monkey vivisection
teaching demonstrations. oversight has ended some animal abuse, monkey vivisectors will not surrender but he had had a sad life, courtesy of
Francisco (UCSF) for the last will not lead to improved
and that the days of throwing conscious their drills, electrodes, bolts, and screws animal researchers at the Salk Institute.
20 years have undergone coil human health, you don’t To its eternal credit, the
dogs down elevator shafts to study until the public, who after all pays for The public should know that research
implantations in both eyes, need to be an animal rights UCSD Faculty Council
trauma are thankfully over. But the the experiments, tells them to stop. We in the name of science leaves behind
multiple craniotomies for advocate to wonder if an and School of Medicine
regulatory deck is stacked against the may wonder how people can inflict such tortured and broken bodies. When
in-depth electrode placement, ethical cost/benefit analysis department chairs reviewed
animals, since IACUC’s membership is pain even in the name of science, but researchers talk about inflicting harm
head immobilization surgeries might conclude that the ends the dog lab issue in 2003,
comprised overwhelmingly of animal “custom reconciles us to everything” on animals as a necessary evil in
where screws, bolts, and do not justify the means. after considerable adverse
research scientists themselves, and a (Edmund Burke), and it seems research, the evil is real enough, and the
plates are directly attached Advocates for animal publicity. Recognizing that
committee of guardian foxes may not indifference to animal suffering is a trait research had better be necessary.
to the skull, and water research like to emphasize 95 percent of U.S. Medical
have the best interest of the chickens readily acquired in graduate school.
deprivation to produce a Schools taught freshman

22 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 23


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DVM, MS, Diplomate, education is often shrouded in mystery. To continue this metaphor, it shares similar rooms Jkl[\ekjcfj\&]X`ckf[\m\cfgk_\`iZfdgXjj`fe2 Jkl[\ekj^ifn`ek_\`iZfdgXjj`fekfnXi[
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Member, Program And like many homes, it is occupied by families like yours and mine, made up of people
like you and me with our respective aspirations, talents, challenges, biases, and baggage.
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leads to empathy, which then leads to constructive relationships and a better place to live. @ejk`klk`fejcfj\]Xmfin`k_glYc`Z @ejk`klk`feji\Z\`m\XZZfcX[\j]ifdglYc`Z2[fefi
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eterinary medical

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Animals in Learning delivering the event, the host
education strives
Environments institution, the quality of the
to create or enable :fddle`kpXe`dXc$i\cXk\[gifYc\djg\ij`jk2 :fddle`kpXe`dXc$i\cXk\[gifYc\dj[`d`e`j_2
Often the phrase used profession, and the health Zfddle`kp[`jjXk`j]`\[n`k_gif]\jj`fe Zfddle`kpjlggfikjk_\gif]\jj`fe
the development
to discuss the existence of of the larger community.
of veterinary
professionals capable of animals in our educational There are many vehicles
fulfilling their oath to improve arenas is “animal use.” I will used to track the roles
animal health and well-being, purposefully refrain from animals have in the on perspective or personality, but I ■ Overwhelming bank of knowledge Our lives are not determined
thereby serving this planet using this phrase because it is educational environment. think we have trended in the beneficial needed by the veterinary by what happens to us but by how we
and all of its occupants in burdened with connotations Some exist for the purpose direction because institutions and their medical professional; react to what happens, not by
many tangential ways. The of various dimensions that of ensuring compliance with people have been forced to or have what life brings to us but
■ Growing list of clinical procedures
requisite learning falls into get in the way of intelligent laws, others maintain our chosen to move. The directive forces by the attitude we bring to life.
expected of the veterinary
many categories, some more discussion of the role awareness of the current state have been financial and time constraints, A positive attitude causes a chain
medical professional;
concrete than others, but animals play in the education of educational practice, and public/peer/organizational pressure, reaction of positive thoughts, events,
of quality veterinary ■ Larger sphere of responsibilities
all valuable and necessary still others seek to highlight and embarrassment or shame. The and outcomes. It is a catalyst, a spark
professionals. (It seems a or shame institutions and bestowed upon the
for educational success and proactive choices have been made out that creates extraordinary results.
trivial thing, but words are their methods, with the goal veterinary profession;
professional progress. of best-evidence review of educational Anonymous
powerful.) The concepts of of effecting change. All of methods, the setting of higher goals and ■ Impact of education on the full-
■ Veterinary medical
beneficial and detrimental these are valid reasons for aspirations, always wanting to do better, spectrum development of the learner;
knowledge faculty, administrators, task force
are helpful to me when monitoring, and all must and trying to (scientifically) investigate ■ Positiveoutcomes perceived
■ Physical performance members of new veterinary schools,
considering this topic. Most be interpreted in light of unexplored areas and methods. from mutually beneficial and
skills foundations seeking to influence
of the time we think about their respective biases and collaborative relationships;
Now, think about your own personal with their financial contributions,
■ Moral/ethical beneficial and detrimental data collection methods.
response to and feelings about doing ■ Desire to create publicly and lobbying forces working in the
development to animals; I also include
something you were forced to do versus appealing ventures that bring legislative arena. The early 1990s
beneficial and detrimental to Trends
■ Interpersonal skills doing something you chose to do for brought about a slow but steady student
private money to education;
the learner, the teacher, the With this tracking of
■ Interspecies skills the above reasons. If you look inside movement against detrimental learning
institution, the profession, ■ Institutional
oversight and
educational practices, we yourself, I suggest that the former experiences in surgery and physiology
■ Lifelong learning skills and the community. “sunshine” policies;
can notice trends in how, is likely to have created resentment courses (The Ohio State University,
■ Business aptitude The figure on page 25 where, and why animals are ■ Political/legal
activity
and less than exciting, bare-minimum University of California—Davis, and
■ Scientific development shows that, in the current in learning environments. product; the latter a sense of fulfillment on animal issues; Tufts University). The mid-1990s saw
state of veterinary medical What is behind this trending? and a creative, abundant product. ■ Enhancedwidespread the introduction of landmark bills
The end product of these
education, the entire Or taken more broadly, why communication techniques; and forcing the re-structuring of animal
learning categories is the Some of the issues that have forced
spectrum of beneficial and do we trend? Merriam- standing in our society (California’s
veterinary professional in people or inspired peoples’ choices ■ Development and validation
detrimental interactions Webster says to trend is Hayden Bill and the federal Pet Theft Act
successful, medically-oriented to move animals in education to the of new, constructive education
exists. Animals are involved “to veer in a new direction; and Chimpanzee Health Improvement,
interactions with animals. In beneficial column have been: methods and technologies.
in learning events that to become deflected; to Maintenance, and Protection Act). In
pursuit of this result, animals ■ Recognition of the need for In many cases, the instigators of
are, on balance, beneficial shift.” People will have the late 90s, a new veterinary school
necessarily must play a role in lifelong learning skills; change have been students themselves,
or detrimental to those varying opinions depending

24 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 25


Ongoing Renovation: Animals in Veterinary Medical Education continued

was founded with a proactive message


promising beneficial experiences AAVMC Educational Symposium
involving animals in learning settings
(Western University of Health Science,
College of Veterinary Medicine—
■ Teaching Clinical Procedures to Veterinary students: What are
the Best Ways to Learn? Changing the Way You Learn ™

■ Animals in Veterinary Medical Teaching: Compliance and Regulatory Issues


Reverence for Life founding principle).
■ Alternatives to Animal Use in Veterinary Education: Reduction and
In 2000, educational grants from
Replacement The concept of Rescue Critters!® brand mannikins came from the
several large foundations showed
a clear dedication to high quality ■ Evaluation and Critique of Models and Alternatives realization that there was a lack of training mannikins to teach people
learning without harm (Bosack pet first aid skills. Rescue Critters, LLC is a California-based company,
■ Obstacles Associated with Organizational Change
and Kruger Foundation; Maddie’s and it produces animal training mannikins for veterinary sciences.
■ Teaching Surgery to the Veterinary Novice
Fund). And midway through this Craig Jones is the President of Rescue Critters, LLC, and the man behind
decade we have many individual ■ Survey of Animal Use in Veterinary Curricula
the idea. By putting his expertise in medicine to work, as well as the
faculty members and private groups
working hard creating learning tools
■ Best Practices: Refinement special effects skills of others, and by asking lots of questions of the
with multidimensional benefit. ■ Achieving Similar Goals: Building Bridges with the Animal Protection veterinary educational community, Rescue Critters! brand mannikins
All of the above issues and instigating Community became a reality in 1998.
factors are valid and necessary
instruments of change. It is our response
to them that creates an environment medicine. But balance must be sought the greatest measure of success will be
where the profession is either forced to if we recognize that the needs of the the narrowing (just a little bit) of the
change or given the freedom to change. few, or the one, affect us all and impact rifts among so many people concerned
Many professionals in the field of who we are as people. So we continue for the improvement of animals’ lives.
veterinary medical education are working to seek the balance and to achieve the So ends our tour of the house of
within the realm of being forced to goal of all parties, animals, students and veterinary medical education. Progress
change, and the outcomes of their efforts community alike, receiving the benefits of is being made toward beneficial outcomes
reflect this. The change is slow and the animals in veterinary medical education. for the animals, people, and institutions
true motivation lacking. The change involved. Perhaps the mystery is not so
often reeks of apology and longing for AAVMC Educational Symposium 2006
mysterious any longer, or, more simply,
the ‘old way.’ The exciting and motivated The AAVMC (Association of American the willingness to discover good behind
change is coming from those stepping Veterinary Medical Colleges) Educational that mystery has been enhanced.
out into a less constrained world, Symposium is both a response and a
The Alternatives Research &
working with what they have been given, proactive effort toward the issue of Early on, Jones noticed that not only was there a lack of mannikins To learn more about Rescue Critters, LLC
Development Foundation is proud to
and providing positive proof for their animals in veterinary medical education.
be a primary co-sponsor of AAVMC
for pet first aid, but also an absence of training devices and mannikins – USA, please visit www.rescuecritters.
progressive methods. Most professionals The program committee has crafted an
Educational Symposium 2006, entitled for veterinary education. The company then branched off into more com or call (818)780-7860. Also,
believe that we should walk in the agenda that speaks to many of the above
‘beneficial column’ always, wherever
The Use of Animals in Veterinary Medical advanced veterinary mannikins such as K9 “Critical Care Jerry” and the Animalearn has many Rescue Critters!
ideals and creates an environment for
possible, and they are trying to get there. open skepticism and creativity-on-display.
Teaching. The Symposium will be held in cat mannikin, “Critical Care Fluffy.” All of Rescue Critters!’ mannikins available for loan through The Science
Washington, DC, March 9-10.
Most professionals also recognize the The participants come from veterinary are made for initial skill acquisition. Bank. For more information regarding
need to balance the risk and the benefit academia, educational academia, In explaining his company’s motive, Jones explained, “Our goal The Science Bank, please visit, www.
involved in the change. If we concentrate private business, animal protection,
as a company is to refine, reduce, and replace animals in veterinary Animalearn.org or call (800)SAY-AAVS.
our attention on one player on our list of corporate consulting, and United
“…the baptism of the fathers does instruction and educational training.”
impacted parties (see figure), we may lose States and International governments.
not guarantee the consecration of
ground with another. An example of this The themes are far-reaching and In early 2002, a new product was launched, “Lucky,” a life-sized
situation is that the reduction, refinement, optimistic and geared toward inspiring their children; and the republic can horse, to train search and rescue techniques. In 2004, two more new
or replacement of animals in learning constructive choices for the future.
will result in unqualified or dangerous
be kept true to its ideals only by the products became available, the IM & Sub Injection Pad and the Suture
veterinary professionals who cause harm The Future devoted efforts of each succeeding Patch. In 2005, Rescue Critters, LLC premiered its latest endeavors, the
to exponentially more animals in their The AAVMC Educational Symposium generation. Thus is it the privilege K9 BreathSound/HeartSound simulator and Hoof Trainer. Jones and
future. It is a valid concern and must is a major, official step toward opening the Rescue Critters! staff are always looking for new ways to serve the
weigh heavily on the minds of educators of the quiet scholar, who sees and
dialogue on the role of animals in
community with their innovative products.
‘guarding the gates’ of the profession. veterinary medical education. It will have speaks the truth, to shape from his
“The needs of the many must outweigh succeeded if the proverbial light bulbs go In just a short period of time, Rescue Critters! brand mannikins are
study the policy of nations and the
the needs of the few…or the one.” Mr. on during sessions and there is rumbling used throughout the United States, and sales continue to grow all
course of history.”
Spock of Star Trek fame illustrated the in the hallways between sessions. It will over the world. Rescue Critters! brand mannikins are used in Japan,
above concern with this statement. It have succeeded if attendees swap e-mail Jacob Gould Schurman, 1900
Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Sarajevo, Israel, Germany,
is this statement that helped many of us addresses and send their curricula or
arrive in our current roles in veterinary potential projects to each other. Perhaps Italy, Bosnia, Chile, China, and Malaysia, to name just a few.

26 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 27


U.S. Corporation Develops Human Scientists to do Primate

NewsNet ORgan Testing Alternative


Research in Kenya
Due to the increasing awareness
and public scrutiny of animal
The Hurel Corporation has recently Professor Leslie Benet, chairman of the research, scientists in Europe and

USDA Bans Certain Antibiotic Use in Chickens announced its development of a miniature
device called the Hurel cell which would
science advisory board for Hurel. North America are considering Kenya
as a new prime location for their
The United States Food and Drug Administration (USDA) has The USDA came to this conclusion after conducting a study simulate the inter-workings of human In the past, scientists have expressed
scientific ventures.
organs including the liver, kidney, and doubt regarding the use of human cells
recently announced that it is pulling its approval of the use of Cipro observing the effectiveness such drugs have on humans who regularly
to test the effectiveness of drugs because Animal rights advocates argue
and other fluoroquinolone antibiotics in chickens who are raised for consume chickens who are treated with the fluoroquinolone class of stomach. The mechanism is intended to be
used for drug testing and could eventually results may suggest minimal toxicity but that animals used in research are
food. The reason for the ban is due to the connection discovered antibiotics, which include Cipro and Baytril. They found that people
lead to a vast reduction in the number of do not necessarily indicate the possibility subjected to needless pain and
between antibiotic use in farm animals and antibiotic resistance in who consume these chickens and their by-products, such as eggs,
animal experiments conducted. Animal of chemical by-products that could cause suffering without effectively making
humans. Despite repeated concerns regarding this issue that were experience some resistance when using Cipro. Apparently, the USDA
experimentation has been the cause of damage to other organs in the body. This scientific strides. We feel that
presented numerous times to the USDA, it took the government determined that the link between antibiotic use in chickens and
much debate over the years, as 100,000,000 is not a concern with the Hurel cell. alternative testing and research
agency five years to make this decision. This is the first time the USDA antibiotic resistance in humans was too significant to continue to The device contains organ derived cells
animals are used in testing and research methods that do not involve the use
has ever decided to withdraw approval of certain antibiotics for human ignore. The ban went into effect on September 12, 2005. that are held in ‘trenches’ of different
each year. While this new invention would of animals, and often prove more
health reasons. fluid channels. The desired drug is then
not eliminate animal use entirely, it is a accurate in their findings, should be
giant step toward the significant reduction added to one of the cultures, and the
used instead.
of animal-based experiments and testing. resulting different chemical reactions
Mexico Takes Measures to Prepare
Fossey Fund Making Great for Monarch Migration
“At the moment a wide range of animals is are monitored. The plan is to continue to
develop and market the new invention, and
By transferring their studies to
Kenya, scientists can avoid scrutiny
Strides for Gorillas
used to test toxicity. Most tell us nothing
Mexico may be experiencing a surge in monarch butterfly about how a human might react,” stated aims for commercial use in one year. from those who question the validity
The Dian Gorilla Fossey Fund International and the migration, if history is any guide. Last year there were fewer and necessity of animal research.
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have recently made than 23 million butterflies who survived long enough to leave Additionally, they can also benefit
some interesting and positive discoveries about the eastern their North American habitats, but this year it is estimated FDA Falls Short with Mad Cow Testing Procedures a great deal financially. On average,
lowland gorilla, also known as Grauer’s gorilla. Based on that as many as 200 million may migrate to Mexico. “In the primate research in Kenya is about
their research, the Fossey Fund and the DRC have estimated past, very low numbers have recuperated and produced Mad cow disease, also termed bovine quickly after it is produced, it is likely 10 times cheaper than it is in Europe
that there are about 5,500 to 28,000 of these gorillas living surprisingly high populations,” said José Bernal, Director of spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), is a that some of the feed was used before
or North America. Also, researchers
in an area of approximately 21,000 square kilometers. It Inspection for Mexico’s Environmental Protection Agency. fatal disease that eats holes in the brain, the test results determining safety were
are paid approximately four to six
was originally believed that there were far fewer Grauer’s The monarchs’ annual journey to Mexico is approximately causing memory loss and erratic behavior, in. Investigators also found that the
times less than those who are equally
gorillas. 3,400 miles from the forests of Canada and the United leaving its victims, human or otherwise, Government Accountability Agency
loss of all ability to communicate or care apparently requires no documentation of qualified in other countries.
The Fossey Fund is a conservation program that began States. The migration typically begins in the beginning
in 2001. The organization is dedicated to the conservation of November and ends sometime in December. for themselves until death. Mad cow its findings, and the FDA is often slipshod
and protection of gorillas and their natural habitats in Af- disease has killed more than 150 people in overseeing the testing program.
Mexican officials take the protection of the monarchs
rica through research, education, conservation action, and worldwide.
and their migration very seriously, putting in place several
partnerships. In 2003, the Fossey Fund, partnered with Con- safeguards to protect the butterflies and their habitat. Federal The disease is spread to humans
servation International, led the project to rehabilitate the agents and police officers are designated to regularly patrol through the consumption of the flesh of
Maiko National Park. The Fossey monarch wintering grounds in an an animal who has eaten feed containing
Fund frequently works in conjunc- attempt to prevent illegal logging, remnants of an infected animal. The
tion with community-based pre- a common problem in Mexico. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
serves of the DRC to establish a has various ‘safeguards’ in place in an
To further their mission,
Geographic Information Systems & attempt to prevent this disease from
authorities have established
Remote Sensing Regional Outreach spreading, but recently some government
checkpoints along neighboring
Center at the National University investigators have determined that these
highways so that they may seize
of Rwanda. Although the organiza- ‘safeguards’ are flawed at best.
any timber that is illegally leaving
tion is based in Atlanta, Georgia, it “If FDA’s testing program is not
such areas. This year the country
also has the Karisoke Research catching violations, and catching them
has added a 15-person police force
Center located in Rwanda, and a in time, that needs to be corrected
to guard the areas where the
team of scientists and anti-poaching immediately,” stated Senator Tom Harkin
monarchs reside. However, despite
patrols in the Volcanoes National (D-IA), in reference to a report at the
these efforts, authorities are not
Park. For more information about Government Accountability Office issued
relaxing on the issue. “This by no
the Fossey Fund, please go to recently.
means put us in the position of
www.gorillafund.org.
being calm,” said Hector Gonzalez, Investigators found that in half of the
Deputy Prosecutor for Natural feed samples analyzed, the FDA took
Resources, “Reduction and complete more than a month to determine whether
eradication of deforestation banned cattle protein was present.
remains a permanent goal.” Since cattle feed is usually consumed

28 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 29


Shackeed or Shot continued

Members Message to Members


Education is important for
Caroline Earle White Society
Planned Giving
everyone. It helps to shape individual Ensuring your voice continues
Tributes personalities and offers endless to be heard for the animals
opportunities to create unique
In memory of Autumn the chicken
perspectives on our world. For Over the years, many of our members
and Cranberry the turkey.
nearly a decade, AAVS has been and supporters have made provisions
Cherie J. Anderson, Carmel, IN
able to offer these opportunities to to include AAVS in their wills, trusts,
In loving memory of Mel who always educators and students of all ages life insurance policies, and retirement
reached out to us, playful, comforting, around the globe through Animalearn accounts. Making a planned gift to
inquisitive, communicative. Mel, and its free dissection alternatives AAVS is one of the most powerful ways
you were our tuxedo cat, but we provided through The Science Bank. you can help us to reach our goal of
were also your humans with our Animalearn is making changes for ending the use of animals in biomedical
laps and brushes awaiting your research, product testing, and education.
animals. You have read about some of
regal grace. We miss you so much To recognize the thoughtfulness and
them in this issue of the AV Magazine.
and hope you are at peace. generosity of those who have chosen to
Please remember that when you
Juanita & Joe Neilands for Dianne provide for AAVS in their estate plans,
provide your generous support through
Seaborg & Tor Neilands, Berkeley, CA we have created The Caroline EarleWhite
memberships and donations to AAVS,
Society, named in honor of our founder.
In memory of Jack Rabbit, the most you are also supporting Animalearn
If you are interested in becoming a
incredible animal I have ever met and its fantastic work with those
member of The Caroline EarleWhite
Robert F. Lukasiewicz, Brewerton, NY individuals and groups who strive
Society please contact Heather Gaghan,
to make their learning experience as Assistant Director of Development &
In loving memory of Harry Korr humane and compassionate as possible. Member Services at (215)887-0816.
Edna M. Korr, New York, NY We are always grateful for the
support of our members and
In memory of Peanut who was ❏ Please send me information on the benefits of
in such sad shape when I took contributors as it helps programs
supporting AAVS through planned giving.
you from the shelter. It was like Animalearn grow and expand its
wonderful to watch you blossom mission towards reaching our goal ❏ I have provided for AAVS through my will,
for a happy and safe two years. of ending the suffering of animals. retirement plan, life insurance policy, and/or other
Marilyn B. Meyers, Washington, DC planned gift.

Sincerely, Name:
Heather Gaghan
Assistant Director of Development &
Member Services
AAVS Memorial Fund Address:

hgaghan@aavs.org
This is a new and unique way of (215)887-0816
paying tribute to kindred animals
City:
and animal lovers while making
a gift in their name to help stop State/Zip:

animal suffering. All AAVS memorial


gifts are used for continuing our
mission’s work of ending the use Phone:

of animals in biomedical research,


product testing, and education.
E-mail:
Memorial donations of any amount
are greatly appreciated. With a donation
of $50 or more, your memorial will
also be acknowledged in a special
Please return coupon to:
recognition section of AAVS’s Annual AAVS
Report. At your request, we will Attn: Heather Gaghan
notify the family member or other 801 Old York Road, #204
Jenkintown, PA 19046
individual you have remembered
as a memorial gift to AAVS.

30 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 31


ARDF UPDATE Animalearn Resource Page
If you are interested in learning more about helpful information about humane
how to help animals used in education, please educational alternatives.
check out these valuable resources, which will
www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/Animal_
ARDF CO-SPONSORS FIFTH WORLD broaden your knowledge on this important topic
Alternatives/dissalts.htm Periodicals
CONGRESS ON ALTERNATIVES that affects millions of animals annually.
University of California, Center for “Reaching for the Future: The Evolution
Europe continues to lead in Alternatives development Animal Alternatives website offers a of Humane Science Education,” AV
Websites wealth of animal alternative resources

F
Magazine, Fall 2002.
www.Animalearn.org that can be found through a searchable
From August 21-25, the ban, presented dozens of workshops the principles of the Three Rs, they
Animalearn’s online hub for educators, database. Especially helpful for veterinary “Higher Learning? Vivisection in High
2005, several hundred and scientific posters that describe will now proceed with concrete
students, parents, activists, and others and medical students. Schools, Colleges & Universities,” AV
scientists, along alternative methods for assessing safety activities to implement consistent use
who want information about dissection Magazine, Summer 1999.
with government risks from new consumer products. of alternatives to the use of animals, http://altweb.jhsph.edu/dissection.
and humane education. The site provides
regulators, educators, Following the World Congress, following a timetable, and facilitated html
access to our free loan program, The “Dissecting Dissection,” AV Magazine,
information specialists, and advocates news from Europe continued to be by strong and diverse leadership. Altweb, the Alternatives to Animal
Science Bank. Summer 1996.
for animals from all over the world met encouraging. In October, it was reported Turning attention away from Europe, Testing Website, was created to serve
in Berlin, Germany for the Fifth World that Europe’s controversial REACH World Congress organizers decided as a gateway to alternatives news, Literature
www.cutoutdissection.org
Congress on Alternatives and Animal program (Registration, Evaluation that the growing prominence of animal information, and other helpful resources.
This resourceful People for the Ethical Animalearn Resource Kit
Use in the Life Sciences. As an early and and Authorization of Chemicals), research in Asia suggested that it The site offers classroom materials for
Treatment of Animals (PETA) site offers Comprehensive dissection pack for
generous U.S. Sponsor, the Alternatives which, like the HPV program in the was time for the Congress to engage teachers and answers general dissection
a wealth of general dissection facts and educators and students who are
Research & Development Foundation U.S., initially threatened to use tens of those countries in active commitment questions for students.
great ideas for students and activists who interested in learning about humane
helped to ensure a successful event. millions of animals for testing, will not to alternatives. In addition, rapid want to cut out dissection and more. educational science products. Includes a
Held every three years since 1993, technological copy of The Science Bank catalog.
the World Congresses are the largest Jane Goodall speaks about chimpanzees advancements www.dissectionalternatives.org Books
meetings of their kind, and are centered in research at the Fifth World Congress. indicate a Physicians Committee for Responsible Dissection & Students’ Rights
Animals in Education
on information exchange and policy need for more Medicine (PCRM) created this site to This brochure is a wonderful resource
by Lisa Ann Hepner
discussions in order to advance the frequent meetings. As a result, assist students and teachers who want to for students of all ages who want to say
This is a great book for anyone who
Three Rs: to replace, reduce, and Congresses will be held every obtain more humane methods of learning no to dissection.
needs general facts and figures about the
refine animal use in science. two years rather than three, and and teaching science.
use of animals in education.
the Sixth World Congress will Student Advocate: Making a
World-renowned primatologist Jane
be held in Tokyo, Japan in 2007 www.frogsarecool.com Difference for Non-Human Animals
Goodall delivered the inspiring opening from Guinea Pig to Computer Mouse
and is expected to stimulate Frogs Are Cool is a support group in Colleges and Universities
speech. Minutes before, she had endorsed by Nick Jukes and Mihnea Chiuia
much interest there . for students seeking alternatives to This helpful guide provides ideas
a resolution crafted by international This comprehensive guide lists over
dissection. They are based in Vancouver, for college students who want to
animal protection groups, including 500 humane alternatives to animal
BC, but the information on this site is conscientiously object to harmful animal
AAVS and ARDF, to end the use of non- experimentation and dissection for
helpful for students worldwide! use in their courses.
human primates in biomedical research a wide range of subject areas and
and testing. Many other scientists at the www.dissectionchoice.org educational levels. (Available through
The Science Bank: Education
Congress followed her lead and signed The University of Illinois, Urbana AAVS.)
for the Future
the Resolution over the next few days. Champaign (UIUC) student animal rights Animalearn’s free loan catalog of humane
The Use of Animals in Higher Education
The European setting of the Congress group Students Improving the Lives of science educational products.
by Jonathan Balcombe, Ph.D.
made it possible for some of the world’s Animals (SILA) created this website as
Presents evidence and arguments in
leading experts on alternatives to fully a resource to help other college students
progress as aggressively as originally favor of using humane alternatives in
participate and share information on who want to implement student choice Videos
planned. Rather, a more limited group the higher education classroom. (Free
state-of-the-art methods with colleagues policies. SILA was able to pass a student
of chemicals will be selected for testing downloadable PDF of this book is Alternatives in Education
and advocates. Europe is well known choice policy at UIUC in 2005.
based on risk of exposure. Further available at www.hsus.org.) InterNICHE produced this video, which
for its advances in alternatives, born of
refinements to the program are likely. www.interniche.org demonstrates how effective humane
the necessity to comply with laws that Vivisection and Dissection
In November, reports from An international organization that methods used in teaching subjects like
have enacted outright prohibitions on in the Classroom
Brussels on a smaller scientific and supports progressive science teaching anatomy, physiology, and surgery can be.
certain types of research, such as the ban by Gary Francione and Anna Charlton
regulatory conference called “Europe and the replacement of animal (Available through AAVS.)
on cosmetics testing that is scheduled A legal guide for students who want
to go into effect in 2011. The European Goes Alternative” told of a historic experiments by working with educators
to know their rights regarding student Classroom Cut-ups
Photo credit: Rob Cardillo

Centre for the Validation of Alternative agreement between the European to introduce alternatives and with
choice. (Available through AAVS.) This undercover investigative PETA
Methods (ECVAM), along with in-house Commission and all major industry students to support freedom of choice.
video reveals the truth about the sources
research departments from virtually all sectors that have traditionally engaged
www.learningwithoutkilling.org of animals dissected in America’s
of the companies that will be affected by in animal testing. Building on their
classrooms.
past declaration of commitment to An online resource for students seeking

32 A AV S winter 2006 A V M A G A Z INE A P U B L I C A TI O N O F T H E A M ERI C A N A NTI - V I V I S E C TI O N S O C IET Y 33


Empowered
Students Need
to Know!
Learn more about a student’s
right to opt for alternatives
over dissection.

Request your free Dissection &


Students’ Rights brochure today!
Call (800)SAY-AAVS.

The American Anti-Vivisection Society


801 Old York Rd., #204
Jenkintown, PA 19046-1685
A Non-Profit Educational Organization
Dedicated to the Abolition of Vivisection