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# Design of Steel Structures 48-83

Moderate Eccentricity
For plates subjected to moderate moments (N/6 < e £ N/2), only a portion Pu
of the plate will be subjected to bearing stress (Fig. 48.31). Ignoring the
tensile force in the anchor bolt in the region of the plate where no bearing Mu
occurs and denoting A as the length of the plate in bearing, the maximum
bearing stress can be calculated from force equilibrium consideration as
fmax
2P
f max = u (48.126) N
AB A

## where A = 3(N/2 – e) is determined from moment equilibrium. The plate N <e≤N

should be proportioned such that fmax does not exceed the value calculated 6 2
using Eq. (48.124). tp is to be determined from Eq. (48.125).
FIGURE 48.31 Eccentrically
Large Eccentricity loaded column base plate
For plates subjected to large bending moments so that e > N/2, one needs (moderate load eccentricity).
to take into consideration the tensile force that develops in the anchor
bolts (Fig. 48.32). Denoting T as the resultant force in the anchor bolts, A as the depth of the compressive
stress block, and N ¢ as the distance from the line of action of the tensile force to the extreme compression
edge of the plate, force equilibrium requires that

f max A B
T + Pu = (48.127)
2

## and moment equilibrium requires that

Ê Nˆ f AB Ê Aˆ
Pu Á N ¢ - ˜ + M = max ÁN¢ - ˜ (48.128)
Ë 2¯ 2 Ë 3¯

The above equations can be used to solve for A and T. The size of the
plate is determined using a trial-and-error process. The size should be Pu
chosen such that fmax does not exceed the value calculated using Eq.
Mu
(48.124), A should be smaller than N ¢, and T should not exceed the tensile
capacity of the bolts.
Once the size of the plate is determined, the plate thickness tp is calcu-
lated using Eq. (48.125). Note that there are two critical sections on the fmax
A
plate, one on the compression side of the plate and the other on the T
N′
tension side of the plate. Two values of Mplu are to be calculated, and the
N
larger value should be used to calculate tp .
Mu N
Base Plates with Shear e= >
Pu 2
Under normal circumstances, the factored column base shear is ade-
quately resisted by the frictional force developed between the plate and FIGURE 48.32 Eccentrically
its support. Additional shear capacity is also provided by the anchor bolts. loaded column base plate (large
For cases in which an exceptionally high shear force is expected, such as load eccentricity).
in a bracing connection, or in which uplift occurs that reduces the fric-
tional resistance, the use of shear lugs may be necessary. Shear lugs can be designed based on the limit
states of bearing on concrete and bending of the lugs. The size of the lug should be proportioned such
that the bearing stress on concrete does not exceed 0.60(0.85fc¢). The thickness of the lug can be deter-
mined from Eq. (48.125). Mplu is the moment per unit width at the critical section of the lug. The critical
section is taken to be at the junction of the lug and the plate (Fig. 48.33).