This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

**No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced
**

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1780

PROBLEM 10.106

Two rods AC and CE are connected by a pin at C and by a spring AE. The

constant of the spring is 1.5 N/m, and the spring is unstretched when

30 . θ = ° Knowing that l = .254 m and neglecting the weight of the rods,

determine the value of θ corresponding to equilibriumwhen P = 40 N.

SOLUTION

cos

E

y l θ =

sin

E

y l δ θδθ = −

Spring: Unstretched length = ( ) 2 2 sin30 2 l l ° =

( ) 2 2 sin 4 sin x l l θ θ = =

4 cos x l δ θδθ =

( ) 2

SP

F k x l = −

( ) 4 sin 2 k l l θ = −

Virtual Work:

0: 0

E SP

U P y F x δ δ δ = − =

( ) ( )( ) sin 4 sin 2 4 cos 0 P l k l l l θδθ θ θδθ − − − =

or ( ) sin 8 2sin 1 cos 0 P kl θ θ θ − − − =

or

1 2sin

8 tan

P

kl

θ

θ

−

=

We have 40 lb, = 10 in., and = 1.5 lb/in. P l k =

Thus

( )

( )( )

40 N 1 2sin

8 1.5 N/in. 10 in. tan

θ

θ

−

=

Solving 24.98 θ = °

or 25.0 θ = ° t

PROBLEM 10.106

Two rods AC and CE are connected by a pin at C and by a spring AE. The

constant of the spring is 27.16 N/m, and the spring is unstretched when

30 . θ = ° Knowing that l = .254 m and neglecting the weight of the rods,

determine the value of θ corresponding to equilibriumwhen P = 40 N.

P = 40 N, l = 0.254 m, and k = 27.16 N/m

( ) 40 N 1 2sin

8(27.16 N/m)(0.254 m) an

θ

θ

−

=

21.1° θ =

or 21.1° θ =

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1781

PROBLEM 10.107

For the linkage shown, determine the couple M required for equilibrium

when l = .548 m, Q= 40 N, and 65 . θ = °

SOLUTION

1

2

B

x l δ δφ =

cos cos 2cos

x B

C x l

C

δ δ δφ

δ

θ θ θ

= = =

Virtual Work:

0: 0 U M Q C δ δφ δ = − =

2cos

l

M Q δφ δφ

θ

− = 0

or

2cos

Ql

M

θ

=

Thus

( )( ) 40 N 1.8 ft 1

25.5 N m

2 cos65

M = = ⋅

°

or 25.5 N m M = ⋅ t 25.9

( )(0.548 m) 40 N 1

25.9 N m

2 cos65°

M = = ⋅

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1782

PROBLEM 10.108

Determine the vertical force P which must be applied at G so that the

linkage is in equilibrium for the position shown.

SOLUTION

Assuming

A

y δ

it follows

120

1.5

80

C A A

y y y δ δ δ = =

1.5

E C A

y y y δ δ δ = =

( )

180

3 1.5 4.5

60

D E A A

y y y y δ δ δ δ = = =

( )

100 100

1.5 2.5

60 60

G E A A

y y y y δ δ δ δ = = =

Then, by Virtual Work

( ) ( ) 0: 300 N 100 N 0

A D G

U y y P y δ δ δ δ = − + =

( ) ( ) 300 100 4.5 2.5 0

A A A

y y P y δ δ δ − + =

300 450 2.5 0 P − + =

60 N P = + 60 N = P

t

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1783

PROBLEM 10.109

Determine the vertical movement of joint D if the length of member BF

is increased by 75 mm. (Hint: Apply a vertical load at joint D, and, using

the methods of Chap. 6, compute the force exerted by member BF on

joints B and F. Then apply the method of virtual work for a virtual

displacement resulting in the specified increase in length of member BF.

This method should be used only for small changes in the lengths of

members.)

SOLUTION

Apply vertical load P at D.

( ) ( ) 0: 12 m 36 m 0

H

M P E Σ = − + =

3

P

= E

3

0: 0

5 3

y BF

P

F F Σ = − =

5

9

BF

F P =

Virtual Work:

We remove member BF and replace it with forces

BF

F and

BF

−F at pins

F and B, respectively. Denoting the virtual displacements of points B and

F as

B

δr and ,

F

δr respectively, and noting that P and D δ

����

have the same

direction, we have

Virtual Work: ( ) 0: 0

BF F BF B

U P D δ δ δ δ = + ⋅ + − ⋅ = F r F r

cos cos 0

BF F F BF B B

P D F r F r δ δ θ δ θ + − =

( ) cos cos 0

BF B B F F

P D F r r δ δ θ δ θ − − =

where ( ) cos cos ,

B B F F BF

r r δ θ δ θ δ − = which is the change in length of

member BF. Thus,

0

BF BF

P D F δ δ − =

( )

5

75 mm 0

9

P D P δ

− =

41.67 mm D δ = +

41.7 mm D δ =

t

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1784

PROBLEM 10.110

Determine the horizontal movement of joint D if the length of member

BF is increased by 75 mm. (See the hint for Prob. 10.109.)

SOLUTION

Apply horizontal load P at D.

( ) ( ) 0: 9 m 36 m 0

H y

M P E Σ = − =

4

y

P

E =

3

0: 0

5 4

y BF

P

F F Σ = − =

5

12

BF

F P =

We remove member BF and replace it with forces

BF

F and

BF

−F at pins

F and B, respectively. Denoting the virtual displacements of points B and

F as

B

δr and ,

F

δr respectively, and noting that P and D δ

����

have the same

direction, we have

Virtual Work: ( ) 0: 0

BF F BF B

U P D δ δ δ δ = + ⋅ + − ⋅ = F r F r

cos cos 0

BF F F BF B B

P D F r F r δ δ θ δ θ + − =

( ) cos cos 0

BF B B F F

P D F r r δ δ θ δ θ − − =

where ( ) cos cos ,

B B F F BF

r r δ θ δ θ δ − = which is the change in length of

member BF. Thus,

0

BF BF

P D F δ δ − =

( )

5

75 mm 0

12

P D P δ

− =

31.25 mm D δ = 31.3 mm D δ = t

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1785

PROBLEM 10.111

Two uniform rods, AB and CD, are attached to gears of equal radii as

shown. Knowing that 3.5 kg

AB

m = and 1.75 kg,

CD

m = determine the

positions of equilibrium of the system, and state in each case whether the

equilibrium is stable, unstable, or neutral.

SOLUTION

Potential Energy

( ) ( )

2 2

3.5 kg 9.81m/s sin 1.75 kg 9.81m/s cos

2 2

l l

V θ θ

= × − + ×

( ) ( ) 8.5838 N 2sin cos l θ θ = − +

( ) ( ) 8.5838 N 2cos sin

dV

l

d

θ θ

θ

= − −

( ) ( )

2

2

8.5838 N 2sin cos

d V

l

d

θ θ

θ

= −

Equilibrium: 0: 2cos sin 0

dV

d

θ θ

θ

= − − =

or tan 2 θ = −

Thus 63.4 and 116.6 θ = − ° °

Stability

At 63.4 : θ = − ° ( ) ( ) ( )

2

2

8.5838 N 2sin 63.4 cos 63.4

d V

l

dθ

= − ° − − °

( ) ( ) 8.5838 N 1.788 0.448 0 l = − − <

63.4 , θ ∴ = − ° Unstable t

At 116.6 : θ = ° ( ) ( ) ( )

2

2

8.5838 N 2sin 116.6 cos 116.6

d V

l

dθ

= ° − °

( ) ( ) 8.5838 N 1.788 0.447 0 l = + >

116.6 , θ ∴ = ° Stable t

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1786

PROBLEM 10.112

A slender rod AB of mass m is attached to two blocks A and B that can

move freely in the guides shown. Knowing that the spring is unstretched

when AB is horizontal, determine three values of θ corresponding to

equilibrium when m = 125 kg, l = 320 mm, and k = 15 kN/m. State in

each case whether the equilibrium is stable, unstable, or neutral.

SOLUTION

Elongation of Spring: sin cos s l l l θ θ = + −

( ) sin cos 1 l θ θ = + −

Potential Energy:

2

1

sin

2 2

l

V ks W θ = −

( )

2

2

1

sin cos 1 sin

2 2

l

kl mg θ θ θ = + − −

( )( )

2

1

sin cos 1 cos sin cos

2

dV

kl mgl

d

θ θ θ θ θ

θ

= + − − −

Equilibrium: ( )( ) 0: sin cos 1 cos sin cos 0

2

dV mg

d kl

θ θ θ θ θ

θ

= + − − − =

or ( )( ) cos sin cos 1 1 tan 0

2

mg

kl

θ θ θ θ

+ − − − =

Now with ( )( )

2

125 kg 9.81 m/s 1226.25 N W mg = = =

320 mm, and = 15 kN/m, l k =

( )( )

( )( )

1226.25 N

cos sin cos 1 1 tan 0

2 15000 N/m 0.32 m

θ θ θ θ

+ − − − =

or ( )( ) cos sin cos 1 1 tan 0.12773 0 θ θ θ θ + − − − =

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced

or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and

educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

1787

PROBLEM 10.112 CONTINUED

By inspection, one solution is cos 0 or 90.0 θ θ °

Solving numerically: 0.38338 rad = 9.6883 and = 0.59053 rad = 33.8351 θ θ ° °

Stability

( )( ) ( )( )

2

2

2

1

cos sin cos sin sin cos 1 sin cos sin

2

d V

kl mgl

d

θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ θ

θ

] − − + + − − − +

]

2

1 + sin cos 2sin2

2

mg

kl

kl

θ θ θ

] | `

+ −

' J ]

( J

]

( )( )

( )

( )( )

2

1226.25 N

15000 N/m 0.32 m 1 sin cos 2sin2

2 15000 N/m 0.32 m

θ θ θ

] | `

+ + − ]

' J

( J ]

]

( )[ ]

1536 N m 1.12773 sin cos 2sin2 θ θ θ ⋅ + −

Thus

At = 90 : θ °

2

2

1732.2 0

d V

dθ

> 90.0 , Stable θ ∴ ° t

At = 9.6883 : θ °

2

2

786.4 0

d V

dθ

> 9.69 , Stable θ ∴ ° t

At 33.8351 : θ °

2

2

600.6 0

d V

dθ

− < 33.8 , Unstable θ ∴ ° t

and θ = 65°. Q = 40 N.548 1 ( 40 N )(1. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.9 N = 25. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. SOLUTION δ xB = δC = 1 l δφ 2 l δφ δCx δ xB = = cosθ cosθ 2cosθ Mδφ − Q δ C = 0 Virtual Work: δU = 0: l Mδφ − Q δφ = 0 2cosθ or Thus M= M= Ql 2cosθ 0.8 ft ) m) = 25. 1781 . If you are a student using this Manual.548 m. without the prior written permission of the publisher.PROBLEM 10.5 N ⋅m 25. No part of this Manual may be displayed. All rights reserved. you are using it without permission. determine the couple M required for equilibrium when l = .9 t PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 N ⋅ m ⋅ m 2 cos65 cos65° ° or M = 25. Inc.107 For the linkage shown.

108 Determine the vertical force P which must be applied at G so that the linkage is in equilibrium for the position shown. by Virtual Work δU = 0: (300 N) δ yA − (100 N) δ yD + Pδ yG 300 − 450 + 2.5δ yA 60 E 60 Then. If you are a student using this Manual.5δ yA 60 E 100 100 δy = (1. All rights reserved. 1782 . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.5δ yA δ yD = δ yG = 180 δ y = 3(1.5δ yA ) = 0 P = 60 N t PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission.5P = 0 P = +60 N =0 300δ yA − 100 (4.5δ yA 80 A δ yE = δ yC = 1. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.5δ yA ) = 2. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed.5δ yA ) + P (2. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. SOLUTION Assuming δ yA it follows δ yC = 120 δ y = 1. Inc.5δ yA ) = 4.PROBLEM 10.

Inc. (Hint: Apply a vertical load at joint D. ΣM H = 0: − P (12 m) + E (36 m) = 0 E= ΣFy = 0: P 3 3 P FBF − = 0 5 3 FBF = 5 P 9 Virtual Work: We remove member BF and replace it with forces FBF and −FBF at pins F and B. without the prior written permission of the publisher. we have Virtual Work: δU = 0: Pδ D + FBF ⋅δrF + ( −FBF ) ⋅δrB = 0 Pδ D + FBF δ rF cosθ F − FBFδ rB cosθ B = 0 Pδ D − FBF (δ rB cosθ B − δ rF cosθ F ) = 0 where (δ rB cosθ B − δ rF cosθ F ) = δ BF . you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. compute the force exerted by member BF on joints B and F.7 mm t PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Then apply the method of virtual work for a virtual displacement resulting in the specified increase in length of member BF. If you are a student using this Manual. respectively. 1783 .67 mm δ D = 41. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Pδ D − FBFδ BF = 0 5 Pδ D − P (75 mm) = 0 9 δ D = +41. Thus. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed.109 Determine the vertical movement of joint D if the length of member BF is increased by 75 mm.) SOLUTION Apply vertical load P at D. and noting that P and δ D have the same direction.PROBLEM 10. Denoting the virtual displacements�of points B and ��� F as δ rB and δ rF . respectively. which is the change in length of member BF. This method should be used only for small changes in the lengths of members. using the methods of Chap. and. All rights reserved. 6.

Thus. Denoting the virtual displacements�of points B and ��� F as δ rB and δ rF .) SOLUTION Apply horizontal load P at D. respectively. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 10. without the prior written permission of the publisher. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Pδ D − FBFδ BF = 0 5 Pδ D − P (75 mm) = 0 12 δ D = 31.110 Determine the horizontal movement of joint D if the length of member BF is increased by 75 mm. respectively.25 mm δ D = 31. ΣM H = 0: P (9 m) − E y (36 m) = 0 Ey = ΣFy = 0: P 4 3 P FBF − = 0 5 4 FBF = 5 P 12 We remove member BF and replace it with forces FBF and −FBF at pins F and B. and noting that P and δ D have the same direction. (See the hint for Prob. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual.PROBLEM 10. which is the change in length of member BF. 1784 . All rights reserved. you are using it without permission.3 mm t PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. we have Virtual Work: δU = 0: Pδ D + FBF ⋅δ rF + ( −FBF ) ⋅δ rB = 0 Pδ D + FBFδ rF cosθ F − FBFδ rB cosθ B = 0 Pδ D − FBF (δ rB cosθ B − δ rF cosθ F ) = 0 where (δ rB cosθ B − δ rF cosθ F ) = δ BF . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.109.

unstable. Stable t PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.6°: d 2V = (8.5838 N) l 2sin (116. without the prior written permission of the publisher. you are using it without permission. or neutral.447) > 0 ∴ θ = 116.5838 N) l (2sin θ − cosθ ) dθ 2 Equilibrium: or Thus Stability At θ = −63.5838 N) l ( −2sin θ + cosθ ) ( ) ( ) dV = (8.5 kg × 9.75 kg.81 m/s2 cosθ 2 2 = (8.4° and 116.4°) dθ 2 = (8. AB and CD.5 kg and mCD = 1.4°. SOLUTION Potential Energy l l V = 3. Unstable t dV = 0: − 2cosθ − sin θ = 0 dθ tan θ = −2 θ = −63.5838 N) l ( −1. are attached to gears of equal radii as shown.6°) − cos (116.81 m/s2 − sin θ + 1.5838 N) l 2sin ( −63. and state in each case whether the equilibrium is stable. 1785 .4°: d 2V = (8.4°) − cos ( −63.6° At θ = 116.6°.788 − 0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. Inc.5838 N) l ( −2cosθ − sinθ ) dθ d 2V = (8.111 Two uniform rods. No part of this Manual may be displayed. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Knowing that mAB = 3. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.75 kg × 9.5838 N) l (1.PROBLEM 10. determine the positions of equilibrium of the system.448) < 0 ∴ θ = −63. All rights reserved.6°) dθ 2 = (8.788 + 0.

25 N l = 320 mm. State in each case whether the equilibrium is stable. you are using it without permission. Inc.32 m) ( ) or cosθ (sin θ + cosθ − 1)(1 − tan θ ) − 0.81 m/s2 = 1226. 1226. and k = 15 kN/m. l = 320 mm. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.12773 = 0 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. without the prior written permission of the publisher. and k = 15 kN/m. No part of this Manual may be displayed. 1786 . unstable.25 N cosθ (sin θ + cosθ − 1)(1 − tan θ ) − =0 2 (15000 N/m)(0. determine three values of θ corresponding to equilibrium when m = 125 kg. All rights reserved. SOLUTION Elongation of Spring: s = l sinθ + l cosθ − l = l (sin θ + cosθ − 1) Potential Energy: V = = 1 2 l ks − W sin θ 2 2 1 2 l 2 kl (sinθ + cosθ − 1) − mg sinθ 2 2 dV 1 = kl 2 (sinθ + cosθ − 1)(cosθ − sinθ ) − mgl cosθ dθ 2 Equilibrium: or Now with dV = 0: dθ (sinθ + cosθ − 1)(cosθ − sinθ ) − 2kl cosθ = 0 mg mg cosθ (sinθ + cosθ − 1)(1 − tan θ ) − =0 2kl W = mg = (125 kg) 9. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. or neutral.PROBLEM 10. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Knowing that the spring is unstretched when AB is horizontal.112 A slender rod AB of mass m is attached to two blocks A and B that can move freely in the guides shown. If you are a student using this Manual.

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual. one solution is Solving numerically: Stability d 2V 1 2 2 = kl (cos θ − sin θ )( cos θ − sin θ ) + (sin θ + cosθ − 1)( − sin θ − cosθ ) + mgl sin θ 2 dθ mg = kl 2 1 + sin θ + cosθ − 2sin2θ 2kl (1226. Stable t ∴ θ = 33.8351°: d 2V = 1732.69°.25 N) 2 = (15000 N/m)(0.6883°: At θ = 33.8°. All rights reserved.6883° and θ = 0. © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1787 .12773 sin θ + cosθ − 2sin2θ ] cosθ = 0 or θ = 90.112 CONTINUED By inspection. Stable t ∴ θ = 9. No part of this Manual may be displayed. without the prior written permission of the publisher.59053 rad = 33.8351° Thus At θ = 90°: At θ = 9. Inc.32 m) = (1536 N ⋅ m) [1. Unstable t PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.PROBLEM 10. you are using it without permission.6 < 0 dθ 2 ∴ θ = 90.0° θ = 0.32 m) 1 + sinθ + cosθ − 2sin2θ 2 (15000 N/m)(0.4 > 0 dθ 2 d 2V = − 600.0°.2 > 0 dθ 2 d 2V = 786.38338 rad = 9.

- Antiderivatives of trigonometric functions
- Delacruz,Janreggie
- anatic sgl
- 12. Trigonometry
- app
- 2010 Mathematical Methods Cas Trial Exam 2
- Example of Questions on Math
- 10864265024654 Robot
- WBJEE 2014 Maths Answer Key
- 2010 vs Am4 Prelim2 p2
- Revisiting the Spinning Top
- Mathematical Relations Is
- ElasticityPolars_02_PolarsDifferential
- ica03
- fe1006 tut1
- Practice Test 1
- T5_Notes
- Exam3
- All Chapter 2
- Solucionario Ondas y Fluidos French
- AMath-Solguide_15b
- PC Right triangle Trig
- 704notes3
- 17607question Paper for Cbse September 2012
- Solution 2
- 4PM0_01_rms_20120823
- Jee 2014 Booklet6 Hwt Integral Calculus 2
- The Unit Circle
- Kinematics of Planar Robots - Ch. 11
- FP1_2008-06_MS

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd