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Design Of Anchor Block

SN Description Symbol Value Unit


1 Discharge in Penstock Pipe Q 1.10 m3/s
2 Internal Diameter of eachPenstock pipe d 0.80 m
3 Thickness of Penstock Pipe t 8.00 mm
4 Unit weight of water gw 9.81 KN/m3
5 Unit weight of Concrete gc 25.00 KN/m3
6 Unit weight of Pipe material gp 78.5 KN/m3
7 Unit weight of soil gs 20.00 KN/m3
8 Soil Angle of Friction f 30.00 0.5235988
9 Coefficient of Linear Expansion of Pipe a 0.0000125 /oc
10 Young's modulus of Elasticity E 200000.00 N/mm2
11 Gross Head 103.65 m
12 Surge Head 3.30 m
13 Total Head htotal 106.95 m
14 Volume of Block V 21.67 m3
15 Upstream penstock angle wrt horizontal a 0
16 Downstream penstock angle wrt horizontal b 14
17 Weight of Pipe Wp 1.59411951 KN/m
18 Weight of Water Ww 4.93104383 KN/m
19 Coefficient of Friction Between Pipe and Support piers f 0.25
20 Distance between two Support Piers 5 m
21 No. of Support Piers 9
22 Uphill ground slope i 0 0
23 Active soil pressure coefficient ka 0.33353772
Half the distance from anchor block to downstream Anchor
24 block L1d 57.255 m
Half the distance from anchor block to upstream anchor
25 block L1u 0 m
Distance between two consecutive support piers
26 downstream of anchor block L2d 6 m
Distance between two consecutive support piers upstream of
27 anchor block L2u 0 m
Distance between Anchor Block to Downstream Expansion
28 Joint L4d 29 m
29 Distance between Anchor Block to upstream Expansion Joint
L4u 0 m

S.N. Applied Forces Calculation


Component of wt. of pipe & water perp to pipe F1 KN
F1u 0 KN
1
F1d 362.500763 KN
F1 362.500763 KN
2 Frictional Force due to pipe sliding on Support Pier per F2u 0 KN
3 support pier F2d 0 KN
4 Frictional Force due to pipe sliding on Support Pier F2u 0
5 F2d 0
6 Hydrostatic force on bends F3 128.462377 KN
Component of wt of pipe acting parallel to pipe F4 KN
F4u 0 KN
7
F4d 11.18392 KN
F4 11.18392 KN
Thermally induced force restrained by anchor block in F5
8 0 KN
absence of expansion joint
Frictional Force in Expansion Joint F6 80 KN
9 F7u 21.4310688
Hydrostatic Force on exposed ends of Pipe within Expansion
Joint F7d 21.4310688 KN
Dynamic Force at the bend due to change in direction of F8
10 moving water 0.57602307 KN
11 Force due to reduction in Pipe F9 0 KN
12 Force due to soil pressure upstream of the flow F10 62.5383221 KN
13 Weight of Block Wb 541.6276 KN

S.N. Anchor block dimensions


1 Penstock clear cover by anchor at uphill face 0.5 m
2 width of block w 3 m
3 Length of block L 3 m
4 Height of block at upstream end Hu 3 m
5 Height of block at downstream end Hd 3 m
6 Buried depth of block at upstream face h1 2.5 m
7 Buried depth of block at downstream face h2 2 m
8 Distance of bent from u/s face 2 m
9 Height of bent location from bottom of block hb 1.5 m
10 CG of block from u/s face �  1.55208333 m
Remarks

stiff clays

stiff clays

h1-h2 £ 1
acts along bisector of bend

Expansion Joint is present

no change in diameter of pipe


Forces(KN) X-Component (KN) ®+
SN
Symbol Values Expansion Contraction
F1u 0 0 0
F1d 362.500763 -87.6968717457 -87.6968717457
F2u 0 0 0
F2d 0 0 0
F3 128.4623774 15.6556255845 15.6556255845
F4u 0 0 0
F4d 11.18392 0 0
F5 0 0 0
F6 80 2.3763418979 -2.3763418979
F7u 21.4310688 21.4310688 21.4310688
F7d 21.4310688 -20.7944744662 -20.7944744662
F8 0.576023068 0.0701995531 0.0701995531
F9 0 0 0
F10 62.5383221 62.5383220996 62.5383220996
Wb 541.6275999 0 0
SUM 1229.751143 -6.4197882767 -11.1724720725
horz force at bend -68.9581103763 -73.7107941721
vert force at bend

safety against overturning value expansion


Allowable eccentricity(ea) 0.5
SM 1286.5158776439
d 1.6280458723
e 0.1280458723
check e < (ea)

Check on bearing capacity value expansion


Allowable bearing pressure(Pa) 200
Pbase 110.287772377
check Pbase < Pa

safety against sliding value expansion


µ 0.5
SH -6.4197882767
mSV 395.1104509736
check SH < µSV

Hence the anchor block is stable.


Y-Component (KN) ¯+
Remarks
Expansion Contraction
0 0
362.5007630181 362.5007630181
0 0 Positive expansion, Negative contraction
0 0
-127.504838307 -127.504838307
0 0
0 0 F4d»0, expansion joint just d/s of block
0 0
19.353751648 -19.353751648 Positive expansion, Negative contraction
0 0
-5.1846447888 -5.1846447888
-0.5717294798 -0.5717294798
0 0
0 0
541.6275998568 541.6275998568
790.2209019472 751.5133986513

248.5933020904 209.8857987945

contraction unit remarks

1201.9718453582 KNm SAFE


1.5994017505 m UNSAFE
0.0994017505 m
e < (ea) SAFE

contraction unit remarks


KN/m2 stiff clays
100.101877046 KN/m2
Pbase < Pa SAFE

contraction unit remarks

-11.1724720725 KN
375.7566993256 KN
SH < µSV SAFE