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Jump to: navigation, search Real time gross settlement systems (RTGS) are a funds transfer mechanism where transfer of money takes place from one bank to another on a "real time" and on "gross" basis. Settlement in "real time" means payment transaction is not subjected to any waiting period. The transactions are settled as soon as they are processed. "Gross settlement" means the transaction is settled on one to one basis without bunching with any other transaction. Once processed, payments are final and irrevocable.
Real Time Gross Settlement System (RTGS)
RTGS is a large value funds transfer system whereby financial intermediaries can settle interbank transfers for their own account as well as for their customers. The system effects final settlement of interbank funds transfers on a continuous, transaction- by-transaction basis throughout the processing day. The system went ‘live’ on March 26, 2004. The acronym “RTGS” stands for Real Time Gross Settlement RTGS system is a funds transfer mechanism where transfer of money takes place from one bank to another on a “real time” and on “gross” basis. This is the fastest possible money transfer system through the banking channel. Settlement in “real time” meanspayment transaction is not subjected to any waiting period. The transactions aresettled as soon as they are processed. “Gross settlement” means the transaction issettled on one to one basis without bunching with any other transaction. Considering that money transfer takes place in the books of the Reserve Bank of India, the payment is taken as final and irrevocable. The RTGS system is primarily for large value transactions. The minimum amount to be remitted through RTGS is Rs.1 lakh. There is no upper ceiling for RTGS transactions. RTGS will eliminate settlement risk in the case of interbank and high value transactions. Banks could use balances maintained under the cash reserve ratio (CRR) instead of the intra-day liquidity (IDL) to be supplied by the central bank for meeting any eventuality arising out of the real time gross settlement (RTGS). The RBI has fixed the IDL limit for banks to three times their net owned fund (NOF). The IDL will be charged at Rs 25 per transaction entered into by the bank on the RTGS platform. The marketable securities and treasury bills will have to be placed as collateral with a margin of five per cent. However, the apex bank will also impose severe penalties if the IDL is not paid back at the end of the day.
it would be operational only during the duration of RTGS day. Customer transactions settling in RTGS presently constitute 89 percent of total RTGS transactions and are growing.The system has also stabilised over the years and has been witnessing increased coverage in terms of bank branches and transaction volume. real time inter bank payme and settlement of large value funds. RTGS settled 1.. on Saturdays as of now) RTGS works on all days except on Sundays and National holidays across states.m daily and 9.The volume of RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement System ) transactions is increasing rapidly.. In other words.30 p. RTGS payment system can also be called as one in which payment instruction betwee banks are processed. (Between 9.94 million transactions in the month of March 2009 as against 0.72 million transactions in March 2008. settled individually and continuously throughout the day as per t timings fixed from time to time.00 a.m and 3. Real Time Gross Settlement is one of the projects taken up by RBI in this regard.00 p.Read more Reserve Bank of India has taken up initiative to establish an integrated payment and settlement system in the country. Working of RTGS system: Each participant (here the Bank) of the RTGS will be required to open a dedicated settlement account for putting through it's RTGS transactions. The account will be funded at the start of the day (SOD) from a current account the participant holds under the present system at Deposit Account Department. Mumbai. This account will be an intra day account. RBI. this is an electronic payment processing environment where payment instructions are processed on continuous / on real time basis and settled on gross / individual transaction basis with out netting the debits against credits.m a 12.m.00 a. i. Balances in the RTGS settlement account at the end of the day (EOD) of the RTGS day are swept back to the participants current account and there by zeroing the balance in RTGS settlement account.e. What is RTGS: Real Time Gross Settlement System (RTGS) is the ultimate in the payment and settlement architecture in any country primarily for online. The system enables the participants to place .
To the Banks: • • • It offers immediate and irrevocable settlement It provides for high value inter bank funds transfer It has the potential to formulate new products by individual banks based on RTGS. The syste also provides to fund the RTGS settlement account during the day from the participan current account. To the economy: • • • RTGS will reduce the systemic risk that exists in the present settlement systems like cascading affect on banks due to failure of one bank to meet it's settl commitments. The proposed RTGS system provides for the maintenance of participant wise payment queues in which payment transactions will be held in first-in-first-out basis at RTGS Branch of our bank (Liquidity Manager). cancel such transactions an even change their priorities. also provides for facilities to the participants to view their respective transactions held in their payment queues . However. Mumbai to fund thei RTGS settlement account each morning duly specifying amount or percentage of balance to be transferred to the RTGS settlement account every day at SOD.standing instructions with DAD (Deposit Account Department) . It improves confidence of out side agencies like world bank in Indian Economy It enables efficient settlements and avoids settlement delays II. Payment transactions emanating from a participant are ordinarily expected to be settle within two hours after it is received by beneficiary bank . enabling a particular transaction to be processed befo another transaction which was submitted earlier. The proposed RTGS system provides for wide array of transaction types which can be flexibly deployed to meet varying requirements. Benefits of RTGS: I. . the system allows the participant to assign priories to the payment messages and there by. to enable the participants to take care of the urgent time critical payments and to enable more effective funds management. However. They can not view other participant's queues or their ow pending incoming payment transactions. participants can only view out going transactio on their own payment queues. The system.which is the essence of the r time system. Liquidity Manager.
They can get new banking services based on reliable high value funds transfe The RTGS solution provides for a separate transaction type which can be used to transmit the customer information along with the payment message to the beneficiary bank in a structured format. Bansilal Building . Mumbai.22659091. All Customer Payment transactions emanating from the identified RTGS branches an Inward Remittances to identified RTGS Braches are centralized at RTGS Branch (1250). An RTGS branch with Code 1250 commenced operations as Nodal Office for RTGS transactions under Funds & Forex Department. RTGS System has already attained the status of the largest electronic fund transfer system in the country and 85 banks are offering RTGS based Customer services from 13. The interface between the bank's software and RTGS software are provided by our vendors M/s Laser Soft (Branch software) and are operationalzed. Mumbai .III. Mumbai. All inter-bank and Customer Payment transactions from RTGS enabled branches shall be routed through this RTG Nodal Office.348 branches covering all most cities/towns across the country. .400 023 with telephone No 022 .11 Homi Modi Street. Fort . The following type of Customer Transactions are being routed through RTGS system Fort and Opera House branches LIVE • • All Inter bank transactions Customer Payment transactions We have also implemented RTGS branch software for effecting RTGS Customer Payment and Inter-bank Payment transactions from 521 identified branches with nominal charges. To customers: system. Implementation of RTGS: The RTGS Branch as part of Funds Department is presently located at 3rd Floor.
Andhra Bank.5 and above. with screen resolution of 800 x 600 © 2006. ANDB.00 11. As per the Business Schedule of RTGS transactions the timings are as under with bank Cut-off time Day On Week Days (Monday to Friday) On Saturdays Cut-Off time at Hrs for Customer Payment 16.Once branches are identified and communicated to RBI.30 Click here for RTGS enabled branches T Best viewed in IE 5. which is a 11 character code (Example ANDB0001028. will be Bank Identification and th last four digits represents branch code). All Rights Reserved . each branch will be allotted with IFSC (Indian Financial System Code) by RBI. first four digits.
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