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MEDIUM : ENGLISH

CRITICAL

QUESTIONS

BANK

SUBJECT : MATHEMATICS MEDIUM : ENGLISH

Contents

1. Questions 1 - 20

2. Answer Key 21

QUESTION FORMAT & MARKING CRITERIA

SUBJECT : MATHEMATICS

A. Questions Format

In the booklet check that it contains all the 180 questions and corresponding answer choices are legible. Read carefully the

Instructions printed at the beginning of each section.

1. Section 1 contains 53 multiple choice questions. Each question has Four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which only ONE

is correct.

2. Section 2 contains 37 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONE or

MORE are correct.

3. Section 3 contains 2 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which Only ONE is

correct.

4. Section 4 contains 10 paragraphs each describing theory, experiment, data etc. Twenty questions related to Ten

paragraphs with one or two or three questions on each paragraph. Each question of a paragraph has ONLY ONE correct

answer among the four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D).

5. Section 5 contains 4 question. Each question contains statements given in two columns which have to be matched.

Statements in Column I are labelled as A,B,C and D whereas statements in Column II are labelled as p,q,r,s and t. The answers

to these questions have to be appropriately bubbled as illustrated in the following example.

6. Section 6 contains 1 multiple choice questions. Each questions has matching lists. The codes for the lists have coices (A),

(B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

7. Section 7 contains 43 questions. The answer to each question is a single-digit integer, ranging from 0 to 9 (both inclusive).

8. Section 8 contains 17 questions. The answer to each question is a double-digit integer, ranging from 00 to 99 (both inclusive).

B. Marking Scheme

9. For each question in Section 1, you will be awarded 3 marks if you darken the bubble corresponding to only the correct answer

and zero mark if no bubbles are darkened. In all other cases, minus one (–1) mark will be awarded.

10. For each question in Section 2, you will be awarded 4 marks if you darken the bubble(s) corresponding to only the correct

answer and zero mark if no bubbles are darkened. No negative marks will be awarded for incorrect answers in this section.

11. For each question in Section 3, you will be awarded 4 marks if you darken all the bubble(s) corresponding to only the correct

answer(s) and zero mark if no bubbles are darkened.

12. For each question in Section 4 contains 10 paragraphs each describing theory, experiment, data etc. Twenty questions

related to Ten paragraphs with one or two or three questions on each paragraph. Each question of a paragraph has ONLY ONE

correct answer among the four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D).

13. For each question in Section–5, you will be awarded 2 marks for each row in which you have darkened the bubble

corresponding to the correct answer. Thus, each question in this section carries a maximum of 8 marks. There is no negative

marking for incorrect answer(s) in this section.

14. For each question in Section 6, you will be awarded 3 marks if you darken all the bubble(s) corresponding to only the correct

answer(s) and zero mark if no bubbles are darkened. In all other cases, minus one (–1) mark will be awarded.

15. For each question in Section 7, you will be awarded 4 marks if you darken the bubble corresponding to only the correct answer

and zero mark if no bubbles are darkened. No negative marks will be awarded for incorrect answers in this section.

16. For each question in Section 8, you will be awarded 4 marks if you darken all the bubble(s) corresponding to only the correct

answer(s) and zero mark if no bubbles are darkened. No negative marks will be awarded for incorrect answers in this section.

MATHEMATICS

This section contains 53 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D)

out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

1. Let f(x) = sin2(x + ) + sin2(x + ) – 2cos( – ) sin(x + ) sin(x + ). Which of the following is TRUE?

(A) f(x) is strictly increasing in x (, )

(B) f(x) is strictly decreasing in x (, )

(C) f(x) is strictly increasing in x , and strictly decreasing in x ,

2 2

(D) f(x) is a constant function

2. If the roots of the equation a(b – c)x2 + b(c – a)x + c(a – b) = 0 (where a, b, c are unequal real numbers) are

real and equal and be the roots of equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, a 0 then harmonic mean of is

(A) 1 – (B) 1 + (C) – 1 (D) –1 –

1 2 a b 3a 3d

3. If A = and B = are two matrices such that AB = BA and c 0, then value of 3b c

3 4 c d

is

(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) –2 (D) –1

x

e(x -1)

- xx

lim+

4. x 0 x 2 =

(x²) -1

1

(A) 1 (B) (C) –1 (D) does not exist

8

5. If the equation 4y3 – 8a2yx2 – 3ay2x + 8x3 = 0 represent three straight lines, two of them are perpendicular

then sum of all possible values of a is

3 4

(A) – (B) 5 (C) (D) – 3

4 5

6. If p th , qth , r th terms of an AP are P, Q, R respectively , then which of the following must be CORRECT ?

(A) p Q + q R + r P = p R + r Q + q P

(B) (p + q + r)th term will be P + Q + R.

(C) If p < q < r, then P < Q < R

(D) If P,Q,R N then common difference of AP will be an integer..

7. The set of values of 'a' for which x2 + ax + sin–1(x2 – 4x + 5) + cos–1 (x2 – 4x + 5) = 0 has at least one solution

is

(A) (– , – 2 ] [ 2 , ) (B) (– , – 2 ) ( 2 , )

8

(C) R (D) –

4

8. Let = log10 15 and = log10 16 , a set A = {log 101, log10 2,.........log10 50} the number of elements in set

A which can be written in the form of a b c where a,b,c are rational numbers, is

(A) 23 (B) 24 (C) 25 (D) none of these

9. If both the roots of the equation x2 + (3 – 2k) x – 6k = 0 belongs to the interval (–6, 10), then largest value of

k is

(A) –1 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) none of these

RESONANCE Page - 1

MATHEMATICS

(2x 1)

10. The domain of the function f(x) =

(2x 3 x 2 x )

3 + sin 1(log 2 x ) is

1 1

(A) , (B) , 2 (C) [1, 2] (D) (1, )

2 2

11. Let G, S, I be respectively centroid, circumcentre, incentre of triangle ABC. If R, r are circumradius and

inradius respectively then which of the following is INCORRECT ?

(A) SI2 = R2 (1 – cosA cosB cosC) ; A,B,C being angles of triangle.

(B) SI2 = R2 – 2Rr

1 2

(C) SG2 = R2 – (a + b2 + c2) ; a, b,c being sides of triangle.

9

(D) SG SI

12. Two circles are given as x² + y² + 14x –6y + 40 = 0 and x² + y² – 2x + 6y + 7 = 0 with their centres as C1

and C2. If equation of another circle whose centre C3 lies on the line 3x + 4y –16 = 0 and touches the circle

C1 externally and also C1C2 + C2C3 + C3C1 is minimum, is x² + y² + ax + by + c = 0 then the value of

( a + b + c) is

(A) 2 (B) 0 (C) 16 (D) None of these

[f(x)], x 0, ,

13. If g(x) = 2 2 where [x] denotes the greatest integer function and

3, x /2

f(x) = ,n R – {1}, then

2(sin x sinn x) | sin x sinn x |

(A) g(x) is continuous and differentiable at x = /2, when 0 < n < 1

(B) g(x) is continuous and differentiable at x = /2, when n > 1

(C) g(x) is continuous but not differentiable at x = /2, when 0 < n < 1

(D) g(x) is neither continuous nor differentiable, at x = /2, when n > 1

14. If 2010 dx = 2010 + C, then value of P is

sin x (sin x ) 3

1 3 3

(A) 0 (B) (C) 3 (D)

3 2

is equal to

1 1

(A) 0 (B) (C) (D) 1

2 2

16. If A and B are two square matrices such that B = – A–1 BA, then (A + B)2 is equal to

(A) O (B) A2 + B2 (C) A2 + 2AB + B2 (D) A + B

2 3 12

17. The value of where = sin–1 + cos –1 + sec –1 ( 2 ) is equal to

4 4

(A) 0 (B) (C) (D)

4 6 2

x , xQ

18. f(x) = . The number of points of continuity of f(x) is

cos x , x Q

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) infinitely many

RESONANCE Page - 2

MATHEMATICS

2 2

dy

19. Let f(x) =

x 1 y3

. The value of the integral xf(x) dx is equal to

0

4 2 1

(A) 1 (B) (C) (D)

3 3 3

20. Let P be a point on ellipse 4x² + y² = 8 with eccentric angle . If tangent at P intersects the x-axis at A and

4

y-axis at B and normal at P intersect the x-axis at A' and y-axis at B'. The ratio of area of triangle APA' to

area of triangleBPB' is

(A) 1 : 1 (B) 2 : 1 (C) 3 : 1 (D) 4 : 1

1 sin x 5 9

21. 1 cos x e–x/2 dx, x ,

2 2

x x x x

(A) e–x/2 sin +C (B) – e–x/2 sec +C (C) –e–x/2 sin +C (D) –e–x/2 cos +C

2 2 2 2

e [ x ] |x| – 2

22. lim = (where [.] denotes greatest integer function)

x 0 – [ x ] | x |

1 1

(A) 2 – (B) –1 (C) 2 – e (D) –2

e e

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

23. If tan1(1) tan1(2) tan 1(3) , tan (1) 2tan 3tan and

2 3 2 3

p r

cot 1(3) ,

q s

where p, q, r, s N and are in their lowest form then which of the following is INCORRECT ?

(A) p r 0 (B) q 4s (C) p q r s 42 (D) pr 1 q

24. The length of sub-normal at any point P(x,y) on the curve, which (curve) is passing through Q(0, 1) is unity.

The area bounded by the curves satisfying this condition is equal to

2 4 1 8

(A) (B) (C) (D)

3 3 3 3

(A) 28 (B) 40 (C) 52 (D) none of these

2008

26. If 1, 1, 2, 3,.....2008 are (2009)th roots of unity, then the value of r(

r 1

r 2009–r ) is equal to

(cos x ) . sin(sec x )

27. Let lim 2

, where , R

x

2 x –

2

7 5

(A) = 2, = 0 (B) = 0, = 2 (C) = ,=0 (D) = ,=0

3 3

RESONANCE Page - 3

MATHEMATICS

28. Let A(x1, y1), B(x2, y2) C(x3, y3) be vertices of triangle ABC with BC = a, AB = c, AC = b. If algebraic sum of

3ax 1 3ay 1 3bx 2 3by 2 3cx 3 3cy 3

perpendicular distances from L , , M , , N , to a

a b c a b c a b c a b c a b c a bc

variable line is zero then all such lines passes through

(A) orthocentre of ABC (B) centroid of ABC

(C) circumcentre of ABC (D) incentre of ABC

29. If |f(x)| 1 x R and f(0) = 0 = f(0) then which of the following can be TRUE?

1 1 1 1 1

(A) f (B) f – (C) f – 3 (D) none of these

3 5 3 4 3

30. If f(x) = cos 8{x} + sin 2x cosec 2x (where {.} represents fractional part function), then fundamental period

of f(x) is

1 1 7

(A) (B) (C) 1 (D)

4 2 8

y y y y

(A) tan –1 (B) – tan

–1

(C) tan

–1

(D) – tan –1

2 x x x 2 x

x 2 {e1/ x } , x 0

32. If the function f(x) = , x 0 where {.} denotes fractional part function, is continuous at x = 0, then

k

(A) k = 1 (B) f(x) is non-derivable at x = 0

(C) f(x) is derivable at x = 0 (D) f(x) is continuous at every point in its domain.

x . Then (gofogofogogog)(x) is

(A) odd function (B) even function (C) polynomial function (D) identity function

cot–1(2a–1 + a) + cot–1 (2a–1 + 3a) + cot–1(2a–1 + 6a) + cot–1 (2a–1 + 10a) + .... upto infinite terms, is

(A) (B) (C) (D)

4 2 3 6

35. The normal to the curve 5x5 – 10x3 + x + 2y + 6 = 0 at P (0, –3) meets the curve again at two points, then the

equations of the tangents to the curve at these points is/are

(A) 2x – y – 3 = 0 (B) 2x + y – 3 = 0 (C) 2x + y + 3 = 0 (D) 2x – y + 3 = 0

2

36. If f(x + y + 1) = f (x) f (y) and f(0) = 1, x, y R then f(x) can be

2

(A) 1 – x (B) 1 – x (C) (x + 1)2 (D) x2 – 1

(A) domain of f is [–1, 1] (B) f is injective

(C) range of f is [0, 5] (D) f –1(x) = f(x) have no solution.

38. A normal chord drawn to a parabola y2 = 4x at any point P intersects the parabola again at a point Q, then the

minimum distance of Q from the vertex of the parabola is equal to

(A) 4 2 (B) 4 3 (C) 4 5 (D) 4 6

39. Let p(x) be a real polynomial of least degree which has a local maximum at x = 2 and a local minimum at

x = 4. If p(2) = 8, p(4) = 1 , then p(0) is

168

(A) (B) 42 (C) 43 (D) 45

5

RESONANCE Page - 4

MATHEMATICS

2

40. Let f(x) = (3x + 2)2 – 1, – < x – . If g(x) is the function whose graph is the reflection of the graph of f(x)

3

with respect to line y = x, then g(x) equals to

1 1

(A) (–2 x 1), x –1 (B) (–2 – x 1), x –1

3 3

1 1

(C) (–1– x 2 ), x –2 (D) (–1 x 2 ), x –2

3 3

9 33 129

41. cot–1 + cot–1 + cot–1 ............ is

2 4 8

(A) (B) (C) (D) none of these

4 2 4

100 99 98 3 2 n

42. The sum + + +.......+ + is equal to, where = n Cr

98 97 96 1 0 r

(A) (B) (C) (D)

98 99 99 98

43. A circle with centre (3, 3) and of variable radius cuts the hyperbola x2 – y2 = 36 at the points P,Q,R and S.

If the locus of centroid of PQR is (x – 2)2 – (y – 2)2 = , then the value of is

(A) 3 (B) – 2 (C) 4 (D) – 3

4 x – x 3 n(b 2 – 3b 3) , 2 x 3

44. Let f(x) = . Find all the possible real values of b such that f(x) has the

x – 18 , x3

smallest value at x = 3.

(A) (–, 2] [3, ) (B) (–, 1] [2, ) (C) (1, 2] (D) (–, 2]

45. The solution set of the inequality (cosec–1x)2 – 2(cosec–1x) cosec–1x – is (–, a] [b, ), then

6 3

(a + b) is equal to

(A) 0 (B) 2 (C) – 3 (D) 1

1+ Z1 + Z 2 + Z3 ......... + Z7

46. arg =

1+ Z8 + Z9 + Z10 + ....... + Z14

1

(A) arg (Z1 Z2 .........Z7) (B) arg (Z1 Z2 .........Z7)

2

1 1

(C) arg (Z1 Z2 .........Z7) (D) arg (Z1 Z2 .........Z7)

4 8

2 2

47. Image of the curve xy = 1 in the curve x x 1 y y 1 = 1 (on coordinate plane) is

(A) xy = 1 (B) xy + 1 = 0 (C) xy = 0 (D) x2 + y2 = 1

48. |1 + Z1 + Z2 +.....+ Z7 | =

7 1 7 7

(A) sec (B) sec (C) 2 sec (D) None of these

15 2 15 15

49. Let O be centre, S, S be foci of hyperbola. If tangent at any point P on hyperbola cuts asymptotes at M and

N then OM + ON =

(A) |SP – SP| (B) SP + SP (C) SS (D) distance between vertices

RESONANCE Page - 5

MATHEMATICS

50. DABC be a tetrahedron such that AD is perpendicular to the base ABC and ABC = 30º. The volume of

tetrahedron is 18. If value of AB + BC + AD is minimum then length of AC is

1– x2

51. The solution set of values of x satisfying equation 2cot–1x + cos–1 , is

1 x2

(A) all real numbers (B) (–, 0] (C) [0, ) (D) (–, –1) (1, )

52. If g(x) = 2f (2x3 – 3x2) + f (6x2 – 4x3 – 3), x R and f (x) > 0, x R, then g(x) is increasing on the

interval

1 1

(A) , 0,1 (B) ,0 1, (C) 0, (D) ,1

2 2

53. Let a circle with centre at C be made to pass through the point P(1,2), touching the straight lines 7x – y = 5

and x + y + 13 = 0 at A and B respectively. If tangents at A and B intersect at Q, then

(A) area of quadrilateral ACBQ can be 100 sq. units (B) radius of circle can be 40

(C) area of quadrilateral ACBQ can be 200 sq. units (D) radius of circle can be10

This section contains 37 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D)

out of which ONE or MORE are correct.

54. Consider the locus of the complex number z in the Argand plane is given by Re(z) –2 = |z – 7 + 2i|. Let P(z1)

and Q (z2) be two complex number satisfying the given locus and also satisfying

z - (2 + i)

arg 1 = ( R) then the minimum value of PQ is divisible by

z 2 - (2 + i) 2

(A) 3 (B) 5 (C) 7 (D) 2

(A) f(x) is odd

(B) f(x) is even f(x) = 0 x R

(C) f(x) is continuous at x = 0 it is continuous everywhere

(D) f(x) is differentiable at x = 0 f(x) = x f (0), x R

56. Let f(x) = x3 + px2 + qx + r, where p,q and r are integers, f(0) and f(–1) are odd integers. Which of the

following is/are CORRECT ?

(A) f(1) is an even integer (B) f(1) is an odd integer

(C) f(x) = 0 has three distinct integer roots (D) f(x) = 0 cannot have three integer roots.

57. Let a,b,c R. If ax 2 + bx + c = 0 have one root < –1 and other root > 1, then

b c b c b c b c

(A) 1 – 0 (B) 1 + 0 (C) 1 – 0 (D) 1 – 0

a a a a a a a a

1 log x 5

58. The value(s) of x satisfying 1 – log9(x + 1)2 = 3

is/are

2 x3

(A) 1 (B) –2 (C) –7 (D) –4

x m f ( x ) h( x ) 3

59. If g(x) = mlim when x 1 and g(1) = e3 such that f(x), g(x) and h(x) are continuous

2x m 4 x 1

functions at x = 1, then

(A) f(1) = 2e3 (B) h(1) = 5e3 – 3 (C) f(1) + h(1) = 7e3 + 5 (D) f(1) – h (1) = 7e3 + 5

RESONANCE Page - 6

MATHEMATICS

60. A parabola C whose focus is S(0,0) and passing through P(3, 4). Equation of tangent at P to parabola is

3x + 4y – 25 = 0. A chord through S parallel to tangent at P intersects the parabola at A and B. Which of the

following are CORRECT ?

(A) Length of AB is 20 units

(B) Latus rectum of parabola is 20 units

(C) Only one real normal can be drawn from the point (–3, –4)

(D) Only one real normal can be drawn from the point (–6, –8)

4 + 8 - 32 + 768 = a 2 cos

b a

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 6

62. For the function f(x) = (x2 + bx + c) ex and g(x) = (x2 + bx + c) ex + ex (2x + b), which of the following holds

good ?

(A) f(x) > 0 for all real x g(x) > 0 (B) f(x) > 0 for all real x g(x) > 0

(C) g(x) > 0 for all real x f(x) > 0 (D) g(x) > 0 for all real x f(x) > 0

2

1 1

1 cos1 x

63. If the equation 2 1 x

cos a 2 a2 0 has only one real solution then subsets of values

2

of 'a' are

(A) (–3, 1) (B) (–, –3] (C) [1, ) (D) [–3, )

x2 , x 2

2

64. f(x) = x , 2x3

3 , x3

x – 18

(A) f(x) is continuous in R. (B) f(x) is discontinuous at 'a' for some a R.

(C) f(x) is continuous at infinitely many real x. (D) f(x) is discontinuous at infinitely many real x.

15

4 1

65. Which of the following must hold good for the expansion of the binomial x 3 ?

x

(A) There exist a term which is independent of x.

(B) 8th and 9th terms of the expansion have the greatest binomial coefficient

(C) Coefficients of x32 and x–17 are equal

(D) If x = 2 , then number of rational terms in the expansion is 5

66. Which of the following is NOT in the solution set of the inequality |x 2 – 1| + |2x 2 – 3| < |2 – x 2| ?

1

(A) (–1, 1) (B) (–2, 2) (C) – 1 , (D) (3, )

2

1 1

67. Let a function f(x), x 0 be such that f (x) f f (x) f then f(x) can be :

x

x

2

(C) (D) , k being arbitrary constant

2 tan 1 | x | 1 k n | x |

68. TP and TQ are tangents to parabola y2 = 8x and normals at P and Q intersect at a point R on the parabola.

The locus of circumcentre of TPQ is a parabola whose -

7

(A) Vertex is (2, 0) (B)foot of perpendicular from focus on the directrix is , 0

4

9

(C) length of latus rectum is 1 (D) focus is , 0

4

RESONANCE Page - 7

MATHEMATICS

69. The function f(x) = 2|x| + |x + 1| – ||x – 3| – 3|x|| has a local minimum or a local maximum at x =

3 3

(A) 0 (B) – (C) (D) 3

2 4

70. If z1 , z2 ,z 3 , z4 are roots of the equation a0z4 + a1z3 + a2z2 + a3z + a4 = 0, where a0 , a1 , a2 , a3 and a4 are real,

then

(A) z 1 , z 2 , z 3 , z 4 are also roots of the equation

(D) None of the above.

sin(e x–3 – 1)

71. lim = c, which of the following is/are CORRECT ?

X 3 n(x – 2)

(A) sin–1c = – (B) c = 0

2

(C) c is a positive integer (D) c is neither prime nor composite

72. Let a, b and c be three unit vectors such that | a b c | = 3 and

(a b).(b c ) (b c ).(c a) (c a).(a b ) . Which of the following are CORRECT ?

(B) If is maximum then the volume of parallelepiped determined by a, b and c is 3

(C) If is maximum then the value of (2a 3b 4c ).(a b 5b c 6c a) is 32.

73. Let g be the inverse of the continuous function f, Let there be a point (, ), where , is such that it

satisfies each of y = f(x) and y = g(x) then

(A) the equation f(x) = g(x) has infinitely many solutions

(B) the equation f(x) = g(x) has atleast 3 solutions

(C) f must be a decreasing function of x

(D) g can be an increasing function of x

74. The maximum and minimum value of ab sin x + b 1 a 2 cos x + c (|a| <1,b > 0), lie in interval

(A) [c – b, b + c] (B) (b – c, b + c)

(C) [c – 2b, c + 2b] (D) [–c, c]

2 log ( x 1) 3

75. If lim (log 3 (ax 3x 1)) , where is a finite real number then

x2

(C) = e–2/3 (D) = e–1/3

76. Which of the following functions is an injective (one-one) function in their respective domain?

(A) f(x) = 2x + sin 3x (B) f(x) = x. [x],(where[.] denotes the G.I.F.)

2x +1

(C) f(x) = (D) None of these

4 x -1

RESONANCE Page - 8

MATHEMATICS

77. The centre of a circle S = 0 lies on 2x – 2y + 9 = 0 and S = 0 cuts orthogonally the circle x2 + y2 = 4. Then

the circle must pass through the point

(A) (1, 1) (B) (– 1/2, 1/2) (C) (5, 5) (D) (– 4, 4)a

1 1 x

78. If 2f(x) + xf - 2f 2sin x + = 4cos² + xcos , x R - {0} then which of the following

x

4 2

x

statements(s) is/are true?

1

(A) f(2) + f = 1 (B) f(2) + f(1) = 0

2

1 1

(C) f(2) + f(1) = f (D) f(1) + f = 1

2 2

4 + 8 - 32 + 768 = a 2 cos

b

(A) 2 (B) 23 (C) 69 (D) 46

80. Equation of the plane passing through the line of intersection of the two planes r . n1 q1 and r . n2 q2 and

parallel to the line of intersection of r . n3 q3 and r . n4 q4 is

(A) dependent on n1 . n 3 (B) dependent on n3 . n4

(C) independent of q1 and q2 (D) independent of q3 and q4

x 1 y 2 z 3

81. Let ABCD be a tetrahedron, where A = (2,0,0), B = (0,4,0). If edge CD lies on line , such

1 2 3

5

2 –

that centriod (,,) of tetrahedron satisfies 2 – y1 – z1 then which of the following are

1 a b

CORRECT?

5 19 1

(A) a + b = (B) y1 + z1 = (C) y1 – z1 = (D) a + b + y1 = 5

2 4 4

82. The line 3x + 6y = k intersects the curve 2x2 + 2xy + 3y2 = 1 at points A and B. The circle on AB as diameter

passes through the origin. The possible value of k is -

(A) 3 (B) 4 (C) – 4 (D) –3

83. A rod of length 2 units whose one end is (1, 0, –1) and other end touches the plane x – 2y + 2z + 4 = 0, is

rotated on this plane, then

(A) the rod sweeps a solid structure whose volume is cubic units

(B) the area of the region which the rod traces on the plane is 2

(C) the length of projection of the rod on the plane is 3 units

2 2 5

(D) the centre of the region which the rod traces on the plane is , ,

3 3 3

84. Let f : 0, [0, 1] be a differentiable function such that f(0) = 0, f = 1, then

2 2

2

(A) f () = 1 ( f ( ))2 for all 0, (B) f () = for all 0,

2 2

1 8

(C) f() f () = for at least one 0, (D) f () = for at least one 0,

2 2 2

RESONANCE Page - 9

MATHEMATICS

85. Two equal sides of an isosceles triangle are given by the equation 7x – y + 3 = 0 and x + y – 3 = 0 and its third

side passes through the point (1, – 10). The equation of the third side can be

(A) x + 3y + 29 = 0 (B) x – 3y = 31 (C) 3x + y = 3 (D) 3x + y + 7 = 0

(A) number of solution of f(x) = g(x) in [0,2] is 4.

(B) max {f(x), g(x)} is a periodic function

(C) max {f(x), g(x)} is a non differentiable function for some x,

(D) min {f(x), g(x)} is an even function

3

87. Consider f(x) = 2sinx + sin 2x , x 0,

2

3 3

(A) Greatest value of f(x) is 3 (B) Greatest value of f(x) is

2

(C) Least value of f(x) is zero (D) Least value of f(x) is – 2

88. For a Function f : A B such that n(A) a, n(B) b (a,bN) then which of the following statements

s

must be CORRECT ?

(A) If function is one - one, onto, then a>b

(B) If function is one - one, into, then a<b

(C) If function is many - one, onto, then a>b

(D) If function is many - one, into, then a<b

(A) Rolle’s theorem is applicable to the function f(x) = 1 – 5

x 6 in the interval [–1, 1]

x

t2

xe

0

dt

is equal to – 2

0

x

1 x – e

1 1

(C) If a and b are any two unit vectors, then least value of 2 + 2 is equal to 2.

| a b | | a– b |

(D) The angle between pair of tangents drawn to the curve 7x2 – 12y2 = 84 from M(1, 2) is

4

90. If a is an integer and m 1, m 2, m 3 are the slopes of all three straight lines represented by equation

y3 + (2a + 5) xy2 – 6x2y – 2ax3 = 0 which are also integers, then which of the following can holds good?

3 3

i 1 i 1

3 3

(C) a + mi = 0 (D) a + m = 32 i

i 1 i 1

(A) f(0) = 1 (B) f() = 1 (C) f(x) is periodic (D) f(x) 0, x R

RESONANCE Page - 10

MATHEMATICS

This Section Contains 2 questions.Each questions contains 4 statements S1, S2, S 3 & S4. Each

statement is either true (T) or false (F). Each questions has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D) each of which

contains whether S1, S2, S3 & S4 are true or false. Exactly one choice contains the correct order of truthness

or falseness of S1, S2, S3 & S4 respectively and is the correct choice.

S1 : Let ax2 + bx + c = 0 be a quadratic equation, if b2 – 4ac > 0 then roots are real and distinct

S2 : Let a,b,c,d . Then the possible rational roots of the equation ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 are of the

p

form where p is an integral divisor of d and q is an integral divisor of a.

q

S3 : Let z = a + ib be a complex numbers where a,b C – R. Then z a – ib .

3– 5

S4 : If (a b 5 )2 = , then a,b Q.

2

State, in order, whether S1, S2, S3, S4 are true or false

(A) FTTT (B) TFTT (C) FTTF (D) FFTF

S1 : Let a,b,c C and ax2 + bx + c = 0 be a quadratic equation. Then b2 – 4ac = 0

roots are real and equal.

S2 : Let b,c I and b2 – 4c be a perfect square. Then roots of the equation x2 + bx + c = 0 may not be

integers.

S3 : If the quadratic equations a1x2 + b1x + c1 = 0 and a2x2 + b2x + c2 = 0 have common root, then

a1 b1 c1

a 2 b2 c 2 .

a1x 2 b1x c 1 x m

S4 : f(x) = 2 , g(x) = where a1, a2, , a are non zero real and other coefficients are

a2 x b2 x c 2 ax b

also real. Then range of f(x) range of g(x).

State, in order, whether S1, S2, S3, S4 are true or false

(A) TTFT (B) TTTF (C) FFTT (D) FFFF

This section contains 10 paragraphs each describing theory, experiment, data etc. twenty questions

relate to two paragraphs with one or two or three questions on each paragraph. Each question of a

paragraph has only one correct answer among the four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D).

x2 y2

Let = 1 be an ellipse and P be any point on it and S and S be its foci.

36 27

94. The point of intersection of straight lines joining each focus to the foot of the perpendicular from the other

focus upon the tangent at a point P , is

3

21 9 15 9 15 9 21 9

(A) , (B) , (C) , (D) ,

8 4 8 4 4 8 4 8

RESONANCE Page - 11

MATHEMATICS

Paragraph for Question Nos. 95 to 96

Consider f(x) = log{x}[x] where [.] is the greatest integer function and {x} is fractional part function.

95. f(x) is

(A) a one-one function (B) a many-one function

(C) a odd function (D) a periodic function

96. Consider the inequality f(x) < 2. Number of solutions of this inequality in x (–1, 2) is/are

(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 3 (D) infinitely many

Consider a polynomial y = P(x) of the least degree passing through A(–1, 1) and whose graph has two points

of inflection B(1, 1) and C with abscissa 0 at which the curve is inclined to the positive direction of

x-axis at an angle of sec–1( 2 ).

1 1

(A) – (B) (C) 0 (D) 2

2 2

(A) three distinct real roots

(B) one real root

(C) three real roots such that one root is repeated.

(D) none of these

x y

If cos –1 + cos –1 = then the value of 9x 2 – 12xy cos + 4y 2 is equal to N sin 2

2 3

(where N is a positive integer) and complete set of values of x for which (cos–1 x)2 – (sin–1 x)2 > 0 is satisfied,

is [p, q).

(A) N –3 (B) N –4 (C) N –5 (D) N –6

(A) sin–1 x (B) cos–1 x (C) tan–1 x (D) sec–1 x

Base of a pyramid is rectangular, three of its vertices of the base are A(2,2, –1), B(3,1,2) and C(1,1,1) and its

–26 –10

vertex at the top is P 4, , .Fourth vertex of the base is D. Then answer the following questions.

3 3

101. If the coordinates of foot of normal drawn from P on the base of the pyramid are ( , m,n), then

(A) + m + n = 4 (B) = 3m (C) n = 3m (D) < m < n

(A) 20 (B) 30 (C) 20 (D) 30

RESONANCE Page - 12

MATHEMATICS

Paragraph for Question Nos. 103 to 104

( 12 – 2) x 2

Consider f(x) = tan–1 4 2

and m and M are respectively minimum and maximum values of f(x) and

x 2x 3

x = a (a > 0) is the point in the domain of f(x), where f(x) attains its maximum value.

–1 7M –1 3

103. If cos–1x + cos–1y = 3 tan tan tan m tan 8 , then (x + y) is equal to

2

(A) 2 (B) – 2 (C) 0 (D) 3/2

104. If and are roots of the equation x2 – (tan(3sin–1 (sinM))) x + a4 = 0, then – ( + ) equals to

(A) 1 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2

(A) [4, ) (B) [–2, ) (C) (–, 4] (D) (5, )

106. If , are roots of the quadratic equation and if there are at least four negative integers between and ,

then the complete set of values of a is

7 1 3 1 7

(A) – ,–3 (B) 0, (C) – ,– (D) , 3

2 2 2 2 2

Let M be the maximum value of c2 for which O(0, 0) and A(1, 1) does not lie on opposite side of the straight

line (a + b)2x – (ab + bc + ca + 1)y + 2 = 0 for all a,b R.

Also lx + my + n = 0 be a variable line, where l, m,n are 1st, 3rd and 7th terms of an arithmetic progression and

the variable straight line always passes through a fixed point P(,).

107. If the circles x2 + y2 = M + 1 and x2 + y2 – 24x – 10y + 2 = 0 have exactly two common tangents, then the

number of possible integral values of , is

(A) 11 (B) 13 (C) 12 (D) 10

108. The tangent of the circle x2 + y2 = M + 2 at the point ( – 1, + 1) also touches the circle

x2 + y2 – 4x – 2y + 20 = 0 then its point of contact is

(A) (3, – 1) (B) (–3,0) (C) (–1, – 1) (D) (–2, 1)

Let f(x) = x 2 + b1x + c 1 , g(x) = x 2 + b2x + c 2 , , be real roots of f(x) = 0 and + , + be real roots

1

of g(x) = 0, minimum value of y = f(x) be – and minimum value of y = g(x) occurs at

4

7

x= .

2

1 1 1

(A) –1 (B) – (C) – (D) –

2 4 3

(A) 6 (B) –7 (C) 8 (D) 7

RESONANCE Page - 13

MATHEMATICS

Paragraph for Question Nos. 111 to 113

1 2 0

2 1 0

There exists a matrix Q such that PQPT = N, where P = .

0 0 1

Given N is a diagonal matrix of form N = diag.(n1, n2, n3) where n1, n2, n3 are three values of n satisfying the

equation det.(P – nI) = 0, n1< n2< n3.

[Note : I is an identity matrix of order 3×3]

[Note : adj M denotes the adjoint of a square matrix M.]

1 1

(A) 4 (B) (C) (D) 9

4 9

–1

(A) –1 (B) 0 (C) 1 (D)

3

(A) 32011 + 2 (B) 32012 (C) 32012 + 2 (D) 32011

SECTION - 5

Matrix - Match Type

This section contains 4 questions. Each question contains statements given in two

columns, which have to be matched. The statements in Column-I are labelled A,

B, C and D, while the statements in Column-II are labelled p, q, r, s and t. Any

given statement in Column-I can have correct matching with ONE OR MORE

statement(s) in Column-II. The appropriate bubbles corresponding to the answers

to these questions have to be drakened as illustrated in the following example.

If the correct matches are A-p, s and t ; B-q and r; C-p and q; and D-s and t;

then the correct darkening of bubbles will look like the following :

114. Match the inequality in column-I with their complete solution set in column-II.

Column – Column –

(e x 1)(2x 3)( x 2 x 2)

(B) 0 (q) [–3, 6)

(sin x 2) x( x 1)

1

(C) |2 – | [x] – 1| | 2, (r) 0,

125

[.] represents greatest integer function.

3

(D) |sin–1 (3x – 4x3)| (s) (–, –1) ,

2 2

(t)

RESONANCE Page - 14

MATHEMATICS

2x – 1 x 1

115. If f(x) = and g(x) = .

x–2 x

Column – Column –

x

(A) If f : (1/2, 1) [0, ) and f(x) = log e , then f(x) is (p) one-one function

1– x

x – 2m 2 , x –1

(C) Let f : R R and f(x) = , then for (r) into function

mx – 4 , x –1

all values of m (6, ). The function f is

( x – )( x – )

(D) Let f(x) = , where < < < , then f(x) is (s) surjective function

( x – )( x – )

2 2 20

1 1 1

(A) an = 1 1 + 1 1 Then, the value of an is (p) 2

n n n 1

not divisible by

(q) 5

1 1 2

(C) Number of solutions satisfying the equation – = (r) 7

sin x sin 2x sin 4 x

in [0, 4] equals

4 1 3x 4

(D) Integral multiple of solution of the equation cot tan1 2

= is (s) 4

2r 3x 2

r 1

(t) 6

RESONANCE Page - 15

MATHEMATICS

This section contains 1 multiple choice questions. Each question has matching lists. The codes for the lists

have choice (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

118. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists :

List - I List - II

2 3 9 10 11

P. sin sin sin ........sin sin = 1.

21 21 21 21 21 210

2 3 9 10 1

Q. sin sin sin ........sin sin = 2.

22 22 22 22 22 210

2 3 9 10 11

R. cos cos cos ........cos cos = 3.

21 21 21 21 21 25

2 3 9 10 21

S. cos cos cos ........cos cos = 4.

22 22 22 22 22 210

Codes:

P Q R S

(A) 3 4 4 2

(B) 4 1 2 1

(C) 2 3 1 4

(D) 4 3 1 3

This section contains 43 questions. The answer to each question is a single digit integer, ranging from

0 to 9 (both inclusive).

x log( x x 2 1)

x ne , n I

x e 1

119. If f(x) = (where [.] denotes the greatest integer function),

e 2

0 x0

then find the value of f(0) + f(1947) + f(–1947)

120. The equation of common tangent to the curve xy = 4 and x2 + y2 = 8, whose x and y intercepts are positive

is x + y = . Find the value of .

121. If function y = f(x) has only two points of discontinuities say x1, x2 , where x1, x2 < 0, then find the number

of discontinuities of y = f(|x|) .

122. Given equation |x2 – 5x + 4 + sinx| = |x2 – 5x + 4| + |sinx|, where 0 x 2 then find sum of all integral values

present in complete solution set of given equation.

1

123. If f(x) + f 1 – = 1 + x x R – {0, 1}. Then find the value of 4f(2).

x

124. If |z1| = 2, (1 – i) z2 + (1 + i) z 2 8 2 , (z1, z2 are complex variables) then the minimum value of |z1 – z2| =

2

x x

125. If 2 2 k 0 for all real x, then find sum of modulus of all integral values of

x – 5x 9 x – 5x 9

k in [–4, 7].

126. Find the number of integral values of 'a' for which the equation

(3sinx – 4cosx)2 – (a2 + a + 5)|3sinx – 4cosx| + a3 + 3a2 + 2a + 6 = 0 has a real solution.

RESONANCE Page - 16

MATHEMATICS

127. In a sequence of circles c1, c2, c3, ....,cn , the centres lie along positive x-axis with abscissa forming an A.P.

of first term unity and common difference 3. The radius of these circles are in G.P. with first term unity and

common ratio 2. If the tangents with slope m1 and m2 of c3 intersect each other at the centre of c5, then find

the value of 10|m1m2|.

128. In a meeting there are six ministers all speak exactly two languages. M1 speaks only L1 and L2, M2 speaks

only L2 and L3, M3 speaks only L3 and L4, M4 speaks only L4 and L2, M5 speaks only L4 and L1, M6 speaks only

L1 and L3. If two ministers are chosen at random, the probability that they speak common language is , then

find the value of 5.

129. If a,b and c are distinct real numbers, such that the quadratic expressions Q1(x) = ax 2 + bx + c,

Q2(x) = bx2 + cx + a and Q3(x) = cx2 + ax + b are always non-negative, then find the number of possible

a 2 b2 c 2

integers in the range of the expression y = .

ab bc ca

130. Find sum of all real solutions of the equation xlog5 + log2 = x + log(2x – 1).

131. Given f : R R; f(x) = 2x³ – 3(k + 2)x² + 12kx – 7, – 4 k 6, k I, then find the number of values of k for

f(x) to be invertible.

a 2

2

132. The real value of a for which the integral e – ( x – 2 ) dx attains its maximum value is . Find the value of ||.

a–2

x3

133. If f(x) = 3 x 2 k 2 x – 10 is a many one function, find sum of all positive integral values of k.

3

2

– 2 x 1) sin2 x

134. Find the minimum value of e( 2 x .

135. If a is the number of onto functions on A = {a,b,c,d} and b is the numbers of one one functions on A, find

|a – b|.

136. Find number of solutions of the equation sin3x = cos4x in the interval 0, .

4

137. If sum of the series cot–1 (2.12) + cot–1 (2.22) + cot–1 (2.32) + .......... is equal to k, then find the value

of [k], where [.] denotes greatest integer function.

138. The function f(x) = x2 e–2x, x > 0. If is maximum value of f(x) then find [ –1 ] .

(where [.] represents greater integer function)

139. Let A be any variable point on the x-axis and B be the point (2, 3). The perpendicular at A to the line AB meets

the y-axis at C. Locus of mid-point of the segment AC as A moves is ax2 – 2x + by = 0. Find the value of

a + b.

140. x 2 + (a b) x + (1 a b) = 0, a, b R. Find the least integral value of ' a ' for which both roots of the

equation are real and unequal b R.

a1 a2 a3

5 4 a6

= then find the value of [] is, where [.] denotes G.I.F..

a7 a8 a9

k 1

142. If f(x) = cos( x ) cos( x ) cos( x ) and f(9) = (0), then find the value of .

cos( – ) cos( – ) cos( – )

RESONANCE Page - 17

MATHEMATICS

2

log10

143. Find number of solutions of the equation x log10 x 2log10 x 1 (where [.] denotes greatest

integer function)

1

sin–1 x 2 n

144. If the value of the definite integral 2 dx (n N), then value of is

0 x – x 1 n 27

145. If K r r a b , where K is a non zero scalar and a, b are two given vectors. Then r will be

1 a.b

2 2 Kb a n ( a b) , find the value of m n .

K |a| Km

146. Sum of all elements in range of f(x) = 16 – xC2x – 1 + 20 – 3xC4x – 5 is then find the value of .

469

1

147. If z = ( i 3 – 1) , then find the value of (z – z2 + 2z3)(2 – z + z2).

2

sin3 –1 1

cos 2 4 3

148. If = 0, then find the number of values of in [0, 2].

2 7 7

149. If 1 lies between the roots of the quadratic equation 3x2 – 3(sin ) x – 2 cos2 = 0 then find sum of all integral

values of in [0, 2], where is in radians.

150. The volume of the parallelepiped whose coterminous edges are represented by the vectors 3( b c ),

2( a b ) and 4( c a ) where

a = (1 + sin) i + (cos) j + (sin2) k

2 2 4

b = sin i + cos j + sin 2 k

3 3 3

2 2 4

c = sin – 3 i + cos – 3 j + sin 2 – 3 k

is 18 cubic units then find number of values of in the interval 0, .

2

sin x 2

151. Let f(x) = x (1 + xcosx. n x+ sinx)dx and f =

2 4

then find the value |cos(f())|, where x > 0.

T 2 [ x] 3 [ x]

152. Find if T is the fundamental period of f(x) = sin +cos , where [.] denotes greatest

2 3 2

integer function.

– 2

153. f(x) = x3 + 4x2 + x + 2 is monotonically decreasing in the largest possible interval – 2, . Then find

3

greatest value of .

3x

154. If range of f(x) = n 2 sin x tan x – 1 x , is [a, b], then find the value of [a + b], where [.]

6 3

denotes greatest integer function.

RESONANCE Page - 18

MATHEMATICS

156. Let z1, z2 and z3 be complex numbers such that |z1| = |z2| = |z3| = |z1 + z2+ z3| = 2. If |z1 – z2| = |z1 – z3| and

z2 z3. Then find the value of |z1 + z2| |z1 + z3|.

a

157. Following usual notations in a triangle ABC, if R(a + b) = c ab then r = . Find the value of + µ.

µ

( f (2))2

158. Let a function f(x) be such that f''(x) = f'(x) + ex and f(0) = 0, f'(0) = 1, then find the value of n .

4

159. If the area bounded by |y| = sin–1|x| and x = 1 is a( + b), then find the value of (a – b).

160. If z1, z2, z3 C satisfy the system of equations given by |z1| = |z2| = |z3| = 1, z1 + z2 + z3 = 1 and z1z2z3 = 1 such

that Im(z1) < Im(z2) < Im(z3), then find the value of [|z1 + z22 + z33 |], where [.] denotes the greatest integer

function

2

x x

161. If 2 2 k 0 for all real x, then find sum of modulus of all integral values of

x – 5x 9 x – 5x 9

k in [–4, 7].

162. Line L is a tangent to a unit circle S at a point P . Point A and the circle S are on the same side of L and the

distance from A to L is 3 unit. Two tangents from point A intersect line L at the point B and C. Find the value

of (PB)(PC)

This section contains 17 questions. The answer to each question is a Two digit integer, ranging from

00 to 99 (both inclusive).

163. If x,y,z are non-negative integers such that 2(x3 + y3 + z3) = 3(x + y + z)2 then maximum value of x + y + z

is

164. If [] denotes the greatest integer function and let f be a function defined on the set of all non-negative

integers and taking values in the same set. Given that -

x f (x)

(A) x – f(x) = 20 – 10 for all non negative integers

20

10

(B) 2008 < f(2010) < 2012

then find the number of possible values of f(2010).

165. Eccentricity of an ellipse of minimum area, circumscribing two circles, of equal radius, touching externally,

22

is . Find the value of µ.

µ

166. Tangent at a point P (other than origin) on the curve y=x3 meets the curve again at P1 . The tangent at P1

a re a o f P P P

1 2 3

meets the curve again at P2 and so on. then find the ratio a re a o f P P P

1 2

(a) f(100) = 10,

1 1 1 1

(b) + + +......+ = f(n +1), for all non-negative integers n. Find

f (0) f (1) f (1) f (2) f (2) f (3) f (n) f (n 1)

the value of f(9801).

RESONANCE Page - 19

MATHEMATICS

z2

168. Complex number z satisfies arg (z (3 + 3i)) = and arg then range of such that no z

z 2i 11

exists is [a ,b], then find the value of [ 10 |a+b|] where [.] represents the greatest integer function and arg

means principal value of argument.

3x

169. Range of f(x) = n 2 sin x tan x 1 , x , is [a, b], then find the value of 11[a + b].

6 3

[•] represents greatest integer function.

1 1

170. A function g(x) is defined as g(x) = f(2x2 – 1) + f(1 – x2) and f (x) is an strictly increasing function then

4 2

p p

g(x) is strictly increasing on the interval – , 0 , then find the value of p2+q2.

q q

(where p and q are coprime to each other)

sin 2x a b cos x

171. If (3 4 cos x) 3

dx e where a, b, c, d are positive integers and e is arbitrary constant

c(3 4 cos x )d

then minimum value of a + b + c + d equal to

172. If f(x) = x 3 – x 2 + 100x + 1001, then find the number of correct statements among the following

1 1

(i) f(2000) > f(2001), (ii) f > f , (iii) f(x + 1) > f(x – 1), (iv) f(3x – 5) > f(3x)

1999 2000

173. The numbers 2,3,4,5,6,7,8 are to be placed, one per square, in the diagram shown so that the sum of the four

numbers in the horizontal row equals 21 and the sum of the four numbers in the vertical column also equals

21. In how many different ways can this be done ?

174. If the function f(x) = sin(n x) – cos(n x), where – n x , strictly increases in interval [e,e] and the

length of [e,e] is greatest possible, then find the value of – 5 cos (–).

cos 5 x cos 4 x sin 2x

175. If dx = – sin x + C, find a.

2 cos 3 x 1 a

176. If largest subset of (0, p ) at each point of which the function f(x) = 3 cos4 x + 10 cos3 x + 6 cos2 x – 3 , is

2

decreasing is 0, , , then find the value of (p + r).

p r

177. Consider seven digit number x1 x2.......x7, where x1, x2.......,x7, 0 having the property that x4 is the great-

est digit and all digits towards the left and right of x4 are in decreasing order. Then total number of such

number in which all digits are distinct is a, then find the sum of digits of a.

178. Let a tan1 tan30,b cos1 cos 40,c sin1 sin(b a) then product of all integral values of x satisfying

cos1 cos x x a b c is

3n 2 1

9

179. If S = (n

n2

2

– 1)3

then

S

=

1

3n

Cn n A

180. If lim 2n = , where A & B are relatively prime numbers, then A+B is equal to-

n

Cn B

RESONANCE Page - 20

MATHEMATICS

ANSWER KEY

1. (D) 2. (D) 3. (D) 4. (B) 5. (A) 6. (A) 7. (D)

8. (B) 9. (D) 10. (C) 11. (A) 12. (B) 13. (B) 14. (C)

15. (A) 16. (B) 17. (D) 18. (B) 19. (C) 20. (D) 21. (B)

22. (A) 23. (C) 24. (B) 25. (B) 26. (D) 27. (C) 28. (D)

29. (C) 30. (B) 31. (B) 32. (C) 33. (B) 34. (A) 35. (A)

36. (C) 37. (B) 38. (D) 39. (B) 40. (B) 41. (D) 42. (D)

43. (C) 44. (B) 45. (D) 46. (C) 47. (A) 48. (B) 49. (B)

50. (B) 51. (C) 52. (B) 53. (A) 54. (BD) 55. (ABCD) 56. (BD)

57. (BD) 58. (ABC) 59. (AB) 60. (ABC) 61. (ABCD) 62. (AC) 63. (BC)

64. (AC) 65. (BC) 66. (ABCD) 67. (ABCD) 68. (ABCD) 69. (ACD) 70. (AB)

71. (CD) 72. (AC) 73. (BC) 74. (AC) 75. (AD) 76. (C) 77. (BD)

78. (ABC) 79. (ABD) 80. (ABD) 81. (ABCD) 82. (AD) 83. (ACD) 84. (CD)

85. (BD) 86. (ABCD) 87. (BD) 88. (BC) 89. (AB) 90. (ABC) 91. (ABCD)

92. (C) 93. (D) 94. (B) 95. (B) 96. (D) 97. (B) 98. (C)

99. (D) 100. (D) 101. (A) 102. (A) 103. (B) 104. (D) 105. (D)

106. (B) 107. (B) 108. (A) 109. (C) 110. (B) 111. (D) 112. (B)

113. (C) 114. (A) - (r), (B) - s, (C) - q, (D) - p 115. (A) - (r), (B) - (t), (C) - (q), (D) - (p)

116. (A) - (p,r), (B) - (p,s,t), (C) - (p,r), (D) - (q) 117. (A) -p,q,s,t ; (B) - p; (C) - s; (D) - p,s,t

RESONANCE Page - 21

MATHEMATICS

SOLUTIONS

1. Method – I 5. Let 4m3 – 3am2 – 8a2m + 8 = 0 has three roots m1, m2, m3

f '(x) = 2sin(x + ) cos(x + ) + 2sin(x + ) cos(x + ) – 2cos

( – ) cos(x + ) sin(x + ) – 2cos( – ) sin(x + ) cos m1m2m3 = – 2

(x + ) Given m1m2 = – 1

= sin(2x + 2) + sin(2x + 2) – 2cos( – ) sin(2x + + ) m3 = 2 32 – 12a – 16a2 + 8 = 0

= 2sin(2x + + ) cos( – ) – 2 cos( – ) sin(2x + + )

=0

f(x) is a constant function 12 3

Method – II 16a2 + 12a – 24 = 0 Sum of values of a = – =–

f(x) = 1 – cos2(x + ) + sin2 (x + ) – 2cos( – ) sin(x + ) 16 4

sin(x + )

= 1 – cos(2x + + ) cos( – ) – 2cos( – ) sin(x + ) 6. P (a d) pd

sin(x + )

= 1 – cos( – ) [cos(2x + + ) – cos(2x + + ) + Q (a d) qd

cos( – )]

= sin2 ( – ) R (a d) rd

a constant function

option A is correct

2. Product of roots For option B

c (a b ) 2ac Tp q r (a d) (p q r) d

=1 b=

a(b c ) (a c )

P Q R 3(a d) (p q r)d

b 2c 2 2 a d need not to be zero

= = – (+) =

a a c a 1

1 1 Tp q r P Q R

c

pqr

For option C

2 If Common diff. is ve . then

= – 1 –

pd qd qr PQR

For option D not necessarily true. if first term is not an integer.

1 2 a b a 2c b 2d

3. AB = = 7. Let y = x2 – 4x + 5

3 4 c d 3a 4 c 3b 4d

y = (x – 2)2 + 1

sin–1 y, cos–1 y defined only at y = 1

a b 1 2 at which x = 2

BA =

c d 3 4 So given equation

a 3b 2a 4b 4 + 2a + =0

= 2

c 3d 2c 4d

if AB = BA, then a + 2c = a + 3b 8

a

2c = 3b b0 4

b + 2d = 2a + 4b 2a – 2d = – 3b

8. log 1015 = 1 log10 3 log10 2

9

b = 4log10 2

3a 3d 2

=

3b c 3 = –1 4log10 3 = 4 4

3b b

2 we required those elements of A which can be written in terms

4. We know lim x x 1 of log10 2 & log10 3 .

x 0

x i.e. number of integers which are divisible 2 or 3, or 5 only.

lim (x 1) 0

x 0 required numbers = 24

x

e( x 1)

xx 9. Roots are 2k, – 3

lim 2 – 6 < 2k < 10 k (–3, 5)

x 0 x

(x²) 1 largest value of k is not defined.

x (x x 1)² (x x 1)³ ( 2x 1)

1 (x 1) ... 1 (x x 1)

2! 3! 10. 0

lim (2x 3 x 2 x )

3

x 2 2

x 0

(x ) 1

1 1

(x x 1)² (x x 1)³ x (– , –1) , 0 ,

......

1 1 1

2 2

lim 2! 3! .

2 2 for log2 x, x > 0

x 0 x x

(x ) 1 (x ) 1 2 4 8

for sin 1(log2 x ) , 0 log2 x 1

x [1, 2] ........(2)

RESONANCE Page - 22

MATHEMATICS

So by (1) and (2) we get

x [1, 2] 1

dx = I1 – I2

1 3 (sin x) 2010

11. R2 – SG2 = (a2 + b2 + c2) (abc)2/3 .........(1)

9 9 Applying by parts on I1, we get

abc = 4R = 4Rrs = 4Rr 2Rr(abc)1/3.3 2010 (sin x ) dx

2 (sin x )2010 2011

(abc)2/3 6Rr

tan x dx

1 =

2010

2010 (sin x ) 2010

2

R – SG 2

6Rr (sin x )

3

SG2 R2 – 2Rr tan x P( x )

SG2 SI2 I1 – I2 = = + c P(x) = tanx

SG SI (sin x )2010 (sin x )2010

12. Image of the centre C2 (1, –3) in the line 3x + 4y –16 = 0 is P

(7, 5).

Now for C1C2 + C2C3 + C3C1 to be minimum C1, C3 and P should

P(x) = tan = 3

3

be on same line so C3 = (0, 4)

C3 = (0, 4)

15. c x ( i j ) y( j k )

c.( i j )

(i j ).( j k)

c 2 2. 2.

2x y 1

2 2 2

x (x y) y 2

Distance between C3 and C1

2(4x 2 y 2 4xy) 2x 2 2y 2 2xy

50 5 2

radius of C1 = 3 2 6x 2 6xy 0

so radius of C3 = 2 2 x = 0 or x y

Equation of C3 (x – 0)² + (y – 4)² = 8

x² + y²– 8y + 8 = 0, a = 0, b = –8, c = 8

c x (i k)

13. For 0 < n < 1, sin x <sinn x and for n > 1, sin x > sinn x

Now, for 0 < n <1, 1

c (i k)

n

2(sin x sin x) (sin x sin x) 1 n 2

ƒ(x)

2(sin x sinn x) (sin x sinn x) 3 c.

j 0

and for ,

16. (A + B)2 = (A + B). (A + B)

2(sin x sinn x) (sin x sinn x)

ƒ(x) 3 = A 2 + AB + BA + B 2 .........(1)

2(sin x sinn x) (sin x sinn x) Since B = – A –1 BA

AB = A (–A –1 BA) A(BC) = (AB) C

For n 1,g(x) 3,x (0, ) = –(AA –1) BA

AB = – BA

put in (1), we get

g (x) is continuous and differentiable at x , for

2 (A + B)2 = A 2 – BA + BA + B 2

(A + B)2 = A 2 + B 2

0 n 1,

2

1 3 1 3

3 0, x 0, 2 2 , 17. = sin–1

8

+ cos–1 2 + sec–1 ( 2)

g(x)

3, x

2 3 1 3

= sin–1 2 2

+ cos–1 2

+ sec–1 2

g (x) is not continuous at x , Hence, g (x) is also not

2

= + +

12 6 4

differentiable at x

2

2 3

= = .

12 2

sec 2 x 2010 2

14. dx = sec x.(sin x ) 2010 dx

sin 2010

x

– 2010

18. f is continuity iff x = cos x

which is possible only for one 'x'

RESONANCE Page - 23

MATHEMATICS

1

1 1 1

19. Since f(x) = 0 –

1 x3 ta n 2 4 co t 3 ............................(2)

2 2 2 From 1

x2 x2

xf(x)

dx = f(x). – f (x) dx 13 1 1

2 0 2 cot 3

0 0

24 6

2

1 x2 From 2

= 2f(2) + dx f(2) = 0

2 0 1 x3

3

cot 1 3

2 4

1 3x 2 2

dx = 1 × 1 x3

1/ 2

=0+

6

1 x 3 6

0

3 13

1

1 cot 13

0

4 24 6

1 2

= [3 – 1] =

3 3 5 5

cot 1 3

20. Clearly %P (1,2) 24 6

Equation of tangent at P is 4x (1) + y(2) = 8

p 5, q 24, r 5, s 6

P ij Li'kZjs

[kk d k lehd j.k 4x (1) + y(2) = 8

A (2,0) and B = (0, 4) dy

24. y. =1

A (2,0) vkS

j B = (0, 4) dx

Similarly normal at P is 2x – 4y + 6 = 0

blh izd kj P ij vfHky Ec 2x – 4y + 6 = 0 ydy dx

y2

=±x+c

2

Q(0, 1) lies on curve

2

y 1

=±x+

2 2 2

y = 2x + 1 and y2 = – 2x + 1

3 1 1

y2 = 2 x and y2 = – 2 x – Required area = 4

A (–3, 0) and B 0, A (–3, 0) rFkk 2 2

2

2 –1 1/ 2

3/2

3 =4× 1– 2x

B 0, 3 2

×

0

2

–4 4

0 4 1 = (0 – 1) =

3 3

1 1 2 1 5

Area BPB = = and area APA

A = 5 25. f(f(x)) = f(x) + f2(x) + f4(x) + f8(x) + .....

2 0 3/2 1 4

Coefficient of x10 in f(x) = 0

Ratio = 4 Coefficient of x10 in f2(x) = 2

Coefficient of x10 in f4(x) = 4C2 + 4C1 = 10

Coefficient of x10 in f8(x) = 8C2 = 28

x x x / 2

cos sin e dx 2008

2 2

21. I= x

26. Let S = r( r 2009–r )

2 cos 2 r 1

S = 2009 (1 + 2 +.......2008)

2 S = – 2009

Put –x/2 = t

(cos x)

I=– e t (sec t sec t tan t ) dt 27. lim 2 must be '0’

x

= –et sec t + C

2

x – 2

x iff > 2

= –e–x/2 sec +C

2 28. Let variable line be x + my + n = 0

22. L = lim– = =2– n

x 0 1 x –1 e P1 =

a b c a bc

2 m2

23. tan1 1 tan1 2 tan1 3 3bx 2 3bmy 2

n

1 a b c a b c

tan 2 cot 1 3 ..............................(1) P2 =

4 2 m2

1 1

tan1(1) tan1 tan1

2

3 2

RESONANCE Page - 24

MATHEMATICS

3cx 3 3cmy 3 (n 1)a na

n

P3 =

abc abc

2 2

2 m2 = tan-1 (n 1)a na

Given P1 + P2 + P3 = 0 1 2 . 2

3(ax1 bx 2 cx 3 ) 3m(ay1 by 2 cy 3 )

+ + 3n = 0 a na

(a b c ) (a b c ) = tan-1 (n 1) – tan–1

2 2

(ax1 bx 2 cx 3 ) m(ay1 by 2 cy 3 ) Put n = 1, 2, 3, .........., n we have

+ +n=0

(a b c ) (a b c )

(n 1)a a a a

Hence line x + my + n = 0 passes through incentre Sn = tan–1 –tan–1 ; S = – tan–1 = cot-1

2 2 2 2 2

ax 1 bx 2 cx 3 ay 1 by 2 cy 3

, of triangle ABC.

abc abc a=2 S =

4

29. According to LMVT

35. 5x5 – 10x3 + x + 2y + 6 = 0 ......... (i)

f ( x ) – f (0 ) Differentiating w.r.t. x

= f (C1 ) 1 dy

x 25x4 – 30x2 + 1 + 2 =0

dx

f(x) | x|

dy 1

= – (25x4 – 30x2 + 1)

f ( x ) – f (0) dx 2

again by LMVT = f (C2 ) | x |

x dy 1 1

dx (0 ,–3 ) = 2 ( 0 – 0 + 1) = 2

– –

f(x) x2

equation of the normal at P(0,–3) is P(0,–3)

y + 3 = 2 (x–0)

30. f(x) = cos 8 {x} = cos (8 x – 8 [x]) = cos 8x. Its period is

y = 2x – 3 .......... (ii)

1 solving equation (i) and (ii)

. 5x5 – 10x3 + x + 4x – 6 + 6 = 0

4 5x (x4–2x2+1) = 0

5x (x2–1)2 = 0

1 1 x=0,1,–1

Period of sin 2x cosec2x is period of f(x) is

2 2 y=–3,–1,–5

Normal at point P(0,–3) meets the curve again at two points

32. f(0) = k and xlim

0

f(x) = xlim

0

x2{e1/x} = 0 (1,–1) and (–1,–5) .

Now equation of tangent at point (1,–1) is

for f(x) to be continuous f(0) = xlim

0

f(x) k = 0 dy

y + 1 = dx

(x–1)

2 1/ h (1,–1)

f (0+) = lim h {e } = 0 y + 1 = 2 ( x –1)

h 0 h 2x – y – 3 = 0 ........ (iii)

Equation of tangent at point (–1, –5) is

2 –1/ h

f(x) is derivable at x = 0 and f (0–) = lim h {e }

=0

h 0

–h dy

y+5= (x+1)

due to {e1/x}, will be discontinuous at all value of x, where e1/x dx (–1,–5 )

becomes an integer.

y + 5 = 2 (x + 1) 2x – y – 3 = 0 ........ (iv)

i.e. at x = log2e, log3e,.....etc.

33. f is even and g is odd 36. f(0) = 1

gogog is odd gogog 2

and f(x + y + 1) = f (x) f (y)

substituting x = 0, y = 0, we get f(1) = (1 + 1)2 = 4

gofogofogogog is even. gofogofogogog

2

n(n 1)

substituting y = 0, we get f ( x 1)

f (x) 1

34. nth term of 1 + 3 + 6 + 10 + ....... is n = f(0) = 1,f(1) = 22, f(2) = 32, f(3) = 42 and so on

2

hence f(x) = (1 + x)2

1 n(n 1)a 4 n(n 1)a 2

37. Composition of one - one function is one - one

T n = cot –1 2a = cot –1

2 2a

38. AQ = a2 t 24 4a2 t 22 = at2 t 22 4 = t 2 t 22 4

a

( a = 1)

2a 2

–1

=tan

4 n( n 1)a

–1

2 = tan na (n 1)a 2 –2

1

2 2 Since t2 = – t1 – = (– t1) +

t1 t1

RESONANCE Page - 25

MATHEMATICS

t1 < 0 (as shown is diagram x1 = 3(h – 2) and y1 = 3(k – 2)

now apply A.M. G.M orthocentre (x1, y1) lies on x2 – y2 = 36

9(h – 2)2 – 9(k – 2)2 = 36

(h – 2)2 – (k – 2)2 = 4

locus of centroid G(h, k) is (x – 2)2 – (y – 2)2 = 4

= 4

4 – x 2 2x3

44. Here f (x) = ,

1 x3

–2

(–t1 ) f(x) is decreasing in [2, 3) and increasing in [3, ).

t1 2 Now, f(x) will have least value at x = 3 if

2 = lim f(x) f(3) i.e. – 15 + n(b2 – 3b + 3) – 15

x 3 –

–2 i.e. n (b2 – 3b + 3) 0

(–t1) + 2 2 t2 2 2 b2 – 3b + 3 1 i.e. b2 – 3b + 2 0

t1 i.e. b (–, 1] [2, ).

t2 – 2t (t – 2)

p(x) = (x3/3 – 3x2 + 8x) + 6

2 (t – 2)(t – /6) 0

40. y = f(x) = (3x + 2)2 – 1, – < x – t /6 or t 2 (not possible)

3 t /6

0+ < t /6 or –/2 t < 0–

0+ < cosec–1x /6 or –/2 cosec–1x < 0–

2 x < or – < x –1

x [2, ) (– , –1]

a = –1, b = 2 a+b=1

It is clear from the graph that if x (–, –2/3], then y [–1,) 1 Z1 Z2 ......... Z7

46. arg

y 1 1 Z8 Z9 Z10 ....... Z14

2

y + 1 = (3x + 2) 3x + 2 = ±

( x –2/3, negative sign)

3x + 2 = – y 1 1 Z1 Z 2 ......... Z7

= arg

–2 – y 1 1 Z1 Z2 .......... Z7

x= = g(y) = f–1(y)

3

= 2 arg (1+Z1 + Z2 + .........+Z7)

–2 – x 1 Z

g(x) =

3 arg = 2 arg (Z)

Z

9 2 42

41. cot 1 tan 1 tan 1 tan 1 4 tan 1 2 arg (Z3+Z4)

2 9 1 4.2

33 4 84

cot 1 tan 1 tan 1 tan 1 8 tan 1 4 z4 z3

4 33 1 4.8 z5

z6 z2

z1

129 8 16 8 z7

cot 1 tan1 tan1 tan1 16 tan1 8

8 129 1 16.8 1

= 2 arg (Z3 + Z4)

sum = tan 1 2n 1 tan 1 2

=2x 7 14

as n sum = – tan–1 2 = cot–1 2.

2 15 15

42. Let S = 2C0 + 3C1 + 4C2 + 5C3 +.......+ 99C97 + 100C98 Also arg (Z1 Z2 Z3.......Z7)

S = 3C0 + 3C1 + 4C2 + 5C3 +.......+ 99C97 + 100C98

S = 4C1 + 4C2 + 5C3 + .......+ 99C97 + 100C98 2 4 6 14

S = 5C2 + 5C3 + .......+ 99C97 + 100C98 = ..........

S = 101C98

15 15 15 15

43. Orthocentre lies on the rectangular hyperbola and 2 56

= (1+ 2 +3 +.......+7)

15 15

2(3 ) x1 2(3) y1

h= and k =

3 3

RESONANCE Page - 26

MATHEMATICS

1 b

y= x ..........(2)

47. x + x2 1 = y y2 1 a

b

y=– x .......(3)

1 a

take loge n ( x x 2 1) n

2 M [a(sec – tan), b(sec – tan) ]

y y 1 and N [a(sec + tan), b(sec + tan) ]

y2 1 y

ON = a 2 b 2 (sec + tan) = ae(sec + tan)

OM + ON = ae(2sec) = 2ae(sec)

= n 2 2

y 1 y

a a

SP + SP = e(asec – ) + e(asec + ) = 2aesec

e e

x2 1 + x = y2 1 – y

x+y= x2 1 + y2 1 .....(1)

D

1 1 1

2 50. V = AD (

similarly y + y 1 = 3 2

x x2 1

y2 1 + y = x2 1 – x

x+y=– x2 1 – y2 1 .....(2) B

adding (1) & (2) x + y = 0 90° 30°

Image of xy = 1 in xy = 1 it self. A

= | 1 + Z7| + |Z1 + Z6| + |Z2 + Z5| + |Z3 + Z4|

7 5 3

= 2cos + 2cos + 2cos + 2cos

15 15 15 15

C

4 3 4

=2 2 cos 15 cos 15 2 cos 15 cos 15 AB. BC sin 30°)

AD. AB. BC = 216

4 3 Now, AB + BC + AD 3 (AD. AB. BC) 1/3

= 4 cos

15 cos 15 cos 15 AB + BC + AD 18

and minimum value occurs when AB = BC = AD = 6

2 4 8 sin(8 / 15)

= 8 cos cos cos =

Hence AC = AB2 BC 2 2AB BC cos 30

15 15 15 8 sin( / 15)

=3 6 2

1 7

= sec 52. Since f(x) > 0

2 15 f (x) is always increasing.

g(x) = 2f (2x3 – 3x2) × (6x2 – 6x) + f (6x2 – 4x3 – 3) (12x – 12x2)

= 12(x2 – x) . (f (2x3 – 3x2) – f (6x2 – 4x3 – 3))

= 12x (x – 1) [f (2x3 – 3x2) – f (6x2 – 4x3 – 3)]

For increasing g(x) > 0

Case-I x < 0 or x > 1 f (2x3 – 3x2) > f (6x2 – 4x3 – 3)

2x3 – 3x2 > 6x2 – 4x3 – 3 { f(x) is increasing}

49.

1 1

x > 0 x > – 1 x – , 0 (1, )

(x – 1)2

2 2 2

Case-II If 0 < x < 1

x2 y2 f (2x3 – 3x2) < f (6x2 – 4x3 – 3)

– 1

a2 b2 1 1

(x – 1)2 x < 0 x<– , so there

Tangent at P(asec, btan) 2 2

x y is no solution

sec tan 1 ........(1)

a b 1

Asmptotes are Hence the values are x ,0 1,

2

RESONANCE Page - 27

MATHEMATICS

53. Clearly, the point lies on 7x – y = 5

2

lim f ( x h ) f ( x ) ( f (h))2 f ( x ) – f ( x )

= hlim

h0

h2 0

h2

= (f (0))2

f (x) = (f (0))2 f (0) = (f (0))2

f (0) = 0 or f (0) = 1

f(x) = (f (0))2 x

Also, centre of the circle must lie on the bisectors of the lines x +

y + 13 = 0 and 7x – y – 5 = 0 given by Now (i) if f (0) = 0, then f(x) = 0 = x f (0)

(ii) if f (0) = 1, then f(x) = x = x f (0)

x y 13 7x y 5

x 3y 35 and 3x y 15 0 56. f(0) = r is odd. Let r = 2n + 1, n I.

2 50 f(–1) = –1 + p – q + 2n + 1 = p – q + 2n is odd

Let (h,k) be the centre of the circle, then h -3k = 35 ..... (1) exactly one of p, q is odd

f(1) = 1 + p + q + 2n + 1 = p + q + 2n + 2 is odd

and 3h + k +15 = 0

If possible suppose , I be zeros of f(x).

..... (2)

x3 + px2 + qx + r = x3 – (+ + )x2 + (+ + )x –

Clearly CA is perpendicular AQ r = – are odd integers

p = – (+ + ) is odd

k2 and q = + + is also odd.

7 1 h 7k 15 0 ..... (3)

h 1 It is a contradiction. Hence f(x) = 0

cannot have three integer roots.

On solving, we get centres as C1 (29, – 2) and C2 (– 6, 3)

57. f(x) = x2 + x+

a a

50 f(–1) < 0 & f(1) < 0

units = 100 sq. units. Hence (A) 58. 1 – log 3 2 ( x 1) 2 =

31/ 2 x 3

2

54. z = x + iy

(x – 2)² = (x – 7)² + ( y + 2)² x5

(x – 2)² - (x – 7)² = ( y + 2)²

2 2

1– log3 |x + 1| = log3

2 2 x3

3 x5

log3 = log

| x 1| 3

x3

3 x5

=

| x 1| x 3

Case- I x+1>0 x>–1

3(x + 3) = (x + 1)(x + 5)

( y + 2)² = 5(2x – 9) x2 + 3x – 4 = 0

x = – 4 or x = 1

9 x = – 4 rejected ( x > – 1)

(y + 2)² = 10 x x=1

2

Case - II x+1<0 x<–1

3(x + 3) = – (x + 1)(x + 5)

5 x2 + 9x + 14 = 0

Y² 4aX a

2 x = – 2 or x = –7

PQ |min L(LR) 10 Set of value of x = {–7, –2, 1}

m

lim lim x f ( x ) h( x ) 3

55. (x2 + y) = (f(x))2 + f(y)

f(0) = (f(0))2 + f(0) f(0) = 0 59. lim g(x) = = m

lim

x 1 x 1 m

for y = 0 : f(x2) = (f(x))2 ........(i) m 2x 4 x 1

for y = – x2 : 0 = f(0) = (f(x))2 + f(–x2)

(f(x))2 = – f(–x2) ........(ii) x m f ( x ) h( x ) 3

from (i) and (ii) lim

f(–x2) = – f(x2) x 1 2x m 4 x 1

f(–x) = –f(x) ........(iii)

thus f(x) is an odd function

if f(x) is even also, then f(–x) = f(x) ........(iv) h( x ) 3

f(x) = 0 for all x {by (iii) and (iv)} f ( x )

x m f (1)

since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, = mlim lim =

2 4x 1

x 1 2

lim f(h) = 0 x m

h0

f(1) = 2e3

lim

2 f(x + h2) = lim

2 {(f(h))2 + f(x)} = f(x)

h 0 h 0

lim h(1) 3

it is continuous everywhere Similarly g(x) =

x 1– 5

since lim f (0 h) f (0) = hlim

f (h )

exists

h(1) = 5e3 – 3

h0 h 0 h

RESONANCE Page - 28

MATHEMATICS

60. The tangent 3x + 4y – 25 = 0 is tangent at vertex and axis is 4x for rational terms r = 0, 2, 4, 6, ....... 14

– 3y = 0 66. Solution set =

So, PS = a = 5 67. A & B are obvious

Latus rectum = AB = 20

1 1 1

f -1 = i.e., f -1isreciprocalof (f(x)-1)

61. Let 768 32 cos x (f(x)-1) x

16 3 32 cos /2 cot-1 | x| 1 tan-1 | x|

Now,forf x = -1

,f(x)-1= -1 ,f -1= -1

3 tan | x| tan | x| x cot | x|

cos

2 6 2 1-k n| x| 1 1+k n| x|

Alsoforf(x) = ,f(x)-1= f -1=

So 4 8 32 32 cos

1+k n| x| 1+k n| x| x 1-k n| x|

6

68. t1t2 = 2 and t1 + t2 + t3 = 0 and a = 2

4 8 8 cos

12

11

4 4sin 4 4 cos

24 24 P(t1 )

T

11 11 11

4 1 cos 4.2 cos ² 2 2 cos Q(t2 )

24 48 48

So a 2, b 48

b

24

a

R(t3 )

62. f(x) = ex (x2 + bx + c) > 0 iff D = b2 – 4c < 0

g(x)= ex (x2 + (b + 2)x + (b + c)) > 0 iff D=b2 – 4c + 4=D + 4 < 0

Let circumcentre of TPQ be O(h,k)

2

O(h, k) will be mid point of RT

1

63. 2 cos1 x a 2 cos1 x

a2 0

2 at1t 2 at 32

h= h = 2 + t32 ........ (1)

2

let cos1 x =t t2

2 a(t1 t 2 ) 2at 3

and k = k = t3 .........

1 2

t2 a t a2 0

Now equation has one root 2 or (2)

2 h = 2 + k2

greater than 2 and other root less than 2 locus of O(h, k) is

O(h, k)

ƒ(2) 0 y2 = x – 2

y2 = 1(x – 2)

1

4 a 2 2 a 0

2

4 2a 1 a2 0

a2 2a 3 0

(a 3)(a 1) 0 a 3 or a 1 69.

(A) for the term independent of x, 60 – 7r = 0 r is not an

integer 70. a0z4 + a1z3 + a2z2 + a3z + a4 = 0

there is no term independent of x. Taking conjugate on both sides.

(B) n = 15 is odd 4 3 2

a0 ( z ) + a1 ( z ) + a2 ( z ) + a3 z + a4 = 0

n–1 n 1

nCr will be maximum if r = or r = z1, z 2 , z 3 , z 4 are the roots of the equation if z1 is real,

2 2

i.e. r = 7 or r = 8 then z1 is also real and if z1 is non real, then z1 is also root

binomial coefficient of 8th and 9th terms will be greatest because imaginary roots occur in conjugate pair.

(C) for the cofficient of x32; 60 – 7r = 32 r = 4

cofficient of x32 is = 15C4 sin(e x–3 – 1)

for the coeff. of x–17; 60 – 7r = – 17; r = 11 71. lim

X 3 n(x – 2)

coeff. of x–17 is = 15C11 = 15C4

(C) is correct put x = 3 + h

60–7r

(D) If x = 2 , Tr+1 = 15Cr 2 2

RESONANCE Page - 29

MATHEMATICS

h h h x

sin(e – 1) sin(e – 1).(e 1) h 2 1 1

lim = lim 76. f (x) is one-one function.

h0 n(1 h) h 0 h

(e – 1)h n(1 h) 4x 1 2x 1

=1×1×1 =1

77. Let S x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0

it cuts x2 + y2 = 4 orthogonally

ab . bc

b.c a.b a.c c=4

Moreover – 2g + 2f + 9 = 0

bc . ca

a.c b.c a.b ( (– g, – f) satisfy the given equation)

72. S x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + 4 = 0

ca . a b a.b a.c b.c x2 + y2 + (2f + 9)x + 2fy + 4 = 0

(x2 + y2 + 9x + 4) + 2f (x + y) = 0

It is of the form S + P = 0 and hence passes through the

Given that intersection of S = 0 and P = 0 which when solved give (– 1/2,

1/2), (– 4, 4).

1

a b c 3 a b c . a b c 3 a.b b.c c.a 0

78. Replace x by 2, 2f(2) + 2f -2f(1) =4

2

a.b . b.c b.c c.a c.a a.b a.b b.c c.a

1

f(2) + f =2 + f(1)-----(1)

a.b . b.c b.c c.a c.a a.b

2

Replace x by 1, f(1) = -1 ..............(2)

0[since , x y z 0, xy yz zx 0]

max 0only when a.b b.c a.c 0 1 1 1 5

Replace x by , 2f + f(2) + 2 = ..............(3)

2 2 2 2

a b, b cand c a

1

2a 3b 4c . a b 5b c 6c a

Solve (1) and (3) => f = 0 ; f(2) = 1

2

10a.(b c) 18b.(c a) 4c.(a b) 32

73. As the point (, ), lies on both f(x) and g(x) , the point () 79. L et 7 6 8 3 2 co s

will also lie on both the curves and as the functions are

continuous they must cross (meet on) the line y = x in between. 1 6 3 3 2 co s

f must be on decreasing path, for all these to happen.

3

co s

74. f (x)= ab cos x – b 1 a 2 sin x = b cos (x + ) 2 6

So 4 8 3 2 3 2 co s 4 8 8 co s

Where = cos–1a. So f(x) = 0 x =(2m +1) 6 12

2

1 1

4 4 sin 4 4 co s

Also f(x) = –b sin (x+). Thus f < 0 and f

24 24

2 1 1 1 1 1 1

4 1 co s 4 .2 co s ² 2 2 co s

24 48 48

3

> 0 S o a 2, b 4 8

2

(b – a ) 46

3

Hence f has maximum at – and minimum at .

2 2

80. Equation of the required plane is

More over, max f = ab sin (/2 – ) +b 1 a 2 cos ( 2

)+ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

(r.n1 q1 ) ( r.n2 q2 ) 0 r.(n1 n 2 ) (q1 q2 )

c = a2b + b (1– a2) + c = b + c

_ _

and min f = – b + c.

Now , perpendicular to n3 n 4

and min f = – b + c. _ _ _ _

(n1 n 2 ).(n 3 n 4 ) 0

75. lim (log 3 (ax 2 3x 1)) must be equal to 1

_ _ _

x 2

[n1 n 3 n 4 ]

So 4a + 7 = 3 a = – 1 _ _ _

[n 2 n 3 n 4 ]

lim lim

x2 log 3 ( x 1) x 2 ( x 2 3x 1) So independent on q3 and q4 only.

Also le

e

e 1/ 3

RESONANCE Page - 30

MATHEMATICS

81.

x 1 y 0 z 1 (1 0 2 4)

2 , or

1 2 2 1 ( 2)2 22

L et C ( 1 1, 2 1 2 , 3 1 3 ) a n d

D ( 1, 2 2, 3 3). 2 2 5

2 2 2 Q( x, y, z ) , , .

CD 14 3 3 3

( 1 2 )² 4 ( 1 2 )² 9 ( 1 2 )² 1 4 84. (A) Consider g(x) = sin–1 f(x) – x

2 1 1 2 1 1

L et G ( , , ) since g(0) = 0, g =0

4 5 21 2

4 10 41

4 9 61 there is at least one value of 0, such that g ()

2

4 x -5 4 y -1 0 4 z -9

L o c u s o f G is = =

2 4 6 f ( )

5 5 9 = –1 = 0

2x- y- z- 1 – ( f ( ))2

2 = 2 = 4

1 1 3

2 i.e. f () = 1 ( f ( ))2 for atleast one value of but may

not be for all 0, false

3x 6y 2

82. =1

k

2x

........ (1) (B) Consider g(x) = f(x) –

2x2 + 2xy + 3y2 – 1 = 0 ........ (2)

Homogenizing (2) with the help of (1), we get

2

3x 6y since g(0) = 0, g =0

2x2 + 2xy + 3y2 – =0 2

k

k2(2x2 + 2xy + 3y2) – (3x + 6y)2 = 0 ...... (3)

there is at least one value of 0, such that g ()

circle described on AB as Diameter passes through (0, 0) 2

AB will subtend right angle at (0, 0)

coefficient of x2 + coefficient of y2 = 0 2

(2k2 – 9) + (3k2 – 36) = 0 k2 = 9 k = ± 3 = f () – =0

2

i.e. f () = for atleast one value of but may not be for all

0,

2

83. false

2x

(C) Consider g(x) = (f(x))2 –

The rod sweeps out the figure which is a cone. since g(0) = 0, g =0

2

The distance of point (A(1, 0, – 1) from the plane

1 1 2 4 | there is at least one value of 0, such that g ()

is 1 unit. 2

9

The slant height l of the cone is 2 units. 2

= 2f() f () – =0

Then the radius of the base of the cone is

l2 1 4 1 3 1

f() f () = true

Hence, the volume of the cone is ( 3 ) 2 .1

3 4x 2

(D) Consider g(x) = f(x) –

cubic units. 2

Area of the circle on the plane which the rod

traces is 3. since g(0) = 0, g =0

Also, the centre of the circle is Q(x, y, z). Then 2

RESONANCE Page - 31

MATHEMATICS

6 1

there is at least one value of 0, such 89. (A) f(x) = 1 – x6/5 f (x) = – exist x (–1, 1)

2 5 x5

and f(1) = 0 = f(–1) Rolle’s theorem is applicable

8

that g () = f () – =0 x x 2

2 2

xe t dt x e t dt

(B) xlim

= xlim

8 0 0 0 0

f () = true

2

1 x – ex 1 x – e x

x

x2 2

x(e ) e t dt 0

= xlim

0 0 0

85.

1– e x

2 2 2

x(e x .2x) e x e x 0 1 1

= xlim = = =–2

third side will be parallel to bisectors of two given line

0

–e x –1

7x – y 3 (–x – y 3) (C) | a + b | = 1 + 1 + 2cos= 2(1 + cos ) = 4 cos2/2

Bisectors are =±

5 2 2

2

2

Bisectors are 3x + y – 1 = 0 and x – 3y + 9 = 0 and | a – b | = 1 + 1 – 2cos = 2(1 – cos) = 4 sin /2

Now required third side will be parallel to these bisectors

3x + y + 7 = 0 or x – 3y – 31 = 0 1 1

+

86. f(x) = cos–1 (cos 2x), g(x) = |cos x| | a b |2 | a – b |2

f(x), and g(x) both are even and periodic so max {f(x), g(x)}

and min{f(x), g(x)} will also be periodic and

even. 1 sec 2 cos ec 2

=

4 2 2

1 2 2

= 1 tan 2 1 cot 2

4

1 2 2

= 2 tan 2 cot 2 A.M. G.M

4

but max {f(x), g(x)} will be non-differentiable when f(x) = g(x)

no of points where f(x) = g(x) are four in [0, 2]

87. f(x) = 0 2cosx + 2cos2x = 0

2

tan2 cot 21

2 2

x= , are critical points

3 (D) M(1, 2) lies on the director circle of 7x2 – 12y2 = 84

3

f(x) is increasing in 0, 3 and decreasing in 3 , 2 90. m3 + (2a + 5)m2 – 6m – 2a = 0

m1 + m2 + m3 = – (2a + 5)

3 3 3 m1 m2 + m2 m3 + m3 m1= – 6

Hence f(0) = 0 , f = , f() = 0 , f =–2 m1 m2 m3 = 2a

3 2 2 For (A)

3

3 3

Least value = – 2, Greatest value =

2 a+ mi 1

i =–1

88. (A) If function is one- one & onto then a = b since every

a – 2a – 5 = – 1 a = – 4 m1 m2 m3 = –8

element of set B should have exactly one pre-image

m1 = 1, m2 = –2, m3 = 4 m1 m2 m3 = – 8

in A.

for (B)

(B) For one - one, into function, every element of set B should

a – 2a – 5 = – 5 a = 0 m1 m2 m3 = 0

have either one pre-image or no pre-image in

m1 = 1, m2 = 0, m3 = –6

set A. no. of elements in set B > no. of elements in

3

A. b > a

(C) For many - one, onto function, every element of set B should

have one or more than one pre-images in

a+ m

i 1

i =0+0=0 (C is correct)

A. n for (D)

a + 2a = 32 not possible

(B) < n (A) b < a or a>b

Hence (D) is incorrect.

(D) For many - one, into function aR & b R .

91. fof(g(x)) = 1 + sin(fog(x)) f(1 – x) = 1 + sin(1 – x)

f(x) = 1 + sinx

RESONANCE Page - 32

MATHEMATICS

92. S1 : a, b, c must belongs to R.

dy

S3 : z = a + ib = a – ib = tan(sec–1 2)=1

dx x 0

S4 : a, b R

P(0) = 1 b = 1

93. S1 : D = 0 roots are real and equal if a, b, c R.

S2 : Roots are integers

ax3 ax 2

P(x) = – +1

3 2

a1 b1 c1

S3 :

a 2 b 2 c 2 is true iff roots are both common ax 4 ax

3

P(x) = – +x+c

S4 : If Numerator and Denominator have common factor then Rf 12 6

can be equal to Rg.

1 1

P(–1) = 1 a 12 6 – 1 + c = 1

F2

P( ) F

1

S S a

G + c = 2 .........(1)

94. 4

and P(1) = 1 a = 12c .........(2)

solving (1) and (2), we get

c= and a = 6

2

h= = = aecos P(x) = – x3 + x +

1 e 1 e 2 2

e(b sin ) 0 be 1

and k = = sin P(0) =

1 e 1 e 2

P(x) = 0 2x3 – 3x2 + 1 = 0 (2x + 1)(x – 1)2 = 0

be 1

h = aecos ; k = sin a = 6, b = 3 3 and e = 99. to 100.

1 e 2

x y

h = 3cos, k = 3 sin cos–1 + cos–1 =

2 3

x2 y2

locus of incentre I(h, k) is

9

3

=1 xy x2 y2

cos = – 1 1

6 4 9

3 2

and its eccentricity = 1– =

9 3 x2 y2 xy

cos

1 1 =

we know that the straight lines joining SF1 and SF2 bisects the 4 9 6

normal PG.

Required point of intersection is midpoint of PG. 2 2 2

1 x 1 y

xy

= cos

9 3 4 9 6

= P 3, 2 and G(ae2cos,0) G 4 , 0

P

3

x2 y2 x2y2 x2y2 xy cos

15 9 1– – + = + cos2 –

4 9 36 36 3

Required point = 8 , 4

x2 y2 xy cos

95 to 96 1 – cos2 = + –

f(1.1) = f(1.2) 4 9 3

f is may one 9x2 + 4y2 – 12 xycos = 36 sin2

log{x} [x] < 2 [x] > {x}2

N = 36

[x] > (x – [x])2

and (cos–1 x)2 – (sin–1 x)2 > 0

x2 – 2[x] x + [x]2 – [x] < 0

x [–1, 0) x2 + 2x + 2 < 0,

not possible cos 1 x sin1 x > 0

x [0, 1) x2 < 0, not possible 2

x (1, 2) 0 < 2 infinitely may solution. 1

x 1, [p, q)

2

97 to 98.

two points of inflection occurs at x = 1 and x = 0

P(1) = P(0) = 0 1

P(x) = ax(x –1) p=–1, q=

2

3 2

ax ax

P(x) = – +b

3 2

RESONANCE Page - 33

MATHEMATICS

1

99. N–6 = 36 –6=0 1, 3sin–1(sinM) = 3sin–1 sin 12 =

2 4

100. sec–1x is not defined at x = 0 x2 – (tan(3sin–1(sinM))) x + a4 = 0

x2 – (tan/4) x + 3 = 0

101. to 102. x2 – x + 3 = 0

+ = 1, = 3

–26 –10 () – (+) = 3 – 1 = 2

P 4, ,

3 3 105. to 106.

AB = ˆi – ˆj 3kˆ , AC – ˆi – ˆj 2kˆ and BC –2iˆ – kˆ 2

Roots are 1, –

AC BC a

Fourth vertex D is (4, 2, 0) 2

– <0 a>0

AB × AC = ˆi – 5ˆj – 2kˆ a

2

Equation of base is x – 5y – 2z + 6 = 0 a + 2a + 5 (5, )

Let E(x,y,z) be the foot of the perpendicular drawn from P to the

base 2 1

– < – 4 a 0,

a 2

x – 4 y 26 / 3 z 10 / 3

= = = r (let)

1 –5 –2 107. to 108

Given, (a + b)2 x – (ab + bc + ca + 1) y + 2 = 0

26 10

(4 + r, – 5r – , –2r – ) Now, (a + b)2 – (ab + bc + ca) + 1 0 for all a,b R

3 3 a2 + b2 + ab – bc – ca + 1 0

It lies on the base a2 + (b – c) a + (b2 – bc + 1) 0 a R

(b – c)2 – 4(b2 – bc + 1) 0 3b2 – 2bc + (4 – c2) 0

26 10 b R

4 + r – 5 –5r – – 2– – 2r + 6 = 0 4c2 – 12(4 – c2) 0 c2 – 12 + 3c2 0 c2 3

3 3 M=3

r=–2 Also, lx + my + n = 0 (l, m, n are 1st, 3rd and 7th terms of an

arithmetic progression)

4 2 lx + (l + 2d)y + (l + 6d) = 0

E 2, , +m+n=4 ('d' be their common difference ) 'd'

3 3

l (x + y + 1) + d(2y + 6) = 0 x + y + 1 = 0, 2y + 6 = 0

x = 2, y = – 3

EP = 2iˆ – 10ˆj – 4kˆ Hence = 2, = –3

height = EP = 120 x2 + y2 = 4 ; x2 + y2 – 24x – 10y + 2 = 0

c1(0, 0) ; c2 = (12, 5)

1 1

Volume = |

3 AC BC EP

× || |=

3 25 1 4 120 r1 = 2 ; r2 = 169 – 2

60 169 – 2 > 0 – 48 , 48

= = 20 cubic unit Since is integer

3

= 0, ±1, ±2,....,2 ±6

103. to 104 Number of possible integral values of is 13 Ans.

x2 + y2 = M + 2 = 3 + 2 = 5

tangent at (1, – 2)

2( 3 – 1)

2 3 3

f(x) = tan–1 2 3 x + 2 2 3 x2 + 2 + 2

x 2 2 x x

x

2( 3 1)

2( 3 – 1)

fmax = tan–1 = = M which occurs at x2 = x – 2y – 5 = 0 .......(1)

2( 3 1) 12 This line touches the circle x2 + y2 – 8x + 6y + 20 = 0

3 2x y 5

i.e. at x = 31/4 = a Solving x 3, – 1

x 2 x – 2y 5

and fmin = 0 = m at x = 0 Hence point of contact (3, – 1) Ans.

cos–1x + cos–1y = 109 to 110

( – ) = (( + ) – ( + ))

( + )2 – 4 = [( + )+ ( + )] 2 – 4( + ) ( + )

–1 7 –1 3 7 3 (–b1)2 – 4c 1 = (–b2)2 – 4c 2

3 tan tan 24 tan tan 8 3 24 8 2 D1 = D2 ..........(i)

x=y=–1 x+y=–2 D1 1

minimum of y = f(x) is – =–

4 4

D1 = 1 D2 = 1

RESONANCE Page - 34

MATHEMATICS

D2 1 13 14 0 1 2 0 41 40 0

minimum of y = g(x) is – =–

4 4

14 13 0 2 1 0 40 41 0

P4 = P3P = =

b2 7 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1

minimum of y = g(x) occur at x = – =

2 2

b2 = –7 41 40 0 1 2 0

b22 – 4c2 = D2

40 41 0 2 1 0

Also P5 = P4P =

48 0

49 – 4c 2 = 1 = c2 0 1 0 0 1

4

c 2 = 12

121 122 0

111 to 113

122 121 0

=

As det. (P – nI) = 0 0 0 1

1– n 2 0 Tr.(P) = 3, Tr. (P3) = 27 = 33

Tr.(P5) = 243 = 35 Tr. (P2011) = 32011

2 1– n 0 =0

Also Tr.(P2) = 11 = 32 + 2

0 0 1– n Tr.(P4) = 34 + 2

Tr.(P2012) = 32012 + 2 Ans.

(1 – n)(n – 3)(n + 1) = 0 n = –1,1,3

114. (A) logsinx (log3 (log0.2 x)) < 0 = logsinx1

–1 0 0 log3 (log0.2x) > 1 log0.2x > 3 = log0.2(0.2)3

1

0 1 0

So N = 0 < x < (0.2)3 0<x<

0 0 3 125

det.(N) = – 3 det.(adj N) = (detN)2 = (–3)2 = 9 Ans. (e x 1)(2x 3)( x 2 x 2)

T (B) 0

112.Given PQPT = N P

–1

PQ P (P T ) –1 = P–1N (PT)–1 (sin x 2) x( x 1)

Q = P–1N(P–1)T [As (PT)–1] = (P–1)T]

Q

0 0 0 0 0 x < – 1 or x

3 3 x( x 1) 2

–1 0 0 3 3 3

3

0 1 0

2 –1 2

= 0 –1 –1 x (–, –1) 2 ,

0 0 0

3 3 0 0 3 3 3 3

(C) |2 – | [x] – 1| | 2

0 ||[x] – 1| – 2| 2 0 |[x] – 1| 4

0 1 0 0 1 0 0 3

– 3 [x] 5 x [–3, 6)

QT = Q +

= 0 Ans. (D) |sin–1 (3x – 4x3)| – sin–1 (3x – 4x3)

2 2 2

1 2 0 – 1 3x – 4x3 1 –1x1

2 1 0

115. (A) x 0 and g(x) 2 x 1

113. Given P = Domain is x (–, 0) (0, 1) (1, )

0 0 1 (B) x 2 and f(x) 0 x 1/2

Domain is x (–, 1/2) (1/2, 2) (2, )

(C) f(f(x)) = x and x 2

1 2 0 1 2 0 5 4 0 Range is (–, 2) (2, )

2 1 0 2 1 0 4 5 0 2x 1

So P2 = PP = =

0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 (D) g(g(x)) = and x 0

x 1

Range is (–, 1) (1, )

5 4 0 1 2 0

116. (A) Range of the function is (0, )

Now P 3

= 2

P P = 4 5 0 2 1 0 = (B) Function is decreasing

0 0 1 0 0 1 (C) Range of function is not R and function is one-one.

(D) The function is clearly many-one because the value of

13 14 0 function is zero at x = and .

And range cannot be R.

14 13 0

0 0 1

RESONANCE Page - 35

MATHEMATICS

2n2 2n 1 2n2 2n 1 4

1 1

117. (A) an =

cot tan ( 2r 1) tan ( 2r 1)

n

r 1

4 cot (tan–19 – tan–1(1))

an = 2 2

2n 2n 1 2n 2n 1 cot (tan–1 4/5)

1 1 2n 2 2n 1 2n2 2n 1 3x 4

51x =

an = 4

3x 2

15x + 10 = 12x + 16

20 3x = 6

1

n1

=

4

5 1 x=2

i2 i2

n

n

(n 1)

1 z e ...... z e

13 5 ..................... 41 841

n

118. We have z –1 = (z –1)

+

4

761

i2 i2

1 z – e n ...... z e n (n 1)

= (29 – 1) = 7 1+ z +.....+ z = n–1

......(1)

4

1 1 2 2

(C) – = Put z = 1 and take modulus n = 2n–1 sin sin ......sin (n–1)

sin x sin 2x sin 4 x n n

sin 2x sin x 2

sin x sin 2 x = 2 sin 2x cos 2x n

(P) If n = 21

2 cos 3 x / 2 sin x / 2 1

2 sin x / 2 cos x / 2 = cos 2 x 2 9 10 20

21 = 220 sin sin .......sin .sin ....sin

21 21 21 21 21

3x 2

cos cos2x = cosx/2 10 20

2 21 sin ........sin .2

21 21

7x x x 10 21

cos + cos = 2 cos sin .......sin 10

2 2 2 21 21 2

7x x 3x (Q) If n = 22

cos = cos sin 2x sin =0

2 2 2 2 10

2

22 221 sin sin .........sin

3x 3x 22 22 22

sin 2x 0sin =0 = n 2

2 2 10 22 11

sin .......sin 21 20

22 22 2 2

2n

x= x

3 2 10 11

sin sin ..... sin 10

2 4 8 10 22 22 22 2

x= , , , (R) Again put z = –1 is...............(1) and take modulus

3 3 3 3

2

4 1 1 cos cos .......cos(n 1) 2 n 1

(D) cot

tan 1

n n n

r 1 2r 2

n 21

2 20 20

1 cos cos .......cos 2

4 2 21 21 21

cot

tan 1

r 1 4r 2

cos .......cos

10 1

10

21 21 2

4 (2r 1) (2r 1)

cot tan 1

1 (2r 1)(2r 1)

r 1

RESONANCE Page - 36

MATHEMATICS

1

2 10 11 123. Putting x = 2, and – 1 successively

(S) sin .sin .....sin 10 2

22 22 22 2

10 9 11

cos cos ....cos 10

f (2) f

1

22 22 22 2 3 . . . . . (1 )

2

sin cos(90 )

1 3

f f ( 1) .......( 2 )

p( x ) . g( x ) 2 2

119. Let f(x) = a n d f ( 1) f ( 2 ) 0 .......(3 )

h( x )

3

S o lv in g , w e g e t f ( 2 )

where p(x) = x odd function 4

g(x) = log (x + x2 1 ) 4f(2) = 3

g(x) + g(–x) = log (x + x 2 1 ) + log (–x + x2 1 )

= log (–x2

+ x2 + 1) 124. |z1| = 2 and (1 – i) z2 + (1 + i) z2 8 2

= log (1)

=0 g(x) is an odd function. C : x2 + y2 = 4 L:x+y= 4 2

x e 1 x 1

h(x) =

e 2 = e +

2

x 1 x 1

h(x) + h(–x) = e + + +

2 e 2

x x

= e + e + 1

= –1 + 1 [x] + [–x] = –1 if x R – I AB = OB – r

=0 AB = 2.

h(x) is an odd function

f(x) is an odd function

x 1

f(1947) + f(– 1947) + f(0) = 0.

125. Let f = 2

x 5x 9

f

11 ,1

1 1

120. Any point on the curve xy = 4 is

2

2t,

f2 + f + k < 0 f 11 ,1 f 11 < 0 & f(1) < 0

t

126. Let |3sinx – 4cosx| = t

t [0, 5] x R

2 1 Given equation can be written as

slope of the tangent at 2t, is –

t t2 t2 – (a2 + a + 5) t + a2(a + 3) + 2(a + 3) = 0

t2 – ((a2 + 2) + (a + 3)) t + (a + 3)(a2 + 2) > 0

equation of tangent is x + t2y – 4t = 0 t=a+3 or t = a2 + 2

since it is tangent to x2 + y2 = 8 also 0a+35 or 0 a2 + 2 5

–3 a 2 or –2 a2 3

4t

= 2 2 –3 a 2 or – 3 a 3

1 t4 acceptable integer values of a’ are –3, –2, –1, 0, 1, 2

i.e. t2 = 1 6 is the answer

equation of the tangent is x + y = ± 4

Since the intercepts are positive 127. Centre of circles c1, c2, c3 are in A.P.

the tangent is x + y = 4 General term for abscissa of centres = 1 + (n – 1).3 = 3n – 2

centre of c5 is (13, 0)

121. y = f(|x|) Radius of circles are in G.P.

Rn = 1.2n – 1 = 2n – 1

f ( x) , x 0 R3 = 4 and centre of c3 is (7, 0)

y= tangents of circle c3 intersect each other at (13, 0)

f ( x ) , x 0 equation of any line passing through (13, 0) is y – 0 = m(x – 13)

mx – y – 13m = 0 now it will be required tangents if

f ( x ) , x 0

= where t = –x and y = f(x) has no point 7m – 0 – 13m

f (t ) , t 0

=4

of discontinuity when x 0 m2 1

y = f(|x|) has no discontinuous points

ab 0 (x2 – 5x + 4) sinx 0 36m2 = 16m2 + 16 20m2 = 16 m = ±

5

x [0, 1] [, 4] {2}

sum of all integral values is 0 + 1 + 4 = 5

RESONANCE Page - 37

MATHEMATICS

f (2) = – 4e–4 – 4e–4

2 2

Let m1 = , m2 = – f (2) is negative hence at a = 2

5 5 f (a) is maximum

10|m1m2| = 8

k (–3, 3)

M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 Ans. 3

L1 2

1 1

L2 134. 2x – 2x + 1 = 2 x +

2

128. 2 2

L3

L4 1

minimum value of 2x2 – 2x + 1 is and minimum value of

2

4 sin2x is 0

C1 3 C 2 4 2

Required probability = = – 2 x 1) sin2 x

6

C2 5 minimum value of e( 2 x is 1

135. a = b

1 4 136. sin 3x = cos 4x

=1–1× =

5 5

129. Q1(x) 0 a > 0 and b2 – 4ac 0 cos4x = cos 3 x cos4x = sinx ± 3 x

Q2(x) 0 b > 0 and c2 – 4ab 0 2 2

Q3(x) 0 c > 0 and a2 – 4bc 0 137. T r = cot –1 (2r2)

2

a – 4( ab) 0

–1 1

2 S= cot –1( 2r 2 ) tan 2

a 4( ab) a > 0, b > 0 and c > 0 r 1 r 1 2r

ab 0

–1 ( 2r 1) – ( 2r – 1)

a 2 = tan

1 ( 2r 1)( 2r – 1)

........(1) r 1

ab 4

–1

= tan ( 2r 1) – tan –1( 2r – 1)

a2 – ab 0 r 1

2 = (tan–13 – tan–11) + (tan–15 – tan–13) + (tan–17 – tan–15) +.... +

a

> 1 .........(2) tan–1

ab

from (1) and (2), we can say that

1

S=– + = Given S = = k k =

4 2 4 4 4

a2 [k] = 0

1<

ab 4 138. f (x) = –2x2 . e–2x + 2x . e–2x

possible of integers in the range are 2,3,4

Number of integers in the range is 3. = 2(–x2 + x) e–2x

f (x) = 0 at x = 1 and f (x) > 0 in (0, 1) and f (x) < 0 in (1, )

5 x.2 f(x) is maximum at x = 1

130. log10 x = x x = 1 only

2 1 1 1

f(1) = 2 = = e2

131. f(x) = 2x³ – 3 (k + 2)x² + 12kx – 7, – 4 k 6, k l e

f'(x) = 6(x² – (k + 2)x + 2k) = 6(x – k) (x – 2) [–1] = 7

For f(x) to be invertible, k must be 2 only.

3

139. Slope of AB =

a 2

2–

2 Equation of AC

132. Let f(a) = e – ( x – 2 ) dx

a–2 (2 – )

y–0= (x – )

3

2 2

f (a) = e –(a) – e –(a – 4) = 0

2 2

e – a – e – ( a – 4 ) – a2 = – a2 – 8a + 16

a = 2

2 2

f (a) = e – a (–2a) – e – ( a – 4 ) (–2(a – 4))

– a2 2 ( 2 – )

= – 2a e + 2(a – 4) e –(a – 4) C 0,

3

RESONANCE Page - 38

MATHEMATICS

( 2 – ) 1

sin x–1

Let M(h,k) a = 2h, 2k = 144. Let = x dx ......(1)

3 2

– x 1

0

6k = 2h(2 – 2h)

1 1

3y = x(2 – 2x) sin –1 1– x sin–1 1– x

2x2 – 2x + 3y = 0 = (1– x) 2

dx dx

x2 – x 1

a = 2, b = 3 0

– (1– x) 1 0

a+b=5

1

140. x2 + (a – b) x + (1 – a – b) = 0 cos –1 x

D>0 = x 2

dx ......(2)

0

– x 1

(a – b)2 – 4 × 1 × (1 – a – b) > 0

a2 + b2 – 2ab – 4 + 4a + 4b > 0

b2 + 2b (2 – a) + (a2 + 4a – 4) > 0 sin–1 x = cos–1 1– x 2

4(2 – a)2 – 4 × 1 × (a2 + 4a – 4) < 0 (1) + (2) we get

4 + a2 – 4a – a2 – 4a + 4 < 0

sin–1 1– x = cos–1 x

8a – 8 > 0

a>1 1

sin–1 x cos –1 x

20 1 2= dx

141. an = and d = x2 – x 1

n 20 0

1

20 20 1

20 2

dx

2 3 4 1 3

2

0

x – 2 2

1 1/ 2 1/ 3 =

20 20 20

(20)3

1 4/5 2/3

= 4 5 6 =

20 20 20 47 1 7/8 7/9 1

7 8 9 1 –1 2x – 1

tan

= 4 3 3 0

applying R1 R1 – R2 and R2 R2 – R3

2

0 –3 /10 –1/ 3

(20)3 0 –3 / 40 –1/ 9 n2

=

47 1 7/8 = 6 6 =

7/9 2 3 2 3 3 108

n = 108

50

= [] = 2 Ans.

21 n

= 4 Ans.

142. Using the idea of the differentiation of determinant, we get 27

cos( x ) cos( x ) cos( x ) 145. K r r a b ..........(i)

pre cross (i) with a both side

cos( – ) cos( – ) cos( – )

K(a r ) a ( r a ) a b

2

sin( x ) sin( x ) sin( x ) K ( a r ) | a | r – ( a . r ) a a b

– sin( x ) – sin( x ) – sin( x ) 2

K(K r – b) | a | r – (a . r ) a a b

cos( – ) cos( – ) cos( – )

(using equation (i))

sin( x ) sin( x ) sin( x )

r (K 2 | a |2 ) a b Kb (a . r ) a ..........(ii)

+

cos( x ) cos( x ) cos( x )

Dot (i) with a both side

0 0 0

=0+0+0 K(a . r ) a . b

f(x) = 0 for all x

f(x) = a constant

a.b

But f(9) = f(x) = for all x. a. r ..........(iii)

K

9

by (ii) & (iii)

f(k)

k 1 1

a .b

=9 r Kb a a b

K 2 | a |2 K

143. Put log10x = t

[t2 + t] = 2t + 1 mn=3

2t + 1 t2 + t < 2t + 2

and 2t

t

RESONANCE Page - 39

MATHEMATICS

146. For defining f(x)

(16 – x), (20 – 3x) N ; (2x – 1), (4x – 5) W f(x) = F(x) xF'(x) dx

(16 – x) (2x – 1) ; (20 – 3x) (4x – 5)

Hence x = 2, 3 x = 2, 3 f(x) = x F(x) + c

when x = 2, f(x) = 14C3 + 14C3 = 728

when x = 3, f(x) = 13C5 + 11C4 = 1617 2

Hence sum 728 + 1617 = 2345 f = f = F + c

4 2 2 2 2

147. z = (z – z2 + 2z3)(2 – z + z2) = ( – 2 + 2) (2 – + 2 )

1

2

= |2 – + 2 |2 = | 2 – i 3 |2 = 7 = 2 +cc=0

4 2

148. On expanding the determinant, we get f(x) = xF(x)

7sin3 + 14cos2 – 14 = 0 f() = x F() = ()0

sin3 – 2(1 – cos2) = 0 3sin – 4sin3 – 4sin2 = 0 |cos(f())| = |cos | = 1

1 152. [x + a] = [x] + a ; if a I

sin (2sin – 1)(2sin + 3) = 0 sin = 0 or sin =

2

2[ x ]

5 Minimum if 'a' for sin is 3

= 0, , 2, , 5 solutions 3

6 6

3[ x ]

149. 1 lies between the roots and for cos is 4

hence f (1) < 0 2

3 – 3 sin – 2 cos2 < 0 2 sin2 – 3 sin + 1 < 0 T = 12

1 5 16 4

2

< sin < 1 2n + << + 2n, n I 2 8 x 16 16

= 3 x + –

2 6 6 153. f (x) = 3 x +–

3 9 3 3 3

5

In [0, 2], , – 2 4 4 2

6 6 2 now – 2 < x < – –2+

3

<x+

3

<

3 3

= 1, 2

Required sum 1 + 2 = 3 2

2 4 2 4 4

< x < x <

150. Volume = |[3( b c ) 2( a b ) 4( c a )]| = 18 –

3 3 3 3 9

2 18 4 16

[a b c ] = 24 f (x) < 3 . +–

9 3

3 4

[a greatest value of is 4

b c] = ±

2 ...(1)

[a b c ] 3x

154. f(x) = n 2 sin x tan x – 1 , x ,

6 3

1 sin cos sin 2

2 2 4 3x

sin cos sin 2

3 3 3 Let g(x) = 2sinx + tanx – + 1, x ,

= 6 3

2 2 4

sin cos sin 2

3 3 3 3

g(x) = 2cosx + sec2x – > 0, x 6, 3

(R1 R1 + R2 + R3)

g(x) is strictly increasing

3

= cos3

2 range of g(x) is g , g

cos3 = 1 6 3

3 =

1 values of

g(x) g , g

sin x

6 3

151. f(x) = x (1 + xcosx . nx + sin x)dx

1 3

i.e. , 2 3

sin x sin x 3 2

= x x.x sin x cos x ln x

x dx

Let F(x) = xsinx 3 1

range of f(x) is n , n(2 3 )

1 2 3

F’(x) = sin x. x cos.ln x xsinx

RESONANCE Page - 40

MATHEMATICS

3 1

1 1 1.x

f(x) n , n(2 3 ) =

2 x sin –1 x

– dx

2 3

0

0 1– x 2

3 1 1 1

a+b= n , n(2 3 ) –

2 3 2 – (1– x 2 ) 2 x dx

=

2

0

= n( 3 3 2)

[a + b] = 1 1 1

–

=+ (1– x 2 ) 2 (–2x)dx

155. +k, –x2 + kx + 2 is –ve for infinitely many integers.

0

156. The triangle has circumcentre at origin and its orthocentre lying

on the circumcircle. 1

= 2 1– x 2

157. R(a + b) = c 0

ab

= + 2(0 – 1) = – 2

R(a + b) = 2R sinC ab a = 1, b = – 2 a – b = 3

ab 1 1 1

160. z 1 z 2 + z 2 z 3 + z 3z 1 = z 1z 2z 3 = 1

2 ab

= sinC

z1 z 2 z3

ab | z1 |2 | z 2 |2 | z 3 |2

z3 = z1 + z2 + z3

we know 1 and sinC 1

2 ab z1 z2

The cubic equation with roots z1, z2 and z3 will be

A z3 – (z1)z2 + (z1z2)z – z1z2z3 = 0

z3 – (1)z2 + (1) z – 1 = 0

)

2a (z – 1)(z2 + 1) = 0

z = 1, i, – i

c b

Im(z1) < Im(z2) < Im(z3)

) z1 = – i , z2 = 1, z3 = i

B a C |z1 + z 22 + z33 | = |–i + 1 –i| = |1 – 2i| = 5 [ 5 ]=2

a = b and c = 90°

x

1 161. Let f = 2

a.a x 5x 9

2 a

r= = =

s aaa 2 2 2 1

f

11 ,1

2

Put f '(x) = f2 + f + k < 0 f 11 ,1

d

(–1) e x e – x e x . e – x dx

z 1

dx

t < 0 & f(1) < 0

e – x x C 1, f '( 0 ) 1 C 1 1

11

f '(x) = xex + ex

162. r = =1=s

f(x) = xex + C2 f(0) 0 C 2 0 s

(PB)(PC) = (s – b)(s – c)

f ( x) xe x f (2) 2e 2

2

s(s – a)(s – b)(s – c)

F (f(2)) IJ 4

inG

=

s(s – a)

H 4 K

2

= = .

s(s – a) s s – a

159. A

0 P

L

B * C

s–b s–c

RESONANCE Page - 41

MATHEMATICS

x3 y3 z3 xyz x 2 y 2 z2

= r. r = 1 and s = .....(1)

–a

3 3 3

(PB)(PC) = ........ (1)

–a

x 2 y 2 z2 xyz xyz

.......(2)

1 3 3 3

= (BC) (height)

2

3

1 3a x 3 y 3 z3 x y z

...........(3)

= (s – b + s –c) (3) = 3 3

2 2

3 3 3

3a / 2 (x y z)2 x y z

Given = ...........(4)

from equation (1) (PB)(PC) = 3a 2 3

–a =3

2

27

Alter (3), (4) x + y + z

Let circle be x2+ y2 = 1 2

Pair of tangents from A(, –2) is If x + y + z = 13, x,y,z will not satisfy (4)

(x2 + y2 –1) (2 + 3) = (x – 2y – 1)2 If x + y + z = 12, then/ x = 3,y = 4, z = 5 will not satisfy (4)

Hence maximum value is 12.

x=0

164. given that f 2010 2008, 2012

B(p,1) P(0, 1) C(q,1)

y=1

r=1

y=0

f 2010

O 200 .8, 201.2

10

3

f 2010

10 200,201

A(,–2)

Nowx – f(x) = 20 – 10

20 10

3x2 + 6x – 9 = 0

q Put x = 2010

pq = – 3 (PB)(PC) = 3

2010

163. Let f(t) = t3, u = f(t) 2010 – f(2010) = 20 × 20 – 10 × (200 or 201)

A(x, x3), B(y, y3), C(z, z3)

Centroid G lies inside ABC = 20 × 100 – 10 × (200 or 201)

GL ML = 2000 – [2000 or 2010]

= 0 or – 10

x3 y3 z3 xyz

f not possbile

3 3

165. (x – r)2 + y2 = r2

x2 y2

=1

a2 b2

P(acos, bsin) (acos – r)2 + (bsin)2 = r2 ..........(1)

x3 y3 z3 ( x y z )3

.......(1)

3 27

3 3 3

( x y z )2 x y z

Given = ......(2)

2 3

(x + y + z)

2 27 2 a.r b.0 r

If x + y + z = 13, x,y,z will not satisfy (2) – = a2 – b2 cos =

If x + y + z = 12, x = 3,y = 4, z = 5 will not satisfy (2)

cos sin ae 2

Hence maximum value is 12.

Alternate : r2 r

put in (1) b2 = 2 b=

e e

a b c a b c

3 3 3 b2 r 2

Area = ab = = differentiable w.r.t. e

1– e2 e2 1 – e2

RESONANCE Page - 42

MATHEMATICS

2 3 3i 2 1 3i

e = arg = arg

3 3 3i 2i 3i

166. y = x3 ....................................(1)

let P(h,k) k=h3 P(h,h ) 3

dy (3, 3)

y x3 3x2 (0, 2)

dx

Slope of tangent at P 3h2

equation of tangent at P(h,k) (2, 0)

y h 3 3h 2 (x h)

Solving 1 & 2

x3 3h2 x 2h3 0 1

= tan13 tan1

3

(x h)2 (x 2h) 0

x 2h& y 8h3 point

3 1/ 3

= tan1

2

P1 ( 2h, 8h3 )

= tan1 8

Now tangent at P1(( 2h),( 2h)3 ) will meet the curve at 6

P2 ( 2( 2h), 8( 2h)3 )

4

i.e P2 (4h,64h3 ) = tan1

3 11

similarly P3 (8h,–512h3 ) Now : From the figure it is clear that if rays don’t

Area intersect the circle.

2h 8h3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 then tan 3 , tan 3

of P1 P2 P3 4h 64h3 1 8h4 2 8 1

2

8h –512h3 1 4 64 1

1

|a+b|= 2 tan1 3 tan1

h h3 1 1 1 1 3

1 3 h4

Area of PP1 P2 2h 8h 1 2 8 1

2 2 = 2

4h 64h3 1 4 64 1 2

areaof P1 P2P3 3

16 =

area of PP1 P2 2

10 | a + b | = 15

167. Replace n by n – 1

[ 10 | a + b | ] = [ 15 ] = 47

1 1 1

+ +......+ = f(n)

f (0) f (1) f (1) f (2) f (n – 1) f (n)

3x

put in (b) 169. f(x) = n 2 sin x tan x 1 x ,

6 3

1

f(n) + = f(n +1) 3x

f (n) f (n 1) consider g(x) = 2 sin x + tan x – +1

1 = f2(n + 1) – f2(n)

1 = f2(1) – f2(0)

1 = f2(2) – f2(1) 3

g(x) = 2 cos x + sec 2x – > 0 for all x ,

6 3

1 = f2(100) – f2(99) g(x) is monotonically increasing

Adding

100 = f2(100) – f2(0) f(0) = 0 3

g = 2 sin + tan – . +1

2 2

Also n = f (n) – f (0) f(n) = n 6 6 6 6

f(9801) = 99

1 1

168. First note that (3, 3) is in the interior of the arc, as =1+ – +1

3 2

RESONANCE Page - 43

MATHEMATICS

a1, a2 , a4 {2,4,8}, a5 , a6 , a7 {3,5,6}

3 1 or

f = n

a1, a2 , a4 {3,5,6}, a5 , a6 , a7 {2,4,8}

6 2 3 Required number of ways = (3! × 3!) + (3! × 3!) = 72

f = n

3

3

3 1 1 = n 2 3

= 2 sin nx –

4

3 1

a + b = n + n 2 3

2

3 2

f(x) = cos nx –

x 4

3

1 2 3

= n 2

3

= n 3

3 2 = n 7.2 2

sin n x

=

x 4

1<a+b<2 [a + b] = 1

Case–I x > 0

f(x) 0 sin 4 n x 0

For g(x) to be strictly increasing f (2x2 – 1) – f (1 – x2) > 0

f(2x2 – 1) > f(1 – x2) 2x2 – 1 > 1 – x2 3x2 > 2 3

2 0 +n x – nx

2 4 4 4

x2 > x>

3 3 – = – 5 cos (– ) = 5

( x > 0)

Case–II x < 0

For g(x) to be strictly increasing f (2x2 – 1) – f (1 – x2) < 0

sin 3 x cos 5 x – sin 3 x cos 4 x

175. dx

f (2x2 – 1) < f (1 – x2) 2x2 – 1 < 1 – x2 3x2 < 2 sin 3 x cos 3 x sin 3 x

2

2 2

1 (sin 8 x – sin 2x ) – (sin 7 x – sin x )

2 2

= dx

x2 < – <x< – <x<0 2 sin 6 x sin 3 x

3 3 3 3

2 2 9x 7x 9x 5x

Thus g(x) strictly increases on the interval 3 , 0 3 , 2 sin cos – 2 sin cos

1 2 2 2 2 dx

171. 3 + 4 cos x = t – 4 sin x dx = dt

= 2 9x

2 sin cos

3x

2 2

1 t3

I dt

8 t3 x

2 sin 3 x sin

1 2 dx

– 3x x

1 1 3

dt

8 t2 t3

= 2

cos

3x =– 2 sin 2 sin

2

dx

2

11 3 sin 2x

e

8 t 2t 2

= (cos 2x – cos x) dx = 2

– sin x + C

a=2

2t 3 8 cos x 3

e 176. f(x) = 12cos3 x(– sin x) + 30 cos2 x(– sin x) + 12 cos x(– sin x)

16 t 2 16(3 4 cos x )2 = – 3 sin 2x(2cos2 x + 5 cos x + 2)

a = 3, b = 8, c = 16, d = 2 = – 3 sin 2x (2cos x + 1) (cos x + 2)

172. f(x) = x3 – x2 + 100x + 1001

When, f(x) = 0 sin 2x = 0x = 0, ,

f (x) = 3x2

– 2x + 100 > 0 xR 2

f(x) is increasing (strictly)

2

or, 2 cos x + 1 = 0 x=

1 1 3

f > f

1999 2000 or, cos x + 2 = 0 (not possible)

Sign scheme for f(x) in [0, ] is as below.

f(x + 1) > f(x – 1)

2

f(x) decreases on 0, ,

2 3

173.

2

and increases on ,

(a1 + a2 + a3 + a4) = 21, 2 3

a5 + a3 + a6 + a7 = 21,

a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 + a5 + a6 + a7 = 35

a3 = 7, a1 + a2 + a4 = 14, a5 + a6 + a7 = 14

RESONANCE Page - 44

MATHEMATICS

177. Number of selections of 7 digits out of the digit 1,2,3,.....,9 = 9c7 179. (n3 – 1)3 = (n + 1)3(n – 1)3

Number of digits out of these 7 selected digits excluding the (n + 1)3 – (n – 1)3 = 6n2 + 2

greatest digit = 6

These 6 digits can be divided in two group each having 3 3 3

3n2 1 2

1 6n 2 1 (n 1) – (n – 1)

2 3 = = 3 3

6! 6 1 (n – 1) 2 (n2 – 1)3 2 (n 1) (n – 1)

digits C3 x

3 ! 3 ! 2! 2!

1

Required number of ways = = (n – 1)3 – (n 1)3

2

9 6 2 9 6 9 6

C7 . C 3 . C 7 . C3 C2 . C3 = 720 S=

2!

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

178. b 40 12 3 – 3 3 – 3 3 – 3 3 – 3 ...

2 1 3 2 4 3 5 4 6

c 3 10

cos1 cos x x a b c 1 1 1 9 9

= = 16S = 9 16 =

2 8 16 S

cos1 cos x x

1/n

A (2n 1)(2n 2)(2n 3).......(2n n)

180. = lim

B n

(n 1)(n 2)(n 3).........(n n)

r

1 n 2 n

lim ln

ln (A/B) = n n r 1 1 r / n

Integral value of x satisfying given equations = 2,3,4

1

(2 x) 27

0 ln dx =

(1 x) 16

A = 27 & B = 16

RESONANCE Page - 45

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