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5-Star Safety and Health Management


Lighting: Natural and Artificial
Date: 15/06/2013 Revision: Pages: 3
Element: 1.2 Safety Manual: 1-31-3 OHSAS: 4.3.1


To ensure that sufficient natural and artificial illumination is maintained, that will
enable task performance in an accident-free work environment
1. Objective
To ensure that sufficient illumination is maintained which will enable task
performance in an risk free work environment.

2. Responsibility
2.1. The Manager / Supervisor / Contractor (Responsible Persons) are
responsible for the application of this standard in their area.
2.2. The Industrial Hygienist (Industrial Security Department) is responsible for
ensure the application and maintenance of this standard.

Lux is a measurement of lighting intensity and is measured by a Lux Meter

4.1. Lux-surveys are to be conducted initially and after a modification / new
installation is completed which might influence the illumination. This survey
covers all areas including offices and outside areas. The Industrial
Hygienist (IH) coordinates the survey
4.2. Measure the level of illumination and compare with Lighting Intensity Level
in table No. (1) of this standard and take corrective actions on reported
deviations (see point 4.3).
4.3. Poorly illuminated areas, when identified, must be repaired according to an
action plan based on risk. A follow up survey is to be done to ensure that
corrective actions satisfy the requirements of this standard.
4.4. Night and day illumination surveys must be done to cover the whole work
area and at work places where work might be carried out during hours of
4.5. Monthly inspections on illumination and windows are to be done, covering
the whole work area. Deviations/defects must be noted, reported and
4.6. All lights/light switches are to be numbered for identification to assist during
maintenance/emergency work.
4.7. A once-off survey must done to determine if, and where, safety glass must
be installed and again after any major modifications/new installations.
4.8. Broken or cracked windows that can cause a hazard must be replaced.
4.9. Where safety glass is used it must comply with minimum safety glass
4.10. Safety glass must be used in most openings, where practicable.
4.11. Emergency lighting is installed and tested by maintenance PARTY on a 6-
monthly basis. and maintained where deemed necessary.
4.12. Reflective clothing is used to obtain maximum visibility where necessary.
4.13. Road barricades and bollards must have reflective warnings or must be
illuminated during nighttime.

5. Document Retention
This document needs to be kept in the Safety and Health Management System (5-Star)
files and made available for auditing purposed.

The following illumination levels are to be adhered to:

Lighting Intensity Level
P Area
1 Engineering Drawing Stands 500
2 Meeting Rooms 300
3 Internal Corridors 200
4 Training Rooms/Office 500
5 Theaters 150 – 200
6 Lobby 200
7 Elevators 200
8 Tunnels and Bridges 200
9 Stairs 200
Additional Services
10 Bathrooms 200
11 Wardrobes 500
12 Storage Rooms 200
13 Electric Rooms 200
14 Mechanical Rooms 200
15 Communication Rooms 200
16 Maintenance Workshops 200
17 Loading and Unloading Area 200
18 Waste Room 200
Special Areas
19 Living Rooms 150 – 200
20 GYM Rooms 500
21 Car Parking Entries 200
22 Car Parking 100
Table (1) Specifying the Level of Internal Lighting Intensity ..Source: Safety manual