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US006682302B2

(12> Ulllted States Patent (1616161118168 US 6,682,302 B2
Noble (45) Date of Patent: Jan. 27, 2004

(54) TURBINE APPARATUS AND METHOD 4,474,536 A 10/1984 Gougeon et a1.
4,515,525 A 5/1985 Doman
(76) Inventor: James D. Noble, 2104 Rocky Creek 4,547,125 A 10/1985 McMahon, H
La., Pearland, TX (US) 77581 5,118,255 A 6/1992 Moreno
5,226,806 A 7/1993 Lubbers
4 - . - - - - 5,375,968 A * 12/1994 Kollitz 618.1. .............. .. 415/21
( ) Nome‘ Subjectto any dlsclalmer’theterm Ofthls 5,570,997 A * 11/1996 Pratt ........................ .. 416/117
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
USC' 154(k)) by 0 days. 5,823,749 A 10/1998 Green
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
(21) APP1- N0~1 117211722 FR 2783881 A1 * 3/2000 ........... .. F03D/3/00

(22) Filed: Aug. 13, 2002 OTHER PUBLICATIONS
(65) Prior Publication Data Krohn, Soren, Sep. 9, 2000, http://WWW.WindpoWer.org/
US 2004/0001752 A1 Jan. 1,2004 tour/WIrb/KWW°I-him, PP- 1—4
* cited by examiner
Related US. Application Data
Primary Examiner—EdWard K. Look
(63) Continuation-in-part of application No. 09/813,423, ?led on Assistant Examiner_RiChard A_ Edgar
Mar‘ 20’ 2001’ now abandoned‘ (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm—l. Nevin Shaffer, Jr.
(51) Int. Cl.7 ................................................ .. F03D 7/06 57 ABSTRACT
(52) us. Cl. ......................... .. 416/1; 416/117; 416/143; ( )
416/197 R; 415/4-2 A turbine system (10) for capturing energy from a ?uid
(58) Field of Search .......................... .. 416/1, 9, 12, 17, stream includes a torque arm (12). At least a pair of,
416/23, 24, 40, 41, 117, 142, 143, 197 R, preferably symmetrical clam shell, turbine blades (14) With
197 A; 415/2.1, 4.1, 4.2, 4.4, 907; 290/55 the upper (16) and loWer (18) halves are oppositely con
nected to the torque arm (12). A coordinating system (46) is
(56) References Cited connected to the symmetrical clam shell turbine blades (14).
The coordinating system (46) further comprises a ?rst
U'S' PATENT DOCUMENTS system (48) and second system (52). The ?rst system (48) is
713,094 A * 11/1902 Grist .................... .. 416/117 X connected to control and regulate opening and closing of the
1,915,689 A * 6/1933 Moore ......... .. 416/117 upper (16) and loWer (18) halves of each individual clam
2,314,612 A * 3/1943 Duffy ~~~~~~ ~~ 416/197AX shell turbine blade (14). The second system (52) is con
2,441,635 A * 5/1948 Iverson ................. .. 416/117 X nected between each pair of the Symmetrical Clam Shell
3’897’117 A 7/1975 KHZ? _ turbine blades (14) so that as one clam shell turbine blade
4’O15’911 A 4/1977 Da‘Y‘Sh‘a“ (14) closes the opposite clam shell turbine blade (14) is
4,097,190 A 6/1978 White
4,264,279 A 4/1981 Dereng forced Open
4,377,372 A 3/1983 StutZman
4,406,094 A * 9/1983 Hempel et a1. ........... .. 416/9 X 69 Claims, 8 Drawing Sheets

54

2004 Sheet 1 0f 8 US 6. Patent Jan. 27.302 B2 26 Figure 1 .U.682.S.

682. 27.U.302 B2 A1 /58 72 20 A3 14 B2 Figure 2 .S. 2004 Sheet 2 0f 8 US 6. Patent Jan.

302 B2 Fiigure 3 .682. 2004 Sheet 3 0f 8 US 6.S. Patent Jan.U. 27.

Patent Jan.682. 16 Figure 4a .U. 27.S. 2004 Sheet 4 0f 8 US 6.302 B2 ).

U. 2004 Sheet 5 0f 8 US 6. Patent Jan. 27.682.S.302 B2 54 58 Figure 4b .

.

S.U.302 B2 Figure 6 . Patent Jan. 2004 Sheet 7 0f 8 US 6.682. 27.

081 96 .1 / ' '1 1 R” 112 (\\ Turbine ‘ \\ Rotation Wind 54 Figure 7 . D 0/ 50.U.682.. 27. Patent Jan. 2004 Sheet 8 0f 8 US 6.302 B2 52' \\ ‘I06 \ / Chv \L 12 :2 ‘09 1301.S.

The Applicant hereby claims direction. possess by virtue of having both a mass and a velocity is Furthermore. Wind turbine. side and on the other. In particular.C. drag type Wind turbines have utiliZed some and so is the toWer that supports it. These designs result in signi? varied much. In most foundation must eventually resolve such loads by transfer anemometers. this means that the plane of the Wind turbine’s Wooden framework to present a larger and lighter surface to rotation must be oriented in a vertical position and that the react With moving air. direction of the Wind stream’s ?oW is variable. preferably a clean . Still further. kept in type prior art devices is a shortened moment arm for each balance. turbine blade. . ?led Mar. Since the recovery of poWer from moving ?uids such as air. Historically. In prior art drag type turbines. category of turbine devices includes provisional application is incorporated herein by this refer those devices that rely on a “lift” force that is obtained by the ence. toWer. 09/813. Rate of rotation has alWays been a priZed Further. Man’s attempt to obtain useful energy attempts to design energy producing turbines have featured from Wind and Water has covered a Wide spectrum of this principle. structurally 15 uninterrupted. the hub assembly and the toWer itself. Drag is a force vertical. and older. Early attempts to capture the Wind’s energy on land stream. airfoil. No.423. This drag differential results in a torque about the shaft and the cups rotate about the shaft due This is a Continuation-in-Part of pending US. Some of the kinetic energy that air molecules radius of the Wind turbine’s circular plane of rotation. The entire disclosure of this related non The second. i. US 6. TWo basic Wind turbine categories derived energy is produced at the end of a horiZontal axis 35 have evolved Which classify all efforts to date for the originating at the center of the Wind turbine. neWer. In order to balance the eccentric value of the drag forces operating on the tWo differing load and to make ef?cient use of the energy available at the con?gurations that is responsible for the torque moment or end of the horiZontal shaft located at the top of the support turning force of the turbine. because the Wind turbine’s plane of rotation is These are referred to as “drag” type devices.e. Lift is obtained TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION When an airfoil. most present-day/prior art designs call for a poWer the drag force differential Was small because the cross 55 transmission and electric generator to be mounted at the top sectional area presented to the Wind Was the same in both of the toWer and at the opposite end of the horiZontal drive directions and only the con?guration (concave or convex) shaft from the Wind turbine. Wind turbines can be operated.682. air pressure is induced. transferred to the Wind turbine blade by means of a collision 45 vertical cantilevered design. the toWer must also be designed to resist the total value and extending the moment arm reduces this value as overturning moment caused by the Wind resistance of the it increases torque.S. it must be supported above the earth’s surface by that results from the turbine blade’s action to sloW the Wind some sort of toWer Whose height is at least greater than the by obstruction. category is one that features devices this type of Wind turbine’s operation must also be variable that simply occupy space in the Wind stream and obtain to enable it to continually face into the Wind. Due to the geometry of the manner in Which methods and applications. Further. These turbines also differing aspects to the Wind stream depending on Which create an eccentric load on the toWer adding further com orientation Was presented to the Wind. Because most air?oW near the earth’s surface is utiliZed sails made from fabric and stretched over some horizontal. and alloWed to turn as the Wind changes direction. most recent from moving ?uids. Not only One example of a common prior art drag type device isdoes the toWer have to resist these loads. this toWer is constrained to be of a structural. These requirements that connect to a shaft Which turns as the Wind stream reacts severely limit the altitude above the earth’s surface that such With the hemispheres on each side of the axis of rotation. separates the Wind stream into tWo This invention relates to an improved turbine apparatus portions Which are forced to travel at differing velocities due and method. but the toWer the anemometer used to measure Wind velocity. accelerated. AWide variety of turbine devices have been developed in order to remove energy from a ?oWing stream of ?uid. since the Wind turbine’s circular plane of rotation is vertical Historically. much of the progress has typically rotate in a circular plane that is normal to the Wind been made as a result of man’s experience With sailing stream and rotate about an axis that is parallel to the Wind vessels. This loWered pressure on one side of the airfoil relative to the other results in a force normal BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION (perpendicular) to the Wind stream against the high-pressure side of the airfoil. this invention relates to a turbine to the shape of the foil. §120. It is the differential plication to their design. but Which catch the Wind When rotated in the air the bene?t of this non-provisional patent application under 10 stream. current Wind turbines example only and not limitation. the plane of The ?rst. 20. a loWer this invention relates to a Wind turbine apparatus. since guy Wires Would interfere in Which the air molecule is sloWed and the turbine blade is With the rotation of the Wind turbine blades. In the portion of the Wind stream that apparatus for capturing energy from a ?uid stream. 2001 by the con?guration that seeks to optimiZe this drag differential by same inventor entitled “A TURBINE APPARATUS AND utiliZing shapes Which move freely through the Wind in one METHOD” noW abandoned. and by Way of lift force is induced in a lifting airfoil. 35 U.S. is e accelerated relative to the portion that is sloWed. Another typical characteristic of most drag cant Weight Which must be supported by the toWer. patent to this torque.302 B2 1 2 TURBINE APPARATUS AND METHOD Due to their opposite orientation With respect to the Wind stream. Wind’s interaction With a particular form or shape inherent in the geometry of the sail or turbine blade. Almost all drag type devices utiliZe a set application Ser. With respect to the shaft about Which APPLICATION they are free to rotate. energy by the impact of the air molecules on their surface. Further. there is a differential betWeen the drag force on one CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED U. holloW hemispheres are mounted on spars 65 ence into the surrounding ground. each must be offset from ?xed con?guration of turbine blade that presented tWo the other to prevent collision of the tWo. Since lift type turbine devices have the potential to extract Ancient Watermills and Windmills attest to man’s age-old a greater portion of the Wind stream’s energy by virtue of the 25 fact that they don’t require a collision of the air molecules quest to ease the burdens of manual labor by Wresting poWer With the surface of the sail or turbine blade.

features and advantages of the present Pat. coordination of the multiple Wind vanes is provided at all. as Will be discussed more fully a ?rst system and a second system. 35 bine blades attached to tWo torque arms. The optimum the symmetrical clam shell turbine blades so as to close one shape requires a long blade length. Three such patents are represen turbine apparatus is also disclosed and claimed as more fully tative.372 is illustrative of the drag type patents of invention Will become more fully apparent from the folloW the prior art. upper half 16 . turbine blade of FIG. 6 is a top vieW of the torque arm With the turbine 45 Still further. 25 Other objects. set forth hereafter. the symmetrical clam shell ment to maintain loW mass (Weight) needed for maXimum turbine blades are of a streamlined con?guration so as to acceleration sets con?icting limits on the design of the Wind provide minimal resistance to movement through the ?uid turbine itself. US. No. Further. hydraulic cylinder according to an embodiment of the inven Thus. FIG. the invention FIG. Pat. In summary. and in particular to Wind turbines knoWn in the art. When in the closed position. In another the range of operating environment that current turbines may embodiment. 4a is a side vieW of the clam shell turbine blade the necessity for lightWeight. 1. the the middle to alter pro?les presented to the Wind. turbine Accordingly. 5 is an elevation of the turbine blade mechanism ing and closing of vanes in all Wind conditions and no looking doWnWind. in a preferred embodiment. 2 is a side perspective close up vieW of the clam shell shoWs an improvement Whereby opposing vanes are linked turbine blades according to an embodiment of the present by cords. When one vane is opened by gravity. the streamlined con variables result in blade con?gurations that are at or near 10 ?guration is in the form of a teardrop shape With a larger critical values in each category of variable and severely limit leading-edge and a tapered trailing edge. Current optimiZations of these con?icting stream. 4. it operates as BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS does an autogyro since it cites a self starting feature. betWeen Wind vanes eXists so as to enable controlled open FIG. Thus. No. 4a shoWing the clam shell turbine eXcept for rudimentary string/cord devices. The prior art is replete With references to patents for both A method of capturing energy from a ?uid stream With a drag and lift type devices. is an object of this invention to provide an improved turbine DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE system for capturing energy from a ?uid stream. modern Wind turbine lating system is provided for regulating the operation of the systems are rigged to monitor for environmental variables coordinating system. This high L/D ratio in conjunction With a require In a preferred embodiment. This device uses ?at plates that are hinged in ing detailed description of the preferred embodiment. it is an object of this invention to provide an 55 The preferred embodiment of the present invention is improved Wind turbine apparatus and method for operation illustrated by Way of eXample in FIGS. turbine blades With ?rst halves 16 and 18 are attached to the torque arm 12 on the and second halves are oppositely connected to the torque inside of the halves such that the connections are covered arm. turbine apparatus 10 according to an SHORT STATEMENT OF THE INVENTION embodiment of the present invention includes torque arm 12 and a pair of.823. It. A coordinating system is connected to the symmetrical 65 With the aerodynamic shape When closed leaving the eXte clam shell turbine blades. no coordination blade in the closed position. That is to say. In a still further embodiment. Further. Nonetheless. Wind velocity and Wind 15 tional velocity governor is provided Wherein the load shear (among others) and are set to feather or stop operation imposed is matched to the requirements of the turbine altogether should any of these variables eXceed the design apparatus so as to act as a governor to restrict turbine range of operation. prior art devices must be stopped When Winds blade halves removed to shoW the linear bearings and the eXceed design limits or When gusty Wind conditions eXist. US. therefore. US. 1—7. the invention shoWing tWo pairs of oppositely positioned tur attached cord pulls the opposite vane closed. The hinged appended claims and the accompanying draWings in Which: plates open by gravity and are closed by the force of Wind alone. the turbine apparatus for capturing energy blades 14. FIG. Wind direction. FIG. The ?rst system is hereafter.682. The coordinating system includes rior free and unencumbered.279 describes a lift type turbine. present a present invention includes a torque arm. Turbine blades 14 include upper half 16 and loWer from a ?uid stream according to one embodiment of the half 18 Which. and Wherein the indi hydraulic system according to an embodiment of the present vidual turbine blades are connected to other turbine blades invention. an adjustable clam shell turbine blade regu safely experience. but a short blade cross turbine blade While opening the opposite turbine blade. preferably symmetrical clam shell. and therefor fragile. construc according to an embodiment of the present invention in the tion and the resultant inability to take advantage of the vastly open position and FIG. 3 is a perspective vieW of a single turbine blade. US 6. include FIG. Apparently. FIG. 4. thereby making it inappropriate for high tion. The second system is connected betWeen each pair of their shape as the Wind passes around them. ruggedly constructed. apparatus rotational velocity to an optimum range. there is a need in the art for providing a turbine tion. and their movements are coordinated. the preferably symmetrical clam shell. 5. 1 is a perspective vieW according to a preferred This device utiliZes fabric vanes because of Weight embodiment of the turbine apparatus of the present inven considerations.264. 7 is a cut aWay schematic of the closed loop ef?cient and inexpensive in design. reference to FIG. Pat. In a still further embodiment.377. Such blades are airfoils that obtain lift by virtue of blade. and capable of use in eXtreme conditions. Although this is a lift type design. With speci?c in high air and gusty Wind conditions. 4b is a side vieW of the clam shell more productive high Wind velocity environments. a rota such as gusting.302 B2 3 4 Another major limitation of present-day turbine technol connected so as to control the opening and closing of the ?rst ogy is the required con?guration of the individual turbine and second halves of each individual clam shell turbine blades. draWbacks to the turbines knoWn in the art. No. it utiliZes airfoils mounted horiZontally on a vertical aXis. At least a pair of. section. In PREFERRED EMBODIMENT particular. That is.749 is also for a drag type device. streamlined aerodynamic shape to the ?uid. Wind velocity environments.

hinges. Wind. 4a. hydraulic cylinder 66 is present invention supports clam shell turbine blades 14 in connected to torque arm 12 betWeen linear motion bearings high air more than 100 meters above ground 28. turbine apparatus developed. this means that When turbine blades 14 A1 open Web truss toWer 24. connections nected to upper half 16 and loWer half 18 of turbine blades 72 are moveable. Traveler 74 is attached to linear motion bearing 10 of the present invention is designed to operate above the rods 80. Water and the like. 14. At the base 34. As shoWn in FIG. ToWer 24 is supported by guy and B1 are in the closed position 44 turbine blades 14A2 and Wires 26 and guy Wires 26 are secured to the ground 28 by B2 are in the open 42 position. Wind is shoWn coming from the includes casing 84 and extendable hydraulic rod 86. FIG. According to an leading edge 58 connected to torque arm 12 by connection embodiment of the invention. More details of the coordinating system 46 are shoWn in Drive shaft 22 runs from the top 32 of toWer 24 to the base FIG. 2 clam shell turbine blades 14 so that as one clam shell turbine and 3. These are turbine blades 14 A1 and B1. hydraulic cylinder 66 Referring noW to FIG. 2 as Well. 1 shoWs turbine blades 14 in the open position 42 described With regard to FIG. In this open 42 position. As more clearly shoWn in FIG. 7. in the direction of arroW 56. coordinating system 46 70. With the ?uid ?oW unnecessary drag in the upWind condition. Drive shaft 22 is supported Within the opposite turbine blade 14 is in the open 42 position. This airfoil. the are shoWn connected by connections 72 to opposite sides of ?rst system 48 includes a pair of linear bearings 50 con torque arm 12. Again.682. According to one embodiment. Hinged connections 76 attach control rods 64 Coordinating system 46 includes a second system 52. Linear more fully set forth hereafter With reference to FIG. 2—5. as shoWn in FIGS. TWo pairs of turbine blades 14 Structural frame 82 supports turbine blades 14 in their are shoWn With one pair each connected to a torque arm 12. 4b. bearing 50 on one end and to the upper half 16 and loWer driven device/positive displacement pump 38 is connected half 18 on the other ends as illustrated. turbine apparatus 10 of the 45 embodiment. US 6. ground anchors 30. clam shell turbine blades 14. 2. According to one embodiment of the invention. the tWo linear bearings 50. uninterrupted aerodynamic surface is pre streamlined con?guration and have no exposed connections sented. bearing 50 is any linear bearing noW knoWn or hereafter According to a preferred embodiment. to traveler 74. 7. one pair blade 14 closes the opposite clam shell turbine blade 14 is of control rods 64 are attached as just described to each of opened. the Each separate turbine blade 14 is connected to the torque symmetrical halves 16 and 18 are in the open 42 position and arm 12 opposite from another turbine blade 14. Second system 52 is to manifold 40 for providing a constant output from the also illustrated in part With regard to hydraulic cylinder 66. the opposite end of a torque arm 12 is in the closed 44 In this “upWind” con?guration. perfectly close According to a preferred embodiment. 35 to the turbine blade 14 and hinged connections 78 connect Second system 52 connects oppositely positioned pairs of control rods 64 to traveler 74. 5.302 B2 5 6 and lower half 18 of clam shell turbine blades 14 are ration is in an airfoil shape in the approximate form of a symmetrical. according to an embodiment of the invention. 4a and 4b. When 12 and to vertical torque transmission drive shaft 22 by one of a pair of turbine blades 14 is in the closed 44 position. As clearly shoWn in FIGS. 4b. aerodynamic. A pair of control rods 64 are connected to each linear displacement pump. FIG. the streamlined con?gu 48 Wherein extendable hydraulic rod 86 of hydraulic cylin . no supporting As a result. linear motion bearing support 62. Traveler left to the right by arroW 54. one turbine blade is open and/or opening While the Referring noW to FIGS. 2. 2. teardrop pairs of oppositely positioned turbine blades 14. driven device 38 is a positive 15 12. According to one embodiment. Torque arms 12 trailing edge 60. FIG. turbine blade 14 according to an embodiment of the inven Coordinating system 46 is also generally shoWn in FIG. 50. position as shoWn in FIG. air or Water. 1. upper half 16 mirrors loWer half 18. means of rotor hub 20. Upper half 16 and loWer half 18 each turbine blade 14. First system 48 includes a pair of linear 34 of toWer 24. a smooth. Where the clam shell turbine As shown in FIG. Wind. there are no overhangs or protuberances to create structure is exposed to the ?uid ?oW. 4a shoWs a opposite turbine blade 14 is closed and/or closing. According to an Linear motion bearing support 62 is connected to torque arm embodiment of the invention. air foil shape. Turbine blade 14 includes 25 and Will be disclosed more fully hereafter. That is. The 55 1 and 2. 14 and to the torque arm 12 as Will be more fully described Control rods 64 connect upper half 16 and loWer half 18 With reference to FIGS. poWer take off 36 connects bearings 50 connected to linear motion bearing support 62. leading edge 58 is doWnWind of includes a ?rst system 48 for controlling the opening and the direction of the ?uid. are connected to rotor hub 20 at the center of the torque arm In accordance With an embodiment of the invention. in a moving from right to left in the direction of arroW 54 in FIG. Second system 52 and hydraulic cylinder 66 are more fully FIG. each half mirroring the other. This structure greatly reduces drag and enhances the in the closed position 44 so as to provide minimal resistance 65 ef?ciency of Applicant’s turbine apparatus 10. since they are symmetrically formed. Turbine apparatus 10 is rotating 74 is also connected to extendable hydraulic rod 86. According to another embodiment. and FIG. a pair of torque arms 12 support tWo blades 14 are in the closed 44 position. according shape includes a larger leading-edge 58 and a tapered to a preferred embodiment of the invention. positive displacement pump. or the like. as shoWn in FIG. When one turbine blade 14 of a pair of turbine blades turbine blades 14 moving into the Wind or upWind are in the is in the open 42 position the turbine blade 14 connected to closed 44 position. For each pair of turbine blades ments in closer detail. Linear motion bearing rods 80 are connected to ground effect turbulence that affects most prior art devices. According to one In a preferred embodiment. teardrop as illustrated in FIG. drive shaft 22 With driven device 38. When turbine together. 7. to movement through a ?uid stream. 1 tion in the open 42 position. 7. moving from left to turbine blade 14 pair A1-A2 is connected to torque arm 12 right in the direction of arroW 54. catch ?uid. 3 shoWs these ele and in the closed position 44. moving from left to right in closing motion of the upper half 16 and the loWer half 18 of the direction of arroW 54. As shoWn in FIG. illustrate the operation of ?rst system In a further preferred embodiment. blades 14 are in the closed 44 position. second system 52 includes a closed loop hydraulic system as Linear bearing 50 is connected to torque arm 12. In fact. rotatable. preferred embodiment clam shell turbine blades 14 are of a 4b. That is to say. A3 While pair B1-B2 is connected to torque arm 12 B3.

That is. hydraulic ?uid in a closed loop betWeen hydraulic cylinder By Way of further explanation. blade’s 14 upper half 16 and loWer half 18. The tWo linear motion bearings 50 are gusty Wind situations. for example only. a user to extend the time it takes to open and close the Also shoWn are reinforcing ribs 88 located on the inside of turbine blades 14 thereby effectively reducing the speed With upper half 16 and loWer half 18 such that When turbine blade Which they rotate. the closed loop hydraulic system buffers closed loop betWeen hydraulic cylinders 66 A1 and A2. Control rods 64 are folded inside the collapsed turbine FIG. Regulating blades 14. by the drive shaft 22. ordinary skill levels for those in the art. as is knoWn in the art. four turbine blades turbine blades 14. bearing rods 80 in unison With the traveler 74.302 B2 7 8 der 66 has extended such that traveler 74 moves along linear controlled in opening and closing by means of coordinating motion bearing rods 80 drawing control rods 64 With it. While the 10 the ?oW of hydraulic ?uid in hydraulic line 100 can be speed of operation of turbine blades 14 may be controlled in reduced or stopped altogether. all the elements system 106 is connected to second system 52 so as to discussed With regard to FIG. FIG. As shoWn. and all positions in betWeen. for purposes of example only. regulating system 106 a preferred embodiment. regulating system 106 other Ways discussed more fully hereafter With regard to according to this embodiment enables a user to stop hydrau second system 52 and a rotational velocity governor. the process may be ment of the other hydraulic rod 86. Importantly. as clam shell turbine 66 A1 and hydraulic cylinder 66 A2.682. is connected to each extendable hydraulic rod 86 in a pair of According to a preferred embodiment. Certainly. Additionally. remotely oper 14 shoWn in the open 42 position and looking doWn Wind able valve 112 may serve as a rotational velocity governor into the inside of the turbine blade 14 is shoWn. another rotational velocity and control rods 64 removed. moving extend regulated as discussed above to move as quickly or as sloWly able hydraulic rod 86 from the extended position 102 to the as the operator desires. First system 48 According to one embodiment. connected to the positive displacement pump for regulating Further. 5. for example only. noid valve. 7 shoWs hydraulic cylinder 66 A1 With extendable 18 are pressed together. Hydraulic line 100 carries source to a poWer generating device (not shoWn). 1. are provided. hydraulic line 100 connects hydraulic cylinder 66 the output of the pump so as to provide a constant input A1 With hydraulic cylinder 66 A2. the layout according to governor according to an embodiment of the invention an embodiment of the invention is shoWn including the 35 includes connecting poWer take off (PTO)36 to the vertical linear motion support frame 62. In this . 5 With the turbine blade 14 Referring again to FIG. the speed of operation is retracted position 104 at hydraulic cylinder 66 A1 causes Within the operator’s control by any means noW knoWn or extendable hydraulic rod 86 at hydraulic cylinder 66 A2 to hereafter developed. The mechanisms for poWering and oper 14 is in the closed 44 position. remotely operable valve 112 enables connected one on either side of the hydraulic cylinder 66. 6 is a top vieW of FIG. the speed of movement move from the retracted position 104 to the extended may also be regulated simply by selecting hydraulic ?uids of position 102. is 18 such that they smoothly and accurately open and shut as connected to hydraulic line 100 and includes operating lever the control rods 64 ride up and doWn the linear motion 110. system 46 including ?rst system 48 and second system 52. upper half 16 and loWer half FIG. Thus. direction of arroW 98 With the Wind from the direction of According to a further embodiment. the driven device 38 arroW 54. The user then selects an connected to torque arm 12 and the linear bearings 50 and appropriately siZed driven device 38 and connects it to the the hydraulic cylinder 66 are located betWeen the tWo arms PTO 36. When in the closed 44 position. For example. That movement of one extendable hydraulic rod 86 causes move is. ribs 88 are not exposed to the ating the remotely operated valve 112 are Well Within ?uid stream. a vieW of a single turbine blade same function as manual valve 108. as illustrated. in high or means of traveler 74. 7 also illustrates a regulating system 106. the opening and closing action of clam shell blades 14. By moving operating lever 110. Again. as shoWn in FIG. an electronic sole stream. Cap 94 of support 62 anchors the such that the load placed on the drive shaft 22 by the driven ends of linear motion bearing rods 80 as previously dis device 38 matches the load placed on the driven device 38 cussed. Remotely operable effectively anchor the upper and loWer halves 16 and 18 valve 112 may be any type of valve noW knoWn or hereafter from any side to side and /or tWisting motion in the ?uid developed including. for example only. Remotely operable valve 112 may serve the Referring noW to FIG. a hydraulic priate load is obtainable With minimal calculation by those cylinder 66 connected to opposite ends of a torque arm 12. the tWo pairs of control rods 64 includes a remotely operable valve 112. 4a are covered by the turbine regulate the opening and closing of turbine blades 14. In this capacity. US 6. Further. Since traveler 74 65 varying viscosity. a manifold 40 is betWeen upper half 16 and loWer half 18 of turbine blade 14. 7 second system 52 includes. blades 14 rotate into the Wind. As used herein. Hydraulic ?uid moves through hydraulic rod 86 in an extended position 102 and hydraulic 55 hydraulic lines 100 so that one oppositely positioned clam cylinder 66 A2 With extendable hydraulic rod 86 in a shell turbine blade 14 is forced open While the other is pulled retracted position 104. of the turbine apparatus 10 may be controlled. according to According to another embodiment. of ordinary skill in the art so as to accommodate various Torque arm 12 rotates about the center of rotation 96 in the 45 ?uid environments. In this manner the rotational velocity Referring noW to FIG. For example. In cylinder 66 is connected as discussed above to torque arm 12 accordance With another embodiment. regulating system includes a controls the movement of the upper and loWer halves 16 and manual valve 108. Manual valve 108. an “appropriate siZe” means a siZe 90 and 92 of support 62. Here the as Well. ?rst lic ?uid ?oW completely so as to freeZe the turbine blades 14 system 48 is also controllable by varying the ease With against rotation While the turbine apparatus 10 is being Which traveler 74 is free to move up and doWn linear motion 15 installed on top of toWer 24. 1. An appro according to an embodiment of the invention. turbine blades 14 are coordinated and 14. for example. support 62 is torque transmission drive shaft 22. Each hydraulic is a positive displacement pump for pumping Water. Because hydraulic line 100 forms a shut. both When opening and closing. bearing rods 80. a user remotely operates valve 112 layout according to an embodiment of the invention is to reduce the ?oW of hydraulic ?uid through hydraulic line shoWn Wherein tWo pairs of control rods 64 are connected by 25 100 until the opening and closing of the turbine blades 14 is hinged connections 76 to tWo linear motion bearings 50 by suited to the speed of ?uid ?oW.

This permits the closed loop hydraulic system transfers a bidirectional the use of a lightWeight toWer 24 With ef?cient guy Wires 26 force betWeen the pairs of turbine blades 14 so that as one resisting the overturning moment induced by the Wind. In fact. it is clear Opposing turbine blades. and of the Wind acting on the tWo aspect con?gurations of the compressors. clam and regulated by a closed loop hydraulic system that ensures shell turbine blades 14 are oriented in a horiZontal plane and that While one is open the other must be collapsed. the turbine blade 14 is clam shell turbine blade 14. 1 also illustrates a preferred embodiment of the turbine blades could be accommodated by the invention as present invention Wherein the clam shell turbine blades 14 15 Well. period in the rotation of the turbine blades 14 While another By Way of further explanation. operating in a clam shell mode and structur mum starting torque is obtained With the turbine blades 14 ally supported by torque arm 12. capabilities of those ordinarily skilled in the art. to a doWnWind. moveably connected/hinged at their approximately one-third of the Wind’s velocity. delivered to the vertical torque transmission drive shaft 28. clam shell turbine blade 14 is turbine apparatus combines the bene?ts of both “drag” and fully closed. The point is Still further. the rotational response delay it in turn sets an upper limit on the rotational velocity of the turbine blades 14 can have any value betWeen 45 velocity of the turbine blades 14 for a corresponding Wind Zero and the current velocity of the Wind or other motive velocity. Again. Applicant’s turbine apparatus 10 is inherently 34 of the toWer 24 rather than at the top 32. exactly by its opposite partner. further reducing the both the actuation of the con?guration change and the force Weight that must be supported by toWer 24. While the ?rst system 48 controls the side to side In summary. a “rotational velocity governor” 35 A shift in Wind direction simply causes the period of is provided by matching the load imposed on the turbine con?guration change to vary in the affected turbine blade 14 apparatus 10 to the requirements of the turbine apparatus 10. thereby providing tWo separate opened to present a maximum surface area for the Wind to hydraulic lines 100 for coordinating and smoothly control bear against. hoWever. That is. to fully open are also controllingly coordinated by second system 52. 10/turbine blades 14 is held to a value that is equal to essentially identical. are symmetrically located about a vertical axis. shaft 28. That is. preferably contains an even number of one clam shell turbine blade 14 may be in. by carefully engineering the area 48 in a manner that “balances” its operation against the pull and extension of the turbine blades 14 and mating this to a of gravity With its partner. a hydraulic cylinder 66 is connected to each On the doWnWind poWer stroke. collapsed and streamlined 65 turbines. It is the Since Wind velocity tends to vary in horiZontal strata near differential force of the Wind acting on the linked pair of the earth’s surface. may be located at the toWer base 34 of paired clam shell turbine blades 14 that is responsible for Applicant’s invention rather than aloft. poWer from turbine appa fully open turbine blade 14 is producing the poWer stroke for ratus 10 is delivered as a torque moment about vertical drive that cycle and utiliZes a different portion of the Wind stream. ling the opening and closing of opposite sides of clam shell On the upWind stroke. The only force required to the ef?ciency of the turbine apparatus 10 can be maintained manipulate the paired halves is that Which is required to at the optimum levels in all operating conditions such that overcome system inertia and the frictional loss of the the torque arm rotates Within an optimum range. the turbine apparatus 10 according to an and tWisting movement of the halves. Therefor. Upper half 16 and loWer at rest. That is. to lift it. second system 52 ensures that streamlined con?guration providing lift and minimiZing When one clam shell turbine blade 14 is fully open the other. it should be obvious to one of ordinary skill in the con?guration. Further. less load is required. the oppositely positioned clam shell turbine blade 14 is in the same turbine blades 14 With each blade’s gravity load balanced percentage position of closure. to those of ordinary skill that an uneven number of FIG. such as Water. unless there half 18 are linked to each other and controlled by ?rst system is movement. This enables the force to be delivered at the base Further. as loWer half 18 drops due properly ?tted load. to optimiZe the differ lated rapid movement. turbine apparatus 10 against abrupt and damaging unregu Which operate in a horiZontal plane. are oppositely positioned on torque arms 12 and are sym metrically positioned around rotor hub 20. located above the turbine blades 14 that is responsible for activating the variable ground effect air. Whose 55 to gravity’s pull. As previously discussed. Any means noW knoWn or closing of the turbine blades 14 is distinct from that portion hereafter developed for applying a variable load is appro of the Wind stream that actually imparts poWer to the opened priate for the purposes of the invention and is Within the turbine blades 14. any and sensitive to Wind direction change. In fact. This change is initiated during a 25 optimum designed altitude. ential in the drag force generated by the turbine blades 14 as While the preferred embodiment is directed to Wind they cycle from an upWind. system. all the positions from fully closed airfoil “lift” designs as discussed herein. It should be obvious. second system 52 and embodiment of the present invention is a vertical axis regulating system 106 cooperate to control and regulate turbine apparatus that utiliZes articulated turbine blades 14. pumps. top.682. Whatever percentage of completely open Further. regulating system 106 is multifunctional in that. no Work can be done or energy extracted. US 6. the corresponding force is transferred to the poWer curve matches that of the turbine apparatus 10 design. generators. turbine blade 14 is collapsed to its turbine blades 14. Turbine apparatus of Applicant’s design can be anchored in . It is the differential force all appropriate transmission gearing. Importantly. clam shell blades. upper half 16. in addition to enabling con?guration change and a impacting on the surface of turbine blades 14. It has been determined that optimum poWer is In a preferred embodiment. ?uid. driven device 38 for example. 14 are linked from this illustration that in a preferred embodiment. operates Wholly Within air at the con?guration change. While maxi leading-edge. opened and cupped. con?gu art that the turbine can be used in any ?uid. the turbine apparatus 10 is symmetrical about a 1O vertical axis and. resulting in a torque force about a vertical axis.302 B2 10 embodiment. it should be noted that the portion of the Wind In high Wind conditions. drag and its corresponding energy loss. each clam shell turbine blade extracted When the velocity of the turbine apparatus 14 is con?gured of tWo component halves 16 and 18. turbine apparatus 10. blade opens the other must collapse and vice versa. ration. in loW Wind stream that is responsible for effecting the opening and conditions. more load is applied. pairs. Applicant’s directly oppositely positioned. Again. since turbine apparatus 10 operates in response to Wind that.

Wherein the turbine blades. a second assembly attached to the second end of the 3. to the second turbine blade for opening the ?rst turbine 12. a second hydraulic cylinder coupled to the second assem 17. and linearly at the ?rst end of the torque arm. and posed betWeen the ?rst hydraulic cylinder and the second coordinating means coupled to the ?rst turbine blade and hydraulic cylinder. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 18. the ?rst and the second blade halves 11. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 10. 15 a hydraulic line coupling the ?rst hydraulic cylinder to the a second turbine blade comprising a ?rst blade half and a second hydraulic cylinder. 1. further bly. second blade half. it should be bearing. Wherein the coordinating means comprises: a ?rst assembly attached to the ?rst end of torque arm and regulating system comprises a manually operable valve. Wherein the a linear bearing af?Xed to an end of the torque arm by a valve is manually operable. Wherein the a traveler movable in a direction determined by the linear valve is remotely controllable. Wherein the ?rst turbine blade and the second blade half of the ?rst regulating system comprises a remotely controllable valve. second blade half. bearing. the respective to open. wherein the second blade half of the second turbine blade so that coordinating means comprises: 35 subsequent to closing of a turbine blade. 25 13. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 12. and to the second assembly for controlling operation of 5. Wherein the the assemblies so that as the ?rst turbine blade is caused turbine blade control means further comprises a valve inter to open. and 15. Wherein each 19. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 12. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 3.682. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 16. 65 half of the turbine blade. for example. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 6. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 3. Wherein the of the second turbine blade conjoined substantially turbine blade control means further comprises a valve inter collinearly at the second end of the torque arm. Wherein the a control rod coupled betWeen the traveler and a ?rst half valve is controllable to regulate the How of hydraulic ?uid of the turbine blade. bearing support. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 1. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 16. control means for regulating the opening and closing of 2. further blade While concurrently closing the second turbine comprising a regulating system coupled to the turbine blade blade. 9. further torque arm and to respective interior surfaces of the comprising: ?rst blade half of the second turbine blade and the turbine blade control means coupled to the ?rst assembly second blade half of the second turbine blade and the and to the second assembly for controlling operation of second blade half of the second turbine blade so that the assemblies so that as the ?rst turbine blade is caused 45 subsequent to closing of a turbine blade. a control rod coupled betWeen the traveler and a second What is claimed is: half of the turbine blade. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 5. turbine blade in a ?uid. understood that there may be other embodiments Which fall a control rod coupled betWeen the traveler and a ?rst half Within the spirit and scope of the invention as de?ned by the of the turbine blade. and comprising: a hydraulic line coupling the ?rst hydraulic cylinder to the turbine blade control means coupled to the ?rst assembly second hydraulic cylinder. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 7.302 B2 11 12 the ocean and effectively capture energy from the Gulf a linear bearing af?Xed to an end of the torque arm by a stream. Wherein the a second assembly attached to the second end of the ?rst turbine blade is arranged in a closed con?guration torque arm and to respective interior surfaces of the according to Which the ?rst turbine blade presents a stream ?rst blade half of the second turbine blade and the lined pro?le to a ?uid environment. Wherein the a substantially linear torque arm having a ?rst end and a 10 turbine blade control means comprises: second end. a ?rst hydraulic cylinder coupled to the ?rst bearing a ?rst turbine blade comprising a ?rst blade half and a assembly. Wherein cylinder and the second hydraulic cylinder. posed in the hydraulic line betWeen the ?rst hydraulic 18. US 6. While the present invention has been disclosed in con a traveler movable in a direction determined by the linear nection With the preferred embodiments thereof. the ?rst and the second blade halves a second hydraulic cylinder coupled to the second bearing of the ?rst turbine blade conjoined substantially col assembly. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 9. the second turbine blade is caused to close. turbine blade. the respective a ?rst assembly attached to the ?rst end of torque arm and assembly is enclosed in a space formed by the ?rst to respective interior surfaces of the ?rst blade half of blade half and the second blade half of the turbine blade ?rst turbine blade and the second blade half of the ?rst in a manner that reduces resistance to movement of the turbine blade. A turbine apparatus comprising: 10. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 1. bearing support: 7. and turbine blade in a ?uid. to respective interior surfaces of the ?rst blade half of 14. Wherein the blade half and the second blade half of the turbine blade turbine blade control means comprises: in a manner that reduces resistance to movement of the a ?rst hydraulic cylinder coupled to the ?rst assembly. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 4. the second turbine blade is caused to close. Wherein the of the assemblies respectively comprises: turbine blade control means comprises: . second blade half of the second turbine blade and the 16. and folloWing claims. each of the assemblies respectively comprises: 6. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 3. and in the hydraulic line in response to the magnitude of the How a control rod coupled betWeen the traveler and a second of ?uid that impinges on the turbine blade. 8. assembly is enclosed in a space formed by the ?rst 4. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 15. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 2.

27. The apparatus of claim 24. The apparatus of claim 26 Wherein said streamlined 44. Wherein the symmetrical control opening and closing of said ?rst and second clam shell blades are of a streamlined con?guration so as to halves of each individual turbine blade and said second provide minimal resistance to movement through air. With ?rst and second clam shell blades subsequent to closing. and a) at least one torque arm connected to a torque trans a hydraulic line coupling the ?rst hydraulic cylinder to the mission drive shaft. further comprising an RPM mission drive shaft about a vertical aXis. Wherein the system connected betWeen each pair of symmetrical regulating system comprises a remotely controllable valve. adjustable clam shell blade regulating system connected to 25. control valve includes a remotely operable electronic sole 48. torque transmission arm applies torque to the torque trans 34. 52. said ?rst system connected to 25 40. The apparatus of claim 38 further comprising a regulating system connected to said coordinating system for 45 positive displacement pump connected to the torque trans regulating the operation of said coordinating system. The apparatus of claim 38 Wherein the at least one system comprises a closed loop hydraulic system. mission drive shaft. halves. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 21. The apparatus of claim 38 comprising tWo torque arms system further includes a remote control valve. The apparatus of claim 24 Wherein said ?rst and the closed loop hydraulic system for regulating the closed second halves are moveably connected to opposite sides of loop hydraulic system.302 B2 13 14 a ?rst hydraulic cylinder coupled to the ?rst bearing 37. The apparatus of claim 31.682. Amethod of capturing energy from a ?uid stream With 36. and 39. The apparatus of claim 42. The apparatus of claim 29. Wherein said ?rst and system further includes a control valve and Wherein the second halves are symmetrical clam shell blades of a stream control valve is selected from a group including: mechanical lined con?guration. further comprising a 45. Wherein said remote shell blades. US 6. The apparatus of claim 38 Wherein the symmetrical 35. a second hydraulic cylinder coupled to the second bearing 38. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 21. Wherein said coordinating system further comprises a ?rst and a second system. Wherein the ?rst system c) a coordinating system connected to said turbine blades comprises at least one linear motion bearing. The apparatus of claim 29. and tWo pairs of oppositely positioned symmetrical clam 32. The apparatus of claim 34 further comprising a drive clam shell blades are located in high air more than 100 shaft connected to said torque arm and a positive displace meters above ground. governor means connected to said coordinating system and 50. A turbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 16. system connected betWeen each pair of said turbine 41. 35 43. Wherein the clam shell blades With upper and loWer halves con turbine blade control means further comprises a valve inter posed betWeen the ?rst hydraulic cylinder and the second nected to the torque arm. The apparatus of claim 45 further comprising a system further includes a mechanical control valve. The apparatus of claim 40. second system comprising a closed loop hydraulic 23. tem is enclosed Within a space formed by said turbine 42. one pair connected to each torque arm. governor connected to the torque arm and the closed loop 28. Wherein said air foil is in hydraulic system. . Wherein said regulating 46. A turbine apparatus for capturing energy from a ?uid stream comprising: clam shell blade and close the oppositely positioned clam shell blade Wherein said coordinating system is a) a torque arm. The apparatus of claim 35 further comprising a 65 a turbine comprising the steps of: manifold connected to said positive displacement pump for a) connecting at least one torque arm to a torque trans regulating the output of said positive displacement pump. manifold connected to the positive displacement pump. and hydraulic cylinder. 29. 30. clam shell blades so as to simultaneously open one 24. rotates Within an optimum range. and comprising a regulating system coupled to the turbine blade d) Wherein the coordinating system further comprises a control means for regulating the opening and closing of ?rst system and a second system. c) a coordinating system connected to the symmetrical 21. The apparatus of claim 38 further comprising an blades subsequent to closing. The apparatus of claim 38. The apparatus of claim 24. Wherein the streamlined blades to close one turbine blade While opening the con?guration is in the form of an air foil With a larger opposite turbine blade Wherein said coordinating sys leading edge and a tapered trailing edge. 31. The apparatus of claim 38 further comprising an RPM con?guration is an air foil. oppositely connected to said torque arm. The apparatus of claim 38. second hydraulic cylinder. Wherein the and loWer halves of each clam shell blade and the 15 regulating system comprises a manually operable valve. The apparatus of claim 25. further clam shell blades. for varying load applied to the torque arm the form of a tear drop With a larger leading edge and a as a function of Wind velocity so that the torque arm rotates tapered trailing edge. Wherein said regulating 47. mission drive shaft. connected to control opening and closing of the upper 22. selected from a group including: Wind and Water. ment pump connected to said drive shaft. said torque arm. enclosed Within a space formed by said symmetrical b) at least a pair of turbine blades. Wherein said ?rst system symmetrically located about a vertical aXis. clam shell blades are oriented in a horiZontal plane and are 33. the ?rst system turbine blades. A Wind turbine apparatus comprising: assembly. b) at least a pair of oppositely positioned symmetrical 20. and remotely operable control valves. The apparatus of claim 38 Wherein the symmetrical to said torque arm for varying load applied to said torque clam shell blades are located above ground out of ground arm as a function of ?uid velocity so that said torque arm effect turbulence. Aturbine apparatus as de?ned in claim 19. Wherein the regulating 26. The apparatus of claim 24 Wherein said ?uid stream is assembly. The apparatus of claim 38 Wherein the symmetrical noid valve. comprises at least one linear motion bearing and said second 55 49. The apparatus of claim 24. The apparatus of claim 27. 51. Within an optimum range.

The method of claim 52 further comprising the step of b) ?rst and second turbine blades respectively disposed at forming said symmetrical clam shell blades in the form of a the ?rst and second ends of the torque arm. as the ?rst turbine blade is caused to open. US 6. locating said symmetrical clam shell blades in Water. A method of regulating the operation of a turbine than 100 meters above ground. The method of claim 52 further comprising the step of hydraulic ?uid is controlled remotely. the method 57. 45 connecting a positive displacement pump to the torque transmission drive shaft. The method of claim 52 further comprising the step of 67. controlling relative movement of the bearing assem 56. loop hydraulic system connected betWeen each pair of 65. c) ?rst and second bearing assemblies respectively 54. locating said symmetrical clam shell blades above ground in 68. The method of claim 52 further comprising the step of attached to the ?rst and second turbine blades and the 25 ?rst and second ends of the torque arm. The method of claim 61 further comprising the step of symmetrical clam shell blades With upper and loWer connecting a manifold to the positive displacement pump for halves to said torque arm so that said symmetrical clam regulating the output of said positive output pump. blade Wherein said control system is enclosed Within a 66. the ?rst system connected to the upper said vertical torque transmission drive shaft such that said and loWer halves of each individual clam shell blade to control opening and closing of the upper and loWer clam shell blades rotate in a horiZontal plane about said halves and said second system comprising a closed vertical torque transmission drive shaft. lated by controlling the How of hydraulic ?uid in a hydraulic 59. the second turbine blade is caused to close. and connecting a regulating system to the closed loop hydraulic system. The method of claim 54 further comprising the step of assembly and to the second bearing assembly for adding a mechanical control valve to said regulating system. Wherein the How of 61. d) turbine blade control means coupled to the ?rst bearing 55. second turbine blades respectively open and close. The method of claim 52 Wherein step a) includes the shell blade step of providing a vertical torque transmission drive shaft Wherein the step of connecting said control system further and step b) includes the step of connecting said symmetrical comprises the step of connecting a ?rst system and a clam shell blades to said torque arm and said torque arm to 10 second system. c) connecting a control system to said symmetrical clam 64. assembly as de?ned in claim 67. The method of claim 52 further comprising the step of hydraulic ?uid is controlled manually.682. A method of regulating the operation of a turbine connecting an RPM governor to said torque arm and to said 35 assembly as de?ned in claim 66. 53. The method of claim 52 further comprising the step of cylinder. The method of claim 52 Wherein step b) includes the said symmetrical clam shell blades so as to close one 15 step of moveably connecting said upper and loWer halves to clam shell blade While opening the opposite clam shell opposite sides of said torque arm. 58.302 B2 15 16 b) connecting at least one pair of oppositely positioned 62. a) a torque arm having a ?rst end and a second end. * * * * * . The method of claim 54 further comprising the step of blies so that. Wherein the How of 60. A method of regulating the operation of a turbine Wind out of ground effect turbulence. The method of claim 52 further comprising the step of mission drive shaft. A method of regulating the operation of a turbine space formed by said symmetrical clam shell blades assembly Which turbine assembly comprises: subsequent to closing. adding a remote control valve to said regulating system. The method of claim 56 further comprising the step of comprising regulating the rate at Which the ?rst and adding a remotely operable electronic solenoid valve. assembly as de?ned in claim 67. shell blades rotate in a plane about said torque trans 63. tear drop With a larger leading edge and a tapered trailing edge. Wherein the rate at Which closed loop hydraulic system for varying load applied to said the ?rst and second turbine blades open and close is regu torque arm as a function of Wind velocity so that said torque arm rotates Within an optimum range. locating said symmetrical clam shell blades in high air more 69.