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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI

AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

VII.1 Plan Of Foundation

Foundation Calculations grouped into 1 Type


1 Type 1

a. TYPE 1
1 STRUKTUR MODEL

Bp

Lpc1

Tpc

Bpc Lpc

2 Geometri dan Karakteristik Material


2.1 Design Code
- ACI 318-05

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

2,2 Data Pondasi


- Pile Cap dimension
Lenght of pile cap (Lpc) = 800 mm
Width of pile cap (Bpc) = 800 mm
Pile cap thickness Tpc = 400 mm

- Pedestal dimension :
Width of pedestal (Bpd) = 500 mm
Lenght of pedestal (Lpd) = 500 mm
Height of pedestal (Hpd) = 1000 mm

3 Material Properties :
- Grade of concrete ( fc' ) K 361 = 30,0 kg/cm2
- Grade of reinforcing bar ( fy ) = 400 kg/cm2
3
- Units weight of original soil (gs) = gsoil = 1800 kg/m
3
- Spesific gravity of concrete ( gc ) gconcrete = 2400 kg/m

4 Loads Data
* Load from Upper Structure
LOAD DUE TO PERMANENT LOAD : ( 1DL + 1LL )
LEFT ( joint 32 )
Px = 19,76 Kg
Py = 13,2 Kg
Pz = 1518,2 Kg

LOAD DUE TO TEMPORARY LOAD : ( 1DL + 1LL + 1W )


LEFT ( joint 32 )
Px = 45,63 Kg
Py = 43,6 Kg
Pz = 5241,91 Kg

Load due to permanent Load


Normal Loads ( Pu ) : Pz
- Reaction of structural analysis ( Static load ) : Wt = 1518,2 kg
- Self weight foundation
Pedestal 600 kg
Pile cap = 614 kg
Pz = 2.733 kg

5 Pile Calculation
.5.1 Beban
Working
kerja
Loadsetiap
on pile
each pile
( Pi ) ( Pi )
* Pile Arrangement
Strouss pile dpl = 30 cm Length of strs pl L = 450 cm
No. of piles N := 1 piles

* Loading Condition
- Vertical loads Pz : = 2.732,60 Kg
- Horisontal Loads Px : = 19,76 Kg
Py : = 5,93 Kg
- Self weight of pile Pp : = 972,00 Kg

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

- Working Moment above pile Mx : = 0,00 Kg m


My : = 0,00 Kg m

Loads due to permanent loads


* Aksial Forces :
S V --------> S V = PZ + Weight of strouss pile
Pi =
N = 3.705 Kg
N := 1 piles
Pi = 3.705 Kg/ pile

Loads due to temporary loads


* Reaction from pile
Pz --------> S V = PZ + Weight of strouss pile
P1.max =
n = 7.428 Kg
= 7.428 Kg/pile N := 1 piles

5,2 Allowable capacity of Concrete pile (single )


From Investigation Report, we found data as follows :
Point No. S - II ( SEE ATTACHMENT )
And L = EL. - 4,5
4D = 1,2 m ; —-> H- 8 D = 3,3 m
4D = 1,2 m ; —-> H + 3D = 5,7 m
Avarage Value
Kedalaman qc Q tf
2 )
(m) ( Kg/cm ( kg/cm )
1 3,4 8 113,3
2 3,6 4 116
3 3,8 4 120
4 4 10 128
5 4,2 12 133,3
6 4,4 13 140
7 4,6 15 153,3
8 4,8 20 166,7
9 5 40 180
10 5,2 50 193,3
11 5,4 50 206,7
12 5,6 50 233,3
13 5,8 50 253,3
326,00 2137,20

Qc x A pile Q tf x Opile
Qallow = +
3 5

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

Where
bpile = dpile = 30 cm
2
Apile = Cross Section Area of pile ( 1/4 p dpile ) 706,5 cm2
Opile = Circumferential of pile ( p dpile ) ) 94,2 cm
Qtf = Cumulative Friction Value at Skin of the Pile = 164,40 ( kg/cm )
Qc = Cone Resistance Value at Pile Tip = 25,08 ( Kg/cm 2 )
= The mean value of conus along up distance 4 D from pile tip
= The mean value of conus along down distance 4 D from pile tip

Q allow = 5.906 + 3.097

= 9.003 Kg

Q allow = 9.003 Kg > PL = 7.428 Kg --------> OK

6 Design Pile Cap


6.1 Data
Pile cap
Pile Data
cap
- Thickness of concrete pile cap (Tpc) = 400 mm
- Concrete Cover (d' ) = 75 mm
- Distance from the extreme Compression fiber to the center of tension
reinforcement (d) = 325 mm
- Reinforcing steel bar, yield strength (fy) = = 400 MPa
- Elastic Modulus of steel (Es) = 200.000 MPa
- Concrete Compressive strength at 28 days on cylinder (fc) = 30,0 MPa
- Building strength reduction factor (Øb) = 0,90
- Shear strength reduction factor (Øv) = 0,85
- Concrete Compressive strength reduction factor ( b1 ) = 0,85

6.2 Analisis
Structural
Struktur
analysis
Unfactored Load
* DEAD LOAD
Pz = 1.518 Kg

Factored Load
= 1.6 DEAD LOAD
SV = 2.429 Kg

Reaction pile due to factored load :


SV --------> n = 1 pile
Reaction Pile load =
n
= 2.429 Kg

####

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

a = 250 mm
a1 = 400 mm L = 400 mm
b= 800 mm Bpc = 800 mm
b1 = 500 mm dpiling = 300 mm

Factored Column load


* Pile load Pua = 7428 kg

SPu --------> A pc = dpc x L 3200 cm2


q avg =
A pc
2
= 2,321 kg/cm

Due to the location of the resultant generated in the middle of footing, foot pressure factor is
Factored pressure on footing per length of footing

SPu ----------> Bpc = 800 mm


Qu =
Bpc
= 92,85 kg/cm

Shear diagram :
point 1:
Vu = Qu x a1 - Pua ----------> a1 = 40,00 cm
= -3.714 kg

Moment diagram :
point 1:
Mu = 1/2 Qu x a12 - Pua x 1/2 dpl ----> 1/2 dpll = 15 cm
= -37.142 kgcm

6,3 Shear Design


Assume the reinforcements are ; rebar (f) = 13 mm
the effective depth d = (Tft - d' -D bar ) = 312 mm

Check againt Punching Shear ( two way section )

ds

d Tpc
d'
d
Critical section Tpc = 400 mm
for shear
d/ dpl = 300 mm
d' = 75 mm
d= 312 mm
ds = dpl + d = 612 mm

Check againts Punching Shear ( two way section )


Area below critical section ( A )
2
A = 0,25 p ds ----------> ds = 61 cm
2
= 2940 cm

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

Perimeter of punching shear is


p = p ds
= 192 cm

Factored shear force in critical section


Pua - (q mean x A ) ----------> Pua = 7428 kg
Vu =
pxd q mean = 2,32 kg/cm2
d = 31,20 cm
= 0,10 N

Punching Shear strenght of concrete


fv .Vc = 0.75 x 4( f'c )1/2 f'c = 29,96 mPa

fv .Vc = 16,42 N > 0,10 N OK

Conclusion
The Slab with 400 mm can be used

6,4 Flexure design


a. Moment at face pedestals :
maximum moment at midspan of the plate is ( at point 2 )
Bending Moment happens
Mu2 = -371 kgm = -3642 N-m

b .Reinforcement
Mu
Mn' =
Øb
= -4047 N-m

Nominal Moment Strength Provided by section :


Mn = As x fy x (d - a/2 )

assuming = (d - a/2) = 0.90 d

It is obtained for As , as follows :

Mn' = Mn

(4.047.191) = As x fy x 0.90 d

= Mn
As
fy x 0.9 d
2
= -34,59 mm ( for bft = 1000 mm width of footing )

For equilibrium of forces :

C = T or 0.85 x fc' x b x a = As x fy

so, that As x fy ----------> fy = 400 Mpa


a =
0.85 x f'c x b f'c = 29,963 Mpa
b = 1000 mm
= -0,54 mm

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

Revision As value
Mn = As x fy x ( d - a/2 ) ----------> fy = 400 Mpa
d = 312 mm
Mn = (4.047.191) kgmm
2
As = Mn = -32,4 mm
fy x ( d - a /2 )

Check Limit of Reinforcement :


Reinforcement ratio :
As ----------> As = -32 mm2
r =
b x d d = 312 mm
b = 1000 mm
= -0,000104

Minimum reinforcement ratio,


r min = 0,00350 > r min = 4/3 r = -0,00014

Therefore use : r min = 0,00350

As = r min x b x d = 1092,00 mm2

2
13 @ 120 ( As = 1105,54 mm )

For application, we use tension / compression rebar


f 13 @ 120 ( As = 1105,54 mm2 )

7 PEDESTAL CALCULATION
7.1 Material Data
Length of Pedestal ( hpd ) = 500 mm
Width of Pedestal ( bpd ) = 500 mm
Depth of Pedestal ( lpd ) = 1000 mm
Concrete cover ( d') = 50 mm
(d) = 450 mm
Elastic Modulus of steel (Es ) 200000 Mpa
Concrete Compressive Strength at 28 days on cylinder fc' = 30,0 Mpa
Grade of reinforcing bar ( fy ) BJTP 24 for dia < 13 = 240 Mpa
Grade of reinforcing bar ( fy ) BJTP 40 for dia > 13 = 400 Mpa
Bending Strength reduction factor ( f b ) = 0,90
Shear Strength reduction factor ( f v ) = 0,85
Concrete compressive Strength reduction factor ( b1 ) = 0,85

7.2 Bending reinforcement


Factored loads :
* Load from upper structure
LOAD DUE TO PERMANENT LOAD :
Px = 45,63 kg
Py = 43,60 kg
Pz = 5241,91 kg

Nominal Axial load Pn(max)

Pu = Pz = 5.242 kg

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

Mx : = Fx H ----------> H2 = 1,000 m
= 44 kgm

Pu ----------> f = 0,65
Pn =
f

Pn = 8064 Kg
= 79088 N = 79,09 KN
Tried :
2
Rebar 6 # 16 ( As = 1206,9 mm )
2
Rebar 6 # 16 ( As' = 1206,9 mm )
2
As = As' = 1206,9 mm
2
Ast = 2413,7 mm

Ag = bxh ----------> b = 500 mm, h = 500 mm

= 225.000 mm2

As
r = = 0,01073 1% < r < 8%
bd

Pn(max) = 0.8 x {'0.85 x f'c x ( Ag - Ast ) + Ast x f y }


= 6.132.383,1 N
= 6.132,4 KN > Pu = 79,09 KN OK

Mu
e = = 8,32 mm
Pu

600
Cd = d = 321,4 mm
600 + fy

ab = b x Cb = 273,21 mm

Cb - d'
fs' = 0.003 x Es x = 506,7 Mpa > fy = 240 Mpa
Cb

Dan, fs' = fy

Balance condition to axial load


Pnb = ( 0.85 x fc' x b x ab ) + ( As x fs' - As' x fy ) = 3.479.185,85 N

h - ab h h
Mnb = 0.85 x fc' x b x ab x { }+ As' x fs' { } - d + As x fy ,d - { }
2 2 2 2

Mnb = 510.373.110 N

Mnb
eb = = 146,7 mm
Pnb

eb = 147 mm > e = 8 mm --->


Compression failure condition

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

b = 500 mm d' = 50 mm
h = 500 mm f'c = 30,0 mPa
d = 450 mm fy = 240 mPa

Compression Control
b x h x fc' As' x fy
Pn = +
3 x he e
2 + 1.18 + 0.5
d d - d'

7.490.750 289645,714
= +
1,24 0,52
= 6.589.248 N
= 6589,25 KN > Pu = 79,1 KN ( ok )

3 h e
= 0,06
d2
e
= 0,02
d - d'

Conclusion :
The pedestal section is adeguate to resist the applied force.
For the practical design, be used " four faces reinforced " : 12 D 16

7.3 Shear reinforcement


Design Shear ( Px = HUD )
HUD = 45,63 kg = 0,447 KN
Shear capacity of concrete ( Vc )

1/2
Vc = 0.17 x fc' xbxd =
= 209374,64 N = 209,37 KN

Internal shear force ( Vn )

HU ---->f v = 0,85
Vn =
fv
Vn = 0,75 KN < Vc = 209,37 KN

Vn < Vc Conclusion : Shear reinforcement is not required, hence use minimum reinforcement

Tried
2
Stirrup f8 2 x Av = 100,6 mm
Selected the least space between stirrup ( S )

S < 600 mm

S < 0.5 d -----> 225,0 mm

S < Av . fy . d
Vn - Hu

S < 60683,027 mm

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

Av min = bw - S
3 fy
= 97,22 mm2 < 2 xAv = 100,57 mm2 ---------> Ok!
Hence,
Used shear reinforcement ---->  8 140

8 BORE PILE CALCULATION


8.1 Material Data
- Diameter of bore pile ( Dp ) = 300 mm
- Concrete Cover (d' ) = 50 mm
- Diameter effective of bore pile ( d ) = 245 mm
- Length of bore pile ( Lp ) = 4500 mm
- Elevation top pile from original ground = 1300 mm
- Elevation Top pedesdal level = 300 mm
- Distance Top pile to top pedestal level = 1600 mm
- Elastic Modulus of steel (Es ) = 200000 Mpa
- Concrete Compressive Strength at 28 days on cylinder = 0,33 fc' = 10 Mpa
- Grade of reinforcing bar ( fy ) BJTP 24 for dia < 13 = 240 Mpa
- Grade of reinforcing bar ( fy ) BJTP 40 for dia > 13 = 400 Mpa
- Concrete compressive Strength with reduction factor = 0,70

8.2 Bending reinforcement


* Load from upper structure
LOAD DUE TO PERMANENT LOAD :
Px = 45,63 kg
Py = 43,60 kg
Pz = 5241,91 kg

Nominal Axial load Pn(max)

Pu = Pz = 5.242 kg = 51 kN

Mx : = Fx H ----------> H2 = 1600,000 m
= 69.760 kgm

Pu ----------> f = 0,7
Pn =
f

Pn = 7488 Kg

= 73439 N = 73,44 KN

Tried :
2
Rebar 3 # 10 ( As = 235,7 mm )
2
Rebar 3 # 10 ( As = 235,7 mm )

2
As = As' = 235,7 mm
2
Ast = 471,4 mm

Ag = bxh ----------> b = 300 mm, h = 300 mm

2
= 70.714 mm

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

As
r = = 0,00667 1% < r < 8%
Ag

Pn(max) = 0.8 x {'0.85 x f'c x ( Ag - Ast ) + Ast x f y }

= 564.768,4 N

= 564,8 KN > Pu = 51,41 KN OK

Mu
e = = 13308,13 mm
Pu

600
Cd = d = 175,0 mm
600 + fy

ab = b x Cb = 122,50 mm

Cb - d'
fs' = 0.003 x Es x = 428,6 Mpa > fy = 240 Mpa
Cb

And, fs' = fy

Balance condition to axial load


Pnb = ( 0.85 x fc' x b x ab ) + ( As x fs' - As' x fy ) = 44.449,0 N

h - ab h h
Mnb = 0.85 x fc' x b x ab x { }+ As' x fs' { } - d + As x fy ,d - { }
2 2 2 2

Mnb = 23.303.446 N

Mnb
eb = = 524,3 mm
Pnb

eb = 524 mm < e = 13308 mm --->


Tension failure condition

b = 300 mm d' = 50,0 mm


h = 300 mm f'c = 9,9 mPa
d = 245 mm fy = 240 mPa

Tension failure
2 1/2
Pn = 0.85 x f'c x b x d x [ ( 1 - e' / d ) + { ( 1 - e' / d ) + 2 m r ( 1- d' / d ) } ]
= 620.306 x ( 2884,403 + 53,70664 )
= 620.306 x 54,204
= 33623297 N

= 33623 KN > Pu = 73,4 KN ( ok )

e' = { e +( d - h/2 )} = 13403 mm : ( 1 - e' /d ) = -53,7 mm

fy ( 1 - d' /d ) = 0,796 mm
m = = 28,4 mm :
0.85 x f' c

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PIPE BRIDGE PIPA AMONIAK & CO2 DARI
AMURA II KE PABRIK 1
ENGINEERING DESIGN PT PANCA INDAH JAYAMAHE

Conclusion :
The bore pile section is adeguate to resist the applied force.
For the practical design, be used : 6 f 10

8.3 Shear reinforcement


Design Shear ( Px = HUD )
HUD = 45,63 kg = 0,447 KN
Shear capacity of concrete ( Vc )

1/2
Vc = 0.17 x fc' xbxd =
= 39371,89 N = 39,37 KN

Internal shear force ( Vn )

HU ---->f v = 0,70
Vn =
fv
Vn = 0,75 KN < Vc = 39,37 KN

Vn < Vc Conclusion : Shear reinforcement is not required, hence use minimum reinforcement

Tried
2
Stirrup f8 2 x Av = 100,6 mm
Selected the least space between stirrup ( S )

S < 600 mm

S < 0.5 d -----> 122,5 mm

S < Av . fy . d
Vn - Hu
S < 19823,122 mm

Av min = bw - S
3 fy
= 62,50 mm2 < 2 xAv = 100,57 mm2 ---------> Ok!
Hence,
Used shear reinforcement ---->  8 150

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