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Transportation Energy Intensity Indicators

This spreadsheet contains energy intensity indicators and underlying basic data for the transportation sector.

The second worksheet (General_inputs) is still under development. Cell F6 (primary base year) can be
changed to renormalize all the time series indexes to a different base year. As delivered, the base year is 1985.

Energy Intensity Indicators

The intensity indicators are organized in an hierarchical fashion, with energy intensity indicators for each level
of the hierarchy contained in a single worksheet (WS). The organization of the indicators in this spreadsheet
is as follows:

Level: 1 2 3 4
Total Transportation [WS: Total_Transportation]

Passenger Transportation [WS: Passenger_Total]


Highway Transportation [WS: Passenger-Highway]
Personal Vehicles (automobiles and light trucks) [WS: Personal_vehicles]
Busses [WS: Busses]
Air transportation (commercial carriers and general aviation) [WS: Passenger-Air]
Rail transportation (intercity and urban rail) [WS: Passenger-Rail]
Urban rail [WS: Urban_rail]

Freight Transportation (trucking, rail, air, water, and pipelines) [WS: Freight_Total]
Trucking (single-unit and combination) [WS: Freight-Trucks]
Pipelines (gas and oil) [WS: Pipelines]

Each worksheet with energy intensity indicators is arranged in a similar fashion. The following schematic shows
how the data and computed indexes are arranged:

Primary Data for Each Activity in this (From next lower Final Aggregate Indexes
Level of the Hierarchy level)[3] for this Level

Nominal
Energy
Energy Development
Consump- Intensitie of Indexes,
Energy tion s (e.g., Energy Energy Struc- Energy log mean
Type (Trillion Activity Btu/ton- Intensity Intensity tural Intensity Struc- Divisia
Year (1) Btu, TBtu) Levels (2) mile) Indexes Indexes Indexes Activity (4) ture method (5)

1949 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx
: : : : : : : : : : : :
2011 xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx xx

Notes:
(1) In this spreadsheet, all energy is defined in terms of delivered energy (Deliv)
(2) Activities for transportation are passenger-miles and freight ton-miles
(3) See separate discussion for treatment of structural effects in the indicators hierarchy
(4) In the second column of this yellow highlighted area is shown the Index of Aggregate Energy Intensity, defined as simply
(Total Energy)/(Total Activity). The component-based energy intensity, shown further to the right in the highlighted area,
is the Divisia-weighted aggregate intensity index, based upon weighting the separate component indexes. This index
does not include the impacts of structural change (e.g., compositional shifts between sectors with disparate energy
intensities). Thus, the component-based intensity index is the best measure of the underlying improvement in energy
efficiency at this level of indicators hierarchy.
(5) This section contains about 10 sets of columns that are used to develop the log mean Divisia weights and then
the application of these weights to develop the final intensity and structural indexes. Because there are gaps in the
underlying data, some entries in this portion of the worksheet will show #DIV/0! Entries.

Basic Data

The basic activity and energy data for the transportation sector are arranged in six worksheets at the end of spreadsheet:

Passenger-based Activity
Passenger-based Energy Use
Freight-based Activity
Freight-based Energy Use
Fuel_Comsump
Fuel Heat Content
General Inputs

Base Year for Indexes:


Primary 1985
Secondary (not used) 1996

Starting year for charts: 1985


Ending year for charts: 2003
Source/Delivered
1990
Transportation Sector
In Economy-wide index
Source 0.2783
Delivered 0.2783

Passenger 0.7218
Highway 0.8647
Personal vehicles 0.9870
Passenger cars
Light trucks
Motorcycles

Buses 0.0126
Urban
Intercity
School
Paratransit 0.0004

Rail 0.0045
Urban rail 0.8149
Commuter
Heavy
Light
Intercity rail 0.1851

Air 0.1308

Freight 0.2782
Highway - Trucks 0.7121
Single Unit 0.4384
Combination 0.5616
Rail 0.0731
Air 0.0551
Waterborne 0.0400
Pipelines (Natural gas) 0.1196
Appendix C Examples
Source/Delivered Energy
1990 2010

0.3014
0.3014

0.7080
0.8836
0.9861
0.6601 0.5345
0.3381 0.4623
0.0018 0.0032

0.0125
0.4667 0.4083
0.1471 0.2100
0.3861 0.3817
0.0004

0.0048
0.8431
0.3543 0.4022
0.6019 0.4989
0.0438 0.0989
0.1569

0.1115

0.2920
0.7798
0.3353
0.6647
0.0617
0.0527
0.0138
0.0919
0.4623
0.9861
0.8836
0.7080
0.2852

0.3014

0.0860
Freight

Energy Use
1970 1985
(TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%)
Trucking 1,980 54.3% 3,700 72.0%
Rail 528 14.5% 436 8.5%
Waterborne 208 5.7% 268 5.2%
Air 150 4.1% 194 3.8%
Pipelines (Gas) 778 21.4% 543 10.6%
Total 3,645 5,141

Activity
1970 1985
(mill. ton-miles) (%) (mill. ton-miles) (%)
Trucking 598,160 26.9% 909,203 31.3%
Rail 764,809 34.3% 876,984 30.2%
Waterborne 596,195 26.8% 892,970 30.7%
Air 3,755 0.2% 9,048 0.3%
Pipelines (Gas) 264,070 11.9% 219,537 7.6%
Total 2,226,990 2,907,742

Passenger
1970 1985
(TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%)
Highway 10,135 88.2% 12,530 88.0%
Automobiles 8,479 73.8% 8,932 62.7%
Light trucks 1,539 13.4% 3,414 24.0%
Air 1,306 11.4% 1,651 11.6%
Rail 48 0.4% 60 0.4%
Total 11,489 14,241

Note: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table

Activity
1970 1985
(mill. pass-miles) (%) (mill. pass-miles) (%)
Highway 2,058,732 92.1% 3,028,138 88.7%
Automobiles 1,741,730 78.0% 2,172,991 63.7%
Light trucks 221,915 9.9% 720,485 21.1%
Air 160,577 7.2% 363,373 10.6%
Rail 15,050 0.7% 22,096 0.6%
Total 2,234,358 3,413,607

Note: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table
Energy Use, Trillion Btu (TBtu)
2011 1970 1985
(TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%) (TBtu)
5,803 76.5% Trucking 1,980 54.3% 3,700
515 6.8% Rail 528 14.5% 436
108 1.4% Waterborne 208 5.7% 268
422 5.6% Air 150 4.1% 194
737 9.7% Pipelines (Gas) 778 21.4% 543
7,585 Total 3,645 5,141

Activity, Ton-miles
2011 1970 1985
(mill. ton-miles) (%) (mill. ton-miles) (%) (mill. ton-miles)
1,467,726 36.3% Trucking 598,160 26.9% 909,200
1,729,256 42.8% Rail 764,810 34.3% 876,980
499,748 12.4% Waterborne 596,200 26.8% 892,970
35,713 0.9% Air 3,760 0.2% 9,050
310,717 7.7% Pipelines (Gas) 264,070 11.9% 219,540
4,043,160 Total 2,226,990 2,907,740

Energy Use, Trillion Btu (TBtu)


2011 1970 1985
(TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%) (TBtu)
17,090 88.3% Highway 10,135 88.2% 12,530
9,029 46.6% Automobiles 8,479 73.8% 8,932
7,773 40.1% Light trucks 1,539 13.4% 3,414
2,180 11.3% Air 1,306 11.4% 1,651
94 0.5% Rail 48 0.4% 60
19,364 Total 11,489 14,241

s, not shown explicitly in table Note: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly

Activity, Passenger-miles
2011 1970 1985
(mill. pass-miles) (%) (mill. pass-miles) (%) (mill. pass-miles)
4,784,971 84.4% Highway 2,058,730 92.1% 3,028,140
2,505,820 44.2% Automobiles 1,741,730 78.0% 2,172,990
2,067,111 36.5% Light trucks 221,910 9.9% 720,490
847,791 15.0% Air 160,580 7.2% 363,370
37,617 0.7% Rail 15,050 0.7% 22,100
5,670,379 Total 2,234,360 3,413,610

s, not shown explicitly in table Notes: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly
Copy and Paste values

Energy Use, Trillion Btu (TBtu)


1985 2011 1970
(%) (TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%)
72.0% 5,803 76.5% Trucking 1,980 54.3%
8.5% 515 6.8% Rail 528 14.5%
5.2% 108 1.4% Waterborne 208 5.7%
3.8% 422 5.6% Air 150 4.1%
10.6% 737 9.7% Pipelines (Gas) 778 21.4%
7,585 Total 3,645

Activity, Ton-miles
1985 2011 1970
(%) (mill. ton-miles) (%) (mill. ton-miles) (%)
31.3% 1,467,730 36.3% Trucking 598,160 26.9%
30.2% 1,729,260 42.8% Rail 764,810 34.3%
30.7% 499,750 12.4% Waterborne 596,200 26.8%
0.3% 35,710 0.9% Air 3,760 0.2%
7.6% 310,720 7.7% Pipelines (Gas) 264,070 11.9%
4,043,170 Total 2,226,990

Energy Use, Trillion Btu (TBtu)


1985 2011 1970
(%) (TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%)
88.0% 17,090 88.3% Highway 10,135 88.2%
62.7% 9,029 46.6% Automobiles 8,479 73.8%
24.0% 7,773 40.1% Light trucks 1,539 13.4%
11.6% 2,180 11.3% Air 1,306 11.4%
0.4% 94 0.5% Rail 48 0.4%
19,364 Total 11,489

motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table Note: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown

Activity, Passenger-miles
1985 2011 1970
(%) (mill. pass-miles) (%) (mill. pass-miles) (%)
88.7% 4,784,970 84.4% Highway 2,058,730 92.1%
63.7% 2,505,820 44.2% Automobiles 1,741,730 78.0%
21.1% 2,067,110 36.5% Light trucks 221,910 9.9%
10.6% 847,790 15.0% Air 160,580 7.2%
0.6% 37,620 0.7% Rail 15,050 0.7%
5,670,380 Total 2,234,360

motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table Notes: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not show
1985 2011 Shares - Freight and Passenger
(TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%)
3,700 72.0% 5,803 76.5% 3645 5141
436 8.5% 515 6.8% 11489 14241
268 5.2% 108 1.4% 15134 19382
194 3.8% 422 5.6%
543 10.6% 737 9.7% 0.241 0.265
5,141 7,585 0.759 0.735

Btu/ton-mile
1985 2011
(mill. ton-miles) (%) (mill. ton-miles) (%)
909,200 31.3% 1,467,730 36.3% 3310 4070
876,980 30.2% 1,729,260 42.8% 691 497
892,970 30.7% 499,750 12.4% 349 300
9,050 0.3% 35,710 0.9% 39935 21460
219,540 7.6% 310,720 7.7% 2948 2473
2,907,740 4,043,170

FOR FINAL TABLE

Energy Use, Trillion Btu (TBtu)


1985 2011 1970
(TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%) (TBtu)
12,530 88.0% 17,090 88.3% Highway 10,135
8,932 62.7% 9,029 46.6% Automobiles 8,479
3,414 24.0% 7,773 40.1% Light trucks 1,539
1,651 11.6% 2,180 11.3% Air 1,306
60 0.4% 94 0.5% Rail 48
14,241 19,364 Total 11,489

para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table Note: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and moto

Activity, Passenger-miles
1985 2011 1970
(mill. pass-miles) (%) (mill. pass-miles) (%) (mill. pass-miles)
3,028,140 88.7% 4,784,970 84.4% Highway 2,058,730
2,172,990 63.7% 2,505,820 44.2% Automobiles 1,741,730
720,490 21.1% 2,067,110 36.5% Light trucks 221,910
363,370 10.6% 847,790 15.0% Air 160,580
22,100 0.6% 37,620 0.7% Rail 15,050
3,413,610 5,670,380 Total 2,234,360

s, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table Notes: Highway also includes buses, para-transit, and mo
FOR FINAL TABLE

Energy Use, Trillion Btu (TBtu)

7585 Trucking
19364 Rail
26950 Waterborne
Air
0.281 Pipelines (Gas)
0.719 Total

Activity, Ton-miles

3954 Trucking
298 Rail
217 Waterborne
11825 Air
2372 Pipelines (Gas)
Total

1970 1985 2011


(%) (TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%)
88.2% 12,530 88.0% 17,090 88.3%
73.8% 8,932 62.7% 9,029 46.6%
13.4% 3,414 24.0% 7,773 40.1%
11.4% 1,651 11.6% 2,180 11.3%
0.4% 60 0.4% 94 0.5%
14,241 19,364

des buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table

1970 1985 2011


(%) (mill. pass-miles) (%) (mill. pass-miles) (%)
92.1% 3,028,140 88.7% 4,784,970 84.4%
78.0% 2,172,990 63.7% 2,505,820 44.2%
9.9% 720,490 21.1% 2,067,110 36.5%
7.2% 363,370 10.6% 847,790 15.0%
0.7% 22,100 0.6% 37,620 0.7%
3,413,610 5,670,380

udes buses, para-transit, and motorcycles, not shown explicitly in table


NAL TABLE

Use, Trillion Btu (TBtu)


1970 1985 2011
(TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%) (TBtu) (%)
1,980 54.3% 3,700 72.0% 5,803 76.5%
528 14.5% 436 8.5% 515 6.8%
208 5.7% 268 5.2% 108 1.4%
150 4.1% 194 3.8% 422 5.6%
778 21.4% 543 10.6% 737 9.7%
3,645 5,141 7,585

1970 1985 2011


(mill. ton-miles) (%) (mill. ton-miles) (%) (mill. ton-miles) (%)
598,160 26.9% 909,200 31.3% 1,467,730 36.3%
764,810 34.3% 876,980 30.2% 1,729,260 42.8%
596,200 26.8% 892,970 30.7% 499,750 12.4%
3,760 0.2% 9,050 0.3% 35,710 0.9%
264,070 11.9% 219,540 7.6% 310,720 7.7%
2,226,990 2,907,740 4,043,170
Total Transportation

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M], ton-miles [T-M


Delivered

All
Passenger All Freight Total All Passenger All Freight

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M Million T-M

Deliv 1970 11,489.3 3,644.8 15,134.1 2,234,358.1 2,226,989.5


Deliv 1971 12,063.0 3,782.5 15,845.5 2,361,158.1 2,255,023.3
Deliv 1972 12,885.7 4,054.5 16,940.2 2,524,062.8 2,346,091.8
Deliv 1973 13,423.7 4,272.5 17,696.2 2,610,994.4 2,452,197.2
Deliv 1974 12,892.8 4,207.7 17,100.5 2,552,817.6 2,430,091.8
Deliv 1975 13,209.3 4,090.6 17,299.9 2,633,675.4 2,249,247.9
Deliv 1976 13,941.9 4,248.7 18,190.6 2,786,313.5 2,392,175.4
Deliv 1977 14,194.6 4,525.2 18,719.8 2,912,472.6 2,491,257.6
Deliv 1978 14,713.5 4,917.7 19,631.2 3,056,317.7 2,819,582.7
Deliv 1979 14,334.8 5,109.2 19,444.0 3,047,485.1 2,893,652.9
Deliv 1980 13,370.1 5,153.5 18,523.6 3,028,037.8 2,922,081.6
Deliv 1981 13,283.7 5,204.0 18,487.8 3,058,631.5 2,881,982.0
Deliv 1982 13,162.4 5,039.5 18,201.9 3,123,825.3 2,701,827.6
Deliv 1983 13,417.1 4,999.1 18,416.2 3,236,151.9 2,825,468.9
Deliv 1984 13,835.6 5,205.4 19,041.0 3,330,890.6 2,945,585.0
Deliv 1985 14,240.9 5,141.3 19,382.3 3,413,606.7 2,907,741.7
Deliv 1986 14,779.7 5,203.8 19,983.5 3,496,312.9 2,893,428.2
Deliv 1987 15,061.1 5,392.6 20,453.7 3,624,585.3 3,050,272.0
Deliv 1988 15,401.2 5,605.9 21,007.1 3,767,834.9 3,158,830.1
Deliv 1989 15,556.2 5,723.2 21,279.5 3,839,091.8 3,143,923.6
Deliv 1990 15,421.9 5,944.3 21,366.3 3,882,764.6 3,206,747.9
Deliv 1991 14,903.0 5,885.5 20,788.5 3,908,959.4 3,258,347.4
Deliv 1992 15,493.0 5,982.3 21,475.3 4,045,067.6 3,330,862.4
Deliv 1993 15,926.8 6,172.1 22,098.9 4,116,069.9 3,368,197.5
Deliv 1994 16,254.1 6,572.0 22,826.1 4,221,176.9 3,573,614.1
Deliv 1995 16,525.2 6,837.7 23,362.8 4,324,251.6 3,737,067.7
Deliv 1996 16,960.7 6,969.4 23,930.1 4,469,332.4 3,785,873.0
Deliv 1997 17,366.0 7,094.3 24,460.4 4,611,535.0 3,786,579.1
Deliv 1998 17,810.3 7,292.3 25,102.6 4,746,371.8 3,810,432.3
Deliv 1999 18,461.9 7,536.0 25,997.9 4,881,452.6 3,897,735.3
Deliv 2000 18,477.1 7,803.4 26,280.4 5,028,061.2 3,955,038.9
Deliv 2001 18,484.5 7,739.3 26,223.8 5,081,213.8 3,973,183.3
Deliv 2002 18,700.9 8,080.6 26,781.5 5,173,994.9 4,033,981.6
Deliv 2003 19,326.0 7,764.6 27,090.6 5,266,547.2 4,082,530.3
Deliv 2004 19,709.9 7,894.0 27,603.9 5,487,037.3 4,239,425.3
Deliv 2005 19,550.4 8,087.5 27,637.9 5,591,722.3 4,254,197.8
Deliv 2006 19,614.3 8,238.7 27,853.1 5,679,510.4 4,286,919.0
Deliv 2007 19,708.6 8,340.9 28,049.5 5,764,375.9 4,320,671.5
Deliv 2008 19,161.5 8,356.4 27,517.9 5,631,962.0 4,310,506.5
Deliv 2009 18,983.7 7,718.0 26,701.8 5,603,626.0 3,879,729.8
Deliv 2010 19,169.7 7,906.3 27,076.1 5,654,105.7 4,110,568.6
Deliv 2011 19,364.3 7,585.4 26,949.6 5,670,378.7 4,043,159.9
From Lower Level

miles [P-M], ton-miles [T-M])) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M) Energy Intensity (Index)

All All
NA Passenger All Freight Total Passenger All Freight

Energy-weighted
index Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/Index 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

0.6819 5142 1637 22193 1.2759 0.9869


0.7133 5109 1677 22214 1.2650 0.9743
0.7576 5105 1728 22361 1.2579 0.9910
0.7856 5141 1742 22525 1.2634 0.9915
0.7707 5050 1731 22190 1.2396 0.9906
0.7745 5016 1819 22336 1.2276 1.0135
0.8204 5004 1776 22172 1.2190 0.9756
0.8568 4874 1816 21848 1.1839 0.9801
0.9160 4814 1744 21431 1.1636 0.9865
0.9202 4704 1766 21131 1.1353 1.0119
0.9183 4415 1764 20172 1.0660 1.0642
0.9214 4343 1806 20065 1.0482 1.1014
0.9188 4214 1865 19810 1.0164 1.0929
0.9543 4146 1769 19298 0.9992 1.0255
0.9857 4154 1767 19318 0.9976 1.0135
1.0000 4172 1768 19382 1.0000 1.0000
1.0165 4227 1798 19659 1.0114 0.9971
1.0584 4155 1768 19325 0.9934 0.9762
1.0991 4088 1775 19112 0.9756 0.9695
1.1129 4052 1820 19121 0.9664 0.9614
1.1282 3972 1854 18939 0.9457 0.9804
1.1387 3813 1806 18256 0.9040 0.9522
1.1744 3830 1796 18287 0.9070 0.9433
1.1929 3869 1832 18526 0.9161 0.9326
1.2352 3851 1839 18480 0.9133 0.9294
1.2729 3822 1830 18353 0.9066 0.9284
1.3080 3795 1841 18295 0.8994 0.9230
1.3374 3766 1874 18289 0.8905 0.9061
1.3676 3752 1914 18356 0.8870 0.9167
1.4043 3782 1933 18513 0.8928 0.9275
1.4401 3675 1973 18249 0.8676 0.9383
1.4528 3638 1948 18051 0.8574 0.9238
1.4780 3614 2003 18120 0.8518 0.9326
1.5019 3670 1902 18037 0.8650 0.8847
1.5633 3592 1862 17657 0.8465 0.8764
1.5860 3496 1901 17426 0.8228 0.8914
1.6072 3454 1922 17330 0.8120 0.9070
1.6278 3419 1930 17231 0.8048 0.9030
1.6005 3402 1939 17194 0.7993 0.8978
1.5458 3388 1989 17274 0.7959 0.8986
1.5820 3390 1923 17115 0.7963 0.9029
1.5778 3415 1876 17081 0.8025 0.9114
0.8272
Grw. Rate -0.0088 -0.0069

All
Passenger All Freight
1970 1.276 0.987
1971 1.265 0.974
1972 1.258 0.991
1973 1.263 0.991
1974 1.240 0.991
1975 1.228 1.013
1976 1.219 0.976
1977 1.184 0.980
1978 1.164 0.987
1979 1.135 1.012
1980 1.066 1.064
1981 1.048 1.101
1982 1.016 1.093
1983 0.999 1.025
1984 0.998 1.013
1985 1.000 1.000
1986 1.011 0.997
1987 0.993 0.976
1988 0.976 0.969
1989 0.966 0.961
1990 0.946 0.980
1991 0.904 0.952
1992 0.907 0.943
1993 0.916 0.933
1994 0.913 0.929
1995 0.907 0.928
1996 0.899 0.923
1997 0.891 0.906
1998 0.887 0.917
1999 0.893 0.927
2000 0.868 0.938
2001 0.857 0.924
2002 0.852 0.933
2003 0.865 0.885
2004 0.846 0.876
2005 0.823 0.891
2006 0.812 0.907
2007 0.805 0.903
2008 0.799 0.898
2009 0.796 0.899
2010 0.796 0.903
2011 0.802 0.911

Index, 1985 = 1.0


1.4

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4 All Passenger


All Freight
0.2

0.0
From Lower Level

Structure Index Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0


(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Structure:P
Weighted Index of assenger Structure: Component
All Activity Aggregate vs Freight Lower Intensity
Passenger All Freight Index Intensity (*) level (**) Index

0.9660 0.9379 0.6819 1.14501 1.0000 0.9594 1.1935


0.9681 0.9737 0.7133 1.1461 1.0000 0.9696 1.1821
0.9728 0.9863 0.7576 1.1537 1.0000 0.9762 1.1818
0.9754 0.9939 0.7856 1.1621 1.0000 0.9800 1.1859
0.9766 0.9885 0.7707 1.1448 1.0000 0.9796 1.1687
0.9794 1.0149 0.7745 1.1524 1.0000 0.9879 1.1665
0.9839 1.0296 0.8204 1.1439 1.0000 0.9948 1.1499
0.9868 1.0481 0.8568 1.1272 1.0000 1.0013 1.1258
0.9917 0.9999 0.9160 1.1057 1.0000 0.9934 1.1130
0.9932 0.9869 0.9202 1.0902 1.0000 0.9912 1.1000
0.9928 0.9372 0.9183 1.0407 1.0000 0.9772 1.0650
0.9931 0.9272 0.9214 1.0352 1.0000 0.9745 1.0623
0.9937 0.9652 0.9188 1.0221 1.0000 0.9859 1.0368
0.9947 0.9758 0.9543 0.9957 1.0000 0.9895 1.0062
0.9981 0.9862 0.9857 0.9967 1.0000 0.9948 1.0018
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0018 1.0201 1.0165 1.0143 1.0000 1.0066 1.0076
1.0026 1.0242 1.0584 0.9970 1.0000 1.0082 0.9889
1.0043 1.0353 1.0991 0.9861 1.0000 1.0124 0.9740
1.0051 1.0709 1.1129 0.9865 1.0000 1.0222 0.9651
1.0068 1.0693 1.1282 0.9771 1.0000 1.0230 0.9552
1.0109 1.0728 1.1387 0.9419 1.0000 1.0270 0.9171
1.0123 1.0769 1.1744 0.9435 1.0000 1.0290 0.9169
1.0124 1.1112 1.1929 0.9558 1.0000 1.0382 0.9206
1.0106 1.1192 1.2352 0.9534 1.0000 1.0390 0.9177
1.0104 1.1146 1.2729 0.9469 1.0000 1.0376 0.9126
1.0114 1.1280 1.3080 0.9439 1.0000 1.0419 0.9059
1.0136 1.1694 1.3374 0.9436 1.0000 1.0546 0.8948
1.0141 1.1808 1.3676 0.9470 1.0000 1.0579 0.8952
1.0155 1.1790 1.4043 0.9552 1.0000 1.0584 0.9024
1.0153 1.1893 1.4401 0.9415 1.0000 1.0610 0.8874
1.0170 1.1925 1.4528 0.9313 1.0000 1.0631 0.8760
1.0171 1.2147 1.4780 0.9349 1.0000 1.0691 0.8744
1.0168 1.2158 1.5019 0.9306 1.0000 1.0692 0.8704
1.0172 1.2016 1.5633 0.9110 1.0000 1.0658 0.8547
1.0186 1.2062 1.5860 0.8991 1.0000 1.0680 0.8418
1.0195 1.1984 1.6072 0.8941 1.0000 1.0666 0.8383
1.0183 1.2091 1.6278 0.8890 1.0000 1.0686 0.8319
1.0203 1.2211 1.6005 0.8871 1.0000 1.0733 0.8265
1.0203 1.2520 1.5458 0.8912 1.0000 1.0812 0.8243
1.0206 1.2048 1.5820 0.8830 1.0000 1.0695 0.8257
1.0201 1.1641 1.5778 0.88127 1.0000 1.0586 0.8325

* Constant index of index of 1.0 denotes no structural effect--passenger and


with different activity measures (i.e., passenger-miles, ton-miles)

** Includes impacts of modal shifts within both passenger and freight segmen
0.79

All Passenger
All Freight
Energy Shares
(6) (8) (9)
Product:
Activity x Actual
Structure x Energy Total All
Intensity Use Structure Passenger All Freight
=(1)x(3)x(4)
x(5) =(1) x (2) =(3) x (4)

0.7808 0.7808 0.9594 0.7592 0.2408


0.8175 0.8175 0.9696 0.7613 0.2387
0.8740 0.8740 0.9762 0.7607 0.2393
0.9130 0.9130 0.9800 0.7586 0.2414
0.8823 0.8823 0.9796 0.7539 0.2461
0.8926 0.8926 0.9879 0.7635 0.2365
0.9385 0.9385 0.9948 0.7664 0.2336
0.9658 0.9658 1.0013 0.7583 0.2417
1.0128 1.0128 0.9934 0.7495 0.2505
1.0032 1.0032 0.9912 0.7372 0.2628
0.9557 0.9557 0.9772 0.7218 0.2782
0.9538 0.9538 0.9745 0.7185 0.2815
0.9391 0.9391 0.9859 0.7231 0.2769
0.9502 0.9502 0.9895 0.7285 0.2715
0.9824 0.9824 0.9948 0.7266 0.2734
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.7347 0.2653
1.0310 1.0310 1.0066 0.7396 0.2604
1.0553 1.0553 1.0082 0.7364 0.2636
1.0838 1.0838 1.0124 0.7331 0.2669
1.0979 1.0979 1.0222 0.7310 0.2690
1.1024 1.1024 1.0230 0.7218 0.2782
1.0726 1.0726 1.0270 0.7169 0.2831
1.1080 1.1080 1.0290 0.7214 0.2786
1.1402 1.1402 1.0382 0.7207 0.2793
1.1777 1.1777 1.0390 0.7121 0.2879
1.2054 1.2054 1.0376 0.7073 0.2927
1.2346 1.2346 1.0419 0.7088 0.2912
1.2620 1.2620 1.0546 0.7100 0.2900
1.2951 1.2951 1.0579 0.7095 0.2905
1.3413 1.3413 1.0584 0.7101 0.2899
1.3559 1.3559 1.0610 0.7031 0.2969
1.3530 1.3530 1.0631 0.7049 0.2951
1.3818 1.3818 1.0691 0.6983 0.3017
1.3977 1.3977 1.0692 0.7134 0.2866
1.4242 1.4242 1.0658 0.7140 0.2860
1.4259 1.4259 1.0680 0.7074 0.2926
1.4370 1.4370 1.0666 0.7042 0.2958
1.4472 1.4472 1.0686 0.7026 0.2974
1.4197 1.4197 1.0733 0.6963 0.3037
1.3776 1.3776 1.0812 0.7110 0.2890
1.3970 1.3970 1.0695 0.7080 0.2920
1.3904 1.3904 1.0586 0.7185 0.2815

ructural effect--passenger and freight segments are defined


ger-miles, ton-miles)

passenger and freight segments


Log-Mean Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights
(normalized)

All All
Passenger All Freight Total Passenger All Freight

0.3219 0.5010 0.8229 0.3911 0.6089


0.7602 0.2398 1.0000 0.7602 0.2398
0.7610 0.2390 1.0000 0.7610 0.2390
0.7596 0.2404 1.0000 0.7596 0.2404
0.7563 0.2437 1.0000 0.7563 0.2437
0.7587 0.2412 1.0000 0.7588 0.2412
0.7650 0.2350 1.0000 0.7650 0.2350
0.7623 0.2376 1.0000 0.7624 0.2376
0.7539 0.2461 1.0000 0.7539 0.2461
0.7433 0.2566 0.9999 0.7434 0.2566
0.7295 0.2704 0.9999 0.7296 0.2704
0.7201 0.2798 1.0000 0.7202 0.2798
0.7208 0.2792 1.0000 0.7208 0.2792
0.7258 0.2742 1.0000 0.7258 0.2742
0.7276 0.2724 1.0000 0.7276 0.2724
0.7307 0.2693 1.0000 0.7307 0.2693
0.7372 0.2628 1.0000 0.7372 0.2628
0.7380 0.2620 1.0000 0.7380 0.2620
0.7347 0.2653 1.0000 0.7347 0.2653
0.7321 0.2679 1.0000 0.7321 0.2679
0.7264 0.2736 1.0000 0.7264 0.2736
0.7193 0.2807 1.0000 0.7193 0.2807
0.7192 0.2808 1.0000 0.7192 0.2808
0.7211 0.2789 1.0000 0.7211 0.2789
0.7164 0.2836 1.0000 0.7164 0.2836
0.7097 0.2903 1.0000 0.7097 0.2903
0.7080 0.2920 1.0000 0.7080 0.2920
0.7094 0.2906 1.0000 0.7094 0.2906
0.7097 0.2903 1.0000 0.7097 0.2903
0.7098 0.2902 1.0000 0.7098 0.2902
0.7066 0.2934 1.0000 0.7066 0.2934
0.7040 0.2960 1.0000 0.7040 0.2960
0.7016 0.2984 1.0000 0.7016 0.2984
0.7058 0.2941 0.9999 0.7059 0.2941
0.7137 0.2863 1.0000 0.7137 0.2863
0.7107 0.2893 1.0000 0.7107 0.2893
0.7058 0.2942 1.0000 0.7058 0.2942
0.7034 0.2966 1.0000 0.7034 0.2966
0.6995 0.3005 1.0000 0.6995 0.3005
0.7036 0.2963 0.9999 0.7037 0.2963
0.7095 0.2905 1.0000 0.7095 0.2905
0.7133 0.2867 1.0000 0.7133 0.2867
Log Changes - Intensity Activity Index Log Changes - Activity

All All All


Passenger All Freight All Passenger All Freight Passenger Freight

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.6545 0.7659 0.1620 0.0968


-0.0086 -0.0129 0.6917 0.7755 0.0552 0.0125
-0.0056 0.0170 0.7394 0.8068 0.0667 0.0396
0.0044 0.0005 0.7649 0.8433 0.0339 0.0442
-0.0190 -0.0009 0.7478 0.8357 -0.0225 -0.0091
-0.0098 0.0228 0.7715 0.7735 0.0312 -0.0773
-0.0070 -0.0381 0.8162 0.8227 0.0563 0.0616
-0.0292 0.0047 0.8532 0.8568 0.0443 0.0406
-0.0173 0.0065 0.8953 0.9697 0.0482 0.1238
-0.0246 0.0254 0.8927 0.9952 -0.0029 0.0259
-0.0629 0.0504 0.8870 1.0049 -0.0064 0.0098
-0.0169 0.0343 0.8960 0.9911 0.0101 -0.0138
-0.0308 -0.0077 0.9151 0.9292 0.0211 -0.0645
-0.0172 -0.0637 0.9480 0.9717 0.0353 0.0447
-0.0016 -0.0118 0.9758 1.0130 0.0289 0.0416
0.0024 -0.0134 1.0000 1.0000 0.0245 -0.0129
0.0114 -0.0029 1.0242 0.9951 0.0239 -0.0049
-0.0180 -0.0211 1.0618 1.0490 0.0360 0.0528
-0.0181 -0.0070 1.1038 1.0864 0.0388 0.0350
-0.0095 -0.0084 1.1246 1.0812 0.0187 -0.0047
-0.0217 0.0196 1.1374 1.1028 0.0113 0.0198
-0.0451 -0.0292 1.1451 1.1206 0.0067 0.0160
0.0033 -0.0094 1.1850 1.1455 0.0342 0.0220
0.0101 -0.0113 1.2058 1.1584 0.0174 0.0111
-0.0031 -0.0035 1.2366 1.2290 0.0252 0.0592
-0.0074 -0.0010 1.2668 1.2852 0.0241 0.0447
-0.0080 -0.0058 1.3093 1.3020 0.0330 0.0130
-0.0099 -0.0185 1.3509 1.3022 0.0313 0.0002
-0.0040 0.0116 1.3904 1.3104 0.0288 0.0063
0.0065 0.0117 1.4300 1.3405 0.0281 0.0227
-0.0286 0.0116 1.4729 1.3602 0.0296 0.0146
-0.0118 -0.0155 1.4885 1.3664 0.0105 0.0046
-0.0066 0.0095 1.5157 1.3873 0.0181 0.0152
0.0154 -0.0527 1.5428 1.4040 0.0177 0.0120
-0.0217 -0.0094 1.6074 1.4580 0.0410 0.0377
-0.0284 0.0169 1.6381 1.4631 0.0189 0.0035
-0.0132 0.0174 1.6638 1.4743 0.0156 0.0077
-0.0089 -0.0044 1.6886 1.4859 0.0148 0.0078
-0.0069 -0.0057 1.6499 1.4824 -0.0232 -0.0024
-0.0042 0.0009 1.6416 1.3343 -0.0050 -0.1053
0.0005 0.0047 1.6563 1.4137 0.0090 0.0578
0.0077 0.0094 1.6611 1.3905 0.0029 -0.0165
Log Changes--Lower-level Structure Compute Intensity Index Compute Activity Index
(Current Level)

All
Passenger All Freight Index chg. Index Index Index chg.

(unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.)

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1935 1.1301


0.0021 0.0375 0.9904 0.9904 1.1821 1.0460
0.0049 0.0129 0.9998 0.9902 1.1818 1.0621
0.0027 0.0076 1.0034 0.9936 1.1859 1.0370
0.0012 -0.0054 0.9855 0.9792 1.1687 0.9809
0.0029 0.0263 0.9981 0.9774 1.1665 1.0050
0.0047 0.0145 0.9858 0.9634 1.1499 1.0593
0.0029 0.0178 0.9791 0.9433 1.1258 1.0444
0.0050 -0.0471 0.9886 0.9326 1.1130 1.0691
0.0015 -0.0131 0.9883 0.9216 1.1000 1.0045
-0.0003 -0.0516 0.9682 0.8923 1.0650 0.9980
0.0003 -0.0107 0.9975 0.8901 1.0623 1.0034
0.0005 0.0401 0.9759 0.8687 1.0368 0.9972
0.0010 0.0109 0.9705 0.8431 1.0062 1.0386
0.0034 0.0106 0.9957 0.8394 1.0018 1.0329
0.0019 0.0139 0.9982 0.8379 1.0000 1.0145
0.0018 0.0199 1.0076 0.8443 1.0076 1.0165
0.0008 0.0040 0.9814 0.8286 0.9889 1.0412
0.0017 0.0108 0.9850 0.8161 0.9740 1.0385
0.0008 0.0338 0.9909 0.8086 0.9651 1.0125
0.0017 -0.0015 0.9897 0.8003 0.9552 1.0137
0.0041 0.0033 0.9602 0.7684 0.9171 1.0094
0.0013 0.0037 0.9997 0.7682 0.9169 1.0313
0.0002 0.0314 1.0041 0.7714 0.9206 1.0158
-0.0018 0.0071 0.9968 0.7689 0.9177 1.0355
-0.0002 -0.0041 0.9945 0.7646 0.9126 1.0306
0.0010 0.0119 0.9927 0.7591 0.9059 1.0275
0.0022 0.0361 0.9877 0.7497 0.8948 1.0225
0.0005 0.0097 1.0005 0.7501 0.8952 1.0225
0.0014 -0.0015 1.0081 0.7561 0.9024 1.0268
-0.0002 0.0087 0.9833 0.7435 0.8874 1.0255
0.0017 0.0027 0.9872 0.7340 0.8760 1.0088
0.0001 0.0184 0.9982 0.7327 0.8744 1.0174
-0.0003 0.0009 0.9954 0.7293 0.8704 1.0162
0.0004 -0.0118 0.9820 0.7162 0.8547 1.0409
0.0013 0.0038 0.9849 0.7053 0.8418 1.0145
0.0008 -0.0065 0.9958 0.7024 0.8383 1.0133
-0.0011 0.0089 0.9924 0.6970 0.8319 1.0128
0.0020 0.0099 0.9935 0.6925 0.8265 0.9832
0.0000 0.0250 0.9973 0.6906 0.8243 0.9658
0.0003 -0.0384 1.0017 0.6918 0.8257 1.0234
-0.0005 -0.0343 1.0083 0.6975 0.8325 0.9973
Compute Activity Index Compute Structure Index
(Current Level) (Lower Level)

Index Index Index chg. Index Index

(unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

4.5159 0.6819 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9594


4.7236 0.7133 1.0107 1.0107 0.9696
5.0169 0.7576 1.0068 1.0175 0.9762
5.2026 0.7856 1.0039 1.0215 0.9800
5.1034 0.7707 0.9996 1.0211 0.9796
5.1290 0.7745 1.0085 1.0298 0.9879
5.4330 0.8204 1.0070 1.0370 0.9948
5.6740 0.8568 1.0064 1.0437 1.0013
6.0661 0.9160 0.9922 1.0355 0.9934
6.0934 0.9202 0.9977 1.0331 0.9912
6.0811 0.9183 0.9859 1.0186 0.9772
6.1016 0.9214 0.9972 1.0158 0.9745
6.0845 0.9188 1.0117 1.0276 0.9859
6.3196 0.9543 1.0037 1.0314 0.9895
6.5272 0.9857 1.0054 1.0370 0.9948
6.6222 1.0000 1.0052 1.0423 1.0000
6.7314 1.0165 1.0066 1.0492 1.0066
7.0090 1.0584 1.0016 1.0509 1.0082
7.2787 1.0991 1.0041 1.0552 1.0124
7.3699 1.1129 1.0097 1.0654 1.0222
7.4710 1.1282 1.0008 1.0663 1.0230
7.5410 1.1387 1.0039 1.0705 1.0270
7.7768 1.1744 1.0020 1.0726 1.0290
7.8995 1.1929 1.0089 1.0822 1.0382
8.1797 1.2352 1.0007 1.0830 1.0390
8.4297 1.2729 0.9987 1.0815 1.0376
8.6617 1.3080 1.0042 1.0861 1.0419
8.8568 1.3374 1.0121 1.0992 1.0546
9.0563 1.3676 1.0031 1.1027 1.0579
9.2995 1.4043 1.0005 1.1033 1.0584
9.5367 1.4401 1.0025 1.1060 1.0610
9.6206 1.4528 1.0020 1.1082 1.0631
9.7878 1.4780 1.0056 1.1144 1.0691
9.9460 1.5019 1.0001 1.1144 1.0692
10.3526 1.5633 0.9969 1.1110 1.0658
10.5031 1.5860 1.0021 1.1133 1.0680
10.6432 1.6072 0.9987 1.1118 1.0666
10.7799 1.6278 1.0019 1.1139 1.0686
10.5985 1.6005 1.0044 1.1187 1.0733
10.2366 1.5458 1.0074 1.1270 1.0812
10.4764 1.5820 0.9891 1.1148 1.0695
10.4482 1.5778 0.9898 1.1034 1.0586
Charts

Activity Model Energy Energy


Index Shifts Intensity Use
1985 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1986 1.0165 1.0066 1.0076 1.0310
1987 1.0584 1.0082 0.9889 1.0553
1988 1.0991 1.0124 0.9740 1.0838
1989 1.1129 1.0222 0.9651 1.0979
1990 1.1282 1.0230 0.9552 1.1024
1991 1.1387 1.0270 0.9171 1.0726
1992 1.1744 1.0290 0.9169 1.1080
1993 1.1929 1.0382 0.9206 1.1402
1994 1.2352 1.0390 0.9177 1.1777
1995 1.2729 1.0376 0.9126 1.2054
1996 1.3080 1.0419 0.9059 1.2346
1997 1.3374 1.0546 0.8948 1.2620
1998 1.3676 1.0579 0.8952 1.2951
1999 1.4043 1.0584 0.9024 1.3413
Total Passenger Transportation
Fuel Year

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M

Highway Rail Air Total Highway

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M


Deliv 1970 10,135.3 48.3 1,305.6 11,489.3 2,058,731.7
Deliv 1971 10,729.4 47.6 1,286.1 12,063.0 2,181,381.2
Deliv 1972 11,519.8 48.8 1,317.0 12,885.7 2,323,407.0
Deliv 1973 12,029.2 49.9 1,344.6 13,423.7 2,409,756.3
Deliv 1974 11,516.5 52.9 1,323.4 12,892.8 2,351,010.8
Deliv 1975 11,819.2 52.9 1,337.3 13,209.3 2,433,156.9
Deliv 1976 12,571.3 51.9 1,318.7 13,941.9 2,565,438.5
Deliv 1977 12,872.2 50.9 1,271.5 14,194.6 2,673,148.6
Deliv 1978 13,307.7 50.8 1,355.0 14,713.5 2,784,130.7
Deliv 1979 12,846.0 55.1 1,433.7 14,334.8 2,739,740.1
Deliv 1980 11,942.9 53.1 1,374.0 13,370.1 2,724,107.8
Deliv 1981 11,828.2 53.8 1,401.8 13,283.7 2,762,745.5
Deliv 1982 11,707.0 53.7 1,401.7 13,162.4 2,817,842.3
Deliv 1983 11,964.2 59.4 1,393.5 13,417.1 2,907,242.9
Deliv 1984 12,216.7 60.2 1,558.7 13,835.6 2,977,225.6
Deliv 1985 12,530.2 59.6 1,651.1 14,240.9 3,028,137.7
Deliv 1986 12,954.9 63.6 1,761.2 14,779.7 3,082,245.9
Deliv 1987 13,167.3 65.4 1,828.4 15,061.1 3,170,873.3
Deliv 1988 13,429.5 67.3 1,904.4 15,401.2 3,293,159.3
Deliv 1989 13,587.1 70.0 1,899.1 15,556.2 3,352,902.3
Deliv 1990 13,335.3 69.2 2,017.4 15,421.9 3,372,344.0
Deliv 1991 13,006.3 69.6 1,827.2 14,903.0 3,408,756.0
Deliv 1992 13,495.8 68.3 1,928.9 15,493.0 3,515,703.6
Deliv 1993 13,936.8 70.9 1,919.1 15,926.8 3,576,098.9
Deliv 1994 14,201.8 73.2 1,979.1 16,254.1 3,648,452.5
Deliv 1995 14,407.6 73.4 2,044.2 16,525.2 3,729,486.6
Deliv 1996 14,777.9 73.0 2,109.9 16,960.7 3,835,280.7
Deliv 1997 15,114.5 73.8 2,177.7 17,366.0 3,952,771.4
Deliv 1998 15,478.5 75.7 2,256.1 17,810.3 4,070,334.4
Deliv 1999 15,978.0 78.7 2,405.2 18,461.9 4,170,522.6
Deliv 2000 15,957.2 83.5 2,436.3 18,477.1 4,273,834.9
Deliv 2001 16,085.7 84.9 2,313.9 18,484.5 4,369,742.7
Deliv 2002 16,521.5 84.3 2,095.0 18,700.9 4,475,085.9
Deliv 2003 17,165.3 83.0 2,077.6 19,326.0 4,548,677.1
Deliv 2004 17,449.7 84.0 2,176.2 19,709.9 4,686,634.4
Deliv 2005 17,133.3 85.4 2,331.6 19,550.4 4,742,289.6
Deliv 2006 17,135.8 85.4 2,393.1 19,614.3 4,812,381.4
Deliv 2007 17,204.5 90.5 2,413.5 19,708.6 4,864,004.9
Deliv 2008 16,711.1 91.9 2,358.5 19,161.5 4,746,511.2
Deliv 2009 16,752.0 93.8 2,138.0 18,983.7 4,767,297.2
Deliv 2010 16,939.3 92.9 2,137.5 19,169.7 4,787,875.3
Deliv 2011 17,089.6 94.5 2,180.2 19,364.3 4,784,970.8
ctivity (passenger-miles [P-M]) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M)

Rail Air Total Highway Rail Air

Million P-M Million P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M


15,049.5 160,576.9 2,234,358.1 4923 3209 8131
14,570.2 165,206.7 2,361,158.1 4919 3265 7785
15,388.9 185,266.9 2,524,062.8 4958 3174 7109
16,186.1 185,052.0 2,610,994.4 4992 3084 7266
16,554.8 185,252.0 2,552,817.6 4899 3194 7144
15,794.5 184,724.0 2,633,675.4 4858 3349 7239
16,952.0 203,923.0 2,786,313.5 4900 3062 6467
20,442.0 218,882.0 2,912,472.6 4815 2490 5809
21,089.0 251,098.0 3,056,317.7 4780 2409 5396
22,526.0 285,219.0 3,047,485.1 4689 2446 5027
21,508.0 282,422.0 3,028,037.8 4384 2470 4865
21,223.0 274,663.0 3,058,631.5 4281 2533 5104
20,448.0 285,535.0 3,123,825.3 4155 2627 4909
21,065.0 307,844.0 3,236,151.9 4115 2821 4527
21,161.0 332,504.0 3,330,890.6 4103 2847 4688
22,096.0 363,373.0 3,413,606.7 4138 2698 4544
22,744.0 391,323.0 3,496,312.9 4203 2797 4501
23,782.0 429,930.0 3,624,585.3 4153 2750 4253
24,427.0 450,248.5 3,767,834.9 4078 2754 4230
25,609.0 460,580.4 3,839,091.8 4052 2734 4123
25,185.0 485,235.6 3,882,764.6 3954 2748 4158
24,807.0 475,396.4 3,908,959.4 3816 2804 3844
24,849.0 504,515.0 4,045,067.6 3839 2749 3823
24,075.0 515,896.0 4,116,069.9 3897 2947 3720
25,418.0 547,306.4 4,221,176.9 3893 2881 3616
25,208.0 569,557.1 4,324,251.6 3863 2910 3589
25,888.0 608,163.7 4,469,332.4 3853 2818 3469
26,295.0 632,468.6 4,611,535.0 3824 2806 3443
27,420.0 648,617.4 4,746,371.8 3803 2761 3478
28,204.0 682,726.0 4,881,452.6 3831 2789 3523
30,100.0 724,126.3 5,028,061.2 3734 2774 3364
30,722.0 680,749.1 5,081,213.8 3681 2763 3399
30,067.0 668,842.0 5,173,994.9 3692 2804 3132
30,321.0 687,549.1 5,266,547.2 3774 2738 3022
31,160.0 769,242.9 5,487,037.3 3723 2695 2829
30,972.0 818,460.7 5,591,722.3 3613 2758 2849
32,358.0 834,771.0 5,679,510.4 3561 2640 2867
35,007.0 865,364.0 5,764,375.9 3537 2586 2789
36,169.0 849,281.8 5,631,962.0 3521 2541 2777
36,150.0 800,178.8 5,603,626.0 3514 2594 2672
35,874.0 830,356.5 5,654,105.7 3538 2590 2574
37,617.0 847,790.9 5,670,378.7 3572 2511 2572

Data for graphic: Absolute Energy Intensities

Relative Changes Highway Rail Air


1970 4923 3209 8131
1971 4919 3265 7785
1972 4958 3174 7109
1973 4992 3084 7266
1974 4899 3194 7144
1975 4858 3349 7239
1976 4900 3062 6467
1977 4815 2490 5809
1978 4780 2409 5396
1979 4689 2446 5027
1980 4384 2470 4865
1981 4281 2533 5104
1982 4155 2627 4909
1983 4115 2821 4527
1984 4103 2847 4688
1985 4138 2698 4544
1986 4203 2797 4501
1987 4153 2750 4253
1988 4078 2754 4230
1989 4052 2734 4123
0.803 1990 3954 2748 4158
1991 3816 2804 3844
1992 3839 2749 3823
1993 3897 2947 3720
1994 3893 2881 3616
1995 3863 2910 3589
1996 3853 2818 3469
1997 3824 2806 3443
1998 3803 2761 3478
1999 3831 2789 3523
2000 3734 2774 3364
2001 3681 2763 3399
2002 3692 2804 3132
2003 3774 2738 3022
2004 3723 2695 2829
2005 3613 2758 2849
2006 3561 2640 2867
2007 3537 2586 2789
2008 3521 2541 2777
2009 3514 2594 2672
2010 3538 2590 2574
0.903 2011 3572 2511 2572
Btu p e r Passe n ge r- m ile

9,000

8,000 Hi ghway Rail


7,000
Air
6,000

5,000

4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

0
From Lower Level

ity (Btu/P-M) Energy Intensity (Index) Structure Index

Total Highway Rail Air Highway Rail

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0
5142 1.2355 1.1711 1.7256 0.9629 1.0156
5109 1.2301 1.1895 1.6527 0.9663 1.0175
5105 1.2355 1.1598 1.5102 0.9698 1.0144
5141 1.2388 1.1283 1.5417 0.9738 1.0131
5050 1.2150 1.1719 1.5148 0.9744 1.0103
5016 1.1997 1.2249 1.5344 0.9785 1.0134
5004 1.2054 1.1319 1.3721 0.9824 1.0027
4874 1.1808 0.9162 1.2332 0.9855 1.0074
4814 1.1670 0.8898 1.1483 0.9898 1.0036
4704 1.1438 0.8992 1.0721 0.9907 1.0084
4415 1.0696 0.9132 1.0407 0.9906 1.0025
4343 1.0438 0.9362 1.0901 0.9912 1.0029
4214 1.0115 0.9691 1.0599 0.9926 1.0050
4146 1.0005 1.0413 0.9846 0.9940 1.0044
4154 0.9941 1.0514 1.0229 0.9975 1.0037
4172 5078 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
4227 5098 1.0136 1.0377 0.9941 1.0021 0.9991
4155 4870 1.0001 1.0207 0.9451 1.0035 0.9986
4088 4882 0.9803 1.0228 0.9403 1.0054 0.9981
4052 4823 0.9733 1.0140 0.9159 1.0062 0.9996
3972 4832 0.9478 1.0206 0.9258 1.0083 0.9982
3813 4469 0.9098 1.0457 0.8577 1.0135 0.9941
3830 4457 0.9132 1.0211 0.8587 1.0158 0.9979
3869 4387 0.9266 1.0983 0.8384 1.0165 0.9946
3851 4313 0.9268 1.0680 0.8167 1.0150 1.0000
3822 4299 0.9202 1.0769 0.8090 1.0146 1.0016
3795 4153 0.9166 1.0364 0.7809 1.0159 1.0080
3766 4167 0.9072 1.0300 0.7750 1.0186 1.0099
3752 4195 0.9019 1.0135 0.7822 1.0189 1.0099
3782 4138 0.9071 1.0232 0.7914 1.0207 1.0104
3675 4030 0.8838 1.0180 0.7552 1.0209 1.0101
3638 4061 0.8713 1.0138 0.7588 1.0210 1.0103
3614 3812 0.8735 1.0289 0.7039 1.0214 1.0104
3670 3700 0.8928 1.0037 0.6800 1.0215 1.0111
3592 3485 0.8790 0.9874 0.6330 1.0237 1.0116
3496 3479 0.8522 1.0093 0.6262 1.0245 1.0130
3454 3495 0.8393 0.9653 0.6284 1.0253 1.0137
3419 3383 0.8332 0.9468 0.6157 1.0259 1.0126
3402 3309 0.8283 0.9300 0.6078 1.0273 1.0128
3388 3140 0.8269 0.9477 0.5930 1.0269 1.0147
3390 3076 0.8314 0.9477 0.5705 1.0284 1.0130
3415 3070 0.8390 0.9197 0.5697 1.0287 1.0122

gy Intensities
Rail
Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Index of Structure: Product:
Activity Aggregat Structure: Next Component Activity x Actual
(passenger e Modal lower Intensity Structure x Energy
Air -miles) Intensity Shifts level Index Intensity Use
=(1)x(3)x(4)
x(5) =(1) x (2)

1985 = 1.0
1.0370 0.6545 1.2326 0.9953 0.9706 1.2759 0.8068 0.8068
1.0367 0.6917 1.2246 0.9944 0.9736 1.2650 0.8471 0.8471
1.0360 0.7394 1.2237 0.9961 0.9767 1.2579 0.9048 0.9048
1.0373 0.7649 1.2324 0.9950 0.9804 1.2634 0.9426 0.9426
1.0379 0.7478 1.2106 0.9956 0.9809 1.2396 0.9053 0.9053
1.0383 0.7715 1.2022 0.9946 0.9846 1.2276 0.9276 0.9276
1.0372 0.8162 1.1994 0.9958 0.9881 1.2190 0.9790 0.9790
1.0366 0.8532 1.1683 0.9959 0.9908 1.1839 0.9967 0.9967
1.0343 0.8953 1.1540 0.9971 0.9946 1.1636 1.0332 1.0332
1.0320 0.8927 1.1275 0.9980 0.9951 1.1353 1.0066 1.0066
1.0289 0.8870 1.0584 0.9981 0.9947 1.0660 0.9388 0.9388
1.0304 0.8960 1.0410 0.9977 0.9955 1.0482 0.9328 0.9328
1.0193 0.9151 1.0100 0.9981 0.9955 1.0164 0.9243 0.9243
1.0118 0.9480 0.9938 0.9986 0.9960 0.9992 0.9422 0.9422
1.0085 0.9758 0.9957 0.9993 0.9988 0.9976 0.9715 0.9715
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9964 1.0242 1.0133 1.0004 1.0014 1.0114 1.0378 1.0378
0.9903 1.0618 0.9960 1.0007 1.0019 0.9934 1.0576 1.0576
0.9900 1.1038 0.9798 1.0008 1.0035 0.9756 1.0815 1.0815
0.9908 1.1246 0.9713 1.0007 1.0043 0.9664 1.0924 1.0924
0.9883 1.1374 0.9521 1.0010 1.0058 0.9457 1.0829 1.0829
0.9863 1.1451 0.9139 1.0009 1.0100 0.9040 1.0465 1.0465
0.9799 1.1850 0.9181 1.0010 1.0113 0.9070 1.0879 1.0879
0.9765 1.2058 0.9275 1.0010 1.0114 0.9161 1.1184 1.1184
0.9745 1.2366 0.9230 1.0007 1.0099 0.9133 1.1414 1.1414
0.9763 1.2668 0.9160 1.0006 1.0098 0.9066 1.1604 1.1604
0.9777 1.3093 0.9097 1.0003 1.0111 0.8994 1.1910 1.1910
0.9778 1.3509 0.9027 1.0002 1.0134 0.8905 1.2194 1.2194
0.9787 1.3904 0.8995 1.0002 1.0139 0.8870 1.2506 1.2506
0.9797 1.4300 0.9066 1.0000 1.0155 0.8928 1.2964 1.2964
0.9806 1.4729 0.8809 0.9995 1.0158 0.8676 1.2975 1.2975
0.9859 1.4885 0.8720 1.0004 1.0166 0.8574 1.2980 1.2980
0.9793 1.5157 0.8664 1.0010 1.0161 0.8518 1.3132 1.3132
0.9780 1.5428 0.8796 1.0008 1.0161 0.8650 1.3571 1.3571
0.9837 1.6074 0.8610 0.9986 1.0186 0.8465 1.3840 1.3840
1.0013 1.6381 0.8381 0.9972 1.0214 0.8228 1.3728 1.3728
1.0041 1.6638 0.8278 0.9970 1.0225 0.8120 1.3773 1.3773
0.9970 1.6886 0.8196 0.9963 1.0221 0.8048 1.3839 1.3839
1.0055 1.6499 0.8155 0.9960 1.0244 0.7993 1.3455 1.3455
0.9917 1.6416 0.8121 0.9979 1.0224 0.7959 1.3330 1.3330
0.9930 1.6563 0.8127 0.9968 1.0239 0.7963 1.3461 1.3461
0.9934 1.6611 0.8186 0.9960 1.0242 0.8025 1.3598 1.3598

0.7962
0.7965
0.8029

0.7959
0.7963
0.8025
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights
(8)

Total
Structure Highway Rail Air Highway

=(3) x (4)

0.9660 0.8822 0.0042 0.1136 0.5649


0.9681 0.8894 0.0039 0.1066 0.8858
0.9728 0.8940 0.0038 0.1022 0.8917
0.9754 0.8961 0.0037 0.1002 0.8951
0.9766 0.8933 0.0041 0.1026 0.8947
0.9794 0.8948 0.0040 0.1012 0.8940
0.9839 0.9017 0.0037 0.0946 0.8982
0.9868 0.9068 0.0036 0.0896 0.9043
0.9917 0.9045 0.0035 0.0921 0.9056
0.9932 0.8961 0.0038 0.1000 0.9003
0.9928 0.8933 0.0040 0.1028 0.8947
0.9931 0.8904 0.0040 0.1055 0.8918
0.9937 0.8894 0.0041 0.1065 0.8899
0.9947 0.8917 0.0044 0.1039 0.8906
0.9981 0.8830 0.0044 0.1127 0.8873
1.0000 0.8799 0.0042 0.1159 0.8814
1.0018 0.8765 0.0043 0.1192 0.8782
1.0026 0.8743 0.0043 0.1214 0.8754
1.0043 0.8720 0.0044 0.1237 0.8731
1.0051 0.8734 0.0045 0.1221 0.8727
1.0068 0.8647 0.0045 0.1308 0.8690
1.0109 0.8727 0.0047 0.1226 0.8687
1.0123 0.8711 0.0044 0.1245 0.8719
1.0124 0.8751 0.0045 0.1205 0.8731
1.0106 0.8737 0.0045 0.1218 0.8744
1.0104 0.8719 0.0044 0.1237 0.8728
1.0114 0.8713 0.0043 0.1244 0.8716
1.0136 0.8703 0.0042 0.1254 0.8708
1.0141 0.8691 0.0043 0.1267 0.8697
1.0155 0.8655 0.0043 0.1303 0.8673
1.0153 0.8636 0.0045 0.1319 0.8645
1.0170 0.8702 0.0046 0.1252 0.8669
1.0171 0.8835 0.0045 0.1120 0.8768
1.0168 0.8882 0.0043 0.1075 0.8858
1.0172 0.8853 0.0043 0.1104 0.8868
1.0186 0.8764 0.0044 0.1193 0.8808
1.0195 0.8736 0.0044 0.1220 0.8750
1.0183 0.8729 0.0046 0.1225 0.8733
1.0203 0.8721 0.0048 0.1231 0.8725
1.0203 0.8824 0.0049 0.1126 0.8773
1.0206 0.8836 0.0048 0.1115 0.8830
1.0201 0.8825 0.0049 0.1126 0.8831
Log-Mean Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights
(normalized)

Rail Air Total Highway Rail Air

0.3122 0.8771 0.6441 0.0000 0.3559


0.0041 0.1101 1.0000 0.8858 0.0041 0.1101
0.0039 0.1044 1.0000 0.8917 0.0039 0.1044
0.0038 0.1012 1.0000 0.8951 0.0038 0.1012
0.0039 0.1014 1.0000 0.8947 0.0039 0.1014
0.0041 0.1019 1.0000 0.8940 0.0041 0.1019
0.0039 0.0979 1.0000 0.8983 0.0039 0.0979
0.0037 0.0921 1.0000 0.9043 0.0037 0.0921
0.0035 0.0908 1.0000 0.9057 0.0035 0.0908
0.0036 0.0960 0.9999 0.9003 0.0036 0.0960
0.0039 0.1014 1.0000 0.8947 0.0039 0.1014
0.0040 0.1041 1.0000 0.8918 0.0040 0.1041
0.0041 0.1060 1.0000 0.8899 0.0041 0.1060
0.0043 0.1052 1.0000 0.8906 0.0043 0.1052
0.0044 0.1082 0.9999 0.8874 0.0044 0.1082
0.0043 0.1143 1.0000 0.8814 0.0043 0.1143
0.0042 0.1175 1.0000 0.8782 0.0042 0.1175
0.0043 0.1203 1.0000 0.8754 0.0043 0.1203
0.0044 0.1225 1.0000 0.8731 0.0044 0.1225
0.0044 0.1229 1.0000 0.8727 0.0044 0.1229
0.0045 0.1264 0.9999 0.8691 0.0045 0.1264
0.0046 0.1267 0.9999 0.8687 0.0046 0.1267
0.0045 0.1236 1.0000 0.8719 0.0045 0.1236
0.0044 0.1225 1.0000 0.8731 0.0044 0.1225
0.0045 0.1211 1.0000 0.8744 0.0045 0.1211
0.0045 0.1227 1.0000 0.8728 0.0045 0.1227
0.0044 0.1240 1.0000 0.8716 0.0044 0.1240
0.0043 0.1249 1.0000 0.8708 0.0043 0.1249
0.0043 0.1260 1.0000 0.8697 0.0043 0.1260
0.0043 0.1285 1.0000 0.8673 0.0043 0.1285
0.0044 0.1311 1.0000 0.8645 0.0044 0.1311
0.0046 0.1285 1.0000 0.8669 0.0046 0.1285
0.0046 0.1185 0.9999 0.8769 0.0046 0.1185
0.0044 0.1098 1.0000 0.8858 0.0044 0.1098
0.0043 0.1090 1.0000 0.8868 0.0043 0.1090
0.0043 0.1148 0.9999 0.8809 0.0043 0.1148
0.0044 0.1206 1.0000 0.8750 0.0044 0.1206
0.0045 0.1222 1.0000 0.8733 0.0045 0.1222
0.0047 0.1228 1.0000 0.8725 0.0047 0.1228
0.0049 0.1178 0.9999 0.8773 0.0049 0.1178
0.0049 0.1121 1.0000 0.8830 0.0049 0.1121
0.0049 0.1120 1.0000 0.8831 0.0049 0.1120
Log Changes - Intensity Activity Shares

Highway Rail Air Highway Rail Air

0.9214 0.0067 0.0719


-0.0044 0.0156 -0.0432 0.9239 0.0062 0.0700
0.0044 -0.0253 -0.0902 0.9205 0.0061 0.0734
0.0026 -0.0275 0.0207 0.9229 0.0062 0.0709
-0.0194 0.0379 -0.0176 0.9209 0.0065 0.0726
-0.0126 0.0443 0.0128 0.9239 0.0060 0.0701
0.0047 -0.0790 -0.1118 0.9207 0.0061 0.0732
-0.0206 -0.2115 -0.1067 0.9178 0.0070 0.0752
-0.0118 -0.0293 -0.0714 0.9109 0.0069 0.0822
-0.0201 0.0105 -0.0687 0.8990 0.0074 0.0936
-0.0671 0.0154 -0.0297 0.8996 0.0071 0.0933
-0.0244 0.0249 0.0464 0.9033 0.0069 0.0898
-0.0314 0.0346 -0.0281 0.9020 0.0065 0.0914
-0.0109 0.0718 -0.0737 0.8984 0.0065 0.0951
-0.0065 0.0097 0.0382 0.8938 0.0064 0.0998
0.0059 -0.0501 -0.0227 0.8871 0.0065 0.1064
0.0136 0.0370 -0.0059 0.8816 0.0065 0.1119
-0.0135 -0.0165 -0.0505 0.8748 0.0066 0.1186
-0.0200 0.0020 -0.0052 0.8740 0.0065 0.1195
-0.0071 -0.0086 -0.0262 0.8734 0.0067 0.1200
-0.0265 0.0065 0.0108 0.8685 0.0065 0.1250
-0.0409 0.0243 -0.0765 0.8720 0.0063 0.1216
0.0037 -0.0238 0.0012 0.8691 0.0061 0.1247
0.0145 0.0728 -0.0239 0.8688 0.0058 0.1253
0.0003 -0.0279 -0.0262 0.8643 0.0060 0.1297
-0.0072 0.0083 -0.0094 0.8625 0.0058 0.1317
-0.0039 -0.0383 -0.0354 0.8581 0.0058 0.1361
-0.0103 -0.0062 -0.0076 0.8571 0.0057 0.1371
-0.0059 -0.0161 0.0092 0.8576 0.0058 0.1367
0.0057 0.0095 0.0117 0.8544 0.0058 0.1399
-0.0260 -0.0051 -0.0469 0.8500 0.0060 0.1440
-0.0143 -0.0042 0.0048 0.8600 0.0060 0.1340
0.0026 0.0148 -0.0751 0.8649 0.0058 0.1293
0.0218 -0.0247 -0.0345 0.8637 0.0058 0.1306
-0.0156 -0.0165 -0.0717 0.8541 0.0057 0.1402
-0.0309 0.0220 -0.0108 0.8481 0.0055 0.1464
-0.0153 -0.0445 0.0035 0.8473 0.0057 0.1470
-0.0073 -0.0194 -0.0204 0.8438 0.0061 0.1501
-0.0060 -0.0178 -0.0128 0.8428 0.0064 0.1508
-0.0016 0.0188 -0.0247 0.8508 0.0065 0.1428
0.0054 0.0000 -0.0385 0.8468 0.0063 0.1469
0.0091 -0.0300 -0.0015 0.8439 0.0066 0.1495
Log Changes - Activity Shares Log Changes--Lower-level Structure Compute Intensity Index

Highway Rail Air Highway Rail Air Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.)

-0.0772 1.0000 1.0000


0.0027 -0.0876 -0.0268 0.0035 0.0018 -0.0003 0.9915 0.9915
-0.0036 -0.0120 0.0479 0.0036 -0.0030 -0.0007 0.9944 0.9859
0.0026 0.0166 -0.0350 0.0041 -0.0013 0.0012 1.0044 0.9902
-0.0021 0.0451 0.0236 0.0005 -0.0028 0.0006 0.9812 0.9716
0.0032 -0.0782 -0.0340 0.0042 0.0032 0.0004 0.9903 0.9621
-0.0034 0.0144 0.0425 0.0041 -0.0106 -0.0011 0.9930 0.9554
-0.0032 0.1429 0.0265 0.0031 0.0047 -0.0006 0.9712 0.9279
-0.0075 -0.0170 0.0891 0.0044 -0.0038 -0.0023 0.9829 0.9120
-0.0132 0.0688 0.1303 0.0008 0.0048 -0.0022 0.9757 0.8898
0.0007 -0.0398 -0.0035 -0.0001 -0.0058 -0.0030 0.9390 0.8355
0.0040 -0.0234 -0.0379 0.0007 0.0003 0.0014 0.9833 0.8215
-0.0013 -0.0583 0.0177 0.0014 0.0021 -0.0108 0.9697 0.7966
-0.0041 -0.0056 0.0399 0.0014 -0.0006 -0.0073 0.9830 0.7831
-0.0051 -0.0243 0.0482 0.0036 -0.0007 -0.0032 0.9984 0.7819
-0.0076 0.0187 0.0642 0.0025 -0.0037 -0.0085 1.0024 0.7838
-0.0062 0.0050 0.0502 0.0021 -0.0009 -0.0036 1.0114 0.7927
-0.0077 0.0086 0.0581 0.0014 -0.0005 -0.0061 0.9822 0.7786
-0.0009 -0.0120 0.0074 0.0019 -0.0005 -0.0003 0.9821 0.7646
-0.0008 0.0285 0.0040 0.0008 0.0015 0.0008 0.9906 0.7574
-0.0055 -0.0280 0.0408 0.0020 -0.0014 -0.0025 0.9786 0.7412
0.0040 -0.0218 -0.0272 0.0052 -0.0041 -0.0021 0.9559 0.7085
-0.0033 -0.0325 0.0252 0.0023 0.0038 -0.0065 1.0033 0.7108
-0.0004 -0.0490 0.0049 0.0006 -0.0033 -0.0035 1.0101 0.7180
-0.0052 0.0291 0.0339 -0.0015 0.0054 -0.0021 0.9969 0.7158
-0.0022 -0.0324 0.0157 -0.0004 0.0016 0.0019 0.9926 0.7105
-0.0050 -0.0064 0.0326 0.0013 0.0063 0.0014 0.9921 0.7049
-0.0011 -0.0157 0.0079 0.0026 0.0019 0.0001 0.9901 0.6980
0.0005 0.0131 -0.0036 0.0004 0.0001 0.0009 0.9960 0.6952
-0.0037 0.0001 0.0232 0.0017 0.0004 0.0011 1.0065 0.6997
-0.0051 0.0355 0.0293 0.0002 -0.0003 0.0008 0.9718 0.6800
0.0117 0.0099 -0.0723 0.0001 0.0002 0.0054 0.9883 0.6720
0.0057 -0.0396 -0.0357 0.0003 0.0000 -0.0066 0.9935 0.6676
-0.0014 -0.0093 0.0099 0.0001 0.0008 -0.0014 1.0156 0.6780
-0.0111 -0.0137 0.0713 0.0022 0.0005 0.0058 0.9785 0.6634
-0.0071 -0.0250 0.0431 0.0008 0.0014 0.0177 0.9720 0.6449
-0.0009 0.0282 0.0042 0.0008 0.0007 0.0028 0.9869 0.6364
-0.0042 0.0639 0.0212 0.0006 -0.0011 -0.0071 0.9911 0.6308
-0.0012 0.0559 0.0045 0.0013 0.0002 0.0085 0.9931 0.6264
0.0094 0.0045 -0.0545 -0.0003 0.0019 -0.0139 0.9958 0.6238
-0.0047 -0.0166 0.0281 0.0014 -0.0017 0.0013 1.0005 0.6241
-0.0035 0.0446 0.0179 0.0003 -0.0008 0.0005 1.0078 0.6289
e Intensity Index Compute Structure Index Compute Structure Index
(Current Level) (Next Lower Level)

Index Index chg. Index Index Index chg. Index Index

1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

1.2759 0.9515 0.9515 0.9953 1.0000 1.0000 0.9706


1.2650 0.9991 0.9506 0.9944 1.0031 1.0031 0.9736
1.2579 1.0017 0.9522 0.9961 1.0032 1.0062 0.9767
1.2634 0.9989 0.9511 0.9950 1.0038 1.0101 0.9804
1.2396 1.0007 0.9518 0.9956 1.0005 1.0106 0.9809
1.2276 0.9990 0.9508 0.9946 1.0038 1.0145 0.9846
1.2190 1.0012 0.9519 0.9958 1.0035 1.0180 0.9881
1.1839 1.0001 0.9521 0.9959 1.0028 1.0209 0.9908
1.1636 1.0012 0.9532 0.9971 1.0038 1.0247 0.9946
1.1353 1.0009 0.9541 0.9980 1.0006 1.0253 0.9951
1.0660 1.0001 0.9542 0.9981 0.9996 1.0248 0.9947
1.0482 0.9996 0.9537 0.9977 1.0008 1.0256 0.9955
1.0164 1.0004 0.9542 0.9981 1.0001 1.0257 0.9955
0.9992 1.0005 0.9547 0.9986 1.0005 1.0262 0.9960
0.9976 1.0006 0.9552 0.9993 1.0028 1.0291 0.9988
1.0000 1.0007 0.9560 1.0000 1.0012 1.0303 1.0000
1.0114 1.0004 0.9564 1.0004 1.0014 1.0317 1.0014
0.9934 1.0003 0.9567 1.0007 1.0005 1.0322 1.0019
0.9756 1.0001 0.9567 1.0008 1.0016 1.0339 1.0035
0.9664 1.0000 0.9567 1.0007 1.0008 1.0347 1.0043
0.9457 1.0002 0.9569 1.0010 1.0015 1.0363 1.0058
0.9040 0.9999 0.9568 1.0009 1.0042 1.0406 1.0100
0.9070 1.0001 0.9569 1.0010 1.0013 1.0419 1.0113
0.9161 1.0001 0.9570 1.0010 1.0001 1.0420 1.0114
0.9133 0.9997 0.9567 1.0007 0.9985 1.0405 1.0099
0.9066 0.9999 0.9566 1.0006 0.9999 1.0404 1.0098
0.8994 0.9996 0.9562 1.0003 1.0013 1.0418 1.0111
0.8905 0.9999 0.9561 1.0002 1.0023 1.0441 1.0134
0.8870 1.0000 0.9562 1.0002 1.0004 1.0446 1.0139
0.8928 0.9997 0.9559 1.0000 1.0016 1.0463 1.0155
0.8676 0.9996 0.9555 0.9995 1.0003 1.0466 1.0158
0.8574 1.0009 0.9563 1.0004 1.0008 1.0474 1.0166
0.8518 1.0006 0.9569 1.0010 0.9995 1.0469 1.0161
0.8650 0.9998 0.9567 1.0008 0.9999 1.0468 1.0161
0.8465 0.9978 0.9546 0.9986 1.0025 1.0495 1.0186
0.8228 0.9986 0.9533 0.9972 1.0028 1.0524 1.0214
0.8120 0.9998 0.9531 0.9970 1.0010 1.0535 1.0225
0.8048 0.9992 0.9524 0.9963 0.9997 1.0531 1.0221
0.7993 0.9998 0.9522 0.9960 1.0022 1.0554 1.0244
0.7959 1.0019 0.9540 0.9979 0.9981 1.0534 1.0224
0.7963 0.9989 0.9529 0.9968 1.0014 1.0549 1.0239
0.8025 0.9991 0.9521 0.9960 1.0003 1.0552 1.0242
Highway Passenger Transportation

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M])


Delivered (Assumed for linkage) --->

Passenger Passenger
Cars and Cars and
Trucks Buses Paratransit Total Trucks

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M


Deliv 1970 10,025.4 110.0 0.000000 10,135.3 0.80887 1,966,921.7
Deliv 1971 10,620.0 109.4 0.000000 10,729.4 0.85628 2,088,195.2
Deliv 1972 11,409.5 110.4 0.000000 11,519.8 0.91936 2,227,370.0
Deliv 1973 11,915.1 114.0 0.000000 12,029.2 0.96001 2,311,710.3
Deliv 1974 11,399.0 117.5 0.000000 11,516.5 0.91910 2,249,050.8
Deliv 1975 11,696.2 123.0 0.000000 11,819.2 0.94325 2,331,956.9
Deliv 1976 12,443.2 128.1 0.000000 12,571.3 1.00328 2,461,178.7
Deliv 1977 12,740.6 131.7 0.000000 12,872.2 1.02729 2,564,538.8
Deliv 1978 13,170.9 136.8 0.000000 13,307.7 1.06205 2,673,445.5
Deliv 1979 12,706.1 139.9 0.000000 12,846.0 1.02520 2,622,877.3
Deliv 1980 11,800.2 142.7 0.000000 11,942.9 0.95313 2,605,917.8
Deliv 1981 11,682.4 145.8 0.000000 11,828.2 0.94397 2,643,222.5
Deliv 1982 11,559.7 147.3 0.000000 11,707.0 0.93430 2,697,997.1
Deliv 1983 11,814.6 149.6 0.000000 11,964.2 0.95482 2,782,660.0
Deliv 1984 12,056.4 153.2 7.1 12,216.7 0.97498 2,852,848.4
Deliv 1985 12,369.2 154.4 6.7 12,530.2 2,903,470.7
Deliv 1986 12,789.9 158.8 6.2 12,954.9 2,957,032.3
Deliv 1987 13,001.5 159.8 5.9 13,167.3 3,044,770.0
Deliv 1988 13,259.4 163.5 6.6 13,429.5 3,164,459.8
Deliv 1989 13,415.3 165.3 6.5 13,587.1 3,221,110.7
Deliv 1990 13,161.6 167.9 5.8 13,335.3 3,240,509.0
Deliv 1991 12,827.6 172.4 6.3 13,006.3 3,274,173.7
Deliv 1992 13,310.2 179.5 6.0 13,495.8 3,378,415.7
Deliv 1993 13,748.0 181.4 7.4 13,936.8 3,433,461.0
Deliv 1994 14,007.4 185.0 9.4 14,201.8 3,499,713.5
Deliv 1995 14,210.0 188.7 8.9 14,407.6 3,576,279.1
Deliv 1996 14,574.9 193.5 9.5 14,777.9 3,678,123.9
Deliv 1997 14,907.7 197.4 9.5 15,114.5 3,795,365.1
Deliv 1998 15,267.2 201.5 9.8 15,478.5 3,908,727.3
Deliv 1999 15,762.3 205.6 10.1 15,978.0 4,004,537.4
Deliv 2000 15,733.4 213.4 10.4 15,957.2 4,101,168.2
Deliv 2001 15,862.5 212.1 11.0 16,085.7 4,189,403.0
Deliv 2002 16,297.2 213.0 11.3 16,521.5 4,290,380.4
Deliv 2003 16,937.4 215.3 12.6 17,165.3 4,357,863.7
Deliv 2004 17,216.7 220.0 13.1 17,449.7 4,492,906.0
Deliv 2005 16,899.1 219.8 14.4 17,133.3 4,546,791.2
Deliv 2006 16,892.9 227.4 15.4 17,135.8 4,610,461.8
Deliv 2007 16,959.7 219.8 24.9 17,204.5 4,662,519.3
Deliv 2008 16,465.0 219.8 26.3 16,711.1 4,550,732.1
Deliv 2009 16,509.0 218.9 24.1 16,752.0 4,568,906.8
Deliv 2010 16,703.2 212.2 23.9 16,939.3 4,595,019.5
Deliv 2011 16,854.7 209.4 25.5 17,089.6 4,593,326.5

Values in red used to integrate paratransit data into series - set to yield no influence on indexes befo

0.0123
ctivity (passenger-miles [P-M]) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M)

Passenger
Cars and
Buses Paratransit Total Trucks Buses

Million P-M Million P-M Million P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M


91,810.0 0.0 2,058,731.7 5097 1198
93,186.0 0.0 2,181,381.2 5086 1174
96,037.0 0.0 2,323,407.0 5122 1149
98,046.0 0.0 2,409,756.3 5154 1163
101,960.0 0.0 2,351,010.8 5068 1153
101,200.0 0.0 2,433,156.9 5016 1215
104,259.8 0.0 2,565,438.5 5056 1229
108,609.9 0.0 2,673,148.6 4968 1212
110,685.1 0.0 2,784,130.7 4927 1236
116,862.9 0.0 2,739,740.1 4844 1197
118,190.0 0.0 2,724,107.8 4528 1207
119,523.0 0.0 2,762,745.5 4420 1220
119,845.3 0.0 2,817,842.3 4285 1229
124,233.9 0.0 2,907,242.9 4246 1204
124,013.2 349.0 2,977,225.6 4226 1235
124,265.0 364.0 3,028,137.7 4260 1242
124,839.6 402.0 3,082,245.9 4325 1272
125,662.3 374.0 3,170,873.3 4270 1272
128,271.5 441.0 3,293,159.3 4190 1275
131,360.7 428.0 3,352,902.3 4165 1258
131,381.0 431.0 3,372,344.0 4062 1278
134,087.3 454.0 3,408,756.0 3918 1286
136,725.9 495.0 3,515,703.6 3940 1313
142,060.9 562.0 3,576,098.9 4004 1277
148,132.0 577.0 3,648,452.5 4002 1249
152,551.5 607.0 3,729,486.6 3973 1237
156,402.8 656.0 3,835,280.7 3963 1237
156,671.3 754.0 3,952,771.4 3928 1260
160,794.0 735.0 4,070,334.4 3906 1253
165,146.3 813.0 4,170,522.6 3936 1245
171,811.7 839.0 4,273,834.9 3836 1242
179,486.7 855.0 4,369,742.7 3786 1182
183,775.5 853.0 4,475,085.9 3799 1159
189,851.4 930.0 4,548,677.1 3887 1134
192,670.4 962.0 4,686,634.4 3832 1142
194,420.4 1,058.0 4,742,289.6 3717 1131
200,417.6 1,078.0 4,812,381.4 3664 1135
200,073.6 1,502.0 4,864,004.9 3637 1099
195,779.1 1,412.0 4,746,511.2 3618 1123
198,390.4 1,477.0 4,767,297.2 3613 1103
192,855.8 1,494.0 4,787,875.3 3635 1100
191,644.2 1,580.0 4,784,970.8 3669 1093

eld no influence on indexes before 1984


From Lower Level (if applicable)

ergy Intensity (Btu/P-M) Energy Intensity (Index) Structure Index

Passenger Passenger
Cars and Cars and
Paratransit Total Trucks Buses Paratransit Trucks Buses

Btu/P-M Btu/P-M 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0
20,234 4923 1.2398 0.9129 1.1012 0.9650 1.0562
20,234 4919 1.2343 0.9152 1.1012 0.9672 1.0325
20,234 4958 1.2398 0.9109 1.1012 0.9699 1.0155
20,234 4992 1.2429 0.9261 1.1012 0.9734 1.0111
20,234 4899 1.2191 0.9033 1.1012 0.9759 1.0273
20,234 4858 1.2031 0.9472 1.1012 0.9786 1.0330
20,234 4900 1.2086 0.9584 1.1012 0.9819 1.0320
20,234 4815 1.1839 0.9449 1.1012 0.9850 1.0327
20,234 4780 1.1698 0.9560 1.1012 0.9886 1.0408
20,234 4689 1.1466 0.9311 1.1012 0.9918 1.0350
20,234 4384 1.0713 0.9381 1.1012 0.9922 1.0360
20,234 4281 1.0448 0.9639 1.1012 0.9930 1.0190
20,234 4155 1.0117 0.9883 1.1012 0.9941 1.0007
20,234 4115 1.0007 0.9818 1.1012 0.9959 0.9871
20,234 4103 0.9942 0.9849 1.1012 0.9978 1.0096
18,374 4138 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
15,526 4203 1.0136 1.0218 0.8450 1.0016 1.0021
15,902 4153 0.9997 1.0337 0.8655 1.0026 0.9905
14,980 4078 0.9795 1.0488 0.8153 1.0041 0.9783
15,144 4052 0.9725 1.0435 0.8242 1.0052 0.9705
13,528 3954 0.9466 1.0579 0.7363 1.0071 0.9724
13,789 3816 0.9081 1.0713 0.7505 1.0128 0.9661
12,123 3839 0.9110 1.1197 0.6598 1.0152 0.9440
13,215 3897 0.9246 1.1027 0.7192 1.0165 0.9320
16,260 3893 0.9246 1.1187 0.8850 1.0161 0.8987
14,718 3863 0.9179 1.1214 0.8010 1.0161 0.8878
14,415 3853 0.9142 1.1261 0.7846 1.0174 0.8846
12,571 3824 0.9048 1.1333 0.6842 1.0190 0.8948
13,340 3803 0.8995 1.1192 0.7260 1.0193 0.9014
12,476 3831 0.9050 1.1033 0.6790 1.0210 0.9081
12,404 3734 0.8813 1.1151 0.6751 1.0218 0.8966
12,900 3681 0.8692 1.0632 0.7021 1.0226 0.8949
13,276 3692 0.8715 1.0532 0.7226 1.0231 0.8858
13,503 3774 0.8910 1.0516 0.7349 1.0239 0.8682
13,570 3723 0.8770 1.0617 0.7386 1.0257 0.8655
13,649 3613 0.8501 1.0472 0.7429 1.0263 0.8690
14,305 3561 0.8370 1.0462 0.7785 1.0276 0.8732
16,611 3537 0.8307 1.0439 0.9040 1.0279 0.8472
18,599 3521 0.8255 1.0453 1.0123 1.0288 0.8646
16,318 3514 0.8244 1.0365 0.8881 1.0288 0.8569
15,977 3538 0.8290 1.0313 0.8695 1.0293 0.8588
16,138 3572 0.8368 1.0175 0.8783 1.0293 0.8645
Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Index of Structure: Product:
Activity Aggregat Personal Structure: Component Activity x Actual
(passenger e Veh. vs. Lower Intensity Structure x Energy
Paratransit -miles) Intensity Transit level Index Intensity Use
=(1)x(3)x(4)
x(5) =(1) x (2)

1985 = 1.0
1.0000 0.6799 1.1897 0.9968 0.96601 1.2355 0.8089 0.8089
1.0000 0.7204 1.1887 0.9983 0.9679 1.2301 0.8563 0.8563
1.0000 0.7673 1.1982 0.9994 0.9704 1.2355 0.9194 0.9194
1.0000 0.7958 1.2064 0.9999 0.9739 1.2388 0.9600 0.9600
1.0000 0.7764 1.1838 0.9978 0.9765 1.2150 0.9191 0.9191
1.0000 0.8035 1.1739 0.9992 0.9793 1.1997 0.9433 0.9433
1.0000 0.8472 1.1842 0.9999 0.9825 1.2054 1.0033 1.0033
1.0000 0.8828 1.1637 0.9999 0.9856 1.1808 1.0273 1.0273
1.0000 0.9194 1.1551 1.0006 0.9892 1.1670 1.0620 1.0620
1.0000 0.9048 1.1331 0.9984 0.9923 1.1438 1.0252 1.0252
1.0000 0.8996 1.0595 0.9978 0.9927 1.0696 0.9531 0.9531
1.0000 0.9124 1.0347 0.9979 0.9933 1.0438 0.9440 0.9440
1.0000 0.9306 1.0040 0.9985 0.9941 1.0115 0.9343 0.9343
1.0000 0.9601 0.9945 0.9982 0.9958 1.0005 0.9548 0.9548
1.0000 0.9832 0.9917 0.9995 0.9980 0.9941 0.9750 0.9750
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0000 1.0179 1.0157 1.0004 1.0016 1.0136 1.0339 1.0339
1.0000 1.0471 1.0035 1.0010 1.0025 1.0001 1.0508 1.0508
1.0000 1.0875 0.9855 1.0016 1.0038 0.9803 1.0718 1.0718
1.0000 1.1072 0.9793 1.0014 1.0048 0.9733 1.0843 1.0843
1.0000 1.1137 0.9556 1.0015 1.0067 0.9478 1.0642 1.0642
1.0000 1.1257 0.9221 1.0013 1.0122 0.9098 1.0380 1.0380
1.0000 1.1610 0.9277 1.0016 1.0142 0.9132 1.0771 1.0771
1.0000 1.1810 0.9418 1.0011 1.0154 0.9266 1.1123 1.1123
1.0000 1.2049 0.9407 1.0005 1.0145 0.9268 1.1334 1.1334
1.0000 1.2316 0.9336 1.0002 1.0143 0.9202 1.1498 1.1498
1.0000 1.2665 0.9312 1.0003 1.0156 0.9166 1.1794 1.1794
1.0000 1.3053 0.9241 1.0012 1.0173 0.9072 1.2062 1.2062
1.0000 1.3442 0.9190 1.0013 1.0177 0.9019 1.2353 1.2353
1.0000 1.3773 0.9259 1.0013 1.0194 0.9071 1.2752 1.2752
1.0000 1.4114 0.9023 1.0008 1.0200 0.8838 1.2735 1.2735
1.0000 1.4430 0.8896 1.0002 1.0208 0.8713 1.2837 1.2837
1.0000 1.4778 0.8922 1.0002 1.0212 0.8735 1.3185 1.3185
1.0000 1.5021 0.9120 0.9998 1.0217 0.8928 1.3699 1.3699
1.0000 1.5477 0.8998 1.0002 1.0234 0.8790 1.3926 1.3926
1.0000 1.5661 0.8731 1.0004 1.0241 0.8522 1.3674 1.3674
1.0000 1.5892 0.8605 0.9998 1.0255 0.8393 1.3676 1.3676
1.0000 1.6063 0.8548 1.0006 1.0253 0.8332 1.3730 1.3730
1.0000 1.5675 0.8508 1.0007 1.0265 0.8283 1.3337 1.3337
1.0000 1.5743 0.8492 1.0005 1.0264 0.8269 1.3369 1.3369
1.0000 1.5811 0.8550 1.0015 1.0268 0.8314 1.3519 1.3519
1.0000 1.5802 0.8631 1.0017 1.0269 0.8390 1.3639 1.3639
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights
(8)

Passenger Passenger
Total Cars and Cars and
Structure Trucks Buses Paratransit Trucks

=(3) x (4)

0.9629 0.9891 0.0109 0.0000


0.9663 0.9898 0.0102 0.0000 0.9895
0.9698 0.9904 0.0096 0.0000 0.9901
0.9738 0.9905 0.0095 0.0000 0.9905
0.9744 0.9898 0.0102 0.0000 0.9902
0.9785 0.9896 0.0104 0.0000 0.9897
0.9824 0.9898 0.0102 0.0000 0.9897
0.9855 0.9898 0.0102 0.0000 0.9898
0.9898 0.9897 0.0103 0.0000 0.9897
0.9907 0.9891 0.0109 0.0000 0.9894
0.9906 0.9881 0.0119 0.0000 0.9886
0.9912 0.9877 0.0123 0.0000 0.9879
0.9926 0.9874 0.0126 0.0000 0.9875
0.9940 0.9875 0.0125 0.0000 0.9875
0.9975 0.9869 0.0125 0.0006 0.9872
1.0000 0.9871 0.0123 0.0005 0.9870
1.0021 0.9873 0.0123 0.0005 0.9872
1.0035 0.9874 0.0121 0.0005 0.9873
1.0054 0.9873 0.0122 0.0005 0.9874
1.0062 0.9874 0.0122 0.0005 0.9873
1.0083 0.9870 0.0126 0.0004 0.9872
1.0135 0.9863 0.0133 0.0005 0.9866
1.0158 0.9863 0.0133 0.0004 0.9863
1.0165 0.9865 0.0130 0.0005 0.9864
1.0150 0.9863 0.0130 0.0007 0.9864
1.0146 0.9863 0.0131 0.0006 0.9863
1.0159 0.9863 0.0131 0.0006 0.9863
1.0186 0.9863 0.0131 0.0006 0.9863
1.0189 0.9863 0.0130 0.0006 0.9863
1.0207 0.9865 0.0129 0.0006 0.9864
1.0209 0.9860 0.0134 0.0007 0.9862
1.0210 0.9861 0.0132 0.0007 0.9861
1.0214 0.9864 0.0129 0.0007 0.9863
1.0215 0.9867 0.0125 0.0007 0.9866
1.0237 0.9866 0.0126 0.0007 0.9867
1.0245 0.9863 0.0128 0.0008 0.9865
1.0253 0.9858 0.0133 0.0009 0.9861
1.0259 0.9858 0.0128 0.0015 0.9858
1.0273 0.9853 0.0132 0.0016 0.9855
1.0269 0.9855 0.0131 0.0014 0.9854
1.0284 0.9861 0.0125 0.0014 0.9858
1.0287 0.9863 0.0123 0.0015 0.9862
Log-Mean Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights
(normalized)

Passenger
Cars and
Buses Paratransit Total Trucks Buses Paratransit

0.0105 0.0000 1.0000 0.9895 0.0105 0.0000


0.0099 0.0000 1.0000 0.9901 0.0099 0.0000
0.0095 0.0000 1.0000 0.9905 0.0095 0.0000
0.0098 0.0000 1.0000 0.9902 0.0098 0.0000
0.0103 0.0000 1.0000 0.9897 0.0103 0.0000
0.0103 0.0000 1.0000 0.9897 0.0103 0.0000
0.0102 0.0000 1.0000 0.9898 0.0102 0.0000
0.0103 0.0000 1.0000 0.9897 0.0103 0.0000
0.0106 0.0000 1.0000 0.9894 0.0106 0.0000
0.0114 0.0000 1.0000 0.9886 0.0114 0.0000
0.0121 0.0000 1.0000 0.9879 0.0121 0.0000
0.0125 0.0000 1.0000 0.9875 0.0125 0.0000
0.0125 0.0000 1.0000 0.9875 0.0125 0.0000
0.0125 0.0000 0.9997 0.9875 0.0125 0.0000
0.0124 0.0006 1.0000 0.9870 0.0124 0.0006
0.0123 0.0005 1.0000 0.9872 0.0123 0.0005
0.0122 0.0005 1.0000 0.9873 0.0122 0.0005
0.0122 0.0005 1.0000 0.9874 0.0122 0.0005
0.0122 0.0005 1.0000 0.9873 0.0122 0.0005
0.0124 0.0005 1.0000 0.9872 0.0124 0.0005
0.0129 0.0005 1.0000 0.9866 0.0129 0.0005
0.0133 0.0005 1.0000 0.9863 0.0133 0.0005
0.0132 0.0005 1.0000 0.9864 0.0132 0.0005
0.0130 0.0006 1.0000 0.9864 0.0130 0.0006
0.0131 0.0006 1.0000 0.9863 0.0131 0.0006
0.0131 0.0006 1.0000 0.9863 0.0131 0.0006
0.0131 0.0006 1.0000 0.9863 0.0131 0.0006
0.0130 0.0006 1.0000 0.9863 0.0130 0.0006
0.0129 0.0006 1.0000 0.9864 0.0129 0.0006
0.0131 0.0006 1.0000 0.9862 0.0131 0.0006
0.0133 0.0007 1.0000 0.9861 0.0133 0.0007
0.0130 0.0007 1.0000 0.9863 0.0130 0.0007
0.0127 0.0007 1.0000 0.9866 0.0127 0.0007
0.0126 0.0007 1.0000 0.9867 0.0126 0.0007
0.0127 0.0008 1.0000 0.9865 0.0127 0.0008
0.0130 0.0009 1.0000 0.9861 0.0130 0.0009
0.0130 0.0012 1.0000 0.9858 0.0130 0.0012
0.0130 0.0015 1.0000 0.9855 0.0130 0.0015
0.0131 0.0015 1.0000 0.9854 0.0131 0.0015
0.0128 0.0014 1.0000 0.9858 0.0128 0.0014
0.0124 0.0015 1.0000 0.9862 0.0124 0.0015
Log Changes - Intensity Activity Shares

Passenger Passenger
Cars and Cars and
Trucks Buses Paratransit Trucks Buses Paratransit

0.9554 0.0446 0.0000


-0.0045 0.0025 0.0000 0.9573 0.0427 0.0000
0.0045 -0.0048 0.0000 0.9587 0.0413 0.0000
0.0025 0.0166 0.0000 0.9593 0.0407 0.0000
-0.0193 -0.0249 0.0000 0.9566 0.0434 0.0000
-0.0132 0.0475 0.0000 0.9584 0.0416 0.0000
0.0046 0.0117 0.0000 0.9594 0.0406 0.0000
-0.0206 -0.0141 0.0000 0.9594 0.0406 0.0000
-0.0120 0.0117 0.0000 0.9602 0.0398 0.0000
-0.0200 -0.0263 0.0000 0.9573 0.0427 0.0000
-0.0679 0.0075 0.0000 0.9566 0.0434 0.0000
-0.0251 0.0271 0.0000 0.9567 0.0433 0.0000
-0.0321 0.0250 0.0000 0.9575 0.0425 0.0000
-0.0109 -0.0067 0.0000 0.9571 0.0427 0.0000
-0.0066 0.0032 0.0000 0.9582 0.0417 0.0001
0.0059 0.0152 -0.0964 0.9588 0.0410 0.0001
0.0136 0.0215 -0.1684 0.9594 0.0405 0.0001
-0.0138 0.0116 0.0239 0.9602 0.0396 0.0001
-0.0204 0.0145 -0.0597 0.9609 0.0390 0.0001
-0.0072 -0.0051 0.0109 0.9607 0.0392 0.0001
-0.0270 0.0137 -0.1128 0.9609 0.0390 0.0001
-0.0416 0.0126 0.0191 0.9605 0.0393 0.0001
0.0032 0.0442 -0.1288 0.9610 0.0389 0.0001
0.0149 -0.0153 0.0862 0.9601 0.0397 0.0002
0.0000 0.0144 0.2074 0.9592 0.0406 0.0002
-0.0073 0.0024 -0.0997 0.9589 0.0409 0.0002
-0.0040 0.0042 -0.0207 0.9590 0.0408 0.0002
-0.0104 0.0064 -0.1369 0.9602 0.0396 0.0002
-0.0058 -0.0125 0.0594 0.9603 0.0395 0.0002
0.0060 -0.0143 -0.0669 0.9602 0.0396 0.0002
-0.0265 0.0106 -0.0058 0.9596 0.0402 0.0002
-0.0139 -0.0477 0.0392 0.9587 0.0411 0.0002
0.0027 -0.0094 0.0287 0.9587 0.0411 0.0002
0.0221 -0.0016 0.0169 0.9581 0.0417 0.0002
-0.0159 0.0096 0.0050 0.9587 0.0411 0.0002
-0.0312 -0.0138 0.0058 0.9588 0.0410 0.0002
-0.0155 -0.0010 0.0469 0.9580 0.0416 0.0002
-0.0075 -0.0022 0.1495 0.9586 0.0411 0.0003
-0.0063 0.0013 0.1131 0.9588 0.0412 0.0003
-0.0013 -0.0084 -0.1308 0.9584 0.0416 0.0003
0.0056 -0.0051 -0.0211 0.9597 0.0403 0.0003
0.0094 -0.0134 0.0101 0.9599 0.0401 0.0003
Log Changes - Activity Shares Log Changes--Lower-level Structure

Passenger Passenger
Cars and Cars and
Trucks Buses Paratransit Trucks Buses Paratransit

-0.0456 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


0.0020 -0.0430 -0.0579 0.0023 -0.0227 0.0000
0.0014 -0.0329 -0.0631 0.0027 -0.0166 0.0000
0.0007 -0.0158 -0.0365 0.0037 -0.0044 0.0000
-0.0028 0.0638 0.0247 0.0025 0.0160 0.0000
0.0019 -0.0418 -0.0343 0.0028 0.0055 0.0000
0.0010 -0.0232 -0.0529 0.0034 -0.0009 0.0000
0.0000 -0.0003 -0.0411 0.0031 0.0006 0.0000
0.0009 -0.0218 -0.0407 0.0037 0.0078 0.0000
-0.0030 0.0704 0.0161 0.0032 -0.0056 0.0000
-0.0008 0.0170 0.0057 0.0004 0.0010 0.0000
0.0001 -0.0029 -0.0141 0.0008 -0.0166 0.0000
0.0008 -0.0171 -0.0197 0.0011 -0.0181 0.0000
-0.0003 0.0047 -0.0312 0.0019 -0.0137 0.0000
0.0011 -0.0256 22.6542 0.0019 0.0226 0.0000
0.0006 -0.0149 0.0251 0.0022 -0.0095 0.0000
0.0006 -0.0131 0.0816 0.0016 0.0021 0.0000
0.0009 -0.0218 -0.1005 0.0010 -0.0116 0.0000
0.0007 -0.0173 0.1269 0.0015 -0.0124 0.0000
-0.0002 0.0058 -0.0479 0.0011 -0.0080 0.0000
0.0002 -0.0056 0.0012 0.0019 0.0019 0.0000
-0.0004 0.0096 0.0412 0.0056 -0.0064 0.0000
0.0004 -0.0114 0.0556 0.0024 -0.0232 0.0000
-0.0009 0.0212 0.1099 0.0013 -0.0128 0.0000
-0.0009 0.0218 0.0063 -0.0004 -0.0364 0.0000
-0.0003 0.0074 0.0287 0.0000 -0.0121 0.0000
0.0001 -0.0030 0.0497 0.0013 -0.0037 0.0000
0.0012 -0.0285 0.1091 0.0016 0.0115 0.0000
0.0001 -0.0033 -0.0548 0.0002 0.0073 0.0000
-0.0001 0.0024 0.0765 0.0017 0.0075 0.0000
-0.0006 0.0151 0.0070 0.0008 -0.0128 0.0000
-0.0009 0.0215 -0.0033 0.0008 -0.0019 0.0000
0.0000 -0.0002 -0.0262 0.0005 -0.0102 0.0000
-0.0007 0.0162 0.0701 0.0008 -0.0200 0.0000
0.0006 -0.0151 0.0040 0.0018 -0.0031 0.0000
0.0001 -0.0028 0.0833 0.0006 0.0040 0.0000
-0.0008 0.0157 0.0041 0.0013 0.0048 0.0000
0.0006 -0.0124 0.3210 0.0002 -0.0302 0.0000
0.0002 0.0028 -0.0373 0.0009 0.0203 0.0000
-0.0004 0.0089 0.0406 0.0000 -0.0089 0.0000
0.0014 -0.0326 0.0071 0.0004 0.0022 0.0000
0.0002 -0.0057 0.0566 0.0000 0.0066 0.0000
Compute Intensity Index Compute Structure Index Compute Structure Index
(Current Level) (Lower Level)

Index chg. Index Index Index chg. Index Index Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.)

1.0000 1.0000 1.2355 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9968 #DIV/0! 1.0000


0.9956 0.9956 1.2301 1.0015 1.0015 0.9983 1.0020 1.0020
1.0044 1.0000 1.2355 1.0011 1.0026 0.9994 1.0025 1.0045
1.0027 1.0026 1.2388 1.0005 1.0031 0.9999 1.0036 1.0082
0.9808 0.9834 1.2150 0.9979 1.0010 0.9978 1.0027 1.0109
0.9875 0.9710 1.1997 1.0014 1.0024 0.9992 1.0028 1.0137
1.0047 0.9756 1.2054 1.0007 1.0031 0.9999 1.0033 1.0171
0.9796 0.9557 1.1808 1.0000 1.0031 0.9999 1.0031 1.0202
0.9883 0.9445 1.1670 1.0007 1.0038 1.0006 1.0037 1.0240
0.9801 0.9257 1.1438 0.9978 1.0016 0.9984 1.0031 1.0272
0.9351 0.8657 1.0696 0.9994 1.0010 0.9978 1.0004 1.0277
0.9759 0.8448 1.0438 1.0001 1.0011 0.9979 1.0006 1.0283
0.9691 0.8187 1.0115 1.0005 1.0016 0.9985 1.0008 1.0291
0.9892 0.8098 1.0005 0.9997 1.0014 0.9982 1.0017 1.0308
0.9936 0.8046 0.9941 1.0014 1.0027 0.9995 1.0022 1.0331
1.0059 0.8094 1.0000 1.0005 1.0032 1.0000 1.0020 1.0352
1.0136 0.8204 1.0136 1.0004 1.0036 1.0004 1.0016 1.0369
0.9866 0.8094 1.0001 1.0006 1.0042 1.0010 1.0008 1.0377
0.9802 0.7934 0.9803 1.0006 1.0048 1.0016 1.0013 1.0391
0.9929 0.7877 0.9733 0.9998 1.0046 1.0014 1.0010 1.0402
0.9738 0.7671 0.9478 1.0002 1.0047 1.0015 1.0019 1.0421
0.9599 0.7364 0.9098 0.9997 1.0045 1.0013 1.0054 1.0478
1.0037 0.7391 0.9132 1.0003 1.0048 1.0016 1.0020 1.0499
1.0146 0.7499 0.9266 0.9995 1.0043 1.0011 1.0011 1.0511
1.0003 0.7501 0.9268 0.9994 1.0036 1.0005 0.9992 1.0502
0.9928 0.7448 0.9202 0.9998 1.0034 1.0002 0.9998 1.0500
0.9961 0.7419 0.9166 1.0001 1.0035 1.0003 1.0012 1.0513
0.9898 0.7343 0.9072 1.0009 1.0044 1.0012 1.0017 1.0531
0.9941 0.7300 0.9019 1.0000 1.0045 1.0013 1.0003 1.0535
1.0057 0.7342 0.9071 1.0000 1.0044 1.0013 1.0017 1.0553
0.9744 0.7154 0.8838 0.9996 1.0040 1.0008 1.0006 1.0559
0.9858 0.7052 0.8713 0.9994 1.0034 1.0002 1.0007 1.0567
1.0026 0.7070 0.8735 1.0000 1.0034 1.0002 1.0004 1.0571
1.0221 0.7226 0.8928 0.9996 1.0029 0.9998 1.0005 1.0576
0.9845 0.7114 0.8790 1.0004 1.0034 1.0002 1.0017 1.0595
0.9696 0.6898 0.8522 1.0001 1.0035 1.0004 1.0007 1.0602
0.9848 0.6793 0.8393 0.9995 1.0030 0.9998 1.0013 1.0615
0.9927 0.6744 0.8332 1.0008 1.0038 1.0006 0.9999 1.0614
0.9940 0.6704 0.8283 1.0002 1.0039 1.0007 1.0012 1.0626
0.9984 0.6693 0.8269 0.9998 1.0037 1.0005 0.9999 1.0625
1.0054 0.6729 0.8314 1.0010 1.0047 1.0015 1.0004 1.0630
1.0092 0.6791 0.8390 1.0002 1.0049 1.0017 1.0001 1.0631
e Structure Index
wer Level)

Index

1985 = 1

0.9660
0.9679
0.9704
0.9739
0.9765
0.9793
0.9825
0.9856
0.9892
0.9923
0.9927
0.9933
0.9941
0.9958
0.9980
1.0000
1.0016
1.0025
1.0038
1.0048
1.0067
1.0122
1.0142
1.0154
1.0145
1.0143
1.0156
1.0173
1.0177
1.0194
1.0200
1.0208
1.0212
1.0217
1.0234
1.0241
1.0255
1.0253
1.0265
1.0264
1.0268
1.0269
Personal Passenger Vehicles

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M])


Delivered

Passenger Motor- Passenger


Car Light Truck cycles Total Car

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M


Deliv 1949
Deliv 1950
Deliv 1951
Deliv 1952
Deliv 1953
Deliv 1954
Deliv 1955
Deliv 1956
Deliv 1957
Deliv 1958
Deliv 1959
Deliv 1960
Deliv 1961
Deliv 1962
Deliv 1963
Deliv 1964
Deliv 1965
Deliv 1966 1,472,427
Deliv 1967 1,535,996
Deliv 1968 1,610,314
Deliv 1969 1,675,495
Deliv 1970 8,479 1,539 7 10,025 0.0007 1,741,730
Deliv 1971 8,926 1,685 9 10,620 1,836,109
Deliv 1972 9,506 1,893 11 11,409 1,940,814
Deliv 1973 9,799 2,103 13 11,915 1,988,156
Deliv 1974 9,304 2,081 14 11,399 1,914,541
Deliv 1975 9,298 2,384 14 11,696 1,964,505
Deliv 1976 9,826 2,602 15 12,443 2,047,339
Deliv 1977 9,928 2,797 16 12,741 2,105,019
Deliv 1978 10,133 3,020 18 13,171 2,156,162
Deliv 1979 9,629 3,055 22 12,706 2,077,389
Deliv 1980 8,800 2,975 26 11,800 2,056,453
Deliv 1981 8,693 2,963 27 11,682 2,079,062
Deliv 1982 8,698 2,837 25 11,560 2,110,661
Deliv 1983 8,802 2,991 22 11,815 2,149,568
Deliv 1984 8,837 3,197 23 12,056 2,172,522
Deliv 1985 8,932 3,414 23 12,369 2,172,991
Deliv 1986 9,139 3,627 23 12,790 2,177,885
Deliv 1987 9,159 3,819 24 13,002 2,218,670
Deliv 1988 9,158 4,076 25 13,259 2,271,476
Deliv 1989 9,232 4,157 26 13,415 2,283,155
Deliv 1990 8,688 4,450 24 13,162 2,253,226
Deliv 1991 8,029 4,775 23 12,828 2,173,096
Deliv 1992 8,169 5,117 24 13,310 2,194,510
Deliv 1993 8,368 5,355 25 13,748 2,199,534
Deliv 1994 8,470 5,512 26 14,007 2,249,742
Deliv 1995 8,489 5,696 25 14,210 2,301,456
Deliv 1996 8,633 5,917 24 14,575 2,344,417
Deliv 1997 8,714 6,168 25 14,908 2,389,064
Deliv 1998 8,938 6,304 26 15,267 2,456,080
Deliv 1999 9,133 6,602 26 15,762 2,479,178
Deliv 2000 9,100 6,607 26 15,733 2,520,452
Deliv 2001 9,161 6,678 24 15,862 2,556,491
Deliv 2002 9,391 6,883 24 16,297 2,603,804
Deliv 2003 9,362 7,551 24 16,937 2,625,166
Deliv 2004 9,331 7,861 25 17,217 2,668,827
Deliv 2005 9,579 7,296 24 16,899 2,682,221
Deliv 2006 9,316 7,550 28 16,893 2,654,138
Deliv 2007 9,221 7,679 59 16,960 2,625,773
Deliv 2008 8,832 7,572 61 16,465 2,504,645
Deliv 2009 8,898 7,551 60 16,509 2,514,325
Deliv 2010 8,927 7,723 53 16,703 2,506,783
Deliv 2011 9,029 7,773 53 16,855 2,505,820
ctivity (passenger-miles [P-M]) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M)

Motor- Passenger
Light Truck cycles Total Car Light Truck Motor-cycles Total

Million P-M Million P-M Million P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M

173,687 2,770 1,648,884


178,106 2,890 1,716,992
195,464 3,030 1,808,808
212,821 3,152 1,891,468
221,915 3,277 1,966,922 0.0017 4,868 6,933 2,273 5,097
248,166 3,920 2,088,195 4,861 6,789 2,300 5,086
281,920 4,636 2,227,370 4,898 6,715 2,335 5,122
318,299 5,255 2,311,710 4,929 6,606 2,471 5,154
328,963 5,547 2,249,051 4,860 6,327 2,454 5,068
361,260 6,192 2,331,957 4,733 6,599 2,273 5,016
406,501 7,338 2,461,179 4,799 6,402 2,045 5,056
451,064 8,456 2,564,539 4,716 6,200 1,877 4,968
507,602 9,681 2,673,446 4,700 5,949 1,848 4,927
535,159 10,329 2,622,877 4,635 5,709 2,090 4,844
538,230 11,235 2,605,918 4,279 5,527 2,273 4,528
553,174 10,987 2,643,222 4,181 5,356 2,432 4,420
576,566 10,770 2,697,997 4,121 4,921 2,300 4,285
622,522 10,571 2,782,660 4,095 4,804 2,072 4,246
669,983 10,343 2,852,848 4,068 4,772 2,196 4,226
720,485 9,995 2,903,471 4,110 4,738 2,351 4,260
769,103 10,044 2,957,032 4,196 4,716 2,339 4,325
815,839 10,260 3,044,770 4,128 4,681 2,316 4,270
882,449 10,535 3,164,460 4,032 4,619 2,379 4,190
927,335 10,620 3,221,111 4,044 4,483 2,441 4,165
976,771 10,513 3,240,509 3,856 4,555 2,273 4,062
1,090,982 10,096 3,274,174 3,695 4,377 2,273 3,918
1,173,393 10,513 3,378,416 3,722 4,361 2,273 3,940
1,223,030 10,897 3,433,461 3,804 4,379 2,273 4,004
1,238,707 11,264 3,499,713 3,765 4,450 2,273 4,002
1,264,046 10,777 3,576,279 3,689 4,506 2,300 3,973
1,322,795 10,912 3,678,124 3,683 4,473 2,245 3,963
1,395,212 11,089 3,795,365 3,647 4,421 2,273 3,928
1,441,337 11,311 3,908,727 3,639 4,374 2,273 3,906
1,513,717 11,642 4,004,537 3,684 4,362 2,273 3,936
1,569,200 11,516 4,101,168 3,611 4,210 2,273 3,836
1,622,316 10,596 4,189,403 3,583 4,116 2,274 3,786
1,676,069 10,507 4,290,380 3,607 4,106 2,273 3,799
1,722,165 10,534 4,357,864 3,566 4,385 2,264 3,887
1,812,944 11,134 4,492,906 3,496 4,336 2,273 3,832
1,853,071 11,499 4,546,791 3,571 3,937 2,060 3,717
1,943,070 13,254 4,610,462 3,510 3,885 2,085 3,664
2,013,211 23,536 4,662,519 3,512 3,814 2,522 3,637
2,023,195 22,892 4,550,732 3,526 3,743 2,672 3,618
2,031,678 22,904 4,568,907 3,539 3,716 2,632 3,613
2,067,873 20,364 4,595,019 3,561 3,735 2,619 3,635
2,067,111 20,396 4,593,327 3,603 3,760 2,607 3,669
Energy Intensity (Index) Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3)

Index of Structure:
Passenger Aggregate Vehicle
Car Light Truck Motor-cycles Total Activity Intensity Mix

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

1.1844 1.4632 0.9669 1.1964 0.6774 1.1964 0.9650


1.1827 1.4329 0.9786 1.1938 0.7192 1.1938 0.9672
1.1916 1.4171 0.9935 1.2024 0.7671 1.2024 0.9699
1.1991 1.3942 1.0513 1.2099 0.7962 1.2099 0.9734
1.1823 1.3353 1.0440 1.1897 0.7746 1.1897 0.9759
1.1515 1.3928 0.9669 1.1773 0.8032 1.1773 0.9786
1.1676 1.3512 0.8701 1.1868 0.8477 1.1868 0.9819
1.1474 1.3086 0.7986 1.1662 0.8833 1.1662 0.9850
1.1434 1.2555 0.7864 1.1564 0.9208 1.1564 0.9886
1.1277 1.2049 0.8894 1.1371 0.9034 1.1371 0.9918
1.0411 1.1665 0.9669 1.0629 0.8975 1.0629 0.9922
1.0172 1.1304 1.0348 1.0375 0.9104 1.0375 0.9930
1.0025 1.0386 0.9786 1.0057 0.9292 1.0057 0.9941
0.9962 1.0139 0.8814 0.9966 0.9584 0.9966 0.9959
0.9896 1.0070 0.9343 0.9920 0.9826 0.9920 0.9978
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0209 0.9954 0.9951 1.0153 1.0184 1.0153 1.0016
1.0043 0.9880 0.9854 1.0023 1.0487 1.0023 1.0026
0.9809 0.9749 1.0120 0.9836 1.0899 0.9836 1.0041
0.9838 0.9461 1.0387 0.9776 1.1094 0.9776 1.0052
0.9381 0.9614 0.9669 0.9534 1.1161 0.9534 1.0071
0.8989 0.9238 0.9669 0.9196 1.1277 0.9196 1.0128
0.9056 0.9204 0.9669 0.9248 1.1636 0.9248 1.0152
0.9255 0.9242 0.9669 0.9399 1.1825 0.9399 1.0165
0.9159 0.9392 0.9669 0.9395 1.2054 0.9395 1.0161
0.8974 0.9511 0.9784 0.9327 1.2317 0.9327 1.0161
0.8959 0.9440 0.9549 0.9302 1.2668 0.9302 1.0174
0.8874 0.9331 0.9669 0.9220 1.3072 0.9220 1.0190
0.8853 0.9230 0.9669 0.9169 1.3462 0.9169 1.0193
0.8963 0.9206 0.9669 0.9239 1.3792 0.9239 1.0210
0.8784 0.8886 0.9669 0.9005 1.4125 0.9005 1.0218
0.8718 0.8687 0.9675 0.8888 1.4429 0.8888 1.0226
0.8774 0.8666 0.9669 0.8916 1.4777 0.8916 1.0231
0.8676 0.9254 0.9632 0.9123 1.5009 0.9123 1.0239
0.8506 0.9151 0.9670 0.8995 1.5474 0.8995 1.0257
0.8688 0.8310 0.8764 0.8724 1.5660 0.8724 1.0263
0.8539 0.8200 0.8869 0.8601 1.5879 0.8601 1.0276
0.8544 0.8050 1.0731 0.8538 1.6058 0.8538 1.0279
0.8578 0.7899 1.1370 0.8493 1.5673 0.8493 1.0288
0.8610 0.7844 1.1198 0.8482 1.5736 0.8482 1.0288
0.8664 0.7882 1.1143 0.8533 1.5826 0.8533 1.0293
0.8766 0.7936 1.1092 0.8613 1.5820 0.8613 1.0293
Energy Shares
(4) (5) (6) (7)

Product: Structure
Component Activity x x
Intensity Structure x Actual Energy Intensity Passenger
Index Intensity Use Index Car

=(1)x(3)x(4) =(1) x (2) =(3) x (4)

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
1.2398 0.8105 0.8105 1.1964 0.846
1.2343 0.8586 0.8586 1.1938 0.840
1.2398 0.9224 0.9224 1.2024 0.833
1.2429 0.9633 0.9633 1.2099 0.822
1.2191 0.9216 0.9216 1.1897 0.816
1.2031 0.9456 0.9456 1.1773 0.795
1.2086 1.0060 1.0060 1.1868 0.790
1.1839 1.0300 1.0300 1.1662 0.779
1.1698 1.0648 1.0648 1.1564 0.769
1.1466 1.0272 1.0272 1.1371 0.758
1.0713 0.9540 0.9540 1.0629 0.746
1.0448 0.9445 0.9445 1.0375 0.744
1.0117 0.9346 0.9346 1.0057 0.752
1.0007 0.9552 0.9552 0.9966 0.745
0.9942 0.9747 0.9747 0.9920 0.733
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.722
1.0136 1.0340 1.0340 1.0153 0.715
0.9997 1.0511 1.0511 1.0023 0.704
0.9795 1.0720 1.0720 0.9836 0.691
0.9725 1.0846 1.0846 0.9776 0.688
0.9466 1.0641 1.0641 0.9534 0.660
0.9081 1.0371 1.0371 0.9196 0.626
0.9110 1.0761 1.0761 0.9248 0.614
0.9246 1.1115 1.1115 0.9399 0.609
0.9246 1.1324 1.1324 0.9395 0.605
0.9179 1.1488 1.1488 0.9327 0.597
0.9142 1.1783 1.1783 0.9302 0.592
0.9048 1.2052 1.2052 0.9220 0.585
0.8995 1.2343 1.2343 0.9169 0.585
0.9050 1.2743 1.2743 0.9239 0.579
0.8813 1.2720 1.2720 0.9005 0.578
0.8692 1.2824 1.2824 0.8888 0.578
0.8715 1.3176 1.3176 0.8916 0.576
0.8910 1.3693 1.3693 0.9123 0.553
0.8770 1.3919 1.3919 0.8995 0.542
0.8501 1.3662 1.3662 0.8724 0.567
0.8370 1.3657 1.3657 0.8601 0.551
0.8307 1.3711 1.3711 0.8538 0.544
0.8255 1.3311 1.3311 0.8493 0.536
0.8244 1.3347 1.3347 0.8482 0.539
0.8290 1.3504 1.3504 0.8533 0.534
0.8368 1.3626 1.3626 0.8613 0.536
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights
(normalized)

Light Motor- Passenger Light Motor- Passenger


Truck cycles Car Truck cycles Total Car

#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.153 0.001 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.159 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.166 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.176 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.183 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.204 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.209 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.220 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.229 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.240 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.252 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.254 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.245 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.253 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.265 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.276 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.284 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.294 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.307 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.310 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.338 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.372 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.384 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.390 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.394 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.401 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.406 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.414 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.413 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.419 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.420 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.421 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.422 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.446 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.457 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 0.5474
0.432 0.001 1 0 0 1.000 0.5544
0.447 0.002 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.453 0.004 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.460 0.004 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.457 0.004 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.462 0.003 1 0 0 1.000 1
0.461 0.003 1 0 0 1.000 1
og-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity Activity Shares
(normalized)

Light Motor- Passenger


Truck cycles Car Light Truck Motor-cycles Passenger Car

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.893
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.895
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.890
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.886
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.886
0 0 0 0 0 0.879
0 0 0 0 0 0.871
0 0 0 0 0 0.860
0 0 0 0 0 0.851
0 0 0 0 0 0.842
0 0 0 0 0 0.832
0 0 0 0 0 0.821
0 0 0 0 0 0.807
0 0 0 0 0 0.792
0 0 0 0 0 0.789
0 0 0 0 0 0.787
0 0 0 0 0 0.782
0 0 0 0 0 0.772
0 0 0 0 0 0.762
0 0 0 0 0 0.748
0 0 0 0 0 0.737
0 0 0 0 0 0.729
0 0 0 0 0 0.718
0 0 0 0 0 0.709
0 0 0 0 0 0.695
0 0 0 0 0 0.664
0 0 0 0 0 0.650
0 0 0 0 0 0.641
0 0 0 0 0 0.643
0 0 0 0 0 0.644
0 0 0 0 0 0.637
0 0 0 0 0 0.629
0 0 0 0 0 0.628
0 0 0 0 0 0.619
0 0 0 0 0 0.615
0 0 0 0 0 0.610
0 0 0 0 0 0.607
0 0 0 0 0 0.602
0.4512 0.0014 0 0 0 0.594
0.4441 0.0014 0 0 0 0.590
0 0 0 0 0 0.576
0 0 0 0 0 0.563
0 0 0 0 0 0.550
0 0 0 0 0 0.550
0 0 0 0 0 0.546
0 0 0 0 0 0.546
tivity Shares Log Changes - Activity Shares Compute Intensity Index
Total Personal Vehicles

Passenger Light Motor-


Light Truck Motor-cycles Car Truck cycles Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.)

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
0.105 0.002 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1
0.104 0.002 0 0 0 #DIV/0! 1
0.108 0.002 0 0 0 #DIV/0! 1
0.113 0.002 0 0 0 #DIV/0! 1
0.113 0.002 0 0 0 #DIV/0! 1
0.119 0.002 0 0 0 1 1
0.127 0.002 0 0 0 1 1
0.138 0.002 0 0 0 1 1
0.146 0.002 0 0 0 1 1
0.155 0.003 0 0 0 1 1
0.165 0.003 0 0 0 1 1
0.176 0.003 0 0 0 1 1
0.190 0.004 0 0 0 1 0.9435
0.204 0.004 0 0 0 1 0.9248
0.207 0.004 0 0 0 1 0.8641
0.209 0.004 0 0 0 1 0.8427
0.214 0.004 0 0 0 1 0.8161
0.224 0.004 0 0 0 1 0.8072
0.235 0.004 0 0 0 1 0.8019
0.248 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.8066
0.260 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.8176
0.268 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.8064
0.279 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7901
0.288 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7844
0.301 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7635
0.333 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7324
0.347 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7348
0.356 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7458
0.354 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7458
0.353 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7404
0.360 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7374
0.368 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7298
0.369 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7255
0.378 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7299
0.383 0.003 0 0 0 1 0.7109
0.387 0.003 0 0 0 1 1
0.391 0.002 0 0 0 1 1
0.395 0.002 0 0 0 1 1
0.404 0.002 0 0 0 1 1
0.408 0.003 0 0 0 1 1
0.421 0.003 0 0 0 1 1
0.432 0.005 0 0 1 1 1
0.445 0.005 0 0 0 1 1
0.445 0.005 0 0 0 1 1
0.450 0.004 0 0 0 1 1
0.450 0.004 0 0 0 1 1
e Intensity Index Compute Structure Index
sonal Vehicles Total Personal Vehicles

Index Index chg. Index Index

1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

1.2398 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2398 #DIV/0! 1 0.9650
1.2343 1 1 0.9672
1.2398 1 1 0.9699
1.2429 1 1 0.9734
1.2191 1 1 0.9759
1.2031 1 1 0.9786
1.2086 1 1 0.9819
1.1839 1 1 0.9850
1.1698 1 1.0244 0.9886
1.1466 1 1.0277 0.9918
1.0713 1 1.0282 0.9922
1.0448 1 1.0290 0.9930
1.0117 1 1.0301 0.9941
1.0007 1 1.0320 0.9959
0.9942 1 1.0340 0.9978
1.0000 1 1.0362 1.0000
1.0136 1 1.0379 1.0016
0.9997 1 1.0389 1.0026
0.9795 1 1.0405 1.0041
0.9725 1 1.0417 1.0052
0.9466 1 1.0436 1.0071
0.9081 1 1.0495 1.0128
0.9110 1 1.0519 1.0152
0.9246 1 1.0534 1.0165
0.9246 1 1.0530 1.0161
0.9179 1 1.0529 1.0161
0.9142 1 1.0543 1.0174
0.9048 1 1.0560 1.0190
0.8995 1 1.0562 1.0193
0.9050 1 1.0580 1.0210
0.8813 1 1.0588 1.0218
0.8692 1 1 1.0226
0.8715 1 1 1.0231
0.8910 1 1 1.0239
0.8770 1 1 1.0257
0.8501 1 1 1.0263
0.8370 1 1 1.0276
0.8307 1 1 1.0279
0.8255 1 1 1.0288
0.8244 1 1 1.0288
0.8290 1 1 1.0293
0.8368 1 1 1.0293
Buses

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M])


Delivered

Urban Bus Intercity Bus School Bus Total Urban Bus

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered


(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M
Deliv 1965 45.9 45.9
Deliv 1966 45.0 45.0
Deliv 1967 44.7 44.7
Deliv 1968 43.7 43.7
Deliv 1969 43.0 43.0
Deliv 1970 42.2 26.6 41.2 110.0 18,210
Deliv 1971 39.3 27.1 43.0 109.4 16,810
Deliv 1972 37.6 27.3 45.5 110.4 16,180
Deliv 1973 40.7 27.2 46.1 114.0 16,170
Deliv 1974 44.8 26.3 46.4 117.5 17,910
Deliv 1975 51.3 24.8 47.0 123.0 18,300
Deliv 1976 54.6 25.0 48.4 128.1 18,890
Deliv 1977 56.9 25.0 49.7 131.7 19,730
Deliv 1978 59.7 27.0 50.1 136.8 20,708
Deliv 1979 59.8 28.1 52.0 139.9 21,393
Deliv 1980 61.3 29.3 52.1 142.7 21,790
Deliv 1981 63.6 28.6 53.7 145.8 21,012
Deliv 1982 64.7 28.1 54.6 147.3 19,987
Deliv 1983 63.6 28.1 57.8 149.6 20,047
Deliv 1984 71.1 24.6 57.6 153.2 21,595
Deliv 1985 72.6 23.4 58.4 154.4 21,161
Deliv 1986 76.4 23.7 58.8 158.8 21,395
Deliv 1987 75.6 23.9 60.3 159.8 20,970
Deliv 1988 76.9 24.2 62.4 163.5 20,753
Deliv 1989 76.7 24.4 64.1 165.3 20,768
Deliv 1990 78.4 24.7 64.8 167.9 20,981
Deliv 1991 79.7 26.0 66.7 172.4 21,090
Deliv 1992 82.6 27.4 69.5 179.5 20,336
Deliv 1993 80.7 28.7 72.0 181.4 20,247
Deliv 1994 80.0 30.1 75.0 185.0 18,832
Deliv 1995 80.8 29.6 78.3 188.7 18,818
Deliv 1996 82.9 30.2 80.4 193.5 19,096
Deliv 1997 86.9 31.6 78.9 197.4 19,604
Deliv 1998 89.6 32.8 79.1 201.5 20,360
Deliv 1999 92.1 34.1 79.4 205.6 21,205
Deliv 2000 96.3 35.3 81.8 213.4 21,241
Deliv 2001 91.2 36.6 84.4 212.1 22,022
Deliv 2002 90.2 37.8 85.0 213.0 21,841
Deliv 2003 89.1 39.0 87.2 215.3 21,262
Deliv 2004 93.4 40.3 86.3 220.0 21,377
Deliv 2005 93.1 41.5 85.2 219.8 21,825
Deliv 2006 98.4 42.7 86.3 227.4 22,821
Deliv 2007 91.7 44.0 84.2 219.8 20,976
Deliv 2008 94.6 44.2 81.0 219.8 21,757
Deliv 2009 91.3 44.4 83.2 218.9 21,477
Deliv 2010 86.6 44.6 81.0 212.2 21,013
Deliv 2011 91.0 42.9 75.5 209.4 21,414

0.112
ctivity (passenger-miles [P-M]) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M)

School
Intercity Bus School Bus Total Urban Bus Intercity Bus Bus Total

Million P-M Million P-M Million P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M

25,300 48,300 91,810 2316.4 1052.1 852.6 1197.9


25,500 50,876 93,186 2337.5 1063.1 845.2 1174.0
25,600 54,257 96,037 2322.4 1067.3 837.8 1149.1
26,400 55,476 98,046 2519.3 1031.5 830.6 1163.2
27,700 56,350 101,960 2502.3 950.1 823.5 1152.8
25,400 57,500 101,200 2801.0 976.3 816.5 1215.5
25,100 60,270 104,260 2892.0 997.8 803.6 1228.7
26,000 62,880 108,610 2883.3 962.7 791.0 1212.2
25,600 64,377 110,685 2882.8 1053.8 778.9 1236.1
27,700 67,770 116,863 2796.5 1014.4 767.1 1197.2
27,400 69,000 118,190 2811.4 1069.3 755.7 1207.4
27,100 71,411 119,523 3027.0 1053.9 751.7 1220.2
26,900 72,958 119,845 3234.7 1042.8 747.7 1228.7
26,500 77,687 124,234 3174.5 1062.0 743.8 1203.9
24,600 77,818 124,013 3290.1 998.7 739.9 1235.3
23,800 79,304 124,265 3431.6 982.8 736.0 1242.3
23,700 79,745 124,840 3568.8 998.1 737.2 1272.0
23,000 81,692 125,662 3605.5 1039.9 738.3 1272.0
23,100 84,419 128,272 3705.7 1046.8 739.5 1274.7
24,000 86,593 131,361 3693.0 1018.4 740.6 1258.1
23,000 87,400 131,381 3734.8 1074.1 741.8 1277.9
23,100 89,897 134,087 3779.3 1127.5 741.6 1285.8
22,600 93,790 136,726 4063.0 1211.6 741.4 1313.1
24,700 97,114 142,061 3985.1 1162.7 741.1 1276.8
28,100 101,200 148,132 4246.8 1069.4 740.9 1248.9
28,100 105,633 152,551 4294.7 1053.2 740.9 1236.8
28,800 108,507 156,403 4343.6 1048.8 740.9 1237.5
30,600 106,467 156,671 4434.9 1031.2 740.9 1259.9
33,639 106,795 160,794 4399.7 975.3 740.9 1253.3
36,818 107,123 165,146 4344.9 925.1 740.9 1244.7
40,138 110,432 171,812 4531.9 879.7 740.9 1242.0
43,599 113,866 179,487 4142.4 838.4 740.9 1182.0
47,200 114,735 183,776 4129.4 800.8 740.9 1159.0
50,941 117,648 189,851 4192.0 766.3 740.9 1134.2
54,823 116,471 192,670 4369.1 734.6 740.9 1141.7
57,582 115,013 194,420 4264.6 720.8 740.9 1130.5
61,103 116,494 200,418 4311.5 699.5 740.9 1134.9
65,496 113,602 200,074 4370.6 671.3 740.9 1098.7
64,750 109,272 195,779 4348.0 683.1 740.9 1122.7
64,600 112,313 198,390 4249.9 687.5 740.9 1103.4
62,524 109,319 192,856 4122.8 712.8 740.9 1100.3
68,371 101,859 191,644 4250.6 628.0 740.9 1092.8

0.357 0.531
Energy Intensity (Index) Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3)
Structure:
Index of Mix of
Aggregate Bus
Urban Bus Intercity Bus School Bus Total Activity Intensity Types

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

0.6750 1.0705 1.1584 0.9643 0.7388 0.9643 1.0562


0.6812 1.0817 1.1483 0.9450 0.7499 0.9450 1.0325
0.6768 1.0860 1.1383 0.9250 0.7728 0.9250 1.0155
0.7341 1.0495 1.1285 0.9363 0.7890 0.9363 1.0111
0.7292 0.9667 1.1188 0.9279 0.8205 0.9279 1.0273
0.8163 0.9934 1.1094 0.9784 0.8144 0.9784 1.0330
0.8428 1.0153 1.0918 0.9891 0.8390 0.9891 1.0320
0.8402 0.9796 1.0747 0.9758 0.8740 0.9758 1.0327
0.8401 1.0723 1.0582 0.9950 0.8907 0.9950 1.0408
0.8149 1.0322 1.0422 0.9637 0.9404 0.9637 1.0350
0.8193 1.0880 1.0267 0.9719 0.9511 0.9719 1.0360
0.8821 1.0723 1.0212 0.9822 0.9618 0.9822 1.0190
0.9426 1.0610 1.0158 0.9890 0.9644 0.9890 1.0007
0.9251 1.0806 1.0105 0.9691 0.9997 0.9691 0.9871
0.9588 1.0161 1.0052 0.9943 0.9980 0.9943 1.0096
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0400 1.0155 1.0015 1.0239 1.0046 1.0239 1.0021
1.0507 1.0581 1.0031 1.0239 1.0112 1.0239 0.9905
1.0799 1.0651 1.0047 1.0261 1.0322 1.0261 0.9783
1.0762 1.0362 1.0062 1.0127 1.0571 1.0127 0.9705
1.0884 1.0928 1.0078 1.0286 1.0573 1.0286 0.9724
1.1013 1.1472 1.0075 1.0350 1.0790 1.0350 0.9661
1.1840 1.2328 1.0072 1.0570 1.1003 1.0570 0.9440
1.1613 1.1830 1.0069 1.0277 1.1432 1.0277 0.9320
1.2376 1.0881 1.0066 1.0053 1.1921 1.0053 0.8987
1.2515 1.0716 1.0066 0.9956 1.2276 0.9956 0.8878
1.2658 1.0671 1.0066 0.9961 1.2586 0.9961 0.8846
1.2924 1.0493 1.0066 1.0141 1.2608 1.0141 0.8948
1.2821 0.9924 1.0066 1.0088 1.2940 1.0088 0.9014
1.2661 0.9413 1.0066 1.0019 1.3290 1.0019 0.9081
1.3207 0.8951 1.0066 0.9998 1.3826 0.9998 0.8966
1.2072 0.8531 1.0066 0.9514 1.4444 0.9514 0.8949
1.2034 0.8148 1.0066 0.9329 1.4789 0.9329 0.8858
1.2216 0.7797 1.0066 0.9130 1.5278 0.9130 0.8682
1.2732 0.7475 1.0066 0.9190 1.5505 0.9190 0.8655
1.2427 0.7334 1.0066 0.9100 1.5646 0.9100 0.8690
1.2564 0.7117 1.0066 0.9135 1.6128 0.9135 0.8732
1.2736 0.6830 1.0066 0.8844 1.6101 0.8844 0.8472
1.2671 0.6951 1.0066 0.9037 1.5755 0.9037 0.8646
1.2385 0.6995 1.0066 0.8882 1.5965 0.8882 0.8569
1.2014 0.7253 1.0066 0.8857 1.5520 0.8857 0.8588
1.2387 0.6390 1.0066 0.8796 1.5422 0.8796 0.8645
Energy Shares
(4) (5) (6) (7)
Product: Structure
Component Activity x Actual x
Intensity Structure x Energy Intensity
Index Intensity Use Index Urban Bus

=(1)x(3)x(4) =(1) x (2)

1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
0.9129 0.7124 0.7124 0.9643 0.3835
0.9152 0.7087 0.7087 0.9450 0.3592
0.9109 0.7149 0.7149 0.9250 0.3405
0.9261 0.7388 0.7388 0.9363 0.3572
0.9033 0.7614 0.7614 0.9279 0.3813
0.9472 0.7968 0.7968 0.9784 0.4167
0.9584 0.8298 0.8298 0.9891 0.4264
0.9449 0.8528 0.8528 0.9758 0.4321
0.9560 0.8863 0.8863 0.9950 0.4363
0.9311 0.9063 0.9063 0.9637 0.4276
0.9381 0.9244 0.9244 0.9719 0.4293
0.9639 0.9447 0.9447 0.9822 0.4361
0.9883 0.9539 0.9539 0.9890 0.4391
0.9818 0.9688 0.9688 0.9691 0.4255
0.9849 0.9923 0.9923 0.9943 0.4638
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.4704
1.0218 1.0286 1.0286 1.0239 0.4808
1.0337 1.0354 1.0354 1.0239 0.4730
1.0488 1.0591 1.0591 1.0261 0.4703
1.0435 1.0706 1.0706 1.0127 0.4641
1.0579 1.0876 1.0876 1.0286 0.4667
1.0713 1.1168 1.1168 1.0350 0.4623
1.1197 1.1630 1.1630 1.0570 0.4602
1.1027 1.1749 1.1749 1.0277 0.4448
1.1187 1.1984 1.1984 1.0053 0.4323
1.1214 1.2222 1.2222 0.9956 0.4283
1.1261 1.2537 1.2537 0.9961 0.4286
1.1333 1.2786 1.2786 1.0141 0.4405
1.1192 1.3053 1.3053 1.0088 0.4445
1.1033 1.3316 1.3316 1.0019 0.4482
1.1151 1.3823 1.3823 0.9998 0.4511
1.0632 1.3742 1.3742 0.9514 0.4300
1.0532 1.3797 1.3797 0.9329 0.4234
1.0516 1.3949 1.3949 0.9130 0.4139
1.0617 1.4249 1.4249 0.9190 0.4246
1.0472 1.4238 1.4238 0.9100 0.4235
1.0462 1.4733 1.4733 0.9135 0.4326
1.0439 1.4239 1.4239 0.8844 0.4171
1.0453 1.4238 1.4238 0.9037 0.4304
1.0365 1.4180 1.4180 0.8882 0.4170
1.0313 1.3745 1.3745 0.8857 0.4083
1.0175 1.3566 1.3566 0.8796 0.4346
0.44467
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights
(normalized)

Intercity School Intercity School


Bus Bus Urban Bus Bus Bus Total Urban Bus

0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.2420 0.3744 1 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.2478 0.3930 0.3712 0.2449 0.3837 0.9998 0.3713
0.2476 0.4119 0.3497 0.2477 0.4024 0.9998 0.3498
0.2388 0.4040 0.3488 0.2432 0.4080 0.9999 0.3488
0.2239 0.3948 0.3691 0.2313 0.3994 0.9998 0.3692
0.2016 0.3817 0.3987 0.2126 0.3882 0.9995 0.3989
0.1955 0.3781 0.4216 0.1985 0.3799 1.0000 0.4216
0.1901 0.3778 0.4293 0.1928 0.3779 1.0000 0.4293
0.1972 0.3665 0.4342 0.1936 0.3721 0.9999 0.4342
0.2008 0.3716 0.4319 0.1990 0.3690 1.0000 0.4320
0.2053 0.3654 0.4284 0.2031 0.3685 1.0000 0.4284
0.1958 0.3681 0.4327 0.2005 0.3667 1.0000 0.4327
0.1905 0.3705 0.4376 0.1932 0.3693 1.0000 0.43759
0.1882 0.3863 0.4322 0.1893 0.3783 0.9999 0.4323
0.1604 0.3758 0.4444 0.1739 0.3811 0.9993 0.44467
0.1515 0.3781 0.4671 0.1559 0.3770 0.9999 0.4671
0.1490 0.3702 0.4756 0.1502 0.3741 1.0000 0.4756
0.1496 0.3773 0.4769 0.1493 0.3738 1.0000 0.4769
0.1479 0.3818 0.4717 0.1488 0.3796 1.0000 0.4717
0.1479 0.3880 0.4672 0.1479 0.3849 1.0000 0.4672
0.1471 0.3861 0.4654 0.1475 0.3871 1.0000 0.4654
0.1511 0.3867 0.4645 0.1491 0.3864 1.0000 0.4645
0.1525 0.3873 0.4612 0.1518 0.3870 1.0000 0.4612
0.1583 0.3968 0.4525 0.1554 0.3920 0.9999 0.4525
0.1624 0.4053 0.4385 0.1604 0.4010 0.9999 0.4386
0.1569 0.4148 0.4303 0.1596 0.4100 1.0000 0.4303
0.1561 0.4154 0.4284 0.1565 0.4151 1.0000 0.4284
0.1599 0.3997 0.4345 0.1580 0.4075 0.9999 0.4345
0.1628 0.3927 0.4425 0.1613 0.3961 1.0000 0.4425
0.1657 0.3861 0.4464 0.1642 0.3894 1.0000 0.4464
0.1655 0.3834 0.4496 0.1656 0.3848 1.0000 0.4496
0.1723 0.3977 0.4405 0.1689 0.3905 0.9998 0.4405
0.1775 0.3991 0.4267 0.1749 0.3984 1.0000 0.4267
0.1813 0.4048 0.4187 0.1794 0.4020 1.0000 0.4187
0.1831 0.3923 0.4192 0.1822 0.3985 0.9999 0.4193
0.1888 0.3877 0.4240 0.1860 0.3900 1.0000 0.4240
0.1879 0.3795 0.4280 0.1884 0.3836 1.0000 0.4280
0.2000 0.3829 0.4248 0.1939 0.3812 0.9999 0.4248
0.2012 0.3684 0.4237 0.2006 0.3756 0.9999 0.4237
0.2029 0.3802 0.4236 0.2021 0.3742 0.9999 0.4237
0.2100 0.3817 0.4126 0.2064 0.3809 1.0000 0.4126
0.2050 0.3604 0.4213 0.2075 0.3709 0.9998 0.4214
0.17402 0.38132 0.03579 -0.06151 -0.00524 0.0159
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
og-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity Activity Shares
(normalized)

Intercity School
Bus Bus Urban Bus Intercity Bus School Bus Urban Bus

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.1983
0.2449 0.3838 0.0090 0.0104 -0.0088 0.1804
0.2477 0.4025 -0.0065 0.0040 -0.0087 0.1685
0.2432 0.4080 0.0814 -0.0342 -0.0087 0.1649
0.2313 0.3995 -0.0068 -0.0822 -0.0086 0.1757
0.2127 0.3884 0.1128 0.0272 -0.0085 0.1808
0.1985 0.3799 0.0320 0.0218 -0.0160 0.1812
0.1928 0.3779 -0.0030 -0.0358 -0.0157 0.1817
0.1936 0.3721 -0.0002 0.0904 -0.0155 0.1871
0.1990 0.3690 -0.0304 -0.0381 -0.0152 0.1831
0.2031 0.3685 0.0053 0.0527 -0.0150 0.1844
0.2006 0.3667 0.0739 -0.0145 -0.0053 0.1758
0.19315 0.36926 0.06638 -0.01064 -0.00529 0.1668
0.1893 0.3784 -0.0188 0.0183 -0.0053 0.1614
0.1740 0.38132 0.0358 -0.0615 -0.0052 0.1741
0.1559 0.3770 0.0421 -0.0160 -0.0052 0.1703
0.1502 0.3742 0.0392 0.0154 0.0015 0.1714
0.1493 0.3738 0.0102 0.0410 0.0015 0.1669
0.1488 0.3796 0.0274 0.0066 0.0016 0.1618
0.1479 0.3849 -0.0034 -0.0274 0.0016 0.1581
0.1475 0.3871 0.0113 0.0532 0.0016 0.1597
0.1491 0.3864 0.0119 0.0485 -0.0003 0.1573
0.1518 0.3870 0.0724 0.0720 -0.0003 0.1487
0.1554 0.3921 -0.0194 -0.0412 -0.0003 0.1425
0.1604 0.4011 0.0636 -0.0836 -0.0003 0.1271
0.1596 0.4100 0.0112 -0.0153 0.0000 0.1234
0.1565 0.4151 0.0113 -0.0042 0.0000 0.1221
0.1580 0.4075 0.0208 -0.0169 0.0000 0.1251
0.1613 0.3962 -0.0080 -0.0557 0.0000 0.1266
0.1643 0.3894 -0.0125 -0.0529 0.0000 0.1284
0.1656 0.3848 0.0422 -0.0503 0.0000 0.1236
0.1689 0.3906 -0.0899 -0.0480 0.0000 0.1227
0.1749 0.3984 -0.0032 -0.0459 0.0000 0.1188
0.1794 0.4020 0.0151 -0.0440 0.0000 0.1120
0.1822 0.3985 0.0414 -0.0422 0.0000 0.1110
0.1860 0.3900 -0.0242 -0.0189 0.0000 0.1123
0.1884 0.3836 0.0109 -0.0301 0.0000 0.1139
0.1939 0.3812 0.0136 -0.0411 0.0000 0.1048
0.2006 0.3756 -0.0052 0.0175 0.0000 0.1111
0.2021 0.3742 -0.0228 0.0063 0.0000 0.1083
0.2064 0.3809 -0.0304 0.0362 0.0000 0.1090
0.2076 0.3710 0.0305 -0.1267 0.0000 0.1117
-0.0107 -0.0020 0.00321 1.00322
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
tivity Shares Log Changes - Activity Shares Compute Intensity Index

Intercity
Intercity Bus School Bus Urban Bus Bus School Bus Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.)

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.2756 0.5261 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #REF! #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.2736 0.5460 -0.0949 -0.0070 0.0371 #REF! 1.0025 1.0025
0.2666 0.5650 -0.0683 -0.0262 0.0342 #REF! 0.9952 0.9977
0.2693 0.5658 -0.0213 0.0101 0.0015 #REF! 1.0167 1.0144
0.2717 0.5527 0.0631 0.0089 -0.0235 #REF! 0.9754 0.9894
0.2510 0.5682 0.0290 -0.0792 0.0277 #REF! 1.0486 1.0375
0.2407 0.5781 0.0019 -0.0417 0.0173 #REF! 1.0118 1.0498
0.2394 0.5790 0.0026 -0.0056 0.0015 #REF! 0.9860 1.0350
0.2313 0.5816 0.0295 -0.0344 0.0046 #REF! 1.0117 1.0472
0.2370 0.5799 -0.0218 0.0245 -0.0030 #REF! 0.9740 1.0199
0.2318 0.5838 0.0071 -0.0222 0.0067 #REF! 1.0075 1.0276
0.2267 0.5975 -0.0476 -0.0222 0.0231 #REF! 1.0275 1.0558
0.2245 0.6088 -0.0527 -0.0101 0.0187 #REF! 1.0254 1.082574
0.2133 0.6253 -0.0330 -0.0509 0.0268 #REF! 0.9934 1.0754
0.1984 0.6275 0.0762 -0.0726 0.0035 #REF! 1.0032 1.0789
0.1915 0.6382 -0.0223 -0.0351 0.0169 #REF! 1.0153 1.0954
0.1898 0.6388 0.0064 -0.0088 0.0009 #REF! 1.0218 1.1192
0.1830 0.6501 -0.0266 -0.0365 0.0176 #REF! 1.0117 1.1323
0.1801 0.6581 -0.0310 -0.0162 0.0123 #REF! 1.0146 1.1488
0.1827 0.6592 -0.0231 0.0144 0.0016 #REF! 0.9949 1.1430
0.1751 0.6652 0.0100 -0.0427 0.0091 #REF! 1.0138 1.1588
0.1723 0.6704 -0.0152 -0.0161 0.0078 #REF! 1.0127 1.1735
0.1653 0.6860 -0.0559 -0.0414 0.0229 #REF! 1.0452 1.2265
0.1739 0.6836 -0.0427 0.0506 -0.0035 #REF! 0.9848 1.2079
0.1897 0.6832 -0.1143 0.0871 -0.0006 #REF! 1.0145 1.2254
0.1842 0.6924 -0.0301 -0.0294 0.0135 #REF! 1.0024 1.2283
0.1841 0.6938 -0.0103 -0.0003 0.0019 #REF! 1.0042 1.2335
0.1953 0.6796 0.0245 0.0589 -0.0207 #REF! 1.0064 1.2414
0.2092 0.6642 0.0119 0.0687 -0.0229 #REF! 0.9876 1.2259
0.2229 0.6487 0.0140 0.0636 -0.0236 #REF! 0.9858 1.2086
0.2336 0.6428 -0.0379 0.0468 -0.0091 #REF! 1.0107 1.2215
0.2429 0.6344 -0.0076 0.0390 -0.0131 #REF! 0.9534 1.1646
0.2568 0.6243 -0.0319 0.0557 -0.0160 #REF! 0.9907 1.1537
0.2683 0.6197 -0.0594 0.0438 -0.0074 #REF! 0.9984 1.1519
0.2845 0.6045 -0.0093 0.0587 -0.0248 #REF! 1.0097 1.1630
0.2962 0.5916 0.0117 0.0401 -0.0216 #REF! 0.9863 1.1471
0.3049 0.5813 0.0142 0.0290 -0.0176 #REF! 0.9990 1.1460
0.3274 0.5678 -0.0826 0.0711 -0.0234 #REF! 0.9978 1.1435
0.3307 0.5581 0.0583 0.0102 -0.0172 #REF! 1.0013 1.1450
0.3256 0.5661 -0.0262 -0.0156 0.0142 #REF! 0.9916 1.1354
0.3242 0.5668 0.0065 -0.0044 0.0013 #REF! 0.9950 1.1297
0.3568 0.5315 0.0252 0.0957 -0.0644 #REF! 0.9867 1.1146
tensity Index Compute Structure Index

Index Index chg. Index Index

1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562


0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
0.9152 1.00254 0.9775 0.9775 1.0325
0.9109 0.99774 0.9835 0.9614 1.0155
0.9261 1.01439 0.9956 0.9572 1.0111
0.9033 0.98941 1.0161 0.9726 1.0273
0.9472 1.03751 1.0055 0.9780 1.0330
0.9584 1.04976 0.9991 0.9771 1.0320
0.9449 1.03501 1.0006 0.9777 1.0327
0.9560 1.04716 1.0079 0.9854 1.0408
0.9311 1.01994 0.9944 0.9799 1.0350
0.9381 1.02757 1.0010 0.9809 1.0360
0.9639 1.05581 0.9836 0.9647 1.0190
0.9883 1.08257 0.9821 0.9474 1.0007
0.9818 1.07539 0.9864 0.9345 0.9871
0.9849 1.07885 1.0228 0.9558 1.0096
1.0000 1.09538 0.9905 0.9468 1.0000
1.0218 1.0021 0.9487 1.0021
1.0337 0.9885 0.9378 0.9905
1.0488 0.9877 0.9263 0.9783
1.0435 0.9920 0.9189 0.9705
1.0579 1.0019 0.9206 0.9724
1.0713 0.9936 0.9147 0.9661
1.1197 0.9771 0.8937 0.9440
1.1027 0.9873 0.8824 0.9320
1.1187 0.9642 0.8508 0.8987
1.1214 0.9879 0.8405 0.8878
1.1261 0.9963 0.8375 0.8846
1.1333 1.0116 0.8472 0.8948
1.1192 1.0073 0.8534 0.9014
1.1033 1.0075 0.8598 0.9081
1.1151 0.9873 0.8488 0.8966
1.0632 0.9981 0.8472 0.8949
1.0532 0.9898 0.8386 0.8858
1.0516 0.9802 0.8220 0.8682
1.0617 0.9969 0.8195 0.8655
1.0472 1.0040 0.8227 0.8690
1.0462 1.0048 0.8267 0.8732
1.0439 0.9702 0.8021 0.8472
1.0453 1.0205 0.8185 0.8646
1.0365 0.9911 0.8112 0.8569
1.0313 1.0022 0.8131 0.8588
1.0175 1.0066 0.8185 0.8645
Air Passenger Transportation
Fuel Year
Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M])

Commercial General Commercial General


Carriers Aviation Total Carriers Aviation
Delivered Delivered Delivered
(TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M Million P-M
Deliv 1949 800
Deliv 1950 800
Deliv 1951 900
Deliv 1952 1,000
Deliv 1953 1,200
Deliv 1954 1,400
Deliv 1955 1,500
Deliv 1956 1,600
Deliv 1957 1,800
Deliv 1958 2,100
Deliv 1959 2,100
Deliv 1960 2,300
Deliv 1961 2,300
Deliv 1962 31.7 31.7 2,700
Deliv 1963 34.4 34.4 3,400
Deliv 1964 37.0 37.0 3,700
Deliv 1965 42.7 42.7 4,400
Deliv 1966 56.3 56.3 5,700
Deliv 1967 61.1 61.1 7,000
Deliv 1968 75.0 75.0 8,200
Deliv 1969 85.4 85.4 8,800
Deliv 1970 1211.3 94.3 1305.6 151,477 9,100
Deliv 1971 1194.5 91.6 1286.1 156,007 9,200
Deliv 1972 1213.8 103.3 1317.0 175,267 10,000
Deliv 1973 1254.2 90.4 1344.6 174,352 10,700
Deliv 1974 1222.0 101.4 1323.4 174,052 11,200
Deliv 1975 1226.6 110.7 1337.3 173,324 11,400
Deliv 1976 1199.9 118.8 1318.7 191,823 12,100
Deliv 1977 1144.3 127.2 1271.5 206,082 12,800
Deliv 1978 1189.8 165.3 1355.0 236,998 14,100
Deliv 1979 1265.9 167.9 1433.7 269,719 15,500
Deliv 1980 1208.1 165.9 1374.0 267,722 14,700
Deliv 1981 1240.5 161.2 1401.8 260,063 14,600
Deliv 1982 1228.1 173.6 1401.7 272,435 13,100
Deliv 1983 1259.3 134.2 1393.5 295,144 12,700
Deliv 1984 1403.3 155.3 1558.7 319,504 13,000
Deliv 1985 1507.2 143.9 1651.1 351,073 12,300
Deliv 1986 1613.2 147.9 1761.2 378,923 12,400
Deliv 1987 1689.3 139.1 1828.4 417,830 12,100
Deliv 1988 1755.9 148.5 1904.4 437,649 12,600
Deliv 1989 1765.0 134.1 1899.1 447,480 13,100
Deliv 1990 1885.5 131.9 2017.4 472,236 13,000
Deliv 1991 1706.8 120.4 1827.2 463,296 12,100
Deliv 1992 1824.4 104.4 1928.9 493,715 10,800
Deliv 1993 1825.5 93.6 1919.1 505,996 9,900
Deliv 1994 1884.5 94.6 1979.1 537,506 9,800
Deliv 1995 1934.1 110.1 2044.2 558,757 10,800
Deliv 1996 1993.0 116.8 2109.9 596,164 12,000
Deliv 1997 2056.3 121.4 2177.7 619,969 12,500
Deliv 1998 2108.7 147.4 2256.1 635,517 13,100
Deliv 1999 2233.1 172.1 2405.2 668,626 14,100
Deliv 2000 2261.1 175.2 2436.3 708,926 15,200
Deliv 2001 2148.8 165.1 2313.9 664,849 15,900
Deliv 2002 1953.5 141.5 2095.0 655,214 13,628
Deliv 2003 1936.2 141.4 2077.6 673,931 13,618
Deliv 2004 2000.3 175.9 2176.2 752,300 16,943
Deliv 2005 2089.3 242.4 2331.6 795,117 23,343
Deliv 2006 2136.8 256.3 2393.1 810,086 24,685
Deliv 2007 2171.0 242.5 2413.5 842,007 23,357
Deliv 2008 2093.7 264.8 2358.5 823,783 25,499
Deliv 2009 1928.4 209.6 2138.0 779,997 20,182
Deliv 2010 1916.3 221.2 2137.5 809,051 21,305
Deliv 2011 1953.0 227.1 2180.2 825,916 21,875
er-miles [P-M]) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M) Energy Intensity (Index)

Commercial General Commercial General


Total Carriers Aviation Total Carriers Aviation

Million P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0


800
800
900
1,000
1,200
1,400
1,500
1,600
1,800
2,100
2,100
2,300
2,300
2,700
3,400
3,700
4,400
5,700
7,000
8,200
8,800
160,577 7997 10364 8131 1.8627 0.8859
165,207 7657 9953 7785 1.7836 0.8508
185,267 6925 10327 7109 1.6131 0.8828
185,052 7193 8453 7266 1.6756 0.7225
185,252 7021 9057 7144 1.6354 0.7743
184,724 7077 9709 7239 1.6484 0.8299
203,923 6255 9814 6467 1.4571 0.8389
218,882 5553 9935 5809 1.2934 0.8493
251,098 5020 11721 5396 1.1694 1.0020
285,219 4693 10831 5027 1.0932 0.9258
282,422 4513 11287 4865 1.0511 0.9648
274,663 4770 11044 5104 1.1111 0.9441
285,535 4508 13251 4909 1.0500 1.1328
307,844 4267 10567 4527 0.9939 0.9033
332,504 4392 11949 4688 1.0231 1.0214
363,373 4293 11698 4544 1.0000 1.0000
391,323 4257 11931 4501 0.9917 1.0199
429,930 4043 11497 4253 0.9418 0.9828
450,249 4012 11790 4230 0.9345 1.0078
460,580 3944 10235 4123 0.9188 0.8750
485,236 3993 10149 4158 0.9300 0.8676
475,396 3684 9954 3844 0.8581 0.8509
504,515 3695 9670 3823 0.8608 0.8266
515,896 3608 9451 3720 0.8404 0.8079
547,306 3506 9654 3616 0.8167 0.8253
569,557 3461 10194 3589 0.8063 0.8714
608,164 3343 9735 3469 0.7787 0.8322
632,469 3317 9713 3443 0.7726 0.8303
648,617 3318 11252 3478 0.7729 0.9619
682,726 3340 12206 3523 0.7780 1.0434
724,126 3190 11524 3364 0.7430 0.9851
680,749 3232 10384 3399 0.7529 0.8876
668,842 2981 10384 3132 0.6945 0.8876
687,549 2873 10384 3022 0.6692 0.8876
769,243 2659 10384 2829 0.6194 0.8876
818,461 2628 10384 2849 0.6121 0.8876
834,771 2638 10384 2867 0.6144 0.8876
865,364 2578 10384 2789 0.6006 0.8876
849,282 2542 10384 2777 0.5920 0.8876
800,179 2472 10384 2672 0.5759 0.8876
830,356 2369 10384 2574 0.5517 0.8876
847,791 2365 10384 2572 0.5508 0.8876
Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)

Structure:C
omm. Product: Structure
Index of Carrier vs. Component Activity x Actual x
Aggregate Gen. Intensity Structure x Energy Intensity
Total Activity Intensity Aviation. Index Intensity Use Index
=(1)x(3)x(4) =(1) x (2)
1985 = 1.0

1.7895 0.4419 1.7895 1.0370 1.7256 0.7908 0.7908 1.7895


1.7133 0.4546 1.7133 1.0367 1.6527 0.7790 0.7790 1.7133
1.5646 0.5099 1.5646 1.0360 1.5102 0.7977 0.7977 1.5646
1.5992 0.5093 1.5992 1.0373 1.5417 0.8144 0.8144 1.5992
1.5723 0.5098 1.5723 1.0379 1.5148 0.8016 0.8016 1.5723
1.5932 0.5084 1.5932 1.0383 1.5344 0.8099 0.8099 1.5932
1.4232 0.5612 1.4232 1.0372 1.3721 0.7987 0.7987 1.4232
1.2784 0.6024 1.2784 1.0366 1.2332 0.7701 0.7701 1.2784
1.1877 0.6910 1.1877 1.0343 1.1483 0.8207 0.8207 1.1877
1.1063 0.7849 1.1063 1.0320 1.0721 0.8684 0.8684 1.1063
1.0707 0.7772 1.0707 1.0289 1.0407 0.8322 0.8322 1.0707
1.1232 0.7559 1.1232 1.0304 1.0901 0.8490 0.8490 1.1232
1.0804 0.7858 1.0804 1.0193 1.0599 0.8489 0.8489 1.0804
0.9962 0.8472 0.9962 1.0118 0.9846 0.8440 0.8440 0.9962
1.0317 0.9150 1.0317 1.0085 1.0229 0.9440 0.9440 1.0317
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9905 1.0769 0.9905 0.9964 0.9941 1.0667 1.0667 0.9905
0.9360 1.1832 0.9360 0.9903 0.9451 1.1074 1.1074 0.9360
0.9309 1.2391 0.9309 0.9900 0.9403 1.1534 1.1534 0.9309
0.9075 1.2675 0.9075 0.9908 0.9159 1.1502 1.1502 0.9075
0.9150 1.3354 0.9150 0.9883 0.9258 1.2219 1.2219 0.9150
0.8459 1.3083 0.8459 0.9863 0.8577 1.1067 1.1067 0.8459
0.8414 1.3884 0.8414 0.9799 0.8587 1.1683 1.1683 0.8414
0.8187 1.4197 0.8187 0.9765 0.8384 1.1623 1.1623 0.8187
0.7958 1.5062 0.7958 0.9745 0.8167 1.1987 1.1987 0.7958
0.7899 1.5674 0.7899 0.9763 0.8090 1.2381 1.2381 0.7899
0.7635 1.6737 0.7635 0.9777 0.7809 1.2779 1.2779 0.7635
0.7578 1.7405 0.7578 0.9778 0.7750 1.3190 1.3190 0.7578
0.7655 1.7850 0.7655 0.9787 0.7822 1.3664 1.3664 0.7655
0.7754 1.8789 0.7754 0.9797 0.7914 1.4568 1.4568 0.7754
0.7405 1.9928 0.7405 0.9806 0.7552 1.4756 1.4756 0.7405
0.7481 1.8734 0.7481 0.9859 0.7588 1.4015 1.4015 0.7481
0.6894 1.8406 0.6894 0.9793 0.7039 1.2689 1.2689 0.6894
0.6651 1.8921 0.6651 0.9780 0.6800 1.2584 1.2584 0.6651
0.6226 2.1170 0.6226 0.9837 0.6330 1.3181 1.3181 0.6226
0.6270 2.2524 0.6270 1.0013 0.6262 1.4122 1.4122 0.6270
0.6309 2.2973 0.6309 1.0041 0.6284 1.4494 1.4494 0.6309
0.6138 2.3815 0.6138 0.9970 0.6157 1.4618 1.4618 0.6138
0.6112 2.3372 0.6112 1.0055 0.6078 1.4285 1.4285 0.6112
0.5880 2.2021 0.5880 0.9917 0.5930 1.2949 1.2949 0.5880
0.5666 2.2851 0.5666 0.9930 0.5705 1.2946 1.2946 0.5666
0.5660 2.3331 0.5660 0.9934 0.5697 1.3205 1.3205 0.5660
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights

Commercial General Commercial General


Carriers Aviation Carriers Aviation Total

#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.9278 0.0722 #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0!
0.9288 0.0712 0.9283 0.0717 1.0000
0.9216 0.0784 0.9252 0.0747 0.9999
0.9327 0.0673 0.9272 0.0727 0.9998
0.9233 0.0767 0.9280 0.0719 0.9999
0.9172 0.0828 0.9203 0.0797 1.0000
0.9099 0.0901 0.9136 0.0864 0.9999
0.9000 0.1000 0.9050 0.0949 0.9999
0.8780 0.1220 0.8890 0.1106 0.9996
0.8829 0.1171 0.8805 0.1195 1.0000
0.8792 0.1208 0.8811 0.1189 1.0000
0.8850 0.1150 0.8821 0.1179 1.0000
0.8762 0.1238 0.8806 0.1194 0.9999
0.9037 0.0963 0.8899 0.1095 0.9994
0.9003 0.0997 0.9020 0.0980 1.0000
0.9129 0.0871 0.9066 0.0933 0.9998
0.9160 0.0840 0.9144 0.0856 1.0000
0.9239 0.0761 0.9200 0.0800 0.9999
0.9220 0.0780 0.9230 0.0770 1.0000
0.9294 0.0706 0.9257 0.0742 0.9999
0.9346 0.0654 0.9320 0.0680 1.0000
0.9341 0.0659 0.9343 0.0657 1.0000
0.9459 0.0541 0.9400 0.0598 0.9998
0.9512 0.0488 0.9485 0.0514 1.0000
0.9522 0.0478 0.9517 0.0483 1.0000
0.9461 0.0539 0.9492 0.0508 0.9999
0.9446 0.0554 0.9454 0.0546 1.0000
0.9443 0.0557 0.9444 0.0556 1.0000
0.9347 0.0653 0.9394 0.0604 0.9999
0.9284 0.0716 0.9316 0.06840 0.99995
0.9281 0.0719 0.9283 0.07173 1.00000
0.9286 0.0714 0.9284 0.0716 1.0000
0.9325 0.0675 0.9305 0.0694 1.0000
0.9319 0.0681 0.9322 0.0678 1.0000
0.9192 0.0808 0.9255 0.0743 0.9998
0.8960 0.1040 0.9075 0.0919 0.9995
0.8929 0.1071 0.8945 0.1055 1.0000
0.8995 0.1005 0.8962 0.1038 1.0000
0.8877 0.1123 0.8936 0.1063 0.9999
0.9020 0.0980 0.8948 0.1050 0.9998
0.8965 0.1035 0.8992 0.1007 1.0000
0.8958 0.1042 0.8962 0.1038 1.0000
Log-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity Activity Shares
(normalized)

Commercial General Commercial General Commercial General


Carriers Aviation Carriers Aviation Carriers Aviation

0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.9433 0.0567
0.9283 0.0717 -0.0434 -0.0404 0.9443 0.0557
0.9252 0.0748 -0.1004 0.0369 0.9460 0.0540
0.9273 0.0727 0.0380 -0.2003 0.9422 0.0578
0.9281 0.0719 -0.0243 0.0691 0.9395 0.0605
0.9203 0.0797 0.0079 0.0694 0.9383 0.0617
0.9136 0.0864 -0.1234 0.0108 0.9407 0.0593
0.9050 0.0950 -0.1192 0.0123 0.9415 0.0585
0.8893 0.1107 -0.1008 0.1653 0.9438 0.0562
0.8805 0.1195 -0.0673 -0.0790 0.9457 0.0543
0.8811 0.1189 -0.0393 0.0412 0.9480 0.0520
0.8821 0.1179 0.0555 -0.0217 0.9468 0.0532
0.8806 0.1194 -0.0566 0.1822 0.9541 0.0459
0.8904 0.1096 -0.0549 -0.2264 0.9587 0.0413
0.9020 0.0980 0.0290 0.1229 0.9609 0.0391
0.9067 0.0933 -0.0228 -0.0212 0.9662 0.0338
0.9144 0.0856 -0.0083 0.0197 0.9683 0.0317
0.9200 0.0800 -0.0517 -0.0371 0.9719 0.0281
0.9230 0.0770 -0.0077 0.0252 0.9720 0.0280
0.9258 0.0742 -0.0170 -0.1414 0.9716 0.0284
0.9320 0.0680 0.0122 -0.0085 0.9732 0.0268
0.9343 0.0657 -0.0805 -0.0194 0.9745 0.0255
0.9402 0.0598 0.0031 -0.0290 0.9786 0.0214
0.9486 0.0514 -0.0240 -0.0229 0.9808 0.0192
0.9517 0.0483 -0.0286 0.0213 0.9821 0.0179
0.9492 0.0508 -0.0128 0.0544 0.9810 0.0190
0.9454 0.0546 -0.0348 -0.0461 0.9803 0.0197
0.9444 0.0556 -0.0079 -0.0023 0.9802 0.0198
0.9396 0.0604 0.0004 0.1472 0.9798 0.0202
0.9316 0.0684 0.0066 0.0813 0.9793 0.0207
0.9283 0.0717 -0.0461 -0.0575 0.9790 0.0210
0.9284 0.0716 0.0132 -0.1042 0.9766 0.0234
0.9306 0.0694 -0.0807 0.0000 0.9796 0.0204
0.9322 0.0678 -0.0370 0.0000 0.9802 0.0198
0.9257 0.0743 -0.0775 0.0000 0.9780 0.0220
0.9080 0.0920 -0.0118 0.0000 0.9715 0.0285
0.8945 0.1055 0.0039 0.0000 0.9704 0.0296
0.8962 0.1038 -0.0228 0.0000 0.9730 0.0270
0.8937 0.1063 -0.0144 0.0000 0.9700 0.0300
0.8950 0.1050 -0.0276 0.0000 0.9748 0.0252
0.8993 0.1007 -0.0429 0.0000 0.9743 0.0257
0.8962 0.1038 -0.0016 0.0000 0.9742 0.0258
Log Changes - Activity Shares Compute Intensity Index Compute Structure Index

Commercial General
Carriers Aviation Index chg. Index Index Index chg.
(unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.)

1.0000 1.7256
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! -3 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.7256 #DIV/0!
0 0 0.9577 0.9577 1.6527 0.9997
0 0 0.9138 0.8751 1.5102 0.9993
0 0 1.0209 0.8934 1.5417 1.0012
0 0 0.9826 0.8778 1.5148 1.0006
0 0 1.0129 0.8892 1.5344 1.0004
0.0025 -0.0393 0.8942 0.7951 1.3721 0.9989
0.0009 -0.0146 0.8988 0.7147 1.2332 1
0.0025 -0.0406 0.9311 0.6654 1.1483 0.9977
0.0019 -0.0327 0.9336 0.6213 1.0721 0.9978
0.0024 -0.0431 0.9707 0.6031 1.0407 0.9970
-0.0012 0.0210 1.0475 0.6317 1.0901 1.0014
0.0077 -0.1472 0.9723 0.6142 1.0599 0.9892
0.0048 -0.1062 0.9289 0.5706 0.9846 0.9927
0.0022 -0.0537 1.0389 0.5928 1.0229 0.9968
0.0054 -0.1441 0.9776 0.5795 1.0000 0.9915
0.0022 -0.0660 0.9941 0.5761 0.9941 0.9964
0.0037 -0.1186 0.9508 0.5477 0.9451 0.9939
0.0002 -0.0057 0.9949 0.5449 0.9403 0.9997
-0.0005 0.0162 0.9741 0.5308 0.9159 1.0008
0.0017 -0.0598 1.0108 0.5365 0.9258 0.9975
0.0014 -0.0513 0.9264 0.4970 0.8577 0.9979
0.0041 -0.1731 1.0012 0.4976 0.8587 0.9936
0.0023 -0.1093 0.9763 0.4858 0.8384 0.9965
0.0013 -0.0693 0.9741 0.4733 0.8167 0.9979
-0.0011 0.0573 0.9907 0.4688 0.8090 1.0019
-0.0008 0.0398 0.9652 0.4525 0.7809 1.0014
0.0000 0.0016 0.9924 0.4491 0.7750 1.0001
-0.0004 0.0217 1.0093 0.4533 0.7822 1.0009
-0.0005 0.0223 1.0117 0.4586 0.7914 1.0011
-0.0003 0.0162 0.9542 0.4376 0.7552 1.0008
-0.0024 0.1068 1.0048 0.4397 0.7588 1.0054
0.0030 -0.1365 0.9276 0.4079 0.7039 0.9934
0.0006 -0.0283 0.9661 0.3941 0.6800 0.9986
-0.0023 0.1062 0.9308 0.3668 0.6330 1.0058
-0.0067 0.2584 0.9893 0.3629 0.6262 1.0179
-0.0011 0.0361 1.0035 0.3641 0.6284 1.0029
0.0027 -0.0913 0.9798 0.3568 0.6157 0.9929
-0.0031 0.1065 0.9872 0.3522 0.6078 1.0086
0.0049 -0.1743 0.9756 0.3436 0.5930 0.9862
-0.0004 0.0171 0.9622 0.3306 0.5705 1.0013
-0.0001 0.0056 0.9985 0.3301 0.5697 1.0005
Compute Structure Index

Index Index
(unnorm.) 1985 = 1

1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
1.0000 1.0370
0.9997 1.0367
0.9991 1.0360
1.0003 1.0373
1.0009 1.0379
1.0013 1.0383
1.0002 1.0372
0.9997 1.0366
0.9974 1.0343
0.9951 1.0320
0.9922 1.0289
0.9936 1.0304
0.9829 1.0193
0.9757 1.0118
0.9726 1.0085
0.9643 1.0000
0.9609 0.9964
0.9550 0.9903
0.9547 0.9900
0.9554 0.9908
0.9531 0.9883
0.9511 0.9863
0.9450 0.9799
0.9417 0.9765
0.9397 0.9745
0.9415 0.9763
0.9428 0.9777
0.9429 0.9778
0.9437 0.9787
0.9448 0.9797
0.9456 0.9806
0.9507 0.9859
0.9444 0.9793
0.9431 0.9780
0.9486 0.9837
0.9655 1.0013
0.9683 1.0041
0.9614 0.9970
0.9697 1.0055
0.9563 0.9917
0.9576 0.9930
0.9580 0.9934
Rail Passenger Transportation

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M])

Urban Rail Intercity Rail Total Urban Rail Intercity Rail

Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M Million P-M


Deliv 1949
Deliv 1950
Deliv 1951
Deliv 1952
Deliv 1953
Deliv 1954
Deliv 1955
Deliv 1956
Deliv 1957
Deliv 1958
Deliv 1959
Deliv 1960
Deliv 1961
Deliv 1962
Deliv 1963
Deliv 1964
Deliv 1965
Deliv 1966
Deliv 1967
Deliv 1968
Deliv 1969
Deliv 1970 42.20 6.09 48.29 13,057 1,993
Deliv 1971 41.48 6.09 47.57 12,577 1,993
Deliv 1972 39.56 9.28 48.84 12,350 3,039
Deliv 1973 38.28 11.63 49.91 12,379 3,807
Deliv 1974 41.65 11.22 52.87 12,296 4,259
Deliv 1975 41.69 11.21 52.89 12,042 3,753
Deliv 1976 40.11 11.79 51.90 12,684 4,268
Deliv 1977 38.70 12.20 50.90 16,238 4,204
Deliv 1978 38.36 12.44 50.80 16,935 4,154
Deliv 1979 41.36 13.74 55.10 17,659 4,867
Deliv 1980 41.49 11.63 53.12 17,455 4,053
Deliv 1981 43.05 10.70 53.75 16,826 4,397
Deliv 1982 43.44 10.28 53.72 16,455 3,993
Deliv 1983 49.15 10.28 59.43 16,838 4,227
Deliv 1984 49.37 10.87 60.24 16,734 4,427
Deliv 1985 48.74 10.87 59.61 17,311 4,785
Deliv 1986 53.16 10.45 63.61 17,733 5,011
Deliv 1987 54.35 11.04 65.39 18,421 5,361
Deliv 1988 55.89 11.38 67.27 18,741 5,686
Deliv 1989 57.13 12.89 70.02 19,750 5,859
Deliv 1990 56.41 12.81 69.22 19,128 6,057
Deliv 1991 56.76 12.81 69.57 18,534 6,273
Deliv 1992 55.33 12.98 68.30 18,758 6,091
Deliv 1993 57.54 13.40 70.94 17,876 6,199
Deliv 1994 59.84 13.40 73.24 19,497 5,921
Deliv 1995 59.84 13.51 73.35 19,663 5,545
Deliv 1996 59.33 13.63 72.96 20,838 5,050
Deliv 1997 59.26 14.52 73.78 21,129 5,166
Deliv 1998 60.87 14.85 75.72 22,116 5,304
Deliv 1999 63.09 15.56 78.66 22,874 5,330
Deliv 2000 65.47 18.03 83.50 24,602 5,498
Deliv 2001 66.74 18.14 84.89 25,163 5,559
Deliv 2002 67.25 17.07 84.32 24,599 5,468
Deliv 2003 67.11 15.90 83.01 24,641 5,680
Deliv 2004 68.76 15.20 83.96 25,649 5,511
Deliv 2005 70.85 14.58 85.43 25,591 5,381
Deliv 2006 71.09 14.34 85.42 26,948 5,410
Deliv 2007 75.99 14.55 90.54 29,223 5,784
Deliv 2008 77.09 14.81 91.91 29,990 6,179
Deliv 2009 79.39 14.40 93.79 30,236 5,914
Deliv 2010 78.33 14.58 92.91 29,454 6,420
Deliv 2011 79.93 14.54 94.47 30,947 6,670
From Lower Level

miles [P-M]) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M) Energy Intensity (Index)

Intercity
Total Urban Rail Rail Total Urban Rail Intercity Rail

Million P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

15,050 3232 3055 3209 1.1426 1.3445


14,570 3298 3055 3265 1.1632 1.3445
15,389 3203 3055 3174 1.1288 1.3445
16,186 3092 3055 3084 1.0901 1.3445
16,555 3387 2635 3194 1.1940 1.1598
15,795 3462 2987 3349 1.2212 1.3145
16,952 3162 2763 3062 1.1281 1.2161
20,442 2383 2902 2490 0.8434 1.2772
21,089 2265 2995 2409 0.8033 1.3184
22,526 2342 2824 2446 0.8305 1.2429
21,508 2377 2870 2470 0.8433 1.2630
21,223 2559 2434 2533 0.9089 1.0714
20,448 2640 2575 2627 0.9360 1.1333
21,065 2919 2432 2821 1.0349 1.0706
21,161 2950 2456 2847 1.0450 1.0809
22,096 2815 2272 2698 1.0000 1.0000
22,744 2998 2085 2797 1.0647 0.9179
23,782 2951 2059 2750 1.0465 0.9064
24,427 2982 2001 2754 1.0552 0.8807
25,609 2893 2201 2734 1.0231 0.9686
25,185 2949 2115 2748 1.0406 0.9308
24,807 3062 2042 2804 1.0806 0.8988
24,849 2949 2131 2749 1.0392 0.9378
24,075 3219 2162 2947 1.1331 0.9514
25,418 3069 2263 2881 1.0835 0.9961
25,208 3043 2436 2910 1.0766 1.0723
25,888 2847 2699 2818 1.0034 1.1880
26,295 2805 2811 2806 0.9861 1.2374
27,420 2752 2799 2761 0.9676 1.2320
28,204 2758 2920 2789 0.9690 1.2853
30,100 2661 3280 2774 0.9341 1.4436
30,722 2652 3264 2763 0.9304 1.4366
30,067 2734 3122 2804 0.9590 1.3740
30,321 2724 2799 2738 0.9551 1.2321
31,160 2681 2758 2695 0.9392 1.2139
30,972 2769 2709 2758 0.9683 1.1922
32,358 2638 2650 2640 0.9219 1.1665
35,007 2600 2515 2586 0.9100 1.1071
36,169 2571 2398 2541 0.8991 1.0553
36,150 2626 2435 2594 0.9168 1.0716
35,874 2659 2271 2590 0.9286 0.9995
37,617 2583 2180 2511 0.9029 0.9597
From Lower Level

Structure Index Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0


(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

Activity Index of Structure: Structure: Component


(passenger- Aggregate Urban vs Lower Intensity
Urban Rail Intercity Rail miles) Intensity Intercity level Index

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

1.0048 1.0000 0.6811 1.1894 1.0120 1.0035 1.1711


1.0072 1.0000 0.6594 1.2103 1.0118 1.0056 1.1895
1.0079 1.0000 0.6965 1.1765 1.0081 1.0063 1.1598
1.0076 1.0000 0.7325 1.1431 1.0070 1.0061 1.1283
1.0077 1.0000 0.7492 1.1839 1.0042 1.0061 1.1719
1.0069 1.0000 0.7148 1.2414 1.0079 1.0055 1.2249
0.9957 1.0000 0.7672 1.1350 1.0060 0.9968 1.1319
1.0036 1.0000 0.9251 0.9229 1.0046 1.0028 0.9162
1.0015 1.0000 0.9544 0.8929 1.0024 1.0012 0.8898
1.0015 1.0000 1.0195 0.9067 1.0071 1.0012 0.8992
1.0011 1.0000 0.9734 0.9155 1.0016 1.0009 0.9132
0.9999 1.0000 0.9605 0.9389 1.0030 0.9999 0.9362
1.0019 1.0000 0.9254 0.9739 1.0034 1.0016 0.9691
1.0019 1.0000 0.9533 1.0459 1.0029 1.0015 1.0413
1.0029 1.0000 0.9577 1.0553 1.0014 1.0023 1.0514
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0001 1.0000 1.0293 1.0367 0.9990 1.0001 1.0377
1.0015 1.0000 1.0763 1.0193 0.9973 1.0013 1.0207
1.0039 1.0000 1.1055 1.0208 0.9949 1.0032 1.0228
1.0043 1.0000 1.1590 1.0136 0.9961 1.0035 1.0140
1.0066 1.0000 1.1398 1.0188 0.9928 1.0054 1.0206
1.0066 1.0000 1.1227 1.0395 0.9887 1.0054 1.0457
1.0081 1.0000 1.1246 1.0189 0.9913 1.0067 1.0211
1.0091 1.0000 1.0896 1.0924 0.9873 1.0075 1.0983
1.0061 1.0000 1.1503 1.0681 0.9950 1.0050 1.0680
1.0041 1.0000 1.1408 1.0787 0.9982 1.0034 1.0769
1.0078 1.0000 1.1716 1.0447 1.0015 1.0064 1.0364
1.0103 1.0000 1.1900 1.0402 1.0015 1.0084 1.0300
1.0104 1.0000 1.2409 1.0236 1.0014 1.0085 1.0135
1.0111 1.0000 1.2764 1.0338 1.0013 1.0091 1.0232
1.0119 1.0000 1.3622 1.0283 1.0004 1.0097 1.0180
1.0127 1.0000 1.3904 1.0243 1.0000 1.0103 1.0138
1.0125 1.0000 1.3607 1.0395 1.0002 1.0102 1.0289
1.0129 1.0000 1.3722 1.0149 1.0006 1.0105 1.0037
1.0139 1.0000 1.4102 0.9989 1.0003 1.0113 0.9874
1.0156 1.0000 1.4017 1.0225 1.0003 1.0127 1.0093
1.0164 1.0000 1.4644 0.9786 1.0004 1.0133 0.9653
1.0150 1.0000 1.5843 0.9587 1.0004 1.0122 0.9468
1.0156 1.0000 1.6369 0.9419 1.0001 1.0127 0.9300
1.01726 1.0000 1.6360 0.9617 1.0006 1.0141 0.9477
1.01730 1.0000 1.6236 0.9601 0.9989 1.0141 0.9477
1.01601 1.0000 1.7024 0.9309 0.9992 1.0130 0.9197
Energy Shares
(6) (7) (8)
Product:
Activity x Actual
Structure x Energy Total Intercity
Intensity Use Structure Urban Rail Rail
=(1)x(3)x(4)
x(5) =(1) x (2) =(3) x (4)

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0.8101 0.8101 1.0156 0.8739 0.1261
0.7981 0.7981 1.0175 0.8720 0.1280
0.8194 0.8194 1.0144 0.8099 0.1901
0.8373 0.8373 1.0131 0.7670 0.2330
0.8870 0.8870 1.0103 0.7877 0.2123
0.8874 0.8874 1.0134 0.7881 0.2119
0.8707 0.8707 1.0027 0.7728 0.2272
0.8539 0.8539 1.0074 0.7603 0.2397
0.8522 0.8522 1.0036 0.7551 0.2449
0.9244 0.9244 1.0084 0.7506 0.2494
0.8911 0.8911 1.0025 0.7811 0.2189
0.9018 0.9018 1.0029 0.8009 0.1991
0.9013 0.9013 1.0050 0.8086 0.1914
0.9971 0.9971 1.0044 0.8270 0.1730
1.0107 1.0107 1.0037 0.8195 0.1805
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.8176 0.1824
1.0671 1.0671 0.9991 0.8357 0.1643
1.0971 1.0971 0.9986 0.8312 0.1688
1.1285 1.1285 0.9981 0.8309 0.1691
1.1747 1.1747 0.9996 0.8159 0.1841
1.1612 1.1612 0.9982 0.8149 0.1851
1.1671 1.1671 0.9941 0.8159 0.1841
1.1459 1.1459 0.9979 0.8100 0.1900
1.1902 1.1902 0.9946 0.8111 0.1889
1.2286 1.2286 1.0000 0.8170 0.1830
1.2306 1.2306 1.0016 0.8158 0.1842
1.2240 1.2240 1.0080 0.8132 0.1868
1.2378 1.2378 1.0099 0.8032 0.1968
1.2702 1.2702 1.0099 0.8039 0.1961
1.3196 1.3196 1.0104 0.8021 0.1979
1.4008 1.4008 1.0101 0.7840 0.2160
1.4241 1.4241 1.0103 0.7863 0.2137
1.4145 1.4145 1.0104 0.7976 0.2024
1.3927 1.3927 1.0111 0.8085 0.1915
1.4086 1.4086 1.0116 0.8190 0.1810
1.4332 1.4332 1.0130 0.8294 0.1706
1.4331 1.4331 1.0137 0.8322 0.1678
1.5189 1.5189 1.0126 0.8393 0.1607
1.5419 1.5419 1.0128 0.8388 0.1612
1.5734 1.5734 1.0147 0.8465 0.1535
1.5587 1.5587 1.0130 0.8431 0.1569
1.5848 1.5848 1.0122 0.8461 0.1539
Log-Mean Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity
(normalized)

Intercity Intercity
Urban Rail Rail Total Urban Rail Rail Urban Rail

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0.8730 0.1270 1.0000 0.8730 0.1270 0.018
0.8406 0.1570 0.9976 0.8426 0.1574 -0.030
0.7883 0.2108 0.9991 0.7890 0.2110 -0.035
0.7773 0.2225 0.9998 0.7775 0.2225 0.091
0.7879 0.2121 1.0000 0.7879 0.2121 0.022
0.7804 0.2195 0.9999 0.7805 0.2195 -0.079
0.7665 0.2334 0.9999 0.7666 0.2334 -0.291
0.7577 0.2423 1.0000 0.7577 0.2423 -0.049
0.7528 0.2472 1.0000 0.7528 0.2472 0.033
0.7657 0.2339 0.9996 0.7660 0.2340 0.015
0.7909 0.2089 0.9998 0.7911 0.2089 0.075
0.8047 0.1952 1.0000 0.8048 0.1952 0.029
0.8178 0.1820 0.9998 0.8179 0.1821 0.100
0.8233 0.1767 1.0000 0.8233 0.1767 0.010
0.8186 0.1814 1.0000 0.8186 0.1814 -0.044
0.8266 0.1732 0.9998 0.8268 0.1732 0.0627
0.8334 0.1665 1.0000 0.8334 0.1666 -0.0172
0.8310 0.1690 1.0000 0.8310 0.1690 0.0083
0.8233 0.1765 0.9999 0.8234 0.1766 -0.0309
0.8154 0.1846 1.0000 0.8154 0.1846 0.0170
0.8154 0.1846 1.0000 0.8154 0.1846 0.0377
0.8129 0.1871 1.0000 0.8129 0.1871 -0.0391
0.8106 0.1894 1.0000 0.8106 0.1894 0.0865
0.8141 0.1859 1.0000 0.8141 0.1859 -0.0448
0.8164 0.1836 1.0000 0.8164 0.1836 -0.0064
0.8145 0.1855 1.0000 0.8145 0.1855 -0.0704
0.8082 0.1918 0.9999 0.8082 0.1918 -0.0174
0.8035 0.1965 1.0000 0.8035 0.1965 -0.0190
0.8030 0.1970 1.0000 0.8030 0.1970 0.0015
0.7930 0.2068 0.9998 0.7932 0.2068 -0.0367
0.7851 0.2149 1.0000 0.7851 0.2149 -0.0040
0.7919 0.2080 0.9999 0.7919 0.2081 0.0303
0.8030 0.1969 0.9999 0.8031 0.1969 -0.0041
0.8137 0.1862 0.9999 0.8138 0.1862 -0.0168
0.8242 0.1758 0.9999 0.8242 0.1758 0.0306
0.8308 0.1692 1.0000 0.8308 0.1692 -0.0492
0.8357 0.1642 1.0000 0.8357 0.1643 -0.0130
0.8391 0.1609 1.0000 0.8391 0.1609 -0.0121
0.8426 0.1573 1.0000 0.8427 0.1573 0.0195
0.8448 0.1552 1.0000 0.8448 0.1552 0.0128
0.8446 0.1554 1.0000 0.8446 0.1554 -0.0280
og Changes - Intensity Activity Shares Log Changes - Activity Shares

Intercity
Intercity Rail Urban Rail Intercity Rail Urban Rail Rail

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0.000 0.8632 0.1368 -0.0050 0.0324
0.000 0.8025 0.1975 -0.0729 0.3672
0.000 0.7648 0.2352 -0.0481 0.1748
-0.148 0.7427 0.2573 -0.0293 0.0897
0.125 0.7624 0.2376 0.0261 -0.0795
-0.078 0.7482 0.2518 -0.0187 0.0579
0.049 0.7943 0.2057 0.0598 -0.2023
0.032 0.8030 0.1970 0.0109 -0.0431
-0.059 0.7839 0.2161 -0.0241 0.0925
0.016 0.8116 0.1884 0.0346 -0.1368
-0.165 0.7928 0.2072 -0.0234 0.0948
0.056 0.8047 0.1953 0.0149 -0.0592
-0.057 0.7993 0.2007 -0.0067 0.0272
0.010 0.7908 0.2092 -0.0107 0.0417
-0.078 0.7834 0.2166 -0.0093 0.0345
-0.0857 0.7797 0.2203 -0.0048 0.0172
-0.0126 0.7746 0.2254 -0.0066 0.0229
-0.0288 0.7672 0.2328 -0.0095 0.0321
0.0952 0.7712 0.2288 0.0052 -0.0173
-0.0398 0.7595 0.2405 -0.0153 0.0499
-0.0350 0.7471 0.2529 -0.0164 0.0502
0.0425 0.7549 0.2451 0.0103 -0.0311
0.0144 0.7425 0.2575 -0.0165 0.0492
0.0459 0.7671 0.2329 0.0325 -0.1002
0.0738 0.7800 0.2200 0.0168 -0.0573
0.1024 0.8049 0.1951 0.0314 -0.1201
0.0408 0.8035 0.1965 -0.0017 0.0071
-0.0044 0.8066 0.1934 0.0038 -0.0155
0.0423 0.8110 0.1890 0.0055 -0.0233
0.1162 0.8173 0.1827 0.0078 -0.0340
-0.0049 0.8191 0.1809 0.0021 -0.0094
-0.0445 0.8181 0.1819 -0.0011 0.0050
-0.1090 0.8127 0.1873 -0.0067 0.0296
-0.0148 0.8231 0.1769 0.0128 -0.0575
-0.0181 0.8263 0.1737 0.0038 -0.0178
-0.0218 0.8328 0.1672 0.0079 -0.0384
-0.0522 0.8348 0.1652 0.0024 -0.0118
-0.0480 0.8292 0.1708 -0.0067 0.0334
0.0154 0.8364 0.1636 0.0087 -0.0433
-0.0697 0.8210 0.1790 -0.0185 0.0898
-0.0407 0.8227 0.1773 0.0020 -0.0092
Log Changes--Lower-level Structure Compute Intensity Index Compute Structure Index
(Current Level)

Intercity
Urban Rail Rail Index chg. Index Index Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.)

1.0000 1.1711 1.0000


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#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.1711 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0024 0.0000 1.0157 1.0157 1.1895 0.9997 0.9997
0.0008 0.0000 0.9750 0.9903 1.1598 0.9964 0.9961
-0.0003 0.0000 0.9729 0.9635 1.1283 0.9989 0.9950
0.0000 0.0000 1.0386 1.0007 1.1719 0.9972 0.9922
-0.0007 0.0000 1.0453 1.0460 1.2249 1.0037 0.9959
-0.0112 0.0000 0.9241 0.9666 1.1319 0.9981 0.9940
0.0079 0.0000 0.8094 0.7823 0.9162 0.9986 0.9926
-0.0021 0.0000 0.9712 0.7598 0.8898 0.9978 0.9904
0.0000 0.0000 1.0106 0.7678 0.8992 1.0048 0.9951
-0.0004 0.0000 1.0156 0.7798 0.9132 0.9945 0.9897
-0.0012 0.0000 1.0252 0.7994 0.9362 1.0013 0.9910
0.0020 0.0000 1.0352 0.8276 0.9691 1.0004 0.9915
0.0000 0.0000 1.0745 0.8892 1.0413 0.9995 0.9909
0.0010 0.0000 1.0097 0.8978 1.0514 0.9985 0.9895
-0.0029 0.0000 0.9511 0.8539 1.0000 0.9986 0.9881
0.0001 0.0000 1.0377 0.8861 1.0377 0.9990 0.9871
0.0014 0.0000 0.9837 0.8716 1.0207 0.9983 0.9855
0.0024 0.0000 1.0020 0.8734 1.0228 0.9975 0.9830
0.0004 0.0000 0.9914 0.8659 1.0140 1.0012 0.9842
0.0023 0.0000 1.0065 0.8715 1.0206 0.9967 0.9810
0.0000 0.0000 1.0246 0.8930 1.0457 0.9959 0.9770
0.0015 0.0000 0.9765 0.8719 1.0211 1.0026 0.9795
0.0010 0.0000 1.0756 0.9378 1.0983 0.9959 0.9755
-0.0030 0.0000 0.9725 0.9120 1.0680 1.0079 0.9832
-0.0020 0.0000 1.0083 0.9196 1.0769 1.0032 0.9863
0.0037 0.0000 0.9624 0.8850 1.0364 1.0033 0.9896
0.0024 0.0000 0.9938 0.8795 1.0300 1.0000 0.9895
0.0001 0.0000 0.9840 0.8655 1.0135 1.0000 0.9895
0.0007 0.0000 1.0096 0.8737 1.0232 0.9998 0.9894
0.0008 0.0000 0.9950 0.8693 1.0180 0.9991 0.9885
0.0008 0.0000 0.9958 0.8657 1.0138 0.9996 0.9881
-0.0002 0.0000 1.0149 0.8786 1.0289 1.0002 0.9883
0.0004 0.0000 0.9756 0.8571 1.0037 1.0004 0.9887
0.0010 0.0000 0.9837 0.8431 0.9874 0.9997 0.9884
0.0017 0.0000 1.0222 0.8619 1.0093 1.0000 0.9884
0.0008 0.0000 0.9564 0.8243 0.9653 1.0001 0.9885
-0.0013 0.0000 0.9808 0.8085 0.9468 1.0000 0.9885
0.0005 0.0000 0.9823 0.7942 0.9300 0.9997 0.9882
0.0017 0.0000 1.0190 0.8093 0.9477 1.0005 0.9887
0.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.8093 0.9477 0.9983 0.9870
-0.0013 0.0000 0.9704 0.7853 0.9197 1.0003 0.9873
e Structure Index Compute Structure Index
(Lower Level)

Index Index chg. Index Index

1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

1.0120 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0120 #DIV/0! 1 1.0035
1.0118 1.0021 1 1.0056
1.0081 1.0006 1 1.0063
1.0070 0.9998 1 1.0061
1.0042 1.0000 1 1.0061
1.0079 0.9994 1 1.0055
1.0060 0.9913 1 0.9968
1.0046 1.0061 1 1.0028
1.0024 0.9984 0.9977 1.0012
1.0071 1.0000 0.9977 1.0012
1.0016 0.9997 0.9974 1.0009
1.0030 0.9990 0.9964 0.9999
1.0034 1.0016 0.9980 1.0016
1.0029 1.0000 0.9980 1.0015
1.0014 1.0008 0.9988 1.0023
1.0000 0.9977 0.9965 1.0000
0.9990 1.0001 0.9966 1.0001
0.9973 1.0012 0.9977 1.0013
0.9949 1.0020 0.9997 1.0032
0.9961 1.0003 1.0000 1.0035
0.9928 1.0019 1.0019 1.0054
0.9887 1.0000 1.0019 1.0054
0.9913 1.0012 1.0031 1.0067
0.9873 1.0008 1.0039 1.0075
0.9950 0.9976 1.0015 1.0050
0.9982 0.9984 0.9999 1.0034
1.0015 1.0030 1.0029 1.0064
1.0015 1.0019 1.0048 1.0084
1.0014 1.0001 1.0049 1.0085
1.0013 1.0006 1.0055 1.0091
1.0004 1.0006 1.0061 1.0097
1.0000 1.0006 1.0067 1.0103
1.0002 0.9999 1.0066 1.0102
1.0006 1.0003 1.0069 1.0105
1.0003 1.0008 1.0077 1.0113
1.0003 1.0014 1.0091 1.0127
1.0004 1.0006 1.0098 1.0133
1.0004 0.9989 1.0086 1.0122
1.0001 1.0005 1.0091 1.0127
1.0006 1.0014 1.0105 1.0141
0.9989 1.0000 1.0105 1.0141
0.9992 0.9989 1.0095 1.0130
Urban Rail
Fuel Year

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (passenger-miles [P-M])

Commuter Commuter
Rail Heavy Rail Light Rail Total Rail

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered


(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) Million P-M
Deliv 1949
Deliv 1950
Deliv 1951
Deliv 1952
Deliv 1953
Deliv 1954
Deliv 1955
Deliv 1956
Deliv 1957
Deliv 1958
Deliv 1959
Deliv 1960
Deliv 1961
Deliv 1962
Deliv 1963
Deliv 1964
Deliv 1965
Deliv 1966
Deliv 1967
Deliv 1968
Deliv 1969
Deliv 1970 17.199 23.376 1.623 42 4,592
Deliv 1971 16.514 23.387 1.582 41 4,576
Deliv 1972 15.829 22.219 1.509 40 4,560
Deliv 1973 15.144 21.691 1.447 38 4,545
Deliv 1974 14.458 25.718 1.474 42 4,529
Deliv 1975 14.328 25.857 1.500 42 4,513
Deliv 1976 13.478 25.107 1.526 40 5,340
Deliv 1977 14.887 22.258 1.552 39 6,167
Deliv 1978 15.374 21.405 1.579 38 6,213
Deliv 1979 15.787 23.963 1.605 41.355 6,492
Deliv 1980 16.200 23.658 1.631 41.489 6,516
Deliv 1981 15.600 25.793 1.657 43.050 6,236
Deliv 1982 15.300 26.459 1.684 43.443 6,027
Deliv 1983 18.858 28.583 1.710 49.151 6,097
Deliv 1984 17.404 30.232 1.736 49.373 6,207
Deliv 1985 18.464 28.510 1.762 48.736 6,534
Deliv 1986 19.671 31.699 1.789 53.159 6,723
Deliv 1987 19.098 33.281 1.975 54.354 6,818
Deliv 1988 19.714 33.664 2.512 55.890 6,964
Deliv 1989 20.652 33.974 2.502 57.128 7,211
Deliv 1990 19.982 33.953 2.471 56.407 7,082
Deliv 1991 20.344 33.581 2.833 56.757 7,344
Deliv 1992 19.243 33.012 3.071 55.326 7,320
Deliv 1993 20.655 33.984 2.905 57.545 6,940
Deliv 1994 21.447 35.473 2.916 59.836 7,996
Deliv 1995 21.702 35.163 2.978 59.842 8,244
Deliv 1996 21.559 34.450 3.319 59.328 8,351
Deliv 1997 21.896 33.633 3.732 59.261 8,038
Deliv 1998 23.018 33.912 3.939 60.869 8,704
Deliv 1999 23.794 34.998 4.301 63.092 8,766
Deliv 2000 23.987 36.693 4.787 65.467 9,402
Deliv 2001 24.014 37.696 5.035 66.745 9,548
Deliv 2002 23.896 38.079 5.273 67.248 9,504
Deliv 2003 24.322 37.551 5.242 67.115 9,559
Deliv 2004 24.967 38.079 5.717 68.763 9,719
Deliv 2005 25.983 38.968 5.904 70.855 9,473
Deliv 2006 26.183 38.347 6.555 71.085 10,361
Deliv 2007 29.420 39.466 7.106 75.992 11,153
Deliv 2008 29.341 40.298 7.453 77.092 11,049
Deliv 2009 31.580 40.177 7.630 79.387 11,232
Deliv 2010 31.506 39.081 7.744 78.331 10,874
Deliv 2011 31.921 39.847 8.157 79.925 11,427

Constant (1977) shares assumed for 1970-1976


ctivity (passenger-miles [P-M]) Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M)

Commuter
Heavy Rail Light Rail Total Rail Heavy Rail Light Rail Total

Million P-M Million P-M Million P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M

8,157 307 13,057 3745.5 2865.7 5284.2 3232.0


7,711 290 12,577 3608.7 3033.1 5447.9 3298.3
7,507 283 12,350 3470.9 2959.8 5339.8 3203.0
7,550 284 12,379 3332.2 2872.9 5091.0 3092.5
7,485 282 12,296 3192.5 3435.9 5228.3 3387.3
7,255 273 12,042 3174.9 3563.9 5490.0 3461.8
7,077 267 12,684 2524.0 3547.5 5726.4 3162.3
9,682 389 16,238 2414.0 2298.9 3990.8 2383.2
10,330 392 16,935 2474.5 2072.1 4027.3 2265.0
10,760 407 17,659 2431.8 2227.1 3943.3 2341.9
10,558 381 17,455 2486.2 2240.8 4281.3 2376.9
10,244 346 16,826 2501.6 2517.8 4790.2 2558.5
10,049 379 16,455 2538.6 2633.0 4442.4 2640.1
10,350 391 16,838 3093.0 2761.7 4373.2 2919.1
10,111 416 16,734 2804.0 2990.0 4173.5 2950.4
10,427 350 17,311 2825.8 2734.3 5035.4 2815.3
10,649 361 17,733 2925.9 2976.7 4954.7 2997.7
11,198 405 18,421 2801.1 2972.1 4875.9 2950.6
11,300 477 18,741 2830.8 2979.1 5267.0 2982.2
12,030 509 19,750 2864.0 2824.1 4915.6 2892.6
11,475 571 19,128 2821.6 2958.9 4327.5 2948.9
10,528 662 18,534 2770.1 3189.7 4279.3 3062.3
10,737 701 18,758 2628.8 3074.6 4380.4 2949.5
10,231 705 17,876 2976.2 3321.7 4120.9 3219.1
10,668 833 19,497 2682.2 3325.2 3500.1 3069.0
10,559 860 19,663 2632.4 3330.1 3462.4 3043.4
11,530 957 20,838 2581.6 2987.8 3467.9 2847.1
12,056 1,035 21,129 2724.0 2789.7 3606.2 2804.7
12,284 1,128 22,116 2644.5 2760.7 3492.2 2752.3
12,902 1,206 22,874 2714.3 2712.6 3566.4 2758.3
13,844 1,356 24,602 2551.3 2650.5 3530.2 2661.0
14,178 1,437 25,163 2515.1 2658.8 3503.9 2652.5
13,663 1,432 24,599 2514.3 2787.0 3682.2 2733.8
13,606 1,476 24,641 2544.4 2759.9 3551.4 2723.7
14,354 1,576 25,649 2568.9 2652.8 3627.8 2680.9
14,418 1,700 25,591 2742.9 2702.7 3472.7 2768.7
14,721 1,866 26,948 2527.1 2604.9 3512.8 2637.9
16,138 1,932 29,223 2637.8 2445.5 3678.1 2600.4
16,848 2,093 29,990 2655.5 2391.9 3561.1 2570.6
16,805 2,199 30,236 2811.6 2390.8 3469.8 2625.6
16,407 2,173 29,454 2897.4 2382.0 3563.7 2659.4
17,317 2,203 30,947 2793.5 2301.0 3702.9 2582.6

Constant (1977) shares assumed for 1970-1976

2459 transit, TEDB 32


Energy Intensity (Index) Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3)
Structure:
Index of Mix of
Commuter Aggregate Rail
Rail Heavy Rail Light Rail Total Activity Intensity Modes

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

1.3255 1.0481 1.0494 1.1480 0.7542 1.1480 1.0048


1.2771 1.1093 1.0819 1.1715 0.7265 1.1715 1.0072
1.2283 1.0825 1.0604 1.1377 0.7134 1.1377 1.0079
1.1792 1.0507 1.0110 1.0984 0.7151 1.0984 1.0076
1.1298 1.2566 1.0383 1.2032 0.7103 1.2032 1.0077
1.1235 1.3034 1.0903 1.2296 0.6956 1.2296 1.0069
0.8932 1.2974 1.1372 1.1233 0.7327 1.1233 0.9957
0.8543 0.8408 0.7926 0.8465 0.9380 0.8465 1.0036
0.8757 0.7578 0.7998 0.8045 0.9783 0.8045 1.0015
0.8606 0.8145 0.7831 0.8318 1.0201 0.8318 1.0015
0.8798 0.8195 0.8502 0.8443 1.0083 0.8443 1.0011
0.8853 0.9208 0.9513 0.9088 0.9720 0.9088 0.9999
0.8984 0.9630 0.8822 0.9378 0.9506 0.9378 1.0019
1.0945 1.0100 0.8685 1.0368 0.9727 1.0368 1.0019
0.9923 1.0935 0.8288 1.0480 0.9667 1.0480 1.0029
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0354 1.0887 0.9840 1.0648 1.0244 1.0648 1.0001
0.9913 1.0870 0.9683 1.0481 1.0641 1.0481 1.0015
1.0018 1.0895 1.0460 1.0593 1.0826 1.0593 1.0039
1.0135 1.0329 0.9762 1.0274 1.1409 1.0274 1.0043
0.9985 1.0822 0.8594 1.0474 1.1050 1.0474 1.0066
0.9803 1.1666 0.8498 1.0877 1.0706 1.0877 1.0066
0.9303 1.1245 0.8699 1.0476 1.0836 1.0476 1.0081
1.0532 1.2148 0.8184 1.1434 1.0326 1.1434 1.0091
0.9492 1.2161 0.6951 1.0901 1.1263 1.0901 1.0061
0.9316 1.2179 0.6876 1.0810 1.1359 1.0810 1.0041
0.9136 1.0927 0.6887 1.0113 1.2037 1.0113 1.0078
0.9640 1.0203 0.7162 0.9962 1.2206 0.9962 1.0103
0.9359 1.0097 0.6935 0.9776 1.2776 0.9776 1.0104
0.9606 0.9921 0.7083 0.9797 1.3214 0.9797 1.0111
0.9028 0.9694 0.7011 0.9452 1.4212 0.9452 1.0119
0.8900 0.9724 0.6958 0.9422 1.4536 0.9422 1.0127
0.8898 1.0193 0.7313 0.9710 1.4210 0.9710 1.0125
0.9004 1.0094 0.7053 0.9675 1.4234 0.9675 1.0129
0.9091 0.9702 0.7205 0.9523 1.4817 0.9523 1.0139
0.9707 0.9885 0.6897 0.9834 1.4783 0.9834 1.0156
0.8943 0.9527 0.6976 0.9370 1.5567 0.9370 1.0164
0.9335 0.8944 0.7304 0.9237 1.6881 0.9237 1.0150
0.9397 0.8748 0.7072 0.9131 1.7324 0.9131 1.0156
0.9950 0.8744 0.6891 0.9326 1.7466 0.9326 1.0173
1.0253 0.8712 0.7077 0.9446 1.7015 0.9446 1.0173
0.9886 0.8415 0.7354 0.9173 1.7877 0.9173 1.0160
Energy Shares
(4) (5) (6) (7)
Product: Structure
Component Activity x Actual x
Intensity Structure x Energy Intensity Commuter
Index Intensity Use Index Rail

=(1)x(3)x(4) =(1) x (2)

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
1.1426 0.8659 0.8659 1.1480 0
1.1632 0.8512 0.8512 1.1715 0
1.1288 0.8117 0.8117 1.1377 0
1.0901 0.7855 0.7855 1.0984 0
1.1940 0.8546 0.8546 1.2032 0
1.2212 0.8553 0.8553 1.2296 0.3437
1.1281 0.8230 0.8230 1.1233 0.3360
0.8434 0.7940 0.7940 0.8465 0.3847
0.8033 0.7870 0.7870 0.8045 0.4008
0.8305 0.8486 0.8486 0.8318 0.3817
0.8433 0.8513 0.8513 0.8443 0.3905
0.9089 0.8833 0.8833 0.9088 0.3624
0.9360 0.8914 0.8914 0.9378 0.3522
1.0349 1.0085 1.0085 1.0368 0.3837
1.0450 1.0131 1.0131 1.0480 0.3525
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.3788
1.0647 1.0907 1.0907 1.0648 0.3700
1.0465 1.1153 1.1153 1.0481 0.3514
1.0552 1.1468 1.1468 1.0593 0.3527
1.0231 1.1722 1.1722 1.0274 0.3615
1.0406 1.1574 1.1574 1.0474 0.3543
1.0806 1.1646 1.1646 1.0877 0.3584
1.0392 1.1352 1.1352 1.0476 0.3478
1.1331 1.1807 1.1807 1.1434 0.3589
1.0835 1.2278 1.2278 1.0901 0.3584
1.0766 1.2279 1.2279 1.0810 0.3626
1.0034 1.2173 1.2173 1.0113 0.3634
0.9861 1.2159 1.2159 0.9962 0.3695
0.9676 1.2489 1.2489 0.9776 0.3782
0.9690 1.2946 1.2946 0.9797 0.3771
0.9341 1.3433 1.3433 0.9452 0.3664
0.9304 1.3695 1.3695 0.9422 0.3598
0.9590 1.3798 1.3798 0.9710 0.3553
0.9551 1.3771 1.3771 0.9675 0.3624
0.9392 1.4109 1.4109 0.9523 0.3631
0.9683 1.4538 1.4538 0.9834 0.3667
0.9219 1.4586 1.4586 0.9370 0.3683
0.9100 1.5592 1.5592 0.9237 0.3871
0.8991 1.5818 1.5818 0.9131 0.3806
0.9168 1.6289 1.6289 0.9326 0.3978
0.9286 1.6072 1.6072 0.9446 0.4022
0.9029 1.6400 1.6400 0.9173 0.3994
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights
(normalized)

Heavy Commuter Heavy Commuter


Rail Light Rail Rail Rail Light Rail Total Rail

#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1 0 0.4028 0.5588 0.0383 1.0000 0.4028
1 0 0.3991 0.5627 0.0381 1.0000 0.3991
1 0 0.3979 0.5641 0.0380 1.0000 0.3979
1 0 0.3708 0.5917 0.0366 0.9991 0.3712
0.6203 0.0360 0.3454 0.6189 0.0357 1.0000 0.3454
0.6259 0.0380 0.3399 0.6231 0.0370 1.0000 0.3399
0.5752 0.0401 0.3598 0.6002 0.0391 0.9991 0.3601
0.5580 0.0412 0.3927 0.5666 0.0406 0.9999 0.3927
0.5795 0.0388 0.3912 0.5687 0.0400 0.9998 0.3913
0.5702 0.0393 0.3861 0.5748 0.0391 1.0000 0.3861
0.5991 0.0385 0.3762 0.5846 0.0389 0.9997 0.3764
0.6091 0.0388 0.3573 0.6041 0.0386 1.0000 0.3573
0.5815 0.0348 0.3677 0.5952 0.0367 0.9996 0.3678
0.6123 0.0352 0.3679 0.5968 0.0350 0.9996 0.3680
0.5850 0.0362 0.3655 0.5986 0.0357 0.9997 0.3656
0.5963 0.0336 0.3744 0.5906 0.0349 0.9999 0.3744
0.6123 0.0363 0.3606 0.6043 0.0350 0.9999 0.3607
0.6023 0.0450 0.3520 0.6073 0.0405 0.9998 0.3521
0.5947 0.0438 0.3571 0.5985 0.0444 1.0000 0.3571
0.6019 0.0438 0.3579 0.5983 0.0438 1.0000 0.3579
0.5917 0.0499 0.3563 0.5968 0.0468 0.9999 0.3564
0.5967 0.0555 0.3531 0.5942 0.0527 0.9999 0.3531
0.5906 0.0505 0.3533 0.5936 0.0530 0.9999 0.3534
0.5928 0.0487 0.3587 0.5917 0.0496 1.0000 0.3587
0.5876 0.0498 0.3605 0.5902 0.0492 1.0000 0.3605
0.5807 0.0559 0.3630 0.5841 0.0528 0.9999 0.3630
0.5675 0.0630 0.3664 0.5741 0.0594 0.9999 0.3665
0.5571 0.0647 0.3738 0.5623 0.0638 1.0000 0.3738
0.5547 0.0682 0.3776 0.5559 0.0664 1.0000 0.3776
0.5605 0.0731 0.3717 0.5576 0.0706 0.9999 0.3718
0.5648 0.0754 0.3631 0.5626 0.0743 1.0000 0.3631
0.5662 0.0784 0.3576 0.5655 0.0769 1.0000 0.3576
0.5595 0.0781 0.3589 0.5629 0.0783 1.0000 0.3589
0.5538 0.0831 0.3627 0.5566 0.0806 1.0000 0.3628
0.5500 0.0833 0.3649 0.5519 0.0832 1.0000 0.3649
0.5395 0.0922 0.3675 0.5447 0.0877 0.9999 0.3676
0.5193 0.0935 0.3777 0.5293 0.0929 0.9999 0.3777
0.5227 0.0967 0.3839 0.5210 0.0951 1.0000 0.3839
0.5061 0.0961 0.3891 0.5144 0.0964 0.9999 0.3892
0.4989 0.0989 0.4000 0.5025 0.0975 1.0000 0.4000
0.4985 0.1021 0.4008 0.4987 0.1005 1.0000 0.4008
og-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity Activity Shares
(normalized)

Heavy Commuter
Rail Light Rail Rail Heavy Rail Light Rail Commuter Rail

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.3517
0.5589 0.0383 -0.0372 0.0568 0.0305 0.3638
0.5627 0.0381 -0.0389 -0.0245 -0.0200 0.3693
0.5642 0.0380 -0.0408 -0.0298 -0.0477 0.3671
0.5922 0.0366 -0.0428 0.1789 0.0266 0.3683
0.6189 0.0357 -0.0055 0.0366 0.0488 0.3748
0.6231 0.0370 -0.2295 -0.0046 0.0422 0.4210
0.6008 0.0391 -0.0446 -0.4338 -0.3611 0.3798
0.5666 0.0406 0.0248 -0.1039 0.0091 0.3669
0.5688 0.0400 -0.0174 0.0721 -0.0211 0.3676
0.5748 0.0391 0.0221 0.0061 0.0822 0.3733
0.5847 0.0389 0.0062 0.1166 0.1123 0.3706
0.6041 0.0386 0.0147 0.0447 -0.0754 0.3663
0.5954 0.0368 0.1975 0.0477 -0.0157 0.3621
0.5970 0.0350 -0.0981 0.0794 -0.0467 0.3709
0.5987 0.0357 0.0077 -0.0894 0.1878 0.3774
0.5907 0.0349 0.0348 0.0850 -0.0162 0.3791
0.6044 0.0350 -0.0436 -0.0016 -0.0160 0.3701
0.6074 0.0405 0.0106 0.0024 0.0772 0.3716
0.5985 0.0444 0.0117 -0.0534 -0.0691 0.3651
0.5983 0.0438 -0.0149 0.0466 -0.1274 0.3702
0.5968 0.0468 -0.0184 0.0751 -0.0112 0.3962
0.5942 0.0527 -0.0524 -0.0367 0.0234 0.3902
0.5937 0.0530 0.1241 0.0773 -0.0611 0.3882
0.5917 0.0496 -0.1040 0.0011 -0.1633 0.4101
0.5902 0.0492 -0.0187 0.0015 -0.0108 0.4193
0.5842 0.0528 -0.0195 -0.1085 0.0016 0.4008
0.5741 0.0594 0.0537 -0.0686 0.0391 0.3804
0.5623 0.0638 -0.0296 -0.0105 -0.0321 0.3936
0.5559 0.0664 0.0261 -0.0176 0.0210 0.3832
0.5576 0.0706 -0.0620 -0.0232 -0.0102 0.3822
0.5626 0.0743 -0.0143 0.0031 -0.0075 0.3794
0.5655 0.0769 -0.0003 0.0471 0.0496 0.3864
0.5629 0.0783 0.0119 -0.0098 -0.0362 0.3879
0.5566 0.0806 0.0096 -0.0396 0.0213 0.3789
0.5519 0.0832 0.0655 0.0186 -0.0437 0.3702
0.5447 0.0877 -0.0820 -0.0368 0.0115 0.3845
0.5294 0.0929 0.0429 -0.0631 0.0460 0.3817
0.5210 0.0951 0.0067 -0.0222 -0.0323 0.3684
0.5144 0.0964 0.0571 -0.0005 -0.0260 0.3715
0.5025 0.0975 0.0300 -0.0037 0.0267 0.3692
0.4987 0.1005 -0.0365 -0.0346 0.0383 0.3692
tivity Shares Log Changes - Activity Shares Compute Intensity Index

Commuter Heavy
Heavy Rail Light Rail Rail Rail Light Rail Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.)

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.6248 0.0235 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.6131 0.0231 0.0340 -0.0189 -0.0189 1.0181 1.0181
0.6078 0.0229 0.0148 -0.0086 -0.0086 0.9704 0.9879
0.6099 0.0230 -0.0058 0.0034 0.0034 0.9658 0.9541
0.6088 0.0229 0.0033 -0.0019 -0.0019 1.0953 1.0450
0.6025 0.0227 0.0174 -0.0103 -0.0103 1.0227 1.0688
0.5580 0.0210 0.1163 -0.0768 -0.0768 0.9238 0.9873
0.5963 0.0240 -0.1030 0.0663 0.1311 0.7477 0.7382
0.6100 0.0231 -0.0346 0.0228 -0.0343 0.9524 0.7031
0.6093 0.0230 0.0021 -0.0011 -0.0043 1.0339 0.7269
0.6049 0.0218 0.0153 -0.0073 -0.0544 1.0154 0.7381
0.6088 0.0206 -0.0072 0.0065 -0.0597 1.0777 0.7955
0.6107 0.0230 -0.0118 0.0031 0.1134 1.0298 0.8192
0.6147 0.0232 -0.0115 0.0065 0.0082 1.1057 0.9058
0.6042 0.0249 0.0241 -0.0172 0.0682 1.0097 0.9146
0.6023 0.0202 0.0174 -0.0031 -0.2067 0.9569 0.8752
0.6005 0.0204 0.0044 -0.0030 0.0069 1.0647 0.9318
0.6079 0.0220 -0.0240 0.0122 0.0769 0.9829 0.9159
0.6030 0.0255 0.0040 -0.0082 0.1464 1.0083 0.9235
0.6091 0.0258 -0.0176 0.0102 0.0125 0.9696 0.8954
0.5999 0.0299 0.0139 -0.0152 0.1469 1.0171 0.9108
0.5680 0.0357 0.0679 -0.0546 0.1794 1.0385 0.9458
0.5724 0.0374 -0.0153 0.0076 0.0452 0.9617 0.9095
0.5723 0.0394 -0.0051 -0.0001 0.0539 1.0904 0.9917
0.5472 0.0427 0.0548 -0.0450 0.0800 0.9562 0.9483
0.5370 0.0437 0.0221 -0.0187 0.0234 0.9936 0.9422
0.5533 0.0459 -0.0451 0.0299 0.0488 0.9321 0.8782
0.5706 0.0490 -0.0521 0.0307 0.0645 0.9828 0.8631
0.5554 0.0510 0.0339 -0.0269 0.0404 0.9812 0.8468
0.5640 0.0527 -0.0266 0.0154 0.0332 1.0015 0.8481
0.5627 0.0551 -0.0028 -0.0024 0.0444 0.9640 0.8175
0.5634 0.0571 -0.0071 0.0013 0.0355 0.9960 0.8143
0.5554 0.0582 0.0180 -0.0143 0.0192 1.0308 0.8394
0.5522 0.0599 0.0041 -0.0059 0.0286 0.9959 0.8360
0.5596 0.0614 -0.0235 0.0134 0.0255 0.9833 0.8220
0.5634 0.0664 -0.0234 0.0067 0.0780 1.0310 0.8475
0.5463 0.0692 0.0379 -0.0309 0.0415 0.9520 0.8068
0.5522 0.0661 -0.0074 0.0109 -0.0463 0.9871 0.7965
0.5618 0.0698 -0.0353 0.0171 0.0541 0.9880 0.7869
0.5558 0.0727 0.0083 -0.0107 0.0412 1.0197 0.8024
0.5570 0.0738 -0.0062 0.0022 0.0143 1.0129 0.8127
0.5596 0.0712 0.0002 0.0045 -0.0357 0.9723 0.7902
e Intensity Index Compute Structure Index

Index Index chg. Index Index

1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

1.1426 1.0000 1.0048


1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1426 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0048
1.1632 1.0024 1.0024 1.0072
1.1288 1.0008 1.0031 1.0079
1.0901 0.9997 1.0029 1.0076
1.1940 1.0000 1.0029 1.0077
1.2212 0.9993 1.0022 1.0069
1.1281 0.9889 0.9910 0.9957
0.8434 1.0079 0.9989 1.0036
0.8033 0.9979 0.9968 1.0015
0.8305 1.0000 0.9968 1.0015
0.8433 0.9996 0.9964 1.0011
0.9089 0.9988 0.9951 0.9999
0.9360 1.0020 0.9972 1.0019
1.0349 1.0000 0.9971 1.0019
1.0450 1.0010 0.9981 1.0029
1.0000 0.9971 0.9953 1.0000
1.0647 1.0001 0.9954 1.0001
1.0465 1.0014 0.9968 1.0015
1.0552 1.0024 0.9991 1.0039
1.0231 1.0004 0.9995 1.0043
1.0406 1.0023 1.0018 1.0066
1.0806 1.0000 1.0018 1.0066
1.0392 1.0015 1.0033 1.0081
1.1331 1.0010 1.0043 1.0091
1.0835 0.9970 1.0013 1.0061
1.0766 0.9980 0.9994 1.0041
1.0034 1.0037 1.0031 1.0078
0.9861 1.0024 1.0055 1.0103
0.9676 1.0001 1.0056 1.0104
0.9690 1.0007 1.0063 1.0111
0.9341 1.0008 1.0071 1.0119
0.9304 1.0008 1.0079 1.0127
0.9590 0.9998 1.0077 1.0125
0.9551 1.0004 1.0081 1.0129
0.9392 1.0010 1.0091 1.0139
0.9683 1.0017 1.0108 1.0156
0.9219 1.0008 1.0116 1.0164
0.9100 0.9987 1.0102 1.0150
0.8991 1.0005 1.0107 1.0156
0.9168 1.0017 1.0124 1.0173
0.9286 1.0000 1.0125 1.0173
0.9029 0.9987 1.0112 1.0160
Use fuel estimates from EIA, as adjusted for domestic waterborne (use co

Intensity ln (intensity) Growth rate


1970 545 6 -0.013 31.5
1971 506 6 0.003 7
1972 522 6 0 0
1973 576 6 15 25
1974 483 6 0 0
1975 549 6
1976 469 6
1977 458 6
1978 383 6
1979 457 6
1980 357 6
1981 360 6
1982 310 6
1983 319 6
1984 346 6
1985 446 6
1986 463 6
1987 414 6
1988 361 6
1989 403 6
1990 388 6
1991 386 6
1992 398 6
1993 389 6
1994 369 6
1995 374 6
1996 412 6
for domestic waterborne (use column G in freight-based_energy use)

predicted actual
1970 494 545 700
1971 488 506
1972 482 522 600
1973 475 576
1974 469 483 500
1975 463 549
1976 457 469 400
1977 452 458
1978 446 383 300 pr
1979 440 457 ac
1980 435 357 200
1981 429 360
1982 424 310 100
1983 418 319
1984 413 346 0
1985 408 446
1986 402 463
1987 397 414
1988 392 361
1989 387 403
1990 382 388
1991 377 386
1992 372 398
1993 368 389
1994 363 369
1995 358 374
1996 354 412
Trend
extrapolation
1970 349
1971 345
1972 342
1973 339
1974 335
1975 332
1976 329
1977 325
predicted 1978 322
actual 1979 319
1980 316
1981 312
1982 309
1983 306
1984 303
1985 300
1986 297
1987 294
1988 291
1989 288
1990 285
1991 283
1992 280
1993 277
1994 274
1995 271
1996 269
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Dager
estimates

400

350

300

250
Btu per ton-mile

200

150
Trend extrapolation
100
Dager estimates
50

0
70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 00 03 06 09
19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20

266
256
266
270
253
253
251
241
241
235
225
252
225
217
217
Total Freight Transportation

Energy Consumption (TBtu)


Delivered

Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Total

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu)


Deliv 1949
Deliv 1950 129.4 129.4
Deliv 1951 198.5 198.5
Deliv 1952 213.6 213.6
Deliv 1953 237.5 237.5
Deliv 1954 237.8 237.8
Deliv 1955 252.8 252.8
Deliv 1956 305.1 305.1
Deliv 1957 308.5 308.5
Deliv 1958 321.9 321.9
Deliv 1959 360.2 360.2
Deliv 1960 357.8 357.8
Deliv 1961 389.3 389.3
Deliv 1962 394.4 394.4
Deliv 1963 0.0 436.9 436.9
Deliv 1964 0.0 449.1 449.1
Deliv 1965 0.0 516.0 516.0
Deliv 1966 0.0 551.9 551.9
Deliv 1967 0.0 593.6 593.6
Deliv 1968 0.0 544.0 609.3 1,153.3
Deliv 1969 0.0 544.3 650.5 1,194.8
Deliv 1970 1,980.1 528.1 150.2 208.0 778.4 3,644.8
Deliv 1971 2,072.5 530.2 174.4 204.9 800.4 3,782.5
Deliv 1972 2,290.9 554.4 177.0 206.4 825.8 4,054.5
Deliv 1973 2,526.2 577.1 186.4 198.0 784.9 4,272.5
Deliv 1974 2,526.8 579.1 184.3 196.5 720.9 4,207.7
Deliv 1975 2,577.0 518.3 179.1 187.8 628.4 4,090.6
Deliv 1976 2,718.9 540.3 204.1 194.4 591.0 4,248.7
Deliv 1977 3,009.9 552.7 193.6 194.8 574.1 4,525.2
Deliv 1978 3,343.6 550.4 185.6 266.4 571.8 4,917.7
Deliv 1979 3,454.6 564.8 177.9 264.2 647.8 5,109.2
Deliv 1980 3,452.0 548.7 177.9 290.9 684.0 5,153.5
Deliv 1981 3,509.0 523.5 188.8 290.4 692.3 5,204.0
Deliv 1982 3,505.7 440.8 176.0 274.2 642.8 5,039.5
Deliv 1983 3,572.9 435.1 181.3 281.6 528.2 4,999.1
Deliv 1984 3,691.6 469.9 204.8 269.1 569.9 5,205.4
Deliv 1985 3,700.1 436.1 194.2 268.0 543.0 5,141.3
Deliv 1986 3,766.1 421.5 233.9 259.5 522.8 5,203.8
Deliv 1987 3,873.8 430.3 265.6 263.4 559.6 5,392.6
Deliv 1988 3,950.2 441.4 293.5 259.2 661.7 5,605.9
Deliv 1989 4,044.9 442.6 322.4 235.1 678.3 5,723.2
Deliv 1990 4,233.1 434.7 327.5 237.9 711.2 5,944.3
Deliv 1991 4,294.3 405.8 297.5 239.7 648.1 5,885.5
Deliv 1992 4,370.3 419.2 319.8 239.6 633.5 5,982.3
Deliv 1993 4,504.6 431.6 344.2 218.7 672.9 6,172.1
Deliv 1994 4,762.7 465.5 381.7 223.4 738.7 6,572.0
Deliv 1995 4,973.2 485.9 404.5 219.2 754.9 6,837.7
Deliv 1996 5,081.6 499.5 416.1 205.5 766.8 6,969.4
Deliv 1997 5,138.6 499.7 457.9 188.2 810.0 7,094.3
Deliv 1998 5,468.3 502.0 464.8 172.2 685.0 7,292.3
Deliv 1999 5,726.1 520.0 420.0 174.5 695.6 7,536.0
Deliv 2000 5,938.8 516.0 482.0 174.4 692.2 7,803.4
Deliv 2001 5,940.4 517.4 450.6 157.3 673.6 7,739.3
Deliv 2002 6,231.8 520.3 454.8 154.9 718.8 8,080.6
Deliv 2003 5,975.0 533.9 466.1 152.1 637.5 7,764.6
Deliv 2004 6,063.2 566.2 504.6 149.7 610.3 7,894.0
Deliv 2005 6,227.8 571.4 516.2 142.5 629.5 8,087.5
Deliv 2006 6,368.2 584.5 524.3 132.0 629.7 8,238.7
Deliv 2007 6,466.1 566.9 513.6 124.5 669.7 8,340.9
Deliv 2008 6,532.8 542.5 451.5 131.2 698.4 8,356.4
Deliv 2009 6,067.0 446.6 374.8 107.4 722.4 7,718.0
Deliv 2010 6,165.7 488.1 417.0 109.0 726.6 7,906.3
Deliv 2011 5,803.1 514.6 422.3 108.4 736.9 7,585.4
Activity (ton-miles [T-M])

Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipelines Total

Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M
0 0 0 57,426 57,426
0 0 0 65,445 65,445
646,620 0 0 75,926 722,546
0 0 0 82,234 82,234
0 0 0 87,169 87,169
0 0 0 93,242 93,242
623,615 0 0 101,602 725,217
0 0 0 110,946 110,946
0 0 0 118,033 118,033
0 677 0 122,803 123,479
0 795 0 135,140 135,936
572,309 821 0 144,163 717,292
563,361 962 0 150,275 714,598
592,862 1,318 474,970 159,878 1,229,028
621,737 1,275 481,577 168,498 1,273,088
658,639 1,555 488,829 180,607 1,329,630
697,878 2,180 489,803 189,154 1,379,015
442,686 738,395 2,950 507,084 206,658 1,897,774
451,981 719,498 3,438 515,387 217,600 1,907,904
460,114 744,023 3,767 520,633 233,322 1,961,859
469,410 767,841 4,328 528,897 251,034 2,021,510
598,160 764,809 3,755 596,195 264,070 2,226,990
644,901 739,743 4,554 593,164 272,661 2,255,023
684,663 776,746 5,112 603,542 276,029 2,346,092
735,242 851,809 5,183 584,691 275,272 2,452,197
722,652 850,961 5,251 586,345 264,882 2,430,092
680,153 754,252 5,062 565,984 243,796 2,249,248
753,089 794,059 6,525 591,853 246,649 2,392,175
818,383 826,292 6,974 599,000 240,609 2,491,258
884,539 858,105 7,395 827,263 242,280 2,819,583
891,754 913,669 7,580 828,759 251,890 2,893,653
820,473 918,958 7,883 921,836 252,931 2,922,082
786,859 910,169 7,917 929,413 247,623 2,881,982
783,534 797,759 7,807 886,469 226,258 2,701,828
855,767 828,275 8,497 919,566 213,365 2,825,469
900,048 921,542 9,328 887,720 226,948 2,945,585
909,203 876,984 9,048 892,970 219,537 2,907,742
935,630 867,722 10,988 873,401 205,688 2,893,428
982,169 943,747 13,137 895,416 215,803 3,050,272
1,031,388 996,182 14,632 890,028 226,599 3,158,830
1,056,313 1,013,841 16,347 815,550 241,873 3,143,924
1,082,937 1,033,969 16,404 833,544 239,895 3,206,748
1,107,335 1,038,875 16,150 848,399 247,589 3,258,347
1,133,640 1,066,781 17,307 856,685 256,450 3,330,862
1,186,423 1,109,309 19,083 789,658 263,725 3,368,197
1,266,325 1,200,701 21,773 814,919 269,895 3,573,614
1,318,602 1,305,688 23,375 807,728 281,675 3,737,068
1,353,623 1,355,975 24,892 764,687 286,696 3,785,873
1,414,067 1,348,926 27,610 707,410 288,566 3,786,579
1,449,043 1,376,802 28,015 672,795 283,777 3,810,432
1,496,113 1,433,461 25,148 655,862 287,152 3,897,735
1,513,977 1,465,960 30,221 645,799 299,081 3,955,039
1,543,570 1,495,472 27,882 621,686 284,573 3,973,183
1,589,647 1,507,011 30,507 612,081 294,736 4,033,982
1,606,988 1,551,438 32,446 606,146 285,512 4,082,530
1,629,936 1,662,598 37,958 621,170 287,764 4,239,425
1,645,131 1,696,425 39,292 591,277 282,073 4,254,198
1,636,517 1,771,897 39,754 561,629 277,122 4,286,919
1,662,087 1,770,545 39,842 553,151 295,046 4,320,672
1,680,078 1,777,236 35,529 520,520 297,143 4,310,506
1,548,963 1,532,214 30,317 477,122 291,114 3,879,730
1,574,912 1,691,004 35,209 502,212 307,232 4,110,569
1,467,726 1,729,256 35,713 499,748 310,717 4,043,160
Btu per Ton-mile

5,000
4,500
4,000
3,500
3,000
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0
70 9 73 9 76 979 982
19 1 1 1 1
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0
70 9 73 9 76 979 982
19 1 1 1 1
Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/T-M) Energy Intensity (Index)

Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Total Highway

Btu/T-M Btu/T-M Btu/T-M Btu/T-M Btu/T-M Btu/T-M 1985 = 1.0

1,978 1,978
2,614 275
2,598 2,598
2,724 2,724
2,550 2,550
2,489 349
2,750 2,750
2,614 2,614
2,621 2,607
2,665 2,650
2,482 499
2,591 545
2,467 321
2,593 343
2,486 338
2,728 374
0 2,671 291 0.8390
0 2,728 311 0.8390
0 731 2,611 588 0.8390
0 709 2,591 591 0.8390
3,310 691 39,984 349 2,948 1,637 0.8390
3,214 717 38,285 345 2,936 1,677 0.8164
3,346 714 34,627 342 2,992 1,728 0.8442
3,436 677 35,967 339 2,851 1,742 0.8675
3,497 681 35,104 335 2,721 1,731 0.8797
3,789 687 35,384 332 2,577 1,819 0.9244
3,610 680 31,277 329 2,396 1,776 0.8956
3,678 669 27,763 325 2,386 1,816 0.9139
3,780 641 25,100 322 2,360 1,744 0.9377
3,874 618 23,466 319 2,572 1,766 0.9687
4,207 597 22,563 316 2,704 1,764 1.0428
4,460 575 23,850 312 2,796 1,806 1.0942
4,474 553 22,539 309 2,841 1,865 1.0886
4,175 525 21,334 306 2,476 1,769 1.0275
4,102 510 21,961 303 2,511 1,767 1.0115
4,070 497 21,465 300 2,473 1,768 1.0000
4,025 486 21,287 297 2,542 1,798 0.9959
3,944 456 20,215 294 2,593 1,768 0.9752
3,830 443 20,060 291 2,920 1,775 0.9522
3,829 437 19,722 288 2,804 1,820 0.9508
3,909 420 19,964 285 2,965 1,854 0.9719
3,878 391 18,420 283 2,618 1,806 0.9651
3,855 393 18,477 280 2,470 1,796 0.9607
3,797 389 18,039 277 2,552 1,832 0.9445
3,761 388 17,530 274 2,737 1,839 0.9328
3,772 372 17,307 271 2,680 1,830 0.9397
3,754 368 16,716 269 2,675 1,841 0.9364
3,634 370 16,584 266 2,807 1,874 0.9066
3,774 365 16,590 256 2,414 1,914 0.9433
3,827 363 16,700 266 2,422 1,933 0.9565
3,923 352 15,948 270 2,314 1,973 0.9821
3,848 346 16,160 253 2,367 1,948 0.9620
3,920 345 14,907 253 2,439 2,003 0.9767
3,718 344 14,365 251 2,233 1,902 0.9241
3,720 341 13,295 241 2,121 1,862 0.9253
3,786 337 13,138 241 2,232 1,901 0.9429
3,891 330 13,189 235 2,272 1,922 0.9647
3,890 320 12,892 225 2,270 1,930 0.9645
3,888 305 12,708 252 2,350 1,939 0.9567
3,917 291 12,362 225 2,481 1,989 0.9591
3,915 289 11,843 217 2,365 1,923 1.088 0.9745
3,954 298 11,824 217 2,372 1,876 0.9837

Data for graphic on absolute energy intensities Data for graphic on intensity index

Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Highway


1970 3310 691 349 2948 1970 0.839
1971 3214 717 345 2936 1971 0.816
1972 3346 714 342 2992 1972 0.844
1973 3436 677 339 2851 1973 0.868
1974 3497 681 335 2721 1974 0.880
1975 3789 687 332 2577 1975 0.924
1976 3610 680 329 2396 1976 0.896
1977 3678 669 325 2386 1977 0.914
1978 3780 641 322 2360 1978 0.938
1979 3874 618 319 2572 1979 0.969
1980 4207 597 316 2704 1980 1.043
1981 4460 575 312 2796 1981 1.094
1982 4474 553 309 2841 1982 1.089
1983 4175 525 306 2476 1983 1.028
1984 4102 510 303 2511 1984 1.011
1985 4070 497 300 2473 1985 1.000
1986 4025 486 297 2542 1986 0.996
1987 3944 456 294 2593 1987 0.975
1988 3830 443 291 2920 1988 0.952
1989 3829 437 288 2804 1989 0.951
1990 3909 420 285 2965 1990 0.972
1991 3878 391 283 2618 1991 0.965
1992 3855 393 280 2470 1992 0.961
1993 3797 389 277 2552 1993 0.944
1994 3761 388 274 2737 1994 0.933
1995 3772 372 271 2680 1995 0.940
1996 3754 368 269 2675 1996 0.936
1997 3634 370 266 2807 1997 0.907
1998 3774 365 256 2414 1998 0.943
1999 3827 363 266 2422 1999 0.956
2000 3923 352 270 2314 2000 0.982
2001 3848 346 253 2367 2001 0.962
2002 3920 345 253 2439 2002 0.977
2003 3718 344 251 2233 2003 0.924
2004 3720 341 241 2121 2004 0.925
2005 3786 337 241 2232 2005 0.943
2006 3891 330 235 2272 2006 0.965
2007 3890 320 225 2270 2007 0.964
2008 3888 305 252 2350 2008 0.957
2009 3917 291 225 2481 2009 0.959
2010 3915 289 217 2365 2010 0.975
2011 3954 298 217 2372 2011 0.984
Btu per Ton-mile

5,000 2.0
4,500 1.8
High
4,000 1.6
Energy Intensity Index, 1985 = 1.0

Water
3,500 1.4

3,000 1.2

2,500 1.0

2,000 0.8

1,500 Highway Rail 0.6


Waterborne Pipeline 0.4
1,000
500 0.2

0 0.0

70 9 73 9 76 979 982 985 988 9 91 9 94 9 97 0 00 0 03 00 6 009 70 72 74 76 7 8 80 82 84 86 88 90


19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 9 1 9 19 1 9 19 19 1 9 19 1 9 19 1 9
2,500 1.0

Energy Intensity Inde


2,000 0.8

1,500 Highway Rail 0.6


Waterborne Pipeline 0.4
1,000
500 0.2

0 0.0

70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 00 03 0 6 09 70 72 74 76 7 8 80 82 84 86 88 90
19 19 19 1 9 1 9 1 9 1 9 19 19 19 20 20 20 2 0 1 9 1 9 19 1 9 19 19 1 9 19 1 9 19 1 9
nergy Intensity (Index) Structure Index (from lower level, if applicable)

Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Highway Rail Air

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0
0.0000
0.7997
1.0568
1.0503
1.1014
1.0310
1.0062
1.1120
1.0568
1.0598
1.0776
1.0036
1.0474
0.9973
1.0484
1.0053
1.1030
1.0798
1.1029
1.4705 1.0558
1.4254 1.0477
1.3886 1.8627 1.1627 1.1918 0.9695 1.0000 1.0000
1.4414 1.7836 1.1511 1.1869 0.9673 1.0000 1.0000
1.4353 1.6131 1.1396 1.2096 0.9739 1.0000 1.0000
1.3624 1.6756 1.1282 1.1528 0.9732 1.0000 1.0000
1.3686 1.6354 1.1169 1.1003 0.9767 1.0000 1.0000
1.3818 1.6484 1.1057 1.0421 1.0071 1.0000 1.0000
1.3684 1.4571 1.0947 0.9688 0.9905 1.0000 1.0000
1.3452 1.2934 1.0837 0.9648 0.9889 1.0000 1.0000
1.2898 1.1694 1.0729 0.9541 0.9905 1.0000 1.0000
1.2431 1.0932 1.0622 1.0397 0.9827 1.0000 1.0000
1.2007 1.0511 1.0515 1.0934 0.9915 1.0000 1.0000
1.1566 1.1111 1.0410 1.1304 1.0015 1.0000 1.0000
1.1112 1.0500 1.0306 1.1487 1.0099 1.0000 1.0000
1.0565 0.9939 1.0203 1.0009 0.9985 1.0000 1.0000
1.0255 1.0231 1.0101 1.0153 0.9965 1.0000 1.0000
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9769 0.9917 0.9900 1.0277 0.9931 1.0000 1.0000
0.9169 0.9418 0.9801 1.0484 0.9938 1.0000 1.0000
0.8910 0.9345 0.9703 1.1807 0.9883 1.0000 1.0000
0.8778 0.9188 0.9606 1.1338 0.9896 1.0000 1.0000
0.8454 0.9300 0.9510 1.1986 0.9883 1.0000 1.0000
0.7856 0.8581 0.9415 1.0584 0.9874 1.0000 1.0000
0.7901 0.8608 0.9321 0.9987 0.9860 1.0000 1.0000
0.7825 0.8404 0.9227 1.0316 0.9878 1.0000 1.0000
0.7796 0.8167 0.9135 1.1066 0.9908 1.0000 1.0000
0.7483 0.8063 0.9044 1.0835 0.9863 1.0000 1.0000
0.7407 0.7787 0.8953 1.0814 0.9851 1.0000 1.0000
0.7450 0.7726 0.8864 1.1349 0.9849 1.0000 1.0000
0.7332 0.7729 0.8531 0.9759 0.9830 1.0000 1.0000
0.7295 0.7780 0.8864 0.9794 0.9833 1.0000 1.0000
0.7078 0.7430 0.8997 0.9358 0.9815 1.0000 1.0000
0.6957 0.7529 0.8431 0.9571 0.9830 1.0000 1.0000
0.6943 0.6945 0.8431 0.9861 0.9863 1.0000 1.0000
0.6920 0.6692 0.8364 0.9028 0.9887 1.0000 1.0000
0.6848 0.6194 0.8031 0.8574 0.9879 1.0000 1.0000
0.6774 0.6121 0.8031 0.9023 0.9866 1.0000 1.0000
0.6634 0.6144 0.7831 0.9187 0.9912 1.0000 1.0000
0.6439 0.6006 0.7498 0.9178 0.9912 1.0000 1.0000
0.6138 0.5920 0.8397 0.9503 0.9987 1.0000 1.0000
0.5862 0.5759 0.7498 1.0032 1.0035 1.0000 1.0000
0.5804 0.5517 0.7231 0.9562 0.9872 1.0000 1.0000
0.5985 0.5508 0.7231 0.9589 0.9876 1.0000 1.0000

raphic on intensity indexes by mode

Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline


1.389 1.863 1.163 1.192
1.441 1.784 1.151 1.187
1.435 1.613 1.140 1.210
1.362 1.676 1.128 1.153
1.369 1.635 1.117 1.100
1.382 1.648 1.106 1.042
1.368 1.457 1.095 0.969
1.345 1.293 1.084 0.965
1.290 1.169 1.073 0.954
1.243 1.093 1.062 1.040
1.201 1.051 1.052 1.093
1.157 1.111 1.041 1.130
1.111 1.050 1.031 1.149
1.056 0.994 1.020 1.001
1.025 1.023 1.010 1.015
1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
0.977 0.992 0.990 1.028
0.917 0.942 0.980 1.048
0.891 0.935 0.970 1.181
0.878 0.919 0.961 1.134
0.845 0.930 0.951 1.199
0.786 0.858 0.941 1.058
0.790 0.861 0.932 0.999
0.782 0.840 0.923 1.032
0.780 0.817 0.914 1.107
0.748 0.806 0.904 1.084
0.741 0.779 0.895 1.081
0.745 0.773 0.886 1.135
0.733 0.773 0.853 0.976
0.729 0.778 0.886 0.979
0.708 0.743 0.900 0.936
0.696 0.753 0.843 0.957
0.694 0.694 0.843 0.986
0.692 0.669 0.836 0.903
0.685 0.619 0.803 0.857
0.677 0.612 0.803 0.902
0.663 0.614 0.783 0.919
0.644 0.601 0.750 0.918
0.614 0.592 0.840 0.950
0.586 0.576 0.750 1.003
0.580 0.552 0.723 0.956
0.598 0.551 0.723 0.959

Highway Rail Air

Waterborne Pipeline

4 76 7 8 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 0 2 04 06 08 10
1 9 19 19 1 9 19 1 9 19 1 9 1 9 19 1 9 19 2 0 20 2 0 20 20 2 0
4 76 7 8 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 0 2 04 06 08 10
1 9 19 19 1 9 19 1 9 19 1 9 1 9 19 1 9 19 2 0 20 2 0 20 20 2 0
ower level, if applicable) Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Structure: Product:
Index of Structure: Next Component Activity x
Activity (ton Aggregate Modal lower Intensity Structure x
Waterborne Pipeline -miles) Intensity Shift level Index Intensity
=(1)x(3)x(4)
x(5)

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

1.0000 1.0000 0.7659 0.9256 0.9556 0.9814 0.9869 0.7089


1.0000 1.0000 0.7755 0.9486 0.9934 0.9802 0.9743 0.7357
1.0000 1.0000 0.8068 0.9774 1.0024 0.9839 0.9910 0.7886
1.0000 1.0000 0.8433 0.9854 1.0106 0.9835 0.9915 0.8310
1.0000 1.0000 0.8357 0.9793 1.0030 0.9856 0.9906 0.8184
1.0000 1.0000 0.7735 1.0286 1.0104 1.0044 1.0135 0.7956
1.0000 1.0000 0.8227 1.0045 1.0360 0.9938 0.9756 0.8264
1.0000 1.0000 0.8568 1.0273 1.0558 0.9927 0.9801 0.8802
1.0000 1.0000 0.9697 0.9864 1.0061 0.9939 0.9865 0.9565
1.0000 1.0000 0.9952 0.9986 0.9983 0.9885 1.0119 0.9938
1.0000 1.0000 1.0049 0.9974 0.9425 0.9945 1.0642 1.0024
1.0000 1.0000 0.9911 1.0212 0.9261 1.0012 1.1014 1.0122
1.0000 1.0000 0.9292 1.0549 0.9585 1.0070 1.0929 0.9802
1.0000 1.0000 0.9717 1.0006 0.9769 0.9989 1.0255 0.9723
1.0000 1.0000 1.0130 0.9995 0.9887 0.9975 1.0135 1.0125
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0000 1.0000 0.9951 1.0172 1.0252 0.9950 0.9971 1.0122
1.0000 1.0000 1.0490 0.9999 1.0288 0.9955 0.9762 1.0489
1.0000 1.0000 1.0864 1.0037 1.0441 0.9916 0.9695 1.0904
1.0000 1.0000 1.0812 1.0296 1.0790 0.9925 0.9614 1.1132
1.0000 1.0000 1.1028 1.0484 1.0784 0.9916 0.9804 1.1562
1.0000 1.0000 1.1206 1.0216 1.0826 0.9909 0.9522 1.1447
1.0000 1.0000 1.1455 1.0158 1.0878 0.9899 0.9433 1.1636
1.0000 1.0000 1.1584 1.0364 1.1210 0.9913 0.9326 1.2005
1.0000 1.0000 1.2290 1.0401 1.1266 0.9934 0.9294 1.2783
1.0000 1.0000 1.2852 1.0348 1.1257 0.9901 0.9284 1.3299
1.0000 1.0000 1.3020 1.0411 1.1402 0.9893 0.9230 1.3556
1.0000 1.0000 1.3022 1.0596 1.1822 0.9891 0.9061 1.3799
1.0000 1.0000 1.3104 1.0823 1.1954 0.9877 0.9167 1.4184
1.0000 1.0000 1.3405 1.0935 1.1934 0.9879 0.9275 1.4658
1.0000 1.0000 1.3602 1.1159 1.2055 0.9866 0.9383 1.5178
1.0000 1.0000 1.3664 1.1016 1.2073 0.9877 0.9238 1.5053
1.0000 1.0000 1.3873 1.1329 1.2267 0.9903 0.9326 1.5717
1.0000 1.0000 1.4040 1.0757 1.2254 0.9921 0.8847 1.5102
1.0000 1.0000 1.4580 1.0531 1.2119 0.9915 0.8764 1.5354
1.0000 1.0000 1.4631 1.0752 1.2178 0.9905 0.8914 1.5730
1.0000 1.0000 1.4743 1.0869 1.2055 0.9941 0.9070 1.6025
1.0000 1.0000 1.4859 1.0918 1.2163 0.9941 0.9030 1.6223
1.0000 1.0000 1.4824 1.0964 1.2212 0.9999 0.8978 1.6253
1.0000 1.0000 1.3343 1.1251 1.2474 1.0037 0.8986 1.5012
1.0000 1.0000 1.4137 1.0878 1.2159 0.9909 0.9029 1.5378
1.0000 1.0000 1.3905 1.0610 1.1744 0.9912 0.9114 1.4754

1.162 1.058
Energy Shares
(7) (8)

Actual
Energy Total
Use Structure Highway Rail Air Waterborne

=(1) x (2) =(3) x (4)

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.4717 0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.4555 0.0000 0.0000
0.7089 0.9379 0.5433 0.1449 0.0412 0.0571
0.7357 0.9737 0.5479 0.1402 0.0461 0.0542
0.7886 0.9863 0.5650 0.1367 0.0437 0.0509
0.8310 0.9939 0.5913 0.1351 0.0436 0.0463
0.8184 0.9885 0.6005 0.1376 0.0438 0.0467
0.7956 1.0149 0.6300 0.1267 0.0438 0.0459
0.8264 1.0296 0.6399 0.1272 0.0480 0.0458
0.8802 1.0481 0.6651 0.1221 0.0428 0.0430
0.9565 0.9999 0.6799 0.1119 0.0377 0.0542
0.9938 0.9869 0.6762 0.1105 0.0348 0.0517
1.0024 0.9372 0.6698 0.1065 0.0345 0.0564
1.0122 0.9272 0.6743 0.1006 0.0363 0.0558
0.9802 0.9652 0.6956 0.0875 0.0349 0.0544
0.9723 0.9758 0.7147 0.0870 0.0363 0.0563
1.0125 0.9862 0.7092 0.0903 0.0394 0.0517
1.0000 1.0000 0.7197 0.0848 0.0378 0.0521
1.0122 1.0201 0.7237 0.0810 0.0449 0.0499
1.0489 1.0242 0.7184 0.0798 0.0492 0.0488
1.0904 1.0353 0.7046 0.0787 0.0524 0.0462
1.1132 1.0709 0.7067 0.0773 0.0563 0.0411
1.1562 1.0693 0.7121 0.0731 0.0551 0.0400
1.1447 1.0728 0.7297 0.0690 0.0505 0.0407
1.1636 1.0769 0.7305 0.0701 0.0535 0.0401
1.2005 1.1112 0.7298 0.0699 0.0558 0.0354
1.2783 1.1192 0.7247 0.0708 0.0581 0.0340
1.3299 1.1146 0.7273 0.0711 0.0592 0.0321
1.3556 1.1280 0.7291 0.0717 0.0597 0.0295
1.3799 1.1694 0.7243 0.0704 0.0645 0.0265
1.4184 1.1808 0.7499 0.0688 0.0637 0.0236
1.4658 1.1790 0.7598 0.0690 0.0557 0.0231
1.5178 1.1893 0.7611 0.0661 0.0618 0.0223
1.5053 1.1925 0.7676 0.0668 0.0582 0.0203
1.5717 1.2147 0.7712 0.0644 0.0563 0.0192
1.5102 1.2158 0.7695 0.0688 0.0600 0.0196
1.5354 1.2016 0.7681 0.0717 0.0639 0.0190
1.5730 1.2062 0.7701 0.0707 0.0638 0.0176
1.6025 1.1984 0.7730 0.0709 0.0636 0.0160
1.6223 1.2091 0.7752 0.0680 0.0616 0.0149
1.6253 1.2211 0.7818 0.0649 0.0540 0.0157
1.5012 1.2520 0.7861 0.0579 0.0486 0.0139
1.5378 1.2048 0.7798 0.0617 0.0527 0.0138
1.4754 1.1641 0.7650 0.0678 0.0557 0.0143
Log-Mean Divisia Weights

Pipeline Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Total

#DIV/0!
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1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
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1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
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1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.5283 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.7392 #DIV/0!
0.5445 #DIV/0! 0.4636 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.5363 #DIV/0!
0.2136 #DIV/0! 0.2712 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.3536 #DIV/0!
0.2116 0.5456 0.1425 0.0436 0.0556 0.2126 0.9999
0.2037 0.5564 0.1385 0.0449 0.0525 0.2076 0.9999
0.1837 0.5780 0.1359 0.0436 0.0486 0.1935 0.9997
0.1713 0.5959 0.1363 0.0437 0.0465 0.1774 0.9999
0.1536 0.6151 0.1321 0.0438 0.0463 0.1623 0.9996
0.1391 0.6350 0.1269 0.0459 0.0458 0.1462 0.9998
0.1269 0.6525 0.1246 0.0454 0.0444 0.1329 0.9997
0.1163 0.6725 0.1170 0.0402 0.0484 0.1215 0.9996
0.1268 0.6780 0.1112 0.0363 0.0529 0.1214 0.9999
0.1327 0.6730 0.1085 0.0347 0.0540 0.1297 0.9999
0.1330 0.6721 0.1035 0.0354 0.0561 0.1329 1.0000
0.1276 0.6849 0.0939 0.0356 0.0551 0.1303 0.9998
0.1057 0.7051 0.0873 0.0356 0.0554 0.1163 0.9996
0.1095 0.7119 0.0887 0.0378 0.0540 0.1076 0.9999
0.1056 0.7144 0.0875 0.0386 0.0519 0.1075 0.9999
0.1005 0.7217 0.0829 0.0413 0.0510 0.1030 0.9998
0.1038 0.7210 0.0804 0.0471 0.0493 0.1021 1.0000
0.1180 0.7115 0.0793 0.0508 0.0475 0.1108 0.9998
0.1185 0.7057 0.0780 0.0543 0.0436 0.1183 0.9999
0.1196 0.7094 0.0752 0.0557 0.0405 0.1191 1.0000
0.1101 0.7209 0.0710 0.0528 0.0404 0.1148 0.9998
0.1059 0.7301 0.0695 0.0520 0.0404 0.1080 1.0000
0.1090 0.7302 0.0700 0.0546 0.0377 0.1074 0.9999
0.1124 0.7273 0.0704 0.0569 0.0347 0.1107 1.0000
0.1104 0.7260 0.0709 0.0586 0.0330 0.1114 1.0000
0.1100 0.7282 0.0714 0.0594 0.0308 0.1102 1.0000
0.1142 0.7267 0.0711 0.0621 0.0280 0.1121 0.9999
0.0939 0.7370 0.0696 0.0641 0.0250 0.1037 0.9996
0.0923 0.7548 0.0689 0.0596 0.0234 0.0931 0.9999
0.0887 0.7604 0.0676 0.0587 0.0227 0.0905 0.9999
0.0870 0.7643 0.0665 0.0600 0.0213 0.0879 1.0000
0.0890 0.7694 0.0656 0.0572 0.0197 0.0880 1.0000
0.0821 0.7704 0.0666 0.0581 0.0194 0.0855 0.9999
0.0773 0.7688 0.0702 0.0620 0.0193 0.0797 0.9999
0.0778 0.7691 0.0712 0.0639 0.0183 0.0776 1.0000
0.0764 0.7715 0.0708 0.0637 0.0168 0.0771 1.0000
0.0803 0.7741 0.0694 0.0626 0.0155 0.0783 1.0000
0.0836 0.7785 0.0664 0.0577 0.0153 0.0819 0.9999
0.0936 0.7839 0.0613 0.0512 0.0148 0.0885 0.9998
0.0919 0.7830 0.0598 0.0506 0.0138 0.0927 0.9999
0.0972 0.7724 0.0647 0.0542 0.0140 0.0945 0.9999
Log-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity
(normalized)

Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Highway Rail

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


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0.5456 0.1425 0.0436 0.0556 0.2126 -0.0273 0.0373
0.5565 0.1385 0.0449 0.0525 0.2076 0.0335 -0.0043
0.5782 0.1359 0.0437 0.0486 0.1936 0.0272 -0.0521
0.5959 0.1364 0.0437 0.0465 0.1775 0.0140 0.0045
0.6154 0.1321 0.0438 0.0463 0.1624 0.0496 0.0096
0.6351 0.1270 0.0459 0.0458 0.1463 -0.0317 -0.0097
0.6526 0.1247 0.0454 0.0444 0.1329 0.0202 -0.0171
0.6728 0.1170 0.0402 0.0484 0.1215 0.0257 -0.0421
0.6781 0.1112 0.0363 0.0529 0.1215 0.0325 -0.0368
0.6730 0.1085 0.0347 0.0540 0.1297 0.0737 -0.0347
0.6721 0.1035 0.0354 0.0561 0.1329 0.0481 -0.0374
0.6851 0.0939 0.0356 0.0551 0.1303 -0.0051 -0.0401
0.7054 0.0873 0.0356 0.0554 0.1163 -0.0578 -0.0505
0.7120 0.0887 0.0378 0.0540 0.1076 -0.0158 -0.0298
0.7145 0.0875 0.0386 0.0519 0.1075 -0.0114 -0.0252
0.7218 0.0829 0.0413 0.0510 0.1030 -0.0041 -0.0234
0.7211 0.0804 0.0471 0.0494 0.1021 -0.0210 -0.0634
0.7116 0.0793 0.0508 0.0475 0.1108 -0.0239 -0.0286
0.7057 0.0780 0.0543 0.0436 0.1183 -0.0015 -0.0149
0.7095 0.0752 0.0557 0.0405 0.1191 0.0219 -0.0376
0.7210 0.0710 0.0528 0.0404 0.1148 -0.0070 -0.0734
0.7301 0.0695 0.0520 0.0404 0.1080 -0.0045 0.0058
0.7302 0.0700 0.0546 0.0377 0.1075 -0.0171 -0.0097
0.7273 0.0704 0.0569 0.0347 0.1107 -0.0124 -0.0037
0.7260 0.0709 0.0586 0.0330 0.1114 0.0073 -0.0410
0.7282 0.0714 0.0594 0.0308 0.1102 -0.0034 -0.0102
0.7268 0.0711 0.0621 0.0280 0.1121 -0.0324 0.0058
0.7373 0.0697 0.0642 0.0251 0.1038 0.0397 -0.0160
0.7549 0.0689 0.0596 0.0234 0.0931 0.0139 -0.0050
0.7605 0.0676 0.0587 0.0227 0.0905 0.0264 -0.0302
0.7643 0.0665 0.0600 0.0213 0.0879 -0.0206 -0.0173
0.7694 0.0656 0.0572 0.0197 0.0880 0.0151 -0.0020
0.7704 0.0666 0.0581 0.0194 0.0855 -0.0554 -0.0033
0.7688 0.0702 0.0620 0.0193 0.0797 0.0013 -0.0104
0.7691 0.0712 0.0639 0.0183 0.0776 0.0189 -0.0109
0.7715 0.0708 0.0637 0.0168 0.0771 0.0228 -0.0208
0.7741 0.0695 0.0626 0.0155 0.0784 -0.0002 -0.0298
0.7786 0.0664 0.0577 0.0153 0.0819 -0.0081 -0.0478
0.7841 0.0613 0.0513 0.0148 0.0885 0.0025 -0.0461
0.7830 0.0598 0.0506 0.0138 0.0928 0.0159 -0.0098
0.7725 0.0647 0.0542 0.0140 0.0945 0.0094 0.0306
Activity Shares

Air Waterborne Pipeline Highway Rail Air Waterborne

0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000


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#DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.2789 0.0000 0.8949 0.0000 0.0000
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#DIV/0! #DIV/0! -0.0660 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000
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Log Changes - Activity Shares Log Changes--Lower-level Stru

Pipeline Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Highway

1.0000
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0!
0.1051 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! -2.2530 #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! Err:502 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 2.2530 #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0!
0.1401 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! -1.9654 #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! Err:502 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.9654 #DIV/0!
1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0!
0.9945 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! -0.0055 #DIV/0!
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0.0711 0.0336 -0.0057 0.1992 -0.0172 -0.0602 -0.0069
0.0707 -0.0042 0.0312 0.1259 -0.0279 -0.0048 0.0007
0.0717 0.0139 0.0191 0.0728 -0.0410 0.0138 -0.0055
0.0769 0.0286 0.0223 0.1156 -0.0827 0.0700 0.0013
0.0748 0.0051 -0.0001 -0.0164 0.0020 -0.0280 -0.0014
0.0760 0.0063 -0.0112 -0.0316 0.0017 0.0156 -0.0009
0.0770 0.0015 0.0045 0.0472 -0.0123 0.0132 -0.0014
0.0783 0.0344 0.0279 0.0866 -0.0926 0.0168 0.0018
0.0755 0.0060 0.0200 0.0727 -0.0277 -0.0361 0.0030
0.0754 -0.0043 0.0391 0.0263 -0.0536 -0.0020 -0.0046
0.0757 0.0132 0.0248 0.0499 -0.0677 0.0047 -0.0012
0.0762 0.0435 -0.0054 0.1034 -0.0780 0.0063 -0.0002
0.0745 0.0182 0.0142 0.0083 -0.0564 -0.0230 -0.0019
0.0737 0.0093 0.0177 -0.1306 -0.0481 -0.0108 0.0002
0.0756 -0.0027 0.0078 0.1692 -0.0301 0.0261 -0.0018
0.0716 0.0148 0.0154 -0.0851 -0.0426 -0.0543 0.0015
0.0731 0.0142 -0.0075 0.0748 -0.0308 0.0199 0.0033
0.0699 -0.0011 0.0171 0.0497 -0.0217 -0.0438 0.0024
0.0679 -0.0235 0.0315 0.1192 -0.0132 -0.0299 -0.0008
0.0663 0.0058 0.0167 0.0311 -0.0528 -0.0235 -0.0013
0.0646 -0.0129 0.0359 0.0040 -0.0591 -0.0254 0.0047
0.0683 0.0077 -0.0086 -0.0056 -0.0231 0.0548 0.0000
0.0689 0.0131 0.0061 -0.1122 -0.0584 0.0094 0.0076
0.0750 0.0240 -0.0431 -0.0534 0.0182 0.0848 0.0048
0.0747 -0.0412 0.0408 0.0918 -0.0065 -0.0039 -0.0164
0.0769 -0.0540 0.0389 0.0307 0.0116 0.0278 0.0005
Log Changes--Lower-level Structure Compute Intensity Index Compute Structure Inde
(Current Level)

Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline Index chg. Index Index Index chg.

(unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.)

1.0000 0.9869
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9869 #DIV/0!
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9872 0.9872 0.9743 1.0395
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0171 1.0041 0.9910 1.0091
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0005 1.0046 0.9915 1.0081
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9991 1.0037 0.9906 0.9925
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0231 1.0269 1.0135 1.0074
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9626 0.9885 0.9756 1.0253
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0047 0.9931 0.9801 1.0191
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0065 0.9996 0.9865 0.9529
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0257 1.0253 1.0119 0.9923
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0517 1.0783 1.0642 0.9441
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0349 1.1159 1.1014 0.9827
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9923 1.1074 1.0929 1.0350
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9383 1.0390 1.0255 1.0191
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9883 1.0269 1.0135 1.0121
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9867 1.0132 1.0000 1.0115
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9971 1.0103 0.9971 1.0252
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9791 0.9891 0.9762 1.0035
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9931 0.9823 0.9695 1.0148
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9917 0.9741 0.9614 1.0334
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0198 0.9934 0.9804 0.9995
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9712 0.9648 0.9522 1.0040
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9906 0.9557 0.9433 1.0048
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9887 0.9450 0.9326 1.0305
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9965 0.9416 0.9294 1.0049
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9990 0.9407 0.9284 0.9992
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9942 0.9352 0.9230 1.0129
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9817 0.9181 0.9061 1.0368
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0116 0.9288 0.9167 1.0112
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0118 0.9397 0.9275 0.9983
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0116 0.9507 0.9383 1.0101
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9846 0.9360 0.9238 1.0015
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0096 0.9450 0.9326 1.0160
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9486 0.8964 0.8847 0.9990
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9906 0.8880 0.8764 0.9889
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0171 0.9032 0.8914 1.0049
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0175 0.9190 0.9070 0.9899
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9956 0.9149 0.9030 1.0090
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9943 0.9097 0.8978 1.0040
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0009 0.9105 0.8986 1.0215
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0048 0.9148 0.9029 0.9747
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 1.0095 0.9235 0.9114 0.9659
Compute Structure Index Compute Structure Index
(Current Level) (Next Lower Level)

Index Index Index chg. Index Index

(unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

1.0000 0.9556 1.0000 0.9814


1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 Auxiliary Analysis: Compare Intensit
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 Waterborne Transportation
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 Domestic Domesti+Int
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 1966 507,084 565,021
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 1967 515,387 570,080
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 1968 520,633 580,790
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 1969 528,897 586,321
1.0000 0.9556 #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9814 1970 596,195 658,952
1.0395 0.9934 0.9987 0.9987 0.9802 1971 593,164 654,764
1.0490 1.0024 1.0038 1.0025 0.9839 1972 603,542 670,019
1.0575 1.0106 0.9996 1.0021 0.9835 1973 584,691 666,498
1.0496 1.0030 1.0021 1.0042 0.9856 1974 586,345 656,164
1.0574 1.0104 1.0191 1.0234 1.0044 1975 565,984 639,451
1.0841 1.0360 0.9895 1.0126 0.9938 1976 591,853 677,181
1.1048 1.0558 0.9989 1.0115 0.9927 1977 599,000 692,527
1.0528 1.0061 1.0012 1.0127 0.9939 1978 827,263 928,298
1.0447 0.9983 0.9946 1.0072 0.9885 1979 828,759 931,846
0.9862 0.9425 1.0060 1.0133 0.9945 1980 921,836 1,016,085
0.9691 0.9261 1.0068 1.0202 1.0012 1981 929,413 1,023,637
1.0030 0.9585 1.0058 1.0260 1.0070 1982 886,469 964,897
1.0222 0.9769 0.9920 1.0178 0.9989 1983 919,566 989,162
1.0346 0.9887 0.9986 1.0163 0.9975 1984 887,720 966,478
1.0464 1.0000 1.0025 1.0189 1.0000 1985 892,970 964,911
1.0728 1.0252 0.9950 1.0139 0.9950 1986 873,401 944,910
1.0766 1.0288 1.0005 1.0144 0.9955 1987 895,416 968,404
1.0925 1.0441 0.9961 1.0104 0.9916 1988 890,028 970,685
1.1291 1.0790 1.0009 1.0113 0.9925 1989 815,550 911,232
1.1284 1.0784 0.9990 1.0104 0.9916 1990 833,544 932,151
1.1329 1.0826 0.9993 1.0097 0.9909 1991 848,399 938,671
1.1383 1.0878 0.9990 1.0087 0.9899 1992 856,685 949,345
1.1731 1.1210 1.0013 1.0100 0.9913 1993 789,658 882,606
1.1789 1.1266 1.0022 1.0122 0.9934 1994 814,919 909,405
1.1780 1.1257 0.9967 1.0089 0.9901 1995 807,728 914,363
1.1932 1.1402 0.9991 1.0080 0.9893 1996 764,687 870,193
1.2371 1.1822 0.9999 1.0079 0.9891 1997 707,410 813,800
1.2509 1.1954 0.9986 1.0064 0.9877 1998 672,795 780,500
1.2488 1.1934 1.0002 1.0066 0.9879 1999 655,862 764,447
1.2615 1.2055 0.9986 1.0052 0.9866 2000 645,799 763,421
1.2634 1.2073 1.0012 1.0064 0.9877 2001 621,686 736,930
1.2836 1.2267 1.0026 1.0090 0.9903 2002 612,081 721,422
1.2823 1.2254 1.0019 1.0109 0.9921 2003 606,146 714,440
1.2682 1.2119 0.9994 1.0103 0.9915 2004 621,170 743,536
1.2743 1.2178 0.9990 1.0092 0.9905 2005 591,277 705,176
1.2615 1.2055 1.0036 1.0129 0.9941 2006 561,629 681,988
1.2728 1.2163 1.0000 1.0129 0.9941 2007 553,151 670,030
1.2779 1.2212 1.0059 1.0189 0.9999 2008 520,520 633,923
1.3054 1.2474 1.0037 1.0227 1.0037 2009 477,122 571,299
1.2724 1.2159 0.9873 1.0096 0.9909 2010 502,212 605,605
1.2290 1.1744 1.0004 1.0100 0.9912 2011 499,748 604,306
y Analysis: Compare Intensity Indexes, without and with Foreign Traffic
orne Transportation
Energy

0 0.897
0 0.904
0 0.896
0 Domestic Domestic+Intl. 0.902
208 1970 0.349 0.316 1.163 1.137 0.905
205 1971 0.345 0.313 1.151 1.127 0.906
206 1972 0.342 0.308 1.140 1.109 0.901
198 1973 0.339 0.297 1.128 1.069 0.877
197 1974 0.335 0.300 1.117 1.078 0.894
188 1975 0.332 0.294 1.106 1.058 0.885
194 1976 0.329 0.287 1.095 1.034 0.874
195 1977 0.325 0.281 1.084 1.013 0.865
266 1978 0.322 0.287 1.073 1.033 0.891
264 1979 0.319 0.283 1.062 1.021 0.889
291 1980 0.316 0.286 1.052 1.031 0.907
290 1981 0.312 0.284 1.041 1.021 0.908
274 1982 0.309 0.284 1.031 1.023 0.919
282 1983 0.306 0.285 1.020 1.025 0.930
269 1984 0.303 0.278 1.010 1.003 0.919
268 1985 0.300 0.278 1.000 1.000 0.925
259 1986 0.297 0.275 0.990 0.989 0.924
263 1987 0.294 0.272 0.980 0.979 0.925
259 1988 0.291 0.267 0.970 0.961 0.917
235 1989 0.288 0.258 0.961 0.929 0.895
238 1990 0.285 0.255 0.951 0.919 0.894
240 1991 0.283 0.255 0.941 0.919 0.904
240 1992 0.280 0.252 0.932 0.909 0.902
219 1993 0.277 0.248 0.923 0.892 0.895
223 1994 0.274 0.246 0.914 0.885 0.896
219 1995 0.271 0.240 0.904 0.863 0.883
205 1996 0.269 0.236 0.895 0.850 0.879
188 1997 0.266 0.231 0.886 0.833 0.869
172 1998 0.256 0.221 0.853 0.795 0.862
174 1999 0.266 0.228 0.886 0.822 0.858
174 2000 0.270 0.228 0.900 0.822 0.846
157 2001 0.253 0.213 0.843 0.769 0.844
155 2002 0.253 0.215 0.843 0.773 0.848
152 2003 0.251 0.213 0.836 0.767 0.848
150 2004 0.241 0.201 0.803 0.725 0.835
142 2005 0.241 0.202 0.803 0.728 0.838
132 2006 0.235 0.194 0.783 0.697 0.824
124 2007 0.225 0.186 0.750 0.669 0.826
131 2008 0.252 0.207 0.840 0.745 0.821
107 2009 0.225 0.188 0.750 0.677 0.835
109 2010 0.217 0.180 0.723 0.648 0.829
108 2011 0.217 0.179 0.723 0.646 0.827
0.400

0.350

0.300

0.250

0.200
Domestic
0.150 Domestic+Intl.
0.100

0.050

0.000
Freight - Trucks

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (ton-miles [T-M])


Delivered

Single-Unit Combination Single-Unit


Truck Truck Total Truck Combination Truck

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) Million T-M Million T-M


Deliv 1949
Deliv 1950 201,010
Deliv 1951 218,438
Deliv 1952 226,571
Deliv 1953 252,133
Deliv 1954 247,486
Deliv 1955 259,105
Deliv 1956 289,314
Deliv 1957 295,124
Deliv 1958 297,448
Deliv 1959 324,171
Deliv 1960 331,143
Deliv 1961 343,924
Deliv 1962 359,029
Deliv 1963 390,400
Deliv 1964 413,638
Deliv 1965 417,124
Deliv 1966 442,686
Deliv 1967 451,981
Deliv 1968 460,114
Deliv 1969 469,410
Deliv 1970 888 1,092 1,980 119,455 478,705
Deliv 1971 944 1,128 2,073 127,854 517,048
Deliv 1972 1,084 1,206 2,291 138,568 546,095
Deliv 1973 1,185 1,341 2,526 148,480 586,762
Deliv 1974 1,178 1,349 2,527 147,509 575,143
Deliv 1975 1,214 1,364 2,577 152,648 527,505
Deliv 1976 1,277 1,442 2,719 160,517 592,571
Deliv 1977 1,403 1,607 3,010 173,525 644,857
Deliv 1978 1,547 1,796 3,344 188,558 695,981
Deliv 1979 1,562 1,892 3,455 185,316 706,438
Deliv 1980 1,534 1,918 3,452 175,616 644,857
Deliv 1981 1,522 1,987 3,509 174,536 612,324
Deliv 1982 1,508 1,998 3,506 179,344 604,190
Deliv 1983 1,544 2,029 3,573 187,672 668,095
Deliv 1984 1,605 2,087 3,692 195,933 704,114
Deliv 1985 1,640 2,060 3,700 200,442 708,762
Deliv 1986 1,637 2,129 3,766 201,306 734,324
Deliv 1987 1,668 2,206 3,874 211,826 770,343
Deliv 1988 1,709 2,242 3,950 218,055 813,333
Deliv 1989 1,727 2,318 4,045 224,389 831,924
Deliv 1990 1,856 2,377 4,233 228,937 854,000
Deliv 1991 1,816 2,479 4,294 233,335 874,000
Deliv 1992 1,831 2,540 4,370 237,640 896,000
Deliv 1993 1,887 2,618 4,505 250,423 936,000
Deliv 1994 2,009 2,754 4,763 270,325 996,000
Deliv 1995 2,052 2,922 4,973 276,602 1,042,000
Deliv 1996 2,096 2,985 5,082 282,623 1,071,000
Deliv 1997 2,135 3,004 5,139 295,067 1,119,000
Deliv 1998 2,173 3,295 5,468 300,043 1,149,000
Deliv 1999 2,092 3,634 5,726 310,113 1,186,000
Deliv 2000 2,135 3,803 5,939 310,977 1,203,000
Deliv 2001 2,159 3,781 5,940 319,570 1,224,000
Deliv 2002 2,306 3,926 6,232 334,647 1,255,000
Deliv 2003 1,984 3,991 5,975 342,988 1,264,000
Deliv 2004 2,002 4,062 6,063 346,005 1,283,930
Deliv 2005 2,123 4,105 6,228 346,248 1,298,883
Deliv 2006 2,201 4,167 6,368 354,400 1,282,118
Deliv 2007 2,234 4,232 6,466 359,937 1,302,150
Deliv 2008 2,348 4,185 6,533 380,565 1,299,513
Deliv 2009 2,226 3,841 6,067 360,621 1,188,342
Deliv 2010 2,067 4,098 6,166 332,214 1,242,698
Deliv 2011 1,942 3,861 5,803 310,545 1,157,181

Assume ave. load of 3 tons


Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/T-M) Energy Intensity (Index)

Single-Unit Combination Single-Unit Combination


Total Truck Truck Total Truck Truck

Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

201,010
218,438
226,571
252,133
247,486
259,105
289,314
295,124
297,448
324,171
331,143
343,924
359,029
390,400
413,638
417,124
442,686
451,981
460,114
469,410
598,160 7,437 2,281 3,310 0.9090 0.7846
644,901 7,384 2,182 3,214 0.9025 0.7509
684,663 7,826 2,209 3,346 0.9565 0.7601
735,242 7,982 2,285 3,436 0.9756 0.7863
722,652 7,984 2,346 3,497 0.9758 0.8070
680,153 7,950 2,585 3,789 0.9716 0.8893
753,089 7,958 2,433 3,610 0.9726 0.8370
818,383 8,086 2,492 3,678 0.9883 0.8572
884,539 8,207 2,581 3,780 1.0030 0.8879
891,754 8,431 2,678 3,874 1.0305 0.9215
820,473 8,737 2,974 4,207 1.0678 1.0231
786,859 8,721 3,245 4,460 1.0658 1.1164
783,534 8,407 3,307 4,474 1.0276 1.1377
855,767 8,226 3,037 4,175 1.0053 1.0450
900,048 8,190 2,964 4,102 1.0010 1.0197
909,203 8,182 2,907 4,070 1.0000 1.0000
935,630 8,132 2,899 4,025 0.9939 0.9975
982,169 7,874 2,863 3,944 0.9624 0.9852
1,031,388 7,836 2,756 3,830 0.9577 0.9482
1,056,313 7,696 2,786 3,829 0.9407 0.9586
1,082,937 8,105 2,784 3,909 0.9907 0.9578
1,107,335 7,782 2,836 3,878 0.9511 0.9757
1,133,640 7,704 2,834 3,855 0.9416 0.9751
1,186,423 7,534 2,797 3,797 0.9208 0.9623
1,266,325 7,432 2,765 3,761 0.9084 0.9512
1,318,602 7,417 2,804 3,772 0.9065 0.9647
1,353,623 7,417 2,788 3,754 0.9065 0.9590
1,414,067 7,235 2,684 3,634 0.8843 0.9235
1,449,043 7,244 2,868 3,774 0.8853 0.9866
1,496,113 6,745 3,064 3,827 0.8244 1.0543
1,513,977 6,867 3,162 3,923 0.8392 1.0878
1,543,570 6,756 3,089 3,848 0.8257 1.0629
1,589,647 6,890 3,128 3,920 0.8421 1.0763
1,606,988 5,785 3,157 3,718 0.7070 1.0863
1,629,936 5,785 3,163 3,720 0.7070 1.0884
1,645,131 6,130 3,161 3,786 0.7492 1.0874
1,636,517 6,211 3,250 3,891 0.7591 1.1182
1,662,087 6,207 3,250 3,890 0.7586 1.1182
1,680,078 6,169 3,221 3,888 0.7540 1.1080
1,548,963 6,172 3,232 3,917 0.7543 1.1121
1,574,912 6,223 3,298 3,915 0.7606 1.1346
1,467,726 6,254 3,336 3,954 0.7644 1.1479
Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Product: Structure
Index of Structure: Component Activity x Actual x
Aggregate Vehicle Intensity Structure x Energy Intensity
Total Activity Intensity Mix Index Intensity Use Index

=(1)x(3)x(4) =(1) x (2) =(3) x (4)

1985 = 1.0

0.4869 0.0000 0.9695 0.8390 0.3961 0.0000 0.8134


0.4971 0.0000 0.9695 0.8390 0.4044 0.0000 0.8134
0.5061 0.0000 0.9695 0.8390 0.4117 0.0000 0.8134
0.5163 0.0000 0.9695 0.8390 0.4200 0.0000 0.8134
0.8134 0.6579 0.8134 0.9695 0.8390 0.5352 0.5352 0.8134
0.7897 0.7093 0.7897 0.9673 0.8164 0.5601 0.5601 0.7897
0.8222 0.7530 0.8222 0.9739 0.8442 0.6192 0.6192 0.8222
0.8443 0.8087 0.8443 0.9732 0.8675 0.6827 0.6827 0.8443
0.8592 0.7948 0.8592 0.9767 0.8797 0.6829 0.6829 0.8592
0.9310 0.7481 0.9310 1.0071 0.9244 0.6965 0.6965 0.9310
0.8872 0.8283 0.8872 0.9905 0.8956 0.7348 0.7348 0.8872
0.9037 0.9001 0.9037 0.9889 0.9139 0.8135 0.8135 0.9037
0.9289 0.9729 0.9289 0.9905 0.9377 0.9037 0.9037 0.9289
0.9519 0.9808 0.9519 0.9827 0.9687 0.9337 0.9337 0.9519
1.0339 0.9024 1.0339 0.9915 1.0428 0.9330 0.9330 1.0339
1.0958 0.8654 1.0958 1.0015 1.0942 0.9484 0.9484 1.0958
1.0994 0.8618 1.0994 1.0099 1.0886 0.9475 0.9475 1.0994
1.0259 0.9412 1.0259 0.9985 1.0275 0.9656 0.9656 1.0259
1.0079 0.9899 1.0079 0.9965 1.0115 0.9977 0.9977 1.0079
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9891 1.0291 0.9891 0.9931 0.9959 1.0179 1.0179 0.9891
0.9692 1.0803 0.9692 0.9938 0.9752 1.0470 1.0470 0.9692
0.9411 1.1344 0.9411 0.9883 0.9522 1.0676 1.0676 0.9411
0.9409 1.1618 0.9409 0.9896 0.9508 1.0932 1.0932 0.9409
0.9605 1.1911 0.9605 0.9883 0.9719 1.1441 1.1441 0.9605
0.9529 1.2179 0.9529 0.9874 0.9651 1.1606 1.1606 0.9529
0.9473 1.2468 0.9473 0.9860 0.9607 1.1812 1.1812 0.9473
0.9330 1.3049 0.9330 0.9878 0.9445 1.2174 1.2174 0.9330
0.9242 1.3928 0.9242 0.9908 0.9328 1.2872 1.2872 0.9242
0.9268 1.4503 0.9268 0.9863 0.9397 1.3441 1.3441 0.9268
0.9225 1.4888 0.9225 0.9851 0.9364 1.3734 1.3734 0.9225
0.8929 1.5553 0.8929 0.9849 0.9066 1.3888 1.3888 0.8929
0.9273 1.5937 0.9273 0.9830 0.9433 1.4779 1.4779 0.9273
0.9405 1.6455 0.9405 0.9833 0.9565 1.5476 1.5476 0.9405
0.9639 1.6652 0.9639 0.9815 0.9821 1.6051 1.6051 0.9639
0.9457 1.6977 0.9457 0.9830 0.9620 1.6055 1.6055 0.9457
0.9633 1.7484 0.9633 0.9863 0.9767 1.6843 1.6843 0.9633
0.9136 1.7675 0.9136 0.9887 0.9241 1.6148 1.6148 0.9136
0.9141 1.7927 0.9141 0.9879 0.9253 1.6387 1.6387 0.9141
0.9302 1.8094 0.9302 0.9866 0.9429 1.6832 1.6832 0.9302
0.9562 1.7999 0.9562 0.9912 0.9647 1.7211 1.7211 0.9562
0.9560 1.8281 0.9560 0.9912 0.9645 1.7476 1.7476 0.9560
0.9555 1.8479 0.9555 0.9987 0.9567 1.7656 1.7656 0.9555
0.9625 1.7036 0.9625 1.0035 0.9591 1.6397 1.6397 0.9625
0.9620 1.7322 0.9620 0.9872 0.9745 1.6664 1.6664 0.9620
0.9715 1.6143 0.9715 0.9876 0.9837 1.5684 1.5684 0.9715

2005 1.801 0.995 0.989 1.003 1.786 1.792 0.992


2006 1.789 1.022 0.992 1.028 1.823 1.829 1.019
2.381 0.955 1.007 0.945 2.268 2.275 0.952
2.405 0.956 1.016 0.938 2.291 2.298 0.952
2.216 0.963 1.021 0.940 2.128 2.134 0.960
2.259 0.959 1.003 0.953 2.159 2.166 0.956
Energy Shares Log-Mean Divisia Weights

Single-Unit Combination Single-Unit Combination


Truck Truck Truck Truck

#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.4487 0.5513 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.4555 0.5445 0.4521 0.5479
0.4734 0.5266 0.4644 0.5355
0.4692 0.5308 0.4713 0.5287
0.4661 0.5339 0.4676 0.5324
0.4709 0.5291 0.4685 0.5315
0.4698 0.5302 0.4703 0.5296
0.4662 0.5338 0.4680 0.5320
0.4628 0.5372 0.4645 0.5355
0.4523 0.5477 0.4575 0.5424
0.4445 0.5555 0.4484 0.5516
0.4337 0.5663 0.4391 0.5609
0.4301 0.5699 0.4319 0.5681
0.4321 0.5679 0.4311 0.5689
0.4347 0.5653 0.4334 0.5666
0.4432 0.5568 0.4389 0.5610
0.4347 0.5653 0.4389 0.5610
0.4306 0.5694 0.4326 0.5674
0.4325 0.5675 0.4316 0.5684
0.4270 0.5730 0.4297 0.5702
0.4384 0.5616 0.4326 0.5673
0.4228 0.5772 0.4306 0.5694
0.4189 0.5811 0.4209 0.5791
0.4188 0.5812 0.4189 0.5811
0.4218 0.5782 0.4203 0.5797
0.4125 0.5875 0.4172 0.5828
0.4125 0.5875 0.4125 0.5875
0.4155 0.5845 0.4140 0.5860
0.3974 0.6026 0.4064 0.5935
0.3653 0.6347 0.3811 0.6185
0.3596 0.6404 0.3624 0.6376
0.3634 0.6366 0.3615 0.6385
0.3700 0.6300 0.3667 0.6333
0.3321 0.6679 0.3507 0.6488
0.3301 0.6699 0.3311 0.6689
0.3408 0.6592 0.3354 0.6645
0.3456 0.6544 0.3432 0.6568
0.3455 0.6545 0.3456 0.6544
0.3594 0.6406 0.3524 0.6475
0.3669 0.6331 0.3631 0.6369
0.3353 0.6647 0.3508 0.6488
0.3347 0.6653 0.3350 0.6650
isia Weights Log-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity
(normalized)

Single-Unit Combination Single-Unit Combination


Total Truck Truck Truck Truck

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!


#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 0.4521 0.5479 -0.0071 -0.0440
0.9999 0.4645 0.5355 0.0581 0.0122
1.0000 0.4713 0.5287 0.0197 0.0339
1.0000 0.4676 0.5324 0.0003 0.0260
1.0000 0.4685 0.5315 -0.0043 0.0971
1.0000 0.4704 0.5296 0.0010 -0.0607
1.0000 0.4680 0.5320 0.0160 0.0239
1.0000 0.4645 0.5355 0.0148 0.0352
1.0000 0.4575 0.5425 0.0270 0.0371
1.0000 0.4484 0.5516 0.0356 0.1046
1.0000 0.4391 0.5609 -0.0019 0.0873
1.0000 0.4319 0.5681 -0.0366 0.0188
1.0000 0.4311 0.5689 -0.0219 -0.0850
1.0000 0.4334 0.5666 -0.0043 -0.0245
1.0000 0.4390 0.5610 -0.0010 -0.0195
1.0000 0.4390 0.5610 -0.0061 -0.0025
1.0000 0.4326 0.5674 -0.0322 -0.0125
1.0000 0.4316 0.5684 -0.0049 -0.0382
1.0000 0.4298 0.5702 -0.0180 0.0109
1.0000 0.4327 0.5673 0.0518 -0.0008
0.9999 0.4306 0.5694 -0.0407 0.0185
1.0000 0.4209 0.5791 -0.0101 -0.0005
1.0000 0.4189 0.5811 -0.0223 -0.0133
1.0000 0.4203 0.5797 -0.0136 -0.0116
1.0000 0.4172 0.5828 -0.0021 0.0141
1.0000 0.4125 0.5875 0.0000 -0.0059
1.0000 0.4140 0.5860 -0.0248 -0.0377
0.9999 0.4064 0.5936 0.0012 0.0661
0.9996 0.3813 0.6187 -0.0713 0.0663
1.0000 0.3624 0.6376 0.0179 0.0312
1.0000 0.3615 0.6385 -0.0162 -0.0231
1.0000 0.3667 0.6333 0.0197 0.0125
0.9995 0.3509 0.6491 -0.1749 0.0092
1.0000 0.3311 0.6689 0.0000 0.0019
1.0000 0.3355 0.6645 0.0580 -0.0009
1.0000 0.3432 0.6568 0.0130 0.0280
1.0000 0.3456 0.6544 -0.0006 -0.0001
0.9999 0.3524 0.6476 -0.0061 -0.0091
1.0000 0.3631 0.6369 0.0005 0.0037
0.9996 0.3510 0.6490 0.0083 0.0200
1.0000 0.3350 0.6650 0.0050 0.0116
Activity Shares Log Changes - Activity Shares Compute Intensity Index

Single-Unit Combination Single-Unit Combination


Truck Truck Truck Truck Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.)

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000


0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 #DIV/0! 0.0000 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.1997 0.8003 #DIV/0! -0.2228 #DIV/0! 1.0000
0.1983 0.8017 -0.0073 0.0018 0.9731 0.9731
0.2024 0.7976 0.0206 -0.0052 1.0341 1.0062
0.2019 0.7981 -0.0022 0.0006 1.0276 1.0340
0.2041 0.7959 0.0107 -0.0027 1.0141 1.0485
0.2244 0.7756 0.0949 -0.0259 1.0508 1.1018
0.2131 0.7869 -0.0516 0.0144 0.9688 1.0675
0.2120 0.7880 -0.0052 0.0014 1.0204 1.0893
0.2132 0.7868 0.0053 -0.0014 1.0260 1.1177
0.2078 0.7922 -0.0255 0.0068 1.0330 1.1546
0.2140 0.7860 0.0295 -0.0079 1.0764 1.2429
0.2218 0.7782 0.0357 -0.0099 1.0493 1.3041
0.2289 0.7711 0.0314 -0.0091 0.9949 1.2975
0.2193 0.7807 -0.0428 0.0124 0.9439 1.2247
0.2177 0.7823 -0.0074 0.0021 0.9844 1.2055
0.2205 0.7795 0.0126 -0.0035 0.9887 1.1919
0.2152 0.7848 -0.0243 0.0068 0.9959 1.1871
0.2157 0.7843 0.0024 -0.0007 0.9792 1.1624
0.2114 0.7886 -0.0199 0.0054 0.9764 1.1350
0.2124 0.7876 0.0048 -0.0013 0.9985 1.1333
0.2114 0.7886 -0.0048 0.0013 1.0222 1.1584
0.2107 0.7893 -0.0033 0.0009 0.9930 1.1503
0.2096 0.7904 -0.0052 0.0014 0.9955 1.1451
0.2111 0.7889 0.0069 -0.0018 0.9831 1.1257
0.2135 0.7865 0.0113 -0.0030 0.9876 1.1118
0.2098 0.7902 -0.0175 0.0047 1.0074 1.1200
0.2088 0.7912 -0.0047 0.0012 0.9966 1.1161
0.2087 0.7913 -0.0006 0.0002 0.9681 1.0806
0.2071 0.7929 -0.0077 0.0020 1.0405 1.1244
0.2073 0.7927 0.0010 -0.0003 1.0140 1.1400
0.2054 0.7946 -0.0091 0.0024 1.0268 1.1705
0.2070 0.7930 0.0079 -0.0021 0.9796 1.1466
0.2105 0.7895 0.0167 -0.0044 1.0153 1.1641
0.2134 0.7866 0.0138 -0.0037 0.9461 1.1014
0.2123 0.7877 -0.0054 0.0015 1.0013 1.1029
0.2105 0.7895 -0.0086 0.0023 1.0190 1.1239
0.2166 0.7834 0.0285 -0.0077 1.0231 1.1498
0.2166 0.7834 0.0000 0.0000 0.9998 1.1495
0.2265 0.7735 0.0450 -0.0128 0.9920 1.1403
0.2328 0.7672 0.0274 -0.0082 1.0025 1.1432
0.2109 0.7891 -0.0987 0.0281 1.0160 1.1615
0.2116 0.7884 0.0030 -0.0008 1.0094 1.1725
e Intensity Index Compute Structure Index

Index Index chg. Index Index

1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

0.8390 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8390 #DIV/0! 1 0.9695
0.8164 1 1 0.9673
0.8442 1 1 0.9739
0.8675 1 1 0.9732
0.8797 1 1 0.9767
0.9244 1 1 1.0071
0.8956 1 1 0.9905
0.9139 1 1 0.9889
0.9377 1 1.0217 0.9905
0.9687 1 1.0136 0.9827
1.0428 1 1.0226 0.9915
1.0942 1 1.0330 1.0015
1.0886 1 1.0417 1.0099
1.0275 1 1.0298 0.9985
1.0115 1 1.0278 0.9965
1.0000 1 1.0314 1.0000
0.9959 1 1.0243 0.9931
0.9752 1 1.0250 0.9938
0.9522 1 1.0194 0.9883
0.9508 1 1.0207 0.9896
0.9719 1 1.0193 0.9883
0.9651 1 1.0184 0.9874
0.9607 1 1.0170 0.9860
0.9445 1 1.0189 0.9878
0.9328 1 1.0219 0.9908
0.9397 1 1.0172 0.9863
0.9364 1 1.0160 0.9851
0.9066 1 1.0159 0.9849
0.9433 1 1.0139 0.9830
0.9565 1 1.0141 0.9833
0.9821 1 1.0123 0.9815
0.9620 1 1.0139 0.9830
0.9767 1 1.0173 0.9863
0.9241 1 1.0197 0.9887
0.9253 1 1 0.9879
0.9429 1 1 0.9866
0.9647 1 1 0.9912
0.9645 1 1 0.9912
0.9567 1 1 0.9987
0.9591 1 1 1.0035
0.9745 1 1 0.9872
0.9837 1 1 0.9876
Freight - Pipelines
Note: No reliable data source yet available for oil pipeline energy consumption, oil pipeline

Energy Consumption (TBtu) Activity (ton-miles [T-M])


Delivered

Natural Gas Natural Gas


Oil Pipeline Pipeline Total Oil Pipeline Pipeline

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered

(TBtu) (TBtu) Million T-M Million T-M


Deliv 1949 57426
Deliv 1950 0.000000129000 129 129 0.1290 65445
Deliv 1951 0.000000152000 198 198 0.1520 75925
Deliv 1952 0.000000158000 214 214 0.1580 82234
Deliv 1953 0.000000170000 237 237 0.1700 87169
Deliv 1954 0.000000179000 238 238 0.1790 93242
Deliv 1955 0.000000203000 253 253 0.2030 101602
Deliv 1956 0.000000230000 305 305 0.2300 110945
Deliv 1957 0.000000223000 309 309 0.2230 118033
Deliv 1958 0.000000211000 322 322 0.2110 122803
Deliv 1959 0.000000227000 360 360 0.2270 135140
Deliv 1960 0.000000229000 358 358 0.2290 144162
Deliv 1961 0.000000233000 389 389 0.2330 150275
Deliv 1962 0.000000238000 394 394 0.2380 159878
Deliv 1963 0.000000253000 437 437 0.2530 168498
Deliv 1964 0.000000269000 449 449 0.2690 180606
Deliv 1965 0.000000306000 516 516 0.3060 189154
Deliv 1966 0.000000333000 552 552 0.3330 206658
Deliv 1967 0.000000361000 594 594 0.3610 217599
Deliv 1968 0.000000391000 609 609 0.3910 233321
Deliv 1969 0.000000411000 651 651 0.4110 251034
Deliv 1970 0.000000431000 778 778 0.4310 264069
Deliv 1971 0.000000444000 800 800 0.4440 272661
Deliv 1972 0.000000476000 826 826 0.4760 276028
Deliv 1973 0.000000507000 785 785 0.5070 275272
Deliv 1974 0.000000506000 721 721 0.5060 264882
Deliv 1975 0.000000507000 628 628 0.5070 243796
Deliv 1976 0.000000515000 591 591 0.5150 246649
Deliv 1977 0.000000546000 574 574 0.5460 240608
Deliv 1978 0.000000586000 572 572 0.5860 242279
Deliv 1979 0.000000608000 648 648 0.6080 251890
Deliv 1980 0.000000588000 684 684 0.5880 252931
Deliv 1981 0.000000564000 692 692 0.5640 247623
Deliv 1982 0.000000566000 643 643 0.5660 226258
Deliv 1983 0.000000556000 528 528 0.5560 213364
Deliv 1984 0.000000568000 570 570 0.5680 226947
Deliv 1985 0.000000564000 543 543 0.5640 219536
Deliv 1986 0.000000578000 523 523 0.5780 205687
Deliv 1987 0.000000587000 560 560 0.5870 215803
Deliv 1988 0.000000601000 662 662 0.6010 226599
Deliv 1989 0.000000584000 678 678 0.5840 241872
Deliv 1990 0.000000584000 711 711 0.5840 239894
Deliv 1991 0.000000579000 648 648 0.5790 247589
Deliv 1992 0.000000589000 633 633 0.5890 256450
Deliv 1993 0.000000593000 673 673 0.5930 263724
Deliv 1994 0.000000591000 739 739 0.5910 269895
Deliv 1995 0.000000601000 755 755 0.6010 281674
Deliv 1996 0.000000619200 767 767 0.6192 286695
Deliv 1997 0.000000616500 810 810 0.6165 288566
Deliv 1998 0.000000619800 685 685 0.6198 283777
Deliv 1999 0.000000617700 696 696 0.6177 287151
Deliv 2000 0.000000577300 692 692 0.5773 299080
Deliv 2001 0.000000576100 674 674 0.5761 284573
Deliv 2002 0.000000586200 719 719 0.5862 294735
Deliv 2003 0.000000590200 638 638 0.5902 285511
Deliv 2004 0.000000599600 610 610 0.5996 287763
Deliv 2005 0.000000607500 629 629 0.6075 282072
Deliv 2006 0.000000581300 630 630 0.5813 277121
Deliv 2007 0.000000557700 670 670 0.5577 295046
Deliv 2008 0.000000605700 698 698 0.6057 297142
Deliv 2009 0.000000568400 722 722 0.5684 291113
Deliv 2010 0.000000550000 727 727 0.5500 307231
Deliv 2011 0.000000550000 737 737 0.5500 310716

Set equal to ton-miles x 0.001 Multiplied by 0.000001 to negate impact


rgy consumption, oil pipeline data in this worksheet is adjusted to negate impact from this mode.

Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/T-M) Energy Intensity (Index)

Natural Gas Natural Gas


Total Oil Pipeline Pipeline Total Oil Pipeline Pipeline

Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M Million T-M 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0
57426 0 0
65445 1 1,978 1,978 1.0000 0.7997
75926 1 2,614 2,614 1.0000 1.0568
82234 1 2,598 2,598 1.0000 1.0503
87169 1 2,724 2,724 1.0000 1.1014
93242 1 2,550 2,550 1.0000 1.0310
101602 1 2,489 2,489 1.0000 1.0062
110946 1 2,750 2,750 1.0000 1.1120
118033 1 2,614 2,614 1.0000 1.0568
122803 1 2,621 2,621 1.0000 1.0598
135140 1 2,665 2,665 1.0000 1.0776
144163 1 2,482 2,482 1.0000 1.0036
150275 1 2,591 2,591 1.0000 1.0474
159878 1 2,467 2,467 1.0000 0.9973
168498 1 2,593 2,593 1.0000 1.0484
180607 1 2,486 2,486 1.0000 1.0053
189154 1 2,728 2,728 1.0000 1.1030
206658 1 2,671 2,671 1.0000 1.0798
217600 1 2,728 2,728 1.0000 1.1029
233322 1 2,611 2,611 1.0000 1.0558
251034 1 2,591 2,591 1.0000 1.0477
264070 1 2,948 2,948 1.0000 1.1918
272661 1 2,936 2,936 1.0000 1.1869
276029 1 2,992 2,992 1.0000 1.2096
275272 1 2,851 2,851 1.0000 1.1528
264882 1 2,721 2,721 1.0000 1.1003
243796 1 2,577 2,577 1.0000 1.0421
246649 1 2,396 2,396 1.0000 0.9688
240609 1 2,386 2,386 1.0000 0.9648
242280 1 2,360 2,360 1.0000 0.9541
251890 1 2,572 2,572 1.0000 1.0397
252931 1 2,704 2,704 1.0000 1.0934
247623 1 2,796 2,796 1.0000 1.1304
226258 1 2,841 2,841 1.0000 1.1487
213365 1 2,476 2,476 1.0000 1.0009
226948 1 2,511 2,511 1.0000 1.0153
219537 1 2,473 2,473 1.0000 1.0000
205688 1 2,542 2,542 1.0000 1.0277
215803 1 2,593 2,593 1.0000 1.0484
226599 1 2,920 2,920 1.0000 1.1807
241873 1 2,804 2,804 1.0000 1.1338
239895 1 2,965 2,965 1.0000 1.1986
247589 1 2,618 2,618 1.0000 1.0584
256450 1 2,470 2,470 1.0000 0.9987
263725 1 2,552 2,552 1.0000 1.0316
269895 1 2,737 2,737 1.0000 1.1066
281675 1 2,680 2,680 1.0000 1.0835
286696 1 2,675 2,675 1.0000 1.0814
288566 1 2,807 2,807 1.0000 1.1349
283777 1 2,414 2,414 1.0000 0.9759
287152 1 2,422 2,422 1.0000 0.9794
299081 1 2,314 2,314 1.0000 0.9358
284573 1 2,367 2,367 1.0000 0.9571
294736 1 2,439 2,439 1.0000 0.9861
285512 1 2,233 2,233 1.0000 0.9028
287764 1 2,121 2,121 1.0000 0.8574
282073 1 2,232 2,232 1.0000 0.9023
277122 1 2,272 2,272 1.0000 0.9187
295046 1 2270 2270 1.0000 0.9178
297143 1 2350 2350 1.0000 0.9503
291114 1 2481 2481 1.0000 1.0032
307232 1 2365 2365 1.0000 0.9562
310717 1 2372 2372 1.0000 0.9589

1 to negate impact
Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Product: Structure
Index of Structure: Component Activity x Actual x
Aggregate Activity Intensity Structure x Energy Intensity
Total Activity Intensity Mix Index Intensity Use Index

=(1)x(3)x(4) =(1) x (2) =(3) x (4)

1985 = 1.0
0
0.7997 0.2981 0.7997 1.0000 0.7997 0.2384 0.2384 0.7997
1.0568 0.3458 1.0568 1.0000 1.0568 0.3655 0.3655 1.0568
1.0503 0.3746 1.0503 1.0000 1.0503 0.3934 0.3934 1.0503
1.1014 0.3971 1.1014 1.0000 1.1014 0.4373 0.4373 1.1014
1.0310 0.4247 1.0310 1.0000 1.0310 0.4379 0.4379 1.0310
1.0062 0.4628 1.0062 1.0000 1.0062 0.4657 0.4657 1.0062
1.1120 0.5054 1.1120 1.0000 1.1120 0.5620 0.5620 1.1120
1.0568 0.5376 1.0568 1.0000 1.0568 0.5682 0.5682 1.0568
1.0598 0.5594 1.0598 1.0000 1.0598 0.5928 0.5928 1.0598
1.0776 0.6156 1.0776 1.0000 1.0776 0.6633 0.6633 1.0776
1.0036 0.6567 1.0036 1.0000 1.0036 0.6590 0.6590 1.0036
1.0474 0.6845 1.0474 1.0000 1.0474 0.7170 0.7170 1.0474
0.9973 0.7283 0.9973 1.0000 0.9973 0.7263 0.7263 0.9973
1.0484 0.7675 1.0484 1.0000 1.0484 0.8047 0.8047 1.0484
1.0053 0.8227 1.0053 1.0000 1.0053 0.8270 0.8270 1.0053
1.1030 0.8616 1.1030 1.0000 1.1030 0.9504 0.9504 1.1030
1.0798 0.9413 1.0798 1.0000 1.0798 1.0165 1.0165 1.0798
1.1029 0.9912 1.1029 1.0000 1.1029 1.0932 1.0932 1.1029
1.0558 1.0628 1.0558 1.0000 1.0558 1.1221 1.1221 1.0558
1.0477 1.1435 1.0477 1.0000 1.0477 1.1980 1.1980 1.0477
1.1918 1.2029 1.1918 1.0000 1.1918 1.4335 1.4335 1.1918
1.1869 1.2420 1.1869 1.0000 1.1869 1.4741 1.4741 1.1869
1.2096 1.2573 1.2096 1.0000 1.2096 1.5209 1.5209 1.2096
1.1528 1.2539 1.1528 1.0000 1.1528 1.4455 1.4455 1.1528
1.1003 1.2066 1.1003 1.0000 1.1003 1.3276 1.3276 1.1003
1.0421 1.1105 1.0421 1.0000 1.0421 1.1572 1.1572 1.0421
0.9688 1.1235 0.9688 1.0000 0.9688 1.0884 1.0884 0.9688
0.9648 1.0960 0.9648 1.0000 0.9648 1.0574 1.0574 0.9648
0.9541 1.1036 0.9541 1.0000 0.9541 1.0530 1.0530 0.9541
1.0397 1.1474 1.0397 1.0000 1.0397 1.1929 1.1929 1.0397
1.0934 1.1521 1.0934 1.0000 1.0934 1.2598 1.2598 1.0934
1.1304 1.1279 1.1304 1.0000 1.1304 1.2750 1.2750 1.1304
1.1487 1.0306 1.1487 1.0000 1.1487 1.1839 1.1839 1.1487
1.0009 0.9719 1.0009 1.0000 1.0009 0.9728 0.9728 1.0009
1.0153 1.0338 1.0153 1.0000 1.0153 1.0496 1.0496 1.0153
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0277 0.9369 1.0277 1.0000 1.0277 0.9628 0.9628 1.0277
1.0484 0.9830 1.0484 1.0000 1.0484 1.0306 1.0306 1.0484
1.1807 1.0322 1.1807 1.0000 1.1807 1.2186 1.2186 1.1807
1.1338 1.1017 1.1338 1.0000 1.1338 1.2492 1.2492 1.1338
1.1986 1.0927 1.1986 1.0000 1.1986 1.3098 1.3098 1.1986
1.0584 1.1278 1.0584 1.0000 1.0584 1.1936 1.1936 1.0584
0.9987 1.1681 0.9987 1.0000 0.9987 1.1666 1.1666 0.9987
1.0316 1.2013 1.0316 1.0000 1.0316 1.2393 1.2393 1.0316
1.1066 1.2294 1.1066 1.0000 1.1066 1.3605 1.3605 1.1066
1.0835 1.2830 1.0835 1.0000 1.0835 1.3902 1.3902 1.0835
1.0814 1.3059 1.0814 1.0000 1.0814 1.4123 1.4123 1.0814
1.1349 1.3144 1.1349 1.0000 1.1349 1.4917 1.4917 1.1349
0.9759 1.2926 0.9759 1.0000 0.9759 1.2615 1.2615 0.9759
0.9794 1.3080 0.9794 1.0000 0.9794 1.2810 1.2810 0.9794
0.9358 1.3623 0.9358 1.0000 0.9358 1.2748 1.2748 0.9358
0.9571 1.2962 0.9571 1.0000 0.9571 1.2406 1.2406 0.9571
0.9861 1.3425 0.9861 1.0000 0.9861 1.3239 1.3239 0.9861
0.9028 1.3005 0.9028 1.0000 0.9028 1.1741 1.1741 0.9028
0.8574 1.3108 0.8574 1.0000 0.8574 1.1239 1.1239 0.8574
0.9023 1.2849 0.9023 1.0000 0.9023 1.1593 1.1593 0.9023
0.9187 1.2623 0.9187 1.0000 0.9187 1.1597 1.1597 0.9187
0.9178 1.3440 0.9178 1.0000 0.9178 1.2334 1.2334 0.9178
0.9503 1.3535 0.9503 1.0000 0.9503 1.2862 1.2862 0.9503
1.0032 1.3260 1.0032 1.0000 1.0032 1.3303 1.3303 1.0032
0.9562 1.3995 0.9562 1.0000 0.9562 1.3382 1.3382 0.9562
0.9589 1.4153 0.9589 1.0000 0.9589 1.3572 1.3572 0.9589
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights

Natural Gas Natural Gas


Oil Pipeline Pipeline Oil Pipeline Pipeline

0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000
Log-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity
(normalized)

Natural Gas Natural Gas


Total Oil Pipeline Pipeline Oil Pipeline Pipeline

1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.2789


1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0062
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0474
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0660
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0243
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.1000
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0510
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0029
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0166
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0712
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0428
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0491
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0500
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0420
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0928
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0212
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0212
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0437
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0077
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.1288
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0041
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0190
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0481
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0466
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0544
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0729
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0042
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0111
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0859
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0504
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0333
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0161
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.1378
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0143
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0152
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0273
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0200
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.1188
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0405
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0556
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.1244
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0580
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0324
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0702
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0211
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0019
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0482
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.1509
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0035
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0455
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0225
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0299
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0882
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0516
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0510
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0180
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0010
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0348
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0542
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 -0.0480
1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 0.0028
Activity Shares Log Changes - Activity Shares Compute Intensity Index

Natural
Natural Gas Gas
Oil Pipeline Pipeline Oil Pipeline Pipeline Index chg. Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.)

0.0000 1.0000 1.0000


0.0000 1.0000 0.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.0000 1.0000 0.0155 0.0000 1.3216 1.3216
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0411 0.0000 0.9938 1.3135
0.0000 1.0000 0.0149 0.0000 1.0486 1.3773
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0158 0.0000 0.9361 1.2893
0.0000 1.0000 0.0400 0.0000 0.9759 1.2583
0.0000 1.0000 0.0369 0.0000 1.1052 1.3906
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0928 0.0000 0.9503 1.3215
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0949 0.0000 1.0029 1.3253
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0226 0.0000 1.0168 1.3476
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0559 0.0000 0.9313 1.2550
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0242 0.0000 1.0437 1.3099
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0407 0.0000 0.9521 1.2471
0.0000 1.0000 0.0086 0.0000 1.0513 1.3111
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0081 0.0000 0.9589 1.2572
0.0000 1.0000 0.0826 0.0000 1.0972 1.3794
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0039 0.0000 0.9790 1.3504
0.0000 1.0000 0.0291 0.0000 1.0214 1.3793
0.0000 1.0000 0.0101 0.0000 0.9573 1.3203
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0233 0.0000 0.9923 1.3102
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0031 0.0000 1.1375 1.4904
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0023 0.0000 0.9959 1.4842
0.0000 1.0000 0.0573 0.0000 1.0191 1.5127
0.0000 1.0000 0.0658 0.0000 0.9530 1.4416
0.0000 1.0000 0.0365 0.0000 0.9545 1.3760
0.0000 1.0000 0.0849 0.0000 0.9471 1.3031
0.0000 1.0000 0.0040 0.0000 0.9297 1.2115
0.0000 1.0000 0.0832 0.0000 0.9958 1.2065
0.0000 1.0000 0.0638 0.0000 0.9890 1.1932
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0020 0.0000 1.0897 1.3002
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0376 0.0000 1.0517 1.3674
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0205 0.0000 1.0338 1.4136
0.0000 1.0000 0.0938 0.0000 1.0162 1.4365
0.0000 1.0000 0.0408 0.0000 0.8713 1.2517
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0404 0.0000 1.0144 1.2697
0.0000 1.0000 0.0261 0.0000 0.9849 1.2505
0.0000 1.0000 0.0897 0.0000 1.0277 1.2851
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0326 0.0000 1.0202 1.3111
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0252 0.0000 1.1261 1.4765
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0939 0.0000 0.9603 1.4179
0.0000 1.0000 0.0082 0.0000 1.0571 1.4989
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0402 0.0000 0.8830 1.3235
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0180 0.0000 0.9436 1.2489
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0212 0.0000 1.0330 1.2901
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0265 0.0000 1.0727 1.3839
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0259 0.0000 0.9791 1.3550
0.0000 1.0000 0.0122 0.0000 0.9981 1.3524
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0109 0.0000 1.0494 1.4192
0.0000 1.0000 0.0221 0.0000 0.8599 1.2204
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0152 0.0000 1.0036 1.2247
0.0000 1.0000 -0.1083 0.0000 0.9555 1.1702
0.0000 1.0000 0.0476 0.0000 1.0228 1.1968
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0177 0.0000 1.0303 1.2332
0.0000 1.0000 0.0386 0.0000 0.9156 1.1290
0.0000 1.0000 0.0079 0.0000 0.9497 1.0723
0.0000 1.0000 0.0331 0.0000 1.0523 1.1284
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0264 0.0000 1.0182 1.1489
0.0000 1.0000 -0.1041 0.0000 0.9990 1.1477
0.0000 1.0000 0.0755 0.0000 1.0354 1.1884
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0431 0.0000 1.0557 1.2546
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0868 0.0000 0.9531 1.1958
0.0000 1.0000 -0.0113 0.0000 1.0029 1.1992
ntensity Index Compute Structure Index

Index Index chg. Index Index

1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

0.7997 1.0000 1.0000


0.7997 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0568 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0503 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1014 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0310 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0062 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1120 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0568 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0598 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0776 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0036 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0474 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9973 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0484 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0053 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1030 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0798 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1029 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0558 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0477 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1918 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1869 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.2096 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1528 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1003 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0421 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9688 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9648 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9541 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0397 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0934 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1304 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1487 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0009 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0153 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0277 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0484 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1807 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1338 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1986 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0584 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9987 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0316 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1066 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0835 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0814 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.1349 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9759 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9794 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9358 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9571 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9861 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9028 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.8574 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9023 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9187 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9178 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9503 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0032 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9562 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
0.9589 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
Table 6.5 Natural Gas Consumption by Sector, 1949-2008
(Million Cubic Feet)

Commercial Sector Industrial Sector Transportation Sector


Residential Pipelines 6
Sector Lease and Other Industrial and Dis-
Year CHP 2
Other 3
Total Plant Fuel CHP 4
Non-CHP 5
Total Total tribution 7
1949 992,544 [9] 347,818 347,818 835,297 [10] 2,245,372 2,245,372 3,080,669 NA
1950 1,198,369 [9] 387,838 387,838 927,611 [10] 2,498,259 2,498,259 3,425,870 125,546
1951 1,474,725 [9] 464,309 464,309 1,149,470 [10] 2,765,264 2,765,264 3,914,734 192,496
1952 1,621,966 [9] 515,669 515,669 1,164,596 [10] 2,874,765 2,874,765 4,039,361 207,207
1953 1,685,503 [9] 530,650 530,650 1,131,017 [10] 3,027,514 3,027,514 4,158,531 230,314
1954 1,894,248 [9] 584,957 584,957 1,102,535 [10] 3,070,651 3,070,651 4,173,186 230,615
1955 2,123,952 [9] 629,219 629,219 1,130,985 [10] 3,410,975 3,410,975 4,541,960 245,246
1956 2,327,564 [9] 716,871 716,871 1,002,537 [10] 3,706,610 3,706,610 4,709,147 295,972
1957 2,500,269 [9] 775,916 775,916 1,046,084 [10] 3,888,494 3,888,494 4,934,578 299,235
1958 2,714,251 [9] 871,774 871,774 1,146,064 [10] 3,885,445 3,885,445 5,031,509 312,221
1959 2,912,601 [9] 975,107 975,107 1,238,945 [10] 4,216,671 4,216,671 5,455,616 349,348
1960 3,103,167 [9] 1,020,222 1,020,222 1,236,781 [10] 4,534,530 4,534,530 5,771,311 347,075
1961 3,248,578 [9] 1,076,849 1,076,849 1,288,762 [10] 4,672,355 4,672,355 5,961,117 377,607
1962 3,478,563 [9] 1,206,668 1,206,668 1,369,512 [10] 4,863,300 4,863,300 6,232,812 382,496
1963 3,589,021 [9] 1,267,783 1,267,783 1,411,088 [10] 5,134,081 5,134,081 6,545,169 423,783
1964 3,787,292 [9] 1,374,717 1,374,717 1,370,835 [10] 5,522,498 5,522,498 6,893,333 435,570
1965 3,902,802 [9] 1,443,648 1,443,648 1,156,224 [10] 5,955,417 5,955,417 7,111,641 500,524
1966 4,138,259 [9] 1,622,740 1,622,740 1,033,400 [10] 6,512,702 6,512,702 7,546,102 535,353
1967 4,313,304 [9] 1,958,970 1,958,970 1,140,966 [10] 6,653,016 6,653,016 7,793,982 575,752
1968 4,450,354 [9] 2,075,736 2,075,736 1,237,131 [10] 7,129,967 7,129,967 8,367,098 590,965
1969 4,728,281 [9] 2,253,206 2,253,206 1,345,648 [10] 7,610,501 7,610,501 8,956,149 630,962
1970 4,837,432 [9] 2,398,510 2,398,510 1,398,758 [10] 7,850,660 7,850,660 9,249,418 722,166
1971 4,971,690 [9] 2,508,977 2,508,977 1,413,650 [10] 8,180,527 8,180,527 9,594,177 742,592
1972 5,125,982 [9] 2,607,982 2,607,982 1,455,563 [10] 8,168,855 8,168,855 9,624,418 766,156
1973 4,879,387 [9] 2,597,037 2,597,037 1,495,915 [10] 8,688,675 8,688,675 ### 728,177
1974 4,786,128 [9] 2,555,617 2,555,617 1,477,386 [10] 8,291,782 8,291,782 9,769,168 668,792
1975 4,924,124 [9] 2,508,293 2,508,293 1,396,277 [10] 6,968,267 6,968,267 8,364,544 582,963
1976 5,051,360 [9] 2,667,740 2,667,740 1,634,355 [10] 6,963,850 6,963,850 8,598,205 548,323
1977 4,821,485 [9] 2,500,793 2,500,793 1,659,145 [10] 6,815,289 6,815,289 8,474,434 532,669
1978 4,903,006 [9] 2,601,106 2,601,106 1,647,911 [10] 6,756,641 6,756,641 8,404,552 530,451
1979 4,965,365 [9] 2,785,961 2,785,961 1,498,530 [10] 6,899,418 6,899,418 8,397,948 600,964
1980 4,752,082 [9] 2,610,895 2,610,895 1,026,438 [10] 7,171,661 7,171,661 8,198,099 634,622
1981 4,546,450 [9] 2,519,791 2,519,791 927,591 [10] 7,127,547 7,127,547 8,055,138 642,325
1982 4,633,035 [9] 2,605,523 2,605,523 1,109,398 [10] 5,831,170 5,831,170 6,940,568 596,411
1983 4,380,599 [9] 2,432,547 2,432,547 978,249 [10] 5,642,708 5,642,708 6,620,957 490,042
1984 4,555,465 [9] 2,524,244 2,524,244 1,076,881 [10] 6,153,841 6,153,841 7,230,722 528,754
1985 4,433,377 [9] 2,432,382 2,432,382 966,047 [10] 5,901,288 5,901,288 6,867,335 503,766
1986 4,313,969 [9] 2,318,335 2,318,335 922,524 [10] 5,579,057 5,579,057 6,501,581 485,041
1987 4,314,833 [9] 2,430,064 2,430,064 1,149,383 [10] 5,953,308 5,953,308 7,102,691 519,170
1988 4,630,330 [9] 2,670,465 2,670,465 1,095,883 [10] 6,383,382 6,383,382 7,479,265 613,912
1989 4,780,638 30,037 2,687,685 2,717,722 1,069,902 913,516 5,902,728 [11] 6,816,244 [11] 7,886,146 629,308
1990 4,391,324 46,458 2,576,263 2,622,721 1,236,392 1,055,235 5,963,179 [11] 7,018,414 [11] 8,254,806 659,816
1991 4,555,659 52,101 2,676,480 2,728,581 1,129,268 1,060,716 6,170,246 [11] 7,230,962 [11] 8,360,230 601,305
1992 4,690,065 62,346 2,740,405 2,802,751 1,170,821 1,107,361 6,419,537 [11] 7,526,898 [11] 8,697,719 587,710
1993 4,956,445 65,173 2,796,396 2,861,569 1,171,940 1,124,081 6,575,657 7,699,738 8,871,678 624,308
1994 4,847,701 72,285 2,822,728 2,895,013 1,123,720 1,176,332 6,613,217 7,789,549 8,913,269 685,362
1995 4,850,318 77,664 2,953,413 3,031,077 1,220,168 1,258,063 6,905,817 8,163,880 9,384,048 700,335
1996 5,241,414 82,455 3,075,789 3,158,244 1,249,662 1,288,876 7,146,470 8,435,346 9,685,008 711,446
1997 4,983,772 86,915 3,127,997 3,214,912 1,203,179 1,281,620 7,229,259 8,510,879 9,714,058 751,470
1998 4,520,276 87,220 2,912,271 2,999,491 1,172,680 1,354,986 6,965,421 8,320,407 9,493,087 635,477
1999 4,725,672 84,037 2,960,621 3,044,658 1,078,989 1,401,374 6,677,985 8,079,359 9,158,348 645,319
2000 4,996,179 84,874 3,097,595 3,182,469 1,150,948 1,385,546 6,756,694 8,142,240 9,293,188 642,210
2001 4,771,340 78,655 2,944,057 3,022,712 1,118,552 1,309,636 6,034,583 7,344,219 8,462,771 624,964
2002 4,888,818 73,975 3,070,195 3,144,170 1,113,082 1,240,209 6,266,971 7,507,180 8,620,262 666,920
2003 5,079,351 58,453 3,121,040 3,179,493 1,122,283 1,143,734 6,006,662 7,150,396 8,272,679 591,492
2004 4,868,797 72,072 3,056,900 3,128,972 1,097,904 1,190,844 6,051,993 7,242,837 8,340,741 566,187
2005 4,826,775 67,957 [R] 2,930,963 [R] 2,998,920 1,111,517 1,083,607 5,513,723 6,597,330 7,708,847 584,026
2006 4,368,466 [R] 67,735 [R] 2,764,296 [R] 2,832,030 [R] 1,141,977 [R] 1,114,597 5,397,518 [R] 6,512,115 [R] 7,654,092 [R] 584,213 [R]

2007 4,717,311 [R] 70,074 [R] 2,947,031 [R] 3,017,105 [R] 1,198,648 [R] 1,050,439 [R] 5,574,408 [R] 6,624,846 [R] 7,823,495 [R] 622,893 [R]

2008P 4,865,691 61,246 3,060,577 3,121,823 1,284,625 945,863 5,706,261 6,652,124 7,936,749 628,014
1
Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary 9
Included in "Commercial Other."
business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for electric utilities
only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. Electric utility CHP
plants are included in "Electricity Only."
Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of commercial electricity-only plants.
2 10
Included in "Industrial Non-CHP."
All commercial sector fuel use other than that in "Commercial CHP."
3
For 1989-1992, a small amount of consumption at indep
11

"Other Industrial" and "Electric Power Sector." See Note


section.
Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of industrial electricity-only plants.
4
R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less
All industrial sector fuel use other than that in "Lease and Plant Fuel" and "Industrial CHP."
5
Notes: · Data are for natural gas, plus a small amount o
"Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of section. · See
produce electricity and Tables 8.6a-8.6c for the amount o
See Note 2, "Natural Gas Consumption," at end of sectio
pressure base of 14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60° F. For prior years,
may not equal sum of components due to independent ro
Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors.
6
Web Page: See http://www.eia.doe.gov/oil_gas_/natural_
information.
Natural gas used as fuel in the delivery of natural gas to consumers.
7
Sources: Residential, Commercial Total, Lease and P
and Distribution: · 1949-2003—Energy Information Ad
reports and unpublished revisions. · 2004 forward—EIA
Commercial CHP and Industrial CHP: Table 8.7c. Veh
(November 2001), Table 95. · 1992-1998—EIA, "Alterna
1999), Table 10, and "Alternatives to Traditional Transpor
compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas in gaso
multiplying by the motor gasoline conversion factor (see T
sectors conversion factor (see Table A4). · 1999-2003—
(March 2009), Table 2. Electric Power Sector: Tables 8
Calculated.
Vehicle fuel data do not reflect revised data shown in Table 10.4. See Note 4, "Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel,"
8

at end of section.
Transportation Sector Electric Power Sector 1

Vehicle Electricity
Fuel 8
Total Only CHP Total Total
NA NA 550,121 NA 550,121 4,971,152 #VALUE!
NA 125,546 628,919 NA 628,919 5,766,542 4,713,385
NA 192,496 763,898 NA 763,898 6,810,162 5,468,196
NA 207,207 910,117 NA 910,117 7,294,320 5,922,517
NA 230,314 1,034,272 NA 1,034,272 7,639,270 6,277,939
NA 230,615 1,165,498 NA 1,165,498 8,048,504 6,715,354
NA 245,246 1,153,280 NA 1,153,280 8,693,657 7,317,426
NA 295,972 1,239,311 NA 1,239,311 9,288,865 7,990,356
NA 299,235 1,336,141 NA 1,336,141 9,846,139 8,500,820
NA 312,221 1,372,853 NA 1,372,853 10,302,608 8,844,323
NA 349,348 1,628,509 NA 1,628,509 11,321,181 9,732,888
NA 347,075 1,724,762 NA 1,724,762 11,966,537 10,382,681
NA 377,607 1,825,117 NA 1,825,117 12,489,268 10,822,899
NA 382,496 1,965,974 NA 1,965,974 13,266,513 11,514,505
NA 423,783 2,144,473 NA 2,144,473 13,970,229 12,135,358
NA 435,570 2,322,896 NA 2,322,896 14,813,808 13,007,403
NA 500,524 2,321,101 NA 2,321,101 15,279,716 13,622,968
NA 535,353 2,609,949 NA 2,609,949 16,452,403 14,883,650
NA 575,752 2,746,352 NA 2,746,352 17,388,360 15,671,642
NA 590,965 3,147,909 NA 3,147,909 18,632,062 16,803,966
NA 630,962 3,487,642 NA 3,487,642 20,056,240 18,079,630
NA 722,166 3,931,860 NA 3,931,860 21,139,386 19,018,462
NA 742,592 3,976,018 NA 3,976,018 21,793,454 19,637,212
NA 766,156 3,976,913 NA 3,976,913 22,101,451 19,879,732
NA 728,177 3,660,172 NA 3,660,172 22,049,363 19,825,271
NA 668,792 3,443,428 NA 3,443,428 21,223,133 19,076,955
NA 582,963 3,157,669 NA 3,157,669 19,537,593 17,558,353
NA 548,323 3,080,868 NA 3,080,868 19,946,496 17,763,818
NA 532,669 3,191,200 NA 3,191,200 19,520,581 17,328,767
NA 530,451 3,188,363 NA 3,188,363 19,627,478 17,449,116
NA 600,964 3,490,523 NA 3,490,523 20,240,761 18,141,267
NA 634,622 3,681,595 NA 3,681,595 19,877,293 18,216,233
NA 642,325 3,640,154 NA 3,640,154 19,403,858 17,833,942
NA 596,411 3,225,518 NA 3,225,518 18,001,055 16,295,246
NA 490,042 2,910,767 NA 2,910,767 16,834,912 15,366,621
NA 528,754 3,111,342 NA 3,111,342 17,950,527 16,344,892
NA 503,766 3,044,083 NA 3,044,083 17,280,943 15,811,130
NA 485,041 2,602,370 NA 2,602,370 16,221,296 14,813,731
NA 519,170 2,844,051 NA 2,844,051 17,210,809 15,542,256
NA 613,912 2,635,613 NA 2,635,613 18,029,585 16,319,790
NA 629,308 2,790,567 [11] 314,616 [11] 3,105,183 [11] 19,118,997 [11] 17,419,787
270 660,086 2,794,110 [11] 450,509 [11] 3,244,619 [11] 19,173,556 [11] 17,277,348
367 601,672 2,822,159 [11] 493,766 [11] 3,315,925 [11] 19,562,067 [11] 17,831,494
2,112 589,822 2,828,996 [11] 618,875 [11] 3,447,871 [11] 20,228,228 [11] 18,469,697
2,860 627,168 2,755,093 717,890 3,472,982 20,789,842 18,993,594
3,207 688,569 3,064,561 837,985 3,902,546 21,247,098 19,438,016
4,585 704,920 3,287,571 948,954 4,236,526 22,206,889 20,286,386
6,067 717,513 2,823,724 983,177 3,806,901 22,609,080 20,647,972
8,328 759,798 3,039,227 1,025,575 4,064,803 22,737,343 20,782,694
9,341 644,818 3,543,931 1,044,352 4,588,284 22,245,956 20,437,799
11,622 656,941 3,729,175 1,090,356 4,819,531 22,405,150 20,680,842
12,752 654,962 4,092,729 1,113,595 5,206,324 23,333,122 21,539,964
14,536 639,500 4,163,930 1,178,371 5,342,301 22,238,624 20,495,108
14,950 681,870 4,258,467 1,413,431 5,671,897 23,007,017 21,227,015
18,271 609,763 3,780,314 1,354,901 5,135,215 22,276,501 20,562,726
20,514 586,701 4,141,535 1,322,228 5,463,763 22,388,974 20,724,883
22,884 606,910 4,592,271 1,276,874 5,869,145 22,010,597 20,315,054
23,739 [R] 607,952 [R] 5,091,049 1,131,051 6,222,100 21,684,641 [R] 19,958,451
25,016 [R] 647,909 [R] 5,611,600 [R] 1,229,808 [R] 6,841,408 [R] 23,047,229 [R] 21,225,688
30,094 658,108 5,537,849 1,123,097 6,660,947 23,243,317 21,330,678
mmercial Other."

ustrial Non-CHP."
a small amount of consumption at independent power producers may be counted in both
" and "Electric Power Sector." See Note 3, "Natural Gas Consumption, 1989-1992," at end of

Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 billion cubic feet.


re for natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1,
Gaseous Fuels," at end of section. · See Tables 8.5a-8.5d for the amount of natural gas used to
ty and Tables 8.6a-8.6c for the amount of natural gas used to produce useful thermal output. ·
tural Gas Consumption," at end of section. · Beginning with 1965, all volumes are shown on a
14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60° F. For prior years, the pressure base was 14.65 p.s.i.a. at 60° F. · Totals
um of components due to independent rounding.
http://www.eia.doe.gov/oil_gas_/natural_gas/info_glance/natural_gas.html for related

ential, Commercial Total, Lease and Plant Fuel, Other Industrial Total, and Pipelines
n: · 1949-2003—Energy Information Administration (EIA), Natural Gas Annual (NGA), annual
ublished revisions. · 2004 forward—EIA, Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) (March 2009), Table 2.
HP and Industrial CHP: Table 8.7c. Vehicle Fuel: · 1990 and 1991—EIA, NGA 2000
), Table 95. · 1992-1998—EIA, "Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels 1999" (October
and "Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels 2003" (February 2004), Table 10. Data for
ural gas and liquefied natural gas in gasoline-equivalent gallons were converted to cubic feet by
e motor gasoline conversion factor (see Table A3) and dividing by the natural gas end-use
on factor (see Table A4). · 1999-2003—EIA, NGA, annual reports. · 2004 forward—EIA, NGM
able 2. Electric Power Sector: Tables 8.5b, 8.5c, 8.6b, and 8.7b. All Other Data:
Table 6.5 Natural Gas Consumption by Sector, 1949-2010
(Million Cubic Feet)

Commercial Sector Industrial Sector Transportation Sector

Residential Pipelines 6
Sector Lease and Other Industrial and Dis-
Year CHP 2 Other 3 Total Plant Fuel CHP 4 Non-CHP 5 Total Total tribution 7

1949 992,544 [9] 347,818 347,818 835,297 [10] 2,245,372 2,245,372 3,080,669 NA

1950 1,198,369 [9] 387,838 387,838 927,611 [10] 2,498,259 2,498,259 3,425,870 125,546

1951 1,474,725 [9] 464,309 464,309 1,149,470 [10] 2,765,264 2,765,264 3,914,734 192,496

1952 1,621,966 [9] 515,669 515,669 1,164,596 [10] 2,874,765 2,874,765 4,039,361 207,207

1953 1,685,503 [9] 530,650 530,650 1,131,017 [10] 3,027,514 3,027,514 4,158,531 230,314

1954 1,894,248 [9] 584,957 584,957 1,102,535 [10] 3,070,651 3,070,651 4,173,186 230,615

1955 2,123,952 [9] 629,219 629,219 1,130,985 [10] 3,410,975 3,410,975 4,541,960 245,246

1956 2,327,564 [9] 716,871 716,871 1,002,537 [10] 3,706,610 3,706,610 4,709,147 295,972

1957 2,500,269 [9] 775,916 775,916 1,046,084 [10] 3,888,494 3,888,494 4,934,578 299,235

1958 2,714,251 [9] 871,774 871,774 1,146,064 [10] 3,885,445 3,885,445 5,031,509 312,221

1959 2,912,601 [9] 975,107 975,107 1,238,945 [10] 4,216,671 4,216,671 5,455,616 349,348

1960 3,103,167 [9] 1,020,222 1,020,222 1,236,781 [10] 4,534,530 4,534,530 5,771,311 347,075

1961 3,248,578 [9] 1,076,849 1,076,849 1,288,762 [10] 4,672,355 4,672,355 5,961,117 377,607

1962 3,478,563 [9] 1,206,668 1,206,668 1,369,512 [10] 4,863,300 4,863,300 6,232,812 382,496

1963 3,589,021 [9] 1,267,783 1,267,783 1,411,088 [10] 5,134,081 5,134,081 6,545,169 423,783

1964 3,787,292 [9] 1,374,717 1,374,717 1,370,835 [10] 5,522,498 5,522,498 6,893,333 435,570

1965 3,902,802 [9] 1,443,648 1,443,648 1,156,224 [10] 5,955,417 5,955,417 7,111,641 500,524

1966 4,138,259 [9] 1,622,740 1,622,740 1,033,400 [10] 6,512,702 6,512,702 7,546,102 535,353

1967 4,313,304 [9] 1,958,970 1,958,970 1,140,966 [10] 6,653,016 6,653,016 7,793,982 575,752

1968 4,450,354 [9] 2,075,736 2,075,736 1,237,131 [10] 7,129,967 7,129,967 8,367,098 590,965

1969 4,728,281 [9] 2,253,206 2,253,206 1,345,648 [10] 7,610,501 7,610,501 8,956,149 630,962

1970 4,837,432 [9] 2,398,510 2,398,510 1,398,758 [10] 7,850,660 7,850,660 9,249,418 722,166

1971 4,971,690 [9] 2,508,977 2,508,977 1,413,650 [10] 8,180,527 8,180,527 9,594,177 742,592

1972 5,125,982 [9] 2,607,982 2,607,982 1,455,563 [10] 8,168,855 8,168,855 9,624,418 766,156

1973 4,879,387 [9] 2,597,037 2,597,037 1,495,915 [10] 8,688,675 8,688,675 ### 728,177

1974 4,786,128 [9] 2,555,617 2,555,617 1,477,386 [10] 8,291,782 8,291,782 9,769,168 668,792

1975 4,924,124 [9] 2,508,293 2,508,293 1,396,277 [10] 6,968,267 6,968,267 8,364,544 582,963

1976 5,051,360 [9] 2,667,740 2,667,740 1,634,355 [10] 6,963,850 6,963,850 8,598,205 548,323

1977 4,821,485 [9] 2,500,793 2,500,793 1,659,145 [10] 6,815,289 6,815,289 8,474,434 532,669

1978 4,903,006 [9] 2,601,106 2,601,106 1,647,911 [10] 6,756,641 6,756,641 8,404,552 530,451

1979 4,965,365 [9] 2,785,961 2,785,961 1,498,530 [10] 6,899,418 6,899,418 8,397,948 600,964

1980 4,752,082 [9] 2,610,895 2,610,895 1,026,438 [10] 7,171,661 7,171,661 8,198,099 634,622

1981 4,546,450 [9] 2,519,791 2,519,791 927,591 [10] 7,127,547 7,127,547 8,055,138 642,325

1982 4,633,035 [9] 2,605,523 2,605,523 1,109,398 [10] 5,831,170 5,831,170 6,940,568 596,411

1983 4,380,599 [9] 2,432,547 2,432,547 978,249 [10] 5,642,708 5,642,708 6,620,957 490,042

1984 4,555,465 [9] 2,524,244 2,524,244 1,076,881 [10] 6,153,841 6,153,841 7,230,722 528,754

1985 4,433,377 [9] 2,432,382 2,432,382 966,047 [10] 5,901,288 5,901,288 6,867,335 503,766

1986 4,313,969 [9] 2,318,335 2,318,335 922,524 [10] 5,579,057 5,579,057 6,501,581 485,041
1987 4,314,833 [9] 2,430,064 2,430,064 1,149,383 [10] 5,953,308 5,953,308 7,102,691 519,170

1988 4,630,330 [9] 2,670,465 2,670,465 1,095,883 [10] 6,383,382 6,383,382 7,479,265 613,912

1989 4,780,638 30,037 2,687,685 2,717,722 1,069,902 913,516 5,902,728 [11] 6,816,244 [11] 7,886,146 629,308

1990 4,391,324 46,458 2,576,263 2,622,721 1,236,392 1,055,235 5,963,179 [11] 7,018,414 [11] 8,254,806 659,816

1991 4,555,659 52,101 2,676,480 2,728,581 1,129,268 1,060,716 6,170,246 [11] 7,230,962 [11] 8,360,230 601,305

1992 4,690,065 62,346 2,740,405 2,802,751 1,170,821 1,107,361 6,419,537 [11] 7,526,898 [11] 8,697,719 587,710

1993 4,956,445 65,173 2,796,396 2,861,569 1,171,940 1,124,081 6,575,657 7,699,738 8,871,678 624,308

1994 4,847,701 72,285 2,822,728 2,895,013 1,123,720 1,176,332 6,613,217 7,789,549 8,913,269 685,362

1995 4,850,318 77,664 2,953,413 3,031,077 1,220,168 1,258,063 6,905,817 8,163,880 9,384,048 700,335

1996 5,241,414 82,455 3,075,789 3,158,244 1,249,662 1,288,876 7,146,470 8,435,346 9,685,008 711,446

1997 4,983,772 86,915 3,127,997 3,214,912 1,203,179 1,281,620 7,229,259 8,510,879 9,714,058 751,470

1998 4,520,276 87,220 2,912,271 2,999,491 1,172,680 1,354,986 6,965,421 8,320,407 9,493,087 635,477

1999 4,725,672 84,037 2,960,621 3,044,658 1,078,989 1,401,374 6,677,985 8,079,359 9,158,348 645,319

2000 4,996,179 84,874 3,097,595 3,182,469 1,150,948 1,385,546 6,756,694 8,142,240 9,293,188 642,210

2001 4,771,340 78,655 2,944,057 3,022,712 1,118,552 1,309,636 6,034,583 7,344,219 8,462,771 624,964

2002 4,888,818 73,975 3,070,195 3,144,170 1,113,082 1,240,209 6,266,971 7,507,180 8,620,262 666,920

2003 5,079,351 58,453 3,121,040 3,179,493 1,122,283 1,143,734 6,006,662 7,150,396 8,272,679 591,492

2004 4,868,797 72,072 3,056,900 3,128,972 1,097,904 1,190,844 6,051,993 7,242,837 8,340,741 566,187

2005 4,826,775 67,957 2,930,963 2,998,920 1,111,517 1,083,607 5,513,723 6,597,330 7,708,847 584,026

2006 4,368,466 67,735 2,764,296 2,832,030 1,141,977 1,114,597 5,397,518 6,512,115 7,654,092 584,213

2007 4,722,358 70,074 2,942,830 3,012,904 1,226,386 1,050,439 5,597,624 6,648,063 7,874,449 621,364

2008 4,892,277 [R] 66,216 3,086,314 [R] 3,152,529 [R] 1,219,703 [R] 954,785 5,706,445 [R] 6,661,230 [R] 7,880,934 [R] 647,956 [R]

2009 4,778,478 [R] 75,555 [R] 3,043,279 [R] 3,118,833 [R] 1,275,238 [R] 989,769 [R] 5,177,424 [R] 6,167,193 [R] 7,442,431 [R] 598,216 [R]

2010 P
4,952,231 75,379 3,130,587 3,205,966 1,332,184 1,007,263 5,592,759 6,600,022 7,932,205 632,107
1
Electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22 category whose primary 9
Included in "Commercial Other."
business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. Through 1988, data are for electric utilities
only; beginning in 1989, data are for electric utilities and independent power producers. Electric utility CHP
plants are included in "Electricity Only."
Commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of commercial electricity-only plants.
2 10
Included in "Industrial Non-CHP."
All commercial sector fuel use other than that in "Commercial CHP."
3 11
For 1989-1992, a small amount of consumption at indep
"Other Industrial" and "Electric Power Sector." See Note
section.
Industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and a small number of industrial electricity-only plants.
4
R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less
All industrial sector fuel use other than that in "Lease and Plant Fuel" and "Industrial CHP."
5
Notes: · Data are for natural gas, plus a small amount o
"Supplemental Gaseous Fuels," at end of section. · See
produce electricity and Tables 8.6a-8.6c for the amount o
See Note 2, "Natural Gas Consumption," at end of sectio
pressure base of 14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60° F. For prior years,
may not equal sum of components due to independent ro
Natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines, primarily in compressors.
6
Web Page: For related information, see
Natural gas used as fuel in the delivery of natural gas to consumers.
7
Sources: Residential, Commercial Total, Lease and P
and Distribution: · 1949-2005—U.S. Energy Informatio
annual reports and unpublished revisions. · 2006 forwa
Table 2. Commercial CHP and Industrial CHP: Table 8
2000 (November 2001), Table 95. · 1992-1998—EIA, "A
(October 1999), Table 10, and "Alternatives to Traditional
Data for compressed natural gas and liquefied natural ga
cubic feet by multiplying by the motor gasoline conversio
end-use sectors conversion factor (see Table A4).
· 1999-2005—EIA, NGA, annual reports. · 2006 forwar
Sector: Tables 8.5b, 8.5c, 8.6b, and 8.7b. All Other Da
Vehicle fuel data do not reflect revised data shown in Table 10.5. See Note 4, "Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel,"
8

at end of section.
Transportation Sector Electric Power Sector 1

Vehicle Electricity
Fuel 8 Total Only CHP Total Total

NA NA 550,121 NA 550,121 4,971,152 #VALUE!


NA 125,546 628,919 NA 628,919 5,766,542 4,713,385
NA 192,496 763,898 NA 763,898 6,810,162 5,468,196
NA 207,207 910,117 NA 910,117 7,294,320 5,922,517
NA 230,314 1,034,272 NA 1,034,272 7,639,270 6,277,939
NA 230,615 1,165,498 NA 1,165,498 8,048,504 6,715,354
NA 245,246 1,153,280 NA 1,153,280 8,693,657 7,317,426
NA 295,972 1,239,311 NA 1,239,311 9,288,865 7,990,356
NA 299,235 1,336,141 NA 1,336,141 9,846,139 8,500,820
NA 312,221 1,372,853 NA 1,372,853 10,302,608 8,844,323
NA 349,348 1,628,509 NA 1,628,509 11,321,181 9,732,888
NA 347,075 1,724,762 NA 1,724,762 11,966,537 10,382,681
NA 377,607 1,825,117 NA 1,825,117 12,489,268 10,822,899
NA 382,496 1,965,974 NA 1,965,974 13,266,513 11,514,505
NA 423,783 2,144,473 NA 2,144,473 13,970,229 12,135,358
NA 435,570 2,322,896 NA 2,322,896 14,813,808 13,007,403
NA 500,524 2,321,101 NA 2,321,101 15,279,716 13,622,968
NA 535,353 2,609,949 NA 2,609,949 16,452,403 14,883,650
NA 575,752 2,746,352 NA 2,746,352 17,388,360 15,671,642
NA 590,965 3,147,909 NA 3,147,909 18,632,062 16,803,966
NA 630,962 3,487,642 NA 3,487,642 20,056,240 18,079,630
NA 722,166 3,931,860 NA 3,931,860 21,139,386 19,018,462
NA 742,592 3,976,018 NA 3,976,018 21,793,454 19,637,212
NA 766,156 3,976,913 NA 3,976,913 22,101,451 19,879,732
NA 728,177 3,660,172 NA 3,660,172 22,049,363 19,825,271
NA 668,792 3,443,428 NA 3,443,428 21,223,133 19,076,955
NA 582,963 3,157,669 NA 3,157,669 19,537,593 17,558,353
NA 548,323 3,080,868 NA 3,080,868 19,946,496 17,763,818
NA 532,669 3,191,200 NA 3,191,200 19,520,581 17,328,767
NA 530,451 3,188,363 NA 3,188,363 19,627,478 17,449,116
NA 600,964 3,490,523 NA 3,490,523 20,240,761 18,141,267
NA 634,622 3,681,595 NA 3,681,595 19,877,293 18,216,233
NA 642,325 3,640,154 NA 3,640,154 19,403,858 17,833,942
NA 596,411 3,225,518 NA 3,225,518 18,001,055 16,295,246
NA 490,042 2,910,767 NA 2,910,767 16,834,912 15,366,621
NA 528,754 3,111,342 NA 3,111,342 17,950,527 16,344,892
NA 503,766 3,044,083 NA 3,044,083 17,280,943 15,811,130
NA 485,041 2,602,370 NA 2,602,370 16,221,296 14,813,731
NA 519,170 2,844,051 NA 2,844,051 17,210,809 15,542,256
NA 613,912 2,635,613 NA 2,635,613 18,029,585 16,319,790
NA 629,308 2,790,567 [11] 314,616 [11] 3,105,183 [11] 19,118,997 [11] 17,419,787
270 660,086 2,794,110 [11] 450,509 [11] 3,244,619 [11] 19,173,556 [11] 17,277,348
367 601,672 2,822,159 [11] 493,766 [11] 3,315,925 [11] 19,562,067 [11] 17,831,494
2,112 589,822 2,828,996 [11] 618,875 [11] 3,447,871 [11] 20,228,228 [11] 18,469,697
2,860 627,168 2,755,093 717,890 3,472,982 20,789,842 18,993,594
3,207 688,569 3,064,561 837,985 3,902,546 21,247,098 19,438,016
4,585 704,920 3,287,571 948,954 4,236,526 22,206,889 20,286,386
6,067 717,513 2,823,724 983,177 3,806,901 22,609,080 20,647,972
8,328 759,798 3,039,227 1,025,575 4,064,803 22,737,343 20,782,694
9,341 644,818 3,543,931 1,044,352 4,588,284 22,245,956 20,437,799
11,622 656,941 3,729,175 1,090,356 4,819,531 22,405,150 20,680,842
12,752 654,962 4,092,729 1,113,595 5,206,324 23,333,122 21,539,964
14,536 639,500 4,163,930 1,178,371 5,342,301 22,238,624 20,495,108
14,950 681,870 4,258,467 1,413,431 5,671,897 23,007,017 21,227,015
18,271 609,763 3,780,314 1,354,901 5,135,215 22,276,501 20,562,726
20,514 586,701 4,141,535 1,322,228 5,463,763 22,388,974 20,724,883
22,884 606,910 4,592,271 1,276,874 5,869,145 22,010,597 20,315,054
23,739 607,952 5,091,049 1,131,051 6,222,100 21,684,641 19,958,451
24,655 646,020 5,611,600 1,229,808 6,841,408 23,097,140 21,249,390
25,982 [R] 673,938 [R] 5,520,491 1,147,887 6,668,379 23,268,056 [R] 21,400,397
29,150 [R] 627,366 [R] 5,750,589 [R] 1,121,944 [R] 6,872,533 [R] 22,839,642 [R] 20,966,188
32,850 664,957 6,211,588 1,166,115 7,377,703 24,133,062 22,168,771
mmercial Other."

ustrial Non-CHP."
a small amount of consumption at independent power producers may be counted in both
" and "Electric Power Sector." See Note 3, "Natural Gas Consumption, 1989-1992," at end of

Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 billion cubic feet.


re for natural gas, plus a small amount of supplemental gaseous fuels. See Note 1,
Gaseous Fuels," at end of section. · See Tables 8.5a-8.5d for the amount of natural gas used to
ty and Tables 8.6a-8.6c for the amount of natural gas used to produce useful thermal output. ·
tural Gas Consumption," at end of section. · Beginning with 1965, all volumes are shown on a
14.73 p.s.i.a. at 60° F. For prior years, the pressure base was 14.65 p.s.i.a. at 60° F. · Totals
um of components due to independent rounding.

For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/.


ential, Commercial Total, Lease and Plant Fuel, Other Industrial Total, and Pipelines
n: · 1949-2005—U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Natural Gas Annual (NGA),
nd unpublished revisions. · 2006 forward—EIA, Natural Gas Monthly (NGM) (March 2011),
ercial CHP and Industrial CHP: Table 8.7c. Vehicle Fuel: · 1990 and 1991—EIA, NGA
r 2001), Table 95. · 1992-1998—EIA, "Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels 1999"
Table 10, and "Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels 2003" (February 2004), Table 10.
ssed natural gas and liquefied natural gas in gasoline-equivalent gallons were converted to
ltiplying by the motor gasoline conversion factor (see Table A3) and dividing by the natural gas
conversion factor (see Table A4).
EIA, NGA, annual reports. · 2006 forward—EIA, NGM (March 2011), Table 2. Electric Power
8.5b, 8.5c, 8.6b, and 8.7b. All Other Data: Calculated.
Table 2.1e Transportation Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1949-2010
(Billion Btu)

Primary Consumption 1

Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy 2 Total

Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4,5 Total Biomass 6 Primary

1949 1,727,246 NA 6,152,263 [R] 7,879,509 [R] NA 7,879,509

1950 1,563,933 129,940 6,689,534 [R] 8,383,407 [R] NA 8,383,407

1951 1,378,693 199,233 7,355,557 [R] 8,933,484 [R] NA 8,933,484

1952 984,040 214,459 7,708,392 [R] 8,906,891 [R] NA 8,906,891

1953 732,992 238,375 8,058,689 [R] 9,030,055 [R] NA 9,030,055

1954 461,404 238,687 8,122,461 [R] 8,822,551 [R] NA 8,822,551

1955 421,262 253,830 8,799,335 [R] 9,474,426 [R] NA 9,474,426

1956 339,821 306,331 9,144,169 [R] 9,790,320 [R] NA 9,790,320

1957 241,264 309,708 9,285,722 [R] 9,836,694 [R] NA 9,836,694

1958 115,156 323,149 9,513,700 [R] 9,952,005 [R] NA 9,952,005

1959 87,830 361,575 9,848,209 [R] 10,297,614 [R] NA 10,297,614

1960 74,959 359,223 10,125,414 [R] 10,559,596 [R] NA 10,559,596

1961 18,927 390,823 10,323,982 [R] 10,733,732 [R] NA 10,733,732

1962 16,874 395,883 10,772,132 [R] 11,184,889 [R] NA 11,184,889

1963 16,421 436,920 11,166,687 [R] 11,620,029 [R] NA 11,620,029

1964 17,403 449,508 11,496,327 [R] 11,963,238 [R] NA 11,963,238

1965 15,972 516,541 11,866,194 [R] 12,398,707 [R] NA 12,398,707

1966 14,754 553,020 12,499,749 [R] 13,067,522 [R] NA 13,067,522

1967 11,227 594,176 13,112,791 [R] 13,718,194 [R] NA 13,718,194

1968 10,014 609,285 14,211,926 [R] 14,831,225 [R] NA 14,831,225

1969 7,426 650,522 14,813,302 [R] 15,471,249 [R] NA 15,471,249

1970 6,849 744,553 15,310,488 [R] 16,061,890 [R] NA 16,061,890

1971 4,693 765,612 15,924,030 [R] 16,694,335 [R] NA 16,694,335

1972 3,676 786,842 16,891,617 [R] 17,682,135 [R] NA 17,682,135

1973 2,620 742,741 17,831,864 [R] 18,577,224 [R] NA 18,577,224

1974 1,794 684,843 17,400,538 [R] 18,087,175 [R] NA 18,087,175

1975 538 594,622 17,615,332 [R] 18,210,492 [R] NA 18,210,492

1976 270 558,741 18,507,664 [R] 19,066,676 [R] NA 19,066,676

1977 201 542,790 19,243,224 [R] 19,786,215 [R] NA 19,786,215

1978 [9] 538,938 20,043,823 [R] 20,582,761 [R] NA 20,582,761

1979 [9] 611,781 19,825,471 [R] 20,437,252 [R] NA 20,437,252

1980 [9] 649,853 19,009,245 [R] 19,659,098 [R] NA 19,659,098

1981 [9] 658,383 18,812,664 [R] 19,471,047 [R] 6,723 [R] 19,477,771

1982 [9] 611,918 18,421,966 [R] 19,033,884 [R] 18,285 [R] 19,052,169

1983 [9] 505,233 18,595,150 [R] 19,100,384 [R] 33,720 [R] 19,134,104
1984 [9] 544,617 19,022,704 [R] 19,567,321 [R] 41,265 [R] 19,608,586

1985 [9] 519,383 19,472,345 [R] 19,991,728 [R] 49,738 [R] 20,041,466

1986 [9] 499,107 20,183,380 [R] 20,682,487 [R] 57,437 [R] 20,739,924

1987 [9] 535,264 20,817,438 [R] 21,352,702 [R] 66,071 [R] 21,418,773

1988 [9] 631,715 21,567,762 [R] 22,199,477 [R] 67,125 [R] 22,266,602

1989 [9] 648,817 21,707,208 [R] 22,356,024 [R] 68,091 [R] 22,424,115

1990 [9] 679,889 21,625,901 [R] 22,305,790 [R] 60,421 [R] 22,366,211

1991 [9] 620,324 21,374,408 [R] 21,994,732 [R] 70,095 [R] 22,064,827

1992 [9] 608,106 21,674,902 [R] 22,283,009 [R] 79,746 [R] 22,362,755

1993 [9] 644,729 21,976,713 [R] 22,621,441 [R] 93,660 [R] 22,715,102

1994 [9] 708,538 22,497,345 [R] 23,205,882 [R] 104,840 [R] 23,310,722

1995 [9] 723,953 22,954,616 [R] 23,678,569 [R] 112,490 [R] 23,791,058

1996 [9] 736,886 23,565,068 [R] 24,301,954 [R] 80,661 [R] 24,382,614

1997 [9] 780,313 23,812,891 [R] 24,593,204 [R] 101,966 [R] 24,695,170

1998 [9] 666,097 24,422,167 [R] 25,088,264 [R] 112,843 [R] 25,201,107

1999 [9] 675,335 25,098,194 [R] 25,773,529 [R] 117,795 [R] 25,891,325

2000 [9] 671,991 25,681,648 [R] 26,353,639 [R] 134,887 [R] 26,488,526

2001 [9] 658,046 25,412,351 [R] 26,070,397 [R] 142,125 [R] 26,212,522

2002 [9] 701,644 25,912,704 [R] 26,614,348 [R] 169,650 [R] 26,783,999

2003 [9] 627,446 26,062,607 [R] 26,690,053 [R] 229,813 [R] 26,919,866

2004 [9] 601,955 26,924,961 [R] 27,526,916 [R] 289,720 [R] 27,816,636

2005 [9] 623,903 27,308,807 [R] 27,932,710 [R] 339,015 [R] 28,271,726

2006 [9] 624,975 27,650,867 [R] 28,275,842 [R] 474,951 [R] 28,750,793

2007 [9] 665,401 27,763,173 [R] 28,428,573 [R] 602,490 [R] 29,031,063

2008 [9] 692,134 [R] 26,407,101 [R] 27,099,235 [R] 826,138 [R] 27,925,373

2009 [9] 643,051 [R] 25,338,745 [R] 25,981,796 [R] 934,253 [R] 26,916,048

2010P [9] 681,581 25,645,620 26,327,201 1,097,993 27,425,194


1
See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilit
7

energy service providers.

Data are estimates. See Table 10.2b for notes on series components.
2
Total losses are calculated as the primary energy consumed by the e
8

energy content of electricity retail sales. Total losses are allocated to

each sector's share of total electricity retail sales. See Note, "Electri

section.

Natural gas only; does not include supplemental gaseous fuels —see Note 1, "Supplemental Gaseous
3
Beginning in 1978, the small amounts of coal consumed for transpor
9

Fuels," at end of Section 6. Data are for natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines (primarily in sector consumption.

compressors) and small amounts consumed as vehicle fuel —see Table 6.5.

Based on petroleum product supplied. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of
4
R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 tri

petroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end

of Section 5.

Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum —biofuels are included in "Biomass."
5
Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent

Fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel.


6
Sources: Tables 2.1f, 5.14c, 6.5, 7.3, 8.9, 10.2b, A4, A5, and A6.
Electrical

Electricity System

Retail Energy

Total Sales 7 Losses 8

Primary Total

[R] 22,114 88,392 7,990,015 [R]

[R] 23,178 85,888 8,492,473 [R]

[R] 24,093 84,316 9,041,892 [R]

[R] 21,823 74,038 9,002,752 [R]

[R] 21,932 71,034 9,123,022 [R]

[R] 20,048 60,017 8,902,617 [R]

[R] 19,877 55,901 9,550,205 [R]

[R] 18,537 50,506 9,859,364 [R]

[R] 16,187 43,388 9,896,269 [R]

[R] 14,517 37,579 10,004,101 [R]

[R] 14,418 36,498 10,348,530 [R]

[R] 10,460 25,887 [R] 10,595,943 [R]

[R] 10,316 25,078 [R] 10,769,126 [R]

[R] 10,167 24,426 [R] 11,219,481 [R]

[R] 9,955 23,772 [R] 11,653,755 [R]

[R] 10,011 23,758 [R] 11,997,007 [R]

[R] 9,974 23,776 [R] 12,432,456 [R]

[R] 9,642 23,070 [R] 13,100,235 [R]

[R] 10,010 23,872 [R] 13,752,076 [R]

[R] 10,215 24,335 [R] 14,865,775 [R]

[R] 10,420 24,836 [R] 15,506,506 [R]

[R] 10,627 25,731 [R] 16,098,249 [R]

[R] 10,462 25,256 [R] 16,730,053 [R]

[R] 10,371 24,785 [R] 17,717,291 [R]

[R] 10,532 25,024 [R] 18,612,780 [R]

[R] 9,721 23,524 [R] 18,120,419 [R]

[R] 10,149 24,362 [R] 18,245,003 [R]

[R] 10,059 24,063 [R] 19,100,798 [R]

[R] 10,429 24,947 [R] 19,821,590 [R]

[R] 10,027 24,275 [R] 20,617,064 [R]

[R] 10,117 24,162 [R] 20,471,532 [R]

[R] 11,069 26,523 [R] 19,696,690 [R]

[R] 10,871 25,372 [R] 19,514,013 [R]

[R] 11,002 26,057 [R] 19,089,228 [R]

[R] 12,675 29,835 [R] 19,176,615 [R]


[R] 14,293 32,687 [R] 19,655,566 [R]

[R] 14,148 32,299 [R] 20,087,913 [R]

[R] 15,057 33,803 [R] 20,788,785 [R]

[R] 15,567 34,540 [R] 21,468,880 [R]

[R] 15,930 35,189 [R] 22,317,722 [R]

[R] 16,276 37,555 [R] 22,477,945 [R]

[R] 16,211 37,203 [R] 22,419,624 [R]

[R] 16,236 36,924 [R] 22,117,987 [R]

[R] 16,056 36,262 [R] 22,415,073 [R]

[R] 16,278 36,820 [R] 22,768,200 [R]

[R] 17,040 38,098 [R] 23,365,861 [R]

[R] 16,973 38,296 [R] 23,846,327 [R]

[R] 16,797 37,946 [R] 24,437,357 [R]

[R] 16,744 37,681 [R] 24,749,594 [R]

[R] 16,929 38,133 [R] 25,256,169 [R]

[R] 17,491 39,738 [R] 25,948,553 [R]

[R] 18,363 41,507 [R] 26,548,396 [R]

[R] 19,531 43,228 [R] 26,275,281 [R]

[R] 18,825 41,699 [R] 26,844,522 [R]

[R] 23,235 50,953 [R] 26,994,054 [R]

[R] 24,647 54,184 [R] 27,895,467 [R]

[R] 25,612 55,661 [R] 28,352,998 [R]

[R] 25,104 53,943 [R] 28,829,840 [R]

[R] 27,885 59,770 [R] 29,118,718 [R]

[R] 26,271 56,189 [R] 28,007,833 [R]

[R] 26,547 [R] 55,819 [R] 26,998,415 [R]

26,408 55,280 27,506,882 1.0188332


customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other

e primary energy consumed by the electric power sector minus the

l sales. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to

ricity retail sales. See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end of

mounts of coal consumed for transportation are reported as industrial

=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

of components due to independent rounding.

, 7.3, 8.9, 10.2b, A4, A5, and A6.


Table 2.1e Transportation Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, 1949-2011
(Billion Btu)

Primary Consumption 1

Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy 2


Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum 4,5 Total Biomass 6
1949 1,727,246 NA 6,152,263 7,879,509 NA
1950 1,563,933 129,940 6,689,534 8,383,407 NA
1951 1,378,693 199,233 7,355,557 8,933,484 NA
1952 984,040 214,459 7,708,392 8,906,891 NA
1953 732,992 238,375 8,058,689 9,030,055 NA
1954 461,404 238,687 8,122,461 8,822,551 NA
1955 421,262 253,830 8,799,335 9,474,426 NA
1956 339,821 306,331 9,144,169 9,790,320 NA
1957 241,264 309,708 9,285,722 9,836,694 NA
1958 115,156 323,149 9,513,700 9,952,005 NA
1959 87,830 361,575 9,848,209 10,297,614 NA
1960 74,959 359,223 10,125,414 10,559,596 NA
1961 18,927 390,823 10,323,982 10,733,732 NA
1962 16,874 395,883 10,772,132 11,184,889 NA
1963 16,421 436,920 11,166,687 11,620,029 NA
1964 17,403 449,508 11,496,327 11,963,238 NA
1965 15,972 516,541 11,866,194 12,398,707 NA
1966 14,754 553,020 12,499,749 13,067,522 NA
1967 11,227 594,176 13,112,791 13,718,194 NA
1968 10,014 609,285 14,211,926 14,831,225 NA
1969 7,426 650,522 14,813,302 15,471,249 NA
1970 6,849 744,553 15,310,488 16,061,890 NA
1971 4,693 765,612 15,924,030 16,694,335 NA
1972 3,676 786,842 16,891,617 17,682,135 NA
1973 2,620 742,741 17,831,864 18,577,224 NA
1974 1,794 684,843 17,400,538 18,087,175 NA
1975 538 594,622 17,615,332 18,210,492 NA
1976 270 558,741 18,507,664 19,066,676 NA
1977 201 542,790 19,243,224 19,786,215 NA
1978 [9] 538,938 20,043,823 20,582,761 NA
1979 [9] 611,781 19,825,471 20,437,252 NA
1980 [9] 649,853 19,009,245 19,659,098 NA
1981 [9] 658,383 18,812,664 19,471,047 6,723
1982 [9] 611,918 18,421,966 19,033,884 18,285
1983 [9] 505,233 18,595,150 19,100,384 33,720
1984 [9] 544,617 19,022,704 19,567,321 41,265
1985 [9] 519,383 19,472,345 19,991,728 49,738
1986 [9] 499,107 20,183,380 20,682,487 57,437
1987 [9] 535,264 20,817,438 21,352,702 66,071
1988 [9] 631,715 21,567,762 22,199,477 67,125
1989 [9] 648,817 21,707,208 22,356,024 68,091
1990 [9] 679,889 21,625,901 22,305,790 60,421
1991 [9] 620,324 21,374,408 21,994,732 70,095
1992 [9] 608,106 21,674,902 22,283,009 79,746
1993 [9] 644,729 21,976,713 22,621,441 93,660
1994 [9] 708,538 22,497,345 23,205,882 104,840
1995 [9] 723,953 22,954,616 23,678,569 112,490
1996 [9] 736,886 23,565,068 24,301,954 80,661
1997 [9] 780,313 23,812,891 24,593,204 101,966
1998 [9] 666,097 24,422,167 25,088,264 112,843
1999 [9] 675,335 25,098,194 25,773,529 117,795
2000 [9] 671,991 25,681,648 26,353,639 134,887
2001 [9] 658,046 25,412,351 26,070,397 142,125
2002 [9] 698,916 [R] 25,912,704 26,611,620 [R] 169,650
2003 [9] 627,446 26,062,607 26,690,053 229,813
2004 [9] 601,955 26,924,961 27,526,916 289,720
2005 [9] 623,903 27,308,807 27,932,710 339,015
2006 [9] 624,975 27,650,867 28,275,842 474,951
2007 [9] 663,462 [R] 27,763,173 28,426,635 [R] 602,490
2008 [9] 692,134 26,407,101 27,099,235 826,138
2009 [9] 714,872 [R] 25,338,745 26,053,617 [R] 935,396 [R]

2010 [9] 715,605 [R] 25,594,727 [R] 26,310,332 [R] 1,073,917 [R]

2011P [9] 734,923 25,109,805 25,844,729 1,154,109


1
See "Primary Energy Consumption" in Glossary. 8
Total losses are calculated as the primary energy consumed by the
energy content of electricity retail sales. Total losses are allocated t
each sector's share of total electricity retail sales. See Note, "Electr
section.
Data are estimates. See Table 10.2b for notes on series components.
2
Beginning in 1978, the small amounts of coal consumed for transpo
9

sector consumption.
Natural gas only; does not include supplemental gaseous fuels —see Note 1, "Supplemental Gaseous
3
R=Revised. P=Preliminary. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 tr
Fuels," at end of Section 6. Data are for natural gas consumed in the operation of pipelines (primarily in
compressors) and small amounts consumed as vehicle fuel —see Table 6.5.
Based on petroleum product supplied. For petroleum, product supplied is used as an approximation of
4
Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent
petroleum consumption. See Note 1, "Petroleum Products Supplied and Petroleum Consumption," at end
of Section 5.
Does not include biofuels that have been blended with petroleum —biofuels are included in "Biomass."
5
Web Page: See http://www.eia.gov/totalenerg
annual data.
Fuel ethanol (minus denaturant) and biodiesel.
6
Sources: Tables 2.1f, 5.14c, 6.5, 7.3, 8.9, 10.2b, A4, A5, and A6.
Electricity retail sales to ultimate customers reported by electric utilities and, beginning in 1996, other
7

energy service providers.


1

Electrical
Electricity System
Retail Energy
Total Sales 7 Losses 8
Primary Total
7,879,509 22,114 88,392 7,990,015
8,383,407 23,178 85,888 8,492,473
8,933,484 24,093 84,316 9,041,892
8,906,891 21,823 74,038 9,002,752
9,030,055 21,932 71,034 9,123,022
8,822,551 20,048 60,017 8,902,617
9,474,426 19,877 55,901 9,550,205
9,790,320 18,537 50,506 9,859,364
9,836,694 16,187 43,388 9,896,269
9,952,005 14,517 37,579 10,004,101
10,297,614 14,418 36,498 10,348,530
10,559,596 10,460 25,887 10,595,943
10,733,732 10,316 25,078 10,769,126
11,184,889 10,167 24,426 11,219,481
11,620,029 9,955 23,772 11,653,755
11,963,238 10,011 23,758 11,997,007
12,398,707 9,974 23,776 12,432,456
13,067,522 9,642 23,070 13,100,235
13,718,194 10,010 23,872 13,752,076
14,831,225 10,215 24,335 14,865,775
15,471,249 10,420 24,836 15,506,506
16,061,890 10,627 25,731 16,098,249
16,694,335 10,462 25,256 16,730,053
17,682,135 10,371 24,785 17,717,291
18,577,224 10,532 25,024 18,612,780
18,087,175 9,721 23,524 18,120,419
18,210,492 10,149 24,362 18,245,003
19,066,676 10,059 24,063 19,100,798
19,786,215 10,429 24,947 19,821,590
20,582,761 10,027 24,275 20,617,064
20,437,252 10,117 24,162 20,471,532
19,659,098 11,069 26,523 19,696,690
19,477,771 10,871 25,372 19,514,013
19,052,169 11,002 26,057 19,089,228
19,134,104 12,675 29,835 19,176,615
19,608,586 14,293 32,687 19,655,566
20,041,466 14,148 32,299 20,087,913
20,739,924 15,057 33,803 20,788,785
21,418,773 15,567 34,540 21,468,880
22,266,602 15,930 35,189 22,317,722
22,424,115 16,276 37,555 22,477,945
22,366,211 16,211 37,203 22,419,624
22,064,827 16,236 36,924 22,117,987
22,362,755 16,056 36,262 22,415,073
22,715,102 16,278 36,820 22,768,200
23,310,722 17,040 38,098 23,365,861
23,791,058 16,973 38,296 23,846,327
24,382,614 16,797 37,946 24,437,357
24,695,170 16,744 37,681 24,749,594
25,201,107 16,929 38,133 25,256,169
25,891,325 17,491 39,738 25,948,553
26,488,526 18,363 41,507 26,548,396
26,212,522 19,531 43,228 26,275,281
26,781,271 [R] 18,825 41,699 26,841,794 [R]

26,919,866 23,235 50,953 26,994,054


27,816,636 24,647 54,184 27,895,467
28,271,725 [R] 25,612 55,661 28,352,997 [R]

28,750,793 25,104 53,943 28,829,840


29,029,125 [R] 27,885 59,770 29,116,780 [R]

27,925,373 26,271 56,189 28,007,833


26,989,013 [R] 26,547 55,819 27,071,379 [R]

27,384,249 [R] 26,315 [R] 55,085 [R] 27,465,649 [R]

26,998,837 25,951 54,362 27,079,150


as the primary energy consumed by the electric power sector minus the
y retail sales. Total losses are allocated to the end-use sectors in proportion to
electricity retail sales. See Note, "Electrical System Energy Losses," at end of

all amounts of coal consumed for transportation are reported as industrial

. NA=Not available. (s)=Less than 0.5 trillion Btu.

sum of components due to independent rounding.

http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#consumption for updated monthly and

c, 6.5, 7.3, 8.9, 10.2b, A4, A5, and A6.


Buses

Energy Consumption (TBtu)


Delivered

ORNL -
Urban Bus Intercity Bus School Bus Total Total - BTS School Bus

Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered Delivered


(TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) (TBtu) Million Gal
Deliv 1949
Deliv 1950
Deliv 1951
Deliv 1952
Deliv 1953
Deliv 1954
Deliv 1955
Deliv 1956
Deliv 1957
Deliv 1958
Deliv 1959
Deliv 1960 115
Deliv 1961
Deliv 1962
Deliv 1963
Deliv 1964
Deliv 1965 45.9 45.9 121.0
Deliv 1966 45.0 45.0
Deliv 1967 44.7 44.7
Deliv 1968 43.7 43.7
Deliv 1969 43.0 43.0
Deliv 1970 42.2 26.6 41.2 110.0 114.0 299.88
Deliv 1971 39.3 27.1 43.0 109.4 309.75
Deliv 1972 37.6 27.3 45.5 110.4 319.62
Deliv 1973 40.7 27.2 46.1 114.0 327.04
Deliv 1974 44.8 26.3 46.4 117.5 334.46
Deliv 1975 51.3 24.8 47.0 123.0 146.0 341.88
Deliv 1976 54.6 25.0 48.4 128.1 389.76
Deliv 1977 56.9 25.0 49.7 131.7 401.52
Deliv 1978 59.7 27.0 50.1 136.8 406.98
Deliv 1979 59.8 28.1 52.0 139.9 404.88
Deliv 1980 61.3 29.3 52.1 142.7 141.0 379.68
Deliv 1981 63.6 28.6 53.7 145.8 386.82
Deliv 1982 64.7 28.1 54.6 147.3 398.58
Deliv 1983 63.6 28.1 57.8 149.6 400.68
Deliv 1984 71.1 24.6 57.6 153.2 375.06
Deliv 1985 72.6 23.4 58.4 154.4 116.0 425.04
Deliv 1986 76.4 23.7 58.8 158.8 462.42
Deliv 1987 75.6 23.9 60.3 159.8 487.20
Deliv 1988 76.9 24.2 62.4 163.5 511.14
Deliv 1989 76.7 24.4 64.1 165.3 498.12
Deliv 1990 78.4 24.7 64.8 167.9 124.0 472.08
Deliv 1991 79.7 26.0 66.7 172.4 120.0 533.40
Deliv 1992 82.6 27.4 69.5 179.5 122.0 546.00
Deliv 1993 80.7 28.7 72.0 181.4 129.0 533.40
Deliv 1994 80.0 30.1 75.0 185.0 134.0 546.00
Deliv 1995 80.8 29.6 78.3 188.7 134.0 545.16
Deliv 1996 82.9 30.2 80.4 193.5 137.0 545.16
Deliv 1997 86.9 31.6 78.9 197.4 142.0 544.74
Deliv 1998 89.6 32.8 79.1 201.5 144.0 550.20
Deliv 1999 92.1 34.1 79.4 205.6 159.0 555.66
Deliv 2000 96.3 35.3 81.8 213.4 139.0 577.08
Deliv 2001 91.2 36.6 84.4 212.1 128.0 538.08
Deliv 2002 90.2 37.8 85.0 213.0 125.0 520.04
Deliv 2003 89.1 39.0 87.2 215.3 121.0 515.72
Deliv 2004 93.4 40.3 86.3 220.0 170.0 517.09
Deliv 2005 93.1 41.5 85.2 219.8 140.0 530.70
Deliv 2006 98.4 42.7 86.3 227.4 144.0 515.72
Deliv 2007 91.7 44.0 84.2 219.8 253.0 530.70
Deliv 2008 94.6 44.2 81.0 219.8 257.0 540.89
Deliv 2009 91.3 44.4 83.2 218.9 248.0 556.00
Deliv 2010 86.6 44.6 81.0 212.2 240.0 532.15
Deliv 2011 91.0 42.9 75.5 209.4 242.0 532.15

Note: Energy for school bus scaled to small number to remove its effect o
137330
Activity (passenger-miles [P-M])

Vehicle-Miles
Total - BTS
Urban Bus Intercity Bus School Bus Total Total - BTS New

Tbtu Million P-M Million P-M Million P-M Million P-M


0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0 4,346
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0 4,681
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
41.2 18,210 25,300 48,300 91,810 4,544
42.5 16,810 25,500 50,876 93,186
43.9 16,180 25,600 54,257 96,037
44.9 16,170 26,400 55,476 98,046
45.9 17,910 27,700 56,350 101,960
47.0 18,300 25,400 57,500 101,200 6,055
53.5 18,890 25,100 60,270 104,260
55.1 19,730 26,000 62,880 108,610
55.9 20,708 25,600 64,377 110,685
55.6 21,393 27,700 67,770 116,863
52.1 21,790 27,400 69,000 118,190
53.1 21,012 27,100 71,411 119,523 6,059
54.7 19,987 26,900 72,958 119,845
55.0 20,047 26,500 77,687 124,234
51.5 21,595 24,600 77,818 124,013
58.4 21,161 23,800 79,304 124,265 94,925 4,478
63.5 21,395 23,700 79,745 124,840
66.9 20,970 23,000 81,692 125,662
70.2 20,753 23,100 84,419 128,272
68.4 20,768 24,000 86,593 131,361
64.8 20,981 23,000 87,400 131,381 121,398 5,726
73.3 21,090 23,100 89,897 134,087 121,906 5,750
75.0 20,336 22,600 93,790 136,726 122,496 5,778
73.3 20,247 24,700 97,114 142,061 129,852 6,125
75.0 18,832 28,100 101,200 148,132 135,871 6,409
74.9 18,818 28,100 105,633 152,551 136,104 6,420
74.9 19,096 28,800 108,507 156,403 139,106 6,563
74.8 19,604 30,600 106,467 156,671 145,060 6,482
75.6 20,360 33,639 106,795 160,794 148,558 7,007
76.3 21,205 36,818 107,123 165,146 162,445 7,662
79.3 21,241 40,138 110,432 171,812 313,897 7,590
73.9 22,022 43,599 113,866 179,487 275,231 7,070
71.4 21,841 47,200 114,735 183,776 282,739 6,845
70.8 21,262 50,941 117,648 189,851 283,699 6,782
71.0 21,377 54,823 116,471 192,670 286,714 6,801
72.9 21,825 57,582 115,013 194,420 278,864 6,980
70.8 22,821 61,103 116,494 200,418 297,631 6,783
72.9 20,976 65,496 113,602 200,074 307,753 14,516
74.3 21,757 64,750 109,272 195,779 314,278 14,823
76.4 21,477 64,600 112,313 198,390 305,014 14,387
73.1 21,013 62,524 109,319 192,856 292,319 13,770
73.1 21,414 68,371 101,859 191,644 292,192 13,783

small number to remove its effect on overall intensity index for buses
Nominal Energy Intensity (Btu/P-M)

Vehicle-Miles
Implied Load Total - BTS Implied Load School
Factor -BTS 1993 Factor -BTS Urban Bus Intercity Bus Bus Total

Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M Btu/P-M

2316.4 1052.1 852.6 1197.9


2337.5 1063.1 845.2 1174.0
2322.4 1067.3 837.8 1149.1
2519.3 1031.5 830.6 1163.2
2502.3 950.1 823.5 1152.8
2801.0 976.3 816.5 1215.5
2892.0 997.8 803.6 1228.7
2883.3 962.7 791.0 1212.2
2882.8 1053.8 778.9 1236.1
2796.5 1014.4 767.1 1197.2
3,000.0 23.0 2811.4 1069.3 755.7 1207.4
3,000.0 23.8 3027.0 1053.9 751.7 1220.2
3,000.0 24.3 3234.7 1042.8 747.7 1228.7
3,000.0 25.9 3174.5 1062.0 743.8 1203.9
3,400.0 22.9 3290.1 998.7 739.9 1235.3
21.2 3,400.0 23.3 3431.6 982.8 736.0 1242.3
3,700.0 21.6 3568.8 998.1 737.2 1272.0
3,900.0 20.9 3605.5 1039.9 738.3 1272.0
4,100.0 20.6 3705.7 1046.8 739.5 1274.7
4,000.0 21.6 3693.0 1018.4 740.6 1258.1
21.2 3,800.0 23.0 3734.8 1074.1 741.8 1277.9
21.2 4,300.0 20.9 3779.3 1127.5 741.6 1285.8
21.2 4063.0 1211.6 741.4 1313.1
21.2 3985.1 1162.7 741.1 1276.8
21.2 4246.8 1069.4 740.9 1248.9
21.2 4294.7 1053.2 740.9 1236.8
21.2 4343.6 1048.8 740.9 1237.5
22.4 4434.9 1031.2 740.9 1259.9
21.2 4399.7 975.3 740.9 1253.3
21.2 4344.9 925.1 740.9 1244.7
41.4 4531.9 879.7 740.9 1242.0
38.9 4142.4 838.4 740.9 1182.0
41.3 4129.4 800.8 740.9 1159.0
41.8 4192.0 766.3 740.9 1134.2
42.2 4369.1 734.6 740.9 1141.7
40.0 4264.6 720.8 740.9 1130.5
43.9 4311.5 699.5 740.9 1134.9
21.2 4370.6 671.3 740.9 1098.7
21.2 4348.0 683.1 740.9 1122.7
21.2 4249.9 687.5 740.9 1103.4
21.2 4122.8 712.8 740.9 1100.3
21.2 4250.6 628.0 740.9 1092.8
Energy Intensity (Index)

Btu/VM -
Total - BTS BTS MPG- BTS Urban Bus Intercity Bus School Bus Total

1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0 1985 = 1.0

0.6750 1.0705 1.1584 0.9643


0.6812 1.0817 1.1483 0.9450
0.6768 1.0860 1.1383 0.9250
0.7341 1.0495 1.1285 0.9363
0.7292 0.9667 1.1188 0.9279
0.8163 0.9934 1.1094 0.9784
0.8428 1.0153 1.0918 0.9891
0.8402 0.9796 1.0747 0.9758
0.8401 1.0723 1.0582 0.9950
0.8149 1.0322 1.0422 0.9637
0.8193 1.0880 1.0267 0.9719
0.8821 1.0723 1.0212 0.9822
0.9426 1.0610 1.0158 0.9890
0.9251 1.0806 1.0105 0.9691
0.9588 1.0161 1.0052 0.9943
1222.0 25.9 5.4 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0400 1.0155 1.0015 1.0239
1.0507 1.0581 1.0031 1.0239
1.0799 1.0651 1.0047 1.0261
1.0762 1.0362 1.0062 1.0127
1021.4 21.7 6.4 1.0884 1.0928 1.0078 1.0286
984.4 20.9 6.6 1.1013 1.1472 1.0075 1.0350
996.0 21.1 6.6 1.1840 1.2328 1.0072 1.0570
993.4 21.1 6.6 1.1613 1.1830 1.0069 1.0277
986.2 20.9 6.6 1.2376 1.0881 1.0066 1.0053
984.5 20.9 6.6 1.2515 1.0716 1.0066 0.9956
984.9 20.9 6.6 1.2658 1.0671 1.0066 0.9961
978.9 21.9 6.3 1.2924 1.0493 1.0066 1.0141
969.3 20.6 6.7 1.2821 0.9924 1.0066 1.0088
978.8 20.8 6.7 1.2661 0.9413 1.0066 1.0019
442.8 18.3 7.6 1.3207 0.8951 1.0066 0.9998
465.1 18.1 7.7 1.2072 0.8531 1.0066 0.9514
442.1 18.3 7.6 1.2034 0.8148 1.0066 0.9329
426.5 17.8 7.8 1.2216 0.7797 1.0066 0.9130
592.9 25.0 5.5 1.2732 0.7475 1.0066 0.9190
502.0 20.1 6.9 1.2427 0.7334 1.0066 0.9100
483.8 21.2 6.5 1.2564 0.7117 1.0066 0.9135
822.1 17.4 8.0 1.2736 0.6830 1.0066 0.8844
817.7 17.3 8.0 1.2671 0.6951 1.0066 0.9037
813.1 17.2 8.0 1.2385 0.6995 1.0066 0.8882
821.0 17.4 8.0 1.2014 0.7253 1.0066 0.8857
828.2 17.6 7.9 1.2387 0.6390 1.0066 0.8796
Final Indexes, 1985 = 1.0
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Structure: Product: Structure
Index of Mix of Component Activity x Actual x
Aggregate Bus Intensity Structure x Energy Intensity
Activity Intensity Types Index Intensity Use Index

=(1)x(3)x(4) =(1) x (2)

0.7388 0.9643 1.0562 0.9129 0.7124 0.7124 0.9643


0.7499 0.9450 1.0325 0.9152 0.7087 0.7087 0.9450
0.7728 0.9250 1.0155 0.9109 0.7149 0.7149 0.9250
0.7890 0.9363 1.0111 0.9261 0.7388 0.7388 0.9363
0.8205 0.9279 1.0273 0.9033 0.7614 0.7614 0.9279
0.8144 0.9784 1.0330 0.9472 0.7968 0.7968 0.9784
0.8390 0.9891 1.0320 0.9584 0.8298 0.8298 0.9891
0.8740 0.9758 1.0327 0.9449 0.8528 0.8528 0.9758
0.8907 0.9950 1.0408 0.9560 0.8863 0.8863 0.9950
0.9404 0.9637 1.0350 0.9311 0.9063 0.9063 0.9637
0.9511 0.9719 1.0360 0.9381 0.9244 0.9244 0.9719
0.9618 0.9822 1.0190 0.9639 0.9447 0.9447 0.9822
0.9644 0.9890 1.0007 0.9883 0.9539 0.9539 0.9890
0.9997 0.9691 0.9871 0.9818 0.9688 0.9688 0.9691
0.9980 0.9943 1.0096 0.9849 0.9923 0.9923 0.9943
1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000
1.0046 1.0239 1.0021 1.0218 1.0286 1.0286 1.0239
1.0112 1.0239 0.9905 1.0337 1.0354 1.0354 1.0239
1.0322 1.0261 0.9783 1.0488 1.0591 1.0591 1.0261
1.0571 1.0127 0.9705 1.0435 1.0706 1.0706 1.0127
1.0573 1.0286 0.9724 1.0579 1.0876 1.0876 1.0286
1.0790 1.0350 0.9661 1.0713 1.1168 1.1168 1.0350
1.1003 1.0570 0.9440 1.1197 1.1630 1.1630 1.0570
1.1432 1.0277 0.9320 1.1027 1.1749 1.1749 1.0277
1.1921 1.0053 0.8987 1.1187 1.1984 1.1984 1.0053
1.2276 0.9956 0.8878 1.1214 1.2222 1.2222 0.9956
1.2586 0.9961 0.8846 1.1261 1.2537 1.2537 0.9961
1.2608 1.0141 0.8948 1.1333 1.2786 1.2786 1.0141
1.2940 1.0088 0.9014 1.1192 1.3053 1.3053 1.0088
1.3290 1.0019 0.9081 1.1033 1.3316 1.3316 1.0019
1.3826 0.9998 0.8966 1.1151 1.3823 1.3823 0.9998
1.4444 0.9514 0.8949 1.0632 1.3742 1.3742 0.9514
1.4789 0.9329 0.8858 1.0532 1.3797 1.3797 0.9329
1.5278 0.9130 0.8682 1.0516 1.3949 1.3949 0.9130
1.5505 0.9190 0.8655 1.0617 1.4249 1.4249 0.9190
1.5646 0.9100 0.8690 1.0472 1.4238 1.4238 0.9100
1.6128 0.9135 0.8732 1.0462 1.4733 1.4733 0.9135
1.6101 0.8844 0.8472 1.0439 1.4239 1.4239 0.8844
1.5755 0.9037 0.8646 1.0453 1.4238 1.4238 0.9037
1.5965 0.8882 0.8569 1.0365 1.4180 1.4180 0.8882
1.5520 0.8857 0.8588 1.0313 1.3745 1.3745 0.8857
1.5422 0.8796 0.8645 1.0175 1.3566 1.3566 0.8796
Energy Shares Log-Mean Weights

Intercity School Intercity School


Urban Bus Bus Bus Urban Bus Bus Bus

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#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.3835 0.2420 0.3744 1 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
0.3592 0.2478 0.3930 0.3712 0.2449 0.3837
0.3405 0.2476 0.4119 0.3497 0.2477 0.4024
0.3572 0.2388 0.4040 0.3488 0.2432 0.4080
0.3813 0.2239 0.3948 0.3691 0.2313 0.3994
0.4167 0.2016 0.3817 0.3987 0.2126 0.3882
0.4264 0.1955 0.3781 0.4216 0.1985 0.3799
0.4321 0.1901 0.3778 0.4293 0.1928 0.3779
0.4363 0.1972 0.3665 0.4342 0.1936 0.3721
0.4276 0.2008 0.3716 0.4319 0.1990 0.3690
0.4293 0.2053 0.3654 0.4284 0.2031 0.3685
0.4361 0.1958 0.3681 0.4327 0.2005 0.3667
0.4391 0.1905 0.3705 0.4376 0.1932 0.3693
0.4255 0.1882 0.3863 0.4322 0.1893 0.3783
0.4638 0.1604 0.3758 0.4444 0.1739 0.3811
0.4704 0.1515 0.3781 0.4671 0.1559 0.3770
0.4808 0.1490 0.3702 0.4756 0.1502 0.3741
0.4730 0.1496 0.3773 0.4769 0.1493 0.3738
0.4703 0.1479 0.3818 0.4717 0.1488 0.3796
0.4641 0.1479 0.3880 0.4672 0.1479 0.3849
0.4667 0.1471 0.3861 0.4654 0.1475 0.3871
0.4623 0.1511 0.3867 0.4645 0.1491 0.3864
0.4602 0.1525 0.3873 0.4612 0.1518 0.3870
0.4448 0.1583 0.3968 0.4525 0.1554 0.3920
0.4323 0.1624 0.4053 0.4385 0.1604 0.4010
0.4283 0.1569 0.4148 0.4303 0.1596 0.4100
0.4286 0.1561 0.4154 0.4284 0.1565 0.4151
0.4405 0.1599 0.3997 0.4345 0.1580 0.4075
0.4445 0.1628 0.3927 0.4425 0.1613 0.3961
0.4482 0.1657 0.3861 0.4464 0.1642 0.3894
0.4511 0.1655 0.3834 0.4496 0.1656 0.3848
0.4300 0.1723 0.3977 0.4405 0.1689 0.3905
0.4234 0.1775 0.3991 0.4267 0.1749 0.3984
0.4139 0.1813 0.4048 0.4187 0.1794 0.4020
0.4246 0.1831 0.3923 0.4192 0.1822 0.3985
0.4235 0.1888 0.3877 0.4240 0.1860 0.3900
0.4326 0.1879 0.3795 0.4280 0.1884 0.3836
0.4171 0.2000 0.3829 0.4248 0.1939 0.3812
0.4304 0.2012 0.3684 0.4237 0.2006 0.3756
0.4170 0.2029 0.3802 0.4236 0.2021 0.3742
0.4083 0.2100 0.3817 0.4126 0.2064 0.3809
0.4346 0.2050 0.3604 0.4213 0.2075 0.3709
0.44467 0.17402 0.38132 0.03579 -0.06151
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
Log-Mean Divisia Weights Log Changes - Intensity
(normalized)

Intercity School
Total Urban Bus Bus Bus Urban Bus Intercity Bus

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#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
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0.9998 0.3713 0.2449 0.3838 0.0090 0.0104
0.9998 0.3498 0.2477 0.4025 -0.0065 0.0040
0.9999 0.3488 0.2432 0.4080 0.0814 -0.0342
0.9998 0.3692 0.2313 0.3995 -0.0068 -0.0822
0.9995 0.3989 0.2127 0.3884 0.1128 0.0272
1.0000 0.4216 0.1985 0.3799 0.0320 0.0218
1.0000 0.4293 0.1928 0.3779 -0.0030 -0.0358
0.9999 0.4342 0.1936 0.3721 -0.0002 0.0904
1.0000 0.4320 0.1990 0.3690 -0.0304 -0.0381
1.0000 0.4284 0.2031 0.3685 0.0053 0.0527
1.0000 0.4327 0.2006 0.3667 0.0739 -0.0145
1.0000 0.43759 0.19315 0.36926 0.06638 -0.01064
0.9999 0.4323 0.1893 0.3784 -0.0188 0.0183
0.9993 0.44467 0.1740 0.38132 0.0358 -0.0615
0.9999 0.4671 0.1559 0.3770 0.0421 -0.0160
1.0000 0.4756 0.1502 0.3742 0.0392 0.0154
1.0000 0.4769 0.1493 0.3738 0.0102 0.0410
1.0000 0.4717 0.1488 0.3796 0.0274 0.0066
1.0000 0.4672 0.1479 0.3849 -0.0034 -0.0274
1.0000 0.4654 0.1475 0.3871 0.0113 0.0532
1.0000 0.4645 0.1491 0.3864 0.0119 0.0485
1.0000 0.4612 0.1518 0.3870 0.0724 0.0720
0.9999 0.4525 0.1554 0.3921 -0.0194 -0.0412
0.9999 0.4386 0.1604 0.4011 0.0636 -0.0836
1.0000 0.4303 0.1596 0.4100 0.0112 -0.0153
1.0000 0.4284 0.1565 0.4151 0.0113 -0.0042
0.9999 0.4345 0.1580 0.4075 0.0208 -0.0169
1.0000 0.4425 0.1613 0.3962 -0.0080 -0.0557
1.0000 0.4464 0.1643 0.3894 -0.0125 -0.0529
1.0000 0.4496 0.1656 0.3848 0.0422 -0.0503
0.9998 0.4405 0.1689 0.3906 -0.0899 -0.0480
1.0000 0.4267 0.1749 0.3984 -0.0032 -0.0459
1.0000 0.4187 0.1794 0.4020 0.0151 -0.0440
0.9999 0.4193 0.1822 0.3985 0.0414 -0.0422
1.0000 0.4240 0.1860 0.3900 -0.0242 -0.0189
1.0000 0.4280 0.1884 0.3836 0.0109 -0.0301
0.9999 0.4248 0.1939 0.3812 0.0136 -0.0411
0.9999 0.4237 0.2006 0.3756 -0.0052 0.0175
0.9999 0.4237 0.2021 0.3742 -0.0228 0.0063
1.0000 0.4126 0.2064 0.3809 -0.0304 0.0362
0.9998 0.4214 0.2076 0.3710 0.0305 -0.1267
-0.00524 0.0159 -0.0107 -0.0020 0.00321 1.00322
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
Activity Shares Log Changes - Activity Shares

Intercity
School Bus Urban Bus Intercity Bus School Bus Urban Bus Bus School Bus

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#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! 0.1983 0.2756 0.5261 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
-0.0088 0.1804 0.2736 0.5460 -0.0949 -0.0070 0.0371
-0.0087 0.1685 0.2666 0.5650 -0.0683 -0.0262 0.0342
-0.0087 0.1649 0.2693 0.5658 -0.0213 0.0101 0.0015
-0.0086 0.1757 0.2717 0.5527 0.0631 0.0089 -0.0235
-0.0085 0.1808 0.2510 0.5682 0.0290 -0.0792 0.0277
-0.0160 0.1812 0.2407 0.5781 0.0019 -0.0417 0.0173
-0.0157 0.1817 0.2394 0.5790 0.0026 -0.0056 0.0015
-0.0155 0.1871 0.2313 0.5816 0.0295 -0.0344 0.0046
-0.0152 0.1831 0.2370 0.5799 -0.0218 0.0245 -0.0030
-0.0150 0.1844 0.2318 0.5838 0.0071 -0.0222 0.0067
-0.0053 0.1758 0.2267 0.5975 -0.0476 -0.0222 0.0231
-0.00529 0.1668 0.2245 0.6088 -0.0527 -0.0101 0.0187
-0.0053 0.1614 0.2133 0.6253 -0.0330 -0.0509 0.0268
-0.0052 0.1741 0.1984 0.6275 0.0762 -0.0726 0.0035
-0.0052 0.1703 0.1915 0.6382 -0.0223 -0.0351 0.0169
0.0015 0.1714 0.1898 0.6388 0.0064 -0.0088 0.0009
0.0015 0.1669 0.1830 0.6501 -0.0266 -0.0365 0.0176
0.0016 0.1618 0.1801 0.6581 -0.0310 -0.0162 0.0123
0.0016 0.1581 0.1827 0.6592 -0.0231 0.0144 0.0016
0.0016 0.1597 0.1751 0.6652 0.0100 -0.0427 0.0091
-0.0003 0.1573 0.1723 0.6704 -0.0152 -0.0161 0.0078
-0.0003 0.1487 0.1653 0.6860 -0.0559 -0.0414 0.0229
-0.0003 0.1425 0.1739 0.6836 -0.0427 0.0506 -0.0035
-0.0003 0.1271 0.1897 0.6832 -0.1143 0.0871 -0.0006
0.0000 0.1234 0.1842 0.6924 -0.0301 -0.0294 0.0135
0.0000 0.1221 0.1841 0.6938 -0.0103 -0.0003 0.0019
0.0000 0.1251 0.1953 0.6796 0.0245 0.0589 -0.0207
0.0000 0.1266 0.2092 0.6642 0.0119 0.0687 -0.0229
0.0000 0.1284 0.2229 0.6487 0.0140 0.0636 -0.0236
0.0000 0.1236 0.2336 0.6428 -0.0379 0.0468 -0.0091
0.0000 0.1227 0.2429 0.6344 -0.0076 0.0390 -0.0131
0.0000 0.1188 0.2568 0.6243 -0.0319 0.0557 -0.0160
0.0000 0.1120 0.2683 0.6197 -0.0594 0.0438 -0.0074
0.0000 0.1110 0.2845 0.6045 -0.0093 0.0587 -0.0248
0.0000 0.1123 0.2962 0.5916 0.0117 0.0401 -0.0216
0.0000 0.1139 0.3049 0.5813 0.0142 0.0290 -0.0176
0.0000 0.1048 0.3274 0.5678 -0.0826 0.0711 -0.0234
0.0000 0.1111 0.3307 0.5581 0.0583 0.0102 -0.0172
0.0000 0.1083 0.3256 0.5661 -0.0262 -0.0156 0.0142
0.0000 0.1090 0.3242 0.5668 0.0065 -0.0044 0.0013
0.0000 0.1117 0.3568 0.5315 0.0252 0.0957 -0.0644
Compute Intensity Index Compute Structure Index

Index chg. Index Index Index chg. Index Index

(unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1 (unnorm.) (unnorm.) 1985 = 1

1.0000 0.9129 1.0000 1.0562


#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#REF! #DIV/0! 1.0000 0.9129 #DIV/0! 1.0000 1.0562
#REF! 1.0025 1.0025 0.9152 1.00254 0.9775 0.9775 1.0325
#REF! 0.9952 0.9977 0.9109 0.99774 0.9835 0.9614 1.0155
#REF! 1.0167 1.0144 0.9261 1.01439 0.9956 0.9572 1.0111
#REF! 0.9754 0.9894 0.9033 0.98941 1.0161 0.9726 1.0273
#REF! 1.0486 1.0375 0.9472 1.03751 1.0055 0.9780 1.0330
#REF! 1.0118 1.0498 0.9584 1.04976 0.9991 0.9771 1.0320
#REF! 0.9860 1.0350 0.9449 1.03501 1.0006 0.9777 1.0327
#REF! 1.0117 1.0472 0.9560 1.04716 1.0079 0.9854 1.0408
#REF! 0.9740 1.0199 0.9311 1.01994 0.9944 0.9799 1.0350
#REF! 1.0075 1.0276 0.9381 1.02757 1.0010 0.9809 1.0360
#REF! 1.0275 1.0558 0.9639 1.05581 0.9836 0.9647 1.0190
#REF! 1.0254 1.082574 0.9883 1.08257 0.9821 0.9474 1.0007
#REF! 0.9934 1.0754 0.9818 1.07539 0.9864 0.9345 0.9871
#REF! 1.0032 1.0789 0.9849 1.07885 1.0228 0.9558 1.0096
#REF! 1.0153 1.0954 1.0000 1.09538 0.9905 0.9468 1.0000
#REF! 1.0218 1.1192 1.0218 1.0021 0.9487 1.0021
#REF! 1.0117 1.1323 1.0337 0.9885 0.9378 0.9905
#REF! 1.0146 1.1488 1.0488 0.9877 0.9263 0.9783
#REF! 0.9949 1.1430 1.0435 0.9920 0.9189 0.9705
#REF! 1.0138 1.1588 1.0579 1.0019 0.9206 0.9724
#REF! 1.0127 1.1735 1.0713 0.9936 0.9147 0.9661
#REF! 1.0452 1.2265 1.1197 0.9771 0.8937 0.9440
#REF! 0.9848 1.2079 1.1027 0.9873 0.8824 0.9320
#REF! 1.0145 1.2254 1.1187 0.9642 0.8508 0.8987
#REF! 1.0024 1.2283 1.1214 0.9879 0.8405 0.8878
#REF! 1.0042 1.2335 1.1261 0.9963 0.8375 0.8846
#REF! 1.0064 1.2414 1.1333 1.0116 0.8472 0.8948
#REF! 0.9876 1.2259 1.1192 1.0073 0.8534 0.9014
#REF! 0.9858 1.2086 1.1033 1.0075 0.8598 0.9081
#REF! 1.0107 1.2215 1.1151 0.9873 0.8488 0.8966
#REF! 0.9534 1.1646 1.0632 0.9981 0.8472 0.8949
#REF! 0.9907 1.1537 1.0532 0.9898 0.8386 0.8858
#REF! 0.9984 1.1519 1.0516 0.9802 0.8220 0.8682
#REF! 1.0097 1.1630 1.0617 0.9969 0.8195 0.8655
#REF! 0.9863 1.1471 1.0472 1.0040 0.8227 0.8690
#REF! 0.9990 1.1460 1.0462 1.0048 0.8267 0.8732
#REF! 0.9978 1.1435 1.0439 0.9702 0.8021 0.8472
#REF! 1.0013 1.1450 1.0453 1.0205 0.8185 0.8646
#REF! 0.9916 1.1354 1.0365 0.9911 0.8112 0.8569
#REF! 0.9950 1.1297 1.0313 1.0022 0.8131 0.8588
#REF! 0.9867 1.1146 1.0175 1.0066 0.8185 0.8645
Vehicle-miles
Cars Light Trucks Total
1949 341.2 341.2
1950 364.3 364.3
1951 390.9 390.9
1952 408.9 408.9
1953 433.9 433.9
1954 451.7 451.7
1955 491.0 491.0
1956 513.1 513.1
1957 521.1 521.1
1958 538.7 538.7
1959 569.8 569.8
1960 585.1 585.1
1961 601.9 601.9
1962 625.4 625.4
1963 659.7 659.7
1964 693.6 693.6
1965 720.4 720.4 LT Share
1966 775.0 91.4 866.4 1966 0.106
1967 808.4 93.7 902.2 1967 0.104
1968 847.5 102.9 950.4 1968 0.108
1969 881.8 112.0 993.9 1969 0.113
1970 916.7 123.3 1,040.0 1970 0.119
1971 966.4 137.9 1,104.2 1971 0.125
1972 1,021.5 156.6 1,178.1 1972 0.133
1973 1,046.4 176.8 1,223.2 1973 0.145
1974 1,007.7 182.8 1,190.4 1974 0.154
1975 1,034.0 200.7 1,234.7 1975 0.163
1976 1,077.5 225.8 1,303.4 1976 0.173
1977 1,107.9 250.6 1,358.5 1977 0.184
1978 1,144.9 279.4 1,424.3 1978 0.196
1979 1,112.9 291.9 1,404.8 1979 0.208
1980 1,111.6 290.9 1,402.5 1980 0.207
1981 1,134.0 296.3 1,430.4 1981 0.207 0.450
1982 1,161.8 306.1 1,468.0 1982 0.209 0.400
1983 1,194.2 327.6 1,521.8 1983 0.215 0.350
1984 1,226.4 358.0 1,584.4 1984 0.226
0.300
1985 1,246.8 391.0 1,637.8 1985 0.239
0.250
1986 1,270.4 423.9 1,694.3 1986 0.250
1987 1,316.2 456.9 1,773.0 1987 0.258 0.200
1988 1,370.7 502.2 1,872.9 1988 0.268 0.150
1989 1,401.9 536.5 1,938.4 1989 0.277 0.100
1990 1,408.3 574.6 1,982.8 1990 0.290 0.050
1991 1,358.2 649.4 2,007.6 1991 0.323
0.000
1992 1,371.6 706.9 2,078.4 1992 0.340
1993 1,374.7 745.8 2,120.5 1993 0.352 66 69 72 75 78
19 19 1 9 19 19 1
1994 1,406.1 764.6 2,170.7 1994 0.352
1995 1,438.4 790.0 2,228.4 1995 0.355
1996 1,469.9 816.5 2,286.4 1996 0.357
1997 1,502.6 850.7 2,353.3 1997 0.362
1998 1,549.6 868.3 2,417.9 1998 0.359
1999 1,569.1 901.0 2,470.1 1999 0.365
2000 1,600.3 923.1 2,523.3 2000 0.366
2001 1,628.3 943.2 2,571.5 2001 0.367
2002 1,658.5 966.0 2,624.5 2002 0.368
2003 1,672.1 984.1 2,656.2 2003 0.370
2004 1,699.9 1,027.2 2,727.1 2004 0.377
2005 1,708.4 1,041.1 2,749.5 2005 0.379 FHWA New Method
2006 1,690.5 1,082.5 2,773.0 2006 0.390 SWB
2007 1,672.5 1,112.3 2,784.7 2007 0.399 2,104.4
2008 1,615.9 1,108.6 2,724.5 2008 0.407 2,024.8
2009 1,622.1 1,104.2 2,726.3 2009 0.405 2,015.7
2010 1,617.3 1,123.8 2,741.1 2010 0.410 2,025.7
2011 1,616.7 1,123.4 2,740.1 2011 0.410 2,043.4
LT Share
0.450
0.400
0.350
0.300
0.250
LT Share
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000
66 69 72 75 78 8 1 84 87 90 93 96 99 02 05 0 8 11
19 19 1 9 19 19 19 19 1 9 19 1 9 19 1 9 20 2 0 20 2 0
FHWA New Method Ratio
LWB Old/New SWB -1 SWB - 2 SWB-1 shr
586.6 2,691.0 1.035 1.0353 1672 432 0.795 2007
605.5 2,630.3 1.036 1616 409 0.798 2008
617.5 2,633.2 1.035 1622 394 0.805 2009
622.7 2,648.4 1.035 1617 408 0.798 2010
603.2 2,646.6 1.035 1617 427 0.791 2011
*
Old System
Fuel Use MPG Fuel Use

Cars Light Trucks Total Cars Light Trucks SWB


74377 61836 136213 22.49 17.99 92034
71497 61199 132696 22.60 18.11 85589
Estimated 72179 61146 Estimated 22.47 18.06 85658
Estimated 72568 62670 Estimated 22.29 17.93 86789
Estimated 73413 63092 Estimated 22.02 17.81 88537
SWB-1 =
SWB-2

Method 1
MPG MPG Relatives (2008) Trial Relatives - Not Used
LWB SWB LWB SWB LWB SWB - 1
34359 126393 22.87 17.07
34925 23.66 17.34
35710 23.53 17.29 0.9947 0.9974 0.9940
36251 23.34 17.18 0.9866 0.9908 0.9860
35326 23.08 17.08 0.9756 0.9849 0.9735
cars
SUVs, small trucks formerly classified as trucks

Method 2
Trial Relatives - Not Used Fractional Improvement
SWB -2 Calibrated Assume simple average of relatives for SWB-2
(Match Col. AH) 1.10
SWB LWB SWB-2 SWB-1 ~ Light T
0.9964 0.9945 0.0053 0.0026 0.0039 0.0056 0.0031
0.9891 0.9866 0.0134 0.0092 0.0113 0.0139 0.0100
0.9839 0.9757 0.0244 0.0151 0.0198 0.0256 0.0170
tives for SWB-2
Calculate relatives
SWB-1=cars ~ Light T
0.9961 0.9944 0.9969
0.9887 0.9861 0.9900
0.9802 0.9744 0.9830
This worksheet computes implied MPG estimates for cars and light trucks, based upon energy use and vehicle-miles estimates

Cars Light Trucks


Energy UsVehicle-mileFuel Econ.
1970 67820 916,700 13.52 12313 123286 10.01
1971 71346 966,373 13.54 13484 137870 10.22
1972 75937 1,021,481 13.45 15150 156622 10.34
1973 78233 1,046,398 13.38 16828 176833 10.51
1974 74229 1,007,653 13.57 16657 182757 10.97
1975 74140 1,033,950 13.95 19081 200700 10.52
1976 78297 1,077,547 13.76 20828 225834 10.84
1977 79060 1,107,905 14.01 22383 250591 11.20
1978 80652 1,144,865 14.20 24162 279414 11.56
1979 76588 1,112,887 14.53 24445 291905 11.94
1980 69981 1,111,596 15.88 23796 290935 12.23
1981 69112 1,134,034 16.41 23697 296343 12.51
1982 69314 1,161,832 16.76 22702 306141 13.48
1983 70322 1,194,204 16.98 23945 327643 13.68
1984 70663 1,226,424 17.36 25604 358006 13.98
1985 71518 1,246,798 17.43 27363 390961 14.29
1986 73174 1,270,433 17.36 29074 423915 14.58
1987 73308 1,316,160 17.95 30598 456870 14.93
1988 73345 1,370,718 18.69 32653 502207 15.38
1989 73913 1,401,937 18.97 33271 536475 16.12
1990 69568 1,408,266 20.24 35611 574571 16.13
1991 64318 1,358,185 21.12 38217 649394 16.99
1992 65436 1,371,569 20.96 40929 706863 17.27
1993 67047 1,374,709 20.50 42851 745750 17.40
1994 67874 1,406,089 20.72 44112 764634 17.33
1995 68072 1,438,410 21.13 45605 790029 17.32
1996 69221 1,469,854 21.23 47354 816540 17.24
1997 69892 1,502,556 21.50 49388 850739 17.23
1998 71695 1,549,577 21.61 50462 868275 17.21
1999 73283 1,569,100 21.41 52859 901022 17.05
2000 73065 1,600,287 21.90 52939 923059 17.44
2001 73559 1,628,338 22.14 53522 943207 17.62
2002 75471 1,658,474 21.97 55220 966034 17.49
2003 75455 1,672,080 22.16 60758 984094 16.20
2004 75402 1,699,890 22.54 63417 1027164 16.20
2005 77418 1,708,421 22.07 58869 1041051 17.68
2006 75009 1,690,534 22.54 60685 1082490 17.84
2007 74377 1,672,467 22.49 61836 1112271 17.99
2008 71497 1,615,900 22.60 61199 1108600 18.11
2009 72179 1,622,145 22.47 61146 1104173 18.06
2010 72568 1,617,279 22.29 62670 1123844 17.93
2011 73413 1,616,658 22.02 63092 1123430 17.81

2011/1985 for MPG 1.26 1.25


2011/1985 load factor 0.889 0.998
2011/1985 for Btu/PM 1.12 1.24
se and vehicle-miles estimates
Compare AER/MER Transportation Energy Use with Bottom-up Estimates from Various Sources

Total Fuel - Trillion Btu


Published -AER Sum of Modes Difference % Difference
1970 16,098 15,134 -964 -6.0% 0.801 0.781
1971 16,730 15,845 -885 -5.3%
1972 17,717 16,940 -777 -4.4%
1973 18,613 17,696 -917 -4.9%
1974 18,120 17,101 -1020 -5.6%
1975 18,245 17,300 -945 -5.2%
1976 19,101 18,191 -910 -4.8%
1977 19,822 18,720 -1102 -5.6%
1978 20,617 19,631 -986 -4.8%
1979 20,472 19,444 -1028 -5.0%
1980 19,697 18,524 -1173 -6.0%
1981 19,514 18,488 -1026 -5.3%
1982 19,089 18,202 -887 -4.6%
1983 19,177 18,416 -760 -4.0%
1984 19,656 19,041 -615 -3.1%
1985 20,088 19,382 -706 -3.5%
1986 20,789 19,983 -805 -3.9%
1987 21,469 20,454 -1015 -4.7%
1988 22,318 21,007 -1311 -5.9%
1989 22,478 21,279 -1198 -5.3%
1990 22,420 21,366 -1053 -4.7%
1991 22,118 20,789 -1329 -6.0%
1992 22,415 21,475 -940 -4.2%
1993 22,768 22,099 -669 -2.9%
1994 23,366 22,826 -540 -2.3%
1995 23,846 23,363 -483 -2.0%
1996 24,437 23,930 -507 -2.1%
1997 24,750 24,460 -289 -1.2%
1998 25,256 25,103 -154 -0.6%
1999 25,949 25,998 49 0.2%
2000 26,548 26,280 -268 -1.0%
2001 26,275 26,224 -52 -0.2%
2002 26,842 26,781 -60 -0.2%
2003 26,994 27,091 97 0.4%
2004 27,895 27,604 -292 -1.0%
2005 28,353 27,638 -715 -2.5%
2006 28,830 27,853 -977 -3.4%
2007 29,117 28,049 -1067 -3.7%
2008 28,008 27,518 -490 -1.7%
2009 27,071 26,702 -370 -1.4%
2010 27,466 27,076 -390 -1.4%
2011 27,079 26,950 -130 -0.5%
Annual Passenger-related Transportation Activity by Mode, 1949-2000
(million passenger-miles)

Mode

Highway Rail
Million passenger-miles

Passenger Light Motor- Intercity Transit Para- School Commuter


Year Car Truck cycles Bus Bus Transit Bus Rail
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966 1,472,427 173,687 2,770
1967 1,535,996 178,106 2,890
1968 1,610,314 195,464 3,030
1969 1,675,495 212,821 3,152
1970 1,741,730 221,915 3,277 25,300 18,210 48,300.0 4,592
1971 1,836,109 248,166 3,920 25,500 16,810 50,876.0 4,576
1972 1,940,814 281,920 4,636 25,600 16,180 54,257.0 4,560
1973 1,988,156 318,299 5,255 26,400 16,170 55,476.0 4,545
1974 1,914,541 328,963 5,547 27,700 17,910 56,350.0 4,529
1975 1,964,505 361,260 6,192 25,400 18,300 57,500.0 4,513
1976 2,047,339 406,501 7,338 25,100 18,890 60,269.8 5,340
1977 2,105,019 451,064 8,456 26,000 19,730 62,879.9 6,167
1978 2,156,162 507,602 9,681 25,600 20,708 64,377.1 6,213
1979 2,077,389 535,159 10,329 27,700 21,393 67,769.9 6,492
1980 2,056,453 538,230 11,235 27,400 21,790 69,000.0 6,516
1981 2,079,062 553,174 10,987 27,100 21,012 71,411.0 6,236
1982 2,110,661 576,566 10,770 26,900 19,987 72,958.3 6,027
1983 2,149,568 622,522 10,571 26,500 20,047 77,686.9 6,097
1984 2,172,522 669,983 10,343 24,600 21,595 349 77,818.2 6,207
1985 2,172,991 720,485 9,995 23,800 21,161 364 79,304.0 6,534
1986 2,177,885 769,103 10,044 23,700 21,395 402 79,744.6 6,723
1987 2,218,670 815,839 10,260 23,000 20,970 374 81,692.3 6,818
1988 2,271,476 882,449 10,535 23,100 20,753 441 84,418.5 6,964
1989 2,283,155 927,335 10,620 24,000 20,768 428 86,592.7 7,211
1990 2,253,226 976,771 10,513 23,000 20,981 431 87,400.0 7,082
1991 2,173,096 1,090,982 10,096 23,100 21,090 454 89,897.3 7,344
1992 2,194,510 1,173,393 10,513 22,600 20,336 495 93,789.9 7,320
1993 2,199,534 1,223,030 10,897 24,700 20,247 562 97,113.9 6,940
1994 2,249,742 1,238,707 11,264 28,100 18,832 577 101,200.0 7,996
1995 2,301,456 1,264,046 10,777 28,100 18,818 607 105,633.5 8,244
1996 2,344,417 1,322,795 10,912 28,800 19,096 656 108,506.8 8,351
1997 2,389,064 1,395,212 11,089 30,600 19,604 754 106,467.3 8,038
1998 2,456,080 1,441,337 11,311 33,639 20,360 735 106,795.1 8,704
1999 2,479,178 1,513,717 11,642 36,818 21,205 813 107,122.8 8,766
2000 2,520,452 1,569,200 11,516 40,138 21,241 839 110,432.3 9,402
2001 2,556,491 1,622,316 10,596 43,599 22,022 855 113,865.9 9,548
2002 2,603,804 1,676,069 10,507 47,200 21,841 853 114,734.9 9,504
2003 2,625,166 1,722,165 10,534 50,941 21,262 930 117,648.5 9,559
2004 2,668,827 1,812,944 11,134 54,823 21,377 962 116,470.7 9,719
2005 2,682,221 1,853,071 11,499 57,582 21,825 1,058 115,013.1 9,473
2006 2,654,138 1,943,070 13,254 61,103 22,821 1,078 116,493.6 10,361
2007 2,625,773 2,013,211 23,536 65,496 20,976 1,502 113,601.6 11,153
2008 2,504,645 2,023,195 22,892 64,750 21,757 1,412 109,272.1 11,049
2009 2,514,325 2,031,678 22,904 64,600 21,477 1,477 112,313.4 11,232
2010 2,506,783 2,067,873 20,364 62,524 21,013 1,494 109,319.2 10,874
2011 2,505,820 2,067,111 20,396 68,371 21,414 1,580 101,858.9 11,427
2012 67,571 22,089
2013

Sources:

Passenger Car and Light Truck


Passenger car and light truck passenger-miles estimated by multiplying vehicle-miles of travel from
VMT 1981-95: Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics Summary to 1995. Table VM-201A, April 1997.
VMT 1996-2001: Primary source: Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, annual editions. Table VM-1. Da
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm (Use menu on top right of screen to select ye
Load factors 1966-2011: Nationwide Personal Transportation B52Survey data (1969, 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995) National
See also ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Table A.18 for load factors for cars.
VMT 2002-2006:
Passenger Car Column AG Data from: http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/na
Light Truck Column AB Data from: http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/na
Note: The data from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS, bts) is taken
VMT 2007-2008
Passenger Car Column AG Data from ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table 4.1
Light Truck Column AB Data from ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table 4.2

VMT 2009-2011
Passenger Car Column AG Estimates based on extrapolation of 2008 estimate, using data from Table VM-1
Light Truck Column AB Estimates based on extrapolation of 2008 estimate, using data from Table VM-1

Motorcycles
1970-2010 Column AD Vehicle-miles from Table 1-35 of BTS NTS http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita
2011-2012 http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics/2012/pdf/vm1.pdf
All years http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm
Passenger-miles, calculated from assumed constant load factor of 1.1 for all yea

Bus
Transit
1970-76: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 1993. Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 13. ORNL-6743. Oak Ridge,
1977-2012 American Public Transportation Association. 2014 Public Transportation Fact Book.
Note: Transit bus does not include trolley bus because APTA did not not report electricity consumption

Note: Series not continuous for transit bus between 2006 and 2007; estimation procedures changed for bus systems ou
Note: Series not continuous between 1983 and 1984.

Intercity
Series completely revised in August 2014. See separate worksheet: Revised_intercity_bus_estimates (Data primar

School
Series completely revised in August 2014. See separate worksheet: Revised_intercity_bus_estimates (Data since 1

Paratransit (Demand Response, "Dial-a-Ride")


1984:2011 2013 Public Transportation Fact Book, Appendix A, March 2012, Table 3, Pt. A
Note: Data prior to 1984 was not collected by APTA

Commerical Air Carrier


1970-74: ORNL. 1993. Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 13. Table 6.2, page 6-7.
1975-84: ORNL. 1999. Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 19. Table 12.1, page 12-2.
1985-1999: ORNL. 2001. Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 21. Table 12.1, page 12-2.
2000-2011 ORNL 2013. Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 32, Table 9.2
Website: http://www.bts.gov/xml/air_traffic/src/datadisp.xml
Note: The TEDB did not use the revised number of passenger-miles for 1998. Therefore, we have used the original revi
2011 Value for domestic passenger-miles from Table 2.12 in 2013 TEDB

Urban Rail (Commuter)


1970-76: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 1993. Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 13. ORNL-6743. Oak Ridge,
1977-2011: American Public Transportation Association. 2013 Public Transportation Fact Book. Appendix A, Table 3
Alternative source: ORNL 2013. Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 32, Table 9.11

Urban Rail (Light, Heavy)


1970-1977 Unlinked passenger trips multiplied by average miles per trip (4.5 for heavy, 3.8 for light), see columns A
1977-2011 American Public Transportation Association. 2013 Public Transportation Fact Book.
Intercity Rail (Amtrak)

1971-2011: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 2013. Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 32
1970: Amtrak was not established until May 1971. Data for 1970 assumes same passenger activity as 1971,
included to fill out all transportation-related time series back to 1970
Alternative source: http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_stat
2001-2009:
Note: Amtrak data is compiled by fiscal year rather than calendar year.

General Aviation
1950-99: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. 2001. Transportation in America 2000, 18th ed. Washington, DC, April, pp
2000:2001 Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. 2002. Transportation in America 2000, 19th ed. Washington, DC
2002:2011 No available data. 2007 Eno report does not include estimate for private air. Passenger-miles extrapo
No estimates Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. 2007. Transportation in America, 20th ed. Washington, DC
Air

Domestic
All Carriers Carriers Estimated
Urban Rail (pass (passenger- Estimated or reported
Heavy Light (Hvy, Lt, Intercity miles), miles, Domestic/ or reported Internationa
Rail Rail Commuter) Rail millions millions) Total Domestic l
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
8,465 893 13,950 1,993 151,477 0.000 0 151,477
8,001 844 13,421 1,993 156,007 0.000 0 156,007
7,790 802 13,152 3,039 175,267 0.000 0 175,267
7,835 787 13,166 3,807 174,352 0.000 0 174,352
7,767 570 12,866 4,259 174,052 0.000 0 174,052
7,529 471 12,513 3,753 173,324 0.000 0 173,324
7,344 426 13,110 4,268 191,823 0.000 0 191,823
9,682 389 16,238 4,204 206,082 0.000 0 206,082
10,330 392 16,935 4,154 236,998 0.000 0 236,998
10,760 407 17,659 4,867 269,719 0.000 0 269,719
10,558 381 17,455 4,053 267,722 0.000 0 267,722
10,244 346 16,826 4,397 260,063 0.000 0 260,063
10,049 379 16,455 3,993 272,435 0.000 0 272,435
10,350 391 16,838 4,227 295,144 0.000 0 295,144
10,111 416 16,734 4,427 319,504 0.000 0 319,504
10,427 350 17,311 4,785 351,073 0.000 0 351,073
10,649 361 17,733 5,011 378,923 0.000 0 378,923
11,198 405 18,421 5,361 417,830 0.000 0 417,830
11,300 477 18,741 5,686 437,649 0.000 0 437,649
12,030 509 19,750 5,859 447,480 0.000 0 447,480
11,475 571 19,128 6,057 472,236 0.000 0 472,236
10,528 662 18,534 6,273 463,296 0.000 0 463,296
10,737 701 18,758 6,091 493,715 0.000 0 493,715
10,231 705 17,876 6,199 505,996 0.000 0 505,996
10,668 833 19,497 5,921 537,506 0.000 0 537,506
10,559 860 19,663 5,545 558,757 0.000 0 558,757
11,530 957 20,838 5,050 596,164 419,282 0.703 419,282 176,882
12,056 1,035 21,129 5,166 619,969 439,263 0.709 439,263 180,706
12,284 1,128 22,116 5,304 635,517 449,104 0.707 449,104 186,414
12,902 1,206 22,874 5,330 668,626 473,082 0.708 473,082 195,544
13,844 1,356 24,602 5,498 708,926 500,440 0.706 500,440 208,487
14,178 1,437 25,163 5,559 664,849 473,625 0.712 473,625 191,224
13,663 1,432 24,599 5,468 655,214 472,340 0.721 472,340 182,874
13,606 1,476 24,641 5,680 673,931 498,204 0.739 498,204 175,727
14,354 1,576 25,649 5,511 752,300 548,620 0.729 548,620 203,680
14,418 1,700 25,591 5,381 795,117 573,639 0.721 573,639 221,479
14,721 1,866 26,948 5,410 810,086 577,596 0.713 577,596 232,490
16,138 1,932 29,223 5,784 842,007 595,343 0.707 595,343 246,664
16,848 2,093 29,990 6,179 823,783 570,932 0.693 570,932 252,851
16,805 2,199 30,236 5,914 779,997 541,653 0.694 541,653 238,343
16,407 2,173 29,454 6,420 809,051 555,668 0.687 555,668 253,384
17,317 2,203 30,947 6,670 825,916 566,622 0.686 566,622 259,294
832,712

566,620

of travel from Highway Statistics by vehicle load factors from Nationwide Personal Transportation Surveys.
. Table VM-201A, April 1997.
s, annual editions. Table VM-1. Data taken from:
on top right of screen to select year)
1977, 1983, 1990, 1995) National Highway Transportation Survey (2001,2009). Interpolated for other years.
able A.18 for load factors for cars.

rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_35.html_mfd Alternative source: TEDB-32, Table 4.1


rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_35.html_mfd Alternative source: TEDB-32, Table 4.2
ation Statistics (BTS, bts) is taken from Highway Statistics, as above

y Data Book, Edition 32, Table 4.1


y Data Book, Edition 32, Table 4.2

mate, using data from Table VM-1, 2011 Highway Statistics, see PNNL-22267, Appendix A, and worksheet 'Passenger vehicles'
mate, using data from Table VM-1, 2011 Highway Statistics, see PNNL-22267, Appendix A, and worksheet 'Passenger vehicles'

http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_35.html_mfd
istics/2012/pdf/vm1.pdf

onstant load factor of 1.1 for all years

dition 13. ORNL-6743. Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Table 3.30, p. 3-46.


on Fact Book. Appendix A, Table 3, Pt. A http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Documents/FactBook/2014-Fact-Book-Appendix-A
not report electricity consumption for trolley buses separately for all years.

dures changed for bus systems outside urban areas

rcity_bus_estimates (Data primarily from American Bus Association)

rcity_bus_estimates (Data since 1994 based on route mileage from School Bus Fleet Magazine)

http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Documents/FactBook/2013-Fact-Book-Appendix-A.pdf

(Data are for scheduled and unscheduled carriers, only from 1996 forward, appear to be revised, but no revision for
ore, we have used the original revised Office of Airline Information source for that year.

dition 13. ORNL-6743. Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Table 6.13, p. 6-31.


Fact Book. Appendix A, Table 3 http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Documents/FactBook/2013-Fact-Book-Appendix-A

heavy, 3.8 for light), see columns AE-AK


on Fact Book. Appendix A, Table 3, Pt. B http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Documents/FactBook/2013-Fact-Book-Appendix-A
ook: Edition 32. Table 9.10
same passenger activity as 1971, primarily

ations/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_40.html_mfd

18th ed. Washington, DC, April, pp. 14-15.


2000, 19th ed. Washington, DC
vate air. Passenger-miles extrapolated on basis on fuel consumption for general aviation
20th ed. Washington, DC http://www.ugpti.org/tia2007/
Passenger
Car +
Motorcycle

All Carrier
( pass ton- NPTS
Adjusted total miles)[ used /NHTS
(domestic + 1/2 for fuel General Veh-Miles, Load
international) allocation] Aviation Year from DOT Factor
800 1949 342,285 1.90
800 1950 365,461 1.90
Assumed tons/ 900 1951 392,131 1.90
passenger 1,000 1952 410,187 1.90
0.20 1,200 1953 435,351 1.90
1,400 1954 453,152 1.90
1,500 1955 492,635 1.90
1,600 1956 514,781 1.90
1,800 1957 522,747 1.90
3,169 2,100 1958 540,450 1.90
3,630 2,100 1959 571,626 1.90
3,850 2,300 1960 587,012 1.90
4,022 2,300 1961 603,827 1.90
4,458 2,700 1962 627,387 1.90
5,104 3,400 1963 661,884 1.90
5,958 3,700 1964 695,835 1.90
7,088 4,400 1965 722,696 1.90
8,578 5,700 1966 777,480 1.90
10,924 7,000 1967 811,046 1.90
12,685 8,200 1968 850,288 1.90
13,996 8,800 1969 884,705 1.90
75,738 30,295 9,100 1970 919,679 1.90
78,003 31,201 9,200 1971 969,937 1.90
87,633 35,053 10,000 1972 1,025,696 1.90
87,176 34,870 10,700 1973 1,051,175 1.90
87,026 34,810 11,200 1974 1,012,696 1.90
86,662 34,665 11,400 1975 1,039,579 1.90
95,912 38,365 12,100 1976 1,084,218 1.90
103,041 41,216 12,800 1977 1,115,592 1.90
118,499 47,400 14,100 School Bus 1978 1,153,666 1.88
134,860 53,944 15,500 Pass-Mi Deline 1979 1,122,277 1.87
133,861 53,544 14,700 -0.03 -0.02 1980 1,121,810 1.85
130,032 52,013 14,600 -0.02 1981 1,144,022 1.83
136,218 54,487 13,100 -0.06 1982 1,171,623 1.82
147,572 59,029 12,700 0.00 1983 1,203,814 1.80
159,752 63,901 13,000 -0.02 1984 1,235,827 1.77
175,537 70,215 12,300 -0.01 1985 1,255,884 1.74
189,462 75,785 12,400 -0.02 1986 1,279,564 1.71
208,915 83,566 12,100 -0.03 1987 1,325,488 1.69
218,824 87,530 12,600 -0.03 1988 1,380,295 1.66
223,740 89,496 13,100 -0.01 1989 1,411,592 1.63
236,118 94,447 13,000 -0.03 1990 1,417,823 1.60
231,648 92,659 12,100 1991 1,367,363 1.60
246,858 98,743 10,800 1992 1,381,126 1.60
252,998 101,199 9,900 1993 1,384,615 1.60
268,753 107,501 9,800 1994 1,416,329 1.60
279,379 111,751 10,800 1995 1,448,207 1.60
507,723 119,233 12,000 1996 1,479,774 1.60
529,616 123,994 12,500 1997 1,512,637 1.59
542,311 127,103 13,100 1998 1,559,860 1.59
570,854 133,725 14,100 1999 1,579,684 1.58
604,683 141,785 15,200 2000 1,610,756 1.58
569,237 132,970 15,900 10596 2001 1,637,971 1.57
563,777 131,043 13,628.1 2002 1,668,026 1.57
586,067 134,786 13,618.3 2003 1,681,656 1.57
650,460 150,460 16,943.0 2004 1,710,012 1.57
684,378 159,023 23,343.4 2005 1,718,875 1.57
693,841 162,017 24,684.6 2006 1,702,583 1.57
718,675 168,401 23,357.2 2007 2,125,812 1.57
697,357 164,757 25,498.9 2008 2,045,568 1.55
660,825 155,999 20,182.0 2009 2,034,236 1.55
682,360 161,810 21,305.1 2010 1.55
696,269 165,183 21,874.9 2011 1.55

2011/1985 -> 0.889

rce: TEDB-32, Table 4.1


rce: TEDB-32, Table 4.2

enger vehicles'
enger vehicles'

35.html_mfd

014-Fact-Book-Appendix-A.pdf

revised, but no revision for earlier data, thus ORNL TEDB-31 data is used)

013-Fact-Book-Appendix-A.pdf

013-Fact-Book-Appendix-A.pdf
http://www.enotrans.com/
Passenger
Light Truck MotorCycles: Passenger Cars
(Calibrated to fraction of Cars = Total - (Calibrated to
Light Truck FHWA) MotorCycles total (col. S) Motorcycles FHWA)

NPTS Million
Load Vehicle-Miles-
Veh-Miles Factor Veh-Miles Fraction ORNL T. 4.1
1,109 0.0032 341,176 341,176
1,184 0.0032 364,277 364,277
1,270 0.0032 390,861 390,861
1,329 0.0032 408,858 408,858
1,410 0.0032 433,941 433,941
1,468 0.0032 451,684 451,684
1,596 0.0032 491,039 491,039
1,667 0.0032 513,114 513,114
1,693 0.0032 521,054 521,054
1,751 0.0032 538,699 538,699
1,852 0.0032 569,774 569,774
1,901 0.0032 585,111 585,111
1,956 0.0032 601,871 601,871
2,032 0.0032 625,355 625,355
2,144 0.0032 659,740 659,740
2,254 0.0032 693,581 693,581
2,341 0.0032 720,355 720,355
91,414 91,414 1.90 2,518 0.0032 774,962 774,962
93,740 93,740 1.90 2,627 0.0032 808,419 808,419
102,876 102,876 1.90 2,754 0.0032 847,534 847,534
112,011 112,011 1.90 2,866 0.0032 881,839 881,839
123,286 123,286 1.80 2,979 0.0032 916,700 916,700
137,870 137,870 1.80 3,564 0.0037 966,373 966,373
156,622 156,622 1.80 4,215 0.0041 1,021,481 1,021,481
176,833 176,833 1.80 4,777 0.0045 1,046,398 1,046,398
182,757 182,757 1.80 5,043 0.0050 1,007,653 1,007,653
200,700 200,700 1.80 5,629 0.0054 1,033,950 1,033,950
225,834 225,834 1.80 6,671 0.0062 1,077,547 1,077,547
250,591 250,591 1.80 7,687 0.0069 1,107,905 1,107,905
279,414 279,414 1.82 8,801 0.0076 1,144,865 1,144,865
291,905 291,905 1.83 9,390 0.0084 1,112,887 1,112,887
290,935 290,935 1.85 10,214 0.0091 1,111,596 1,111,596
296,343 296,343 1.87 9,988 0.0087 1,134,034 1,134,034
306,141 306,141 1.88 9,791 0.0084 1,161,832 1,161,832
327,643 327,643 1.90 9,610 0.0080 1,194,204 1,194,204
358,006 358,006 1.87 9,403 0.0076 1,226,424 1,226,424
390,961 390,961 1.84 9,086 0.0072 1,246,798 1,246,798
423,915 423,915 1.81 9,131 0.0071 1,270,433 1,270,433
456,870 456,870 1.79 9,328 0.0070 1,316,160 1,316,160
502,207 502,207 1.76 9,577 0.0069 1,370,718 1,370,718
536,475 536,475 1.73 9,655 0.0068 1,401,937 1,401,937
574,571 574,571 1.70 9,557 0.0067 1,408,266 1,408,266
649,394 649,394 1.68 9,178 0.0067 1,358,185 1,358,185
706,863 706,863 1.66 9,557 0.0069 1,371,569 1,371,569
745,750 745,750 1.64 9,906 0.0072 1,374,709 1,374,709
764,634 764,634 1.62 10,240 0.0072 1,406,089 1,406,089
790,029 790,029 1.60 9,797 0.0068 1,438,410 1,438,410
816,540 816,540 1.62 9,920 0.0067 1,469,854 1,469,854
850,739 850,739 1.64 10,081 0.0067 1,502,556 1,502,556
868,275 868,275 1.66 10,283 0.0066 1,549,577 1,549,577
901,022 901,022 1.68 10,584 0.0067 1,569,100 1,569,100
923,059 923,059 1.70 10,469 0.0065 1,600,287 1,600,287
943,207 943,207 1.72 9,633 0.0059 1,628,338 1,628,338
966,034 966,034 1.74 9,552 0.0057 1,658,474 1,658,474
984,094 984,094 1.75 9,576 0.0057 1,672,080 1,672,080
1,027,164 1,027,164 1.77 10,122 0.0059 1,699,890 1,699,890
1,041,051 1,041,051 1.78 10,454 0.0061 1,708,421 1,708,421
1,082,490 1,082,490 1.80 12,049 0.0071 1,690,534 1,690,534
1,112,271 1,112,271 1.81 21,396 0.0101 1,672,467 1,672,467
1,108,600 1,108,600 1.83 20,811 0.0102 1,615,900 1,615,900
1,066,500 1,104,173 1.84 20,822 0.0102 1,566,800 1,622,145
1,085,500 1,123,844 1.84 18,513 NA 1,562,100 1,617,279
1,085,100 1,123,430 1.84 18,542 NA 1,561,500 1,616,658

increment -----> 0.015


Values interpolated or extrapolated from data at 5-year intervals

0.998
Total of ENO
Highway Indicators Foundation - American
Bus - BTS Categories TIA 2007, p. Bus
MotorCycles (T. 1-40) (Col E,F,H) 45 Association

Passenger- Million billion


miles (BTS Pass- Millions of Millions of passenger- million
source) Miles passengers passengers miles vehicle-miles

Not used
Passenger
mile series
is unstable
See PNNL
spreadsheet
BTS_data
.xlsx
94,925 124,265
124,840
125,662
128,272
131,361
121,398 131,381
121,906 134,087
122,496 136,726
129,852 142,061
135,871 148,132
136,104 152,551
139,136 156,403
145,060 156,671
148,558 160,794
162,445 165,146
313,897 171,812
275,231 179,487 594.60
282,739 183,776 585.60
283,699 189,851 547.50
286,714 192,670 534.00
278,864 194,420
297,631 200,418
307,753 200,074
314,278 195,779
305,014 198,390 544.9 62.8 1,948.2
291,914 192,856 562.6 68.4 1,947.1
292,192 191,644

m data at 5-year intervals


Heavy/Light Rail
Unlinked Passenger TripsImplied Miles/Trip Calculated Pass-Miles

US Share of
North
America
(based
#buses) Ave. MPG Heavy Light Heavy Light Heavy Light

1881 235 8,465 893


1778 222 8,001 844
1731 211 7,790 802
1741 207 7,835 787
1726 150 7,767 570
1673 124 7,529 471
1632 112 7,344 426
2149 103 4.505 3.777 9,671 391
2285 104 4.521 3.769
2381 107 4.519 3.804
2108 133 5.009 2.865

Source:
Passenger-trips: Table 1, Appendix A
of 2009 Public Transportation Fact Book
From Table 3, average trip lengths
for 1977-1979 are 4.5 and 3.8 miles

0.906 6.1
0.897 6.3 6.3
School Bus
ed Pass-Miles Total route mileage (millions)

Pupils Fuel Use


Public & transported (mill.
Total Private per day gallons)

9,358
8,845
8,591
8,621
8,337
8,000
7,770
10,062
4111 545.16 7.5
4156 545.16 7.6
4310 544.74 7.9
4247 550.20 7.7
4182 555.66 7.5
4119 577.08 7.1
4171 538.08 7.8
4226 520.04 8.1
4278 515.72 8.3
4091 517.09 7.9
3904 530.70 7.4
4038 515.72 7.8
4172 530.70 7.9
540.89
556.00
532.15
532.15

3703 28,784,331 from website: sbf.epubxp.com/i/229350/33

Source: School Bus Fleet magazine, by permission

Route mileage divided public school pupil transported (2006-2007 school year)
WA 191
OR 195
ID 254

Total pupils U.S. = 22347109


x 270 days 270
x 1 mile/day/person 1
6033719430
6034 million passenger-miles - NOT appropriate way to calculate

Altenative calculation
Total Route mileage 4172257584

x ave occupancy 20
83445 million passenger-miles - similar to earlier estimates from ENO
te way to calculate

r estimates from ENO


Annual Energy Use for Passenger-related Travel by Mode, 1949-2010
(trillion Btu)

Mode
Highway Rail

Passenger Light Para- Intercity School Commuter


Year Car Motorcycles Truck Urban Bus transit Bus Bus Rail
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965 45.9
1966 45.0
1967 44.7
1968 43.7
1969 43.0
1970 8,479.4 7.4 1,538.6 42.2 26.6 41.2 17.2
1971 8,926.1 9.0 1,684.9 39.3 27.1 43.0 16.5
1972 9,505.6 10.8 1,893.0 37.6 27.3 45.5 15.8
1973 9,799.5 13.0 2,102.7 40.7 27.2 46.1 15.1
1974 9,304.0 13.6 2,081.3 44.8 26.3 46.4 14.5
1975 9,298.0 14.1 2,384.1 51.3 24.8 47.0 14.3
1976 9,825.7 15.0 2,602.4 54.6 25.0 48.4 13.5
1977 9,928.0 15.9 2,796.7 56.9 25.0 49.7 14.9
1978 10,133.4 17.9 3,019.5 59.7 27.0 50.1 15.4
1979 9,629.1 21.6 3,055.4 59.8 28.1 52.0 15.8
1980 8,799.9 25.5 2,974.8 61.3 29.3 52.1 16.2
1981 8,692.9 26.7 2,962.8 63.6 28.6 53.7 15.6
1982 8,697.6 24.8 2,837.4 64.7 28.1 54.6 15.3
1983 8,801.9 21.9 2,990.8 63.6 28.1 57.8 18.9
1984 8,836.9 22.7 3,196.8 71.1 7.1 24.6 57.6 17.4
1985 8,931.9 23.5 3,413.8 72.6 6.7 23.4 58.4 18.5
1986 9,139.0 23.5 3,627.4 76.4 6.2 23.7 58.8 19.7
1987 9,158.6 23.8 3,819.1 75.6 5.9 23.9 60.3 19.1
1988 9,157.9 25.1 4,076.4 76.9 6.6 24.2 62.4 19.7
1989 9,232.5 25.9 4,156.9 76.7 6.5 24.4 64.1 20.7
1990 8,688.0 23.9 4,449.6 78.4 5.8 24.7 64.8 20.0
1991 8,029.2 22.9 4,775.4 79.7 6.3 26.0 66.7 20.3
1992 8,169.1 23.9 5,117.3 82.6 6.0 27.4 69.5 19.2
1993 8,367.8 24.8 5,355.5 80.7 7.4 28.7 72.0 20.7
1994 8,469.6 25.6 5,512.2 80.0 9.4 30.1 75.0 21.4
1995 8,488.9 24.8 5,696.3 80.8 8.9 29.6 78.3 21.7
1996 8,633.4 24.5 5,916.9 82.9 9.5 30.2 80.4 21.6
1997 8,714.0 25.2 6,168.5 86.9 9.5 31.6 78.9 21.9
1998 8,937.8 25.7 6,303.7 89.6 9.8 32.8 79.1 23.0
1999 9,133.3 26.5 6,602.5 92.1 10.1 34.1 79.4 23.8
2000 9,100.4 26.2 6,606.9 96.3 10.4 35.3 81.8 24.0
2001 9,160.7 24.1 6,677.7 91.2 11.0 36.6 84.4 24.0
2002 9,390.8 23.9 6,882.6 90.2 11.3 37.8 85.0 23.9
2003 9,362.2 23.8 7,551.4 89.1 12.6 39.0 87.2 24.3
2004 9,330.6 25.3 7,860.8 93.4 13.1 40.3 86.3 25.0
2005 9,579.1 23.7 7,296.3 93.1 14.4 41.5 85.2 26.0
2006 9,315.8 27.6 7,549.5 98.4 15.4 42.7 86.3 26.2
2007 9,221.1 59.4 7,679.3 91.7 24.9 44.0 84.2 29.4
2008 8,831.5 61.2 7,572.3 94.6 26.3 44.2 81.0 29.3
2009 8,898.0 60.3 7,550.7 91.3 24.1 44.4 83.2 31.6
2010 8,927.2 53.3 7,722.7 86.6 23.9 44.6 81.0 31.5
2011 9,028.8 53.2 7,772.7 91.0 25.5 42.9 75.5 31.9
2012 44.6
2013

0.835

Notes:

See the FuelConsump sheet for most of the information used to estimate energy consumption in Btu's.

0.0040
Air
Urban Rail Intercity
Heavy Light (Hvy, Lt, Rail General
Rail Rail Commuter) (Amtrak) Carrier Aviation

31.7
34.4
37.0
42.7
56.3
61.1
75.0
85.4
23.4 1.6 42.2 6.1 1,211.3 94.3
23.4 1.6 41.5 6.1 1,194.5 91.6
22.2 1.5 39.6 9.3 1,213.8 103.3
21.7 1.4 38.3 11.6 1,254.2 90.4
25.7 1.5 41.6 11.2 1,222.0 101.4
25.9 1.5 41.7 11.2 1,226.6 110.7
25.1 1.5 40.1 11.8 1,199.9 118.8
22.3 1.6 38.7 12.2 1,144.3 127.2
21.4 1.6 38.4 12.4 1,189.8 165.3
24.0 1.6 41.4 13.7 1,265.9 167.9
23.7 1.6 41.5 11.6 1,208.1 165.9
25.8 1.7 43.1 10.7 1,240.5 161.2
26.5 1.7 43.4 10.3 1,228.1 173.6
28.6 1.7 49.2 10.3 1,259.3 134.2
30.2 1.7 49.4 10.9 1,403.3 155.3
28.5 1.8 48.7 10.9 1,507.2 143.9
31.7 1.8 53.2 10.5 1,613.2 147.9
33.3 2.0 54.4 11.0 1,689.3 139.1
33.7 2.5 55.9 11.4 1,755.9 148.5
34.0 2.5 57.1 12.9 1,765.0 134.1
34.0 2.5 56.4 12.8 1,885.5 131.9
33.6 2.8 56.8 12.8 1,706.8 120.4
33.0 3.1 55.3 13.0 1,824.4 104.4
34.0 2.9 57.5 13.4 1,825.5 93.6
35.5 2.9 59.8 13.4 1,884.5 94.6
35.2 3.0 59.8 13.5 1,934.1 110.1
34.4 3.3 59.3 13.6 1,993.0 116.8
33.6 3.7 59.3 14.5 2,056.3 121.4
33.9 3.9 60.9 14.8 2,108.7 147.4
35.0 4.3 63.1 15.6 2,233.1 172.1
36.7 4.8 65.5 18.0 2,261.1 175.2
37.7 5.0 66.7 18.1 2,148.8 165.1
38.1 5.3 67.2 17.1 1,953.5 141.5
37.6 5.2 67.1 15.9 1,936.2 141.4
38.1 5.7 68.8 15.2 2,000.3 175.9
39.0 5.9 70.9 14.6 2,089.3 242.4
38.3 6.6 71.1 14.3 2,136.8 256.3
39.5 7.1 76.0 14.5 2,171.0 242.5
40.3 7.5 77.1 14.8 2,093.7 264.8
40.2 7.6 79.4 14.4 1,928.4 209.6
39.1 7.7 78.3 14.6 1,916.3 221.2
39.8 8.2 79.9 14.5 1,953.0 227.1

share of electricity 2010 freight 417


in urban rail 2010 total 2333 (matches TEDB-31, Table 9.2)

share of electricity in transportation (approximately 90% to urban, 10% to intercity)


Intensity - Paratransit Check airline energy for 2010
Btu/P-m
20,234 0.8
18,374 11,255.8
15,526 6,027.9
15,902
14,980
15,144
13,528
13,789
12,123
13,215
16,260
14,718
14,415
12,571
13,340
12,476
12,404
12,900
13,276
13,503
13,570
13,649
14,305
16,611
18,599
16,318
15,977
16,138
Annual Freight-related Transportation Activity by Mode, 1949-2010
(million ton-miles, unless otherwise noted)

Mode

Highway Rail Air Waterborne


Combination Old Series Form 41
Single-Unit Truck Truck, from 2001 Carrier -
(million vehicle- adjusted, Eno, Trans. In Domestic & Domestic
Year miles), adjusted extrapolated America Class I Rail International Vessel
1949
1950 201,010 173,000
1951 218,438 188,000 646,620
1952 226,571 195,000
1953 252,133 217,000
1954 247,486 213,000
1955 259,105 223,000 623,615
1956 289,314 249,000
1957 295,124 254,000
1958 297,448 256,000 677
1959 324,171 279,000 795
1960 331,143 285,000 572,309 821
1961 343,924 296,000 563,361 962
1962 359,029 309,000 592,862 1,318 474,970
1963 390,400 336,000 621,737 1,275 481,577
1964 413,638 356,000 658,639 1,555 488,829
1965 417,124 359,000 697,878 2,180 489,803
1966 442,686 381,000 738,395 2,950 507,084
1967 451,981 389,000 719,498 3,438 515,387
1968 460,114 396,000 744,023 3,767 520,633
1969 469,410 404,000 767,841 4,328 528,897
1970 39,818 478,705 412,000 764,809 3,755 596,195
1971 42,618 517,048 445,000 739,743 4,554 593,164
1972 46,189 546,095 470,000 776,746 5,112 603,542
1973 49,493 586,762 505,000 851,809 5,183 584,691
1974 49,170 575,143 495,000 850,961 5,251 586,345
1975 50,883 527,505 454,000 754,252 5,062 565,984
1976 53,506 592,571 510,000 794,059 6,525 591,853
1977 57,842 644,857 555,000 826,292 6,974 599,000
1978 62,853 695,981 599,000 858,105 7,395 827,263
1979 61,772 706,438 608,000 913,669 7,580 828,759
1980 58,539 644,857 555,000 918,958 7,883 921,836
1981 58,179 612,324 527,000 910,169 7,917 929,413
1982 59,781 604,190 520,000 797,759 7,807 886,469
1983 62,557 668,095 575,000 828,275 8,497 919,566
1984 65,311 704,114 606,000 921,542 9,328 887,720
1985 66,814 708,762 610,000 876,984 9,048 892,970
1986 67,102 734,324 632,000 867,722 10,988 873,401
1987 70,609 770,343 663,000 943,747 13,137 895,416
1988 72,685 813,333 700,000 996,182 14,632 890,028
1989 74,796 831,924 716,000 1,013,841 16,347 815,550
1990 76,312 854,000 735,000 1,033,969 16,404 833,544
1991 77,778 874,000 758 1,038,875 16,150 848,399
1992 79,213 896,000 815 1,066,781 17,307 856,685
1993 83,474 936,000 861 1,109,309 19,083 789,658
1994 90,108 996,000 908 1,200,701 21,773 814,919
1995 92,201 1,042,000 921 1,305,688 23,375 807,728
1996 94,208 1,071,000 972 1,355,975 24,892 764,687
1997 98,356 1,119,000 996 1,348,926 27,610 707,410
1998 100,014 1,149,000 1,027 1,376,802 28,015 672,795
1999 103,371 1,186,000 1,059 1,433,461 25,148 655,862
2000 103,659 1,203,000 1,074 1,465,960 30,221 645,799
2001 106,523 1,224,000 1,051 1,495,472 27,882 621,686
2002 111,549 1,255,000 1,507,011 30,507 612,081
2003 114,329 1,264,000 1,551,438 32,446 606,146
2004 115,335 1,283,930 1,662,598 37,958 621,170
2005 115,416 1,298,883 1,696,425 39,292 591,277
2006 118,133 1,282,118 1,771,897 39,754 561,629
2007 119,979 1,302,150 1,770,545 39,842 553,151
2008 126,855 1,299,513 1,777,236 35,529 520,520
2009 120,207 1,188,342 1,532,214 30,317 477,122
2010 110,738 1,242,698 1,691,004 35,209 502,212
2011 103,515 1,157,181 1,729,256 35,713 499,748
34,921

Note: No up-to-date source data is available for cells with values in red. Extrapolations made on basis of

Single-Unit Truck
* We have not yet found a source for ton-miles transported by Single-Unit Trucks. Therefore, we have included vehicle-miles o
1970-2011 Vehicle-miles from National Transportation Statistics, Table 1-35, but adjusted for consistency (See worksheet Ad
1970-2011 Alternative source: 2013 ORNL Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table 5.1
In worksheet Freight-Trucks, an average load of 3 tons is used to estimate ton-miles.

Combination Truck
1950-89: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. 2002. Transportation in America 2000, 19th ed. Washington, DC, April, pp. 44.
Note: The values from the 2002 Eno report were used to extrapolate the subsequent estimate for 1990 in the 200
1990-2003: Revised estimates from Eno Foundatation 2007 , Transportation in America Data here from National Transportatio
http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_3
2004-2011: Extrapolated based upon vehicle-miles traveled, after adjustment for vehicle-miles in worksheet Adjust_Truck_Frei

Class I Rail
1961-67: Association of American Railroads. 1976. Railroad Facts, 1976 Edition. Washington, DC, p. 29.
1968-79: Association of American Railroads. 1983. Railroad Facts, 1983 Edition. Washington, DC, September, p. 29.
1951, 1955, 1960, 1980-89: Association of American Railroads. 1991. Railroad Facts, 1991 Edition. Washington, DC, Septemb
1990-2000: Association of American Railroads. 2001. Railroad Facts, 2001 Edition. Washington, DC, October, p. 27.
2001-2011 http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_4
1970-2011 Alternative source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32 - 2013, Table 9
Air Carrier
1958-80: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information. Historical Air Traffic Statistics, Annual 1954-1980
1981-2007: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information. (http://www.bts.gov/o
2009&2010 Bureau of Transportation Statistics Airline Data and Statistics http://www.bts.gov/xml/air_traffic
Data is for both domestic and international, total scheduled and non scheduled and both passenger and cargo for
Note: Includes Revenue Freight Ton-Miles for all Form 41 Carriers: Majors, Nationals, and Large and Medium Regionals. Smal
1970-2011 Alternative source: 2013 ORNL Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table 9.2

Waterborne Vessels
1962-65: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce of the United States: Calendar Year 1970, Part 5-National Su
1966-73: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce of the United States: Calendar Year 1975, Part 5-National Su
1974-79: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce of the United States: Calendar Year 1983, Part 5-National Su
1980-99: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce of the United States: Calendar Year 1999, Part 5-National Su
2000-02: U.S Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce of the United States: Calendar Year 2002, Part 5-National Su
2003-2010 Bureau of Transportation Statistics http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_tran
2011 http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/pdf/wcusnatl11.pdf
1975-2011 Alternative source: ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table 9.4

Note: In September 2005, the activity measure for waterborne commerce was changed to include only tonnage carried by domestic
treatment is now consistent with ORNL's Transportation Energy Data Book

Oil Pipeline
1950-99: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc. 2001. Transportation in America 2000, 18th ed. Washington, DC, April, p. 12.
Original sources: For 1950-77, Transport Economics (Interstate Commerce Commission). Figures from 1978 taken from
1996:2003: Original Source: Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, D.C.: Annual Issues, Table 1. Data here taken
2004:2009 http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_4
2010-2011 Data unavailable: 2009 value held constant
Note: No energgy intensity indicators are computed for oil pipelines, as there is no time series of energy consump

Gas Pipeline
Calculated based on the following data:
Natural gas delivered to consumers used as a surrogate for natural gas transported by pipeline.
Energy Information Adminstration. 2007. Annual Energy Review, 2006. Table 6.5 (Total consumption less pipeline fuel less le
Natural gas cu. ft. converted to tons using a methane density of 0.04479 lb/cu. ft. (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
Natural gas tonnage converted to ton-miles based on an estimated average length of haul of 620 miles (Ross. 1989. Energy a
terborne Pipeline Data Used to Calculate Natural G
Natural Gas
International Total Delivered to
Vessel (in US Commerce - Natural End Users
Waters) US Waters Oil Pipeline Gas Year (million cu. ft.)
57,425.9 1949 4,135,855
129,000 65,444.9 1950 4,713,385
152,000 75,925.4 1951 5,468,196
158,000 82,233.6 1952 5,922,517
170,000 87,168.6 1953 6,277,939
179,000 93,242.0 1954 6,715,354
203,000 101,601.7 1955 7,317,426
230,000 110,945.3 1956 7,990,356
223,000 118,033.0 1957 8,500,820
211,000 122,802.5 1958 8,844,323
227,000 135,140.2 1959 9,732,888
229,000 144,162.5 1960 10,382,681
233,000 150,274.9 1961 10,822,899
43,496 518,465 238,000 159,877.8 1962 11,514,505
45,906 527,483 253,000 168,498.2 1963 12,135,358
53,691 542,519 269,000 180,606.5 1964 13,007,403
55,536 545,339 306,000 189,153.5 1965 13,622,968
57,937 565,021 333,000 206,658.0 1966 14,883,650
54,692 570,080 361,000 217,599.2 1967 15,671,642
60,157 580,790 391,000 233,321.4 1968 16,803,966
57,424 586,321 411,000 251,033.9 1969 18,079,630
62,756 658,952 431,000 264,069.4 1970 19,018,462
61,600 654,764 444,000 272,660.7 1971 19,637,212
66,477 670,019 476,000 276,028.1 1972 19,879,732
81,806 666,498 507,000 275,271.9 1973 19,825,271
69,819 656,164 506,000 264,881.6 1974 19,076,955
73,467 639,451 507,000 243,796.0 1975 17,558,353
85,328 677,181 515,000 246,648.8 1976 17,763,818
93,527 692,527 546,000 240,608.2 1977 17,328,767
101,034 928,298 586,000 242,279.2 1978 17,449,116
103,087 931,846 608,000 251,889.7 1979 18,141,267
94,249 1,016,085 588,000 252,930.6 1980 18,216,233
94,223 1,023,637 564,000 247,622.5 1981 17,833,942
78,428 964,897 566,000 226,257.9 1982 16,295,246
69,596 989,162 556,000 213,364.0 1983 15,366,621
78,758 966,478 568,000 226,947.2 1984 16,344,892
71,941 964,911 564,000 219,536.0 1985 15,811,130
71,509 944,910 578,000 205,687.2 1986 14,813,731
72,988 968,404 587,000 215,802.7 1987 15,542,256
80,657 970,685 601,000 226,598.7 1988 16,319,790
95,682 911,232 584,000 241,872.0 1989 17,419,787
98,608 932,151 584,000 239,894.2 1990 17,277,348
90,272 938,671 579,000 247,588.5 1991 17,831,494
92,660 949,345 589,000 256,449.9 1992 18,469,697
92,948 882,606 593,000 263,724.2 1993 18,993,594
94,486 909,405 591,000 269,894.9 1994 19,438,016
106,635 914,363 601,000 281,674.4 1995 20,286,386
105,507 870,193 619,200 286,695.0 1996 20,647,972
106,390 813,800 616,500 288,565.6 1997 20,782,694
107,705 780,500 619,800 283,776.8 1998 20,437,799
108,586 764,447 617,700 287,151.4 1999 20,680,842
117,622 763,421 577,300 299,080.2 2000 21,539,964
115,244 736,930 576,100 284,572.5 2001 20,495,108
109,341 721,422 586,200 294,735.0 2002 21,227,015
108,294 714,440 590,200 285,511.4 2003 20,562,726
122,366 743,536 599,600 287,762.9 2004 20,724,883
113,899 705,176 607,500 282,072.5 2005 20,315,054
120,359 681,988 581,300 277,121.1 2006 19,958,451
116,879 670,030 557,700 295,045.7 2007 21,249,390
113,403 633,923 605,700 297,142.4 2008 21,400,397
94,178 571,299 568,400 291,113.4 2009 20,966,188
103,393 605,605 550,000 307,231.2 2010 22,127,000
104,558 604,306 550,000 310,716.3 2011 22,378,000

apolations made on basis of related series or value is set equal to previous year. Source:

have included vehicle-miles of travel as a placeholder.


onsistency (See worksheet Adjust_Truck_Freight) http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transp
, Edition 32, Table 5.1

ashington, DC, April, pp. 44.


t estimate for 1990 in the 2007 Eno report back to earlier years
re from National Transportation Statistics, Table 1-49 from following website:
ion_statistics/html/table_01_35.html_mfd
worksheet Adjust_Truck_Freight (see column T) Vehicle-miles from Adjust_Truck_Freight worksheet

C, September, p. 29.
on. Washington, DC, September, p. 27.
DC, October, p. 27.
ion_statistics/html/table_01_49.html_mfd
ok, Edition 32 - 2013, Table 9.8 (contains data back to 1970)
atistics, Annual 1954-1980. (http://www.bts.gov/oai/indicators/airtraffic/annual/1954-1980.html)
http://www.bts.gov/programs/airline_information/air_carrier_traffic_statistics/airtraffic/annual/1981_present.html
p://www.bts.gov/xml/air_traffic/src/index.xml#CustomizeTable
both passenger and cargo for Freight Ton Miles (data is presented monthly on the website)
and Medium Regionals. Small Certificated Air Carriers and Commuter Air Carriers are not included.

Year 1970, Part 5-National Summaries. Fort Belvoir, Virginia, Section 3, Table 1, p. 121.
Year 1975, Part 5-National Summaries. Fort Belvoir, Virginia, Section 3, Table 1, p. 89.
Year 1983, Part 5-National Summaries. Fort Belvoir, Virginia, Table 1.
Year 1999, Part 5-National Summaries. Alexandria, Virginia, Table 1-4.
Year 2002, Part 5-National Summaries. Alexandria, Virginia, Table 1-4.
iles/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_49.html_mfd

ly tonnage carried by domestic vessels. This

ashington, DC, April, p. 12.


s from 1978 taken from Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Association of Oil Pipe Lines).
es, Table 1. Data here taken from:
ion_statistics/html/table_01_49.html_mfd

me series of energy consumption. See worksheet 'Pipelines'.

mption less pipeline fuel less lease and plant fuel) See worksheet Table 6.5(AER2006)
k of Chemistry and Physics, 73rd Edition, p. 8-50.)
miles (Ross. 1989. Energy and Transportation in the United States. Annual Reviews of Energy. vol. 14, Table 2, footnote j.)
Vehicle-Miles -
Combination
Trucks, Highway,
a Used to Calculate Natural Gas Ton-Miles Adjusted Published
Avg. Length of
Conversion Natural Gas Natural Gas Single-Unit
Factor (cu. ft. Consumption Shipment Truck (million
to tons) (million tons) (miles) (millions) vehicle-miles)
0.00002240 92.6 620
105.6
122.5
132.6
140.6
150.4
163.9
178.9
190.4
198.1
218.0
232.5
242.4
257.9
271.8
291.3
305.1
333.3 22,359
351.0 23,119
376.3 25,153
404.9 26,375
425.9 27,081
439.8 28,985
445.2 31,414
444.0 33,661
427.2 33,441
393.2 34,606
397.8 36,390
388.1 39,339
390.8 42,747
406.3 42,012
408.0 39,813
399.4 39,568
364.9 40,658
344.1 42,546
366.0 44,419
354.1 45,441
331.8 45,637
348.1 48,022
365.5 49,434
390.1 50,870
386.9 51,901
399.3 52,898
413.6 53,874
425.4 56,772
435.3 61,284
454.3 62,707
462.4 64,072
465.4 66,893
457.7 68,021
463.1 70,304
482.4 172,245 70,500
459.0 174,240 72,448
475.4 176,987 75,866
460.5 178,802 77,757
464.1 181,622 78,441
455.0 183,737 78,496
From MER 9/13 447.0 181,365 80,344
excl lease,pipe 475.9 184,199 119,979
479.3 183,826 126,855
20965 469.5 168,100 120,207
22127 495.5 175,789 7.1 110,738
22378 501.2 163,692 103,515

http://www.eia.doe.gov/aer/natgas.html Source: 2000-2006 http://www.bts.gov/publications/natio


for Comb. Trks 2007-2011 2013 ORNL Transportation Energy

es/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_35.html_mfd

reight worksheet
1_present.html

e 2, footnote j.)
Combination Truck,
Extrapolated from
published data

173,000
188,000
195,000
217,000
213,000
223,000
249,000
254,000
256,000
279,000
285,000
296,000
309,000
336,000
356,000
359,000
381,000
389,000
396,000
404,000
412,000
445,000
470,000
505,000
495,000
454,000
510,000
555,000
599,000
608,000
555,000
527,000
520,000
575,000
606,000
610,000
632,000
663,000
700,000
716,000
735,000
758,000
815,000
861,000
908,000
921,000
972,000
996,000
1,027,000
1,059,000
1,074,000
1,051,000
1,067,567
1,078,517
1,095,523
1,108,281
1,093,976
1,417,393
1,414,522
1,293,512
1,353,617
1,353,617

www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_32.html
3 ORNL Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table 5.2
Annual Energy Use for Freight Activities by Mode, 1949-2010
(trillion Btu)

Mode
Highway Rail Air Waterborne Pipeline

Domestic & Domestic &


Foreign Foreign
Single- Combina Commerce in Commerce in
Unit tion Class I Form 41 US Waters - US Waters -
Year Truck Truck Rail Carrier 2002 Definition Revised Oil
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963 0.0
1964 0.0
1965 0.0
1966 0.0 0.0
1967 0.0 0.0
1968 0.0 0.0 544.0
1969 0.0 0.0 544.3
1970 888.4 1,091.7 528.1 150.2 678.5 324.8
1971 944.1 1,128.4 530.2 174.4 617.1 300.0
1972 1,084.5 1,206.4 554.4 177.0 618.9 315.1
1973 1,185.2 1,341.0 577.1 186.4 737.1 337.0
1974 1,177.7 1,349.1 579.1 184.3 714.3 283.3
1975 1,213.5 1,363.5 518.3 179.1 760.1 311.0
1976 1,277.4 1,441.5 540.3 204.1 903.5 277.3
1977 1,403.2 1,606.7 552.7 193.6 1,006.1 274.3
1978 1,547.4 1,796.2 550.4 185.6 1,209.2 316.6
1979 1,562.5 1,892.2 564.8 177.9 1,424.2 378.7
1980 1,534.4 1,917.6 548.7 177.9 1,545.1 329.4
1981 1,522.0 1,987.0 523.5 188.8 1,425.0 334.5
1982 1,507.8 1,997.9 440.8 176.0 1,156.8 274.5
1983 1,543.7 2,029.2 435.1 181.3 1,084.7 293.7
1984 1,604.7 2,086.9 469.9 204.8 1,086.1 307.3
1985 1,640.0 2,060.1 436.1 194.2 1,082.1 398.6
1986 1,637.0 2,129.1 421.5 233.9 1,073.7 404.0
1987 1,668.0 2,205.8 430.3 265.6 1,095.7 370.7
1988 1,708.6 2,241.5 441.4 293.5 1,106.2 321.3
1989 1,727.0 2,317.9 442.6 322.4 1,136.8 328.6
1990 1,855.6 2,377.5 434.7 327.5 1,240.1 323.2
1991 1,815.8 2,478.5 405.8 297.5 1,316.5 327.5
1992 1,830.8 2,539.5 419.2 319.8 1,388.4 341.0
1993 1,886.7 2,618.0 431.6 344.2 1,222.1 307.0
1994 2,009.1 2,753.6 465.5 381.7 1,171.1 300.7
1995 2,051.5 2,921.7 485.9 404.5 1,237.1 302.2
1996 2,096.1 2,985.5 499.5 416.1 1,171.0 314.9
1997 2,134.9 3,003.7 499.7 457.9 1,009.4 293.2
1998 2,173.4 3,295.0 502.0 464.8 989.4 293.1
1999 2,091.7 3,634.4 520.0 420.0 1,124.5 299.9
2000 2,135.4 3,803.5 516.0 482.0 1,210.1 305.6
2001 2,159.0 3,781.4 517.4 450.6 1,168.1 286.1
2002 2,305.8 3,926.1 520.3 454.8 1,143.6 288.5
2003 1,984.1 3,990.9 533.9 466.1 1,132.5 253.2
2004 2,001.5 4,061.7 566.2 504.6 Not Used 316.7
2005 2,122.6 4,105.3 571.4 516.2 Not Used 304.4
2006 2,201.0 4,167.2 584.5 524.3 Not Used 320.7
2007 2,234.1 4,232.1 566.9 513.6 Not Used 326.4
2008 2,347.7 4,185.1 542.5 451.5 Not Used 300.3
2009 2,225.7 3,841.2 446.6 374.8 Not Used 304.2
2010 2,067.4 4,098.3 488.1 417.0 344.6
2011 1,942.3 3,860.8 514.6 422.3 354.4

* No reliable source for the amount of energy consumed by Oil Pipelines has yet been found.

See the FuelConsump sheet for most of the information used to estimate energy consumption in Btu's.

Waterborne energy use for 2000 extrapolated based on change in activity from 1999 to 2000.

44
Air Waterborne

Revised waterborne
energy consumption
estimated based on Dager
Model

Freight
% of Air TEDB-31,
Carrier published Revised
Energy intensity, T. Energy
Gas Use 2.15 Btu/T-M Use (Tbtu)

129.4
198.5
213.6
237.5
237.8
252.8
305.1
308.5
321.9
360.2
357.8
389.3
394.4 Pre-1997 trend rate 1.010
436.9
449.1
516.0
551.9 Freight
593.6 Share of
609.3 Air Carrier
650.5 Energy Use
778.4 0.110 349 208
800.4 0.127 345 205
825.8 0.127 342 206
784.9 0.129 339 198
720.9 0.131 335 197
628.4 0.127 332 188
591.0 0.145 329 194
574.1 0.145 325 195
571.8 0.135 322 266
647.8 0.123 319 264
684.0 0.128 316 291
692.3 0.132 312 290
642.8 0.125 309 274
528.2 0.126 306 282
569.9 0.127 303 269
543.0 0.114 300 268
522.8 0.127 297 259
559.6 0.136 294 263
661.7 0.143 291 259
678.3 0.154 288 235
711.2 0.148 285 238
648.1 0.148 283 240
633.5 0.149 280 240
672.9 0.159 277 219
738.7 0.168 274 223
754.9 0.173 271 219
766.8 0.173 269 205
810.0 0.182 266 188
685.0 0.181 256 172
695.6 0.158 266 174
692.2 0.176 270 174
673.6 0.173 253 157
718.8 0.189 253 155
637.5 0.194 251 152
610.3 0.201 241 150
629.5 0.198 241 142
629.7 0.197 235 132
669.7 0.191 225 124
698.4 0.177 252 131
722.4 0.163 225 107
726.6 0.179 217 109
736.9 0.178 217 108

consumption in Btu's.

942 Tbtu for all pipelines in 2011 TEDB-32, Table 9.2


31
Activity

As Published (See Tables 5.1


and 5.2 in TEDB, Ed. 32)

Vehicle-miles
Vehicle-miles from FHWA Old Methodology -2007
from FHWA data data Extrapolated values
Single-Unit Combination Single-Unit
Gross Output Trucks Trucks Trucks
1970 27,081 35,134
1971 28,985 37,217
1972 85,787 31,414 40,706
1973 92,175 33,661 45,649
1974 90,350 33,441 45,966
1975 82,866 34,606 46,724
1976 93,088 36,390 49,680
1977 101,301 39,339 55,682
1978 109,332 42,747 62,992
1979 110,975 42,012 66,992
1980 101,301 39,813 68,678
1981 96,191 39,568 69,134
1982 94,913 40,658 70,765
1983 104,952 42,546 73,586
1984 110,610 44,419 77,377
1985 111,340 45,441 78,063
1986 115,721 45,637 81,038
1987 121,561 48,022 85,495
1988 127,585 49,434 88,551
1989 129,958 50,870 91,879
1990 134,156 51,901 94,341
1991 138,354 52,898 96,645
1992 148,758 53,874 99,510
1993 157,154 56,772 103,116
1994 165,732 61,284 108,932
1995 168,105 62,707 115,451
1996 173,685 64,072 118,899
1997 182,390 66,893 124,584
1998 186,831 68,021 128,159
1999 195,290 70,304 132,382
2000 199,452 70,500 135,020
2001 199,115 72,448 136,584
2002 240,189 75,866 138,737
2003 219,917 77,757 140,160
2004 235,480 78,441 142,370
2005 253,393 78,496 144,028
2006 262,080 80,344 142,169 80,344
1.016 2007 266,174 119,979 184,199 81,599
2008 257,120 126,855 183,826
2009 220,030 120,207 168,100
2010 252,273 110,738 175,789
2011 103,515 163,692
Note: Gross output in million 2005 dollars from BLS database for their employment projections
(See: PNNL spreadsheet: BLS_output_data.xlsx in folder BLS_Industry_Data)
Estimates in columns H and I based upon extrapolations of 2006 V-M data by gross outp

Single-Unit Trucks
Vehicle travel Fuel use Fuel economy
(million miles) (million gallons) (miles/gallon)
1985 (Old) 45,441 7,399 6.14
2006 (Old) 80,344 9,852 8.16
2007 (New) 119,979 16,314 7.35

Scale Factor 1.47 NA 0.90


1985 (Revised) 66,814 12,071 5.53
2006 (Revised) 118,133 16,073 7.35
2007 (New) 119,979 16,314 7.35

Combination Trucks
Vehicle travel Fuel use Fuel economy
(million miles) (million gallons) (miles/gallon)
1985 (Old) 78,063 14,005 5.57
2006 (Old) 142,169 28,107 5.06
2007 (New) 184,199 30,904 5.96

Scale Factor 1.28 NA 1.18


1985 (Revised) 99,585 15,163 6.57
2006 (Revised) 181,365 30,430 5.96
2007 (New) 184,199 30,904 5.96
Old 1970-
2007 series
Methodology -2007 scaled to New
rapolated values Series
Combination Single-Unit Combination
Trucks Trucks Trucks
39,818 44,821
42,618 47,478
46,189 51,929 Plot with Unadjusted Data
49,493 58,235
49,170 58,639
50,883 59,606 300000
53,506 63,377
57,842 71,034 Gross Output
250000
62,853 80,359 Single-Unit Trucks
61,772 85,462 Combination
200000 Trucks
58,539 87,613
58,179 88,194
59,781 90,275 150000
62,557 93,874
65,311 98,710 100000
66,814 99,585
67,102 103,380 50000
70,609 109,066
72,685 112,965
0
74,796 117,210
76,312 120,351 70 973 9 76 9 79 982 985 9 88 9 91 99 4 9 97 000 003 0 06 009
19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
77,778 123,290
79,213 126,945
83,474 131,545
90,108 138,965
92,201 147,281
94,208 151,680
98,356 158,932
100,014 163,493
103,371 168,880
103,659 172,245
106,523 174,240
111,549 176,987
114,329 178,802
115,335 181,622
115,416 183,737
142,169 118,133 181,365
144,390 119,979 184,199
126,855 183,826
120,207 168,100
110,738 175,789
103,515 163,692
ir employment projections input-output model
LS_Industry_Data)
06 V-M data by gross output
Energy Use, As Published in Miles per Gallon, derived
TEDB from published

Single Unit Combination Single Unit Combination


1970 3968 7348 6.82 4.78
1971 4217 7595 6.87 4.90
1972 4844 8120 6.48 5.01
1973 5294 9026 6.36 5.06
1974 5261 9080 6.36 5.06
1975 5420 9177 6.38 5.09
1976 5706 9703 6.38 5.12
1977 6268 10814 6.28 5.15
1978 6955 12165 6.15 5.18
1979 7050 12864 5.96 5.21
1980 6923 13037 5.75 5.27
1981 6867 13509 5.76 5.12
1982 6803 13583 5.98 5.21
1983 6965 13796 6.11 5.33
1984 7240 14188 6.14 5.45
1985 7399 14005 6.14 5.57
1986 7386 14475 6.18 5.60
1987 7523 14990 6.38 5.70
1988 7701 15224 6.42 5.82
1989 7779 15733 6.54 5.84
99
4 97 000 003 0 06 009 1990 8357 16133 6.21 5.85
19 2 2 2 2
1991 8172 16809 6.47 5.75
1992 8237 17216 6.54 5.78
1993 8488 17748 6.69 5.81
1994 9032 18653 6.79 5.84
1995 9216 19777 6.80 5.84
1996 9409 20193 6.81 5.89
1997 9576 20302 6.99 6.14
1998 9741 22252 6.98 5.76
1999 9372 24537 7.50 5.40
2000 9563 25666 7.37 5.26
2001 9667 25512 7.49 5.35
2002 10321 26480 7.35 5.24
2003 8881 26917 8.76 5.21
2004 8959 27395 8.76 5.20
2005 9501 27689 8.26 5.20
2006 9852 28107 8.16 5.06
2007 16314 30904 7.35 5.96
2008 17144 30561 7.40 6.02
2009 16253 28050 7.40 5.99
2010 15097 29927 7.34 5.87
2011 14183 28193 7.30 5.81
New Method for 2006, Revised Fuel Consumption
assume no change from 2006 Estimates, based upon 2007
to 2007 FHWA Methodology Revised Miles per Gallon Total Fuel
Single Unit Combination
Single Unit Combination (Million Gal.) (Million Gal.) Single Unit Combination Old
6,474.0 7,955.5 6.15 5.63
6,879.9 8,223.1 6.19 5.77
7,902.8 8,791.5 5.84 5.91
8,636.6 9,772.1 5.73 5.96
8,582.3 9,831.1 5.73 5.96
8,843.0 9,936.3 5.75 6.00
9,308.4 10,504.7 5.75 6.03
10,225.2 11,708.4 5.66 6.07
11,347.1 13,171.2 5.54 6.10
11,500.6 13,927.4 5.37 6.14
11,293.8 14,114.9 5.18 6.21
11,203.1 14,625.4 5.19 6.03
11,098.4 14,705.6 5.39 6.14
11,362.5 14,936.4 5.51 6.28
11,811.2 15,361.1 5.53 6.43
12,071.3 15,163.2 5.53 6.57 21405
12,049.4 15,671.4 5.57 6.60
12,272.5 16,229.5 5.75 6.72
12,563.9 16,482.2 5.79 6.85
12,691.1 17,033.5 5.89 6.88
13,633.1 17,466.8 5.60 6.89 24490
13,332.4 18,198.4 5.83 6.77
13,437.7 18,639.7 5.89 6.81
13,847.7 19,215.4 6.03 6.85
14,734.4 20,195.0 6.12 6.88
15,035.0 21,412.2 6.13 6.88
15,349.7 21,862.0 6.14 6.94
15,622.4 21,980.2 6.30 7.23
15,891.4 24,092.3 6.29 6.79
15,289.6 26,566.1 6.76 6.36
15,601.1 27,788.1 6.64 6.20
15,770.7 27,621.3 6.75 6.31
16,837.7 28,669.4 6.62 6.17 36801
14,488.5 29,142.9 7.89 6.14
14,615.7 29,659.8 7.89 6.12
15,499.9 29,978.0 7.45 6.13
7.35 5.96 16,072.5 30,430.4 7.35 5.96 Assume no change, earlier estimat
16,314.0 30,904.0 7.35 5.96 47218
17,144.0 30,561.0 7.40 6.02
16,253.0 28,050.0 7.40 5.99
15,097.0 29,927.0 7.34 5.87
14,183.0 28,193.0 7.30 5.81
Intensity Index, based upon MPG

New

27235 1.272 1.000 1.000


0.994 0.996
0.962 0.977
0.957 0.958
0.939 0.954
31100 1.270 0.989 0.953
0.949 0.969
0.939 0.964
0.918 0.959
0.905 0.954
0.903 0.955
0.902 0.947
0.879 0.908
0.879 0.968
0.819 1.033
0.833 1.060
0.819 1.041
45507 1.237 0.835 1.064
0.701 1.070
0.701 1.073
0.743 1.072
no change, earlier estimates scaled 0.753 1.102
47218 0.753 1.102
0.748 1.092
0.748 1.096
0.755 1.118
10.00
9.00
8.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00
70 73 76 79
19 19 19 19
Fuel Economy - miles per gallon Combination

Single-UnitCombination Ton-miles tons/truck (original series)


1970 6.82 4.78 1970 478705 13.63
1971 6.87 4.90 1971 517048 13.89
1972 6.48 5.01 1972 546095 13.42
1973 6.36 5.06 1973 586762 12.85
1974 6.36 5.06 1974 575143 12.51
1975 6.38 5.09 1975 527505 11.29
1976 6.38 5.12 1976 592571 11.93
1977 6.28 5.15 1977 644857 11.58
1978 6.15 5.18 1978 695981 11.05
1979 5.96 5.21 1979 706438 10.55
1980 5.75 5.27 1980 644857 9.39
1981 5.76 5.12 1981 612324 8.86
1982 5.98 5.21 1982 604190 8.54
1983 6.11 5.33 1983 668095 9.08
1984 6.14 5.45 1984 704114 9.10
1985 6.14 5.57 1985 708762 9.08
1986 6.18 5.60 1986 734324 9.06
1987 6.38 5.70 1987 770343 9.01
1988 6.42 5.82 1988 813333 9.18
1989 6.54 5.84 1989 831924 9.05
1990 6.21 5.85 1990 854000 9.05
1991 6.47 5.75 1991 874000 9.04
1992 6.54 5.78 1992 896000 9.00
1993 6.69 5.81 1993 936000 9.08
1994 6.79 5.84 1994 996000 9.14
1995 6.80 5.84 1995 1042000 9.03
1996 6.81 5.89 1996 1071000 9.01
1997 6.99 6.14 1997 1119000 8.98
1998 6.98 5.76 1998 1149000 8.97
1999 7.50 5.40 1999 1186000 8.96
2000 7.37 5.26 2000 1203000 8.91
2001 7.49 5.35 2001 1224000 8.96
2002 7.35 5.24 2002 1255000 9.05
2003 8.76 5.21 2003 1264000 9.02
2004 8.76 5.20 2004 1283930 9.02
2005 8.26 5.20 2005 1298883 9.02
2006 8.16 5.06 2006 1282118 9.02
2007 7.35 5.96 2007 1302150 7.07
2008 7.40 6.02 2008 1299513 7.07
2009 7.40 5.99 2009 1188342 7.07
2010 7.34 5.87 2010 1242698 7.07
10.00
9.00
8.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00 Single-Unit
Combinatio
2.00 n
1.00
0.00
70 73 76 79 82 85 88 91 94 97 00 03 06 09
19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20
Annual Fuel Consumption by Mode, 1949-2011
(million gallons, unless otherwise specified)

Highway

Passenger Car Motorcycles Light Truck

Year All Fuel Gasoline Gasohol Diesel All Fuel Gasoline All Fuel Gasoline Gasohol
1949 22,851 22 22
1950 24,281 24 24
1951 26,192 25 25
1952 27,955 27 27
1953 29,702 28 28
1954 31,041 29 29
1955 33,621 32 32
1956 35,403 33 33
1957 36,736 34 34
1958 38,062 35 35
1959 40,021 37 37
1960 41,133 38 38
1961 41,994 39 39
1962 43,730 41 41
1963 45,203 43 43
1964 47,516 45 45
1965 49,676 47 47
1966 54,937 50 50 9,425 9,199
1967 57,493 53 53 9,534 9,305
1968 61,121 55 55 10,432 10,182
1969 64,793 57 57 11,408 11,134
1970 67,820 67,684 0 136 59.58 60 12,313 12,018
1971 71,346 70,775 0 571 72.14 72 13,484 13,161
1972 75,937 74,950 0 987 86.62 87 15,150 14,787
1973 78,233 76,747 0 1,486 103.88 104 16,828 16,424
1974 74,229 72,373 0 1,856 108.90 109 16,657 16,257
1975 74,140 71,916 0 2,224 112.58 113 19,081 18,623
1976 78,297 75,478 0 2,819 120.06 120 20,828 20,328
1977 79,060 75,739 0 3,321 126.98 127 22,383 21,845
1978 80,652 76,861 0 3,791 143.16 143 24,162 23,461
1979 76,588 72,529 0 4,059 172.74 173 24,445 23,613
1980 69,981 65,712 350 3,919 204.28 204 23,796 22,797 119
1981 69,112 64,551 484 4,078 213.80 214 23,697 22,536 166
1982 69,314 64,809 1,594 2,911 198.20 198 22,702 21,113 522
1983 70,322 65,540 3,024 1,758 175.20 175 23,945 21,790 1,030
1984 70,663 65,505 3,745 1,413 181.72 182 25,604 23,044 1,357
1985 71,518 64,938 5,507 1,073 187.94 188 27,363 23,970 2,107
1986 73,174 66,515 5,561 1,098 187.94 188 29,074 25,498 2,210
1987 73,308 67,663 4,618 1,026 190.12 190 30,598 27,232 1,928
1988 73,345 67,037 5,428 880 200.48 200 32,653 28,768 2,416
1989 73,913 68,443 4,583 887 207.42 207 33,271 29,811 2,063
1990 69,568 64,003 4,731 835 191.14 191 35,611 31,729 2,422
1991 64,318 58,401 5,145 772 183.56 184 38,217 33,707 3,057
1992 65,436 59,481 5,169 785 191.14 191 40,929 36,223 3,233
1993 67,047 60,074 6,101 872 198.12 198 42,851 37,409 3,899
1994 67,874 60,476 6,516 882 204.80 205 44,112 38,290 4,235
1995 68,072 59,631 7,624 817 198.26 198 45,605 38,810 5,108
1996 69,221 61,537 6,991 692 195.94 196 47,354 40,819 4,783
1997 69,892 60,457 8,527 909 201.62 202 49,388 41,585 6,025
1998 71,695 63,020 8,030 645 205.66 206 50,462 42,893 5,652
1999 73,283 64,782 8,061 440 211.68 212 52,859 44,930 5,814
2000 73,065 63,493 9,206 365 209.38 209 52,939 43,939 6,670
2001 73,559 63,629 9,563 368 192.78 193 53,522 44,102 6,958
2002 75,471 63,320 11,773 377 191.04 191 55,220 43,955 8,614
2003 75,455 56,818 18,260 377 190.78 191 60,758 43,138 14,703
2004 75,402 50,670 24,355 377 202.45 202 63,417 39,889 20,484
2005 77,418 51,793 25,238 387 189.50 190 58,869 36,852 19,191
2006 75,009 58,657 15,977 375 221.03 221 60,685 44,846 12,926
2007 74,377 54,221 19,784 372 474.92 475 61,836 42,419 16,448
2008 71,497 44,185 26,954 357 489.42 489 61,199 35,189 23,072
2009 72,179 40,276 31,542 361 482.29 482 61,146 31,490 26,721
2010 72,568 35,921 36,284 363 426.70 427 62,670 28,327 31,335
2011 73,413 35,752 37,294 367 425.40 425 63,092 28,013 32,051

Note: No up-to-date source data is available for cells with values in red. Extrapolations made on basis of related ser

Fuel Consumption
Passenger Cars
All Fuels
1949-1969: Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics Summary to 1995. Table VM-201A, April 1997.

1970-2002: Secondary Source: Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 24. Tables 4.1 and A.1 Original sources f
1970-1995: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to
1996-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration,
2002-2004: Data from: http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportatio
2005-2007: Data from: http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportatio
2008 Data from: 2013 ORNL Transportation Energy Data Book
2009-2011 Estimated: See PNNL-22267 for discussion of extrapolation met

Diesel and other fuels


Estimated shares for diesel and gasohol from 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32.
Note: Gasohol is defined here as E10 or less (10 percent or less total ethanol used); see

Motorcycles
1949-1969: Based upon data published in Table 4_11 of Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), fuel consumption
1970-2011 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table A.2
Light Trucks (2-axle, 4-tire trucks),
All Fuels
1949-1969: Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics Summary to 1995. Table VM-201A, April 1997.
1970-2002: Secondary Source: Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 24. Tables 4.2 and A.1 Original sources f
1970-1995: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to
1996-2001: Primary source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration,
2002-2004: Data from: http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportatio
2005-2007: Data from: http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportatio
2008 Data from: 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book
2009-2011 Estimated: See PNNL-22267 for discussion of extrapolation met

Diesel and other fuels


Estimated shares for diesel and gasohol from 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32.
Note: Gasohol is defined here as E10 or less (10 percent or less total ethanol used); see
Other Single Unit Trucks
All Fuels
1970-2006 Historical series adjusted to match methodolgy/data revision by FHWA for 2007. See PNNL-22267, Appe
2007-2011 ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32. Table 5.1
Diesel and other fuels
2002-2004: Estimated shares for diesel and LPG from Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 24.
2005-2011: Estimated shares for diesel and LPG from Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32.
Combination trucks
All Fuels
1970-2006 Historical series adjusted to match methodolgy/data revision by FHWA for 2007. See PNNL-22267, Appe
2007-2011 ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32. Table 5.2
Diesel and other fuels
2002-2004: Estimates shares for diesel and LPG from Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 24.
2005-2011: Estimated shares for diesel and LPG from Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32.

Intercity Bus
Estimates revised in August 2014. See separate worksheet: Revised_intercity_bus_estimates

School Bus
Estimates revised in August 2014. See separate worksheet: Revised_school_bus_estimates

Urban (transit) Bus (See note at end re: 2004 data)


For diesel:
1965-74: American Public Transit Association. Transit Fact Book, 1978-79 Edition. Washington, DC, Table 17, p. 40.
1975-83: American Public Transit Association. Transit Fact Book, 1988 Edition. Washington, DC, Table 21, p. 39.
1984-99: American Public Transportation Association. 2001. Public Transportation Fact Book, 52nd edition. Tables 65
2000-2011 http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Documents/FactBook/2013-Fact-Book-Appendix-A.pdf

For compressed natural gas:


1992-1999: same as above for diesel (Transit Fact Book)
2000-2011 same as above for diesel (APTA website)
For LNG:
1992-1994: same as above for diesel (Transit Fact Book)
2000-2011 same as above for diesel (APTA website)
For LPG (Propane):
1965-1994: N
' ot separately reported by APTA in latest historical data; assumed to be negligible as 1995 value was on
2000-2011 same as above for diesel (APTA website)
For Other (From APTA Table 32 notes: includes bio/soy fuel, biodiesel (through 2006), hydrogen, methanol, enthano
1992-1993: For these years, use data from Transit Fact book as cited above. From queried website it appears as if
1994-2003: American Public Transportation Association. APTA Website (http://www.apta.com/research/stats/bus/bus
2000-2011 same as above for diesel (APTA website)
While updating the 2007 number, the "other" category for years 2004-06 were set with an estimate of 2.0, while the re
Bio-diesel was added as separate category in 2007
For gasoline:
For 1965:1999, same source as diesel, above (Gasoline usage exceeds that of urban busses, includes demand veh
For 1965-83, we assume all gasoline, diesel, and propane in the APTA fuel consumption estimate are consumed by u
For 1984-1991, the APTA non-diesel fuel consumption estimate only includes gasoline. We assume all gasoline to be
For 1992 to 1994, we assume all non-diesel fuels are consumed by urban bus, except fuel categorized as “Other,” wh
For 1995 to 2011 same as above for diesel (APTA) website)

Paratransit
For diesel:
1984-2011 American Public Transportation Association. APTA Website: http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/P
http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Documents/FactBook/2013-Fact-Book-Appendix-A.pdf
For gasoline:
1994-2011 Same website (Appendix A Fact Book) as for diesel, Table 63
All non-diesel fuel from 1984-1991 is gasoline (based upon communication with APTA).
Bus use is assumed to decline to 2 million gallons per year by 1988, see column BQ, cells BQ45-BQ47 (
Residual gasoline use is assumed to be for paratransit `
All other fuels:
1994-2011 Same website (Appendix A Fact Book) as for diesel, Table 63 Other fuel is assumed to be ethanol for p
Based upon 1994 data from Table 31 in Appendix A of APTA Fact Book, entries prior to 1994 assumed to
Waterborne Vessels
Old (2002) Series
1970-1999: Eno Transportation Foundation. 2001. Transportation in America 2000. Washington, DC, pp. 24-27.
2000: Eno Transportation Foundation. 2002. Transportation in Amerca, 19th Edition., p. 51.
2001-2004 Data directly from EIA report, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales. See Cell BD64
Note: In September 2005, source was changed to energy consumption estimates for domestic vessels produced in ORNL
Transportation Energy Data Book. The ORNL methodology attempts to remove the residual fuel oil consumption used
for international shipping. See Columns CS and CT for estimates used for intensity indicators. (Intensities now match tho
published in the Transportation Energy Data Book for waterborne commerce/
New (1970-2011) Series
Fuel consumption estimates based on product of ton-mile estimates from Corps of Engineers, and external (Dager model) estimate

General Aviation
1962-79: Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA). 1993. National Transportation Statistics: Annual Re
1980-83: Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA). 1985. National Transportation Statistics: Annual Re
1984-1989: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). General Aviation Activity and Avionics Survey, annual issues. Wash
1990-1999: Primary source as from 1984-1989, however data from BTS web site:
http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/ta
2000-2011 Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32 - 2013, Table A.8 (Annual d

Commercial Air Carrier (Form 41 Carriers)


Jet fuel use is sum of domestic and one-half of international operations (one half of fuel assumed to be purchased out
in ORNL Transportation Energy Data Book
1970-1976 Domestic and International operations not separated reported. Domestic operations account for 0.828 of
was used to allocate total fuel use between domestic and international for 1970 through 1976.
1977-1999: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Office of Airline Information (OAI). http://www.bts.gov/programs
2000-2010: Bureau of Transporation Statistics (BTS), National Transportation Statistics, Table 4-8.
http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/ta
1977-2011 Alternative source: ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table A.9

Intercity Rail (Amtrak)


1994-2011 Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Transportation Energy Data Book (TEDB), Edition 32, T. A.16
Note: TEDB, Ed. 32 cites personal communication with Amtrak for data to calculate energy us
1973-1993 See Note b in worksheet TEDB_Ed30_Table 9.10. Discontinuity in series between 1993 and 1
Train miles were essentially constant between 1993 and 1994, and so 1993 value was set equ
to earlier years based upon published energy figures from the TEDB.
1971-1972 Changes in fuel consumption from 1970-1973 implausible compared to passenger-mile data.
data extrapolated back to 1970 based upon passenger-miles. (Implicit assumption - fuel inten
1970 Amtrak was not established until May 1971. Data for 1970 assumes same passenger activity
included to fill out all transportation-related time series back to 1970
Pre-2009 Sources in Columns AN - AP (No longer used, but retained for historical comparison)
1970-83: Based on Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 8 and earlier annual ed
1985-1999: National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), personal communication,
2000-2005: Fuel consumption estimates for 1999 extrapolated by passenger-miles estimate
Alternative data source is from BTS http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportatio
However, BTS consumption estimates are lower than those in the TEDB and further work is needed to reconcile.

Class I Rail - Freight


1961-67: Association of American Railroads. 1976. Railroad Facts, 1976 Edition. Washington, DC, p. 29.
1968-79: Association of American Railroads. 1983. Railroad Facts, 1983 Edition. Washington, DC, September, p. 60.
1980-89: Association of American Railroads. 1991. Railroad Facts, 1991 Edition. Washington, DC, September, p. 60.
1990-2011: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book (TEDB), Edition 32, T. A.13

Urban Rail (Commuter)


1965-74: American Public Transit Association. Transit Fact Book, 1978-79 Edition. Washington, DC, Table 17, p. 40.
1975-83: American Public Transit Association. Transit Fact Book, 1988 Edition. Washington, DC, Table 21, p. 39.
1970-83: ORNL. Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 8 and earlier editions. Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
1984-99: American Public Transportation Association. 2001. Public Transportation Fact Book, 52nd edition. Tables 65
1996-2005: American Public Transportation Association. 2007. Public Transportation Fact Book; Table 85
2006-09: American Public Transportation Association. 2008 Public Transportation Fact Book; Table 33
2010-2011 ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book (TEDB), Edition 32. Table A.14

Urban Rail (Heavy and Light)


1965-2009: American Public Transportation Association. 2009 Public Transportation Fact Book; Appendix A, Table 29
Note: no separate data for years 1974-1983. Values for light rail interpolated; heavy rail computed as re
2010-2011 ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32. Table A.15
Natural Gas Pipeline
1950-2008: DOE, Energy Informationa Administration, Annual Energy Review, Table 6.5 (pipeline fuel)
http://www.eia.doe.gov/aer/natgas.html
2009-2011 ORNL 2013 Transportation Energy Data Book, Edition 32. Table A.12

Fuel Type Shares - ORNL Transportation Energy Data Book, Ed. 32, for most recent estimates of shares by type of fu
Passenger Cars
1970-80: DOE, Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use. Residential Energy Consu
1981-82: DOE, Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use. Residential Energy Consu
1983-84: DOE, Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use. 1985.
1985-87: DOE, Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use. 1987.
1988-90: DOE, Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy End Use Division.
1991-93: DOE, Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy End Use Division.
1994-2011 See Table A.1 for complete history of sources used for estimates of shares by type of fuel

Light Trucks, Other Single Unit Trucks, Combination Trucks


1970-86: 1982 Truck Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS) Public Use Tapes.
1987-91: 1987 Truck Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS).
1992-96: 1992 Truck Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS).
1997-2001: 1997 Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS).
2002-2011: 2002 Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS),
Other Single-Unit Truck, Adjusted Combination Truck, Adjusted (See
(see columns BR-BU) column BV-BY) Bus - Urban

Diesel LPG All Fuel Gasoline Diesel LPG All Fuel Gasoline Diesel LPG Diesel

248.400
151 75 256.000
153 76 270.300
167 83 274.200
183 91 273.800
197 99 6,474 673 5,794 6 7,955 827 7,120 8 270.600
216 108 6,880 716 6,158 7 8,223 855 7,360 8 256.800
242 121 7,903 822 7,073 8 8,791 914 7,868 9 253.250
269 135 8,637 898 7,730 9 9,772 1,016 8,746 10 282.620
267 133 8,582 893 7,681 9 9,831 1,022 8,799 10 316.360
305 153 8,843 920 7,914 9 9,936 1,033 8,893 10 365.060
333 167 9,308 968 8,331 9 10,505 1,092 9,402 11 389.187
358 179 10,225 1,063 9,152 10 11,708 1,218 10,479 12 402.842
483 217 11,347 1,850 9,475 23 13,171 2,147 10,998 26 422.017
587 244 11,501 2,266 9,200 35 13,927 2,744 11,142 42 423.212
642 238 11,294 2,225 9,035 34 14,115 2,781 11,292 42 431.400
735 261 11,203 2,207 8,962 34 14,625 2,881 11,700 44 445.950
795 272 11,098 2,186 8,879 33 14,706 2,897 11,764 44 455.590
838 287 11,362 2,238 9,090 34 14,936 2,942 11,949 45 450.260
896 307 11,811 2,327 9,449 35 15,361 3,026 12,289 46 505.049
958 328 12,071 2,378 9,657 36 15,163 2,987 12,131 45 518.137
1,018 349 12,049 2,374 9,640 36 15,671 3,087 12,537 47 546.892
1,071 367 12,272 2,369 9,867 37 16,230 3,132 13,049 49 543.314
1,143 327 12,564 2,349 10,177 38 16,482 3,082 13,351 49 552.658
1,131 266 12,691 2,297 10,356 38 17,034 3,083 13,899 51 551.156
1,211 249 13,633 2,386 11,193 55 17,467 3,057 14,340 70 563.151
1,261 191 13,332 2,253 11,026 53 18,198 3,076 15,050 73 572.861
1,351 123 13,438 2,177 11,194 67 18,640 3,020 15,527 93 592.049
1,414 129 13,848 2,243 11,535 69 19,215 3,113 16,006 96 575.740
1,456 132 14,734 2,269 12,392 74 20,195 3,110 16,984 101 565.064
1,551 137 15,035 2,210 12,750 75 21,412 3,148 18,158 107 563.767
1,610 142 15,350 2,134 13,139 77 21,862 3,039 18,714 109 577.680
1,679 99 15,622 2,062 13,482 78 21,980 2,901 18,969 110 597.636
1,766 151 15,891 1,971 13,841 79 24,092 2,987 20,984 120 606.631
1,903 211 15,290 1,850 13,363 76 26,566 3,214 23,219 133 618.204
2,012 318 15,601 1,810 13,713 78 27,788 3,223 24,426 139 635.160
2,087 375 15,771 1,798 13,894 79 27,621 3,149 24,334 138 587.184
2,209 442 16,838 1,869 14,885 84 28,669 3,182 25,344 143 558.990
2,430 486 14,488 1,608 12,808 72 29,143 3,235 25,762 146 535.963
2,537 507 14,616 1,622 12,920 73 29,660 3,292 26,219 148 550.466
2,355 471 15,500 1,720 13,702 77 29,978 3,328 26,501 150 533.847
2,427 485 16,073 1,784 14,208 80 30,430 3,378 26,900 152 536.700
2,473 495 16,314 1,811 14,422 82 30,904 3,430 27,319 155 494.100
2,448 490 17,144 1,903 15,155 86 30,561 3,392 27,016 153 493.300
2,446 489 16,253 1,804 14,368 81 28,050 3,114 24,796 140 455.500
2,507 501 15,097 1,676 13,346 75 29,927 3,322 26,455 150 435.400
2,524 505 14,183 1,574 12,538 71 28,193 3,129 24,923 141 455.100

ns made on basis of related series or value is set equal to previous year.


Check 2010
435
126
8
Table VM-201A, April 1997. 23

es 4.1 and A.1 Original sources from: 4


, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995 44

publications/national_transportation_statistics/2005/html/table_04_11.html
publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_04_11.html Elec 66
ortation Energy Data Book, Ed. 32, Table 4.1 Elec 0.719
or discussion of extrapolation method

k, Edition 32. Table A.1


http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohim/hs04/htm/mf33e.htm

Statistics (BTS), fuel consumption is based assumption of 50 miles per gallon


Table VM-201A, April 1997.
es 4.2 and A.1 Original sources from:
, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995
ay Administration, Highway Statistics, Annual Editions, Table VM-1
publications/national_transportation_statistics/2005/html/table_04_12.html
publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_04_12.html
n Energy Data Book, Edition 32, Table 4.2
or discussion of extrapolation method

k, Edition 32. Table A.5


http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohim/hs04/htm/mf33e.htm

for 2007. See PNNL-22267, Appendix A.

Book, Edition 24. Table A.6


Book, Edition 32. Table A.6

for 2007. See PNNL-22267, Appendix A.

Book, Edition 24. Table A.6


Book, Edition 32. Table A.6

Washington, DC, Table 17, p. 40.


hington, DC, Table 21, p. 39.
act Book, 52nd edition. Tables 65-67, pp. 112-114.
act-Book-Appendix-A.pdf Table 62 in Appendix A, Historical Tables

e negligible as 1995 value was only 0.3 million gallons


06), hydrogen, methanol, enthanol, and various blends.
m queried website it appears as if "Other" is primarily methanol
w.apta.com/research/stats/bus/busfuel.cfm). "Other" is assumed to be methanol

th an estimate of 2.0, while the remainder was allocated to biofuel to reflect the ramp up of biodiesel use that was counted in the other cate

ban busses, includes demand vehicles and other)


ption estimate are consumed by urban bus, since commuter rail (which can run on diesel or electricity) is excluded from the estimates.
ne. We assume all gasoline to be consumed by buses.
pt fuel categorized as “Other,” which was omitted.

ww.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/transitstats.aspx
act-Book-Appendix-A.pdf Table 63 in Appendix A, Historical Tables

tion with APTA).


e column BQ, cells BQ45-BQ47 (orange values denote estimated values)

uel is assumed to be ethanol for purposes of Btu conversion


entries prior to 1994 assumed to be negligible

Washington, DC, pp. 24-27.


dition., p. 51.

omestic vessels produced in ORNL's


idual fuel oil consumption used
dicators. (Intensities now match those

and external (Dager model) estimates of intensity. See column N in worksheet 'Freight-based Energy Use'

ansportation Statistics: Annual Report, September 1993. Cambridge, Massachusetts, September, Table 77, p. 171. (Original source: FAA)
ansportation Statistics: Annual Report, 1985. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Table 30. (Original source: FAA)
onics Survey, annual issues. Washington, DC.

al_transportation_statistics/html/table_04_05.html
tion 32 - 2013, Table A.8 (Annual data from 1970 forward, matches data from source listed above).

uel assumed to be purchased outside U.S. - consistent with treatment

ic operations account for 0.828 of total in 1977. That fraction


for 1970 through 1976.
OAI). http://www.bts.gov/programs/oai/fuel/fuelyearly.html
tics, Table 4-8.
al_transportation_statistics/html/table_04_08.html
ion 32, Table A.9

Book (TEDB), Edition 32, T. A.16 Oak Ridge, Tennessee.


rak for data to calculate energy use
uity in series between 1993 and 1994.
4, and so 1993 value was set equal to 1994, Extrapolated

ompared to passenger-mile data. Therefore, 1973 energy


s. (Implicit assumption - fuel intensity unchanged over this period)
ssumes same passenger activity as 1971, primarily

cal comparison)
ok, Edition 8 and earlier annual editions. Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_04_26.html
work is needed to reconcile.

ashington, DC, p. 29.


ashington, DC, September, p. 60.
ashington, DC, September, p. 60.
(TEDB), Edition 32, T. A.13 Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Washington, DC, Table 17, p. 40. (Hvy & Lt only)


hington, DC, Table 21, p. 39. (Hvy & Lt only)
ak Ridge, Tennessee. (Commuter only)
act Book, 52nd edition. Tables 65-66, pp. 112-113.
n Fact Book; Table 85 http://www.apta.com/research/stats/factbook/index.cfm
Fact Book; Table 33 http://www.apta.com/research/stats/index.cfm

n Fact Book; Appendix A, Table 29


olated; heavy rail computed as residual (orange values in columns BB and BC).

e 6.5 (pipeline fuel)

stimates of shares by type of fuel (Tables A.1, A.5, and A.6)

d Use. Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption patterns of Household Vehicles: June 1979 to December 1980
d Use. Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption patterns of Household Vehicles, Supplement: January 1981 to September 1
d Use. 1985. Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption patterns of Household Vehicles, 1983
d Use. 1987. Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption patterns of Household Vehicles, 1985
d Use, Energy End Use Division. 1990. Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption patterns of Household Vehic
d Use, Energy End Use Division. 1993. Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991. Washington, DC, December, p. 46.
res by type of fuel
Bus - Urban Paratransit (demand response, "dial-a-ride")

CNG Gasoline LNG Bio Diesel Other LPG Diesel CNG

91.500
76.000
57.800
45.700
40.000
37.200
29.400
19.600
12.300
7.500
5.000
5.200
8.100
9.300
9.000
11.400
14.000
11.700
9.500
8.000 15.4
6.000 14.5
4.000 15.9
2.000 15.4
2.000 15.1
2.000 14.8
2.000 15.5
2.000 17.4
1.009 2.000 0.191 1.583 16.9
1.579 2.000 0.474 4.975 22.9
3.109 2.000 1.138 12.740 29.9 1.7
10.011 2.300 1.737 11.967 0.300 29.0 0.7
11.527 1.800 2.278 11.600 0.600 30.9 3.6
20.050 2.700 3.276 8.705 1.000 32.0 3.9
32.620 2.000 3.075 4.976 0.900 38.3 4.6
39.861 1.400 5.251 2.711 0.700 43.2 4.5
50.449 1.300 10.464 0.821 0.723 48.1 4.3
60.917 1.500 11.670 0.763 1.171 54.9 5.3
77.787 1.300 16.762 1.831 1.830 61.6 3.2
94.881 1.100 14.231 1.867 1.843 69.5 5.2
106.702 1.800 16.452 2.675 2.000 1.727 73.0 5.1
117.244 1.000 18.320 6.121 2.000 1.963 82.5 5.8
138.800 2.300 19.600 19.400 2.000 1.600 86.8 7.6
129.100 2.500 18.300 25.800 1.300 0.000 95.8 6.4
135.500 3.800 17.900 41.800 0.900 0.000 103.2 6.9
141.600 6.700 25.500 40.600 4.300 0.000 71.4 3.7
126.200 8.100 23.000 43.500 3.500 0.000 64.6 3.3
131.100 8.900 21.600 51.100 3.900 63.4 4.0

Check 2010
138.7 60390 138700
138.7 17504 129400
125.0 1013 125000
84.8 1950 84800

64.6 226 64600


127.5 5547 91300
86630 127595

10.3 680
at was counted in the other category. Bio-diesel was added as separate category in 2007

cluded from the estimates.

p. 171. (Original source: FAA)


o December 1980. Washington, DC, p. 10.
t: January 1981 to September 1981. Washington, DC, pp. 11, 13.
Vehicles, 1983. Washington, DC, January, pp. 7, 9.
Vehicles, 1985. Washington, DC, April, pp. 25, 27.
ion patterns of Household Vehicles 1988. Washington, DC, March, p. 65.
December, p. 46.
Bus - Bus -
emand response, "dial-a-ride") School Intercity Not Used
School Intercity
(million (million
Gasoline LNG Bio Diesel Other School bbl) Intercity bbl) Year
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
299.88 Not Used in C 7.27 1970
309.75 Not Used in C 7.07 1971
319.75 Not Used in C 6.86 1972
327.04 Not Used in C 6.01 1973
334.06 Not Used in C 5.16 1974
341.88 8.14 181.02 4.31 1975
389.76 9.28 182.28 4.34 1976
401.52 9.56 181.86 4.33 1977
406.98 9.69 180.18 4.29 1978
404.88 9.64 205.38 4.89 1979
379.68 9.04 213.78 5.09 1980
386.82 9.21 205.38 4.89 1981
398.58 9.49 227.22 5.41 1982
400.68 9.54 237.30 5.65 1983
39.4 375.06 8.93 169.26 4.03 1984
37.4 425.04 10.12 165.48 3.94 1985
32.3 462.42 11.01 148.68 3.54 1986
30.5 487.20 11.60 155.82 3.71 1987
36.1 511.14 12.17 160.44 3.82 1988
35.4 498.12 11.86 166.74 3.97 1989
29.4 472.08 11.24 159.60 3.80 1990
30.8 533.40 12.70 160.44 3.82 1991
29.3 546.00 13.00 157.08 3.74 1992
34.0 533.40 12.70 171.36 4.08 1993
39.9 0.3 546.00 13.00 195.30 4.65 1994
38.2 0.5 545.16 12.98 195.30 4.65 1995
37.2 0.6 545.16 12.98 199.92 4.76 1996
35.7 0.8 544.74 12.97 212.52 5.06 1997
29.5 2.3 550.20 13.10 220.08 5.24 1998
26.8 2.4 555.66 13.23 241.08 5.74 1999
23.9 2.1 577.08 13.74 233.10 5.55 2000
20.3 2.1 595.023 253.20 2001
17.4 1.7 0.3 599.564 274.11 2002
16.5 1.6 0.3 614.789 295.84 2003
16.7 0.8 0.9 608.634 318.38 2004
16.5 0.7 1.0 601.017 334.40 2005
17.1 0.6 1.7 608.754 354.85 2006
72.8 0.7 9.2 4.1 593.641 380.36 2007
75.2 0.2 11.5 1.4 571.017 376.03 2008
100.7 0.0 6.6 2.4 586.910 375.16 2009
107.1 0.0 8.2 0.4 571.263 363.10 2010
117.8 0.0 10.7 0.8 532.278 397.06 2011

2000 million bbls 12.7 5.1


300 from TEDB-32
175
200
225

17
40
100
500
50

100
200
3907
Waterborne Air Rail
Domestic & Foreign
Commerce in U.S. Waters Commercial Carrier General Aviation Inte
Diesel Fuel & Residual Gasoline Jet fuel Diesel
Distillate Fuel Oil Domestic International (million (million (million
(1,000 bbl) (1,000 bbl) Year Operations Operations gallons) gallons) Year gallons)
1949 1949
1950 1950
1951 1951
1952 1952
1953 1953
1954 1954
1955 1955
1956 1956
1957 1957
1958 1958
1959 1959
1960 1960
1961 1961
1962 241.0 20.0 1962
1963 250.0 32.0 1963
1964 262.0 41.0 1964
1965 292.0 56.0 1965
1966 375.0 83.0 1966
1967 396.0 100.0 1967
1968 495.0 115.0 1968
1969 522.0 168.0 1969
19,503 89,850 1970 8,350 1,735 551.0 208.0 1970
20,959 78,727 1971 8,396 1,744 508.0 226.0 1971 26.240
22,125 77,932 1972 8,530 1,772 584.0 245.0 1972 52.479
26,786 92,415 1973 8,836 1,835 411.0 304.0 1973 78.719
24,257 91,128 1974 8,626 1,792 443.0 357.0 1974 104.958
26,138 96,673 1975 8,622 1,791 412.0 453.0 1975 97.314
28,330 117,458 1976 8,611 1,789 432.0 495.0 1976 92.022
33,512 128,966 1977 8,202.0 1,708.4 456.0 536.0 1977 91.728
37,591 157,495 1978 8,446.1 1,741.9 518.0 763.0 1978 101.874
38,826 190,543 1979 8,865.9 1,828.4 570.0 736.0 1979 82.660
35,201 213,131 1980 8,519.2 1,747.3 520.0 766.0 1980 63.446
41,024 188,632 1981 8,555.2 2,032.5 489.0 759.0 1981 69.214
33,885 152,586 1982 8,432.5 1,967.7 448.0 887.0 1982 66.330
39,108 136,290 1983 8,672.6 1,998.3 428.0 613.0 1983 64.167
40,287 135,408 1984 9,626.0 2,286.4 462.4 738.9 1984 66.709
45,102 130,323 1985 10,115.0 2,487.9 421.0 691.0 1985 69.250
48,434 125,889 1986 11,137.3 2,545.0 408.6 732.1 1986 65.718
52,935 125,221 1987 11,586.8 2,893.6 401.8 672.7 1987 68.104
55,009 124,976 1988 11,917.9 3,262.8 398.0 746.0 1988 72.331
56,106 128,816 1989 11,905.1 3,557.3 342.8 688.0 1989 76.888
52,310 148,764 1990 12,429.3 3,963.1 353.0 663.0 1990 79.856
51,610 161,573 1991 11,506.5 3,339.7 354.0 577.0 1991 81.932
53,337 171,407 1992 11,762.9 4,120.1 314.0 494.0 1992 83.964
48,661 149,283 1993 11,958.7 4,113.3 268.4 454.1 1993 86.392
48,260 141,544 1994 12,475.5 4,310.8 266.0 464.0 1994 73.516
47,098 153,125 1995 12,811.7 4,511.4 287.0 560.0 1995 72.371
51,848 138,214 1996 13,187.3 4,658.1 289.0 608.0 1996 71.226
50,180 114,044 1997 13,659.6 4,964.2 289.0 642.0 1997 75.676
50,609 110,480 1998 13,877.0 5,185.6 311.0 815.0 1998 75.999
49,157 133,301 1999 14,402.1 5,250.5 345.4 967.3 1999 79.173
48,606 147,436 2000 14,844.6 5,474.7 336.3 998.1 2000 94.968
49,976 103,459 2001 14,017.5 5,237.5 319.3 938.7 2001 96.846
48,963 113,904 2002 12,848.3 4,990.8 261.4 815.5 2002 84.432
44,361 90,510 2003 12,958.6 4,836.4 255.5 820.0 2003 74.621
55,082 116,357 2004 13,622.6 4,932.5 256.1 1,075.2 2004 68.605
50,366 131,751 2005 13,778.9 5,520.9 323.6 1,507.4 2005 65.477
52,540 142,867 2006 13,694.4 6,017.6 294.7 1,636.3 2006 62.463
51,403 161,285 2007 13,681.7 6,204.5 314.8 1,516.3 2007 61.824
47,160 149,382 2008 12,666.9 6,186.7 306.3 1,688.6 2008 63.428
50,932 126,944 2009 11,339.2 5,721.3 226.6 1,350.6 2009 61.704
57,727 143,628 2010 11,255.8 6,027.9 210.3 1,451.5 2010 63.474
62,455 123,956 2011 11,071.5 6,523.3 215.5 1,490.7 2011 63.450
Commuter
Intercity (Amtrak) Rail Heavy Rail Light Rail
Total Energy Total Energy Total
Electricity (Tbtu) - old (Tbtu) - old Energy Electricity Electricity Electricity
(GWhrs) series series (Tbtu) Diesel (GWhrs) (GWhrs) (GWhrs)

2,185 218
2,075 226
2,194 180
2,250 179
2,291 173
6.088 74.214 668 2,261 157
70.785 4.4 6.088 66.906 700 2,262 153
141.570 8.7 9.284 59.598 731 2,149 146
212.355 13.1 13.8 11.630 52.290 763 2,098 140
283.140 17.5 13.3 11.223 44.982 795 2,487 143
294.320 16.5 13.3 11.209 41.706 826 2,501 145
275.860 15.6 14.0 11.792 39.438 775 2,428 148
325.000 16.1 14.5 12.199 39.312 913 2,153 150
341.000 17.7 14.8 12.443 41.146 935 2,070 153
359.106 15.2 16.3 13.744 37.877 1,019 2,318 155
377.212 12.7 13.8 11.630 34.607 1,103 2,288 158
338.524 13.1 12.7 10.703 34.607 1,045 2,495 160
328.852 12.6 12.2 10.282 33.886 1,025 2,559 163
357.868 12.6 12.2 10.282 64.167 963 2,765 165
339.944 12.8 12.9 10.872 58.320 901 2,924 168
322.019 12.9 12.9 10.872 55.372 1,043 2,758 170
320.658 12.4 12.4 10.450 54.608 1,170 3,066 173
356.928 13.1 13.1 11.040 51.594 1,155 3,219 191
337.970 13.5 13.5 11.377 53.054 1,195 3,256 243
449.781 15.3 15.3 12.894 52.516 1,293 3,286 242
396.040 15.2 15.2 12.810 52.681 1,226 3,284 239
367.167 15.2 15.2 12.810 54.315 1,239 3,248 274
366.471 15.4 15.4 12.979 54.951 1,124 3,193 297
379.221 15.9 15.9 13.400 59.766 1,196 3,287 281
308.948 13.4 13.4 13.400 61.900 1,244 3,431 282
335.818 13.51 13.5 13.510 63.064 1,253 3,401 288
362.869 13.63 13.6 13.631 61.888 1,255 3,332 321
389.559 14.52 14.5 14.524 63.195 1,270 3,253 361
416.429 14.85 14.8 14.847 69.200 1,298 3,280 381
443.300 15.56 15.6 15.565 73.005 1,322 3,385 416
470.170 18.03 18.0 18.033 70.818 1,370 3,549 463
455.703 18.14 18.1 18.144 72.204 1,354 3,646 487
518.306 17.07 17.1 17.069 72.847 1,334 3,683 510
536.950 15.90 15.9 15.900 72.264 1,383 3,632 507
550.695 15.21 15.2 15.200 71.999 1,449 3,683 553
531.377 14.58 14.6 14.576 76.714 1,484 3,769 571
548.856 14.34 14.3 14.338 78.600 1,478 3,709 634
577.864 14.55 14.5 14.550 80.700 1,763 3,817 687
582.022 14.81 14.8 14.815 83.500 1,718 3,898 721
564.968 14.40 14.4 14.400 95.000 1,780 3,886 738
558.662 14.58 14.6 14.580 93.200 1,797 3,780 749
555.425 14.54 14.5 14.543 95.000 1,813 3,854 789

0.395 share of Amtrak for electricity


Other Single-Unit & Heav
221 Conversion factor

Pipeline
Class I Natural Gas Natural Gas
Freight Pipeline Pipeline Oil Pipeline

Distillate Natural Gas Electricity


Fuel Oil Year (million cu. ft.) (million kWh)
1949 1982 TIUS
1950 125,546 1987 TIUS
1951 192,496 1992 TIUS
1952 207,207 1997 VIUS
1953 230,314
1954 230,615
1955 245,246
1956 295,972
1957 299,235
1958 312,221
1959 349,348
1960 347,075
1961 377,607
1962 382,496
1963 423,783
1964 435,570
1965 500,524
1966 535,353
1967 575,752
3,922 1968 590,965
3,924 1969 630,962 Table A.6 (TEDB-31)
3,808 1970 722,166 3,273 1970
3,823 1971 742,592 3,365 1971
3,997 1972 766,156 3,472 1972
4,161 1973 728,177 3,300 1973
4,175 1974 668,792 3,031 1974
3,736 1975 582,963 2,642 1975
3,896 1976 548,323 2,485 1976
3,985 1977 532,669 2,414 1977
3,968 1978 530,451 2,404 1978
4,072 1979 600,964 2,724 1979
3,956 1980 634,622 2,876 1980
3,774 1981 642,325 2,911 1981
3,178 1982 596,411 2,703 1982
3,137 1983 490,042 2,221 1983
3,388 1984 528,754 2,396 1984
3,144 1985 503,766 2,283 1985
3,039 1986 485,041 2,198 1986
3,102 1987 519,170 2,353 1987
3,182 1988 613,912 2,782 1988
3,191 1989 629,308 2,852 1989
3,134 1990 659,816 2,990 131936 1990
2,926 1991 601,305 2,725 1991
3,022 1992 587,710 2,664 1992
3,112 1993 624,308 2,829 1993
3,356 1994 685,362 3,106 1994
3,503 1995 700,335 3,174 1995
3,601 1996 711,446 3,224 1996
3,603 1997 751,470 3,406 1997
3,619 1998 635,477 2,880 1998
3,749 1999 645,319 2,925 1999
3,720 2000 642,210 2,911 2000
3,730 2001 624,964 2,832 2001
3,751 2002 666,920 3,023 2002
3,849 2003 591,492 2,681 2003
4,082 2004 566,187 2,566 2004
4,120 2005 584,026 2,647 2005
4,214 2006 584,213 2,648 2006
4,087 2007 621,364 2,816 2007
3,911 2008 647,956 2,937 2008
3,220 2009 670,174 3,037 2009
3,519 2010 674,124 3,055 2010
3,711 2011 683,715 3,099 2011

Adjustment of fuel consumption to


caused by 1997 VIUS and 2002 VI
Combination Trucks
As Published and Revised in
Fuel Use (bill. Gal.)

1997 20,302
1998 25,158
1999 24,537
2000 25,666
2001 25,512

2002 26,480
2003 23,815
2004 24,191
2005 27,689
2006 28,107
2007 28,545
2008 26,818
Note: The Federal Highway Administration in
"Distribution (of fuel use) by vehicle use is e
gallon for both diesel and gasoline powere
the 2002 VIUS, and other sources for moto
for this (2005) table. (Italics added). The m
average MPG for combination trucks from
Single-Unit & Heavy Truck Fuel Use Shares by Fuel Type

As Published, Fuel Consumption D

Other Single-Unit Truck

All Fuel Gasoline


0.396 0.594 0.010
0.194 0.804 0.002
0.162 0.833 0.005
0.124 0.871 0.005

3031 668847 220.7


2937 647956 220.6
2990 659816 220.7

3,598 1,425
3,687 1,460
3851 1525
3919 1552
0.895 0.001 3968 1571
0.895 0.001 4217 1670
0.895 0.001 4844 1918
0.895 0.001 5294 2096
0.895 0.001 5261 2083
0.895 0.001 5420 2147
0.895 0.001 5706 2259
0.895 0.001 0.828 6268 2482
0.835 0.002 0.829 6955 2754
0.800 0.003 0.829 7050 2792
0.800 0.003 0.830 6923 2741
0.800 0.003 6867 2719
0.800 0.003 6803 2694
0.800 0.003 6965 2758
0.800 0.003 7240 2867
0.800 0.003 7399 2930
0.800 0.003 7386 2925
0.804 0.003 Replaced ORNL Series 7523 1459
0.810 0.003 7701 1494
0.816 0.003 7779 1509
0.821 0.004 8357 1621
0.827 0.004 8172 1585
1 0.005 8237 1334
0.833 0.005 8488 1375
0.841 0.005 9032 1463
0.848 0.005 9216 1487
0.856 0.005 9409 1524
0.863 0.005 9576 1187
0.871 0.005 9741 1208
0.874 0.005 9372 1162
0.879 0.005 9563 1186
0.881 0.005 9667 1199
0.884 0.005 10321 1280
0.884 0.005 8881 1101
0.884 0.005 8959 1111
0.884 0.005 9501 1055
0.884 0.005 9852 1094
0.884 0.005 2007 16314 1811
0.884 0.005 2008 17144 1903
0.884 0.005 2009 16253 1804
0.884 0.005 2010 15097 1676
0.884 0.005 2011 14183 1574

Used ORNL shares as publis

nt of fuel consumption to account for discontinuities


y 1997 VIUS and 2002 VIUS, applied in 1998 and 2003-2004

Published and Revised in FHWA VM-1 for Fuel Use and VMT

VMT Orig. Pub. MPG Calc. MPG Adj. MPG Adj. Fuel
124,584 6.1 6.14
128,359 5.1 5.10 5.77 22252
132,384 5.4 5.40 24537
135,029 5.3 5.26 25666
136,584 5.4 5.35 25512

138,737 5.2 5.24 26480


140,160 5.9 5.89 5.22 26917
142,370 5.9 5.89 5.21 27395
144,028 5.9 5.20 27689
142,169 5.9 5.06 28107
145,046 5.1 5.08 28545
143,507 5.4 5.35 26818
Highway Administration in the 2006 edition of Highway Statistics states:
el use) by vehicle use is estimated by the FHWA base on miles per
esel and gasoline powered vehicles using State-supplied data,
and other sources for motorcycles and buses. Procedures were revised
ble. (Italics added). The major result of this change was to reduce
r combination trucks from 5.9 to 5.2
shed, Fuel Consumption Data

gle-Unit Truck Combination Truck

Diesel LPG All Fuel Gasoline Diesel LPG

6,084 2,409 3,614 61


6,271 2,483 3,725 63
6,658 2,637 3,955 67
2,137 36 5,819 2,304 3,456 58
2,190 37 6,104 2,417 3,626 61
2287 39 6584 2607 3911 66
2328 39 7069 2799 4199 71
2357 40 7348 2910 4365 73
2505 42 7595 3008 4511 76
2877 48 8120 3216 4823 81
3145 53 9026 3574 5361 90
3125 53 9080 3596 5394 91
3220 54 9177 3634 5451 92
3389 57 9703 3842 5763 97
3723 63 10814 4282 6424 108
4132 70 12165 4817 7226 122
4187 70 12864 5094 7641 129
4112 69 13037 5163 7744 130
4079 69 13509 5349 8024 135
4041 68 13583 5379 8068 136
4137 70 13796 5463 8195 138
4301 72 14188 5618 8428 142
4395 74 14005 5546 8319 140
4387 74 14475 5732 8598 145
6048 15 14990 2908 12052 30
6192 15 15224 2953 12240 30
6255 16 15733 3052 12649 31
6719 17 16133 3130 12971 32
6571 16 16809 3261 13514 34
6861 41 17216 2789 14341 86
7071 42 17748 2875 14784 89
7523 45 18653 3022 15538 93
7645 46 19777 3204 16474 99
7838 47 20193 3271 16820 101
8341 48 20302 2517 17683 102
8484 49 22,252 2759 19382 111
8163 47 24537 3043 21372 123
8329 48 25666 3183 22355 128
8420 48 25512 3163 22221 128
8990 52 26480 3284 23064 132
7734 44 26,917 3338 23445 135
7803 45 27,395 3397 23861 137
8399 48 27689 3073 24477 138
8709 49 28107 3120 24846 141
14422 82 30904 42419 16448 2473 495
15155 86 30561 35764 23449 2488 498
14368 81 28050 32307 27414 2509 502
13346 75 29927 27546 30471 2438 488
12538 71 28193 27495 31458 2477 495

Used ORNL shares as published


Passenger
Cars Buses and Paratransit Vehicle-Miles - Busses
Includes Motorcycles Non-DieselGasoline Bus Paratransit
through 1969 All Modes All Modes (estimated) (estimated)

22,873
24,305
26,217
27,982
29,730
31,070
33,653
35,436
36,770
38,097
40,058
41,171
42,033
43,771
45,246
47,561
49,723 91.5 91.5
54,987 76.0 76.0
57,546 57.8 57.8
61,176 45.7 45.7
64,850 40.0 40.0
67,820 37.2 37.2
71,346 29.4 29.4
75,937 19.6 19.6
78,233 12.3 12.3
74,229 7.5 7.5
74,140 5.0 5.0
78,297 5.2 5.2
79,060 8.1 8.1
80,652 9.3 9.3
76,588 9.0 9.0
69,981 11.4 11.4
69,112 14.0 14.0
69,314 11.7 11.7
70,322 9.5 9.5
70,663 49.9 49.9 8.0 39.4
71,518 45.7 45.7 6.0 37.4
73,174 38.2 38.2 4.0 32.3
73,308 34.2 34.2 2.0 30.5
73,345 40.1 40.1 2.0 36.1
73,913 39.4 39.4 2.0 35.4
69,568 33.1 33.1 2.0 29.4
64,318 34.5 34.5 2.0 30.8
65,436 38.2 32.9 2.0 29.3
67,047 47.3 37.9 2.0 34.0
67,874 64.8 43.9 2.0 39.7
68,072 71.5 42.8 2.0 38.7
69,221 2.3
69,892 1.8
71,695 2.7
73,283
73,065 7590
73,559 7077
75,471 6845
75,455 6638
75,402
77,418
75,009
74,377
71,497
e-Miles - Busses
This section of worksheet work to reconcile various estimates of fuel use for w

Bunker Fuel

Distillate Residual

Heat content (kBtu/gal)


138.7

Energy Use (Tbtu)


Distillate Residual Distillate

Th. Gallons Th. Gallons Th. Barrels Th. Barrels Tril. Btu

819,000 3,774,120 19,500 89,860 114


880,000 3,307,000 20,952 78,738 122
1,013,000 3,273,000 24,119 77,929 141
1,125,000 3,859,000 26,786 91,881 156
1,018,920 3,827,040 24,260 91,120 141
1,097,880 4,060,140 26,140 96,670 152
1,220,100 4,977,000 29,050 118,500 169
1,407,420 5,416,740 33,510 128,970 195
1,578,822 6,614,790 37,591 157,495 219
1,630,858 8,002,672 38,830 190,540 226
717,376 7,454,242 17,080 177,482 100
1,723,143 7,922,512 41,027 188,631 239
1,423,216 6,408,818 33,886 152,591 197
1,418,890 5,724,115 33,783 136,288 197
1,692,141 5,687,375 40,289 135,414 235
1,894,106 5,473,614 45,098 130,324 263
2,034,215 5,287,347 48,434 125,889 282
2,223,258 5,259,272 52,935 125,221 308
2,310,367 5,248,981 55,009 124,976 320
2,356,444 5,410,263 56,106 128,816 327
2,197,004 6,248,095 52,310 148,764 305
2,167,640 6,786,055 51,610 161,573 301
2,240,170 7,199,078 53,337 171,407 311
2,043,745 6,269,882 48,661 149,283 283
2,026,899 5,944,383 48,260 141,533 281
1,978,105 6,431,238 47,098 153,125 274
2,177,608 5,804,977 51,848 138,214 302
2,107,561 4,789,861 50,180 114,044 292
2,125,568 4,640,153 50,609 110,480 295
2,064,590 5,598,630 49,157 133,301 286
2,041,433 6,192,294 48,606 147,436 283
2,099,011 4,345,284 49,976 103,459 291
2002 2,056,465 4,783,956 48,963 113,904 285
2003 1,863,150 3,801,425 44,361 90,510 258
2004 2,313,448 4,886,978 55,082 116,357 321
2005 2,115,381 5,533,552 50,366 131,751 293
2006 2,206,690 6,000,434 52,540 142,867 306
2007 2,158,930 6,773,950 51,403 161,285 299
2008 1,980,729 6,274,047 47,160 149,382 275
2009 2,139,164 5,331,657 50,932 126,944 297
2010 2,424,539 6,032,367 57,727 143,628 336
2011 2,623,095 5,206,160 62,455 123,956 364

Source: TEDB, Edition 32, for 1970-2011, Table A.10


Source: distillate
(alternative) fuel oil
stimates of fuel use for waterborne commerce

Heat content (kBtu/gal)


149.7

Energy Use (Tbtu) Calculated Published Compare Quantities


Residual Total Domestic TEDB Ed. New - Orig ORNL)
Percent Domestic Energy Use 24, T. 9.5 Th. Barrel Th. Barrels
Tril. Btu Tril. Btu Distillate Residual Tril. Btu Tril. Btu

565 679 325 -3 10


495 617 300 -7 11
490 630 315 1,994 -3
578 734 337 0 -534
573 714 283 3 -8
608 760 311 2 -3
745 914 277 720 1,042
811 1,006 274 -2 4
990 1,209 317 0 0
1,198 1,424 379 4 -3
1,116 1,215 329 -18,121 -35,649
1,186 1,425 335 3 -1
959 1,157 275 1 5
857 1,054 294 -5,325 -2
851 1,086 307 2 6
819 1,082 399 -4 1
792 1,074 404 0 0
787 1,096 371 0 0
786 1,106 0.775 0.093 321 321 0 0
810 1,137 0.775 0.093 329 329 0 0
935 1,240 0.775 0.093 323 323 0 0
1,016 1,317 0.775 0.093 327 328 0 0
1,078 1,388 0.775 0.093 341 341 0 0
939 1,222 0.775 0.093 307 307 0 0
890 1,171 0.775 0.093 301 301 -1 -11
963 1,237 0.775 0.093 302 302 0 0
869 1,171 0.775 0.093 315 315 0 0
717 1,009 0.775 0.093 293 293 0 0
695 989 0.775 0.093 293 293 0 0
838 1,124 0.775 0.093 300 300 0 0
927 1,210 0.775 0.093 306 306
650 942 0.775 0.093 286 286
716 1,001 0.775 0.093 288 289
569 827 0.775 0.093 253 253 Developed from TEDB, Edition 21 data
732 1,052 0.775 0.093 317 317
828 1,122 0.775 0.093 304 304
898 1,204 0.775 0.093 321 321
1,014 1,314 0.775 0.093 326 326
939 1,214 0.775 0.093 300 300
798 1,095 0.775 0.093 304 304
903 1,239 0.775 0.093 345 345
779 1,143 0.775 0.093 354 354

http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_821dsta_dcu_nus_a.htm
http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_821rsda_dcu_nus_a.htm
TEDB Ed. 32 - Not Used
Cars Light Trucks
2009 68,418 62,733
2010 64,990 60,942
2011 66,194 61,926
Approximate Energy Content of Fuels
Btu/gallon
User Select: Gross (1) or Net (2) content 1
(Net content always used for electricity) Selected:
Gross Net Gross
Fuel Content Content Content Unit Comments
Auto gasoline 125,000 115,400 125,000 Btu/gallon
Diesel motor fuel 138,700 128,700 138,700 Btu/gallon
Gasohol 120,900 112,417 120,900 Btu/gallon
Aviation gasoline 120,200 112,000 120,200 Btu/gallon
Jet fuel (naptha) 127,500 118,700 127,500 Btu/gallon
Jet fuel (kerosene) 135,000 128,100 135,000 Btu/gallon
Fuel oil - Residual 149,700 138,400 149,700 Btu/gallon
Fuel oil - Distillate 138,700 131,800 138,700 Btu/gallon
LPG 91,300 84,000 91,300 Btu/gallon
CNG 129,400 120,000 129,400 Btu/gallon Compressed gas at 2,400 psi.
LNG 90,800 87,600 84,800 Btu/gallon Use TEDB-32, Table A.3
Methanol 64,600 56,560 64,600 Btu/gallon
Natural Gas - Dry 1,027 1,027 1,031 Btu/ft3 Use TEDB-32, Table A.12
Biodiesel (B100) 128,520 118,296 127,595 Btu/gallon
Including Excluding Including
Losses Losses Losses
Electricity * 10,339 3,412 10,339 Btu/kWhr

* Not including energy losses for energy conversion at power plant and transmission efficiency
For consistency, the person responsible for the utility sector should decide what the conversion efficiency and transmission effi
To maintain some consistency with the 2009 Transportation Energy Data Book, conversion efficiency was set 10,339 (thus, inc

Biodiesel Fuel content from EIA http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/analysispaper/errata_biofuels.html

0.930
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
0.934
1.000
1.004
0.993 127.6 Thermal conversion factor from 2008 AER for biodiesel, p373

For APTA, transit bus, 2010 0.001 Tbtu

n efficiency and transmission efficiency should be.


iciency was set 10,339 (thus, including losses)

_biofuels.html
Worksheet for Intercity Bus: Passenger-miles, bus-miles, and fuel use

(1) (2) (3) (4)

Revised No. of Buses_Old


Pass-Miles Pass. Miles No. of Buses (Not Used)

(million) (million) (number) (number)


1970 25,300 25,300 22,000 21,983
1971 25,500 25,500 21,900 21,867
1972 25,600 25,600 21,400 21,569
1973 26,400 26,400 20,800 20,851
1974 27,700 27,700 21,000 21,005
1975 25,400 25,400 20,500 20,334
1976 25,100 25,100 20,100 20,090
1977 26,000 26,000 20,100 20,159
1978 25,600 25,600 20,200 20,515
1979 27,700 27,700 20,500 20,815
1980 27,400 27,400 21,400 21,681
1981 27,100 27,100 21,500 21,756
1982 26,900 26,900 22,000 21,809
1983 26,500 26,500 23,500 23,421
1984 24,600 24,600 20,440 25,098
1985 23,800 23,800 20,200
1986 23,700 23,700 20,296
1987 23,000 23,000 20,392
1988 23,100 23,100 20,488
1989 24,000 24,000 20,584
1990 23,000 23,000 20,680
1991 23,100 23,100 20,297
1992 22,600 22,600 19,913
1993 24,700 24,700 19,530
1994 28,100 28,100 19,146
1995 28,100 28,100 20,138
1996 28,800 28,800 20,649
1997 30,600 30,600 20,910
1998 31,700 33,639
1999 34,700 36,818
2000 37,900 40,138
2001 41,500 43,599
2002 47,200
2003 50,941
ABA Data 2004 79,826 54,823
2005 57,582 1.0330794287
2006 61,103
2007 65,496 65,496
2008 64,750
2009 64,600
2010 62,524 62,524 36888
2011 68,371 68,371 36017
2012 67,571 67,571 35354
Sources:
Col. (1) 1970 - 1990 Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), 1993 Annual Report (Sept.), Table 6
1991 - 2001 ORNL TEDB, Edition 23, Table 5.13
Col. (2) Revised passenger-miles based on alternative load factors, interpolated for 1998 through 200

Col. (3) 1970-1985: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), 1993 Annual Report (
Note: data through 1983 shown here consistent with ABA published data in Annual Reports
1985-1997: ORNL, TEDB, Edition 19 (1999), Table 8.14 (non-interpolated entries)
Col. (4) ORNL, TEDB, Edition 9 (1989), Table 2.46 (based on tables from ABA Annual Reports)
Col. (5) Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 1993 Annual Report (Sept.), Table 6,
(presumably includes both intercity and transit buses), Not used

Col. (6) 1970-1997: ORNL - TEDB 19, Table 8.14, and Annual Reports from ABA for 1970-1983, supp
1984-1997: ORNL - TEDB 19, Table 8.14, based on Eno Foundation Transportation in Ame
2004: from ABA Motor Coach Industry Census, 2005, as cited in
& CO2 Emissions From Different Transportation Modes, Table 2.2, available from ABA webs
2007: from ABA Draft Motor Coach Industry Census 2007, as cited in
& CO2 Emissions From Different Transportation Modes, October 2008, Table 2.2, available
2010-2012: From ABA Motorcoach Census for 2011, 2012, and 2013 (data for previous year
Col. (7) Implied load factor, computed from columns (1) and (5), shaded cells are interpolations
Col. (8) ORNL - TEDB 19, Table 8.14, shaded values are linear interpolations
Col. (9) Column (7) converted to gallons, using 138.7 kBtu/gallon
Col. (10) ORNL - TEDB 32, Table A.4
Col. (11) Case 1 for MPG - use BTS data + latest TEBD energy data - implausible results
Col. (12) Case 2 for MPG - use 'best' estimate of mileage and latest TEDB energy data - implausible re
Col. (13) Case 3 for MPG - Compute MPG with data from TEDB 19 - implausible results
Col. (14) Case 4 for MPG - Use ICC and ABA data for MPG through 1980, interpolate to 2007, and use

Col. (15) Data for columns (15) - (17) from TEBD 32. However, not used.
Col. (16)
Col. (17)

Col. (18) Final estimates for energy use in million gallons. Developed by dividing vehicle-miles by aver
Col. (19) Final estimates for energy use in trillion Btu. Developed by conversion of fuel use to Btu, ass
138700

(5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)


Converted
Vehicle-miles, Energy Use Energy Use Energy Use
Commercial Vehicle-miles, Implied Load (TEDB 19), Not (TEDB 19), Not (TEDB 32)
(Not Used) Intercity Factor Used Used Not Used

(million) (million) persons/bus (Trillion Btu) (million gallons) (million gallons)


2,983 1,209 21 26.6 191.8 305.3
2,885 1,202 21 26.2 189.2 296.7
2,750 1,182 22 25.9 186.6 288.1
2,548 1,178 22 25.5 184.0 252.4
2,610 1,195 23 25.2 181.4 216.7
2,755 1,126 23 24.8 178.8 181.0
2,899 1,118.00 22 25.7 185.3 182.3
2,937 1,102.00 24 26.6 191.8 181.9
3,085 1,147.60 22 27.5 198.3 180.2
3,125 1,154.80 24 28.4 204.8 205.4
3,500 1,162 24 29.3 211.2 213.8
3,541 1,134.00 24 29.7 214.4 227.2
3,577 1,115.00 24 30.2 217.6 237.3
3,648 1,120.00 24 30.6 220.8 169.3
3,329 978.80 25 31.1 223.9 165.5
3,483 933 26 31.5 227.1 148.7
3,565 944.60 25 29.5 213.0 155.8
3,728 956.20 24 27.6 198.8 160.4
3,730 967.80 24 25.6 184.7 166.7
3,823 979.40 25 23.7 170.6 159.6
3,936 991 23 21.7 156.5 160.4
4,015 1,046 22 22.5 161.9 157.1
1,101 21 23.2 167.3 171.4
1,156 21 24.0 172.7 195.3
1,211 23 24.7 178.1 195.3
1,194 24 22.6 162.9 199.9
1,220 24 22.6 162.9 212.5
1,276 24 23.6 170.2 220.1
1,328 25.33 241.1
1,380 26.67
1,433 28.02
1,485 29.36
1,537 30.71
1,589 32.05
1,641 33 433
1,694 34
1,746 35
1,798 36 317
1,850 35
1,900 34
1,948.20 32 321.32
1,947.06 35 309.56
1,856.65 36 303.67
increments ---> 52 1.3

), 1993 Annual Report (Sept.), Table 6

actors, interpolated for 1998 through 2006

n Statistics (BTS), 1993 Annual Report (Sept.), Table 10


h ABA published data in Annual Reports
8.14 (non-interpolated entries)
tables from ABA Annual Reports)
ort (Sept.), Table 6,

al Reports from ABA for 1970-1983, supplied by ORNL


n Eno Foundation Transportation in America
, as cited in Comparison of Energy Use
des, Table 2.2, available from ABA website, see comment in cell I41
2007, as cited in Updated Comparison of Energy Use
des, October 2008, Table 2.2, available from ABA website
2012, and 2013 (data for previous year)
5), shaded cells are interpolations
ar interpolations

y data - implausible results


atest TEDB energy data - implausible results
B 19 - implausible results
ough 1980, interpolate to 2007, and use ABA data for 2007, 2010-2012

eloped by dividing vehicle-miles by average MPG


ed by conversion of fuel use to Btu, assume 100% diesel fuel
Btu/Gal

(11) (12) (13) (14) (15)

Implied MPG (1) Implied MPG (2) Implied MPG (3) Energy Use - Latest Estima
Not Used Not Used Not Used Blended MPG (4) (TEDB, Edition32), Not Use

(number) (miles/gallon) (miles/gallon) (miles/gallon) mill. Gallons


9.77 3.96 6.30 6.30 1970 305.3
10.86 4.05 6.35 6.15 1971 296.7
11.95 4.10 6.33 6.00 1972 288.1
13.04 4.67 6.40 6.00 1973 252.4
14.13 5.51 6.59 6.30 1974 216.7
15.22 6.22 6.30 6.30 1975 181.0
15.45 6.13 6.03 6.19 1976 182.3
15.68 6.06 5.75 6.11 1977 181.9
15.91 6.37 5.79 5.90 1978 180.2
16.14 5.62 5.64 5.70 1979 205.4
16.37 5.44 5.50 5.50 1980 213.8
17.78 5.52 5.29 5.51 1981 205.4
19.19 4.91 5.12 5.51 1982 227.2
20.60 4.72 5.07 5.52 1983 237.3
22.02 5.78 4.37 5.53 1984 169.3
23.43 5.64 4.11 5.53 1985 165.5
23.65 6.35 4.44 5.54 1986 148.7
23.87 6.14 4.81 5.55 1987 155.8
24.09 6.03 5.24 5.55 1988 160.4
24.31 5.87 5.74 5.56 1989 166.7
24.53 6.21 6.33 5.56 1990 159.6
18.40 6.52 6.46 5.57 1991 160.4
12.27 7.01 6.58 5.58 1992 157.1
6.13 6.75 6.69 5.58 1993 171.4
0.00 6.20 6.80 5.59 1994 195.3
6.11 7.33 5.60 1995 195.3
6.10 7.49 5.60 1996 199.9
6.00 7.50 5.61 1997 212.5
5.61 1998 220.1
5.62 1999 241.1
5.63 2000 233.1
5.63 2001 217.4
5.64 2002 210.2
5.65 2003 208.3
5.52 5.65 2004 208.9
5.66 2005 214.4
5.67 2006 208.3
5.67 5.67 2007 214.4
5.80 2008 218.5
5.93 2009 224.6
6.06 6.06 2010 215.0
6.29 6.29 2011 215.0
6.11 6.11
0.01
(16) (17) (18) (19)

Energy Use - Latest Estimates


(TEDB, Edition32), Not Used Revised Energy Use
mill.
(trillion Btu) (mill. Bbls) Gallons (trillion Btu)
42.4 7.27 191.9 26.6
41.2 7.07 195.4 27.1
40.0 6.86 197.0 27.3
35.0 6.01 196.3 27.2
30.1 5.16 189.7 26.3
25.1 4.31 178.8 24.8
25.3 4.34 180.6 25.0
25.2 4.33 180.5 25.0
25.0 4.29 194.5 27.0
28.5 4.89 202.6 28.1
29.7 5.09 211.2 29.3
28.5 5.41 205.9 28.6
31.5 5.65 202.2 28.1
32.9 4.03 202.9 28.1
23.5 3.94 177.1 24.6
23.0 3.54 168.6 23.4
20.6 3.71 170.5 23.7
21.6 3.82 172.4 23.9
22.3 3.97 174.3 24.2
23.1 3.80 176.2 24.4
22.1 3.82 178.1 24.7
22.3 3.74 187.8 26.0
21.8 4.08 197.4 27.4
23.8 4.65 207.1 28.7
27.1 4.65 216.7 30.1
27.1 4.76 213.4 29.6
27.7 5.06 217.8 30.2
29.5 5.24 227.5 31.6
30.5 5.74 236.6 32.8
33.4 5.55 245.6 34.1
32.3 5.55 254.6 35.3
30.1 5.18 263.5 36.6
29.2 5.01 272.5 37.8
28.9 4.96 281.4 39.0
29.0 4.97 290.4 40.3
29.7 5.10 299.3 41.5
28.9 4.96 308.1 42.7
29.7 5.10 317.0 44.0
30.3 5.20 318.9 44.2
31.1 5.35 320.2 44.4
29.8 5.12 321.3 44.6 36888.0 40709
29.8 5.12 309.6 42.9 36017.0 40141
303.7 42.1 35354 39607
Note: From Motorcoach Industry Census from ABA, cond
1

0.906
0.897
0.893
Industry Census from ABA, conducted for 2010 through 2012
Worksheet for School Bus: Passenger-miles, bus-miles, and fuel use

(1) (2) (3) (4)

Vehicle-miles (V-
Pass-Miles No. of Buses No. of Buses_Old M)
(million) (number) (number) (million)
1970 288,700 288,814 2,100
1971 307,332 2,212
1972 318,238 2,359
1973 336,166 2,412
1974 357,078 2,450
1975 368300 368,329 2,500
1976 381,715 2,862
1977 393,831 2,900
1978 398,789 3,000
1979 415,253 3,000
1980 41,000 418,255 418,282 3,000
1981 41,200 432,813 3,000
1982 40,800 442,133 3,000
1983 62,400 470,727 3,000
1984 78,300 471,461 3,400
1985 70,000 480,400 3,448
1986 89,100 479,076 3,700
1987 72,900 486,753 3,900
1988 83,200 498,907 4,100
1989 80,600 507,628 4,000
1990 74,200 508,261 3,800
1991 83,300 513,227 4,300
1992 525,838
1993 534,872
1994 85,000 547,718 4,400
1995 95,000 560,447 5,000
1996 99,000 569,395 5,000
1997 82,900 568,113 4,400
1998 582,470
1999 592,029
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Sources:
Col. (1) 1980 - 1991 Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), 1993 Annual Report (Sept.), Table 6
1994 1997 ORNL TEDB, Edition 19, Table 8.14
Col. (2) ORNL, TEDB, Edition 21 (2001), Table 8.13
Col. (2) ORNL, TEDB, Edition 9 (1989), Table 2.46
Col. (4) Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 1993 Annual Report (Sept.), Table 6, 1970-1976 from FH
BTS data from 1977 through 1991 from National Safety Council, Accident Facts
Data from 1994 through 1997 from ORNL, TEDB edition 19, Table 8.14 (also from
Col. (5) ORNL - TEDB 32, Table A.4 (data after 2000 was based on extrapolation with total bus vehicl
Col. (6) Average miles per bus, Col. 4 divided by Col. 2 (not used)
Col. (7) Case 1: Average MPG, Col. 4 divided by Col. 7, interpolated values shown in shaded cells
Col. (8) Average MPG, same as Col. 7
Col. (9) Case 2: Average MPG computed by dividing total miles from Col. 4 by TEDB 32 estimates of
Col. (10) Case 3: Average MPG computed by dividing adjusted total miles from Col. 4 by TEDB 32 est
Col. (11) Adjusted miles - use number of buses times interpolated values for annual miles per bus. Fo
Thus, adjusted values match in years ending 0 and 5 with Column 4, and for 1994. After 19
School Bus Fleet Magazine estimates, adjusted for missing values

Col. (12) Data for columns (15) - (17) from TEBD 32. However, not used.
Col. (13)
Col. (14)

Col. (15) Estimated total fuel use, calculated by total vehicle-miles/average MPG. No change in avera
Col. (16) Estimated total energy use, calculated with 137,330 Btu/gal (90% diesel, 10% gasoline as as

Col. (17) Revised passenger-miles, assume constant load factor of 32, based upon School Bus Fleet M
137330 Btu/Gal

(5) (6) (7) (8 (9)

Energy Use miles/bus Implied MPG (1a) Implied MPG (1b) Implied MPG (2)
(million gallons) (number) (miles/gallon) (miles/gallon) (miles/gallon)
299.9 7,274 7.00 7.00 7.00
309.8 7,197 7.06 7.06 7.14
319.6 7,413 7.13 7.13 7.38
327.0 7,175 7.19 7.19 7.38
334.5 6,861 7.25 7.25 7.33
341.9 6,788 7.31 7.31 7.31
389.8 6,865 7.43 7.43 7.34
401.5 6,942 7.55 7.55 7.22
407.0 7,019 7.67 7.67 7.37
404.9 7,096 7.78 7.78 7.41
379.7 7,173 7.90 7.90 7.90
386.8 7,174 7.94 7.94 7.76
398.6 7,175 7.99 7.99 7.53
400.7 7,175 8.03 8.03 7.49
375.1 7,176 8.07 8.07 9.07
425.0 7,177 8.11 8.11 8.11
462.4 7,237 8.10 8.10 8.00
487.2 7,297 8.09 8.09 8.00
511.1 7,357 8.07 8.07 8.02
498.1 7,417 8.06 8.06 8.03
472.1 7,476 8.05 8.05 8.05
533.4 7,616 8.05 8.05 8.06
546.0 7,755 8.05 8.05
533.4 7,894 8.06 8.06
546.0 8,033 8.06 8.06 8.06
545.2 8,921 9.17 9.17 9.17
545.2 8,781 9.17 9.17 9.17
544.7 7,745 8.08 8.08 8.08
550.2
555.7 Interpolated values
577.1 137430

Extrapolated
in TEDB-32
by total
bus vehicle-
miles

Note:
Assumed credible vehicle-miles for 1980, 1985, 1990,
and 1994 to calculate miles/bus, Interpolations
intervening years shown in light orange
Not used, Instead, vehicle-miles extrapolated with adjusted
bus mileage from School Bus Fleet Magazine

1993 Annual Report (Sept.), Table 6

(Sept.), Table 6, 1970-1976 from FHWA


Council, Accident Facts (not reliable)
19, Table 8.14 (also from Accident Facts)
on extrapolation with total bus vehicle-miles

lated values shown in shaded cells

from Col. 4 by TEDB 32 estimates of fuel use


otal miles from Col. 4 by TEDB 32 estimates of fuel use
d values for annual miles per bus. For years ending 0 and 5, use published data
with Column 4, and for 1994. After 1994, values taken directly from
ssing values

s/average MPG. No change in average MPG after 1994 for lack of data or information
/gal (90% diesel, 10% gasoline as assumed by ORNL in TEDB 32, Table A.4)

of 32, based upon School Bus Fleet Magazine data


(10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15)

Adjusted Energy Use - Latest Estimates


Implied MPG (3) vehicle-miles (TEDB, Edition32) Revised Energy Use
mill.
(miles/gallon) (million) mill. Gallons (trillion Btu) (mill. Bbls) Gallons
7.00 2,100 1970 299.9 41.2 7.14 299.9
7.14 2,212 1971 309.8 42.5 7.38 313.1
7.38 2,359 1972 319.6 43.9 7.61 331.0
7.38 2,412 1973 327.0 44.9 7.79 335.5
7.33 2,450 1974 334.5 45.9 7.96 337.9
7.31 2,500 1975 341.9 47.0 8.14 341.9
6.72 2,620 1976 389.8 53.5 9.28 352.7
6.81 2,734 1977 401.5 55.1 9.56 362.2
6.88 2,799 1978 407.0 55.9 9.69 365.1
7.28 2,947 1979 404.9 55.6 9.64 378.6
7.90 3,000 1980 379.7 52.1 9.04 379.7
8.03 3,105 1981 386.8 53.1 9.21 390.9
7.96 3,172 1982 398.6 54.7 9.49 397.2
8.43 3,378 1983 400.7 55.0 9.54 420.7
9.02 3,383 1984 375.1 51.5 8.93 419.3
8.11 3,448 1985 425.0 58.4 10.12 425.0
7.50 3,467 1986 462.4 63.5 11.01 428.1
7.29 3,552 1987 487.2 66.9 11.60 439.2
7.18 3,670 1988 511.1 70.2 12.17 454.6
7.56 3,765 1989 498.1 68.4 11.86 467.0
8.05 3,800 1990 472.1 64.8 11.24 472.1
7.33 3,909 1991 533.4 73.3 12.70 485.4
7.47 4,078 1992 546.0 75.0 13.00 506.3
7.92 4,222 1993 533.4 73.3 12.70 524.1
8.06 4,400 1994 546.0 75.0 13.00 546.0
8.42 4,593 1995 545.2 74.9 12.98 569.9
8.65 4,718 1996 545.2 74.9 12.98 585.4
8.50 4,629 1997 544.7 74.8 12.97 574.4
4,643 1998 550.2 75.6 13.10 576.2
4,658 1999 555.7 76.3 13.23 578.0
4,801 2000 577.1 79.3 13.74 595.8
4,951 2001 538.1 73.9 12.81 614.3
4,988 2002 520.0 71.4 12.38 619.0
5,115 2003 515.7 70.8 12.28 634.7
5,064 2004 517.1 71.0 12.31 628.4
5,001 2005 530.7 72.9 620.5
5,065 2006 515.7 70.8 628.5
4,939 2007 530.7 72.9 612.9
4,751 2008 540.9 74.3 589.6
4,883 2009 556.0 76.4 606.0
4,753 2010 532.2 73.1 589.8
4,429 2011 532.2 73.1 549.6

Data from 1995 and later


from spreadsheet: School_Bus_Fleet_Stats:
worksheet: School_Bus_Fleet_Data: AB9:AB25
Based on School Bus Fleet Magazine data Average load factor 23

(16) (17)

Revised Pass-
Revised Energy Use Miles Alt Fuel Use, TEDB 19, Table 8.14
(trillion Btu) (Billion) Tbtu Btu/V-M
41.2 48.3 37.6 55.851064
43.0 50.9
45.5 54.3
46.1 55.5
46.4 56.4
47.0 57.5 42.6 58.685446
48.4 60.3
49.7 62.9
50.1 64.4
52.0 67.8
52.1 69.0 47.5 63.157895
53.7 71.4
54.6 73.0
57.8 77.7
57.6 77.8
58.4 79.3 57 60.491228
58.8 79.7
60.3 81.7
62.4 84.4
64.1 86.6
64.8 87.4 62.2 61.093248
66.7 89.9
69.5 93.8
72.0 97.1
75.0 101.2 90.6 48.565121
78.3 105.6
80.4 108.5
78.9 106.5 72.3 60.857538
79.1 106.8
79.4 107.1
81.8 110.4
84.4 113.9
85.0 114.7
87.2 117.6
86.3 116.5
85.2 115.0
86.3 116.5
84.2 113.6
81.0 109.3
83.2 112.3
81.0 109.3
75.5 101.9
Implied
Load Factors
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
13.7
13.7
13.6
20.8
23.0
20.3
24.1
18.7
20.3
20.2
19.5
19.4
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
19.3
19.0
19.8
18.8
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, known as Amtrak, began operation in 1971. Amtrak revenue passenger-miles have grown at an
average annual rate of 2.9% from 1971 to 2009.

Table 9.10
Summary Statistics for the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), 1971–2009

Revenue Energy
Number of Number of passenger- Average Energy intensity use
locomotives passenger Train-miles Car-miles miles trip length (Btu per revenue (trillion
Year in service cars (thousands) (thousands) (millions) (miles) passenger-mile) Btu)
1971 a
1,165 16,537 140,147 1,993 188 a a

1972 285 1,571 26,302 213,261 3,039 183 a a

1973 352 1,777 27,151 239,775 3,807 224 3,625 13.8


1974 457 1,848 29,538 260,060 4,259 233 3,127 13.3
1975 355 1,913 30,166 253,898 3,753 224 3,548 13.3
1976 379 2,062 30,885 263,589 4,268 229 3,278 14.0
1977 369 2,154 33,200 261,325 4,204 221 3,443 14.5
1978 441 2,084 32,451 255,214 4,154 217 3,554 14.8
1979 437 2,026 31,379 255,129 4,867 226 3,351 16.3
1980 448 2,128 29,487 235,235 4,503 217 3,065 13.8
1981 398 1,830 30,380 222,753 4,397 226 2,883 12.7
1982 396 1,929 28,833 217,385 3,993 220 3,052 12.2
1983 388 1,880 28,805 223,509 4,227 223 2,875 12.2
1984 387 1,844 29,133 234,557 4,427 227 2,923 12.9
1985 382 1,818 30,038 250,642 4,785 238 2,703 12.9
1986 369 1,793 28,604 249,665 5,011 249 2,481 12.4
1987 381 1,850 29,515 261,054 5,361 259 2,450 13.1
1988 391 1,845 30,221 277,774 5,686 265 2,379 13.5
1989 312 1,742 31,000 285,255 5,859 274 2,614 15.3
1990 318 1,863 33,000 300,996 6,057 273 2,505 15.2
1991 316 1,786 34,000 312,484 6,273 285 2,417 15.2
1992 336 1,796 34,000 307,282 6,091 286 2,534 15.4
1993 360 1,853 34,936 302,739 6,199 280 2,565 15.9
1994 411 1,874 34,940 305,600 5,869 276 2,282 13.4
1995 422 1,907 31,579 282,579 5,401 266 2,501 13.5
1996 348 1,501 30,542 277,750 5,066 257 2,690 13.6
1997 292 1,572 32,000 287,760 5,166 255 2,811 14.5
1998 362 1,347 32,926 315,823 5,325 251 2,788 14.8
1999 385 1,285 34,080 349,337 5,289 245 2,943 15.6
2000 385 1,891 35,404 371,215 5,574 243 3,235 18.0
2001 401 2,084 36,512 377,705 5,571 238 3,257 18.1
2002 372 2,896 37,624 378,542 5,314 228 3,212 17.1
2003 442 1,623 37,459 331,864 5,680 231 2,800 15.9
2004 276 1,211 37,159 308,437 5,511 219 2,760 15.2
2005 258 1,186 36,199 264,796 5,381 215 2,709 14.6
2006 319 1,191 36,083 263,908 5,410 220 2,650 14.3
2007 270 1,164 37,484 266,545 5,784 218 2,516 14.5
2008 278 1,177 37,736 271,762 6,179 215 2,398 14.8
2009 274 1,214 38,300 282,764 5,914 217 2,435 14.4
Average annual percentage change
1971–2009 a
0.1% 2.2% 1.9% 2.9% 0.4% a a

1999–2009 -3.3% -0.6% 1.2% -2.1% 0.6% -1.1% -2.8% -0.8%

Sources:
1971–83- Association of American Railroads, Economics and Finance Department, Statistics of Class I Railroads, Washington, DC,
and annual.
1984–88- Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts, 1988 Edition, Washington, DC, December 1989, p. 61, and annual.
1989–93- Personal communication with the Corporate Accounting Office of Amtrak, Washington, D.C.
1994–2009 - Number of locomotives in service, number of passenger cars, train-miles, car-miles, revenue passenger-miles, and
average trip length - Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts, 2010 Edition, Washington, DC, 2010, p. 77.
Energy use - Personal communication with the Amtrak, Washington, DC. (Additional resources: www.amtrak.com, www.aar.org)

a
Data are not available.
b
Energy use for 1994 on is not directly comparable to earlier years. Some commuter rail energy use may have been inadvertently included in ear
e grown at an

b
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, known as Amtrak, began operation in 1971. Amtrak revenue passen
average annual rate of 3.0% from 1971 to 2010.

Table 9.10
Summary Statistics for the National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), 1971–2

Revenue
Number of Number of passenger-
locomotives passenger Train-miles Car-miles miles
Year in service cars (thousands) (thousands) (millions)
1971 a
1,165 16,537 140,147 1,993
1972 285 1,571 26,302 213,261 3,039
1973 352 1,777 27,151 239,775 3,807
1974 457 1,848 29,538 260,060 4,259
1975 355 1,913 30,166 253,898 3,753
1976 379 2,062 30,885 263,589 4,268
1977 369 2,154 33,200 261,325 4,204
1978 441 2,084 32,451 255,214 4,154
1979 437 2,026 31,379 255,129 4,867
1980 448 2,128 29,487 235,235 4,503
1981 398 1,830 30,380 222,753 4,397
1982 396 1,929 28,833 217,385 3,993
1983 388 1,880 28,805 223,509 4,227
1984 387 1,844 29,133 234,557 4,427
1985 382 1,818 30,038 250,642 4,785
1986 369 1,793 28,604 249,665 5,011
1987 381 1,850 29,515 261,054 5,361
1988 391 1,845 30,221 277,774 5,686
1989 312 1,742 31,000 285,255 5,859
1990 318 1,863 33,000 300,996 6,057
1991 316 1,786 34,000 312,484 6,273
1992 336 1,796 34,000 307,282 6,091
1993 360 1,853 34,936 302,739 6,199
1994 411 1,874 34,940 305,600 5,869
1995 422 1,907 31,579 282,579 5,401
1996 348 1,501 30,542 277,750 5,066
1997 292 1,572 32,000 287,760 5,166
1998 362 1,347 32,926 315,823 5,325
1999 385 1,285 34,080 349,337 5,289
2000 385 1,891 35,404 371,215 5,574
2001 401 2,084 36,512 377,705 5,571
2002 372 2,896 37,624 378,542 5,314
2003 442 1,623 37,459 331,864 5,680
2004 276 1,211 37,159 308,437 5,511
2005 258 1,186 36,199 264,796 5,381
2006 319 1,191 36,083 263,908 5,410
2007 270 1,164 37,484 266,545 5,784
2008 278 1,177 37,736 271,762 6,179
2009 274 1,214 38,300 282,764 5,914
2010 282 1,274 37,453 294,820 6,420
Average annual percentage change
1971-2010 a
0.2% 2.1% 1.9% 3.0%
2000-2010 -3.1% -3.9% 0.6% -2.3% 1.4%

Sources:
1971–83- Association of American Railroads, Economics and Finance Department, Statistics of Class I Railroads, W
1984–88- Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts, 1988 Edition, Washington, DC, December 1989, p. 61
1989–93- Personal communication with the Corporate Accounting Office of Amtrak, Washington, D.C.
1994–2010 - Number of locomotives in service, number of passenger cars, train-miles, car-miles, revenue passenger
length - Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts, 2011 Edition, Washington, DC, 2011, p. 77.
Energy use - Personal communication with the Amtrak, Washington, DC. (Additional resources: www.amtrak.com,

a
Data are not available.
b
Energy use for 1994 on is not directly comparable to earlier years. Some commuter rail energy use may have be
inadvertently included in earlier years.
n 1971. Amtrak revenue passenger-miles have grown at an

Corporation (Amtrak), 1971–2010

Energy
Average Energy intensity use
trip length (Btu per revenue (trillion
(miles) passenger-mile) Btu)
188 a a

183 a a

224 3,625 13.8


233 3,127 13.3
224 3,548 13.3
229 3,278 14.0
221 3,443 14.5
217 3,554 14.8
226 3,351 16.3
217 3,065 13.8
226 2,883 12.7
220 3,052 12.2
223 2,875 12.2
227 2,923 12.9
238 2,703 12.9
249 2,481 12.4
259 2,450 13.1
265 2,379 13.5
274 2,614 15.3
273 2,505 15.2
285 2,417 15.2
286 2,534 15.4
280 2,565 15.9b
276 2,282 13.4
266 2,501 13.5
257 2,690 13.6
255 2,811 14.5
251 2,788 14.8
245 2,943 15.6
243 3,235 18.0
238 3,257 18.1
228 3,212 17.1
231 2,800 15.9
219 2,760 15.2
215 2,709 14.6
220 2,650 14.3
218 2,516 14.5
215 2,398 14.8
217 2,435 14.4
220 2,271 14.6
hange
0.4% a a

-1.0% -3.5% -2.1%

Statistics of Class I Railroads, Washington, DC, and annual.


gton, DC, December 1989, p. 61, and annual.
Washington, D.C.
es, car-miles, revenue passenger-miles, and average trip
ngton, DC, 2011, p. 77.
al resources: www.amtrak.com, www.aar.org)

ter rail energy use may have been


Transportation Services Index
January 1990 - May 2009 (Seasonally Adjusted)

Chain-type Index: 2000 = 100

Change from previous


Date TSI-Freight TSI-Passenger
month
Jan-90 66.55576601 70.54741417
Feb-90 67.74098919 1.80% 71.30086850
Mar-90 68.79539659 1.60% 71.40440100
Apr-90 69.11275986 0.50% 70.10431643
May-90 67.93092582 -1.70% 69.41256783
Jun-90 68.56377783 0.90% 69.81859907
Jul-90 68.28964613 -0.40% 69.83038822
Aug-90 68.03306181 -0.40% 70.72192969
Sep-90 69.15966665 1.70% 69.35062305
Oct-90 67.96696127 -1.70% 69.84138290
Nov-90 67.67142726 -0.40% 69.28702152
Dec-90 67.94880251 0.40% 72.90401717
Jan-91 67.44211538 -0.70% 69.97520652
Feb-91 67.48791518 0.10% 64.43255898
Mar-91 66.84383831 -1.00% 63.46470653
Apr-91 66.23642482 -0.90% 69.77311769
May-91 66.20058846 -0.10% 69.89956643
Jun-91 68.48730713 3.50% 69.30712286
Jul-91 69.15905770 1.00% 69.72000946
Aug-91 70.28992570 1.60% 69.84164590
Sep-91 71.42600494 1.60% 70.19088485
Oct-91 70.49094587 -1.30% 69.77662554
Nov-91 70.78186854 0.40% 70.73538567
Dec-91 70.84528112 0.10% 71.37890401
Jan-92 71.56982324 1.00% 70.32930398
Feb-92 72.51351980 1.30% 70.87429192
Mar-92 73.01533437 0.70% 70.63492735
Apr-92 73.91210080 1.20% 68.97916907
May-92 74.14218893 0.30% 70.99083646
Jun-92 72.99702520 -1.50% 74.68099466
Jul-92 74.72286638 2.40% 77.52248178
Aug-92 74.52469925 -0.30% 78.63805446
Sep-92 73.12674523 -1.90% 75.32769028
Oct-92 74.32121219 1.60% 72.12583536
Nov-92 74.81544390 0.70% 73.83147281
Dec-92 74.91059002 0.10% 73.71422139
Jan-93 78.05777736 4.20% 75.23248720
Feb-93 75.95393621 -2.70% 75.16187810
Mar-93 75.13083104 -1.10% 74.47350192
Apr-93 76.60369782 2.00% 74.44133198
May-93 77.34210412 1.00% 75.44777860
Jun-93 76.77546312 -0.70% 73.66536241
Jul-93 75.76511004 -1.30% 74.29298734
Aug-93 75.63986427 -0.20% 75.04502487
Sep-93 77.17799056 2.00% 75.76941447
Oct-93 78.81321083 2.10% 76.74141592
Nov-93 79.61169256 1.00% 76.77443637
Dec-93 78.67587850 -1.20% 76.82231982
Jan-94 79.58619322 1.20% 76.38699376
Feb-94 79.62294782 0.00% 76.36626211
Mar-94 81.98860122 3.00% 77.24950292
Apr-94 75.24821427 -8.20% 77.20704912
May-94 83.20417859 10.60% 77.44539563
Jun-94 84.50796436 1.60% 78.09013806
Jul-94 83.45926850 -1.20% 78.50712878
Aug-94 83.69434342 0.30% 77.94679067
Sep-94 85.21645449 1.80% 78.58573539
Oct-94 86.39668689 1.40% 79.76792632
Nov-94 87.70074473 1.50% 80.25278586
Dec-94 95.69269419 9.10% 80.78932281
Jan-95 92.09885774 -3.80% 80.50829305
Feb-95 91.52461454 -0.60% 79.36505578
Mar-95 88.01823883 -3.80% 79.32793963
Apr-95 88.49509470 0.50% 79.62703724
May-95 86.71091307 -2.00% 79.23326088
Jun-95 87.62138861 1.10% 79.12534728
Jul-95 87.51785994 -0.10% 79.76563907
Aug-95 88.27173193 0.90% 79.98547296
Sep-95 88.71900304 0.50% 80.50389782
Oct-95 85.78874393 -3.30% 80.43681749
Nov-95 85.52225218 -0.30% 81.12665602
Dec-95 86.14182947 0.70% 82.20246105
Jan-96 83.32052516 -3.30% 81.52861815
Feb-96 84.56190494 1.50% 84.15438251
Mar-96 86.60696738 2.40% 84.28951971
Apr-96 86.88723020 0.30% 83.32000835
May-96 87.44125225 0.60% 84.20767393
Jun-96 87.76566859 0.40% 84.85148704
Jul-96 88.16800334 0.50% 85.02281238
Aug-96 87.95781547 -0.20% 85.32513860
Sep-96 87.39375507 -0.60% 85.39229104
Oct-96 88.63949584 1.40% 85.76200935
Nov-96 89.24122789 0.70% 85.15325225
Dec-96 88.84095380 -0.40% 86.42827061
Jan-97 89.68440698 0.90% 88.22933869
Feb-97 90.97144981 1.40% 88.34521773
Mar-97 90.60638487 -0.40% 87.98300090
Apr-97 92.32065435 1.90% 87.79564556
May-97 92.46507164 0.20% 87.41346999
Jun-97 92.16469943 -0.30% 87.39055964
Jul-97 94.71250070 2.80% 87.98894443
Aug-97 94.22702276 -0.50% 87.95867834
Sep-97 96.00331610 1.90% 89.91935250
Oct-97 96.80213423 0.80% 88.42271334
Nov-97 96.14054650 -0.70% 89.65810342
Dec-97 96.80306583 0.70% 89.91773175
Jan-98 98.16687687 1.40% 90.47287645
Feb-98 98.00443932 -0.20% 90.68431935
Mar-98 98.82596086 0.80% 89.52271685
Apr-98 ### 1.60% 91.16978051
May-98 ### 0.10% 91.18138193
Jun-98 ### 0.60% 89.76341697
Jul-98 ### 0.10% 89.62319216
Aug-98 ### -0.80% 92.27438329
Sep-98 99.79564415 -0.50% 90.05395543
Oct-98 ### 0.90% 92.88380883
Nov-98 ### 0.10% 93.25550552
Dec-98 99.88310422 -0.90% 93.54062386
Jan-99 99.83968357 0.00% 93.41119294
Feb-99 ### 1.80% 93.57724937
Mar-99 ### 1.10% 93.70784074
Apr-99 ### -0.80% 93.61396912
May-99 ### 0.40% 92.99540572
Jun-99 ### -0.10% 94.07286312
Jul-99 ### -0.30% 95.70576870
Aug-99 ### 0.80% 95.64109484
Sep-99 ### 1.20% 97.15893130
Oct-99 ### 0.00% 98.13185366
Nov-99 ### 0.10% 98.83434791
Dec-99 ### 0.80% 95.27840810
Jan-00 ### -0.70% 95.34604568
Feb-00 ### -0.10% 96.73803439
Mar-00 99.90929245 -4.10% 99.15232476
Apr-00 97.98358211 -1.90% 98.98202358
May-00 99.38527101 1.40% 100.86336349
Jun-00 ### 0.90% 100.08835586
Jul-00 98.68653963 -1.50% 100.38979826
Aug-00 ### 2.30% 100.46789910
Sep-00 98.78714233 -2.10% 102.61812117
Oct-00 98.73175969 -0.10% 101.82647493
Nov-00 99.11065050 0.40% 102.57358593
Dec-00 97.85498579 -1.30% 100.95397287
Jan-01 99.19960764 1.40% 101.57907383
Feb-01 98.52580832 -0.70% 100.62951978
Mar-01 99.39056486 0.90% 100.44063606
Apr-01 98.61192777 -0.80% 100.71166638
May-01 ### 1.50% 100.61477106
Jun-01 98.71439838 -1.30% 100.28240463
Jul-01 98.35850393 -0.40% 101.41584838
Aug-01 ### 2.00% 103.16477442
Sep-01 97.41968486 -2.90% 79.20778750
Oct-01 98.61644917 1.20% 83.36521908
Nov-01 97.63133003 -1.00% 86.50925889
Dec-01 97.27626839 -0.40% 91.26806790
Jan-02 98.17231133 0.90% 91.54914910
Feb-02 98.93136363 0.80% 93.07121895
Mar-02 98.80681862 -0.10% 93.13783348
Apr-02 99.25056128 0.40% 93.27026771
May-02 ### 1.90% 94.39436236
Jun-02 ### 0.30% 94.41209633
Jul-02 ### 1.60% 94.14233631
Aug-02 ### -0.40% 95.33754266
Sep-02 ### 0.00% 93.84190324
Oct-02 ### 0.90% 96.34135647
Nov-02 ### 0.20% 96.03881418
Dec-02 ### 0.90% 97.64681705
Jan-03 ### -1.30% 96.83285560
Feb-03 ### -1.20% 94.95813131
Mar-03 ### 0.90% 93.74462891
Apr-03 ### 0.80% 91.02836368
May-03 ### -1.30% 92.17396827
Jun-03 ### 0.70% 93.57174782
Jul-03 ### 0.80% 97.19680407
Aug-03 ### -0.60% 97.05962974
Sep-03 ### 1.00% 98.24660816
Oct-03 ### 1.70% 98.25856609
Nov-03 ### -0.80% 99.82983129
Dec-03 ### 2.60% 100.46705185
Jan-04 ### -1.50% 99.22504918
Feb-04 ### 3.00% 101.02952882
Mar-04 ### 0.20% 102.10942328
Apr-04 ### 0.70% 102.82052715
May-04 ### -0.40% 102.50840100
Jun-04 ### 0.30% 104.16965898
Jul-04 ### -0.20% 104.33956163
Aug-04 ### -0.40% 105.27620932
Sep-04 ### 0.20% 105.08352087
Oct-04 ### 0.20% 107.42798216
Nov-04 ### 1.20% 106.41925866
Dec-04 ### -0.40% 106.36000013
Jan-05 ### 1.70% 107.86380910
Feb-05 ### -0.90% 107.76901073
Mar-05 ### 0.10% 108.32432293
Apr-05 ### -0.30% 108.29383490
May-05 ### 0.00% 109.15230409
Jun-05 ### -0.40% 109.25896223
Jul-05 ### -0.50% 109.32756834
Aug-05 ### 1.00% 109.58415523
Sep-05 ### -1.30% 111.10595072
Oct-05 ### -0.30% 109.00591580
Nov-05 ### 2.80% 109.77584450
Dec-05 ### -1.70% 108.82082262
Jan-06 ### 0.40% 110.88396127
Feb-06 ### -1.40% 110.17285327
Mar-06 ### 0.40% 111.26616643
Apr-06 ### -0.30% 111.62432119
May-06 ### 2.40% 112.25863564
Jun-06 ### -0.30% 111.15910074
Jul-06 ### -0.90% 111.70687417
Aug-06 ### -2.50% 111.66027123
Sep-06 ### 0.90% 112.70113288
Oct-06 ### -0.10% 113.17856870
Nov-06 ### -1.40% 112.98196845
Dec-06 ### 0.60% 114.19890803
Jan-07 ### -0.30% 114.03225583
Feb-07 ### 0.00% 111.74872755
Mar-07 ### 1.10% 114.16805043
Apr-07 ### -0.40% 114.70653664
May-07 ### -0.10% 116.48108025
Jun-07 ### -0.70% 116.24909704
Jul-07 ### 0.10% 116.17186296
Aug-07 ### 0.50% 117.44379644
Sep-07 ### -0.90% 117.38333294
Oct-07 ### 1.70% 118.17198825
Nov-07 ### 0.40% 116.43690797
Dec-07 ### -1.70% 117.27251476
Jan-08 ### 2.80% 117.13676142
Feb-08 111.29854699 0.10% 116.52509531
Mar-08 109.78354149 -1.40% 117.17741934
Apr-08 110.43863918 0.60% 118.50651777
May-08 110.40702033 0.00% 117.96639773
Jun-08 109.50168569 -0.80% 117.52051956
Jul-08 110.36204949 0.80% 117.31803576
Aug-08 107.89616791 -2.20% 116.07401773
Sep-08 106.20769330 -1.60% 115.42971036
Oct-08 105.61688665 -0.60% 113.82002640
Nov-08 103.24145317 -2.20% 111.77317005
Dec-08 100.32975214 -2.80% 110.76368987
January 2009R 97.82808299 -2.50% 109.97971849
February 2009P 99.13302413 1.30% 110.21740934
March 2009P 95.56106372 -3.60% 108.84147536
April 2009P 94.57168211 -1.00% 110.34382867
May 2009P 94.01189461 -0.60% 109.40313676

NOTE: P = preliminary; R = revised

NOTE: TSI is updated monthly. The index numbers for the latest three months are considered to be preliminary.
latest month and replaces the number for the oldest preliminary month with a revised number. All othe

SOURCES:
TSI numbers are BTS estimates.
Monthly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Quantity Index numbers are BTS estimates based on Quarterly GDP data
Analysis (BEA).

2006 Average 110.51 111.98


2007 Average 108.96 115.86
2008 Average 108.04 115.83

% change 06-07 -1.40% 3.46%


% change 07-08 -0.84% -0.02%

Energy Use 0 0
Weight #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

Weighted change #DIV/0!


0.00%
Change from previous TSI- Change from previous
month Combined month
67.13035560
1.10% 68.21315508 1.60%
0.10% 69.05007980 1.20%
-1.80% 69.00546626 -0.10%
-1.00% 67.93820226 -1.50%
0.60% 68.51773455 0.90%
0.00% 68.30821362 -0.30%
1.30% 68.30665319 0.00%
-1.90% 68.87657735 0.80%
0.70% 68.06060065 -1.20%
-0.80% 67.70945633 -0.50%
5.20% 68.72034707 1.50%
-4.00% 67.68346401 -1.50%
-7.90% 66.50109446 -1.70%
-1.50% 65.78893318 -1.10%
9.90% 66.70216148 1.40%
0.20% 66.70209104 0.00%
-0.80% 68.34685228 2.50%
0.60% 68.95872938 0.90%
0.20% 69.86321156 1.30%
0.50% 70.82165631 1.40%
-0.60% 70.00499747 -1.20%
1.40% 70.44075039 0.60%
0.90% 70.63083495 0.30%
-1.50% 70.96369880 0.50%
0.80% 71.81570338 1.20%
-0.30% 72.15284698 0.50%
-2.30% 72.48596199 0.50%
2.90% 73.10588422 0.90%
5.20% 73.02838394 -0.10%
3.80% 74.99170534 2.70%
1.40% 75.08407742 0.10%
-4.20% 73.27020499 -2.40%
-4.30% 73.48558746 0.30%
2.40% 74.24645356 1.00%
-0.20% 74.29386188 0.10%
2.10% 77.06253088 3.70%
-0.10% 75.42409668 -2.10%
-0.90% 74.63510038 -1.00%
0.00% 75.76148917 1.50%
1.40% 76.55722169 1.10%
-2.40% 75.71666426 -1.10%
0.90% 75.08496172 -0.80%
1.00% 75.16148935 0.10%
1.00% 76.50521470 1.80%
1.30% 77.97960828 1.90%
0.00% 78.59654903 0.80%
0.10% 77.94893365 -0.80%
-0.60% 78.46477363 0.70%
0.00% 78.48463337 0.00%
1.20% 80.41015383 2.50%
-0.10% 75.65439344 -5.90%
0.30% 81.31723113 7.50%
0.80% 82.42334514 1.40%
0.50% 81.81117099 -0.70%
-0.70% 81.80951773 0.00%
0.80% 83.06556563 1.50%
1.50% 84.24399062 1.40%
0.60% 85.30055317 1.30%
0.70% 91.04364005 6.70%
-0.30% 88.45090121 -2.80%
-1.40% 87.70646929 -0.80%
0.00% 85.25211870 -2.80%
0.40% 85.67448531 0.50%
-0.50% 84.31436398 -1.60%
-0.10% 84.91408357 0.70%
0.80% 85.03734158 0.10%
0.30% 85.62706221 0.70%
0.60% 86.09560914 0.50%
-0.10% 84.04883225 -2.40%
0.90% 84.07755464 0.00%
1.30% 84.83767556 0.90%
-0.80% 82.68550474 -2.50%
3.20% 84.35649470 2.00%
0.20% 85.80407129 1.70%
-1.20% 85.69364646 -0.10%
1.10% 86.35155275 0.80%
0.80% 86.77570605 0.50%
0.20% 87.10530184 0.40%
0.40% 87.05592847 -0.10%
0.10% 86.69015707 -0.40%
0.40% 87.66045985 1.10%
-0.70% 87.88295506 0.30%
1.50% 88.00640358 0.10%
2.10% 89.14782669 1.30%
0.10% 90.06859810 1.00%
-0.40% 89.70475937 -0.40%
-0.20% 90.82457809 1.20%
-0.40% 90.80453562 0.00%
0.00% 90.59114458 -0.20%
0.70% 92.52624884 2.10%
0.00% 92.18410629 -0.40%
2.20% 94.01720885 2.00%
-1.70% 94.08951963 0.10%
1.40% 94.03090332 -0.10%
0.30% 94.56451711 0.60%
0.60% 95.66844034 1.20%
0.20% 95.62654397 0.00%
-1.30% 95.80623469 0.20%
1.80% 97.43809452 1.70%
0.00% 97.47844493 0.00%
-1.60% 97.41302498 -0.10%
-0.20% 97.40209252 0.00%
3.00% 97.69851827 0.30%
-2.40% 96.63382714 -1.10%
3.10% 98.14904824 1.60%
0.40% 98.34049388 0.20%
0.30% 97.83566792 -0.50%
-0.10% 97.76408190 -0.10%
0.20% 99.05038012 1.30%
0.10% 99.82237691 0.80%
-0.10% 99.24709110 -0.60%
-0.70% 99.34229750 0.10%
1.20% 99.63856440 0.30%
1.70% 99.93229860 0.30%
-0.10% 100.48658809 0.60%
1.60% 101.80680470 1.30%
1.00% 102.14657074 0.30%
0.70% 102.42136963 0.30%
-3.60% 101.85324724 -0.60%
0.10% 101.36790237 -0.50%
1.50% 101.74817110 0.40%
2.50% 99.66779525 -2.00%
-0.20% 98.30999992 -1.40%
1.90% 99.86668047 1.60%
-0.80% 100.19144343 0.30%
0.30% 99.23917950 -1.00%
0.10% 100.78406337 1.60%
2.10% 100.01867694 -0.80%
-0.80% 99.72841013 -0.30%
0.70% 100.22443152 0.50%
-1.60% 98.85324600 -1.40%
0.60% 99.97102926 1.10%
-0.90% 99.21036233 -0.80%
-0.20% 99.74530900 0.50%
0.30% 99.29395881 -0.50%
-0.10% 100.26140235 1.00%
-0.30% 99.22993847 -1.00%
1.10% 99.33304159 0.10%
1.70% 101.22929858 1.90%
-23.20% 91.89068317 -9.20%
5.20% 93.98904471 2.30%
3.80% 94.25589884 0.30%
5.50% 95.44497694 1.30%
0.30% 96.15586769 0.70%
1.70% 97.14323598 1.00%
0.10% 97.07579589 -0.10%
0.10% 97.42673786 0.40%
1.20% 99.07140140 1.70%
0.00% 99.26771194 0.20%
-0.30% 100.30940907 1.00%
1.30% 100.34476498 0.00%
-1.60% 99.89518899 -0.40%
2.70% 101.29459255 1.40%
-0.30% 101.35348946 0.10%
1.70% 102.49114627 1.10%
-0.80% 101.31027143 -1.20%
-1.90% 99.91865246 -1.40%
-1.30% 100.24992613 0.30%
-2.90% 100.01320522 -0.20%
1.30% 99.39813476 -0.60%
1.50% 100.28332485 0.90%
3.90% 101.92536532 1.60%
-0.10% 101.44652871 -0.50%
1.20% 102.51470981 1.10%
0.00% 103.75415690 1.20%
1.60% 103.63760617 -0.10%
0.60% 105.75494697 2.00%
-1.20% 104.25930423 -1.40%
1.80% 107.01102101 2.60%
1.10% 107.45690538 0.40%
0.70% 108.18647171 0.70%
-0.30% 107.76201323 -0.40%
1.60% 108.48305269 0.70%
0.20% 108.37083449 -0.10%
0.90% 108.28474689 -0.10%
-0.20% 108.40501177 0.10%
2.20% 109.18153269 0.70%
-0.90% 109.84130615 0.60%
-0.10% 109.52017833 -0.30%
1.40% 111.32659642 1.60%
-0.10% 110.59063160 -0.70%
0.50% 110.78645457 0.20%
0.00% 110.54878312 -0.20%
0.80% 110.78000366 0.20%
0.10% 110.44396384 -0.30%
0.10% 110.07813537 -0.30%
0.20% 111.00833270 0.80%
1.40% 110.31682161 -0.60%
-1.90% 109.53271553 -0.70%
0.70% 112.02574436 2.30%
-0.90% 110.38101966 -1.50%
1.90% 111.24684123 0.80%
-0.60% 109.91079591 -1.20%
1.00% 110.53916348 0.60%
0.30% 110.38569187 -0.10%
0.60% 112.55236239 2.00%
-1.00% 112.06377072 -0.40%
0.50% 111.43231553 -0.60%
0.00% 109.27615189 -1.90%
0.90% 110.24174105 0.90%
0.40% 110.30017214 0.10%
-0.20% 109.08078976 -1.10%
1.10% 109.82067813 0.70%
-0.10% 109.52083782 -0.30%
-2.00% 109.01589633 -0.50%
2.20% 110.52104795 1.40%
0.50% 110.29844030 -0.20%
1.50% 110.58432449 0.30%
-0.20% 109.92210810 -0.60%
-0.10% 109.94622628 0.00%
1.10% 110.68844856 0.70%
-0.10% 109.88872647 -0.70%
0.70% 111.48204954 1.40%
-1.50% 111.39755076 -0.10%
0.70% 110.15403623 -1.10%
-0.10% 112.48374007 2.10%
-0.50% 112.40436353 -0.10%
0.20% 111.34422220 -1.00%
1.10% 112.15406797 0.70%
-0.50% 112.00524723 -0.10%
-0.40% 111.20687182 -0.70%
-0.20% 111.82174049 0.60%
-1.10% 109.63954290 -2.00%
-0.60% 108.19263013 -1.30%
-1.40% 107.36912299 -0.80%
-1.80% 105.07168196 -2.10%
-0.90% 102.59816138 -2.40%
-0.70% 100.49157383 -2.10%
0.20% 101.55158057 1.10%
-1.20% 98.48409284 -3.00%
1.40% 98.06332771 -0.40%
-0.90% 97.41741938 -0.70%

e months are considered to be preliminary. BTS releases the preliminary number for the
nth with a revised number. All othe

BTS estimates based on Quarterly GDP data published by the Bureau of Economic

110.57
110.28
109.69

-0.26%
-0.54%
Miles per Gallon
2009 2010 2011
Light-duty vehicles, short
wheel base, MER Table 1.8 23.5 23.3 23.1
Light-duty vehicles, long
wheel base, MER Table 1.8 17.3 17.2 17.1