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DESIGN OF SLAB

Reference Step Calculation Output


two adjacent edge discontinous
1 Slab Design Manual
Steel grade fy 500
Concrete grade M 20
Clear span length of
shorter span Lx in m 3.65
longer span Ly in m 3.81
IS 456-2000, Reference overall depth of slab in mm 36.406
Overall depth of slab in mm 127
Dia of bar provided
on major axis in mm 10
on minor axis in mm 8
Clear cover in mm 20
Live load on floor in KN/m² 2
Dead load of surface finish in KN/m² 1
Wall load on slab in KN/m² 0
Type of slab According to IS 456:2000 4
Width of beam provided left side in mm 228
Width of beam provided Right side in mm 228
Effective of depth of slab for major axis in mm 102
Effective of depth of slab for minor axis in mm 93
Effective span length of
shorter span Lex in m 3.777
Longer span Ley in m 3.937
Ratio of Ley/Lex 1.04
Lex/Ley < 2 Hence two way slab
Consider width of slab 1m
Dead load in KN/m² = 25* 0.127*1 = 3.175
Total load in KN/m², w = 1+2+1+3.175+0= 6.175

2 Bending Moments
Negative moment at continuous edge and positive at mid span
Calculating the Bending moment coefficient
IS 456-2000 αx⁺ = 0.03708
Table 26 αx⁻ = 0.049
αy⁺ = 0.035
αy⁻ = 0.047

Respevtive moments
IS 456-2000 Positive moment at short span in KNm/m, Mx⁺ = αx⁺*w*lex² 3.266
D-1.1 Negative moment at short span in KNm/m, Mx- = αx⁻*w*lex² 4.316
Positive moment at long span in KNm/m, My⁺ = αy⁺*w*lex² 3.083
Negative moment at longer span in KNm/m, My⁻ = αy⁻*w*lex² 4.14

3 Check for depth


Absolute Max. moments in KNm/m 4.316
Check for depth, d = √(𝑀/(�∗���∗�)) in mm 40.281

Hence Safe
Assume depth of slab in mm 127

4 Calculation of Reinforcements
For under reinforcement design,
(𝑓𝑦∗𝐴𝑠𝑡)/(𝑓𝑐𝑘∗𝑏) )
M = 0.87*fy*Ast*(d-

Astx+ in mm² 74.991


Astx- in mm² 109.943
Asty+ in mm² 70.714
Asty- in mm² 105.325

Minimum area of Reinforcement mm², 152.4

Description Required Provided


Spacing of bar in x-axis (mid span), in mm 515.353 300
Spacing of bar in x-axis (support), in mm 515.353 300
Spacing of bar in y-axis (mid span), in mm 515.353 300
Spacing of bar in y-axis (support), in mm 515.353 300

5 Check for deflection,


Value of α, 30
IS 456-2000, Value of γ, 2
Actual deflection Lx/d 35.784
Permissible deflection α*β*γ*δ*λ 60
Hence safe in deflection,
6 Checck for shear
IS 456-2000, percentage reinforcement Pt% 1.027
Permissible shear in N/mm², 0.629
Actual shear in N/mm², 0.11
Hence safe in shear,

7 Corner reinforcement If Required


Area of corner reinforcement = 3/4 * max. +ve reinforced area in 114.3
Size of corner mesh= 0.2*lx in mm 755.4
Dia of bar in mm 10
Spacing of bar in mm 220