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News analysis Health Business

POA’s token of WHO lists snake bites Battle for Firms lose land in
appreciation amongst top 20 killers telecom market industrial parks

Issue No. 533 Aug 10 - 16, 2018 Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8

Fresh storm at
Bank of Uganda
Mutebile, Kasekende fight
cited in Mobile Money tax saga
Finance summons Mutebile
Staff up in arms over mess in
hiring process

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Issue No. 533 Aug 10 - 16, 2018

News analysis Business Health Arts Motoring

Incumbents

MTN Airtel
Challengers

Africell UTL
Struggling

Smile Smart
Quitting
Vodafone

Cover story
Fresh storm at BoU

4 The Week
39 Comments
Mnangagwa in talks with
Chamisa after narrow win Funding Family Planning: Pallisa
district should be commended
9 The Last Word
Uganda’s incompetence paradox II:
How Uganda performs well in spite 36 Health
of corruption and incompetence and WHO lists Snake bites
what it teaches us amongst top 20 killers: In
Uganda, many antivenoms
do not work, all snakebite
14 Analysis first aid information is wrong
Search for Abiriga successor takes shape:
Politics of tribe and religion in Arua
Municipality by-election
39 Arts & Culture
29 Business
Sustainable careers and decent
Battle for telecom market: Bigger firms livelihoods for artists
choke smaller and new telcos

STRATEGY & EDITORIAL DIRECTOR: Andrew M. Mwenda WRITERS:Ronald Musoke, Flavia Nassaka, Ian Katusiime,
MANAGING EDITOR: Joseph Were Agnes Nantaba, Julius Businge.
INVESTIGATIONS EDITOR: Haggai Matsiko DESIGN/LAYOUT: Sarah Ngororano
BUSINESS EDITOR: Isaac Khisa CARTOONIST: Harriet Jamwa
PHOTOGRAPHER: Jimmy Siya

PUBLISHER: Independent Publications Limited, Plot 82/84, Kanjokya Street, P. O. Box 3304, Kampala, Uganda
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2 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


Offline

Regional Heads of
State (L-R) President
Uhuru Kenyatta, of
Kenya, President
Museveni of Uganda
and President
Omar al-Bashir of
Sudan witnessing
the South Sudan
Peace agreement “We may disagree politically but the
signing ceremony association we have is not affected. This is
in Khartoum on what I call maturity in leadership.”Amama
August 5.
Mbabazi, former Prime Minister during the
giveaway ceremony of his niece

Anslem Wandega, the


country director for Build
Africa talking to journalists
at Grand Imperial Hotel on
August 2 after releasing a
report titled: Improving UPE
through social accountability
approaches –experiences “When we begin to break the
from Build Africa
Uganda Model. He urged
rules of the game, abrogating the
government to strengthen constitution even before we get
monitoring of teachers as into power, then there is a lot to
a measure of preventing be desired.”Winnie Kiiza, Leader of
teacher’s absenteeism in
schools.  INDEPENDENT/ Opposition in Parliament
JIMMY SIYA

President Museveni,(M)
with Ashanti King,
Asantehene Otumfou Nana
Osei Tutu II from Ghana,
the Kabaka of Buganda
Ronald Muwenda Mutebi
at State House, Entebbe
on August 1. Asantehene
visited Uganda in honor “I hope that this time, the
of the 25th coronation respective parties in South
anniversary of the Sudan are serious and they do
Kabaka.
not use the ceasefire as tactical
instruments of preparing for
war”President Museveni on the new
peace deal for South Sudan

Community health

23 900 15000
Traffic commanders who The first batch of
CCTV cameras to extension workers
were reshuffled by the
be used for security the government is
Inspector General of
in Kampala going to recruit
Police Okoth Ochola
Aug 10 - 16, 2018 3
week
Museveni wins global peace award
President Yoweri Kaguta oil as the leading cause of
Museveni was on Aug.02 war. He also said Africa
awarded a Global Peace has been a target by greedy
Prize for his work in elements because of its
ensuring the return of approach of sitting back
peace in countries of the other than defending what
great lakes region. Handing belongs to them.
him the award during a The sixth Global Peace
conference held at Speke Leadership Conference
Resort in Munyonyo, the (GPLC) held under
President of the Global the theme, “Moral and
Peace Foundation, Dr. Innovative Leadership,
President Museveni with the award
Moon Hyun Jin thanked New Models for Sustainable
the President for taking to make in Somalia where delegates on the drivers of Peace and Development”
part in the reconciliation the army has been deployed conflict in Africa and the was aimed at promoting
talks in the neighboring under the peace keeping World where he pointed innovative values-based
South Sudan and also the mission – AMISOM. out that greed for natural approach to peace building.
contribution he continues Museveni addressed resources like minerals and

Mnangagwa in talks with Chamisa after narrow win Rwabogo’s tormentor


The Zimbabwe the law to release the
Isiko released
Electoral results, the opposition Brain Isiko, Kabarole woman MP Sylivia
Commission was caused about Rwabogo’s tormentor was released from
announced on why presidential prison on Aug.03 after court granted him
Aug.03 that results were counted bail. He had been in prison for 28 days
Emmerson first but were being after court him of cyber harassment and
Mnangagwa, Robert released last after the offensive communication.
Mugabe’s former parliamentary ones. Justice Jane Francis Abodo ordered him
confidant who then However, to pay cash Shs500, 000 and Shs5million
ousted him, had Mnangagwa told non cash for his two sureties. He was then
won the presidential Emmerson Mnangagwa Nelson Chamisa journalists that he asked to report to the Deputy Registrar of
race by a slim was in constant the High court every third Friday of the
margin of 50.8% of the he wrote. communication with month starting from August 17, 2018 and
vote. Immediately after Supporters of his Chamisa to forge away to never contact MP Rwabwogo.
the announcement came close competitor Nelson forward for the return Isiko a student of YMCA was arrested
through, Mnangagwa Chamisa of the Movement of peace especially after the MP run to court complaining of
took to his twitter to for Democratic Change in the capital Harare the 25 year old sexually harassing her and
thank his voters and also party had started where some protesting causing her emotional torture by sending
call for calm. “Though we protesting the results on people were shot at by her endless love messages and videos on
may have been divided at the streets citing electoral soldiers, something that social media. His bail comes after interven-
the polls, we are united fraud and the fact that has been condemned by tion of several organizations and individu-
in our dreams. This is a the commission had human rights activists als who left his two years sentence was too
harsh. But, according to court, the bail was
new beginning. Let us delayed to announce the as one of the acts that
granted on grounds that he is a first offend-
join hands, in peace, unity results. Even though the characterized the fallen
er and presented substantial sureties.
& love, & together build commission had up to government of Robert
a new Zimbabwe for all”, five days according to Mugabe.

*terms and conditions apply

4 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


Week
Dealers petition speaker over new regulations on drug shops Nambooze asks for
Drug shop owners in the are required to comply with shop owners state that through
country have petitioned the regulation nine of the National the national drug policy, drug more time to rest
Speaker of Parliament Rebecca Drug Policy and Authority shops and pharmacies were both
Kadaga to prevail over National (Licensing) Regulations, Statuary designed to serve Ugandans and after treatment
Drug Authority (NDA) in instrument No. 35 of 2014, with eliminating one will be oppress- On a wheel chair,
regard to the planned phasing effect from January 1, 2019. The ing none other than the locals. Mukono municipality
out of drug shops. Under their regulation directs that any drug Denis Ssenyonjo, the NDSAI legislator Betty Nambooze
umbrella National Drug Shop shop located in a distance not chairperson, says the regulations Bakireke was wheeled
Advocacy Initiative-NDSAI, the less than 1.5Kms from a phar- are intended to see them out of out of Entebbe airport
owners who convened meeting macy shall be required to either business. He explains that drug on Aug.04. She had just
on Aug.02 unanimously opposed apply for a license to operate a shops are easily accessed and the returned from a month
the recently issued guidelines by pharmacy – meaning they have cost of drugs is affordable. long treatment at India’s
NDA on streamlining regulation fulfill all requirements for oper- Currently, there are over 9,000 Manipal hospital.
of drug shops. ating a pharmacy or relocate the licensed drug shops and 1398 Nambooze who could
According to the guidelines business to an underserved loca- licensed pharmacies across the hardly walk without
issued last month, all drug shops tion. In their petition, the drug country. support told journalists
that she had been given
US spent Shs3.6trillion on Uganda in 2017-report strict recommendation to
have enough rest if she is to
A report released on Aug.02 produced this book to once President’s Emergency Plan recover fully.
at the US embassy shows again explain to Ugandans for AIDs Relief (PEPFAR) The MP who has been
that the biggest bunch of US what the U.S. government does programme where up to 60% suffering back problems
funding to Uganda goes to in Uganda, why we do it, and of the people have achieved which were worsened when
health. Dubbed, report to the how it improves the lives of viral suppression, a thing that she was arrested to help
Ugandan people, it shows Ugandan” said Ambassador shows they have taken their in investigations into the
of the Shs3.6trillion that they Deborah Malac at the launch drugs sustainably and have death of Arua Municipality
spent on Uganda, Shs1.9trillion noting that the report also now reduced the chances of legislator Ibrahim Abiriga
went to health, Shs1.3trillion to contains stories of people whose transmission by 96%. However, returned when they
security, sh215.7b to promote a lives have been improved by Malac said Uganda faces some had just appointed her
prosperous Uganda, sh48.8b to the US programmes. According major challenges that will representative of Uganda
enhance a just and democratic to the report, more than 993,000 continue for the foreseeable to the Common Wealth
Uganda and sh72.5b to promote people living with HIV were future. “Uganda’s people and Parliamentary Association
an inclusive, educated and provided with Anti-Retroviral government will chart their in a reshuffle of opposition
empowered Uganda. “We (ARV) drugs through the own destiny”, she said. leadership in parliament.

Uganda on notice after another Ebola outbreak in Congo


An Aug.01 announcement by the rapid response team on how to manage territory, North Kivu province.
government of Democratic Republic of cases. She warned people living along the Since the beginning of the epidemic
Congo that four people had tested positive border to beware and immediately report early this year, 26 cases have been reported
for the Ebola Viral hemorrhagic fever has any suspected cases as the province of including 4 confirmed and 20 community
Uganda on guard. Following this outbreak, North Kivu where the cases have been deaths. This however is happening when
Health Minister in charge of General Duties detected is along the border and is among the country is experiencing a measles and
Sarah Opendi said they are refreshing the the most populated with up to eight million cholera outbreak, where some people have
46 health workers at the national isolation people. So far, nine suspected ebola patients been reported to have spread it – cholera to
center and the 55 members of the national have been isolated at a facility in Beni Uganda especially in the refugee camps.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 5


Week
Chaos marred South Sudan foes sign final power-sharing deal
Bryan White’s anti- South Sudanese
arch-foes signed a final
just signed today must map
the end of conflict and war
poverty fund launch power-sharing deal in our country,” Kiir said
Sunday as President in a speech in English after
On Aug.03, the police used Salva Kiir called for signing the deal.
teargas and live bullets to dis- unity in a country torn “We should … rededicate
perse a group of youths who had by a civil war that has ourselves to unite our people
gathered at Arua Hill Grounds killed tens of thousands and work for peaceful transfer
in west Nile for the launch of
of people. of power through the ballot
an anti- poverty fund after they
Kiir and his bitter boxes rather than through
turned rowdy.
rival Riek Machar were Riek Machar Salva Kiir bullets.”
The group that had been
in neighbouring Sudan Machar urged the
invited by city socialite Brian
Kirumira commonly known as to sign the deal, under which with foreign diplomats. regional east African bloc
Bryan White for the event started the rebel leader is set to return Once a final peace deal Intergovernmental Authority
hurling insults and stones at each to a unity government as the is signed, the foes will have on Development (IGAD),
other at the time of money dis- first of five vice presidents, three months to form a which is pushing the latest
tribution as they demanded that an AFP correspondent at the transitional government peace talks, to ensure that the
each one of them gets an equal signing ceremony said. The which will then hold power deal is implemented.
share. Amidst the chaos, Bryan deal, which paves the way to for three years. The talks “I would urge … IGAD
White who had planned for a one a final peace accord aimed at come as part of a regional to focus after this on the
week tour in Arua was whisked ending the war in the world’s push aimed at achieving implementation of the
away to an unknown destination. youngest country, was signed peace in South Sudan, which agreement,” Machar said
Though Bryan White has been in the presence of Sudanese plunged into a devastating in his address. “Somebody
popularly known for helping President Omar al-Bashir and conflict just two years after its said that the devil
musicians with money, he in 2016 his counterparts from Kenya, independence from Sudan. sometimes is embedded in
established a foundation funding Uganda and Djibouti, along “The agreement we have the implementation.” AFP.
activities in the field of agricul-
ture, education and health. For
the projects in Arua, the founda- Ugandan scoops region’s top job to fight gender based violence
tion announced they would fund The International Confer- has been acting in that posi- social workers, medical offi-
activities to the tunes of Shs7bil- ence on the Great Lakes tion for more than four cers, police units and all those
lion that will include extending Region (ICGLR) has appoint- years, as Regional Direc- individuals handling cases of
interest free loans to organized ed Nathan Mwesigye Byamu- tor. The member states of sexual violence in the Great
youth and women groups. kama as the Regional Direc- ICGLR are Angola, Burundi, Lakes Region. It is established
tor for the Kampala-based CAR, DRC, Republic of in line with ICGLR Protocol
Regional Training Facility on Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, on Prevention and suppres-
Prevention and Suppression South Sudan, Sudan, Tan- sion of Sexual and Gender
of Sexual and Gender Based zania, Uganda and Zambia. based Violence against
Violence in the Great Lakes The Ugandan delegation Women and Children in the
Region. His appointment was headed by Philemon Great Lakes Region (2006)
was directed by Ministers of Mateke, the Minister of State and the Kampala Declaration
Foreign Affairs from the 12 for Regional Cooperation on Sexual Violence of 2011
Member states of ICGLR. representing Minister Sam which passed a decision for
The Executive Secretary Kutesa, Minister of Foreign Uganda to host the ICGLR-
of ICGLR, Amb. Zachary affairs. The mandate of the RTFand the Center has been
Muburi-Muita will formally ICGLR-RTF is to train and in existence since 2014.
appoint Byamukama, who sensitize judicial officers,

6 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


Humour Did you know?

Did you know an egg


contains all vitamins
except vitamin C?
Emmerson Mnangagwa of Zimbabwe’s ruling party ZANU-PF was This is one of the many
declared winner of the first post-Robert Mugabe elections
questions we usually
ask ourselves every
day. It is true that eggs
have a high cholesterol
content that is com-
pared with other foods,
but not all the choles-
terol we eat affects the
levels of cholesterol in
our blood.
What really increases
the cholesterol in the
blood is the consump-
tion of saturated fats,
The Sheema North MP Elioda Tumwesigye is also the
Member of Parliament–elect for Sheema Municipality.
and this type of fats
is found mostly in the
masses used in confec-
tionery such as marga-
rines or hydrogenated
vegetable oils.
Another thing to consid-
er is that, each person
processes cholesterol
differently. People with
genetic disorders, such
as familial hypercho-
lesterolemia or a type
of gene called ApoE4,
The Age Limit battle has gone to the Supreme Court with six opposition
should minimize or
members of parliament listing 11 grounds to support their appeal. avoid eggs altogether.
Aug 10 - 16, 2018 7
South African President Cyril
Ramaphosa’s son, Andile, and his
Ugandan fiancée, Bridget Birungi,
recieve a gift from President
Yoweri Museveni at their traditional
marriage ceremony known as
“Kuhingira” on Aug.4 in Kampala.
The Last Word Opinion

Uganda’s incompetence paradox II


By Andrew M. Mwenda
How Uganda performs well in spite of corruption
and incompetence and what it teaches us

I
n 2013 I wrote an article with exactly diversified her exports across a large basket are not informed. They claim that this is
this headline, the reason this is named of goods. because government and President Yoweri
“II". It was about how the state in For example, in 1990 coffee was the Museveni make no effort to publicize their
Uganda exhibits gross corruption and leading foreign exchange earner and con- achievements. I am inclined to believe that
incompetence and yet in many aspects the tributed 80.3% of total export receipts. this is a small part of a bigger story.
country performs well. What explains this? Today coffee is still the leading foreign I meet many Uganda government officials
I want to suggest that the state in Uganda exchange earner but in 2017 it contributed and share these success stories with them.
has been successful in large part because only 15% of total export receipts, followed However, hardly anyone feels proud of
it divested itself of the responsibility to do by gold at 13%. None of the other export them including officials of the ministry of
many things leaving individuals in our so- commodities contributes more than 4% trade who should claim the credit. Often
ciety the freedom to pursue their talents in of our export revenue. This means that they express disbelief and move on. Why is
the market. the prices of individual commodities in this the case?
I argued in this column last week that the the basket of our exports can fall without I think the answer lies in how Uganda has
main factor behind economically successful inflicting any significant harm on our achieved its export performance. Govern-
countries is the rate of growth in the value overall export earnings. ment liberalized trade and for the most part
of their exports relative to the rate of growth This export performance is most manifest did very little else. And this may be a good
in the cost of her imports – or what econo- in Uganda’s trade with her neighbors. In thing – to do nothing. Where a particular
mists call “terms of trade”. Uganda still has 1995, Uganda exported goods worth $16m government regulation obstructs them,
a huge trade deficit. However, the deficit to Kenya and imported goods worth $280m businesspeople just bribe their way out of
has been declining in relative terms even from there. In 2016, this figure was $483m it. So officials in government are right not to
though the absolute figure has grown over to $485m. In twenty years, Uganda has be elated by Uganda’s export performance
the years. closed her trade deficit with Kenya that was because they have done nothing to facilitate
In 1991, Uganda exported goods worth 18 times larger. In 1996, Uganda exported it. Ugandans are frustrated perhaps because
$184m. In 2017, it was $3.35 billion i.e. it had $38m to DRC, $24m to Rwanda, $4.5m to they do not see their government doing
grown 18 fold at an annual average rate of Tanzania and $23.3m to Sudan. Then things much to promote trade. However, they are
65%, an impressive performance by historic went bad. By 2003, Uganda’s exports to wrong to think such handoff approach is a
standards. Meanwhile, in 1991 Uganda’s Kenya had grown to $78m, for Tanzania wrong policy. It is a winner.
import bill was $522m. In 2017 it was $5 stagnated at $5m, while they declined for There is an even bigger argument to make
billion. So our imports have grown 10 fold Rwanda to $20m, DRC to $12m and Sudan regarding Uganda’s attitude towards her
at an annual average rate 33%. Uganda’s to $13m. international trade. For example, Kampala
export earnings have grown twice as fast I do not recall government of Uganda has recently developed a frosty relationship
as her import bill. Until I researched this, I doing anything to reverse this trend. How- with Kigali over issues we should devote
thought the reverse was the case. ever, in 2016, Uganda exported goods our best diplomatic efforts to solve. Why?
To appreciate Uganda’s success we need worth $400m to DRC, $226m to Rwanda Rwanda is the 4th largest destination for our
to remember that the biggest challenge (down from $270m in 2014), $112m to Tan- exports and we enjoy a trade surplus with
poor countries have historically faced is zania, $281m to South Sudan (down from her worth $212m. It is, therefore, in our
reliance on a few products for a huge share $400m in 2014). In 2016, Uganda imported interests to consistently court Kigali as any
of their export earnings. Thus, whenever goods worth $72m from Tanzania, $22m businessman would his good customer.
there was a sudden fall in the price of this from DRC, $12.6m from Rwanda and Yet I often meet Ugandan officials who
single commodity, the country’s economy $157,000 from South Sudan. argue that Rwanda should be fought or
would buckle. In 2015, this is exactly what Thus, Uganda has cut her trade deficit ignored, an attitude that is destructive
happened to Nigeria, Angola, Equatorial with Kenya to a miniscule $2m and enjoys to our national interest. It should be the
Guinea and Chad, which depend on oil a trade surplus with the rest of her neigh- policy of Kampala to ensure Kigali never
for a huge share of their export earnings bors. Actually in real terms (after adjusting turns her gaze towards Tanzania and/or
(as Zambia does on copper): international to inflation), Kenya has grown her exports elsewhere for her imports because that
prices of oil and copper fell causing huge to Uganda by only 4% in 23 years, while would hurt our country. I suspect we do
revenue losses. Uganda has grown hers to Kenya by 1,800% not value trade with Rwanda because our
I used to think, on the basis of a large over the same period. exports to it have not grown out of our
body of development economics litera- Many Ugandan elites believe Uganda is hard work whose benefits we would be
ture, that the only effective way a country grossly mismanaged! I share this sentiment. careful not to undermine.
can successfully diversity her exports, is But facts like these only show that our senti-
through manufacturing. Over the last 25 ments are wrong. So why are Ugandans amwenda@independent.co.ug
years, Uganda has remained a producer angry with a government that outperforms
and exporter of unprocessed products. her peers? Some of my friends argue that
However, in spite of this, it has successfully Ugandans are frustrated because they

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 9


cover story

Fresh storm at BoU


Mutebile, Kasekende fight
cited in Mobile Money tax saga
Finance summons Mutebile
Staff up in arms over mess in
hiring process

BOU POWER STRUCTURE

GOVERNOR DEPUTY GOVERNOR

Executive Executive Executive Executive Executive Bank


Director Executive Personal
Research & Director Assistant to Director Director Director Director Secretary
Supervision Governor IT Administration Finance Operations
Policy

Director Director Economic


Director Director Chief Director Director
Economic Commercial Advisor to Operations & Human Accountant Banking Legal
Research Banking Governor Infrastructure Resource Affairs

Director Director Non- Director Director Director Director National Director


Petroleum Director
Statistics Bank Financial Business Administrative Payment Currency
Communications
Institutions Investment Fund Systems
Automation Services

Director Director Director


Financial Procurement and Director Financial Director Board
Stability Disposal Security Markets Affairs

10 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


cover story

O
By Haggai Matsiko Mutebile expressing concerns about the However, Abuka later apologized. At
statements, sources at State House told one point, the Secretary to the Treasury,
n Aug.3, at exactly The Independent. The following day, Keith Muhakanizi, who also attended the
8:45am, Central Bank Kasaija summoned Mutebile. Mutebile meeting, came to Abuka’s rescue.
Governor, Emmanuel was also furious. He had already ordered He said that when some of these
Tumusiime Mutebile Abuka to explain his statements at civil servants go to parliament, they get
arrived at the Finance parliament. Later, the Governor’s office intimidated and end up saying what they
Ministry, where he had informed the officials that they had been are not supposed to say.
been summoned for a meeting at exactly summoned by Finance because of the What Muhakanizi did not know is
9:00am. remarks they had made. that when Abuka made the remarks in
Finance Minister, Matia Kasaija, had While the governor arrived at Finance parliament, they kicked off an informal
asked him to come and explain why his 15 minutes to 9:00 am, Abuka and his investigation within the walls of BoU.
team had criticized the mobile money team arrived late—several minutes past How could these officials present
tax on Aug.1 while appearing before 9:00 am, sources at the Finance Ministry a position contrary to that of the
parliament’s finance committee. told The Independent. Governor? Officials wondered. Phone
Bank of Uganda’s Dr. Charles Abuka, State Minister for Planning, David calls were made. Then word started
the Director, Statistics Department, Bahati chaired the meeting, which took circulating that Abuka passed by the
had told the parliamentary committee place in the Minister’s Boardroom. Deputy Governor’s office before he
that the tax on mobile money was At the meeting Bahati asked Mutebile went to parliament. The conclusion was
“discriminative”, “unfair”, and a threat to explain why the BoU team while in that the position changed between the
to growth of financial inclusion. parliament had criticised the mobile Governor’s office and that of his deputy.
Aomu Mackay, the Director National money tax yet they (BoU) had been part At the central bank, Abuka’s position
Payments, Ivan Setimba, Deputy of a string of meetings that had agreed was seen as part of the simmering
Director, National Payments in charge that the tax was critical for government institutional politics, which some say are
of financial inclusion, and Christine to fund the budget—the mobile money aimed at undermining the authority of
Namanya, the deputy director research tax was expected to raise some Shs. 115 the Governor.
escorted Abuka to parliament. billion. In the past, The Independent has
Abuka’s statements sparked outrage Mutebile responded that his office reported about a power struggle between
in some quarters at BoU, the Finance had communicated the BoU position to the Governor and his deputy. When The
Ministry and State House. The comments the team that appeared in parliament, Independent revealed this in a series
appeared a major slap in the face of however, he did not know where they of articles early this year, the Governor
officials at Finance and President got the position they presented. He said dismissed the reports.
Museveni who have intensively labored he had not cleared that position and that The two officials have even had lunch
to explain and get Ugandans to accept it was not the BoU position. dates to try and bury the hatchet. But
the tax. Then the Governor turned to Dr. tensions have remained mostly amongst
As part of the budget, the Finance Charles Abuka and asked him to explain their proxies. The central bank is
Ministry levied a one percent tax on the where the position he presented had divided into two camps—those loyal to
value of mobile money transactions but come from. Abuka also distanced himself Kasekende and those loyal to Mutebile.
following intense public backlash, the from his own position, according to While Mutebile heads the bank, the
president directed that it be whittled sources at the Finance Ministry, who are way his roles and those of his deputy
down to 0.5 percent. Telecom companies knowledgeable about what transpired. are structured give the latter immense
and mobile money dealers have been Abuka said that the media had powers.
lobbying to have the tax scrapped or misquoted him. They only reported the Most importantly, as Deputy
reduced again. Instead of making a case bit where he was discussing elements Governor, Kasekende is directly in
for government, Abuka appeared to bat that make a good tax and how the tax charge of Finance and Administration,
for the other side. affected financial inclusion. The media, and by extension the day to day running
Enraged, President Museveni called he said, just picked that. of the bank. This has given him a vantage

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 11


cover story
point and influence over use to communicate with process, has stirred another 13 positions in the currency
many senior officials at the local and international banks. storm. department. In an October
bank. Without power and the 20 memo, Jan Tibamwenda,
As Governor, Mutebile Internet, these systems cannot Creating new problems the Director HR advertised
mostly keeps tabs on Banking work. Even the email system Isaac Bonny Teko, the the jobs internally. When
supervision and Research. has been on and off. deputy legal counsel, in the names of the shortlisted
He was nicknamed “policy” To get to the bottom of the a scathing memo to the candidates emerged this July,
because he deals mainly with crisis, Kasekende chaired Chairperson Interviewing it nearly sparked a revolt.
policy. Mutebile is also not several fire-fighting meetings. Committee, Richard Mayebo, Of the 23 shortlisted
known to be a micro-manager The situation was too bad raised concerns about the candidates, 8 have been
and as result had ceded many that in one of these meetings, interviews held on July 27 at security officers and over
of the day to day activities to he said; the level 7 Boardroom. four have been serving as
senior management headed “Me and you our jobs The interviews were meant secretaries at the bank. The
by Kasekende. are on the line if this power for the bank to hire a legal minimum rank for these
Indeed, the mobile money problem is not resolved,” clerk. In Teko’s view, while positions was Banking
crisis emerged at the time Kasekende said referring all candidates had performed Officer II (BOII) and two
Kasekende was dealing with to Solomon Oketcho, the excellently well, one of them years of experience at the
other crises under his docket. Executive Director for stood out. Yet one of the bank. However, on Oct.24,
For over a week, the bank’s Administration. interviewers gave him a very the Executive Director
power system had been A source in intelligence poor and highly suspicious Administration, Solomon
facing challenges. Almost on told The Independent that score. Oketcho, opened the process
a daily basis, electricity was State House heard already “I have conscientiously to support staff, who had
going off—affecting bank learnt about these incidents decided to withdraw my the requisite qualifications,
operations. and was not amused. signature from the interview under an arrangement called
Several years ago, the bank conversion.
spent hundreds of millions Some of the staff The bank’s policy for
procuring two power lines, BoU Ranks seconded to the DPF conversion notes that support
from different directions. The staff can only be converted
idea was to ensure that if one Executive Director to BOII. The advertised jobs
of the lines was off, the other Moses Apell Odongo, was a Senior were at the level of Senior
one would be on to ensure Director Principal Banking Officer but was Banking Officer II (SBOII),
that bank systems kept seconded as an Assistant Director which is a higher rank.
Deputy Director/
working. Assistant Director “How can you convert
However, it has been Moses Tamale, was a Senior a security guard/note
discovered that the two lines, Senior Banking officer Banking Officer I but was seconded examiner/office attendant/
as a Principal Banking Officer
in fact, were from the same secretary to handle work they
source—the reason they have Principal Banking Officer have never handled before in
all been going off at the same James Mbanda Byamukama, was
a Senior Banking Officer but was such a sensitive department?”
Senior Banking Officer I
time. seconded as an Assistant Director wondered one official at BoU.
Even the bank’s Senior Banking Officer II “How can senior secretaries
Uninterruptible Power Source Justine Komukama, a Senior compete with security guards
(UPS), which is supposed to Banking Officer I Banking Officer II, was seconded for the same jobs? Some of
provide emergency power in as a Principal Banking Officer the senior secretaries even
case of an outage, is faulty. Banking Officer II have second degrees.”
Initially, officials thought Questions also emerged
the power outage was a about why senior secretaries
usual problem. However, Part of the reason there results for legal clerks,” Teko earning over Shs. 10 million
suspicions of sabotage are suspicions of sabotage is wrote, “I don’t want to be were applying for jobs where
emerged when they decided that since the Governor made party to an overt injury to the salary is Shs. 5 million.
to use the generator. a staff reshuffle on Feb.7, an innocent person. We keep Concerns emerged that once
Those in charge left the there has been a cold war creating new problems from the secretaries got these jobs,
generator running. However, between two camps. Some the debris of old problems. they would maintain their
insiders say, at about 6:00 of those opposed to the new We have postponed taking salaries.
am in the morning, the team have been trying to courageous steps to restore As a result, they would
generator was switched off expose them as incompetent honour to our systems.” be earning much more than
too, plunging the bank’s or trying to sabotage them, It was not just Teko. most of their bosses. Despite
system into darkness. This insiders say. Another panelist refused concerns both Kasekende
was baffling. Meanwhile, the new to append his signature and Oketcho approved the
Fuel was not the problem— team, which is keen to be on what he described as process. Offended officials
the bank has a steady reserve. confirmed, has been going an “embarrassment”. As petitioned the bank’s
As a result, many felt that out of its way to expose the The Independent went to internal audit office and the
someone had intentionally rot left behind by the old press, BoU’s internal audit Governor. By press time,
switched it off. team. An official jokingly told department was already The Independent learnt that
With power off, critical The Independent that the investigating the matter. the internal audit office had
bank operations are hindered. bank had become some sort Yet this is not all. Another punched holes in the process.
Systems that rely on the of “theatre of war”. controversy has emerged over The Governor was also
Internet cannot function. The Amidst all this, a new another recruitment process. expected to follow suit.
bank has systems officials controversial recruitment The bank was recruiting for This particular recruitment

12 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


cover story
process exposes a major crisis at the Bank. cancel,” Mutebile insisted.
A former BoU official, who has since retired Amidst all this, on July 28, Mutebile
from the bank told The Independent that wrote to the Oketcho asking him to
in the past, BoU always recruited 20 staff propose a rotation and transfter schedule
every year, who would enter the bank for staff from the rank of Assistant
at the lowest rank. This was meant to Director to Executive Directors by Aug. 4.
ensure that whoever the bank recruited “Please note that in future, the transfer
started from scratch and acquired requisite and rotation of staff in the category
experience as they went up in ranks. This mentioned above shall be approved by
system always ensured that the bank me,” Mutebile wrote in a letter copied to
had a solid foundation of staff and also Kasekende.
offered continuity and a proper succession Insiders say by this directive, the
mechanism. However, along the way, this governor had cut off Kasekende who
mechanism was abandoned and the chaos had been overseeing the rotations while
started. working with the EDA.
The chaos is not just with in the bank, The EDA, Solomon Oketcho had not
those in charge have spread it to the newly President Museveni replied by Aug.4. He replied on Aug.6. In
established Deposit Protection Fund. his reply, Oketcho proposed rotation and
This is a fund to which commercial banks transfer of staff for Assistant Director
contribute one percent of customers’ and Director. He attached a list of only 22
deposits. As its name suggests, the fund is staff. But even amongst these, Oketcho
insurance for customer deposits should a proposed that many are not transferred
bank fold. As of June 2017, the fund was because either; they had been in the
valued at Shs. 460bn. While it has always position for “below five years”, there was
been part of BoU, recently, the bank’s “no one to swap with”, “on-going Crane
management took a decision to have it Bank issues” or “newly transferred”.
managed independently. The fund is “It is proposed that the transfer of
still housed at BoU but now has separate Executive Directors be stayed because of
management headed by Julia Clare Olima the on-going Crane Bank legal issues,”
Oyet. Oketcho wrote, “transfers affecting this
Because it is still new, BoU seconded its category might be misinterpreted.”
staff to occupy some of the positions at the In effect, insiders say, Oketcho
fund before a formal process of recruiting proposed no changes at all. Some
staff for it starts. insiders saw this as a move intended to
“This is to inform you that after David Bahati keep people in certain jobs.
consultations with the respective Heads However, between September 2017
of Department and Directorates as well about several appointments and petitioned and January this year, Mutebile came
as the Deputy Governor, the following Mutebile and the board of directors. up with a fresh list and in a Feb.7 memo
staff members have been identified for While the board, which had participated announced changes. Oketcho, Kasekende
secondment to the DPF,” EDA Oketcho in interviewing these appointees, ignored and some board members opposed these
wrote to Governor Mutebile on Jan. 13. the complaints, Mutebile paid attention, changes.
Following this, BoU has since seconded ordered an investigation and on the One of the board members even
some eleven staff to DPF. However, officials basis of its conclusions, cancelled the petitioned the Inspector General of
flouted the laws guiding secondment. appointments. Government to investigate the changes—
According to the Bank’s policy on The appointments Mutebile cancelled sparking a war of words between the
secondment, only employees at the rank had been done and approved by Oketcho, latter and the Governor.
of Principal Banking Officer (PBO) may be Kasekende and the board. Mutebile had To settle the crisis, President Museveni
available for secondment. However four not been around. When he returned, in a March 26 meeting asked the IGG to
of those seconded were below the rank of he found a tonne of complaints about back off insisting that staff rotation was
PBO. One particular one skipped two ranks the entire process. The board had also an internal matter under the dominion of
to become PBO. been petitioned but had ignored the the Governor.
All the others except one were promoted complaints. Mutebile was concerned that The president also appointed a
contrary to the law. And as a result, their he had not been consulted. committee led by Abdu Katuntu, the
salaries increased. Again, BoU policy notes Owing to the controversy surrounding former chairman for parliament’s
that during secondment, the salary and all the process, the governor declined to committee on Commissions, Statutory
the benefits of the concerned staff shall ratify the appointment of assistant Authorities and State Enterprises
be frozen. But all the seconded staff have directors. He instead directed that the (COSASE) to probe the matter.
benefited from salary increments. Internal Audit investigate the entire The committee concluded its
This development has sparked intense process. investigations at the end of July. But
anger at the Bank amongst staff. To The Chief Internal Auditor, Deborah even as investigations went, one of the
make matters worse, because some the Kabahweza, now Executive Director board members, Judy Obitre-Gama, had
beneficiaries lack the requisite skills for Finance, concluded that the process had insisted that none of the new appointees
the jobs they have been assigned, insiders issues and called for its termination. appears before the board to make any
claim. But the Executive Director presentations. The new controversies
As already noted, this is not the Administration, Oketcho advised show that the mess in BoU’s recruitment
first time botched up recruitments are Mutebile to ignore the recommendations, process still needs serious attention.
happening at BoU. go ahead and approve the appointments.
Mid-last year, staff raised concerns “We have to respect internal audit and

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 13


news analysis

Search for Abiriga


successor takes shape
Politics of tribe and religion in
Arua Municipality by-election
By Flavia Nassaka

H
ospital Road, in Arua town, is
a heavily canvassed street. The
residents of the street are used to
endless processions of supporters
walking on foot and others in trucks using
loud public address systems convincing
voters to vote for particular politicians.
In June, the street was the center of chaos
when the body of slain Arua Municipality
Member of Parliament Col. Ibrahim Abiriga
arrived from Kampala.
Now, as locals prepare to vote for his
replacement in parliament, in a by-election
scheduled for Aug.15, the street is witness-
ing another round of intense electioneering
action as 12 candidates compete for the slot.
Apart from four candidates standing as
flag bearers for political parties – NRM,
JEEMA, FDC and DP, the rest are Inde-
pendents. FDC has two strong candidates
– Bruce Mudhafir Musema the flag bearer
who came second in the 2016 race and
former Terego County MP Kasiano Wadri,
who lost his seat in 2016. There are fears
this might divide the opposition vote come
Wednesday.
However, for the acting chairman of the
FDC Electoral Commission, Hajji Abdul
Hakim Moli, this is ‘a minor issue’ in the
politics of Arua. What shapes politics here,
Moli says, are always tribe and religion
and recently the politics of the elite and the
illiterates.
“Most of the candidates have set their
campaign basing on tribe”, he said. For
instance, he says that when Kasiano arrived
here, other than coming to the party, he
called a meeting of Terego leaders across
the political divide. Apparently, the Terego
have some good population in the munici-
pality.
Other candidates are following the same
trend.
When The Independent asked Musema
about his plan for victory, he was quick
to mention that he has already won the
race since he is a son of the land. “I am an
Aringa. I have so many supporters here.
These others come from the neighboring
constituencies, Koboko, Terego,” Musema
said referring to the NRM candidate Nusra
Tiperu and Kasiano, his biggest competi-
A campaign procession along hospital road in Arua Town   INDEPENDENT/flavia nassaka
tors.

14 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


news analysis
When The Independent asked Indepen- with visiting Abiriga’s widow at their home
dent candidate Robert Ejuku and Tiperu in Anyafiyo and then started assuring sup-
the same question, the response was quite porters at rallies that she would ensure that
similar. “We cannot let other people come government investigates their darling’s
here and tell us what is good for us”, Ejuku assassination until they find the criminals.
said. This, however, seems to have not wowed
“I am campaigning among my people. I many.
am an Aringa. My family has lived here for After her visit, Moli said, the family held
over 30 years,” Tiperu said. a meeting and resolved that they will not
The Aringa tribe is the majority in the involve themselves fully in this election in
municipality and most of them are Mus- as far as campaigning for a particular candi-
lim. Observers say the same reasons partly date is concerned.
explain Abiriga’s win in 2016 as voters “The death was too painful. When
combined this with his generosity and the Tiperu came home, people were not happy.
reputation he created while still Resident We have even talked to the widow not to
District Commissioner (RDC). involve herself,” Moli said, “According to
Moli who is also Abiriga’s relative said Sharia, she has to be away from the public
the deceased was a unique politician who for four months and ten days. It was wrong
garnered votes from across the political for her to speak and we have advised her
divide because during his time as RDC, he not to do that again”.
helped every one irrespective of their politi- But, Tiperu is still counting on the Abiriga
cal affiliations and religion. vote.
According to him, even as many espe- When we spoke on Aug.02, she said one
cially the political elite despised him as a of her biggest tasks when she gets to parlia-
joker, he became West Nile’s most influen- ment is ensuring that the women Abiriga
tial politician belonging to the NRM party. had mobilized into groups to do projects for
Before him, Arua Municipality was largely economic development keep having access
an opposition stronghold with the likes of to credit. She spoke of many other unfin-
imprisoned FDC strongman Hussein Akbar ished businesses of her slain colleague that
Godi representing the constituency in par- she will finish once voted including push-
liament. Even at the level of RDC, Abiriga ing for the district to be connected on the
scored highly. He was the longest serving national electricity grid. Currently, they get
having attained office in 2007. Those who power from a small dam in Zombo district
came before him only lasted one or two that is not reliable.
years before being frustrated or kicked out. Other candidates are also campaigning
People knowledgeable about Arua poli- on the same.
tics say it would be a blunder for Tiperu to Musema, for instance, told the Independent
bank on Abiriga’s legacy as the NRM flag that Abiriga had lobbied for power to the
bearer as one of her strategies to win this extent that president Museveni went there
vote. Mustafa Agotre, a 54-year old sup- and officiated at a false launch. He said he
porter of Musema, who does petty business now wants to carry on from where Abiriga
along Hospital Road, told The Independent stopped and ensure that the municipality
that in this poll, there is nothing like a sym- gets consistent power.
pathy vote because the two individuals “Denying us power is declaring an eco-
– Tiperu and the late Abiriga are the exact nomic war on us. We would be having
opposite. factories. Businesses like ozuu enterprises
He voted for Abiriga in 2016. would be booming”, Musema who was
“Abiriga treated us as people. He was a Abiriga’s closest competitor said. In the
practicing Muslim and was our own. He 2016 polls, he garnered 7227 votes against
understood us,” Agotre said. Abiriga’s 8000, a win he protested up to the
Like Agotre, a lot of people in this munic- Appeals court from where his petition was
ipality are engaged in petty trade. Analysts thrown out.
say the voters of Arua are divided into two He believes he would have won the 2016
categories – the affluent and the low-end if there were not irregularities at some poll-
illiterates, the likes of Agotre. ing stations. He now says it is time for him
Wadri Sam Nyakua, the district’s LC5 to win because he ticks most of the boxes of
chairperson agrees. He says understand- winning an election in Arua – being Aringa
ing and strategizing on which side to focus and a Muslim and most recently under-
on as a candidate will earn you victory or standing the lines between the elite and the
make you lose the election. Already he says illiterates.
the NRM, which he belongs to, is winning Moli says the victorious candidate will
on this front. His candidate is focusing on come from the two Muslims – Musema and
improving people’s livelihoods just as has Tiperu and the two Christians – Wadri and
been the focus of the previous candidates. Ejuku. He however adds that in Arua, it is
Abiriga is said to have introduced this the last two days of an election that deter-
strategy into the politics of Arua, which is mine the winner.
now seen to be hitting the local political “You either win or lose in the last two
elite hard. days to voting”.
To win over this group, Tiperu started

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 15


news analysis

FDC President Patrick Amuriat at the party delegates conference in November 2017.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA

POA’s token of appreciation


FDC changes in parliament spark fury in Muntu’s camp
By Ian Katusiime and Flavia Nassaka South MP, the new chairman Committee which pays allegiance to former party presi-

O
on Statutory Authorities and State Entre- dent Mugisha Muntu, who lost the presi-
f all the reasons Patrick Oboi Am- prises (COSASE), and Moses Kasibante, the dency to Amuriat.
uriat, the president of Forum for Lubaga North MP, his vice. Generally, Amuriat’s changes are being
Democratic Change (FDC), has Budadiri West MP Nandala Mafabi seen as a token of appreciation to his loyal-
given to explain the changes he bounced back at the Public Accounts Com- ists and a purge of those that are loyal to
has made with the opposition leadership in mittee (PAC), William Nzoghu, Busongora the rival group. Some insiders say these
parliament, one is most believable at least County North, a representative in the Pan- changes might be the final push that kicks
according to party insiders. African Parliament, Franka Akello, Agago Muntu’s camp out of FDC.
“The changes were informed by a num- Woman MP, the new head of the committee Most notably, Amuriat fired Winnie
ber of factors including loyalty to the party on Local Government, Gilbert Olanya of Kiiza, who was the LOP and Abdu Katuntu,
and contribution to the party financially,” Kilak South, became her deputy and Kaps who headed COSASE.
Amuriat told The Independent. Hassan Fungaroo, Obongi County MP, the This was not surprising. Amuriat’s camp,
In these changes, Betty Aol Ochan, new head of the Government Assurances the defiance camp, has been criticized for
emerged the new Leader of Opposition, committee. being highly intolerant. Indeed, when
Francis Mwijukye, Buhweju County MP, a Ibrahim Semujju of Kira Municipality Amuriat said that he was guided by party
parliamentary Commissioner, Roland Kag- became the Opposition Chief Whip. That loyalty in picking the new group, some
inda, a former deputy LOP became a mem- Nganda was on the list surprised many interpreted his statement to mean that he
ber of the global Inter Parliamentary Union given that unlike all the other appointees, didn’t consider those he fired loyal to the
(IPU), Mubarak Munyagwa, the Kawempe he is a supporter of the organization camp, party.

16 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


news analysis
Even this might not be far from the truth notion of ‘little known’ is. Role of committee chairperson
from where Amuriat sits especially given “Recently I was being referred to as a According to Hippo Twebaze, who has
that the group he fired has not participated villager. They did not know whether I can researched parliament over the years, head-
actively in his activities and have continued express myself but here I am. The party ing a committee requires the chairperson to
to stand with Muntu whom he defeated late is running effectively. We are attracting have substantive knowledge to be able to
last year. people from other groups to the FDC,” scrutinize government business as some of
On financial contributions, the group Amuriat adds. the reports are written in the language that
he fired has contributed more towards Amuriat says Ochan made her name at an ordinary MP may not understand.
Muntu’s countrywide consultations than the time of Reform Agenda, the precursor He also says that an MP who is not
they have towards Amuriat’s day to day to FDC. “She is in her third term in parlia- knowledgeable is likely to underperform
running of the party. Given the fact that ment” the FDC president explains, “I have because some of the accountability requires
FDC has limited resources, every coin mat- confidence of the people I have appointed. one to do extensive research and investiga-
ters. And given the opportunity to appoint This team can push our agenda in parlia- tions into matters.
a LoP, few politicians in Amuriat’s position ment.” According to Twebaze, while there is an
would hesitate to appoint their own. Muntu Amuriat also says those angered by his argument that committees have technical
did it when he appointed Wafula Oguttu decision should know that change is inevi- staff who are supposed to research and
as LoP after defeating Mafabi in 2012. But table. enable MPs understand the issues, it is not
later, he replaced him with his supporter, enough because a leader must be able to
Winnie Kizza and appointed Katuntu, understand things at a different level.
his campaign manager, as the head of He says the inability of MPs to under-
COSASE. stand issues explains why some MPs
The main difference between Muntu’s choose to discontinue ongoing investiga-
appointments and those of Amuriat is that tions that are already before committee
some of the latter’s appointments can be simply because the chairperson has the
questioned on grounds of competence. liberty to lose interest in an issue. Twebaze
Many critics have singled out the also says it would be a good thing if leaders
appointment of Munyagwa and Kasi- were chosen from committees where they
bante as merely driven by tokenism. This have been members, so that they do not
is Munyagwa’s first term in parliament start from scratch.
and he hadn’t headed a single committee. Apart from this, Twebaze commended
Kasibante is serving his second term but the outgoing LoP, Winnie Kiiza for succeed-
has never headed a committee and yet they ing in coordinating the opposition MPs and
Mubarak Munyagwa Ogenga Latigo
have now been handed COSASE, a critical articulating issues on the floor of parlia-
committee scrutinizes the work of statutory ment.
authorities and state enterprises. Matters Changes illegal Despite this, he noted that one you can-
are not helped by the fact that COSASE However, some FDC members say some not analyze the performance of LOP as an
was right in the middle of one of the most of the changes he has made are illegal. individual. “It always has to do with the
important investigations in many years— Prof. Ogenga Latigo, Agago County MP, collective performance of all members of
the investigation of Bank of Uganda. and a former Leader of Opposition told the opposition,” Twebaze noted, “However
But Amuriat doesn’t buy any of this. The The Independent that his team is on notice good a LOP may be, his/her effort may not
former Kumi County MP said all members and will take action. “The LOP is not a be easily recognized if there is no coopera-
of parliament qualify to head committees party leader,” Latigo noted, “He or she is tion with other members of the team.”
because they have academic qualifications a leader of those in parliament. As the first For observers, however, the biggest issue
that made them make it to parliament. LOP, I was elected because we contested.” for Amuriat might not be over the perfor-
He particularly passionately defended his He adds: “We are going to raise the mance of his new appointees but over the
appointment of Munyagwa, who is known issue of LOP. We cannot accuse NRM of impact his decision might have over the
for his comic antics than legislative perfor- committing illegalities and then we do the party.
mance. same. This appointment is illegal.” Muntu who came before him was able to
“Munyagwa is an honest person,” he However, by press time, Latigo had contain the rifts within the party by tolerat-
said, “He was a chairman of a division in told The Independent that his team had not ing the group opposed to him. By firing the
the city for five years. He is an intelligent received any official communication for group opposed to him, Amuriat might have
man. The public is being unfair to him by them to go ahead and examine the rules of confirmed concerns that his group is not
judging him even before seeing what he can procedure of parliament. keen on working with those with divergent
do. Let’s give him time.” “We do not have anything like views.
Amuriat says the only quality of a chair- minority leader in the laws of Uganda,” Outside the FDC, some say, Amuriat
person is to play a stewardship role and Latigo noted, “That is meaningless might have done himself a favour by
adds that the chairperson is not the alpha communication.” looking at how President Museveni has
and omega of the committee.. As one of the moderates in FDC, Latigo continued to reach out to those opposed to
“People are attaching emotions to this nonetheless summed up his frustration him and even appointed some like Betty
but if I was a reactionary leader I should with the changes. “Any change which is Amongi, the wife of Jimmy Akena, the
have caused change in December when intended not to improve the situation but party president of Uganda People’s Con-
members said you can do what you want. I a reaction to the existing circumstances is gress (UPC) and the son of his erstwhile foe,
understood that they were acting because of unfortunate,” he told The Independent in a former President Apollo Milton Obote.
the political injury they had just suffered,” phone interview on Aug.6. However, the same way only Amuriat
he hits back. “For every action,” he warned, “there is knows what stakes he was dealing with by
Commenting on Ochan’s appointment as an equal and opposite reaction. So we will the time he chose to make the controversial
new Leader of Opposition, Amuriat says his not take this lying down.” changes, only time will tell whether he was
own story tells a lot about how useless the right or wrong.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 17


news analysis

Former Prime Minister Amama Mbabazi hands over the daughter to the family of the President of South Africa, Cyril Ramaphosa. Andile and Birungi in a group photo with

Glamour and pomp


Ramaphosa son marries Amama Mbabazi’s niece
By Ronald Musoke good times. Governor were part of the insiders

G
Museveni’s wife, Janet and Mbabazi organizing the function.
lamour, pomp, colour and a sat next to each other and chatted away Not even the early morning gloomy
seamless fusion of two African as the ceremony went on, occasionally weather could dampen the thrilling
traditions were on show as smiling and nodding. ceremony which normally precedes the
South African President Cyril The guest list read like a “who is wedding in western Ugandan tradition.
Ramaphosa’s son, Andile, got introduced who” of Uganda’s political aristocracy. As the day grew on and the overcast
by his Ugandan fiancée, Bridget Birungi, Emmanuel Tumusiime Mutebile, the clouds cleared, business and public
at a traditional marriage ceremony Bank of Uganda Governor, Chief Justice transport got interrupted, security
known as “Kuhingira” on Aug.4 in Bart Katureebe and former information tightened and some roads were closed as
Kampala. minister, Jim Muhwezi, as well as a 150 strong Ramaphosa-led entourage
The ceremony attended by high-profile business moguls, Gordon Wavamunno and host, President Yoweri Museveni,
guests was held at the residence of the and Sudhir Ruparelia, were some of the made way to Amama Mbabazi’s home to
bride’s uncle, John Patrick Amama guests. attend the traditional ceremony. Ex-wife,
Mbabazi, a former Prime Minister of Other high-profile dignitaries Hope and First Lady, Dr. Tshepo
Uganda in the leafy upscale Kololo included; the Archbishop Stanley Ramaphosa, escorted the South African
suburb. Ntagali, Prince Kassim Nakibinge, president.
Birungi was born to the late Shadrack businessman Martin Aliker, former FDC Ramaphosa’s son, Andile, had been to
Rwakairu and Peace Ruhindi but Amama President Maj. Gen. Mugisha Muntu Mbabazi’s home in May this year when
took over the raising of Birungi after her and Buganda Katikkiro, Charles Peter Bridget introduced him for the first
father’s death in the early 1980s. Mayiga. time. But that ceremony is usually low
Political rivalries were shoved aside as Amos Nzeyi, Prime Minister key as it only serves to make the man’s
President Yoweri Museveni and his long- Ruhakana Rugunda, Mathew Rukikaire, intentions known to the girl’s parents.
term friend-cum-political rival; Amama Hope Mwesigye and Brig. Timothy That ceremony also gives both families to
Mbabazi met and reminisced about the Mutebile, the brother to the BoU negotiate the bride price.

18 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


news analysis

their families and other guests. President Ramaphosa gives a speech at the ceremony

This time round, it became clear daughter firstly and we also accept her as On his part, Museveni welcomed
Ramaphosa’s entourage had finally been our son’s beloved wife and I can assure Ramaphosa who he described as a
accepted into the Mbabazi household, you that the two of them are deeply in freedom fighter and sharp businessman.
when the leader of their entourage, a love.” He also applauded him for being
middle-aged lady was offered a drink. Ramaphosa challenged his daughter- appreciative of the African heritage.
She had a gulp of the traditional beer in-law to hold tight to her husband. This was in reference to Ramaphosa’s
served from a long-necked gourd as a “Many girls in South Africa are envious visit to one of Museveni’s farms, years
cacophony of drums, traditional music of you, even on social media, they were back, where he reportedly picked
and the vigorous Kigezi dance engulfed saying, why did he go so far when we interest in the long-horned Ankole cattle.
the home. are here?” “They don’t know that you He would later return and acquire 43
Andile and Bridget, both in their late fell in love in China. Hold onto your man of them for his farm. At the function,
thirties, reportedly met in China while and never let him go.” both men talked about the cattle and
studying at the Hong Kong University of Ramaphosa also said weddings are a Museveni joked that Rwamaphosa under
Science and Technology. Andile currently consolidation of relationships not only paid him for the cattle.
works with Blue Crane, a Johannesburg- between families but also people and Ramaphosa said the cattle had since
based financial advisory and investment communities. “In this case, we believe multiplied into a huge herd both in
firm. it is a consolidation of the relations Kenya and South Africa. Ramaphosa also
“We met almost ten years ago. I was between South Africa and Uganda and revealed that he had since become the
in Beijing where I worked as an expert this is going to cement us even more.” president of the South African Ankole
while she was finishing her studies in Ramaphosa had touched down at Cattle Association.
engineering. Then she went on to do her Entebbe International Airport a day The ceremony presented an
Masters. We went on to live in South earlier, on Aug. 3, and held a brief opportunity for Mbabazi to catch-up
Africa.,” said Andile. meeting with his counterpart, Yoweri with his erstwhile colleagues in the
Mbabazi who handed over Birungi to Museveni, at State House Entebbe. ruling NRM government where he
the father of the groom, expressed joy Museveni and Ramaphosa discussed served in various capacities for decades
that Ramaphosa’s family had met all the issues related to the socio-economic and until he was fired three years ago.
set conditions. political affairs affecting the two sister Mbabazi went on to contest against
“We are very happy to fulfill part of countries and Africa at large. Museveni in the 2016 presidential
the handing over to you the hand of our Ramaphosa applauded the leadership election, emerged third and
daughter, Bridget Birungi,” Mbabazi of Uganda for making the relationship unsuccessfully challenged the results in
said. meaningful and supporting South Africa the Supreme Court. He has since kept a
On receiving his daughter-in-law, in its earlier days of the struggle against low profile.
Ramaphosa said, “We accept her as our Apartheid.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 19


feature

By Amy Hawkins
China’s Big Brother
D
aily life in China is gated by

tech for Africa


security technology, from
the body scanners and X-ray
machines at every urban
metro station to the demand for ID
numbers on social media platforms so
that dangerous speech can be traced Developing countries to be used as
and punished. Technologies once seen
as potentially empowering the public
have become tools for an increasingly
laboratory to improve its surveillance
dictatorial government—tools that technological industries. This was these ambitions. But China doesn’t
Beijing is now determined to sell to followed up last year for plans for the just want to dominate these markets.
the developing world. country to be a world leader in the It wants to use developing countries
In 2015, the Chinese government field of artificial intelligence by 2030 as a laboratory to improve its own
launched its Made in China 2025 and to build a $150 billion industry. surveillance technologies.
plan to dominate cutting-edge The developing world is a big part of Many parts of Africa are now

20 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


feature
other foreign deal done by a Chinese
firm of late, it has been wrapped into
China’s increasingly all-encompassing
Belt and Road Initiative.
The CloudWalk deal is the first
CloudWalk Chinese AI project in Africa. Google
is opening its first Africa AI research
provides center in Ghana this year, but Eric
Olander, founder of the China Africa
facial Project—a podcast and online resource
recognition that examines the relationship
between China and Africa—noted
technologies that many Western companies “aren’t
willing to make that step that the
to the Chinese are willing to do. … (The

Chinese
Chinese) are willing to make an
investment in a market as volatile as
police Zimbabwe, where companies from
other countries are not.”
Indeed, with massive state and
private backing for AI projects—
according to a CB Insights report,
nearly half of global investment in AI
went to Chinese start-ups last year,
surpassing the United States for the
But if it goes through, it will enable first time—Chinese companies can
Zimbabwe, a country with a bleak afford to take risks. CloudWalk itself
record on human rights, to replicate was the recipient of a $301 million
parts of the surveillance infrastructure grant from the Guangzhou municipal
that have made freedoms so limited government.
in China. And by gaining access to “We are concerned about the deal,
a population with a racial mix far given how CloudWalk provides
different from China’s, CloudWalk facial recognition technologies to the
will be better able to train racial biases Chinese police,” said Maya Wang, a
out of its facial recognition systems—a senior China researcher for Human
problem that has beleaguered facial Rights Watch. “We have previously
recognition companies around the documented (the Chinese) Ministry
world and which could give China a of Public Security’s use of AI-enabled
vital edge. technologies for mass surveillance
The CloudWalk deal is built on the that targets particular social groups,
back of a long-standing relationship such as ethnic minorities and those
between former Zimbabwean who pose political threats to the
President Robert Mugabe’s regime, government.”
seen by China as an ideological ally, Some Zimbabweans are concerned
and Beijing. His successor, President about how their data will fare in
Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn China. Andy, who asked that only his
into office in November 2017 after first name be used, is studying for a
a military coup forced Mugabe to Ph.D. at Beijing Normal University.
resign after 37 years of increasingly For him, “the question is what the
essentially reliant on Chinese repressive rule. Activists feared Chinese company will do with our
companies for their telecoms and that Mnangagwa, Mugabe’s former identities. … It sounds like a spy
digital services. Transsion Holdings, consigliere, would continue the game.” He also says that he “know(s)
a Shenzhen-based company, was the patterns of his predecessor, especially for a fact” that “the Zimbabwe
No. 1 smartphone company in Africa if his regime is backed up with new government will use this tech to try
in 2017. ZTE, a Chinese telecoms giant, security technology. and control people’s freedom.”
provides the infrastructure for the The deal between CloudWalk and In Zimbabwe, freedom of expression
Ethiopian government to monitor its the Zimbabwean government will not has long been curtailed or monitored
citizens’ communications. Hikvision, cover just CCTV cameras. According by various means. In 2015, Mugabe
the world’s leading surveillance to a report in the Chinese state accepted a gift of cybersurveillance
camera manufacturer, has just opened newspaper Science and Technology software from the Iranian government,
an office in Johannesburg. Daily, smart financial systems, airport, including IMSI catchers, which are
The latest is CloudWalk Technology, railway, and bus station security, and used to eavesdrop on telephone
a Guangzhou-based start-up that has a national facial database will all be conversations. In 2016, he cited
signed a deal with the Zimbabwean part of the project. The deal—along China as an example of social media
government to provide a mass with dozens of other cooperation regulation that he hoped Zimbabwe
facial recognition program. The agreements between Harare and could emulate.
agreement was put on hold until after Chinese technology and biotech
Zimbabwe’s elections on July 30. firms—was signed in April. Like every Source: FP magazine

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 21


feature

Japanese-funded water
facility saves lives in Rubirizi
Shs240m water pump aids 3000 households in 3 sub counties
By Ian Katusiime

R
ubirizi is a little known district
located in western Uganda with
rolling hills and 32 crater lakes.
Part of the district has sections
of the famous Queen Elizabeth National
Park. Away from these attractive features,
however, is a dark past. Rubirizi has
grappled with a water crisis and lost lives
over the years as residents struggled to fetch
water from Lake Kako, one of the many
crater lakes in the area.
Residents of Ryeru Sub-County drowned
in the lake uncontrollably. “What hurt
us most is that these people were dying
of something preventable,” says John
Mubangizi, the vice chairman of Rubirizi
district. “On average, six people were dying
per year especially women and children.”
The steep to Lake Kako is 500metres long, Journalists at the water pump in Mushumba village in Rubirizi on July 26.   COURTESY PHOTO
which made the entire exercise of fetching
water more arduous. The acute water The Independent visited Mushumba village As a result, the organization empowers
shortage also spread dysentery, cholera on July 26 as part of a press tour organised parents so they can take care of their
and had other undesirable effects such as by JICA for its projects in western Uganda, children. “Previously the farmers were
children reporting late to school. residents could not hide the excitement depending on rain-fed agriculture and
After so much agony and helplessness, brought by the water facility. It was a far now they can plant off- season thanks to
Mubangizi and residents brainstormed cry from when they could not even have a irrigation,” Musika adds. He says most
on how to find a lasting solution to the borehole because the rocks in the area are climate change efforts are aimed at tree
tragedy. They wrote to so many donors permeable. planting but the one by Save The Children
requesting that they fund a water project is aimed at livelihood improvement.
and luckily, the Japanese International Irrigation boosts Kasese farmers After it conducted vulnerability
Cooperation Agency (JICA), heard their Nyabubale Community Irrigation assessments with the Kasese district local
plea and donated Shs.241million. As a scheme in Kasandaara sub-county, Kasese government, Save The Children decided
result, Mushumba water production project is another venture where the government to help “last mile farmers” in Kasese. The
was established. Construction started in of Japan is involved in livelihood farmers are referred to as such because
2011 and ended in 2013. Later, the Ugandan improvement in Uganda. Teaming up with they hardly receive any focus yet they
government provided Shs145million for Save The Children, an international NGO are affected by disasters like flash floods,
completion of the works. The government focused on children’s rights, and the local landslides and prolonged dry spells.
was initially skeptical on the viability of the government of Kasese, JICA has enabled The aim of the scheme is to strengthen
project in spite of the pressing need for safe 100 farmers to graduate from just growing the resilience of the communities through
water use. maize to take on high value crops like water good agronomical practices. A poor parent
Water production in Mushumba village melons, onions and tomatoes. means the child will lack basic needs,
is a community effort where residents dug Sam Kahiigwa is one of the farmers Musika explains.
trenches, constructed access roads and is reaping from the irrigation scheme. When Other interventions by JICA in western
managed through water use committees, The Independent visited his farm on July Uganda include a girls’ dormitory built
which are made up of three women and 26, he said he would be selling off two full for Kahinju Secondary School in Kabarole
two men. trucks of water melon in two weeks’ time. district. The dormitory contains 200 beds
The production facility comprises His farm is on 14 acres and is responsible with mattresses and will be opened for
a pump house, reservoir tanks, and a for the new lease of life Kahiigwa and others the third term, which starts in September.
sand filtration system. “There is a user have got. He has built a two bedroomed Lillian Asiimwe Olimi, the head teacher
fee of Shs100,” says Mubangizi, now the house and says he is comfortable knowing of Kahinju SS, says 25 girls dropped out
coordinator of the project. The fee is for he can support the education of his of the school this year due to walking
maintenance such as the diesel-powered children. “The environment of the child is long distances among other challenges
pump. Water has now been extended the focus,” says Vian Musika, the Program associated with staying away from school.
further and there are 30 distribution points Manager of Disaster Risk Reduction and The dormitory appears a major step at
in total that serve 3000 households. When Climate Change Adaptation at Save The preventing such situations.
Children in Kasese.

22 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


rwanda

Searching for new markets


Rwanda explores new apparel markets as US
suspends duty-free benefits under AGOA
By John Mbaraga and Daniel C. Ntwari

G
overnment is now focusing on ex-
porting its textiles to Europe after
U.S. President Donald Trump is-
sued a decree suspending Rwanda
from exporting apparels to the US market
duty-free under the African Growth and
Opportunity Act (AGOA) scheme.
The ban was announced in a statement
released last week by U.S.’s deputy trade
representative, C.J. Mahoney. The move is a
reaction to Rwanda’s stand against importa-
tion of secondhand clothes and shoes into
the country.
The Rwandan government imposed an
import levy on secondhand garments of $4
per kilogramme this fiscal year, up from
$2.5 last year and a $5 per kilo on used
shoes, up from $0.4, last year to support it
nascent textiles and leather industries.
The country earned $1.5 million in 2017
from apparel and shoe exports to the US, C&H Garments workers at the firm's Kigali Special Economic Zone plant
which accounts for only about 3% of Rwan-
da’s total exports to the country. Rwanda with C&H Garments contributing 90%.  think the impact is not something we can
remains eligible to export non-apparel Munyeshyaka explained that other not manage” she said.
products under AGOA despite this suspen- Rwandan products would enter the US “We expect some Rwandan companies to
sion. market under other agreements like Gen- be affected and we have a plan for them. We
eralized System of Preferences (GSP) that is have engaged them and we will be helping
Rwanda to enter new markets also tax exempt. with the transition to new markets.”
But Rwandan government says it will He explained that Rwanda could, how-
not be bullied into reversing its position on ever, export apparels to the US subject to Textile sector players speak out
secondhand clothes, opting to seek new taxation. “We were not banned from export- As local textile players wait to see this
markets in Europe, Asia and within the ing apparel and footwear products to the assistance, Rwanda Clothing’s
region. Speaking to The Independent, Min- US, we were only denied duty-free exporta- production manager, Antoinette Twa-
ister of Trade and Industry Vincent Munye- tion,” he clarified. girayesu, says that the firm is focusing on
shyaka said that the companies, which used EAC countries had all proposed to gradu- growing locally, adding that it already
to export apparel and footwear products ally ban importation of secondhand clothes serves a growing clientele from US and
under the AGOA arrangement have already and shoes, but later other countries – Kenya, Europe who order for the clothes directly.
started entering new international markets. Uganda and Tanzania - balked under heavy Twagirayesu said; “We are going to focus
“For example, C&H Garments has a pressure from US. on promoting Made-in-Rwanda clothing,
secure market in the United Kingdom and A 2017 petition by the Secondary Mate- which still has huge growth potential.”
German,” he said, adding that the firm and rials and Recycled Textiles Association
other textile makers are being encouraged (SMART), to the US government assert- Expert commends Rwanda’s decision
to explore the big opportunities in the local ing that the EAC’s decision undermined Amir Ben Yahmed, the chief executive
market. the AGOA criteria and their investments, officer of the Africa CEO Forum, hailed
Munyeshyaka assured sector players sparked off the suspension. Rwanda’s decision, saying that the suspen-
of government’s support in case the ban While commenting on the suspension last sion “should not be regarded as a business
affects production and threatens jobs. “In week, Rwanda Development Board (RDB) issue but as politically motivated”.
case industries reduce or stop production chief executive officer Clare Akamanzi said “Africans should be proud of the decision
and people lose jobs, government will the decision on who benefits from AGOA is taken by Rwanda,” Amir said, “No country
decide on some kind of intervention to sup- up to the United States government. in the World should accept secondhand
port them,” he said. Akamanzi said some companies had clothes at the expense of its own industries.”
The minister said that the $1.5 million already sent product samples to some Euro- Africa CEO Forum organizes the annual
from apparel and footwear exports record- pean countries as the suspension loomed meeting of African CEOs and business lead-
ed last year under AGOA was by the eight over the past many months. ers to find ways to address the continent’s
companies that have been exporting apparel “We have a plan to maintain people who challenge and enable it to achieve target
and footwear products to the US market, have been employed in those companies; I development and economic prosperity.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 23


rwanda

President Kagame , the Prime Minister and the speakers of senate and Parliament pose for a group photo with the recently appointed judges

Timely justice for Rwandans


New Court of Appeal raises hope for faster case handling,
President Kagame calls for judicial independence
By Francis Byaruhanga Many say that it will improve delivery of now they will stop at the Court of Appeal,

I
justice as grieved parties now have more which will reduce the case backlog and the
mpartiality, independence and ensuring options to seek justice. delays in the delivery of justice,” Mutabazi
that citizens get justice in shortest time explained.
possible should be cardinal principles Experts, Rwandans welcome the court Mutabazi noted that before the establish-
of the judicial system, President Paul Prof. Dennis Bikesha, the dean of School ment of the court, it would take up to three
Kagame has said. of Law at University of Rwanda, said these years for the litigants to get the final court
President Kagame made the comments reforms in the judicial system are crucial to decision from the Supreme Court. Cases,
while presiding over the swearing in cer- “stardandise the country’s judiciary”. he explained, will now be heard quickly in
emony of 17 judges of the newly established He said in other countries, the Supreme reasonable time instead of taking years.
Court of Appeal. Court not only handle cases but also gives Mutabazi also added that due to the
“This is what Rwandans want our justice legal advice to the government, explain- single judge system that will be applied in
system to be defined by because we know ing that the top court will be counseling the Court of Appeal, cases are going to be
that justice delayed is justice denied,” Presi- the state on the matters concerning the handled faster compared to the duo system
dent Kagame said. The establishment of this judiciary.“As a result, the Court of Appeal in the Supreme Court, which has also been
court means that some of the cases from the will now handle most of the cases that used blamed for delays.
High court, which were hitherto handled to go to the last appellant court,” Prof. Bike- As recently as 2012, it would take at least
by the Supreme Court, will now instead go sha told The Independent. 66 months for a case to start being heard
to the Court of Appeal. Among the cases to Tom Mulisa, the executive director of in the Supreme Court. This has since been
proceed to Supreme Court are those related the Great Lakes Initiative for Development, reduced to 20 months. In the High Court,
to the applications of review on grounds of a non-profit organization that advocates this has dropped from 11 months to three
injustices, those involving high ranking offi- for the rights of the unprivileged, said the months in the same period, as a result of
cials, jurisdiction on the constitutionality of Court of Appeal, will help justice to be judicial reforms.
the organic laws and decisions on the prec- served faster compared to previous period. According to this year’s judicial report,
edents and presidential election petitions. Silver Mugabo, a resident in Kigali, said 1,038 cases were pending at the beginning
The new judges sworn in by the Presi- the judicial restructuring is for the “better of April 2018 but these had dropped to only
dent include; Cyanzayire Aloysie, the presi- functioning and delivery of justice to the 723 by the end of April.
dent of the Supreme Court, Aimé Karimun- Rwandan people”. Mugabo also added that Berth Murora, the secretary general of
da Muyoboke, the president of the Court of the court will ease the load that remained the Supreme Court told The Independent
Appeal, Xavier Ndahayo, president of the pending in the Supreme Court for a long that although gaps remain, the court
High Court, who is deputized by Berna- time. has put in place mechanisms that have
dette Kanzayire, and Angeline Rutazana, Harrison Mutabazi, the spokesperson helped reduce the backlog. The Court of
the vice-president of the Commercial High of the judiciary, explained that the judicial Appeal, she said will also help. Murora
Court. reform is aimed at impacting efficiency of also explained that while the restructuring
The establishment of the new appellant the judicial services in Rwanda. of courts started in the primary courts
court has created optimism and enthusiasm “Before cases would begin from inter- this year, the establishment of the court of
among the public, civil society and experts. mediate courts to Supreme Court, but appeal was the major target.

24 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


rwanda

Improving public transport


Challenges persist but city authorities
and operators remain optimistic
By Emmanuel R. Karake

U
wizeyimana, a resident of Remera
in Gasabo district is a regular user
of commuter buses that ply differ-
ent roads in Kigali city. But many
times, he says, he has had to wait in long
queues for up to 30 minutes at both Remera
and city bus terminals for buses. Because
of this, he often delays to attend to critical
business commitments.
Long queues for buses are a common
sight mostly during the rush hours in the
mornings and evenings. Yet when the
City of Kigali and Rwanda Utility Regula-
tory Agency (RURA) awarded three firms
contracts to companies to operate public
transport in Kigali in August, 2013, that was
expected to put an end to the long queues.
Kigali Bus Services (KBS), Rwanda Feder- Murenzi explains that the delay to transi- Government scrapped taxes on importa-
ation of Transport Cooperatives (RFTC) and tion to the bigger buses was partly occa- tion of big buses in the current budget and
Royal Express, which won the contracts, sioned by the nature of the contracts. now importation of buses with capacity to
were supposed to operate from 5am to “The contracts are very short,” Murenzi transport 50 passengers and above is zero-
11pm, migrate from of 18-seater to 30-seater says, “Five years is a short time. Remember rated compared to 25% previously. How-
omnibuses, and then to big buses of 50-seat- we acquire buses through bank loans and ever, those importing 25-seater buses will
ers for mass transport. This was was envis- we do not get tax breaks from government pay 10% tax down from 25%.
aged to reduce waiting time at bus stops to like other investments do. Today, one city
around five minutes. bus costs around 100 million. This is not a What sector regulator says about
The move was also expected to eliminate small capital outlay.” delays
the tendency of abandoning passengers The other challenge, he said, is deprecia-
before reaching their destination and ease tion of the franc against dollar. “In 2013, one According to Aaron Ndagijimana, the
on the traffic jam as it would deal away dollar was equivalent to Rwf520, today it’s deputy of transport at sector regulator,
with smaller omnibuses, which were about at 881, almost 63% increase,” Murenzi says. Rwanda Regulatory Agency, the wait-
800. One city bus has capacity to replace Despite these challenges, there has been ing time did not reduce to the targeted
three omnibuses. significant improvement. level “because improved city transport has
Generally, according to Rwagatore Eti- When the companies got the contracts in encouraged many people to opt for public
enne, a public transport inspection officer, 2013, omnibuses of 18-seater capacity were means of transport, thus demand has sur-
the major target was to “bring efficiency in servicing 99% of the public transport system passed supply”.
the sector to improve service delivery”. But in Kigali. Today, 70% of Murenzi’s com- Ndagijimana explains that the number of
users like Uwizeyimana are yet to see this pany buses are high capacity. passengers doubled compared to when the
efficiency. Sources say, RFTC, the biggest operator system was rollout five years ago. “Today,
has only 20 big buses, brought in some- we are talking of 420,000 passengers
Public transport operators speak out time late year and around January 2018. against 200,000 in 2013. We want to balance
Part of the reason is that migration from RFTC plies routes like Zindiro-Kimironko- demand and supply,” he says.
smaller to bigger buses delayed. Some bus Nyabugogo; Kimironko-Kigali; Nyabugo- However, this increase in the number of
companies acquired bigger buses only a few go-Kinamba-Gisozi; Nyabugogo-Batsinda, commuters could also be attributed to the
months ago, when their contracts are about andRemera-Kigali, among others, and intra growth in Rwanda’s and the city’s popu-
to expire. In 2013, only KBS owned big city roads. lation. Government figures indicate that
buses. Deo Muvunyi, the manager of Kigali Bus population size of Rwanda was 10.5 million
“There are two problems,” says Nilla Services, says some of the challenges are in 2012, just a year before the reforms, and is
Murenzi, the manager of Royal Express, infrastructural in nature. For instance, he presently at over 12.08 million.
“One, buses are not enough currently. explains that the promised special lanes for Ndagijimana adds that there are ongo-
The other issue is that the City of Kigali buses are not yet established, adding that ing discussions to find ways of addressing
is upgrading most of the main city roads, this will take time “because expansion of increasing traffic jam in Kigali, including
which causes diversion of traffic and, in roads is a costly and takes time”. expansion of city roads that is ongoing and
turn, leads to delays with passengers wait- He also remains positive noting that discouraging use of private cars.
ing for long periods at bus stops. But this is apart from these challenges, there have been
temporary.” improvements.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 25


rwanda

Showgoers at the expo

Rwanda trade fair


exhibitors hit 400
Innovations dominate as over 23 countries showcase
By Stephen Nuwagira Participants are from 23 countries using Tap & Go cards. This is a shift

T
from all corners of the globe; including from the paper money payments during
he annual Rwanda Asia, Africa, and Europe. They are from the previously expos.
International Trade Fair (RITF) different sectors; including construction Sharon Munyana, the marketing
organised by the Private Sector and housing, ICT, textile, tourism, manager at AC Group, the tech start-
Federation (PSF) and the mining, banking, agriculture and agro- up behind the Tap & Go payment
Ministry of Trade and Industry is this processing, and general trade among innovation, says the move supports
year bigger and better. others. government push to use digital facilities
The event organized at Gikondo Countries like The Gambia, Benin, in all sectors of the economy.
Showgrounds in Kicukiro district Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Japan, Nepal, Munyana says that of the 1.8 million
will this year run for three weeks Togo and the Republic of Congo are people with Tap & Go cards, 80% are
compared to two weeks previously participating for the first time. potential expo-goers.
from July 26 to August 15. “This was the biggest motivation for
The event has also grown from Cashless entrance fees us to venture into this cashless mode of
80 exhibitors in 1997 to over 400 Meanwhile, the trade fair has gone paying expo entrance charges. So, we
companies this year. digital with visitor paying entrance fees approached PSF and they agreed to

26 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


rwanda
Robert Bafakulera; the
chairman of Rwanda’s
Private Sector Federation
(PSF), said it will support
the Made-in-Rwanda
initiative by helping local
manufacturers to network
and find new markets.
“This also gives us a great
opportunity to evaluate
products against those of
foreign exhibitors, besides
networking and forming
linkages and partnerships that
could ease market entry and
spur Rwanda’s exports and,
therefore, reduce the country’s
trade deficit,” he said.
He adds that is the only
way that Rwanda can reduce
dependence on imports as
well as improve its balance of
trade, and create the much-
needed jobs for young people.
Kigali Leather is one of
the Rwandan firms anxious
to enter into more regional
markets. The firm currently
exports some of leather
products, mainly shoes, to
Tanzania but is eyeing other
East African Community
(EAC) countries, according
to Wang Yuan, the firm’s
manager.
He says a supportive tax
regime in EAC could ease
their entry into new regional
PM Ngirente (second left) examines shoes markets.
made by Kigali Leather Ltd. By Stephen Nuwagira. But even firms Safintra
Rwanda which makes
partner with us,” she adds. best quality to drive export manufacturers to improve versatile roofing materials,
Tap & Go is the firm growth. quality of local products. among others, for the local
behind the e-payment of He said the fair also “This is the only way market say they want support.
bus fares in the City of gives local manufacturers to be competitive and Boris Shema, a marketing
Kigali, and show goers use a huge opportunity to penetrate new markets. officer says their products are
the same cards to enter the learn best practices from Government is behind you important as they are designed
trade fair. other exhibitors which will and will support you,” to help cut on the import bill
To enter the fair, a person support their growth and Ngirente said. as Rwandans can now get
must have a Tap & Go card competitiveness. Rwanda has already them locally.
loaded with at least Rwf500 Ngirente said that scrapped taxes on imported Trade fairs typically
and then tap it on one of the manufacturers and raw materials and industrial facilitate firms to showcase
card readers mounted at the exporters of different equipment to support their products and play a
showgrounds entry points. products must work harder local manufacturers. Raw big role in the marketing
The innovation has been to drive up export volumes materials needed by the of products as they bring
hailed for reducing the long of Rwandan brands if country’s nascent textiles sellers and buyers together
queues that characterised government is to achieve its and leather sectors are under one roof trade.
previous shows. targets. now zero rated from 25% They also create avenues
Speaking during the He said although taxes in the last fiscal year for firms to reach new
official opening on July Rwanda’s exports earnings 2017/18. clients and form rewarding
27, Rwanda’s Prime have been increasing During the period partnerships.
Minister;Dr. Edouard over the past decade, January-March 2018, According to Bafakulera,
Ngirente, advised Rwandan government targets a 17% exports increased by 20% however, the Kigali fair is also a
manufacturers to use the annual growth rate by 2022 on account of the Made- job maker. The fair is expected
fair to create new market and this must be driven in-Rwanda drive, while to attract close to 400,000 show-
linkages and partnerships by expanding markets of imports rose 17%. goers over the three week of the
that will build their Made-in-Rwanda products. Speaking on the sidelines annual event.
capacities and produce He challenged PSF and of the launch of the fair,

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 27


rwanda

Tea pickers at worker. The beverage raked in Rwf77.4 billion last fiscal year

Rwanda’s tea export


revenue rises to Rwf77.4b
By Elias Hakizimana the attention of tea buyers locally and employs 69,811 workers including;

R
on the regional and global markets. casual and permanent staff.
wanda’s tea exports rose by 15 NAEB projects the country to fetch
percent during the financial $92 million from a targeted 21,000 Support Tour du Rwanda
year 2017/18 on the back of metric tonnes of tea exports this fiscal Rwanda Tea is in one of the sponsors
increased Rwanda Tea brand year. Different teas are marketed under of the annual Tour du Rwanda. Amb.
promotional activities, experts say. the Rwanda Tea brand, including black George William Kayonga, the chief
Issa Nkurunziza, the head of the tea tea, green tea, organic tea and spicy executive officer of NAEB, says that the
division at the National Agriculture teas. event provides NAEB an opportunity
Export Board (NAEB), says that The NAEB official said that 75% of to further market Rwanda’s tea to the
Rwanda exported 27,824 tonnes of Rwanda’s tea was sold through the world.
tea during the period under review Mombasa auction, while between “We are happy to work with
generating $88 million (about Rwf77.4 23 and 24% was bought through Rwanda Cycling Federation in making
billion), which is higher than what was the export body’s memoranda of this competition. Apart from the
recorded in the previous year. understanding with buyers, and only competition, the participants will be
The country shipped out 25,128 1.7% was sold on the local market. able to enjoy Rwanda’s breathtaking
tonnes of tea during fiscal year 2016/17. The beverage is sold to 48 countries greenery, including tea plantations and
Nkurunziza said that the decision to in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and other tourism attractions,” Kayonga
market the tea under the “Rwanda Tea, Europe, according to NAEB. The tea said on August 4. The brand will
a Natural Reawakening” brand that sector supports 42,840 farmers in reward the best combative rider at
was launched last year was now paying Rwanda’s 12 districts, mainly from each stage. The international cycling
dividends. He noted that the campaign Northern, Western and Southern competition started on August 5 and
has boosted the interest and attracted provinces, and whole tea value chain ends this weekend.

28 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


Incumbents

MTN Airtel
Challengers

Africell UTL
Struggling

Smile Smart
Quitting
Vodafone
Telecom market race

Battle for telecom market


Bigger firms choke smaller and new telcos

A
By Julius Businge operations in 2012, has been closed twice The Independent sought views from sector
over tax arrears. On July 27, it announced experts, telecom firms and the regulator in
few days to implementation that it had signed a brand endorsement regards to the current fears and likely future
of the social media tax, agreement with Airtel where its customers performance of the sector.
commonly referred to as would access all telecommunication “In the beginning the market was all
Over the Top (OTT) on July services on the latter’s infrastructure. about voice, it is now data and next it might
1, 2018, three largest telecom The government owned Uganda be services,” Badru Ntege, the chairman
firms – MTN, Airtel and Telecom, and one of the oldest telecom of the East African Science and Technology
Africell issued a joint statement to guide its firms in the country, is currently under Commission (EASTECO) and group
customers on how to pay the levy. statutory management and continues to CEO of consultancy firm, NFT told The
The statement that carried a rather plain grapple with old infrastructure and the Independent on August 07.
message signaled the changing dynamics hustle of finding investors to jump-start its He said the legal regime that allows
in the telecom sector that had seven telecom operations. incumbents (Airtel and MTN) to rent out
firms prior to the recent exit of Vodafone This scenario has reignited debate on the infrastructure only enriches big players and
Uganda Limited. future of the sector that seems to be slowly makes small ones uncompetitive.
Vodafone, which started operations in going into the hands of a few players. This, But Godfrey Mutabazi, the executive
2015, was the latest entrant in the country’s to some analysts could easily see these director at Uganda Communications
telecom industry. players form cartels – which would distort Commission (UCC), the regulator, told The
Other telecoms such as Smart, owned the market. Independent on August 06 that failure of
by the Aga Khan Development Network In addition, the disappearance of small small players in the market is not because of
(AKDN) and Smile Telecom, were forced to players means less competition in the the current legal regime.
drop voice service to concentrate on data. sector, loss of jobs and related economic First, he said, Uganda is a liberalised
K2 on the other hand, which launched opportunities. economy and that the sector has terms and

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 29


business
to the first two weeks of June 2018, in part,
following the announcement of the Excise
Duty Amendment Act, 2018.”
Olivier Prentout, the chief marketing
officer at MTN told The Independent in
an email response on August 06 that
competition in the telecom sector will
always see bigger companies that constantly
invest in improving the coverage and
quality of their network innovating more
on their services, aggressively acquiring
new sales and distribution channels and
further investing in their brand to survive
and grow.
“It requires a countrywide network to
break even and remain in business plus
a strong leadership and well thought out
strategy,” Prentout said.
He said the telecoms that bridge the
digital world will continue to do so to keep
up pace with the needs of customers.
Prentout said all industries and
consumers are now using internet and that
40% of the new jobs related to the digital
economy envisaged in the next 10 years are
not yet created.
Amidst these reports, the sector remains
K2 CEO Godfrey Kisekka (L), Katikkiro Peter Mayiga (M) and Airtel MD V.G Somashekar display profitable for the big players.
partnership agreements at Bulange, Mengo on July 27.   Independent/Julius Businge Last year, MTN Uganda recorded a 10.7%
growth in revenue from Shs 1.5trillion in
conditions before a company is licensed to to invest more. 2016 to Shs 1.68 trillion in 2017, supported
offer services. “This one is respect for relationship; by growth in demand for data and digital
He said most small players entered the collaboration with competitors and finding services.
country’s telecom market at a time when meaningful and purposeful partnerships The data revenue increased by 41.4%
the big players, which he referred to as creating win-win solutions,” Somashekar underpinned by an increase in data traffic
incumbents, had moved on, invested a said. and good growth in data bundle adoption,
lot in infrastructure and captured many He said the Airtel-K2 partnership is not a the company reported.
customers thus making it difficult for new takeover but a ‘brand endorsement deal.’ Similarly, digital revenue increased
players to snatch some from them. Commenting on what it means for being by 16.1% supported mainly by Mobile
Mutabazi said some players like Africell one of the dominant players, Somashekar Financial Services (MFS). MFS contributed
have survived because they bought an said as the telecom sector matures, it leads 23% of the company’s total revenue, with
already existing player and have tried to to industry consolidation and that the the mobile money customers increasing by
establish its niche market – data. consumer benefits from higher investment, 27.6% to 5.2million.
With regard to possibilities of the big modernised networks and affordable MTN had 10.7million subscribers as at
three firms forming a cartel, Mutabazi said: products and services. the end of the first quarter of 2018. This
“The law is clear. We do a lot of studies “We are investing ahead of the curve in was 700,000 more customer subscribers
to ensure there is fair competition; we Uganda,” he said adding, “That assures compared with its closest rival, Airtel
have systems in place to monitor each and consumers will get unmatched coverage that had 10 million in a market of about
every transaction taking place in telecom and high speed internet everywhere.” 23 million subscribers. The rest of the
companies.” He, however, said growth and customers were shared by Africell and
penetration remains a big challenge. He Uganda Telecom.
K2, Airtel partnership said the introduction of the new OTT tax is
The Buganda Kingdom-owned telecom a barrier to digital inclusion and access to Going forward
firm prior to its problems last year and internet for all to achieve socio economic Mutabazi said new players that intend to
some parts of this year had close to 100,000 transformation. enter the country’s telecom industry would
customers but had failed to break-even. Similarly, Kisekka (K2’s CEO) who require heavy investments in infrastructure
Officials at the two firms (Airtel and K2) previously worked at Africell as Chief and promotional campaigns to attract
said K2 customers would buy lines and Technical Officer said the local excise duty customers to their network.
use the 0708 code instead of the old 0730 (12% on airtime) and value added tax (18%) He also said focusing on data service
and that they would be registered as K2 is already too high and that adding the new which many players are doing, might not
customers. OTT (Shs200 per day) and 0.5% on mobile be economically viable given that it is a
The firms will share revenue accruing money transactions makes the situation narrow market and very competitive.
from the transactions, Godfrey Kisekka, even worse for uptake of telecom services. For a country with 40 million people like
K2’s chief executive officer said. Charles Abuka, the director for statistics Uganda, Mutabazi said it is normal to have
V.G Somashekar, the managing director at the Bank of Uganda told Parliament at least a maximum of 3-4 players “beyond
of Airtel told The Independent in an email recently that: “…the value of Mobile Money that it would be a waste of time and cannot
response that the partnership reflects Airtel’s transactions declined by Shs672 billion in be sustainable for small players.”
commitment to Uganda and its willingness the first two weeks of July 2018, compared

30 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


business

Drug production at Quality Chemicals in Luzira.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA

Cipla to list on USE


Market analysts are not predicting yet
on whether or not the company would be a
good buy with many waiting to look at the
performance of the company detailed in a
technical document referred to as a prospec-
Analysts anticipate some buzz on tus. However, available information shows
that the company that started in 2005, with
market that last had listing in 2012 more than US$200million worth of invest-
ment, sits on 12 acres of land with a factory
area of 11,800 square meters. The company
focuses on the production of World Health
By Julius Businge 31% stake through the sale of 657million Organisation (WHO) pre-qualified anti-

U
shares. This is intended to raise at least malarials, anti-retrovirals and Hepatitis B
ganda’s Securities Exchange mar- Shs100bn. drugs for the Sub-Saharan African region
ket is set to experience some new Renowned market firms, Renaissance including Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tan-
buzz again as the long awaited Capital is acting as the lead transaction zania, Namibia, Ivory Coast, Zambia, Zim-
drug maker, Cipla Quality Chemi- advisor and book runner while Crested babwe, Malawi, Namibia, Mozambique,
cal Industries Ltd (CiplaQCIL), makes an Capital (Uganda) is the lead sponsoring Ghana, Ethiopia, Angola and South Sudan.
Initial Public Offering this month. stockbroker to the listing. Although the company has the capacity
The company said in a statement dated This announcement comes amidst several to produce 70 million tablets a month, it
August 02 that its shareholders will be calls amongst market experts to have a care- is currently producing at 65-70 % capacity
reducing their stake as part of its growth fully designed campaign aimed at sensitis- due to instability in demand for drugs.
strategy. ing members of the public and investors on The Capital Markets Authority
“Each of the shareholders will be selling a the benefits of listing and trading in com- remained tight lipped on the planned
minority of their stakes to enable sufficient pany shares. offer. USE Chief Executive Officer, Paul
free float and liquidity; Cipla Group, rep- It also comes at a time, the capital markets Bwiso, said, “ It is an exciting time for the
resented through a subsidiary will retain a regulator, the Capital Markets Authority Uganda capital markets that last had an
majority stake,” the notice reads in part. (CMA) current master plan is recommend- IPO in 2012 and we applaud CiplaQCIL
The Indian-based Cipla Group owns a ing to government to engage companies in for taking this important step in its
62.3% stake in the company, followed up key sectors of oil and gas and services sector growth story.”
with Capital Works Investment Partners to list so that Ugandans can have a share Joseph Kibuuka, the head of invest-
and TLG Capital that owns 14.4% and in them in addition to having them attract ment banking at Crested Capital told The
12.5% respectively. high profile investors from oversees to ben- Independenton Aug. 04 that he was not
Local investors – Emmanuel Katongole, efit the entire economy. authorised to talk about the transaction
Frederick Mutebi Kitaka and George Bagu- Currently the USE has 16 local and but said, any new listing that is of good
ma – hold a stake of 3.6% each. regional companies listed and few counters quality on the USE is a good addition and
The company said the listing has received record market activity during days of trad- would boost market activity.
relevant approvals required and that it ing. Power distributor Umeme Limited was He said there is need to run aggressive
plans to provide further details soon. the last to list on the market in 2012. sensitisation campaigns with messages on
Though the company could not divulge the benefits of investors taking part in the
further details of the planned IPO, available Company strength capital markets.
information indicates that it plans to sell

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 31


business

Namanve industrial park.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA

By Isaac Khisa

Firms lose land in


U
ganda Investment Authority has
withdrawn land allocated to 164
firms in the industrial and busi-

industrial parks
ness parks over the last five years
due to non-compliance to the set terms.
The Authority’s Acting Executive Direc-
tor, Basil Ajer, told The Independent in an
interview that the firms lost land for failure
to develop it within the stipulated period. Limited access to water, electricity & roads
“Once a firm has been allocated land in
these industrial parks, there are activities remains a big headache in these parks
that need to be carried out to show that it is
committed to its goal,” he said.
“The firm, for instance, should ensure statistics indicating a more than 50% drop The sectors that registered the lowest
that the allocated land has been surveyed, in licenced projects from 512 during the FY number licenced firm included wholesale &
plans approved, perimeter walls construct- 2016/17 to 247 during the FY 2017/18 citing a retail, catering & accommodation services
ed, among others within 18 months. How- drop in Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs). that recorded only 1% followed up with
ever, this was not fulfilled.” “The way we attract FDI is not unique transport, storage and communication as
This comes exactly a year since the UIA from other countries, so if the global trends well as community and social services that
gave firms that had been allocated land in are declining, you expect that we shall each registered 3%.
the seven industrial parks up to 18 months attract less,” said Joseph Kiggundu, a con- Central region registered the highest
to prove that they are able to develop the sultant director at UIA. number of licenced projects (201), repre-
land or lose it. Available data shows that FDI inflow senting 81% of all the licenced projects in
Last year, the investment promotion declined from US$1.05million during 2017/18. This has been driven by economic
agency revealed that it withdrew 52.4 acres 2016/17 to US$701.76million last financial infrastructure, financial services, markets
from 10 companies that failed to utilise their year. and skilled manpower which are abundant
land in the Kampala Business and Indus- In terms of sector contribution, manufac- in this region.
trial Park, Namanve, while 7.5 acres were turing sector registered the biggest number Eastern and western region accounted for
repossessed from four companies in Soroti of licenced projects (125), accounting for 8.1% each for the licenced firms and the rest
Industrial & Business Park. over 50% of all the licenced projects in taken up by the northern region.
The government has in the past years 20217/18.
courted prospective local and foreign inves- This is attributed to the government pol- Current status
tors especially those in manufacturing to set icy towards value addition and incentives A total of 33 industries are currently in
up investments in the industrial parks. such as free land in Namamve and the 10 operation within the Namamve, directly
However, a section of investors have been year tax holiday for foreign investors. employing 15,000 Ugandans within the
reluctant to set investments there citing This was followed up closely with the park, 87 commenced constructions whereas
limited extension of utilities such as water, mining and quarrying sector that accounted 121 companies are still in the pre-stage –
roads and electricity. for 11%, finance, insurance, real estate and surveying, processing of title deed plans
Meanwhile, UIA released a report on the business services at 9.3% and electricity, gas and titles, environmental impact assessment
level of investment licenced last year, with and water account for 9.1% among others.

32 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


business

Kampala’s surging
residential properties
Supply of residential apartments in prime suburbs
could exceed demand over the next two years
By Isaac Khisa

D
emand for residential proper-
ties in the secondary residential
surburbs of greater Kampala has
risen up on the back of increased
stock of newly constructed properties, ac-
cording to the latest report from the prop-
erty agency Knight Frank.
The 2018 half year report shows that
demand for residential properties in the
middle income segment grew by 9% par-
ticularly in Kira, Najjera, Kyanja, Namu-
gongo and Naalya, with selling and renting
ranging between Shs 100m –Shs 200 million
and Shs 400,000 – Shs 800,000 per month,
respectively. National Housing Estate Naalya
“It is also interesting to note that approxi-
mately 80% of the new stocks of apartment Demand for Grade B office space decline Street), Ntinda, Nakawa and Luzira Indus-
blocks available on the market in these areas trial areas continue to remain the preferred
were sold during first half of 2018,” the On the contrary, the Grade B office space locations for businesses requiring only stor-
report says. saw occupancy rates register a 7% decline age space as opposed to the manufacturers
There has also been a 5% year on year during the first half of 2018 from 85% who have built owner occupied premises in
increase in occupancy rates for prime recorded during the same period last year the Namanve Industrial Park and or along
residential suburbs of Nakasero, Kololo, as organisations moved either to acquire Jinja Road.
Naguru and Bugolobi owed to the comple- their properties or relocated to properties Likewise, a lot of the older stock in the
tion of pipeline projects in the second half of with better facilities and amenities. This traditional industrial areas is being exten-
last year. has in turn increased the available stock of sively renovated or plots redeveloped with
The government, which has brought Grade B space by approximately 2%. more modern storage and showroom space.
forward its final investment decision for a This increase in space of older Grade
planned 1,445-kilometer (900-mile) crude- B stock coupled with the relatively low This trend, the report says, will continue
export pipeline to the end of 2018 from June demand for the same has put further down- as owner occupiers relocate to designated
2019 via Tanzania, plans to start oil produc- ward pressure on rental rates with Grade industrial and business parks.
tion by 2022, two years later than earlier B gross rents (excl. taxes) now ranging This new development comes at the time
planned. between $10 and $12 per square metre per the Bank of Uganda projects the economic
The report, however, projects that the month depending on the specific attributes growth prospects to remain favourable in
supply of residential apartments in the of the properties. the medium term buoyed by multiplier
prime suburbs of Nakasero, Kololo, Naguru On the same note, the industrial property effects of public infrastructure investments,
and Bugolobi could exceed demand over sector saw a 10% decline in demand for higher agricultural productivity, increase
the next two years, if the existing and newly space over the first half of 2018 in line with in household consumption and the overall
completed developments are not absorbed the slowdown in economic activity with strengthening of the global economy.
by the market over the next six months. some corporate organizations and private
This was the same trend with the office businesses downsizing, and opting to take Outlook
space. Demand for office space registered up smaller and or cheaper warehouses. Looking forward, the supply gap in
an increase, with Grade A office space over There was also a lot of speculative devel- Grade A office space is expected to narrow
the last 12 months currently standing at 92% opment of logistics and storage facilities on in the medium term given the number of
compared with Grade B space at 78%. the back of anticipated demand from the oil good quality developments in the pipeline.
This is a 2% year on year growth in Grade and gas sector, but this has not quite mate- “Approximately 65,000 m2 of Grade A
A occupancy compared to the 90% recorded rialized. space is expected on the market during the
in the first half of 2017. “It is also likely that the oil and gas sector next 12 months with at least 50% of it being
Currently, there’s limited vacant Grade will have specific needs and requirements built for owner occupation by organizations
A space in the core Central Business District which will have to be built to suit and not such as law firms and government parastat-
and secondary office locations available on speculative,” the report states. als,” the report says.
the market. The traditional industrial areas, (1st – 8th

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 33


business
CSR Banking

Coca-Cola’s Kampala UBA to unveil mobile, agent banking

P
festival set an-African lender, United Bank for “We have also made progress with the agent

O
Africa, plans to roll out its mobile bank- banking and you should be able to see some-
n August19, Ugandans ing platform mid this month and later thing at the end of this month.”
will enjoy their favorite agent banking to facilitate customer Launching the two services will put the Nige-
rolex combos at the convenience and also tap into the unbanked rian-owned lender into the par with a section
Coca-Cola sponsored population. of other banks such as Stanbic, Centenary and
2018 Kampala Rolex Festival. UBA Uganda CEO Johnson Agoreyo said the Equity that have already done so.
The festival that returns for a lender is in the final stage of preparations and The Nigerian-owned lender, which entered
third edition will be held at The testing of the system.“We are currently testing Uganda’s banking industry in 2008, made its
Uganda Museum. The festive is the platform and should be up running in the first profit in 2016. The bank recorded a modest
organised by the Rolex initiative mid of this month,” he told media at the Kam- net profit of Shs 2.6bn in 2016 from a net loss of
together with the Ministry of pala Serena Hotel on August 02. Shs 4.3bn in 2015.
Tourism, Wildlife and Antiquities.
Coca-cola officials said the fes-
tival is just another example of the Banking
company’s continued association
with food and celebrated rituals Equity Bank enters Church House
among families and friends.
In addition, the festival pres- investment through rent reconciliations with
ents a unique opportunity for Church of Uganda, the owner of the building.
Ugandan rolex vendors, consum- Church House is a 16 floor commercial office
ers, corporate companies and building, with Equity Bank occupying three
tourism institutions to celebrate floors.
Uganda’s most popular dining “This magnificent building is testimony of
offering and the country’s rich what partnerships can give you,” said James
and original food culture. Coca- Mwangi, the Equity Group managing director
Cola Uganda’s Brand Manager, and CEO. The Deputy Governor, Bank of Ugan-
Equity Bank officials welcome Deputy da, Louis Kasekende applauded Equity and
Miriam Limo said: “This festival Governor for BoU, Louis Kasekende

E
gives us an opportunity to offer Church of Uganda for putting up the building.
our consumers a unique moment quity Bank has relocated its Uganda’s He said that Equity bank’s business model
and experience of pairing their head office from Katwe to Church House of reaching out to large and small consumers
favorite rolex with an ice cold in the middle of city on Kampala Road through digital tools and agency banking was
Coca-Cola. We remain committed as it marked 10 years of operation. critical in promoting financial inclusion and eco-
to offering our consumers unique The bank funded the construction of the nomic development.
moments and experiences.” Shs US$17million building and will recoup its

Banking Economy

NC Bank launches its first Visa Debit Card PMI signals successive
Ntulume said. improvement in
He said that the Bank
is constantly looking business conditions

T
for solutions to ease the
he private sector has continued to register
financial services offer-
positive growth with the eighteenth suc-
ing and would go ahead
cessive improvement in business condi-
to roll out more new
tions, according to the latest Purchase
products.
Managers Index (PMI) for July.
He said a cashless
At 53.2 recorded in July, the private sector
economy and techno- maintained the same positive performance score
logical advancement is card that was seen in June and remaining above
encouraging more peo- the average since the survey began in June 2016.
ple to seek easier ways The latest statistics released for July, shows that
of making payments there was a further improvement in business con-
Officials addressing the media during the Visa launch without necessarily vis- ditions across the Ugandan private sector, reflect-

N
iting banking halls. ing ongoing expansions in output and new orders
C Bank Ugan- would give its custom- Cardholders will amid reports of strengthening client demand.
da Limited ers convenient payment be able to access Commenting on July’s survey findings, Jibran
has launched solutions across the money internationally Qureishi, Regional Economist E.A at Stanbic Bank
its first Visa world. with comprehensive said: “Private sector activity remains solid and
enabled debit Card. “This launch marks security and protection could further benefit from the ongoing public
Launching the product an important step for with its chip and pin investment in infrastructure, in addition to the
on Aug.02, the Bank’s NC Bank as we continue technology. Customers government’s intentions to clear domestic arrears
Managing Director, Sam to offer our customers a can also shop online over the course of the fiscal year.”
Ntulume, said the card wide-range of services,” using the card.

34 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


business

Over-regulation could
suppress bancassurance
By Independent staff maximum of four insurance

O
firms to sale insurance. Also, an
ver regulation of ban- individual willing to sale insur-
cassurance services in ance should possess a certificate
Uganda could limit of proficiency.
the growth of the Bernard Obel, the acting
segment, according to the Julia director, supervision at the
Shisia, executive director at the Insurance Regulatory Authority
Nairobi-based Stanbic Insur- of Uganda, said the regulator
ance Agency. will look into the guidelines
Shisia, who spoke during the and possibly made possible
fourth Bancassurance Annual readjustments.
Forum in Kampala on August IRA-U started issuing ban-
Badru Kiggundu, the presidential adviser on infrastructure touring Roofing 01 said designing relaxed regu- cassurance licences to com-
Rolling Mills Namanve during the engineers visit of the plant on August 4. lation like it is in Kenya could mercial banks in December
Kiggundu urged the engineers in uganda to be innovative in order to address stir growth of the bancassur- last year, a step intended to
challenges of steel production in Uganda.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA ance. boost the country’s insurance
“For instance, in Kenya, a penetration now lowest in East
bank is allowed to be an agent Africa.
for all insurance firms and it is So far, 12 banks have been
not necessarily that one must given ago a head to be insur-
have a certificate of proficient to ance agents. Uganda’s insur-
sale insurance,” he said. ance penetration currently
“I believe Uganda’s insur- stands at 0.73 % compared with
ance industry can also use this Rwanda’s 1% and Tanzania’s
model to grow the bancassur- 2.3%. Kenya has the highest
ance business segment.” insurance penetration at 3.4%.
She said insurance firms can Last year, the country’s
carry out advertisement for a insurance industry recorded
specific bancassurance product a 16% growth in insurance
jointly with a commercial bank. premiums to Shs737billion last
This came in the wake that year, up from Shs 634billion
commercial banks in Uganda 2016. In 2015 premiums were
are allowed to partner with a recorded at Shs611billion.
Cissy Kagaba, the Executive Director of the Anti- Corruption Coalition
Uganda (ACCU) addressing the press after the release of a validation
report on environmental audit on forestry activities in Uganda for 2017
at Hotel Africana on August 2.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA

Weekly share price movement (August 06)


Security August 06 July 31 Movement
BATU 30,000 30000 00
BOBU 140 140 00
CENT 1,253 1,218 2.9
DFCU 900 950 5.3
EABL 8,440 8,307 1.6
EBL 1,815 1,846 3.0
JHL 18,577 18,460 0.6
KA 366 374 2.1
KCB 1,769 1,753 0.9
NIC 17 17 00
NMG 3,335 3,304 0.9
NVL 450 450 00
SBU 32 32 00
Vivo Energy Uganda MD Gilbert Assi (R), listening to the Minister of State UCHM 51 64 20.3
for Environment Mary Goretti Kitutu during the launch of an environment UCL 21 23 8.7
campaign dubbed “Tuve Ku Kaveera” in partnership with NEMA at Shell UMEME 320 330 3.1
Bugolobi on August 3.  INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA ALSI -- -- --

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 35


I
By Flavia Nassaka

n 2002, James Ntulume developed


a keen interest in snakes. Then an
owner of a farm – Snakes Uganda—
located in an upscale Kampala
suburb, Muyenga, Ntulume
immersed himself into studying the
reptiles.
By 2015, he had completed sets of short
courses in handling and conserving the
reptiles. Last year, he abandoned his full
time IT job and officially registered a charity
that now offers snake rescue services,

WHO lists Snake bites


sensitization and guides tourists who go
deep in forests searching for snakes. Given
his reputation, it was only a matter of time
that people started reporting to him with
festering snakebites.
“Many times people call me that they
have been bitten by a snake and do
not know what to do,” Ntulume told
amongst top 20 killers
The Independent, “Others come here.
They come weeks or months after failed In Uganda, many antivenoms do not work,
treatments”.
While at a conference in South Africa, all snakebite first aid information is wrong
Ntulume was given some antivenom – a
chemical that reverse or neutralize the
effects of a snakes’ poison. He offers these to know what snake bit a person depending Information System (HMIS), which
free of charge. on the symptoms that they show. We are captures data collected during provision of
He told The Independent that the not telling them to go to the jungle and start health services at health facilities across the
antivenom is manufactured in South Africa searching for snakes,” he says,” but they country.
and works well for Ugandan snakebites. need to know that for some bites you do not It is only now after WHO put it on the
According to experts, antivenoms work need any treatment because it was a dry bite list of priority diseases that officials are
depending on the type of snake that bit or they are just not poisonous”. considering getting a focal point person to
you and where it is found. The science of Meanwhile, snakebite envenoming is cater for issues associated with envenoming.
producing antivenom, according to experts, becoming a major threat. While the World Betty Nabatte of the Vector Control
involves extracting venom from snakes and Health Organisation (WHO) had in 2013 Division at the ministry says that while
injecting it into animals, such as horses. removed it from the list of the priority the 2016 clinical guidelines give guidance
The injected animals’ immune systems Neglected Tropical Diseases(NTDs), it has on how to deal with cases, many health
produce antibodies that neutralize the now put it back as one of the top 20 diseases workers are not trained on how to deliver
venom. These can be extracted and stored claiming many lives especially in the sub- treatments.
for later use on human victims who are Saharan Africa. “The first aid tips they give are wrong,”
bitten by that particular snake species. At the World Health Assembly meeting she told The Independent, “For instance,
Currently however, the most popular held in May a resolution was passed for the they tell people to tie the bitten area which
antivenom in Uganda is from India and, organization to develop a comprehensive is wrong. The black stone that they say sips
therefore, supposed to treat injuries caused plan to support countries in implementing out the venom is also a lie.” Nabatte added
by Indian snakes. measures for increased access to effective that the ministry is now planning to ensure
“You just can’t have Indian Antivenom treatment by people who get bitten by government procures antivenom through
in the hospital. There is a lot of ignorance venomous snakes. the National Medical Stores (NMS).
in treatment here”, said Royjan Taylor an It is estimated that 2.7million bites Results of the study conducted local
expert from the Kenya based James Ashe happen annually, a fifth of these in Sub- NGO – Coalition for Health Promotion
Antivenom Trust, an entity set up to help Saharan Africa. Apart from this, a quarter and Social Development (HEPs Uganda)—
snake bite victims. of the world’s 400,000 bite-related fatalities between October last year and March,
Like Uganda, he says Kenya has a occur in the region. These figures are likely showed that only 4 percent of the 144 health
number of venomous snakes like the Puff conservative as a few snakebite victims facilities studied, stock antivenom even as
adder, the East African Gaboon viper, Black make it to statistic-reporting hospitals. they recorded 593 cases of envenoming
mamba, the forest cobra and the Egyptian In fact, figures by an NGO – Health within the six months. They also found that
Cobra, among others, which health workers Action International (HAI)—show that 70% in 92% of the facilities, health workers were
should be aware of in order to offer effective of the cases go unreported. At the Ministry not trained in delivering treatment.
treatments. of Health, for instance, snakebites are not According to Sophie Von Bernus, a
“To be able to help, health workers need categorized in the Health Management Programme Officer, Snakebite at HAI,

36 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


comment
that is not the only challenge. The biggest
problem with Uganda, she said, is these By Kilande Esther Joan
figures are just estimates. Most of the cases
are treated from home or run to traditional
healers for help, she explained adding that
even though, some would have chosen to go
Funding Family Planning
the health facilities; they would be cut off by
the high costs of treatment. Pallisa district should be commended
Treatment with the Indian antivenom
costs up to Shs400, 000 yet the more effective
South African vail dose, which is able to treat
bites by several snake species in Africa goes
for Shs800, 000 in private health facilities.
Yet, this does not even include the cost for
supportive treatment that complements

F
it. The patient will need other treatment
interventions like wound care, pain relief or the first time, Pallisa Planning Working Group that
and, in extreme cases, reconstructive surgery district Local Government advocated for FP programing at
because snake venom tends to kill tissue gave a budget-line to Family district level. Coalition for Health
cells whose only treatment is amputating the Planning (FP) services in its Promotion and Social Development
limb. annual budget for Financial Year (FY) (HEPS-Uganda) a local NGO
There is another catch. The South African 2018/2019 to reduce the high teenage supported the district using a
brand, which is the best on the market now pregnancies and FP unmet need. This modeling tool known as ImpactNow
requires a cold chain and yet the Indian one is commendable and the rest of the to predict the short-term future
that doesn’t require that is not effective. districts should borrow a leaf if we, health and economic benefits of FP
Royjan who is also a self -taught snake as a country are to make strides in investments on behalf of the district.
handler and snake farm owner, says that improving FP services, achieving the Through the evidence gathered, the
while some countries have monovalent FP2020 global targets and Uganda’s district leaders were convinced that
antivenoms which treat bites by a specific Development Vision 2040. the status quo of the district is bound
snake species, the best option for countries Pallisa has a Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to change if investment is made in FP
like Uganda who have many cases, many estimated at six to seven children services.
snake species and yet with little resources, per woman (6.1), teenage pregnancy Ensuring universal access to Family
are the polyvalent antivenoms, which treat a at 25%, contraceptive prevalence at Planning (FP) has been identified
number of snake bites with one antivenom 31%; FP use among married women as a key priority for realizing the
cocktail. at 20%; and the unmet need at 69%. Sustainable Development Goals
“Research is also ongoing to develop This is mainly attributed to persistent (SDGs), achieving the FP2020 global
rapid diagnostic tests to quickly identify stock-outs of FP commodities as targets and Uganda’s Development
which kind of snake attacked someone,” well as lack of information on sexual Vision 2040. High quality FP
Royjan told The Independent, “When this is reproductive health among the young can help curb rapid population
done, we will be able to provide treatments population in Pallisa district (Lot growth, improve health, and drive
quickly.” Quality Assurance Sample - LQS development.
But before this happens, Royjan says, results - 2015). At national level, Uganda recognizes universal access
people should try as much as possible to contraceptive prevalence (modern to Family Planning (FP) as a key
avoid bites first by changing their attitude of and traditional methods) stands at priority for realizing the Sustainable
attacking and killing snakes when they spot 39% among married women, and at Development Goals (SDGs), achieving
them. He explains that most of the snakes, 51% among sexually active unmarried the FP2020 global targets and
even the most poisonous, are peaceful and women; the unmet need for FP stands Uganda’s Development Vision 2040
will not strike unless disturbed. at 28%; while the TFR is as high as and as a country, Uganda has made
He recommends that people move away 5.4 (Uganda Bureau of Statistics significant progress towards fulfilling
once they spot a snake. If it spits venom in (UBOS), 2017 and Uganda Health and the right to family planning, funding
one’s eyes, he adds, they should be rinsed Demographic Survey 2016). is however, not enough. There is need
immediately with water. He says once bitten, Nearly one in five married women for a concerted approach such as that
all tight items on one’s body should be and two in four teenagers do not of Pallisa to improve quality of family
removed and the wounded area left alone. want to have a child but are not planning services.
Then, he adds, the patient should also be using contraceptives. It is against this If all districts are committed to
made to lay on the ground with the side that background that the district allocated increase funding to family planning just
has not been beaten to limit movement of the 2% of the Primary Health Care (PHC) like Pallisa has done, the country will
affected area. funding to FP programming. This move faster in achieving the FP2020
He warns against lying on the back or use means that all health facilities will goals and Vision 2020 set targets.
of traditional unsafe treatments. Protecting have FP activities in the FY2018/19.
against bites according to him is as simple as The district further allocated UGX10
closing all holes in one’s house, cutting grass million to training of health workers
around the house and watching your steps on FP service provision.
when in the bush. This was achieved through the
For Sophie, however, with comprehensive development of an Extended Family
sensitization, most of the injuries caused by
snakes will be avoided.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 37


comment
By Yoga Adhola
The 1966 revolution
and the Constitution

I
n an article published under the title, and assistance of the Army Commander, important issue, however, and the core of
“Court has sanctioned the return of Brigadier Opolot, wanted to remove this precedent, turned out to be the question
violent Constitutionalism in Uganda”, him from power and that plans to this end of the 1966 Constitution’s validity.
Professor Onyango-Oloka asserts that were in an advanced stage by the end of No doubt, the roots of this 1966 Constitu-
the Constitutional Court that sat in Mbale 1965. No one, let alone Ibingira and his sup- tion lay in an extra-constitutional act to wit,
has “…plunged our constitutional regime porters, has denied that they wanted to see revolution carried out by Apollo Milton
into a quagmire not seen since the infamous Milton Obote and those who believed in Obote when he seized all powers of govern-
decision in the case of ex parte Matovu”. socialist philosophies removed. Their only ment on 22nd February 1966.
“Decided in 1966, Matovu’s decision regret is that they failed.” The Attorney General submitted that
affirmed that the judiciary would look aside Mutesa’s involvement in plots to illegally under International Law, an independent
when the Executive arm of government overthrow the government was of course and sovereign nation may have its govern-
(in that case the government of President treason for which he should have been pros- ment or Constitution changed by way of
Apollo Milton Obote) used force to change ecuted in a court of law. However, Mutesa a revolution, where an abrupt political
the Constitution”. was a sitting president of the country with change destroys a pre-existing legal order
Far from creating a constitutional quag- immunity against prosecution. To pros- and effectively replaces it in a manner that
mire, the events of 1966 actually removed ecute him would have required that he be pre-existing legal order did not itself con-
a constitutional quagmire, which had impeached. As provided for in the 1962 con- template.
obtained in the federal constitution of 1962. stitution, such a move by Parliament would It was thus argued that the suspension
The 1962 contained the following clause: have required concurrence with a vote of of the 1962 Constitution and seizure of all
“7(1) Subject to provisions of the Constitu- two thirds of the Lukiiko (parliament) of powers of government by Apollo Milton
tion of Uganda (including the provisions Buganda. Obote in February 1962 constituted a revo-
of the Constitutions of Buganda included There is no way such a move would have lution. It was put to the Court that a revolu-
therein), the Legislature of Uganda and the been approved by the Lukiiko. It was to tion had occurred in Uganda, destroying
Legislature of Buganda shall have concur- resolve this constitutional contradiction the legal order underlying the 1962 Consti-
rent power to make laws for the peace.”  that Binaisa, the Attorney General at the tution and establishing the new legal order
This provision became a serious quag- time advised Obote, the Prime Minister to under which the 1966 Constitution was
mire when it came to dealing with Edward abrogate the 1962 Constitution and replace validly established.
Mutesa’s transgression. it with the 1966 Constitution. Further reliance was sought from the Paki-
Mutesa once went to ‘the lost counties’ The validity of this constitution was to stani Supreme Court decision of the state v.
and shot people dead.  Professor Mamdani become an issue when on September 6, Dosso where the Kelsen theory was applied
tells us on page 244 of his book, “Politics 1966, Michael Matovu filed, through his in a similar circumstance. In the case of
and Class formation” that: “One Sunday, advocate, a writ of habeas corpus under Pakistan, the declaration of martial law by
Edward Mutesa went on an expedition to Section 349 of the Criminal Procedure Code President Iskandar Mirza on October 7th
the lost counties with 8,000 ex-servicemen, of Uganda. 1958 abrogated the 1956 Constitution.
demonstrated his royal prerogative of being Following the revolution, there was Kelsen theorized: ″No jurist would main-
above the law by one morning shooting some resistance, and some of those who tain that even after a successful revolution
nine Banyoro peasants gathered in a market were leading the resistance got arrested. the old constitution and the laws based
place...” This was murder, which would Among those who were arrested was thereupon remain in force, on the ground
have required his trial; however, one could Michael Matovu, the Saza Chief of Buddu that they have not been nullified in a
not take him to court as long as he was head in Buganda. Matovu was detained on May manner anticipated by the old order itself.
of state. 26 1966. Every jurist will presume that the old order
Secondly, none other than Professor Matovu’s application for a writ of habeas – to which no political reality any longer
Mutibwa, himself a Muganda, a member of corpus led to various questions requiring corresponds – has ceased to be valid, and
the 1995 Constitutional Commission and a constitutional interpretation and so the that all norms, which are valid within the
retired professor of history, has written in presiding judge, Jeffreys Jones, J, referred new order, receive their validity exclusively
his book, “Uganda since Independence: a the matter to a 3-member bench of the High from the new constitution. It follows that,
story of unfulfilled hopes.” thus: Court (Udo Udoma, Chief Justice; Sheridan from this juristic point of view the norms of
 «The political dispute between Obote and and Jeffreys Jones, JJ) for hearing and deter- the old order can no longer be recognized as
Ibingira and his supporters centered around mination of the Constitutional questions valid norms.″
the control of UPC and ultimately the very (not the application for the writ of habeas The three member bench (in ex parte
leadership of the country in terms of the corpus per se). Matovu) concluded that the Kelsenian prin-
political and economic ideologies that were The issues for determination revolved ciple was equally applicable in the Uganda
to be followed. Obote claimed - not without around the constitutional validity of the case and held that the 1966 Constitution
justification - that Ibingira’s group, which, emergency powers laws by which Matovu was thus valid because it was the product
included the President, Sir Edward Mutesa, was detained and therefore by extension, of a successful revolution which had led to
and the Buganda government at Mengo the constitutionality or legal validity of a new legal order, ousting that of the 1962
and which also counted on the support Michael Matovu’s detention. The most Constitution.

38 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


ART | BOOKS | SOCIETY | TRAVEL | CULTURE

T Livelihoods for artists


he creative sector in the East
African region is undoubtedly
still struggling. The sector
employs many youth but
government has made
noticeable efforts to streamline Ensuring sustainable careers
it. It is against this backdrop that Dr.
Andrew Burton and a team of academics
from Newcastle University and Makerere
in the creative sector
University art school have been conducting
workshops at 32⁰ East to enhance careers
and livelihoods of artists working on the
Kampala art scene. The workshops are part
of the KLA ART 018 program. Dominic
Muwanguzi talked to him to find more
about these workshops.

What are these workshops you’re


conducting in Uganda about?
The workshops are part of a bigger
project that seeks to address the issues of
sustainable careers and decent livelihoods
in the creative sector.
We appreciate that the creative industries
are key areas of growth in East Africa, but
little investment in the creative sector has
been made by local governments in the
region to achieve the desired development.
More so, the creative sector has been
identified as the biggest employer of the
youth who form a greater percentage of
the overall population of the East African
region. Ironically, there’s already the East
African community Creative and Cultural
Industries Bill 2015, intended to boost
opportunities for artists but so far little has How sustainable are these workshops? set up at Makerere Art gallery, tell me
been heard from it. These workshops serve
as an “intervention” in this pursuit, through Through this engagement, we are not more about this?
engaging art managers, art organizations concerned with sustainability of workshops The installation is my personal idea and
and artists to acquire the necessary skills because we are not trying to impose a not connected to this project. I have always
and knowledge to improve on their artistic particular model or system on the local felt the need to construct installations that
practice. art community. The approach for these respond to the social or economic landscape
workshops is to work collaboratively with of the places I visit. I have done this in
What skills and knowledge are you local institutions to identify what works for different countries like India, China and
passing on to your audience? artists. Is it professional development or Korea where I have been inspired to work
networking? In Nairobi-Kenya, where we with available material in the community
The workshops seek to identify those had the first workshop, the first publication (found objects) to build artworks that
key areas that can benefit artists and all on Kenya contemporary art scene, Nairobi respond or reflect to the nature of
stakeholders in the creative industry Contemporary, was launched recently and environment they are constructed. This
to develop their artistic practice like it is an artist-led publication. installation I am working on at Makerere
networking, which is crucial in building Similarly, to achieve local ownership of Art School “The Pop-up Petrol station” is a
a sustainable art career and livelihood; any possible outcome of these workshops, response to the many petrol stations that are
entrepreneurship skills for artists and art we are working with a team of local art found in Kampala, There is a petrol station
managers in order for them to compete managers and institutions like Margaret for every 100 metres and this has both
favourably in the growing art market Trowel School of Industrial and Fine Art negative and positive connotations for the
within the region; opportunities offered and 32⁰ East who have the experience to population.
by new modes art production, potential work with artists and understandably know The project is funded by Arts Humanities
benefits for collaborations and professional what they need. Research Council, the British Institute East
development in form of writing portfolio Africa and Margaret Trowel School of
and C.Vs for their art. You are building an installation to be Industrial and Fine Art. Images courtesy of
Joel Tugaineyo.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 39


British Airways staff fired for having ‘girly’ hair
A British Airways worker one of his bosses even pulled hair like something that I am
has accused the airline of him aside and told him: not.” The Londoner, who had
sexism after he was sacked “Your hair is like a girl’s hair.” his contract terminated last
for having a ‘man bun.’ Sid Ouared said: “They basically month after just two weeks in
Ouared, 26, claims his contract said, ‘cut it, put it in a turban the job, criticized British Air-
was terminated after bosses like a Sikh, or turn it into ways for being “stuck in the
demanded he cut his locks dreadlocks like a Rastafarian’. 1970s.””So because I’m not a
because it breached uniform I am not any of those things female, I wasn’t permitted to
policy. The former Heathrow and I can’t believe that they have my hair in that style. It
customer service worker said would make me wear my was absolute sexism.”

New Zealand, Romanian court rejects man’s claim that he is, in fact, alive
Australia After more than 20 years of was filed “too late.”The deci- in December, last year, Turkish
bicker over flag working as a cook in Turkey,
63-year-old Constantin Reliu
sion, the court said, is final. “I
am a living ghost,” said Reliu,
authorities detained him over
expired papers and in Janu-
Winston Peters, New Zea- returned home to Romania “I am officially dead, although ary deported him to Romania.
land’s acting prime minister has to discover that his wife had I’m alive,” he told The Associ- Upon landing at Bucharest
claimed Australia stole New had him officially registered as ated Press early this year, “I airport, he was informed by
Zealand’s design saying his dead. Apparently, she wanted have no income and because border officials that he had been
country “got there first.” New to remarry and now lives in I am listed as dead, I can’t do officially declared dead and
Zealand adopted its flag in Italy. Reliu has since been living anything.” Reliu explained underwent six hours of ques-
1902, while Australia’s was not a legalistic nightmare of try- that he first went to work in tioning and tests. Reliu said he
officially recognised until 1954. ing to prove to authorities that Turkey in 1992 and returned has been banned for life from
The two countries’ flags are both he is, in fact, alive. A court in in 1995 to the first big shock returning to Turkey but would
dark blue with the Union Jack the northeastern city of Vaslui of his marriage — his wife’s like to write to Turkish Presi-
emblem in the top left corner. refused to overturn his death infidelity. In 1999, he decided to dent Recep Tayyip Erdogan to
The only distinct variation is certificate because his request return to Turkey for good. But appeal the decision.
that the Australian version also
has six white stars, while New
Zealand’s has a constellation Bermuda Triangle mystery solved?
of four red stars. Peters who is
It appears the reason
temporarily leading the country
behind the Bermuda Tri-
while Prime Minister Jacinda
angle’s threatening pow-
Ardern is on maternity leave
ers to sailors may be down
raised the issue recently and
to the rocks underwater,
complained: “We got there first
according to a new docu-
with this design.” “We designed
mentary. The Bermuda
it and they borrowed it and if we
Triangle is a large area of
wanted to clear the matter up
they should change their flag.”
“It must be patently obvious that
East Fife 4, Forfar 5 soccer the North Atlantic Ocean
between Bermuda, Florida
tary, called “Secrets of
the Bermuda Triangle,”
all over the world people are result finally happens and Puerto-Rico. It is cov-
ered in shipping lanes as
explains why this could
confused. I’ve been in places like happen. Nick Hutchings
For many years, the late British come- large vessels cross ports in
Turkey and elsewhere where a mineral prospector
dian, Eric Morecambe (pictured), dreamt the Americas, Europe and
they’ve confused our countries suggests the geology of
of this tongue-twister of a Scottish League the Caribbean. The area
on the basis of those flags. It’s Bermuda is unusual. “Ber-
football result happening. Morecambe used also known as “Devil’s
not helpful.” But Opposition muda’s basically a sea
the tongue-twister East Fife 4, Forfar 5, as a Triangle,” has been linked
leader, Simon Bridges, mocked mountain – it’s an under-
greeting to his friend James Alexander Gor- with several unexplainable
Peters’ flag pre-occupation, water volcano,” says Nick. 
don, who read the classified football results incidents over the years. 
accusing him of populism and “30 million years ago, it
on BBC radio for 40 years.”Whenever I saw But the reason for these
labeling him “a poor man’s Don- was sticking up above sea
him over a 20-year period, he would say disappearances may be
ald Trump.” level. It has now eroded
‘East Fife 4, Forfar 5’. I’ve got a tape of that.” lurking beneath the sur-
away and we’re left with
And finally “East Fife 4, Forfar 5” came to face. Rocks which form the
the top of a volcano,” he
pass on July 22, this year. The teams were bed of the Atlantic Ocean
said, “We have a few core
locked at 1-1 during their match trigger- may have interfered with
samples, which have mag-
ing a penalty shootout. East 4, Forfar 5 is captains’ compasses, send-
netite in them. It’s the most
regarded by some as the perfect football ing them in the wrong
magnetic naturally occur-
scoreline due to its rhyming nature and direction. Footage from
ring material on Earth.”
rhythmic intonation when spoken out load. Channel 5’s documen-

40 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


You can drive safely
in heavy rains
Simple tips to beat harsh weather on bad roads
By Agencies  Take your time. Slowing down is the can do to make driving in the rain safer,

T
only way to keep your vehicle from including being prepared by making
he rainy season is underway and hydroplaning. Also remember that one sure your car is ready and ensuring
since roads in Kampala and the rest of the most dangerous times to drive you can always see properly. But most
of the country tend to have potholes, is soon after it begins to rain, as oils importantly, you have to drive accord-
driving can be a tricky exercise. on roadway make for slick conditions. ing to the conditions, and adjust a few
Since some of the roads are not tarmacked, Waiting a few minutes, rather than of your habits to avoid sliding, skid-
it may be helpful to follow a few rules since rushing to your destination, can be a ding, or being involved in a collision.
the rainy season will go on for the next four safer plan when it is raining.  Keep your windows clean and clear.
months.  Turn your lights on. Turn your head- Being able to see properly is key to driv-
In addition to the potentially poor visibil- lights on to help other vehicles see ing safely any time, especially when
ity that accompanies most heavy rain, driv- you. Many states require the use of visibility is already reduced because of
ers should be ready to protect themselves headlights during rain, even in broad rain. To improve your visibility.
against hydroplaning. Hydroplaning can daylight.  Clean the inside and outside of the
occur when a vehicle is traveling too fast in  Give other vehicles more space. Add windows regularly to remove dirt, dust,
heavy rain conditions, causing the vehicle’s 1-2 extra seconds of following time in mud, smoke, fingerprints, grime, and
tires to travel on a thin layer of water rather the rain, which gives you and the cars other materials. If your windows fog
than grip the surface of the road. This has behind you more time to react to traffic. up, turn on the air conditioning or cold
the potential to make steering and brak- 4 Driving in the rain can be both scary air in the car and aim the vents at the
ing difficult and could even lead to losing and dangerous, and it’s important to windows. Turn on the rear defroster,
control of your vehicle. These are additional take wet weather seriously when you’re and open the windows if necessary to
tips to help you. on the road. There are lots of things you increase the airflow.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 41


Profile
Justine Nabbosa on her
miraculous musical journey
By Agnes E Nantaba she says, remains one of her happiest

J
in life. It was not long before she made
ustine Nabbosa is a renowned gospel headway to stay and study in Kampala
artiste, lead worshiper and co- at Lubiri Secondary School. This opened
pastor with Wilson Bugembe at the more doors to meet and interact with
Worship House. The vocal dynamo Bugembe through the school exchange
is also president of Next Girl Champion, fellowship meetings.
an annual conference that empowers girls About the same time, Bugembe spotted
and women in Uganda. the singing talent in her and when he
Many in the gospel music circles first chose to start a church in Nansana,
knew her as a back-up voice in Wilson Nabbosa was made one of the founder
Bugembe’s music. Although it remains the members.
podium that brought her to the limelight, “I started singing with pastor
her first album featuring ‘Oli Katonda’ has Bugembe on his third album of ‘Kani’
since its release in 2016, broken barriers and God used me miraculously to
and performed beyond her expectations. touch lives of many people,” she says.
“I am grateful to God for the far he has On April 24, 2017, Nabbosa held
brought me with that song,” Nabbosa her maiden solo concert and has
says, “I realized that it was time for me to since travelled the world ministering
shine and no one could stop me”. thorough music.
Featuring in Bugembe’s music made She is the middle child of the nine
her voice popular and the audience started children of James and Tappi Kiyingi
demanding for solo music but Nabbosa born and raised in Kamuli-
was not about to take on a solo career. Eastern Uganda.
Three years ago, she emerged out of She is a graduate
the comfort zone and started singing of Industrial and
compositions by different people starting Organizational Psychology
her solo music journey. The start of the from Makerere University
journey would seem tough as her first with several awards in the
songs were scarcely received not until ministry. She is yet to get
she released ‘Oli Katonda’ that shook married to the love of her life.
airwaves.
Perhaps her music journey has not been
a tough one since it is where her passion
lies but also because she never saw music
as a source of income but as a part from
ministry work.
Bugembe, who she considers to be
the right person, has always been her
stepping-stone, she says.
“Backing him made my voice popular
and came with so many favours of
recording for free so by the time I chose to
go solo,” Nabbosa says, “the industry was
ready and willing to take on my music.”
She recalls meeting Bugembe in 2002
during her Senior Four long holiday at
his first concert. She was only a visitor
at Christian Life Church in Bwaise,
while she stayed at her uncle’s home in
Kampala. On the fateful day, Nabbosa
landed on a poster announcing
Bugembe’s forthcoming concert to
which she vowed to attend even when
her pockets wouldn’t support the urge.
She would later make it inside the
performance room, which opportunity,

42 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


Q&A
advertorial

Justine Nabbosa’s Liteside


Any three things that we to be an international What is the quality you keep encouraged.

H
do not know about you? worshipper and keep in most like in a man?
onesty is me. I that space to my grave. We should all be What do you regard
love God and prayerful. as the lowest depth of
always trust in What is your greatest misery?
him for my next extravagance? What or who is the My heart really goes
move. I love to serve him I feel tempted all the greatest love of your life? out to women who don’t
and the best thing that time to buy more shoes I love my pastor, my have children and yet
has ever happened to me and clothes even when I parents and Jean Peace they desire to have.
is for God to let me serve may not need them.
Him. It is only God that When and where were What is your favorite
has brought me thus far. What is the greatest thing you happiest? occupation?
I am also a smiley person you have ever done? There have been so I am very passionate
who loves laughing and Releasing my solo many happy moments about ministering
being around happy music. in my life but the most through music.
people. recent one was being
What is your current given a Visa to USA. I had What do you most value
What is your idea of state of mind? tried several times and in your friends?
perfect happiness? I am happy. was denied until recently I make friends with
Honestly, I don’t know when God answered my different people for
of another thing that What do you consider the prayers. different reasons but I get
brings joy and happiness most overrated virtue? I was very happy along so fast with people
other than to serve God I think we waste more the day I met Pastor who serve God and pray
and be in His presence time talking than taking Wilson Bugembe in endlessly. I also love
always. I draw my perfect action. The leaders 2002 for the first time. I those who think big.
happiness from serving and the followers talk was also happy singing
God. too much with little or in the presence of Who are your favorite
nothing being put to thousands of Christians writers?
What is your greatest action. in 77 days of Glory and I am attracted to
fear? being appreciated with content not writers.
In the presence of God, What does being Shs5million.
I am fearless. powerful mean to you? Which historical figure
I know that money If you could change one do you most identify
What is the trait you can never bring joy and thing about yourself, with?
most deplore in yourself? power to someone but the what would it be? Billy Graham lived a
Sometimes, I peace in God does. The Sometimes I am slow test of time and left a
procrastinate. But also, ultimate happiness and to act, which not only legacy. He preached the
being a smiley and simple power comes from God. bothers other people word of God all over the
person often, its gets hard around me but also world and is one person
to prove to people around On what occasion do you myself. I would love to be who died respectfully of
me when I am serious lie? faster. old age. I want to live like
about an issue. As for my I am not a liar. him.
patience, some people Where would you most
misuse it and take me for What do you most dislike like to live? What is your greatest
granted. about your appearance? Here is home though regret?
I struggle to keep in I believe that it’s a team Not any that I can recall
What is the trait you shape because I gain a lot effort to make it better. at the moment.
most deplore in others? of weight easily.
Being too serious about What is your most How would you like to
life. Which living person do treasured possession? die?
you most despise? I love my bible; it is Naturally, in old age
Which living person do I don’t despise God’s the bible that I have read while in the middle of
you most admire? creations. over time and made service to God.
I admire Osinachi Kalu myself familiar with
Joseph aka ‘Sinach’ the What is the quality you it. It is the first thing What is your motto?
gospel music singer and most like in a woman? that I take along with Trust in the Lord
worship leader. I love Every straight me everywhere. It is with all your heart and
her passion for God and human being should be something that I can get lean not on your own
that is my dream. I aim prayerful. hold of anywhere and understating.

Aug 10 - 16, 2018 43


Global comment
By Joseph E. Stiglit
The US is at risk of losing
trade war with China

W
hat was at first a trade skirmish ference, beyond perhaps a slight increase in majority of Americans are not behind the
– with US President Donald transaction costs. But Trump could trumpet trade war.
Trump imposing tariffs on steel that he had eliminated the bilateral trade Public support will wane even further as
and aluminum – appears to be deficit. Americans realize that they lose doubly
quickly morphing into a full-scale trade war In fact, significantly reducing the bilateral from this war: jobs will disappear, not only
with China. trade deficit in a meaningful way will prove because of China’s retaliatory measures, but
If the truce agreed by Europe and the US difficult. As demand for Chinese goods also because US tariffs increase the price of
holds, the US will be doing battle mainly decreases, the renminbi’s exchange rate will US exports and make them less competitive;
with China, rather than the world (of weaken – even without any government and the prices of the goods they buy will
course, the trade conflict with Canada and intervention. rise.
Mexico will continue to simmer, given US This will partly offset the effect of US tar- This may force the dollar’s exchange rate
demands that neither country can or should iffs; at the same time, it will increase China’s to fall, increasing inflation in the US even
accept). competitiveness with other countries—and more – giving rise to still more opposition.
Beyond the true, but by now platitudi- this will be true even if China doesn’t use The Fed is likely then to raise interest rates,
nous, assertion that everyone will lose, what other instruments in its possession, like leading to weaker investment and growth
can we say about the possible outcomes of wage and price controls, or push strongly and more unemployment.
Trump’s trade war? First, macro-economics for productivity increases. China’s overall Trump has shown how he responds
always prevails: if the United States’ trade balance, like that of the US, is deter- when his lies are exposed or his policies are
domestic investment continues to exceed its mined by its macro-economics. failing: he doubles down. China has repeat-
savings, it will have to import capital and If China intervenes more actively and edly offered face-saving ways for Trump to
have a large trade deficit. retaliates more aggressively, the change in leave the battlefield and declare victory. But
Worse, because of the tax cuts enacted at the US-China trade balance could be even he refuses to take them up. Perhaps hope
the end of last year, the US fiscal deficit is smaller. The relative pain each will inflict can be found in three of his other traits: his
reaching new records – recently projected on the other is difficult to ascertain. China focus on appearance over substance, his
to exceed $1 trillion by 2020 – which means has more control of its economy, and has unpredictability, and his love of “big man”
that the trade deficit almost surely will wanted to shift toward a growth model politics.
increase, whatever the outcome of the trade based on domestic demand rather than Perhaps in a grand meeting with Presi-
war. The only way that won’t happen is if investment and exports. dent Xi Jinping, he can declare the problem
Trump leads the US into a recession, with The US is simply helping China do what solved, with some minor adjustments of
incomes declining so much that investment it has already been trying to do. On the tariffs here and there, and some new ges-
and imports plummet. other hand, US actions come at a time when ture toward market opening that China had
The US might sell more natural gas to China is trying to manage excess leverage already planned to announce, and everyone
China and buy fewer washing machines; and excess capacity; at least in some sectors, can go home happy.
but it will sell less natural gas to other coun- the US will make these tasks all the more In this scenario, Trump will have
tries and buy washing machines or some- difficult. “solved,” imperfectly, a problem that he
thing else from Thailand or another country This much is clear: if Trump’s objective created. But the world following his foolish
that has avoided the irascible Trump’s is to stop China from pursuing its “Made trade war will still be different: more uncer-
wrath. in China 2025” policy – adopted in 2015 tain, less confident in the international rule
But, because the US interfered with to further its 40-year goal of narrowing of law, and with harder borders.
the market, it will be paying more for its the income gap between China and the Trump has changed the world, perma-
imports and getting less for its exports than advanced countries – he will almost surely nently, for the worse. Even with the best
otherwise would have been the case. In fail. possible outcomes, the only winner is
short, the best outcome means that the US On the contrary, Trump’s actions will Trump – with his outsize ego pumped up
will be worse off than it is today. only strengthen Chinese leaders’ resolve to just a little more.
The US has a problem, but it’s not with boost innovation and achieve technological
China. It’s at home: America has been supremacy, as they realize that they can’t Joseph E. Stiglitz, a Nobel laureate in
saving too little. Trump, like so many of his rely on others, and that the US is actively economics, is University Professor at
compatriots, is immensely shortsighted. hostile. Columbia University and Chief Economist
If he had a whit of understanding of eco- If a country enters a war, trade or oth- at the Roosevelt Institute. His most recent
nomics and a long-term vision, he would erwise, it should be sure that good gen- book is Globalization and Its Discontents
have done what he could to increase erals – with clearly defined objectives, a Revisited: Anti-Globalization in the Era of
national savings. That would have reduced viable strategy, and popular support – are Trump.
the multilateral trade deficit. in charge. It is here that the differences
There are obvious quick fixes: China could between China and the US appear so great.
buy more American oil and then sell it on to No country could have a more unquali-
others. This would not make an iota of dif- fied economic team than Trump’s, and a

44 Aug 10 - 16, 2018


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