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STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


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DESIGN PARAMETERS

1 Mast height ( H ) = 22 m

2 Top diameter (D2) = 200 mm

3 Bottom diameter (D1) = 540 mm

4 Section Thickness = 0/0/0/4/5

5 Head load = 550 kg

6 Head area = 10.752 sq.m

7 Force coefficient (Cf) for hoarding board = 1.20

8 Mast cross section = 20 sided polygon

9 Grade of shaft material = S355J0

10 Yeild stress of shaft material (  y ) = 355 Mpa

11 Force coefficient (Cf) for shaft = 0.718 (From wind tunnel test)

13 Basic wind speed = 33.0 m /sec


(As per specs./requirement/IS 875)
14 Terrain category = 2
IS.875 -Part 3 -2015
15 Stastical probability factor (K1) = 0.94
IS.875 -Part 3 -2015
16 Terrain, height & structure size factor (K2) = 1.08 As per Table 2, IS.875
IS.875 -Part 3 -2015
17 Topography factor ( K3) = 1
IS.875 -Part 3 -2015
18 Importance Factor for Cyclonic Region (K4) = 1
IS.875 -Part 3 -2015
19 Design Wind Speed = 33.50 m /sec

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STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


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GENERAL NOTES

1 Method of design = Limit state ( Plastic design)


( Ultimate & Serviceability limit state)

2 Safety factor for dead load in ultimate


& serviceability limit states (  df ) = 1

3 Safety factor for wind load in = 1.25


ultimate limit state (  wf )

4 Safety factor for wind load in


serviceability limit state (  wf ) = 1

5 Safety factor for materials ( m) = 1.15

6 Safety factor for bolts ( mb) = 1.25

7 Elastic modulus ( E ) = 205 KN /sq.mm

8 Wind load on structure to conform = IS.875 -Part 3 -2015

9 General construction to conform Technical Report No. 7.


By The Institution of Lighting Engineers.
High Mast Lighting

10 General design procedure to = Technical Report No. 7


conform

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STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


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ANALYSIS OF FORCES

1. CALCULATION OF NATURAL FREQUENCY OF VIBRATION

Joint Height Member Outer Thick Moment of Elastic Member D/T


No. H length dia D T inertia I Modulus weights
( m) ( m) (mm ) ( mm ) ( cm^4) Z (cm^3) kg
10 22 200 4.00 1183.53 118.35 50
1.85 214 4.00 39.11
9 20 229 4.00 1780.52 155.78 57.15
1.85 243 4.00 44.33
8 18.3 257 4.00 2550.57 198.35 64.30
3.30 283 4.00 92.02
7 15 308 4.00 4422.89 287.03 77.05
2.00 324 4.00 63.85
6 13 339 4.00 5912.64 348.73 84.77
3.00 362 4.00 107.21
5 10 385 5.00 10817.45 561.28 77.09
2.00 401 5.00 98.87
4 8 416 5.00 13673.61 656.81 83.27
3.00 440 5.00 162.60
3 5 463 5.00 18837.08 814.18 92.55
2.50 482 5.00 148.60
2 2.5 501 5.00 24020.69 958.21 100.27
2.50 521 5.00 160.51
1 0 540 5.00 30077.43 1113.98 108.00

Approx. wt.of shaft = 917 kg

Moment of inertia at mid- = 7704 cm^4


height

Reference: SABS - 0225: 1991(Code of design of Lighting Mast)

Calculation of natural frequency of mast


o c = √(12.4 x EI) / ((Wmast / H) x H4)

=
√ 12.4 x 205 x 7704 x 10^7
(917 / 22) x 22^4 x 10^6

Natural frequency due to = 4.478 radian/sec


weight of mast - o c

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STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


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Calculation of natural frequency of mast due to weight of Luminaires


1 = √(3 x EI)/(Wlum x H3)

= 3 x 205 x 7704 x 10^7


√ 550 x 22^3 x 10^6)^0.5

Natural frequency due to = 2.844 radian/sec


weight of luminaires - wol

Rayleigh quotient

1 1 1
= + = 0.173
(2o)2 (o c)2 (o1)2

(o) = 1 = 2.401 radian/sec


√ 2o

Combined Natural frequency (no)


o
no = = 0.382 Hz

2. CALCULATION OF MAGNIFICATION FACTOR

As per TR-7 (Magnification Factor is based on mean hourly wind speed)


Calculate k1, k2, k3 & k4 factors as per IS 875 ( Part-III) - 2015
k1- Is the factor which depends on design life of structure & wind speed. Here, we
design for a life of 25 years and wind speed of 33m/sec. Hence, as per IS 875,
table 1, k1 = 0.94
k2- Is the factor which depends on Terrain category & Structure height. Here, we consider
terrain category to be 2.
Hence, using table 33 of IS 875, at a height of 10m, k2 = 0.73
Note: 10m is considered as per clause 2.6.4.3 of TR7
k3- Is the factor which depends on the Topography of the ground, here we generally
assume the upwind slope is less than or equal to 3 deg. Hence k3 defaults to 1
k4- Is the Importance Factor for Cyclonic Region, Here K4 defaults to 1
Thus, mean hourly wind speed (V10) = Vb x k1 x k2 x k3 x k4

Mean hourly wind speed (V10) = 22.64 m /s

no = 0.017
V10

Assume log decrement = 0.2


(Assumed B line in figure 1, TR7)

Response factor () = 1.33


(As per B line in figure 1 of TR7)

Size reduction factor () = 1 - 0.006 x (mast ht - 3)


Clause 2.6, TR7 = 0.886

Magnification factor = x = 1.18

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3. CALCULATION OF WIND PRESSURE

V= 33 m / s K1 = 0.94 K3 = 1 K4 = 1

Joint Height Member Factor Design Pressure Effect.


No. H length K2 speed qh Eqh
( m) ( m) VH in m/s N / sq.m N / sq.m
light
fitting 22 1.08 33.50 673.41 793.54
10 22
1.85 1.075 33.36 667.66 786.76
9 20.15
1.85 1.067 33.10 657.18 774.40
8 18.3
3.30 1.057 32.78 644.55 759.52
7 15
2.00 1.040 32.26 624.46 735.85
6 13
3.00 1.015 31.49 594.79 700.89
5 10
2.00 1.000 31.02 577.34 680.33
4 8
3.00 1.000 31.02 577.34 680.33
3 5
2.50 1.000 31.02 577.34 680.33
2 2.5
2.50 1.000 31.02 577.34 680.33
1 0

Sample Calculation for Joint 10


1) Calculate the Design wind speed = (33 x 0.94 x 1 x 1.08 x 1)
VH = Vb x k1 x k2 x k3 x k4 = 33.50 m/s
k2- Varies with Height

2) Wind Pressure = (0.6 x 33.5016^2)


qh = 0.6 x (VH)2 = 673.4 N/m
2

3) Effective Pressure = 673.41 x 1.18


2
Eqh = qh x Magnification factor = 793.54 N/m

Repeat the above for each joint

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STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


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4. ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE CALCULATION (  wf = 1.25 ,  df = 1)

Joint Wind Total Horizontal Direct Deflection Load Total


No. load shear Moment load D Moment Moment
KN / m KN KN.m KN mm KN.m KN.m
light 10.67 Mh 5.50 ML M
fitting
10 2.64 0.00 5.50 1294 0.00 0
0.15
9 8.16 5.15 5.89 1090 1.16 6.31
0.17
8 11.15 20.54 6.33 892 2.37 22.91
0.19
7 11.78 58.37 7.25 579 4.50 62.87
0.21
6 12.21 82.36 7.89 426 5.66 88.02
0.23
5 12.89 120.01 8.97 244 7.19 127.21
0.24
4 13.38 146.29 9.95 154 8.04 154.33
0.27
3 14.19 187.65 11.58 59 9.07 196.72
0.29
2 14.92 224.04 13.07 15 9.62 233.65
0.32
1 15.72 262.34 14.67 0 9.82 272.16

Sample calculation for member between Joints 9 & 10

1) Calculation of wind load on member = 786.76 x 0.718 x 214.3 x 1.25 / 1000000


Eqh x Cf x D x γwf = 0.151 KN/m
Where, Cf = Force coefficient = 0.73 (As per Wind tunnel test)
γwf = Safety factor of wind = 1.25 (As per clause 2.4, TR7)
D = Mean dia of member = 214.3

2) Calculation of total shear

Total Shear due to head area = 2.66 x 793.54 x 1.25 / 1000


Head area x Eqh x Safety factor = 2.64 KN
(Area = 2.66)

3) Calculation of Horizontal moment due to wind and shear force (on Joint 9)
Mh = Total shear x Member Length + Wind Load x Member Length x Member Length / 2
+ Horizontal Moment on the previous section
= 2.64 x 1.85 + 0.15 x 1.85 x 1.85 / 2 + 0 = 5.15 KN.m

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4) Calculation of direct load on member (on Joint 9)


Head Load + Member Weight x Factor of Safety for dead load in ultimate limit state
= 5.5 + 0.39 x 1 = 5.89 kN

5) Calculation of Load moment (on Joint 9)


ML = Deflection of Joint x Average Direct Load + Previous Moment
= (1294.3 - 1089.87) / 1000 x (5.5 + 5.89) / 2 + 0
= 1.16 kN-m

6) Calculation of Total Moment (on Joint 9) = 5.15 + 1.16


M = Mh + ML = 6.31 kN-m

For calculation of deflection, refer to section 9 below.

5. ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE CALCULATION

Joint Steel Yield Plastic Plastic Constant Bending Acceptance


No. grade stress modulus restoring M for resistance factor
MPa MPa cm^3 KN.m M* Nm M
Mp M* M*
10 S355J0 355 153.66 54.55 1.00 47.44 0.00

9 S355J0 355 201.76 71.63 1.00 62.28 0.10

8 S355J0 355 256.40 91.02 1.00 79.09 0.29

7 S355J0 355 370.11 131.39 0.94 107.69 0.58

6 S355J0 355 449.14 159.45 0.91 126.69 0.69

5 S355J0 355 723.73 256.92 0.94 210.54 0.60

4 S355J0 355 846.1 300.37 0.92 240.05 0.64

3 S355J0 355 1047.6 371.89 0.89 287.16 0.69

2 S355J0 355 1231.9 437.32 0.87 328.94 0.71

1 S355J0 355 1431.13 508.05 0.84 372.95 0.73

Max. A.F = 0.73 should be < 1


SAFE

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STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


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Sample calculation for Joint 9

1) Calculation of Plastic modulus = 4 x 112.3^2 x 4 /1000


4 x R2 x t = 201.76
3
cm
Where, R is Mean radius (D-t)/2 = 112.30 mm
t is thickness of mast at the joint = 4.00 mm
D is Diameter of mast at the joint = 229 mm

2) Calculation of Plastic moment of Resistance 355 x 201.76 x 10^3 / 10^6


Mp = Yield stress x Plastic modulus 71.63 KN.m

3) Calculation of Constant for M* Refer Clause 2.4 of TR7


Constant should not be greater than 1

If D/t ≤ NE/180σy
Constant for M* = 1.00

Else, If NE/180σy < D/t ≤ 200


Constant for M* = 0.9241 x (90σy D / NEt)-0.2858 - 0.1266

Where,
D is the diameter or across flats dimension of section = 229 mm
t is the section thickness = 4.0 mm
N is the number of sides = 20
2
E is Elastic modulus = 205 kN/mm
σy is the characteristic yield strength of Shaft Material = 355 MPa

NE/180σy = 20 x 205 x 10^3 / (180 x 355) = 64.16

D/t = 228.59090909 = 57.15 < 64.16

Therefore, Constant for M* = 1.00

However, the sample calculation for joint 9 if D/t were greater than NE/180σy is shown below
FOR ILLUSTRATION ONLY

0 x 355 x 57.147727272727 -0.2858


= 0.9241 x – 0.1266
20 x 205 x 10^3
= 1.04

4) Calculation of Bending Resistance = 71.63 x 1 / 1.15


M* = Constant M* x Mp/γm = 62.28 N-m
Where,
Mp is plastic moment of resistance of the section = 71.63 kN-m
γm is the partial safety factor for material = 1.15

5) Calculation of Acceptance Factor


(Acceptance factor is the ratio of applied stress to permissible stress. If less than 1, it indicates that
the permissible stress is greater than the applied stress, and hence the mast is safe from buckling
or crumpling under the applied load)
AF = M / M* = 6.31 / 62.28 = 0.1
<1

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6. SERVICEABILITY LIMIT STATE CALCULATION (  wf = 1 ,  df = 1 )

Joint Total Horizo- Direct Deflection Load Total


No. shear moment load D Moment Moment
KN KN.m KN mm KN.m KN.m
8.53 Mh 5.50 ML M

10 2.11 0.00 5.50 983 0.00 0

9 6.53 4.12 5.89 829 0.88 5

8 8.92 16.43 6.33 680 1.79 18

7 9.43 46.69 7.25 443 3.40 50

6 9.77 65.89 7.89 326 4.28 70

5 10.31 96.01 8.97 187 5.45 101

4 10.71 117.03 9.95 118 6.10 123

3 11.35 150.12 11.58 45 6.89 157

2 11.94 179.23 13.07 11 7.31 187

1 12.57 209.87 14.67 0 7.47 217.3

Calculation steps for serviceablity limit state above (Section 6), are exactly similar to the calculation
steps detailed under Ultimate limit state (Section 4).
The only difference between the two is the partial factors of safety. Here, the partial factors of safety
for dead load and wind load are 1.00

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7. DEFLECTION CHECK AT 2/3 of Design Wind Speed ( Serviceabilty limit state )

Joint. Heights Design Design Wind Total Horizon. Deflection


No. in wind VH qh load shear moment D
m m/s N /sq.m KN / m KN KN.m mm
Mh
22.33 299.30 0.80
10 22 0.80 0 371
22.24 296.74 0.05
9 20.15 2.46 1.55 313
22.06 292.08 0.05
8 18.3 3.36 6.20 256
21.85 286.47 0.06
7 15 3.56 17.61 167
21.51 277.54 0.06
6 13 3.68 24.85 123
20.99 264.35 0.07
5 10 3.89 36.21 71
20.68 256.60 0.07
4 8 4.04 44.14 45
20.68 256.60 0.08
3 5 4.28 56.62 17
20.68 256.60 0.09
2 2.5 4.50 67.60 4
20.68 256.60 0.10
1 0 4.74 79.16 0

Deflection at the top of mast = 371 mm


SAFE
Here deflection is checked at 2/3 of design wind speed
Deflection at the top most point is found to be less than 1/ 40 of mast height. = 550
Refer TR-07
Sample calculation for Joint 9

1) Calculation of Design wind speed = 2/3 x 33 x 0.94 x 1.075375 x 1


VH = 2/3 x Basic wind Speed x k1 x k2 x k3 = 22.24 m/s
k2 Varies with height

2) Calculation of Design Wind Pressure = 0.6 x 22.24^2


2 2
qh = 0.6 x VH = 296.74 N/m

3) Calculation of wind load on member = 296.74 x 0.718 x 214.3 / 1000000


qh x Cf x D = 0.046 KN/m
Where,
Cf = Force coefficient = 0.73 (As per Wind tunnel test)
D = Mean dia of member = 214.3 mm

4) Calculation of total shear

Total Shear due to head area = 10.75 x 299.3 /1000


Head area x Eqh x Safety factor = 3.22 KN
(Head area = 10.75 as per attached luminares)

Shear at the base of member = 0.8 + 0.05 x 1.85


Shear of section above + wind load x Member Length = 0.88 KN

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5) Calculation of Horizontal moment due to wind and shear force


Mh = Total shear x Member Length + Wind Load x Member Length x Member Length / 2
+ Horizontal Moment on the previous section
= 0.8 x 1.85 + 0.05 x 1.85 x 1.85/2 + 0 = 0.88 KN.m

6) Calculation of Deflection at Joint 3

The deflection is computed according to the Moment-Area Method.


The deflection of a member between two joints is dependent upon the deflection of the
underlying member, and on the forces acting on the member under consideration.
Since the calculation steps progressively increase, deflection calculation of joint number 3
is examined for simplicity of the formula
The deflection of the members are computed as the area enclosed by their bending
moment diagrams. The bending moment diagram is broken into triangles and rectangles.

Height of Mast between joints 1 and 2 (H12) = 250 cm


Height of Mast between joints 2 and 3 (H23) = 250 cm

4
Average Moment of Inertia between joint 1 and 2 (I12)= 27049.06 cm
4
Average Moment of Inertia between joint 2 and 3 (I23) = 21428.89 cm

Mh @ joint 1 (Mh1)= 79.16 kN-m = 7915631.2 N-cm


Mh @ joint 2 (Mh2)= 67.60 kN-m = 6759902.3 N-cm
Mh @ joint 3 (Mh3)= 56.62 kN-m = 5661904.5 N-cm

3
(M/I)1 = Mh1 / I12 = 292.639792 N/cm
3
(M/I)2 = Mh2 / I12 = 249.912656 N/cm
3
(M/I)3 = Mh2 / I23 = 315.457488 N/cm
3
(M/I)4 = Mh3 / I23 = 264.218341 N/cm

Calculation of Deflection due to underlying section of mast (Joint 1 to 2)


Calculation of Triangular portion of the bending moment (AT2)

Base of triangle = 292.64 - 249.91


3
(M/I)1 - (M/I)2 = 42.727136 N/cm
Height of Triangle
H12 = 250 cm
2
Therefore area of Triangle (AT1) = 5340.8921 N/cm

Calculation of Rectangular portion of the bending moment (AR2)

Base of Rectangle
3
(M/I)2 = 249.91266 N/cm
Height of Rectangle
H12 = 250 cm
2
Therefore area of Rectangle (AR1) = 62478.164 N/cm

Deflection induced due to underlying section of mast


D1 = [AR1 x (H23 + (1/2) x H12) + AT1 x (H23 + (2/3) x H12)] / ε
62478.16 x (250 + (1/2) x 250) + 5340.89 x (250 + (2/3) x 250)
=
205 x 10^5
= 1.251 cm

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Calculation of Deflection due to current section of mast (Joint 2 to 3)


Calculation of Triangular portion of the bending moment (AT2)

Base of Triangle = 315.46 - 249.91


3
(M/I)3 - (M/I)2 = 65.544832 N/cm
Height of Triangle
H23 = 250 cm
2
Therefore area of Triangle (AT2) = 8193.104 N/cm

Calculation of Rectangular portion of the bending moment (AR2)

Base of Rectangle
3
(M/I)4 = 264.21834 N/cm
Height of Rectangle
H23 = 250 cm
2
Therefore area of Rectangle (AR2) = 66054.585 N/cm

Deflection induced due to current section of mast


D2 = [AR2 x (1 / 2) x H23 + AT2 x (2 / 3) x H23] / ε
66054.59 x (1/2) x 250 + 8193.1 x (2/3) x 250
=
205 x 10^5
= 0.469 cm

Therefore, Total Deflection of Joint 3 = (1.25 + 0.47) x 10


D = D1 + D2 = 17 mm

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FOUNDATION BOLT DESIGN

Properties of foundation bolt

Grade = TS-600
(IS 1363 (Part 1) and IS 3757)

2
Min.Tensile Strength (fu) = 600 N/mm
(Clause 5, IS 1367)

2
Yield Stress = 405 N/mm
(Clause 5, IS 1367)

Bolt material factor (m) = 1.15


(Clause 2.5, TR7)

Safety factor for bolts (mb) = 1.25


(Table 5, IS 800: 2007)

Diameter of bolt () = 30 mm

Number equally spaced (n) = 12 nos.

Pitch Circle diameter (PCD) = 650 mm

Pitch of bolt (p) = 3.5 mm


(Table 1, IS 3757)

Nominal Stress Area (An) of bolt = π x ((30 - 3.5) / 2)^2


2
An = π x ((φ- p) / 2)2 = 560.62 mm
2
Characteristic strength in = 600 N/mm
tension (fu)

Ultimate bolt Capacity = (560.62 x 600) / (1.15 x 1.25 x 1000)


(An x fu) / (m x mb) = 225.37 kN

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Mast section properties

Diameter (D1) = 540 mm


(Bottom Diameter of the mast)

Section thickness = 5.00 mm

2
Section area = 8482.05 mm

Bending Stress at mast bottom = 272.16 x 10^6 / (1113.98 x 10^3 x 1.25)


2
M / (Z x wf) 195.4 N/mm
Where,

(Note: Final Moment from section 4, Ultimate Limit State Calculations, above is used here
Elastic section modulus of the last joint in section 1, Calculation of Natural Frequency
of Vibration, above is used here.)

8482.05 x 195.45 x 540 x 1.15 x 1.25


Stud Acceptance factor =
12 x 650 x 225.37 x 1000
Area of mast x stress x D1 x m x mb
= 0.732 SAFE
N x pcd x ultimate bolt load x 103

(Stud acceptance factor is a ratio of the actual load on each bolt to the ultimate load
that a bolt can take. The numerator of the fraction above is the load acting on one bolt.
The denomenator of the fraction is the capacity of each bolt.
If this fraction is less than 1, the bolt will not fail under the applied loads.)

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FOUNDATION BOLT LENGH

Working stress method

Max. Tension in one bolt 195.45 x 8482.05 x 540 14.67 x 1000


=
12 x 650 x 1.18 12
Area of mast x stress x D1 W
= 96175 N
N x PCD x maginfication factor N
96.17

(The above calculation is similar to calculation of Maximum and Minimum forces on an isolated footing.
The total force due to wind load on the mast is assumed to cause tension in the bolts. The weight of the
mast and luminares is assumed to counter the uplift caused by tension forces. Hence, the maximum
tension in each bolt is the difference of the stress due to wind, and self weight of the mast and luminares.)

Diameter of bolt = 30 mm

Embedded length of bolt = 700 mm

Threaded length = 30 x 5
5xφ = 150 mm

Total length of bolt = 850 mm

Grade of concrete = M-20

Permissible bond stress = 0.8 Mpa


As per clause B-2 IS 456
Permissible bearing stress = 5 Mpa

Tensile force resisted by bolt = π x 30 x 700 x 0.8


through bond stress = 52752 N
Since tensile force resisted through bond stress is less than maximum tension in each bolt,
Anchor Pl (Max. Tension in one bolt < Tensile force resisted by bolt through bond stress)
Anchor plate is to be designed for the remaining tensile force.

SG000025-22SHM-Reliance industries ltd-33MPS-5T@2.0d-FD-HVR Page 15


Bajaj Electricals Ltd.
Illumination EPC

STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


M/s- RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD

ANCHOR PLATE ( ANNULAR)

Tension to be carried by = 96174.83 - 52752


anchor plate = 43422.83 N

Size of anchor plate = 730.00 mm 


(As per TR7, outer diameter should be at least PCD + 2.5 x bolt diameter)

Opening in anchor plate = 570.00 mm 


(Chosen such that the distance from PCD to outer diameter and inner diameter of the anchor plate is the
same. That is, Outer Diameter - PCD = PCD - Inner Diameter)

P.C.D = 650 mm 

Distance of bolts from opening = (650 - 570) / 2


(PCD - Inner Diameter) /2 = 40 mm

Diameter of bolt hole = 30 + 2


Diameter of bolt + 2 = 32 mm

Min. edge distance = 1.5 x 32


1.25 x bolt hole = 40 mm

Width of plate (b) = (730 - 570) / 2


(Outer Diameter - Inner Diameter) / 2 = 80 mm

Length of plate (l) = π x 650 / 12


π x PCD / N = 170.17 mm

Bearing pressure = 43422.83 / (80 x 170.17)


2
Tension in plate / (b x l) = 3.19 N/mm
(This should be less than the permissible bearing stress of the concrete. That is, 3.19 < 5)
Hence it is safe.

Cantilever span = (80 - 32) / 2


(b - bolt hole dia) / 2 = 24.00 mm

Max. cantilever moment = 3.19 x 24 x 24 / 2


Bearing Pressure x Cantilever span = 918.63 kN-mm
0.92 kN-m
Thickness required = 4.8 mm

8.0 mm PROVIDED
Provide 8 mm thick anchor plate

SG000025-22SHM-Reliance industries ltd-33MPS-5T@2.0d-FD-HVR Page 16


Bajaj Electricals Ltd.
Illumination EPC

STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


M/s- RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD

DESIGN OF BASE PLATE

Grade of steel = Fe-410


(IS 2062)

Yeild strength = 240 Mpa


(Table 1, IS 800: 2007)

Max.compressive force per = (4 x 272.16 x 10^6 / 650) + 14.67 x 10^3


unit length of base plate π x 650
(4 M / PCD + W) / (xPCD) = 827.77 N / mm
(Refer table no. 4 ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE CALCULATION)

Assume base plate size (Db) = 730 mm circular


(Same as anchor plate.)

Max.bearing pressure (w) = 827.77 / (730 - 540)


2
Compressive force / (Db - Mast diameter) = 4.36 N/mm

Cantilever span = (730 - 540) / 2


(Db - Mast Diameter) /2 = 95.00 mm

Max. cantilever bending moment = 4.36 x 95 x 95 / 2


w x Cantilever Span x Lever Arm = 19659.61 N-mm /m

Permisssible bending stress


2
in the plate (bs) = 180 N/mm
(Same as Yeild Stress)

Thickeness of plate required = 25.60 mm


Cantilever span x (3 x Max.bearing pressure (w) / Permisssible bending stress in the plate (s bs) ^ 0.5
Thickness provided = 25.00 mm

Provide 25 mm thick base plate


But the base plate is stiffned with gusset plates. So section modulus due to gusset plates
also have to be considered along with the base pate.

SG000025-22SHM-Reliance industries ltd-33MPS-5T@2.0d-FD-HVR Page 17


Bajaj Electricals Ltd.
Illumination EPC

No.of stiffeners = 12

Thickness of stiffener = 6

Height of stiffener = 300

Distance between bolts = 170.16 mm

300
N A
32.14 = y
25
170.2

Calculation of ZXX

y= = 32.14 mm

I xx = 23123188 mm^4

Zxx = 78957.67 mm^3

Max. section modulus required = 19659.61 x 170.16


180.00

= 18585.386 mm^3

Combined section modulus = 78957.67 mm^3

Acceptance factor = 0.24 < 1

SAFE

SG000025-22SHM-Reliance industries ltd-33MPS-5T@2.0d-FD-HVR Page 18


Bajaj Electricals Ltd.
Illumination EPC

STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR 22 M TWO SIDED SIGNAGE MAST FOR 33 M/S


M/s- RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD

DESIGN OF BASE PLATE

Grade of steel = Fe-410


(IS 2062)

Yeild strength = 240 Mpa


(Table 1, IS 800: 2007)

Max.tensile force per = (4 x 96.17 x 10^6 / 650) + 14.67 x 10^3


unit length of base plate π x 650
(4 T / PCD + W) / (xPCD) = 297.17 N / mm

Assume base plate size (Db) = 730 mm circular


(Same as anchor plate.)

Max.bearing pressure (w) = 297.17 / (730 - 540)


2
Tensile force / (Db - Mast diameter) = 1.56 N/mm

Cantilever span = (730 - 540) / 2


(Db - Mast Diameter) /2 = 95.00 mm

Max. cantilever bending moment = 1.56 x 95 x 95 / 2


w x Cantilever Span x Lever Arm = 7057.70 N-mm /m

Permisssible bending stress


2
in the plate (bs) = 180 N/mm
(Same as Yeild Stress)

Thickeness of plate required = 15 mm


Cantilever span x (3 x Max.bearing pressure (w) / Permisssible bending stress in the plate (s bs) ^ 0.5

Since the value of tension is much smaller than value of compression therefore base plate thickness
is provided by considering maximum compressive force.

SG000025-22SHM-Reliance industries ltd-33MPS-5T@2.0d-FD-HVR Page 19


Bajaj Electricals Ltd.
Illumination EPC

SEISMIC ANALSIS OF 22 m Signage mast


As per IS 1893-(Part IV) - 2005

Site location = SIMLA

Type of zone = Zone 4

Weight of mast = 917.00 kg

Height of mast H = 22 meter

Head load = 550 kg

Total down ward load (Wt) = 1467.0 kg


= 14.4 Kn

Zone factor (Z ) = 0.24 (table 2)

Importance factor (I) = 1.5 (table 6)


for Structures in category -I

Response reduction factor = 5 (table 7)


(R) for steel chimney

Elastic Modulus Es = 205 Kn/sqmm

Dia at Base D = 540 mm

Mean Diameter Dm = 535 mm

Thk of Bottom section t = 5 mm

Cross sectional area @ Base A = 8403.8 Sq.mm


A= Pi*Dm*t

Moment of Inertia I at Base = 30077.43 cm^4

Radius of gyration at the Base = 189.18 mm


(re) = I /A

k = H/ re = 116.29

CT = 209.32

Cv = 1.5

Wt *h * CT
Es*A*g

15.3 x 22
x 209.32
205 x 9503.3 x 9.81

Fundamental Time period 'T' = = 0.91

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Bajaj Electricals Ltd.
Illumination EPC

For soft soil sites


Spectral Accelaration coefficient (Sa/g) = 1.67/T for 0.67< T < 4.0
= 1.84

Horizontal seismic = Z I Sa
coefficient h 2Rg

Horizontal seismic = 0.24 x 1.5 x 1.85


coefficient Ah 2x5
= 0.0664 < Z/2

= 0.0664
Design Base shear
Design shear force V at = Cv *Ah *Wt *Dv
distance x' from top
= 146.0 Kg
Where,
x' = 30000 mm
x'/h' = 1
Dv - Distribution Factor for = 1
shear as per (Table-6)

Design bending moment


M = Ah*Wt*hC.G*Dm

= 1460.2 Kg.m
Where,

Heigh of C.G of structure h CG = 15.0 m


Dv - Distribution Factor for = 1
Moment as per (Table-6)

Forces due to seismic action at the bottom of mast

Shear force = 146 kg

Bending moment = 1460 kg m

Forces due to wind action at the bottom of mast


Times Greater
than Seismic Forces
Shear force = 1602 kg 10.97

Bending moment = 27743 kgm 19.00

It is found that forces due to wind action is more critical.

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Bajaj Electricals Ltd.
Illumination EPC

Load & Hoarding area calculation

Sign Board Length Area Load


2.880 KN
Level
22 0.925 2.664 5.5

20.15 3.7 1.850 5.328

18.3 0.925 2.760 0

Elevation

Fittings

2.4

Area 0.12 m2
Weight 11.6 Kgs
2.4

Plan

Area each face Weight

8.88 550

Total Weight of System Two sided sinage

Sign Board 550 Sign Board Area Cf Area xCf


Fittings 0 Width 2.4
Height 3.7
550 Kgs 8.88 1.2 10.66

Fittings area 0.08


Nos 1
Shilding 1
0.08 1.2 0.10

Total 10.75

SG000025-22SHM-Reliance industries ltd-33MPS-5T@2.0d-FD-HVR Page 22