chapter 2

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chapter 2

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a. Systematic error

b. Random error

c. Gross error

d. None of the above

2. Approximate ratio of 1 angstrom to 1 fermi is

a. 10-15 m

b. 10-10 m

c. 10-5 m

d. 105 m

3. Random error occur due to

a. Fluctuations in temperature, supply, error in reading

b. Incorrect rounding off

c. Parallax

d. Imperfect design of instruments

4. The error in two readings of A are 0.01 and -0.03, then mean absolute error is

a. 0.01

b. -0.002

c. 0.02

d. -0.01

5. The method used to measure the distance of a planet from earth is

a. Galileo’s method

b. Parallax method

c. Newton’s method

d. Archimedes method

6. Which is the most accurate atomic clock

a. Carbon-12 clock

b. Caesium-133 clock

c. Rubidium -87 clock

d. Optical Clock

7. The most suitable instrument for measuring the size of the atom is

a. Vernier Caliper

b. Optical Microscope

c. Screw gauge

d. Electron microscope

8. A dimensionless quantity

a. Has no unit

b. Might have a unit

c. Cannot exist

d. Must have a unit

9. Find the option with five significant figure

a. 1.073 mm

b. 0.01607 cm

c. 0.01600 m

d. 1.7003 mm

10. The physical quantity which are having dimensions [ M1 L-1 T-2 ]

a. Stress, pressure, density

b. Stress, pressure, work

c. Stress, pressure, coefficient of elasticity

d. Stress , Pressure, torque

11. After decimal point number is less than 5 is neglected, then retained number is

a. Gets decreased

b. Remains unchanged

c. May decreased

d. Gets increased

12. Which of the quantity is dimensionless

a. Force

b. Area

c. Angle

d. work

13. The number of significant figures in 7.34*10-5 m are

a. One

b. Two

c. Three

d. four

14. The order of magnitude of number expressed in scientific notation is

a. Number of decimal places

b. Number of digit before decimal

c. All digits in the number

d. Power of ten

15. Magnitude of force F experienced by a certain object moving with speed v is given by

F=Kv3 where K is a constant. The dimensions are

a. [M-2LT]

b. [ML-3T]

c. [MLT-2]

d. [ML-2T]

16. Which of the following physical quantity is dimensionless?

a. Stress

b. Strain

c. Area

d. Pressure

17. Which of the following physical quantities has different dimensions?

a. Momentum

b. Energy

c. Watt hour

d. work

18. Dimensions cannot be used

a. Check dimensional correctness of a formula

b. Convert units

c. Find the value of the constant of proportionality in an equation

d. Deduce a relation among physical quantities

19. Physical quantities that describe the laws of physics are divided into

a. 2 types

b. 3 types

c. 4 types

d. None of the above

20. A new unit of length is chosen such that the speed of light in vacuum is unity. What is

the distance between the Sun and the Earth in terms of the new unit if light takes 3 min

and 40 s to cover this distance?

a. 250

b. 160

c. 180

d. 150

Explanation: Distance between the Sun and the Earth = Speed of light Time taken by

light to cover the distance Given that in the new unit, speed of light = 1 unitTime taken, t

= 3 min 40 s = 160 s Distance between the Sun and the Earth = 1 x 160 = 160 units

21. The length, breadth and thickness of a rectangular sheet of metal are 4.234 m, 1.005

m, and 2.01 cm respectively. Give the volume of the sheet to correct significant

figures.

a. 0.0755 m3

b. 0.1855 m3

c. 0.0855 m3

d. 0.08552 m3

Solution :

Length l= 4.234 m

Breadth b=1.005 m

Thickness t=2.01 cm

Volume= l×b×t

=0.0855289 m3

=0.0855 m3

22. The relative error in a physical quantity raised to the power k is.

a. (k – 1) times the absolute error in the individual quantity

b. (k – 1) times the relative error in the individual quantity

c. k times the relative error in the individual quantity

d. k times the absolute error in the individual quantity

Explanation:

The relative error in a physical quantity raised to a power k is the k times the relative

error in the individual quantity.

a. 4

b. 3

c. 2

d. 1

Explanation:

There are three rules on determining how many significant figures are in a number: Non-

zero digits are always significant. Any zeros between two significant digits are

significant. A final zero or trailing zeros in the decimal portion ONLY are significant. So

keeping these rules in mind, there are 1 significant digit.

24. The mass of a box measured by a grocer’s balance is 2.300 kg. Two gold pieces of

masses 20.15 g and 20.17 g are added to the box. What is the difference in the masses

of the pieces to correct significant figures?

a. 0.019 g

b. 0.022 g

c. 0.01 g

d. 0.02 g

Explanation:

Difference in masses = 20.17 – 20.15 = 0.02 g

In subtraction, the final result should retain as many decimal places as there are in the

number with the least decimal places.

25. The dimensions of a physical quantity are

a. the sum of the exponents of base quantities

b. the mean of the exponents of base quantities

c. the powers (or exponents) to which the base quantities are raised to represent that

quantity

d. the sum of all the number of base quantities

Explanation:

The dimension of the units of a derived physical quantity may be defined as the number of

times the fundamental units of mass, length and time appear in the physical quantity. The

expression for velocity obtained above is said to be its dimensional formula. Thus, the

dimensional formula for velocity is [M0L1T-1].

26. The significant digits in 0.000532 are

a. 2, 3

b. 5, 3, 2

c. 0,5,3,2

d. 5, 3

Explanation:There are three rules on determining how many significant figures are in a

number: Non-zero digits are always significant.Any zeros between two significant digits are

significant.A final zero or trailing zeros in the decimal portion ONLY are significant.Keeping

these rules in mind, we can say that only 5,3,2 are significant digits.

27. The number of significant digits in 3,000,000 is

a. 1.0

b. 4

c. 3

d. 5

Explanation: There are three rules on determining how many significant figures are in a

number: Non-zero digits are always significant. Any zeros between two significant digits are

significant. A final zero or trailing zeros in the decimal portion ONLY are significant .So

keeping these rules in mind, there is only one significant digit.

28. The result of rounding off 34.216 to 3 digits is

a. 34.22

b. 34.216

c. 34.2

d. 3.42

Explanation:

The rules for rounding off are following.

If the first non-significant digit is less than 5, then the least significant digit remains

unchanged.

If the first non-significant digit is greater than 5, the least significant digit is incremented

by 1.

If the first non-significant digit is 5, the least significant digit can either be incremented

or left unchanged.

All non-significant digits are removed.

So rounding off 34.216 upto 4 digits is 34.22 and upto 3 digits is 34.2

29. If the unit of length is micrometer and the unit of time is microsecond, the unit of

velocity will be :

a. 100 m/s

b. 10 m/s

c. Micrometers

d. m/s

Explanation:

𝑑𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒

Velocity = 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒

10−6 𝑚

= 10−6 𝑠

𝑚

= 𝑠

30. A unitless quantity

a. never has a nonzero dimension

b. always has a nonzero dimension

c. may have a nonzero dimension

d. does not exit

31. Choose the correct statement (S)

a. Topological sort can be used to obtain an evaluation order of a depending graph.

b. Evaluation order for a dependency graph dictates the order in which the semantic

rules are done

c. Code generation is independent of the order in which the semantic actions are

performed

d. Both A & B

32. The velocity 'v' (in cm/s) of a particle is given in terms of time 't' (in s) by the equation

𝑏

𝑣 = 𝑎𝑡 + 𝑡+𝑐 .The dimensions of a, b and c are

a. L2 T LT2

b. LT2 LT L

c. LT-2 L T

d. L LT T2

Explanation:

Dimension of 𝑣 is = 𝐿𝑇 −1

Dimension of 𝑡 is = T

Dimension of 𝑎𝑡 is = 𝐿𝑇 −1

𝐿𝑇 −1

Dimension of 𝑎 is = 𝑇

= 𝐿𝑇 −2

Dimension of 𝑡 + 𝑐 is = 𝑇

Dimension of 𝑐 is = 𝑇

𝑏

Dimension of 𝑡+𝑐 is = 𝐿𝑇 −1

Dimension of b is = 𝐿𝑇 −1 𝑇

=𝐿

𝑉0

33. The position of a particle at time 't' is given by the relation 𝑥(𝑡) = (1 − 𝑒 −𝑎𝑡 ) where

𝛼

𝑉0 is a constant and 𝑎 > 0. The dimensions of 𝑉0 and 𝑎 are respectively.

a. 𝑀0 𝐿1 𝑇 0 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑇 −1

b. 𝑀0 𝐿1 𝑇 0 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑇 −2

c. 𝑀0 𝐿1 𝑇 −1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑇 −2

d. 𝑀0 𝐿1 𝑇 −1 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑇 −1

34. The time dependence of a physical quantity ?

P = P0exp(_at2) where a is a constant and t is time. The constant a

a. Will be dimensionless

b. Will have dimensions of 𝑇 −2

c. Will have dimensions as that of P

d. Will have dimensions equal to the dimension of P multiplied by 𝑇 −2

35. What is the physical quantity whose dimensions are M L2 T-2 ?

a. kinetic energy

b. Pressure

c. Momentum

d. Power

36. :

37.

38. The product of energy and time is called action. The dimensional formula for action is

same as that for

a. Power

b. Angular energy

c. Force × velocity

d. Impulse × distance

39. Force F is given in terms of time t and distance x by F = A sin C t + B cos D x

𝐴 𝐶

Then the dimensions of 𝐵 and 𝐷 are given by

a. MLT-2, M0L0T-1

b. MLT-2, M0L-1T0

c. M0L0T0, M0L1T-1

d. M0L1T-1, M0L0T0

40. If force (F) is given by F = Pt-1 + at, where t is time. The unit of P is same as that of

a. Velocity

b. Displacement

c. Acceleration

d. Momentum

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