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Power System Protection & Control Lab.

EE486
Instr: Dr. Sulaiman Elsaid & Mr. Zakariya Rajab & Mr. Saad Ashiebi Spring 2017

Power System Protection & Control Lab.

Course Contents:
 Test One: Current Transformer ( CT )
 Test Two: Over Current Relay
 Test Three: Directional Earth Fault Relay
 Test Four: Over Load Protection

 Test Five: Differential Protection


 Test Six: Under Ground Transmission Lines
 Test Seven: Overhead Transmission Lines
 Test Eight: Test Seven: Differential Relay
 Test Nine: Distance Relay
 Test Ten: Parallel Operation of Polyphase Alternators

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Power System Protection & Control Lab. EE486
Instr: Dr. Sulaiman Elsaid & Mr. Zakariya Rajab & Mr. Saad Ashiebi Spring 2017

Test Five: Differential Protection


OBJECTIVES:

To check the operating characteristics of the digital differential Relay.

Apparatuses Required:
As shown in Fig. 1
1- Human Machine Interface (HMI): Laptop.
2- Secondary Injection Tester: OMICRON 256-CMC.
3- Digital Differential Relay: SIEMENS 7UT612.
4- AC Power Supply 220V.

Numerical
+ omicron Tripping
220 Digital
Signal
- Relay

PC

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Power System Protection & Control Lab. EE486
Instr: Dr. Sulaiman Elsaid & Mr. Zakariya Rajab & Mr. Saad Ashiebi Spring 2017

Figure.1 Connection Between Omicron and Relay

TEST ONE:

• Make the connection as shown in the circuit diagram.


• Set Ip of the relay Ip =0.2A.
• Apply two currents I1, I2 according to Table.1, and fill the necessary
columns.
• On a squared paper draw the operating characteristic (Differential current vs
Restrained current) of the percentage differential relay. Distinctly mark the
Operating and Restraining region.

Table 1 Differential Relay Characteristic


Sl. Restrained Differential
No. I1 I2 Current Current
(IRT) (Id)

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Power System Protection & Control Lab. EE486
Instr: Dr. Sulaiman Elsaid & Mr. Zakariya Rajab & Mr. Saad Ashiebi Spring 2017

Preliminary Work:

1. What are the main causes of error in case of Differential Protection of Transformer?

2. What is the main advantage of Differential Relays over Over-Current Relays?