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ACMV DESIGN
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Blog Archive 21 January 2013 About Me Th


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▼ 2013 (3) Sample Heat Load Calculation for General for m


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▼ January (2)
Sample Heat Load Calculation for General Office Meeting Room zaw
Zaw Moe Khine
Sample Heat Load om
Calculation for Follow 174
General Office
Me... View my complete Tha
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HEAT LOAD
CALCULATION

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Sample Heat Load C
General Office Meet
Sample Heat Load C
General Office Meet
Calculation - -Coolin
upply Air V olume (

PRECOOLED AHU
Just start with preco
Calculation!! When
precooled AHU, you
air volume and temp
Heat Load Calculation -
-Cooling Capacity (kW) , Design Supply Air T
-Supply Air Volume (CMH), When we design the
specifies how much
-Supply Fresh Air Volume (CMH),
volume is. If we need
-Chilled Water Flow Rate (l/s) if CHW System is used. supply air volume, w

HEAT LOAD CALCU


When we calculate t
When we calculate the heat load,
to know the location
We need some information for space. (Country,City) And t
1-Location of space information such as
(Ambient Temp for out door air )
ACMV DESIGN COURSE
(Singapore -Summer Ambient Temp - 32.8C/26.1C (DB/WB)
ACMV DESIGN COURSE ACMV D
2- Room/ Space Datas & Orientation (Facade Orientation) E-20(Hourly Analysis Program-HA
(Area-50 m2 & Room is located at North Side of Building) ACMV DESIGN COURSE (SATUR
YOU WA...
3-Room Construction Materials
(Such as Window Glass (U-value & Sc-Value) ,Wall, Partition & Floor.) (no title)
4-No of Occupancy & Room Usage http://www.scribd.com/doc/11156
(20-Persons & Meeting Room) Calculation-Spreadsheets-Quick-A
Relying-on-Rules-of-Thumb?
secret_password=1lkzrbj8jn...
I-Internal Heat Gain
i-Heat Gain from Lighting နi ုင%&တက) အဆင့္မ/ Building Ser
စ္ေယ)က္ အ3ဖစ္ ရပ7ည္ ခ:င;<မ:ာ
(Based on SS-530-Office Lighting Power - 15 W/m2) င္းေက)င္း
Lighting Load = 50 x 15 = 750 W နi ုင%&တက) အဆင့္မ/ Building Ser
ii-Heat Gain from Human (20-person) စ္ေယ)က္ အ3ဖစ္ ရပ7ည္ ခ:င;<မ:ာ
င္းေက)င္း RSED Engineering
(Based on ASHRAE Office Human Sensible -75 W/person & Latent 55 W/person) M&a...
Human Load (S) 75 x 20 = 1500 W ,(L) 55 x 20 = 1100 W
iii-Electrical Equipments Load ( General Office 25 W/m2)
Laptop-55 W x 20 & Projector-300 W.
Electrical Equipments Load= 30 x 50 = 1500 W
II-External Heat Gain
i-Heat Gain from Wall (Conduction Heat Gain)
(Q= A x U x ∆T)
Wall Area = 10 m x 1m = 10m2
Wall U-value(200mm brick wall = 2.254 W/m2)
∆T for North side facing 200mm brick wall = 14
So, Q= 10 x 2.254 x 14 = 315.56 W
ii- Heat Gain from Glass Window. (Conduction + Radiation Heat Gain)
Glass Area = 10 m x 3 m = 30m2
Glass U-value = 1.7 W/m2
Glass Sc-Value = 0.3
CF = 0.8
(Q= (3.4 x A x U ) + (211 x A x Sc x CF)
Q = (3.4 x 30 x 1.7 ) + (211 x 30 x 0.3 x 0.8 ) = 1692.6 W
iii- Heat Gain from Partition Wall ( Conduction Heat Gain)
(Q= A x U x ∆T)
Partition Area = 20 x 4 = 80 m2
Partition Wall U-Value = 0.573 W/m2
∆T (30-24) = 6
Q = 80 x 0.573 x 6 = 275 .04 W

iv- Heat Gain from Floor ( Conduction Heat Gain)


(Q= A x U x ∆T)
Floor Area = 50 m2
Floor U-Value = 2.452 W/m2
∆T (30-24) = 6
Q = 50 x 2.452 x 6 = 735.6 W
After adding out the total heat load-
Sensible Heat Load is 6746.8 W (10% SF) 7421.53 W = 7.421 kW.
Latent Heat Load is 1100 W (10% SF)-1210 W =1.21 kW
SHR = SH/(SH+LH) = 7.421/(7.421+1.21) = 0.86
That's mean 86% is Sensible and 14 % is Latent heat.
Once we get the total sensible heat load, we can get the supply air volume.
Qs = m c ∆T
Qs = 7.421 kW (kJ/s)
c = 1.004 kJ/kg
If supply air temp is 14 C, ∆T = 24-14 = 10.
m = Qs / (c x ∆T) - (kg/s)
m = 7.421 / (1.004 x 10 ) = 0.73919 kg/s
V,Air Volume (m3/s) = m x v (Humid Volume-m3/kg)
If supply air temp is 14 C, v is about 0.825 m3/kg.
So, Air Volume , V = 0.73919 (kg/s) x 0.825 (m3/kg)
V = 0.6098 m3/s = 2195 CMH.
So, Supply Air Volume is 2195 CMH.

Next step is Fresh Air Volume Supply, If the space type is under office,
Minimum FA Requirement is based on 62.1 ASHRAE
(2.5 l/s/person + 0.3 l/s/m2)= (2.5x20) + (0.3x50)=65 l/s
Minimum FA Requirement based on local code (SS-553).
5.5 l/s/person or 0.6 l/s/m2 (Choose higher volume)
5.5 x 20 = 110 l/s.
So, We have to choose 110 l/s for this meeting room.
Fresh Air Supply will be 110 l/s (396 CMH).

Air Con Sketch

So,supply air volume 2195 cmh &


fresh air volume-396 cmh for this
meeting room.
Layout will be as per air con sketch. Just need to calculate how much capacity we need.
For Cooling Load Capacity ,
Q = m ∆h
m = mass of air (kg/s) (we already calculated)
∆h = enthalpy differential of entering air and leaving air (kJ/kg)

For ∆h = h1-h2
h1= enthalpy of entering air into coil (maxing air)
h2= enthalpy of leaving air from coil (supply air)
So that we need to calculate maxing air temp.
Mixing air volume is same as supply air volume. See Air con Sketch dwg.
In our design condition,
Supply Air Temp is 14 C & Room Operation Temp is 24C(maxi) & RH is 50~55 %.
Fresh air temp is Singapore Summer Temp , 32.8 C (DB) & 26.1 C (WB).
So that we can calculate maxing air temp (entering air temp/on coil air temp).
Supply air volume (maxing air volume) is addition of return air volume and fresh air volume. So,
maxing air temp is depended on ratio of return and fresh air volume.

Equation will be -
Tm x Mixing Air Volume = (Tr x Return Air Volume) + (Tf x Fresh Air Volume)
Other way is
Tm x 100% = (Tr x Return Air % of Supply Air) + (Tf x Fresh Air % of Supply)
So we just calculate fresh air volume % of supply air volume = 396 / 2195 x 100 = 18%
Fresh air volume is 18%, return air volume will be 100-18= 82%.

Tm x 100 = ( Tr x 82) + (Tf x 18)


Tr = Room Operation Temp (24 C)
(It should add 1 or 2 C for duct heat gain and plenum heat gain)
Tf = Fresh Air Temp (32.8 C).
Tm x 100 = (24x82) + (32.8 x 18)
Tm = 25.58 C
Mixing Air Temp (DB) is 25.58 C.
Next step is maxing air temp (WB ) or Humidity Ratio (∆g)
Same as maxing air temp (DB)-
equation will be

gm x Mixing Air Volume = (gr x Return Air Volume) + (gf x Fresh Air Volume)

gm x 100 = ( gr x 82) + (gf x 18)

gr = Return Air Humidity Ratio

Read from Psychrometric Chart by Room Operation Temp ( 24 C & RH-54%)

gr=9.8 g/kg = 0.0098 kg/kg

gf = Fresh Air Humidity Ratio.

Read from Psychrometric Chart by Singapore Summer Temp ( 32.8 C & 26.1 C)

gf = 18.6 g/kg = 0.0186 kg/kg.

So gmx100 = (0.0098 x 82)+(0.0186x18)

gm = 11.83 g/kg = 0.01183 kg/kg

By Maxing Air Temp (DB) Tm,25.58C & Mixing Air Humidity Ratio (gm) 11.83 g/kg,

h1=55 kJ/kg (From Psychrometric Chart)

For h2, Read from Psychrometric Chart


Based on supply air temp,coil ADP,Space SHR & intersection line.
Supply Air temp is 14 C.
Space SHR = 0.86
Coil ADP = 12.71 C (By coil bypass factor is 0.1)

h2= 37.2 kJ/kg.


So, Cooling Capacity is
Q = m ∆h
m = 7.421 / (1.004 x 10 ) = 0.73919 kg/s
∆h = h1-h2 = 55- 37.2 = 17.8 kJ/kg
Q = 0.73919 x 17.8

Q = 13.15 kJ/s (kW)

Fan Coil Unit minimum cooling capacity is 13.15 kW.


Cooling Rate is 13.15/50x100 = 263 W/m2.

Supply Air Volume is 2195 CMH

Fresh Air Volume is 396 CMH.


If FCU is chilled water system and CHW ∆T is 5.5,

Chilled Water Flow rate ?

Q = m c ∆T
Q = V ℓ c ΔT

Q = Cooling Capacity (kJ/s) (kW)


V = Water Flow (m3/s)
ℓ = Density of water (kg/m3) (1000 kg/m3 for water)
c = Specific Heat Capacity of Water (4.19 kJ/kg)
m= mass of water (kg/s)
∆T = 5.5
V = Q / ℓ c ∆T = 13.15 / (1000x4.19 x 5.5)

V = 0.00057 m3/s

(1m3/s = 1000 l/s)

So, V = 0.57 l/s.

So Chilled Water Flow Rate is 0.57 l/s.

So that for CHW System, m = V = .... (Unit is l/s)

Q = m c ∆T

m = Q / (c x ∆T) ... (l/s)

Thanks,
zaw moe khine

Posted by Zaw Moe Khine at 01:18


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Labels: Sample Heat Load Calculation


5 comments

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Top comments

JAICE JOY SKARIA 6 months ago - Shared publicly


Thanks a lot for such an elaborated detailing of the cooling load calculations.. i could
easily clear many doubts in heat load calculation process.​

1 · Reply

Ram Kaushik 11 months ago - Shared publicly


Thanks for sharing everything very clearly and step by step​

1 · Reply

Manjunath Hr 1 year ago - Shared publicly


I AM SO THANK FULL FOR YOU YOUR RIGHT KNOWLEDGE SHARING IS POWER
THROUGH WHICH WE CAN DO WONDERES THANKS FOR THE INFO.

I WISH IF I CAN POST ANY OF THSE KIND OF ENGINERRING INFO.


CAN YOU PLEASE LET ME KNOW HOW TO ADD THESE DETAILS INTO INTO SO THAT
OTHERS CAN GO THROUGH AND CAN COMMENTS ON THE SAME​
+1 1 · Reply
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godwin igot 4 months ago - Shared publicly


thank you very much for this step by step detailing of the cooling load calculation. Great
Help!!!​

1 · Reply

Raz K 11 months ago - Shared publicly


Hi,
I'm struggling to understand h2 calculation.
tha data and the lines on the Psychrometric Chart does not meet.
The SHR & humidity ratio lines seems not in place.......
could you check and re-explain.
Many thanks, Raz.​
+3 1 · Reply
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