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ACMV DESIGN

“Share your knowledge. It is a way to achieve immortality.” ― Dalai Lama XIV

► 2014 (1) Wel

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► April (1) Office Meeting Room anyt

to m

▼ January (2)

Sample Heat Load Calculation for General Office Meeting Room zaw

Zaw Moe Khine

Sample Heat Load om

Calculation for Follow 174

General Office

Me... View my complete Tha

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HEAT LOAD

CALCULATION

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► 2012 (3)

Sample Heat Load C

General Office Meet

Sample Heat Load C

General Office Meet

Calculation - -Coolin

upply Air V olume (

PRECOOLED AHU

Just start with preco

Calculation!! When

precooled AHU, you

air volume and temp

Heat Load Calculation -

-Cooling Capacity (kW) , Design Supply Air T

-Supply Air Volume (CMH), When we design the

specifies how much

-Supply Fresh Air Volume (CMH),

volume is. If we need

-Chilled Water Flow Rate (l/s) if CHW System is used. supply air volume, w

When we calculate t

When we calculate the heat load,

to know the location

We need some information for space. (Country,City) And t

1-Location of space information such as

(Ambient Temp for out door air )

ACMV DESIGN COURSE

(Singapore -Summer Ambient Temp - 32.8C/26.1C (DB/WB)

ACMV DESIGN COURSE ACMV D

2- Room/ Space Datas & Orientation (Facade Orientation) E-20(Hourly Analysis Program-HA

(Area-50 m2 & Room is located at North Side of Building) ACMV DESIGN COURSE (SATUR

YOU WA...

3-Room Construction Materials

(Such as Window Glass (U-value & Sc-Value) ,Wall, Partition & Floor.) (no title)

4-No of Occupancy & Room Usage http://www.scribd.com/doc/11156

(20-Persons & Meeting Room) Calculation-Spreadsheets-Quick-A

Relying-on-Rules-of-Thumb?

secret_password=1lkzrbj8jn...

I-Internal Heat Gain

i-Heat Gain from Lighting နi ုင%&တက) အဆင့္မ/ Building Ser

စ္ေယ)က္ အ3ဖစ္ ရပ7ည္ ခ:င;<မ:ာ

(Based on SS-530-Office Lighting Power - 15 W/m2) င္းေက)င္း

Lighting Load = 50 x 15 = 750 W နi ုင%&တက) အဆင့္မ/ Building Ser

ii-Heat Gain from Human (20-person) စ္ေယ)က္ အ3ဖစ္ ရပ7ည္ ခ:င;<မ:ာ

င္းေက)င္း RSED Engineering

(Based on ASHRAE Office Human Sensible -75 W/person & Latent 55 W/person) M&a...

Human Load (S) 75 x 20 = 1500 W ,(L) 55 x 20 = 1100 W

iii-Electrical Equipments Load ( General Office 25 W/m2)

Laptop-55 W x 20 & Projector-300 W.

Electrical Equipments Load= 30 x 50 = 1500 W

II-External Heat Gain

i-Heat Gain from Wall (Conduction Heat Gain)

(Q= A x U x ∆T)

Wall Area = 10 m x 1m = 10m2

Wall U-value(200mm brick wall = 2.254 W/m2)

∆T for North side facing 200mm brick wall = 14

So, Q= 10 x 2.254 x 14 = 315.56 W

ii- Heat Gain from Glass Window. (Conduction + Radiation Heat Gain)

Glass Area = 10 m x 3 m = 30m2

Glass U-value = 1.7 W/m2

Glass Sc-Value = 0.3

CF = 0.8

(Q= (3.4 x A x U ) + (211 x A x Sc x CF)

Q = (3.4 x 30 x 1.7 ) + (211 x 30 x 0.3 x 0.8 ) = 1692.6 W

iii- Heat Gain from Partition Wall ( Conduction Heat Gain)

(Q= A x U x ∆T)

Partition Area = 20 x 4 = 80 m2

Partition Wall U-Value = 0.573 W/m2

∆T (30-24) = 6

Q = 80 x 0.573 x 6 = 275 .04 W

(Q= A x U x ∆T)

Floor Area = 50 m2

Floor U-Value = 2.452 W/m2

∆T (30-24) = 6

Q = 50 x 2.452 x 6 = 735.6 W

After adding out the total heat load-

Sensible Heat Load is 6746.8 W (10% SF) 7421.53 W = 7.421 kW.

Latent Heat Load is 1100 W (10% SF)-1210 W =1.21 kW

SHR = SH/(SH+LH) = 7.421/(7.421+1.21) = 0.86

That's mean 86% is Sensible and 14 % is Latent heat.

Once we get the total sensible heat load, we can get the supply air volume.

Qs = m c ∆T

Qs = 7.421 kW (kJ/s)

c = 1.004 kJ/kg

If supply air temp is 14 C, ∆T = 24-14 = 10.

m = Qs / (c x ∆T) - (kg/s)

m = 7.421 / (1.004 x 10 ) = 0.73919 kg/s

V,Air Volume (m3/s) = m x v (Humid Volume-m3/kg)

If supply air temp is 14 C, v is about 0.825 m3/kg.

So, Air Volume , V = 0.73919 (kg/s) x 0.825 (m3/kg)

V = 0.6098 m3/s = 2195 CMH.

So, Supply Air Volume is 2195 CMH.

Next step is Fresh Air Volume Supply, If the space type is under office,

Minimum FA Requirement is based on 62.1 ASHRAE

(2.5 l/s/person + 0.3 l/s/m2)= (2.5x20) + (0.3x50)=65 l/s

Minimum FA Requirement based on local code (SS-553).

5.5 l/s/person or 0.6 l/s/m2 (Choose higher volume)

5.5 x 20 = 110 l/s.

So, We have to choose 110 l/s for this meeting room.

Fresh Air Supply will be 110 l/s (396 CMH).

fresh air volume-396 cmh for this

meeting room.

Layout will be as per air con sketch. Just need to calculate how much capacity we need.

For Cooling Load Capacity ,

Q = m ∆h

m = mass of air (kg/s) (we already calculated)

∆h = enthalpy differential of entering air and leaving air (kJ/kg)

For ∆h = h1-h2

h1= enthalpy of entering air into coil (maxing air)

h2= enthalpy of leaving air from coil (supply air)

So that we need to calculate maxing air temp.

Mixing air volume is same as supply air volume. See Air con Sketch dwg.

In our design condition,

Supply Air Temp is 14 C & Room Operation Temp is 24C(maxi) & RH is 50~55 %.

Fresh air temp is Singapore Summer Temp , 32.8 C (DB) & 26.1 C (WB).

So that we can calculate maxing air temp (entering air temp/on coil air temp).

Supply air volume (maxing air volume) is addition of return air volume and fresh air volume. So,

maxing air temp is depended on ratio of return and fresh air volume.

Equation will be -

Tm x Mixing Air Volume = (Tr x Return Air Volume) + (Tf x Fresh Air Volume)

Other way is

Tm x 100% = (Tr x Return Air % of Supply Air) + (Tf x Fresh Air % of Supply)

So we just calculate fresh air volume % of supply air volume = 396 / 2195 x 100 = 18%

Fresh air volume is 18%, return air volume will be 100-18= 82%.

Tr = Room Operation Temp (24 C)

(It should add 1 or 2 C for duct heat gain and plenum heat gain)

Tf = Fresh Air Temp (32.8 C).

Tm x 100 = (24x82) + (32.8 x 18)

Tm = 25.58 C

Mixing Air Temp (DB) is 25.58 C.

Next step is maxing air temp (WB ) or Humidity Ratio (∆g)

Same as maxing air temp (DB)-

equation will be

gm x Mixing Air Volume = (gr x Return Air Volume) + (gf x Fresh Air Volume)

Read from Psychrometric Chart by Singapore Summer Temp ( 32.8 C & 26.1 C)

By Maxing Air Temp (DB) Tm,25.58C & Mixing Air Humidity Ratio (gm) 11.83 g/kg,

Based on supply air temp,coil ADP,Space SHR & intersection line.

Supply Air temp is 14 C.

Space SHR = 0.86

Coil ADP = 12.71 C (By coil bypass factor is 0.1)

So, Cooling Capacity is

Q = m ∆h

m = 7.421 / (1.004 x 10 ) = 0.73919 kg/s

∆h = h1-h2 = 55- 37.2 = 17.8 kJ/kg

Q = 0.73919 x 17.8

Cooling Rate is 13.15/50x100 = 263 W/m2.

If FCU is chilled water system and CHW ∆T is 5.5,

Q = m c ∆T

Q = V ℓ c ΔT

V = Water Flow (m3/s)

ℓ = Density of water (kg/m3) (1000 kg/m3 for water)

c = Specific Heat Capacity of Water (4.19 kJ/kg)

m= mass of water (kg/s)

∆T = 5.5

V = Q / ℓ c ∆T = 13.15 / (1000x4.19 x 5.5)

V = 0.00057 m3/s

Q = m c ∆T

Thanks,

zaw moe khine

+15 Recommend this on Google

5 comments

Top comments

Thanks a lot for such an elaborated detailing of the cooling load calculations.. i could

easily clear many doubts in heat load calculation process.

1 · Reply

Thanks for sharing everything very clearly and step by step

1 · Reply

I AM SO THANK FULL FOR YOU YOUR RIGHT KNOWLEDGE SHARING IS POWER

THROUGH WHICH WE CAN DO WONDERES THANKS FOR THE INFO.

CAN YOU PLEASE LET ME KNOW HOW TO ADD THESE DETAILS INTO INTO SO THAT

OTHERS CAN GO THROUGH AND CAN COMMENTS ON THE SAME

+1 1 · Reply

2

1

thank you very much for this step by step detailing of the cooling load calculation. Great

Help!!!

1 · Reply

Hi,

I'm struggling to understand h2 calculation.

tha data and the lines on the Psychrometric Chart does not meet.

The SHR & humidity ratio lines seems not in place.......

could you check and re-explain.

Many thanks, Raz.

+3 1 · Reply

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