CFD DESCRIPTION

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CFD DESCRIPTION

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General form of the scalar transport equation

Elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic equations

Behavior of the scalar transport equation with respect to these equation

types

Methods for deriving discretization equations

Methods for solving discretization equations

Accuracy, consistency, stability and convergence

3. Diffusion Equation

Source terms, non-linearity

Boundary conditions

Under-relaxation

Solution of linear equations (preliminary)

Other coordinate systems

Unsteady conduction

Two-dimensional conduction on unstructured meshes

Accuracy, stability and convergence revisited

Upwind scheme

Two-dimensional convection-diffusion

Accuracy of upwind scheme; false diffusion

Higher-order schemes

Boundary conditions

Generalization to unstructured meshes

5. Linear Solvers

Gauss-Seidel scheme

Tri-diagonal matrix algorithm (TDMA), line-iterative solvers

Multi-grid methods and application to unstructured meshes

Conjugate gradient methods

6. Flow Field Calculation

Primitive variables versus other methods

Staggered grid for structured meshes

SIMPLE family of algorithms

Non-staggered mesh methods

Body-fitted formulations

Unstructured mesh formulation

7. Projects

Assignments

Solution to Assignment 1

Solution to Assignment 2

Solution to Assignment 3

Solution to Assignment 4

Solution to Assignment 5

Final Exam

Mid-Term Exam

Mid-Term Exam Solution

Average: 76.6/100

Max: 99/100

Min: 43/100

Week 1 (1/10/11)

1/10/2011 Lecture 1

1/12/2011 Lecture 2

Week 2 (1/17/11)

1/19/2011 Lecture 5

1/21/2011 Lecture 6

Week 3 (1/24/11)

1/24/2011 Lecture 7

1/28/2011 Lecture 9

Week 4 (1/31/11)

1/31/2011 Lecture 10 Lecture 10 (narrated)

2/4/2011 Lecture 12

Week 5 (2/7/11)

2/7/2011 Lecture 13

2/9/2011 Lecture 14

2/11/2011 Lecture 15

Week 6 (2/14/11)

2/14/2011 Lecture 16

2/16/2011 Lecture 17

2/18/2011 Lecture 18

Week 7 (2/21/11)

2/21/2011 Lecture 19

2/23/2011 Lecture 20

2/25/2011 Lecture 21

Week 8 (2/28/11)

Week 9 (3/7/11)

3/7/2011 Lecture 25

Week 10 (3/14/11)

Week 11 (3/21/11)

3/23/2011 Lecture 32

3/25/2011 Lecture 33

Week 12 (3/28/11)

4/1/2011 Lecture 36

Week 13 (4/4/11)

4/6/2011 Lecture 38

Week 14 (4/11/11)

4/11/2011 Lecture 40

4/15/2011 Lecture 42

Week 15 (4/18/11)

4/18/2011 Lecture 43

4/20/2011 Lecture 44 Example AMG problem

4/22/2011 Lecture 45

Week 16 (4/25/11)

solution

Instructor Information

Room 169, Mechanical Engineering, or BRK 2027B

Purdue University

West Lafayette, IN 47907-1288

(765) 494-0539 (fax)

jmurthy@ecn.purdue.edu

Lectures

Assignments

every other Monday. These will be due on Monday two weeks later. You are

free to discuss assignments with your classmates and with me, but the final

submission must be your own work.

Examinations

161. The examination will be open book, open notes. There will be a final

examination, the schedule for which will be announced in due course.

Project

Students will be expected to complete a CFD project during the course. The

project will typically require 3-4 weeks of effort and will involve groups of

two students working together. Suggested project topics will be discussed

by the instructor in class and will be finalized during the middle of March to

allow enough time for project completion. A project report will be required,

and classroom presentations will be scheduled for the end of the semester.

are posted in PDF format on the class webpage. You are free to print and

browse them. A useful reference book for the class is:

1980.

Office Hours

Mechanical Engineering. Please make an appointment if this time is not

convenient or if you need more time.

Grading

Assignments : 30 %

Mid Term Examination: 25 %

Final 25%

Project: 20 %

Total: 100 %

A mixture of absolute and relative grading will determine the final grade for

the class.

Project Topics

Important Dates

Project reports are due on the last day of class, April 29, 2011.

Project Presentations

TBA

guidelines. A sample paper is shown below.

Please submit a paper copy to Prof. Murthy, along with an annotated copy of

your code.

ME 608

The project focuses on developing a solver combining surface-to-surface radiation and

conduction. Consider a square cavity containing a transparent gas such as air. The walls of the

cavity are cooled on the outside by convection.The gas itself is quiescent, and heat transfer

through it is by conduction alone. The walls, however, are hot enough that they radiate to each

other through the gas. Develop a finite volume solver to compute enclosure radiation heat

transfer by writing the radiosity equations for all wall control surfaces, finding view factors, and

solving the resulting linear system to find the wall temperatures, which are then used as

boundary conditions for the conduction problem in the gas. Explore the influence of enclosure

geometry and Planck number on the ratio of conduction to radiation heat transfer from the walls.

In class, we will develop an algebraic multigrid scheme for unstructured meshes. This project

involves implementing the multigrid idea either using a Gauss-Seidel relaxation sweep or, for

structured meshes, an LBL-TDMA, and tying this to a multigrid cycle. Explore the performance

of the scheme for problems with large anisotropies in coefficients due to properties, mesh aspect

ratios and other complexities.

In recent years there has been a great deal of interest in solving the phonon Boltzmann trasnport

equation to model micro-scale conduction heat transfer. In this project, take the convection

schemes we developed in class and apply them to solve the phonon BTE. Show that you can

recover Fourier conduction in macro domains, and explore the numerical properties of your

solver over a range of acoustic thicknesses.

Given a flow field, write a solver to solve for species transport and chemical reaction in a

reacting system, taking care to properly linearize and couple your species transport equations.

Explore the performance of your numerical algorithm for a range of governing parameters.

Develop a solver for coupled thermal transport and participating radiation. Participating radiation

is described by the radiative transfer equation (RTE), which is amenable to solution using the

ideas about convection-diffusion equations developed in class. The RTE is coupled to the energy

equation through radiative source terms. Develop a solver for the coupled system, and test your

solver against a variety of published solutions.

Solvers for spray combustion and particle transport through gases and liquids sometimes employ

a coupled Lagrangian-Eulerian method for low solid/droplet volume fraction. In this approach,

droplets or particles traversing the fluid are tracked individually in a Lagrangian frame of

reference. Particle tracks are then located in a background mesh on which the gas phase

governing equations are solved. In general, the momentum, mass and energy loss by the particles

is that gained by the gas. The project involves implementing a coupled Lagrangian-Eulerian

solver within the framework of a finite volume scheme.

Implement the SIMPLE algorithm for sequential solution of the incompressible continuity and

momentum equations within a finite volume framework. Establish that your code works against a

variety of published solutions and examine the convergence properties of your scheme using the

driven cavity problem as a test problem. This is a substantial project and will require good

programming skills, but you will learn a great deal of CFD by doing it.

Thermal transport in porous media is sometimes treated using a "two temperature" formulation.

If the thermal properties of the solid and fluid media are very different from each other, the two

media cannot be assumed to be in thermal equilibrium. One approach to modeling this type of

situation is to pretend that each point in the medium is described by two temperatures, one for

the solid and one for the fluid, and write two separate energy equations, accounting for the

volume occupied by each medium, and coupling them through energy exchange terms. The

objective of the project is to write a solver for this class of problem using a finite volume

framework and testing the properties of the scheme against analytical and published solutions.

The objective of this project is to develop a solver for computing the effective thermal

conductivity of metallic foams impregnated with either a solid such as paraffin, or immersed in a

fluid such as air or water. For the purposes of this project, you may assume that the fluid is

stationary, and further, assume that the foam can be represented by a regular structure that can be

modeled in Cartesian coordinates. Develop a solver to address this coupled problem and present

the effective thermal conductivity of the medium as a function of geometry and metal-substrate

conductivity ratio.

The objective of this project is to develop a solver for computing the effective thermal

conductivity of particulate composites, where particles are embedded in a substrate such as

polymer. The substrate is stationary. Assume that the bed can be represented by a regular or

random matrix of cuboidal particles that can be modeled in Cartesian coordinates. Develop a

solver to address this coupled problem and present the effective thermal conductivity of the

medium as a function of geometry and particle-substrate conductivity ratio.

In this class, we have looked mainly at cell-based schemes. An alternative is to develop node-

based schemes. During the 1980's, a variety of node-based schemes using the so-called control-

volume finite element methods (CVFEM) were developed which sought to combine the

conservative property of finite volume schemes with the geometric flexibility of finite element

schemes. The project involves developing a CVFEM solver for the convection-diffusion

equation and to examine its properties.

The objective of this project is to implement the scheme that we have developed in this class,

working out all the issues with respect to data structures and solution algorithms. Test your

solver against published solutions and examine the numerical properties of the underlying

schemes.

http://www.lehigh.edu/~wes1/apci/28apr00.pdf

Reidar B. Olsen http://www.bygg.ntnu.no/~nilsol/

http://www.me.pdx.edu/~gerry/class/ME448/

http://www.mech.kth.se/new/list_courses.asp

http://www.tfd.chalmers.se/gr-kurs/MTF071

10) ME 608 Numerical Methods in Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer by Jayathi Y.

Murthy very good!!!!! http://widget.ecn.purdue.edu/~jmurthy/me608/

http://www.mathworks.com/moler/

Ching Chen

13) CVEN 680-600 Advanced Computation Methods for Fluid Flow by Hamn-Ching

Chen

http://ceprofs.tamu.edu/hchen/

https://toolkit.itc.virginia.edu/cgi...ring_MAE672-1/

http://www.aerodyn.org/CFD/

http://personalpages.umist.ac.uk/staff/david.d.apsley/

http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/j/h/jhm/ME540/

Iowa http://css.engineering.uiowa.edu/~me_160/

http://www.nada.kth.se/kurser/kth/2D1263/index.html

http://www.fml.m.dendai.ac.jp/iwatsu.../Computational%20Fluid%20Dynamics.pdf

Mechanical Engineering, ETH Zurich http://www.lkt.iet.ethz.ch/~lakehal/...4/material.htm

kurs/MTF112/index.html

H. Pulliam http://people.nas.nasa.gov/~pulliam/...vki_notes.html

CAAM 452 Lecturer: Dr Tim Warburton http://www.caam.rice.edu/~caam452/

30) METR 5344 CFD Course Home Page (Spring 2000) Instructor: Dr. Ming Xue

http://twister.caps.ou.edu/cfd2000/

31) CSI 756 - Numerical Methods for Climate Dynamics by Professor Paul Schopf

http://www.scs.gmu.edu/climate/courses/csi756/

32) ACM 210a Numerical Methods for PDEs

http://www.acm.caltech.edu/~acm210/2005/WINTER/

http://www.aa.washington.edu/courses/aa510/

Strömningsmekaniskaberäkningar/Computational Fluid Dynamics 5C1212 Dan

Henningson, Professor in Fluid Mechanics KTH http://www2.mech.kth.se/~henning/

37) courses by Division of Thermo and Fluid Dynamics at the Department of Mechanical

Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg http://www.tfd.chalmers.se/

REPORTS

A few sample project reports submitted for the final project in ME 608 in

Spring 2006 are posted below. The projects were approximately one month's

effort. Students could select from a list provided by the instructor, or work

on a topic of their own choosing. The use of commercial CFD codes was not

allowed, and each project required code development based on the material

covered in the class.

Boltzmann solver for phonon transport

Syllabus and its use in the analysis of fluid dynamics, heat

Assignments and mass transfer problems. A

Examinations general framework for the discretization of

Class Notes convection-diffusion equations is developed for

Fluent/Gambit Materials both structured and unstructured meshes. Issues

Announcements of accuracy, stability and convergence are

Project Requirements addressed. Techniques for the solution of linear

Project Reports algebraic systems are presented for both

Lectures structured and unstructured discretizations. The

computation of fluid flow and issues of pressure-

velocity coupling for incompressible flows are

addressed next, with an emphasis on sequential

techniques. The course involves hands-on code

development as well as use of a commercial code

for solving a variety of practical engineering

problems.

Thomas H. Pulliam

NASA Ames Research Center

Moffett Field, CA 94035

email:Thomas.H.Pulliam@nasa.gov

108

Office Hours: Wednesdays 2PM-3:05PM, Location: Lobby of

Durand 2nd Floor

Class Links and Information

Announcements

General Info:

Notes AA214A

Intro Slide AA214A: Lecture 1 [pdf 214Kb]

Euler to Wave Equation Notes : Lecture 2a [pdf 51Kb]

Wave Equation Exact Solution Notes : Lecture 2b [pdf 51Kb]

Notes from Chapter 3: Compact Schemes [pdf 75Kb]

Taylor table for 6th Order Accurate Generalized Pade Differenceing schemes: Lecture 3 [pdf

5.8Kb]

Notes from Chapter 3: Matrix Form For Difference Schemes : Lecture 4 [pdf 20.1Kb]

Notes from Chapter 3: Modified Wave Number Analysis : Lecture 4 [pdf 6.6Kb]

Homework #2 Assigned

Notes from Chapter 3: Modified Wave Number Analysis : Lecture 5 [pdf 6.6Kb]

Chapter 4 Notes: Lecture 5,6 [pdf 917Kb]

Homework #3 Assigned

Notes from Chapter 8 [pdf 90Kb]

MIDTERM 2008 (PDF) MID TERM Answers (PDF)

Week 6 Read Chap 11

Notes from Chapter 11 [pdf 107Kb] {New Notes}

Notes from Chapter 12 [pdf 150Kb] {New Notes}

Notes from Chapter 13 [pdf 62Kb] {New Notes}

Homework #4 Assigned

Thomas H. Pulliam

NASA Ames Research Center

Moffett Field, CA 94035

Intro Slide AA214A [pdf 15Kb]

Euler to Wave Equation Notes: Lecture [pdf 7.8Kb]

Wave Equation Exact Solution Notes : Lecture pdf 6.9Kb]

Notes from Chapter 3: Finite-Differences / Taylor Tables: Lecture 3 [pdf 114Kb]

Notes from Chapter 3: Compact Schemes [pdf 75Kb]

Taylor table for 4th Order Accurate Pade Differenceing schemes [pdf 3.9Kb]

Taylor table for 6th Order Accurate Generalized Pade Differenceing schemes [pdf 5.8Kb]

Notes from Chapter 3: Modified Wave Number Analysis [pdf 6.6Kb]

Notes from Chapter 3: Matrix Form For Difference Schemes [pdf 20.1Kb]

Chapter 4 Notes: Semi-Discrete Approach [pdf 11.6Kb]

Notes from Chapter 5: Finitie-Volume Methods [pdf 12.1Kb]

Notes from Chapter 6: Time-Marching Methids for ODE's [pdf 36.6Kb]

Notes from Chapter 7: Stability of Linear Systems [pdf 18Kb]

Notes from Chapter 8: Choosing a Time-marching Method[pdf 11.1Kb]

Notes from Chapter 11: Numerical Dissipation [pdf 23Kb]

Notes from Chapter 12: Split and Factored Forms [pdf 23.9Kb]

Notes from Chapter 13: Analysis of Split and Factored Forms [pdf 12.7Kb]

Final Project Notes

Slides for Final Project Discussion [pdf 32Kb]

Stability in the Lambda Plane for Various O-Delta-E's

Lambda Eigenvalues/Modified Wave Number for Difference Schemes

Shows various Matrix forms of differencing schemes and their eigenvalues

Matrix forms for various differencing schemes

Example of some time differencing schemes for wave propagation

Driver Matlab code for plotting various Modified Wave Numbers

Matlab code for computing Modified Wave Numbers for Spatial Differencing Schemes

Supplemental Handout #1 [postscript 61Kb] ....[pdf format 289Kb]

Notes on useful series expansions [postscript 21Kb] ....[pdf format 71Kb]

Notes Compact Pade Differenceing schemes [postscript 468Kb] ....[pdf format 259Kb]

Numerical Chaos and Iterative Equations [postscript 7.2Mb] ....[pdf format 7.9Mb]

!! Note Page 4 Takes a Long Time to Display

Tar file of Numerical Chaos and Iterative Equations

Check out the Matlab codes for plotting Stability in the Sigma-Lambda Planes

A Standalone Matlab code plotting Various O-Delta-E'sin the Complex sigma plane: See Chapter

7 of the notes

A Standalone Matlab code plotting Various O-Delta-E'sin the Complex lambda plane: See

Chapter 7 of the notes

I have also included a GUI version of the some code: grab the next 4 files and put into a single

directory and run "Stabilty" at the matlab prompt

A GUI Matlab code plotting Various O-Delta-E's: See Chapter 7 of the notes

Needed for GUI

Same as sigma_plot_alone.m for use with Stabilty.m

Same as lambda_plot_alone.m for use with Stabilty.m

title matlab file

unpack the unix tar file and make the file accessible to matlab

or

download the files seperately from files

A Matlab code showing the effect grid resolution on the representation of waves.

Also check out the Matlab example programs on modified wave number analysis

A Matlab code showing the effect of finite differencing schemes on wave propagation.

A support routine for My matlab codes (you need this)

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