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Materials System Specification

09-SAMSS-113 11 June 2011


The Requirements of External Liquid
Coatings for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113A)
Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................ 2
2 General Requirements.................................. 2
3 References.................................................... 3
4 Qualification Tests and Requirements.......... 4
5 Packaging Requirements.............................. 7

Previous Issue: 31 May 2005 Next Planned Update: 11 June 2016


Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Page 1 of 7
Primary contact: Mansour, Mana Hamad on +966-3-8760264

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2011. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-113
Issue Date: 11 June 2011 The Requirements of External Liquid
Next Planned Update: 11 June 2016 Coatings for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113A)

1 Scope

This Specification defines the minimum mandatory requirements for qualifying


individual liquid coating products for field-applied renovation and repair of buried
pipelines and piping. This specification covers Saudi Aramco approved protective
coating systems APCS-113 (A) for liquid coatings; a) with solid volume less than 85%,
b) with solid volume more than 85% and up to100%. Use this specification when any
of the situations defined below:

1.1 Initial Product Approval

This specification is available to coating manufacturers, or other vendors of


coating products, that require obtaining initial approval for products that have
not previously been qualified for use by Saudi Aramco.

1.2 Purchase Requisitions/Purchase Orders

This specification can be attached to Purchase Requisitions or Purchase Orders


when those documents address the procurement of coating products that have
not been previously qualified in accordance with this specification.

This specification shall not be attached with Purchase Requisitions or Purchase


Orders for coating products that have been previously qualified per this
specification. Do not include this specification with Purchase Requisitions or
Purchase Orders for coated items or equipment when a Saudi Aramco approved
protective coating system has been specified.

1.3 Periodic Product Compliance Checks

This specification shall be used for periodic product compliance checks on


previously approved coatings. Give it to the organization conducting the
compliance tests.

2 General Requirements

2.1 For purposes of this specification the Buyer's Representative shall be the
Responsible Unit Supervisor (RUS).

2.2 In order to qualify a coating system as acceptable under this specification, the
coating supplier shall submit a certified test report documenting that the
proposed coating system meets the qualification tests and requirements of this
SAMSS. Preparation and testing shall be performed and/or witnessed by an
independent laboratory or inspection agency. This report shall be submitted to

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Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-113
Issue Date: 11 June 2011 The Requirements of External Liquid
Next Planned Update: 11 June 2016 Coatings for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113A)

the Saudi Aramco RUS for review. The RUS shall decide if the data presented
by the Supplier satisfies all the requirements.

2.3 All initial product qualification tests shall be carried out at no cost to Saudi
Aramco.

3 References

References noted below shall be of the latest edition, addenda, or revision in effect on:
a) The date of the Purchase Order.
b) The date testing is begun when there is no Purchase order.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification


09-SAMSS-060 Packaging Requirements for Coatings

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard


SAES-H-002, APCS-113 Field-Applied Renovation and Repair Coatings
(External)

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM A36 Structural Steel
ASTM D870 Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water
Immersion
ASTM D1849 Package Stability of Paint
ASTM D4541 Pull-Off Strength of Coatings
ASTM G42 Cathodic Disbonding of Pipeline Coatings
Subjected to Elevated Temperatures

British Standards Institution


BS 3900 Part C2: Surface Drying Test (Ballotini Method)

International Organization for Standardization


ISO 20340 Paint and Varnishes – Performance Requirements
for Protective Paint systems for Offshore and
Related Structures (Annex B)

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Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-113
Issue Date: 11 June 2011 The Requirements of External Liquid
Next Planned Update: 11 June 2016 Coatings for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113A)

Steel Structures Painting Council


SSPC PA 2 Measurement of Dry Paint Thickness with
Magnetic Gages
SSPC VIS 1 Pictorial Surface Preparation Standards for
Painting Steel Structures
SSPC SP 10 Near-White Blast Cleaning

4 Qualification Tests and Requirements

4.1 Test Panel Preparation

4.1.1 Use ASTM A36 hot rolled steel, approximately 100 mm X 150 mm, for
test panels. Prior to preparing the surface, the condition of the test panel
shall be equivalent to SSPC-Guide to SSPC VIS 1 Rust Grade A,
Adherent Mill Scale. The minimum thickness of the test panel shall be
5 mm.

4.1.2 Abrasive blast clean the test panels to a near-white degree of cleanliness
as defined by SSPC SP 10 using slag or garnet abrasive.

4.1.3 The surface profile of the abrasive blasted clean surface shall be 37 to
75 microns (1.5 to 3.0 mils).

4.1.4 Mix, apply and cure the coating strictly in accordance with the
manufacturer's latest published instructions. For liquid coatings with low
solid volume (less than 85%), Spray applying the coating in one coat to
achieve a dry film thickness of 500 to 625 microns (20 to 25 mils).
Measure the dry film thickness (DFT) in accordance with SSPC PA 2.

4.1.5 Liquid coatings with high solid volume (greater than 85%) shall be
applied by airless spray equipment in one coat to achieve a dry film
thickness of 600 to 1000 microns (24 to 40 mils). The pump of the spray
equipment shall be 45:1 compression ratio or higher to achieve proper
coating atomization.

4.2 Qualification Tests

4.2.1 Package Stability

When stored at 52 ±2°C for 6 months in accordance with ASTM D1849,


the sample(s) shall meet the following requirements:
a. Weight Loss - 0
b. Skinning, Pressure or Corrosion, - 10

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Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-113
Issue Date: 11 June 2011 The Requirements of External Liquid
Next Planned Update: 11 June 2016 Coatings for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113A)

c. Settling - 6 or better
d. Grains, lumps, or streaks - 8 or better

4.2.2 Spray Properties

Spray apply the ready mixed coating to a vertical steel panel. Prepare
and coat this panel in accordance with Section 4.1. The freshly sprayed
coating shall show no tendency to sag, creep or run at its maximum film
thickness.

4.2.3 Useable Pot Life

Heat the mixed coating to 40 ±2°C and maintain it at this temperature for
½ hour. Spray apply the ready mixed coating to a vertical steel panel.
Prepare and coat this panel in accordance with section 4.1. The freshly
sprayed coating shall show no tendency to sag, creep or run.

4.2.4 Dry Time to Backfill

Determine the “surface-drying time” in accordance with BS 3900,


Part C2 (Ballotini Method). The maximum acceptable surface-drying
time is 8 hours at 25 ±2°C.

4.2.5 Adhesion

4.2.5.1 Prepare three (3) steel panels per section 4.1.

4.2.5.2 Determine the adhesive strength of the coating in accordance


with ASTM D4541. Scribe the coating around the dolly.
Make a minimum of three measurements on each panel.
The minimum acceptable adhesive strength of any dolly is
4125 KPa (600 psi).

4.2.6 Adhesion at Elevated Application Temperature

4.2.6.1 Prepare the surface of two steel panels in accordance with


4.1.1, 4.1.2 and 4.1.3. Heat these panels to 75 ±2°C and apply
the coating to the panel in accordance with 4.1.4. Maintain the
temperature of the coated panel at 75 ± 2°C for a minimum of
4 hours.

4.2.6.2 Determine the adhesive strength of the coating in accordance


with ASTM D4541. Scribe the coating around the dolly.
Make a minimum of three measurements on each panel.
The minimum acceptable adhesive strength of any dolly is
4125 KPa (600 psi).

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Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-113
Issue Date: 11 June 2011 The Requirements of External Liquid
Next Planned Update: 11 June 2016 Coatings for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113A)

4.2.7 Cathodic Disbondment

4.2.7.1 Prepare three (3) steel panels in accordance with Section 4.1.

4.2.7.2 Test these samples for liquid coatings with low solid volume
(less than 85%), in accordance with ASTM G42 at a
temperature of 70 ±2°C for 30 days. The maximum acceptable
disbondment is 25 mm equivalent circle diameter.

4.2.7.3 Liquid coatings with high solid volume (greater than 85%), test
three (3) samples in accordance with ASTM G42 at a
temperature of 90 ±3°C for 30 days. The maximum acceptable
disbondment shall not exceed 15 mm from the centre of the
artificial defect of two samples out of three.

4.2.8 Chemical Resistance, Immersion Test

4.2.8.1 Prepare three (3) steel panels in accordance with Section 4.1.

4.2.8.2 Test these samples for liquid coatings with low solid volume
(less than 85%), in accordance with ASTM D870 at 70 ±2°C
for 120 days. The exposed coating shall have no blisters or
other coating defects.

4.2.8.3 Liquid coatings with high solid volume (greater than 85%), test
three (3) samples in accordance with ASTM D870 in synthetic
seawater at temperature of 120 ±3°C for 120 days.
The exposed coating shall have no blisters, delamination, or
any other coating defects.

4.2.8.4 Liquid coatings for high temperature Subkha services, the


samples shall be partially immersed in Subkha wetted sand at
120 ±3°C for 180 days. The exposed coating shall have no
blisters, delamination, or any other coating defects, except
discoloration.

4.2.9 Field Trial

Coatings which have satisfied all the requirements of this specification


shall be subjected to a field test. This test shall demonstrate that the
coating can be applied properly and reliably under the actual field
conditions. Details, location, and the period of monitoring the
performance of the coating in the filed trial shall be determined by the
RUS. The coating performance shall be monitored and evaluated for a
period of 6 to 12 months. If the results are satisfactory, the RUS shall

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Document Responsibility: Paints and Coatings Standards Committee 09-SAMSS-113
Issue Date: 11 June 2011 The Requirements of External Liquid
Next Planned Update: 11 June 2016 Coatings for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113A)

approve the results and add the successful coating to Saudi Aramco
approved list.

4.2.10 Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS)

4.10.1 Prepare three (3) steel panels in accordance with Section 4.1.

4.10.2 Conduct electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)


measurements, after exposing the coated panels to 3% NaCl
solution for no less than 24 hours, to obtain initial
electrochemical impedance values. The initial values must be
greater than 1x108 ohm.cm². Coatings with the recommended
film thickness exhibiting lower electrochemical impedance
values shall be rejected.

4.2.11 Fingerprinting for Coating Identification

As part of the qualification procedure of a coating system, the supplier


shall submit to the RUS, a fingerprint of the coating obtained in
accordance with ISO 20340 (Annex B). The fingerprint shall be used in
subsequent routine batch testing of coating supplied for use in the field,
to confirm that the supplied coating is similar to the coating tested in the
qualification stage.

5 Packaging Requirements

Coatings shall be packaged in accordance with 09-SAMSS-060.

Revision Summary
11 June 2011 Revised the "Next Planned Update". Reaffirmed the contents of the document, and reissued
with editorial revision to remove committee membership list and changed the document's
primary contact.

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