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hlt bdg x'G5, plt laikmf]6 sldzg / e|i6frf/ 5 . ;fwf/0f Tof] unt ;flat ePsf] 5 . b/af/ pkl:yltk|lt ;/sf/n] s'g} k|lts[of Aof/]ssf] a;fO{ nlDaPsf sf/0f g]t[Tjsf] 5fglag cfof]un] klg
x'G5 . Pp6f s'/f xf] . bf];|f] s'/f xf] hgtfn] yfDg} g;lsg] dxFuL 5 . dfu{sf] kfFr tf/] cGgk"0f{ xf]6nsL hgfpg ;s]g . To;}n] o;nfO{ bnfn bf]/Daf ufpFkflnsfn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] cg';Gwfg u/]/ /fHoaf6 o'4lj/fd
hlt bdg x'G5 ptL la/f]wL ;vfk hgtfn] :yfgLo, k|fb]lzs / ;+3Lo ;+rflnsf l;h{gf /f0ff;Fu k|sf08n] k'FhLjfbL ;/sf/ elgG5 . bnfn pQm ;Ddfg sfo{qmddf cltly cf;g ljk/Lt lgxTyfsf] xTof u/]sf] l/kf]6{
x'G5g\ . klxnf] s'/f ;fj{ef}d 5, ;/sf/sf] a]Un} a]Un} s/ ltg{' k/]sf] k6s k6s u/L & s/f]8 rGbf c;"nL ;/sf/ eP;Dd /fl6«otfdf vt/f u|x0f u/fpg] sfo{qmd eg] pgL k'Ug' lbPsf] lyof] .
a}1flgs 5, Oltxf;sf] sfnv08df 5 . hgtf ;aeGbf 7"nf x'g . b'O{– u/]sf] eGg] s'/f :jo+ /f0ffn] em"7f / e}/x]sf] x'G5 . ax'dtsf] gfddf l;lSsd klxNo} vQd eO;s] s f] lyof] . tL ;lxbdWo] ^ hgf lhNnf
;flat e};s]sf] s'/f 5 . /f0ffn] bdg tLxfO{ eg]/ pgLx?n] dfGb}gg\ . e|fds ePsf] egL Ps la1KtL hfx]/ ef/tdf ufleg k' u ] s f] 5 . s] sfo{qmddf k|d'v cltly agfOPsf aflx/sf lyP . dxf]Q/L @, ;f]nv ' ;Da'
uYof]{ /f0ff zf;g ;dfKt eof] . pgLx?nfO{ ;'zf;g ;d[l4 / lasf;sf] u/]sL l5g\ . 8f=uf]laGb s]=;Ldf b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dt k| r 08 k' U g' k lxNo} cf;g u| x 0f !, wg' i ff !, l;Gw' k fNrf] s ! /
k~rfotL Aoa:yf ;dfKt eof] . @$) cg'el" t rflxG5 . n"6tGq rn]sf] 5 . bf];f| ] s'/f ;/sf/n] y'g/] lk6]/ lyof] < cflv/df hgtfsf] la/f]w;fd' ;lsPsf] b]v]/ ToxfF ;xefuLx?aLr Pshgfsf] 7]ufg v'Ng ;s]sf] 5}g .
nfd} xfF;f] rn]sf] lyof] . Tolta]nf ;flassf] u]n'–% sf ;lxb /lj
;/sf/ lgx'l/g afWo eof] . b'O{ rf}xfgsL cfdfn] k|r08sf] s'/fnfO{
emk]Gb|/fh j}B ltxfO{sf] bDen] s]xL sfd ug{ ;Sb}g .
kf6L{ PsLs/0f x'g,' r'gfadf k};fsf]
k| r 08df nHhfaf] w o:sf] efj
b]lvGYof] . Tof] b]v]/ k|d'v cltly
k|r08n] af]Ng] kfnf]df …gofF–gofF
…em'7sf] kf]sfÚsf] ;+1f lbOg\ . 5f]/fsf]
/utsf] ckdfg ePsf] pgsf] egfO{
vf]nf] aufpg' / ljsf;sf] ;kgf afF8g\ '
;/sf/n] y'g/] lk6]/ tx cflb s'/fn] b'O{ ltxfO{ cfPsf] a'lemG5 .
kf6L{sf] gofF–gfofF tl/sf, o:t} x'G5
7fgf}+ . cK7\of/f] dfGg' x'Fb}gÚ eg]/
5 . k|r08af6 g]kfnLn] ;'v gkfpg]
7f]s'jf pgn] ul/g\ .
;aeGbf 7"nf] s'/f t sDo'lgi6sf] To:t}, ;lxb pdf sfsL{ …;xf/fÚsL
nufpg] eg]sf] 5 eg] lae|d 5g{' xf] . clxn] slyt g]=s=kfdf
;Daf]wg z'? u/] . ;xefuLx?aLr
xfF;f] emg} a9\of] . k|r08 d~rd} alxgL ;ljgfn] cfk"mx? :jfut /
sDo'lgi6sf] uGw klg kfpg ;lsFbg} . sfg]v'zL ug{lt/ nfu] . efif0f ;'Gg cfPsf] geO{ lbbLsf] ;kgf
åGå lgDTofpg] l;afo hgo'4df ;Fu} n8]sf ;xsdL{nfO{ To:t} ;lxb / a] k Qfx?sf] s'Nrg] / a]r]/ vfg] dfG5]sf] cg'xf/
xts8L nufpg' Pp6f k|x;g ePsf] ;Ddfgdf Ps ldg]6sf] df}g wf/0f x]g{ cfPsf] atfOg\ . ;ljgf ;fyLx?sf
c? s]xL x'g ;Sb}g . 5 . xts8L t s] xf] / qmflGtsf :jfut efif0fkl5 dfq u/] . cf;g ;fy sfo{qmd:yn k'us ] L lyOg\ . …xfdL
oxfF s;}sf] efif0f ;'Gg / g]tfnfO{
nflu alnbfg lbg d tof/ 5'F u|x0fnuQ} ul/g'kg]{ df}gwf/0f :jfut
o;/L lab|fx] Lx? ;vfk k|sf08n] eg]sf] ;'Gbf /fi6«jfbLx?nfO{ efif0fsf] k5fl8 k'¥ofPsf] b]v]/
k|r08 km]l/ lhn vfP . Ps ldg]6sf]
:jfut ug{ cfPsf xf]Ogf}+, xfd|L
lbbLsf] ;kgfnfO{ v/fgL kfg]{ k|r08
uf} / jsf] cg' e " l t x' G 5 . cf:yf s:tf /x]5g\ eGg] x]g{ cfPsf xf}+Ú
x'g ;Sb}gg\ . /fhgLltsf] h'g;'s} kf6L{df eP klg b]zsf] nflu df}gwf/0f klg ( ;]s]G8d} cGTo
ul/lbP . To;/L cfk"m k|d'v cltly ;ljgfn] elgg\ . cfk"mn] lbbLn] lnPsf]
nl8/x]sf b]zeQmnfO{ ;'nL / dfG5] p2]Zo a'lem;s]sf] / ;kgf k"/f ug{
/x]sf] sfo{qmdsf] eb|uf]n tl/sf b]v/]
s'/f /fhgLltaf6 ;dfwfg df/]sf ck/fwL tyf b]zsf] s/f]8f}s
/fh:j 7uL ug]{nfO{ pGd'lQm lbg'
+ f] pgL sfnf]–gLnf] eP . Tolta]nf klg cfk"m nfUg] atfOg\ . cfˆgf sfo{stf{
k|r08n] …o:t} xf], o:t} xf] eGg] 7fgf}Ú+ xTof ePsf] :yn;Dd hfg g;Sg]
ug{k' 5{ . /fhtGqfTds cjZo g} nf]stGqk|ltsf] r'gf}tL xf] .
nf]stGqdf zflGtk"0f{ la/f]w ug]{
dfq eg] . k|r08n] k|d'v cltlysf] pgs} zAbdf …sfo/Ú k|r08af6
cfk"mn] dfq geO{ s;}n] ;d[l4sf] cfzf
cf;g u|x0f ub}{ubf{ pgnfO{ ;lxb
gu/]sf] pgsf] egfO{ 5 . k|r08
zf;g Aoa:yfdf ;/sf/n] h]–h] u/]sf] lyof], nf]stGqsf] clwsf/ x'G5 . of] g]kfnsf] ;+lawfg
/ ;+oQ ' m /fi6« ;+3sf] a8fkqdf ;d]t
kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?n] …hgo' 4 sf
dxfu2f/ / zx/sf bnfnÚ eGb} …wf]s]afh / u2f/Ú x'g\ eGg] w]/}
dfG5]sf] lbdfudf kl/;s]sf] pgn]
b'xfO lbg] ;/sf/n] ToxL v]bf] ug{ nfu]sf] b]lvG5 . st} pNn]v ulPsf] 5 . dfga clwsf/
eGg' g} ;dfgtf, :jtGqtf, Gofo /
lj/f]wdf sfnf] em08f b]vfP . To;df
;fy lbP g] s kfsf :yfgLo atfOg\ ./fd] 5 fk hgo' 4 sf] a] n f
sfo{stf{n] . pgLx?n] cfkmGtsf] dfcf]jfbLsf] 7"nf] k|efj k/]sf] / clxn]
AolQmut k|lti7fsf] laifo xf] . dfga
ef/tLo zf;ssf] Ozf/fdf lab|fx] LnfO{ ;vfk kf/]/ k|fs[lts clwsf/sf] 3f]if0ff kq !($* df klg /utnfO{ s'Nr]/ hgo'4sf] ;kgfnfO{ klg qmflGtsf] pj{/ e"ldsf] ?kdf
lrlgG5 . ;fpg #! ut] cfof]lht
oL s'/fx?sf] pNn]v 5 . g]tf k|sf08n] wf] s f lbPsf] k| r 08lj?4 rsf] {
;|ft] , ;fwg ;a} a'emfpg] v]n t rn]sf] 5}g < hg:t/af6 d}n] s] uNtL u/]sf] 5' < dnfO{ s] gf/fafhL u/] . To;df klg ;fy lbP
g]kfn sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf :yfgLo
pQm sfo{qmd:yndf ;xefuL w]/}n]
hgo'4 / g]kfnL hgtfsf] klal:/jt{g
sf/0fn] kqmfp ul/Psf] xf] eGbf / qmflGtnfO{ wf]sf lbPsf k|r08 s:tf
la/f]wsf :j/ cfpFbf–cfpFb} c?0f t];f| ,] ck/ s0ff{nL / ;/sf/n] s]xL k|df0f lbg;s]sf] 5}g .
sfo{stf{n] . pgLx?n] k|r08nfO{
…;fdflhs kmf;LjfbL / bnfn /x]5g\ < eg]/ x]g{ cfPsf] atfOg\ .
dfgaclwsf/df b08xLgtf k'FhLjfbLÚ eGb} rsf]{ gf/fafhL u/]sf k|r08h:tf w'tn { fO{ ;xof]u ubf{
cGo c;dfg ;lGw ;Demf}tf ug{' / kfFry/nufot x'g'x'Fb}g . of] ;a}n] dfGg'k5{ . t/, lyP . pgL Pdfn];uF kf6L{ ldnfPkl5 cfk"mn] w]/} b'Mv kfPsf] :yfgLo
s'g} AolQmn] ;/sf/L hUuf ldr]sf] ;xh x'g] 7fg]/ of] jif{ bf]/Daf wgaxfb'/ tfdfªn] atfP . …hgo'4sf
7fpFx?df ;Ldf ldlrg' / lkn/ ufoa e}/x]sf] cj:yfdf cj:yfdf ;/sf/nfO{ ;r]t u/fpg xTofsf08:yn uPsf x'g\ . t/, a]nf vfO{–gvfO{ vfg lbof},+ a:g lbof},+
t/ cfh wf]sf kfPFÚ pgn] eg] . &*
lab|f]xLn] To; cltqmldt hUufdf cfof]hsn] atfPh:tf] kl/l:ylt
;/sf/ r"F u/]/ gaf]Ng' /x:odo 5 . ef/tLo k|=d= g/]Gb| em08f uf8]/ ;a}nfO{ klxrfg lbG5 . gkfPsf] / cfk"m ckdflgt ePsf]
dx;'; k|r08n] u/]sf] -g]skf_sf
jifL{o tfdfªn] eg] …logsf] cg'xf/
b]Vg kfPsf] lyOgF, clxn] cfpFb5 } g\
s'g} AolQm jf ;+:yfn] /fhZjsf] n"6 eg]/ x]g{ cfPsf] .Ú hgo'4sf] a]nf
df]bL cfpFbf ef/tLo ;]gfsf] pkl:yltk|lt ;/sf/n] s'g} u/]df ;/sf/nfO{ vj/bf/L u5{ eg] :yfgLo sfo{stf{aLr pgL sf7df8f}F
kmls{Pkl5 rrf{sf] ljifo agfOof] . pgn] dfcf]jfbL g]tf, ;]gfnfO{ w]/}
nf] s tflGqs ;/sf/n] To;nfO{ lsl;daf6 ;3fP . b'Zdgaf6 hf]ufP .
cfof]hssf] sdhf]/Ln] ubf{ ;lxb
k|lts[of hgfpg ;s]g . To;}n] o;nfO{ bnfn k'h F LjfbL lkm8Aofs dfGg] ls ck/fw < of]
;+a]bgzLn s'/f 5 . of] k+lQmsf/
kl/jf/nfO{ unfdf /ftf] vfbf /ftlbg gelgsg ;"rgf lbP/ ;xof]u
kl/lxPsf k|r08n] ;Ddfgkqlag} u/]sf] cg'ej ;'gfP . gful/ssf] ;fFrf]
;/sf/ elgG5 . bnfn ;/sf/ eP;Dd /fl6«otfdf vt/f dfgaclwsf/sdL{ / k|]; :jtGqtf
;]gfgL ePsf] gftfn] eGg s/ nfU5
vfbf nufOlbP/ ;Ddfg u/] . cy{df ;'vL / ;d[4 hLjgsf] nflu
b]zdf 7"n} qmflGt;lxtsf] kl/jt{g h?/
k|r08n] v}/]gL3f6 x'Fb} l;Tvfb]lv
e}/x]sf] x'G5 . ax'dtsf] gfddf l;lSsd ef/tdf ufleg ls h'g;'s} kf6L{sf] xf];\ :jtGqtf
Gofo, hghLlasf, /fli6«otf /
z} n ' ª 8fF 8 f;Dd ;8s hf] 8 \ g ]
cfZjf;g efF8] . pgn] /fd]5fkdf ca
eO;s]sf] ;xefuLx?sf] egfO{ lyof] .
To; lglDt cfk"mx? h:tf];s ' } ;xof]u,
Tofu ug{ tof/ /x]sf] ;d]t k|ltj4
k'us ] f] 5 . s] 8f=uf]laGb s]=;Ldf b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dt lyof] < zflGtsf] nflu cfjfh lgsfNg]
/fhg}lts zlQmnfO{ ck/fwL 7fg]/
vfg]kfgL, :jf:Yo ;]jf s]xL cefj
gx'g] atfP . sfo{qmddf k|b]z # sf /x]sf] pgLx?n] atfP . sfo{qmd
xts8L nufpg' x'Fb}g . of] g]kfnsf] ljQLo dGqL s}zfn 9'+u]n, lhNnfsf ;s]kl5 x]lnsf]K6/ r9]/ sf7df8f}F
cflv/df hgtfsf] la/f]w;fd' ;/sf/ lgx'l/g afWo eof] . ;+lawfg / dfgaclwsf/ la/f]wL s'/f ;L8Lcf], 8LP;kLnufot cltlysf] kmls{P .
?kdf pkl:yt lyP . tTsfnLg hgo'4sf] g]t[Tjstf{
xf] . s'g p2]Zo / ;kgf ;hfP/
b'O{ ltxfO{sf] bDen] s]xL sfd ug{ ;Sb}g . kf6L{ PsLs/0f hgo'4 ul/Psf] lyof], Tof] k"/f gub}{ ;lxb kl/jf/n] s] eg] < k|r08n] hgo'4sf] p2]Zo / ;kgfdfly
u2f/ u/]/ cfd"n kl/jt{gsf] nflu
aLr}af6 /ftf/ft l;+xb/af/ leq tTsfnLg hgo'4 rnfO/x]sf]
yflnPsf] g]kfnL qmflGtnfO{ aLrd}
x'g,' r'gfadf k};fsf] vf]nf] aufpg' / ljsf;sf] ;kgf afF8g\ ' k:g] zlQmn] of] s'/f a'e\mg] ls
g] s kf -dfcf] j fbL_sf] lhNnf
hg;/sf/ k| d ' v afa' / fd nfdf cnkq kf/]sf] / pgLh:tf wf]sa] fhn]
ga'e\mg] < cfk"m enf] t hut enf] hgo'4sf dxfg\ ;lxbx?sf] :d[ltdf
cflb s'/fn] b'O{ ltxfO{ cfPsf] a'lemG5 . ;aeGbf 7"nf] eGg] ls u/La pTkLl8t hgtfsf]
…k' i kÚnufot @! hgf lgxTyf
sfo{stf{sf] tTsfnLg zfxL g]kfnL lgld{t kfs{df kfOnf 6]Sg' cg}lts /
kIfdf sfd ug]{ < of] larf/0fLo s'/f ;]gfn] lgd{d tl/sfn] xTof u/]sf] ;lxbsf] ckdfg x'g] ePsf]n] pgsf
s'/f t sDo'lgi6sf] lae|d 5g{' xf] . clxn] slyt g]=s=kfdf 5 . sDo' l gi6 s' l xPkl5 c08f 8fF8fs6]/L;Dd k'Ug g;s]sf k|r08n] lj/f]wdf ;lxb kl/jf/, qmflGtsf/L
hgtfn] sfnf] em08f b]vfPsf] g]kfn
s'lxPh:tf] s'lxG5g\ eGg] n]lggsf] ;8s hf]8\5' / ;+;bLo Joj:yfaf6}
sDo'lgi6sf] uGw klg kfpg ;lsFbg} . egfO ;To ;flat x'bF } cfPsf] 5 . ;d[ l 4 NofpF 5 ' eg] / afF 8 ] s f]
cfZjf;gk| l t ;lxb kl/jf/ /
sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf /fd]5fksf ;]qm]6/L
clenfiffn] atfP . …hgo'4sf d"No,
xfd|f] egfO xf], ;xsdL{x?n] k"jf{ux|
;j{ ; fwf/0fn] ljZjf; u/] g g\ . dfGotf, p2]ZonfO{ cfkm}+n] b'Tsf/]sf
jif{b]lv lg/Í'z zf;g ub}{ cfPsf] hyfefaL nfvf}+, s/f]8f}+sf uf8Lx? tx nufpg] eg]sf] 5 eg] åGå lgDTofpg] g/fv]/ of] s'/f a'‰g ;Sg'k5{ . / kmf]xf]/L ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf] /5\ofgdf
/fhtGq klg ;dfKt ePsf] 5 . b]zdf vl/b ul/G5 . lab]z e|d0f 5 . l;afo c? s]xL x'g ;Sb}g . o;/L k" j { P dfcf] j fbLsf s] x L ;+ 3 Lo / /fd]5fk Aof/]saf6 k'us ] f zfxL ;]gfn]
bf]/Dafsf] Ps 3/df a}7s al;/x]sf nu]/ ldNsfPsf k|r08h:tf u2f/nfO{
nf]stGq cfPsf] 5 t/ Tof] ;fFrf] s/f]8f}+sf] cf}ifwL vr{ 5 ;/sf/sf] . lab| f ] x Lx? ;vfk x' g ;Sb} g g\ . lhNnf:t/sf g]tfx?n] klg o;/L :jfledfgL / b]zeQm hgtfn] dfGg'kg]{
cy{df nf]stGq xf] jf xf]Og cem} t/ k"jf{ux| sf] h]08L; xf] jf abnfsf] /fhgLltsf] s' / f /fhgLltaf6 xts8L nufP/ kqmg] a]nf e}g;s]sf] a]nf lgoGq0fdf lnO{ @! hgfs} xft
k5fl8kl§af6 8f]/Ln] afFw/] sl/a 8]9 s'g} sf/0f 5}g . To;}n] hgtfsf]
hgtfn] cg'e"lt ug{ kfPsf 5}gg\ . efj . ut >fj0f @@ ut] k|sf08nfO{ ;dfwfgug{k' 5{ . /fhtGqfTds zf;g cj:yf 5 eGg] l6Kk0fL u/]sf 5g\ . 306f lxF8fO{ 8fF8fs6]/L eGg] 7fpF - ;'emfj / g]skfsf] of]hgfcg';f/
;LwfnfO{ k|x/Lsf] cftÍ 5 t/ & s/f]8sf] rGbf c;"nLsf] bf]if Aoa:yfdf ;/sf/n] h]–h] u/]sf] lyof], jf:tadf ;/sf/af6 ePsf] lbzfxLgtf a:tLljxLg_ k'¥ofP/ nfOg nufO{ uf]nL ;+ ; bLo Joj:yfsf bnfnlj?4
anfTsf/Lx? ;NanfO/x]sf 5g\ . @– nufOPsf] 5 . xf] wDsfP/ nf]stGqsf] b'xfO lbg] ;/sf/n] ToxL / a]df};dL afhf xf], h;n] cfuf]df xfg]/ xTof ul/Psf] lyof] . xTofkl5 gf/fafhL / k|bz{g ul/Psf] xf]Ú
$ dlxgf u'08f cf]em]ndf k/]h:tf] ha/h:tL?kdf rGbf c;'nL ug{' v]bf] ug{ nfu]sf] b]lvG5 . st} ef/tLo 3Lp yKg ;S5 . b'nfleq xft xfn]df ;Dk"0f{ zjnfO{ eL/af6 n8fOlbPsf clenfiffn] atfP .
lyof] t/ of] k+lQmsf/n] n]v tof/ x'Fb}g . t/ z'e]Ifsn] ;xof]u /fzL zf;ssf] Ozf/fdf lab|fx] LnfO{ ;vfk ;k{n] 8:5 eg]/ ;Qf;Lg g]tfx?n] lyP . :d[lt kfs{ xTof:ynaf6 s]xL
kfl//xF b f b} l gskgfaf6 Pp6f
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lbG5 eg] o;nfO{ rGbf cftÍ
elgFb}g . s] r'gfatfsf ;+;bjfbL
kf/]/ k|fs[lts ;|ft] , ;fwg ;a} a'emfpg]
v]n t rn]sf] 5}g < hg:t/af6
To;} eg]sf 5}gg\ . d"bf{ zflGt xf]Og,
hLjGt zflGt /fVg] sfd ;/sf/sf]
k/ agfOPsf] 5 . k| r 08n]
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;fj{ h lgs
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lems]/ dlg6«fG;km/df n}hfFb} u/]sf]
kf6L{x?n] pBf]uklt, ;]7–dxfhgaf6
nfvf},+ s/f]8f}s
+ f] k};f p7fPsf xf]Ogg\ <
la/f]wsf :j/ cfpFbf–cfpFb} c?0f t];f| ,]
ck/ s0ff{nL / cGo c;dfg ;lGw
xf] . o;/L w/ks8 u/]/ pQ]hgf
km}nfpg] xf] eg] ;/sf/ g} lhDd]jf/
eP klg clxn];Dd uPsf 5}gg\,
sf/0f agfOof ;'/Iffs} . ;]gfn]
:yfgdf
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tyf cGt/f{li6«o ?kd} ;/sf/n]
kmf]xf]/ kmfn]df
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36gf slxn]sfFxL x'G5 t/ vfO–gvfO ah] 6 klg agfpg ;S5 . t/ e}/x]sf] cj:yfdf ;/sf/ r"F u/]/ ug{ ' k 5{ . ;+ j fb / 5nkmnaf6 eL8Gt geO{ lgMz:q cj:yfdf
lgoGq0fdf lnO{ ul/Psf] xTof eg]/
hl/jfgfdf
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d'6' g} r'Fl8Ph:tf] x'G5 . b]zdf k|sf08nfO{ h'g cf/f]k nufPsf] lyof], g/]Gb| df]bL cfpFbf ef/tLo ;]gfsf] bdgn] emg laikmf]6 Nofpg ;S5 .
;/sf/sf] rsf] { lj/f] w ePkl5 kl/G5 .
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;/sf/sf] lj/f]wdf gUg k|bz{g Û


dw]zsf] s[lif e"ld vl08s/0f
v' z Lnfn d08n kL=Pn $*) l:sd cGtu{ t sf] x'g yfNof] . To;avtsf hgdf]rf{n] gu/kflnsf 5]ps} uf]l/ofdf !)
sf7df8f} F . z' q maf/ lbpF ; f] Ps o' j sn]
l;+xb/af/ cufl8 g]kfn ;/sf/sf] lj/f]wdf gUg
k|bz{g u/]sf 5g\ . ufO{, uf]? dfg]n
{ fO{ sfg'g nufPsf]
eGb} ;/sf/sf] la/f]wdf l;+xb/af/sf] blIf0fL 9f]sf
;Kt/L lhNnfsf] r'l/of kxf8b]lv cgfhdf k|ltaGw nufPkl5 ef/tel/ u/]sf] cfGbf]ngdf lx+;fTds 36gfx¿ ¿k}ofF lsnf]df cfFk laqmL eof] eg]
blIft tyf k"j{–klZrd /fhdfu{b]lv cGgsf] xfxfsf/ g} dRof] . To; avt ePkl5 dbg e08f/Lsf] g]t[Tjsf] /fhlj/fh gu/ If]qdf @) b]lv @% cufl8 pgn] gUg lj/f]w k|bz{g u/]sf x'g\ . pgsf]
5ftL …g]kfn ;/sf/ d"bf{jfbÚ n]lvPsf] / of}gfË
pQ/sf] ;fy} s]xL blIf0fsf] e"efu ef/tsf k|wfgdGqL nfnaxfb'/ zf:qL Pdfn] jfddf]rf{af6 Pdfn]nfO{ cnu ¿k}ofF lsnf] laqmL ePsf] xf] .
…hgfj/ ;a} Ps x'g, sfg'g ;anfO{ nfu" u/, gofF
le/fnf] bf]d; df6f] ePsf] sf/0f kfgL ho hjfg ho ls;fgsf] gf/f cl3 u/fpg] lg0f{o u/fpg'eof] . ;+;bLo lrtjgsf] gf/fo0fL gbLsf] d'ns' L P]g ;+zf]w/ u/, ufO{nfO{ /fli6«o hgfj/af6
ghDg] sf/0f ls;fg cuxgL wfg ;f/L s[lif ljsf;sf] of]hgf agfO{ ;+ljwfg hf/L ePsf] $ ji{leq} g]skf k' n b] l v u08s of] h gfsf] abnL u/Ú n]lvPsf] Kn]sf8{n] 5f]lkPsf] lyof] .
nufpg'sf] ;f6f] eb}of wfg nufpg] ls;fgnfO{ /fxt lbnfpg] sfo{qmd dfcf]jfbL g]kfndf ;+;bLo Joj:yf e};fnf]6g;Dd gf/fo0fL gbLdf / ;8sdf gUg k|bz { gdf plqPsf pgnfO{ s]xLa]/d}
rng lyof] . ebf} c;f]hdf jiff{t\ NofPkl5 s]xL jif{ leq} ef/t cGg ckmfk e};s]sf] 3f]if0ff u/L ;z:q sf]zLsf] xg'dfggu/;Dd kfgL hxfh, k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . kqmfp k/]sf tL o'jf
¿Sg'k"j{ g} eb}of wfg tof/ x'g] cfoftsaf6 cGg lgof{ t s b] z cfGbf]ng k|f/De u¥of] hf] bz jif{;Dd s]¿ªb]lv sf7df8f}F;Dd lrlgofF lht]g lnDa' x'g\ . ;fj{hlgs:yndf cZnLntf
ePsf]n] ;f] wfg nufpg] u/]sf] lyof] . ag]sf] xf] . hf/L /Xof] . tTsfnLg ;/sf/sf] ;xof]udf /]n rnfP/ bz jif{leq} k|b{zg u/]sfn] pgnfO{ kqmfp ul/Psf] dxfgu/Lo
afnL sfl6;s]kl5 s;}n] s'ly{ -uxt_, @)$& ;fndf #) jif{ s f] zf;sLo s'Joj:yf / unt gLlt g]kfnnfO{ :ju{ agfpg] cf]nL ;/sf/ k|x/L j[Q l;+xb/af/n] hgfPsf] 5 . kqmfp kg]{
s;}n] s]nfO{ -df;_, s;}n] tf]/L tyf k~rfotL Joj:yf ;dfKt eP/ dfcf]jfbLsf] ;z:q cfGbf]ng tyf ;kgf afFl8/x]sf] 5 . t/ dw]zdf o'js lht]g\ lnDa' x'g\ .
s;} s;}n] ;"lt{sf] v]tL ul//x]sf] ;+ ; bLo ;+ l jwfg hf/L u/] k l5 !@÷!$ 3G6fsf] nf]8;]l8Ësf] sf/0f *) k|ltzteGbf a9L tyf kxf8df
cj:yfdf k" j { klZrd /fhdfu{ To;avtsf d'Vo bn g]kfnL sfFu; ]| , cf}Bf]lus pTkfbg lgDgtd\ ljGb"df !% k|ltzt ls;fgsf] ptkfbgsf] ;jf]{Rr===== /fHo cleo'Qm gful/s / aGbLsf]
dfgjclwsf/sf] ljifodf uDeL/ dfq
ag]kl5 st} ;'sd' jf;L a;fpg] gfpFdf g] s kf Pdfn] s f g] t [ T jju{ ;f] k'uL # k|ltztdf k'us ] f] l8hLkLdf plrt d"No lbnfpg] s'g} 7f]; of]hgf k|x/Ln] x:tIf]k ug{ kfOFbg} . tkfO{x?n]
st} t:s/sf] sf/0f r'l/of kxf8sf] ;+ljwfgnfO{ ljZjs} ;jf]T{ s[i6 ;+ljwfg To;avt klg s[lif If]qsf] of]ubfg @ ;fd'g] NofPsf] 5}g . *) k|ltzt geO{ cfkm}n+ ] agfPsf] sfg"gnfO{ xftdf
cfof]usf] af6f] g/f]Sg';,\ Ú eg]/ lgb]z
{ g lng cft'/ /x]sf] :ki6 x'G5 . Gofofno
jg h+un ljgfz u/]kl5 jftfj/0f 3f]lift u/L /fhgLlts nIo k"/f k|ltzt eGbf dfly g} lyof] . ls;fg cfsfz]kfgLsf] e/df v]tL ug{ lbFbf;d]t k|x/Ln] …u[xsf] cfb]z 5, / dfgjclwsf/sf] If]qdfly 7f8f] r'gf}lt
c;Gt'lnt eP/ s'g} ;fn afnL e};s]sf]n] b]zdf b|"t ljsf; ug]{ k~rfotsfndf s[lif pTkfbgsf] afWo 5g\ . jt{dfg ah]6df klg 5f8\g ldNb}g xh'/Ú eGb} h;/L klg k/] s f] k' l i6 x' G 5 . lgoGq0fdf
nufpg] a]nf kfgL gkg]{ s'g} jif{ ;do l;rfOsf] k|efjL Joj:yf ug]{ ah]6df cfk"mx?n] lnO5f8\g] atfO/x] . /flt ( lnO;s]kl5 ;f]wk'5 / aofgsf qmddf
cufj} kfgL kg{ aGb x'g yfn]kl5 ;f] sxL pNn]v 5}g . ah]/ !) ldg]6 hfFbf k|x/Ln] cfo'Qmsf] oftgfsf] s] s'/f bafadf kf/]/
If]qsf ls;fgsf nflu hUuf hdLg af]em /fhf dx] G b| n ] nfu" u/] s f] uf8Laf6 hah{:tL lgsfn]/ k|sf08nfO{ cfk"mlj?4 af]Ng nufpg';d]t sfg"gn]
aGg yfNof] . ;"lt{ v]tLdf nufOPsf] cj}1flgs e"ld gLltsf] sf/0f tyf k'gM lu/km\tf/ u¥of] . alh{t u/]sf] 5 . t/, o;sf] k"0f{ ?kdf
cToflws s/sf] sf/0f ls;fg ;"lt{ v]tL sDo'lgi6 kf6L{x¿n] ;w}+ p7fpFb} o;/L /fHos} lhDd]jf/ lgsfo pNn+3g /fHon] u/]sf] kLl8tx?sf] egfO{
klg aGb ug{ afWo eP . cfPsf] e"ld ;'wf/sf] gf/fsf] sf/0f /fli6«o dfgjclwsf/sf] lgb]z { gnfO{ / zf/Ll/s cj:yfaf6 k|i6 x'G5 .
k~rfotsfnd} kmnk"mnsf] v]tL dw]zsf] s[lif e"ld v08Ls/0f ePkl5 ;/sf/n] /2Lsf] 6f]s/Ldf ldNsfpg] sfd sxf“ nu] k|sf08nfO{ <
u/] ;'ljwf lbg] ;/sf/L k|rf/afhLaf6 7"nf ar}r + f nufpg] Oltxf;sf] ljifo u/]sf] 5 . ;Ddflgt ;jf]R{ r Gofofnosf] To;/L /flt lu/km\tf/ u/]kl5
kl/;/leq xltof/ -P;Pncf/_ ;lxt dxfgu/Lo k|x/L 6]s' n}hfG5' eg]/ elgP
k|efljt eP / dw]zsf] xfjfkfgL alg;s]sf] 5 . ;fgf ls;fgx¿ k|x/L t}gfy ul/g'n] ;/sf/ lgod,
cg'¿k ls;fg st} cfFk, st} s6x/, cfkm\gf] v]taf/Ldf au}+rf nufPsf klg k|sf08nfO{ k|x/Ln] /flt g} sfe|s ] f]
sfg'gsf] wHhL p8fpg pBt /x]sf] w'lnv]n k'¥ofOPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . sfe]d| f
lnrLsf] au}+rf nufpg k|]l/t eP . 5g\ . kmndf nfUg] /f] u af6 k|i6 ;Gb]z lbPsf] 5 . Gofofnon] ePsf] Pg;] n 6fj/dfly
ls;fgsf] afWotf s] lyof] eg] 3f6fsf] arfpgb]lv kmnsf] x]/rfx cfkm} ck/fwL 7x/ ul/;s]sf JolQmnfO{ cfqmd0fnufot 36gf;Fu hf]8]/
v]tL ug'{eGbf afFem} /fVg'kg]{ cyjf ub{5 . kmn kfSg]a]nfdf afF;af6 ug]e { Gbf cem ;Ldf gf3]/ ;/sf/ cleof]u nufpg] tof/L ul//x]sf]
cfFk s6x/ lnrLsf] au}+rf nufpg], ag]sf] 6f]sLdf /fvL glhssf] xf6 ;jf]R{ raf6 lgbf]i{ f ;fljt eO{ l/xf ePsf atfOPsf] 5 . t/, ;/sf/n] sxfF nu]sf]
cGo km;neGbf au}+rf nufpg ahf/df a]rlavg ub{5 . pgLx¿ k"jd{ GqL ;d]t /x]sf g]tf k|sf08dfly 5 / s'g cj:yfdf /flvPsf] 5 < eGg]
nfebfos 7fgL ;fgf ls;fg;d]t wfg v]tLsf] sfd ;'¿ eP;Dd k|:t't eof] . o;af6 ;j{;fwf/0f Goflos s'/f ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5}g . pgnfO{
au} + r f nufpg yfn] ;Kt/Lsf cfkm\gf] au}r + fsf] kmn a]lr ;Sg'kg]{ :jtGq / lgikIf Jojxf/ /fHoaf6 ljleGg cf/f]kdf ljleGg lhNnf k\¥' ofpg]
klZrdL pQ/L If] q clxn] cfF k cj:yf /xG5 . tL ls;fgsf pTkfbg kfpg] s'/fdf w]/} ;z+lst aGg k'us ] f / x}/fgL lbP/ qmflGt / kl/jt{gsf]
au}+rfsf] xasf] ¿kdf ljsl;t ahf/df cfk"lt{ /x];Dd cfFksf] Go"g 5g\ . /fHok|lt 8/fpg'kg]{ kl/l:ylt cfGbf]ngnfO{ sdhf]/ kfg]{ k|k~r /lrFb}
e};s]sf] 5 . efp lyof] . ;fgf ls;fgsf] kmn pTkGg ePsf] 5 . ;fpg @@ ut] 5 . of] ca s;}af6 n'Sg] ljifo ePg .
lu/km\ t f/kl5 dfq k| s f08;lxt of] s'/f k|sf08 :jod\n] z'qmaf/ /flt
g]kfnsf] dw]zL e"efu #)÷#% l;lwP;Fu} PSsf;L cfFksf] efp tLghgfnfO{ …rGbf cleof]uÚ nufOPsf]
jif{ cufl8;Dd :jb]zsf] cfjZostf &%÷*) ¿k}ofF;Dd k'lu;s]sf] 5 . ;jf]R{ r cbfntaf6 lu/km\tf/ ul/Psf]
lyof] . lu/km\tf/kl5 kGw| 306f;Dd a]nf …;/sf/ cfkm\g} ;Ddflgt ;jf]R{ r
k"/f u/L cGg lgof{t ub{Yof] . ;/sf/L o;} kl/k|I] odf ;f]Rg'kg]{ cj:yf a]kQf kfl/Psf] lyof] . lx/f;tdf /x]sf cbfntsf] km};nf gdfGg] s:tf] /fHo <
hflu/af6 jl~rt tyf Jofkf/ s] xf] eg] g]kfnsf] ;Ldfb]lv ^÷& a]nf dfgl;s bafa, r/d\ zf/Ll/s o:tf] ;/sf/n] gful/ssf] clwsf/sf]
Joj;fosf] cg'ej gePsf dw]zL lsldsf] b" / Ldf d' h km/k' / b] l v oftgf;d]t lbOPsf] lyof] . cfrfo{ / /Iff ug{ ;S5 <Ú eg]/ k|Zg u/]sf lyP .
ls;fg eG;f/ lt/L cfkm\gf] pTkfbg pb\3f]if u/L s]xL nf]s nf]Eofpg] d"No lgwf{/0fdf Psflwsf/ hdfPsf] cf;fd;Dd ag]sf] /fli6«o /fhdfu{df >]i7 oftgfaf6 la/fdL g} k/] . jL/ k| s f08n] cfk" m bnfn ;+ ; bLo
ef/tsf] ;Ldf If]qsf] ahf/df laqmL sfo{qmd ;fd'g] NofP klg s[lif pkh larf}lnof s]xL jif{b]lv t/sf/L tyf sf]zL gbLdf s+lqm6sf] k'n lgdf{0f c:ktfn nu]/ pkrf/ u/fOPsf] lyof] . Joj:yflj?4 /fhg}lts clwsf/;lxtsf]
u/L nQfsk8f w/fo;L ;fdfgb]lv a9fO{ b]znfO{ cfTdlge{/ agfpg] s'g} kmnk"mn t/sf/LhGo pTkfbgdf ;d]t u/L ;s]sf] 5 . To;sf] aun eP/ o;}u/L, ;fpg @^ df nlntk'/sf] /fHo Joj:yf :yfkgf geP;Dd
5f]/f5f]/Lsf] k9fO{ vr{nufot cGo 7f]; sfo{qmd NofOPg . g t l;+rfOsf] Psflwsf/ hdfO;s]sf] 5 . h;sf/0f /]nj] k'n aGb}5 . dw]k'/f lhnfsf] ;fg]kfaf6 lu/km\tf/ ul/Psf g]skf nl8/xg] atfPsf lyP . pgn] g]skfn]
Jojxf/ rnfpF y ] . k~rfotL s' g } yk of] h gf agfOof] g t ls;fgb]lv pkef]Qm;d]t kLl8t gf}ul5ofdf t];|f] k'n sf]zL gbLdf bf]nvfsf sfo{stf{ nf]s]Gb| bgf{n cufl8 ;f/]sf] PsLs[t hgqmflGtdf
;/sf/nfO{ ls;fgsf] pTkfbgdf ls;fgnfO{ p;sf] pTkfbgsf] plrt e}xs] f] 5 . pTkfbgstf{ plrt d"No aGb}5 dw]/ffsf] s';n {] 3fdf To; cl3 …k|dz ] ÚnfO{ klg lgoGq0fdf lnPkl5 uf]na4 x'g;d]t clkn u/]sf lyP .
aqmb[li6 k'Uof] . wfg rfdn lgof{t d" N o lbnfpg] Joj:yf ul/of] . kfO/fv]sf] 5}g eGg] pkef]Qm dxFuf] g} k' n ag] s f] 5 . u+ u f gbLdf lx/f;tdf /x]sf] a]nf r/d oftgf k|sf08n] cfk"m c:j:y ;d]t /x]sf] s'/f
lbOof] . of] s'/f k|dz ] n] sf7df8f}F e]6sf qmddf cfkmGt;Fu atfPsf
sDkgL v8f u/L ls;fgsf] cfkm\gf] ls;fgn] d"No lt/]/ klg dnvfB aLpm d"Nodf vl/b ug{ afWo 5g\ . efunk'/b]lv km/sf;Dd 7fpF7fpFdf lhNnfsf] ;/sf/L jlsnsf] sfof{nodf
pTkfbg /fd|f] efp kfpg] 7fpFdf nuL kfpg ;s]g . dnvfBsf] Jofks dw]zdf s[lif k|;f/ sfof{nox¿ k'nx¿ ag]sf] 5 . sf]zL gbLsf] lyP .
aofgsf qmddf atfPsf lyP . pgn] dGqL ;d]t eO;s]sf JolQmnfO{
a] r lavg ug{ k| l taGw nufO{ t:s/L x'g yfNof] . ufpFsf a]/f]huf/ cfFk s6x/ lnrLsf] ¿v nufpg ljgfz lnnfaf6 afNosfnb] l v oftgfsf] s'/f Dofb yksf] a]nf sf7df8f}F ck/fwLnfO{ ;/x xTs8L nufPsf] eGb}
larf}lnofsf] xft laqmL ug{ afWo o'jfsf] lbgrof{ g]kfn ef/t b'j} ls;fgnfO{ k|fT] ;flxt u/]klg ls;fgsf] kl/lrt of] k+lQmsf/n] 7Dofpg ;s]sf] lhNnf cbfntdf klg /fv]sf lyP . rf}tkmL{ ?kdf ;/sf/sf] cfnf]rgf ePsf]
ul/of] . To;sf] kl/0ffd ls;fg dfq b]zsf ;Ldf k|x/LnfO{ 3'; v'jfO{ pTkfbgsf] ljleGg kl/sf/ agfpg 5}g ls ;f] k'nx¿af6 kfgL hxfh Tof] s'/f ;'g/] GofofwLzn] …klxnf pkrf/ 5 . /fhgLlts g]tfnfO{ ;/sf/n] u/]sf]
xf]Og b]z ef]lu/x]sf] 5 . ls;fg v]tL dnvfB NofO{ g]kfndf laqmL ug{ n3' pBf]ux :yflkt u/L ls;fgnfO{ l5/fpg] ;'¿Ë lgdf{0f x'g] xf] ls u/fP/ NofpmÚ eg]/ k|x/LnfO{ cfb]z Jojxf/ k"jf{ux| L / k|ltzf]wk"0f{ /x]sf]
k|lt pbf;Lg x'g yfn] . kmntM cGg yfn] . ;]l6Ë gldn]kl5 g]kfnsf larf}lnofsf] df/af6 /fxt lbnfpg cfsfz] k| a Gw . To:t} cj:yf lbPsf lyP . …GofofwLzn] ;d]t pkrf/ eGb} ;Qf;Lg kf6L{s} g]tf, sfo{stf{af6
lgof{ts b]z cfofts aGg k'Uof] . hgky / ;z:q k|x/L dfq xf]Og s'g} Joj:yf u/]gg\ . g t cfFk sf7df8f}F s]¿Ë /]n oftfoftsf] 5 . u/fP/ Nofpm eg]/ cfb]z lbFbf ;d]t lj/f]w hf/L 5 . t/, u[x dGqfnosf]
k~rfotL Joj:yf ;dfKt eP/ ;]gfsf u:tL 6f]nL;d]t af]8/{ kf/af6 lnrLsf] dh{/df nfUg] l;hgn /f]uaf6 pQm of]hgf rLg ;/sf/sf] ax'jflif{s k|x/Ln] cfkm\g} dfq s'/f u5{gÚ\ eg]/ cfb]zdf k|zf;gn] k|jQmf k|sf08dfly
;+;bLo Joj:yf cfP klg ;/sf/sf] NofpFb} u/]sf] vfB vf];L kfgLdf arfpg k|efjL Joj:yf u/] . kmntM shf{af6 aGg] xf] jf cg'bfgaf6 k|i6 6fl//x]sf] u'gf;f] jlsn sfof{nosf] cdfgjLo / c;fdflhs Jojxf/ ul/g'n]
s[lif gLltdf vf;} kl/jt{g ePg . kmflnlbPsf] 36gf ;f]xL avt k|sfzdf s'g} jif{ l;hgn /f]usf] sf/0f km;n ePsf] 5}g t/ k|:tljt /]n nfOgnfO{ kl/;/df pkl:yt kqsf/x?;Fu ;/sf/sf] c;nL rl/qnfO{ pbf+uf]
k~rfotsfndf ;dodf dnvfB cfO;s]sf] 5 . ;Kt/Ldf ;Ldfb]lv a/jfb x'g] u/]sf] 5 eGg] km;n :ju{ s f] l;9Lsf] ¿kdf k| : t' t k|dz ] n] atfPsf lyP . o;af6 klg kfl/lbPsf] 5 .
aLpm kfpg g;s] s f] ls;fg ^÷& lsld leq O6x/L lji0fk'/ ufpFdf ;k|s ] f] ;fn plrt d"No kfpFbg} . o; ul/Fb5} . a+unfb]zdf vflnbf hLofsf]
;+;bsfnb]lv u0ftGqsfn;Dd ;f]xL ;z:q k|x/Lsf u:tL 6f]nL ls;fgn] jif{ kmn ;k|k] l5 ;Kt/Lsf] pTkfbsn] ;/sf/sf] kfnfdf>Ln+ s fdf cg'zf;g / g}ltstfljxLg JolQm
;d:ofaf6 h'lem/x]sf 5g\ . o; jif{ NofpFb} u/]sf dnvfB vf];k] l5 k|x/L dfnbx h:tf] k| k | l t4 cfF k % /fhfkfIf] s f] ;/sf/sf] kfnfdf
klg rflxg] dn vfBsf] Ps ltxfO{
sdL 5 .
/ ufpFn] aLr ePsf] emk8df ;z:q
k|x/Lsf] uf]nLaf6 O6x/L lji0f'k/' sf
¿k}ofFb]lv @% ¿k}ofF lsnf]df laqmL
ug{ afWo eP . lhNnfd} d"Nodf
a+b/ufx lgdf{0f ug{ rLgaf6 lnPsf]
C0faf6 tL b]zx¿n] ef]lu/x]sf]
kz'eGbf klg t'R5 x'G5 . o;}n]
;g\ !(^% ;Dd ef/t cGg
cfofts b]z lyof], ef/t kfls:tfg
lj=sd=sf 5fq clvn]z ofbjsf] d[To'
ePkl5 pu| eL8åf/f k|x/Lsf] uf8L;d]t
Ps¿ktf b]lvPg lhNnfsf] pQ/L
klZrdL If]qdf % ¿k}ofF lsnf] cfFk
kl/0ffd aNn k|s \ fzdf cfpg nfu]sf]
5 . dw]zdf Pp6f pvfg 5, C0f /fli6«o hLjgdf x/]s cfofdx¿df
;Ldfo'4sf] ;do cd]l/sL ;/sf/sf] hnfpg] cj:yf pTkGg eof] . laqmL eof] eg] s]xL lsnf]ld6/ k"j{ sf9]/ £o" lkpg', g]kfnsf] /]n klg
bafa c:jLsf/ u/]kl5 cd]l/sfn] )$& ;fndf k|dv ' bnn] u/]sf] /fhdfu{s} s7f}gf ahf/df !)b]lv of] h:t} x'g] xf] ls ;don] lglZrt pbfx/0fLo cg'zf;g / g}ltstf
ef/tnfO{ pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] /fhgLlts ljZn]if0f b'O{ jif{leq} ljkmn !% ¿k}ofFdf laqmL eof] . /fhlj/fh ug]{5 . -dw]z bk{0f lkmr/ ;]jf_
sfod ug{ cfh}bl] v cfkm}a+ f6
t]nsf] yf]kfyf]kf hf]ufcf}+ To;sf] ;'?jft u/f}+ .

OGwg vr{ 36fcf}+


g]kfn cfon lgud lnld6]8 g] k fn ;/sf/
;~rf/ tyf ;"rgf k|ljlw dGqfno
kmf]g g+=+ $@^@(&), km\ofS; M $@^#$&!
;"rgf tyf k|;f/0f ljefu
@)&% ;fn ebf} # ut] cfOtaf/ 5

lthjf/] ;fdfGo s'/fx¿


km]l/ lth cfpFb} 5 . lth cfpFg' :yfgdf cfOk'us ] f] 5 . ;fdGtjfbn] pTkL8s wd{ / ?9Llt/ kms]/{ dlxnf 5 . To;}n] lthdf sDd/ dsf{pgF hfg
‘lag nfb]g, Ps ‘c;n aRrf’
ljZjljBfno uPkl5 ‘cft+ssf/L’ aGof]’
sf7df8f}F . cfˆgf] 5f]/f dfl/Psf] ;ft jif{kl5 cnsfobf ;d"xsf g]tf
g/fd|f] s'/f xf]Og . t/, lthsf] gfddf cfˆgf rf8 kj{x¿ k'h F Ljfbsf] xftdf d'lQm x'g] s'/} x'bg} . lxGb" wd{ dlxnfsf] v'§f prfNg' cl3 Ps k6s cln 708f cf];fdf lag nfb]gsL cfdfn] klxnf] k6s ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf pgsf] af/]df
h] lrh cfpFb} 5 Tof] eg] xflgsf/s a]lrlbPsf] 5 / htftt} k'h F Ljfbsf] dfdnfdf qm'/ / s7f]/ 5 . lxGb" wd{df lbdfun] ;f]Rg] xf] ls < af]n]sL 5g\ . ;fpbL c/]laofsf] h]2fxl:yt cfˆgf] 3/af6 lag nfb]gsL
5 . dlxnfx¿nfO{ eGbf klxn] lth xfnLd' x fnL 5 . cfhsf] ljs[ t dflxnfnfO{ k'?ifsf clsGrg bf;LeGbf d}n] olt s'/f p7fP kl5 wd{ tyf cfdf cflnof ug]dn] la|l6z klqsf b ufl8{ognfO{ cGtjf{tf{ lbPsL x'g\ .
;'g Jofkf/LnfO{ cfPsf] 5 . r'/f kf]t] k'h
F Ljfbn] agfPsf] l8hfOgcg';f/ lth dfly ;f]lrPsf] 5}g . dlxnfx¿sf] k/Dk/f dfly cfqmd0f u/]sf] eg]/ cfˆgf] 5f]/f Ps nhfn' / …c;n aRrfÚsf ¿kdf x'ls{P klg ljZjljBfnodf
/ ;f/L Jofkf/LnfO{ cfPsf] 5 . xf]6n ] klg ;'g / ;f/Lsf cft[Kt pkef]Qmfx¿ b'vsf] sf/0f – lghL ;DklQdf cfwfl/t s7d'NnfjfbL wfld{sx¿ Ps k6s pgsf] ljrf/df …;Dk"0f{ ¿kdf kl/jt{g NofOPsf]Ú ug]dn] klqsfnfO{ atfPsL
/]:6'/G] 6 / /S;L Jofkf/LnfO{ cfPsf] pTkfbg ug]{ kj{ ag]sf] 5 . tLhs} cfhsf] kfl/jfl/s, ;fdflhs tyf lrRofpg] 5g\ . k'h F LjfbL dlxnfx¿n] 5g\ . ljZjljBfno k;]kl5 g} 5f]/f lhxfbL ePsf] pgsf] egfO lyof],
5 . lth h:n] dfGb} cfP ltgLx¿nfO{ 5]s kf/]/ v/jf}+sf] Jofkf/ ug]{ /fHosf] ;+/rgf 5 / lxGb" wfld{s klg Psk6s ;/fKg] 5g\ eg] k'h F LjfbL h;nfO{ ljZjn] …cftÍsf/LÚsf] laNnf le/fof] . lag nfb]gsf] kl/jf/n]
sd / c?nfO{ a9L cfPsf] 5 . h– Jofkf/Lx¿sf] lnnfcGtu{t oL ;j dfGotfx¿ x'g . dlxnfx¿n] eTsfpg' af6f]df lxF8g\ yfn]sf dlxnfx¿n] klg cd]l/sfdf xdnf ug{'eGbf b'O{ jif{cl3 cyf{t\ ;g\ !((( df clGtd k6s
h;nfO{ lth cfPsf] 5}g ltgnfO{ klg sfd e}/x]sf] 5 . cj tLhdf ;f;"af6 kg]{ kxf8 Psflt/ 5 . dlxnfx¿sf] dnfO{ dflxnfx¿sf] kljq rf8sf pgnfO{ b]v]sf] atfPsf] 5 .
lth dfGg] kg]{ clgjfo{ h:tf] agfP/ r]tgfnfO{ dfly p7fpg] / pgLx¿sf] lj?4 ljif jdg u/]sf] eg]/ ufnL ug]{ ;g\ @))! sf] ;]K6]Da/ !! df l6\jg 6fj/df xdnf ul/Psf] a]nf lag
dlxgf}b+ l] v k|rf/ u/]/ Pp6f dgf]lj1fg :yfoL b'vsf lj?4 cfdg] ;fDg]sf 5g\ . sltn] t ls ljsNk b]pm ls nfb]g ckmuflg:tfgdf lyP . ;g\ !(*) sf] bzslt/ ;f]leot ;+3sf]
tof/ ul/b} 5 . o;} ;Gbe{df lth ;d:of lj?4 n8\g l;sfpg'sf] ;§f lth dgfPsf] lj/f]w gu/ klg ;fob kmf}hlj?4 n8\g ckmuflg:tfg uPkl5 pgnfO{ Ps k|dv ' cGt/f{li6«o
jf/] s]xL s'/f ug]{ cfg'dlt rfxG5' . dWo] o' u Lg wd{ s f] cGwsf/df eGg] 5g\ . cfk"mnfO{ k|ultzLn eGg] ;lGbUw r/dkGyLsf ¿kdf x]l/of] . 5f]/f Ps lhxfbL ePsf] yfxf kfPkl5
– lthn] ;j}eGbf klxn] k'?if k'h
F Ljfbsf] r/]; ld;fP/ lkofpg] sfd s}og alxgLx¿n] / s]xL snfsf/n]
;j{;QfjfbnfO{ :yflkt u5{ . lzjh:t} tLhn] u5{ . dlxnfx¿sf] d'lQmsf] rf8 dnfO{ of] lardf lth ;DalGw cln
nf]Ug] kfpmF eg]/ of ePsf] nf]Ug] cf7 dfr{nfO{ eGbf tLhnfO{ dxTj k[ys uLt n]Vg eg]/ k6s k6s
lzjh:t} xf]; eg]/ ef]s} a;]/ j|t lbg'sf] k|ltlqmofjfbL sf/0f klg oxL cg'/f]w u/] . pgLx¿sf] cg'/f]w kl5
a:g] s'/fn] k'?ifnfO{ dlxnfsf] dflns 5. s] ug]{ xf]nf eg]/ d}n] v'a ;f]r+] /
dfG5 . cfˆgf] dflnsnfO{ l/emfpFg ef]s} – lth cfPkl5 ;'? x'G5 nQf cGtdf Pp6f uLt tof/ kf/]+ tLhs}
Kof;} a;]/ elQmufg ug]{ ;fdGtjfbL sk8f / ;'gsf] k|bz{g . ;j} eGbf nodf . of] uLt d}n] tL ;fyLx¿nfO{
o'usf] k/Dk/fnfO{ cfhsf] k'h F Ljfbn] km' l t{ k mflt{ d f x' G 5g -;' g rf] / sf klg k7fPF.| of] uLt k7fPkl5 tL
;n{Ss} l6k]/ cfˆgf] lxtdf k|of]u u/]sf] >LdtLx¿ Û pgLx¿ bfDnf] hqf] kf]t] ;fyLx¿n] s'g} k|ltlqmof lbPsf 5}gg\ . s:tf] dx;'; ug{e ' of] eGg] lh1f;fdf ug]dn] elgg\, …xfdL lgs} lg/fz
5 . d]/f] larf/df lth k'?if;Qfsf] / lsnf] hqf] ltnx/L nufP/ 9ns– k| l tlqmof glbg' s f] sf/0f uLt
d'lGt/ dlxnfx¿n] u'gf;f ;'gfpg] ug]{
an/fd ltdlN;gf 9ns 9Ns]kl5 qmdzM pRr tyf ;fyLx¿n] ;f]r] h:tf] ePg ;fob .
eof}F . To:tf] s]xL xf]cf];\ eGg] d}n] rfx]sL lyOgF . lsg p;n] ;do aaf{b
ug{'kYof]{ <Ú cWoogsf a]nf cfˆgf] 5f]/f ;+nUg x'g k'u]sf] d'l:nd a|b/x"8
b'MvL kj{ xf] . k'?ifnfO{ ;Qfsf] x]lkPsf a'xf/Lx¿ b]lvFb}gg\ a¿ dWood au{ s f dlxnfx¿ klg uLtsf] ;'?sf] efu o:tf] lyof]– ;d"x Tolta]nf Pp6f …kGyÚ sf] ¿kdf /x]sf] pgn] atfOg\ . lgdf{0f;DaGwL
clwsf/L dfg]/ To;} leq cfˆgf pkef]Qmfjfbdf r'nD'{ d 8'as ] f ahf/sf cfOk'U5g\ of] uxgf k|bz{gLdf ;'g / lth cfof] eg]/ /dfpFg] xfdL Û Joj;fodf Jofks ;DklQ cfh{g u/]kl5 ;fpbL c/]laofdf lag nfb]gsf]
/f]gfwf]gf ug]{ rf8 xf] lth . lth leq dlxnf pkef]Qmfx¿ b]vf k5{g\ . cj ;f/Ldf ;lhP/ . 7"nf Jofkf/L, e|i6 xfdLeGbf /dfpFg] ;fx' x/fdL Û kl/jf/ k|efjzfnLdWo]sf] Ps kl/jf/sf] ¿kdf bl/g k'Uof] . lag nfb]gsf
lxhf]sf] ;fdGtL pTkL8g / cfhsf] tLhdf ;f;"n] x]ks ] f lj/xx¿ ufpg] gf]s/zfxx¿, 7]sb] f/x¿, t:s/x¿ p:s} laS5 l;Gb"/ kf]t] p:s} a'jf df]xDdb lag cjfb lag nfb]gn] cf];fdfsf] hGd ePsf] tLg jif{kl5
k'h
F LjfbL b'Zrqmsf lj?4 s'g} ljb|fx] sfd x'bF g} a? k'hF Ljfbsf] cfqmd0fsf] / To:t} e|:6 g]tfx¿sf hf]Ox{ ¿n] laS5 uxgf Û ug]d;Fu ;DaGw ljR5]b u/]sf lyP . df]xDdb lag cjfb lag nfb]gsf
5}g . a?, oxL Joj:yfn] tf]lslbPsf] cufl8 ;n{Ss ;'ltlbg] uLtx¿ sJhf hdfPsf] of] rf8 k'h F LjfbL xfdL 5f]/L r]nLsf] t xfF:g] axfgf Û %) hgf ;Gtfg lyP . ;]K6]Da/ !! sf] 36gfkl5 ;fpbL c/]laofsf]
:yfgdf a;]/ of] Joa:yfsf] ckdfg aH5g\ . d]/f] egfOsf] cy{ cfhsf] xf6ahf/ h:t} ag]sf] 5 . of] kj{ lthsf] sx/ cfof] al/n}–@ ;/sf/n] pgLx¿sf] kl/jf/dfly cg';Gwfg uof]{L / pgLx¿sf] ofqf Pjd\
gx'g] u/L Nof+UNof+u ug]{ hfqfsf] sfd lthsf] lgb] { z s k' F h Ljfb xf] / lgDg ju{sf dlxnfx¿dfly ;'g e"d08nLs[t k'FhLjfb ;+;f/sf lxF88'n ;Lldt kfl/lbof] .
tLhn] u/]sf] 5 . csf]{ s'/f cfhsf gflosfx¿ pRr au{sf dlxnfx¿ x'g\ . k|bz{gsf] qm'/ lx+;f yf]k/]/ x'g] vfg]sf s'gf sGb/f hxL+ txL+ k'u]sf] 5 . kqsf/ dfl6{g r'nf]en] n]v]sf 5g\, ;fpbL ;/sf/n] lag nfb]gsL
dlxnfx¿sf] cfbz{ nf]Ug] lzj xf]Og . ca of] >dhLjL dlxnfx¿sf] rf8 >LdtLx¿n] x'nbËf dRrfpg] hfqf dfG5]sf r'nf rf}sfb]lv d7 dlGb/ cfdf;Fu s'/f ug]{ cg'dlt lbPsf] pgsf] ljZjf; 5 lsgls jl/i7
s'g} o'udf lzj cfˆgf] hdfgfsf xf]Og . aGb} 5 / cfˆgf] k/Dk/f dfGg]eGbf ;j}lt/ l5/]sf] 5 . ;j} wd{, d"No, clwsf/Lx¿sf] cfzf 5 To;n] of] k'li6 ug{ ;3fp k'Ug]5 ls lag nfb]g
jn;fnL lyP xf]nfg . kf}/fl0fs sygdf – lthsf] sf/0fn] :yflkt x'g] csf]{ klg ahf/df ;DklQsf] xf]8 ug]{ ljs[t dfGoftf / ljlzi6tfx¿leq l5/]/ b]zaf6 alxis[t lyP g ls s]xLn] eg]h:tf] b]zsf Ph]G6 . lag nfb]gsf
lzjsf] cfr/0fsf] jf/]df h:tf] s'/f s'/f u}/lxGb"x¿ dfly lxGb" dfGotf kj{sf] ?kdf lth e|i6Ls[t x'bF } 5 . To;nfO{ cfˆgf] cg's'n agfpb} b'O{hgf efO x;g / cxdb klg b ufl8{ognfO{ cGtjf{tf{ lbPsf 5g\ .
ul/G5, Tof] x]bf{ pgL wgL afpsf] klg xf] . lzjh:t} nf]Ug] kfpmF ag]/ lth jf/]df ;3g 5nkmn gx'gfsf] nfu]sf] 5 . k|s[lt / ;dfhsf ;f/f pgLx¿n] ;]K6]Da/ !! sf] xdnfdf pgsf] ;+nUgtfaf/] ;'g]/ :tAw ePsf]
aflnof] afËf] v/fj cfr/0fsf] j|t a;]sf] kf}/fl0fs syg lxGb"x¿sf] sf/0fn] cfk"mnfO{ k|fultzLn / cem df}lnstf tyf ;'Gb/tfx¿nfO{ lgn]/ atfPsf 5g\ . cxdbn] eg], …;fgfb]lv 7"nf ;a}n] nHhfaf]w u¥of}F . o;sf]
u'08fh:tf] b]lvG5g\ . vfglkg / of}g xf] . g]kfnsf hghflt dlxnfx¿ lxGb" qmflGtsf/L eGg] dlxnfx¿ kflg lthsf] cfhsf] k'h F Ljfbn] ;+;f/nfO{ cfk"mh:t} g/fd|f] glthf xfdLn] ef]Ug]5f}F eg]/ xfdL ;a}nfO{ yfxf lyof] . aflx/ ePsf
c/fhstfsf] s'/f ubf{ kz' s/0fL;Dd dlxnfh:tf] OR5fPsf] nf]Ug] kfpFg ;'gfdLdf aUg k'U5g\ . ;+:sf/ ;+:s[lt agfpg] sfd ul//x]sf] 5 . o:tf] xfd|f] kl/jf/sf ;a} ;fpbL c/]laof kmls{of}F .Ú pgn] cfˆgL cfdf ;]K6]Da/
ug{ kl5 gkg]{ b]lvG5 . cfhsf] cg;g a:g' kg]{ cj:yf lxhf] klg / wd{jf/] P]ltxfl;s ef}ltsjfbL ljrf/ j]nfdf lgj{w+ rln/x]sf] ;fd|fHojfbL !! sf] 36gfsf] !& jif{kl5 klg lag nfb]g …geOÚ pgsf j/k/sf dfG5]x¿
;dfhsf dlxnf cfk"mn] rfx]h:tf] nf]Ug] lyPg / cfh klg 5}g . Pp6f wfld{s k| : t' t ug] { sDo' l gi6 cfGbf] n g xfjfsf lj?4 qmflGtsf/L em08f To;sf nflu lhDd]jf/ ePsf] 7fGg] u/]sf] atfP . – lala;L
kfpg j|t a:b}gg\ / /f]Os/fO{ klg ;Dk|bfosf] rf8nfO{ ;j} g]kfnLsf] rf8 k'hF Ljfbsf] 6f6\gfdf 3fF; vfg k;]sf] p7fpg' of] ;do kfunkg h:tf] aGb}
ub}g{ g\ . dlxnfdflysf] k'?ifsf] o'uf}+
k'/fgf] jr{ZjnfO{ yk lg/Gt/tf lbg
eg]/ k|rf/ ul/g' / ;+/If0f ul/g'
Gofok"0f{ xf]Og . g]kfnsf /fli6«o
cfhsf] eofgs kof{j/0fdf 3fF; vfg
c:jLsf/ ug]x{ ¿n] cln uDeL/ eP/
uPsf] 5 . hlt;'s} sl7g eP klg
;Tosf] kIfdf cfjfh p7fpg'
b}lgs Pp6f c08f vfg'sf] kmfObf===
;xof]u ug]{ o; k|sf/sf rf8 jf/] elgPsf clwsf+z rf8x¿ lxGb"sf ;f]Rg' kg]{ xf] ls eGg] dnfO{ nfU5 . qmflGtsf/Lx¿sf] bfloTj x'g] x'gfn] sf7df8f}F . b}lgs Pp6f c08f
qmflGtsf/L dlxnfx¿n] cln km/s 5g\ . nfdf] ;dob]lv zf;g ;Qfdf klxnf] s'/f o;n] k'?if ;QfnfO{ :yflkt cfhsf] of] sl7g kl/l:yltdf klg vfgfn] d'6' /f]usf] vt/f sd x'g]
tfl/sfn] ;f]Rg hf?/L 5 . lxGb"x¿sf] af]njfnf ePsf] df}sf 5f]k/] ug]{ sfd u5{ / bf]>f] o;n] k'h F LjfbL xfdLn] ;To s'/fnfO{ p7fpg ;Sof}+ Ps cWoogn] b]vfPsf] 5 . rLgdf
– cfhsf] lbgdf lthn] :yflkt tL rf8 kj{x?nfO{ hj/h:t …/fli6«oÚ ljs[ltnfO{ a9fpFg] / To;}df aUg] sfd eg] To;nfO{ cg';/0f ug]{ dflg; jfFsL $ nfv jo:s dflg;df ul/Psf]
ug]{ bf]>f] s'/f xf] – g]kfnsf] k/Dk/fut dfGotf lbOPsf] 5 / cGo u5{ . t];f| ] o;n] j}1flgs r]tgf eg]{ x'G5g eg]/ ;f]Rg' g} j}1flgs x'G5 . cWoogdf o:tf] b]lvPsf] xf] .
rf8dfly ahf/nfO{ Ps5q 9lndnL wdf{jnDjLx¿n] dgfpg] rf8x¿ xf]Og j? ?l9jfbL cGwljZjf;lt/ klxn] x/fe/f ljsNk tof/ b}lgs Ps c08f vfg]df d'6h ' Go
ug{ lbg] sfd . lxhf] lthleq …:yfgLoÚ rf8sf] ckdfg vKg jfWo kmsf{pg] sfd u5{ . s'g} j]nf lyof]– ePkl5 dfq k'/fgf] s'/f 5f]8\g] eGg] /f]u -Åbo3ft tyf :6«fs ] _ af6
;fdGtjfb lyof] . lgVnfd j|t a;]/ 5g\ . lth klg To:t} Pp6f lxGb"x¿sf] lthnfO{ dlxnfx¿sf] aLrdf r]tgf s'/f j}1flgs 5}g . k'/fgf] s'/f sfd d[To' x'g] vt/f !* k|ltzt sd
ufpFsf rf]s rf}tf/Ldf hDdf eP/ rf8 xf] . lxGb"x¿sf] rf8nfO{ k"/} /fHo k|jfx ug]{ ;+efjgf lyof] . ljutdf gnfUg] ePkl5 To;nfO{ klxn] kl/Tofu x'g] tYo x6{ hg{ndf k|sflzt
;f;", cfdfh" / gGbsf s'/f ul/Gy] . nfu]/ /fli6«o agfpg] sfd tLhdf klg qmflGtsf/L dlxnf cfGbf]ngn] klg ug]{ clg To;kl5 ljsNk vf]Hg] ul/Psf] xf] . ;fdfGo efiffdf
lxhf] klg k'?ifnfO{ sd / dlxnfåf/f ul/G5 . o;nfO{ pkof]u u/]sf] lyof] . ;'Gb/L x' G 5 . xfdL ;fdGtL ;dfhaf6 d'6/' f]u elgg] /f]udf x6{ km]n,
dlxnfs} lj/f]w ug{ l;sfOGYof] . k'?if – lthn] km}nfpFg] csf]{ unt s'/f k|ltof]lutfsf lj?4 n8]/ k|x/Lsf] nf7L k'FhLjfbdf k|j]z u/]sf 5f}+ t/ d'6'sf] eNesf] ;d:of tyf
cfnf]rgfeGbf dfly k/dk"Ho :yfgdf eg]sf] cGwljZjf; / wdf{Gwtf xf] . vfg]x¿ cfkm} ;'Gb/L k|ltof]lutfdf ;fdGtjfbsf] klg k|f/lDes r/0fsf Åbof3ftnufot k5{g\ . pRr
lj/fhdfg lyof] . cfh cfly{s- cfhsf] PSsfO;f} F ;tflJbdf 5f]/LnfO{ k7fP/ ;fj{hlgs ?kdf ef]6 d"NodfGotfx¿ af]s/] lxl8/x]sf 5f}+ . /Qmrfk, clt df]6f]kgf, An8
;fdflhs–;f+ : s[ l ts x] / km] / ;F u } dlxnfx¿n] ;'vsf] lbg Nofpg cfly{s– dfUg] 7fpFdf k'us ] f] cfhsf] sxfnLnfUbf] x/]s gofF o'un] gofF dfGotfx¿nfO{ ;''u/sf] tx a9\g]nufotsf
;fdGtjfbsf] ;§fdf e"d08nLs[t ;fdflhs–;f+:s[lts Joj:yf lj?4 cj:yfdf lthnfO{ pkof]u x}g lthn] hGd lbb} / x'sf{pbF } nfg' kg]d { f To;f] ;d:ofx? c:j:ys/ vfgf,
k'hF Ljfb xfd|f] b]zdf ;Qf rnfpg] n8\g l;sfpg'sf] ;§f dWoo'uLg dlxnf ;j}nfO{ ;f]xf]//] pN6} b'?kof]u ul//x]sf] x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . zf/Ll/s ;lqmotfsf] sdL / dlb/f
;]jgaf6 lgDtg] ljz]if1sf] egfO{
5 . ljutdf lrlsT;sx? g}
la/fdLnfO{ w]/} c08f vfg gx'g]
;Nnfx lbGy] . c08fdf pRr
dfqfdf k|fl] 6g / cGo kf]ifstTj x'G5g\ . o;sf ;fy} pRr dfqfdf sf]n:] 6/f]n
x'g] ePsfn] o;nfO{ xflgsf/s dflgGYof] .
a]Olhªl:yt k]lsª o'lgel;{6L :s'n ckm klAns x]Nysf ;xfos k|fWofks
sflGsª o'sf cg';f/ ljutdf ul/Psf cWoogdf k|fKt d'6/' f]u / c08faLrsf]
;DaGwaf/]sf tYo ljjfb:kb lyP . lsgeg] ;Lldt ;"rgf / yf]/} gd"gfdf
cWoog ul/Psf x'Gy] . oxL sf/0f pgLx?n] rLgsf !) If]qsf sl/a %
nfv hg;+Vofdf cWoog u/]sf x'g\ . pgLx?n] SofG;/, d'6/' f]u tyf dw'dx]
gePsf $ nfv !^ xhf/ @ ;o @# dflg;nfO{ cWoogdf ;fd]n u/fPsf
lyP . tLdWo] #) b]lv &( jif{ pd]/ ;d"xsf !# k|ltzt dflg;n] lbgsf]
Pp6f c08f vfg] u/]sf lyP . cWoogstf{x?n] tL dflg;sf] :jf:Yosf] (
jif{;Dd lgu/fgL u/]sf lyP / ltgLx?nfO{ Åbof3ft, :6«f]snufot x'G5
ls x'Fb}g eg]/ s]lGb|t ePsf lyP .
rLgdf d'6'/f]u d[To'sf] k|d'v sf/0f xf] . d'6' /f]uaf6 k|efljt cfwfsf]
d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 . cWoogdf ;fd]n u/fOPsfdWo] ( xhf/ ( ;o *%
dflg;sf] d[To' d''6' /f]usf sf/0f ePsf] kfOPsf] lyof] eg] *$ xhf/
dflg;df s'g} g s'g} vfnsf d'6'/f]u ePsf] kfOof] . of] tYof+s ljZn]if0f
u/]/ cg';Gwfgstf{x?n] b}lgs Ps c08f vfg]df d'6'/f]usf] vt/f sd x'g]
lgisif{ lgsfn]sf x'g\ . o;cg';f/ b}lgs Ps c08f vfg]df x]df]¥oflhs
:6«f]s x'g] vt/f @^ k|ltztn] sd ePsf] kfOPsf] lyof] .
6 @)&% ;fn ebf} # ut] cfOtaf/

syf M d[To' ljrf/


Rj==Rj==Rj==;a}hgf hln/x]sf]
lrtfdf x]l//x]sf 5g\ . cl3 ev{/
dfq afFls 5g\ hNgnfO{ . d olta]nf
of}6f hLjgsf] d[To' kl9/x]5' . lxhf] d;Fu
lsgeg] pgnfO{ ;a}n] rfv]sf lyP .
hLjgdf cfk"mn] slxNo} dL7f] vfg
emf]Ssf xfjf rNbf d kms]/{ cl3
hnfOPsf] lrtflt/ x]5'{ . d]/f] x]/fOdf
cfFugsf] 5]pdf ?dlnPsf af
af

3/sf] 5fgfdfly a;]/ lr/la/fPsf] e+u/] f]


– b]aL sfk\mn]

af]s/] NofPsf] nf; hNb} 5 . hn]/ e]6b\ f Toqf] lrGtf lng] pgL cfh v/fgL gkfPsf pgL 9'Ëf h:tf] s7f]/ hLjg Ps lsl;dsf] sf}tx' ntf 5 . l/Qmtf
klg ca clGtd x'g nfUof] . cfuf] eO;s] . w'jF fdf lanfO ;s] . pgnfO{ afFrs ] f lyP . 5 . lj/QmL 5 . km]l/, lrQfaf6 v/fgL dem]/Ldf 6'qm'Ss a;]sf] laNn',
psf:b} afFsL c+z cfuf]lt/ ws]Nb}5g\ cfh s]xL ug{ g;s]sf]df lrGtf 5}g . cF cem lxhf] dfq xf]Og . d pgnfO{ km'/{ pF85\ . p;sf] 5f]/f] tLg rf]l6 3/L 9f]sf leq 3/L 3/k5fl8sf] s'nf] lt/
dnfdLx¿ . ;f]lr/x]5' lxhf];Dd a]nf a]nf e]l6/xGy]F . d}n] Pslbg ld7fO kms]/{ x]5{ . h;/L ar]/fn] dfpnfO{ x]5{ .
sfddf hfFb} lyP bfO{ . d clkm;af6 k;ndf efp ;f]w/] l/Q} kms]s { f] b]vF] . pm cfh dfp laxLg ePsf] 5 . d ;'3+ ;'3+ fO /xsf] sfn] s'Q'
xtf/ xtf/ kms{b} ubf{ v'O===P ;f; ef]s nfu]sf] a]nf s] s] vfg] OR5f eof] cfh lsg olt uDeL/ eO/x]5' < olt
km]b{} plePsf . cg'xf/ km'Ë pF8s ] f] . xf]nf t/ vNtLdf k};f geP/ jf olt ldxLg d[To' ;f]lr/x]5' Û d[To' t uf]7sL 3'dL| e}; + L
ufnfdf cfFzs ' f 8f]a a;]sf] vfN8f . k};fn] b'O{ lsnf] rfdn lsg"n F f eg]/ cjZodoL lyof] . ToxL d[To' d/]sf x'g\ ltNs' 5'gd' g' ' kf7fkf7L
tL t pgsf ;w}s F f] ;Demgf eO/x] kmls{P xf]nfg\ ;fob pgL . pgn] bfOn] . km]l/ lsg dl;gf s'/fdf dnfO{
d]/f nflu . d}n] pgsf] cg'xf/ lgofNb} afnaRrfnfO{ eg] dfu]sf / /x/ u/]sf Wofg lbg dg nfu]sf] 5 < s] pgsf] ;a}sf] dgn] vf]Hb} lyof]
eg]sf] lyPF, …bfO cf/fd ug{k' g]{ lgs} rLh lslglbPs} x'g\ . 5f]/f 5f]/Lsf] 5f]/f]n] cfdfsf] cfª\df gofF n'uf lbg
ynf kg{e ' f] .Ú pgn] d]/f] s'/f slQ /x/sf nflu cfˆgf] /x/ n'sfP/ . ;fFRr} ;Snf < alxgLsf] OR5f k"/f unf{ < 3/ /ftf] wf]tLsf] cfefif
klg Wofg lbPgg\ dfgf}F pgnfO{ dnfO{ s] eO/x]5 < tNnf] 3/ nfx'/] agfpnf < 5g\5g\ r'/fsf] 5g\5gfx6
cf/fdsf] k|jfx 5}g . d]/f] kvf{Osf] sfsf eGb} lyP T" of] xs]n { ] cfk"mnfO{ cfh d dnfdL xFb' f pgL lrtfdf
hjfkm cfof] . …afa' d un]s} t 5'
sf}lznf l/;fn ;8fP/ ePklg kl/jf/ kfn]s} 5 . cF lyP . ev{/ d}n] dnfdL eP/ pgsf] t/ /ftf] wf]tL r'/fsf] 5g\ 5g\
ca plt sfd ug{ klg g;s"n F f. Unflg 5}g . a? d kf] 56\kl6b} 5' . clxn] pgL 6fpsf]df xft nfP/ k/ d[t z/L/df cfuf] nufP/ cfPsf] x'F .
d]/f] dfg' ca ;lsg nfu]sf] xf] . pgsf] cefjdf . h;nfO{ lxhf];Dd d}n] a;]sf 5g\ . pgsf] cfFvf lrtfdf hn]sf] pgL v/fgL ag] . ;a}n] pxL ;xfg'el" t lgik|f0f e};Sof],pgL t cgGt ofqfdf nflu ;lsg .
lhGbuLdf s]xL ug{ ;lsg . pxL Ps
dfgf vfg g} wf} wf} k¥of] . tL hxfg
dxTj lbOg . afFrG' h]n pgLk|lt slQ
klg ;xfg'el" t /fVg ;lsg . d]/f] cfˆg}
nf;sf] afFls c+ztkm{ Psf]l/Psf 5g\ .
pgsf sfddf kl/jf/n] slxNo} h;
/fv] RjRj csfnd} d¥of]===== . 3/df
k'uk] l5 klg pgsf] emNsf] nflu/xG5 .
pgsf] af6f]df 5g]{ a'sL{ agfpFb} 5g\
s]6fs]6Lsf] lrGtf 5 Pp6f ;fgf] em'k8L laTg] s;/L pgnfO{ ;do lbg Eofpg' < lbPsf xf]Ogg\ . efph"n] /fd]sL b"nxL;Fu cfˆgf] 3/sf] e'OF tnfsf] sf}lzaf6 pgsf] ofqfsf] vr{ l6nf] vf]Hb} 5g\
ePklg cfˆg} ePsf] eP x'g] . sfd lxhf] dfq e]6b\ f d}n] cf}krfl/stf s'/f u/]sf] ;'gs ] f] lyPF . oL a"9fn] pgsf] 8]/f b]Vg d'l:sn 5 tfklg
u/] dfd t eOxfNYof] lg .Ú x'g klg xf] lgjf{x u/]F cf/fd ug{'kg]{ . cln afFrG' h]n ;'v kfPgg\ . g dnfO{ ;'v tGs]/ tn x]5'{ . d b]lVbg / dfly pgsf] nfh 9fSg sfqf] klxNofpFb} 5g\
pgn] clxn];Dd hxfgnfO{ h;f]t;f]
dfd t v'jfPs} lyP . 3/ agfpg
tfultnf] vfg]s/' f vfg'kg]{ . pgLk|ltsf]
d]/f] Tof] cf}krfl/stf s] sfd < ha
eof] < Ps hf]/ n'uf nufpg kfPsf]
xf]Og jif{df . vfnL c?s} h8f}/Ln] sfd
5ts} sf}lzdf pSn]/ k'gM x]5'{ . d}n]
slxNo} o;/L pgsf] 8]/f lrxfPsf]
pgsf] alxu{dg z'e kfg{ xl/of]
eg] ;s]sf lyPgg\ . pgnfO{ o;}df ls pgn] Psdfgf vfg]s/' fs} u'gf;f] rnfpg'k¥of] . pgL cfkm}n F ] klg nfP lyOg . pgsf] 3/sf] ;+3f/ lgofn]kl5 uf]a/n] dem]/L pN6f] lnKb} lyP
u'gf;f] /x]sf] lyof] . s]6fs]6L klg ub}{ lyP . s;/L kf}li6s cfxf/sf] k"lt{ vfPsf] eP kf] Û v} sltGh]n o:tf] b'Mv dnfO{ ;a} ;To nfU5g\ . cyf{t\ xs]{
h]gt]g k9fPsf t x'g\ . d]/f] dgdf u¿g\ < sfd ug{k' g]{ afWotf g} 5 eg] ug]{ xf] < l5d]sLn] klg lg:jfy{ efjdf bfOsf] ch]o d[To' . olta]nf Pp6f cfdf zfGt s'g} k|ltsf/ lyPg
oL s'/f cfpFb} ubf{ pgL km]l/ af]n,]
…Pp6f em'kf| ] agfOlbg] /x/ /x/} eof] .Ú
s;/L cf/fd u¿g\ < lsg xf]nf d
dfG5] aGg g;s]sf] < ddf dfgjtfsf]
slxNo} ;xof]u u/]gg\ . vfln sfd
sfd . dfq sfd . pgn] sd{sf] cld6
cg'Ql/t k|Zg dgdf cfPsf] 5 . s]
xs]{ bfOn] cf};t d[To' d/]sf x'g\ <
pgsf] af6f] to e};s]sf] lyof]
cfh pgL hNb} 5g\ . pgsf /x/ c+z gePsf] < dnfO{ UnfgL eP/ cfof] . 5fk eg] 5f]8/] uPsf 5g\ . cfkm};
F uF d]/f] k|Zg 5M d[tssf /f]Sg s;}sf] ;fdYo{ lyPg .
hln/x]5g\ . d lxhf]sf] ;Demgf tfhf s] ;fFRr} bfOn] /fd|f] nfP < dL7f] vfP < Psl5g\ cl3 3f6 Nofpg] tof/L ;fdfGo eGbf ;fdfGo b}lgsLnfO{
agfpb} dnfdL a;]sf] 5' . d pgsf] afFrG' h]n cfˆgf] nflu afFr] < cxF oL ub}{ ubf{ efph" lrRofO lrRofO ?Fb} ;Demg], k|z; + f ug],{ d/]kl5 >4f u/] xfd|f] /f]bgsf] s'g} c;/ k/]g b}jnfO{
dnfdL ePsf] ;fIfL c? 5g\ . o;n] k|Zgsf pQ/ laNs'n leGg 5g\ . pgn] lyOg\ . 5f]/f] lrQf glhs} emf]qmfPsf] h:tf] b]vfpg] ;xfg'el" t s] d[To'kl5 afF;sf] cf]5o\ fg ;]tf] sfqf]
dnfO{ ef]lnb]lv tL bfh'kl| t k"0f{ ¿kdf s] sfd u/]gg\ / < O{§+ f af]Sg] b]lv 5 . d df}g ¿kdf lrtfs} ;fd'Gg] oL dfq ;'xfpg] s'/f xf] < d}n] ;dfhdf
st{Jo kfng u/]sf] x'F eGg] k|df0f lnP/ jfn'jf rfNg], ufx|f] nufpg], 9n ofjt\ ;f]Rb} 5' . xs]{ bfOsf] lhGbuLsf] s] u/]F < ;dfhaf6 s] kfPF < d}n] s;/L ;xg ;lsg xf]nf
lbg]5 . h;sf] ef}lts z/L/ ca of] vf]Ng] . s'g} a]nf t d}n] pgnfO{ 7"nf] l/n 3'dfpFb} 5' . d]/f] ;Demgfdf l/n ;xfg'el" tsf nflu u/]F jf ug{sf nflu
;+;f/df 5}g . Tof] lxhf] b]vs ] f] dfofn' 7"nf] :j/n] s/fpFb} xs/sf] sfd u/]sf] slt 7fpFdf cl8\sof] < olta]nf k"0f{ u/]F < jf st{Josf nflu u/]F < pgn] d'v kf]Ng] u/L afn]sf] bfuaQL
cg'x' f/ cfh 5}g . pgsf] cfFvfsf] klg b]vF] . pgL /Ëdf ax'/ªuL x'g\ . ¿kdf v/fgLdf kl/0ft ePsf] lrtfaf6 u/]sf / ;dfhn] :jLsf/]sf] pgsf] bfp/fsf] rfª st kf]Nof]
l8ndf a;]sf] sfnf] . ufnfsf] vf]lkN6f :jfbdf afFrG' h]n u'lnof] afx]s ;a} . v/fgL e'/{ pF85 \ . d v/fgL pF8l] t/ cl:tTj d[To';uF } d/]sf] xf] t < d
;a v/fgL eO;s] . ca v'§fsf x•L tLtf], 6/f],{ kL/f], vNnf], a]:jfbsf] x]5'{ . ;a} af6f] nfU5g\ . km]l/ csf{] o:t} ;f]R5' . ;f]lr/xG5'==== . slt lahfof] xf]nf
af0fu+ufn] cfˆgf] a]u /f]lsg
;f]/7L hf]ufp“b} ufp“n]
sf7df8f}F . afun'ªsf :yfgLo ;f]/7L;Fu} ;fn}hf] / ‰ofp/]h:tf e'h]nnfO{ ;f]/7LuLtsf …u'?afÚ g} ;r]tk"j{s nfUg'kg]{ a]nf cfPsf]
xfjf ;';fpg 5f]8o\ f]
;"os { f ls/0f t]h e}lbP
df}lns nf]snodf cfwfl/t ;f]/7L df}lns uLt, gfr klg hf]ufpg] eg]/ lrGg] ul/Psf] 5 . afx| jif{sf] 5 .Ú pgn] snf, ;flxTo, ;+:s[lt,
uLt ;+/If0fdf h'6s] f 5g\ . kf}/fl0fs k|of;df 5 . k'/fgf] ;+:s[ltaf/] gofF pd]/ klxnf] k6s ;f]/7Ldf gfr]sf] efiffsf] k9fO ljBfno txb]lv g} Ps}l5gdf w'jF fsf] d':nf]n]
tyf P]ltxfl;s syf ;d]6/] ljljw k':tfnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg / ltgsf] ;Demgf pgnfO{ cem} ofb 5 . x' g ' k g] { wf/0ff JoQm u/] .
no / tfndf df?gL gfr;lxt ;f]/7L ;+/If0fdf k|l] /t ug{ k'/fgf snfsf/x? …cl3Nnf] k':tf;Fu} df}lns snf, ufpF k flnsf:t/df ag] s f] snf jfo'd08naf6 ;Gb]z k7fof]
ufpg] rngnfO{ d" t { ¿k lbg
al8uf8 ufpFkflnsf–! sf kfsfb]lv
d~rdf cfa4 5g\ . ;f]/7LuLtdf d"n
:j/ lbg] &^ jifL{o b'uf{axfb'/ e'hn] sf]
;+:s[lt x/fpg] 8/n] ;+/If0fsf] kxndf
h'6]sf xf}F,Ú ;+of]hs e'h]nn] eg] .
;+:s[lt ;+/If0f d~rdf @@ hgf
snfsf/ ;+ u l7t 5g\ . d~rn]
ltd|Lcfdf ca kms]/{ cfplbgg\
tGg]/L;Dd nfu]sf x'g\ . du/ / u'?ª ufogn] d~rnfO{ phf{ ldn]sf] 5 . d~rnfO{ ;f]/7LuLt k|bz{gs} nflu snfsf/ e'h]ns} :j/df ;f]/7LuLt ca kms]/{ cfpFlbgg\ .
;d'bfodf a9L k|rlnt ;f]/7LuLt pd]/df em}F hf];n] el/Psf] ld7f;k"0f{ ;b/d' s fd nufotsf ljleGg /]s8{;d]t u/fPsf] 5´ . d~rn]
nf]k x'g nfu]sf]] cj:yfdf ;+ul7t :j/df e'hn ] n] ;f]/7L ufpFbf hf] sf]xL 7fpFaf6 dfu cfpg] u/]sf] 5 . 7fpF– k| : t' l tnfO{ Jol:yt / cfsif{ s ebf} ca km]l/ xfd|L cfdf lng gcfOh
kxnn] gofF k':tfdf klg rf;f]
hufPsf] 5 . ;f]/7LuLtsf] ;d"xdf
klg dGqd'Uw x'G5g\ . ufpg dfq
xf]Og gfRg klg tlD;g] e'hn ] g}
7fpFdf nu]/ b]vfpFbf ;+:s[lt k|;f/;Fu}
cGo ;d'bfo klg pTk|]l/t x'g] u/]sf]
agfpg Ps} vfn] kf]zfssf] ;d]t
Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . d~rn] ;f]/7L
km]l/ xfd|L cfdf lng gcfOh .
&^ jifL{o j[4 snfsf/b]lv o'jf;Dd
;+nUg 5g\ . ufpFn]n] agfPsf] …snf
ufpFsf cAan ;f]/7L ufos x'g .
gfrdf klg bVvn /fVg] d~rsf
5 . k/fk"j{sfnb]lv rNb} cfPsf]
/Llt, ;+:s[lt hf]ufpg' ;a}sf] st{Jo
ufPafkt /sd bfg dfUg'sf] ;f6f]
/fHosf lgsfoaf6} ;+:s[lt ;+/If0fsf dlxgfjf/L /f]lsg ;Sg] sf/0fx?
/ ;+ : s[ l t ;+ / If0f d~rÚ n] ;+of]hs e'hn ] n] tGg]/L snfsf/x?nfO{ ePsf] ;+of]hs e'h]nsf] egfO 5 . nflu ;xof]u k'¥ofOof];\ eGg] ck]Iff sf7df8f}F . dlxgfjf/L ;xL ;dodf gx'g' sltko o'jtLx¿ jf dlxnfx¿sf]
;f] / 7LuLtsf] ;+ / If0f, pTyfg / ;f]/7L gfr l;sfpg] ug{x' G' 5 . …xfDnfO{ pgn] cfˆgf] klxrfg la;] { / u/]sf] 5 . b]jL, b]ptf / kf}/fl0fs ;d:of x'G5 . olb of] ;d:of nfdf] ;do;Dd /lx/x]df sof}F uDeL/ :jf:Yo
k| ; f/df nfu] s f] 5 . d~rn] a"9;] sfn nfUof], ca gofFx?n] gl;s] klZrd]nL ;Detf cFufNg vf]Hg' 36gf tyf syfdf cfwfl/t /x]/ ;d:of pTkGg x'g;S5 . o:tf] cfj:yfdf t'?Gt lrlsT;ssf] ;Nnfx lnO{
;fj{hlgs ;df/f]x, d]nf, pT;j / ;+:s[lt x/fpF5,Ú pxfFn] eGg'eof] . b'Mvb xf] eg] . …cfw'lgstfn] xfd|f] ;f] / 7L ufpg] ul/G5 . uLtdf pkrf/ ug{k' b{5 . lrlsT;ssf cg';f/, o'jtLx¿ jf dlxnfx¿df dlxgfjf/L
dflg;sf b'Mv, j]bgf, ;d:ofnufot /f]lsg ;Sg] oL d'Vo sf/0f o;k|sf/ 5g\–
rf8af8sf] z' e sfdgfnfO{ klg != nuftf/ tgfjdf /xg' nuftf/ tgfjdf /xFbf z/L/df P:6«fh ] g / sfl6{;f]n
noa4 ?kdf k|:t't ug]{ rng 5 . gfds xdf]{g lgdf{0f x'gyfN5 . z/L/df o;sf] dfqf a9\bf dlxgfjf/L
;f]/7Ldf ufpg] / gfRg] u/L sDtLdf ;dodf gx'g] ;d:of x'g;S5 .
!@ hgf snfsf/ cfjZos kg]{ @= yfo/f]o8sf] ;d:of 3fF6Ldf /x]sf] yfo/f]o8 Un}+8 cG8/PlS6e of
;+of]hs e'h]nn] atfP . snfsf/df cf]e/PlS6e x'g'sf] sf/0f z/L/sf] xdf]{g ;Gt'ng lau|g ;S5 . o;sf]
ufpg] ;d"x, dfbn], df?gL, k';{'u]F sf/0f dlxgfjf/L ;dod} gx'g ;S5 .
cfjZos k5{ . k'?if snfsf/ klg #= 8fola6Lhsf] ;d:of z/L/df An8 z'u/ n]en lau|bf xfdf]g{ n c;Gt'ng
dlxnfs} e]ifdf df?gL ag]/ gfRg] x'gyfN5 . o;sf/0f dlxgfjf/L ;dod} gx'g] ;d:of x'g;S5 .
k/Dk/f 5 . dfbns} tfnaf6 d"n $= ay{ sG6«fn ] lkN;sf] k|of]u ay{ sG6«fn] lkN;sf] ;fO8 Okm]S6sf] sf/0f
ufossf] lgb] { z gcg' ; f/ cGo xfdf]{gn c;Gt'ng x'gyfN5 . o;sf] sf/0f dlxgfjf/L /f]lsg ;S5 .
snfsf/n] ufogdf ;fy lbg] u5{g\ . %= a9\bf] pd]/sf] sf/0f dlxnfx¿sf] pd]/ $) s6]kl5 cf]el] /og km]lno/sf]
;f]/7LuLt ljz]ifu/L ltxf/sf ;d:of x'gyfN5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf dlxgfjf/L /f]lsg ;S5 .
a]nf /fdnLnf, s[i0f rl/qh:tf ^= df]6f]kg a9\g' df]6f]kgsf] a9\gs
' f] sf/0f a|g] df /x]sf] xfOkf]yn
] d
] ; gfds
O{Zj/Lo elQmufgsf ?kdf ufpg] Un}8+ df gsf/fTds c;/ k5{ . o;sf] sf/0f xfdf]g{ n c;Gt'ng x'gyfN5,
k|rng 5 . ;f]/7L k/Dk/fsfnb]lv h;n] dlxgfjf/L ;xL ;dodf x'g lbFbg} .
g} ufOg] / gflrg] ;+:s[lt eP klg &= cf]e/ PS;/;fOh cfjZostfeGbf a9L PS;/;fOh ugf{n] z/L/df k|ofKt
kl5Nnf] ;do o;sf] plrt k|j4{g dfqfdf P:6«fh ] g gfds xfdf]g{ lgdf{0f x'g kfpFbg} . o:tf] cfj:yfdf
x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;+/If0fsf] cefjdf sltko ;do dlxgfjf/L ;xL ;dodf x'g kfpFbg} .
kj{df ljleGg 7fpFdf k'uL ;f]/7LuLt e' h ] n h:t} ufpF s f Psfw kfsf klg snf / ;+:s[lt gfl;Fb} 5, snf, ;f]/7Lsf] df}lns ;+uLt / nosf] 1fg *= kf]lnl;l:6s cf]e/L l;Dk6d (PCOS) sf] ;d:of x'bF f z/L/df d]n xfdf]g{ sf]
k|bz{g ug]{ u5{ . d~rsf cWoIf snfsf/x?df dfq k'/fgf] k':tfsf] ;+:s[lt nf]k x'Fb}5,Ú ;+of]hs e'h]nn] x/fpg] lrGtf a9]sf] ;+:s[ltsdL{x? dfqf a9\g yfN5 . o; cj:yfdf OGkml6{ln6L / dlxgfjf/L /f]lsg ;Sg]
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@)&% ;fn ebf} # ut] cfOtaf/ 7

;+;bLo Joj:yfn] hgqmflGt /f]Sg ;Sb}g


s' / fsfgL k| ; Ëdf Pp6f
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k|ltlqmofjfbL c:qx?df x'G5 jf
lgdf{0f x'G5 eGg] ;f]Rg' ;+;bLo
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sfd pgLx?sf] ju{ ; ' / Iff ug] {
;xh} b] V g ;lsG5 . s' g } klg
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sf7df8f}F . dfS;{jfbL n]vs tyf ;flxTosf/ v]d yklnofsf] …dfS;{jfbL
;dfnf]rgfM l;h{gf / ;‹if{Ú gfds ;dfnf]rgfTds k':ts k|sfzgdf cfPsf]
5 . g]kfnL ;flxTodf dfS;{jfbL ;dfnf]rgf;DaGwL rrf{ ck]Iffcg'¿k x'g
5, Tof] s] eg] ;+;bLo Joj:yf ePsf] Joj:yfnfO{ zlQmzfnL 7fGg' x'G5 . lgotcGtu{t g} k5{ . To;}n] ;+;bLo cltl/Qm d" N oaf6 rn] s f] b] V g
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;Sb}gg\ . g]kfnd} klg k6s–k6s ;S5 eGg] 7fGg' a'emfO{sf] Pp6f tl/sf ;~rflnt x'G5 . o;df z+sf ug{'kg]{ nufgL ug]n { ] kfpg] s'/f xf] t/ oL t
;+;bLo Joj:yf cfpg] hfg] u/]sf] / dfq xf] ;To Tof] xf]Og . hgqmflGt jf e|d kg{k' g]{ s'g} sf/0f 5}g . Tof]eGbf klg tNnf]:t/af6 ljsf;]
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k|ltlqmofjfbLsf qmflGt /f]Sg] cg}sf}+ xTofpg] ub{5g\ . of] klg Tof] klg
ToxL qmddf 5g\ . hf] l uPsf
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s;}n] klg hgtfsf] ;]jf u/]sf
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x'G5 < To}klg Tof] t sd{rf/Lsf] sfd
xltof/ x'g\ . cfGtl/s ?kdf x'G5, p;}n] ul/lbG5 . To:tf sfd
ul/lbPafkt sf]xL klg pgLx?k|lt
;'wf/jfbL sfdsf/jfxL / ;+;bLo cfef/L x'Fb}gg\, a? gx'g] jf cj}w
lgjf{rgnfO{ eJo agfpg] klg /x]sf] 5 . ToxL eJotf / ;df/f]x sfd ;' z f;g ldr] / tyf e| i 6
sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ jfWotfdf kf/]/ ldnfO{
;a}eGbf 7"nf] /fhgLlts v]ndf kl/0ft x'G5 . of] v]ndf ;a}nfO{ lbP/ sfd ul/lbg] u/]sf e]l6G5g\ .
b]zdf zf;gJoj:yf laufg]{ ltg}
k|eflat kfg]{ ;+oGqsf] hfnf] v8f ul/G5 . ToxL hfndf slyt hgk|ltlglwx? x'g] u/]sf 5g\ .
qmflGtsf/Lx?nfO{ km;fOG5, hgtfnfO{ em'SofOG5 . ;a}vfn] ;+;bLo Joj:yfdf o:t} l:ylt JofKt
5 . o:tf tTjx?n] qmflGt /f]Sg
sfnf wgx? v]tL / nufgL To;}an ] f ul/G5 . of] ;a}eGbf ;Dej x'G5 < To;}n] ;+;bLo Joj:yfn]
hgqmflGt /f]Sg ;S5 eGg] ts{
hgtfsf] ;]jf ug]{ gfddf slyt efUodfgLx?sf] k|lt:kwf{sf] v]n o'lQm;+ut b]lv+b}g .
aGg] ePsfn] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] hflu/sf] ?kdf hgtfnfO{ a'emfpg] of] b]z :jfwLg gagfO{ hgtfsf]
d'lQm ;Dej 5}g eGg] ;RrfO{ eGbf
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g;ls/x]sf] a]nf dfS;{jfbL gf6ssf/ tyf ;dfnf]rs v]d yklnofsf] pQm
/ut / kl;gfdf v]naf8 ug]{nfO{ t
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;+;bLo Joj:yf ePsf] / To;df klg x'g] s'/f a:t'ut oyfy{sf] cfwf/df ;+;bLo Joj:yf e2f, vlr{nf], kmf;Lsf] ;hfo kf] x'g' kg]{ xf] . oxfFsf
;dfnf]rgf;DaGwL ax; x'g] u/]sf 5g\ t/ ltgnfO{ Jojl:yt ¿kdf
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;dfnf]rsLo dfgssf ¿kdf ljsf; / lj:tf/ ug]{ sfd ;':t g} 5 .
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To;lj?4 k|lt/f]wfTds ef}ltsL tyf j}rfl/sL pmhf{;lxt v]d yklnofn]
bn Pdfn] k|ltkIfdf ePsf] a]nf ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf] hggL a]nfot xf] ;~rfng ug{ lgSs} d'l:sn k5{ . cTofrf/L ag]sf t nf} .
snd rnfpg] k|of; u/]sf 5g\ . dfS;{jfbL ;dfnf]rgfsf] kl5Nnf] n]vsLo
hgo' 4 z' ? ePsf] / ljhosf] / o;sf] nfdf] ;do ljZjJofkL ?kdf k6s–k6s Joj:yfdf ;Í6x? cfpg] k|ltlqmofjfbLsf qmflGt /f]Sg]
9fFrf / ljifosf] ufDeLo{;lxt o;nfO{ dfqf / u'0f b'a} ¿kdf dfly p7fpg
;lGgs6 k'us ] f] r6Ss} la;{g] ub{5g\ . ;fd|fHo v8f eof] . ;+;bjfbnfO{ o;}n] / ;+;bLo d"No / dfGotfx?sf] cg}sf}+ tl/sfdWo] ;+;bLo eJotf Ps
yklnofsf] of] k|of; lgs} dxTjk"0f{ x'g] ck]Iff ul/Psf] 5 . ;ftj6f dxTjk"0f{
o'4df ;kmn / jftf{df c;kmn ePsf] :yflkt u/]sf] xf] . o;}n] km}nfPsf] pNn‹g x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . o:tf] Joj:yf xf] . xTof, cftÍ, bdg t 5Fb}5,
;dfnf]rgfTds cfn]v /x]sf] k|:t't k':ts ;dsfnLg g]kfnL dfS;{jfbL
hgo'4sf] cEof; b]Vbf–b]Vb} klg cem} xf] ;+;bjfb g} ;a}eGbf pTs[i6 /fHo aflx/L zlQmsf] bjfjaf6 rnfpg'kg]{ if8\oGq, k|nf]eg / k"m6df kg]{ s'/f
;dfnf]rgfsf] If]qsf] Pp6 bla{nf] x:tIf]k x'g] n]vsn] yklnofn] ljZjf;
o:tf ts{ ug]{x? e]l6+Fb}5g\ . o:tf Joj:yf xf] eGg] gf/f . of] gf/fsf] afWotf x'G5 eg] tL b]znfO{ lgoGq0f csf{yl/ xltof/ x'g\ . cfGtl/s
lnPsf 5g\ .
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g]kfndf hgkIfLo ;flxlTos–;f+:s[lts k|lti7fgx¿sf] ljsf; x'g
:yfgdf 7fpF kfpFbf cln crDd klg w] / } d' n ' s n] gwfg] klg ToxL ;fd|fHojfbL d'ns ' n] ;+;bLo Joj:yf ;+;bLo lgjf{rgnfO{ eJo agfpg] klg
;ls/x]sf] 5}g . /fHo;Qf hgkIfLo ;flxlTos–;f+:s[ltswf/f–d}qL aGg]
nfUb5 . ;+;bLo Joj:yf v;Lsf] zf;gJoj:yf ;~rfng ug{ jfWo ;~rfng bafa xfN5g\ . ;fd|fHojfbL /x]sf] 5 . ToxL eJotf / ;df/f]x
;Defjgf klg sd 5 . k'/ftg lrGtg / ;+:sf/sf] xfnLd'xfnL rln/x]sf]
6fpsf] b]vfP/ s's'/sf] df;' a]Rg] ePsf 5g\ . clxn] ;lhn} b]Vg ;lsG5 tyf ;DkGg b]z cfkm}n + ] klg pQm ;a}eGbf 7"nf] /fhgLlts v]ndf
olta]nf k|ltw|a' Lo ;flxlTos–;f+:s[lts If]qnfO{ wfl/nf] k|xf/ ug{ dfS;{jfbL
ynf] xf] eGg] dfGotf :yflkt e};s]sf] ls wgL / k'h F Ljfb ljsl;t cj:yfdf Joj:yf l6sfpg cg]sf}+ rfn rfn]sf] kl/0ft x'G5 . of] v]ndf ;a}nfO{
;dfnf]rgfsf] kmfF6 ;d[4 agfpg] p2]Zosf ;fy k|:t't k':tsdf v]d
5 . o;sf] dtnj x'G5 ;+;bLo /x]sf d'ns ' df ;+;bLo Joj:yf rn]sf :ki6 b]Vg ;lsG5 . Joj:yfg} nfu]/ k|eflat kfg]{ ;+oGqsf] hfnf] v8f
yklnofåf/f k|ltw|a' Lo wf/f, ;+zf]wgjfb–gj;+zf]wgjfb, pQ/–dfS;{jfblj?4
Joj:yfdf 5gf} 6 ePsf 5g\ t/ nflbPsf] jf s7\kt' nL ;/sf/ s]xL ;'wf/sf] sfd, s]xL hgkIfLo ul/G5 . ToxL hfndf
tyf dfn]dfjfbnfO{ ;xL tl/sfn] kqm]/ tof/ kf/]sf ljrf/f]Q]hs
hgk|ltlglwx? hgtfnfO{ em'Sofpg] ePsf] d' n ' s df Tof] gfËf] sfd / ;fdflhs ;'/Iffsf] sfd ug{ qmflGtsf/Lx?nfO{ km;fOG5, hgtfnfO{
;dfnf]rgfTds cfn]vx¿ ;dflji6 5g\ .
k|ltlglwx? x'g\ . hgtfnfO{ em'SofP/ clwgfosjfbL / kmf;LjfbL zf;gsf] cfˆg} ju{nfO{ bjfj lbPsf 5g\ . em'SofOG5 . ;a}vfn] sfnf wgx?
v]d yklnofsf] k|:t't ;dfnf]rgfTds s[ltdf …dfS;{jfbL ;dfnf]rgf M
hgqmflGtsf] k|jfxnfO{ /f]Sg' pgLx?sf] ?kdf /x]sf] 5 . tL b]zx?df lab|fx] x? a]/f]huf/ eQf;d]tsf] Joj:yf ldnfP/ v]tL / nufgL To;}a]nf ul/G5 . of]
l;h{gf / ;‹if{Ú, …e'Or
F fnf] / ;flxlTos–;f+:s[lts dgf]bzfÚ, …snf–;flxTodf
lgot :ki6 g} 5 . ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf hlGd/x] s f 5g\ . tL b] z df lab|fx] L zlQmnfO{ tx nufpg] u/]sf ;a}eGbf hgtfsf] ;]jf ug]{ gfddf
b'O{ nfOg ;‹if{Ú, …gofF oyfy{k/s gf6s M k|j[lQ / k|flKtÚ, …ju{;‹if{sf]
zf;sx? hf] ;'s} x'g\, dflnskgf hgqmflGtsf] jftfj/0f alg/x]sf] 5 . 5g\ . hgqmflGt /f]Sg] olt 7"nf] rfn slyt efUodfgLx?sf] k|lt:kwf{sf]
lhpFbf] cleJolQm M tL cfFwLdo lbgx¿Ú, …qmflGtsf/L uLt–;ËLt M ;+lIfKt
cfpF5 . x'g t juL{o ;dfhsf] Ps hgqmflGt /f]Sg] c:q ;+;bLo rfn]/ klg cfk"mnfO{ ;'/lIft ug{ v]n aGg] ePsfn] ;a}eGbf 7"nf]
ko{j]If0fÚ / …sfnhoL sd{x¿df ab|Lgf/fo0f k|wfgM ;dLIffTds cjnf]sgÚ
kfq / zf]ifs ju{sf] k|ltlglw ePsf] Joj:yf eGg] e|d s]xL k|ltlqmofjfbL g;s]sf] l:yltdf ;+;bLo Joj:yfn] hflu/sf] ?kdf hgtfnfO{ a'emfpg]
h:tf ;ftj6f ;dfnf]rgfTds cfn]v ;+ul| xt 5g\ . k[i7 ;+Vof @^$ / d"No
sf/0f klg pgLx? hgla/f]wL x'g / ;+zf]wgjfbL sf]0faf6 ts{x? cfpg] s;/L hgqmflGt /f]Sg ;S5 < emg\ ub{5g\ . hgtf ;f/} gdHhfn] k6s–
?= @%) /x]sf] k|:t't k':tsnfO{ csf]{ df]rf{n] k|sfzg u/]sf] xf] .
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;+:sf/sf sf/0f pgLx?df dfgjtfsf] k'h
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efjgf x/fPsf] dfq} x'Fb}g, juL{otf
u9]/ ljj]sz"Go h:tf x'g k'U5g\ .
s'g} klg c:q 5Fb}5}g, ;+;bLo
Joj:yfaf6 of] s;/L ;Dej x'G5 <
5g\ . To;}n] o; ts{sf] e08fkmf]/ x'g'
h?/L 5 / o;af/] klg hgtf :ki6
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l:yltdf k'U5g\, oxfF ToxL e}/x]sf]
n]v, /rgf;DaGwL ;"rgf
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pgLx? s'ts{sf] ;xf/f lng k'U5g\ . pTkfbg ;DaGwsf] pkh x'g] u/]sf slyt hgk|ltlglwsf] ljj]s, 1fg, hgk| l tlglwx?;d] t hgtfnfO{ dxTjsf n]v, /rgf / tl:j/x¿ pknAw u/fO{ ;xof]u
;+;bjfbLx? efUojfb, wd{, ;gftg 5g\ . h'g ju{sf] zf;g Joj:yf 5 a'l4 s]xL klg gx'g' :jefljs 5 . n' l 6/x] s f 5g\ , hgtfsf] lbdfu
;+:s[lt / kl/jt{g Wj+;fTds x'g] ToxLju{sf hgk|ltlglwx? lgjf{lrt a? s] la8Djgfk"0f{ 5 eg] k6s– e'l6/x]sf 5g\ . hgtfnfO{ b]zsf] k'¥ofpg' x'g ;DalGwt ;a}df cg'/f]w ul/G5 .
s' t s{ u/] / 6fg{ vf] H 5g\ . of] x'g] Joj:yf ldnfOPsf] x'G5 . o; k6s To:t} qmd bf]xf]l/O/xG5 . :jfwLgtfsf] dtnj x' g ] g t
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;+;bjfbLx?sf oL xltof/ / rfnn]
qmflGtsf] k|jfx /f]lsg ;Dej x'G5 <
p;nfO{ ?kfGt/0f ug] { Joj:yf
ldnfPsf x' G 5g\ . zf] i fs ju{ s }
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If]Kof:q ;fKtflxs
;j{xf/f, >dhLlj / Gofok|]dL k|ltlglwx? ;+;bLo Joj:yfdf x'g] g} . o:tf tTjx?sf] ju{pTyfg x'Fb} o;sf] lzsf/ :jo+ tL slyt yfkfufp“, sf7df8f},+ kmf]gM (*$!$)#*%!
hgtfnfO{ em'Sofpg ;Sg] tfut ePsfn] pgLx?sf] d'Vo sfddWo]df emg\ a9L k|ltlqmofjfbdf ktg ePsf] hgk|ltlglw;d]t x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . E-mail : chhepyastra@gmail.com
8 @)&%
sf= lh=;fn
k|= ebf}
sf= b=# ut] cfOtaf/
g+= !^#÷@)^#÷^$

1fg] Gb|kydf=====
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kqmfp u/]sf] @$ 306fleq d'2f x]g{]
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5g\ . clxn]sf] cy{dGqLn] Pp6} ;"q
bnfnx?sf] lgoGq0f 5 . ;fdflhs,
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g]kfnL hgtfn] e'ln;s]sf 5}gg\, kmf;LjfbL xs{t of] kmf;L:6 ;/sf/n] clwsf/L;dIf pkl:yt u/fpg'kg]h { :tf cj:yf /x]sf] kl/jf/ ;|ft] n] atfof] . e]6fP, Tof] xf] s/ c;'nL . hyfefjL ;a} If]qdf pgLx?sf] sAhf 5 . lzIff,
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jfs\:jtGqtfdfly k|ltaGw nufP/ kl5Nnf] gd' g f g] s kfsf k| j Qmf dfgl;s oftgf lbPdf oftgf lbg]lj?4 k§L afFws ] f] / xTs8L nufPsf] cj:yfdf ;/sf/n] olt w]/} s/ nufpnf eg]/ . c;kmn /fi6« agfpg] ldzgdf /fHo
d'n'snfO{ k'/} cGwsf/df 8'afPsf v8uaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{ …k|sf08Ú sf] sf/jfxLsf nflu ph/L ug{ kfpg] / c1ft :yfgdf lbOPsf] xf] . cfFvfdf t/, ha k|dfl0ft eof], ta z'? eof] nfluk/]sf] 5 . ;a}lt/ lg/fzf dfq
lyP . w]/} jif{ ePsf] 5}g, ;a}nfO{ lu/ˆtf/L / v8f ul/Psf em'¶f d'2fx? clwsf/ kLl8tnfO{ sfg'gn] lbPsf] 5 . sfnf] k§L afFws ] f] cjlwe/ sxfF nluof] < s/ lj/f]wL cfqmf]z . sxLF gePsf] hfqf 5, a]rg} L, c;Gt'li6 / cGofo dfq
yfx} ePsf] s'/f xf] lg/+s'z /fhf x'g . o; kl/36gfx? / cf]nL g]tT[ jsf] t/, oxfF sfg'gsf] ;/sf/n] pNn+3g sxfF /flvof] pgLx? sf]xL atfpg xfF8LufpFdf eg]h:t} htf klg s/}s/ . 5 . cfh xfdL s[lifdf cfwfl/t ePsfn]
1fg] G b| zfxn] ;/sf/L klqsf ;fdflhs kmf;LjfbL ;/sf/sf] ul//x]sf] b]lvG5 . oftgfsf sf/0f ;Sb}gg\ . o;df ;a} hgf hgo'4sf cfh s/ cft+sn] ;/sf/nfO{ g} ckb:t dfq hgtf ef]sef]s} dg{ gk/]sf] xf] .
uf]/vfkq b}lgs / ;/sf/L 6]lnlehg /j} o fb] l v ;fjwfg x' F b } ;Dk" 0 f{ ePsf 3fOt]x?sf cg';f/ ;'/IffsdL{af6 a]nfsf] ;+s6sfn ;DemG5g\ . ug]{ ;Defjgf a9\b} 5 . lglZrt} ?kdf gq t nfvf}+ hgtf ;8sdf dg]{ sxfnL
…g]kfn 6]lnlehgÚ afx]s ;a} lghL qmflGtsf/L zlQmx? Psh'6 x'g / ck/fwLnfO{ ug]{ Jojxf/ / af]Ng] To:t} o;cl3 lu/ˆtf/f ul/Psf of] Joj:yfdf ;'wf/ gcfP hgtfn] z'?df nfUbf] lbg cfpg] lyof] . of] cj:yfaf6
If] q sf lk| G 6 ldl8of / o; ;fdflhs kmf;LjfbL ;Qfsf ;Dk"0f{ ckzAbx?af6 /fhgLlts aGbLx? yk g]skf eQmk'/sf ;]qm]6/L s'zn :yfgLo / k|fb]lzs ;/sf/nfO{ nv]6g\ ] d'lQm lbg] Pp6f alnof] /fi6«jfbL zlQmsf]
kqklqsfx?dfly k|ltaGw nufPsf la/f]wL /fhgLlts zlQmx? Ps h'6 kLl8t 5g\ . af]u6LnfO{ lx/f;tdf /flvPsf] a]nf 5g\ clg dfq s]lGb|o ;/sf/nfO{ . vfFrf] 5 . Pp6f eLif0f qmflGtljgf of]
lyP . lghL If]qaf6 ;~rflnt ;a} eP/ t];|f] hgcfGbf]ngsf] cfFlwj]/L ut c;f/ @* ut] ;' g ;/L zf/Ll/s oftgf lbOPsf] / la/fdL kbf{ hgtfn] nv]6g\ ] 5g\ / To;sf] g]tT[ j c:tJo:ttfsf] cGTo x'g ;Sb}g .
6]lnlehgx?dfly k|ltaGw nufP/ ;[li6 ug{s ' f] ljsNk 5}g . ;b/d' s fd Og?jfaf6 lu/ˆtf/ ;d]t pkrf/df l9nfO{ u/]sf] kl/jf/af6 ljKnj g]t[Tjsf] g]skfn] ug]{ 5 . ;fdfGo ;'wf/n] cj /fHo 7Ls
k|zf/0f ug{ aGb u/fPsf lyP . b]zel/
lghL If]qaf6 ;~rfng ul/Psf lghL
hgo' 4 sf==== g]skfsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o -;L;LPd_
b]jgf/fo0f zfxnfO{ lu/ˆtf/ u/] . zfx
yfxf x'g cfPsf] lyof] . pgnfO{ k'kI{ fsf
nflu eGb} h]ndf /flvPsf] 5 . To;kl5
xfdLnfO{ yfxf 5, s/ / dxFuLn] ;a}nfO{
5f]Psf] 5 . ;]gf, k|x/L, sd{rf/L,
7fpFdf cfpg ;Sb}g . k|wfgdGqLb]lv
dGqL x'bF } ;f+;b;Dd, s]Gb|bl] v :yfgLo
;/sf/ c/fhgLlts tl/sfn] cufl8
FM Radio x?dfly k|ltaGw nufP/ a9]sf] wf/0ff /fv] . pgn] k|jQf dw];L d'lQm df]rf{sf s]Gb|Lo cWoIf;d]t ;fpg @# ut] lu/ˆtf/ ul/Psf lzIfs, Jofkf/L, ls;fg, dhb'/ ;a}nfO{ ;/sf/;Dd, ;lrjb]lv lkog;Dd
lk|mSjfOG;Lx? aGb u/fP/ ;dfrf/ k|sf08nfO{ /fhgLlts d'2f gnufPsf] x'g\ . /fhgLltsdL{ zfxnfO{ sl/a #) g]skfsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o cfhfb s];LnfO{ k|tfl8t agfPsf] 5 . s]xL d'77\ Le/ g]tfb]lv sfo{stf{;Dd, Jofkf/Lb]lv
;fdu|L pTkfbg ug{ / k|rf/ tyf ;d]t atfP . …/fhgLlts JolQmnfO{ 306f;Dd lu/ˆtf/sf] hfgsf/L lbOPg . eQmk'/ k|x/Ln] lu/ˆtf/ u/]/ oftgff bnfn gjwgf9\o ju{ jf zf;s ju{ 7]sb] f/;Dd ;a}nfO{ lgoGq0f u/]/ dfq
k|zf/0f ug{ gkfOg] u/fPsf lyP / /fhgLlts d'2f nufpg' k5{ . s] b'O{ lbgkl5 dfq ;fj{hlgs u¥of] . lbOPsf] g]skfn] hgfPsf] 5 . kqmfp afx]s ;a}nfO{ o;n] cfqmf]lzt agfPsf] of] Joj:yfdf ;'wf/ cfpg ;S5 . ca
To;sf] la/f]w ug]{ n]vs / kqsf/x?nfO{ ;Qfwf/L kf6L{ n ] rGbf p7fPsf a]kQfsf] ;dodf zfxnfO{ r/d zf/Ll/s ul/;s]sf] JolQmnfO{ ;'/IffsdL{n] g} 5 . hgtfsf] w}ot{ fn] ;Ldf gfUof] eg] k'/fg} Joj:yfaf6 s]xL klg x'g ;Sb}g .
h]ndf ;8fPsf lyP . 5}gg\ <Ú kL6/n] k|ltk|Zg u/] . pgn] / dflg;s oftgf lbPsf] hfgsf/L cleo'QmnfO{ zf/Ll/s oftgf lbg' / g]kfn s/ kf6L{nfO{ ufpF–ufpFaf6 nv]6g\ ] ;'?df c;n, lgisn+s eg]/ hfG5, kl5
emnemnL ;Demgf x'G5, lg/+s'z g]sknfO{ ls cft+ssf/L 3f]if0ff ug{ kfl/jf/s ;|ft] n] lbof] . ;fy}, kf]ln6Ao"/f] dfgl;s bafa lbg' p;dflysf] 3f]/ lbg gcfpnf eGg ;lsGg . ;a}eGbf pxL e|i6 aG5 . To;sf/0f ca
/fhf 1fg] G b| zfxsf] kmf;L:6 ;Sg'k5{ eGb} ls /fhgLlts Jojxf/ ;b:o -kLaLPd_ cf]dk|sfz k'gM ef]hk'/ cGofo dfq geO{ 3f]/ cdfgjLo sfo{ xfdLn] klxn] g} eg]sf lyof}+ ls of] of] Joj:yf abNg'sf] ljsNk 5}g . k'/fg}
;/sf/sf dGqLx? / cGo e|i6 tyf ul/g'kg]{ atfP . / kbd /fO{ …ljsf;ÚnfO{ afFs] k|x/L ePsf] dfgj clwsf/sLx?n] atfpF5g\ . ;/sf/sf] cfufdL lbzf ;fdflhs 5f8f Joj:yfsf] hlt u'0fufg ufP klg
t:s/x? sfnfahfl/ofx?, dflkmofx? csf]{ k|;+udf kqsf/ kL6/n] lx/f;tdf rsf]{ zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s s;}dfly nfu]sf] cleof]uaf/] bafa jf kmf;Ljfb xf] . b'O{ ltxfO{ pgLx?sf nflu Tof] ca lv;Ll6p/Lsf] ljifo dfq aGg
sldzgvf]/x?sf] la/f]w ug]{x?nfO{ ;/sf/n] lqkqL s/ a9fP/ oftgf;lxt /flvPsf] g]skfn] hgfFPsf] s/sfkdf kf/]/ af]Ng nufpg' ;d]t j/bfg x}g ls clezfk x'gj] fnf 5 . ;S5 . cfh ;j{xf/f, >dhLlj ju{,
b] z e/af6 lu/ˆtf/ u/] / h] n gful/ssf] cfzf / ljZjf;dfly k|xf/ 5. u}/sfg'gL x'g] Joj:yf ;/sf/n] NofPsf] k|wfgdGqLn] cfk"mnfO{ ;+ljwfgeGbf w]/} pTkLl8t ju{ jf l;dfGts[t ju{sf] d'lQm
xflnPsf] lyof] . /fhgLlts bnx?sf] u/]sf] atfP . hgtfn] hldg a]r]/ To:t} ;fpg !) ut] ;fj{hflgs sfg'gd} pNn]v 5 . sfg'gd} cleof]u dfly /fv]sf 5g\ . pgL k"j{/fhf jf clwsf/sf] ljifo ;kgf h:t} eP .
ultljlwx?dfly k|ltaGw nufOPsf] s/ ltg{k' g],{ k]6sf] aRrf / 3f6df oftfoftdf sf7df8f}F cfO/x]sf a]nf nfu]sf JolQmn] cleof]uaf/] :jtGqk"js { 1fg]Gb|eGbf klg w]/} dfly 5g\ . clGtd=====
lyof] . b]zJofkL ?kdf ;+s6sfn bfx;+:sf/ ug{ nluPsf] zjsf] s/, sf7df8f}Fsf] gfu9'+ufaf6 g]skfsf s'/f /fVg] kfpg] clwsf/ Uof/]G6L u/]sf] pgLx?nfO{ nfu]sf] 5 ;/sf/sf] lj/f]w
3f]if0ff u/]/ tTsfnLg zfxL g]kfnL kf]ln6Ao"/f] ;b:o -kLaLPd_åo s[i0f 5. ug]{ 5'6 5}g, ;Qfsf] lj/f]w ug]{ 5'6 ;/sf/n] g} eGb} cfPsf] ;+3Lo
;fO{sndf s/ nufOPsf] eGb} kL6/n] ;+ljwfgsf] ljkl/t /x]sf] ePsf] k'li6
;]gf kl/rfng ul/Psf] lyof] . . ;+3Lo Joj:yfdfly g} k|Zg p7]sf] wdnf …uDeL/Ú / df]xg sfsL{ …hLjGtÚnfO{ cfk"mdfly nfu]sf] cleof]usf] 5}g / ljb|fx] ug]{ clwsf/ klg 5}g .
d'n'snfO{ k"/} ;}lgsLs/0f ul/Psf] lbpF;f] ! ah]lt/ a;af6 cf/f]n/] s]Gb|Lo lnlvt ?kdf hfgsf/L kfpg] / pgsf] kmf;Ljfb kf6L{ aflx/ dfq x}g ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . ljKnjn] kf6L{sf
atfP . /fhgLlts ljZn]ifs ;d]t :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o k|sf08nfO{ k|x/Ln]
lyof], b]zJofkL ?ksf lgif]wf1f hf/L /x]sf kL6/n] b'O{ ltxfO{;lxtsf] cg';Gwfg Ao"/f] -;LcfO{aL_n] lu/ˆtf/ cg';Gwfgsf qmddf lx/f;tdf /xFbf kf6L{ leq klg xfjL 5 . km/s dt
ul/Psf] lyof] . /, k'/} d'n'snfO{ u¥of] / #@ 306feGbf a9L ;do a]kQf avt\ cleo'Qmn] dfG5]n] h:tf] Jojxf/ /fVg]nfO{ l;Wofpg] pgsf] 808f :ki6} kqmfp u/]sf] lj/f]wdf d+unaf/
sDo'lg:6 ;/sf/ ag]sf] t/ hgtfsf] cfXjfg ul/Psf] g]kfnaGb ;kmn
sfn/fqLdf kl/0ft ul/Psf] lyof]] . ck] I ffcg' ; f/ sd ug{ g;s] s f] kfl/of] . !! ut] laxfg !! ah] dfq kfpg'kg]{ sfg'gL Joj:yf /x]sf] s'/fnfO{ b]lvPsf] 5 . j}rf/Ls ?kn] vfl/Psf,
ltg} sxfnLnfUbf lbgx?sf] ofb cfpg] sfe|s ] f] w'lnv]n k'¥ofP/ ;fj{hlgs u/] . ;/sf/L jlsn sfof{nox?sf] leQfdf cfb{z tyf lgi7fjfg g]tfx?nfO{ kfvf agfpg] ;Dk'0f{ afdkGyL, b]zeQm,
atfP . kfFr dlxgf sfo{sfnsf eGb} k|ultlzn zlQm / hgtfk|lt xflb{s
u/L cfk"mnfO{ sDo'lg:6 ;/sf/ ;/sf/n] xfn} 3f]if0ff u/]sf] ljifo a]kQf cjlwdf wdnfnfO{ oftgf lbOof] . 6fF; ;d]t ul/Psf] 5 . t/, /fHon] g} nufpg] / ckdflgt ug]{ sfd ul//x]sf
egfpg] / ;dfhjfbL Joj:yf :yfkgf ;f] s'/fsf] k'l:6 kfl/jfl/sn] ;|ft] n] lgoGq0fdf lnO;s]sf cleo'QmnfO{ r/d 5g\ . u[xdGqL afbn :jefj}n] pgL s[t1tf klg AoQm u/]sf 5g\ .
pknlAw gePsf] atfP . l;l08s]6, o; laifodf g]kfn sDo'lg:6
ug]{ eGb} em'6sf] v]tL ub}{ / g]kfnL ;'g sf08, 7]s]bf/ / Plhcf]sf] u/]sf] 5 . zf/Ll/s oftgf lbP/ la/fdL agfpg], g]tfeGbf klg :jfdLeQm l;kfxL x'g\ .
hgtfsf aLrdf e|d 5b}{ lxF8s ] f] cf]nL To;} u /L g] s kfsf k| j Qmf pkrf/df a]jf:tf ug]{ u/]sf] kfOPkl5 pgL clxn] k|wfgdGqLsf akmfbf/ kf6L{sf dxf;lrj ljKnjn] hf/L u/]sf]
5fgljg g6'l+ uPsf]n] o;nfO{ pknlAw lj1lKtsf] k"0f{ ljj/0f o:tf] 5 – …xfd|f]
g]tT[ jsf] ;/sf/n] oxL ebf} ! ut]bl] v dfGg g;lsg] eGb} kL6/n] o;nfO{ k|sf08;lxt xl/rGb| cfrfo{ …ljdz{Ú /fHok|lt ;fFrf] cy{df gful/s /fHo;Fu l;kfxL x'g\ . k|wfgdGqLsf] u|Lgl;Ugn
tTsfnLg lg/+sz ' /fhf 1fg]Gb| zfxn] / uf8Lrfns dfgaxfb'/ >]i7nfO{ oxL cft+lst vt/f a9\b} uPsf] 5 . kfP pgn] k|r08nfO{ t h]n xfNg a]/ kf6L{sf :yfoL ;ldltsf ;b:o tyf
/fd|f] ;'?jft eGg ;lsg] . pgn] ljifo k|jQmf k|sf08, kf]ln6 Ao'/f] ;b:ox?
p7fPsf sfnf sfg'gx? hf/L u/]/ g6'l+ uFb} pknlAw eg]/ ljifofGt/ ug{ ;fpg @@ ut] x]6f}8F faf6 sf7df8f}F sf7df8f}F lhNnf ;/sf/L jlsnsf] nufpFbg} g\ . k|r08sf] /0fgLlt a]Un} 5,
g] k fnL hgtfdfly ;fdflhs cfpFb} ubf{ sf7df8f}s F f] rf]ef/af6 sfof{ n osf] 9f] s faflx/ pgL cfk"mnfO{ rnfodfg / ultzLn kbd /fO{, cf]d k'g, s[i0f wdnf, df]xg
vf]h]sf] cfz+sf klg k}bf u/] . pgn] sfsL{, s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox? 6]saxfb'/ s];L,
kmf;LjfbL zf;g nflbPsf] 5 d'Vo s'/fnfO{ ljifofGt/ ug{ gofF ax; uf8L;lxt lu/ˆtf/ u¥of] . To;kl5 dxfGofoflwjQmfsf] sfof{ n o eG5g\ . pgsf] ultzLnsf] cy{
ebf} ! ut]bl] v nfu" ePsf] d'ns ' L cfFvfdf sfnf]k§L / xTs8L nufP/ sl/a /fdzfxkyn] hf/L u/]sf] elgPsf] kl/l:yltcg';f/ cfk"mnfO{ 9fNg' xf] . b]jgf/fo0f zfx nufotsf lhDd]jf/
/ pQ]hgf l;h{gf ul/Fb} cfPsf] g] t f–sfo{ s tf{ x ?nfO{ s] k L—lks]
-kmf}hbf/L_ ;+lxtf @)&$ / d'n'sL - atfpFb} ;/sf/n] lemgfdl;gf s'/fnfO{ !% 306f;Dd a]kQf kf¥of] . @# laxfg pNn]lvt sfg'gL Joj:yf hfgsf/Lsf o;sf] cy{ pgL ;w}eF l/ s]kL cf]nLnfO{
b]jfgL_ ;+lxtfsf sltko k|fawfgx?n] ( ah]lt/ dfq 6]s' k|x/Ldf k'¥ofOPsf] nflu 6fF; u/]sf] 5 . cleo'Qmdfly ;dy{g ul//xG5g\ eGg] xf]Og . pgL ;/sf/n] ljz'4 /fhg}lts cf:yfsf sf/0f
pknlAw dfg]sf] atfP . hgo'4df k"jf{ux| ;fFw/] lu/ˆtf/ u/L cdfgjLo
k|;
] tyf cleJoQm :jtGqtf ;+sr ' g ;xefuL;d]t ePsf ljZn]ifs tyf hfgsf/L 3/kl/jf/n] kfP . kGw| ;'/IffsdL{af6 eO/x]sf] Hofblt Jojxf/ clxn] ;/sf/sf] s§/ ;dy{s h:tf]
ug{ k|of]u x'g] k|fawfg /flvPsf] 5 . 306f;Dd sxfF / lsg nluof] ] ;'Gg] / pQm ;"rgf k9\gn] fO{ Tof] ;"rgfn] u/]/ leqleq} s]lk cf]nLnfO{ c;kmn oftgf lbPkl5 To;sf lj?4 afWo eP/
kqsf/ jl/i7 kqsf/ kL6/n] cfGbf]ng 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] lyof] . g]kfnL
;+lxtfsf] bkmf @! b]lv #)) leqsf hgtfsf] c;Gtf]if ljb|fx] df k'Ug] To;n] cleo'Qmx?n] clxn];Dd kQf kfpg /fHonfO{ cleo'Qmdflysf] Hofbflt sd agfpg] df:6/ Knfgdf 5g\ eGg] xNnf
@)) eGbf a9L k|fawfgaf6 k|]; ;s]sf 5}gg\ . a]kQfaLrdf cfrfo{ / u/fpg ;+st] lbO/x]sf] h:tf] ToxfF nfUg' klg gePsf xf]Ogg\ . h]xf];\ of] pgLx?sf] qmflGtsf/L cfGbf]ngk|lt eofgs u2f/L
qmflGtsf] ?k lng ;dfh lj1fgsf] u/L bnfn ;+ ; bLo Joj:yfdf
:jtGqtf ;+s'lrt ug{ k|of]u x'g] lgod ePsf] atfpF b } ;/sf/n] >]i7nfO{ r/d zf/Ll/s oftgf lbOof] . c:jefljs xf]Og . cfGtl/s lvrftfgLsf] ljifo xf] . ;To
vt/f :k:6} ?kdf pNn]v ul/Psf] pgLx? la/fdL g} k/] . ;fy} cgfjZos To;sf/0f g] s kfsf g] t f, s] xf] eg] ljKnj g]tT[ jsf] zlQm a9\b} cfTdf;dk{0f ug{ k'us ] f oL jfdkGyL
hgtfsf] c;Gtf]ifsf] ;Daf]wg ug{k' g]{ vf]n cf]8s] fx?n] b]z / hgtfnfO{ lbglbg}
5 . e| i 6rf/Lx?sf] , t:s/xsf] atfP . pgn] g]kfnL /fhgLlt g} ljifodf rsf]{ dfgl;s oftgf lbPsf] sfo{stf{dfly kqmfp ul/;s] k5fl8 hfFbf ;a}eGbf a9L xnrn k"jd{ fs]df
sfnfahfl/ofx?, sldzfvf] / x?, s'/f tLg} hgfn] atfO;s]sf 5g\ . ;/sf/n] ug] { u/] s f] Jojxf/ / k}bf x'G5 . To;kl5 kl/jt{gk|]dL ajf{b ul//fv]sf 5g\ . qmflGtsf/L /
l;l08s] 6 df rn] s f] atfP . b] z eQmx?dfly b] z Lljb] z L
z}lIfs bnf tyf z}lIfs dflkmofx?, oftfoftnufotsf If]qdf b]lvPsf] la/fdL b'jn } fO{ @# ut] Dofb yksf sf/0f;lxtsf] k'h F L{lagf …hxfF e]6o\ f] ToxLF lgi7fjfg / O{dfGbf/ Pdfn] k+lQm k|efljt
anTsf/Lx?, e|i6dGqL, b]zb|f]xLx?, nflu sf7df8f}F lhNnf cbfntdf kqmg"Ú egL lbPsf] ;/sf/sf] lgb]z { g x'G5 . clxn] ;/sf/sf] cnf]slk|otf;Fu} k|ltlqmofjfbLx?sf] lgb]z { g / O;f/fdf
l;l08s]6 /fhgLlts kmf]xf]/ ePsf] ;vfk kfg]{ of]hgf a'lg/x]sf 5g\ . sd/]8
dgfj t:s/x?, rf] / –8fF s f / atfP . pgn] clxn] klg oftfoftsf] pkl:yt u/fpg] qmdd} k|sf08sf ;fy cfkm}n F ] agfPsf] sfg'gsf] alv{nfkdf b'j} SofDk xlNnPsf 5g\ . cfkm\gf
Hofgdf/f ck/fwLx?, b]z a]r'jf jL/ c:ktfn nu]/ pkrf/ ;d]t ePsf] sfg'g Joj;foLx?sf] ts{ 5 . ;f+;bx?nfO{ ;d]t k|wfgdGqLn] XjLk k|sf08 nufotsf g]tf–sfo{stf{x?sf]
l;l08s]6 / ;'g t:s/L hf/L /x]sf] lu/ˆtf/L o;}sf] pbfx/0f xf] .
/fi6«3ftLx? / cGo ;fdflhs Pjd\ atfP . ;dfhjfbf]Gd'v ;/sf/ elgP u/fP . Dofb ykkl5 klg zf/Ll/s of] z[v + nf ;/sf/n] /f]Sg g;s] ;dfh hf/L u/L ;/sf/sf] arfp ug{ eGg'
;fF:s[lts ck/fwLx?sf] kmf]6f] ;d]t oftgf bf]xf]¥ofO/x]sf] ;"rgf aofgsf g} c/fhstflt/ hfg] ;Defjgf a9]/ kg]{ eof] . oxL qmddf cfh ;fpg @( ut]sf
klg pTkfbg / ljt/0fk| l tsf] lbg g]kfn aGbsf] 3f]if0ff ul/Psf]
k|qsf/x?n] lvRg gkfpg] sfg'g nfu" cy{dGqLsf wf/0ff / ;/sf/sf sfd nflu sf7df8f}F lhNnf ;/sf/ jlsnsf] hfg] pgLx?sf] dt 5 . o;af6 of] of] ;/sf/n] e|i6frf/nfO{ klg
ul/Psf] 5 . o;af6 s] :ki6 x'G5 sfof{nodf lxhf] cyf{t ;fpg @* ut] ;/sf/ sfg'gL /fHodf ljZjf; /fV5 ;+:yfut / j}wflgs agfpFb} 5 . lyof] . sd/]8 k|sf08 nufotsf
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