You are on page 1of 4

QUIZ 2

FALSE. Higher liquid hourly space velocity translates into higher sulfur/nitrogen removal
SEPARATION. What is the first process in petroleum refining?
ABSORPTION. During amine treatment, sulfur is removed by which mechanism?
FALSE. Naphtha undergoes sweetening during the treatment process.
SWEETTENING. Which treatment process converts mercaptan sulfur to less-objectionable disulfides?
HIGHER. The ________ the temperature of the amine solution, the better the sulfur removal
SODIUM. Which of the following can poison the catalyst in the treatment process
SULFUR. The following are crude impurities, except _______.
BETTER SEPARATION. What is the purpose of reflux and reboil?
HIGH. During desalting, too ________ pressure across the mixing valve may result to too much mixing, which then results to difficulty in breaking the emulsion.
CHARGE HEATER. Which pre-separation equipment lets lighter components turn into vapor
VOLATILITIES. The purpose of distillation is to separate the crude into its cuts or fractions on the basis of their different _________.
TRUE. A decline in catalyst activity during the treatment process could mean an abnormal feed composition
SWEETENING. Which of the following processes convert mercaptan sulfur into less objectionable sulfides?
TRUE. Heat transfer happens as the vapor is forced to bubble through the liquid in a bubble cap
CAUSTIC SODA. Which of the following chemical species is used in mercaptans extraction?
MERCAPTIDES. During extraction, mercaptans are converted to which species.
HIGH. Thermal cracking may occur if the reactor temperature in the treatment process is too _____.
HIGH. Too _______ temperature in the charge heater could lead to the vaporization of the heavy ends.
UPSET TRAYS. Entrained water in the crude charge could result to which abnormal condition in a pipe still
HEAT EXCHANGER TRAIN. Which of the following is responsible for the lowering of crude viscosity?
Flooding in a distillation tower is an abnormal condition that occurs when liquid does not flow properly down the tower.. Which of the following is false
TRUE. Mercaptans are soluble in caustic soda solution.
TRUE. During desalting, a water-oil emulsion is formed and then consequently broken
INCREASE. Increasing the pressure inside the reactor in the treatment process would ________ the efficiency of sulfur removal.
DEMULSIFICATION. Diluted saltwater droplets are removed from the crude in the process called ___________.
TRUE. Intimate contact during amine treatment promotes sulfur removal
FALSE. Only sulfur is removed during Hydrotreatment processes
CONDUCTIVITY. Which of the following variables may result to too little or too much evaporation in the desalter
PARAFFIN. During Hydrotreatment, an alkyl mercaptan is converted to a/an ___________.
COBALT-MOLYBDENUM. Which of the following catalysts is employed during Hydrotreatment for the removal of sulfur
A LOWER. The use of vacuum distillation allows the crude oil to boil at __________ temperature
TRUE. An olefin is effectively saturated during the treatment process.
PRODUCTION OF UNDESIRABLE LIGHT ENDS. Which of the following does not occur at high temperatures
TOP. Channeling in the treatment reactor is cause by the buildup of scale or coke at the ______ section of the reactor.
LOWER. Heavier products are withdrawn from the _______ parts of the pipe still
REFLUX. Which of the following controls the temperature at the top of the tower
TREATMENT. The purpose of this refining process is to remove undesired components to meet the specifications of the downstream process units.
INCREASING. During treatment, ________ the temperature will result to more reactions happening in the reactor.
RECTIFICATION. The section above the flash zone is called the ________.
NITROGEN. Which of the following is not a process variable during mercaptans extraction and sweetening?
RISE,FALL. Inside the distilling column, the vapors _______ and the liquids ________.
MAKE UP COMPRESSOR. Which of the following components of the reaction section of the treatment process is responsible for supplying hydrogen gas?
FALSE. Too much hydrogen gas during the treatment process can lead to a decline in catalyst activity
SHORT, HIGH. A high liquid hourly space velocity results to ______ residence time and _______ throughput
UPSET TRAYS. Increasing the liquid withdrawal rate above the trays would prevent which abnormal condition in a pipe still?
HYDROGEN. The makeup compressor in a typical hydrotreating unit supplies the __________ that is needed for hydrotreating.
LOW. Little or no separation of oil and water in the desalter may result if there is too ________ amount of current in its grids
TRUE. Hydrogenation is an endothermic process
TRUE. Air should be supplied during mercaptans extraction and sweetening
DECREASES. As the sidedraw stream flow rates increase, the amount of internal reflux _________.
FLOODING. Which of the following occurs when there is too much internal reflux that occurs inside the pipe still
HIGHER/LOWER. The atmospheric pipe still is operated at pressure slightly _________ atmospheric pressure
HIGH. Too ________ amount of dilution water in the desalter may short it out.
HIGH. A high sulfur content in naphtha after treatment may mean a _________ amount of hydrogen gas during the treatment process.
DOWNCOMER. A __________ allows excess liquid in trays to overflow to the next lower tray.
TOP. Reflux controls the temperature at the _______ of the distillation tower for better separation
PUMPAROUND. This refers to liquid drawn from trays in the middle of section of the tower, which helps control the temperature at the point where the liquid reenters the tower.
FALSE. Too low temperature in the flash zone of a vacuum distillation unit may lead to too much cracking
SALT. Which of the following impurities does heating and desalting prior to crude distillation remove
QUIZ 3

METHYLBENZENE. What is the IUPAC name of toluene?


Excessive hydrocracking may be caused by insufficient injection of chlorides into the process. Which of the following is false?
CHLORIDES/OXYGEN/NEITHER. Aromatics recovery solvent degradation occurs because of the presence of __________ in the system.
FALSE. Coking of the catalyst increases when process reactions occur in a hydrogen-rich atmosphere.
ADSORPTION/HYDROGENATION/SCRUBBING. What process is used in the recovery of aromatics
FALSE. If the octane rating of reformate becomes too high, it can be corrected by reducing reactor temperatures.
FALSE. The acid sites in the reforming catalyst promote dehydrogenation and cyclization.
TRUE. Thermal cracking may occur if the temperature in the reactor is too high.
HYDROGEN. Which of the following is used to reduce oxidized Platinum in Reforming processes?
PARAFFINS/AROMATICS/BTX. The raffinate in the BTX column contains ___________.
TRUE. Reactor temperatures may be increased if octane requirements increase.
TRUE. Coke deposits on the catalyst can result in reactor problems such as abnormal pressure drop or an abnormal temperature drop.
FALSE. A chloride injection rate in the reforming unit that is too low could lead to excessive hydrocracking.
FALSE. Sulfur strips the chloride ions from the reforming catalyst
AROM-PARA-NAPH-OLE. Arrange the following in order of selectivity of the aromatics recovery solvent
TRUE. Coke deposits on the catalyst can result in reactor problems such as abnormal pressure drop or an abnormal temperature drop
TRUE. Because the net effect of the reforming reaction is endothermic, reheaters are used to heat the feed back to the proper reaction temperature
TRUE. Delayed coking is a conversion process
FALSE. Coking of the catalyst increases when process reactions occur in a hydrogen-rich atmosphere
FALSE. During cracking, naphthenes are converted to aromatics
FALSE. The problem of coking and decline in catalyst activity in Reforming may be solved permanently by increasing the reactor temperature
TRUE. More than one reactor is needed in the Reaction Section of a Catalytic Reforming Unit
CRACKING UNIT. Where does the feed to the propylene recovery unit come from?
CHLORIDE. The acid site of the reforming catalyst contains _________ions.
NAPTHENE RING OPENING. Which of the following is not a reforming reaction
TRUE. Olefins are contaminants of the Reforming process
TRUE. Isoparaffins have higher RONs than do Paraffins
FALSE. Increasing severity always leads to increased octane rating
TRUE. Caustic washing may be used before or after a treatment or reforming step to improve th removal of sulfur compounds from a proc
FALSE. Catalytic cracking produces more C2s than thermal cracking
TUBE. The feed material to the delayed coker unit has short residence time in the furnace tubes
OLEFINS. What is the primary product of catalytic cracking
FALSE. A feedstock with a high percentage of paraffins will be more conducive to catalytic reforming than a feedstock with a high percentage of naphthenes
SULFUR. Which of the following is not a catalytic cracking catalyst poison
FALSE. In catalytic reforming, the yield always increases as the octane rating increases
TRUE. An abnormal pressure drop could be an indication of a clogged catalyst
QUIZ 4
EMULSION BREAKING. It is added to the wet slop oil during pump cycle
TRUE. Chemical Cathodic protection may be used to control pittng corrosion
UNIFORM. Which type of corrosion is easiest to mitigate because of its high visibility and slow progress?
PHYSICAL. The use of synthetic fasteners is an example of the use of _________ barriers in preventing galvanic corrosion.
PARTIAL IN LINE. It is a type of product blending system where mixing is required only for final adjustment
ANODE. Oxidation occurs at which electrode
FALSE. Geometric factors affect galvanic corrosion.
AGITATORS. Crude storage are equipped with __________ to ensure homogeneity of the product
VIRGIN NAPTHA. Which of the following components are used in premium gasoline and not in regular gasoline
ANODIC SERIES. Which of the following factors does not influence crevice corrosion
TRUE. Uniform corrosion is relatively easy to measure and predict
TRUE. Alloying can prevent crevice corrosion
TRUE. The use of riveted joints prevents crevice corrosion
WILD NAPHTHA. What type of naphtha is obtained from Gas Oil Hydrotreatment
ANODE. Oxidation occurs at which electrode
TRUE. Localized corrosion tends to be more damaging and more dangerous than uniform corrosion
INERT GAS PURGING. Which of the following components of flare system design prevents flame flashback
RECOVERY. The refinery conversion of hydrogen sulfide to molten sulfur is part of which major refinery process
DISSIMILAR. Galvanic corrosion occurs when two ________ metals are brought in electrical contact with an electrolyte
VIRGIN NAPHTHA. Which of the following components are used in premium gasoline and not in regular gasoline
FALSE. The farther apart the two metals are in the Galvanic Series, the smaller the potential for corrosion
RESHAPING. Reformate is the desired product of which process
TRUE. Sharp edges should be avoided during design to control corrosion
VACUUM DISTILLATION. The bottoms of the atmospheric distillation unit goes into which unit
PAINTING. Which corrosion prevention method makes use of a sacrificial anode
MERCAPTAN OXIDATION. Naphtha is to Hydrotreatment as Kerosene is to _____________
ANODIC SERIES. Which of the following factors does not influence crevice corrosion
AIR. During Mercaptan oxidation, the hydrocarbon stream is reacted with a stream of caustic and __________.
TREATMENT UNIT. Cracked naphtha comes from which process unit?
FALSE. Hydrotreatment Fuel oil is obtained as an overhead product
FRETTING. Chafing is another term for which type of localized corrosion
TO SUPPRESS MICROBIAL ACTIVITY. What is the purpose of chlorination of cooling seawater
LOW. Corrosion may be controlled by keeping the current density in the cathode __________.
COMPONENT TANKS. Reformate is normally stored in _
FALSE. Crevice corrosion occurs in surfaces between two metals only
INERT GAS PURGING. Which of the following components of flare system design prevents flame flashback
FALSE. Cathodic protection may be used to control pittng corrosion
PHYSICAL. The use of synthetic fasteners is an example of the use of _________ barriers in preventing galvanic corrosion
TRUE. Sharp edges should be avoided during design to control corrosion
ANODIC. Which of the following does not affect fretting corrosion
FRETTING. Chafing is another term for which type of localized corrosion
CREVICE. Which type of localized corrosion is normally attributed to the presence of stagnant corrosive solution?
FALSE. Geometric factors affect galvanic corrosion
PARTIAL IN LINE. It is a type of product blending system where mixing is required only for final adjustment
ZINC. Zinc corrodes in the presence of sulfuric acid. During the reaction, which substance undergoes oxidation
FALSE. One of the advantages of a ground flare system is that it does not require considerable space since it may well be put alongside the other process units
CREVICES. Which of the following factors does not hinder the re-passivation of metals
CONVERSION. Which of the following processes yields large amounts of olefins?
ANODIC SERIES. Which of the following does not affect fretting corrosion?
ANODIC SERIES. Which of the following factors does not influence crevice corrosion
TRUE. Water must undergo treatment before use as boiler feed water
PAINTING. Which corrosion prevention method makes use of a sacrificial anode
OXIDE FILM. What is the main cause of pitting corrosion
MAGNESIUM SULFIDE. Which of the following hinders re-passivation of metals?
ANODE. The less noble metal normally becomes the ____ during corrosion reactions
TRUE. Water must undergo treatment before use as boiler feed water
RESHAPING. Reformate is the desired product of which process
TRUE. Localized corrosion tends to be more damaging and more dangerous than uniform corrosion
FALSE. One of the advantages of a ground flare system is that it does not require considerable space since It may well be put alongside the other process units
HIGH PRESSURE. What type of steam header is used in most process units.
AIR. During mercaptan oxidation, the hydrocarbon stream is reacted with a stream of caustic and
RECOVERY. The refinery conversion of hydrogen sulfide to molten sulfur is part of which major refinery process
INERT GAS PURGING. Which of the following components of flare system design prevents flame flashback?
FALSE. Fuel oil is obtained as an overhead product
HYDROTREATMENT. What type of treatment does the diesel cut undergo
COMPONENT TANK. Reformate is normally stored in ___.
ANODIC SERIES. Which of the following does not affect fretting corrosion
TRUE. Alloying can prevent crevice corrosion
CONVERSION UNIT. Cracked naphtha comes from which process unit
COOLING WATER. What is the largest consumer of water in the refinery
FRETTING. Chafing is another term for which type of localized corrosion
FALSE. The farther apart the two metals are in the galvanic series, thesmaller the potential for corrosion
QUIZ 4 3Q1718
15 HOURS. Considering operational safety, the minimum inventory equivalent of an oilfield refinery is equal to ___ throughput
BASE STOCK TANKS. It is used to store an intermediate stock for products blending.
TRUE. Mixing is required for Partial In Line blending systems
STEAM INPUT. Which of the following Flare system design considerations ensures smokeless burning and easy dispersion of combustion products?
900 psig. Steam from this header is consumed by steam turbines to drive recycle compressors and charge pumps for the hydroprocessing units.
H2S. Which of the following is not a component of Fuel Gas
COOLING. What constitutes the largest use of water in a typical refinery?
TRUE. All used water in a sea water cooling system needs treatment prior to discharge.
TRUE. Evaporation losses in cooling towers are more often greater than drift/windage losses.
TRUE. The top vapor distillate in Sour Water Stripping may be sent either to flare or to the Sulfur Recovery Plant
HYDROGEN. Steam reforming of natural gas produces.
CLAUS PROCESS. Sulfur recovery in petroleum refinery
TRUE. In continuous in line blending, no provision is necessary for reblending
FLARING. Used as an effective and safe method of hydrocarbon vapor disposal whenever excess hydrocarbons must be controlled
NH3 and H2S. Sour water is rich in
FUEL OIL. Which of the following is not used as a fuel in power generation in petroleum industry?
COOLING TOWER. Involved a direct removal of heat from water by air flow and vaporizing a portion of water.
APS. Which of the following is not a treatment unit.
HP STEAM. The CFB technology in RSFFB produces
COAL. The fuel for RSFFB Power Plant
TRUE. One special feature of CFB Technology in power plant is low combustion temperature.
REDISH BROWN. In sulfur recovery, the molten Sulphur should be
CATALYTIC REACTOR. The reaction 4H2S+2SO2  6S + 4H2O takes place at
HYDROGENATION. High-purity hydrogen is required for.