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INTRODUCTION

TO
PHILIPPINE HISTORY
PHYSICAL
ENVIRONMENT
• We live in the Philippines, our native
land.
• The people to this country are called
“Filipinos”.

• Now, in order to know a country well, we


study its history because history is the
story of a country and its people.
Three Important Parts About Knowing A
Country’s History:

1.
PEOPLE

2.
LAND 3.
GOD
The name “Philippines”
• Early Chinese traders who visited Mindoro
called our nation “Ma-yi”, meaning Land of
gold.
• “Maniolas”- name given by Claudius Ptolemy,
a Greek mapmaker, in his ancient map.
• “Archipelago of St. Lazarus”- name given by
Magellan to our nation in 1521.
• “Felipinas”- a Spanish explorer named Ruy
Lopez de Villalobos gave this name in honor of
King Philip II.
“Pearl of the Orient Seas”
• Popular nickname for the Philippines.
• This was romantic name given to our
country by two famous writers;
»Fr. Juan J. Delgado in 1751
»Dr. Jose Rizal
GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES
OF THE PHILIPPINES
Geography of the Philippines

•Location
•Shape and size
•Neighboring countries and
surrounding bodies of water
•Terrain and Points
•Other Facts
- Located in Southeastern
Asia
- Archipelago (large group of
islands) made up of 7,107
islands
- Part of a Western Pacific arc
system that is characterized
by active volcanoes .

Geographic Coordinates: 13 00 N, 122 00 E


Capital City: Manila
Shape
•Elongated
•Archipelago

Area
•115,830 square miles

Coastline
•22,549 miles

Length
•1,851 km (1,150 mi) SSE-NNW

Width
•1,062 km (660 mi) ENE-WSW

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Philippines-LOCATION-SIZE-AND-EXTENT.html
Neighboring Countries
Surrounding Bodies of Water

North- Luzon Strait

West- South China Sea

East- Philippine Sea

South- Celebes Sea


Terrain and Points
-mostly mountainous
-all islands are prone to
earthquakes

Lowest Point-
Philippine Sea

Highest Point-
Mount Apo (9,691 feet)
• Climate
– Hot and Dry – March to May
– Rainy – June to October
– Cool – November to February
– Temperature :
78A0F/25A0C to 90A0F/32A0C
;humidity 77%
• Three Group of Islands:

http://www.spug.ph/luzon/images/luzon.jpg
http://photos.state.gov/galleries/manila/279945/300x234/mindanaoMap.jpg
http://www.fcarehmo.com.ph/newface/Providers/images/Visayas_With%20Name.jpg
Eleven main Islands

1. Luzon 7. Mindoro
2. Mindanao 8. Leyte
3. Samar 9. Cebu
4. Negros 10.Bohol
5. Palawan 11.Masbate
6. Panay
REGIONS OF THE PHILIPPINES
• I -ILOCOS Region NCR-NATIONAL CAPITAL
• Major City: San Fernando City
REGION
Major City: MANILA
• II -Cagayan valley
• Major City: Tuguegarao City CAR-CORDILLERA
ADMINISTRATIVE REGION
• III -CENTRAL Luzon Major City: Baguio city
• Major City: San Fernando City

• IV-A (calabarzon)
• Major City: Calamba City

• IV-B (Mimaropa)
• Major City: Calapan City

• V -Bicol Region
• Major City: Legaspi City
REGIONS OF THE PHILIPPINES

• VI -western visayas
• Major City: IloIlo City

• VII -CENTRAL VISAYAS


• Major City: Cebu City

• VIII -EASTERN Visayas


• Major City: Tacloban City
REGIONS OF THE PHILIPPINES
• IX -western mindanao (Zamboanga XII - central Mindanao (soccksargen)
Peninsula) • Major City: Koronadal
• Major City: Pagadian City
City
• XIII - Caraga region
• X -NORTHERN MINDANAO • Major City: Butuan
• Major City: Cagayan City
De Oro City
• ARMM- autonomous region of muslim
• XI -SOUTHERN MINDANAO (Davao mindanao
region) • Major City: Cotabato
• Major City: Davao City
City
• The Philippines has a varied topography.
It has a coastline of 18, 411 km.
• Many islands have extensive coral reefs
that attract tourists from everywhere.
• The larger islands have rugged,
mountainous interiors, mostly ranges
running north to south.
Four major Lowland Areas:

http://mw2.google.com/mw-panoramio/photos/small/22870115.jpg
https://easternseastar21.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/isabela-hills.jpg

http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/82379189.jpg http://www.imagesofasia.com/html/philippines/images/large/colabato-
valley.jpg
Three major Mountain Ranges:

https://cdn1.gbot.me/photos/hy/9X/1364735560/-
http://www.jacobimages.com/home/wp-
Cordilleras_Mountains-20000000005797788-500x375.jpg
content/uploads/2012/07/Agta_2898_1185.jpg

https://encrypted-
tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS5yPAvj03KC20JRQcW1O_4ZVTrOX0wWwaAOQzhOHZ
7kWDfGRmQ
• There are about 221 volcanoes, 21 are
active.
• The Philippines lies on the volatile
Pacific “Ring of Fire” and most of the
highest mountains are volcanic in origin.

Two(2) Active Volcanoes

https://c1.staticflickr.com/1/12/93545563_961e5d8ac6.jpg http://pubs.usgs.gov/pinatubo/punong1/fig4a.jpg
Philippine
The population of the Philippines has been steadily
growing for many years. In 2014, it is the 12th most populated
country in the world, between Mexico andEthiopia, and
continues to grow at a rate of 1.89% per year.
(http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/philippines-population/)

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-vjq-
e9uRSOI/UuRUI6uMcWI/AAAAAAAAAsI/GOPXvYMPiwM/s1600/popcom.jpg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-vjq-e9uRSOI/UuRUI6uMcWI/AAAAAAAAAsI/GOPXvYMPiwM/s1600/popcom.jpg
• Languages
– 2 official languages: English and Filipino
– 8 major dialects :
Twenty largest linguistic groups:
• 1. VISAYANS (34, 662, 000)
– Cebuano
– Hiligaynon
– Waray
– Masbateňo
– Capiznon http://www.gutenberg.org/files/24897/24897-h/images/p128.jpg

– Aklanon
– Surigaonon
– Kinaray-A

https://c1.staticflickr.com/7/6213/6275834174_cc4e85b208_z.jpg
Twenty largest linguistic groups:
2. TAGALOG (13, 928, 000)

http://media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m8cclddOQT1rsrk8p.jpg

3. ILOCANO (9, 527, 000)

http://climbingforchrist.org/Portals/6/Images/Philippines/Phil08%20(Taca
dang%20porters).JPG
Twenty largest linguistic groups:
4. BICOLANO (5, 659, 000) 5. MORO ( 4, 475, 000)
• Central Bicolano • Malay
• Albay Bicolano • Maranao
• Maguindanao
• Tausug

http://archive.indymedia.org.nz/sites/default/files/files/images/2012-mujiv-
hataman-mendiola.jpg
Twenty largest linguistic groups:
6. KAPAMPANGAN (2, 667, 000)

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-
http://siuala.com/wp-content/uploads/nanung-kabugukan-600-600x360.jpg
VoIKG87pHas/Um5fzSNG6xI/AAAAAAAAJV0/DgpyLCgFpGg/s1600/DSC01399.JP
G

7. PANGASINENSE (1, 637, 000)

http://www.timorleste-hotels.com/data/143/site_143/people_1.jpg
Twenty largest linguistic groups:
8. CHINESE FILIPINO (992, 000)

http://latimesphoto.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/chinese-new-year07.jpg

9. IBANAG (703, 000)


 Religion
•83 % Catholics
• 5 % Muslim
• 12 % smaller Christian
dominations and Buddhist
• 3rd largest English speaking country in the world
• Democratic Government
* Executive Branch
- Headed by Chief of Staff (President) and
V.President
- Cabinet
* Legislative Branch
- Senate
- House of Representatives
* Judicial Branch
- Supreme Court
• Natural Resources- Timber, Petroleum, Cobalt
• Oil is not a natural resource.

• 72nd largest country in the world

• Officially called the Republic of Philippines

• Slightly larger than Arizona

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