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GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC

RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

SECTION 23 21 13
HYDRONIC PIPING

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 SUMMARY

A. Section Includes:
1. Heating water piping, above ground.
2. Equipment drains and over flows.
3. Unions and flanges.
4. Valves.
5. Flexible pipe connectors.
6. Pipe hangers and supports

1.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

A. Where more than one piping system material is specified, provide compatible system
components and joints. Use non-conducting dielectric connections whenever jointing dissimilar
metals in open systems.

B. Provide flanges, union, and couplings at locations requiring servicing. Use unions, flanges, and
couplings downstream of valves and at equipment or apparatus connections. Do not use direct
welded or threaded connections to valves, equipment or other apparatus.

C. Provide pipe hangers and supports.

D. Use gate, ball or butterfly valves for shut-off and to isolate equipment, part of systems, or
vertical risers.

E. Use globe or butterfly valves for throttling, bypass, or manual flow control services.

F. Use spring loaded check valves on discharge of hot water, chilled water and condenser water
pumps.

G. Use plug valves for throttling service. Use non-lubricated plug valves only when shut-off or
isolating valves are also provided.

H. Use butterfly valves in in heating, chilled and condenser water systems interchangeably with
gate and globe valves.

I. Use only butterfly valves in chilled and condenser water systems for throttling and isolation
service.

J. Use lug end butterfly valves to isolate equipment.

K. Use 3/4 inch gate or ball valves with cap for drains at main shut-off valves, low points of piping,
bases of vertical risers, and at equipment.

L. Flexible Connectors: Use at or near motor driven equipment where piping configuration does not
absorb vibration.

1.3 SUBMITTALS

A. Section 01 33 00 - Submittal Procedures: Submittal procedures.

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GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

B. Shop Drawings: Indicate schematic layout of piping system, including equipment, critical
dimensions, and sizes.

C. Product Data:
1. Piping: Submit data on pipe materials, fittings, and accessories. Submit manufacturers
catalog information.
2. Valves: Submit manufacturers catalog information with valve data and ratings for each
service.
3. Hangers and Supports: Submit manufacturers catalog information including load
capacity.

D. Welders’ Certificate: Include welders’ certification of compliance with ASME Section IX.

1.4 CLOSEOUT SUBMITTALS

A. Section 01 70 00 - Execution and Closeout Requirements: Closeout procedures.

B. Project Record Documents: Record actual locations of valves, equipment and accessories.

C. Operation and Maintenance Data: Submit instructions for installation and changing components,
spare parts lists, exploded assembly views.

1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

A. Section 01 60 00 - Product Requirements: Product storage and handling requirements.

B. Accept valves on site in shipping containers with labeling in place. Inspect for damage.

1.6 ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS

A. Section 01 60 00 - Product Requirements.

B. Do not install underground piping when bedding is wet or frozen.

1.7 FIELD MEASUREMENTS

A. Verify field measurements prior to fabrication.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 HEATING WATER PIPING, ABOVE GROUND

A. Steel Pipe: ASTM A53/A53M, Schedule 40, black.


1. Fittings: ASME B16.3, malleable iron or ASTM A234/A234M, forged steel welding type.
2. Joints: Threaded for pipe 2 inch and smaller; welded for pipe 2-1/2 inches and larger.

B. Steel Pipe: ASTM A53/A53M, Schedule 40, black, rolled grooved ends.
1. Fittings: ASTM A395/A395M and ASTM A536 ductile iron, or ASTM A234/A234M carbon
steel, grooved ends.
2. Joints: Grooved mechanical couplings meeting ASTM F1476.
a. Housing Clamps: ASTM A395/A395M and ASTM A536 ductile iron, enamel
coated, compatible with steel piping sizes, rigid or flexible type.
b. Gasket: Elastomer composition for operating temperature range from -30
degrees F to 230 degrees F.
c. Accessories: Steel bolts, nuts, and washers.

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GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

C. Copper Tubing: ASTM B88, Type L, hard drawn.


1. Fittings: ASME B16.18, cast brass, or ASME B16.22 solder wrought copper.
2. Tee Connections: Mechanically extracted collars with notched and dimpled branch tube.
3. Joints: Solder, lead free, ASTM B32, 95-5 tin-antimony, or tin and silver, with melting
range 430 to 535 degrees F. Braze, AWS A5.8 BCuP silver/phosphorus/copper alloy
with melting range 1190 to 1480 degrees F.

2.2 EQUIPMENT DRAINS AND OVERFLOWS

A. Steel Pipe: ASTM A53/A53M Schedule 40, galvanized.


1. Fittings: ASME B16.3, malleable iron or ASME B16.4, cast iron.
2. Joints: Threaded for pipe 2 inch and smaller; flanged for pipe 2-1/2 inches and larger.

B. Copper Tubing: ASTM B88, Type L, hard drawn.


1. Fittings: ASME B16.18, cast brass, or ASME B16.22 solder wrought copper.
2. Joints: Solder, lead free, ASTM B32, 95-5 tin-antimony, or tin and silver, with melting
range 430 to 535 degrees F.

C. PVC Pipe: ASTM D1785, Schedule 40, or ASTM D2241, SDR 21 or 26, polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
material.
1. Fittings: ASTM D2466, Schedule 40, PVC.
2. Joints: ASTM D2855, solvent weld with ASTM D2564 solvent cement.

2.3 UNIONS AND FLANGES

A. Unions for Pipe 2 inches and Smaller:


1. Ferrous Piping: Class 150, malleable iron, threaded.
2. Copper Piping: Class 150, bronze unions with soldered.
3. Dielectric Connections: Union with galvanized or plated steel threaded end, copper solder
end, water impervious isolation barrier.
4. PVC Piping: PVC.

B. Flanges for Pipe 2-1/2 inches and Larger:


1. Ferrous Piping: Class 150, forged steel, slip-on flanges.
2. Copper Piping: Class 150, slip-on bronze flanges.
3. PVC Piping: PVC flanges.
4. Gaskets: 1/16 inch thick preformed neoprene gaskets.

C. PVC Pipe Materials: For connections to equipment and valves with threaded connections,
furnish solvent-weld socket to screwed joint adapters and unions, or ASTM D2464, Schedule
80, threaded, PVC pipe.

2.4 GATE, GLOBE, BALL, BUTTERFLY, CHECK VALVES

A. Manufacturers:
1. Crane Valve, North America.
2. Hammond Valve
3. Milwaukee Valve Company.
4. NIBCO, Inc..
5. Stockham Valves & Fittings.

2.11 GATE VALVES

A. 2 inches and Smaller: MSS SP 80, Class 125, bronze body, bronze trim, union bonnet, rising
stem, hand-wheel, inside screw with back-seating stem, solid wedge disc, alloy seat rings,
threaded ends.

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HYDRONIC PIPING
GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

B. 2-1/2 inches and Larger: MSS SP 70, Class 125, cast iron body, bronze trim, bolted bonnet,
rising] [non-rising] stem, hand-wheel, outside screw and yoke, solid wedge disc with bronze seat
rings, flanged ends. Furnish chain-wheel operators for valves 6 inches and larger mounted over
8 feet above floor.

2.12 GLOBE VALVES

A. 2 inches and Smaller: MSS SP 80, Class 150, bronze body, bronze trim, union bonnet, hand
wheel, Buna-N or teflon composition disc, threaded ends.

B. 2-1/2 inches and Larger: MSS SP 85, Class 125, cast iron body, bronze trim, hand wheel,
outside screw and yoke, flanged ends. Furnish chain-wheel operators for valves 6 inches and
larger mounted over 8 feet above floor.

2.13 BALL VALVES

A. 2 inches and Smaller: MSS SP 110, Class 150, bronze, two piece body, type 316 stainless steel
ball, full port, teflon seats, blow-out proof stem, threaded ends, lever handle with balancing
stops.

2.14 BUTTERFLY VALVES

A. 2-1/2 inches and Larger: MSS SP 67, Class 150.


1. Body: Cast or ductile iron, lug ends, stainless steel stem, extended neck.
2. Disc: Aluminum bronze.
3. Seat: Resilient replaceable.
4. Handle and Operator: Infinite position lever handle with memory stop. Furnish gear
operators for valves 8 inches and larger, and chain-wheel operators for valves mounted
over 8 feet above floor.

2.15 CHECK VALVES

A. Horizontal Swing Check Valves:


1. 2 inches and Smaller: MSS SP 80, Class 150, bronze body and cap, bronze seat,
renewable bronze disc, threaded ends.
2. 2-1/2 inches and Larger: MSS SP 71, Class 125, cast iron body, bolted cap, renewable
disc seal and seat, flanged ends.

B. Spring Loaded Check Valves:


1. 2 inches and Smaller: MSS SP 80, Class 150, bronze body, in-line spring lift check, silent
closing, [Buna-N] [teflon] disc, integral seat, threaded ends.
2. 2-1/2 inches and Larger: MSS SP 71, Class 125, wafer or globe style, cast iron body,
bronze seat, center guided bronze disc, stainless steel spring and screws, flanged ends.

2.16 PLUG VALVES

A. Manufacturers:
1. DeZURIK, Unit of SPX Corp.
2. Flow Control Equipment, Inc.
3. Homestead Valve.

B. 2 inches and Smaller: MSS SP 78, Class 150, semi-steel construction, round port, full pipe area,
pressure lubricated, teflon packing, threaded ends. Furnish one plug valve wrench for every ten
plug-valves with minimum of one wrench.

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HYDRONIC PIPING
GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

C. 2-1/2 inches and Larger: MSS SP 78, Class 150, semi-steel construction, round port, full pipe
area, pressure lubricated, teflon packing, flanged ends. Furnish worm gear-operated.

2.17 PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS

A. Manufacturers:
1) Fee & Mason Mfg. Co.
2) P.H.D. Manufacturing Co.
3) ITT Grinnell Corp.
4) Mason Industries.
5) Michigan Hanger Co.

B. Hangers for Pipe Sizes 1/2 to 1-1/2 inch: [Malleable iron] [Carbon steel], adjustable swivel, split
ring.

C. Hangers for Cold Pipe Sizes 2-1/2 inches and Larger: Carbon steel, adjustable, clevis.

D. Hangers for Hot Pipe Sizes 2 to 4 inches: Carbon steel, adjustable, clevis.

E. Hangers for Hot Pipe Sizes 6 inches and Larger: Adjustable steel yoke, cast iron roll, double
hanger.

F. Multiple or Trapeze Hangers: Steel channels with welded spacers and hanger rods.

G. Multiple or Trapeze Hangers for Hot Pipe Sizes 6 inches and Larger: Steel channels with
welded spacers and hanger rods, cast iron roll.

H. Wall Support for Pipe Sizes 3 inches and Smaller: Cast iron hooks.

I. Wall Support for Pipe Sizes 4 inches and Larger: Welded steel bracket and wrought steel clamp.

J. Wall Support for Hot Pipe Sizes 6 inches and Larger: Welded steel bracket and wrought steel
clamp with adjustable steel yoke and cast iron roll.

K. Vertical Support: Steel riser clamp.

L. Floor Support for Cold Pipe: Cast iron adjustable pipe saddle, lock nut, nipple, floor flange, and
concrete pier or steel support.

M. Floor Support for Hot Pipe 4 inches and Smaller: Cast iron adjustable pipe saddle, lock nut,
nipple, floor flange, and concrete pier or steel support.

N. Floor Support for Hot Pipe Sizes 6 inches and Larger: Adjustable cast iron roll and stand, steel
screws, and concrete pier or steel support.

O. Copper Pipe Support: Carbon steel rings, adjustable, copper plated.

P. Hanger Rods: Mild steel threaded both ends, threaded one end, or continuous threaded.

Q. Inserts: Malleable iron case of [galvanized] steel shell and expander plug for threaded
connection with lateral adjustment, top slot for reinforcing rods, lugs for attaching to forms; size
inserts to suit threaded hanger rods.

2.18 FLEXIBLE PIPE CONNECTORS

A. Manufacturers:

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HYDRONIC PIPING
GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

1. Metraflex.
2. Parker Hannifin.
3. Microflex.
4. Hose Master.
5. Uniflex.

B. Steel Piping:
1. Inner Hose: Carbon Steel or Stainless Steel.
2. Exterior Sleeve: Double braided stainless steel.
3. Pressure Rating: 125 psig WSP and 450 degrees F.
4. Joint: As specified for pipe joints.
5. Size: Use pipe-sized units.
6. Maximum offset: 3/4 inch on each side of installed center line.

C. Copper Piping:
1. Inner Hose: Bronze.
2. Exterior Sleeve: Braided bronze.
3. Pressure Rating: 125 psig WSP and 450 degrees F.
4. Joint: As specified for pipe joints.
5. Size: Use pipe sized units.
6. Maximum offset: 3/4 inch on each side of installed center line.

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION

A. Section 01 30 00 - Administrative Requirements: Coordination and project conditions.

3.2 PREPARATION

A. Ream pipe and tube ends. Remove burrs. Bevel plain end ferrous pipe.

B. Remove scale and dirt on inside and outside before assembly.

C. Prepare piping connections to equipment with flanges or unions.

D. Keep open ends of pipe free from scale and dirt. Protect open ends with temporary plugs or
caps.

E. After completion, fill, clean, and treat systems.

3.3 INSTALLATION - INSERTS

A. Provide inserts for placement in concrete forms.

B. Provide inserts for suspending hangers from reinforced concrete slabs and sides of reinforced
concrete beams.

C. Provide hooked rod to concrete reinforcement section for inserts carrying pipe 4 inches and
larger.

D. Where concrete slabs form finished ceiling, locate inserts flush with slab surface.

E. Where inserts are omitted, drill through concrete slab from below and provide through-bolt with
recessed square steel plate and nut above slab.

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HYDRONIC PIPING
GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

3.4 INSTALLATION - ABOVE GROUND PIPING SYSTEMS

A. Install glycol and condenser water, piping in accordance with ASME B31.9. Install heating water
and chilled water piping in accordance with ASME B31.1.

B. Route piping parallel to building structure and maintain gradient.

C. Install piping to conserve building space, and not interfere with use of space.

D. Group piping whenever practical at common elevations.

E. Sleeve pipe passing through partitions, walls and floors.

F. Install firestopping at fire rated construction perimeters and openings containing penetrating
sleeves and piping.

G. Install pipe identification.

H. Install piping to allow for expansion and contraction without stressing pipe, joints, or connected
equipment.

I. Install flexible pipe connectors on pipes connected to equipment supported by vibration


isolation. Provide line size flexible connectors.

J. Install flexible connectors at right angles to displacement. Install one end immediately adjacent
to isolated equipment and anchor other end. Install in horizontal plane unless indicated
otherwise.

K. Provide access where valves and fittings are not exposed. Coordinate size and location of
access doors with General Contractor.

L. Slope hydronic piping and arrange systems to drain at low points. Use eccentric reducers to
maintain top of pipe aligned.

M. Where pipe support members are welded to structural building framing, scrape, brush clean,
and apply one coat of zinc rich primer to welds.

N. Prepare unfinished pipe, fittings, supports, and accessories, ready for finish painting. Refer to
Section 09 90 00.

O. Install valves with stems upright or horizontal, not inverted.

P. Insulate piping and equipment.

3.5 INSTALLATION - PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS

A. Install in accordance with ASME B31.1.

B. Support horizontal piping as scheduled.

C. Install hangers with minimum 1/2 inch space between finished covering and adjacent work.

D. Place hangers within 12 inches of each horizontal elbow.

E. Use hangers with 1-1/2 inch minimum vertical adjustment.

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HYDRONIC PIPING
GRADUATE COLLEGE METRO CD ENGINEERING, LLC
RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING RENOVATION 05/18/09

F. Support vertical piping at every other floor.

G. Where piping is installed in parallel and at same elevation, provide multiple pipe or trapeze
hangers.

H. Support riser piping independently of connected horizontal piping.

I. Provide copper plated hangers and supports for copper piping.

J. Design hangers for pipe movement without disengagement of supported pipe.

K. Prime coat exposed steel hangers and supports. Hangers and supports located in crawl spaces,
pipe shafts, and suspended ceiling spaces are not considered exposed.

L. Provide clearance in hangers and from structure and other equipment for installation of insulation.

3.6 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. Section 01 40 00 - Quality Requirements: Field inspecting, testing, adjusting, and balancing.

B. Test piping systems in accordance with ASME B31.9.

END OF SECTION 23 21 13

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HYDRONIC PIPING