Club Spotlight: Art club, Page 9

Volume 91, Issue 5

October 4, 2010

Race and politics continue to drive American history
Nicholas Matthews Staff Writer
America is a place where the phrase “United we stand, divided we fall” rings true. However, faith and race have created an interesting division within politics since the country’s beginnings. At the most recent Hennebach lecture, Nancy Wadsworth, the Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Denver, spoke about connecting faith and race in American political life. E Pluribus Unum - Out of many, one, this is one of the core ideas behind the “American Dream.” The hope was for America to be a place where people from all different backgrounds could come together equally and be a part of a larger whole, but problems ensued almost immediately. Wadsworth points out that religious diversity was not agreed on by the founders and there was even opposition to the first amendment that would protect diversity. “Religion was central to the nation’s founding, diverse religions were not.” This sharply opposes present day where religious freedom is virtually sacred. Wadsworth brought the discussion to the present and the claims that President Obama is a Muslim. Those making these claims typically assert that President Obama is not American enough and not Christian enough, or sometimes, ironically, too Christian in his agenda. These claims seem to be a way for people to justify the President’s lessening popularity, but the question remains, why would a Muslim religious affiliation be reason enough to justify a lessening opinion? Wadsworth explained, “Historically, the definition of ‘Americans’ to an individual isn’t defined until it is challenged.” This ‘challenge’ came on September 11, 2001. Prior to 9/11, there were plans to create a Islamic community center blocks away from the World Trade Center. After the attacks, heavy protesting surrounded the ongoing construction of the community center. The reasoning behind this appears to surround the stereotype of Muslims. In the American context, Islam is seen as one of the religions most stereotyped by race. It is seen as the opposition to American Christianity, non-white, and is often reduced to being “Arab.” These generalizations are then further reduced to terrorism because of 9/11. Wadsworth asked, “Who is the ‘we’ that feels injured by the building of a Muslim community center blocks away from Ground Zero? Is it the ‘racial we?’ Or is it a ‘religious we?’” In the post-9/11 times, the WTC site has become sacred and an Islamic center near it is seen as offensive to all of the lives lost. What the protesters seem to have forgotten is that the WTC itself contained a mosque and was the workplace of a large number of Muslims who also lost their lives. Instead, people equated the attack on the WTC to an attack on Mecca. Wadsworth explained these feelings of resentment, “Religious minorities tend to fare well in the US until they are perceived to threaten the ‘center.’” Following this statement, Wadsworth explained what she meant by the ‘center.’ “The complex story of religion in the US cannot be told apart from its racial context.” Race is central to religion’s historical and demographic development and historically, religions in the US were white. The big three, or ‘triad,’ of religions in the US during most of its development were Protestantism, Catholicism, and Judaism. All are predominantly white religions. The entire notion of civilization in our country was seen as what was “Christianized.” Freedom of religion was always very divided by race and it only applied to some, typically the majority. W a d sworth finished by pointing out that the center is imagin a r y. “ T h e center is a myth, but one of the most politically powerful fantasies in existence. It isn’t objectively the reality, but a story told to be effective.” Once the idea of a center is eliminated, it allows for the real diversity, both racially and in religion, to make a place in American politics independently of one another.

NICK MATTHEWS / OREDIGGER

Geophysics of Mars is a Hot Topic at Mines
Stephen Hejducek Staff Writer
Professor Jeffrey Andrew-Hanna spoke on Thursday August 23 about the landscape of the Tharsis region of Mars where many different land masses have formed. There is a crevice that is larger than any canyon on the planet Earth and a large active volcano known as Olympus Mons in the same Tharsis region. AndrewHanna opens, “It is interesting to study the geophysics of a planet different from ours.” Mars, unlike Earth, is a single plate planet which is vastly different from Earth’s system of tectonic plates. Mars is divided into two hemispheres: the Northern lowlands and the Southern highlands. This is known as the Dichotomy of Mars, its oldest and most defining feature. Oddly enough, in the southern highlands of Mars, one of the lowest points on the planet, the Valles Marineris exists. Near the Valles Marineris is the Noctis Labyrinthus, a set of canyons to the east. The Valles Marineris, Olympus Mons, and the Noctis Labyrinthus are all within the Tharsis region on Mars. This area itself is unique because scientists are still trying to discover how it was created and how long ago it was formed. One idea is that Tharsis was formed by the impact of a meteor, which caused an effect known as the Borealis Rim. This hypothesis is based upon the fact that the largest impact surfaces are elliptical in shape. However, the projected crater on Mars is four times larger than any other meteorite impacts from recorded history. Initially, Andrew-Hanna was one of the few scientists who believed in a meteorite impact on Mars; “at first people disagreed with me, but over time they have to changed to agree with me.” Andrew-Hanna predicted that a 2,230 kilograms meteorite made impact with Mars and caused a giant elliptical crater. Valles Marineris adds many stresses to the Tharsis region. The stresses on Tharsis can be classified into three categories. The first stress is the finite element model, which can best be described by a quote from AndrewHanna, “It is like pushing down on a board harder on one end than the other.” Andrew-Hanna explained further, “Eventually the board will bend and break.” This statement describes a thicker mass on one end and a lighter mass at the other end of Tharsis. The second stress is the thin shell. This does not rely on the dichotomy of Mars. This idea is that stresses are compressional within Tharsis. The third stress is the Crustal-fit model, which describes a load thickness designed to reproduce present day crustal thickness. It also defines a narrow band of tensile stress which runs perpendicular to the Valles Marineris. This is how the Noctis Labyrinthus is suspected to have formed. The fault geometry of Mars is used to determine how much extension took place. Typical faults have between 30-60 kilometers of max extension, but these numbers are nearly impossible for the surface of Mars because faults are typically much smaller than these estimates. Other ideas for where the Mars faults arose from include either melting ice or lava flow. The amounts of these substances needed to fill the Valles Marineris is 200 kilometers across and 10 kilometers thick. This is a nearly impossible amount of lava or ice. Another theory is the Boundary Element model, which includes fault slips and elastic deformation. The problem with this model is that the stresses are too large for the surface of Mars to obtain without breaking up. This theory predicts that the surface of Mars will rise about two kilometers, while in reality, it should only rise about 300 meters. The most accurate model is the Subsurface Collapse Model. This model predicts dips that are larger than eighty-five degrees, stresses that range from 100-300 Megapascals and that the surface uplift should be around 300 meters. The formation of the Valles Marineris is supported by the elastic lithosphere, which is “super isostatic.” It is an isostatic anomaly that is maintained by the elastic strength of the lithosphere. Tharsis is a flexural support and the volcanic center of Mars. This area has abundant evidence of surface and sub-surface igneous activity. This also causes collapse pits

COURTESY NASA

that are parallel to the Valles Marineris. At one time, Andrew-Hanna believed that a sedimentary filling completed the troughs with Interior Layer Deposits. Through erosion, the sediment was eventually washed away. Hydrologic effects also cycled away some of the sediment. Andrew-Hanna believed in a “perfect storm” that consisted of its super isostatic crust working with the tensile stress belt and a sedimentary loading, causing the formation of the Valles Marineris. The final structure discussed was the Olympus Mons, a massive 20 kilometer high shield volcano. The first question about this structure is, how old is it? The answer can be found from the craters. The more craters there are, the older the surface is. Thus the volcano was estimated to be about 3.5 billion years old. By using paleo-topography, one can also find the age of a structure. Andrew-Hanna stated, “If you can date the age of a trough, you can date the age of a volcano.” The troughs form from the flow of lava. At certain points in history, the lava had not flowed downhill. It has even flowed perpendicular to the downhill motion. Thus lava flow started before the volcano was even present. It turns out that lava flow began 3.7 billion years ago. Olympus Mons still spews lava, about 0.1 kilometers a day, which is comparable to volcanoes in Hawaii. These three features are what define the Tharsis region of Mars. Beginning with the formation of the structures to learning how those structures form is invaluable to understanding foreign planets.

~world headlines ~scientific discoveries

News - 2

~Prom Dress Rugby ~Mines Soccer #1

sports - 6

~RTD Hot Spots ~Geek of the Week

Features - 9

~Letter to the Editor ~Morals to your story

opiNioN - 14

~Lord of the Dance ~Mines of the Future

satire - 15

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october 4, 2010

Joshua Kleitsch, Staff Writer

Hawaii, US - Researchers at the V.M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii discovered what looks to be the first habitable planet outside our solar system. The planet Gliesee 581g, which is about 20 light-years away, orbits the red dwarf star Gliese 581 once every 37 days. The planet is remarkably similar to Earth. One major difference is that Gliese 581g does not rotate about its axis, leaving one side perpetually in the light and one side perpetually in the dark. Scientists speculate that if the planet had any life-forms, they would live near the line between light and dark, known as the ‘terminator.’ This area is the temperate region, most hospitable toward life.

Oxford, UK - New archaeological evidence suggests that the land mass that once connected Papua, New Guinea, to Australia was inhabited as long ago as 43,000 years. This new discovery will aid in developing a more complete picture of how the entire world became populated; it should also assist in further understanding evolution of science and technology through exploration of the tools used and how the environment was altered.

Jiayuguan, Gansu Province, China - Archaeologists in the Gobi desert in China have discovered what looks like a huge, carnivorous ancestor to the modern ostrich. The dinosaur, which would weigh roughly 1400 lbs, stands 10 feet at the hip and has 6-inch claws on its ‘hands.’ Its beak has no teeth but is very strong, so it is likely that the dinosaur ate small rodents and lizards, as well as any foliage that was convenient.

Queensland, Australia - Scientists at the University of Queensland in Australia have found that, out of the 187 species of mammals once considered extinct, 67 of those species have been rediscovered after thorough field searching. Diana Fisher and Simon Blomberg, the leading researchers in the study, put together a list of all the species considered extinct and then dug through literature from the last forty years to come to this conclusion. They found that one field search for a suspected extinct species wasn’t enough.

Oredigger Staff
Ryan Browne Editor-in-Chief Ian Littman Managing Editor Abdullah Ahmed Business Manager Steven Wooldridge Webmaster Barbara Anderson Design Editor Zach Boerner Copy Editor Robert Gill Asst. Business Manager, Sales and Marketing Trevor Crane Content Manager Katie Huckfeldt Content Manager Shira Richman Faculty Advisor

Headlines from around the world
Joshua Kleitsch, Staff Writer
2,200 feet of rock has not prevented 33 Chilean miners from enjoying comforts from home. The miners, who have been trapped below ground for eight weeks as of October 5, are using a cellphone-mounted projector to watch movies and can communicate with their rescuers via an ultra-flexible fiber-optic cable nearly half a mile long. Supplies and several electronic devices have been delivered to the miners with a fivefoot-long hollow tube which can fit down the ventilation shaft. The US is apologizing to Guatemala for a study it conducted over 60 years ago. An experiment conducted in 1946, designed to test the efficacy of penicillin, involved infecting people with syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease. The experiment was uncovered by a Wellesley College medical historian and investigations are underway to determine to extent of what happened. The Obama administration is pushing forward a bill that requires all passenger vehicles to achieve an average mile per gallon ratings of 62 by 2025. The new bill, which intends to lower greenhouse gas emissions by 3%-6% per year, states that the average mile per gallon rating should be 35.5 by 2016, and by 2017 the increase from 47 miles per gallon to 62 miles per gallon by 2025 will begin. Over 100 people in the US and UK have been either charged or arrested in connection with a massive cybercrime ring that allegedly spans the globe. Those involved were able to steal roughly $3 million from people around the world by using computer viruses that track and store account information, allowing the perpetrators to hack accounts and transfer money. Waddell & Reed Financial have been found to be responsible for the “Flash Crash” of the New York Stock exchange on May 6, 2010. The crash occurred because Waddell, using a computer-based trading system programmed with special algorithms, issued a rapid sell order that flooded an already unstable market causing prices to drop precipitously. Representative Ed Markey of the House Energy and Commerce Committee is requesting that the new CEO of BP, Robert Dudley, appear before the committee to testify on the oil spill in the gulf. Dudley’s presence has been requested before, but he has refused to appear because of the requirements of transitioning into the position of CEO. The northeast experienced the heaviest rain anyone can remember Friday, downing trees and power lines, stopping flights, and making roads impassible. Wilmington, NC, received more rain in five days then any storm on record since 1871. Relief is expected, with a high-pressure system moving down from Canada that is expected to bring cool, dry air for at least a few days.

Local News
Mines will break ground on Marquez Hall, an interdisciplinary teaching and research facility that will house the university’s petroleum engineering department at 4 p.m., Oct. 8 on the corner of 16th and Arapahoe streets in Golden.

Mines, in a continued effort to expand research cooperation internationally, formally entered into a memorandum of understanding with the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) of Germany on Sept. 22. Research projects will range from astrophysics to clean energy.

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The Colorado School of Mines swimming team competed in a dual meet against Adams State and Mesa State at Plachy Hall on Saturday afternoon. Mines defeated Adams State and fell to Mesa State. The Orediggers will host the Rocky Mountain Invitational at the CSM Natatorium on Friday Oct. 22rd and Saturday and 23rd.

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october 4, 2010

CSM Republicans host bipartisan debate
Deborah Good Staff Writer
The air is beginning to become cool and crisp, and the aspens are turning yellow. As far as the eye can see, people are arguing passionately over the economy, immigration, health care, and a plethora of other issues. In preparation for the November elections, the CSM Republicans Club hosted a “General Election Candidate’s Forum” October 1. Candidates and their representatives in the gubernatorial, senatorial, and congressional races shared their positions in speeches and in answer to questions. The evening began with short speeches by a variety of Republican candidates including Steven Bailey, candidate for Jefferson County Commissioner; Dan Rosier, candidate for Jefferson County Treasurer; and Tim Kauffman, candidate for the US House of Representatives in district 2. Steven Bailey, clearly iterated a common concept by declaring, “I’m not a politician, I’m not a lawyer, but I looked around and I saw that our country was in trouble, deep trouble, so I was motivated to run.” His address, along with Jefferson County Treasurer candidate Dan rosier and US House candidate Tim Kauffman were merely a warm-up for the primary focus of the evening - the debates. Before beginning the debates, Braden Johnson, chairman of the CSM Republicans Club, explained the procedures and purposes of the debate. “We have organized this event in a non-partisan way so the students here at Mines can become familiar with the candidates… as well with the issues on the ballot. We believe that no matter what your party affiliation or level of involvement has been, it is important that all people in this nation exercise their civic right to vote,” Johnson said. Each candidate was allowed five minutes for opening remarks. Then they were asked questions about issues relevant to each respective audience. Finally, each candidate received a two minute conclusion. The first segment was the gubernatorial debate. First, Ted Harvey spoke as a surrogate for Tom Tancredo and the American Constitution Party. He gave an upbeat address, speaking with certainty that his candidate would be elected. He answered questions on the state

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budget woes, the economy, im- Bob Owens, representing Demomigration, health care, energy, and crat Michael Bennet, seemed to the school system. Consistently, he face the difficulty of not knowing transmitted the message that the how his candidate felt about sevfree market economy and reduced eral of the questions, but did his government involvement can solve best to answer. His replies sharply the economic issues facing Colo- contrasted with Zackhem’s anrado. Harvey urged Republicans swers. He strongly opposed the unsure of which candidate to select Republican positions of the free to choose Tancredo, saying, “We market economy, yet was unsure have to decide - are we going to win of Bennet’s stance. “But I do know this governor’s office or not? That’s his position would not be that govall I’m asking you to look at… who ernment should get out of the way. has the best chance of beating Hick- Getting out of the way is what hapenlooper? As Republicans, that’s all pened for eight years in the Bush we should care about. Who has the administration and part of the best chance to move our conserva- Clinton administration, and as we saw in 2008, that was a disastrous tive values forward?” Dan Maes then addressed thing to have happen. We can’t get the econthe audiomy back ence. He on track just transmitby cutting ted a large taxes and amount of decreasing information government in his introreguladuction, as tion, which he rebutis already ted Harpretty weak vey’s logic in many in choosing areas… Ta n c r e d o ALL PHOTOS DEBORAH GOOD / OREDIGGER we need to and outlined his plan for the state. Maes keep stimulating the economy.” In the congressional debate, then answered the same questions as Harvey in much the same way, Democrat John Flerlage spoke for again emphasizing the importance himself and Debbie Brown repreof limited government and the free sented Republican Mike Coffman. market economy. Likely the most im- Both spoke extensively about their portant segment of Maes’ address desire to reduce federal governcame near the beginning, when he ment debt and to leave a better announced his plans, “Number one, world for their children. Flerlage we must downsize state govern- “saw those opportunities [for a fument…it has to be done and we ture] going away from those chilneed someone with actual business dren [on his youth hockey team]… experience, that’s done it before. we’re not leaving a more peaceful Number two, we get our energy world, a more just world, and a industry back strong in our state. more liveable world.” He answered Number three, we do what Republi- many of the questions similarly to cans are supposed to do – that’s cut Owen. Most notably, he favored the strictest environmental policy taxes.” After the gubernatorial debate, of any candidate present. Brown summed up Coffman’s the focus shifted towards national politics with the senatorial and con- campaign by saying, “Both parties gressional candidates. In the Senate have had their fingerprints on a lot race, John Zakhem, speaking as a of the problems we face today… surrogate for Republican Ken Buck, and if Republicans gain power stated, “I’m here today to submit to again in the House this election, you that selecting the right candidate he will only stand with them if they for US Senate is one of the most im- stand for limited constitutional portant things you are going do all government and conservative year.” He answered the questions principles.” Brown’s answers for posed to him about Buck’s views Coffman were extremely similar to on the economy, health care, im- other Republicans in the debate. The elections will be here soon, migration, free trade, foreign policy, and energy in line with Harvey and and debates like this can help Maes, emphasizing the importance voters evaluate the various candiof the free market, reduced taxes, dates. For now, though, enjoy the and reduced regulation. Surrogate fall weather and ponder politics.

Pattern Formation Research has Vast Potential
Joshua Kleitsch Staff Writer

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literally billions of places where the foot-pad can grip a surface, finding crevices only a scanning electron Ever wanted to manipulate a microscope can see. Using a polyelastomeric macertain material to exhibit some unique property that just makes terial (styrofoam) suspended bepeople go, “That’s cool!”? Dr. Ning tween two electrodes, Wu put a Wu, a new assistant professor in voltage across the electrodes and the Chemical Engineering depart- discovered that the polymer grew ment here at Mines sure does, and ‘pillars’ up until they reached the some of the things he’s researching upper electrode. Using various patwill definitely make you go, “That’s terned electrodes, he was able to create remarkcool!” Wu’s research, ‘Pattern The applications for this able shapes and patterns in the Formation of research are yet to be polymer, some Soft Materials,’ very intricate and is essentially mafully realized, but Wu beautiful. Using nipulating natural processes on a mentioned that industrial a circular pattern on the upvery small scale to make certain coatings and things of per electrode, the pillars would materials conform to a specific that sort could benefit. grow starting at the outer edge shape or structure. “Patterns With limitless possibili- of the circle and would eventually are everywhere, in many scales,” ties, industry is likely to resemble concentric circles he said. Using “get stuck” on this re- originating at the one example center of the cirof a butterfly, search in the next few cle. Theoretically, whose wings the same could are blue in color, years. be done for any Wu pointed out shape. that the wings Why does this occur? It’s a had no pigment; the visible blue color comes from tiny spires on careful combination of electrostatic the wings that are closely spaced stress and capillary stress. In laytogether in such a way that the light man’s terms, the polymer wants to passing through them produces a stay flat and smooth, but an electric field makes it go wacky. For Wu, soft, iridescent blue color. Wu earned his bachelor’s at the this raised many interesting questions, such as National Unihow does this versity of Sinoccur, what gapore, went happens unon to earn der different his doctorate circumstancat Princeton es, and how University in big can you New Jersey, make these and has done pillars? As his post-docGeorge Bertorate work nard Shaw prior to Mines stated, “Sciat Harvard ence is alUniversity in ways wrong. MassachuIt never setts. With solves one his backproblem withground, you out creating can expect ten more”. In Wu to bring response to much to the table here at JOSHUA KLEITSCH / OREDIGGER this, Wu said, Mines, and his research is sure to “I don’t think that is science’s main be closely followed in the years to problem. I like solving problems, come. Wu’s research seeks to un- so when I get ten more I am very cover the secret of why a gecko happy.” The applications for this recan walk on vertical surfaces and even on materials with very low search are yet to be fully realized, coefficients of friction. “The reason but Wu mentioned that industrial [geckos] have such strong cling to coatings and things of that sort surfaces is because of the structure could benefit. With limitless posof their footpads,” Wu commented. sibilities, industry is likely to “get The nanometer spacing between stuck” on this research in the next the fibers on a gecko’s foot gives few years.

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Thinking outside the box with hyperspectral imagery
Nicholas Matthews Staff Writer
Last year’s census had plenty of people fed up, but the government still knew which families had not sent in their information. The animal world, however, doesn’t work like that, and when a count of animals is needed, things aren’t quite as easy. The Heiland lecture last week, “Airborne Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Case Studies: Conventional and Exotic,” addressed this dilemma as well as more geophysical applications of hyperspectral image analysis. Dr. David Coulter shared some of his experiences in remote sensing from studies in Los Chimberos, Chile, Anti-Atlas Mountains, Morocco, Hope Bay/Hackett River, Nunavut, and Elk Inventory, Colorado. Coulter began with a little background into the history of remote sensing. Remote sensing, in its simplest sense, is capturing information from a distance, which is done by aircraft or satellite. The means of capturing the data, however, has changed drastically in just the last half of a century. Initial research in remote sensing was done though conventional photography. Following that, photogrammetry began to come into use, which used calibrated cameras and allowed measurements to be done by photographs. More recently, digital imagery has come into use, allowing for cheaper and more convenient photogrammatic imagery to be collected. The most recent technology, hyperspectral imagery (HSI), was discussed in the most detail. The concept behind hyperspectral imagery according to Coulter is to “fly around and collect a ‘cube’ of data. Each pixel in the image has a characteristic spectrum.” The spectrum that the sensors are collecting is actually reflected thermal data in the ultraviolet to near infrared areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. The goal of these studies is to map the mineralogy of the surface of an area in large volumes with relative ease. Each mineral has a characteristic spectral ‘fingerprint’ that can identify the mineral(s) present. This surface mapping is highly important because it is an area often avoided by geologists, though it can actually contain an abundance of information about what is going on under the surface. “Field mapping is still key to the real picture,” says Coulter, “[but] geologic methods grossly under-sample the surface. No geologist can walk over every [square] meter and measure it.” After explaining the background, Coulter dove into his case studies. The first project was at Los Chimberos Mine in Chile. Los Chimberos was a silver producing mine that was operated for only 15 months total. It was opened as a temporary mine to keep the mill in operation while the main mine was updated. When a hyperspectral analysis was done over the region to determine where other similar high-grade deposits could be found, it showed massive areas of similar surface mineralogy throughout a large part of the region. The layout of the surface deposits suggested that certain areas were heavily eroded while others were not. This helped geologists by showing different areas that may be of geologic interest and could be useful in finding other high-grade deposits. The second study was on the Anti-Atlas Mountains of Morocco. This imagery was taken to determine whether age is a component in volcano function. Arguably the most interesting thing about the study was the amount of data collected for the research. The survey was done over a 12,000 square kilometer area at 5 meter resolution. The total number of pixels was roughly equivalent to the number of pixels in the USGS survey of the entire country of Afghanistan at a 20 meter resolution and the total data stored was almost twice as much. What this study showed was that “Age doesn’t matter; volcanoes still worked the same [way] 650 million years ago, as they do today.” What was also concluded was that higher resolutions can quickly eat up the storage space allotted, limiting the amount of data that can be collected. The third case study, Hope Bay, Nunavut, Canada, was a lesson in what can go wrong with hyperspectral imagery. Coulter listed at the beginning, and then reiterated during this case study, the four rules of HSI which he called VISA: Visibility, Identifiability, Signal, and Abundance. The flyovers, done in the fall, first saw issues in visibility. Vegetation not only makes the ground, and thus minerals, difficult to see, it gives false signals. Going hand in hand with the vegetation problem, greenstone systems further make identifying the characteristic spectra difficult, and the readings could be interpreted as vegetation. Dark rocks, also common to the area, are yet another hurdle to be overcome when doing HSI. Despite the difficulties, conclusions were still able to be made to some accuracy and the most important was to pay attention to local issues, such as the changing seasons, before assuming HSI can be done. As a still somewhat uncommon and expensive research method, it is important to get the data correctly the first time and make identification easier by eliminating ambiguity within the data. The final case study was, perhaps, the most interesting, and was not specifically geology related, though it had similar applications. After doing the surface study in Nunavut, an idea was put forth to consider remote sensing as a means of counting the caribou population of Nunavut. The question was “Can caribou be remotely identified spectroscopically and inventoried through hyper-spectral technology?” The interest by Nunavut in this research was due to the fact that no accurate inventory of caribou currently exists and because Caribou are known as N u n a v u t ’s “walking refrigerators;” they may be taken by Inuit at any time. T h e choice to attempt to use hyperspectral imaging was summed up well by Coulter, “We sometimes need to think outside the box and apply problem solving to problems not made of rocks.” A preliminary study was done to determine if spectroscopy of animal fur was even a realistic goal. As Coulter explained, he was trying to determine if the research was even feasible when a colleague said he had a spectrometer in his truck. He rushed out to grab it and in a “eureka moment,” Coulter put the spectrometer to his hair and produced a very distinct signature; the research could be done. The study itself was conducted with both a SEBASS hyperspectral sensor and a high resolution Redlake black and white digital camera

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october 4, 2010

Obama conferences about higher education
John Bristow Staff Writer
“We have fallen behind,” President Barack Obama opened during a college-focused teleconference held Monday. “In a single generation, we’ve fallen from first to twelfth in college graduation rates for young adults.” Still, the president proclaimed that, with better incentives on the part of the government and a more refined focus on the nation’s future, “By 2020, we once again [can be] number one and have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world.” “First of all, we’re making college more affordable,” Obama explained. “For example, we’ve changed the way federal student loans are administered. Instead of handing over $60 billion in unwarranted subsidies to big banks that were essentially getting this money even though the loans were guaranteed by the federal government, we’re redirecting that money so that it goes directly to students.” “Our second priority,” continued Obama, “is making sure that higher education creates a workforce that’s ready for the new jobs of the future.” His current plan is to set up summits to investigate and encourage the roles that community colleges play in developing the workforce. The primary goal of this action is to foster the ability for community college students to get better jobs, though the efficacy and methods for achieving that goal will only be seen after the first summit concludes. The President then turned his attention to the current college students for his third objective of keeping enrollment rates high. “We’ve done okay in terms of college enrollment rates,” Obama pointed out, but noted that “[more] than a third of America’s college students and more than half of our minority students don’t earn a degree, even after six years... [T]hat’s a waste of potential, particularly if folks are racking up big debt and then they don’t even get the degree at the end.” His plan is to give the government the task of finding the barriers that could cause a person to drop out of college and into unemployment and then eliminating those barriers. As evidence that this is not mere talk, the president referenced the recent Federal decision to make it possible for post9/11 veterans and service members to receive in-state tuition regardless of the length of time they have been living in a state. Obama then opened the floor to questions about his administration’s role in higher education. The first question came from a student at Radford University in southwest Virginia concerning remarks from several of his professors, “I’ve heard some of my professors call our generation the ‘lost generation’ because we’re going to get out of school with a ton of debt due to student loans and [may] not be able to pay them off... [due to the] economy... So I guess my question is, do you think there’s some truth to that?” The president answered that he felt that students would be fine and that, despite a gloomy economic climate, if students have the skills, they will be able to find a job if they put effort into the job search. He continued that under his administration, “a lot of the initiatives that I’ve put in place already -- if we’re building infrastructure -not just roads and bridges but also broadband lines -- if we’re investing in clean energy -- all those things are going to open up new opportunities for young people with skills and talent for the future.” The current administration plans on informing future college students of these opportunities so that they will have “a better sense of what jobs are out there in the future so that people end up gravitating towards the skills and the degrees that they need to get employed.” After this question, the president acknowledged concerns about the role students will play in politics in the future. Obama emphasized that “you can’t sit it out. You can’t suddenly just check in once every 10 years or so, on an exciting presidential election, and then not pay attention during big midterm elections where we’ve got a real big choice between democrats and republicans.” The president also focused on a new element of the health care system that allows students to remain on their parents policies until they turn 26, long enough for them to get a start beyond their education. Obama then addressed the question of what the current administration will do about the rising costs of tuition at public universities. The main concern was that while minority groups and lower-class students are benefiting from large amounts of scholarships and grants, very little financial aid is given to middle-class students, which have been hit hard by skyrocketing tuition rates. While Obama admitted that much of this had to do with state-level budgeting, he was resolute that economic growth would benefit the students. “Improving the economy overall is going to be critical,” he said. “That will take some pressure off the states. We also, though, need to work with the states and public universities and colleges to try to figure out what is driving all this huge inflation in the cost of higher education, because this is actually the only place where inflation is higher than health care inflation,” he continued. “[S]ome of [the causes of inflation] are things that are out of the control of the administrators at universities, health care costs

for cross analysis. Due to cost restraints, rather than flying in Nunavut, it was instead decided to see if the inventorying was possible by taking an inventory of elk, which are virtually identical to caribou. By substituting elk, the tests could be flown much closer, and for much cheaper, just outside of Durango, Colorado, at the ERI Oxford Paddocks. The results of the inventory were encouraging, but not the ideal outcome. At 1/2 meter resolution, the inventory was determined to register 95% of the elk when compared to a manual counting with the 5 cm resolution Redlake camera. However, when the test was flown again at 1 meter resolution, the results were much worse. The HSI worked well only in areas of large elk concentrations. The resolution of the HSI is directly related to the altitude of the plane doing the flyover, and in order to get 1/2 meter resolution, the plane must be flown under 1/2 mile above the ground. Avoiding agitation of the caribou is a key goal to Nunavut, and flying over within a half mile would very likely stress the elk. However, the studies would most likely be done during calving season during which the elk are largely grouped together, so higher altitude fly-bys could potentially be done. Whether or not the study proves to be useful to Nunavut, Coulter’s research is a shining example of an engineer’s need to think outside of the box in considering every solution available.

being an example.” The president’s last suggestion for how to tip the cost-benefit scale of college was simple. He wanted to focus less on frivolous activities and devote those funds to the overall education. “[Students] have to be good consumers, and your parents have to be good consumers, and we’ve got to offer you more information,” he stated. “You should know where your tuition is going. There should be a pie chart at every university that says, out of every dollar you spend in tuition, here’s where your money is going. And you should have some good understanding of that and be able to make some better decisions as a consequence of that information.” In closing, Obama reiterated that students will be a strong force in bringing the U.S. back up to its former glory. Echoing many previous points, Obama announced, “It’s going to require us to get involved around critical issues like education and health care and energy and our foreign policy. And we’re going to have to have vigorous debates, and we’re going to have to hammer out consensus on these issues...so I hope that everybody starts paying attention these last five weeks. We’ve got an election coming up. I want everybody to be well informed and to participate. If you do, then I feel very optimistic about the country’s future.”

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Thrombosis Making a statement threatens prosthetic through social media rotary pumps
Stephen Hejducek Staff Writer
When a heart fails and there are no donors for a new heart, what options are left? The best option is to receive a rotary pump or prosthetic tubes. These are great options except for one major caveat, a little effect known as thrombosis. Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel. Vincent Turitto gave his “Around the World Talk” to describe this effect in detail. He opened with, “The reason why I call this my ‘Around the World Talk’ is because whenever I give this talk, people always ask me to talk in another country.” A major cause of thrombosis are rotary pumps that act as assistant devices for people who have dysfunctional hearts. The fact of the matter is that any device stuck into the blood causes thrombotic events. “Until the mid-80s, cardiologists used to not believe thrombosis was a significant problem,” explained Turrito. Prosthetic devices used as a replacement for the heart come with many complications including surface infections, abnormal shear forces, and transport rates to name a few. Thrombotic events occur mostly in prosthetic heart valves, vascular stenoses, and rotary pumps. The joke in the medical community is that all of these parts are “guaranteed for life” because once one of these parts is inside of the body, the patient has, at most, two years to live. Human blood is approximately 40% red blood cells, about 1% blood platelets, and a few coagulation proteins. All of these cells are affected by high shear stresses. “You want to avoid these high stress situations,” said Turrito, “[since] this is how you get leakages.” The leakages Turrito is speaking of are hemoglobin leaking out of red blood cells at high pressures caused by the large shear stresses. The red blood cells play a major role in the production of thrombosis. Red blood cells enhance the transport of blood platelets, affect the heterogeneity of local platelet formation, and they may even have a chemical factor that affect the platelets. Turrito stated, “I have not yet been able to determine if red blood cells have a chemical effect on thrombosis.” The shear stresses also cause platelets to stick together more, which causes a more severe thrombosis. Another cell affected by shear pressures are smooth muscle cells. This is known as tissue factor activity. This process is directly responsible for micro-particle formulation. However, Turrito feels that this is a misnomer, “Micro-particles are misnamed, they are smaller than a micron, they are more like nanoparticles.” Shear forces, however, remove the tissue factor of thrombosis. This raises a very important question; Is thrombosis in prosthetic devices related to surface contact of tissue factor mechanisms? Turrito answered this question by stating, “You are likely to see a lot of cellular debris formed near the pump.” This simply means that micro-particles will show considerably more tissue activity. They are the cells that can activate events that are not intended. In conclusion, shear flow influences thrombosis formation through a variety of mechanisms. The extent that shear forces have on thrombosis still remains to be determined. This is one prosthetic body part that still needs a lot of research, and if any chemical engineers are up to the task, many lives will be saved.

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Nicholas Matthews Staff Writer

the technology. One of the largest roles nuclear science plays in national security Last week’s physics colloqui- applications is in detectors. If the um was a study in the “Unthink- materials can be consistently loable” of nuclear technology, what cated before they reach their desis being done to prevent it, and tinations, it sends a strong meswhat to do if it happens. Dr. Jolie sage to those interested in using Cizewski of Rutgers University ar- them. A main method of detection rived to speak is in sensing about applythe presence of ing nuclear fission. This utiphysics in adlizes an underdressing the standing of the concerns of probability of national securifission occurty. Cizewski exring in the two plained that in most ‘comorder to stem mon’ fissionthe spread of able isotopes nuclear weapfor weapons, ons, there must U-235 and PuSTEPHEN HEJDUCEK / OREDIGGER be a worldwide 239. Passive commitment to address the chal- detectors can take advantage of lenge. She outlined the four key the fact that fissionable materials points to addressing the issue, emit radiation bursts as part of including the safeguarding of ma- multiplying fission chains. terials, detection of radioactive materials, proper response, and ...continued on www.oredigthe assessment and attribution of ger.net

Physics Colloquium: nuclear technology High-tech tools help students excel
Stephen Hejducek Staff Writer Stephen Hejducek Staff Writer
As many students may or may not know, the Colorado School of Mines offers many different instruments to help the students obtain data that would otherwise be impossible to find. Such data include the elemental breakdown of a random metal alloy or the composition of an organic solid. Such processes used to identify these substances are X-ray photo electron systems, also known as spectrometers. The spectrometer at Mines has a one percent sensitivity rate, giving data that is accurate to that degree. The sputter rate, the rate at which electrons are fired at an object, is 1 nanometer per minute. An Auger spectrometer is available in Meyer Hall 175. It uses a process called Auger Electron Spectorscopy(AES), which means it uses an electron beam that is 0.3 – 1 nanometers in diameter to obtain high counts on the near surface area. This machine provides an analysis of the surface area that is about 30 angstroms deep. When it comes to choosing a sample for such an instrument as the Auger spectrometer, certain questions need to be asked: What is the sample? What information about the sample has already been obtained? What information is needed from the sample? These are all great questions to ask as it costs $200 to obtain a 4-hour block with the machine. This comes with assistance from trained users as well. Another option is to become trained in how to use this machine, and for $100, a similar 4-hour block can be obtained to perform the experiments yourself. Another machine available to the students of Mines is a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance machine (NMR). The NMR has evolved greatly over the past 60 years. Mines offers four different types of NMR probes. The first step to the sequence is a chemical shift. The second step is the calculation of a nuclear spin relocation, and following this step is the counting of dipolar couplings. The last step after the coupling is hydrogen bonding. This is when the self-division coefficient comes in the calculations. Using free induction decay, the user of these NMR machines can determine if a molecule is a solid or liquid. Fast spinning molecules are in a liquid state, while slow spinning molecules are in a solid state. Famous NMR user Richard Ernst states, “Why just NMR? - because there is hardly another technique that is so informative for so many different types of applications, and because there is no other technique that provides so much fun.” These are but a few of the machines offered to Mines students to help them further their education and quest to obtain knowledge here at school. Once again, Mines proves that they are on top of making sure that students have the resources required to excel.

Led by Mark Mondry, executive in Residence for the Division of Economics and Business, the ETM lecture series are seminars designed to help professionals achieve success in an increasingly global economy. Last week was the second seminar in the series, “The Value of Networking, Social Media, and Professional Organizations.” Mondry began by going over the ‘Flight Plan.’ The metaphor of flight helps to illustrate the importance of making sure that sufficient thought goes into actions and that professional decisions are not taken lightly. The Flight Plan’s parts include the systems check, remembering the importance of innovation as well as collaboration, in-flight, influence through social media, professional associations and networking and how to use it, and the landing, your plan and how you are going to use it. Mondry’s definition of innovation is clear, “The ability of individuals, companies, and entire nations to continuously create their desired future.” He then summed up the idea of innovation in one simple statement, “This is your job. You must seek to ‘create your futures,’ or you would not be at Mines. This is why we seek out particular career paths. Once we have chosen them, however, the innovation is our job. At times we will not, how-

ever, be able to bring innovation on our own.” Next, Mondry shifted the conversation to the importance of leadership while maintaining the importance of collaboration. Mondry explained, “A good leader realizes that different styles are tools in their tool-chest. A good leader can adopt different styles for different situations and a good leader can switch from one minute to COURTESY MARK MONDRY the next. But, is it about being ‘liked?’” When this question was presented to the audience, the overwhelming majority said, “Yes.” The consensus was that those who were liked have greater perceived power. A debate ensued when a second question was posed, “Is it better to be liked, or to be respected?” The dominating consensus, when given these two choices, was that it is better to be respected. Mondry explained that there are three factors that determine influence which are what you know, what you are good at, and who you know. Those that are respected can be counted on and are perceived as being trustworthy, an important factor in perceived power. Mondry followed this statement with an important point, “Don’t take it upon yourself to have all the right answers.” Respect can come from not always knowing the answer, but knowing how to find it. After this, the discussion turned to social media. According to surveys, 57% of US workers use social media for business purposes at least once per week. The number one

reason given for this was “to gain knowledge or ask questions of a community.” This is integral to the concept of knowing how to find the right answer. One such resource for this is LinkedIn.com. According to Mondry, LinkedIn has become a hub for professionals in all industries and has filled a niche in the social media world allowing people to use it for resumes, recruiting, preparing for interviews, and researching potential candidates. Mondry warns that, in the increasingly technological world, the internet can say more about an individual than what can be gleaned in-person “Social media is a looking glass into who you are.” Some related statistics: 1. 35% of hiring managers immediately screening out candidates based on what they found on networking sites. 2. Only 18% of hiring managers say that they were encouraged to hire a candidate due to their online presence. Despite the advent of new electronic social networks, Mondry was quick to point out the continuing importance of professional organizations. While it is no longer difficult to be visible to interested parties through the internet, getting interest from parties can be a much more challenging task. Professional organizations are an amazing tool available to solve this problem, and are extremely powerful in the world of networking. Some still view networking within organizations as a daunting world of shaking hands and “cold-calling” professionals, but Mondry reminds us, “You are always networking!” While constantly being judged by a network could seem less than ideal, it is essential to the importance of opportunity in the business world. Mondry finished the talk by reminding the audience, “What you share, both online and off, and what you don’t share can can make a statement about you. Make sure that statement is a good one.”

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Athlete
Week.

... Cody Renken, Junior: Football Team, Petroleum Engineer
What is it like being a student athlete at Mines? [Renken] One minus is definitely the time. We get out at 7:30 and we’re just starting to do homework. But it keeps your mind off school and acts as kind of an escape. What are some goals the team has for the rest of this year? We want to win out the rest of our games. If we can win out we automatically get into the [National Championship Tournament]. How is this year different than previous Mines teams? We seem to have it all together now. We were here all summer doing workouts and running routes. Clay [Garcia] and the receivers really worked on our timings and it is now all coming together. And now our running game is getting over 100 yards a game, which really opens up the passing. What is your favorite part about Mines? I like how close you come to people. For the most part everyone goes through the same struggles. We all have to take the same basic classes and we all know how tough some of it can be. You build a bond that is different than any other school. Do you follow any NFL teams? Well, the Cowboys are definitely my favorite. And being from Texas, I also like the [San Antonio] Spurs and [Texas] Rangers. What would your dream job be? (Smiling) Owner of the Dallas Cowboys, and taking Jerry’s spot. What other sports do you play? In high school I played basketball, but I also like to snowboard and wakeboard when the water is warm. What is the most interesting class you have taken so far? Reservoir Rock Properties. It was the first petroleum class and gave us a basis for what we would be doing. It was the first class I took that related to petroleum. Why did you choose to be a petroleum engineer? I had some family friends in the business back in Texas so I kind of grew up around it. I loved it and coming here has helped me solidify my decision. What is your favorite football memory? On the very first play of my senior year, our backup quarter here at Mines, David Pawelek, who was my teammate in high school, threw me a 98 yard pass for a touchdown to start the game.

of the

Week

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october 4, 2010

Trevor Crane Content Manager
Not many people can say that their high school sport garnered more fans than a Division II collegiate football program. Cody Renken can. Renken, now playing football for Mines, was not daunted when regular season games at Smithson Valley High School in Smithson Valley, Texas witnessed crowds averaging about five thousand in number, with critical playoff games drawing an astounding 22,000 spectators. As an Oredigger, Renken now brings that same passion and fire each and every game to a team that is now on an offensive tear. Mines’ football team is currently on pace to approach or exceed numerous offensive records, and most of the focus has been on standout quarterback Clay Garcia. But Garcia cannot get any passing yards without a superior play on the receiving end. That superior play has come from many of his wide outs, especially Renken. Currently, Renken compounds his ranking of second in receptions, yardage and touchdowns for the Orediggers with the spark he provides in the return game. For his effort and his performance in leading a dangerous Mines football team toward success Renken is this week’s Athlete of the

Cross country teams place at Louisville Classic
Trevor Crane Content Manager
On Saturday the Men’s and Women’s Cross Country teams both competed in one of their largest meets of the season in the Louisville Classic at Tom Sawyer State Park in Louisville, KY. Leading off of a fifteenth place overall finish from senior Ben Zywicki, the Men’s Cross Country Team soared to second place overall out of 38 teams, following Louisville University, a Division I program. The Orediggers also defeated other Division I teams including the University of Mississippi, Georgia Tech, UNC Greensboro, Georgia University, University of Kentucky and the University of Missouri. Additionally, Mines outlasted other ranked Division II programs including #4 Grand Valley State, #7 Southern Indiana, #8 Queen’s University, #10 Shippensburg, #11 Edinboro, #12 Harding, #23 Columbus State and #25 Bellarmine. Zywicki’s time of 24:03 was less than 45 seconds behind the leader and was in the top five of Division II runners. Following Zywicki was fellow senior Aaron Swift (22nd, 24:15.65), sophomore Sean Gildea (30th, 24:25.67), senior Mack McClain (31st, 24:25.95) and sophomore Russell Drummond (71st, 24:51.98). Other finishers for CSM included Tyler Curtis (101st, 25:10.05), James Jackson (171st, 25:42.81), and Kenneth Rennick (236th, 26:18.35). The second place finish is a

step forward for the men’s team as they keep pace behind #1 Adams State and #2 Western State. Thanks to a combination of three seniors anchoring a strong team and a number of talented athletes in later classes, Mines looks to have one of their best chances to challenge the dominance from the current university leaders. Overall, the Louisville classic should give great confidence to the men’s team for the remainder of the season. As the RMAC championship and National championship races draw closer, CSM will be a strong contender. On the women’s side of the action, the trip to Louisville was a great experience and a chance to run against some of the nation’s top cross country teams. The lady Orediggers finished 26th overall and were led by junior Marie Patton. Patton, an ESPN Third Team All-Academic member and the 2009 Women’s Cross Country Runner of the Year, placed 46th at 17:57.15. Behind Patton came junior Morgan Stumb in 72nd place and Holly Walker. Other top finishes belonged to Hannah Cooling (218th, 19:29.28), Elisa Mullikin (242nd, 19:46.07), Caitlin Kodweis (245th, 19:49.67), and Hannah Shuster (250th, 19:53.66). Walker and Mullikin, both freshmen, count the Classic as their second ever collegiate race and, along with a number of sophomores, show some strong signs that point to a bright future in Women’s Cross Country.

Men’s soccer ranked first in nation
Trevor Crane Content Manager
It has become the norm of late for the Mines athletic program to witness success. Across the board most of the Oredigger athletics have become national forces in their sports. But that was not good enough for the men’s soccer team. They have exploded with solid play so far, soaring to an 8-0-1 record. This start, including two wins over formerly-ranked #1 Fort Lewis, has vaulted the Orediggers into history as they became the first team in CSM history to be ranked #1 in the nation. The men’s team is not accustomed to success. In 2008, they were ranked 24th overall and third in the central region. A year later, in 2009, they advanced to the NCAA championship tournament where they fell to eventual champion Ft. Lewis. Now in 2010 they have returned nearly all of their players and are blazing through their schedule. They have outscored their opponents 26-5, out-shot their opponents 71-38 and collected a total of 5 shutouts in their first nine games. Frank Kohlenstein, now entering his 14th year as the Oredigger’s head coach, had a vision when he entered the program back in 1998 and has been slowly working on creating better soccer players ever since. But it begins with the athletes. The focus required to compete and win at this level, especially at an academically intense institution, is in- you can be great on the playing credible. Coach Kohlenstein rec- field as well as in the classroom.” ognizes this need and drills into There is no standout on the his players team, and no a theme of This start including two one player that “just getting has dominated better every wins over formerly-ranked the opposition. day,” he exCSM’s success plained in an #1 Fort Lewis, has vaulted has been a cominterview. “It plete team effort. doesn’t mat- the Orediggers into histo- In the first four ter how good ry as they became the first weeksof of play, you are, there four Mines’s is always team in CSM history to be players have something been named the to improve.” ranked #1 in the nation. R M A C / B a d e n But Kohlenplayer of the stein is very week. From the proud of his team and the effort consistent play of goalkeeper they have given. “This is just so Manville Strand and the dazzling exciting for the players,” he said, skill of Chike Sullivan to the elec“it is great for us here to see that tric speed of Tesho Akindele and

Cody Renken (#1) dodges a tackle versus WNMU.

STEVEN WOOLDRIDGE / OREDIGGER

Senior Ben Zywicki finishes 15th overall out of 323 runners at the Louisville Classic.

COURTESY CSM ATHLETICS

the defense of Jacob Juett, each position has risen to the challenge. For coach Kohlenstein, he is especially impressed with the actions of his team captains Jacob Juett and Trevor Braun. “They have done a great job of being captains. They have mirrored the philosophy of the coaches on and off the field.” But in his opinion, this soccer team is just the tip of the iceberg of teams that have built up the program to this moment. “All the teams have worked toward this success,” Kohlenstein explained, “Each year, the players believe in the program and we get better.” And they have gotten better, to the point where they are now viewed as the toughest college team in all of Division II.

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Lady Orediggers defeat UNK in overtime

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Anna Evans (#10) jukes a defender while moving up the field.

Alison Oien (#7) blocks a pass attempt from a NebraskaKearney midfielder.

Kelsey Lang (#4) passes up the field during the first half of Friday’s game.

Aubrey Bagley (#2) strips the ball from a UNK forward. Mines won 1-0 in overtime.

Kelsey Neal (#14) drives to the goal with little opposing pressure.

Alison Oien (#7) throws in during Friday’s game. She continued on to score the game-winning overtime goal in the 95th minute, her first goal of the season.
ALL PHOTOS STEVEN WOOLDRIDGE / OREDIGGER

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Diamonds in the Scrum: Mines takes on Denver’s Black Ice in Prom Dress Rugby
Roby Brost Staff Writer
Set. Touch. ENGAGE! On the first night of October, the Colorado School of Mines Women’s Rugby Team took on Denver’s Black Ice in a thrilling exhibition match. There was scrumming, rucking, tackling and… prom dresses? Yes. Prom Dress Rugby, also called the “Debutante Ball,” was back for another year, illustrating quite clearly the connection between beauty and pain. Thirty women adorned in prom dresses and scrum caps advanced on the field, ready to wreak havoc. As one team member commented, “It’s infinitely more satisfying to tackle someone in a dress.” But the evening wear did not appear to slow the Lady Orediggers down. They may have looked like debutantes, but the twenty minute quarters of the exhibition just go to show that this women’s rugby team will not let any one stand in their way with a ball for long. The first two quarters were rough on the Orediggers, as they repeatedly advanced the ball to within yards of the try zone only to be turned back. But at one point, fullback Katharine Dahm, decked out in a floor length pink evening gown, received the ball from Hannah Menke, sporting a red velvet mini, and advanced nearly half the field before succumbing to the scrum. By halftime, the Denver Black Ice had scored five tries to lead Mines 25-0. The Black Ice were proving to be relentless. In the second half, the Lady Oredigger’s really picked up their game, and quite often, even their opponents. This time, the Orediggers had many more opportunities and made it near the try several more times. During the final play of the match, Heather Henkle received the ball and made it within feet of the try zone, but it was not to be. The game ended with excellent sportsmanship and a 45-0 win for Denver’s Black Ice. The night may not have ended in a numerical win for Colorado School of Mines, but it was still a successful evening. The Prom Dress Rugby Match is meant to be a fun and unique event for everyone. From raffle tickets and prizes to concessions and shirts, the crowd was enthusiastic and raucous in support of their team. It was a great time throughout and just goes to show you that no one is too pretty to play rugby.

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october 4, 2010

ROBY BROST / OREDIGGER

ALL OTHER PHOTOS STEVEN WOOLDRIDGE / OREDIGGER

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october 4, 2010

Engineering and art come together
Carly Paige Staff Writer
How often do you hear the words “art” and “engineering” in the same sentence? At Mines, both could be a part of a student’s weekly schedule. President of the Creative Arts Club at Mines and graduating senior Kraig Weaver has learned to incorporate his daily art fix into a Petroleum Engineering degree. Weaver’s goal for Art Club at Mines “is to provide CSM, its students, faculty, everyone, with a creative release from their everyday tasks.” Weaver went on to explain his understanding of the stresses felt by students at Mines, admitting that art acts as his personal escape. An advantage of being an Art Club member is the ability to access to several mini sessions taught by professional artists free of charge. Weaver invited anyone interested to RSVP early. “These art sessions are definitely intended for beginners,” he explained, noting that “[members] can take their artwork home, usually a fully completed piece.” In addition to these sessions, Art Club has attended First Fridays at the Sante Fe Art District in Denver. More information on that event is available at www.artdistrictonsantafe.com. One perk for the time-constrained: Members tend to meet only when there is an active project. Currently, Art Club is painting a mural to be placed in the Arthur Lakes Library by the end of fall semester. Syania Tifani is the Art Club member behind the design chosen for the mural; a lively, colorful abstraction of library bookshelves and

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Homemade salsa to knock your socks off
Nicholas Matthews Staff Writer
The two last two editions of Cooking Corner included guacamole and homemade pita chips. This week’s recipe will provide the final touch to the snack food trifecta: salsa. Whether you are a game-day grazer or a munchie-maniac, a short trip to the grocery store for a few ingredients will dish out enough salsa to feed everyone. A blender can be substituted for a food processor if necessary, but the amount of salsa made with this recipe will be more than adequate to trade a friend for a little chop time on their processor.
NICHOLAS MATTHEWS / OREDIGGER

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ladders. Thirty members have been meeting almost weekly in the Kafadar Commons to tackle the 10’ x 4’ canvas. Past Art Club murals on campus include the mosaic piece in the CTLM and an illustration in the EPICS building. The CSM Creative Arts Club is an opportunity for Mines students and faculty alike to escape from the rigorous academics while on campus. “Anyone can be an artist,” Weaver firmly stated. “It’s just a matter of using the opposite side of the brain.” For more information on the Creative Arts Club, contact Kraig Weaver at kweaver@mines. edu. CARLY PAIGE / OREDIGGER

Ingredients: 1 small onion 1 large can Italian tomatoes 5 cans whole peeled tomatoes 5 cans Mexican Style stewed tomatoes 1 small can chilis 1 bunch green onions 1/3 bunch cilantro 2 T chili powder 1 T crushed garlic 1 can diced jalapenos Juice from 1 lime In a food processor pulse the onion for a few seconds. Then add the rest of the ingredients and continue for a few more seconds until well mixed. To get the most juice out of the lime use a fork to puncture the flesh before squeezing.

Do you work on Campus on proudly serving allegro coffee & tea Saturdays? You can now get your AFPP organic espresso drinks (Afternoon Face Plant Prevention) at the Book & Brew hormone - free milk
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Whiskey Review: The stars shine Stranahan’s Colorado Whiskey brightly above Mines
Bryant Pocock Staff Writer
In place of the usual beer review this week is a review of another alcoholic beverage: whiskey. While this column has not not strictly followed the “liquor before beer” rule, a little moderation and diversity never hurt. A tour of Stranahan’s downtown distillery can teach a whiskey fan a lot about the distilling process. Whiskey begins its life much like beer, with malted barley, water, and yeast combining together to make the “wash.” Stranahan’s then separates the alcohol out of the wash with two special copper stills, creating a mostly clear and neutral high-proof spirit. After aging for two to five years in charred oak barrels to impart flavor and color, mineral water is added to bring the alcohol content down to drinkable levels and the finished whiskey is bottled. If given the opportunity, a visit to the distillery is highly suggested; book a tour at www.stranahans. com. the best aspects of both scotch Stranahan’s is intentionally made and bourbon. This is evident in the a little stronger than most whiskeys overall flavor which begins with the with 47% alcohol. They suggest smooth, round, and complex qualiadding a few drops ties of Scotch and of water or some ice ends with the spicy to your glass. This and bold punch of reduces the alcohol’s bourbon. impact slightly and At about $50 to mixes up the flavors $60 per bottle, Stranicely. While it smells nahan’s is definitely overwhelmingly of not an everyday alcohol, there is also whiskey and should a subtle fruity scent be saved for more and a hint of freshspecial occasions, baked bread. The first as restraint allows. taste is similarly overSpeaking of special whelmed by alcohol, occasions, it is nevalong with a bitterer too early to start ness similar to strong dropping hints for black tea. More nuChristmas presents. anced flavors come Although it’s not through eventually quite fair to score with a slight toasty, whiskey on the same caramel sweetness scale as beer, Strareminiscent of light nahan’s gets an A pipe tobacco and BRYANT POCOCK / OREDIGGER grade. It’s not alvanilla. Stranahan’s claim that their ways the preferred beverage, but unique distilling process combines it comes very close to perfection.

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october 4, 2010

Cassiopeia and Gilese 581
John Bristow Staff Writer
If you find yourself in Golden on any given night, many of the stars to the northeast are sadly washed out by the strong lights of Denver, Boulder, and city itself. Despite this travesty, unless you are standing right under a street lamp, it is likely that you will be able to find the familiar five stars of Cassiopeia. Similar to the vain, mythological queen the constellation is named after, Cassiopeia seems to shimmer with an awe-inspiring beauty. Part of this comes from the surprising fact that the brightest star in this constellation is not a star at all, but a recent supernova, the light of which only reached our planet 300 years ago. If you are unable to find this constellation, look for the “zigzag” of bright stars about 60-70 degrees up to the northeast. Interestingly, if you were to travel to our nearest neighbor, Alpha Centauri, our own star would appear to create a continuation to the zig-zag pattern of this constellation. As evident in many of the pa-

Geek Week
of the
the M-climb and ending with you hopefully passing all your classes. What programming classes have you taken at Mines? I have not taken any programming classes at Mines, but I am self-learning to program for my own purposes. Star Wars or Star Trek? Star Wars, hands down. There is just something about those light sabers. Why did you choose Chemical Engineering? I chose Chemical Engineering because I want to use genetic engineering to find cures for diseases. If you could add any class at Mines, what class would you add? I would add a class called “The Science Behind Sci-Fi.” This class would include analyzing science in movies and figuring out if that science is possible. This class would also discuss if such sciences

...Benjamin Skinner, Sophomore: Chemical Engineering, BELS minor
would ever be possible. What would you change about Mines? If I could change anything, I would change BELS to be a major. Biology is a science too. If you could meet anyone at any place in time, where and who would you meet? I would meet Socrates in the Jurassic period. I think the conversation would be awesome and since dinosaurs are awesome I just combined the two. If you could have any robotic enhancement on yourself what would you add? I would add a memory augmentation which would store and/ or download information from/to my brain via memory sticks that I could buy. What is your favorite movie? Right now my favorite movie is “Get Smart” because Steve Carell is funny. In fact I am going to watch that movie tonight.

Stephen Hejducek Staff Writer
Beginning his second semester at the Colorado School of Mines, Benjamin Skinner is a chemical engineer, amateur programmer, and an inspiring intellectual scholar. Skinner likes to display his chemistry knowledge by designing chemistry T-shirts featuring chemicals like capsaicin, the molecule that makes food taste spicy. Hailing from Loveland, Colorado, Ben has excelled during his short time at the Colorado School of Mines by making good grades and still managing to have a social life. So with what little free time he had, Skinner took time for this interview. What do you think classifies a geek, and are you a geek by your definition? In my book, a geek has to know enough about science and math so that [you can make other] people feel stupid. You also have to be socially awkward. I do consider myself to be a geek because of the previously stated reasons, but I feel a geek in normal society is not considered a geek at Mines. What do you do in your free time? I am currently designing a Mines-based video game that spans one full year at Mines, beginning with

Haunted House Review: The Haunted Field of Screams
Charlotte Adams Staff Writer
Taking advantage of the nice weather, the first haunt of the season was a visit to the haunted corn maze. The Haunted Field of Screams, located in Thornton at 104th Ave and Riverdale Road, is a place for adults and kids alike. The Dead Man’s Hallow night-time maze is a trail without actors and only the dark to frighten. During the day, it is a pumpkin patch where visitors can buy gourds of all shapes and sizes. The actual haunted maze itself holds to the standards put forth by the previous year. It is long, with almost 30 minutes of walking, running, and screaming. Try to make sure that your group is alone, to ensure that you get scared by every actor. Finding yourself alone apart from group only adds to the thrill. There are several stops along the way, each with a different theme. From an old decrepit school bus to

pers or online blogs late last week, scientists have recently discovered the fantastic story of Gliese 581g. For the past few years, astronomers have been finding many new planets, though most of these are super gas giants that could hardly sustain life. More recently, one particular star, Gliese 581, located 20.3 light-years away in the constellation Libra, has been an ever growing source of new planets that astronomers predict could harbor life. Gliese 581g was recently found to exist in the habitable region around its star, the place where water could exist as a liquid, much as it does on Earth. This planet is much more massive than Earth, and unfortunately is likely tidally locked with its star, which means that one side is always facing the hot sun. Yet, still there is hope. Some scientists speculate that life could form in this “termination zone,” the line between the light side and the dark side. It is my personal belief that this is likely, and I hope someday far in the future, beings from Earth could venture out to such a diverse and complex system.

a house filled to the brim with strobe lights and clowns, this haunt has it all. In between these shacks and attractions groups wander through the corn, waiting to be scared by actors springing out from between the rows. It truly is an adventure in the dark. There were some parts of the experience that were less than favorable. Even in September, the line was very long. It only gets longer as Halloween gets closer, so go early or buy tickets online to get straight to the haunted house line. This haunted house also lacks actor authenticity. A lot of the actors look, and are, very young. They lack the experience needed to deliver a superb scare. There are also a lack of props and complex costumes; everything is very basic. Overall the Haunted Field of Screams is recommended, especially for those who scare easily. The Haunted Field of Screams receives three ghosts out of five.

STEPHEN HEJDUCEK / OREDIGGER

CHARLOTTE ADAMS / OREDIGGER

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Cafe 13 starts the day off right
Joshua Kleitsch Staff Writer
Ever crawl out of bed in the morning and feel the need for a hot, fresh breakfast and a good cup of joe? Then head on over to Cafe 13 in downtown Golden. Housed in the old Armory Building at 1301 Arapahoe Street (entrance on 13th Street) since early 2009, Cafe 13 prides itself on great food and great coffee. The atmosphere of the establishment seems purposefully designed to create a place for community gatherings with a calm, relaxing feel. First impressions supported the notion that the cafe would be a good place to study, write a paper, or have a quiet conversation with a friend. According to the proprietor, Cafe 13’s most popular lunch item is the Turkey Pesto sandwich made with wheat bread, fresh vegetables, and sliced turkey. After biting into the sandwich, it was immediately obvious why it’s so popular. The flavors were perfect; the mellow,

f e a t u r e s

Rest, relaxation and RTD
John Bristow Staff Writer
The towns around Mines and Golden are full of activities to boost your adrenaline, challenge your skills, and keep you having fun, no matter the season. So where do you go for relaxation after weeks of climbing, kayaking, and skiing? If you take the 17 line from 19th and Jackson until you get to the Cold Springs hub, then take the EV route in the ES Aspen Springs direction, you will get to the beautiful mountain town of Evergreen. This picturesque town has just about everything you will need for relaxation including a variety of restaurants, bars, art galleries, and of course, the beautiful Evergreen Lake. Given that it is a mountain town, at first glance Evergreen appears to have little in the way of quick, delicious food. But if you know where to look, you can find the very special, yet little C.J.’s Chicago Dog restaurant. According to several sources, it is the best of its kind in the entire state. Its yellow store front stands out as a great start to the day. After lunch, be sure to head to some of the amazing trails north of the city. During the fall, these trails are fun, especially with

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almost creamy flavor of the turkey complimented by the lively sweetness of the pesto. Topped with provolone, fresh crisp lettuce and tomatoes, this is a sandwich well worth the money. Not only does it taste great, the high-quality, fresh produce makes it very healthy as well. Tasty, filling, and healthy describes any meal at Cafe 13. When combined with some of their excellent coffee, it is sure to be a delicious meal. The prices at Cafe 13 are slightly higher than elsewhere, but the food and atmosphere make up for the cost. The total cost for the meal was just over $10 after tax, with the sandwich coming in at $8 and the 12 oz regular coffee at $1.50. Breakfast meals cost a bit less, with the ham & cheese croissant priced at $5.50. The sandwiches come with a nice helping of potato chips, and the combination is most definitely worth $10. All in all, Cafe 13 is a quality establishment, delivering good food and drinks and providing a comfortable atmosphere.

friends or a loved one. And, as fall turns to winter and the lake freezes over, the lake turns into a beautiful ice rink. To finish off the day, I would personally recommend Beau Jo’s Pizza. While not the original restaurant, it has the same quality mountain pies as its Idaho Springs neighbor. Sitting back with a thick-crusted pizza and a nice brew is always an amazing way to end a day. To head back home, take the EV route back to the Cold Springs hub, then take the 16 line to West Colfax and Garrison. Transfer to the 16L and continue to the Washington and 19th stop.

Rocking “The Suburbs”
sive song. While “Suburban War” does have a more upbeat middle, the song seems to drone on just a At this point calling Arcade Fire little bit long and leaves the listena true indie band is a little like call- er wishing for more upbeat parts. ing Star Trek a fresh new show. “Month Of May” is an upbeat rock Still, the release of their new al- song with a catchy beat, though bum, The Suburbs, has been the smooth lyrics easily get lost in treated with a new excitement the over-eager guitar. After such in indie nerds such as myself. an upbeat song, Arcade Fire Starting the album, I was person- once again returns to a fairly really pleased by the clarity and co- laxed portion for “Wasted Hours,” alesced nature of the music. The “Deep Blue,” and to an extent, title track, “The Suburbs,” holds a “We Used To Wait.” “We Used To charming beat reminiscent of an Wait” is a primary focus for the alold saloon with a very active pia- bum, coming surprising late in the no starting off the mix. While this album. This song is truly worth a song is good, it seems to go on a listen as it is quite imaginative and bit too long. Luckily this element is an echo of their older work. The album closes with another is quickly put to the side with the strong piercing beats of “Ready set of songs, “Sprawl” I and II, and To Start.” For the next few songs, the closing bookend, “The Suburbs (Continincluding my personal faStill, the release of their ued).” Despite being in a set, vorite “Modern Man,” new album, The Suburbs, “Sprawl” I and II have enthe album rehas been treated with a tirely different mains decepmoods with tively pensive new excitement in indie “Sprawl I” beby disguising and deep lyrics nerds such as me. Starting ing darker and slower with cheerful bounding the album, I was person- “Sprawl II” reminding me instrumental parts. ally pleased by the clarity ever so slightly of a cheesy “Empty Room” be- and coalesced nature of the 80’s song with better lyrics. gins the next music. “The Suburbs element of (Continued)” the album with an even faster-paced blurry has an aura of walking in on the beat. Much like “Neighborhood final scene of a 40’s romance #3 (Power Out)” from their mas- movie and is an appropriate endter album, “Funeral”, this song ing for such a diverse album. For someone who has enjoyed serves as a fast-paced escape in the middle of a slower song, Arcade Fire’s past work, this althat is highly welcome, though bum is a natural continuation the following song, “City With No with many of the same joys and Children,” is equally as positive- problems. The songs are pensive, though a few of them are repetisounding. Both “Half Light” I and II serve tive and long. For someone who as nice transition songs and as an has never listened to the band incredible ballad, though their po- before, it is worth listening, and if sitioning before “Suburban War” you like the songs, then continue decreases the appeal of what to discover their powerful discogwould be a medium beat pen- raphy.

John Bristow Staff Writer

Civilization has done it again
Erik Charrier Staff Writer
It is two in the morning. The sporadic gunfire and explosion in the other room has finally died out. If that registered, one might reach the conclusion that the Halo: Reach game has come to an end. But no. Bismarck is out to redraw the map of Europe and the sun never sets on the British Empire. Speaking of the sun, a dim orange glow shines through the curtains. Sid Meier has done it again! “Just one more turn” syndrome strikes again. The iconic Civilization series has returned with Civilization 5. For those who don’t know, the Civilization series is a turn-based strategy game where gamers play as a civilization of their choosing throughout human history. Starting at any time, usually the stone age, players slowly begin building a civilization. There are multiple paths to victory including military domination, technology, culture, and diplomacy. While this may seem overwhelmingly complex, game play has been streamlined enough to make Civilization 5 readily accessible to more casual gamers. The interface is designed to guide new players through all of the important menus with ease. Surprisingly, this hand-holding is subtle enough that it should not be intrusive to more experienced players. The centerpiece of the Civilization experience is, as always, guiding a nation through the ages. Predictably, this massive scope overlooks many of the nuances of particular ages. For instance, there is only one ironclad unit available. It is modeled after the iconic American Civil War ironclads, neglecting the far larger oceangoing British ironclads, such as the HMS Warrior. Then there is the oddity in the tech tree of being able to build destroyers before battleships. Destroyers came after battleships as a means of protecting horrifically expensive dreadnoughts from torpedo attack. There is no reason for a destroyer without a capital ship to protect and no justification for destroyers being the most powerful vessels available for a time. For detail and historic accuracy there are far better choices, such as Empire: Total War and Hearts of Iron III. This is not to say that Civilization 5 is bad. It is a game of epic proportions, not a detailed simulator of the economics, power politics, and technology of the first world war. Civilization 5 makes several major departures from previous games. For the first time, the Civilization series has switched to hexagonal tiles. This makes unit movement far more straightforward and prevents units from moving further by traveling diagonally. Civilization 5 has also eliminated the stack of doom. Only a single unit may occupy a tile at the end of a turn, ending the aptly named favorite of stacking dozens of units on a single tile and annihilat-

COURTESY WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

ing anything that crossed its path. There are now typically fewer units in play and they must be positioned better. Cities are much harder to capture because they have combat strength comparable to a few units, removing the need for a garrisoned unit in every city. This time around there are citystates mixed in among the great powers. These city states are not playable and cannot win the game (or found new cities for that matter), but they provide the proxies necessary for Napoleon’s Continental System or the Cold War. Culture has been completely redone with social policies replacing the religions of Civilization 4. Culture points are now spent to unlock policies and their accompanying bonuses. This time around, the civilization bonuses feel marginalized and the leader traits are gone. Each nation only gets one leader and the national bonuses are minimal. That being said, Civilization 4 was a hard act to follow. Combat has never been the strong point of the series. The stacks of doom will be sorely missed, but the hexagonal tiles are a welcome improvement. There are plenty of other flaws in terms of detail and historical accuracy, but that is not the point of the Civilization series or games in general. They deliver a thrilling experiences that takes gamers through the history of human civilization. Civilization 5 does not disappoint here.

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Music Review: Jimmy Eat World - Invented
Alan Nguyen Staff Writer
Jimmy Eat World, the creators of fan favorites such as “Sweetness” and “The Middle,” have come back again with another creation this past week. This Mesa, Arizona, born American alternative rock band, consisting of vocalist Jim Adkins, guitarist and backing vocalist Tom Linton, bassist Rick Burch, and drummer Zach Lind have returned with a new album, Invented. Collaborating with producer Mark Trombino, who had previously worked with them on 1999’s Clarity and 2001’s Bleed American, it appears that the quartet has decided to go back to their roots. The release of Invented is the band’s seventh full length studio album. Anyone familiar with Jimmy Eat World’s work will tell you that each album revolves around some sort of struggle that surrounds the band at the time. Their fifth album Futures, for example, had the heavy burden and struggles of following the success of Bleed American. Invented is no exception and seems to have it’s own story. And though there is a tale to tell, front man Adkins drew inspiration from elsewhere this time around. In an interview with MTV, he explained that he had been flipping through a photography book to do writing exercises to jump start his brain. As he did so, some of the ideas from his “free-writing session” started showing up in the material for the album. The perspective of the songs drew from the female characters depicted in these photographs. If you purchase the album, some of the photos can be found in the booklet. Though this album may not be up to par with their previous releases, it does manage to hold its own. The album as a whole has the classical signs of being a “grower.” Aside from a couple of songs, such as “My Best Theory” and “Coffee and Cigarettes,” there are not many that exude a quick and pleasant sense of gratification that one would expect from the group. The opener, “Heart Is Hard to Find” does a great job for its position on the song list by providing beautifully composed instrumentals and contemplative lyrics. Other songs, like “Evidence” and “Cut,” all succeed in the same ways, albeit to a lesser extent. The majority of the songs on the album depend on Adkins’s emo-

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Sufjan Stevens: The Age of Adz and the coming apocalypse
Tim Weilert Something Like Sound Blogger
Sufjan Stevens is a musician on the move. For the last ten years he’s been in a constant state of re-invention and experimentation. While most people are familiar with a handful of his songs and, perhaps, his 2005 full-length Come On Feel The Illinoise!- a musical journey through the Land of Lincoln- Stevens’ newest work, The Age of Adz, is difficult to simply lump in to his previous catalog. To begin on Adz, it is important to note the thematic elements at play. While previous works focused on states (Illinois and Michigan), religious experience (Seven Swans), Zodiac signs (Enjoy Your Rabbit), or roadways (The BQE), The Age of Adz is about the coming apocalypse. Each song is a unique foray into self-reflection driven by the power of love and the brokenness of an unforgiving world. A certain strain of melancholy threads its way through songs as Stevens attempts to harmonize harsh-realization with the desire to find peace, rest, and wellness. Musically, The Age of Adz stands as a culmination of sorts. For the first time Stevens has combined orchestral elements with electronic features, two often-opposed styles that have been previously explored in their own regards by Stevens. Fans of his folk records may be

tional vocal delivery. Many start off slower and grow into something more. An interesting thing to point out is that Tom Linton took lead vocals on “Action Needs an Audience,” marking his first time leading since “Blister” on Clarity. It can be argued that the highlights of the album come at the end. In a combined epic 13 minutes, “Invented” and “Mixtape” are what many fans would come to expect from Jimmy Eat World. The first song, “Invented” will undoubtedly become a live favorite. Overall, the album appears to be more of a frolic in acoustics. Perhaps Jimmy Eat World is teasing its fan base. Instead of entering the studio and pumping out ten songs filled with catchy hooks and simplistic lyrics, they chose to go with something more reflective and meaningful. The band has made success by being just a tad different from the rest and continues to shine because of it. As stated before, Invented feels like a grower even for loyal fans who have stuck with them from years past. Regardless, the album may be worth checking out whether or not you’ve enjoyed their previous works. In other words, this album gets a 3.5 out of 5.

Wristcutters: A Love Story
Emma Nicoletti Staff Writer
Wouldn’t you love it if you had the time to go to the movies? The time and the money, that is. Sure, the Student Activities office sells tickets for $7.50. That’s a step in the right direction from the $9.25 at the local theater, but $7.50 could get a six pack of beer and a movie rental. Fortunately, living in the future as we do, we have alternatives to dropping cash at the theater. If you have a computer, you have access to Hulu. com, and one of its movies, “Wristcutters: A Love Story.” “Wristcutters” is the story of a boy and girl – a boy and a girl who kill themselves and end up in another world. The “Wristcutters” world is like the one we live in, just a little worse. Any person who commits suicide and ends up there, working in dirtier places, drinking in sleazier bars, unable to smile, and showing off the wounds inflicted on themselves before they died. Zia, our boy, opens the movie by cleaning his apartment and then painfully slitting his wrists. He sustains himself in the post-suicide world by daydreaming about Desiree, the girl he left behind. When he finds out that Desiree killed her-

october 4, 2010

self a few weeks after he did, he and his Russian friend Eugene (suicide method: electrocution by electric guitar and beer) set off to find her. Along the way, they pick up hitchhiker Mikal (suicide method: overdose) who is looking for The People in Charge, because she’s got a serious case of mistaken suicide to plead. The team of three drives across the Wristcutter world in a car that has a black hole in the floorboards, drinking beer and smoking cigarettes like they’re going to live forever. They have a tape of Eugene’s band on constant repeat, and by the end of the movie you’ll be singing ‘through the roof, underground’ in a thick accent whether you like it or not. In the surreal society of the “Wristcutters,” people can float, objects can change color, and Tom Waits may or may not be laying in the middle of any given street, ostensibly looking for his dog. The fact that the movie is a love story is declared in its name, but it has more to offer than that. The pace is relaxing, making you feel like you have all the time in the world. The social commentary is smart and subtle, full of minor miracles. And, by the conclusion, it will make you realize that an ending can actually be a new beginning.

Red Hot Chili Peppers
Brian Lindstadt Staff Writer
The Red Hot Chili Peppers have rocked the music scene since the 1980’s selling more than 55 million records with 10 studio albums. The album I would suggest is Red Hot Chili Peppers Live at Slane Castle. This video album of their performance in Ireland shows one of the better concerts, and you can experience it from that La-ZBoy in the dorm room. Lead singer Anthony Keitis is one of the best writers in today’s modern music as he writes about finding meaning in life, and looking below the surface for answers. The Red Hot Chili Peppers are preparing to launch a new album in 2011 which is expected to contain slow, funky songs, fast rock songs, and an overall electric feel. The Chili Peppers look to be headed for a fresh direction. Guitarist John Frusciante has left Red Hot to travel down his own musical avenue. Josh Klinghoffer replaced Frusciante on guitar and his 10 years in the band made the move an easy transition. And, even though Frusciante will be absent, the Red Hot Chili Peppers are going to slide right back into the music scene with an amazing album and an even better tour. Their Slane Castle album is sure to inspire any Red Hot Chili Pepper fan.

COURTESY SUFJAN STEVENS

disappointed in the marked lack of banjo and traditional folk styling, however, the quality of the songs is certainly not diminished by the new musical techniques. Perhaps the most notable musical feature of The Age of Adz is its use of dynamics. On several songs (including my personal favorite “I Want To Be Well”) nearly everything except for hushed vocals are stripped away and built up to moving crescendos. If the listener can get past the initial shock of the new sounds, a collection of amazing songs awaits. Highlights include “I Walked,” “Too Much,” “Vesuvius” and “I Want To Be Well.” Album closer “Impossible Soul” is a song of epic proportions; clocking in at over 25 minutes, it could very well stand on its own (listening through the entire thing, while a marathon, is well worth the experience). For links to a fullrecord stream and downloads of the tracks “Too Much” and “I Walked” visit www. minesblog.com/music. The Age of Adz comes out October 12 on Asthmatic Kitty Records.

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Today marks the beginning of the 85th annual homecoming. Festivities include powder puff football, video game tournament, chili festival, spirit week and the homecoming parade down Washington St. Here is a look at past homecoming celebrations at Mines.
To the right, the members of Sigma Alpha Epsilon show off their homecoming float. (Prospector 1995) Below, an article celebrating the ninth annual Mines homecoming. (The Oredigger 1932)

Members of the RHA complete their pyramid. (Prospector 1991)

This Week in Colorado History
Road work and criminal intrigue
Deborah Good Staff Writer
Littleton, Colorado sought federal funding for one of its first experiences with road construction this week in 1916, as reported in the article “Federal Aid Asked in Paving Highway.” J.E. Maloney of the state highway commission submitted a “formal request for federal aid in the construction of a concrete highway from Denver city limits to Littleton… under the federal aids road appropriation act.” Since the US Department of Transportation was not founded until the 1960’s, this request was routed through the US Department of Agriculture. The request outlined the importance and specifications of the proposed road. It was to connect paved roads in Denver with a new paved main street in Littleton. Physically, it was to consist of “a concrete roadbed sixteen feet wide, with four-foot shoulders of gravel and dirt on each side.” Arapahoe county and the state of Colorado planned to pay for half of the $62,000 cost and requested that the federal government pay the rest. As of October 6, 1916, the outcome of this petition was unknown, but the Littleton Independent was certain of the project’s approval and speedy completion. To Catch a Blackmailer Colorado policemen were hopeful that a long search for justice would come to end in October 1916, according to the Littleton Independent article “Wilson in Sanatorium: Alleged blackmailer reported cancer victim.” Samuel W. Johnson, Jefferson County district attorney, announced that authorities believed they had found C.E. Wilson, a suspected murderer and blackmailer. On June 23, 1916, Frank Hughes Turner was shot and killed in Gillis, Colorado, allegedly by Wilson, who was also believed to be a member of a Chicago blackmail ring. The authorities initially assumed that Wilson had fled Colorado and believed he might be in Chicago, but some of his associates have shed doubt on this theory, “They believe that after killing Turner Wilson went in an automobile to Brighton, over the Nighthawk hill road, and took a train for a sanatorium,” where he was pursuing treatment for cancer. An arrest was expected soon, and it was “further believed there are other members of the blackmail gang in the state.” The authorities hoped to eliminate the whole criminal organization.

The caber toss became a new homecoming tradition in 1974. (Prospector 1975)

Burt Maeker drives the Kappa Sig racer to their third consecutive soap box win. (Prospector 1955)

Everybody looks to be in good shape at the start of the cross country race. (Prospector 1955)

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o p i n i o n

october 4, 2010

Morals to your story
Shira Richman Ethics Columnist
Dilemma I am currently dating a sophomore who is a student at a university in Kansas. Recently, we got into a bit of a tiff in regards to whether or not we should inform people we have just met that we are currently in a relationship. I believe that if the topic comes up in conversation, or if the question is asked, then that would be the correct time to inform the new friend. It doesn’t seem necessary to share our relationship status right away. My girlfriend disagrees for two reasons. She feels that it is doing the new friend an injustice by not being completely honest about oneself. She also feels that we should respect each other enough to want to tell people about our significant other. What are your thoughts? --Honest, but not Overly So Responses Using utilitarian ethics as a guide, we can try and decide the best possible course of action. We want to maximize happiness while minimizing cost. If you do not tell your new friends of your relationship status, it is possible that they could become attached, thus losing happiness when told about your relationship status. If you are up front, on the other hand, what is lost? Meanwhile, it is likely that your significant other’s happiness would be increased by knowing that you are not breaking other girls’ hearts. So, we can conclude that the morally right course of action is to be up front about your relationship status. This could be done tactfully by slipping a comment into conversation, such as, “Oh, I need to call my girlfriend tonight.” --Tom In this case, honesty is the virtue in question. According to virtue ethics, you will want to find the mean to two extremes. I believe that you are correct in that you do not need to say anything unless it comes up in conversation. But if the “new friend” is clearly making attempts at being more than a friend, it is right to tell her you are dating someone so that you don’t lead her on. Lying, of course, is wrong (the bottom extreme of honesty), but no one appreciates people talking about their lives when it is not necessary (honesty’s top extreme). Therefore, according to virtue ethics, as conceived by Aristotle, letting the “new friend” know about your girlfriend in casual conversation or when asked is best. The danger is, if you lead someone on who clearly wants to be with you, then you are using that person as a means to your happiness and self-esteem, which is not moral. --Dakota Mitchell To be virtuous, you don’t need to be overly outgoing on this subject. You will not receive praise for outright announcing your relationship to a person as you may come off as unsociable when the true goal of humans is to be social. You are doing your girlfriend no disrespect by waiting for a situation to tell friends about her when it won’t be awkward. In the end, both of you are still on good terms and still in good faith. I’m in the same situation and things seem to work out well with a mindset like yours. --Scoop Dilemma A friend recently broke up with his girlfriend. They’d been having real problems for a while, so it seemed pretty inevitable. I met this girl through my friend and we’ve hung out a few times as a group. I’ve had a crush on her for a while, but I’ve never asked her to hang out because, obviously, she was dating my friend. Would it be wrong for me to ask her out now? --Crushing on My Friend’s Ex We would love to know what you think Crushing on My Friend’s Ex should do and the reasons that make you think so. Do you have an ethical dilemma in your personal, academic, or professional life? You don’t have to figure it out on your own. Send it in and see what wisdom others have to offer. Send your ethical dilemmas and responses to Crushing on My Friend’s Ex to: srichman@mines.edu. Be sure to let me know if you want your name printed or not and if you have a preferred nickname, what it is. We look forward to hearing from you.

Minds at Mines T-shirts
Alec Westerman Staff Writer
Currently, ASCSM is rolling forward with plans to produce class shirts. These shirts will be color coded for each class and given away at various campus events throughout the year. The hope of Student Government is that these shirts will help encourage participation in campus events, class comradely, and school spirit at Mines. Minds at Mines caught up with students to find their thoughts on the plan. “Being on the committee, I think the shirts are a good idea. I like spirit-wear too and would like to support Mines at athletic events and other activities.” Logan Gee

“Sure why not... I don’t know what else they’ll do with the money so who cares, and free shirts are always cool.” Erik Ovens

“I think it’s an awesome idea. They’re showing favoritism to our class over previous ones.” Kodi Hildebrandt

Letter to the Editor
Dear Underclassmen (including the “POed Mines Student”), The CSM Campus has recently become riddled with criticism. As many might suspect, these grievances address the difficulty of the classes being offered. But they are not coming from the upperclassmen. They are made in vast numbers by the lower classes (freshmen and sophomores) who feel that Mines is unjustly challenging. Their work loads are too big, the material is too advanced, and their tests are hard! I’m sure you’ve all heard it, I know I have. Well, my fellow upperclassmen and myself have a few words of advice. You guys are the whiniest group of students that Mines has seen yet. You complain about lower level courses, which are the basis for all future classes of your degree. You are not going to get away from basic Physics and Chemistry, even if that you will be able to succeed you reeeally don’t like them. Why? at Mines. As my fellow classmates Because you’re getting a technical like to say, “It’s a hell of a lot easier degree. to get into Mines then it is to stay Yes Mines is more challeng- at Mines.” So shrink your egosing then your high school, but just you’re not a BAMF just because because you flew through your you’re here. classes there and were “like, the Some helpful hints: To succeed smartest person in your classes, it reSo shrink your at yourwork and effort. class” does not mean quires you are going to get egos- you’re not That means that you through Mines withmay have to go to that out a struggle. Mines a BAMF just Academic Workshop is challenging and you or Tutoring session, can’t be afraid to work because you’re you may have to spend hard! It’s supposed to more then 2 hours on here. kick you in the Blaster your homework assignsometimes! And I think ments, and the most you need a reminder that, just like ghastly part is, you may have to you, everyone else at Mines was in use those textbooks that you spent the top of their class too. You can’t $400 on! all be the best here. And stop trying to convince That brings to light a valid point: your professors that the material Mines is not for everyone. Just be- and classes are too hard. It does cause you got in does not mean you absolutely no good for your classes to be made easier since they will only get harder. Upperclassmen professors will not “give you slack.” They will just fail you. And making your classes easier won’t help anyways, because your future boss won’t make your job easier. Mines is hard. That is how it has always been and always will be. If it wasn’t, our degrees would be worth as little as a degree from CU. And if you do manage to have your teachers drop the levels of their classes, you end up lowering the standards of Mines. This means you are devaluing the degrees you are paying $20+ grand for a year. This not only harms you, but hurts future and past classes. So stop trying to degrade our degrees! So if studying and putting a decent effort into your classes sounds like more effort then you’re willing

ALL PHOTOS ALEC WESTERMAN / OREDIGGER

to put in, then you do not belong at Mines. But remember, hard classes make you learn something! That is generally regarded as the point of going to college. We have all gone through what you are going through and survived, I am pretty sure you will too. Just remember, you can always transfer to CU, and if you do, we’ll send flowers. Sincerely, Concerned Upperclassmen
Editorials Policy The Oredigger is a designated public forum. Editors have the authority to make all content decisions without censorship or advance approval and may edit submitted pieces for length so long as the original meaning of the piece is unchanged. Opinions contained within the Opinion Section do not necessarily reflect those of Colorado School of Mines or The Oredigger. The Oredigger does not accept submissions without identification and will consider all requests for anonymity in publication on a case-by-case basis. Submissions less than 300 words will receive preference.

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Mines to become android friendly
Janeen Neri Android This month, Mines announced that it would begin implementing measures to make the campus android friendly by 2015. “People may be laughing at us now,” said Panel for the Integration of NonOrganic Students member Ada Galatea, “but AI is advancing faster than everyone thinks. Machines with the ability for simple insight and critical thought already exist. Given that some Mines students can’t pass tests without review sheets containing specific algorithmic problem-solving techniques, simple insight and critical thought would be enough to put them at the top of their class.” Not everyone is as comfortable as Galatea with the abilities of androids. “Sure,” said Parent Coalition spokesperson John Searle, “it sounds all warm and fuzzy and equal-rights-y right now. But we all know that androids are not people, and they never will be. But their fancy-pants programming and circuitry will allow them to outperform our children shortly, and what then? How are they supposed to compete with machines that actually have a work ethic and don’t spend their entire day complaining about how hard the classes are while watching videos of cats online? Even worse, what happens when they start taking our jobs?” Galatea dismissed such concerns with a laugh. “Even if they do ‘take our jobs,’” she said, “won’t that mean more free time for us? I think people forget that if machines do all the work, it results in much more efficient production of resources and an eventual increase in standard of living, even if it cuts off a wage in the here and now.” Instead of trying to scare people away from the AI revolution, Galatea said people should try to smooth the transition. “There’s so much fun logistics in this,” she said, “for example, when do we start admitting them to universities? Will a traditional education even be necessary by the time they’re ready for skilled professions, or will it be possible to code in everything they need to know in a flash? I think the former is true, of course.” Both philosophical and practical issues are being explored. “When androids are smart,” Galatea said “and I mean truly smart, not the scientist who made me thinks I’m the best thing since the popcorn button smart, will they want to have fun? Will they need personalities and ‘physical’ drives similar

Grass is the new steel
Zachary Boerner Materials Scientist Late at night, a sound sprays out across campus as nozzles rise up like primordial beasts from the ground and spread water across much of the campus. This serves in large part to water the already deep green blanket that is the grass on campus, but what most people do not know is that this is a secret experiment by the Environmental Engineering department on new building materials. “It turns out that grass is structurally more sound than steel,” Issa Green, professor in the department said. “We’re currently testing how quickly it grows and whether or not we could build a new building with it.” Since the campus has to mow the grass almost every day, lest it look overrun, results so far seem impressive. “We started testing a few years ago, and we’ve been gathering the grass that gets cut every day,” Green says. “We’ve got quite a store.” After the grass is cut, it gets stored in the basement of Chauvenet, where it awaits weaving by a team of gnomes that inhabit the tunnels under campus. The grass is then painted to look like normal building materials. However, not everyone is as enthusiastic about the grasswatering project. “It’s a waste of resources and quite possibly bad for the environment,” said Josh Aquos. “All of the water is running off into Clear Creek, carrying all of the fertilizers with it. Because of this, all the poor fish in Clear Creek that are just starting to recover from the beer spill a few years ago are getting killed off again!” A few fishermen were seen down at Clear Creek, apparently unaware of the lack of fish. Unfortunately, many students do not realize the reasons for the grass. “Man, the spot in front of Hill doesn’t drain at all! It’s so squishy and annoying,” Anom Stray said. A number of other students voiced concerns, mainly centered around cost. “Why is it that a world-class institution has to have the grass look so pristine when buildings like Chauvenet and Brown still exist on campus? Those buildings are friggin’ ugly,” one student said. Partly because of student complaints and partly because of reduced building costs, Mines plans to construct a new building using grass in the future. When asked which building Green wanted to see built first with the new materials, Green responded with, “Well, we need to build a new math building. Their department has so much need with lab space and offices.” When asked about a physics building, supposedly next to be built, Green responded, “Those losers? What do they do, sit around calculating stuff? They don’t need space.”

to hunger to develop cognitive and metacognitive abilities the way we understand them? Will they need to be social beings? How will humans react to androids in everyday life? Will there be some form of discrimination or envy that has to be countered? Can the campus be made to accommodate their possible physical or mobility limitations? How will they charge their batteries, and how often will it need to be done? These are all questions we need to ask before giving CSM the ‘android-friendly’ stamp.” Amidst the many controversies and open questions involved in integrating non-biological students, another question remains, is it really worth it? Said Galatea, “I’ll be honest with you, I don’t know. It could be that all of us on the PINS committee are crazy, that both AI development and this project slump in a few years. But, hey, at least we can say we tried. If current trends keep continuing, if our educational system here in the US keeps dropping in the rankings, people will be scrambling for any solution in a few years. It’s obvious that if we continue to rely on the biological students we’re seeing right now, we simply can’t stay competitive as a university and as a nation.”

H OMECOMING 2010
Mon, Oct 4: Dress Up: Tie dye 7PM Bingo Tues, Oct 5: 11-2PM 7PM Friedhoff Hall Dress Up: Blue Out Discount Lunches in Downtown Golden * Women’s Volleyball Lockridge Arena I-Club IM Fields Soccer Stadium th 16 & Arapahoe Washington Street Ballrooms D&E Lockridge Arena Lot Q Campbell Field Campbell Field Campbell Field Downtown Golden Volk Gymnasium

Sudoku
Upcoming Events
Homecoming tickets will be on sale October 4-7 in the Student Center Lobby. $10 for both a t-shirt and a ticket to the chili cook-off or $7 each. MAC Movies: October 7: Kick Ass October 14: Dinner for Schmucks October 21: Despicable Me Movies start at 9:30PM in the Ballrooms with free popcorn and 50¢ sodas!

Wed, Oct 6: Dress Up: Western Wear 8PM Photo Scavenger Hunt Thur, Oct 7: 3-6PM Fri, Oct 8: 3:30PM 4PM 5PM 7PM 7PM 8PM Sat, Oct 9: 10AM 11AM 12PM After Game 7PM Dress Up: Twins Powder Puff Football & Volleyball Dress Up: Nerds! Men’s Soccer Marquez Hall Groundbreaking Parade Video Game Championship Women’s Volleyball Bonfire Tailgating Up Till Dawn: Wing Eating Contest Football Chili Cook-off Women’s Volleyball

Friday Afternoon Club (FAC): October 22: Tig Notaro *Wear Mines gear and present your Blastercard to receive discounts at Doors open at 4:30 in the I-Club. Blue Canyon, Anthony’s Pizza, Jimmy Johns, and Old Capitol Grill. Show starts at 5PM. Free food and $1 beers!
www.minesactivitiescouncil.com

Solution

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october 4, 2010

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Which Mines grad will sting limb things far more intere c than a corporate ladder? Join us, and you will.
with nes graduates have worked Many Colorado School of Mi for energy. Chevron is to meet the world’s demand Chevron ly ly explore, develop and supp rking every day to responsib wo ward. Discover what it’s keeps the world moving for energy that and work in an environment be a key member of our team like to sit us at thinking and innovation. Vi that rewards collaborative t when we’ll be on campus. ron.com /careers to find ou www.chev accomplish great things. in us, and together we can Jo

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fosters a culture of inclusion. yer that values diversity and An equal opportunity emplo Intellectual Property LLC. ered trademarks of Chevron HUMAN ENERGY are regist All rights reserved. Hallmark and ©2010 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. CHEVRON, the CHEVRON

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An equal opportunity employer that values diversity and fosters a culture of inclusion. CHEVRON, the CHEVRON Hallmark and HUMAN ENERGY are registered trademarks of Chevron Intellectual Property LLC. ©2010 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved.

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