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Telephone: (440) 439-2020

Fax: (440) 439-9835


http://www.thermo.com/rmp

Thermo Suite
26400 Broadway Ave. Oakwood Village, Ohio 44146 USA

Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader


with WinREMSTM

Operator's Manual

Publication No. 4500-W-O-0805-005

* * * Release Date * * *

August 13, 2005

Part No. M-26958


Rev. D

Thermo Electron Corporation ISO 9001 Quality System Certified


Telephone: (440) 439-2020
Fax: (440) 439-9835
http://www.thermo.com/rmp

Thermo Suite
26400 Broadway Ave. Oakwood Village, Ohio 44146 USA

Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader


with WinREMS

Operator's Manual

Publication No. 4500-W-O-0805-005

* * * Release Date * * *

August 13, 2005

Part No. M-26958


Rev. D

Thermo Electron Corporation ISO 9001 Quality System Certified


Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 0-1
Operator's Manual

FOREWORD

Introduction Overview
This manual provides you with all the The manual is structured to give you the
information you need to properly operate the information you need to become familiar with
Harshaw Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader, the instrument for your initial use and to be a
when controlled through WinREMS continuing reference as you become more
(Windows7Bbased Radiation Evaluation and familiar with the instrument and take greater
Management System). WinREMS is Thermo advantage of its capabilities. Depending on
Electron Corporation RM&Ps proprietary your situation with respect to the system,
operating system, operating on a personal certain sections will be more helpful than
computer and connected to the Reader via a others. All users should read Section 1.0
serial port. System Overview first.
This manual is released concurrently with
WinREMS version PL-26732.8.0.0.0. You • If you have just received your Model 6600
may confirm the version number of your Reader and will be installing and starting
system on the Help, About screen (Section up the system yourself, you should read
7.11.3 About). Section 2.0 Installation for installation
This Operator's Manual is structured so instructions, Section 3.0 General
that a novice can use it to become acquainted Instructions and 4.0 Tutorial to familiarize
with the instrument at a comfortable pace, yet yourself with the general operation of the
the more experienced user will find that it is a Reader, Section 5.0 Quality Assurance to
valuable reference. This manual is not understand the quality assurance measures
intended, however, to be used to introduce an available in the system, and Section 6.0
operator to the equipment without training. Calibration Procedures to calibrate your
This training may come from Thermo Reader and dosimeters for production use.
Electron Corporation or an experienced user.
• If you have received your system
You also should have the Technical
completely installed and operational, you
Service Manual (Publication No. 4500-0-S)
may begin with Sections 3.0 General
with your Model 4500 Reader. This manual
Instructions and 4.0 Tutorial to familiarize
provides troubleshooting and repair
yourself with the general operation of the
instructions and engineering drawings to help
Reader, Section 5.0 Quality Assurance to
a trained service technician to properly
understand the quality assurance measures
maintain and repair the Reader..
available in the system, and Section 6.0
Calibration Procedures to calibrate your
Reader for production use.

• If you are a new operator coming into a


system that is fully operational, you will
initially benefit most from Sections 3.0
General Instructions and 4.0 Tutorial.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 0-2 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

FOREWORD (cont’d)

Overview (cont’d) Section 5.0 Quality Assurance collects all


the quality assurance features of the system in
• If you are familiar with this model Reader, one place for your convenience. These
but need occasional reference to specific include both daily quality control and online
fields or procedures, then Section 7.0 quality checks.
WinREMS Reference will serve as a
reference for you, possibly in conjunction Section 6.0 Calibration Procedures
with Section 8.0 Index to help you find describes in detail the procedures for
the exact topic you need. generating a set of Calibration Dosimeters,
calibrating the instrument, and calibrating all
The following are brief descriptions of the dosimeters in the system. The
each of the sections in this manual: methodology behind the overall calibration
system is also discussed.
Section 1.0 System Overview gives a general
description of the Model 4500 Reader, its Section 7.0 User Interface (REMS) is a
operating principles and optional comprehensive reference source for all
configurations, the various dosimeters which screens and field entries in the system.
may be read with it, and a summary of its
performance specifications. Section 8.0 Index is an alphabetical listing of
the subjects covered in this manual to help
Section 2.0 Installation describes the you find any information you need.
necessary environment and procedure for
setting up the instrument. The Appendix contains three documents. The
first is a software troubleshooting form; fill
Section 3.0 General Instructions is an the top of this out as part of your initial setup.
introduction to the instrument controls and the The second explains the ASCII Export
WinREMS software and the general principles function; which may require some
of its use. This section also describes the programming expertise to use. The third
proper precautions for handling dosimeters. document explains the procedure for
generating the Multipoint Calibration
Section 4.0 Tutorial is a procedural coefficients.
instruction designed to guide the novice user
through several basic operations of the Reader
and WinREMS.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 0-3
Operator's Manual

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section Page
Writing Conventions ...............................................................................................................0-11
Safety Warnings ......................................................................................................................0-11
Safety Symbols........................................................................................................................0-12
WEEE Compliance
Recycling and Disposal of Hazardous Waste ...............................................................0-13
European Notice ......................................................................................................................0-14
1.0 System Overview ...............................................................................................................1-1
1.1 General Description.........................................................................................................1-1
1.2 Application Software.......................................................................................................1-3
1.3 Dosimeters.......................................................................................................................1-4
1.3.1 Whole Body and Environmental Dosimeters..............................................................1-4
1.3.2 EXT-RAD Extremity System .....................................................................................1-7
1.3.3 DXT-RAD Extremity System.....................................................................................1-8
1.3.4 Unmounted Dosimeters...............................................................................................1-9
1.4 Instrument Performance Specifications ..........................................................................1-9
1.5 Dosimetric Performance Specifications ..........................................................................1-9
2.0 Installation .........................................................................................................................2-1
2.1 Operating Requirements..................................................................................................2-1
2.1.1 Utilities........................................................................................................................2-1
2.1.2 Environment................................................................................................................2-1
2.2 PC Requirements.............................................................................................................2-2
2.3 Software...........................................................................................................................2-2
2.4 Password..........................................................................................................................2-2
2.5 Hardware .........................................................................................................................2-3
3.0 General Instructions..........................................................................................................3-1
3.1 WinREMS .......................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.1 Mouse Support ............................................................................................................3-1
3.1.2 Highlighting Records ..................................................................................................3-1
3.1.3 Password .....................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.4 Initiating WinREMS ...................................................................................................3-1
3.1.5 Exiting WinREMS ......................................................................................................3-2
3.1.6 Unit Scaling ................................................................................................................3-2
3.2 Results Screen.................................................................................................................3-3
3.3 Reader Controls ..............................................................................................................3-4
3.4 Dosimeter Handling ........................................................................................................3-6
3.4.1 Cards ...........................................................................................................................3-6
3.4.2 EXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeters (Chipstrates) .........................................................3-6
3.4.3 DXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeters (Ringlets) .............................................................3-7
3.4.4 Unmounted Solids.......................................................................................................3-8
3.4.5 Powders.......................................................................................................................3-8
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 0-4 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

TABLE OF CONTENTS (cont'd)


Section Page
4.0 Tutorial ................................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.1 Data Acquisition - Cards.................................................................................................... 4-2
4.1.1 Time Temperature Profile ............................................................................................. 4-2
4.1.2 Acquisition Setup .......................................................................................................... 4-2
4.1.3 Read TLD Cards............................................................................................................ 4-5
4.2 Data Acquisition - Extremity Dosimeters.......................................................................... 4-7
4.2.1 Time Temperature Profile ............................................................................................. 4-7
4.2.2 Acquisition Setup .......................................................................................................... 4-8
4.2.3 Read Dosimeters.......................................................................................................... 4-11
4.3 Data Acquisition - Unmounted Dosimeters..................................................................... 4-13
4.3.1 Time Temperature Profile ........................................................................................... 4-13
4.3.2 Acquisition Setup ........................................................................................................ 4-13
4.3.3 Read Dosimeters.......................................................................................................... 4-16

5.0 Quality Assurance................................................................................................................ 5-1


5.1 Daily QA............................................................................................................................ 5-1
5.1.1 Record Retention ........................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.2 Reader Operational Checks ........................................................................................... 5-2
5.1.3 Reader Calibration Factor (RCF) .................................................................................. 5-2
5.2 Online QC Tests................................................................................................................. 5-2
5.2.1 PMT Noise..................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.2.2 Reference Light ............................................................................................................. 5-2
5.2.3 Blank Dosimeters .......................................................................................................... 5-3
5.2.4 QC dosimeters ............................................................................................................... 5-3
5.3 Preventive Maintenance..................................................................................................... 5-4
5.3.1 Weekly Maintenance ..................................................................................................... 5-4
5.3.2 Monthly Maintenance.................................................................................................... 5-4

6.0 Calibration Procedures ................................................................................................... 6-1


6.1 Introduction........................................................................................................................ 6-1
6.1.1 Purpose .......................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.2 Dosimeter Configurations ............................................................................................. 6-1
6.1.3 Procedure Overview ...................................................................................................... 6-2
6.2 TLD Cards ......................................................................................................................... 6-5
6.2.1 Prepare Dosimeters........................................................................................................ 6-5
6.2.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters .................................................................................. 6-6
6.2.3 Calibrate Reader ............................................................................................................ 6-8
6.2.4 Calibrate Dosimeters .................................................................................................. 6-10
6.3 Extremity Dosimeters ...................................................................................................... 6-13
6.3.1 Prepare Dosimeters...................................................................................................... 6-13
6.3.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters ................................................................................ 6-14
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 0-5
Operator's Manual

Section Page
6.3.3 Calibrate Reader .......................................................................................................... 6-17
6.3.4 Calibrate Dosimeters ................................................................................................... 6-19
6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters ................................................................................................... 6-22
6.4.1 Prepare Dosimeters...................................................................................................... 6-22
6.4.2 Generate calibration Dosimeters ................................................................................. 6-23
6.4.3 Calibrate Reader .......................................................................................................... 6-25
6.4.4 Calibrate Dosimeters ................................................................................................... 6-27
6.5 Calibration Methodology................................................................................................. 6-29
6.5.1 Element Correction Coefficients ................................................................................. 6-29
6.5.2 Reader Calibration Factors .......................................................................................... 6-32

7.0 WinREMS Reference........................................................................................................... 7-1


7.1 File ..................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1.1 Workspace ..................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1.2 Import ............................................................................................................................ 7-2
7.1.3 Export ............................................................................................................................ 7-4
7.1.4 Archive/Restore Functions ............................................................................................ 7-5
7.1.5 Print Functions............................................................................................................... 7-5
7.1.6 Recent Files ................................................................................................................... 7-5
7.2 Edit..................................................................................................................................... 7-5
7.3 Search ................................................................................................................................ 7-6
7.3.1 Response Database ........................................................................................................ 7-6
7.3.2 ECC Database ............................................................................................................. 7-14
7.3.3 Log Database ............................................................................................................... 7-16
7.3.4 Electronics QC Database............................................................................................. 7-17
7.4 View ................................................................................................................................ 7-18
7.4.1 Glow Curves................................................................................................................ 7-18
7.4.2 Regions of Interest....................................................................................................... 7-18
7.4.3 Computed Exposures................................................................................................... 7-18
7.4.4 First , Previous, Next, Last Record ............................................................................. 7-18
7.4.5 Tool Bar....................................................................................................................... 7-18
7.4.6 Status Bar..................................................................................................................... 7-18
7.5 Read ................................................................................................................................ 7-19
7.5.1 Start ............................................................................................................................. 7-19
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup ........................................................................................................ 7-22
7.5.3 TTP Setup ................................................................................................................... 7-29
7.5.4 Retransmit.................................................................................................................... 7-36
7.6 Calibration ....................................................................................................................... 7-37
7.6.1 Generate Calibration Dosimeters ................................................................................ 7-37
7.6.2 Reader Calibration ...................................................................................................... 7-40
7.6.3 Dosimeter Calibration ................................................................................................. 7-43
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 0-6 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

TABLE OF CONTENTS (cont'd)


Section Page
7.6.4 Multi-point .................................................................................................................... 7-46
7.7 QC ................................................................................................................................... 7-46
7.7.1 Electronics QC .............................................................................................................. 7-46
7.8 Tools ................................................................................................................................. 7-47
7.8.1 8840 Dose Computation algorithm ............................................................................... 7-47
7.9 Workspace ......................................................................................................................... 7-52
7.9.1 Properties ..................................................................................................................... 7-52
7.9.2 Password Maintenance.................................................................................................. 7-58
7.10 Window ............................................................................................................................. 7-60
7.11 Help ................................................................................................................................... 7-61
7.11.1 Help Topics .................................................................................................................. 7-61
7.11.2 Version Information...................................................................................................... 7-62
7.11.3 About............................................................................................................................. 7-62

8.0 Index ....................................................................................................................................... 8-1

Appendix
A Troubleshooting Documentation........................................................................................ A-1
B ASCII Export File .............................................................................................................. A-3
C Multi-point Calibration .................................................................................................... A-21
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 0-7
Operator's Manual

ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure Page
0.1 WEEE Compliance Symbol............................................................................................. 0-13
1.1 Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader...................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Typical Dosimeter Card..................................................................................................... 1-4
1.3 Dosimeter Holder............................................................................................................... 1-4
1.4 Holder Opener.................................................................................................................... 1-5
1.5 8814 Whole Body Dosimeter ............................................................................................ 1-5
1.6 Type 8807 Environmental Dosimeter................................................................................ 1-6
1.7 Chipstrate ........................................................................................................................... 1-7
1.8 Chipstrate Strap.................................................................................................................. 1-7
1.9 Chipstrate Carrier Card...................................................................................................... 1-8
1.10 DXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeter....................................................................................... 1-8
3.1 Results Screen.................................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2 Typical TLD Card.............................................................................................................. 3-6
3.3 Chipstrate ........................................................................................................................... 3-6
3.4 Chipstrate Carrier Card...................................................................................................... 3-6
3.5 DXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeter....................................................................................... 3-7
3.6 Ringlet Assembly/Disassembly Fixture............................................................................. 3-7
3.6 Ringlet Carrier Card........................................................................................................... 3-7
4.1 Typical Time Temperature Profile .................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Chipstrate Mounted in Carrier Card .................................................................................. 4-7
4.3 Ringlet Carrier Card........................................................................................................... 4-7
6.1 Internal Calibration of a TLD System ............................................................................. 6-31
7.1 Main Menu and Tool Bar .................................................................................................. 7-1
7.2 File Menu........................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.3 Workspace Wizard............................................................................................................. 7-2
7.4 Import TTP Log Report Box ............................................................................................. 7-3
7.5 Export Response Records Dialog Box............................................................................... 7-4
7.6 Edit Menu ......................................................................................................................... 7-5
7.7 Search Menu ..................................................................................................................... 7-6
7.8 Search Response Database Dialog Box ............................................................................. 7-6
7.9 Response Record - Glow Curve View (4-chip dosimeter) ................................................ 7-9
7.10 Adjustable ROI View ...................................................................................................... 7-10
7.11 Response Record - Computed Exposure View ............................................................... 7-11
7.12 Reading Type Floating Box............................................................................................. 7-12
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 0-8 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

ILLUSTRATIONS (cont'd)
Figure Page
7.13 Response Record - Region of Interest View (Chipstrates) ................................................7-13
7.14 Search ECC Database Dialog Box.....................................................................................7-14
7.15 ECC Database Display.......................................................................................................7-15
7.16 Search Log Database Dialog Box......................................................................................7-16
7.17 Log Database View Screen................................................................................................7-17
7.18 View Menu .......................................................................................................................7-18
7.19 Read Menu ........................................................................................................................7-19
7.20 Read Dosimeters Dialog Box ............................................................................................7-19
7.21 PMT Reading Message Box ..............................................................................................7-19
7.22 Dosimeter ID Dialog Box - Unmounted Dosimeters and TLD Cards...............................7-20
7.23 Dosimeter ID Dialog Box - Extremity Dosimeters ...........................................................7-20
7.24 Add Comment Dialog Box ................................................................................................7-21
7.25 Acquisition Setup Dialog Box ...........................................................................................7-22
7.26 Typical Time Temperature Profile ....................................................................................7-29
7.27 Time Temperature Profile Setup Dialog Box - Heat Profile Tab ......................................7-30
7.28 TLD Card Showing Chip Positions ...................................................................................7-31
7.29 Time Temperature Profile Setup Dialog Box - Background and MPC.............................7-35
7.30 Calibration Menu ..............................................................................................................7-37
7.31 Generate Calibration Dosimeters Dialog Box - TLD Card ...............................................7-38
7.32 Reader Calibration Dialog Box .........................................................................................7-40
7.33 Dosimeter Calibration Dialog Box ....................................................................................7-44
7.34 QC Menu ...........................................................................................................................7-46
7.35 Tools Menu with 8840 Algorithm .....................................................................................7-47
7.36 Edit algorithm Setup Profile dialog box ............................................................................7-48
7.37 Background Setup Dialog Box ..........................................................................................7-49
7.38 Calculation Setup Dialog Box ...........................................................................................7-51
7.39 Workspace Menu ..............................................................................................................7-52
7.40 Instrument Options Dialog Box ........................................................................................7-52
7.41 Databases Location Dialog Box ......................................................................................7-54
7.42 File Location Dialog Box .................................................................................................7-56
7.43 Password File Location Dialog Box ..................................................................................7-57
7.44 Print Regions of Interest Dialog Box.................................................................................7-57
7.45 Enter Password Dialog Box...............................................................................................7-58
7.46 Password Maintenance Dialog Box...................................................................................7-58
7.47 Add a New User Dialog Box .............................................................................................7-58
7.48 Modify User Dialog Box ...................................................................................................7-59
7.49 Window Menu ..................................................................................................................7-60
7.50 Help Menu ........................................................................................................................7-61
7.51 WinREMS Help Home Page .............................................................................................7-61
7.52 About WinREMS Dialog Box ...........................................................................................7-62
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 0-9
Operator's Manual

TABLES
Table Page
6.1 Standard TTP Recommendations ... card mounted...hot gas.. .............................................6-3
6.2 Standard TTP Re commendations ... unmounted...planchet................................................6-4
6.3 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Generating Calibration Cards. .......................................6-6
6.4 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating the Reader ...................................................6-8
6.5 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating Cards .........................................................6-10
6.6 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Generating Extremity Cal. Dosimeters .......................6-14
6.7 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating the Reader .................................................6-17
6.8 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating Extremity Dosimeters ...............................6-19
6.9 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Generating Unmounted Cal. Dosimeters .....................6-23
6.10 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating the Reader .................................................6-25
6.11 Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating Unmounted Dosimeters ............................6-27

7.1 Reading Types ...................................................................................................................7-12


7.2 Calibration Factors by Read Mode ....................................................................................7-23
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 0-10 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

BLANK PAGE
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 0-11
Operator's Manual

Writing Conventions Safety Warnings


In order to maintain consistency There are also certain conventions for
throughout this and all Thermo Electron safety warnings. They are divided into three
Corporation RM&P manuals, certain writing categories and defined as follows:
conventions have been followed. These are
listed below for your convenience. • DANGER indicates an imminently
When instructions are given for using a hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
DOS or other operating system, the following will result in death or serious injury.
conventions are used.
DANGER NOTICES ALWAYS APPEAR
IN BOLD, ITALICIZED UPPER CASE
• When a specific operating system
LETTERS.
command, file name, directory name or
environment variable is used in the text,
it is shown in small caps; for example, • WARNING indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
C:\NVLAP\NVLAP.EXE could result in death or serious injury.
WARNING NOTICES ALWAYS
• When a general operating system APPEAR IN UPPERCASE BOLD
command, file name, directory name or LETTERS.
environment variable is used in the text,
it is shown in italics; for example
• CAUTION indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
drive:\path\filename.
may result in minor or moderate injury. It
• When a specific example of an operating may also be used to alert against unsafe
system entry is given, it is offset from the practices. CAUTION notices always
paragraph and shown in Courier font; for appear in bold, italicized letters.
example,
The definition of these safety warnings is
>copy a:*.asc according to ANSI Z535.4. In addition, we
have added the following warning:
When describing Harshaw software, such
as WinREMS, the following conventions are • NOTE indicates a situation which has the
used. potential for erroneous data collection,
loss of electronic data, or damage to
• Screen names, Pull-Down Menu equipment, but which does not directly
Selections, and Field Names are always affect the safety of the operator with
Capitalized; for example, Main Menu respect to this product. The responsibility
Screen or Input File Field. for any safety consequences as a result of
erroneous data lies solely with the
• Data Field Entries and Multiple Choice operator.
(pop-up) Field Selections are enclosed in
single quotes; for example, `neutron'.

Keyboard keys (other than letters,


numbers, and punctuation) are shown
enclosed in pointed brackets; for example,
<Ctrl>.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 0-12 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

SAFETY SYMBOLS

The following symbols may appear on


the Reader.

Caution, risk of electric shock (ISO


Caution! (ISO 3864, No. B.3.1) This 3864 No. B.3.6) This symbol designates a
symbol designates possible hazards both high voltage connection or an exposure to
mechanical and electrical. working voltage.

This symbol designates this instrument as


Caution Hot Surface (IEC 417 No. being compliant with the CE standards listed
5041) The above symbol designates an on the European Notice page of this section
accessible hot surface with which the operator (page 0-12).
could come in contact.
Please follow all safety warnings, both on
the Reader and in the manuals. Failure to
operate the Reader in the manner specified by
the manufacturer may impair the safety
protections built into the equipment.

Protective conductor Terminal (IEC


417, No. 5019) This symbol designates the
ground terminal for the mains protective
ground. The wiring should be green/yellow in
color.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 0-13
Operator's Manual

WEEE Compliance

Recycling and Disposal of Hazardous


Waste

The Model 4500 TLD Card Reader complies


with the European Union’s Waste Electrical
and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive
2002/96/EC. The Reader is marked on the
backside with the WEEE Compliance symbol
(Figure 0.1), in the general area of other Figure 0.1
compliance stickers. In addition, any other WEEE Compliance Symbol
applicable system component will also be
properly labeled.

Thermo Electron has contracted with one or


more recycling/disposal companies in each
EU Member State, and this product should be
recycled or disposed of through them. Further
information on Thermo Electron’s compliance
with this directive, the recyclers in your
country, and information on Thermo Electron
Products that may assist with the detection of
substances subject to the Restriction of
Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive
2002/95/EC are available at:
www.thermo.com/WEEERoHS.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 0-14 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

EUROPEAN NOTICE - Model 4500

Products with the CE Marking comply with the EMC directive (89/336/EEC) issued by the
Commission of the European Community.

Compliance with the directive implies conformity to the following European Standards:

EN 50011: 1991 Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics


of industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio frequency equipment.
(Emission standard)

EN50082-1: 1992 Electromagnetic compatibility - Generic immunity standard.


IEC 1000-4-2:1994
IEC 801-3:1994
IEC 1000-4-4:1994

EN 61010-1: 1990 Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control,
and laboratory use.

Note:
In order for the instrument to comply with the standards, as tested, the cable lengths (Power and
Serial) may not exceed three meters.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 1-1
Operator=s Manual

1.0 System Overview 1.1 General Description


The Harshaw Model 4500 Manual TLD The gas heating system uses a stream of
Reader with WinREMS (Figure 1.1) is a hot nitrogen or air at precisely controlled,
state-of-the-art, tabletop instrument used for linearly ramped temperatures to a maximum
thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) of 400o C to simultaneously heat two
measurement of a wide variety of TL Chipstrates in a Carrier Card or two positions
materials in many forms and sizes. This in a four-chip TLD card. Four-chip cards then
model incorporates two Photomultiplier Tubes are moved automatically into position for
in a sliding housing, with both planchet and asecond read cycle to complete the card. The
hot gas (nitrogen or air) heating methods. The hot gas heating under closed loop feedback
TL element may be heated by hot gas or by a control and the superior electronic design
planchet. Hot gas is used for Whole Body and produces consistent and repeatable glow
Environmental TL Cards and Extremity curves over a wide dynamic range. This
Dosimeters (ChipstratesJ and RingletsJ), means the card will last longer and can be
while the planchet is used for unmounted TL used more times.
elements: chips, disks, rods, and powders The planchet system uses electric
The system consists of two major resistance heating with the same closed loop
components: the TLD Reader and the feedback system to produce temperatures to
Windows Radiation Evaluation and Manage- 400o C in the standard unit and 600o C with
ment System (WinREMS) software resident the high temperature option.
on a personal computer (PC), which is The Reader's basic external components
connected to the Reader via a serial include a front control panel consisting of a
communications port. start button, three LED status lights (Ready,
Cycle, and Fault), and a power indicator light;
a sample drawer assembly; and a lens drawer.

Figure 1.1 Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader


Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 1-2 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

1.0 System Overview (cont'd) The Photomultiplier Tube (PMT)


1.1 General Description (cont'd) Assembly is cooled to a constant temperature
to maintain consistent performance of the
The rear panel houses a voltage- PMT. Nitrogen is routed through the PMT
selectable power input module with fuse chamber to eliminate condensation.
access, a fitting for nitrogen gas tubing, and The TL charge is collected from each
an RS-232-C serial communication port. A chip in 200 data points along the Time
power On/Off switch is located on a small Temperature Profile. An integral is calculated
panel on the right side of the Reader. for the Calibration Region (any subset of the
An electronic Reference Light is built full 200 points), and for each of four user-
into the Drawer for monitoring the defined Regions of Interest.
performance of the instrument. It is used as a If a supply of nitrogen is not available,
part of a daily QC check and may be read at clean dry air as produced by the Harshaw
operator-specified intervals during the normal Model 4488 Dry Air Generator may be used
reading process. as the heating medium for the TLD cards.
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4500-W-O-0805 Page 1-3
Operator=s Manual

1.0 System Overview (cont=d) the primary data tracking may be by dosimeter
and Subject ID, and the instrument calibration
1.2 WinREMS Application Software can be in Sieverts. Other calibration units and
The data architecture of the system identification combinations are available.
includes both a host computer in the Reader As the Reader generates TL data, the host
and a Windows7-based PC connected through computer stores it until a reading is
an RS-232-C serial communication port. The completed. It then transmits the data to
dosimetry functions are divided between the WinREMS in the form of 200 response points
Reader and the Harshaw WinREMS forming a Glow Curve. WinREMS displays
(Windows Radiation Evaluation and the curve as it is received and then stores the
Management) software on the PC. All data for future computation and reporting.
dosimetric data storage, instrument control, WinREMS also performs a variety of
and operator inputs are performed on the PC; calibration and Quality Assurance operations.
transport subsystem control, gas and vacuum The user may create, store, and select
controls, and signal acquisition and from any number of Time Temperature
conditioning are performed in the Reader. Profiles (TTP) and Acquisition Setup
Sufficient redundancy is maintained that Parameters. A separate Reader Calibration
dosimetric data is never lost in the event of a Factor (RCF) can be established for each TTP
power failure. to assure accurate conversion of data from
WinREMS controls the operations of the charge to dosimetric units.
Reader, including storing the operating This simple architecture allows users the
parameters: Time Temperature Profiles flexibility and economy of using an existing
(TTPs), Reader Calibration Factors (RCFs), computer, provides for the simple addition of
and Element Correction Coefficients (ECCs). optional functions such as Dose computation
The flexible design of WinREMS enables the algorithms, and for convenient updating of
user to automatically calibrate the reader and application software. Through WinREMS,
dosimeters in a wide variety of dosimetric any model Harshaw TLD Reader may be
units, or to work directly in nanocoulombs installed as part of a network of readers with
and do his own calibration through a custom or without a central server and may be
spreadsheet program. For example, for networked with a complete Harshaw Health
radiation therapy and planning, the system can Physics Record System (HPRS).
be calibrated in Grays, and the dosimeters
tracked primarily by Subject Identification.
For personnel radiation protection monitoring,
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 1-4 4500-W-O-0805
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1.0 System Overview (cont'd)

1.3 Dosimeters
The model 4500 Reader is
capable of reading a number of forms
of thermoluminescence dosimeters,
all of which are described in this
section.

1.3.1 Whole Body and


Environmental Dosimeters
Whole Body and Environmental
Dosimeter Assemblies consist of two
parts, a TLD Card and a Holder. The Figure 1.2 Typical Dosimeter Card
TLD card consists of four TL hot-
pressed chips mounted between two
PTFE sheets or mounted on
KaptonK on an aluminum substrate, This difference in radiation absorption allows
identified by a peelable label with an ID determination of shallow, deep, and lens of
Number appearing in both numeric and the eye doses as well as some energy
barcode formats. One corner of the card is discrimination.
notched to insure proper insertion into the The TLD Card Holder (Figure 1.3) is
holder and correct orientation when being made of durable, tissue-equivalent, ABS
read in the Card Reader. The aluminum plastic, and is gasketted and sealed to retain
substrate may be color anodized for the card in a light and moisture excluding
identification. A typical card is shown in environment.
Figure 1.2.
While the basic Dosimeter
Assembly design is standardized,
the filtration media and thickness
and the TL chips can be
specifically selected from a
variety of materials to provide
measurement of a wide range of
radiation types and energies. The
readings can then be processed by
a Dose computation algorithm for
an accurate measurement of dose
equivalence.
The Holder protects the card
from environmental damage and
retains the filtration media which
attenuate the various radiation
types to provide selective Figure 1.3 Dosimeter Holder
entrapment in the TL material.
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1.0 System Overview (cont'd)


1.3 Dosimeters (cont'd)
1.3.1 Whole Body and Environmental
Dosimeters (cont'd)
The design of the holder is
tamper-resistant and tamper-evident, yet is
opened quickly and easily by means of either
a manual or an Automatic Holder Opener.
The front and back halves may be either Figure 1.4 Holder Opener
hinged or hooked together. The card cavity
contains an orientation notch so that a card
cannot be inserted incorrectly. either of two thicknesses:
Body attachment can be by belt loop or 0.15 mm (0.006") or 0.38 mm (0.015"), and
by clip, and it can be worn as part of a typical one from TLD-600, 0.38 mm (0.015") thick.
Subject (Employee) Identification Badge. Each chip/filter combination performs a
Holders may be color coded by means of an specific function, as follows:
optional silk screen process in one area; ten One TLD-700 chip, 0.38 mm thick,
colors are available. covered with 242 mg/cm2 ABS plastic and 91
The Manual Holder Opener (Figure 1.4) mg/cm2 copper filtration, is used for low
is a small, hand-held device which the energy photon discrimination and dose to the
operator inserts into the open end of the lens of the eye measurement.
holder and with mild thumb pressure on the
button releases the latch and opens the
holder.
The Automatic Holder Opener is a
small, rectangular, bench-top
instrument. The operator simply inserts
the latch end of the holder into an
opening on the front. The opener senses
the presence of the holder and moves a
plunger into place which exerts pres-
sure on the latch to open the holder.
The TL card drops into a chute for the
operator to retrieve.

Whole Body Card


A typical Whole Body Card (Figure
1.5) consists of four LiF TL chips 3
mm2 (1/8 inch) square, encapsulated
between two sheets of Teflon 0.0025
inches (10 mg/cm2) thick and mounted
on an aluminum substrate. Three of the
chips are fabricated from TLD-700 in Figure 1.5 8814 Whole Body Dosimeter
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1.0 System Overview (cont'd) preheat reduces the fading to less than 3% for
1.3 Dosimeters (cont'd) 100 hours after exposure when stored in the
1.3.1 Whole Body and Environmental dark at 20o C.
Dosimeters (cont'd) The lead and tantalum filters that shield
the CaF2 flatten the energy response and
Another TLD-700 chip, 0.38 mm thick, enable the dosimeter to meet the requirements
with 1000 mg/cm2 combined PTFE/ABS of ANSI N549-1975.
filtration (107 mg/cm2 ABS + 893 mg/cm2 For periods in excess of one month, the
PTFE filters) measures the deep dose. LiF response is recommended. The maxi-
A thinner TLD-700 chip, 0.15 mm thick mum over-response of LiF is approximately
with 0.06 mm aluminized Mylar filtration 40%; therefore, it does not need a flattening
determines the shallow dose. The total filter to meet the ANSI Standard.
filtration for this element, combining the The filtered CaF2 material may
PTFE card encapsulation and the aluminized significantly underestimate the environmental
Mylar filter, is 17 mg/cm2. dose at the 40 keV cutoff of the flattening
A TLD-600 chip, 0.38 mm thick, with filter. In this case, the unfiltered LiF,
300 mg/cm2 ABS plastic filtration, measures although it is less sensitive, will provide better
lens of the eye and neutron dose. dose measurements due to its nearly tissue-
equivalent energy response.
Environmental TL Card
The environmental card is composed of
two CaF2:Dy (TLD-200) elements and two
LiF:Mg,Ti (TLD-100) elements, all
of which are 0.035 inches thick
(Figure 1.6). The CaF2:Dy elements
are shielded by 80 mg/cm2 ABS
plastic, 0.010 inches of tantalum and
0.002 inches of lead. The LiF:Mg,Ti
are shielded by only the 80 mg/cm2
ABS. The use of two elements of
each type improves the statistics of
the measurement.
The CaF2 material has higher
sensitivity than the LiF elements (by
a factor of 30) but also exhibits a
higher fading rate. This extremely
high sensitivity makes it a superior
TL material for short term (no more
than one month) environmental
monitoring; however, the higher
fading rate does limit its usefulness
for long duration environmental
measurements. Various preheat
techniques can reduce this fading.
For example, 160o C for 10 seconds Figure 1.6 Type 8807 Environmental Dosimeter
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 1-7
Operator=s Manual

1.0 System Overview (cont'd) ! Reduction of photo luminescence and


1.3 Dosimeters (cont'd) lower minimum detectable dose

1.3.2 EXT-RAD Extremity System ! Reduction of residual signal to less than


The Harshaw EXT-RAD Extremity 0.2% of the original exposure without
Dosimeters consist of a Polyamide (Kapton8) special annealing
strip with a TL chip and a five-digit barcode ! Measurement of neutron doses with
ID bonded to it. This complete assembly is higher-temperature energy traps than
known as a ChipstrateJ (Figure 1.7). This allowed by 300o C
Chipstrate is inserted in a sealed, disposable
pouch, which is then attached to any of a ! Use of stable high-sensitivity TLD
variety of finger rings, caps, or straps materials, such as CaF2;Mn (which has
(Figure 1.8) that can be worn on a body glow peaks near 300o C) for
extremity. After the completion of the environmental dosimetry.
exposure period, the pouch is cut away and
the Chipstrate is removed for reading. Body Attachment
Chipstrates are read by first inserting up Before being issued to the wearer, one or
to two of them into a carrier (Figure 1.9) that two Chipstrates are placed in a plastic pouch,
has the same general configuration as a whole which is then hermetically heat-sealed for
body dosimeter. The Reader then can read the environmental protection. The pouches have
Chipstrates and the IDs of the Chipstrates and slots for insertion of adjustable length straps
carrier. WinREMS automatically associates (Figure 1.8) to fit comfortably around fingers
the exposure from each Chipstrate with its ID. or other body parts.

Chipstrates
The TL chips used in the extremity
dosimeters are the same as those used in the
whole body dosimeters. This enables X-ray,
Beta, or neutron measurement. Up to two
Chipstrates can be used in one pouch, to Figure 1.7 Chipstrate
obtain multiple types of radiation
measurement.
A proprietary bonding method is used to
attach the chips to the substrate. Samples
have been tested for 500 reuses at 400o C to
assure full integrity of the bonding process.
The bare LiF chip was also exposed to
numerous corrosive chemicals with no
adverse effect.
The bonding process eliminates the need
for Teflon encapsulation, which provides the
following benefits:
Figure 1.8 Chipstrate Strap
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1.0 System Overview (cont'd) 1.3.3 DXT-RAD Extremity System


1.3 Dosimeters (cont'd) Another type of Extremity Dosimeter
1.3.2 EXT-RAD Extremity System (cont'd) available with this system is the Harshaw
DXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeter as shown in
The pouches can be barcoded by the user Figure 1.10. A TLD pellet is bonded to a
or may have clear plastic on one side to Kapton7 film. A flat ring is also bonded to the
facilitate reading the barcode before removal. Kapton surrounding the TL pellet. This ring
Upon completion of a field assignment cycle, has a unique 5-digit identification number
the pouches are cut and discarded, and the visible in both barcode and numeric format.
Chipstrates extracted for insertion into the This TL element assembly is placed in a
carrier cards. The bands can be saved for recess in an adjustable finger ring. A plastic
reuse. cap is pressed into the recess to provide
hermetic sealing of the TL chip and a 2X
Carrier Cards magnification to aid in reading the Chip ID.
These cards hold up to two Chipstrates Either of two TLD elements may be used
each to enable processing in the Model 4500 in this application: a 0.015" thick TLD-100
TLD Readers. The Carrier Cards are of the chip or TLD-700H bonded powder.
same configuration as the Whole Body The finger ring is made of durable low
Dosimeter Cards. This enables Chipstrates to density polypropylene plastic and is
be read in the same Readers as 8800 Series adjustable to fit finger sizes from 16 to 28 mm
Cards. The Chipstrates are easily inserted into in diameter. It is available in yellow and
and removed from the Carrier Cards using orange to color code different body areas. A
tweezers (Figure 1.9). manual fixture is provided to insert and
The Carrier Cards and the Chipstrates are remove the dosimeter and cap. The
barcoded. By means of an Employee ID completed assembly may be sterilized by
station or an Extremity Chain of Custody either hot (up to 120" C vapor) or cold
System, the Chipstrate barcodes can be procedures.
associated with the wearer's ID for complete
Chain of Custody of the dosimetric data.

Figure 1.9 Chipstrate Carrier Card Figure 1.10 DXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeter
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 1-9
Operator=s Manual

1.0 System Overview (cont'd)


1.3 Dosimeters (cont'd)

1.3.4 Unmounted Dosimeters


Thermo Electron Corporation RM&P
produces unmounted TL dosimeters in a
variety of materials in various sizes of chips,
rods, disks, and powders, all of which can be
read on the Model 4500. Available materials
include TLD-100, TLD-200, TLD-400, TLD-
500, TLD-600, TLD-700, TLD-100H, TLD-
600H, and TLD-700H. Available sizes
include the following:

! Chips: 3.2mm (1/8") square face from


0.15mm (0.006") to 0.89mm
(0.035")

! Rods: 1mm dia. x 6mm long


1mm dia. x 3mm long
1mm x 1mm x 6mm
1mm x 1mm x 1mm

! Disks: 5mm (0.20") dia. from


0.38mm (0.015") to
0.89mm (0.035")

! Powders: -80 to 200 mesh


Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 1-10 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

1.0 System Overview (cont'd) 1.5 Dosimetric Performance Specifications


The following performance characteristics
1.4 Instrument Performance Specifications have been experimentally determined using
Dynamic Range: Harshaw LiF:Mg,Ti chips.
Seven decades.
Radiation types and energies:
Reference Light stability (short term): Photon: Greater than 1 keV
Less than 0.5% variation (based on 1 Neutron: Thermal to 100 MeV
standard deviation of 10 consecutive Beta: Greater than 70 MeV
readings).
Linear (>1%) Measurement range:
TTP reproducibility: LiF:Mg,Ti
"1o C. 100 FGy (10 mrad) to 1 Gy (100 rad)
LiF:Mg,Cu,P
High Voltage stability (short term): 10 FGy (1 mrad) to 10 Gy (1000 rad)
"0.005%.
Supralinear Measurement range:
Linearity: LiF:Mg,Ti
Less than 1% deviation. 1 Gy (100 rad) to 20 Gy (2,000 rad)
LiF:Mg,Cu,P
Dark Current (background noise):
10 Gy (1000 rad) to 20 Gy (2,000 rad)
Less than 1 FGy 137Cs equivalent dark
current. Stability better than 1.0 FGy Tissue equivalence:
(based on 1 standard deviation of 10 Nearly tissue equivalent
consecutive measurements).
Fading (using total integral):
Warm-up time: Without thermal treatments or fading
20 minutes. correction:
less than 20% in 3 months.
TTP capabilities:
Preheat temperature: 20 to 200o C With Harshaw fading correction algorithm
Preheat time: 0 to 300 sec. or glow curve batch deconvolution:
Acquisition time: 10 to 300 sec. less than 5% in 3 months.
Temperature rate: 1 to 50o C/sec.
Acquisition temperature: to 400o C* Repeatability:
Post-read anneal temperature: to 400o C* Less than 2% variation (based on one
* standard deviation for 10 sequential
600o C optional for the planchet measurements at 1 mGy (100 mrad) 137Cs).

Minimum detectability:
Less than 10 FGy (1 mrad) (based on 2.26
x standard deviation of 10 repeated
evaluations of an unexposed dosimeter).
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 1-11
Operator=s Manual

1.0 System Overview (cont=d) ! Dosimeter Holding Trays that provide


excellent storage and staging for dosimetric
1.6 Accessories materials.
There are numerous accessories available
from Thermo Electron Corporation to assist ! Neutral Density Filters to facilitate the
users of the 4500; they include: reading of highly exposed materials by
reducing the intensity of the light arriving
! Personal Computers to control the 4500 at the PMT.
Reader.
! Nitrogen Pressure Regulators and Hoses to
! External Printers for printing reading feed nitrogen gas into the 4500 Reader
results, parameters, etc. unit.

! Annealing Ovens - including both single- ! Additional Planchets to accommodate


set point and programmable types. alternate forms of TL materials (e.g.,
disks and rods).
! External Irradiators to prepare dosimeter
materials for use in Reader calibration. ! Spare Parts Kits that contain backup parts
for the instrument.
! Powder Dispensers to aid in dispensing
accurate amounts of dosimetric powders. ! Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPSs) to
ensure the continuity of the power
! Micro Vacuum Cleaners to aid in clean-ing supplied to the 4500 Reader and its
sample drawers, cleanout drawers, as well controlling PC during a loss of line
as any accidental dosimetric powder spills. power.

! Tweezers, both vacuum and mechanic-ally ! Applications Software for instrument and
actuated, to assist with placement of dosimeter calibration; Computerized
dosimetric materials (chips, rods, cubes, Glow Curve Deconvolution; collecting,
and disks). storing and manipulating data for dose
algorithms; and quality assurance and
diagnostics programs.
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BLANK PAGE
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 2-1
Operator's Manual

2.0 Installation 2.1.2 Environment

2.1 Operating Requirements Transient Voltage:


To perform as specified in Section Use of commercially available surge
1.4 Instrument Performance Specifications, protection devices is recommended to protect
the 4500 Reader must be operated within the the sensitive electronics of both the Reader
following parameters. and the controlling PC.

2.1.1 Utilities Static Electricity Protection:


The Model 4500 Reader requires the Use of an anti-static mat is recommended.
following utilities to operate.
Operating Temperature:
Electrical Supply (selectable): 15o C to 40o C
110/120 volt AC, 60 Hz, 3.0 amp max.
Storage Temperature:
220/240 volt AC, 50 Hz, 1.5 amp max.
-10o C to 60o C
Transient voltage, frequency immunity, and Humidity:
leakage current specification per UL 544 for Functions within specification after 24-hour
non-patient equipment. exposure to 90% humidity and subsequent 6-
hour recovery with use of the nitrogen supply.
Nitrogen Supply
Quality: Purified (99.995%), dry Ambient Light Exposure:
Pressure: 3.0 to 7.5 kg/cm2 Can withstand up to 1,000 Lux (with cover on
(40 to 100 psi) Reader).
Flow Rate: Internally regulated
Approximate requirements Electromagnetic Interference:
PMT only: 28 l/h (1 scfh) Complies with European Community
Planchet: 140 l/h (5 scfh) Standards, EMC directive 89/336/EEC. See
Maximum: 850 l/h (30 scfh) complete statement on page 0-4.

Use of a needle valve and flowmeter are Shock:


recommended to achieve this flow rate. Will withstand a 1 cm drop onto a concrete
Thermo Electron Corporation Part No. surface.
500002 provides the appropriate valves for
this function. Installation Category:
Pollution Degree (2) - Normally only non-
Air Supply (alternate to Nitrogen) conductive pollution occurs. Occasionally,
If you are going to use air as the heating however, a temporary conductivity caused by
medium, we recommend that you use the condensation must be expected.
Thermo Electron Corporation Model 4488
Overvoltage Category:
Dry Air Supply. Installation instructions for
Category (II) - Portable equipment with local
this unit are contained in its manual.
level voltages.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 2-2 4500-0-O-0805
Operator's Manual

2.0 Installation (cont'd) 2.3 Software


If you purchased a PC from Thermo
2.2 PC Requirements Electron Corporation RM&P as part of your
The minimum requirements for a system, the computer is delivered with the
personal computer used for controlling the WinREMS software installed and configured
Model 6600 Reader and its operating software for your system. In this case, upon booting
WinREMS are as follows: the computer, a WinREMS icon will appear
on your desktop. See Section 3.1.4 Initiating
• 100% compatibility with Intel Pentium WinREMS for startup instructions.
Personal Computer. Your shipment will also include a CD-
ROM or a set of distribution diskettes for
• P5-350 processor back-up installation, should this ever be
necessary. Replacements for any WinREMS
• 128 MB RAM installation can be requested from your
Thermo Electron Corporation RM&P service
• 8 Gigabyte Hard Drive. representative

• 1 Serial Port available for the Reader. 2.4 Password


A password is necessary to edit the Time
• LPT1 Parallel Port available for Temperature Profile and the Acquisition Set-
printer. up screens, as well as to add new users. The
software is initially configured with a user
• Any PC-compatible keyboard. named `system' and a password of `system'.
After the system is operating satisfactorily and
you have added at least one User ID/Password
• One 3-1/2" diskette drive
combination, we recommend that you remove
the initial `system'/`system' combination,
• One CD ROM drive
since leaving it active would give access to
the protected features to anyone who reads
• SVGA Monitor.
this manual. Password addition and removal
is discussed in Section 7.6.2 Password
• Windows NT7 4.0 (with Service Pack Maintenance.
5 or later), Windows 987, Windows
XP7, or Windows 20007

Note that these are minimum


requirements; normally, a pentium-based PC
with considerably higher specifications is
supplied.
The PC-to-Reader communication
architecture is very robust, with error
checking, handling, reporting, and a
retransmit feature to virtually eliminate data
loss.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 2-3
Operator's Manual

2.0 Installation (cont'd) 3. Inspect parts for any obvious damage


If damage is evident, contact the
2.5 Hardware carrier for a shipment inspection. Retain
This section describes procedures for all packing materials, waybills, etc., to
setting up the Reader and operating the verify claim. Then contact your Thermo
system for the first time. It is important that Electron Corporation RM&P field
you follow these instructions. representative for assistance in repair or
replacement of damaged items.
1. Establish working location
The 4500 Reader is designed for 4. Select line voltage and fuse
bench-top mounting and requires a The instrument can be powered by
connection to the controlling PC. Locate 100 or 120 VAC at 60 Hertz, or 220 or
a space on a surface that is within a 240 VAC at 50 Hertz. The current line
comfortable working distance from the voltage setting is indicated by the
PC. The RS-232 cable provided with the numbers (100, 120, 220, and 240)
4500 is 6 feet long. If the PC is to be showing in the clear plastic window
located more than 6 feet from the 4500, adjacent to the power cord.
then a longer cable will be required. To Check the existing line voltage
avoid any data transfer problems, the setting. If the setting does not match the
cable should be no longer than 50 feet available AC line voltage, change it
(three meters for CE compliance). according to the following procedure:
The Reader, which measures 37 cm
(14.75 inches) high by 46 cm (18.25 A. Ensure that the line power cord is not
inches) wide and 50 cm (20.5 inches) connected to the Reader's power
deep, requires a minimum of 8 cm input panel.
(3 inches) clearance at the rear and along
B. Slide the clear plastic cover left to
the sides for ventilation and accessibility cover the line cord plug and expose
to the on/off switch and power cord. the fuse holder and the plug-in
voltage selection board.
2. Unpack the workstation components
Carefully remove the 4500 Reader C. Using care not to damage the board,
and other items from their shipping pull it out of the housing with
containers and check the contents against needle-nose pliers. Change the
your order and the shipping papers. orientation of the board so that the
number matching the available line
CAUTION: Because the Reader is quite voltage is visible when the board is
heavy (approximately 75 lbs.), it should inserted.
always be lifted by two or more people.
Handle it by grasping it under the D. Re-insert the board.
frame at the sides. Do not lift it by its
covers and do not attempt to lift it by E. If the voltage was changed from the
yourself. factory pre-set value, you may need
to insert a fuse of a rating
appropriate for the supplied voltage.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 2-4 4500-0-O-0805
Operator's Manual

2.0 Installation (cont'd) required for reading cards and is highly


recommended for all readings, it is not
2.5 Hardware (cont'd) absolutely necessary for planchet
Pull the tab marked "Fuse Pull" to readings.
remove the existing fuse. Insert the Attach one end of the 3mm (1/8")
correct fuse according to the flexible tubing to the nitrogen inlet port
following table. on the 4500 and the other end to the
nitrogen supply regulator assembly.
Voltage Fuse Rating & Type
The supply should provide a
100/120 3 amp, slow-blow, Type 3AG
220/240 1.5 amp, slow-blow, Type 3AG pressure of at least 2 kg/cm2 (30 psig)
and no more than 7 kg/cm2 (100 psig).
Note: The instrument is rated 300 VA. The flow rate requirement depends on
usage, as listed in Section 2.1.1 Utilities.
F. Slide the plastic cover to the right
and reconnect the line power cord. NOTE: Flow rate requirements are
different for different Harshaw
5. Place the Reader in its operating instruments.
location
It is highly recommended, especially
CAUTION: Because the Reader is quite in high humidity environments, that
heavy (approximately 75 lbs.), it should nitrogen remain flowing through the
always be lifted by two or more people. system at all times. This is because
Handle it by grasping it under the nitrogen is used to purge the PMT
frame at the sides. Do not lift it by its Assembly, keeping moisture out of this
covers and do not attempt to lift it by critical area. When you are not taking
yourself. readings, the flow rate may be reduced to
10 on the Flow Meter to minimize
6. Connect Reader to PC nitrogen consumption.
Attach the RS-232 cable to the 25-
pin connector on the rear panel of the 8. Connect to line power
4500 and to the COM1 port on the Make sure that the On/Off switch
controlling PC. Be sure to use the (on the right side of the reader) is in the
connector's captive screws to ensure the OFF position. Connect the 3-prong IEC-
integrity of data communications. 320 power cord to the back panel. Insert
It is advisable to check the setting of the other end of the power cord into the
the PC's clock/calendar at this time. This line power supply.
should always be set correctly as all TLD
records are date/time stamped. 9. Turn on power
Push the On/Off switch into the ON
7. Connect nitrogen supply position. The instrument should start and
A supply of clean, dry gas (either the green POWER ON status lamp on
nitrogen or air) is required as the heating the front panel should come on and
medium for reading TL Cards and remain lit. (All lights will light briefly
Chipstrates. This gas is also used as a during power-up.)
purge for the PMT Assembly and the
planchet area. While a gas supply is
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 3-1
Operator's Manual

3.0 General Instructions pointer in one place on the screen. In a field


This section describes how to operate the designed to respond to hovering, additional
WinREMS software, how to load TL data will appear.
materials into the Reader, and provides
general instructions in the use of the 4500 3.1.2 Highlighting Records
Reader/WinREMS, including initiating and On many screens which list records (for
exiting from the system. example, Figures 7.11, 7.12), the records can
be selectively highlighted for additional
3.1 WinREMS processing by clicking on them. Clicking to
The Radiation Evaluation and
records requires that the cursor be in the
Management System (REMS) consists of a
extreme left column, at which time the normal
series of programs and databases that direct
the operation of the Reader through the 4500 arrow will turn into a black horizontal arrow.
Host computer, receive dosimetry records You may then use <Control> click and
from the reader, then stores, retrieves, and <Shift> click as you would in any Windows
processes them, and presents the data in function. Clicking on the box at the very top
meaningful forms. These processes are of the column will select all records.
directed through a series of menus and dialog You may also use the arrow keys to move the
boxes, which are described in detail in Section pointer and use the space bar as a toggle to
7.0 WinREMS Reference. select/deselect individual records.
This section provides you with the
information necessary to start the system, 3.1.3 Password
navigate through the screens, enter data, get A password is necessary to perform certain
help, and exit the WinREMS software. functions in WinREMS. There are two levels
of password protection. An administrator has
3.1.1 Mouse Support access to all functions of WinREMS. An
WinREMS supports the use of a operator has access to all functions except
Microsoft (or compatible) mouse. Terms used Password Maintenance. A user without a
commonly in this manual in describing the
password can read dosimeters and perform
operation of a mouse areas follows:
most functions, but cannot edit the
"Click" means to push down on the left mouse Acquisition Setup, the TTP Setup, or the
button and release it immediately without Workspace Properties. Changes to the
moving the Mouse pointer. operator/password list are discussed in
Section 7.9.2 Password Maintenance.
"Double Click" means to push down on the
left mouse button and release it immediately 3.1.4 Initiating WinREMS
twice in quick succession, without moving the A shortcut to WinREMS has been installed on
mouse pointer. the desktop screen. Simply double click on
the WinREMS icon (or use the Windows Start
“Drag” means to click and hold the left mouse
Menu) to bring up the WinREMS Main
button down while moving the mouse pointer
across the screen to a new location and release Screen. This screen will have only three
the button. items on the Main Menu. Click on File and
open a workspace, either new or existing, to
"Right Click" means to push down on the bring up the complete Main Menu.
right mouse button and release it immediately
without moving the pointer.
“Hover" means to hold the mouse
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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3.0 General Instructions (cont’d) Value (gU) Displayed


3.1 Software Operation (cont’d) 0.123456789.1234 gU
1.23456789 1.234 gU
3.1.5 Exiting WinREMS 12.3456789 12.34 gU
123.456789 123.4 gU
To exit from WinREMS, simply click on 1234.56789 1.234 kgU
the X Box or go to the Main Menu and click 12345.6789 12.34 kgU
on File, Exit. Be sure to save your current 123456.789 123.4 kgU
workspace. 1234567.89 1.234 MgU
12345678.9 12.34 MgU
3.1.6 Unit Scaling 123456789. 123.4 MgU
The Harshaw TLD Readers are capable 1234567890 1234. MgU
of operating over a dynamic range of seven
decades, although it is seldom that one In any given unit, three ranges are
installation will use all this capability. defined: base unit, base unit x1,000, and base
Because of the many environments in which unit x1,000,000. The displayed value is
these Readers are operated, it is also necessary adjusted so that it is greater than one and less
to report in a variety of dosimetric units. It is than one thousand, if possible. However, if
also generally desirable to report data in the range reaches the x1,000,000 level, a
numbers ranging from 1 to 1,000. In order to value greater than or equal to one thousand
accomplish these three objectives will be displayed up to the five character limit
simultaneously, it is necessary to perform of 99999 (note that the trailing decimal point
scale changes within the software. will be dropped and five digits will be
There are a number of standard prefixes displayed for values greater than 9999).
which are used to scale units. The following Similarly, if the value is less than 1 at the base
table details the prefixes in most common unit level, it will be displayed as a decimal
usage. value less than one. Both these conditions are
shown in the above table.
prefix Abbreviation Scale The following table details the unit labels
pico p 10-12 for the three different scaling ranges given
nano n 10-9 various calibration units, as well as for the
micro u 10-6 uncalibrated response unit of nanocoulombs
milli m 10-3
Kilo k 103 Base unit x1 x1000 x1000000
Mega M 106 nanocoulombs nC uC mC
generic units gU kgU MgU
Note that there is a potential for milliRoentgens mR R kR
confusion with the use of 'M'. Lower case 'm' millirads mrad rad krad
is 'milli', while upper case 'M' is 'Mega'. millirems mrem rem krem
Given this understanding of these microSieverts uSv mSv Sv
prefixes and scale factors, the following table microGrays uGy mGy Gy
milliSieverts mSv Sv kSv
defines the appropriate scaling over a very milliGrays mGy Gy kGy
wide range of values for a hypothetical Sieverts Sv kSv MSv
response value (to four significant digits) Grays Gy kGy MGy
calibrated in generic units (gU). Roentgens R kR MR
3.0 General Instructions (cont'd)
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3.2 Results Screen incorporated in the total integral.


The results screen (Figure 3.1) displays Immediately below the total integral are
the results of the TLD Readings as they are the integrals for as many Regions of Interest
being generated. The information on this (ROI) as were selected, expressed in the same
screen is described in the following units as the total integral.
paragraphs. Immediately below the ROIs are the ECC
This center portion of this screen displays and RCF values if they were applied. The
up to four full glow curves in solid blue, with next line shows the Intensity of the peak
a red line to indicate the temperature of each channel in nanoamperes (58).
point. If Regions of Interest have been The last four lines in the lower box show
defined, they are identified by vertical lines. the current status of four reading parameters:
Above the glow curve area is a line of TTP Phase (Cooling), gas temperature
information about the dosimeter record (46 C), high voltage (869), and current in the
(examples from Figure 3.1): Date and time of last channel read (142), expressed in
the reading (12/16/99 13:08:29); TTP picoamperes.
Number (17); Acquisition Mode (A); Instrument status information is
Dosimeter ID (1234567); and Group ID displayed in the bottom left corner: Gas (not
(991215A). operational in the current release), Cooler
In a box to the left of each curve, the Temperature (9 C), Drawer position (closed),
dosimetric information is displayed. The first Status (Reading Dosimeter 102).
value is the total integral (234.8) expressed in
the units generated by the RCF, if applied. If
no RCF was applied, the integral is expressed
in nanocoulombs (nC). If the ECC was
applied in the Reading, it will also be

Figure 3.1 Results Screen


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3.0 General Instructions (cont'd) Note that if the Reader was only recently
turned on, the Ready Light does not
3.3 Reader Controls necessarily mean that the instrument has
There are few controls on the Reader so reached normal operating temperatures.
that as much control as possible is exercised
from the PC. These controls and their Cycle (yellow) indicates that the Reader
functions are described in the following is in the process of an acquisition cycle.
paragraphs. This light will remain on until all the
data points of the glow curve have been
Power On/Off Switch received by REMS and the heater has
This switch is located on the right side of completed its cooldown. Do not open the
the instrument near the bottom. It controls all Dosimeter Drawer when this light is on;
power to the Reader. When you turn this you will generate an error condition.
switch on after the Reader has been off for a
period of time, allow at least twenty minutes Fault (red) indicates that there is a
with gas flowing for the Reader, and problem of some kind and that the Reader
especially the PMT Thermocooler, to reach is not ready to start an acquisition cycle.
normal operating temperatures. Some possible causes of a fault condition
are the following:
Start Button
This button, located on the front of the • Dosimeter Drawer was opened while
Reader, initiates a read cycle. It is only the Cycle Light was still on
operational when the Ready light is lit. It • Loss of gas flow
does not function as a stop button when a • Communication to PC lost
reading is in progress.
Power (green) indicates that the Reader
Indicator lights is plugged in and turned on.
There are four indicator lights on the
front of the Reader from left to right, Dosimeter Drawer
functioning as follows: This drawer is located on the front of the
Reader and is where samples are placed to be
Ready (green) indicates that the Reader read. The drawer has two distinct read
is in an idle state and is ready to start an stations. The location of the PMT Position
acquisition cycle. This light indicates Lever determines which station will be heated
that the following conditions have been and read.
met: The right station is a planchet heated by
electrical resistance. Unmounted TLDs such
• The Dosimeter Drawer is in as chips and rods are heated in this station.
• The PMT is in position The left read station is heated by hot gas
• The TTP has been received and is used for mounted TLDs. It has two
• Card is in proper position heater tubes and two PMTs, and measures the
(if applicable) TL signal from TLD cards or from Chipstrates
• Gas pressure is on mounted in a Carrier Card.
(not required for planchet)
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3.0 General Instructions (cont'd) When this lever is moved to the right, the
3.3 Reader Controls (cont'd) planchet read station will be heated and read,
using the right PMT.
PMT Position Lever
The Photomultiplier Tube (PMT) Cleanout Drawer
Assembly in the Model 4500 is moveable and This drawer is located behind the Access
its position is controlled by the PMT Position Panel on the front of the Reader, immediately
Lever. This lever is located behind the above the Dosimeter Drawer. It contains the
Access Panel on the front of the Reader. lenses which focus the TL light into the
There are two PMTs in the PMT PMTs.
Assembly. When the PMT Position Lever is
moved to the left to read TL Cards, one or
both PMTs may be activated. The active
PMT(s) are determined by the Time
Temperature Profile (TTP) as described in
Section 7.5.3 TTP Setup.
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3.0 General Instructions (cont'd) 3.4.2 EXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeters


3.4 Dosimeter Handling (Chipstrates)
To read Chipstrates, you must first cut
3.4.1 Cards the Chipstrates out of their vinyl pouches
The Model 4500 Manual Card Reader (Figure 3.3). You may then insert them in the
reads all Harshaw Type 8800 and 2276 TLD Carrier Cards (Figure 3.4) using tweezers.
Cards, both Whole Body and Environmental
as shown in Figure 3.2. The cards are read in NOTE: Be careful when you insert
the left side of the drawer. You will have to Chipstrates into a Carrier Card to avoid
insert the card with enough force to move the scratching the barcodes on the Chipstrates.
small tab at the back of the recess. Be sure Damage to the barcodes will render the
that the bar code side of the card is up and that Chipstrate unreadable.
the corner notch is oriented correctly with the
If you have checked the Extremity
notch in the card recess so the card will lay
Checkbox on the Acquisition Setup Dialog
flat. The Reader will first read positions i and
Box (Figure 7.23), when you start reading
iv, move the card, and then read positions ii
Chipstrate Dosimeters, the system will first
and iii.
prompt you to enter Dosimeter IDs in Position
ii and then Position iii (Figure 7.22).

Figure 3.3 Chipstrate


Figure 3.2
Typical TLD Card

The WinREMS PC can be equipped with


a hand held barcode scanner to read the
barcode Dosimeter ID on the cards. When the
system prompts you to enter the Dosimeter
ID, you may either use a scanner to
automatically enter the Card ID or you may
enter the Card ID manually from the
keyboard.
Figure 3.4 Chipstrate Carrier Card
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Operator's Manual

3.0 General Intructions (cont’d)


3.4 Dosimeter Handling (cont’d) When all four recesses are filled, push the
slide to the rear to disengage the tapered pins.
3.4.3 DXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeters You may now remove the Carrier Card and
(Ringlets) place it in a Cartridge for reading.
To prepare Ringlets for reading, you must
first remove them from their rings (Figure 3.5)
You may do this using the right side of the
Ringlet Assembly Fixture (Figure 3.6). Place
the ring in the fixture as shown and pull the
lever down. The Ringlet will drop down the
chute.
To insert the Ringlets into a Carrier Card
(Figure 3.7), place the card in the center of the
fixture, as shown. Pull the slide under the
card forward. This will raise four tapered pins
to spread apart the tangs that retain the Ringlet
in the Carrier Card. Place the Ringlets in the
recesses in the Carrier Card.

NOTE: Handle the Ringlets only with vacuum


tweezers to avoid damaging either the TL
Chip or the barcode. Figure 3.6
Ringlet Assembly/Disassembly Fixture

Figure 3.5 DXT-RAD Extremity Dosimeter Figure 3.7 Ringlet Carrier Card
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3.0 General Instructions (cont’d) Because unmounted dosimeters can not


3.4 Dosimeter Handling (cont’d) be visually labeled, maintaining Dosimeter ID
becomes the responsibility of the user and
3.4.4 Unmounted Solids requires caution in handling the Dosimeters.
This Reader also reads various forms of Similarly, there is no way for the instrument
unmounted TLD elements: chips, disks, rods, to distinguish between dosimeters; thus it is
and micro-cubes. These materials are read in also your responsibility to identify the
the planchet side of the drawer and can be dosimeter for the Reader.
transferred to and from the planchet with You must first establish a unique
manual or vacuum tweezers. Place the TL identification code for each dosimeter in the
element in the center of the planchet system. When TL elements are calibrated
depression. Verify that the element is lying (ECCs generated for either Calibration or
flat; otherwise, an artificially low TL reading Field dosimeters), the calibration value is
will result due to uneven element heating. indexed in the ECC File by Dosimeter ID.
Close the sample drawer slowly to avoid Also, when a dosimeter is read with ECC
shifting of the element. applied, the ECC is determined by Dosimeter
ID.
CAUTION One convenient way to identify the
The TL element will remain hot for a short dosimeters is to store them in serially
numbered disks and create a Dosimeter
time after it has been read. Do not remove
Identification that includes the disk number
the element from the planchet until the
and position number on the disk (for example,
temperature is below 50o C. Do not touch
0710 to indicate Disk 7 Position 10)
the TL element while you are removing it
from the planchet.
3.4.5 Powders
Before loading a powder onto the
As shipped in its standard configuration,
planchet, clear the planchet depression using
the Model 4500 includes a planchet with a
a vacuum tool. Load the powder sample on
6mm (1/4") square depression. This planchet
the planchet, being sure to use a consistent
is suitable for most chip and cube TL
amount of powder for each read.
elements. If disks or rods are to be read, a
Because powders are used only once and
special optional planchet with the
because they cannot be calibrated, no
corresponding shape depression should be
permanent identification is required. When
installed in the Reader.
the system prompts you for Dosimeter ID,
simply enter any logical identification that
will enable you to differentiate between
dosimeters on an output report.
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4.0 Tutorial A TTP is the temperature to which the


This tutorial takes a new user through a TL material is heated as a function of time
typical series of daily activities on an (Figure 4.1). It is defined in three segments:
established system. It is thorough in its Preheat, Acquisition, and Anneal. Preheat
procedural instructions, but not establishes a common starting point for all
comprehensive in scope. You should be dosimeters in a group and may be used to
familiar with Section 3.0 General Instructions eliminate the faster-fading low temperature
before you attempt to perform the operations peaks. Acquisition is the segment during
in this section. which the dosimetric data is acquired and the
This tutorial leads you step by step glow curve is generated. The Anneal segment
through the process of reading a group of is used to hold the dosimeter at a high
dosimeters. Because of the diversity of temperature to ensure that all the TL signal is
materials that can be read by the Model 4500, removed. Each TTP may be calibrated by
it is necessary to have three data acquisition generating a Reader Calibration Factor (RCF)
sections, one each for whole body and to convert the raw data (in nanocoulombs) to
environmental TLD Cards (Section 4.1), meaningful dosimetric units (seiverts, rads,
Chipstrates (Section 4.2), and unmounted etc.).
dosimeters (Section 4.3). Each of these The Acquisition Setup defines several
sections will guide you through the complete other parameters used in reading a dosimeters.
process of reading a set of dosimeters After you have mastered this section, you
including reviewing the Time Temperature will need to read Section 7.0 WinREMS
Profile (TTP), establishing the Acquisition Reference gain a complete understanding of
Setup, and acquiring data. all the capabilities of WinREMS.

Figure 4.1 Typical Time Temperature Profile


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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) calibration are the Title, Regions of


Interest (roi1, roi2, etc.), Anneal
4.1 Data Acquisition - Cards Temperature, and Anneal Time. See
This section describes the complete Section 7.5.3 TTP Setup for a detailed
process of reading a set of TL cards, both description of each field on this screen.
Whole Body and Environmental TLD Cards At any time before exiting from a
(Figure 1.2), including reviewing the Time TTP, you may remove any changes made
Temperature Profile (TTP), establishing the during the current editing session by
Acquisition Setup, and acquiring the data. clicking on the Cancel Button.

4.1.1 Time Temperature Profile 4. Save and Return


This section describes the procedure for After reviewing the TTP and making any
editing a Time Temperature Profile (TTP). necessary changes, click on OK to save
Note: Before you edit a TTP, remember that the changes.
modifying certain fields on a calibrated TTP
will change it to an uncalibrated state. 4.1.2 Acquisition Setup
1. Get Acquisition Setup Dialog Box
1. Get Time Temperature Profile Setup From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Dialog Box Read, Acquisition Setup, or click on the
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select ACQ Button on the tool bar. This will
Read, TTP Setup, or click on the TTP bring the Enter Password Dialog Box into
Button on the toolbar. This will bring the view (Figure 7.45). Entering a valid User
Enter Password Dialog Box (Figure 7.45) Name and Password will allow you
into view. Entering a valid Username access to the Acquisition Setup Dialog
and Password will allow you access to Box in edit mode (Figure 7.25).
the Time Temperature Profile Setup The parameters on this screen
Dialog Box in edit mode view (Figure control many aspects of the operation of
7.27). The settings in this box will the Reader as it reads the cards. You
determine how long and to what may change any of these fields without
temperature your dosimeters will be affecting the TTP calibration values.
heated
2. Select Title
2. Select TTP If you intend to use an existing setup,
Click on the arrow in the Title Field to click on the arrow in the Title Field and
review a list of available TTPs; select one select the setup you wish to use. If you
appropriate for your needs. wish to create a new setup, select ‘new
Setup’ and edit the title to a new name.
3. Edit TTP This will be the identification of the setup
Review the TTP to confirm that it is that you will create.
appropriate for the dosimeters you have The Date Edited and Edited by
to read (Table 6.1). Remember that any Fields will be filled automatically, using
changes to the Preheat and Acquire the computer’s internal clock and the
segments will change a calibrated TTP to name entered in the Username Field of
uncalibrated. Those fields which you the Enter Password Dialog Box.
may change without affecting the
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Operator's Manual

4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 5. Set Employee ID


4.1 Data Acquisition - Cards (cont’d) This feature is not operational in the
4.1.2 Acquisition Setup (cont’d) current release of WinREMS.

3. Select Acquisition Mode 6. Set Export


This field defines the purpose for which The fields in this box enable you to
the dosimeters will be read. It is impor- export a data file in ASCII format as data
tant to set this correctly, as the data can- is being acquired. For purposes of this
not be used for any purpose other than example, set Format to ‘None’.
what is set in this field. For purposes of
this tutorial, select ‘Read Dosimeters’. 7. Set Quality Control Parameters
Confirm that the Extremity These four sets of Fields are available for
Checkbox is not checked. the purpose of checking the consistency
and accuracy of the readings. Each type
4. Set Apply Calibration of reading has an Interval and a Range.
In this box you may set either or both The Interval Field sets the number of
Calibration Factors to be applied. Setting cards that will be read between a quality
the ECC (Element Correction reading. The Range Field sets the range
Coefficient) requires that your dosimeters of acceptable values for the quality
have been calibrated; setting the RCF reading. If a reading falls outside of the
(Reader Calibration Factor) requires that acceptable range, a warning message is
your TTP has been calibrated. If you set displayed.
either calibration factor to be applied, and The PMT Noise, or Dark Current, is
the required calibration is not present, a a reading taken with no dosimeter or any
warning message will be sent and the other light source under the PMT
dosimeter will not be read. Field Assembly. Its purpose is to measure
Dosimeters are typically read with both electronic noise in the system and
calibration factors applied. For some determine if there are any light leaks in
Acquisition Modes other than ‘Read the system.
Dosimeters’, specific calibration settings The Ref Light reading is taken with
are required. See Table 7.3. the Reference Light Assembly directly
If both RCF and ECC are applied, under the PMTs. This assembly provides
the reported integral will be computed a consistent light source to detect any
according to the following formula: drift in the system or accumulation of dirt
Q x ECC on the PMT Lenses.
D= A setting of >0' in either the PMT
RCF
Noise or Ref Light Interval Fields will
result in the system not taking any
where: readings of that type.
D - Reported Exposure Integral QC Dosimeters are calibrated cards
Q - Measured Charge (in that are exposed to a known amount of
nanocoulombs) radiation and read with the Field Cards.
ECC - Element Correction Coefficient These cards confirm the calibration and
RCF - Reader Calibration Factor overall accuracy of the system.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) Halt instrument sets a level beyond


4.1 Data Acquisition - Cards (cont’d) anything that would normally be
4.1.2 Acquisition Setup (cont’d) expected; if this level is ever exceeded,
the reader will display an appropriate
Blank Dosimeters are cards that message. This alarm indicates either a
have no specific exposure. They may be problem with the Reader or a dose level
used as control cards to measure which may demand immediate attention.
background radiation or they may be The record is flagged with an ‘h’
annealed and used to confirm that there
are no extraneous signals in the system. Reread same dosimeter sets a level at
These four quality control measures which the dosimeter is reread up to n
are all available for your use; however, times. The purpose of this alarm is to
you control the extent to which they are ensure that all TL signal is removed from
applied. PMT Noise and Reference Light the dosimeter. WinREMS creates a new
readings are taken automatically at the record for each read up to the limit set.
beginning of each batch, if the Interval is All re-read records are flagged with an ‘r’,
not set to zero. and if the limit on the number of re-reads
The use of QC Dosimeters and is reached, the last re-read is flagged with
Blank Dosimeters is optional; you may a ‘t’.
turn off this feature by entering >0' in this
field. If you do use them, however, and Mark with warning flag sets a level
the Reader does not find one before the which, if exceeded, will flag the record
specified number of cards, it will display with an ‘m’ on the database so that it may
an appropriate message box. be recalled for further analysis. The
Reader will continue to take Readings
8. Set Limits after this alarm is triggered.
The parameters in this group box define
three actions that can be taken at 9. Accept and Exit
unusually high reading levels. How you Click on OK to accept the values you
set these will depend on the level of have entered. At any time before exiting
readings you anticipate. Each limit will from this dialog box, you may remove all
set a flag in the database that can be changes made during the current editing
viewed using the Search Function session by clicking on the Cancel Button.
(Section 7.3.1 Response Database).
These fields and the corresponding flags
are defined as follows.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 7. Add Comment


4.1 Data Acquisition - Cards (cont’d) If you wish, you may click on the
Comment Button and enter a comment of
4.1.3 Read TLD Cards any length.
1. Set PMT Position
Open the Access Panel on the front of the 8. Start Read Process
reader and make sure that the PMT Click on the Start Button to start the Read
Position Lever is in its leftmost position. process. The plot area of the computer
(This corresponds to `hot gas' appearing screen will clear and the Read
in the Mode Field on the Results Screen.) Dosimeters Dialog Box will
automatically minimize, although you
2. Empty Drawer may bring it up at any time to stop
Pull the Dosimeter Drawer out all the readings.
way. Make sure there are no TL Cards in
the drawer since the Reader will read the 9. Read PMT Noise and Reference Light
PMT Noise and Reference Light If the PMT and Reference Light Intervals
Readings before reading any TL Cards. are not set to 0, before it reads any cards,
Close the Drawer. the reader will prompt you to take PMT
Noise and Reference Light
3. Access Read Dosimeters Dialog Box measurements.
From the WinREMS Mail Menu, select The message "Read PMT Noise
Read, Start, to bring up the Read Now?" will appear in a message box
Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20). (Figure 7.21). Click on the Yes Button,
close the drawer, and press the Reader's
4. Identify Group <Start> button.
Enter a unique Group Identifier of up to While it is taking readings, the Card
sixteen characters (any ASCII numbers, Reader displays the glow curve on its
letters, or the underscore character) in monitor as the data is acquired. Because
the Group ID Field. of the range of possible readings, the
system cannot accurately scale the data to
5. Select Acquisition Setup the graph as it is acquired; therefore, it
Click on the arrow on the Acquisition redisplays each reading at full scale value
Setup Field and select the name of the after it completes acquisition.
Acquisition Setup you established in When the PMT Noise reading is
Section 4.1.2 Acquisition Setup. complete, The message "Read Reference
Light Noise now?" will appear in a
6. Select TTP message box. Click on the Yes Button
Click on the arrow on the TTP Field and and press <Start> on the front panel of
select the name of the TTP you the Reader.
established in Section 4.1.1 Time
Temperature Profile.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) When the reading is complete, there will


4.1 Data Acquisition - Cards (cont’d) be a delay until the heater cools to 50oC.
4.1.3 Read TLD Card (cont’d) Then the Dosimeter ID Entry Dialog Box
(Figure 7.22) will appear, indicating that
10. Enter Dosimeter ID the system is ready for the next card. At
After the PMT Noise and Reference the same time, the Cycle Light will go
Light Readings are completed, the system out. You may now open the drawer and
is ready to read a dosimeter. The insert another card.
message "Enter Dosimeter ID" will
appear in a message box. You may enter 12. PMT and Reference Light Readings
the Dosimeter ID by either of two The Reader will be expecting to take
methods depending on how your Reader PMT Noise and Reference Light
is equipped. If your Reader has an Readings at the intervals you set on the
external scanner, you may scan the Card Acquisition Setup Screen (see Section
ID barcode. Otherwise you may enter the 4.1.2 Acquisition Set-up Step 6). A
Dosimeter ID from the keyboard. message box will appear notifying you
After you enter the ID, place the card when either of these readings is due.
in the recess in the Drawer, being careful
to orient the card correctly with the 13. QC and Blank Dosimeters
corner notch, and close the drawer. The Reader will also be expecting QC
Dosimeters and Blank Dosimeters at the
11. Read a Card intervals you set on the Acquisition Setup
When the Ready Light is on, press Dialog Box. You may insert these at any
<Start> on the front panel of the Reader. time, the software will recognize them by
The reading will proceed automatically, their ID number. If you don't read them
displaying two glow curves as they are within the required interval, a message
received from the Reader. The reader box appear to remind you.
will then automatically reposition the
card and read the second pair of chips. 14. Stop Reading
When the glow curves are complete, they You may terminate data acquisition at
will be re-displayed at full scale (Figure any time by clicking on the Stop Button
3.1). on the Dosimeter Id Entry Dialog Box
instead of entering another Dosimeter ID.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd)

4.2 Data Acquisition - Extremity


Dosimeters
This section will guide you through the
complete process of reading a set of Extremity
Dosimeters, either Chipstrates™ (EXT-RAD,
Figure 4.2), or RingletsJ (DXT-RAD, Figure Figure 4.2
4.3), including reviewing the Time Chipstrate Mounted in Carrier Card
Temperature Profile (TTP), establishing the
Acquisition Setup, and acquiring the data.
This section is applicable only to Extremity
Dosimeters mounted in Carrier Cards.

4.2.1 Time Temperature Profile


This section describes the procedure for
editing a TTP. Note: Before editing a TTP,
remember that modifying certain fields on a
calibrated TTP will change it to an Figure 4.3 Ringlet Carrier Card
uncalibrated state.

1. Get Time Temperature Profile Setup


Dialog Box 3. Edit TTP
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select Review the TTP to confirm that it is
Read, TTP Setup, or click on the TTP appropriate for the dosimeters you have
Button on the toolbar. This will bring the to read (Table 6.1). Remember that any
Enter Password Dialog Box (Figure 7.45) changes to the Preheat and Acquire
into view. Entering a valid User Name segments will change a calibrated TTP to
and Password will allow you access to uncalibrated. Those fields which you
the Time Temperature Profile Setup may change without affecting the
Dialog Box in edit mode (Figure 7.27). calibration are the Title, Regions of
The settings in this box will determine Interest (roi1, roi2, etc.), Anneal
how long and to what temperature your Temperature, and Anneal Time. See
dosimeters will be heated Section 7.5.3 TTP Setup for a detailed
description of each field on this screen.
2. Select TTP At any time before exiting from a
Click on the arrow in the Title Field to TTP, you may remove any changes made
review a list of available TTPs; select one during the current editing session by
appropriate for your needs. If you are clicking on the Cancel Button.
reading Chipstrates, be sure to select or
create a TTP that heats only positions ii 4. Save and Return
and iii. After reviewing the TTP and making
any necessary changes, click on OK to
save the changes.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) right of the Acquisition Mode Field to


4.2 Data Acquisition - Extremity place a check in the checkbox.
Dosimeters (cont’d) The Date Edited and Edited by
Fields will be filled automatically, using
4.2.2 Acquisition Setup the computer’s internal clock and the
name entered in the Username Field of
1. Get Acquisition Setup Dialog Box the Enter Password Dialog Box.
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Acquisition Setup, or click on the 4. Set Apply Calibration
ACQ Button on the tool bar. This will In this box you may set either or both
bring the Enter Password Dialog Box into Calibration Factors to be applied. Setting
view (Figure 7.45). Entering a valid User the ECC requires that your dosimeters
Name and Password will allow you have been calibrated; setting the RCF
access to the Acquisition Setup Dialog requires that your TTP has been
Box in edit mode (Figure 7.25). calibrated. If you set either calibration
The parameters on this screen factor to be applied, and the required
control many aspects of the operation of calibration is not present, a warning
the Reader as it reads the dosimeters. message will be presented why you try to
You may change any of these fields read the dosimeter. Field Dosimeters are
without affecting the TTP calibration typically read with both calibration
values. factors applied. For some Acquisition
Modes other than ‘Read Dosimeters’,
2. Select Title
specific calibration settings are required.
If you intend to use an existing setup,
See Table 7.3.
click on the arrow in the Title Field and
If both RCF and ECC are applied,
select the setup you wish to use. If you
the reported integral will be computed
want to create a new setup, select ‘New
according to the following formula:
Setup’ and edit the title to a new name.
This will be the identification of the setup
Q x ECC
that you will create. D=
The Date Edited and Edited by RCF
Fields will be filled automatically, using where:
the computer’s internal clock and the D - Reported Exposure Integral
name entered in the Username Field of Q - Measured Charge (in
the Enter Password Dialog Box. nanocoulombs)
ECC - Element Correction
3. Select Acquisition Mode Coefficient
This field defines the purpose for which RCF - Reader Calibration Factor
the dosimeters will be read. It is
important to set this correctly, as the data
can-not be used for any purpose other
than what is set in this field. For
purposes of this tutorial, select ‘Read
Dosimeters.’
Click on the Extremity Field to the
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) Dosimeters that are exposed to a known


4.2 Data Acquisition - Extremity amount of radiation and read with the
Dosimeters (cont’d) Field Dosimeters. These dosimeters
4.2.2 Acquisition Setup (cont'd) confirm the calibration and overall
accuracy of the system.
5. Set Employee ID Blank Dosimeters are dosimeters
This feature is not operational in the that have no specific exposure. They
current release of WinREMS. may be used as control dosimeters to
measure background radiation or they
6. Set Export may be annealed and used to confirm that
The fields in this box enable you to there are no extraneous signals in the
export a data file in ASCII format as data system.
is being acquired. For purposes of this These four quality control measures
example, set Format to ‘None.’ are all available for your use; however,
you control the extent to which they are
7. Set Quality Control Parameters applied. PMT Noise and Reference Light
These four sets of Fields are available for readings are taken automatically at the
the purpose of checking the consistency beginning of each batch, if the Interval is
and accuracy of the readings. Each type not set to zero.
of reading has an Interval and a Range. The use of QC Dosimeters and
The Interval Field sets the number of Blank Dosimeters is optional; you may
Carrier Cards that will be processed turn off this feature by entering >0' in this
between a quality reading. The Range field. If you do use them, however, and
Field sets the range of acceptable values the Reader does not find one before the
for the quality reading. If a reading falls specified number of dosimeters, it will
outside of the acceptable range, a stop taking readings.
warning message is displayed.
NOTE: When reading Extremity
The PMT Noise, or Dark Current, is Dosimeters, do not mix dosimeter types
a reading taken with no dosimeter or any (Field, QC, Blank) in one carrier. If you
other light source under the PMT. Its do, the entire Carrier Card will be
purpose is to measure electronic noise in rejected.
the system and determine if there are any
light leaks in the system. 8. Set Limits
The Ref Light reading is taken with The parameters in this group box define
the Reference Light Assembly directly three actions that can be taken at
under the PMTs. This assembly provides unusually high reading levels. How you
a consistent light source to detect any set these will depend on the level of
drift in the system or accumulation of dirt readings you anticipate. Each limit will
on the PMT Lenses. set a flag in the database that can be
A setting of ‘0' in either the PMT viewed using the Search Function
Noise or Ref Light Interval Fields will (Section 7.3.1 Response Database).
result in the system not telling you to take These fields and the corresponding flags
any of these readings. are defined as follows.

QC Dosimeters are calibrated


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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) Mark with warning flag sets a level


4.2 Data Acquisition - Extremity which, if exceeded, will flag the record
Dosimeters (cont’d) with an ‘m’ on the database so that it may
4.2.2 Acquisition Setup (cont’d) be recalled for further analysis. The
Reader will continue to take Readings
Halt instrument sets a level beyond after this alarm is triggered.
anything that would normally be
expected; if this level is ever exceeded, 9. Accept and Exit
the reader will sound an audible alarm Click on OK to accept the values you
and display a warning. This alarm have entered. At any time before exiting
indicates either a problem with the from this dialog box, you may remove all
Reader or a dose level which may changes made during the current editing
demand immediate attention. The record session by clicking on the Cancel Button
is flagged with an ‘h’

Reread same dosimeter sets a level at


which the dosimeter is reread up to n
times. The purpose of this alarm is to
ensure that all TL signal is removed from
the dosimeter. WinREMS creates a new
record for each read up to the limit set.
All re-read records are flagged with an
‘r’, and if the limit on the number of re-
reads is reached, the last re-read is
flagged with a ‘t’.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 7. Add Comment


4.2 Data Acquisition - Extremity If you wish, you may click on the
Dosimeters (cont’d) Comment Button and enter a comment of
any length.
4.2.3 Read Dosimeters
8. Start Read Process
1. Set PMT Position Click on the Start Button. The plot area
Open the Access Panel on the front of the of the computer screen will clear and the
reader and make sure that the PMT Read Dosimeters Dialog Box will
Position Lever is in its leftmost position. automatically minimize, although you
(This setting corresponds to `hot gas' may bring it up at any time to stop
appearing in the Mode Field on the readings.
Results Screen.)
9. Read PMT Noise and Reference Light
2. Empty Drawer If the PMT and Reference Light Intervals
Pull out the Dosimeter Drawer all the are not set to 0, before it reads any
way. Make sure there are no Dosimeters dosimeters, the reader will prompt you to
in the drawer since the Reader will read take PMT Noise and Reference Light
the PMT Noise and Reference Light measurements.
Readings before reading any dosimeters. The message "Read PMT Noise
Now?" will appear in a message box
3. Access Read Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.21). Click on the Yes Button,
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select close the drawer, and press the Reader's
Read, Start, or click on the GO Button, <Start> button.
to bring up the Read Dosimeters Dialog While it is taking readings, the Card
Box (Figure 7.20). Reader displays the glow curve on its
monitor as the data is acquired. Because
4. Identify Group of the range of possible readings, the
Enter a Group Identifier (any ASCII system cannot accurately scale the data to
numbers, letters, or the underscore the graph as it is acquired; therefore, it
character) in the Group ID Field. redisplays each reading at full scale value
after it completes acquisition.
5. Select Acquisition Setup When the PMT Noise reading is
Click on the arrow on the Acquisition complete, The message "Read Reference
Setup Field and select the name of the Light Noise now?" will appear in a
Acquisition Setup you established in message box. Click on the Yes Button
Section 4.2.2 Acquisition Setup. and press <Start> on the front panel of
the Reader.
6. Select TTP
Click on the arrow on the TTP Field and
select the name of the TTP you
established in Section 4.2.1 TTP Setup.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 12. PMT and Reference Light Readings


4.2 Data Acquisition - Extremity The Reader will be expecting to take
Dosimeters (cont'd) PMT Noise and Reference Light
4.2.3 Read Extremity Dosimeters (cont'd) Readings at the intervals you established
on the Acquisition Setup Screen (see
10. Enter Dosimeter ID Section 4.2.2 Acquisition Set-up Step 3).
After the PMT Noise and Reference The Information line will display a
Light Readings are completed, the system message when either of these readings is
is ready to read, and will prompt you for due.
the Dosimeter IDs (Figure 7.23). You
may enter the Dosimeter IDs by either of 13. QC and Blank Dosimeters
two methods, depending on how your The Reader will also be expecting
Reader is equipped. If your Reader has QC and Blank Chipstrates at the intervals
an external scanner (EXT-RAD only), you established on the Acquisition Setup
you may scan the Chipstrate's barcodes. Screen. You may insert these at any
Otherwise you may enter the Dosimeter time, the software will recognize them by
IDs from the keyboard. their ID number. If you don't insert them
After you enter the ID, place the within the required interval, a message
carrier card in the recess in the Drawer box will appear to remind you.
being careful to orient the card correctly
with the corner notch, and close the 14. Stop Reading
drawer. You may terminate data acquisition at
any time by clicking on the Stop Button
11. Read Dosimeters on the Dosimeter Id Entry Dialog Box
When the Ready Light is on, press instead of entering another Dosimeter ID.
<Start> on the front panel of the Reader.
The reading will proceed automatically,
displaying one or two glow curves as
received from the reader. When the glow
curve(s) are complete, they will be re-
displayed at full scale (Figure 3.1).
When the reading is complete, there
will be a delay until the heater cools to
50o C.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 3. Edit TTP


Review the TTP to confirm that it is
4.3 Data Acquisition - Unmounted appropriate for the dosimeters you have
Dosimeters to read (Table 6.2). Remember that any
This section guides you through the changes to the Preheat and Acquire
complete process of reading a set of segments will change a calibrated TTP to
unmounted TL Dosimeters (chips, rods, uncalibrated. Those fields which you
microcubes or powders), including reviewing may change without affecting the
the Time Temperature Profile (TTP), calibration are the Title, Regions of
establishing the Acquisition Setup, and Interest (roi1, roi2, etc.), Anneal
Acquiring the data. This section is applicable Temperature, and Anneal Time. See
only to unmounted Dosimeters. Section 7.5.3 TTP Setup for a detailed
This section is written using 1/8" square description of each field on this screen.
TL chips as an example; any differences in At any time before exiting from a
procedure for reading other unmounted TTP, you may remove any changes made
dosimeters will be clearly identified. during the current editing session by
clicking on the Cancel Button.
4.3.1 Time Temperature Profile
This section describes the procedure for 4. Save and Return
editing a TTP. Note: Before editing a TTP, After reviewing the TTP and making any
remember that modifying certain fields on a necessary changes, click on OK to save
calibrated TTP will change it to an the changes.
uncalibrated state.
1. Get Time Temperature Profile Setup 4.3.2 Acquisition Setup
Dialog Box
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select 1. Get Acquisition Setup Dialog Box
Read, TTP Setup, or click on the TTP From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Button on the toolbar. This will bring the Read, Acquisition Setup, or click on the
Enter Password Dialog Box (Figure 7.45) ACQ Button on the tool bar. This will
into view. Entering a valid User Name bring the Enter Password Dialog Box into
and Password will allow you access to view (Figure 7.45). Entering a valid User
the Time Temperature Profile Setup Name and Password will allow you
Dialog Box in edit mode (Figure 7.27). access to the Acquisition Setup Dialog
The settings in this box will determine Box in edit mode (Figure 7.25).
how long and to what temperature your The parameters on this screen
dosimeters will be heated control many aspects of the operation of
the Reader as it reads the Dosimeters.
2. Select TTP You may change any of these fields
Click on the arrow in the Title Field to without affecting the TTP calibration
review a list of available TTPs; select one values.
appropriate for your needs. Because you
are reading unmounted dosimeters, be
sure to select or create a TTP that heats
only position i.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) reported integral will be computed


4.3 Data Acquisition - Unmounted according to the following formula:
Dosimeters (cont’d)
4.3.2 Acquisition Setup (cont’d) Q x ECC
D=
RCF
2. Select Title where:
If you intend to use an existing setup, D - Reported Exposure Integral
click on the arrow in the Title Field and Q - Measured Charge (in
select the setup you wish to use. If you nanocoulombs)
wish to create a new setup, select ‘new ECC - Element Correction Coefficient
Setup’ and edit the title to a new name. RCF - Reader Calibration Factor
This will be the identification of the setup
that you will create. 5. Set Employee ID
The Date Edited and Edited by This feature is not operational in the
Fields will be filled automatically, using current release of WinREMS.
the computer’s internal clock and the
name entered in the Username Field of 6. Set Export
the Enter Password Dialog Box. The fields in this box enable you to
export a data file in ASCII format as data
3. Select Acquisition Mode is being acquired. For purposes of this
This field defines the purpose for which example, set Format to ‘None’.
the dosimeters will be read. It is impor-
tant to set this correctly, as the data can- 7. Set Quality Control Parameters
not be used for any purpose other than These four sets of Fields are available for
what is set in this field. For purposes of the purpose of checking the consistency
this tutorial, select ‘Read Dosimeters.’ and accuracy of the readings. Each type
Confirm that the Extremity of reading has an Interval and a Range.
Checkbox is not checked. The Interval Field sets the number of
Dosimeters that will be read between a
4. Set Apply Calibration quality reading. The Range Field sets the
In this box you may set either or both range of acceptable values for the quality
Calibration Factors to be applied. Setting reading. If a reading falls outside of the
the ECC (Element Correction acceptable range, the reader displays a
Coefficient) requires that your dosimeters warning message.
have been calibrated; setting the RCF The PMT Noise, or Dark Current, is
(Reader Calibration Factor) requires that a reading taken with no dosimeter or any
your TTP has been calibrated. If you set other light source under the PMT
either calibration factor to be applied, and Assembly. Its purpose is to measure
the required calibration is not present, a electronic noise in the system and
warning message will appear and the determine if there are any light leaks in
dosimeter will not be read. Field the system.
Dosimeters are typically read with both
calibration factors applied. For some
Acquisition Modes other than ‘Read
Dosimeters’, specific calibration settings
are required. See Table 7.3.
If both RCF and ECC are applied, the
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Operator's Manual

4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) unusually high reading levels. How you


4.3 Data Acquisition - Unmounted set these will depend on the level of
Dosimeters (cont’d) readings you anticipate. Each limit will
4.3.2 Acquisition Setup (cont’d) set a flag in the database that can be
viewed using the Search Function
The Ref Light reading is taken with (Section 7.3.1 Response Database).
the Reference Light Assembly directly These fields and the corresponding flags
under the PMTs. This assembly provides are defined as follows.
a consistent light source to detect any
drift in the system or accumulation of dirt Halt instrument sets a level beyond
on the PMT Lenses. anything that would normally be
A setting of ‘0' in either the PMT expected; if this level is ever exceeded,
Noise or Ref Light Interval Fields will the reader will sound an audible alarm
result in the system not taking any and display an appropriate message. This
readings of that type. alarm indicates either a problem with the
QC Dosimeters are calibrated Reader or a dose level which may
Dosimeters that are exposed to a known demand immediate attention. The record
amount of radiation and read with the is flagged with an ‘h’.
Field Dosimeters. These Dosimeters
confirm the calibration and overall Reread same dosimeter sets a level at
accuracy of the system. which the dosimeter is reread up to n
Blank Dosimeters are Dosimeters times. The purpose of this alarm is to
that have no specific exposure. They ensure that all TL signal is removed from
may be used as control Dosimeters to the dosimeter. WinREMS creates a new
measure background radiation or they record for each read up to the limit set.
may be annealed and used to confirm that All re-read records are flagged with an
there are no extraneous signals in the ‘r’, and if the limit on the number of re-
system. reads is reached, the last re-read is
These four quality control measures flagged with a ‘t’.
are all available for your use; however,
you control the extent to which they are Mark with warning flag sets a level
applied. PMT Noise and Reference Light which, if exceeded, will flag the record
readings are taken automatically at the with an ‘m’ on the database so that it may
beginning of each batch, if the Interval is be recalled for further analysis. The
not set to zero. Reader will continue to take Readings
The use of QC Dosimeters and after this alarm is triggered.
Blank Dosimeters is optional; you may
turn off this feature by entering >0' in this 9. Accept and Exit
field. If you do use them, however, and Click on OK to accept the values you
the Reader does not find one before the have entered. At any time before exiting
specified number of Dosimeters, it will from this dialog box, you may remove all
display an appropriate message box. changes made during the current editing
session by clicking on the Cancel Button.
8. Set Limits
The parameters in this gro up box define
three actions that can be taken at
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 7. Add Comment


4.3 Data Acquisition - Unmounted If you wish, you may click on the
Dosimeters (cont’d) Comment Button and enter a comment of
any length.
4.3.3 Read Dosimeters
8. Start Read Process
1. Set PMT Position Click on the Start Button to start the Read
Open the Access Panel on the front of the process. The plot area of the computer
reader and make sure that the PMT screen will clear and the Read
Position Lever is in its rightmost position. Dosimeters Dialog Box will
(This corresponds to ‘planchet’ automatically minimize, although you
appearing in the Mode Field on the may bring it up at any time to stop
Results Screen.) readings.

2. Empty Drawer 9. Read PMT Noise and Reference Light


Pull the Dosimeter Drawer out all the If the PMT and Reference Light Intervals
way. Make sure there are no dosimeters are not set to 0, before it reads any
in the drawer since the Reader will read dosimeters, the reader will prompt you to
the PMT Noise and Reference Light take PMT Noise and Reference Light
Readings before reading any dosimeters. measurements.
Close the Drawer. The message "Read PMT Noise
Now?" will appear in a message box
3. Access Read Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.21). Click on the Yes Button,
From the WinREMS Mail Menu, select close the drawer, and press the Reader's
Read, Start to bring up the Read <Start> button.
While it is taking readings, the Card
Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
Reader displays the glow curve on its
monitor as the data is acquired. Because
4. Identify Group
of the range of possible readings, the
Enter a unique Group Identifier of up to
system cannot accurately scale the data to
sixteen characters (any ASCII numbers,
the graph as it is acquired; therefore, it
letters, or the underscore character) in redisplays each reading at full scale value
the Group ID Field. after it completes acquisition.
When the PMT Noise reading is
5. Select Acquisition Setup complete, The message "Read Reference
Click on the arrow on the Acquisition Light Noise now?" will appear in a
Setup Field and select the name of the message box. Click on the Yes Button
Acquisition Setup you established in and press <Start> on the front panel of
Section 4.3.2 Acquisition Setup. the Reader.

6. Select TTP
Click on the arrow on the TTP Field and
select the name of the TTP you
established in Section 4.3.1 Time
Temperature Profile.
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4.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 12. PMT and Reference Light Readings


4.3 Data Acquisition - Unmounted The Reader will be expecting to take
Dosimeters (cont’d) PMT Noise and Reference Light
4.3.3 Read Dosimeters (cont’d) Readings at the intervals you set on the
Acquisition Setup Screen (see Section
10. Enter Dosimeter ID 4.3.2 Acquisition Set-up Step 6). A
After the PMT Noise and Reference message box will appear notifying you
Light Readings are completed, the system when either of these readings is due.
is ready to read a dosimeter. The
message "Enter Dosimeter ID" will 13. QC and Blank Cards
appear in a message box. Enter the The Reader will also be expecting QC
Dosimeter ID from the keyboard and Dosimeters and Blank Dosimeters at the
place the dosimeter on the planchet. The intervals you set on the Acquisition Setup
Dosimeter ID may be any combination of Dialog Box. You may insert these at any
up to sixteen numbers, letters, time, the software will recognize them by
underscore, or period. their ID number. If you don't read them
within the required interval, a message
11. Read a Dosimeter box appear to remind you.
When the Ready Light is on, press
<Start> on the front panel of the Reader. 14. Stop Reading
The reading will proceed automatically, You may terminate data acquisition at
displaying the glow curve as it is received any time by clicking on the Stop Button
from the Reader. on the Dosimeter Id Entry Dialog Box
instead of entering another Dosimeter ID.
When the reading is complete, there
will be a delay until the heater cools to
50oC. Then the Dosimeter ID Entry
Dialog Box (Figure 7.23) will appear,
indicating that the system is ready for the
next card. At the same time, the Cycle
Light will go out. You may now open the
drawer and insert another dosimeter.
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BLANK PAGE
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 5-1
Operator's Manual

5.0 Quality Assurance 5.1 Daily QA


The procedures in this section help you In the absence of abnormal operations,
maintain the accuracy and reliability of your few diagnostic checks are required to verify
Model 4500. The main topics covered are: proper operation. To insure, however, that
accurate results are being recorded, we
• Daily QA Procedures - routine checks to recommend some routine checks. You should
verify calibration and proper operation of perform these checks daily, either at the start
critical electronic circuits of operations, or, if operating on a 24-hour
schedule, then at a specified time each day.
• Online QC Tests - observations and online
tests to confirm that operating conditions 5.1.1 Record Retention
remain consistent There are two types of records to be
maintained: initial records of the performance
In the normal course of operations you of the instrument in the form of detailed and
may notice that the performance of the Reader quantitative analyses of the glow curve data
is becoming erratic, or that error messages from the Calibration Cards, and daily
appear on the Results Screen. These recordings of the various instrument readings
conditions indicate that diagnostic procedures (the Daily Control Chart). The former
may need to be run to determine the source of provides a baseline for absolute confirmation
the problem. Some mechanical adjustments of the performance of the instrument over a
also may be needed occasionally, either as a long period of time; the latter detect shorter
result of operating conditions or as a result of term drift in the instrument's operation and
performing certain preventive maintenance may indicate the need for periodic preventive
procedures. Should any of these symptoms maintenance as well as provide clues to the
occur, consult the troubleshooting information reason for variations in the output records.
in your Model 4500 Technical Service Record the following readings and plot
Manual (Publication No. 4500-0-S). If you them on the Daily Control Charts: PMT
need further help, call the Bicron RMP Noise, Reference Light Reading, High
Service Department (800 435-5656 or 440 Voltage, and PMT Cooler Temperatures.
248-7400) or send a FAX (440 349-6581) for
assistance.

NOTE: to avoid invalidation of your


warranty, read the Bicron RMP warranty
statement before attempting any repairs.
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5.0 Quality Assurance (cont’d) 5.2 Online QC Tests


5.1 Daily QA (cont’d) There are several automatic procedures
available in REMS to enable you to confirm
5.1.2 Reader Operational Checks that the Reader is operating consistently. The
Before you make any operational checks, settings for these features are all established
power up the Reader for at least 30 minutes on the Acquisition Setup Dialog Box
with gas flowing to allow temperatures to (Figure 7.23). In each case you will set a
stabilize. frequency of reading, expressed as an interval
The initial operating checks make use of between readings, and an allowable range. If
the Results Screen on the Reader. The any reported value is outside of its acceptable
instrument monitoring data are along the left range, the Reader will stop before the next
edge of the screen (Figure 3.1). The reading begins. Procedural instructions for
following procedures check for proper editing this screen are given in Section 4.1.2
functioning of devices which control critical Acquisition Setup.
temperatures and the high voltage.
5.2.1 PMT Noise
PMT Cooler PMT Noise readings measure the
During the warmup period observe the electronic background noise in the system.
temperature of the PMT Assembly, the This noise comes from light leaks,
"Cooler" temperature on the screen: it should contamination, and PMT dark current. When
be decreasing. The temperature should this reading is taken, the gas is flowing but is
stabilize at 10 º C + 2º C. not heated, and there is no dosimeter under
the PMT. The reading is taken for 10
High Voltage seconds. In addition to the frequency
Observe and record the High Voltage established in the Interval Field, PMT Noise
readings on the Results Screen (the number to Readings are taken at the beginning of each
the left of the letter "V"). These values should Group of dosimeters.
each stay consistent within 1 volt from day to PMT Readings are reported in
day. picoCoulombs and generally should not
exceed the 1200. (This value is the equivalent
5.1.3 Reader Calibration Factor (RCF) of a 3 mR exposure to a standard LiF chip
If the high voltage setting is changed or if 1/8" square by 0.015" thick.)
a TTP is changed, you may have to generate
a new RCF for all your calibrated TTPs. 5.2.2 Reference Light
Otherwise, we recommend that you check the Reference Light readings measure the
Reader Calibration Factor for one commonly light output from two LED Reference Lights
used TTP on a daily basis and record the RCF which produce a constant light output. These
on a Daily Control Chart. If the new RCF Reference Lights are located in the PMT
varies from the previous one by more than Assembly. The readings are taken for 10
2%, you should seek the reason for the seconds. In addition to the frequency
change. Use the troubleshooting techniques established in the Interval Field, Reference
in the Technical Reference Manual. See Light Readings are taken at the beginning and
Section 6.4 Calibrate Reader in this manual end of each group of dosimeters.
for instructions on performing the calibration.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 5-3
Operator's Manual

5.0 Quality Assurance (cont’d) 5.2.4 QC Dosimeters


5.2 Online QC Tests (cont’d) QC Dosimeter Readings are readings
5.2.2 Reference Light (cont’d) taken of Dosimeters that have been exposed to
a known radiation. QC Dosimeters are
Reference Light Readings are reported in dosimeters selected from the general
nanocoulombs. The absolute value of the population of dosimeters and are calibrated
readings is not significant, but consistency of and identified as QC Dosimeters in the
the readings is important. Any steady drift in calibration process. They are then
the readings should be investigated to interspersed through a group of dosimeters to
determine its cause. be read. The interval set on the Acquisition
Set-up Screen is a maximum interval; if no
5.2.3 Blank Dosimeters QC Dosimeters are encountered within that
Blank Dosimeter Readings are readings range, the Reader will notify the operator.
taken of dosimeters that have not been QC Dosimeters are recognized by REMS
exposed to any known radiation. Blank and automatically read with the TTP with
Dosimeters are dosimeters selected from the which they were calibrated, with RCF and
general population of dosimeters and are ECC applied.
identified as Blank Dosimeters in the
calibration process. They are then
interspersed through a group of dosimeters to
be read. The interval set on the Acquisition
Set-up Screen is a maximum interval; if no
Blank Dosimeters are encountered within that
range, the Reader will notify the operator.
You may use Blank Dosimeters as
Control Dosimeters by packing and
transporting them with Field Dosimeters, but
not issuing them to wearers. You may also
use them to measure the total noise in the
system by annealing them and then reading
them with other dosimeters.
Blank Dosimeters are recognized by
REMS and automatically read with the same
TTP as they were calibrated and with RCF
and ECC applied.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

5.0 Quality Assurance (cont’d) 5.3.2 Monthly Maintenance


5.3 Preventive Maintenance The only maintenance required at a
monthly interval is to check the air filters for
5.3.1 Weekly Maintenance cleanliness and clean them if necessary.
A Cleanout Drawer in the Model 4500
protects the PMTs and holds neutral density 1. Remove the air filter.
filters to increase the instrument's range. The
lenses (or filters) in this drawer should be 2. Wash it in clean, soapy water. Rinse in
cleaned on a weekly basis. clear water and remove as much water as
possible by squeezing it between two
1. Open the drawer and remove the lenses. paper towels.

2. Clean the lenses using a cotton swab or 3. Replace the air filter in the housing.
lint-free cloth dampened with alcohol

3. Reinstall the lenses.


Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures ECC x Charge


6.1 Introduction Exposure =
RCF
This section describes all the calibration
procedures for the Model 4500 with
6.1.2 Dosimeter Configurations
WinREMS. Full calibration requires
There also may be some variation in how
calibrating both the Reader and all the cards in
you calibrate your system based on the type of
the system.
dosimeters you have. This sub-section
identifies some of these possibilities and
6.1.1 Purpose
offers suggestions for calibration based on the
The purpose for calibrating TLD Cards is
dosimeter types in your system.
to ensure that all cards in a system will give
virtually the same response to a given
TLD Card Dosimeters
radiation exposure. Because of natural
Both Whole Body and Environmental
variations in TL material responsiveness and
Dosimeter Cards are identified in the database
in the physical mass of manufactured TL
by their Card ID barcode. One record is
chips, there is a variation in response of as
generated for each card. The ECCs for each
much as 30% (based on 3 sigma) from the
chip are identified by the Card ID and the chip
mean in a population of dosimeters. The
position in the card. The system can generate
calibration factor for dosimeters is called the
Field Cards, Calibration Cards, QC Cards, and
Element Correction Coefficient, or ECC. The
Blank Cards.
ECC is used as a multiplier with the Reader
In some dosimetry systems, there may be
output (in nanocoulombs) to make the
more than one type of Dosimeter Card being
response of each dosimeter comparable to the
used (e.g., Environmental and Personnel). In
average response of a designated group of
such cases, it is best to set up a separate
dosimeters maintained as calibration
workspace for each type. This will create
dosimeters.
separate databases and generate Calibration
The purpose for Reader calibration is to
Cards for each card type.
maintain a consistent output from the Reader
If setting up multiple workspaces is not
over a period of time based on a convenient
feasible, then the Personnel Card Type should
local source. Such a source might be a 90Sr
be used for Calibration Cards. When the
source built into the Reader or a 137Cs source
Environmental Dosimeters are calibrated, the
in a Harshaw Model 6610 Irradiator. By
ECCs generated will compensate for any
using a set of Calibration Dosimeters and a
differences in TL material.
consistent local source, the Reader's
Section 6.2 TLD Cards describes all the
performance may be kept at a constant level in
calibration procedures for a card-based
spite of high voltage changes, repairs, dirt
dosimetry system.
accumulation, or long term drift. The
calibration factor for Readers is known as the
Extremity Dosimeters
Reader Calibration Factor, or RCF. This
Extremity Dosimeters are single element
factor converts the raw charge data from the
dosimeters with attached barcodes and are
Photomultiplier Tubes (in nanocoulombs) to
read in Carrier Cards. Bicron Extremity
dosimetric units (rems, for example) or to
Dosimeters come in two configurations,
generic units (gU) for input to an algorithm.
Chipstrates (EXT-RAD system) and Ringlets
The two factors are applied according to the
(DXT-RAD system). For a complete
following formula:
description of both systems, see Section 1.3
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) for the first time, it is important that you
6.1 Introduction (cont'd) follow these directions carefully and in the
6.1.2 Dosimeter Configurations (cont'd) sequence they are given. After your system is
fully operational, you may use certain of these
Dosimeters. Both types of Extremity procedures without the others. Each Section
Dosimeters are treated the same by (Cards, Extremity Dosimeters, and
WinREMS. Unmounted Dosimeters) follows the same
Extremity Dosimeters are individually pattern; the Dosimeter Cards Section is used
identified in the database by their own as an example.
barcode IDs. A separate record is generated Section 6.2.1 Prepare Dosimeters
for each Dosimeter. The database also describes the preparation necessary for any of
maintains a record of the position in the the following calibration procedures.
Carrier Card (1, 2, 3, or 4) in which each Section 6.2.2 Generate Calibration
Dosimeter's ECC was generated, although the Dosimeters describes the creation of a group
ECC is applied to the readings regardless of of Calibration Dosimeters usually 1-2% of the
the position in which the Dosimeter is read. dosimeter population, to be used for
The system can generate Field Extremity calibrating the Reader. This procedure
Dosimeters, Calibration Extremity establishes the Element Correction
Dosimeters, QC Extremity Dosimeters, and Coefficients (ECC) of these cards without
Blank Extremity Dosimeters. reference to a calibrated Reader.
Section 6.3 Extremity Dosimeters Section 6.2.3 Calibrate Reader describes
describes all the calibration procedures for a the use of the Calibration Cards to establish
system with extremity dosimeters. the Reader Calibration Factor (RCF) for each
Time Temperature Profile (TTP).
Mixed Systems - Dosimeter Cards and Section 6.2.4 Calibrate Dosimeters
Extremity Dosimeters describes the procedure for generating the
In a system where there are both ECCs for Field Dosimeters. You will use this
Dosimeter Cards and Extremity Dosimeters, it procedure to calibrate dosimeters added to
is best to set up two separate subsystems by your system and to recalibrate existing
using separate workspaces for each type of dosimeters.
dosimeter. You then can generate Sections 6.3 and 6.4 repeat this pattern
independent Calibration Cards and Calibration for Extremity Dosimeters and unmounted
Extremity Dosimeters. dosimeters.
Tables 6.1 and 6.2 define the
Unmounted Dosimeters recommended Time Temperature Profiles for
Dosimeters in the form of chips, powders, all dosimeters based on size and material.
and rods are read in the right side of the You should be familiar with the basic
drawer using planchet heating. Dosimeter ID operating procedures of the Reader and
entry is manual. Calibration procedures are WinREMS, specifically the information in
described in Section 6.4 Unmounted Sections 3.0 General Instructions and 4.0
Dosimeters. Tutorial, before proceeding with this section.
Operational details are kept to a minimum in
6.1.3 Procedure Overview order to focus on the calibration processes.
This subsection gives an overview of the
instructions for calibrating your Reader and
dosimeters. If you are setting up your system
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-3
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd)


6.1 Introduction (cont'd)

Material TLD-100 TLD-100H TLD-200 TLD-400 TLD-500 TLD-600 TLD-600H TLD-700 TLD-700H
6 6 7 7
LiF:Mg,Ti LiF:Mg,Cu,P CaF2:Dy CaF2:Mn Al2O3:C LiF:Mg,Ti LiF:Mg,Cu,P LiF:Mg,Ti LiF:Mg,Cu,P
Shape1 Chip Chip Chip Chip Disc Chip Chip Chip Chip
Thickness 0.09mm/0.0036" 0.9mm/0.035" 0.25mm/0.010" 0.38mm/0.015" 0.9mm/0.035" 0.38mm/0.015" 0.38mm/0.015" 0.09mm/0.0036" 0.25mm/0.010" 0.09mm/0.0036" 0.25mm/0.010"
0.15mm/0.006" 0.38mm/0.015" 0.15mm/0.006" 0.38mm/0.015" 0.15mm/0.006" 0.38mm/0.015"
0.38mm/0.015" 0.38mm/0.015" 0.38mm/0.015"
Substrate Teflon Kapton Teflon Teflon Kapton Teflon/Kapton Teflon Kapton Kapton Teflon Kapton Teflon Kapton Teflon Kapton Teflon Kapton
Material
PRE-HEAT
Temp 50 50 50 165 165 50 50 50 50 50 50 165 165 50 50 165 165
Time 0 0 0 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 10 0 0 10 10
ACQUIRE
Max Temp 300 300 300 260 250 300 300 370 300 300 300 260 250 300 300 260 250
Time 13.33 20 23.33 13.33 13.33 23.33 30 20 23.33 16.67 20 16.67 16.67 13.33 20 13.33 13.33
Rate 25 15 15 15 15 15 15 25 15 25 15 15 15 25 15 15 15
ANNEAL
Temp 0 0 0 260 250 300 300 0 0 0 0 260 250 0 0 260 250
Time 0 0 0 10 10 10 15 0 0 0 0 10 10 0 0 10 10
1
All Chips are 3.2 mm (1/8 inches) square
All Discs are 5.0 mm (0.20 inches) diameter

Table 6.1 Standard TTP Recommendations for all card mounted and extremity dosimeters in hot gas readers.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-4
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd)


6.1 Introduction (cont'd)

Material TLD-100/600/700 TLD-100/600/700 TLD-100/600/700


LiF:Mg,Ti LiF:Mg,Ti LiF:Mg,Ti
Shape1 Rod Chip Cube
Size 1.0 mm diam 0.38 mm/0.015" thick 1.0 mm sq.
2.0 - 6.0 mm long 0.9 mm/0.035" thick
3.2 mm/0.125" square
Dose* Low High Low High Low High
PRE-HEAT
Temp 50 50 50 50 50 50
Time 0 0 0 0 0 0
ACQUIRE
Max Temp 260 300 260 300 260 300
Time 26.67 33.33 26.67 33.33 26.67 23.33
Rate 10 10 10 10 10 10
ANNEAL
Temp 260 300 260 300 260 300
Time 0 0 0 0 0 0
*
Low Dose, Radiation Protection applications, <100 mr
High Dose, Medical Therapy applications, > 1 r

Table 6.2
Standard TTP Recommendations for unmounted dosimeters in planchet readers
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-5
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) The following procedure will guide you
through the process of preparing dosimeters to
6.2 TLD Cards be read for calibration.
TL Dosimeter cards (Figure 1.2) are used
for personnel (whole body) and environmental 1. Anneal Dosimeters
dosimetry. This section applies to both types Reader anneal the Dosimeters to clear
of cards. them of all residual exposure by
processing them through a Reader with
6.2.1 Prepare Dosimeters the appropriate TTP (Table 6.1).
This subsection defines a recommended
procedure for irradiating TLD Cards to be 2. Store Dosimeters
used for any of the calibration procedures. Between preparation (anneal) and
Before beginning any calibration irradiation, store the dosimeters in a
procedures, you should establish a fixed fade subdued UV environment at a temper-
time for your operations for each of the ature no higher than 30o C.
calibration procedures and record them in the
space provided below. It is important that the 3. Expose Dosimeters
time between irradiation and readout for all Expose the Dosimeters to a known
dosimeters be consistent in order to keep radiation source (e.g. 500 mR of 137Cs)
fading the same from one calibration to the within two hours of annealing them.
next. The specific length of this time is not as
important as is its consistency. We 4. Store Dosimeters
recommended that the fade time be no less Store the dosimeters for the time
than thirty minutes. Otherwise, any length of established above. The cards should be
time that suits your operations is acceptable, stored in a subdued UV environment at a
but it must be consistent from one time to the temperature no higher than 30o C.
next. If the dosimeters are not irradiated
simultaneously, they should be read in the 5. Read Dosimeters
sequence in which they were irradiated. The dosimeters may now be read for
calibration purposes.
Generate Calibration Dosimeters
fade time:

Reader Calibration Dosimeters


fade time:

Dosimeter Calibration
fade time:
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 4. Set Read Dosimeters Dialog Box


6.2 TLD Cards (cont’d) From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Start, to bring up the Read
6.2.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
This section describes the specific steps Enter a unique Group ID (Name).
to generate Calibration Cards, regardless of
type. These cards typically constitute 1-2% of In the TTP Field, select the TTP Title
the entire population and are retained at the that you established in Step 2.
dosimetry center for use in instrument In the Acquisition Setup Field, select the
calibration. Acquisition Setup that you established in
Step 3.
1. Prepare Dosimeters
Prepare and expose the dosimeters You may click on the Comment Button
according to Section 6.2.1 Prepare to add any comment you wish.
Dosimeters.
5. Read Dosimeters
2. Set TTP Read the entire set of dosimeters
From the WinREMS Main Menu select following the screen prompts for PMT
Read, TTP Setup, to bring the Time Noise and Test Light Readings.
Temperature Profile Setup Dialog Box
(Figure 7.27) into view. Set a TTP to the 6. Close File and Exit
conditions shown in the appropriate After you complete the read process,
column of Table 6.1. click on the Done Button to close the
Read Dosimeters Dialog Box.
3. Set Acquisition Parameters
From the WinREMS, select Read, 7. Select Calibration Records
Acquisition Setup, to bring the From the Main Menu, select Search,
Acquisition Setup Dialog Box into view Response Database to bring up the
(Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this Search Response Database Dialog Box
box to the conditions in Table 6.3. (Figure 7.8). Select the Group ID created
in Step 4 and select the following entries
in the designated fields:

Table 6.3
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Generating Calibration

Acquisition Mode Generate Calibration dosimeters


Apply Calibration: None
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 10
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 10
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-7
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 9. Initiate Calculations


6.2 TLD Cards (cont’d) Click on the Compute Button to calculate
6.2.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters the ECCs with the range. All records
(cont’d) that are within the Acceptable Range will
be highlighted, those outside the range
Field Entry. will not. If you do not like the results,
Dosimeter Type ‘All’. you may change the Upper and Lower
Acquisition Mode ‘All’.
TL Response ‘Any Element’ Limits and calculate the ECCs again.
Display as Standard Report. You may repeat this process until you are
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. satisfied with the results. For a detailed
explanation of all the fields on this
Click on the OK Button. This will screen, see Section 7.6.1 Generate
bring all the records in the selected group Calibration Dosimeters.
into view. Highlight all the records in the
group. NOTE: When performing Step 10, you must
ensure that no workstations are reading
8. Set Calibration Screen dosimeters with ECCs applied. The calibra-
From the Main Menu, select Calibration, tion process takes a few seconds, and no
Generate cal. Dosimeters, to bring the workstations are able to access the ECC
Generate Calibration Dosimeters Dialog Database during that time. If a reader
Box (Figure 7.31) into view. attempts to access the ECC database while it
Enter an Acceptable ECC Range for is being updated, it may "time out" and stop
each chip position. This value will operations.
determine the deviation from the mean
(1.0) that will be considered acceptable 10. Accept Results
for Calibration Cards. Enter it as the When you have completed the calculation
Upper and Lower Limits of a range, for process, click on the Accept Button to
example, 0.91 - 1.11 Generally, this accept the results on the screen and enter
range should be narrower for Calibration them on the database. Any dosimeters
Dosimeters than for Field Dosimeters. falling outside the Acceptable ECC
You may still use cards which fall outside Range will not be highlighted and you
of this range by calibrating them as Field should physically remove them from the
Cards. Calibration Dosimeter set. The accepted
dosimeters will be identified as
NOTE: The calibration of the entire system, Calibration Dosimeters on the ECC
Readers and dosimeters, is based on the mean Database.
response of the Calibration Dosimeters.
Therefore, do not use the Generate Calibration
Dosimeters procedure when there are other
Calibration Dosimeters in the same
workspace. You may add Calibration
Dosimeters to an existing population of
Calibration Dosimeters through the Calibrate
Dosimeters feature.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 4. Set Read Dosimeter Dialog Box


6.2 TLD Cards (cont’d) From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Start, to bring up the Read
6.2.3 Calibrate Reader Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
This procedure establishes the Reader Enter a unique Group ID (Name).
Calibration Factor (RCF) for a TTP using In the TTP Field, select the TTP
TLD Cards, either for a newly defined TTP or Title that you established in Step 2.
as part of a regular QA practice. In the Acquisition Setup Field, select
the Acquisition Setup that you
1. Prepare Dosimeters established in Step 3.
Prepare and expose a subset (five to ten You may click on the Comment
cards) of the Calibration Cards according Button to add any comment you wish.
to Section 6.2.1 Prepare Dosimeters.
5. Read Dosimeters
Read the entire set of dosimeters
2. Set TTP
following the screen prompts for PMT
From the WinREMS Main Menu select
Noise and Test Light Readings.
Read, TTP Setup, to bring the Time
Temperature Profile Dialog Box (Figure 6. Close File and Exit
7.27) into view. After you complete the read process,
Select the TTP you wish to calibrate click on the Done Button to close the
or set a TTP to the conditions shown in dialog box.
the appropriate column of Table 6.1.
7. Select Calibration Records
3. Set Acquisition Parameters From the Main Menu, select Search,
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select Response Records to bring up the Search
Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the Response Database Dialog Box
Acquisition Setup Dialog Box in to view (Figure 7.8). Select the Group ID created
(Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this in Step 4 and select the following entries
box to the conditions in Table 6.4. in the designated fields.

Table 6.4
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating the Reader

Acquisition Mode Calibrate Reader


Apply Calibration: Apply ECC
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 1
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 1
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-9
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) In the TTP Title Field, select the
6.2 TLD Cards (cont’d) Title of the TTP selected in Step 2.
6.2.3 Calibrate Reader (cont'd) In the units field, select the unit of
measure for the Irradiation. These units
Field Entry will then be applied to all future readings
Dosimeter Type >All=. taken with this TTP when the RCF is
Acquisition Mode >All=.
TL Response >Any Element= applied.
Display as Standard Report.
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. 9. Calculate RCF
Click on the Compute Button to
Click on the OK Button. This will calculate the RCFs. For a detailed
bring all the records in the selected group explanation of all the fields on this
into view. Highlight all the records in the screen, see Section 7.6.2 reader
group. Calibration.

8. Set Calibration Parameters 10. Accept Results


From the Main Menu, select Calibration, Click on the Accept Button to apply the
Reader Calibration, to bring up the RCFs to the database. If you do not want
Reader Calibration Dialog Box (Figure to accept the computed RCFs, you may
7.32). click on the Cancel Button.
In the four Irradiation Fields, enter
the dose to which the Calibration
Dosimeters were exposed in Step 1.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 6-10 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 3. Check TTP


6.2 TLD Cards (cont’d) From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, TTP Setup to bring the Time
6.2.4 Calibrate Dosimeters Temperature Profile Dialog Box (Figure
This section describes the procedure for 7.27) into view. Select the TTP that you
generating the ECCs for TLD Cards from a established in Step 1.
calibrated TTP. This procedure is the same
whether the dosimeters are new or are being 4. Set Acquisition Parameters
re-calibrated as part of a regular QA program. From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
In the case of a re-calibration, the system will Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the
make the new ECC the current ECC. You Acquisition Setup Dialog Box into view
may also mix new and used dosimeters in the (Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this
same batch, the system will record both box to the conditions in Table 6.5.
properly.
5. Set Read Dosimeter Dialog Box
1. Check TTP Calibration From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Confirm that you have a calibrated TTP Read, Start, to bring up the Read
with values appropriate for the type of Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
dosimeters being calibrated. (See Table Enter a unique Group ID.
6.1.) If not, calibrate one as described in In the TTP Field, select the TTP
Section 6.2.3 Calibrate Reader. Title that you established in Step 3.
In the Acquisition Setup Field, select
2. Prepare Dosimeters the Acquisition Setup that you
Prepare and expose the dosimeters to be established in Step 4.
calibrated according to Section 6.2.1 You may click on the Comment
Prepare Dosimeter. Button to add any comment you wish.

Table 6.5
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating Cards

Acquisition Mode Calibrate Dosimeters


Apply Calibration: Apply RCF
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 10
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 10
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-11
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 10. Set Calibration Parameters


6.2 TLD Cards (cont’d) In the four Irradiation Fields, enter the
6.2.4 Calibrate Dosimeters (cont’d) exposure used to irradiate the cards in
Step 2.
6. Read Dosimeters Click on the arrow in the Mark as
Read the entire set of dosimeters Field and select ‘Field’.
following the screen prompts for PMT Enter an acceptable ECC range for
Noise and Test Light Readings. each chip position. This value will
determine the deviation from the mean
7. Close File and Exit (1.0) of the Calibration Cards that will be
After you complete the read process, considered acceptable for the Field
click on the Done Button to close the Cards. Enter it as the Upper and Lower
dialog box. Limits for each position, for example,
0.77 and 1.43. Cards which fall outside
8. Select Calibration Records of this range will be flagged on the
From the Main Menu, select Search, database as Cards cards with bad ECCs
Response Records, to bring up the Search and will not be issuable as Field Cards.
Response Database Dialog box
(Figure 7.8). Select the Group ID created 11. Initiate Calculations
in Step 5 and select the following entries Click on the Compute Button to calculate
in the designated fields. the ECC values. All the acceptable
records will be highlighted in the upper
Field Entry. portion of the screen.
Dosimeter Type ‘All’.
Acquisition Mode ‘All’. Note that if the dosimeters being
TL Response ‘Any Element’ calibrated are not of the same
Display as Standard Report. specification as the Calibration
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. Dosimeters, the ECCs for one or more
chips may not center around 1.0, as
Click on the OK Button. This will would be the case with dosimeters with
bring all the records in the selected group the same specification. This may require
into view. Highlight all the records in the that you repeat Steps 10 and 11 with
group. different values for the Acceptable ECC
Range.
9. Get Calibration Dialog Box
From the Main Menu, select Calibration,
Dosimeter Calibration, to bring the
Dosimeter Calibration Dialog Box into
view (Figure 7.33).
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd)


6.2 TLD Cards (cont’d)
6.2.4 Calibrate Dosimeters (cont’d)

NOTE: When performing Step 12, you must


ensure that no workstations are reading
dosimeters with ECCs applied. The
calibration process takes a few seconds, and
no workstations are able to access the ECC
Database during that time. If a reader
attempts to access the ECC database while it
is being updated, it may "time out" and stop
operations.

12. Accept Values


When you are satisfied with the
results, click on the Accept Button to
apply the data to the ECC Database.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-13
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) NOTE: When irradiating Dosimeters in a


Harshaw Reader or Irradiator for any
6.3 Extremity Dosimeters calibration purpose, they must be irradiatedin
This subsection describes all the only one position in the Carrier Card, and
calibration procedures for an Extremity that position must be used consistently at all
Dosimeter system, either DXTRAD or times. Record that position below.
EXTRAD. An extremity system may be one
workspace in a larger system. Extremity Dosimeter Calibration Irradiation
Position:
6.3.1 Prepare Dosimeters
This subsection defines a recommended The following procedure will guide you
procedure for irradiating Extremity through the process of preparing dosimeters to
Dosimeters for any calibration procedure. be read for calibration.
Before beginning any calibration
procedures, you should establish a fixed fade 1. Anneal Dosimeters
time for your operations for each of the Reader anneal the Dosimeters to clear
calibration procedures and record them in the them of all residual exposure by
processing them through a Reader with
space provided below. It is important that the
the appropriate TTP (Table 6.1). You
time between irradiation and readout for all
may use all the Carrier Card positions for
dosimeters be consistent in order to keep
this part of the procedure.
fading the same from one calibration to the
next. The specific length of this time is not as
2. Store Dosimeters
important as is its consistency. We
Between preparation (anneal) and
recommend that the fade time be no less than irradiation, store the dosimeters in a
thirty minutes. Otherwise, any length of time subdued UV environment at a
that suits your operations is acceptable, but it temperature no higher than 30o C.
must be consistent from one time to the next.
If the dosimeters are not irradiated 3. Expose Dosimeters
simultaneously, they should be read in the Expose the Dosimeters to a known
sequence in which they were irradiated. radiation source (e.g. 500 mR of 137Cs)
within two hours of annealing them. If
Generate Calibration Dosimeters you are irradiating the dosimeters in
fade time: Carrier Cards, expose all Extremity
Dosimeters in the came card position.
Reader Calibration Dosimeters
fade time: 4. Store Dosimeters
Store the Dosimeters for the time
Dosimeter Calibration established above in a subdued UV
fade time: environment at a temperature no higher
than 30o C.

5. Read Dosimeters
The Dosimeters may now be read for
calibration purposes.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d) 3. Set TTP


6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d) From the WinREMS Main Menu select
Read, TTP Setup, to bring the Time
6.3.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters Temperature Profile Dialog Box (Figure
This section describes the specific steps 7.27) into view.
to generate Calibration Extremity Dosimeters. Set a TTP to the conditions shown in
These Dosimeters typically constitute 1-2% the appropriate column of Table 6.1. Be
of the entire population and are retained at the sure that the TTP you select uses the
dosimetry center for use in instrument Card Position that you set in Section
calibration. With a new Reader, the creation 6.3.1 Prepare Dosimeters as its only
of a set of Calibration Dosimeters will initiate active position.
the Database. No special action on the part of
the operator is required. 4. Set Acquisition Parameters
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
1. Prepare Dosimeters Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the
Prepare and expose the dosimeters Acquisition Setup Dialog Box into view
according to Section 6.3.1 Prepare (Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this
Dosimeters. box to the conditions in Table 6.6.

2. Load Dosimeters into Carrier Cards 5. Set Read Dosimeters Dialog Box
Load all the Dosimeters to be read into From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Carrier Cards. Read, Start, to bring up the Read
Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
NOTE: If the Dosimeters were irradiated in Enter a unique Group ID (Name).
a Harshaw TLD Reader with a built-in In the TTP Field, select the TTP
Irradiator (Model 6600 or 8800) they must be Title that you established in Step 3.
read in the same position as when they were
irradiated.

Table 6.6
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Generating Extremity Calibration Dosimeters

Acquisition Mode Generate Calibration Dosimeters


Extremity Enabled
Apply Calibration: None
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 10
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 10
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
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Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) NOTE: The calibration of the entire system,
6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d) Readers and dosimeters, is based on the mean
6.3.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters response of the Calibration Dosimeters.
(cont’d) Therefore, do not use the Generate
Calibration Dosimeters procedure when there
In the Acquisition Setup Field, select are other Calibration Dosimeters in the same
the Acquisition Setup established in workspace. You may add Calibration
Step 4. Dosimeters to an existing population of
You can click on the Comment Calibration Dosimeters through the Calibrate
Button to add any comment you wish. Dosimeters feature.

6. Read Dosimeters 9. Set Calibration Screen


Read the entire set of dosimeters From the Main Menu, select Calibration,
following the screen prompts for PMT Generate Cal. Dosimeters, to bring the
Noise and Test Light Readings Generate Calibration Dosimeters Dialog
Box (Figure 7.31) into view.
7. Close File and Exit Enter an Acceptable ECC Range for
After you complete the read process, the position you used. This value will
click on the Done Button to close the determine the deviation from the mean
dialog box. (1.0) that will be considered acceptable
for Calibration Dosimeters Enter the
8. Select Calibration Records range as the Upper and Lower Limits, for
From the Main Menu, select Search, example, 0.91, 1.11. Generally, this
Response Records to bring up the Search range should be narrower for Calibration
Response Database Dialog box (Figure Dosimeters than for Field Dosimeters.
7.8). Select the Group ID created in Step You may still use Dosimeters which fall
6 and select the following entries in the outside of this range by calibrating them
designated fields as Field Dosimeters. Click on the
Extremity Field to put a check ([) in the
Field Entry. box.
Dosimeter Type ‘All’.
Acquisition Mode ‘All’.
TL Response ‘Any Element’ 10. Initiate Calculations
Display as Standard Report. Click on the Compute Button to calculate
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. the ECCs with the range. All records that
are within the Acceptable Range will be
Click on the OK Button. This will highlighted, those outside the range will
bring all the records in the selected group not. If you do not like the results, you
into view. Highlight all the records in the may change the Upper and Lower Limits
view. and calculate the ECCs again. You may
repeat this process until you are satisfied
with the results. For a detailed
explanation of all the fields on this
screen, see Section 7.6.1 Generate
Calibration Dosimeters.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 12. Accept Results


6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d) When you have completed the calculation
6.3.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters process, click on the Accept Button to
(cont’d) accept the results on the screen and enter
them on the database. Any Dosimeters
NOTE: When performing Step 12, you must falling outside the Acceptable ECC
ensure that no workstations are reading Range will not be highlighted, and you
dosimeters with ECCs applied. The calibra- should physically remove them from the
tion process takes a few seconds, and no Calibration Dosimeter set. The accepted
workstations are able to access the ECC Dosimeters will be identified as
Database during that time. If a reader Calibration Dosimeters on the ECC
attempts to access the ECC database while it Database.
is being updated, it may "time out" and stop
operations.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-17
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) Select the TTP you wish to calibrate or
6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d) set a TTP to the conditions shown in the
appropriate column of Table 6.1. Be sure
6.3.3 Calibrate Reader the only active positions correspond to
This procedure establishes the Reader the positions used in Step 2.
Calibration Factor (RCF) for a TTP using
Extremity Dosimeters. This may be done 4. Set Acquisition Parameters
either for a newly defined TTP or as part of a From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
regular QA practice. Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the
Acquisition Setup Dialog Box in to view
1. Prepare Dosimeters (Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this
Prepare and expose a subset (five to ten box to the conditions in Table 6.7.
Dosimeters) of the Calibration
Dosimeters according to Section 6.3.1 5. Set Read Dosimeter Dialog Box
Prepare Dosimeters. From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Start, to bring up the Read
2. Load Dosimeters into Carrier Cards Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
Insert the exposed Dosimeters into Enter a unique Group ID (Name).
Carrier Cards. You may use all positions In the TTP Field, select the TTP
in the Carrier Card for this procedure. Title that you established in Step 3.
In the Acquisition Setup Field, select
3. Set TTP the Acquisition Setup established in
From the WinREMS Main Menu select Step 4.
Read, TTP Setup, to bring the Time You may click on the Comment
Temperature Profile Dialog Box Button to add any comment you wish.
(Figure 7.25) into view.

Table 6.7
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating the Reader
Acquisition Mode Calibrate Reader
Apply Calibration: Apply ECC
Extremity Enabled
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 1
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 1
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 9. Set Calibration Parameters


6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d) From the Main Menu, select Calibration,
6.3.3 Calibrate Reader (cont'd) Reader Calibration, to bring up the
Reader Calibration Dialog Box (Figure
6. Read Dosimeters 7.32).
Read the entire set of dosimeters In the four Irradiation Fields, enter
following the screen prompts for PMT the dose to which the Calibration
Noise and Test Light Readings. Dosimeters were exposed in Step 1.
In the TTP Title Field, select the
7. Close File and Exit Title of the TTP selected in Step 3.
After you complete the read process, In the units field, select the unit of
click on the Done Button to close the measure for the Irradiation. These units
dialog box. will then be applied to all future readings
taken with this TTP when the RCF is
8. Select Calibration Records applied.
From the Main Menu, select Search,
Response Records to bring up the Search 10. Calculate RCF
Response Records Database Dialog Box Click on the Compute Button to
(Figure 7.8). Select the Group ID created calculate the RCFs. For a detailed
in Step 5 and fill in other fields as explanation of all the fields on this
follows. screen, see Section 7.6.2 Reader
Calibration.
Field Entry
Dosimeter Type ‘All’. 11. Accept Results
Acquisition Mode ‘All’.
TL Response ‘Any Element’ Click on the Accept Button to apply the
Display as Standard Report. RCFs to the database. If you do not want
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. to accept the computed RCFs, you may
click on the Cancel Button.
Click on the OK Button. This will
bring all the records in the selected group
into view. Highlight all the records in the
group.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-19
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 2. Prepare Dosimeters


6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d) Prepare and expose the Dosimeters to be
calibrated according to Section 6.3.1
6.3.4 Calibrate Dosimeters Prepare Dosimeters.
This section describes the procedure for
generating the ECCs for extremity dosimeters 3. Load Dosimeters into Cards
from a calibrated TTP. This procedure is the Insert the exposed Dosimeters into
same whether the Dosimeters are new or are Carrier Cards. You may use all the
being re-calibrated as part of a regular QA positions in the Carrier Cards.
program. In the case of a re-calibration, the
system will make the new ECC the current 4. Check TTP
ECC. You may also mix new and used From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
dosimeters in the same batch, the system will Read, TTP Setup, to bring the Time
record both properly. Temperature Profile Dialog Box (Figure
7.27) into view. Select the TTP that you
1. Check TTP Calibration established in Step 1.
Confirm that you have a calibrated TTP
with values appropriate for the type of 5. Set Acquisition Parameters
Dosimeters being calibrated (Table 6.2). From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
If not, calibrate one as described in Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the
Section 6.3.3 Calibrate Reader. Acquisition Setup Dialog Box into view
(Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this
box to the conditions in Table 6.8.

Table 6.8
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating Extremity Dosimeters
Acquisition Mode Calibrate Dosimeters
Apply Calibration: Apply RCF
Extremity Enabled
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 10
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 10
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 6-20 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 10. Get Calibration Dialog Box


6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d) From the Main Menu, select Calibration,
6.3.4 Calibrate Dosimeters (cont'd) Dosimeter Calibration, to bring the
Dosimeter Calibration Dialog Box into
6. Set Read Dosimeter Dialog Box view (Figure 7.33).
From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Start, to bring up the Read 11. Set Calibration Parameters
Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20). In the four Irradiation Fields, enter the
Enter a unique Group ID (Name). exposure used to irradiate the dosimeters
In the TTP Field, select the TTP in Step 2.
Title that you established in Step 4. Click on the arrow in the Mark as
In the Acquisition Setup Field, select Field and select ‘Field’.
the Acquisition Setup established in Enter an acceptable ECC range for
Step 5. each chip position. This value will
You may click on the Comment determine the deviation from the mean
Button to add any comment you wish. (1.0) that will be considered acceptable
for the Field Dosimeters. Enter it as the
7. Read Dosimeters Upper and Lower Limits for each
Read the entire set of dosimeters position, for example, 0.77 and 1.43.
following the screen prompts for PMT Dosimeters which fall outside of this
Noise and Test Light Readings. range will be flagged on the database as
dosimeters with bad ECCs and cannot be
8. Close File and Exit used as Field Dosimeters. Click on the
After you complete the read process, Extremity Field to put a check ([) in the
click on the Done Button to close the box.
dialog box.
12. Initiate Calculations
9. Select Calibration Records Click on the Compute Button to calculate
From the Main Menu, select Search, the ECC values. All the acceptable
Response Records to bring up the Search records will be highlighted in the upper
Response Records Database Dialog box portion of the screen.
(Figure 7.8). Select the Group ID created Note that if the Dosimeters being
in Step 6 and the other fields as follows. calibrated are not of the same
specification as the Calibration
Field Entry dosimeters, the ECCs for one or more
Dosimeter Type ‘All’.
chips may not center around 1.0, as
Acquisition Mode ‘All’.
TL Response ‘Any Element’. would be the case with dosimeters with
Display as Standard Report. the same specification. This may require
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. that you repeat Steps 11 and 12 with
different values for the Acceptable ECC
Click on the OK Button. This will Range.
bring all the records in the selected group
into view. Highlight all the records in the
view.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-21
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d)


6.3 Extremity Dosimeters (cont’d)
6.3.4 Calibrate Dosimeters (cont’d)

NOTE: When performing Step 13, you must


ensure that no workstations are reading
dosimeters with ECCs applied. The
calibration process takes a few seconds, and
no workstations are able to access the ECC
Database during that time. If a reader
attempts to access the ECC database while it
is being updated, it may "time out" and stop
operations.

13 Accept Values
When you are satisfied with the
results, click on the Accept Button to
apply the data to the database.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d) Generate Calibration Dosimeters


fade time:
6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters
This section describes all the calibration Reader Calibration Dosimeters
procedures for unmounted dosimeters in any fade time:
shape: chips, rods, or disks. Powder, of
course, cannot be calibrated. A system of Dosimeter Calibration
unmounted dosimeters may exist as one fade time:
workspace within a larger system.
The following procedure will guide you
NOTE: When working with unmounted through the process of preparing dosimeters to
dosimeters it is vital that a sound system of be read for calibration.
identification be established and maintained.
This is especially true of Calibration 1. Anneal Dosimeters
Dosimeters. If their identification is not Reader anneal the Dosimeters to clear
absolutely maintained, the accuracy of the them of all residual exposure by
entire dosimetry system will be compromised. processing them through a Reader with
See Section 3.4.4 Unmounted Solids for a the appropriate TTP (Table 6.2).
suggested means of identification.
2. Store Dosimeters
6.4.1 Prepare Dosimeters Between preparation (anneal) and
This subsection defines a recommended irradiation, store the dosimeters in a
procedure for irradiating unmounted subdued UV environment at a
dosimeters for any calibration procedure. temperature no higher than 30o C.
Before beginning any calibration
procedures, you should establish a fixed fade 3. Expose Dosimeters
time for your operations for each of the Expose the Dosimeters to a known
calibration procedures and record them in the radiation source (e.g. 500 mR of 137Cs)
space provided below. It is important that the within two hours of annealing them.
time between irradiation and readout for all
dosimeters be consistent in order to keep 4. Store Dosimeters
fading the same from one calibration to the Store the Dosimeters for the time
next. The specific length of this time is not as established above in a subdued UV
important as is its consistency. We environment at a temperature no higher
recommend that the fade time be no less than than 30o C.
thirty minutes. Otherwise, any length of time
that suits your operations is acceptable, but it 5. Read Dosimeters
must be consistent from one time to the next. The Dosimeters may now be read for
If the dosimeters are not irradiated calibration purposes.
simultaneously, they should be read in the
sequence in which they were irradiated.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d) 3. Set Acquisition Parameters


6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters (cont’d) From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the
6.4.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters Acquisition Setup Dialog Box into view
This section describes the specific steps (Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this
to generate unmounted Calibration box to the conditions in Table 6.9.
Dosimeters. These dosimeters typically
constitute 1-2% of the entire population and 4. Set Read Dosimeters Dialog Box
are retained at the dosimetry center for use in From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
instrument calibration. With a new Reader, Read, Start, to bring up the Read
the creation of a set of Calibration Dosimeters Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
will initiate the Database. No special action Enter a unique Group ID (Name).
on the part of the operator is required. In the TTP Field, select the TTP
Title that you established in Step 2.
1. Prepare Dosimeters In the Acquisition Setup Field, select
Prepare and expose the Dosimeters the Acquisition Setup established in
according to Section 6.4.1 Prepare Step 3.
Dosimeters. You may click on the Comment
Button to add any comment you wish.
2. Set TTP
From the WinREMS Main Menu select 5. Read Dosimeters
Read, TTP Setup, to bring the Time Read the entire set of dosimeters
Temperature Profile Dialog Box (Figure following the screen prompts for PMT
7.27) into view. Noise and Test Light Readings
Set a TTP to the conditions shown in
the appropriate column of Table 6.2. Be 6. Close File and Exit
sure that only Position 1 is active in the After you complete the read process,
TTP you select. click on the Done Button to close the
dialog box.

Table 6.9
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Generating Unmounted Calibration Dosimeters

Acquisition Mode Generate Calibration Dosimeters


Extremity Disabled
Apply Calibration: None
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 10
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 10
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 6-24 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d) range is generally narrower for


6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters (cont’d) Calibration Dosimeters than for Field
6.4.2 Generate Calibration Dosimeters Dosimeters. You may still use
(cont’d) Dosimeters which fall outside of this
range by calibrating them as Field
7. Select Calibration Records Dosimeters. Confirm that the Extremity
From the Main Menu, select Search, Box is not checked.
Response Records to bring up the Search
Response Database Dialog box (Figure 9. Initiate Calculations
7.8). Select the Group ID created in Step Click on the Compute Button to calculate
4 and select the following entries in the the ECCs with the range. All records that
designated fields are within the Acceptable Range will be
highlighted, those outside the range will
Field Entry. not. If you do not like the results, you
Dosimeter Type ‘All’.
Acquisition Mode ‘All’. may change the Upper and Lower Limits
TL Response ‘Any Element’ and calculate the ECCs again. You may
Display as Standard Report. repeat this process until you are satisfied
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. with the results. For a detailed
explanation of all the fields on this
Click on the OK Button. This will screen, see Section 7.6.1 Generate
bring all the records in the selected group Calibration Dosimeters.
into view. Highlight all the records in
the view. NOTE: When performing Step 10, you must
ensure that no workstations are reading
NOTE: The calibration of the entire system, dosimeters with ECCs applied. The calibra-
Readers and dosimeters, is based on the mean tion process takes a few seconds, and no
response of the Calibration Dosimeters. workstations are able to access the ECC
Therefore, do not use the Generate Database during that time. If a reader
Calibration Dosimeters procedure when there attempts to access the ECC database while it
are other Calibration Dosimeters in the same is being updated, it may "time out" and stop
workspace. You may add Calibration operations.
Dosimeters to an existing population of
Calibration Dosimeters through the Calibrate
10. Accept Results
Dosimeters feature.
When you have completed the calculation
process, click on the Accept Button to
8. Set Calibration Screen accept the results on the screen and enter
From the Main Menu, select Calibration,
them on the database. Any dosimeters
Generate Cal. Dosimeters, to bring the
falling outside the Acceptable ECC
Generate Calibration Dosimeters Dialog
Range will not be highlighted, and you
Box (Figure 7.31) into view.
should physically remove them from the
Enter an Acceptable ECC. This
Calibration Dosimeter set. The accepted
value will determine the deviation from
Dosimeters will be identified as
the mean (1.0) that will be considered
Calibration Dosimeters on the ECC
acceptable for Calibration Dosimeters
Database.
Enter the range as the Upper and Lower
Limits, for example, 0.91, 1.11. This
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page 6-25
Operator's Manual

6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d) 3. Set Acquisition Parameters


6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters (cont’d) From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the
6.4.3 Calibrate Reader Acquisition Setup Dialog Box in to view
This procedure establishes the Reader (Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this
Calibration Factor (RCF) for a TTP using box to the conditions in Table 6.10.
unmounted dosimeters. This may be done
either for a newly defined TTP or as part of a 4. Set Read Dosimeter Dialog Box
regular QA practice. From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, Start, to bring up the Read
1. Prepare Dosimeters Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
Prepare and expose a subset (five to ten) Enter a unique Group ID (Name).
of the Calibration Dosimeters according In the TTP Field, select the TTP
to Section 6.4.1 Prepare Dosimeters. Title that you established in Step 2.
In the Acquisition Setup Field, select
2. Set TTP the Acquisition Setup established in
From the WinREMS Main Menu select Step 3.
Read, TTP Setup, to bring the Time You may click on the Comment
Temperature Profile Dialog Box (Figure Button to add any comment you wish.
7.27) into view.
Select the TTP you wish to calibrate 5. Read Dosimeters
or set a TTP to the conditions shown in Read the entire set of dosimeters
the appropriate column of Table 6.2. Be following the screen prompts for PMT
sure that the TTP has only Position 1 Noise and Test Light Readings.
active.

Table 6.10
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating the Reader

Acquisition Mode Calibrate Reader


Apply Calibration: Apply ECC
Extremity Disabled
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 1
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 1
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: ot applicable
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page 6-26 4500-W-O-0805
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) In the Irradiation Field, enter the


6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters (cont’d) dose to which the Calibration Dosimeters
6.4.3 Calibrate Reader (cont'd) were exposed in Step 1.
In the TTP Title Field, select the
6. Close File and Exit Title of the TTP selected in Step 2.
After you complete the read process, In the units field, select the unit of
click on the Done Button to close the measure for the Irradiation. These units
dialog box. will then be applied to all future readings
taken with this TTP when the RCF is
7. Select Calibration Records applied.
From the Main Menu, select Search,
Response Records to bring up the 9. Calculate RCF
Response Records Database Dialog Box Click on the Compute Button to
(Figure 7.8). Select the Group ID created calculate the RCFs. For a detailed
in Step 4 and fill in other fields as explanation of all the fields on this
follows. screen, see Section 7.6.2 reader
Calibration.
Field Entry
Dosimeter Type ‘>All’. 10. Accept Results
Acquisition Mode ‘All’.
TL Response ‘Any Element’ Click on the Accept Button to apply the
Display as Standard Report. RCFs to the database. If you do not want
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. to accept the computed RCF, you may
click on the Cancel Button.
Click on the OK Button. This will
bring all the records in the selected group
into view. Highlight all the records in the
group.

8. Set Calibration Parameters


From the Main Menu, select Calibration,
Reader Calibration, to bring up the
Reader Calibration Dialog Box (Figure
7.32).
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d) 3. Check TTP


6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters (cont’d) From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Read, TTP Setup to bring the Time
6.4.4 Calibrate Dosimeters Temperature Profile Dialog Box (Figure
This section describes the procedure for 7.27) into view. Select the TTP that you
generating the ECCs for unmounted established in Step 1.
dosimeters from a calibrated TTP. This
procedure is the same whether the dosimeters 4. Set Acquisition Parameters
are new or are being re-calibrated as part of a From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
regular QA program. In the case of a re- Read, Acquisition Setup, to bring the
calibration, the system will make the new Acquisition Setup Dialog Box into view
ECC the current ECC. You may also mix (Figure 7.25). Set the parameters in this
new and used dosimeters in the same batch, box to the conditions in Table 6.11.
the system will record both properly.
5. Set Read Dosimeter Dialog Box
1. Check TTP Calibration From the WinREMS Main Menu, select
Confirm that you have a calibrated TTP Read, Start, to bring up the Read
with values appropriate for the type of Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20).
Dosimeters being calibrated. If not, Enter a unique Group ID (Name).
calibrate one as described in Section In the TTP Field, select the TTP
6.4.3 Calibrate Reader. Be sure the TTP Title that you established in Step 3.
you select has only Position One active. In the Acquisition Setup Field, select
the Acquisition Setup established in
2. Prepare Dosimeters Step 4.
Prepare and expose the dosimeters to be You may click on the Comment
calibrated according to Section 6.4.1 Button to add any comment you wish.
Prepare Dosimeters.

Table 6.11
Acquisition Setup Conditions for Calibrating Unmounted Dosimeters

Acquisition Mode Calibrate Dosimeters


Apply Calibration: Apply RCF
Extremity Disabled
Employee ID: Disabled
Export Format None
PMT Noise Interval: 10
PMT Noise Range: 10 to 2000 picoCoulombs
Ref Light Interval: 10
Ref Light Range: Varies with instrument
QC Card Interval: 0
QC Card Range: Not applicable
Blank Card Interval: 0
Blank Card Range: Not applicable
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) each chip position. This value will
6.4 Unmounted Dosimeters (cont’d) determine the deviation from the mean
6.4.4 Calibrate Dosimeters (cont'd) (1.0) that will be considered acceptable
for the Field Dosimeters. Enter it as the
6. Read Dosimeters Upper and Lower Limits for each
Read the entire set of dosimeters position, for example, 0.77 and 1.43.
following the screen prompts for PMT Dosimeters which fall outside of this
Noise and Test Light Readings. range will be flagged on the database as
Dosimeters with bad ECCs and cannot be
7. Close File and Exit issued as Field Dosimeters. Confirm that
After you complete the read process, there is not a check ([) in the Extremity
click on the Done Button to close the Box.
dialog box.
11. Initiate Calculations
8. Select Calibration Records Click on the Compute Button to calculate
From the Main Menu, select Search, the ECC values. All the acceptable
Response Records to bring up the Search records will be highlighted in the upper
Response Records Database Dialog box portion of the screen.
(Figure 7.8). Select the Group ID created Note that if the Dosimeters being
in Step 5 and the other fields as follows. calibrated are not of the same
specification as the Calibration
Field Entry dosimeters, the ECCs for one or more
Dosimeter Type ‘All’. chips may not center around 1.0, as
Acquisition Mode ‘All’.
TL Response ‘Any Element’. would be the case with dosimeters with
Display as Standard Report. the same specification. This may require
Standard Reports Computed Exposure. that you repeat Steps 10 and 11 with
different values for the Acceptable ECC
Click on the OK Button. This will Range.
bring all the records in the selected group
into view. Highlight all the records in NOTE: When performing Step 12, you must
the view. ensure that no workstations are reading
dosimeters with ECCs applied. The
9. Get Calibration Dialog Box calibration process takes a few seconds, and
From the Main Menu, select Calibration, no workstations are able to access the ECC
Dosimeter Calibration, to bring the Database during that time. If a reader
Dosimeter Calibration Dialog Box into attempts to access the ECC database while it
view (Figure 7.33). is being updated, it may "time out" and stop
operations.
10. Set Calibration Parameters
In the four Irradiation Fields, enter the 12. Accept Values
exposure used to irradiate the dosimeters When you are satisfied with the
in Step 2. results, click on the Accept Button to
Click on the arrow in the Mark as apply the data to the database.
Field and select ‘Field’.
Enter an acceptable ECC range for
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont’d) TLR = kxTLE (1)


when k is the proportionality constant.
6.5 Calibration Methodology Assume now that all the Calibration
6.5.1 Element Correction Coefficients Dosimeters are subjected to a quantity L of
Since not all TL dosimeters can be ionizing radiation from a given source, where
manufactured to have exactly the same TL L can be expressed in any convenient unit, for
efficiency (where TL efficiency (TLE) is example, time of irradiation. This requires
defined as the emitted TL light intensity per that, for each dosimeter, the geometry relative
unit of absorbed dose), individual Element to the source is kept constant, and the
Correction Coefficients (ECCs) must be radiation field is penetrating enough to deposit
defined, developed and applied. A typical energy in the entire dosimetric volume. Note
batch of TL dosimeters has a variation in TL that, because the measured TL effect is the
efficiency of 10-15% (one relative standard sum over the entire sensitive volume of the
deviation). This spread can be reduced to TLD, the energy deposition profile does not
1-2% by application of ECCs. have to be uniform as long as it is similar for
The method of ECC generation is based each dosimeter.
on relating the TL efficiency of each TL Let ECCj be the Element Correction
dosimeter of the entire dosimeter population Coefficient for Dosimeter j (j=1,2....,m, where
(Field Dosimeters) to the mean TL efficiency m is the number of Calibration Dosimeters),
of a small subset of this population that is and let TLEj and TLRj be the TL efficiency
used only for calibration purposes and the TL response of Dosimeter j,
(Calibration Dosimeters). When the ECC is respectively. By definition then
applied to the response of each of the Field or
the Calibration Dosimeters, its TL efficiency
< TLE >
is virtually identical to the mean value of the ECC j = (2)
Calibration Dosimeters group and, as a result, TLE j
all the TL dosimeters ideally have the same
TL efficiency. when:
Let the TL Response (TLR) of a specific
TL dosimeter be defined as the measured 1 j=m
quantity that results from subjecting the < TLE >= x ∑ TLE j (3)
m j=1
dosimeter to one unit of a given ionizing
radiation. The terms "dose," "exposure," and
"dose equivalent" are intentionally not used With the aid of (1), (2) and (3) can be
for reasons that will become clear later in this
section. The unit in which the measured < TLR >
quantity is expressed depends on the means ECC j = (4)
TLR j
that are used to detect the emitted TL photons.
If we could count every single photon written in the form
emitted by the TLD and express the units of
the ionizing radiation in terms of dose, the TL
Response would be equal to the TL efficiency. 1 j=m
Normally such a relationship is not the case; < TLR >= x ∑ TLR j (5)
m j=1
the measured quantity is usually expressed in
units of charge. The TL response of the when:
dosimeter is, in general, proportional to the
TL efficiency, i.e.:
6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) 6.5 Calibration Methodology (cont'd)
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6.5.1 Element Correction Coefficients Once ECCs are established for the
(cont'd) Calibration Dosimeters, each one has virtually
the same TL efficiency and any statistically
Note that the implicit assumption in significant subset of Calibration Dosimeters
writing (4) and (5) is that the Reader response can be used to generate ECCs for Field
to TL photons did not change during the Dosimeters.
measurement of the entire population of the Let q'j be defined as the charge reported
Calibration Dosimeters; i.e., k remains by the Reader for Field Dosimeter j following
constant during the entire TL readout process. its subjection to n irradiation units. Assume
Since this step is the most critical to the that a subset of the Calibration Dosimeters
success of generating true ECCs, it is was also exposed at the same time and read
important to perform it in a relatively short together with the Field Dosimeters. Since the
period of time. It is also important to ensure time that <Q> was generated, the Reader may
the stability of the light detection and the have changed its response to TL photons as a
heating subsystems, which is done by frequent result of intentional or accidental change in
Reference Light measurements and glow the High Voltage power supply setting,
curve analyses, respectively, to ensure replacement of damaged Photomultiplier
complete readout. It is convenient to express Tubes, replacement of IR filters or
(4) and (5) in terms of the quantity that is accumulation of dirt on the IR filters. Assume
reported by the TLD Reader (charge). If Qj is that the response of the Reader changed by a
defined as the charge reported by the Reader factor of C. Since this change will affect all
for dosimeter j following its subjection to n
irradiation units, then TLRj and <TLR> can < Q >′= Cx < Q > (10)
be written in the form
of the TL dosimeters equally, then
Qj
TLR j= (6)
n q′ j = Cx q j (11)
and
when qj is the charge that would have been
<Q> reported by Field Dosimeter j at the time that
and < TLR >= (7)
n <Q> was generated, and <Q>' is the average
reported charge from the Calibration
1 j= m Dosimeters that were exposed and read
when < Q >= x ∑ Q j (8) together with the Field Dosimeters whose
m j=1
Element Correction Coefficients have to be
generated.
Using (6), (7), and (8), (4) can be written Similar to (9), Element Correction
in the form: Coefficients ECCj for Field Dosimeters are
defined as
<Q> < Q >′
ECC j= (9) ECC j = (12)
Qj q′ j

when <Q> is given by (8).


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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) Dosimeters that are being used.


6.5 Calibration Methodology (cont'd) Extensive testing by BICRON RMP and by our
6.5.1 Element Correction Coefficients customers has shown, however, that the TL
(cont'd) dosimeters used here can be subjected to
hundreds of reuse cycles without any
Note that the ECC values for the Field noticeable change in their TL efficiency.
Dosimeters would be the same whether Note that the radiation source used for
generated at the same time as the Calibration generating the ECCs for the Field Dosimeters
Dosimeters' ECCs or at another time, since the does not have to be the same one used for
C values from (10) and (11) would have been generating the ECCs for the Calibration
canceled out in (12). Dosimeters, provided that a subset of
Once ECCs for the Field Dosimeters have Calibration Dosimeters is exposed to the same
been generated and applied, their TL radiation field as the Field Dosimeters whose
efficiency (sensitivity) is virtually equal to the ECCs are being generated. Also note that
mean TL efficiency of the Calibration there is no need for the dosimeters to be
Dosimeters, and, as a result, all the dosimeter mounted in their holders during irradiation,
population will have virtually the same TL since the only purpose of this irradiation is to
efficiency, as shown in Figure 6.1. When new induce an excitation in the TL material, which
dosimeters are added to the population, their will result in a measurable TL signal that is
TL efficiency can be set to be virtually equal proportional to the TL efficiency of the TL
to the existing dosimeter population by dosimeter. Furthermore, no attempt has been
generating ECCs for the new dosimeters. The made yet to correlate this TL response to any
only parameter which must remain constant is kind of "real" dose units.
the inherent sensitivity of the Calibration

Figure 1 Internal Calibration of a TLD System


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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) the source. Since the definition of the unit gU
6.5 Calibration Methodology (cont'd) is somewhat arbitrary, once it is defined for a
specific source and geometry, it will have
6.5.2 Reader Calibration Factors meaning only for this source, here referred to
The only part of the system that is likely as the Local Source or Reference Source.
to become unstable over long periods of time There is some similarity between the gU
is the TLD Reader. The radiation sources are and the conventional units in the sense that gU
usually stable, or at least it is relatively easy is the unit of the quantity L in a similar way as
to apply correction factors to account for the the Roentgen (R) is the unit of exposure and
decay of the radioactive material. The TL the Gray and the Seivert are the units of
dosimeters under con-trolled operational absorbed dose and dose equivalent,
conditions will not change their TL efficiency, respectively. Unlike the conventional units,
and the irradiation geometry can be easily however, which have universal meaning, the
maintained. amount of radiation which corresponds to one
For the Reader to be able to consistently gU is completely arbitrary and depends on the
convert stored TL information to measurable way gU is defined. Since the purpose of a
electric signals (charge), it is convenient to dosimetry system is to make possible the
express the ratio between the average TL measurement of absorbed dose or dose
response of the Calibration Dosimeters and equivalent, the rest of this section is devoted
the delivered radiation quantity L in terms of to the question of how to establish the link
one variable. Since the numerical value of between gU and Gray, Sievert, rad, or rem.
this variable will be mainly dependent on the From the discussion so far, it is clear that
condition of the Reader at a given date and in order to obtain a meaningful RCF, it must
time, it is appropriate to call this variable be possible to accurately reproduce the
Reader Calibration Factor (RCF). The value irradiations of the calibration dosimeters. One
of the RCF, although not expressed yet in way to do this is to use periodically calibrated
terms of "real" dose units, provides the main sources that are traceable to the NIST or
link between the TL response in terms of another recognized standards body. These
charge or counts and the absorbed dose or sources are usually located at a special testing
dose equivalent in terms of Gray or Seivert, or calibration laboratory such as Pacific
respectively. Northwest Laboratories of Battelle. In this
The RCF is defined as case the quantity L will be the exposure (or
whatever quantity the source is calibrated for)
<Q>
RCF = (13) and the gU will be the Roentgen (R) or any
L other corresponding unit. Sending the
where <Q> is the average reported charge of dosimeters to a special laboratory creates
a set of Calibration Dosimeters exposed to a many inconveniences, however: loss of time,
known quantity of radiation L. increased expenses and planning
As discussed in the previous section, the requirements, and danger of damage or
radiation quantity L can be expressed in any exposure of the dosimeters during shipping.
convenient units. For this discussion, the unit It is also difficult to expose dosimeters on
gU (generic unit) is defined as the unit which short notice when a new RCF has to be
expresses the quantity L. For example, 1 gU generated (when a PMT has been replaced, for
can be equal to the amount of irradiation example). In short, this approach provides no
delivered during a period of one second by a significant advantage over the use of a local
specific source with specific geometry to a
dosimeter located at a specific distance from
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6.0 Calibration Procedures (cont'd) link between the internal units of the Reader
6.5 Calibration Methodology (cont'd) (counts or charge) and the local source. For
6.5.2 Reader Calibration Factors (cont'd) charge integration systems, the RCF is
expressed in units of nC/gU; the quantity
reference source for generating the RCF, since RCF*K is expressed in terms of nC/Sievert
the RCF is a relative quantity. and provides the link between the internal
If we return now to (12), the ECCs for units of the Reader and the dose Dj.
the Field Dosimeters can be expressed in
terms of the RCF using (13): q j x ECC j
Dj= (17)
RCF xK
RCF xL If the Reader is routinely calibrated
ECC j = (14)
qj directly in terms of "nC/Gy", then there is no
From (14), L can be expressed in terms of the need to establish the relationship shown in
RCF, ECC and q : (16). Note that since the definition of the gU
unit is based on exposing some Calibration
q j x ECC j Dosimeters to the local source following a
L= (15) reproducible procedure, the time intervals
RCF
between preparation and irradiation and
Once ECCs for Calibration Dosimeters between irradiation and readout are not
and Field Dosimeters have been generated, important as long as they are kept constant. If
and the local unit, gU, has been defined, the it is not possible to keep the fading constant,
link to a calibrated source located at a it may be eliminated by removing the low
calibration laboratory should be established. temperature peaks.
The calibration laboratory is able to perform Also note that the time interval between
the irradiations and report the delivered irradiation at the calibration laboratory and
quantity in terms of the desired quantity (for readout does not have to be the same as the
example, dose, dose-equivalent, exposure, time interval used for generating the RCF.
etc.). A subset of the Calibration Dosimeters The reason is that the gU is defined for a
in their holders (if applicable) is exposed to specific time interval between irradiation and
dose D from a calibrated source (for example, readout, and, as long as this time interval is
137
Cs) and read out. kept constant, the definition of gU will not
The Reader reports its findings in units of change. Fading corrections have to be applied
gU using (15); however, since the value of D (or the low temperature peaks have to be
as reported by the calibration laboratory is removed) only if the values of K are used to
known, one can establish the following calculate the reported dose from a Field
relations between the local units, gU, and the dosimeter. In this case, the difference in
dose in units of Gy (or any other quantity with fading created by the difference between the
the appropriate unit): two time intervals (the interval between field
L irradiation and readout and the interval
K= (16) between laboratory irradiation and readout)
D must be corrected. This may be done either
for the gU to dose conversion factor. mathematically or by removing the low
Note that K is expressed in units of temperature peaks.
gU/Gy and provides the link between the local
source and the calibration laboratory in a
similar way that the RCF value provides the
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BLANK PAGE
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7.0 WinREMS Reference


This section defines all the fields on
every WinREMS screen and dialog box. It is
arranged in the sequence of the Main Menu
(Figure 7.1).
We are assuming that you have a basic
familiarity with the look and feel of Windows
based systems, and so we will not describe
standard dialog boxes, such as Open File.

7.1 File
The selections on the File Menu (Figure
7.2) all relate to the handling of files and
printing of reports from WinREMS. They are
described in logical groups as defined by the
menu structure.

7.1.1 Workspaces
A workspace is a set of files and
databases which constitute a complete
Figure 7.2 File Menu
operating environment for WinREMS. By
using different workspaces, you can operate
more than one Reader from one computer or Password files are not created by the
different operators can maintain totally Workspace Wizard. A default password file
separate databases for the same Reader. is loaded when the system is installed.
Each workspace is defined in a file with Therefore, new workspaces will use the same
the workspace name and the extension .WRW. password file. See Section 7.9.1.4 Password
This file identifies all the other files and File for instructions on setting up a separate
databases that will be available when that set of names and passwords.
workspace is active. A Workspace Wizard is New Workspace
used to establish a new workspace. By If you select New Workspace or click on
default, when a new workspace is defined, the the New File Button, a Wizard (Figure 7.3)
.WRW file and the other files and databases appears and guides you through the options
that make up a workspace are in the directory for creating a new workspace. The Wizard
in which you installed WinREMS (default is permits you to define the names and locations
C:\PROGRAM FILES\BICRON\WINREMS). It is of all the files and databases. When defining
not necessary, however, that all workspace your new workspace, you can use any existing
files occupy this directory. You can, when files and databases, or you can create as many
creating a workspace, specify a different new files and databases as you want. See
directory for all or part of the new workspace. Section 7.9.1 Properties for guidelines about
sharing files and databases

Figure 7.1 Main Menu and Toolbar


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) 7.1.2 Import


7.1 File (cont=d) The Import File function enables you to
7.1.1 Workspaces (cont=d) bring files from TLD-REMS, NET-REMS,
and TLDShell into WinREMS and add the
Open, Close, Save, Save As data to the WinREMS database or convert it
The Workspace Open, Close, Save, and to a WinREMS file, as appropriate.
Save As options operate the same as normal Selecting Import from the File Menu will
Windows functions. You can make changes bring a standard Windows Open File Dialog
to a workspace after it is defined by using the Box into view. This dialog box allows you to
Workspace Properties Dialog Box (Section browse for the files you want to import. A
7.9.1 Properties). drop down list displays the types of files that
Changes made to Workspace can be imported.
Properties are operational as soon as they are After you select the file to be imported, a
made, but are not saved permanently until the box will appear showing the progress of the
workspace is saved. If you attempt to exit import process (Figure7.4).
from WinREMS without saving changes to The specific types of files that can be
your workspace, a dialog box will appear imported and the disposition of the
asking you if you want to save your information in the files are described in the
workspace. following paragraphs.

Figure 7.3 Standard Workspace Wizard


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) TLD-REMS Reference Light Files


7.1 File (cont=d) (RLDB.DAT)
Reference Light Records imported from
TLD-REMS Group Files (#*.DAT) TLD/NET-REMS are added to the Response
Response Records imported from Record Database in the current WinREMS
TLD/NET-REMS are added to the Response Workspace.
Record Database in the current WinREMS
Workspace. TLD-REMS Log Files (LOGDB.DAT)
Log Records imported from TLD/NET-
TLD-REMS ECC Database (ECCDB.DAT) REMS are added to the Log Database in the
ECC Records imported from TLD/NET- current WinREMS Workspace
REMS are added to the ECC Database in the
current WinREMS Workspace. TLD-REMS QC Files (QCCDB.DAT)
QC Records imported from TLD/NET-
TLD-REMS PMT Files (PMTDB.DAT) REMS are added to the Response Record
PMT Records imported from TLD/NET- Database in the current WinREMS
REMS are added to the Response Record Workspace.
Database in the current WinREMS
Workspace.

Figure 7.4 Import TTP Log Report Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) 7.1.3 Export


7.1 File (cont=d) To use the Export File function, you must
7.1.2 Import (cont=d) first select a set of records using the Search
function (Section 7.3.1 Response Database).
TLD-REMS EQC Files (EQCDB.DAT) The selected records can then be exported in
Electronics QC Records imported from either ASCII or SAAS format as described
TLD/NET-REMS are added to the Electronics below.
QC Database in the current WinREMS Selecting File, Export, from the Main
Workspace. Menu will bring the Open File Dialog Box
into view (Figure 7.5), In addition to the
TLD-REMS TTP Files (TTPDB.DAT) normal Windows Browse capability that
TTP Files imported from TLD/NET- allows you to set the name and location of the
REMS remain as files with the same name file, there are the following two fields.
that they had in TLD/NET-REMS. To use the
TTPs in the file, you must change the TTP Export Range
Filename in the Files Tab of the Workspace Choosing All will export all the records
Properties Dialog Box to the imported file retrieved by the Search function. Choosing
name. (See Section 7.9.1.3 Files. Selected will export only those retrieved
records that are highlighted (See Section 3.1.2
TLDShell Response Files (*.TLD) Highlighting Records.)
Response Records imported from
TLDShell are added to the Response Record Save as Type
Database in the current WinREMS This Field determines the format of the
Workspace. records that will be exported. There are two
options: >Text File (*.asc)= and >SAAS File
TLDShell ECC Files (*.ECC) (*.tld)=, operating as follows.
ECC Records imported from TLDShell >Text File (*.asc)=
are added to the ECC Database in the current This option will export records from
WinREMS Workspace. any of four databases: Response, ECC,
Electronics QC, and Log. The records
will be in ASCII format, suitable for
additional processing by other data
processing applications.
For records exported from the
Response Database, the structure
format of the file is determined by a
configuration file named
EXPORTASCII.CFG. The location of the
configuration file is shown on the Files
Tab of the Workspace Properties
Dialog Box (Section 7.9.1.3 Files).

Figure 7.5 Export Response Record Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)


7.1 File (cont=d)
7.1.3 Export (cont=d)

The default format supplied with the


system as well as instructions for
generating a custom output format are
contained in Appendix B ASCII Export
File.
Files exported from the other three
databases (ECC, Electronics QC, and
Log) have a fixed format that cannot be
re-configured by the user. Figure 7.6 Edit Menu

>SAAS File (*.tld)=


Files exported using this option are
in binary form. Records can be exported
in this format from three databases: 7.1.6 Recent Files
Response, ECC, and electronics QC. The last area of the menu lists the most
This format is used for temporary offline recent workspaces opened. Clicking on any
storage or to transfer data from one of these will open that workspace.
database file to another. For example, if
you wanted to move some data from one
7.2 Edit
workspace to another, you could export
The functions on the Edit Menu
from one database and import to the
(Figure 7.6) are not operational in the current
other.
release of WinREMS.
7.1.4 Archive/Restore Functions
These functions are not operational in the
current release of WinREMS.

7.1.5 Print Functions


These functions are all performed
through normal Windows dialog boxes. The
information to be printed must first be in view
on the screen. This includes such operations
as the Search function (Section 7.3 Search)
and Calibration Reports (Section 7.6
Calibration). The format of the report will be
determined by the corresponding Format File,
as shown in the corresponding tab in the
Workspace Properties Dialog Box (Section
7.9.1.5 Print files). The Headers, Footers, and
Captions can also be modified in this dialog
box.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)

7.3 Search
The items on the Search Menu
(Figure 7.7) enable you to search through
three of the databases in the system and select
a limited set of records based on parameters
appropriate to the database. The selected
records can then be viewed in three different Figure 7.7 Search Menu
formats, exported, and printed.
By selecting limited values in some or all
7.3.1 Response Database of these fields, you can select a small segment
All the TLD records in WinREMS are of the total database and reduce searching
stored in the Response Database. Select time.
Search, Response Database, to bring up the
Search Response Database Dialog Box The fields in this dialog box operate as
(Figure 7.8). follows:
You can select all the records in the
database by setting the Group ID, Dosimeter Group ID
Usage, and Acquisition Mode Fields to >All= This field contains the name of the Group
and setting the Date Time, Dosimeter ID, as entered on the Read Dosimeters Dialog
Patient ID, and TL Response fields boxes to Box (Figure 7.20).
>No Limits=.

Figure 7.8 Search Response Database Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) After will select all readings from the
7.3 Search (cont=d) date you enter up to the present time.
7.3.1 Response Database (cont=d)
Range allows you to set start and end
Dosimeter Usage dates for the readings you want to see.
In this field you can select ‘All’ readings
Dosimeter ID
or any one type of dosimeter. The available
This field allows you to base your
dosimeter types are:
selection on Dosimeter IDs. There are three
>PMT Noise=
options:
>Reference Light=
>Calibration Dosimeter= No Limits will place no restrictions on
>Field Dosimeter= the Dosimeter ID.
>QC Dosimeter=
>Blank Dosimeter= Single Value will select all readings for
>Calibration Extremity= one Dosimeter ID, subject to any other
>Field Extremity= limitations you may have entered.
>QC Extremity=
Range will allow you to select a range of
>Blank Extremity=.
Dosimeters IDs you want to see.
Acquisition Mode
Patient ID
This field defines the mode in which the
This field allows selection based on
dosimeters were read, as entered on the Start
Patient IDs. However, Patient ID records are
Dialog Box (Section 7.5.1 Start). You can
not used with the model 4500.
select >All= or any of the following modes:
>Generate Calibration Dosimeter= TL Response
>Calibrate Reader= This field enables you to select records
>Calibrate Dosimeter= based on the actual reading of a dosimeter.
>Read Field Dosimeters= The units for this selection are those that were
>Anneal Dosimeters= applied when the dosimeter was read. If, for
>Generate Calibration Extremity= example, the Reader was not calibrated, the
>Calibrate Extremity Reader= units will be nanocoulombs. But if the reader
>Calibrate Extremity= was calibrated in mrem, then the comparison
>Read Field Extremity= will be made based on mrems. There are
>Anneal Extremity= three options:
Date/Time Element enables you to select records
This field allows you to select a time based on the response of any one, or all
period for the readings you want to see. There four, of the elements on a TL Card. For
are three options: EXT-RAD Records, use ‘Any Element’
to include both elements, or ‘Element ii’
No Limits will place no restrictions on
or ‘Element iii’ to select a specific
the date and time the dosimeters were
element position.
read.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Computed Exposure displays readings,


7.3 Search (cont=d) dosimeter identification and the integral
7.3.1 Response Database (cont=d) values of each dosimeter (Figure 7.11).
For a detailed explanation of the
No Limits will include all dosimeters, columns on this screen see Section
subject to the limitations of other fields. 7.3.1.2 Computed Exposure.

Range will allow you to select all Regions of Interest displays the integral
readings within a given range for the values from each Region of Interest
selected element(s). (Figure 7.13) in addition to all the data
displayed on the Computed Exposure
Display as View. For an explanation of the unique
This field enables you to select the format information on this screen see Section
of the output you want to see. There are two 7.3.1.3 Regions of Interest.
options:
There are three command buttons at the
Glow Curves displays one record at a bottom of the Search Response Database
time, in the format shown in Figure 7.9. Dialog Box (Figure 7.8):
This shows the actual glow curve and the
temperature curve for each element; the OK will perform the selection according
computed data for the total integral and to the criteria entered and display the
any selected ROIs; and the ECC and results in the format specified.
RCF, if applied. This view is described You can print or export all the
in more detail in Section 7.3.1.1 Glow selected records or a highlighted subset
Curves. of the records in a variety of formats by
following the instructions in the
Standard Report will activate the next corresponding subsection of the File
group box, Standard Reports, described Menu (Section 7.1 File).
below.
Cancel will close the dialog box without
Standard Reports selecting any records.
This group box is enabled only if you
elected Standard Report in the Display As Help will activate the WinREMS Help
Group Box (Figure 7.8). This box enables System for this dialog box.
you to select either of two formats:
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Date and Time of the reading; TTP Number;
7.3 Search (cont=d) Acquisition Mode; Dosimeter ID; and Group
7.3.1 Response Database (cont=d) ID.
In a box to the left of each curve, the
7.3.1.1 Glow Curves dosimetric information is displayed. The first
This view (Figure 7.9) displays the full value is the total integral expressed in the
glow curve and heat curve and certain units defined by the RCF, if applied. If no
summary dosimetric information about the RCF was applied, the integral is expressed in
curve. nanocoulombs. If the ECC was applied in the
This center portion of this view displays reading, it will also be incorporated in the
up to four full glow curve in solid blue, with total integral.
a red line to indicate the temperature of each Immediately below the total integral are
point. If Regions of Interest have been the integrals for as many Regions of Interest
defined, they are identified by vertical lines. (ROI) as were selected, expressed in the same
At the top of the screen, on the extreme units as the total integral.
left, is a small checkbox labeled >Selected=. If Immediately below the ROIs are the ECC
this box is checked, the record has been and RCF values, if they were applied. The
selected (highlighted) on either the Regions of next line shows the Intensity of the peak
Interest or Computed Exposure view. If this channel in nanoamperes.
box is not checked, you can check it, and the The last four lines in each box show the
record will be selected and highlighted on the ranges of the ROIs, if any were generated.
other two views. You can click on any of the four graphic
Above the glow curve area is a line of boxes to bring the adjustable ROI view to the
information about the dosimeter record. This screen (Figure 7.10).
line provides the following information:

Figure 7.9 Response Record – Glow Curve View (4-chip dosimeter)


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) ROIs can be selected either on the TTP
7.3 Search (cont=d) before the readings are taken or afterwards
7.3.1 Response Database (cont=d) through the Variable ROI screen. Note that
7.3.1.1 Glow Curves (cont=d) integrals for ROIs set in the TTP are stored in
the database, those that are created via the
On this view, you can also establish or Variable ROI Screen are not stored in the
change the ROIs dynamically. To create ROI database.
1, move the cursor to the first channel of the The fields on this screen are the same as
range you want to define as ROI 1, drag the the four-curve view, except for the box
cursor to the last channel of the range, and immediately below the dosimetric information
release the mouse button. The range will be box. In this box there are four fields showing
defined by vertical green lines and the correct information about one channel, or data point
data will be displayed on the left side of the on the curve. The data in this area responds in
screen. The procedure for the remaining three real time to the channel on which the cursor is
ROIs is the same, except that another key located. As the cursor is moved, this data
must also be held down, as indicated in the changes to reflect the current position of the
following table. cursor.
ROI # Key Color While moving the cursor on the glow
1 none Green curve, you can also click the right mouse
2 Shift Orange
3 Control Hot Pink
button to see the same data presented in a
4 Alt Yellow floating box attached to the cursor (Figure
7.10).

Figure 7.10 Adjustable ROI View


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) appears in combination with an >r= flag.


7.3 Search (cont=d)
7.3.1 Response Database (cont=d) >m= indicates that the Mark With a
Warning Flag Limit was triggered or that
7.3.1.2 Computed Exposures Background Subtraction generated a
In viewing the Computed Exposure negative result, which was reported as
Report (Figure 7.11), the following defines zero.
the column headings. >o= applies to QC Card, Blank Card,
Reference Light, and PMT Noise
X
readings and indicates that the reading
This column is reserved for flags that will
was out of limits, either to the high or
identify any readings that are out of their
low side.
specified range. See Section 4.2.2
Acquisition Setup for a description of how to Date, Time
set the limits that generate these flags. The These two columns identify when the
possible flags and their definitions are as reading was taken.
follows: You can change the format of these two
>h= indicates that the Halt Instrument limit columns by using the Windows operating
was triggered. system. Click on Start, Settings, Control
Panel, Regional Settings, and then the Date
>r= indicates that the Reread Dosimeter and Time Tabs.
limit was triggered and that this record is
a reread record of the dosimeter that TTP
triggered the flag. This column identifies the number of the
TTP used to take the readings.
>t= indicates that this is a reread record
and is the last reread record allowed by
the reread parameter. This flag always

Figure 7.11 Response Records – Computed Exposure View


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Subject ID


7.3 Search (cont=d) This column displays the Subject ID, if one
7.3.1 Response Database (cont=d) was used.
7.3.1.2 Computed Exposures (cont=d)
i, ii, iii, iv
Reading type The first line in each of the cells in these
This column is a three-character code columns displays the final value for each
defining Acquisitions Mode, Dosimeter element after the application of all the
Function, and Dosimeter Type, according to selected calibration factors (ECC, RCF,
Table 7.1. If you hover on any code in this Multipoint Calibration, and Background
column, the code is displayed (Figure 7.12). Subtraction). The units are shown in the
Units Column. For EXT-RAD, only columns
ii and iii will be used.
If ECC was applied, the second line in
each of these cells displays the ECC values.

If RCF was applied, the third line in each


Figure 7.12 Reading Type
floating box
of these cells displays the RCF values.
If Multipoint Calibration was applied, the
fourth line shows the reading after the
application of Multipoint Calibration but
Dosimeter ID before the application of Background
This column displays the Dosimeter Subtraction.
identification. If Background Subtraction was applied,
the fifth line in each cell displays the
Background Subtraction Values as entered on
the TTP Dialog Box.

Acquisition Mode (First Letter)


Read Calibrate Calibrate Generate Anneal
Dosimeter Usage Field Dosimeter Reader Calibration Dosimeter
(Second Letter) Dosimeter Dosimeter
R E I G A
Field F RF EF n/a GF AF
Calibration C n/a n/a IC GC AC
Quality Control Q RQ EQ IQ GQ AQ
Blank N RN EN IN GN AN
PMT Noise P RP EP IP GP AP
REF. Light L RL EL IL GL AL
NOTES:
Dosimeter Design (third letter)
D TLD Card or unmounted dosimeter
X Extremity (Chipstrate or Ringlet)
For PMT Noise and Ref. Light Readings, third letter is the same as it is for the
dosimeters being read.

Table 7.1 Reading Types


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) and <Shift> click on the last of the desired
7.3 Search (cont=d) records. To highlight multiple non-
7.3.1 Response Database (cont=d) contiguous records, <Ctl> click on each of the
7.3.1.2 Computed Exposures (cont=d) desired records. Records highlighted on
either of these views will appear with a check
units in the Selected Box on the Glow Curve View.
This column identifies the units for the Records highlighted on the Glow Curve View
readings in the i to iv columns. If the TTP will also be highlighted in these two views.
was not calibrated or if RCF was not applied, You can print or export all the selected
the units will be nanocoulombs (nC). If the records or a highlighted subset of the records
TTP was calibrated and the RCF applied, the in a variety of formats by following the
units will be the calibration units of that TTP. instructions in the corresponding subsection
of the File Menu (Section 7.1 File).
On this view or the Regions of Interest
View, you can highlight a subset of the 7.3.1.3 Regions of Interest
records for further processing, such as The column definitions in this view
printing or for calibration purposes. (Figure 7.13) are the same as those in the
Highlighting records is done in the same Computed Exposures View (Section 7.3.1.2
way as most Windows programs, by clicking Computed Exposures). For each dosimeter
on the record you want to highlight. In these there is also an additional line for each ROI.
screens, however, the mouse pointer must be All other features, including highlighting and
in the extreme left (gray) column. To printing, are the same as for the Computed
highlight one record, move the pointer to the Exposures View.
desired line in the gray column and click the Note that Background Subtraction and
left mouse button. To highlight a number of Multipoint Calibration are never applied to
contiguous records, click on the first record Regions of Interest.

Figure 7.13 Response Record – Regions of Interest View (Chipstrates)


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)


7.3 Search (cont=d)

7.3.2 ECC Database


The ECC (Element Correction
Coefficient) Database contains calibration
records for each dosimeter that has been
calibrated. If a dosimeter was processed
through the calibration procedure but was out
of range, it is recorded in the ECC Database
as having a bad ECC.
From the Main Menu, select Search, ECC
Database, to bring up the Search ECC
Database Dialog Box (Figure 7.14). From this Figure 7.14 Search ECC Database Dialog Log
dialog box you can select ECC records based
on the Date and Time and/or the Dosimeter Single Value will select all readings for
ID. The fields in this box operate as follows: one Dosimeter ID, subject to any other
limitations you may have entered.
Date Time
This field allows you to select a time Range will allow you to select a range of
period for the readings you want to see. There Dosimeters IDs you want to see.
are three options, as follows:
There are three command buttons at the
No Limits will place no restrictions on bottom of the Search ECC Database Dialog
the date and time the dosimeters were Box (Figure 7.14), operating as follows:
read.
OK will perform the selection according
After will select all readings from the to the criteria entered and display the
date you enter up to the present time. results as shown in Figure 7.15.
You can print or export all the
Range allows you to set start and end selected records or a highlighted subset
dates for the readings you want to see. of the records by following the
instructions in the corresponding
Dosimeter ID subsection of the File Menu (Section 7.1
This field allows you to base your File).
selection on Dosimeter IDs. There are three
options: Cancel will close the dialog box without
selecting any records.
No Limits will place no restrictions on
the Dosimeter ID. Help will activate the WinREMS Help
System for this dialog box
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Dosimeter Usage


7.3 Search (cont=d) This column identifies the purpose for which
7.3.2 ECC Database (cont=d) the dosimeter will be used. This is defined in
the calibration process.
The column headings in this view are
defined as follows. (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
These columns display the ECC values for
Dosimeter ID each dosimeter.
This column displays the dosimeter
identification. You can highlight a subset of the records
for further processing, such as printing or
Date, Time exporting. Highlighting records is done in the
These two columns identify when the reading same way as most Windows programs, by
was taken. clicking on the record you want to highlight.
You can change the format of these two In this screen, however, the mouse pointer
columns by using the Windows operating must be in the extreme left (gray) column. To
system. Click on Start, Settings, Control highlight one record, click on the desired line
Panel, Regional Settings, and then the Date in the gray column. To highlight a number of
and Time Tabs. contiguous records, click on the first record
and <Shift> click on the last of the desired
Reads Since first ECC records. To highlight multiple non-
This column shows the number of times each contiguous records, <Ctl> click on each of the
dosimeter has been read, for any purpose, desired records. You can highlight all records
since it was first calibrated. by clicking in the gray box immediately to the
left of the >Dosimeter ID= column heading.
Reads Since Last ECC You can print or export all the selected
This column shows the number of times each records or a highlighted subset of the records
dosimeter has been read, for any purpose, by following the instructions in the
since the last time it was calibrated. corresponding subsection of the File Menu
(Section 7.1 File).
TTP
This column identifies the number of the TTP
used to take the readings.

Figure 7.15 ECC Database Display


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)


7.3 Search (cont=d)

7.3.3 Log Database


The Log Database contains all the error
messages sent from the Reader Host computer
to the WinREMS computer, all error messages
generated within WinREMS, and all operator
comments.
From the Main Menu, select Search, Log
Database to bring the Search Log Database
Dialog Box (Figure 7.16) into view. The
fields in this dialog box operate as follows.

Date/Time Figure 7.16 Search Log Database Dialog Box


This field allows you to select a time
period for the readings you want to see. There
Message Type
are three options, as follows:
This drop down list allows you to select
which type of message records you want to
No Limits will place no restrictions on
see. Available selections are: >All=,
the date and time the dosimeters were
>Comment=, >Dosimeter Rejected=, >Instrument
read.
Error=, and >Application Error=.
After will select all readings from the
There are three command buttons at the
date you enter up to the present time.
bottom of the Search Log Database Dialog
Box (Figure 7.16), operating as follows:
Range allows you to set start and end
dates for the readings you want to see.
OK will perform the selection according
to the criteria entered and display the
Group ID
results as shown in Figure 7.17.
You can enter a group ID in this field if
You can print or export all the
you want to see messages relating to one
selected records or a highlighted subset
Group of readings. You can also leave this
of the records by following the
field blank to access all groups.
instructions in the corresponding
subsection of the File Menu (Section 7.1
Instrument ID
File).
You can enter an Instrument ID in this
field to see all the messages relevant to one
Cancel will close the dialog box without
Reader. You can also leave this field blank to
selecting any records.
see messages for all the instruments in the
database.
Help will activate the WinREMS Help
System for this dialog box.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) You can highlight a subset of the records
7.3 Search (cont=d) for further processing, such as printing or
7.3.3 Log Database (cont=d) exporting. Highlighting records is done in the
same way as most Windows programs, by
The columns on this report are defined as clicking on the record you want to highlight.
follows: In this screen, however, the mouse pointer
must be in the extreme left (gray) column. To
Date highlight one record, click on the desired line
This column displays the date and time in the gray column. To highlight a number of
that the message was generated. contiguous records, click on the first record
You can change the format of these two and <Shift> click on the last of the desired
columns by using the Windows operating records. To highlight multiple non-
system. Click on Start, Settings, Control contiguous records, <Ctl> click on each of the
Panel, Regional Settings, and then the Date desired records. You can highlight all records
and Time Tabs. by clicking in the gray box immediately to the
left of the Date Column heading.
Instrument ID You can print or export all the selected
This column displays the Identification of records or a highlighted subset of the records
the Instrument being used when the Message by following the instructions in the
was generated. corresponding subsection of the File Menu
(Section 7.1 File).
Group Id
This column displays the identification 7.3.4 Electronics QC Database
of the Group that was being read when the The last option on the Search Menu
Message was generated. (Figure 7.7) is Electronics QC Database.
However, this feature is not operational in the
Message Type current release of WinREMS on the Model
This column displays the type of message 4500 Reader.
generated. This is the same information as in
the Message Type Field on the Search Log
Database Dialog Box (Figure 7.17).

Figure 7.17 Log Database View Screen


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)

7.4 View
The choices on the View Menu (Figure
7.18) are only enabled when a set of Response
Records has been selected for viewing
(Section 7.3.1 Response Database). The
selections are described in the following
subsections.

7.4.1 Glow Curves


If either the Regions of Interest View
(Figure 7.13) or Computed Exposures View
(Figure 7.11) is currently displayed, selecting
Figure 7.18 View Menu
this item will bring the Glow Curves View
(Figure 7.9) to the screen. For a full
description of this screen, see Section 7.3.1.1
Glow Curves.
7.4.5 Tool Bar
7.4.2 Regions of Interest Clicking on this item will toggle the tool
If either the Glow Curves View bar into or out of visibility. A check (U) next
(Figure 7.9) or the Computed Exposures View to the item indicates that it is active. The Tool
(Figure 7.11) is currently displayed, selecting Bar is located immediately under the Main
this item will bring the Regions of Interest Menu.
View (Figure 7.13) to the screen. See Table
7.1 for a definition of Reading Type. 7.4.6 Status Bar
Clicking on this item will toggle the
7.4.3 Computed Exposures Status Bar into and out of visibility. A check
If either the Glow Curves View (U) next to the item indicates that it is active.
(Figure 7.9) or the Regions of Interest View The Status Bar is at the very bottom of the
(Figure 7.13) is currently displayed, selecting screen.
this item will bring the Computed Exposures
View (Figure 7.11) to the screen. See Table
7.1 for a definition of Reading Type.

7.4.4 First Record, Previous Record


Next Record, Last Record
Each of these will move you to another
record in the selected record set, as indicated
by its name. These functions work the same
way for each view.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)

7.5 Read
The options under the Read Menu
(Figure 7.19) establish the conditions under
which the Reader will read Dosimeters and
initiate the read process.
Figure 7.19 Read Menu
7.5.1 Start
Selecting Read, Start, opens the Read TTP
Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20). This field identifies the TTP Setup to be
(Alternatively, you can click on the GO used, based on the TTP Setup Title (Figure
Button on the toolbar.) This box is used to 7.27). Click on the arrow to see the list of
identify a batch of dosimeters and define available Setups. See Section 7.5.3 TTP
which Acquisition Setup and Chipset File Setup for instructions on editing TTP Setups.
should be used in reading the dosimeters. The
fields are defined as follows: Start
Clicking on this button will initiate the
Group ID read process. If you have set the Interval for
This field allows you to enter a Group PMT Noise Readings at a value greater than
name to identify the dosimeters you will be zero, a message box will appear asking you if
reading. This name must be four to sixteen you want to read the PMT Noise now
characters, consisting of ASCII letters, (Figure 7.21). There are three buttons on this
numbers, and the underscore character. box, operating as follows:

Acquisition Setup Yes


This field identifies the Acquisition Setup This button will initiate the read
to be used, based on the Acquisition Setup process. The Drawer must be pushed in
Title (Figure 7.25). Click on the arrow to see with no Dosimeter in the Drawer.
the list of available Setups. See Section 7.5.2
Acquisition Setup for instructions in editing No
Acquisition Setups. Clicking on this button will bypass
the PMT Noise Reading and bring up the
Reference Light Reading Reminder Box.

Figure 7.21 PMT Reading Message Box1


Figure 7.20 Read Dosimeters Dialog Box
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Stop


7.5 Read (cont=d) Clicking on this button will close
7.5.1 Start (cont=d) this dialog box and will return the Read
Dosimeters Dialog Box to the screen.
Stop You can then enter a new Group ID and
This button will close this message restart
box and return the Read Dosimeters
Dialog Box to the screen. You can then If the Extremity box on the Acquisition
enter a new Group ID and restart. Setup Dialog Box (Figure 7.25) is checked,
then the dialog box shown in Figure 7.23 will
After taking or bypassing a PMT Noise appear. Only the positions that are active in
Reading, and if the Interval for Reference the selected TTP will be available for entry.
Light Readings is set to a value greater than The fields on this dialog box operate as
zero, a message box similar to Figure 7.21 follows:
will appear asking if you want to take a
Reference Light Reading. The buttons Dosimeter ID
operate in the same manner as on the PMT The number entered in this field
Noise Reading box. identifies the Carrier Card in which the
After taking or skipping these readings, a Extremity Dosimeters are held.
Dosimeter Entry Dialog Box will appear, as in
either Figure 7.22 (unmounted Dosimeters Position i, ii, iii, iv
and TLD Cards) or Figure 7.23 (Extremity These fields are for the Dosimeter
Dosimeters). The fields on Figure 7.22 IDs of the Extremity Dosimeters.
operate as follows:

Dosimeter ID
The number entered in this field will
be used to identify the data taken in the
next dosimeter reading.

OK
Clicking on this button will close
this dialog box and initiate the reading.

Figure 7.22 Dosimeter ID Dialog Box -


Figure 7.23 Dosimeter ID Dialog Box -
Unmounted Dosimeters and TLD Cards
Extremity Dosimeters
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Comment


7.5 Read (cont=d) Clicking on this command button will
7.5.1 Start (cont=d) bring up the Add Comment Dialog Box
(Figure 7.24). You can enter a comment of
OK any length here for storage in the Comment
Clicking on this button will close Database, keyed to the Group ID.
this dialog box and initiate the reading. You can use the normal Windows edit
functions; be aware, however, that formatting
Stop information such as bold and underline will
Clicking on this button will close not be retained. Click the OK button to add
this dialog box and will return the Read your comment. You can enter a comment
Dosimeters Dialog Box to the screen. anytime the Read Dialog Box is visible,
You can then enter a new Group ID and including times when the reader is reading
restart cards.

Returning to the Read Dosimeters Dialog Done


Box (Figure 7.20), the remaining buttons at When the read process is completed,
the bottom of the box operate as follows. clicking on this button will close the dialog
box. During the read process, this button is
Stop not available (grayed out).
Clicking on this command button will
stop the read process after the current Stop
dosimeter=s read cycle is completed. Click this button to delete all the data you
have entered and close the dialog box. This
button is available only before the read
process starts and after it completes.

Help
Click this button to display help for the
Read Dosimeter dialog box.

Figure 7.24 Add Comment Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) The functions and limitations of every field on
7.5 Read (cont=d) this screen are as follows:

7.5.2 Acquisition Setup Setup Info


Click on Read, Acquisition to bring the The fields in this group box all relate to
Acquisition Setup Dialog Box (Figure 7.25) the identification and purpose of the current
into view. Alternatively, you can click on the Acquisition Setup.
ACQ button on the toolbar.
Before the dialog box appears, you will Title
be prompted for a user name and password. You can enter any unique
After a valid entry, you will have access to the alphanumeric name up to sixteen
screen in edit mode. If you do not have a characters to identify each Acquisition
valid name and password, you can click on the Setup. Clicking on the arrow will open a
Cancel Button for access in view mode. list of existing Acquisition Setups. There
is no limit to the number of setups you
can create. You cannot create a new
setup by simply changing titles. You
must use either the New or the Copy
button to create a new setup.

Figure 7.25 Acquisition Setup Dialog Box – Reading Setup Tab


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) The characteristics of each


7.5 Read (cont=d) Acquisition Mode are listed below.
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup (cont=d)
>Read Dosimeters= is used to read
Acquisition Mode Field Dosimeters. There are no
This field defines the purposes for limitations on applying ECC and
which the dosimeter are read. The RCF. Calibration dosimeters are
available options are: rejected.
>Read Dosimeters=
>Calibrate Reader= >Calibrate Dosimeters= is used to
>Calibrate Dosimeters= generate ECCs for all types of
>Generate Calibration Dosimeters= dosimeters. The RCF should be in
>Anneal Dosimeters= the Apply Calibration group box. If
the designated TTP is not calibrated,
This selection does not affect the all dosimeters will be rejected.
Read operation, but it does limit the
subsequent use of the data to the purpose >Generate Calibration Dosimeters=
for which it was read. For example, will read all types of dosimeters.
readings taken in the Anneal Dosimeters Neither the RCF nor the ECC should
Mode cannot be used to calibrate the be applied. All dosimeters will be
Reader. read using the selected TTP.

NOTE: Certain Acquisition Modes >Calibrate Reader= is used to read


require specific calibration settings (ECC Calibration Dosimeters for
and RCF). You must set these correctly calibrating a TTP. Only the ECC
for the calibration procedures to operate should be applied in the Apply
correctly. See Table 7.2 for these Calibration group box. Field
requirements. Dosimeters are rejected.

>Anneal Dosimeters= will read all


Read Mode Apply Apply types of dosimeters. ECC and RCF
RCF ECC
can be applied, but generally are not
Read Dosimeters opt'l opt'l useful for this purpose. All
Calibrate Reader no yes dosimeters are read with the selected
Calibrate Dosimeters yes no TTP.
Gen. Cal. Dosimeters no no
Anneal Dosimeters opt'l opt'l
Table 7.2
Calibration Factors by Read Mode
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Reader Calibration Factor (RCF)


7.5 Read (cont=d) Applying the RCF will report the
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup (cont=d) results calibrated in the units shown in
the Units Field of the Time Temperature
Extremity Dialog Box (Figure 7.27). Applying the
This checkbox is used to indicate RCF requires that the TTP be calibrated.
that the dosimeters being read are
Background Subtraction
extremity dosimeters (Chipstrates or
Applying Background Subtraction
Ringlets).
will subtract the Background Subtraction
values shown in the Background and
Edited By MPC Tab of the Time Temperature
This field displays the name of the Profile Setup Dialog Box (Figure 7.29).
last person to edit this setup, based on the Note that the programming of the
name entered in the Password Dialog Background Subtraction setting is
Box. independent of the other calibration
settings in this group box, but you must
Date Edited be sure to coordinate the setting of this
This field is automatically updated field with the setting of the Reader
whenever any field in this dialog box is Calibration Factor. The background
edited. values as entered in the TTP Dialog Box
are in the same units as the TTP
Apply Calibration calibration. If the TTP is uncalibrated,
You can enter checks in either of these boxes the background units are nanocoulombs.
to apply these calibrations. The Element If your TTP is calibrated and you apply
Correction Coefficient (ECC) and the Reader RCF and Background Subtraction, you
Calibration Factor (RCF) must be applied will be working in common units. If,
according to the guidelines in Table 7.2 however, your TTP is calibrated in mrem
and you select Background Subtraction
Element Correction Coefficient (ECC) and do not select Reader Calibration
The ECC corrects the readings for variations Factor, you will be subtracting mrem
among dosimeters. Applying the ECC from nanocoulombs!
requires that the dosimeters be calibrated.
The ECC and RCF can be applied NOTE: Do not apply either Background
independently of each other. Subtraction or Multipoint Calibration when
performing any of the calibration functions.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Print Format


7.5 Read (cont=d) The selection in this field determines the
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup (cont=d) format of that data that is printed during
acquisition. The available options are >None=,
Multipoint Calibration >Glow Curves=, >Regions of Interest= and
This feature adjusts the final result to >Computed Exposure.=
compensate for any nonlinearity in the
high dose range. Multipoint Calibration PMT Noise
can only be applied if the Reader The information entered in these boxes
Calibration Factor is applied. For a more establishes the alarm conditions for the PMT
complete discussion of Multipoint Noise Readings.
Calibration, see Section 7.5.3.2
Background and MPC. Interval
This field establishes the number of
Employee ID dosimeters to be read between PMT
This feature is not implemented in the Noise Readings. When any value other
current release of WinREMS. than 0 is entered, WinREMS will remind
the operator to take PMT Noise Readings
Export at the specified interval and before and
The fields in this group box define the after a group of dosimeters is read. PMT
name and location of an export file that will Noise Readings can be eliminated by
be generated as readings are being taken. entering >0'.

Format Range
This pull-down field defines the There are two boxes for each
format for a file that will be exported as position, representing the low and high
data is being acquired. The options are ends of the acceptable range, expressed in
>none= and >text.= picocoulombs. If any PMT Noise
reading is outside these limits, the Reader
File Path will warn the operator of the condition.
If >text= is selected in the Export The response record will be flagged with
Format Field, you must enter a File Path. an >o=.
The file name will be generated The correct setting for any Reader
automatically and will consist of the should be based on experience. The
Instrument ID and the Group ID with the lower end of the range should not be set
extension >asc=. to zero, as it will not detect any hardware
failure which would result in an open
circuit.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) QC Dosimeter


7.5 Read (cont=d) QC Dosimeters are dosimeters that have
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup (cont=d) been calibrated and designated in the ECC
Database as QC Dosimeters. They can then
Reference light be exposed to a known dose and inserted at
The information entered in these boxes regular intervals throughout a group of
establishes the alarm conditions for the dosimeters being read in any Acquisition
Reference light Readings. The specific value Mode. QC dosimeters are automatically read
of these readings is not important, but they with the TTP to which they were calibrated
should be consistent within "10% of the and the reading is reported in the RCF units of
average value for any instrument. Any abrupt that TTP. If the reading on a QC Dosimeter is
change indicates a need for maintenance. outside the expected range, WinREMS will
notify the operator of the condition. The
Interval response record will be flagged with an >o=.
This field establishes the number of
dosimeters to be read between Reference Interval
Light Readings. When any value other This field defines the frequency with
than 0 is entered, WinREMS will remind which the Reader expects to find a QC
the operator to take a Reference Light Dosimeter. If it does not find a QC
Readings at the specified interval and Dosimeter after reading the number of
before and after a group of dosimeters is dosimeters entered in this field,
read. Reference Light Readings can be WinREMS will remind the operator to
eliminated by entering >0'. read a QC Dosimeter.

Range Range
There are two boxes for each There are two boxes for each
position, representing the low and high position on the card, the low and high
ends of the acceptable range, expressed in ends of the acceptable range. These
nanocoulombs. If any Reference Light fields set the limits for acceptable QC
reading is outside these limits, Readings. If any QC Readings fall out-
WinREMS will notify the operator of the side these limits, WinREMS will notify
condition. The response record will be the operator of the condition and flag the
flagged with an >o=. response record with an >o=.
The correct setting for any Reader
should be based on experience. The Note that if the Interval is set to ‘0’
lower end of the range should not be set and the Reader encounters a QC
to zero, as it will not detect any hardware Dosimeter, it will read the dosimeter and
failure which would result in an open respond in the same way as it would with
circuit. a non-zero setting in the Interval Field.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Limits If Reading Exceeds


7.5 Read (cont=d) These three fields set warnings for
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup (cont=d) different levels of high dosimeter readings.

Blank Dosimeter halt instrument


Blank Dosimeters are an integral part of If any reading exceeds the number
the dosimetry QC program. They are set in this box, WinREMS will inform the
dosimeters that have been calibrated and operator that there has possibly been an
designated in the ECC Database as Blank emergency level exposure. The
Dosimeters. They are used unexposed and Response Record will be flagged with an
inserted at regular intervals throughout a >h>.
group of dosimeters being read in any
Acquisition Mode. Blank dosimeters are mark with a warning flag
automatically read with the TTP to which they If any reading exceeds the level set
were calibrated and the reading is reported in in this field, the response record will be
the RCF units of the TTP. If the reading on a flagged with an >m= so that when the
Blank Dosimeters is outside the expected records are reviewed on the Search
range, WinREMS will notify the operator of Response Database Screen, this record
the condition and flag the response record will be evident.
with an >o=. This flag will also be set if
Background Subtraction causes a
Interval negative result, even though it is reported
This field defines the frequency with as zero.
which the Reader Expects to find a Blank
Dosimeter. If it does not find a Blank reread same dosimeter up to ___ times
Dosimeter after reading the number of If any reading exceeds the level set
Dosimeters entered in this field, in this field, the Reader will notify the
WinREMS will remind the operator to operator to read the dosimeter again, and
read a Blank Dosimeter. will continue to do so up to the number of
times set on this line, if the reading stays
Range above the set value. Each reading creates
There are two boxes for each Card a new response record, and each reread
Position, the low and high ends of the record is flagged with an >r=. If the
acceptable range. These fields set the number of rereads should reach the limit
limits for acceptable Blank Dosimeter set in this field, then the response record
Readings. If any Blank Dosimeter will also be flagged with a >t=.
Readings fall outside these limits, The purpose of this limit is to
WinREMS will notify the operator of the remove any excess residual signal from a
condition. dosimeter that has been exposed to an
Note that if the Interval is set to ‘0’ unusually high dose
and the Reader encounters a Blank
Dosimeter, it will read the dosimeter and
respond in the same way as it would with
a non-zero setting in the Interval Field.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Paste (creates a record from the copy
7.5 Read (cont=d) buffer)
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup (cont=d) This field is not enabled (gray)
unless you have previously clicked on the
Current Setup Copy Button. Clicking on this button
When the Acquisition Setup Dialog Box loads the copied setup into all the fields
is on the screen, it is important to note that all and displays >Copy Setup= in the Title
Acquisition Setup Records are loaded in Field.
active memory. The four control buttons in
this box apply only to the record currently in There are three buttons at the bottom of
view. The three buttons below this box apply the dialog box that act on the entire set of
to all the Acquisition Setup Records. Acquisition Setup Records that is now in
active memory.
New (creates a record)
Clicking on this button will clear the OK
dialog box of all data without deleting the Clicking on this button will save the
record currently in view, and will create current set of records with your changes
a new Acquisition Setup Record. This and will close the dialog box.
record will have the name 'New Setup' in
the Title Field, which you can edit to any Cancel
name you choose for your new Clicking on this button will remove
Acquisition Setup. any changes you have made to the current
set of records, returning all records to
Delete (deletes a record) their state as of the last time OK was
Clicking on this button will delete clicked and will close the dialog box.
the current setup from active memory and
display the next setup. If no setups Help
remain after the deletion, a default setup Clicking on this button will activate
will be displayed. the help system for this dialog box.

Copy (copies a record)


Clicking on this button will create a
second version of the current setup in
active memory, which you can then paste,
rename, and modify.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) The TTP has three segments: Preheat,
7.5 Read (cont=d) Acquire, and Anneal. Preheat is used to
eliminate the more rapidly fading low
7.5.3 TTP Setup temperature peaks of the glow curve to ensure
Select Read, then TTP Setup to bring the more consistent readings. Acquire is the
TTP Setup Dialog Box (Figure 7.27) into portion of the cycle during which the PMT is
view. Alternatively, you can click on the TTP actively reading the light emitted from the
button on the toolbar. TLDs, collecting the 200 data points and
Before the dialog box appears, you will generating the glow curve. Anneal is used to
be prompted for a user name and password. extend the time of heating without acquiring
After a valid entry, you will have access to the data, to ensure that all the TL signal is
screen in edit mode. If you do not have a removed from the material. A graph of a
valid name and password, you can click on the typical TTP is shown in Figure 7.26.
Cancel Button for access in view mode. The “Background and MPC tab” (Figure
Note that this dialog box has two tabs: 7.29) contains data for Background
‘Heat Profile’ (Figure 7.28) and ‘Background Subtraction and Multi-point Calibration.
and MPC (Figure 7.29). The “Heat Profile Background Subtraction automatically
Tab” enables you to modify the Time subtracts a fixed level of exposure from the
Temperature Profile (TTP) parameters. The TL readings to remove environmental
TTP is the time-based profile of the background radiation. Multipoint Calibration
temperature to which the planchet or the gas adjusts the final result to compensate for any
impinging on the dosimeter is heated during a nonlinearity in the response curve at very high
read cycle. exposures.

Figure 7.26 Typical Time Temperature Profile


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) There is no limit to the number of setups


7.5 Read (cont=d) you can create. You cannot create a new
7.5.3 TTP Setup (cont'd) setup by simply changing titles. You
must use either the New or the Copy
The fields on this dialog box operate as button to create a new setup.
follows.
Number
Setup Info This identifying number is assigned
The fields in this group box identify the by WinREMS based on the Title entered
current TTP by the operator. The system will always
select the lowest available number.
Title
Enter a unique alphanumeric name Date Edited
in this field to serve as an identifier for This field is modified by WinREMS
each TTP. Clicking on the down arrow whenever a change is made in any of the
will open a list of existing TTPs. fields in this dialog box.

Figure 7.27 Time Temperature Profile Setup Dialog Box – Heat Profile Tab
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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) 7.5.3.1 Heat Profile Tab


7.5 Read (cont=d) The fields under the Heat Profile Tab
7.5.3 TTP Setup (cont'd) operate as follows.

Date Calibrated Regions


This field displays the last date that The fields in this group box define ranges
this TTP was calibrated. for four Regions of Interest (ROI) and a
Calibration Range.
Edited by Region of Interest
This field displays the name of the A Region of Interest (ROI) is a
last person to edit this TTP, based on the subrange of the 200 channels [1, 200] in
name entered in the Password Dialog which data is collected to form a
Box. complete glow curve. An integral will be
reported for each of the specified ROIs.
When any field is changed, the Date You can establish up to four ROIs for
Edited for the TTP being displayed becomes each channel. Changing a region of
the Current Date. If the change would affect interest does not affect the calibration of
the calibration, the Date Calibrated and all the the TTP.
fields in the Calibrated Group Box revert to
>none=, and the Multipoint Calibration Calibration Region
coefficients revert to their default values, The Calibration Region is the range
subject to the action of the Cancel and OK of the total glow curve used for
Buttons. The parameters which affect calibration and is the region over which
calibration are any of the Preheat or Acquire the total integral is calculated. While it is
Fields and the Calibration Region. recommended that the entire 200
channels be used in calculating the
Elements enabled integral, you can define the actual
These four check boxes indicate which Calibration Region. Different Calibration
TL elements of a card will be heated. See Regions can be selected for each of the
Figure 7.28 for the orientation of these four positions. Changing a Calibration
positions on a TL Card. These boxes also Region will make the TTP uncalibrated,
serve as column headings for the remaining subject to the action of the OK and
data fields on this screen. Cancel buttons.
When reading TLD Cards (whole body or
environmental), activate each position which
has a chip in it. When reading EXT-RAD
Dosimeters (Chipstrates), activate Positions ii
and iii, if both are populated with dosimeters.
When reading unmounted dosimeters in the
Planchet side of the Drawer, activate only
position 1.

Figure 7.28
Card Showing Chip Positions
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Data acquisition begins immediately


7.5 Read (cont=d) at the end of preheat time. Changing the
7.5.3 TTP Setup (cont'd) Preheat time will change a calibrated
7.5.3.1 Heat Profile Tab (cont=d) TTP to uncalibrated, subject to the action
of the OK and Cancel Buttons.
A region is defined by selecting the
first and last data channels to be included Acquire
in the region for each of the four TL Chip The fields in this group box define the
positions on a card (i, ii, iii, iv). Different data acquisition portion of the TTP.
regions can be selected for each of the
four positions. The beginning and end Temperature Rate
points must be in a logical relationship These fields define the rate of
(beginning # end). If you make an entry increase in temperature during data
that would violate this rule, the system acquisition, in degrees Celsius per
will warn you and place the cursor on the second. The maximum rate is 30 Co per
erroneous field. An ROI can be turned second. The minimum is 1 Co. Changing
off by entering >0' for both the upper and the Temperature rate will change a
lower limits. A Calibration Region can calibrated TTP to uncalibrated, subject to
not be turned off. the action of the OK and Cancel buttons.

Preheat
The fields in this group box define the Maximum Temp
preheat portion of the TTP. These fields define the peak
temperature attained during the Acquire
Temperature time and is limited to 400o C. The
Preheat temperature is the instrument heats to the maximum
temperature in degrees Celsius to which temperature and holds that temperature
the gas or planchet will be heated before until the acquisition time is complete.
the start of data acquisition. The heating Changing the Maximum temperature will
rate for preheat is 100o C per second, change a calibrated TTP to uncalibrated,
with the last 25o at the rate of 30o C per subject to the action of the OK and
second, to reduce overshoot. Changing Cancel Buttons.
the Preheat temperature will change a
calibrated TTP to uncalibrated, subject to NOTE: TLD Cards with Teflon7
the action of the OK and Cancel buttons. encapsulated chips should not be heated
above 300E C. Kapton7 based cards,
Time Chipstrates, and unmounted materials can be
This field is for the dwell time, in heated to higher temperatures.
seconds, at the Preheat temperature,
beginning after the control reaches the
Preheat temperature. If Time is set to ‘0’,
the temperature will still be increased to
the Preheat temperature prior to
acquisition but with no dwell time.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) The maximum allowable Anneal


7.5 Read (cont=d) Temperature is 400o C. Changing the
7.5.3 TTP Setup (cont'd) Anneal temperature has no effect on the
7.5.3.1 Heat Profile Tab (cont=d) instrument=s state of calibration.

Acquire Time Time


These fields define the time, in This field defines the time in seconds
seconds, during which the instrument that the instrument heats the TL Chip at
collects the 200 readings of the glow the Anneal Temperature. Changing the
curve. It includes the time the instrument Anneal time has no effect on the
is heating from Preheat temperature to instrument=s state of calibration.
Maximum temperature and any time the
temperature is at its maximum value. Calibration
Acquire time is forced to a multiple of These fields report the results of the
3-1/3 seconds and can be no less than 10 Reader Calibration procedure (Section 6.3.3
seconds. Changing the Acquire time will Calibrate Reader). These fields cannot be
change a calibrated TTP to uncalibrated, edited.
subject to the action of the Cancel and
OK Buttons. RCF
This field displays the Reader
The four parameters, Preheat Calibration Factor (RCF) in units of
temperature, Temperature rate, Maximum charge (nanocoulombs) per unit of
Temp, and Acquire Time, are interrelated. exposure (e.g., >mrem= or >gU=) if the TTP
The system will permit changing any of them is calibrated. If the TTP is not calibrated,
to any reasonable value. If an illogical the fields display '0'. The units are
combination of parameters is entered (for displayed in the box at the right end of
example, insufficient acquire time to achieve the line. See Section 7.6.2 Reader
the maximum temperature), WinREMS will Calibration for a complete list of units.
warn you when you attempt to leave that an
unacceptable heating cycle has been defined. Average Noise
The values of these four parameters must This field displays the average of the
satisfy the following inequality: PMT noise readings from the last
calibration group applied to the current
Acquire time > (Max Temp-Preheat Temp)/Temp Rate TTP, or >0= if the TTP is uncalibrated.
Anneal Average Light
The fields in this group box define the This field displays the average
anneal portion of the TTP. Reference Light reading from the last
Temperature calibration group applied to the current
TTP, or >0= if the TTP is uncalibrated.
This field defines the temperature to
which the gas or planchet will be heated
after completion of the acquisition time.
If the Anneal temperature is higher than
the Maximum temperature, the heating
rate will be 50o C per second.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont’d) Paste (creates a TTP record from copy
7.5 Read (cont=d) buffer)
7.5.3 TTP Setup (cont'd) This field is not enabled (gray)
7.5.3.1 Heat Profile Tab (cont=d) unless you have previously clicked on the
Copy Button. Clicking on the Paste
Current TTP Button loads the copied TTP into all the
When the TTP Setup Dialog Box is on fields, assigns a new number, and
the screen, it is important to note that all TTP displays 'Copy TTP' in the Title Field.
Setup Records for the current workspace are
loaded in active memory. The four control There are three buttons at the bottom of
buttons in this box apply only to the current the screen that act on the entire set of
record. The three buttons below this box Acquisition Setup Records now in current
apply to all the TTP Setup Records. memory.

New (creates a TTP record) OK


Clicking on this button will clear the Clicking on this button will save the
dialog box of all data without deleting the current set of records and close the dialog
record currently in view, and will create box.
a new TTP Setup Record. This record
will have the name 'New TTP' in the Title Cancel
Field, which you can edit to any name Clicking on this button will discard
you choose for your new TTP. any changes you have made to all setup
records and will close the dialog box. No
Delete (deletes a TTP record) changes to any setup will be saved.
Clicking on this button will delete
the current setup from active memory and Help
display the next TTP. If there are no Clicking on this button will activate
TTPs left after the deletion, a default TTP the WinREMS Help system.
will be created.

Copy (copies a TTP record to copy buffer)


Clicking on this button will create a
second version of the current setup in
active memory, which you can then paste,
rename, modify, and save.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) The units, as shown at the right end of the
7.5 Read (cont=d) row, are the same as the calibration units. If
7.5.3 TTP Setup (cont'd) the TTP is not calibrated, this field will
display nanocoulombs.
7.5.3.2 Background and MPC Tab
The fields under the Background and NOTE: If an uncalibrated TTP is calibrated,
MPC tab operate as follows. or if the TTP is recalibrated in different units,
the units in this field will change, but the
Background Subtraction values will not, possibly causing an incorrect
These four direct entry fields, one for interpretation of the data.
each TL Element, are for the environmental or
transit radiation to which dosimeters will be Multipoint Calibration
exposed. These values will be subtracted Applying Multipoint Calibration modifies
from the total TL readings to obtain the true the exposure result according to a third order
occupational or environmental exposure. polynomial with exposure as the independent
These values are supplied by the user. variable. Each column represents one TL
If a calculated value is less than 0.0 after element; the fields in each column are the
background subtraction, it will be reported as multipoint calibration coefficients.
zero and flagged with an >m= on the database.

Figure 7.29 Time Temperature Profile Setup Dialog Box – Background and, MPC Tab
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) 7.5.4 Retransmit


7.5 Read (cont=d) The last item on the Read Menu is
7.5.3 TTP Setup (cont'd) Retransmit (Figure 7.19).
7.5.3.2 Background and MPC Tab The Retransmit function is a feature of
(cont=d) the overall quality control plan for TL
dosimetry. When the reader takes readings,
As described in Section 6.0 Calibration, each record is retained in the reader until the
the calculation of Exposure, applying both reader is turned off or a new reading is
RCF and ECC is: initiated. This record is transmitted to the PC
upon receipt of a Retransmit command from
ECC x Q WinREMS. The purpose of this is to prevent
TL = data loss in the event that the PC becomes
RCF
unavailable to the reader during the process of
In which: reading a batch of dosimeters. This could
TL = Integral value of exposure in occur if power to the PC is interrupted, if the
dosimetric units data cord becomes disconnected, or if there is
Q = Reported TL integral from the an internal failure, either in hardware or
Reader in units of charge software.
Should the PC become unavailable for
The TL value as modified by the multipoint any reason while readings are being taken, the
calibration is: reader will complete the current read cycle,
then stop in a controlled fashion.
2 3
TL M = A0 + A1* TL + A2 * TL + A3 * TL When the PC is restored, you must first
bring up the Read Dosimeters Dialog Box
In which: (Figure 7.20) and enter the same information
Ai = multipoint calibration coefficients as was in effect when the last reading was
taken. Then, from the Main Menu, select
The final TL value is: Read, Retransmit. If the last record had not
been received by WinREMS, it will be
TL F = TL M - BG
transmitted from the Reader, and the message
In which: ARetransmitting previous record@ will appear
BG = Background value on the message line. When the process is
completed, the message ARetransmit
The four values A0, A1, A2, and A3 are the complete@ will appear on the message line.
multipoint calibration coefficients that are the WinREMS will not accept duplicate
four fields under each TL element position in records; so if the failure occurred between
the dialog box. The default values are 0 for readings, and the data had been normally
A0, A2, and A3, and 1 for A1. This will result transmitted to WinREMS, the retransmitted
in no change to the TL value. record will not be added to the database.
For specific instructions on generating
these coefficients, see Appendix C, Multi-
point Calibration Procedure.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) readings.

7.6 Calibration
For an overview of calibration purpose
and procedure, see Section 6.1 Introduction.
For the theory behind the calibration
procedure, see Section 6.5 Calibration
Methodology.

7.6.1 Generate Calibration Dosimeters Figure 7.30 Calibration Menu


The Generate Calibration Dosimeters
procedure is generally used only during the
initial installation, before the Reader is For more detailed procedural instructions,
calibrated. A sample of 1-2% of the projected see Section 6.2.2 Generate Calibration
total dosimeter population (but no less than Dosimeters.
ten dosimeters) is selected and retained for The fields on this box operate as follows.
use as Calibration Dosimeters. The
Dosimeter ID
dosimeters used for any regular Reader
This column displays the Dosimeter ID
calibration procedure (Section 7.6.2 Reader
for each of the dosimeters in the population.
Calibration) will be a subset of these
dosimeters. The procedures are basically the ECC (i), ECC (ii), ECC (iii), ECC (iv)
same for Extremity Dosimeters and TLD This column displays the ECC (Element
Cards, differing only in the number of Correction Coefficient) for each dosimeter.
positions that are active in the TTP. The ECC is a measure of the TL sensitivity of
To generate a set of Calibration each dosimeter relative to the average
Dosimeters, you must first clear them of any sensitivity of the dosimeters in the currently
residual or spurious TL signal and then selected set of dosimeters.
expose them to a known radiation. On the All lines on which all the ECCs fall
Read Dosimeters Dialog Box (Figure 7.20), between the Upper and Lower Limits, as
assign a Group Identification and select the defined at the bottom of the dialog box, will
desired TTP. Select an Acquisition Setup appear highlighted in the upper portion of the
which has the Mode set to >Generate dialog box. Only these dosimeters were used
Calibration Dosimeters= and the ECC and in the computation of the mean values.
RCF not applied. Click on Start to initiate the
Read process. For this procedure all the Reading Statistics
Calibration Dosimeters can be read with the The fields in this group box all relate to
same Group ID, as this will aid in identifying the TL readings of the Calibration dosimeters.
the dosimeters in the Search Response
Database Dialog Box (Figure 7.8). Total
When the read process is completed, use This field displays the total number
the Search Function to select all the readings of dosimeters highlighted on the Search
based on the Group Assignment and highlight Response Database Dialog Box.
all the records. Click on Calibration, Accepted
Generate Calibration Dosimeters to bring up This field displays the number of
the Generate Calibration Dosimeters Dialog dosimeters that fell within the designated
Box (Figure7.31). Click on the Compute limits in the current calculation.
Button to calculate ECCs and display all the
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Mean


7.6 Calibration (cont'd) This row displays the average TL
7.6.1 Generate Cal. Dosimeters (cont=d) values of the currently accepted
dosimeters for each position.
Rejected
This field displays the number of % Standard Deviation
dosimeters not accepted in the This field displays the percent
calculations since the last time the standard deviation of the TL values of the
Compute Button was clicked. There are currently accepted dosimeters for each
two possible reasons for rejection: position.

! The ECC fell outside of the range


designated at the bottom of the
dialog box.
! The Dosimeter was read with the
wrong Mode.

Figure 7.31 Generate Dosimeters Dialog Box – TLD Card


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)


7.6 Calibration (cont'd) ECC * charge
Exposure = ────────────────────────
7.6.1 Generate Cal. Dosimeters (cont=d) RCF

PMT Noise Readings Upper and Lower Limits of 1.43 and 0.77
The fields in this group box all relate to represent "30%, and 1.11 and 0.91 represent
the PMT Noise Readings highlighted on the "10%.
Search Results Dialog Box. If you are not satisfied with the results of
the computation, you can change these limits
Total and re-compute as many times as you want.
This field displays the number of
Readings. Compute
Clicking on this button will recompute
Mean the ECCs for the currently highlighted set of
These fields display the mean value records. You can move to the selected
of the readings. records screen, change the selection of
highlighted records and re-compute as often
% Standard Deviation as you want.
These fields display the percent
standard deviation of the Readings. Accept
Clicking on this button will enter the
Reference Light Readings ECCs in the ECC Database and flag the
The fields in this group box all relate to dosimeter records as Calibration Dosimeters.
the Reference Light Readings highlighted on Any rejected Dosimeters remain in the
the Search Results Dialog Box database as Dosimeters with bad ECCs, which
can later be calibrated to Field Dosimeters
Total
This field displays the number of NOTE: If you already have a set of
Readings. Calibration Dosimeters in the ECC Database
and Accept a new set in the same workspace,
Mean there will be two (or more) sets with different
These fields display the mean of the mean values. We recommend that you not
deviation of the readings have more than one set of Calibration
Dosimeters unless they are in separate ECC
% Standard Deviation Databases and used in different workspaces.
These fields display the percent
standard deviation of the Readings. Close
Clicking on this button will close the
Upper Limit, Lower Limit dialog box without saving any changes made
These values represent the deviation from after the last time the Accept Button was
the mean of the population of dosimeters you clicked.
are willing to accept. For Field Dosimeters,
"30% is a commonly used value. For Help
Calibration Dosimeters, you may want to hold Clicking on this button will activate the
a tighter range; for example, "10%. Because WinREMS Help system for this dialog box.
the ECC is applied as a multiplier according
to the formula,
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) A representative number of Calibration


7.6 Calibration (cont=d) Dosimeters (for example, 10) is selected,
annealed, and exposed to a known amount of
7.6.2 Reader Calibration radiation. The dosimeters are then read with
This procedure is used to generate a set the Acquisition Mode on the Acquisition
of Reader Correction Factors (RCFs) for one Setup Dialog Box (Figure 7.25) set to
TTP on a given reader. An RCF is the >Calibrate Reader=, Apply Calibration set to
average response of the Reader to a subset of >ECC only=, and using the TTP that is to be
the Calibration Dosimeters, expressed in calibrated.
dosimetric units. The RCF converts the PMT After the dosimeters have been read, use
output from nanocoulombs to the dosimetric the Search Response Database function to
unit selected by the operator. Each calibrated make the records that you just read the current
TTP will have a unique RCF for each active set, and highlight the records you want to use.
chip position. Then select Calibration, Reader Calibration,
The Reader calibration procedure must be to bring up the Reader Calibration Dialog Box
repeated for a TTP when any of the time, (Figure 7.32). For more detailed Procedures,
temperature, or rate fields are changed for the see Section 6.2.3 Calibrate Reader.
preheat or acquire portions of the cycle.
Changes to the anneal portion of the cycle
will not affect the calibration. The Reader
must also be calibrated after certain
maintenance functions, such as replacing the
PMTs or adjusting the High Voltage.

Figure 7.32 Reader Calibration Dialog box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Accepted


7.6 Calibration (cont=d) This field displays the number of
7.6.2 Reader Calibration (cont=d) dosimeters accepted in generating the
pending RCF value.
The fields in this dialog box operate as
Rejected
follows:
This field displays the number of
dosimeters rejected from the highlighted
RCF Results
set. Dosimeters will be rejected for any
The fields in this group box provide the
of the following reasons:
results of the calibration. Note that data will
appear only in those columns where the TTP ! They were not read with the correct
is active. For EXT-RAD Dosimeters, only TTP
columns ii and iii are used. For unmounted ! The reading date is prior to the date
dosimeters, only column i is used. the TTP was edited
! The dosimeters were not read in
Active
Calibrate Reader Mode.
These fields display the RCF prior to
the current calibration procedure. If the Mean
TTP was previously uncalibrated, these These fields display the average
values will be zero. reading, in nanocoulombs, of the
accepted dosimeters.
Pending
This field displays the RCFs % Standard Deviation
generated in the current calibration The value in this field is the percent
procedure (after clicking on the Compute standard deviation of the accepted
Button). readings.
PMT Noise Readings
Percent Difference The fields in this group box provide
This field displays the percent information about all the PMT Noise
differences between the Active and the Readings highlighted in the Search Response
Pending RCFs. If this value exceeds 5%, Database Results View.
with no explanatory changes, such as
maintenance, you may want to Total
investigate a possible cause for the This field displays the number of
change. PMT Noise Readings.
Mean
Reading Statistics
The values in this row are the
The fields in this group box all relate to
average readings, in nanocoulombs, of
the readings generated in the current
the PMT Noise Readings.
calibration procedure.
% Standard Deviation
Total
The values in this row are the
This field displays the total number
percent standard deviation of the PMT
of dosimeters highlighted in the Search
Noise Readings.
Response Database Results View.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Units


7.6 Calibration (cont=d) This field defines the units in which this
7.6.2 Reader Calibration (cont=d) TTP will be calibrated. The selection must
correlate with the Irradiation Field value. The
Reference Light Readings available units are: >mrad=, >mrem=, >mR=
The fields in this group box provide (milliroentgen), >R=, >gU= (generic units), >FSv=
information about all the Reference Light (micro-Sievert), >mSv=, >Sv=, >FGy= (micro-
Readings highlighted in the Search Response Gray), >mGy=, >cGy=, and >Gy=.
Database Results View.
There are four Buttons located at the
Total bottom of the screen, operating as follows.
This field displays the total number
of Reference Light Readings. Compute
Clicking on this button will compute the
Mean Pending values. If you are not satisfied with
This field displays the average the results, you can return to the Search
readings, in nanocoulombs, of the results and change the dosimeter set and
Reference Light Readings. recompute the RCF as many times as you
want.
% Standard Deviation
This field displays the percent Accept
standard deviation of the Reference Light Clicking on this button will accept the
Noise Readings for each channel. RCFs displayed in the Pending Fields. They
will become the Active RCFs for future
Extremity calculations.
When this box is checked, the readings
are recognized by WinREMS as being Close
generated from Extremity Dosimeters. Clicking on this button will close this
dialog box without saving any changes made
Irradiation since the Accept Button was clicked.
This row of fields is where you enter the
amount of radiation to which the dosimeters Help
were exposed. Four fields are provided so Clicking on this button will activate the
that if your source is not uniform, you can help system for this dialog box.
enter a different value for each position.
You can print a report of the calibration
TTP Title results using the print function on the File
This field is where you select the TTP menu.
you are calibrating; this must be the TTP with
which the dosimeters were read. The TTP
Number is displayed immediately to the right
of this field.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Dosimeter ID


7.6 Calibration (cont=d) This column displays the Dosimeter
ID for each of the dosimeters.
7.6.3 Dosimeter Calibration
This option creates an Element ECC (i), ECC(ii), ECC (ii), ECC (iv)
Correction Coefficient (ECC) for each These columns display the ECC
dosimeter in the system. The ECC is a (Element Correction Coefficient) for each
measure of the TL sensitivity of each dosimeter and position.
dosimeter relative to the average sensitivity of All Dosimeters with all their ECCs
all the Calibration Dosimeters in the system. falling between the Upper and Lower
To calibrate a group of Dosimeters, you Limits (as defined at the bottom of the
must first clear them of any residual or dialog box) will appear highlighted.
spurious TL signal and then expose them to a
known radiation. On the Read Dosimeters Reading Statistics
Dialog Box (Figure 7.20), assign a Group The fields in this group box all relate to
Identification. Then select the desired TTP, the readings from the dosimeters highlighted
select an Acquisition Setup which has the in the Search Response Database Results
Mode set to >Calibrate Dosimeters= and the View.
Apply Calibration Fields set to Apply RCF.
Click on Start to initiate the Read process. Total
For this procedure, reading all the Dosimeters This field displays the total number
with one unique Group ID will aid in of dosimeters.
identifying the Dosimeters in the Search
Response Database Dialog Box (Figure 7.8). Accepted (highlighted records)
After the readings are completed, select This field displays the number of
the Group ID on the Search Response dosimeters with acceptable ECC values.
Database Dialog Box, leaving all other
selections set to >All=. Highlight all the Rejected (not highlighted)
records on the resulting Response Record This field displays the number of
screen. dosimeters rejected from the group for
From the Main Menu, click on any of the following reasons:
Calibration, Dosimeter Calibration, to bring
up the Dosimeter Calibration Dialog Box ! ECC outside of the Upper and Lower
(Figure 7.33). Enter the Irradiation Values Limits
and click on the Compute Button. On this
screen, you can define the ECCs to be ! Dosimeter read with the wrong Mode
accepted and rejected by setting ECC limits.
For more Detailed instructions, see Section Mean
6.2.4 Calibrate Dosimeters. The fields on this This row displays the average value
screen operate as follows. of the accepted readings, expressed in the
units of the RCF.
Results
The upper area of the screen details the % Standard Deviation
results of each dosimeter highlighted in the This row shows the percent standard
Search Response Database Results View. deviation of the accepted readings.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Mean


7.6 Calibration (cont=d) This field displays the average value,
7.6.3 Dosimeter Calibration (cont=d) in nanocoulombs, of the PMT Noise
Readings.
PMT Noise Readings
The fields in this group box provide % Standard Deviation
information about all the PMT Noise This field displays the percent
Readings highlighted in the Search Response standard deviation of the PMT Noise
Database Results View. Readings.

Total Reference Light Readings


This field displays the total number The fields in this group box provide
of PMT Noise Readings. information about all the Reference Light
Readings highlighted in the Search Response
Database Results View.

Figure 7.33 Dosimeter Calibration Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Upper Limit, Lower Limit


7.6 Calibration (cont=d) In these two fields you set the range of
7.6.3 Dosimeter Calibration (cont=d) acceptable values for the ECCs. They need
not be symmetrical about 1.0. For Field
Total Dosimeters, "30% is a commonly used value.
This field displays the number of Because the ECC is applied as a multiplier
Reference Light Readings. according to the formula,

Mean ECC * charge


Exposure = ────────────────────────
This field displays the average RCF
readings, in nanocoulombs, of the
Reference Light Readings. Upper and Lower Limits of 1.43 and 0.77
represent "30%.
% Standard Deviation Any dosimeter with one or more ECC
This field displays the percent outside the acceptable range will be rejected.
standard deviation of the Reference Light You can change these values as often as you
Readings. like to re-evaluate the dosimeters.
Mark As Irradiation
From this drop down list you will select
This row is where you enter the amount
the purpose for which the dosimeter will be
of radiation to which the dosimeters were
used. The options are as follows.
exposed. Four fields are provided so that if
>Field= defines the dosimeters as being your source is not uniform, you can enter a
used for dosimetry purposes. different value for each position. You must
enter a value for each position that was read.
>QC= designates the dosimeters as those
that will be used for quality control Compute
purposes. See Section 5.2.4 for an Clicking on this button will regenerate
explanation of QC Dosimeters. the ECCs.
>Blank= designates the dosimeters for use Accept
as Blank Dosimeters. For an explanation Clicking on this button will accept the
of Blank Dosimeters, see Section 5.2.3 ECCs displayed in the Results section and
Blank Dosimeters. apply the values to the ECC Database.
>Calibration= defines the dosimeters as Close
being used for calibration purposes. Clicking on this button will close this
dialog box without saving any changes made
Extremity
after the last time the Accept Button was
A check in this box identifies the
clicked. If the Accept Button was not clicked,
dosimeters as Extremity Dosimeters.
no changes will be made to the ECC
Database.
Help
Clicking on this button will bring up the
help system for this dialog box.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)


7.6 Calibration (cont=d)

7.6.4 Multipoint
The last option on the Calibration Menu
(Figure 7.30) is Multipoint.
Figure 7.34 QC Menu
This selection generates coefficients for
the multi-point calibration process. However,
this feature is not implemented in the current
release of WinREMS. 7.7 QC

7.7.1 Electronics QC
Electronics QC (Figure 7.34) is an
operator-initiated procedure that monitors
certain critical elements of the photronics
subsystems. The Electronics QC verifies the
performance of the photo electronics
(photronics) relative to limits specified by the
user. This process is performed by the
Photronics firmware in the Reader.
Electronics QC is not operational in the
current release of WinREMS when used with
a Model 4500 Reader.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)

7.8 Tools
This menu item may contain one or more
of a variety of accessories available in a Figure 7.35 Tools Menu with 8840 Algorithm
REMS system (Figure 7.35). A separate
manual is available for each of these features.
The only feature available in the current Cancel
release of WinREMS is the 8840 Dose Clicking on this button will delete
Computation Algorithm. changes made, but not saved, in this
dialog box.
7.8.1 8840 Dose Computation Algorithm
From the Main Menu, select Tools, Delete
Whole Body Algorithm, and Win8840 to Clicking on this dialog box will
display the Win8840 Algorithm Menu. From delete the current profile from memory.
this menu you can select the following
options: Apply
Clicking on this button will save the
! ASP - Algorithm Setup Profile profile currently in view without closing
! BSP - Background Setup Profile the dialog box.
! CSP - Calculation Setup Profile
Help
Clicking on this button will bring up
All three of these dialog boxes are
the help information for the dialog box in
password protected. If you enter an
view.
unacceptable name/password combination, or
omit either the name or password, the dialog 7.8.1.1 ASP
box will appear in view mode. You will be Selecting ASP from the Win8840 Menu
able to see the data, but you will not be able to will bring up a prompt for Username and
edit any of the values. Password. Upon entry of a valid name and
This subsection describes the operation of password, the Algorithm Setup Dialog Box
the screens available in WinREMS. For (Figure 7.36) will appear.
complete details about the algorithm and its This dialog box defines the calibration
computations, please refer to the Type 8840 values for the computations in the algorithm.
Dose Computation Algorithm User=s Manual. The fields on this dialog box are defined as
follows.
Common Fields
At the bottom of each of these three Edited by, Date edited
dialog boxes are some or all of the following These two fields display when by whom
command buttons. the ASP in view was last changed, using the
Username entered in the Password prompt.
OK
Clicking on this button will save the Name
new profile and close the dialog box. You can enter any name to identify a
profile you create.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) The options are >Tl204', >Tl204 & Sr90/Y90',
7.8 Tools (cont=d) >Sr90/Y90', >DU=, >Tl-204 & Sr/Y90 & DU=,
7.8.1 8840 Dose Computation Algorithm and >User Defined=. Default values are built
(cont=d) in the listed sources and combinations.
7.8.1.1 ASP (cont=d) If you select >User Defined=, the Dose
Calibration Factor (Kb) field appears. In
Comments this field you must then enter the relative
In this optional field, you can enter any response of the dosimeter to a pure beta field.
comment to describe the nature or application The units will be the same as the selection in
of the profile you are creating. the Units field. The procedure for
determining this value is given in the
Photons algorithm User=s Manual.
The model source for Photons is entered
in this field. The choice made here will affect Neutron
the Deep, Shallow, and Eye Dose Calibration The model source for the Neutron Field
Factors used in the dose computation. The is entered here. The options are >None' and
options are: >General=, >Cs137 only=, and >User Defined=. There are no default values
>M150 only=. The last two are used for pure built into the system.
fields, usually in the accident range. >General= If you select >User Defined=, the Dose
is used for all other purposes. Calibration Factor (Kn) field appears. In
this field you must then enter the relative
Beta response of the dosimeter to a pure neutron
The model source for the Beta Field is field. The units will be the same as the
entered here. This choice affects the Shallow selection in the Units field. The procedure
and Lens Of The Eye Dose Calibration for determining this value is given in the
Factors used in the dose computation. algorithm User=s Manual.

Figure 7.36 Algorithm Setup Profile Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) 7.8.1.2 BSP


7.8 Tools (cont=d) Selecting BSP from the Win8840 Menu
7.8.1 8840 Dose Computation Algorithm will bring up a prompt for Username and
(cont=d) Password. Upon entry of a valid name and
7.8.1.1 ASP (cont=d) password, the Background Setup Dialog Box
(Figure 7.37) will appear.
Cs-137 Relative Response This dialog box defines the background
These fields define the system=s response radiation values that will be used in
to a calibrated Cs-137 field. These values are calculating the dose. The fields on this
site-dependent, and seldom need changing dialog box are defined as follows.
after the installation is completed and the
system is calibrated. However, it is Edited by, Date edited
recommended that the values be verified once These two fields display when and by
per year as a QA practice. Detailed whom the ASP in view was last changed,
instructions for generating these values are using the Username entered in the Password
given in the Algorithm User=s Manual. prompt.

Units Name
In this field you can select the units in You can enter any name you want to
which you want to have the algorithm report identify a profile you create.
dose. The available options are >gU/mrem=
and >gU/mSv.= Changes made in this field Comments
will be carried into the labels on the Dose In this optional field, you can enter any
Calibration Factor Fields. comment to describe the nature or application
of the profile you are creating.

Figure 7.37 Background Setup Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Computed Dose


7.8 Tools (cont=d) When this option is selected, the
7.8.1 8840 Dose Computation Algorithm values entered in the Background
(cont=d) Residual Field will be subtracted from
7.8.1.2 BSP (cont=d) the computed dose. The unit of
measurement is that which is established
Apply background to in the Cs-137 Relative Response Field
Background radiation can be subtracted on the Algorithm Setup Profile Dialog
at either of two points in the calculation, as Box (Figure 7.36). The four
determined by the selection made on these Background Residual Fields represent
radio buttons. Deep, Eye, Shallow, and Neutron Doses.

Raw Data Background Residual


When this option is selected, the In these four fields you can enter the
values entered in the Background amount of any background you want to
Residual Field represent raw data subtract from the measured values. Be sure
readings as received from the TLD that the value entered here is consistent with
Reader. The units are generic units (gU) the length of time that the dosimeters were
as defined in the Time Temperature exposed.
Profile. These values will be subtracted If Raw Data was selected in the ‘Apply
from the data before the algorithm Background to’ field, the units will be gU
computation. The four Background and the raw data is subtracted from the chip
Residual Fields represent the four TLD readings in the four positions. If Computed
Chip positions on the TLD Card. Dose was selected in the ‘Apply Background
to’ field, the units will be the same as those
selected in the Units Field on the ASP Dialog
Box, and the four values will be subtracted
from the Deep, Eye, Shallow, and Neutron
Doses.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) BSP


7.8 Tools (cont=d) In this field you can select any of the
7.8.1 8840 Dose Computation Algorithm BSPs you have defined on the BSP Dialog
(cont=d) Box (Figure 7.37).

7.8.1.3 CSP View


Selecting CSP from the Win8840 Menu Click on either of these buttons to
will bring up a prompt for Username and display the ASP or BSP selected in their
Password. Upon entry of a valid name and respective fields.
password, the Calculation Setup Dialog Box
(Figure 7.38) will appear. Comments
On this dialog box you select the ASP These two fields show the comments
and BSP that you want to use for future associated with the ASP and BSP Titles
readings. The fields on this dialog box are currently in view.
defined as follows.

ASP
In this field you can select any of the
ASPs you have defined on the ASP Dialog
Box (Figure 7.36).

Figure 7.38 Calculation Setup Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)

7.9 Workspace
The dialog boxes accessed from the
Workspace Menu (Figure 7.39) enable you to
modify specific attributes of the current Figure 7.39
workspace and to manage passwords. Workspace Menu Standard Version
Workspaces are selected and initiated under
the File Menu, as described in Section 7.1.1 OK
Workspace. Clicking on this button accepts the
changes you have made and closes the dialog
7.9.1 Properties box. This makes the changes effective for as
From the Main Menu, select Workspace, long as the workspace is open. To save the
Properties, to bring the Workspace Properties changes permanently, you must use either the
Dialog Box (Figure 7.40) into view. Before Save Workspace or the Save Workspace As
the dialog box appears, you will be prompted commands on the File option on the Main
for a user name and password. After a valid Menu (Section 7.1.1 Workspace).
entry, you will have access to the screen in
edit mode. You can use this box to modify Cancel
various properties of the current workspace by This button closes the dialog box
selecting the appropriate tab, as described in without accepting any changes made since
the following subsections. the Apply Button was used.
There are three buttons at the bottom of
this dialog box that are common for all tabs, Apply
and operate as follows. This button will activate the changes you
have made but will not close the box.

Figure 7.40 Instruments Options Dialog Box


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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) Serial Communications Port


7.9 Workspace (cont’d) Each Reader is connected via a serial
7.9.1 Properties cable to a Com Port on its computer. This
field identifies which Com Port on the
7.9.1.1 Instrument computer is connected to the Reader.
Select the Instrument Tab to view the
Reader-related features that can be changed in Instrument Identifier
the workspace (Figure 7.40). The fields on The purpose of this field is to uniquely
this box operate as follows. identify the Reader running under this
workspace. This identification is carried with
Instrument Model all data generated by the Reader. Once this
A series of option buttons identifies the identification is established it should not be
Reader model that will be used with this changed unless a different reader is
workspace. Be sure this is selected correctly connected to the system.
as it impacts the control signals sent to the
Reader and the format of the data that is
received by WinREMS.
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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) The fields on the Databases Tab dialog
7.9 Workspace (cont=d) box are defined as follows.
7.9.1 Properties (cont=d)
Response DB
7.9.1.2 Databases The Response Database contains the
Select the Databases Tab to view the file readings as they are received from the TLD
name and path for the five databases that exist Reader. This includes complete glow curve
for a workspace (Figure 7.41) You can edit and heat curve data, calibration information,
these fields to change database names and ROI data, and date and time stamp. You can
locations, or you can click the Browse button use a unique name for your Response
at the end of each database field and select the Records Database or you can use the name of
database you want. a Response Records Database in another
workspace and share Response data among
These fields must identify valid databases. multiple workspaces.
You cannot create databases or paths using
this dialog box. New databases can only be
created using the New Workspace Wizard
(Section 7.1.1 Workspace).

Figure 7.41 Database Dialog Box for Standard Version


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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) EQC DB


7.9 Workspace (cont=d) Electronics QC is not operational on the
7.9.1 Properties (cont=d) Model 4500, so there will be no data in this
7.9.1.2 Databases database. A default database name is created
as a part of each new workspace, but it
ECC DB remains unused.
The ECC Database stores the Element
Calibration Coefficients (ECCs) of all the Log DB
calibrated dosimeters in your system. You The Log Database stores all error
can use a unique name for your database or messages, dosimeter rejection messages, and
you can use the name of an ECC Database in operator comments. You can use a unique
another workspace and share ECC data among name for your database or you can use the
multiple workspaces. If you use a unique name of a Log Database in another
name for your ECC Database, you will have workspace and share the information among
to calibrate your Field Dosimeters in your multiple workspaces. While it is generally
workspace; ECCs generated in another advisable for each Reader to have its own
workspace will not be available to dosimeters Log Database, it is not necessary, because
read in your workspace. If your system has you can search the Log Database by
more than one Reader, you can share ECC Instrument ID.
data among Readers by using a common ECC
Database. Subject DB
A default database name is created as a The Subject Database is not operational on
part of each new workspace, but it remains the Model 4500 version of WinREMS.
unused until you create ECCs. If you are not
using ECCs, WinREMS still retains the name
of the unused ECC database.
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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) ACQ. Setup File


7.9 Workspace (cont=d) The Acquisition Setup File stores
7.9.1 Properties (cont=d) parameters used in data acquisition (Section
7.5.2 Acquisition Setup).
7.9.1.3 Files
Select the Files Tab to view the file name EQC Setup File
and path for five of the setup and Electronics QC is not operational on the
configuration files that exist for a workspace Model 4500, so there will be no data in this
(Figure 7.42). You can edit these fields to file. A default file name is created as a part
change file names and locations, or click the of each new workspace, but it remains
browse button next to each file field and select unused.
the file you want. In order to avoid potential
conflicts caused by more than one program Chipset File
trying to use the same file at the same time, The Chipset File is not operational with
you should have a unique set of files for each Model 4500 in the current release of
workspace. The fields on this box are defined WinREMS.
as follows.
Export ASCII File
TTP File This file establishes the format of the
The Time Temperature Profile (TTP) File ASCII data file that can be exported during
stores the Reader Calibration Factors (RCFs) acquisition or from the File menu. The
for the TLD Reader and the TTPs that you default format and instructions for modifying
will use to read your dosimeters (Section 7.5.3 this file are given in Appendix B.
TTP Setup). Because the TTP File stores RCF
values, we strongly suggest that you do not
use one TTP file for more than one Reader.

Figure 7.42 Files Location Dialog Box


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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)


7.9 Workspace (cont=d)
7.9.1 Properties (cont=d)

7.9.1.4 Password File


Select the Password Tab to view the
Password File Location Dialog Box (Figure
7.43). This file retains user names and
passwords for all operators who use this
Workspace.
Note that Password files are not
generated by the Workspace Wizard. A
default password file (PASSWORD.CFG) is
loaded when the system is installed.
Therefore, when you create a new workspace, Figure 7.43 Password File Location Dialog Box
it will automatically use the same password
file. In order to set up a separate set of user
names and passwords, you will have to copy
PASSWORD.CFG to a new file name and then
edit this field to show the new name.
See Section 7.9.2 Password Maintenance
for details on how to edit user names and
passwords.

7.9.1.5 Print Files


Selecting any of the Print tabs will bring
up a dialog box similar to Figure 7.44. The
fields in this box allow you to edit the Header,
Footer, Captions, and the Format File path
and name. Not all Print tabs will have all of
these fields, depending on the specific
requirements of the report. The captions as
shown in each of these boxes are designed to
match the format in the default format files, so
they should not need to be changed unless you
change the report format. You may, however,
want to change Headers and Footers to suit
specific report requirements. Figure 7.44 Print Regions of Interest Dialog Box
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont'd)


7.9 Workspace (cont'd)

7.9.2 Password Maintenance


The functions that are password protected
in WinREMS are: New Workspace, EQC
Setup, Acquisition Setup, TTP Setup,
Workspace Properties, and Password
Maintenance. Selecting any of these
functions will bring up the Enter Password
Dialog Box (Figure 7.45). Enter an
acceptable user name and password and click Figure 7.45 Enter Password Dialog Box
on the OK button to bring up the selected
dialog box in edit mode. If you don=t have a
password assigned, you can click the close
button to access the desired screen in view
mode. (For obvious reasons, this does not
apply to the Password Maintenance Dialog
Box.)
As the system is installed, the default
user name is Asystem@ and the default
Password is Asystem@. We suggest that as part
of your initial setup, you generate at least one
new user/password combination with
Administrator privileges and then delete the
Asystem@/Asystem@ combination; otherwise, Figure 7.46 Password Maintenance Dialog Box
anyone who reads this manual will have
access to your system.
From the Main Menu, select Workspace,
Password Maintenance, to bring the Enter
Password Dialog Box (Figure 7.45) into view.
After entry of a valid Administrator
Username and Password, click on the OK
Button to bring up the Password Maintenance
Dialog Box (Figure 7.46).

7.9.2.1 Add a New User


Click on the Add Button on the Password
Maintenance Dialog Box (Figure 7.46) to
bring the Add a New User Dialog Box
(Figure 7.47) into view. The fields in this box
operate as follows.

Figure 7.47 Add a New User Dialog Box


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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Maintenance (cont=d) Close


7.9 Workspace (cont=d) Clicking this button will close the box,
7.9.2 Password Maintenance (cont=d) deleting any data that was entered since the
7.9.2.1 Add A New User (cont=d) last time the OK Button was clicked.

Username 7.9.2.2 Delete a User


This is the name of the user. It may be To delete a user, select the user you want
any combination of ASCII letters and to delete from the list in the user selection
numbers. It must be at least four and no more field on the Password Maintenance Dialog
than sixteen characters in length. Note that Box (Figure 7.46). Click on the Delete
the Username is case sensitive; if you enter it Button. A message box will appear asking
with any uppercase letters here, it must be you to confirm that you want to delete the
used that way at all times. named user. Click on the Yes Button and a
message box will appear confirming the
Password deletion.
This is the new user=s password.
Passwords may be any combination of ASCII 7.9.2.3 Modify User
letters and numbers, they must be at least four Click the Modify Button on the
characters long, and may be as long as Password Maintenance Dialog Box
sixteen. Note that the Password is case (Figure 7.46) to bring the Modify User
sensitive; if you enter it with any uppercase Dialog Box (Figure 7.48) into view. You can
letters here, it must be used that way at all modify any or all of the fields in this box.
times. The system will permit duplicate The fields in this box operate exactly the
passwords with different Usernames. same as the fields in the Add a New User
Dialog Box.
Confirm Password
The password must be entered here
exactly as it is in the Password Field.

Member of
The option buttons in this box will define
the user=s access rights. Administrators have
access to all password-protected dialog boxes;
Users have access to all dialog boxes except
Password Maintenance.

OK
Clicking this button will add the new user
to the system and leave the box open for
further additions.

Figure 7.48 Modify User Dialog Box


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7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)

7.10 Window
All of the items on this menu
(Figure 7.49) are standard Windows functions
for arranging multiple windows on the screen.
The lower section of the menu lists the
currently open windows.

Figure 7.49 Window Menu


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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d)


7.11 Help
The Help Menu (Figure 7.50 provides
access to the WinREMS Help System as well
as version information about the WinREMS
Software System and the instrument firmware.
Figure 7.50 Help Menu
7.11.1 Help Topics
Clicking Help, Help Topics will bring the
WinREMS Help Topics Dialog Box into
view. This is in the standard Windows Menu Bar and Tool Bar
Format, with tabs for Contents, Index, and This button leads to a graphic of the
Find. The Index and Find Tabs operate the Main Menu and Toolbar. You can click on
same as a normal Windows system. On the any area of the Main Menu or Toolbar for a
Contents Tab, clicking on the WinREMS complete description of the selected function.
4500 Icon will display icons for WinREMS Tutorials
4500 Home Page and Major Sections. This button leads to an alphabetical list
Clicking on the Home Page Icon will of the tutorials in the system. Clicking on
bring the WinREMS 4500 Home Page into any of these titles will bring the selected
view (Figure 7.51). While all the help topics tutorial into view.
can be accessed via the Major Sections listing,
the Home Page offers a more convenient way Acronyms
of finding help in this system. There is a This button leads to a list of acronyms
Home Button on most of the Help Screens that appear in various locations throughout
which will lead you back to this menu. There the system.
are three buttons on this menu, operating as
follows.

Figure 7.51 WinREMS Help Home Page


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Operator's Manual

7.0 WinREMS Reference (cont=d) 7.11.3 About


7.11 Help (cont=d) Clicking Help, About, brings the About
WinREMS Dialog Box (Figure 7.52) into
7.11.2 Version Information view. This box displays the part number and
Clicking Help, Version Information, will version of the WinREMS package you are
bring into view a screen with a list of the using. Clicking on the Toolbar button with
changes in each revision level of WinREMS the yellow question mark will bring up the
as well as helpful information not contained in same box.
this manual. For more complete information, click the
Version Button.

Figure 7.52 About WinREMS


Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page A-1
Operator's Manual - Appendix A

TROUBLESHOOTING DOCUMENTATION
The purpose of this form is to aid you and your Thermo Electron Corporation RM&P Technical Service
Representative in troubleshooting problems with your software. Complete the top portion of this form upon
receipt of this manual. When you have a software problem, copy this page and enter the required information
on the copy before calling the Thermo Electron Corporation RM&P. You may be asked to fax this form to
us.

Instrument Model Serial Number Manual Number 4500-W-O-0805-005


WinREMS Version No. (In WinREMS, click Help, About)
System Properties (In Windows, click on Start, Settings, Control Panel, System)

Operation System Version


Operating System Types
Service Pack
‘ Windows NT ‘ Windows 98
‘ Windows XP ‘ Windows 98 2nd Edition Computer Make
‘ Windows 2000 RAM Memory (KB)
Hard Disk Size (GB)

Processor Type Processor Speed


Other software installed

Problem Documentation
What function were you attempting to perform? Is the error reproducible after re-booting? Give as complete
a description as possible, including specific menu items selected and buttons pressed.

What error messages did you encounter? Save all printed error reports and do a Print Screen if possible;
otherwise, list all error messages encountered, in the order they appeared.

What are the relevant setup parameters for this instrument (for example, Acquisition Setup and/or TTP
Setup)? Do a Print Screen if possible. Also print a copy of the WinREMS Workspace file (.wrw) by right
clicking on the file in Windows Explorer and selecting Print.

Need assistance? Call Thermo Electron Corporation RM&P Customer Support, 440-439-2020 .
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page A-2 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual - Appendix A

BLANK PAGE
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page A-3
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

This appendix to the operator=s Section 2.0 Customizing the Export File
manual supplies detailed information about describes how to select and modify the format
the use of the ASCII export capabilities of the of the fields in the WinREMS Response
WinREMS operating system installed on Database for inclusion in an ASCII File.
Harshaw TLD Readers.
Section 3.0 Tutorial gives the operator a
Section 1.0 Default File is a discussion of the step-by-step process for producing and
default Export Configuration File included in verifying a customized ASCII Export File.
each WinREMS installation and the ASCII
file it produces. Section 4.0 Response Database
Specification provides a detailed listing of all
the fields in the Response Database, their
sources, their default formats, and any
optional formats.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page A-4 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section Page
1.0 Default File .................................................................................................. A-7

2.0 Customizing the Export File ...................................................................... A-9


2.1 Data Field Selection.................................................................................. A-9
2.2 Output Format Specification................................................................... A-10

3.0 Tutorial
3.1 Modifying the Configuration File........................................................... A-14
3.2 Sample Configuration and Export Files.................................................. A-15
3.3 Testing a New Configuration File .......................................................... A-15

4.0 Response Database Specification............................................................. A-16

ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure Page
1 Default Export File Configuration File - 3500 and 5500 Readers.................. A-7
2 Default Export File Configuration File - 4500, 6600, and 8800 Readers....... A-7
3 Default ASCII Export File .............................................................................. A-8
4 Sample Configuration File............................................................................ A-15
5 Sample ASCII Export File ............................................................................ A-15

TABLES
Table Page
1 ASCII Export File Default Format ................................................................ A-8
2 Format Codes For Variable Types................................................................ A-12
3 Date Specification Options ........................................................................... A-13
4 Time Specification Options .......................................................................... A-13
5 Response Database Common Section Data Fields ....................................... A-17
6 Response Database Element-specific Section Data Fields ........................... A-20
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page A-5
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

1.0 Default File


An ASCII file may be exported from INSTRUMENT_TYPE
WinREMS as the Reader is reading GROUP_ID
DOSIMETER_ID "\"%-16.16s\", "
dosimeters or by selecting a group of records READING_DATE "%Y%m%d, "
from the Response Database. See Section READING_TIME "%H%M%S, "
7.5.2 Acquisition Setupfor instructions for the TTP_NUMBER
READING_FUNCTION
real time export or Section 7.3.1 Response ELEMENT_FLAGS
Database for instructions on selecting a set of RCF_VALUE "%6.3f, " 1
ECC_VALUE "%6.3f, " 1
records from the database for export. The RESPONSE "%9.3f, " 1
user creates a file name via a dialog box. RESPONSE_UNIT "\"%s\""
Each record in the exported file will contain
selected information from one TLD Response
Database Record.
If you have a Model 3500 or 5500 Figure 1 Default Export File Configuration
File – 3500 and 5500 Readers
Reader, the specific content of the exported
file is defined by a configuration
file named TLDEXPT.CFG. The
INSTRUMENT_TYPE "\"M%d\", "
default version of this file is INSTRUMENT_ID "%1.1s, "
shown in Figure 1. If you have TTP_NUMBER "%d, "
a Model 4500, 6600, or 8800 ELEMENT_ENABLED "%1d, " 1
ELEMENT_ENABLED "%1d, " 2
Reader, the specific content of ELEMENT_ENABLED "%1d, " 3
the exported file is defined by a ELEMENT_ENABLED "%1d, " 4
CALIBRATION_OPTIONS "\"%d\", \"0\", 0, \" \", "
configuration file named READING_DATE "%Y%m%d, "
EXPORTASCII.CFG. The default READING_TIME "%H%M%S, "
version of this file is shown in DOSIMETER_ID "%ld, "
SUBJECT_ID "\"%12.12s\", "
Figure 2. READING_FUNCTION "\"%c\", "
A sample file based on the RCF_VALUE "%.3E, " 1
ECC_VALUE "%.3f, " 1
default format for Models 3500 RESPONSE "%f, " 1
and 5500 is shown in Figure 3; RCF_VALUE "%.3E, " 2
the fields are described in more ECC_VALUE "%.3f, " 2
RESPONSE "%f, " 2
detail in Table 1. The RCF_VALUE "%.3E, " 3
Configuration File in Figure 2 ECC_VALUE "%.3f, " 3
RESPONSE "%f, " 3
would produce a similar, though RCF_VALUE "%.3E, " 4
somewhat larger, file for ECC_VALUE "%.3f, " 4
Models 4500, 6600, and 8800. RESPONSE "%f, " 4
RESPONSE_UNIT "\"%s\""
Fields in the export file are
separated by a comma and a
blank (, ); records are separated Figure 2 Default Export File Configuration File – 4500, 6600 and
by a carriage return (CR). 8800 Readers
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page A-6 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

1.0 Default File (cont'd)


5500, "92080501.TLD ", "PMT Noise ", 19920805, 102958, 0, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 0.052, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "Test Light ", 19920805, 103018, 0, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 253.252, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c16 ", 19920805, 103043, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 263.679, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c17 ", 19920805, 103107, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 254.945, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c18 ", 19920805, 103131, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 251.937, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c19 ", 19920805, 103155, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 250.358, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c20 ", 19920805, 103220, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 238.378, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c21 ", 19920805, 103244, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 265.991, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c22 ", 19920805, 103309, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 240.926, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "d1 c23 ", 19920805, 103333, 3, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 252.456, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "PMT Noise ", 19920805, 103508, 0, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 0.076, "nC"
5500, "92080501.TLD ", "Test Light ", 19920805, 103529, 0, 1, 1, 0.000, 0.000, 249.757, "nC"

Figure 3 Default ASCII Export File

Field Field Label Variable Default Variable Description Initial


Pos. Source

1 Instrument Type Integer Harshaw Reader Model: 3500, 4500, Automatic or


5500, 6600, 8800 command line

2 Group ID String 16 character string Acquisition


Setup

3 Dosimeter ID String 16 character string Chipset

4 Reading Date Long Format: yyyymmdd Automatic


(PC Date)

5 Reading Time Long Format: hhmmss Automatic


(PC Time)

6 TTP Number Integer 1 to 1000 Chipset

7 Reading Function Integer 1="Read Dosimeters" Acquisition


2="Calibrate Reader" Setup
3="Calibrate Dosimeters"
4="Generate Calibration Dosimeters"
5="Anneal Dosimeters"

8 Element Flags Long Internal use only Automatic

9 RCF Value Float 99.999 TTP

10 ECC Value Float 99.999 Automatic


(ECC File)

11 Response Float 99999.999 Automatic


(Calculated)

12 Response Unit Char "nC", "gU", "mR", "mrad", TTP


"mrem", "FSv", "FGy"

Table 1 ASCII Export File Default Format


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4500-W-O-0805 Page A-7
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

2.0 Customizing The Export File 2.1 Data Field Selection


You can customize the ASCII Export File Data fields exist in the Response
by selecting a limited number of the data Database in two groups. The first group,
fields in the Response Database and re- known as the Common Section, contains the
formatting them to fit your specific needs. fields that are common to all TLD elements of
This customizing of the export file requires one dosimeter (Table 5). The second group,
modification of the export configuration file known as the Element-specific Section,
TLDEXPT.CFG (3500, 5500) or contains fields that are associated with one
EXPORTASCII.CFG (4500, 6600, 8800). This is element of the dosimeter (Table 6). A
accomplished in two basic steps: complete Response Database Record consists
of one Common Section and up to four
1. Select data fields from the Response Element-specific Sections, depending on the
Database records which are to be dosimeter. In Model 3500 and 5500 TL
included in the export file. Tables 5 and Readers, all records contain only one element
6 describe all of the data fields in the in the Element-specific Section. In Model
Response Database records, any of which 4500, 6600, and 8800 TL Readers, all records
may be included in the Export File. contain four elements in the Element-specific
Section 2.1 Data Field Selection Section.
describes how the fields may be selected. In an Export File, a TLD record consists
of only those data fields defined by the Export
2. Write a format specification for the data Configuration File TLDEXPT.CFG (3500, 5500)
fields that have been selected for the or EXPORTASCII.CFG (4500, 6600, 8800). In
Export File. These fields can be other words, an Export File record contains a
modified by specifying the following subset of a (or a complete) Response Database
variations in format: record.
To select the fields to be exported, the
a. Formatting of data with justification label for each data field of interest is entered
and the inclusion of signs, blanks, into the Export Configuration File. The order
and decimal points; (top to bottom) of field labels in the Export
Configuration File determines the order (left
b. Width (minimum number of to right) of data fields in the Export File. It is
characters) of the data field; not necessary to identify which section of the
Response record a given export field comes
c. Precision (maximum number of from, nor is it necessary for the Export Record
characters or digits) of the data field; to follow the sequence of the Response
Record. Compare Figures 1 and 3 to see a
d. Position of each data field (left to Configuration File and its resultant Export
right) in the ASCII Export File. File.

Specifying the format is optional; if a


format is not specified, a default format set up
within WinREMS will be used. Format
specifications are discussed in Section 2.2
Output Format Specifications.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page A-8 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

2.0 Customizing The Export File (cont'd) range separated by a dash; e.g., 50-150. The
default value for this parameter is 1-200.
2.2 Output Format Specification Note that the Element Number must be
If desired, a format other than the default specified when the Glow Curve and Heat
format can be specified for some or all of the Curve Ranges are specified.
selected fields. This is done by writing a In addition, optional backslash marks ( \ )
format specification after each data field label. can be inserted in the format specification to:
Otherwise, the WinREMS default format is
applied to that field. a) specify an escape sequence such as a
The configuration specification for the carriage return and line feed; for
standard ASCII Export File is stored in the example, "\%d\n" (the \n specifies
Export Configuration File (Figure 1 or 2) carriage return and line feed);
supplied as a part of the initial WinREMS
installation. Note that some data field labels b) specify special characters to be sent to the
are followed by a format specification. The output, such as double quote marks to
syntax that must be used in the format enclose a variable; for example,
specification for each field in the Common "\"%s\"".
Section is:
Useful characters and escape sequences
"%[flag][width][.precision]variable type" include:

The details of each of the parameters in \n new line (return & line feed)
this statement are given in Section 4.0 \t horizontal tab
Response Database Specification. The \f form feed
parameters contained within square brackets \b backspace
[ ] are optional; all others, including the \\ backslash character
quotation marks, are required in every format \' single quote mark character
specification. \" double quote mark character
In the Element-specific Section of the \ blank space(s)
file, an additional parameter is available to
show the element number (en) for which data The formatted value for a response field
is to be exported: will be presented in the Exported ASCII File
according to the field type and its
"%[flag][width][.precision]variable type"[en] specification statement. The formatted values
in the ASCII File will be presented along with
The default value for this parameter is 1. any special characters or escape sequences, as
Also within the Element-specific Section they appear in the specification statement (see
of the file, the fields for Glow Curve and Heat Figures 1 and 2). Format specifications are
Curve may carry a range specification: explained in Section 4.0 Response Database
Specification.
"%[flag][width][.precision]variable type"[en][range]
Examples of Export Configuration File
line entries with format specifications are as
The format for the Range Specification is
follows.
the value of the lower and upper ends of the
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page A-9
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

2.0 Customizing The Export File (cont'd)


2.2 Output Format Specification (cont'd)

Example 1) Subject ID Data Field

SUBJECT_ID "\"%-11.11s\ \""

This specification will send to the


Exported ASCII File a left justified subject
name up to 11 characters in length, followed
by a blank, and enclosed in double quotes.

"Williamson "

Example 2) Response Data Field

RESPONSE "%.4f, "

This will export a floating point value


containing all digits to the left of the decimal
point, 4 digits to the right of the decimal
point, followed by a comma and space.

23.0239

Example 3) TL Read Date Data Field

READING_DATE "%B%d, %Y "

This will send a date with the following


format (space at end):

December 02, 1993


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Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

2.0 Customizing The Export File Format (cont'd)


2.2 Output Format Specification (cont'd)

Format Specifications For Export File Variables1

Variable Flag Width Precision Comments


2 2
Type Options Options Options

d: Signed -: Left justify results Integer specifies Integer specifies If no. of digits in
decimal minimum no. of minimum no. of argument is precision,
integer +: Prefixes output characters printed characters printed output is padded with
with + or - sign zeros on left
0 prefix: zeros added Prec. = 1 if spec. is 0,
' ': Prefixes output as needed to get is omitted, or no Value is not truncated
with a blank if it is minimum length integer appears after if digits exceed
signed & positive decimal point precision spec.
no spec. = all
`0': Prefixes output characters printed
with a zero

f: Floating #: Places a decimal Same options as d: Integer specifies no. of No. of digits before
point point in the output digits after decimal point decimal depends on
decimal ÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄÄ magnitude of number;
Also, same options as d: Prec. = 0 if spec. is no. of digits after decimal
apply omitted depends on precision

s: String Same options as d: Same options as d: Integer specifies max. Characters in excess
no. of characters of precision are not
printed

ld: Long Same options as d: Same options as d: Same options as d: The long spec. allows
decimal numbers up to
integer 2,147,483,647

Id: Date Same options as d: Same options as d: Same options as d: See Table 3

ld: Time Same options as d: Same options as d: Same options as d: See Table 4

Notes:
1. In the interest of space, less commonly used formatting options have not been presented in this table.
2. Width and precision options are typically used together to specify minimum and/or maximum
number of characters in the variable being sent to a file or printer.

Table 2 Format Codes For Variable Types


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Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

2.0 Customizing The Export File Format (cont'd)


2.2 Output Format Specification (cont'd)

Spec. Description Example

%A Full name of day Monday


%b Abbreviation of month Dec
%B Full name of month December
%d Day of the month 27
%m Numeric month of year 12
%Y Full number of year 2000
%y Year of century 00
%x Date Dec 02 2000

Table 3 Date Specification Options

Spec. Description Example

%H hour of 24-hour clock 14


%I hour of 12-hour clock 02
%p AM/PM abbreviation AM
%M Minutes past the hour 55
%S Seconds past the minute 15
%X Time (24-hour clock) 14:55:15
%c Date and time (24-hour clock) Dec 02 14:55:15 1993

Table 4 Time Specification Options


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Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

3.0 Tutorial 7. Continue this until all of the desired


3.1 Modifying the Configuration File labels have been added to TLDEXPT.CFG.
The WinREMS export function uses Keep in mind that each record may take
Export Configuration file TLDEXPT.CFG (3500, up more than one full line on either the
5500)or EXPORTASCII.CFG (4500, 6600, 8800) monitor screen or printer, depending on
to specify the format of the ASCII Export the number of variables used and their
File. You must modify this file to customize format specifications.
the Export File as shown below. Note that in
this example, we will use TLDEXPT.CFG as the 8. Using Tables 2 through 4 and the lines of
file name. If you are using a model 4500, the old file as a guide, add the proper
6600, or 8800 Reader, replace this file name arguments after each of the field labels.
with EXPORTASCII.CFG.
Note: If no format is specified, the
1. Using any Windows text editor (such as default format will be used. If the Field
Notepad), select TLDEXPT.CFG Label is incorrect, the message
"NOT_VALID_LABEL" will appear in
2. Resave this file under a different name, the exported file. If an incorrect format
such as tldexpt.old. If you want to use it specification is listed after a field label,
again, it will be available. the data field may contain a question
mark, may appear to be nonsense, or may
3. Initially, do not modify or delete any of be a listing of the format specification
the existing lines in the old configuration string, depending on the nature of the
file. They will be a reminder of the error.
proper syntax to be used in format
specifications (as described in Section 2.2 9. Delete any of the old lines (field labels)
Ouptut Format Specification). that will not be used in the new Export
File.
4. Use Tables 5 and 6 to select variables for
the new Export File. 10. Save this configuration file under the
same name and path that existed before;
5. Starting above the top line of the old for example,
listing, type the field label for the first C:\programfiles\bicron\winrems\tldexpt.cfg
(leftmost) variable of the new Exported
ASCII File. Or move an existing line to Note that the use of the filenames
that position. TLDEXPT.CFG and EXPORTASCEE.CFG is not
mandatory for the export configuration file.
6. On the second line, type the label of the The system will use the file named in the
next variable to be included in the Export Export ASCII File Field of the Files Tab
File (to appear to the right of the first). under Workspace Properties in WinREMS.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page A-13
Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

3.0 Tutorial (cont'd) 3.3 Testing a New Configuration File


Try the new TLDEXPT.CFG configuration
3.2 Sample Configuration and Export Files by taking the following steps:
An example of a new TLDEXPT.CFG file is
shown in Figure 4, and the resulting ASCII 1. In WinREMS, select Search, Response
Export File is shown in Figure 5. Database to bring up the Search
Response Database Dialog Box.

SUBJECT_ID "%-15.15s\ " 2. Select a set of records to be Exported.


READING_DATE "%B\%d,\ %Y\n"
DOSIMETER_ID "%-16.16s"
TTP_NUMBER 3. With the Search Response Database
READING_FUNCTION "%-10.10s\n"
RESPONSE "%3.6f "
Dialog Box still in view, select File,
RESPONSE_UNIT "%s\n\n" Export to bring the Export Response
Records Dialog Box into view..
Figure 4 Sample Configuration File
4. Create a name for your test file and click
on the Export Button.
Wilcox, L. A. December 18, 1992
rd-6 2, Read Dosim 5. Return to Windows and use your Browser
17.289461 gU to find the test file. Double click on the
file name to view the file in Notepad.
Bell, J. B. December 18, 1992 Confirm that the file exists and that it has
rd-7 2, Read Dosim the fields you established.
15.999715 gU

Swiger, M. D. December 18, 1992


rd-9 2, Read Dosim
15.405501 gU

December 18, 1992


PMT Noise 0, Read Dosim
0.133750 nC

Figure 5 Sample ASCII Export File


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Operator's Manual - Appendix B - ASCII Export File

4.0 Response Database Specification Variable Type shows the format in which the
The tables on the following pages define data is stored in the Response Database. This
all the fields available for export from a format directs the user to the Variable Type in
WinREMS Response Database give the Table 2, which shows the available Format
information necessary to modify the format of options.
the exported fields as desired. The column
headings are described below. Default Format is the symbol for the
Variable Type defined above.
Data Field Label gives the label required to
identify a field for export. It must be entered Optional Format is an alternative format
in the Export Configuration File exactly as which calls in pre-formatted options which
shown, except that the upper case is not make the exported field more human-
necessary. readable.

Description is a brief description of the data Example displays an example of data in both
contained in the field. the Default and Optional Formats.

Source is the original source of the


information in WinREMS, usually a screen
name and field name.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page A-15
Appendix B - ASCII Export File

4.0 Response Database Specification (cont'd)

Table 5
Response Database Common Section Data Fields

Default Format
Optional
Data Field Label Description Source Variable Type Format Example

ALTERNATE_ID Secondary Dosimeter Identification Chipset Settings: Treatment String \"%16.16s\" "Austin, Roy F. "
CALIBRATION_OPTIONS 0 = RCF & ECC applied Acquisition Setup Dialog integer %d
1 = ECC applied Box
2 = RCF applied
3 = none
O = PMT or Reference Light Reading
DOSIMETER_ID Primary Dosimeter Identification Chipset Settings: String \"%16.16s\" "d1-p12 "
Dosimeter ID
DOSIMETER_TYPE Type of Dosimeter: Acquisition Setup Dialog Signed decimal integer %d 1
0 = Unknown Box \"%s\" "Calibration"
1 = Calibration
2 = QC
3 = Field
5 = PMT Noise
6 = Reference Light
7 = Bad
8 = Extremity
9 = Blank
10 = Extremity QC
11 = Extremity Blank
12 = Extremity Calibration
ECC_DATE Date Dosimeter was last calibrated. ECC Database Long decimal integer %ld 930318
"0" if no ECC was applied. See Table 3 Mar 18, 1993
ECC_TIME Time Dosimeter was last calibrated. ECC Database Long decimal integer %ld 235845
"0" if no ECC was applied. See Table 4 11:58:45.04 PM
GROUP_ID Identifies a group of readings Start Dialog Box String \"%16.16s\" "personnel "
within a file
HEADER_FLAGS See note 3 Internal Long decimal integer %ld n/a
INSTRUMENT_ID Instrument Identification Workspace Properties String \"%16.16s\" "01 "
INSTRUMENT_HOST_ID Host Software Version Internal Signed decimal integer %d 4
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Appendix B - ASCII Export File

Default Format
Optional
Data Field Label Description Source Variable Type Format Example

INSTRUMENT_PHOT_ID Photronics Software Version Internal Signed decimal integer %d 3


INSTRUMENT_TRNS_ID Transport Software Version Internal Signed decimal integer %d 1

INSTRUMENT_TYPE Harshaw Reader Model: Internal Signed decimal integer %d 3500


3500, 4500, 5500, 6600, 8800
NUM_OF_ELEMENTS Number of TLD Chips read per TTP Setup Signed decimal integer %d 1
dosimeter. Always 1 for 3500 and
5500.
OPERATOR_ID Operator Name Acquisition Setup Dialog String \"%16.16s\" "John Bell "
Box
RCF_DATE Date RCF last created TTP File Long decimal integer %ld 930318
See Table 3 Mar 18, 1993
RCF_TIME Time RCF last created TTP File Long decimal integer %ld 235845
See Table 4 11:58:45.04 PM
READING_DATE Date of Reading Reader Long decimal integer %ld 930318
See Table 3 Mar 18, 1993
READING_TIME Time of Reading Reader Long decimal integer %ld 235845
See Table 4 11:58:45.04 PM
READING_FUNCTION Purpose of Reading Acquisition Setup Dialog Signed decimal integer %d 2
0 = Unknown Box \"%s\" "Calibrate Reader"
1 = Read Field Cards
2 = Calibrate Reader
3 = Calibrate Cards
4 = Generate Calibration Cards
5 = Anneal Cards
6 = Read Extremity Dosimeters
7 = Calibrate Extremity Dosimeters
8 = Anneal Extremity Dosimeters
9 = Generate Calibration Extremity
Dosim=s.
10 = Calibrate Extremity Reader
RECORD_TYPE Type of Record File Signed decimal integer %d 132
128 = Response Record \"%s\" "Subject Record"
129 = TTP Record
130 = RCF Record
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
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Appendix B - ASCII Export File

Default Format
Optional
Data Field Label Description Source Variable Type Format Example
131 = ECC Record
132 = Subject Record
RESPONSE_UNIT Response Unit TTP Setup Dialog Box Signed decimal integer %d 4
0 = nC \"%s\" "mrad"
1 = gU
2 = mR
3 = mrad
4 = mrem
5 = FSv
6 = FGy
SUBJECT_ID Identification of person wearing Chipset Settings: Subject ID String \"%16.16s\" "Wilcox, Lew "
the TL Badge
TTP_DATE Date TTP last edited TTP File Long decimal integer %ld 930318
See Table 3 See Table 3 Mar 18, 1993
TTP_NUMBER Number of TTP used in reading TTP Setup Dialog Box Signed decimal integer %d 5
TTP_TIME Time TTP last edited TTP File Long decimal integer %ld 235845
See Table 4 See Table 4 11:58:45.04 PM
Notes:
3. The following flags are available; a bit set in a long word will indicate the flag is true.
0x00000001 = element enabled
0x00000010 = reread limit exceeded
0x00000020 =halt limit exceeded
0x00000040 = mark limit exceeded
0x00000080 = reading out of range
0x00000100 = quality factor applied
0x00000200 = background factor applied
0x00000400 = rcf applied
0x00000800 = ecc applied
0x00001000 = high gain set
0x00002000 = low gain set
0x00010000 = reread times exceeded
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Appendix B - ASCII Export File

4.0 Response Database Specification (cont'd)

Table 6
Response Database Element-specific Section Data Fields

Default
Data Field Label Description Source Variable Type Format Example

ANNEAL_TEMP Anneal Temperature TTP Signed decimal integer %d 300


ANNEAL_TIME Anneal Time TTP Signed decimal integer %d 5
ACQ_TIME Acquisition Time TTP Signed decimal integer %d 20
BACKGROUND_VALUE Calculated Background TTP Floating point decimal %f 0.01
Radiation
BIN_SIZE Bin Size 60 x Acquisition Time Signed decimal integer %d 6
200
CAL_REGION_LOWER_LIMIT Calibration Region Upper Limit TTP Signed decimal integer %d 1
CAL_REGION_UPPER_LIMIT Calibration Region Lower Limit TTP Signed decimal integer %d 200
ECC_VALUE Element Correction Coefficient ECC File Floating point decimal %f 0.893664
ELEMENT_ENABLED Element is enabled TTP Setup Dialog Box integer %d
ELEMENT_FLAGS see Note 6 Reader Long decimal integer %ld 1
ELEMENT_ID Element Identification Number Attribute 3 String \"%16.16s\" "127594 "
ELEMENT_POSITION Element Position on Substrate Reader dependent; Signed decimal integer %d 1
or Carrier Card 3500 & 5500 always 1
4500, 6600 & 8800
may be 1 - 4
GAS_FLOW Gas Flow: 0 = on, 1 = off Reader Signed decimal integer %d 0
4
GLOW_CURVE Value of each of 200 points of Reader Long decimal integer %ld 64, 84, ..... 124
glow curve data
GLOW_CURVE_MAX Value of highest reading on Reader long decimal integer %ld 3427
glow curve
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Appendix B - ASCII Export File

Default
Data Field Label Description Source Variable Type Format Example
5
HEAT_CURVE Temperature of each of 200 Reader Signed decimal integer %d 50, 55, 61, ... 300
points of glow curve data
HEATING_RATE Rate of change of temperature TTP Signed decimal integer %d 8
during acquisition
HIGH_VOLTAGE High Voltage Reader Signed decimal integer %d 875
MAX_TEMP Maximum temperature during TTP Signed decimal integer %d 300
acquisition
PREHEAT_TEMP Preheat temperature TTP Signed decimal integer %d 50
PREHEAT_TIME Preheat time TTP Signed decimal integer %d 3
QUALITY_FACTOR Calculated Quality Factor TTP Floating Point decimal %f 2.0
RCF_VALUE Reader Calibration Factor TTP Floating point decimal %f 12.753061
RESPONSE Integral value of total TL Reader Floating point decimal %f 2.380000
response in units set in
RESPONSE_UNIT
ROI1 Integral value of ROI1 Reader Floating point decimal %f 0.038417
response
in units set in
RESPONSE_UNIT
ROI2 Integral value of ROI2 Reader Floating point decimal %f 0.987313
response
in units set in
RESPONSE_UNIT
ROI3 Integral value of ROI3 Reader Floating point decimal %f 3.970397
response
in units set in
RESPONSE_UNIT
ROI4 Integral value of ROI4 Reader Floating point decimal %f 7.765934
response
in units set in
RESPONSE_UNIT
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Appendix B - ASCII Export File

Default
Data Field Label Description Source Variable Type Format Example
ROI1_LOWER_LIMIT Lower Limit of ROI1 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 1
ROI1_UPPER_LIMIT Upper Limit of ROI1 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 50
ROI2_LOWER_LIMIT Lower Limit of ROI2 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 51
ROI2_UPPER_LIMIT Upper Limit of ROI2 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 100
ROI3_LOWER_LIMIT Lower Limit of ROI3 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 101
ROI3_UPPER_LIMIT Upper Limit of ROI3 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 150
ROI4_LOWER_LIMIT Lower Limit of ROI4 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 151
ROI4_UPPER_LIMIT Upper Limit of ROI4 TTP Signed decimal integer %d 200
THERMOCOOLER_TEMP Temperature of Thermocooler Reader Signed decimal integer %d 10
Notes:
4. The format for this field is: HEAT_CURVE Aformat string@ element# 1-200
5. The format for this field is: GLOW_CURVE Aformat string@ element# 1-200
6. The following flags are available; a bit set in a long word will indicate the flag is true.
0x00000001 = element enabled
0x00000010 = reread limit exceeded
0x00000020 =halt limit exceeded
0x00000040 = mark limit exceeded
0x00000080 = reading out of range
0x00000100 = quality factor applied
0x00000200 = background factor applied
0x00000400 = rcf applied
0x00000800 = ecc applied
0x00001000 = high gain set
0x00002000 = low gain set
0x00010000 = reread times exceeded
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
4500-W-O-0805 Page A-21
Operator's Manual - Appendix C - Multi-point Calibration

The purpose of this procedure is to 2. Select ten additional nominal exposure


generate a dose-dependent calibration value to values for multipoint calibration; for
be applied to the dose data generated by the example, 0, 10, 50, 100, 1000 mrem, 10,
Card Reader which will account for non-linear 50, 100, 1000*, 2000* rem (0, 100,
sensitivity in the very high dose regions (For 500 FSv, 1, 10, 100, 500 mSv, 1, 10*,
example, > 100 rad for LiF:Mg,Ti). The 20* Sv).
means of applying the multipoint calibration
*
is via a third degree polynomial. This NOTE: It is important that the PMT Peak
polynomial takes the form: Current does not exceed 40 FA to prevent
entering the non-linear region of the PMT and
4 3 eventually its maximum operating point of
T'Li = 3Aij(TLi)j
i=1 j=0 100 FA . This point will occur between 100
and 1,000 rem (between 1 and 10 mSv) for
In which: LiF:Mg,Ti. Other materials may reach this
Aij = Multi-point Coefficients for each point at different exposures. You may
chip position estimate this point by a linear approximation
i = Chip position 1 to 4 (i..iv) from lower values. If you will be working
TLi = Integral Value for each chip consistently in these higher ranges, you
position i..iv should consider using a neutral density filter
T'Li = New Integral Value for each chip under the PMT to limit its light exposure. If
position i..iv you do this, you will need to perform all
j = Subscript of the Multi-point procedures in this appendix with this filter in
Calibration Coefficient for chip i place.
and the exponent in the equation,
ranging from 0 to 3. 3. Select 50 Field Dosimeters, reader anneal
the dosimeters to clear residual exposure.
or,

T'Li = 4. Wait a predetermined amount of time and


Ai0+Ai1TLi+Ai2TLi2+Ai3TLi3 expose five dosimeters to each of the
radiation levels determined in Step 2.
The procedure for generating the Multi-
point Coefficients is described in the 5. Store the dosimeters for a predetermined
following paragraphs in outline form, period of time.
assuming an experienced operator. For
additional details and precautions in NOTE: It is critical in this calibration
performing calibration operations on Harshaw procedure that fade time be consistent for all
Readers, see the calibration section of the dosimeters. This requires, first, that the time
Reader Operator's Manual. between annealing (clearing) and reading the
dosimeters be the same for all exposures,
regardless of the exposure time. Secondly, the
1. Calibrate the selected TTP at a nominal
midpoint of each exposure must be the same,
500 mrem (5 mSv) exposure.
relative to the annealing and reading times.
Model 4500 Manual TLD Reader with WinREMS
Page A-22 4500-W-O-0805
Operator's Manual - Appendix C - Multi-point Calibration

6. Read out the dosimeters, applying RCF 8. Enter the average readings and the
and ECC. nominal exposures in a standard
statistical package, such as Sigmaplot,
7. Compute the average TL signal and the and generate a polynomial as described
standard deviation for each chip position above for each chip position, using the
at each exposure level. If the deviation of nominal value for the Y-axis, the actual
one chip exceeds three times the values for the X-axis.
standard deviation for its position and
exposure level, delete that chip from the 9. Enter the values in the appropriate fields
data and recalculate. If, on recalculation, on the TTP Setup Dialog Box, under the
the condition repeats for another chip, Background and MPC Tab.
then repeat steps 1 through 7, possibly
using a larger number of dosimeters.