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PROBLEM 3.8

It is known that a vertical force of 200 lh is required to remove the nail at C from the board. As the nail first starts moving, determine (a) the moment about B of the force exerted on the nail, (b) the magnitude of the force P that creates the same moment about B if a == 100 , (c) the smallest force P that creates the same moment about B.

SOLUTION

(a)

We have

MB =rC/BFN

== (4 in.)(200 lb) == 800 lb in.

or MB = 800 lb . in. ) ...

(b) By definition MB=1:4/BPsinB

B == 100 + (1800 -70°) =120°

Then

800 lb· in. == (18 in.) X Psin 120°

or P = 51.3 lb ...

(c)

For P to be minimum, it must be perpendicular to the line joining Points A and B. Thus, P must be directed as shown.

Thus M B == dPmin

d = rAIB

or 800 lb . in. == (18 in,)Pmin

Pmin = 44.4 Ib

or

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

160

PROBLEM 3.22

Before the trunk of a large tree is felled, cables AB and Be are attached as shown. Knowing that the tensions in cables AB and Be are 555 Nand 660 N, respectively, determine the moment about 0 of the resultant force exerted on the tree by the cables atB.

x

SOLUTION

We have

or Mo = (3080 N· m)i - (2070 N . m)k ....

where

fBIO = (7 m)j

FB = TAB +TBC

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. AI! rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

TAB = ABATAB

= -(0.75 m)i - (7 m)j + (6 m)k (555 N) J(.75i + (7)2 + (6)2 m

TBe = ABCTBC

= (4.25 m)i - (7 m)j + (1 m)k (660 N) Je 4.25)2 + (7)2 + (1)2 m

FB = [-(45.00 N)i - (420.0 N)j + (360.0 N)k] +[(340.0 N)i - (560.0 N)j + (80.00 N)k] = (295.0 N)i - (980.0 N)j + (440.0 N)k

and

j k

Mo = 0 7 0 N·m

295 980 440

= (3080 N . m)l - (2070 N . m)k

174

If

PROBLEM 3.47

The 0.61x1.00-m lid ABeD of a storage bin is hinged along side AB and is held open by looping cord DEC over a frictionless hook at E. If the tension in the cord is 66 N, determine the moment about each of the coordinate axes of the force exerted by the cord at D.

SOLUTION

First note

z = ~(0.61)2 - (0.11)2 = 0.60 m

Then

dDE = ~(O.3i +(0.6)2 + (-0.6i = 0.9m

and

TDE = 66 N (0.3i + 0.6j - 0.6k) 0.9

= 22[(1 N)i + (2 N)j - (2 N)k]

Now

where

fDIA = (0.11 m)j + (0.60 m)k j k

M A = 22 0 0.11 0.60

1 2 -2

= 22[(-0.22 -1.20)i + 0.60j - O.llk]

= - (31.24 N . m)i + (13.20 N· m)j - (2.42 N· m)k

u, =-31.2 N·m, My =13.20N·m, u, =-2.42 N'm ~

Then

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation.If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

199

y

PROBLEM 3.55

The frame A CD is hinged at A and D and is supported by a cab le that passes through a ring at B and is attached to hooks at G and H. Knowing that the tension in the cable is 450 N, determine the moment about the diagonal AD of the force exerted on the frame by portion BH of the cable.

p

SOLUTION

Where

AAD =_:L_(4i-3k) 5

rB1A = (0.5 m)i

and

dBH =~(0.375)2+(0.75)2+(-O.75)2 =1.125 m

TBH = 450 N (0.375i + 0.75j - O.75k) 1.125

= (150 N)i + (300 N)j - (300 N)k

Then

4 1 MAD =- 0.5

5 150

o -3

o 0

300 -300

Finally

== _:L_[( -3)(0.5)(300)J 5

or MAD = -90.0N·m ~

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208

If

PROBLEM 3.69

In Problem 3.62, determine the perpendicular distance between cable EG and the line joining Points A and D.

PROBLEM 3.62 A sign erected on uneven ground is guyed by cables EF and EG. If the force exerted by cable EG at E is 54 lb, determine the moment of that force about the line joining Points A and D.

SOLUTION

From the solution to Problem 3.62

TEG = 54lb

TEG =6[(llb)i-(81b)j-(41b)k]

1M AD I = 2350 lb· in.

A,AD = ~(4i-j+3k) -../26

Based on the discussion of Section 3.ll,~ follows that only the perpendicular component of TEG will contribute to the moment of T EG about line AD.

Now

(TEG )parallel = TEG . ')... AD

;;=6(i-8j-4k)· ~(4i-j+3k) -../26

6

= r,:;-;- [(1)(4) + (-8)(-1) + (-4)(3)] = 0

v26

Thus,

(TEG)perpendicular = TEG = 54 lb

Since A, AD and (TEG )perpendicular are perpendicular, it follows that

or

2350 lb in. = dx54lb

or d = 43.5 in .....

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation.If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

224

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