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12. Given : P = A - B and P A B . The Ay Ay

cos

angle between A and B is A A 2x A 2y A 2z

1) 0° 2) 90° 3) 180° 4) 270°

13. A set of vectors taken in a given order Az Az

cos

gives a closed polygon. Then the resultant A A 2x A 2y A 2z

of these vectors is a

1) scalar quantity 2) pseudo vector Here cos ,cos and cos are called

3) unit vector 4) null vector. direction cosines of A

14. The vector sum of two forces P and Q is

cos2 cos 2 cos2 1 and

minimum when the angle θ between

their positive directions, is sin2 sin2 sin2 2

2. If A A x ˆi A y ˆj A z k

ˆ and

1) 2) 3) 4)

4 3 2

B Bx ˆi B y ˆj Bz kˆ then

DAY-6 : SYNOPSIS

A B A x Bx ˆi A y By ˆj A z Bz k

ˆ

1. If a vector A in the X – Y plane makes an

angle with X–axis, it can be resolved A B A x Bx ˆi A y By ˆj A z Bz k

ˆ

into two rectangular components along 3. If the co–ordinates of P and Q are (x1, y1,

X and Y directions. z1) and (x2, y2, z2)position vectors of P and

Component along X–axis is Ax = Acos Q with respect to origin are r1 and r2

Component along Y–axis is Ay = Asin

r1 x1ˆi y1ˆj z1kˆ r2 x 2ˆi y 2ˆj z 2 k ˆ

A A x ˆi A y ˆj A cos ˆi A sin ˆj

Displacement vector PQ r r2 r1

A A 2x A 2y and tan A y /A x

r x 2 x1 ˆi y 2 y1 ˆj z 2 z1 k

ˆ

If vector A makes angles ,

Not e: Any vector (like r ) can be

and respectively with X, Y and Z axes,

expressed as the difference of to co–

then A A x ˆi A y ˆj A z k

ˆ . Here A , A and

x y initial vectors (like r2 r1 )

Az are component along X, Y and Z axes.

4. If A is parallel to B , then

A or A A 2x A 2y A 2z

Ax Ay Az

A Bx A y Bz = K (constant)

Unit vector a along A is A and is given

5. If A and B are antiparallel vectors,

A x ˆi A y ˆj A z k

ˆ Ax Ay Az

or K

by â A KB Bx A y Bz

A 2x A 2y A 2z

6. Component of a vector is a scalar. But a

If , , are the angles made by A with x, vector will have component vectors.

y and z axes respectively, then e.g: If A A x ˆi A y ˆj A z k

ˆ

Ax Ax

cos Ax, Ay, Az are component of A along X, Y,

A A A 2y A 2z

2

x

Z direction. Whereas A ˆi, A ˆj, A k ˆ are

x y z

direction respectively.

NARAYANA GROUP OF SCHOOLS 50

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

7. If a vector is represented by xiˆ yjˆ zkˆ . Fv

F

FH

x2 z2

1) 4 2N, 4 2N 2) 4N, 4N

8. If a vector is in the horizontal direction,

its vertical component is zero. For any 3) 4 2N, 4N 4) 4N, 4 2N

vector its perpendicular component is

zero. 6. If three forces F1 3iˆ 4ˆj 5k

ˆ,

9. If component of vector A and B is same

F2 3iˆ 4ˆj and F3 5k ˆ are acted on

as component of vector B along A , then a body, then the direction of resultant

A=B. force on the body is:

DAY-6 : WORKSHEET 1) along x–axis 2) along y–axis

3) along z–axis 4) in indeterminate form

1. A child takes 8 steps towards east and

7. A man first moves 4 m due east, then 5

6 steps towards north. If each step is

m due north and finally 7 m due west,

equal to 1 cm, then the magnitude of

then the magnitude of the resultant

displacement is :

displacement is :

1) 10 m 2) 0.1 m

3) 10 m 4) None of these 1) 90 2) 80 3) 70 4) 60

2. A man first moves 3 m due east, then 6

m due north and finally 7 m due west, DAY-7 : SYNOPSIS

then the magnitude of the resultant 1. Mechanics is said to be the grammar of

displacement is : science.

1) 16 2) 24 3) 52 4) 94 Mechanics is the science which deals

3. What is the maximum number of with the motion and effects of force on a

rectangular components into which a body.

vector can be split in its own plane ? Mechanics has been divided into three

1) 2 2) 3 3) 4 4) Infinite parts:

a) Statics b) Dynamics & c) Kinematics.

Statics deals with the bodies at rest

W 30° W

under the action of forces .

4. W=10 Dynamics deals with the bodies in

30°

motion, considering the cause of motion.

In the diagram a weight W = 10N is acting

Kinematics deals with motion itself

vertically downwards, then the

without having any regard to the cause

components of weight parallel ( Wll ) and of motion.

perpendiculer ( W ) to the incline 2. Terms related to Kinematics :

respectively are 1. Displacement :

1) 5 3N,5N 2) 5N, 5 3N If a particle moves from its initial position

A to a final position B, the distance

3) 5N, 5N 4) 0N,10N covered may have any value which is

5. Figure shows a force F = 8 N which greater than or equal to the length of

makes an angle of 45° with the the straight line joining the two points A

horizontal. Then the horizontal and and B. The vector joining A & B and

vertical components of the force directed along the line AB is known as

respectively are

the displacement vector r .

NARAYANA GROUP OF SCHOOLS 51

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

Let the position vector of i n i n

v av v i t i t i

A = r1 = OA x1ˆi y1ˆj z1k

ˆ i 1 i 1

Instantaneous velocity

B = r2 = OB x 2ˆi y 2ˆj z 2 k

ˆ

From the vector triangle, s s

v Lim v

t0 t t

OA AB OB

* Instantaneous speed is equal to the

AB r r2 r1 x 2 x1 ˆi y 2 y1 ˆj z 2 z1 k

ˆ

magnitude of instantaneous velocity.

= x ˆi y ˆj z k

ˆ c) Uniform Velocity :

Here x , y and z represent the When a particle moves with constant

instantaneous velocity for any time

components of displacement vector r interval, it is said to be moving with

along x, y and z directions. uniform velocity. Therefore the motion of

2. Velocity : the particle is known as uniform motion.

a) Average Velocity : ACCELERATION

Since the displacement of a particle a) Average Acceleration :

changes with time, the ratio of change When a particle changes its velocity, we

can say that the magnitude or direction

s of displacement vector s in a time or both magnitude and direction of the

interval t to that interval of time is velocity vector change. Then the body is

known as time rate of change of said be moving with non-uniform velocity.

displacement (vector), that is specially

Let the body change its velocity by v

termed as velocity of the particle

over a time interval t , the time rate of

averaged over the time interval t or in

change of velocity is given as v/ t , that

short we call it as average velocity v av .

is termed as the acceleration of the

s particle averaged over the time interval or

Mathematically, v av simply we call it as average acceleration.

t

Not e: When a particle moves with v

Mathematically a av .

different velocities v1 , v2 , v3 etc., in t

b) Instantaneous Acceleration :

different time intervals t1 , t 2 , t 3 etc. For an instant (infinitely small or

respectively, its average velocity over the infinitesimal time interval), the change

total time of motion can be given as in velocity of the particle is infinitely

small, but the ratio of infinitesimal

Net displacement vector

vav change in velocity and the infinitesimal

total time time is finite. This finite ratio is termed as

s s1 s 2 s 3 ........ instantaneous acceleration.

t t1 t 2 t 3 ...... v dv

a Lim

Where the displacement of the particle t0 t dt

during time interval t1 , t 2 etc. are c) Uniform Acceleration :

When a particle possesses constant

given as s1 v1 t1 , s2 v2 t 2 etc.,

instantaneous acceleration (vector) for

v1 t1 v 2 t 2 ..... some time interval we say that it is

vav moving with constant or uniform

t1 t 2 .....

acceleration in that time interval.

NARAYANA GROUP OF SCHOOLS 52

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

DAY-7 : WORKSHEET r r

1) , 2r 2) , 4r

2 4

1. A player hits a baseball at some angle.

The ball goes high up in space. The player r

runs and catches the ball before it hits 3) , 2r 4) 2 r, zero

2

the ground. Which of the two has greater 6. A player completes a circular path of

displacement ? radius ‘r’ in 40s. At the end of 2 minutes

1) the player 2) the ball 20 seconds, displacement will be

3) data in sufficient 1) 2r 2) 2 r 3) 7r 4) Zero

4) both have same displacement 7. A car moves for half of its time at 80 km/

2. A ball is thrown up with a certain velocity. h and for next half of time at 40 km/h.

It attains a height of 40m and comes back Total distance covered is 60 km. The

to the thrower. Then the average speed of the car is____________

1) total distance covered is 40m 1) 60 km/h 2) 80 km/h

2) magnitude of displacement is 80m 3) 120 km/h 4) 180 km/h

3) displacement is zero 8. A car travels 30 km at a uniform speed

4) total distance covered is zero of 40 km/h and the next 30 km at a

3. A cyclist moves from a certain point X and uniform speed of 20 km/h. Find its

completes one revolution around a average speed.

circular path of radius ‘r’. The distance 1) 35km/h 2) 40km/h

travelled and magnitude of displacement 3) 22km/h 4) 26.6km/h

of the cyclist are respectively 9. There is a square field of side ‘a’ units. An

insect starts from one corner and

reaches the diagonally opposite corner in

1) 2r , r 2) , 2

2 a time t. The magnitude of its average

3) 2 r, zero 4) r, 2r velocity is

4. In the above problem of the cyclist 2a 2a 4 2a

reaches exactly the other side of the 1) 2) 3) 4) 2at

t t t

point X (i.e. diametrically opposite point 10. A man leaves his house for a cycle ride.

to X). Then the distance travelled and He comes back to his house after half-an-

magnitude of displacement of cyclist are hour after covering a distance of one km.

respectively What is his magnitude of average velocity

r for the ride?

1) r , 2r 2) , 2

2 1

1) 2kmh–1 2) 0 3) 2 kms–1 kms 1

4)

3) 2 r, zero 4) r, 2r 2

5. Considering the above problem if the 11. A body covers an arc of a circle of radius

cyclist reaches a point ‘Z’ as shown in the ‘r’, subtending an angle of 120° at the

figure, centre of the circle. The magnitude of the

Z displacement of the body is

1) r 3 2) r 2 3) 2r 4) 3r

X

12. A carrom board (4ft × 4ft square) has

O r the queen at the centre. The queen, hit

by the striker moves to the front edge,

rebounds and goes in the hole being the

then the distance travelled and striking line. The magnitude of

magnitude of displacement of the cyclist displacement of the queen from the

are respectively centre to the front edge is

1) 2 ft 2) 4 2 ft 3) 2 2 ft 4) 2

NARAYANA GROUP OF SCHOOLS 53

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

acceleration travels distance s 1 in the

Uniform Acceleration : An object is said first ‘t’ second and travels a distance s2

to be moving with uniform acceleration with uniform velocity in the next 2t

if its velocity changes by equal amounts second. Then

in equal intervals of time.

1) s2 = 4s12) s2 = 2s1 3) s1 = 4s2 4) s1 = 2s2

1) Formulae for uniformly accelerated

3. Starting from rest a body travels 36m in

motion along a straight line :

the first 2 second of its journey. Distance

1. Velocity - time relation :- v = u + at it can travel in the 11th second is

2. Displacement- time relation :-

1) 72 m 2) 108 m 3) 144 m 4) 189 m

1 4. A bullet travelling horizontally loosess 1/

s = ut + at2

2 20th of its velocity while piercing a wooden

3. Displacement - velocity relation:- v2 – plank. Number of such planks required

u2 =2as to stop the bullet is

Where ‘u’ is initial velocity ‘v’ is final 1) 6 2) 9 3) 11 4) 13

velocity, ‘a’ is acceleration (uniform) ‘t’ 5. A body starting from rest and travelling

is total time , ‘s’ is the displacement. with uniform acceleration has a velocity

Distance travelled in n th second of of 40 m/s after 10 second at A. Velocity

uniformly accelerated motion is of the body 4 second before it crosses

a the point ‘A’ is

Sn u + (2n 1)

2 1) 16 m/s 2) 20 m/s 3) 24 m/s 4) 32 m/s

2) For two or three dimensional motion 6. A bullet fired into a fixed target looses

equation of motion for uniformly half of its velocity in penetrating 15 cm.

Before coming to rest, it can penetrate a

accelerated motion ( a = constant) are,

further distance of

1 2 1) 5 cm 2) 15 cm 3) 7.5 cm 4) 10 cm

v u a t, s u t a t

2 7. Velocity of a body moving with uniform

acceleration of 3m/s2 is changed through

Here, u = initial velocity of particle, v 30m/s in certain time. Average velocity

= velocity of particle at time t and of body during this time is 30m/s.

Distance covered by it during this time

s = displacement of particle in time t is

Note: If initial position vector of a particle 1) 300 m 2) 200 m 3) 400 m 4) 250 m

is r0 , then position vector at time t can be 8. If a body travels 30m in an interval of 2s

and 50m in the next interval of 2s, then

1 2 the acceleration of the body is

written as r r0 s r0 ut at .

2 1) 10 m/s2 2) 5 m/s2

3) 20 m/s2 4) 25 m/s2

DAY-8 : WORKSHEET

9. A particle is moving with uniform

1. A particle experiences constant acceleration along a straight line ABC.

acceleration for 6s after starting from Its velocity at ‘A’ and ‘B’ are 6 m/s and 9

r est . I f i t t r avel s a d i st an ce s 1 in the m/s respectively. If AB:BC = 5:16 then

first 2s and a distance s2 in the next 2s its velocity at ‘C’ is

and a distance s 3 in the last 2s, then

s1:s2:s3 is 1) 9.6 m/s 2) 12 m/s

1) 1:1:1 2) 1:2:3 3) 1:3:5 4) 1:5:9 3) 15 m/s 4) 21.5 m/s

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

th

10.A body covers 30m and 40m during 10 b) Body projected vertically upwards:

and 15 th second respectively. The Whenever a body is projected vertically

acceleration and initial velocity of the upwards, then a = –g. The equations of

body are respectively motion for a body projected vertically

1) 2 m/s2, 35 m/s 2) 2 m/s2, 11 m/s upwards are:

3) 11 m/s2, 2 m/s 4) 1 m/s2, 10 m/s 1 2

a) v u gt b) s or h ut gt

11. A body travels 200m in the first two 2

second and 220m in the next four second.

The velocity at the end of the seventh g

c) v2 u2 2gh d) sn u (2n 1)

second from the start will be 2

1) 10 m/s 2) 15 m/s Whenever a body is projected vertically

3) 220 m/s 4) 5 m/s upwards: velocity becomes zero at the

12. A bus starts from rest and moves with a highest point.

uniform acceleration of 1ms-2. A boy 10m 3. Maximum height : The vertical distance

behind the bus at the start runs at a travelled by a body before its velocity

constant speed and catches the bus in becomes zero is called maximum height

10s. Speed of the boy is reached by the body.

1) 10 m/s 2) 1 m/s 3) 6 m/s 4) 4 m/s If a body is projected vertically upwards

with a velocity 'u', the maximum height

DAY-9 : SYNOPSIS

u2

1. Recap of equations of motion for a body (h) reached by the body is h . Where

2g

moving with uniform acceleration are:

g = acceleration due to gravity.

1 2 4. Time of ascent : Time taken by the body

1) v u at 2) s ut at 3 )

2 to reach the highest point is called time

a u

v2 u2 2as 4) sn u 2 (2n 1) of ascent ( ta )and is given by t a g

Where u = initial velocity, v = final 5. Time of descent : Time taken by the body

velocity, a = acceleration, t = total time, to travel from the maximum height to the

s = displacement and sn = displacement ground is called time of descent ( t d ) is

in nth second.

u

2. Motion due to gravity : Motion due to given by t d g .

gravity can be studied as:

a) Freely falling body b) Body projected In the absence of air resistance, time of

vertically upwards ascent is equal to time of descent.

c) Projectile motion.(will be discussed 6. Time of flight : The total time spent by

later) the body in air is called time of flight (t)

a) Freely falling body: Whenever a body is u u 2u

falling freely ( no initial force is applied ) is given by t = ta+td= g g g .

then u = 0 and a = +g. The equations for

a freely falling body are: Note: If 'u' is the velocity with which a

body is projected vertically upwards and

1 2 'v' is the velocity with which the body

a) v at b) s or h gt

2 reaches the point of projection, then

g v = u.

c) v 2 2gh v 2gh d) sn [2n 1] 7. Sign convention: Normally we take

2

vertically upward direction positive (and

downward negative) and horizontally

rightwards positive (or leftwards negative)

NARAYANA GROUP OF SCHOOLS 55

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

(a) Sign convention for motion in vertical 5. Two bodies are projected simultaneously

with the same velocity of 19.6 m/s from

the top of a tower, one vertically upwards

direction and the other vertically downwards. As

+ve ve they reach the ground, the time gap is

(b) Sign convention for motion in 1) 0 s 2) 2 s 3) 4 s 4) 6 s

6. The time taken by a vertically projected

horizontal direction +ve ve body before reaching the ground is

Important points: 1) directly proportional to initial velocity.

i) It can be observed when either u = 0, 2) directly proportional to square of initial

velocity.

u a or u a 3) inversely proportional to square of

ii) In the first two cases when either u = 0 or initial velocity.

4) inversely proportional to initial velocity.

u a motion is only accelerated. 7. A body projected vertically up with a

velocity of 10m/s reaches a height of

iii) When u a motion is first retarded (till 20m. If it is projected with a velocity of

the velocity becomes zero) and then 20m/s, then the maximum height

accelerated in opposite direction. reached by the body is

iv) As per our convention (vertically upward 1) 20 m 2) 10 m 3) 80 m 4) 40 m

positive) acceleration due to gravity ‘g’ is 8. A body projected up with a velocity ‘u’

always negative whether the particle is reaches a height ‘h’. To reach double

moving upwards or downwards. We are the height, it must be projected up with

now left with the sign of u and s. a velocity of

Displacement s is measured from the

point of projection. u

1) 2u 2) u/2 3) 2u 4)

2

DAY-9 : WORKSHEET

9. A body is dropped from the top of a tower.

1. A body falls freely from rest. If the velocity Simultaneously, another body is

acquired is numerically equal to the projected vertically up. If they meet with

displacement, then the velocity acquired equal velocity ‘V’, then initial velocity of

is the body projected upwards is

1) 9.8 m/s 2) 19.6 m/s 1) V 2) V/2 3) V/4 4) 2V

3) 29.4 m/s 4) 39.2 m/s 10. A body dropped from a height reaches

2. A body dropped from the top of a tower the ground is 5s. The velocity with which

reaches the ground in 4s. Height of the it reaches the ground is

tower is 1) 0 m/s 2) 49 m/s 3) 29 m/s 4) 9.8 m/s

1) 39.2 m 2) 44.1 m 3) 58.8 m 4) 78.4 m 11. A stone dropped from the top of a tower

3. A ball dropped freely takes 0.2s to cross covers 24.5m in the last second of its

the last 6m distance before hitting the fall. Height of the tower is

ground. Total time of fall is (g = 10 m/s2) 1) 24.5 m 2) 44.1 m 3) 78.4 m 4) 122.5 m

1) 2.9 s 2) 3.1 s 3) 2.7 s 4) 0.2 s 12. A ball is dropped from a bridge 122.5m

4. A body thrown vertically upwards reaches above a river. After 2s, a second ball is

the highest point in 2s. Velocity of thrown down after it. What must its

projection is initial velocity be so that both hit the

1) 9.8 m/s 2) 19.6 m/s water at the same time ?

3) 29.4 m/s 4) 39.2 m/s 1) 49 m/s 2) 55.5 m/s

3) 26.1 m/s 4) 9.8 m/s

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

1. If a constant force (and hence constant

1. A projectile thrown from a horizontal

acceleration ) acts on a particle at an

plane reaches back the plane after

angle 0 or180 with the direction of covering a horizontal distance of 40 m. If

its initial velocity ( zero), the path te horizontal velocity of the projectile is

followed by the particle is a parabola and 10 ms 1 , then what is the initial velocity?

the motion of the particle is called

projectile motion. Given g 10 ms 2

Projectile motion is a two dimensional

1) 2 0 m s 1 2) 10 m s 1 3) 4 0 m s 1 4) 3 0 m s 1

motion, i.e., motion of the particle is

constrained in a plane.

2. A bullet is fired with a velocity of 10 ms 1

When a particle is thrown obliquely near

the earth’s surface it moves in a parabolic in a direction making an angle of 30o

path, provided the particle remains close with the vertical. Calculate its time of

to the surface of earth and the air flight and the maximum height reached

resistance is negligible. This is an by it.

example of projectile motion.

1) 0.6s,1.8m 2) 1.7s,3.8m

Let us first make ourselves familiar with

3) 3.6s,3.2m 4) 3.1s,4.9m

certain terms used in projectile motion.

3. The maximum vertical height of a

projectile is 10 m. If the magnitude of the

initial velocity is 28 m/s. What is the

direction of initial velocity

1) 10 0 2) 20 0 3) 30 0 4) 40 0

4. A bullet is fired at an angle of 30 0 to the

horizontal with a velocity of 196 m/s.

Calculate the total time of flight is

Here u x u cos ; u y u sin g 9 .8 m / s 2

1) 10 s 2) 20 s 3) 30 s 4) 40 s

2uy 2usin 5. Take the same data in the above problem

Time of Flight (T) and find maximum height attained

g g

1) 240 m 2) 350 m 3) 490 m 4) 120 m

u 2 sin 2 6. In the previous question find the

Horizontal Range (R) and horizontal range covered by the body

g

1) 1122 m 2) 2142 m 3) 5162 m 4) 3394 m

u 2 sin 7. The formula of horizontal range is

Maximum Height (H)

2g u 2 sin 2 u2

u 2 sin 2 u 2 s in 2

Therefore, speed of projectile at time t is 1) 2 g 2) 3) 4)

g g g

v v 2x v 2y and the angle made by its 8. A projectile is fired from the ground level

velocity vector with positive x-axis is with velocity 500 m/s at 30 0 to the

horizontal. Filnd the horizontal range

vy

tan1 1) 21650 m 2) 31520 m

vx 3) 51623 m 4) 33942 m

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

9. Angle made by the velocity vector of a but this does not happen. This is because

projectile with x - axis is the books stay where they were due to

inertia of rest when the paper is pulled

vy vx

1) tan 1 2) tan 1 out.

vx vy (ii) Inertia of motion: The tendency of a

body to continue in its state of motion is

3) Both 1 & 2 4) None of these

called inertia of motion.

10. The formula of time of flight is

Example: When a fan is switched off, it

2 u sin 2 u cos continues to move due to inertia of

1) 2) motion.

g g

(iii) Inertia of direction: The tendency of a

2u 2u body to maintain its direction of motion

3) 4) is known as inertia of direction.

g cos g s in

Ex ample : A stone tied to a string is

11. The horizontal component of velocity

whirled. If the string is released, the

vector of projectile makes an angle stone flies away tangentially.

with horizontal is Linear momentum:- This quantity of motion

1) u sin 2) u tan 3) u cos 4) u cot possessed by a moving body is known as

12. The vertical component of velocity momentum of the body. ( or ) The total

quantity of motion contained in a body is

vector of projectile makes an angle called momentum.

with vertical is Mathematical expression:

1) u sin 2) u tan 3) u cos 4) u cot

momentum = mass × velocity; p mv ;

DAY-11 : SYNOPSIS Momentum is a vector quantity

Newton has given three laws to describe S.I. unit of momentum = kg m/s. ,

the motion of bodies. These laws are C. G. S. unit of momentum is g.cms 1 .

known as Newton’s laws of motion.

Newton’s 2nd Law: The rate of change of

Newton’s First law:

momentum of an object is proportional

If no external force acts, a body continues

to the net force. Applied on the object.

to be in its state of rest or of uniform

The direction of the change of momentum

motion along a straight line.

is the same as the Direction of the net

Inertia: force. F= ma

The inability of a body to change by itself S.I unit of force = kg m/s2 = newton,

its state of rest or of uniform motion is C.G.S unit of force = g cm/s2 = dyne.

called inertia of the body or inertia can Gravitational unit of force in S.I. system

also be defined as the tendency of a body is kilogram weight or kilogram force.

to remain in the state of rest or uniform 1 kg wt = 9.8 N (on earth) ,

motion. Mass is the measure of inertia.

1 g wt = 1g × 980 cm/s2 (on earth)

Force : Force may be defined as that Newton’s Third Law: In any interaction

physical cause which changes or tends between two bodies, the force applied by

to change the state of rest or the state the first body on the second is equal and

of motion of a body. There are three opposite to the force applied by the

different types of inertia. They are: second body on the first body.

(i) Inertia of rest: The tendency of a body

to continue in its state of rest is called

inertia of rest.

Example: When a paper on which a pile of

books are placed is suddenly pulled with

a jerk, we expect the books also to move,

NARAYANA GROUP OF SCHOOLS 58

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

the fruits fall due to

1 Inertia of a body directly depends on

its 1) Inertia of motion of fruits

1) velocity 2) mass 3) area 4) volume 2) Inertia of rest of fruits

2. The athlete runs some distance before 3) Inertia of direction of fruits

taking along jump to

4) The fruits are ripen

1) acquire larger inertia of motion

2) overcome inertia of rest 10. Third law of motion is best given by the

3) get inertia of direction statement

4) acquire maximum energy 1) To every action, there is anequal and

3. A rider on a horse falls forward, when opposite reaction

the horse suddenly stops because of 2) When an object exerts a force on

1) inertia of motion of horse another object, the second object

2) inertia of motion of rider instantaneously exerts a force back on

3) larger weight of horse the first, which is equal to the first force

4) losing of balance but in opposite direction

4. A 4 kg object is moving across a 3) There is a pair of opposing forces acting

frictionless surface with a constant on different objects

velocity of 2 m/s. The force necessary to

4) All of these

maintain this state of motion ———— N

1) 2 2) 4 3) 0 4) 8 11.A body of mass 25 kg has a m o m e n tu m

5. Before taking a long jump, an athlete run of 125 kg-m/s, what is its velocity?

a certain distance, he picks up _____ 1) 6 m/s 2) 5 m/s 3) 4 m/s 4) 3 m/s

which helps in taking a longer leap 12. What is the momentum of a person of

1) inertia of motion 2) inertia of rest mass 75kg when he walks with a uniform

3) inertia of direction 4) can’t say velocity of 2m/s

6. _______ may be defined as that physical

1) 100 kg m/s 2) 200 kg m/s

cause which changes or tends to Change

the state of rest or the state of motion of 3) 150 kg m/s 4) 125 kg m/s

a body 13.A car of mass 200 kg is moving with a

1) force 2) momentum speed of 20 m/s, after 25 seconds the

3) mass 4) acceleration velocity increased by 10 m/s, then what

7. The action and reaction forces always is the change in momentum?

acts on the _______. 1) 4000kg m/s 2) 3000kg m/s

1) same bodies 2) different bodies

3) 1000kg m/s 4) 2000kg m/s

3) some time different and some time

same bodies 4) can’t say 14. A mass of m kg is subjected to a constant

8. Newton’s first law of motion states: force of ‘F’ kg wt for t sec initial the Body

1) An object remains in a state of rest or is being at rest. Under the action of force

of uniform motion in a straight line the body moves a distance ‘x’ meters (in

unless compelled tochange that state by ‘t’ sec)and acquires a velocity of V m/s.

an applied force Then x is

2) All objects resist a change in their 1) gt2F/m 2) gtF/2m

state of motion.

3) V2m/2gF 4) V2m/g2F

3) Both (1) and (2)

4) None of these

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

Kinds of Forces : In most situations that 1. Whenever two surfaces are in

we are going to encounter, there will so contact, they press (or push) each

many kinds of forces otherby a force called _______.

i) Field Forces 1) non-contact force 2) contact force

ii) Contact Force 3) gravitational force 4) both (1) and (2)

iii) Normal Force or Normal Reaction (N 2. The component of the contact force

Tension : When a body is connected by perpendicular to the surface is called ___

means of a string or a rope, a force may 1) normal reaction 2) frictional force

be exerted on the body by the string or 3) weight 4) speed

the rope. This force is called tension. 3. The number of normal forces acting on a

To find the direction of tension, body depends on

remember this point “Tension force 1) number of points or surfaces of contact

always pulls a body”.

2) mass of body

3) colour of the body 4) both (1) and (2)

4. The free body diagram of the freely falling

body (neglecting airs resistance)

A free body diagram (FBD) consists of a

diagrammatic representation of a 5. A book lying on a smooth horizontal table.

single body or a subsystem of bodies Then the free body diagram of the book.

isolated from its surroundings showing

all the forces acting on it.

Consider, for example, a book lying on a

horizontal surface.

CLASS-IX MPC BRIDGE COURSE

6. Tension force always _____ a body.

DAY-13 : SYNOPSIS

1) pushes

Light is a form of energy which makes

2) pulls tghe objects visible to eye. Light

3) sometimes pushes, sometimes pulls propagates as electromagnetic wave. It

does not require medium for its

4) Both (1) and (2) propagation. Light travels in a straight

7. The tension in the mass less string is line as long as it is travelling in the same

_______ at any point and it is different medium, this is called rectilinear

for a mass less string propagatio of light.

In the electromagnetic spectrum, in

1) infinity 2) constant

visible region there are infinite colours

3) different 4) can’t say but our eyes can distinguish the colour

8. If the two bodies are in contact, the force from violet to read (VIBGYOR).

exists between these two bodies are Speed of light in free space or vacuum is

3 × 1 0 8 m/s which is independent of

1) gravitational force 2) electrostatic force

relative motion between the source and

3) normal force 4) none of these observer.

9. If a string is inextensible the magnitude All colours of light travel with same speed

of acceleration of any number of masses in vacuum. In a medium different colours

connected through string is _________ of light travels with different speeds

speed of light is maximum for red and

1) always same 2) always different minimum for violet in a medium.

3)sometimes different 4)none of these Note : Light of single wavelength is called

monochromatic light.

10.An egg is free-falling from a neston a

tree. Neglect air resistance.Draw FBD a Reflection:

free-body diagram for the egg, falling The return of light into the same medium after

freely from a nest. striking a surface is called reflection.

Reflection of light is the process which

enables us to see different objects around

us. Luminous bodies are directly seen,

but non luminous objects are seen only

because they reflect the light incident on

them which on entering into our eyes,

make them visible.

A B

Normal

In

y

ci

Ra

de

ed

1) Diagrammatic representation of a

nt

ct

R

le

ay

Re

i r

showing all the forces acting on it.

M O M1

2) Diagrammatic representation of a Reflection at a plain surface

single body or a sub-system of bodies

without showing all the forces acting on Note:

it. Reflection is possible in case of plane

mirror. A plane mirror is a plane glass

3) Both (1)&(2) 4) Neither (1)nor(2)

NARAYANA GROUP OF SCHOOLS 61

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